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75 W Lb24bbî 00224Lb O
BS 812 : Part I : 1975
UDC [625.7.07 : 620.11 : 620.1 1
Part I . Methods for determination of particle size and shape
Amendments issued since publication
Amd. No. Date of issue August 1976
Text affected Indicated by a line in the margin Indicated by a line in the margin Indicated by a line in the margin
British Standards Institution
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COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services
Milton Keynes MK I4 6LE. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BSI. type. British Standards are subject to periodical review. British Standards Institution. BS 812:Part 1 first published August 1975 ISBN: O 580 08744 1 Copyright Users of British Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all BSl publications. Linford Wood. Miiton Keynes MK14 6LE (Telephone 0908 320033: Telex 825777). Transport and Road Research Laboratory Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors Federation of Manufacturers of Construction Equipment and Cranes *Greater London Council Institute of Petroleum Institute of Quarrying *Institution of Civil Engineers *Institution of Highway Engineers *Institution of Municipal Engineers Institution of Structural Engineers Ministry of Defence Refined Bitumen Association Limited Road Emulsion Association Limited Road Surface Dressing Association *Sand and Gravel Association Limited Society of Chemical Industry The organizations marked with an asterisk in the above list. or grade designations. All other publications may be purchased direct from Sales Department. hab iiig been approved by the Road Engineering Industry Standards Comniiitee. Contract requirements Attention i s drawn to the fact that this British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Full information on all BSI publications. Both departments are located at: Linford Wood. together with the following. by the issue either of amendment slips or of revised editions. and should be made to Subscriptions Department. The number for telephone enquiries is 01-837 8801 and for telex 23218. numbering over 9000 will be found in the ES1 Catalogue. revisionsand amendments. British Standards are revised. Enquiries by post should be addressed to the Publications Manager. Enquiries concerning subscribing membership. will be welcomed.This British Standard. This information is supplemented by details published each month in ES1 Nens of new publications. ES/ Hens is available to Subscribing Members of the Institution. consists of representatives from the following Government departments and scientific and industrial organizations: *Asphalt and Coated Macadam Association Association of Consulting Engineers *British Quarrying and Slag Federation *British Tar Industry Association *Cement and Concrete Association *Concrete Society (Design and Development Divisional Committee) Contractors' Plant Association *County Surveyors' Society *Department of the Environment *Department of the Environment. of necessary details such as symbols and size. Suggestions for improvements will be recorded and in due course brought to the notice of the committees charged with the revision of the standards to which they refer. when necessary. This does not preclude the free use. 1951. was published tinder the authority of the Executive Board on 29 August 1975. 1960 and 1967. j? British Standards Institution. The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard: Committee reference RDE/5 Draft for comment 72/43777 D C Co-operating organizations The Road Engineering Industry Standards committee. which has considerable advantages. under whose supervision this British Standard was prepared. 1975 BS 812 first published October 1938 and rebised in 1943. It is important that users of British Standards should ascerîain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or editions. in the course of implementing the standard. were directly represented on the committee entrusted with the preparation of the British Standard: Association of London Borough Engineers and Surveyors Department of the Environment (Building Research Establishment) Natural Environment Research Council-lnstitute of Geological Science 8601 -5-2k-6 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services . Revision of British S t a n d a r d s In order to keep abreast of progress in the industries concerned.
