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ALLOY STEELS PLANT POWER DISTRIBUTION Click to edit Master subtitle style PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FIRE
ALLOY STEELS PLANT
POWER DISTRIBUTION
Click to edit Master subtitle style
PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FIRE
IN CABLE TUNNELS AND
TRANSFORMER INSTALLATIONS
4/25/12
PRESENT FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FIRE ARRANGEMENTS CABLE TUNNELS AREA • FIRE PROTECTION PAINT TRANSFORMER
PRESENT FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF
FIRE ARRANGEMENTS
CABLE TUNNELS
AREA
• FIRE PROTECTION
PAINT
TRANSFORMER ROOM AND
ELECTRICAL CONTROL ROOM
• SMOKE AND HEAT DETECTOR FIRE
ALARM
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CABLE TUNNELS AREA MAP MILLS AREA SUBSTATION MAIN RECEIVING SUBSTATION SMS SUBSTATION 4/25/12
CABLE TUNNELS
AREA MAP
MILLS AREA
SUBSTATION
MAIN RECEIVING
SUBSTATION
SMS
SUBSTATION
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CABLE TUNNELS AREA § WELL BUILT CABLE TUNNELS PROPERLY MAINTAINED § SYSTEM VOLTAGE LEVEL UPTO 33
CABLE TUNNELS
AREA
§ WELL BUILT CABLE TUNNELS
PROPERLY MAINTAINED
§ SYSTEM VOLTAGE LEVEL UPTO 33
KV
§ TYPES OF CABLE : BN, XLPE,
PILCA
§ PROPERLY ILLUMINATED
§ HEALTHY EXHAUST SYSTEM
§ NARROW AND LOW HEIGHT AREA
MARKED
WITH DANGER BOARD AND RED
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INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PRACTICES OF CABLE TUNNELS Ø REGULAR INSPECTION OF CABLE TUNNELS DONE. Ø REGULAR
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
OF
CABLE TUNNELS
Ø REGULAR INSPECTION OF CABLE TUNNELS DONE.
Ø REGULAR DEWATERING DONE TO STOP ANY WATER
LOGGING INSIDE TUNNEL.
Ø ILLUMINATION AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM PROPERLY
MAINTAINED.
Ø DEDUSTING OF FLOOR,CABLES AND CLEANING OF
COBWEBS DONE IN REGULAR INTERVAL.
Ø DURING INSPECTION CABLE JOINTS CHECKED BY
INFRARED THERMOMETER TO FIND OUT ANY 4/25/12 ABNORMAL
HEATING.
PRACTICES THAT LED TO REDUCTION IN POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD IN TUNNELS  FIRE PROTECTION PAINT APPLIED
PRACTICES THAT LED TO REDUCTION IN
POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD IN TUNNELS
 FIRE PROTECTION PAINT APPLIED ON CABLE SURFACE IN
DIFFERENT LOCATIONS INSIDE TUNNELS.
 CABLE SURFACE CLEANED REGULARLY FOR BETTER
CHECKING OF CABLE INSULATION.
 ILLUMINATION , VENTILAION AND COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM MAINTAINED WELL.
 REGULAR INSPECTION DONE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHING
TOOLS BY FIRE SERVICE DEPT.
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SPECIFICATION OF FIRE PAINT APPLIED ON CABLES IN TUNNELS  SUPPLIER: SIGNUM FIRE PROTECTION INDIA PVT.
SPECIFICATION OF FIRE PAINT
APPLIED ON CABLES IN TUNNELS
 SUPPLIER: SIGNUM FIRE PROTECTION INDIA PVT. LTD.
 COLOUR: GRAYISH / WHITISH / OFF WHITE
 PH VALUE : MORE THAN 7 ; SP. GRAVITY : 1.20 +/-0.1
 THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY : HIGH ; EXPANSION RATE :700%
 WEATHER RESISTANCE : EXCELLENT ; METAL CORROSION : NO
EFFECT
 FLEXIBILITY : AS PER IS – 10810 PART-50 , IS-1255-83
