Indian Standard

( Reaffirmed 1997 )

SPECIFICATION FOR COARSE AND FINE AGGREGATES FROM NATURAL SOURCES FOR CONCRETE (

Second Revision)

Ninth Reprint SEPTEMBER 1993

UDC

691.322

@ Co@yright 1971

BUREAU

OF

INDI.AN

STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN,

9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARC3 NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 5

April 197 1

Isr303-1970

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR COARSE AND FINE AGGREGATES FROM NATURAL SOURCES FOR CONCRETE

( Second Revision)
Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee, BDC 2
Chainaan SHRIJ.DA.TT The Comre& Rcprcsenting Aarociation of India, Bombay

Members
Shri J. Datt ) DxA.S. UEADURI SHRI E. K. RAMACHANDRAN( SARI P. S. BEATNAQAR SHRI A. M. SIN~AL ( Alternate) SHRI A. K. CHATTERJI SH~I J. S. SHARYA DIRECTOR ( Altern& )

Sam M. A. MEETA ( Altema& to
National Test House, Catcutta Alrrraato) Beas Designs Organization, New Delhi Central Building Roorkee Central Road Delhi Research Institute [CSIR ( CSlR ), 1. New .-

Research

Institute

DR R. K. GHOSH ( Altamure) DIRECTOR ( CSM ) Centrai Water & Power Commission, New Delhi DI~ECT~B ( DAYS III ) ( Alfcmate ) DIRE~OR National Buildings Organization, New Delhi SH~I G. C. MATRVR ( Al&nate J DIRECTOR-IN-C~AR~E( NR) ‘Geological Survey of India, Lucknow ENOINRZR-IN-CHIEP Central Public Works Department, New Delhi SUPERINTENDINQ EN~INEZR, 2ND CIBCLE (A~&wIu&?) SHRIK.C.GHOSAL Sahu Cement Service, New Delhi DR R. K. CHOSE Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi The Associated Cement Companies Ltd, Bombay DRR.R. HATTIANOADI Sam P. J. JANUS ( Al~craate) Designs & Standards Organization JOINT DIRECTOR, STANDARDS Research,. ( Muustry of Railways ) (B&S) DEPUTY DIRECTOR, STANDARDS (B & S ) ( Alternate ) S. B. Joshi & Co Ltd, Bombay SHRI S. B. Jos~r Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals SHRI M.T. KANSE Roads Wing ( Ministry of Transport and Shipping ) SHRI_KARTIK PRASAD Snar S. L. KATEURIA (Alternate)

BUREAU OF MANAK BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDXKVS
ZAFAR MARO

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

SALVI SHEI C. N. 19) 2 . V. II First CrcscenI Park Road. Lucknow ( Continued on page Central Building Roorkee Research Institute (CSIR). A. KULKARNI SHRI ERACH A. Madras 20 ) Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. A. NA~ARAJAN. KASLIWAL I Alternate ) Central Board of Irrigation & Power. Designs & Standards Organization ( Ministry of Railways j (B&S) ASSISTANT DIRECTOR. M. New Delhi SRRI K. Swat ) The Concrete Association of India. B. Bombay SBRI 1. SUBRAMAZVIAM SRRI T. Athwa Lines. Hyderabad DIRECTOR DIRECTOR ( CSM ) Central Water & Power Commission. TOLANI ( Alternate) PROF G. VISVESVARAYA Director General. Madras SHRI K.Adyar. New Delhi SIXRI L. S. M/C ( Altemu~e) Engineering Research Laboratories. New Delhi SECRETARY The India Cement Lid. TANEJA ( Alternate) Soar B. NADIRSHAH SHRI K. RAMANA ( Alternate ) Cement Research Institute of India. S. G. TANEJA Deputy Director ( Civ Engg ). New Delhi DIRECTOR ( DAMS III ) ( Alfemate ) DIBECT~R-IN-CHARGE Geological Survey of India. RAMASWAI+~Y SHRI DR N. CHETTY Subcommittee. M. PINHEIRO ( Alternate ) Hindustan Housing Factory Ltd. RAO SARI S. R. BDC 2:2 S. IYEN~AR ( Alternate ) DEPUTY DIRECTOR. DATT SHRI C. Members SHRI S. S. Bombay SHRI C. K. IBIS ( Ex-o&to Member ) SHRI R.IS:383-1970 (Continued from paxe 1) Representing M. L. Calcutta The Institution of Engineers ( India ). CHOKSI In personal capacity ( ‘ Skrikunj ‘. Calcutta In personal capacity ( ‘ Ramanolayo ‘. Joshi & Co Ltd. flea? Parl. Dastur & Co (P) Ltd. Army Headquarters Structural Engineering Roorkee Research Centre ( CSIR ). B. Director ( Civ Engg ) Senelary SHRI Y. NAMBIAR Biro NARESH PRASAD COL J. K. C.ash Housing Society . SWAROOP SHRI A. New Delhi DR H. K. N. R.. Gandhinagar. N. RAMAORANDRAN ( Alfemate ) Dalmia Cement ( Bharat ) Ltd. L. R. Josa~ Membrrs DB S. Bombay T. BRAL ( Alternate ) Gammon Iddia Ltd. STANDARDS Research. STANDARDS. S. BIS Concrete Convener SHRI S.