1. Gypsum. 5. fine silt and fine dust content 5. Some of the tests in other Parts of this standard are of limited application.2) and 106 has superseded many of the tests originally specified in this Part. precision of test methods and variance arising from sampling errors.1951.5 Determination of angularity number 7.B S I BS*ôL2 -PART*3 7 5 M L b 2 4 b b î 0 0 2 2 4 3 7 2 _p_ = BS 812 : Part I : 1975 Contents Co-operating organizations Foreword Methods Page Inside front cover 2 Page Appendix A. 103. 4.1 General 3. 4. 2.3 x e a e k & c l 7.1’ Text deleted 7.2 Certificate of sampling 4. Text deleted 5. 8. 3. Figure deleted 6. Reporting 3. Table deleted A 3.’ _- I I 2 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .6 Text deleted Table deleted Table deleted Table deleted Table deleted Table deleted Mass of sample for sedimentation method Mass of sample for decantation method Table deleted 10. Subsequent publication of BS 812 : Parts 102. References 1. Aggregates and Quarry Standards Policy Committee. Scope 2.2 Determination of clay. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. Text deleted’ Foreword y - h I ‘This Part of BS 8 12 has been prepared under the direction of the Cement. 6. Text deleted 7.4 Text deleted 7.1960 and 1967 and this 1975 edition of BS 812 was originally published in four separate Parts. Figure deleted Figure deleted Figure deleted Sedimentation apparatus for deterinination of clay. silt and dust in fine or coarse aggregates 7. Determination of particle size and shape 7. 7. BS 812 was first published in 1938 and subsequently revised in 1943. Reference should be made to BS 812 : Part 101 for general guidance on testing aggregates. 3. 9. Text deleted Tables 1. and advice on the use of simple tests is given. when they can be used for a preliminary sorting of aggregates to see whether more expensive testing is justified. for example. 105 (Sections 105.1 and 105. Table deleted Figures 2. Text deleted 6.
E S 1 BS*A12 PART*1 75 W 1624b67 0022418 4 BS 812 : Part I : 1975 I I I Testing aggregates Part 1. crushing to provide larger quantities of smaller sizes or the separation of constituents from an as-dug gravel. 7.2.’ . at a speed of 80 f20 rev/min ( f x fine aggregate only).3.1 General. Scope ---‘This Part of BS 812 describes three methods for the determination of clay.2.2 Determination of clay. Table 4. 7.1 Text deleted.2 A device for rotating the jar about its long axis. Table 6. This is a gravimetric method for determining the clay. silt and dust in fine or coarse aggregates and a method for the determination of the . 3.2. Differences in the nature and density of materials or in the temperature at the time of testing may vary the separation point.2. which includes particles up to 20 pm. Three methods are described.2 Certificate of sampling.2.3. 7. Superseded by BS 812 : Part 103. 7. The first by sedimentation detects material finer than 20 pm. Table rleleted Table 3. 3 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .1 A watertiglzt screw-toppedglass jar of dimensions similar to a 1 kg fruit preserving jar (for fine aggregate only).2 Apparatus and solution. _ Clairse 6. estimates of its effect on the test results. References 7.3. The report shall also include details of any special processing of the sample. Table deleted.1 General.2. with this axis horizontal. For example. Any departure from the specified test procedure shall be described with reasons for the departure and. Table deleted. The sample for these tests shall be taken in accordance with BS 8 12 : Part 102.1 Introduction. The report shall affirm that the tests were done in accordance with this standard.2. if possible. 7. Table delefed 2. carried out in the laboratory.2.2 Sampling.3 Sedimentation method 7. siit and dust in fine or coarse aggregates 7.2. other than that required by the test methods. 3. Table deleted. The report shall affirm that a certificate of sampling was received with the sample and shall declare all the information given on the certificate. 7._ angularity number. The third method is a field settling method forming a guide only to the presence of clay and silt in sand. If a certificate was not received this shall be stated in the report.3. Reporting 3. Methods for determination of particle size and shape I “1. Table 5. The titles of the British Standards referred to in this standard are listed on the inside back cover. Text deleted Table 2. fine silt and fine dust. The following is required. the second by decantation detects materials finer than 75 prn.
