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a=?

b= ?
(X' X)-1X'Y

MTODO DE DATOS OBSERVADOS

MTODO DE MATRICES

Ingresos Consumo
X
Y
200
500
240
520
300
560
310
550
320
600
300
620
350
630
360
630

X
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.8498759 323.411911
B
Y=

a
323.411911 +

(seleccionar 2 celdas, luego


valores x i y , verdadero,
verdadero y al final ctrl shitf
enter)

200
240
300
310
320
300
350
360

1
200

1
240

X'*X
0.849875931 x

8
2380

2380
728200

(X' X)-1
4.51736973 -0.01476427
-0.01476427
0.00

1. Seleccionar casillas (8 * 2)
2. Presionar Fx, clic en transponer
3. Seleccionar MATRIZ X (2 columnas)
4. Ctrl+shift+enter

1
300

X'Y
4610
1388600

X'
1
1
310
320

4610
1388600

=
a
B

1
300

1
350

(X' X)-1X'Y
323.411911 323.411911
0.84987593 0.84987593
323.411911
0.84987593

1
360

METODO DE DESVOS
-1

(X' X) X'Y
Ingresos
X

X=
Y=

Consumo
Y
200
240
300
310

500
520
560
550

-97.5
-57.5
2.5
12.5

y
-76.25
-56.25
-16.25
-26.25

320
300
350
360
2380

600
620
630
630
4610

22.5
2.5
52.5
62.5
0

23.75
43.75
53.75
53.75
0

297.5
576.25

x'
-97.5

-57.5

x'x
20150

2.5

-1

(X' X) X'Y

x'
12.5

22.5

(x'x)-1
0.00
B= 0.8499

2.5

x'y
17125

52.5

62.5

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