 IMPACT RESISTANCE : MECHANICALLY TOUGH
 STORING TEMPARATURE : 5 TO 50 DEGREES
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 DRYING TIME : 4TO 6 HRS. TO TOUCH ; 24 TO 72 HRS. FOR
EXPERIENCES OF CONTROL AND RESTORATION AFTER FIRE IN TUNNELS  ONE FIRE INCIDENT OCCURRED IN SMS
EXPERIENCES OF CONTROL AND
RESTORATION AFTER FIRE IN
TUNNELS
 ONE FIRE INCIDENT OCCURRED
IN SMS SUBSTION AROUND 5
YEARS BACK IN 33 KV MRS I/C-4
JYOTI MOCB BKR. PANEL DUE TO
INSULATION FAILURE AND FIRE
SPREAD FROM BREAKER PANEL
TOWARDS INCOMING PILCA
CABLE AS A RESULT BLACK
SMOKE COVERED THE
BASEMENT.
 FIRE AREA ISOLATED
IMMEDIATELY FROM HEALTHY
SYSTEM AND EXTINGUISHED
WITH MAXIMUM EFFORT WITH
HELP OF FIRE SERVICE DEPT.
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MODIFICATIONS IN OPERATION / EQUIPMENT LED TO BETTER RESULTS  BESIDE FIRE PROTECTION PAINT ON CABLES
MODIFICATIONS IN OPERATION /
EQUIPMENT LED TO BETTER
RESULTS
 BESIDE FIRE PROTECTION PAINT ON CABLES
ANOTHER PROJECT OF INSTALLATION OF SMOKE AND
HEAT DETECTORS INSIDE CABLE TUNNELS IS ON
PROGRESS.
 ILLUMINATION SYSTEM WILL BE UPGRADED BY
CHANGING EXISTING CABLES WITH FIRE PROOF CABLES.
 CHANGING OF EXISTING INCANDESCENT LAMPS BY CFL
LAMPS OF ILLUMINATION SYSTEM IS ON PROGRESS TO
REDUCE LOAD ON CABLES.
 INFRARED THERMOMETER AND THERMOVISION CAMERA
ARRANGED FOR BETTER INSPECTION OF CABLE HEATING.
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CHALLENGES AND DIFFICULTIES FACED IN CABLE TUNNELS Ø SHORTAGE OF GAS MASKS. Ø WATER SEEPAGE INSIDE
CHALLENGES AND DIFFICULTIES
FACED IN CABLE TUNNELS
Ø SHORTAGE OF GAS MASKS.
Ø WATER SEEPAGE INSIDE TUNNEL DUE TO
SEALING PROBLEM.
Ø ILLUMINATION SYSTEM IS REQUIRED TO
BE MODIFIED AND UPGRADED.
Ø LIVE CABLE THEFT.
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INSPECTION & MAINTENANCE PRACTICES OF ARC FURNACE TRANSFORMER ROOMS  REGULAR INSPECTION DONE OF TRANSFORMER ROOMS
INSPECTION & MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES OF ARC FURNACE
TRANSFORMER ROOMS
 REGULAR INSPECTION DONE OF TRANSFORMER ROOMS
IN EACH SHIFT.
 BUSBAR HEATING IS CHECKED BY INFRARED
THERMOMETER.
 TRANSFORMER COOLING SYSTEM,WINDING AND OIL
TEMPARATURE,OIL LEVEL,OIL LEAKAGE ARE
MONITORED IN EACH SHIFT.
 RUNNING OF EXHAUST FANS, ILLUMINATION SYSTEM
,SMOKE & HEAT DETECTOR FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
CHECKED DURING INSPECTION.
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PRACTICES THAT LED TO REDUCTION IN POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD IN TRANSFORMER ROOMS Ø SMOKE AND HEAT
PRACTICES THAT LED TO REDUCTION IN
POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD IN
TRANSFORMER ROOMS
Ø SMOKE AND HEAT DETECTOR ARRANGED IN EACH
TRANSFORMER AND FURNACE CONTROLLING HTD
ROOMS AS AN ALARM FOR PREVENTION OF ANY FIRE
INCIDENT.
Ø EXHAUST FANS ARE KEPT RUNNING FOR HEALTHY
VENTILLATION OF TRANSFORMER ROOM.
Ø IT IS OUR UTMOST ATTEMPT TO STOP ANY KIND OF OIL
LEAKAGE FROM THE TRANSFORMER.
Ø DEDUSTING DONE OF TRANSFORMER AND THE ROOM IN
REGULAR INTERVAL.
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LAYOUT OF SMOKE & HEAT DETECTORS