(a) Methodforjne aggregate. including the connecting bore of the tap (B). accurate to I g.e. Weigh approximately 0. reversing the tap so that the water is run out into a bottle. 7.2. The volume of the pipette (A).2. of approximately 25 ml capacity and of the general form indicated in figure 4.3.2. Place the weighed sample in a suitable container.2. Complete the determination as described in 7.3 A $sed depth scditiinitat ion pipette generally as described in BS 3406:Part 2. sieve and the two samples so obtained shall be tested separately.5 A scale or balancc of capacity not less than 10 kg.3. 100 ml diluted with distilled water to 1 litre).2. (b) Metltod.3.Scale graduated . Sedimentation apparatusfor determination of clay.4 Test procedure. 5 0. I I I 1000 m! measuriny cylinder l I I Figure 18.104.22.168.3. as described in BS 812 : Part 102. E C- mm 63 to 28 20 to 14 10 to 6 5 or smaller kg 6 I O. at a speed of 80 f 20 revlmin for a period of 15 min.3. and which is fitted with a scale (D) from which the changes in height of the pipette can be read. the washings being added to the measuring cylinder until the volume is made up to 1000 ml.for coarse aggregate. Table7. taking care to ensure watertightness. Ail-in aggregates shall be separated into fine and coarse fractions by sieving on a 5.3.7 5 W 3 6 2 4 6 6 9 0022llLï b W BS 812 : Part I : 1975 7.2.00 mm BS test sieve and place it in the screw-topped glass jar.2. 7. Repeat this process as necessary until all clayey material has been transferred to the measuring a 4 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .6 A scale or halaiice of capacity not less than 160 g. fine silt and fine dust content 7. 7.9 A solution containing 8 g of sodium oxalate per litre ojdistilled irater. this stock solution is diluted with distilled water to one tenth (¡. The test procedure shall be as follows. Mass of sample for sedimentation method I a I L a Nominal size Minimum mass of sample .3 Tc~st sainple.3. with this axis horizontal. It shall be brought to an air-dry condition by drying a t room temperature or by heating at a temperature not exceeding 1 10 “C.001 g. 7. Fix the rubber washer and cap.2.3 kg of the sample in the dry condition passing the 5. The sample for test shall comply with the appropriate minimum mass given in table 7 and be taken from the original sample received at the laboratory either by quartering or by means of a sample divider. 7. cover it with a measured volume of diluted sodium oxalate solution. thermostatically controlled to maintain a temperature of 105 f 5 “C.3 ’e A/ I t I I I I i I I .2.3. weighing and calculating the volume. is determined by fillingwith distilled water. Then rotate the jar about its long axis.2.2. Throughout this method when reference is made to distilled water deionized water may be used instead. accurate to 0.4 A 1000 ml measuring cylinder complying with the requirements of BS 604. 7.2. 7.00 mm BS test . For use.3.2.8 Distilled (or deionized) iiuter.4(c).7 A well iientilatedoven. This consists mainly of a pipette (A) fitted at the top with a two-way tap (B) and held rigidly in a clamp which can be raised or lowered as required. At the end of 15 min pour the suspension into the 1000 ml measuring cylinder and wash the residue by gentle swirling and decantation of successive 150 ml portions of diluted sodium oxalate solution. agitate it vigorously to remove all adherent fine material and transfer the liquid suspension to the 1000 mi measuring cylinder.2.2. together with 300 ml of the diluted sodium oxalate solution.
2. to the nearest 0. This is an approximate volumetric method.4 Test procedure. since the amount of such salts is normally small. Mass of sample for decantation method Nominal size Minimum mass of sample mm 63 to 28 20 to 14 10 to 6 5 or smaller kg 6 1 O.2 A well ventilated oven thermostatically controlled to maintain a temperature of 105 f 5 "C. it is not applicable to crushed stone sands or coarse aggregates. 5 0.3.2. Take care to avoid.4.5 Calculfitions. No correction is made for water-soluble salts which may be present in the sand. NOTE. which have previously been wetted on both sides and arranged with the coarser sieve on top. Then gently lower the pipette (A) until the tip touches the surface of the liquid.5 %. and be taken from the original sample received at the laboratory either by quartering or by means ofa sample divider. 7. to the nearest 0.The results shall be calculated from the following equation : Percentage of material passing a 75 pm BS A .2. B is the mass of portion retained on the 75 pm BS test sieve (g). Dry the contents of the container at 105 f 5 "C to constant mass. and to bring the fine material into suspension in order that it will be removed by decantation of the wash water.5 % between and including 10% and 0. and then lower it a further 100 mm into the liquid. The proportion of clay.8 is the mass of sodium oxalate (g) in 1 litre of the diluted solution.B test sieve = . and to the nearest O.2. 7.05% of the mass of the test sample.6 Reporting of results.4.4 Decantation method 7. when the results can be correlated with those obtained by the decantation method. which has its main application in the routine checking of supplies of sand from a given source. at a temperature of 105 f 5 "C. as far as possible. The agitation shall be sufficiently vigorous to result in the complete separation from the coarse particles of all particles finer than the 75 pm BS test sieve.3.2. Return all material retained on the sieves to the washed sample.2. Dry the washed aggregate as before.2.1 General. 0 O 7.18 mm sieve.5 % between and including 10% and 0. 22.214.171.124 Test sample. 7. 7. cool and weigh it. 7. 1 % below 0.4. 0.4.4 A container of a size sufficient to contain the sample covered with water and to permit vigorous agitation without loss of any part of the sample or water. 7. 7. 1 % below 0. Table 8.5 h. 7. fine silt and fine dust content shall be reported as a percentage to the nearest whole number above 10%. This is a method for determining the amount of material passing a 75 pm BS test sieve.2. V is the volume of the pipette (mi). but this shalI be allowed to run away and any solid matter shall be washed out with distilled water from (E).3 A 75 pm BS 410full tolerance test sieve and a nesting sieve to protect the 75 pm test sieve. (c) Finalprocedure.8) 126.96.36.199 Apparatus.2. fine silt and fine dust 100 1000 M2 M 1 V 0.4. Then place the test sample in the container and add enough water to cover it.5 %. Thoroughly mix the suspension in the measuring cylinder by inversion and immediately place the cylinder and contents in position under the pipette.4.3.6 Reporting of results. Repeat the operation until the wash water is clear. The sample for test shall comply with the appropriate minimum mass given in table 8. The amount of material finer than a 75 pm BS test sieve shall be reported as a percentage to the nearest whole number above 10%. 7. and to the nearest O.5 Fieldsettling test. M 2is the mass of the dried residue (g). Then remove the pipette from the measuring cylinder and run its contents into a weighed container.m BSI B S * â L 2 PART*L 75 1 6 2 4 6 6 9 O022420 2 I BS 812 : Part 1 : 1975 cylinder.g. 4 min after placing the measuring cylinder in position fill the pipette (A) and the bore of tap (B) by opening (B) and applying gentle suction a t (C).2. any adherent solids being washed into the container by distilled water from (E) through the tap (B).188.8.131.52 A scale or balance of suitable capacity accurate to 0. 7.4(c).2. as described in BS 8 12 : Part 102. and weigh it cool (mass A).4.Asmall surplus may be drawn up into the bulb between tap (B) and tube (C).100 x A where A is the mass of oven-dried sample (g) .2.5 %. fine silt and fine dust shall then be calculated from the following equation : Percentage of clay. decantation of the coarse particles of the sample.5 %. The clay.3 e =-( - where M1 is the mass of the original sample (g).5 Calculations.2. Make up the volume to 1000 ml with the diluted sodium oxalate solution and complete the determination as described in 7. cool and weigh it (mass B). e. a 1. Agitate the contents of the container vigorously and immediately pour the wash water over the sieves. 5 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .2. Dry the test sample in shallow trays in the oven for 24 f0.2. The following apparatus is required.
. 7. ' L Table 9. and then place the cylinder on a level bench and gently tap until the surface of the sand is level.~ 7. Superseded by BS 817 : Section 105.2 . Figure 5.4 Text deleted.~ BSI BS*812 P A R T * 1 75 _ I I I _ - lb24bb9 0022423 4 m BS 812 : Part 1 : 1975 _- The test is intended as no more than a guide to the percentage of silt and clay. Superseded by BS 812 : - I . Table deleted. Two teaspoonsful of salt to 1 litre of water will suffice. Prepare a 1 % solution of sodium chloride (common salt) in water. After three hours standing the height of the silt visible above the sand-silt interface shall be expressed as a percentage of the height of the sand below the interface to the nearest whole number. 1 . since the result will vary according to the fineness and type of clay.4 Determination of elongationindex -_ 7. Then make up the volume to 150 ml by the addition of more salt solution. Shake the mixture vigorously until adherent clayey particles have been dispersed. _- .- 6 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .3 Text deleted. Figure deleted. Gradually add sand in the condition as received until the volume of the sand is about 100 ml. Pour 50 ml of this solution into a 250 ml measuring cylinder.Section105.1.