4/25/12 LAYOUT OF SMOKE & HEAT DETECTORS IN LF
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LAYOUT OF SMOKE & HEAT DETECTORS IN LF
EXPERIENCES OF CONTROL AND RESTORATION AFTER FIRE IN TRANSFORMER ROOM  IN THE YEAR 2005 ONE
EXPERIENCES OF CONTROL AND
RESTORATION AFTER FIRE IN
TRANSFORMER ROOM
 IN THE YEAR 2005 ONE FIRE INCIDENT OCCURRED IN
18.75 MVA ARC FCE. #3 GEC MADE TRANSFORMER DUE
TO OUTSIDE SPARKING MATERIAL HAD FALLEN ON
LEAKAGE OIL AND FIRE CAUGHT IN TRANSFORMER.
 FIRE EXTINGUISHED WITHIN ONE HOUR.
 ALL THE GASKETS ,OIL, LT BUSBAR,CAPACITORS,
CONTROL CABLES DAMAGED.
 20 DAYS REQUIRED TO RESTORE THE TRANSFORMER.
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MODIFICATIONS IN OPERATION / EQUIPMENT LED TO BETTER RESULTS  OIL LEAKAGE FROM LT RISERS OF
MODIFICATIONS IN OPERATION /
EQUIPMENT LED TO BETTER RESULTS
 OIL LEAKAGE FROM LT RISERS OF ARC FURNACE #3
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIED BY BRAZING OF INNER
PORTION OF BOTTOM HOLDING CLAMP.
 OIL LEAKAGE FROM LT RISERS OF 8 MVA LADDLE
FURNACE TRANSFORMER RECTIFIED BY REPLACING OIL
SEALS.
 IN ARC FURNACE #4 TRANSFORMER WATER COOLED LT
BUSBAR FITTED FOR BETTER HEAT DISSIPATION OF
TRANSFORMER.
 LT RISER AND BUSBAR CONNCTING JUMPER OF LADDLE
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FURNACE TRANSFORMER CHANGED TO PREVENT
CHALLENGES AND DIFFICULTIES FACED IN TRANSFORMER ROOM  NO OVERHAULING FACILITIES OF ARC FURNACE AND POWER
CHALLENGES AND DIFFICULTIES FACED
IN
TRANSFORMER ROOM
 NO OVERHAULING FACILITIES OF ARC FURNACE AND
POWER TRANSFORMER.
 DEDUSTING SYSTEM NEEDS MORE ATTENTION.
 IN EACH CASE TRANSFORMER AND THE HTD ROOM
SHOULD BE CHECKED WHEN SMOKE AND HEAT
DETECTOR ALARM WILL BECOME ACTIVE.
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SMOKE AND HEAT DETECTOR FIRE ALARM  SUPPLIER : EASTERN FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERS, ULUBARI ; GUWAHATI
SMOKE AND HEAT DETECTOR FIRE ALARM
 SUPPLIER : EASTERN FIRE PROTECTION
ENGINEERS, ULUBARI ; GUWAHATI ; ASSAM.
THE CIRCUIT CONSISTS OF IQ8uad-OT FOR HEAT
DETECTOT AND IQ8uad-OTG FOR SMOKE
DETECTOR
IQ8 ALARM AS HOOTER
IQ8 CONTROL C FIRE ALARM PANEL
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SMOKE AND HEAT DETECTOR FITTED IN TRANSFORMER ROOM

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IQ8 CONTROL & FIRE ALARM

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IQ8 MANUAL CALL POINTS

IQ8Quad – SMOKE DETECTOR FITTED IN 4/25/12 TRANSFORMER ROOM
IQ8Quad – SMOKE DETECTOR FITTED IN
4/25/12
TRANSFORMER ROOM
4/25/12 IQ8 ALARM
4/25/12
IQ8
ALARM
IQ8Quad – HEAT DETECTOR FITTED IN 4/25/12 TRANSFORMER ROOM
IQ8Quad – HEAT DETECTOR FITTED IN
4/25/12
TRANSFORMER ROOM
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IQ8Quad – SMOKE DETECTOR

4/25/12 SMOKE
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SMOKE
THANK YOU Presentation by: Prasenjit Nath Sr.Mgr, EED/PD 4/25/12 ASP, SAIL.
THANK YOU
Presentation by:
Prasenjit Nath
Sr.Mgr, EED/PD
4/25/12
ASP, SAIL.