The cylinder shall be made from metal of a thickness not less than 3 mm and shall be of sufficient rigidity to retain its shape under rough usage.3 Apparatus.5. 7.5. about 1 litre heaped capacity).5.3. I 7. The angularity number ranges from O to about 12.003 m3 volume.g. Since considerably more compactive effort is used 7. the diameter and height of which should be approximately equal (e.3.3 A balance or scale of capacity 10 kg.5. 7. of about 0.3.3.4 A metal scoop approximately 200 mm x 120 mm x 50 mm (Le. Weaker aggregates may be crushed during compaction and the results will be anomalous if this method is applied to any aggregate which breaks down during the test.1 General. accurate to I g. The angularitynumber is determined from the proportion of voids in a sample of aggregate after compaction in the specified manner.2 A straight metal tamping rod of circular cross section 16 mm in diameter and 600 mm long rounded at one end. The least angular (most rounded) aggregates are found to have about 33 % voids and the angularity number is defined as the amount by which the percentage of voids exceeds 33.3. The following apparatus is required.5.2 Sampling.1 of Part 2) the percentage of voids will be different. 7. 7.5.B S I BS*icBL2 PART*L 75 m L b Z q b b ï 0022422 b m BS 812 : Part 1 : 1975 ’ ‘Figure 6.g.00 mm aperture size (but see note to 7.1 A metal cylinder closed at one end.5. The sample for this test shall be taken in accordance with BS 8 12 : Part 102. 7.0 mm to 5.5. 150 mm and 150 mm). 7. The cylinder shall be calibrated by determining to the nearest gram the mass of water at 20 f 2 “C required to fill it SQ that no meniscus is present above the rim of the container (mass C). This property is used mainly in the design of mix proportions and in research.5 Determination of angularity number 7. Angularity or absence of rounding of the particles of an aggregate is a property which is of importance because it affects the ease of handling of a mixture of aggregate and binder (e.5 BSperforated-plate test sieves from 20.5(a)). Figure deleted __ h than in the test for bulk density and voids (see 6.4 Calibration of the cylinder.5. 7 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .5. the workability of concrete) or the stability of mixtures that rely on the interlocking of the particles. 7.
BS 812 : Part I : 1975 7.0 mm.5 Prcpmitioii qf‘rhe test sariiple.0 mm and 14.0 mm the volume of the cylinder should be greater than 0.5. 6. fill the cylinder to overflowing. Evenly distribute the 100 blows over the surface of the aggregate.6 Testprocedure. Fill the scoop and heap it to overflowing with the aggregate. but for aggregates smaller than 5.0 mm. Do not apply any force to the rod. using the tamping rod as a straight-edge. which shall roll in contact with the metal on both sides of the cylinder. If the result of any one determination differs from the mean by more than 25 g. The test sample shall be prepared as follows.0 mm and 6. and calculate the mean mass of aggregate in the cylinder (mass M ) . In testing aggregates larger than 20. across the upper edge of the cylinder.00 mm a smaller cylinder may be used. GA is the relative density on an oven-dried basis of the aggregate determined in accordance with clause 5 of Part 2 of this standard.7 Calculations.30 mm and 5.0 mm and 10. (a) The amount of aggregate available shall be sufficient to provide. Subject the aggregate in the cylinder to 100 blows of the tamping rod at a rate of about two blows per second. after separation on the appropriate pair of sieves.30 mm. which shall be placed in the cylinder by allowing it to slide gently off the scoop from the least height possible. 7. 8 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .5. The test sample shall consist of aggregate retained between the appropriate pair of BS test sieves from the following list: 20. and the mean of all six determinations calculated (mass M ) . and apply no downward pressure to the tamping rod. The procedure should be the same as with the 0. airtight container and tested. Do not push in or otherwise force down the aggregate. 14. Then add individual pieces of aggregate and ‘roll them in’ to the surface by rolling the tampingrod where M is the mean mass of aggregate in the cylinder (g). and strike off the aggregate level with the top. Make three separate determinations.8 Reporthg of results. and continue this finishing process as long as the aggregate does not lift the rod off the edge of the cylinder on either side.4pply each blow by holding the rod vertical with its rounded end 50 mm above the surface of the aggregate and releasing it so that it falls freely. except that the amount of compactive effort (mass of tamping rod x height of fall x number of blows) should be proportioned to the volume of rhccylinder used. Repeat the process of filling and tamping exactly as described above with a second and third layer of aggregate.5. 7. three additional determinations shall immediately be made on the same material. 7. at least 10 kg of the predominant size as determined by sieve analysis on the BS test sieves.5. C is the mass ofwater required to fill the cylinder (g).003 m3. After the third layer of aggregate has been tamped. Then weigh the aggregate in the cylinder to the nearest 5 g.003 m3 cylinder. The angularity number shall be reported to the nearest whole number. .00 mm. The angularity number of the aggregate shall be calculated from the equation: 100 M Angularity number = 67 - CGA (b) The aggregate to be tested shall be dried for at least 24 h in shallow trays in a well ventilated cooled in an oven at a temperature of 105 f 5 OC. 10. NOTE. the third layer shall contain just sufficient aggregate to fill the cylinder level with the top edge before tamping.
BSI B S * ä 1 2 PART*L 75 __ 1624669 0022424 T ~ BSI publications referred to in this standard This standard makes reference to the following British Standards: BS 4 i0 Test sieves US 604 Graduated measuring cylinders . BS 812 Testingaggregates Part 101 Guide tosamplingand testingaggregates * Pari 102 Methods for sampling Part 103 Methods for determination of particle size distribution Part 105 Methods for determination of particle shape Section 105. ~ ISBN: O 580 08744 1 COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services . i n coarse aggregate - A A A .2 Elongation index of coarse aggregate Pari 106 Method for determination ofsliell conte._ 'BS 3406 Methods for the determination of particle size distribution Part 2 Recommendations for gravitational liquid sedimentation methods for powders and suspensions'. I Flakiness index 'Section 105.
Scope This Part of BS 8 12 describes three methods for the determination of clay.2) and 106 has superseded many of the tests originally specified in . . . 2 and 3) Delete the foreword entirely and substitute the following: ‘This Part of BS 8 12 has been prepared under the direction of the Cement. Reference should be made to BS 812 : Part 101 for general guidance on testing aggregates. . . . .4 and figure 6 and substitute ‘Text deleted’ for each. . . . Some of the tests in other Parts of this standard are of limited application. . 2 and 3) Delete the titles of clause 7. BS 812 was first published in 1938 and subsequently revised in 1943. and advice on the use of simple tests is given. . . . Gypsum. Methods for determination of particle size and shape AMD 6587 April 1991 Foreword (as amended by Amendment Nos. . . 103.cP I BSI BSdB12: P A R T * L 75 ‘1624667 0228200 T ’ AMD 6587 Amendment No. . .2’. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.. . . . Subsequent publication of BS 812 : Parts 102. Clause I . . .’ COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services . . . 4 published and effective from 30 April 1991 to BS 812 : Part 1 : 1975 Testing aggregates Part 1.1 and 105. . . Scope (as amended by Amendment Nos. 2) Delete the clause entirely and substitute ‘7. precision of test methods and variance arising from sampling errors.1951. . silt and dust in fine or coarse aggregates and a method for the determination of the angularity numbër.’ Contents (as amended by Amendment Nos. when they can be used for a preliminary sorting of aggregates to see whether more expensive testing is justified.1960 and 1967 and this 1975 edition of BS 812 was originally published in four separate Parts. . . Superseded by BS 812 : Section 105. . . . . 105 (Sections 105. I .4 Determination of elongation index (as amended by Amendment No. . Clause 7. Aggregates and Quarry Standards Policy Committee. for example. I and 2) Delete the existing text entirely and substitute the foliowing: ‘1.4 Text deleted. . . this Part. . .
9104-1-0.9k-B COPYRIGHT British Standards Institute on ERC Specs and Standards Licensed by Information Handling Services .
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