after the draft finalized by the Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council.2. and the suitability of a given fine aggregate grading may. but to make concrete of high strength and durability. FOREWORD 0.1 The requirements included and it is proposed is printed. The present revision of the standard porate the modification necessary in the light use and also to bring it in line with the latest 0.2 This standard was first published in 1952 1963. depend on the grading and shape of the coarse aggregate. for aggregates for mass concrete have been to withdraw IS: 515-1959*when this standard 0. and subsequently revised in has been taken up to incorof experience gained in its thinking on the subject. in some circumstances.1970 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR COARSE AND FINE AGGREGATES FROM NATURAL SOURCES FOR CONCRETE ( Second Revision ) 0. the ratio of fine to coarse aggregate being reduced as the fine aggregate becomes finer from Grading Zones I to IV.I IS : 383 . these grading zones are suitable for making concrete. The four grading zones for fine aggregates as specified in the earlier version of the standard have not been changed.3 The limiting values for the permissible deleterious materials in the aggregates.1 This Indian Standard (Second Revision) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 25 September 1970.of Grading Zone I or the fine outer limit of Grading Zone IV. These four grading zones become progressively finer from Grading Zone I The fine aggregates within each of to Grading Zone IV (see Table 4). the mix proportions should be c!iosen according to the grading characteristics of the fine aggregates used. aggregate abrasion value and soundness test for aggregates have been revised. the correct design of the mix becomes increasingly important as the grading of the fine aggregate approaches the coarse outer limit. Recommendations have been included for the size of aggregates for mass concrete. In particular. It is sometimes found that a fine aggregate which lies in one grading zone and near the border of another does not Mince withdrawn 3 . 0.

SCOPE 1. 3. the provisions regarding bulk density have not been included. for use in the Production of concrete for normal structural purposes including mass concrete works. 0.1.7 This standard contains clauses 3. derived from natural sources.8 Titles of standards referred are given in Appendix B. 0. rocks. 0. 6. 0. to in the various clauses of this standard 0.4 which call for agreement between purchaser and supplier and requires the supplier to furnish technical information as given in Appendix A. For sampling of aggregates. glacial deposits. shall be rounded off in expressing the result of a test or analysis. there might be special cases where certain requirements other than those specified in the standard might have to be specified. Secondly there is an increasing tendency to batch concrete by weight rather than by volume.6 Indian Standards Methods of test for aggregates for concrete [IS:2386 (Part I)-1963 to IS: 2386 (Part VIII)-19631 are necessary adjuncts to this standard. 1. observed or calculated. necessary to appreciate the limitations in either using a very coarse sand or a very fine sand and the need to make suitable changes in the mix design. It is.1 This standard covers the requirements for aggregates. Hence as in 1963 version of the standard. in such case. 0.3 and 6.2. 0. reference may be made to IS : 2430-1969. 3.4. accordance with IS : Z-1960.2. 6.9 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. such special requirements.31 The four grading zones indicated in this standard are meant to cover the use of the natural sands available in the country.4 Investigations have shown that the bulk density is affected by the size of the container used to determine it.5 Whilst the requirements specified in this standard generally meet the normalrequirements for most of the concrete works. such as river terraces and riverbeds. the final value. boulders and gravels. crushed or uncrushed. 4 .5. the test required and the limits for such tests may be specified by the purchaser. however. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same LU that of the specified value in this standard. desirable to choose a suitable ratio of fine to coarse aggregate proportions of the concrete to allow some fluctuations in the grading zone of the Ane aggregate. It is therefore.remain consistently in one zone but fluctuates between the two.

clear and free from veins and adherent coating. and c) partially crushed uf (a) and (b). 5 . As far as possible. the following definitions shall apply.1 General .0 For the purpose o> this standard. l~oulders and gravels.1 to 2.3. 2. rocks. alkali.1. SCOPE 1.3 when it results when or hard blending or stone it is a product All-in-Aggregate aggregate. glacial deposits. IS Sieve 2.rS : 383 . . 2.3. aggregate gravel may be described which as: results from from natural crushing disintegration of gravel of the of a) uncrushcd rock.eces.l’ concrete for normal structural purposes including mass concrete works. dural)lc. vegetable matter and otlicr deleterious substances. cnvcring glossary of terms rclatir)S co aggreThe standard when publisbcd will include Aggregate most of which passes 4.75-mm 2. derived I’rom natural sources. gravel and sand or combination thereof.Fine aggregate resulting from the natural disintegration of rock and which has been deposited by streams or glacial agencies.A comprchcnsi~v2 ‘s:antlard g~1tc.1 ‘Tltis slnndard covers the requirements for aggregates.1 Fine Aggregatcand contains only so much coarser material as permitted in 4.3 Crushed Grace1 Sand .1. KIWI.1910 1. They shall be harcl.:. NOTE -Coarse . produced by crushing hard 2.2 Crushed Stone Sand .r1ggrcgntc shall consist of naturally occurring ( crushed or uncrushed ) stones.Fine aggregate stone. or stone or stone gravel b) crushed gravel stone. ~CIISC. for use in the production c. and tiee from irrjurious amounts of disintegrated pi.s fur concrctc is under preparation. crushed or un~rusl~d.1 JVuttrral Sand . TERMINOLOGY 2.2 Coarse Aggregate -. QUALITY OF AGGREGATES 3. the tl4nitiuns covcrcd under 2.line aggregate produced by crushing natural gravel.1. flaky. scoriaceous and clongatccl pieces should be avoided. strong.Aggregate most of which is retained on 4*75-mm IS Sieve and containing only so much finer material as is permitted for the various types described in this standard. - l\Iaterial composed of fine aggregate and coarse- 3. 2. such as river terraces and riverbeds. 2.

shall not exceed the following values: a) For aggregates to be used in concrete for wearing surfaces t.3 Aggregate Crushing Value-The aggrcgnte crushing value.2. lignite. and 30 percent for concrete for wearing surfaces. the limits being set by agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.Aggregates petrographically similar to known reactive types or aggrecates wllich.5 Aggregate Abrasion ValueUnless otherwise agreed to between the purchaser and the supplier. 3.2 Deleterious Materials -Aggregates :li. may relax some of the limits as a result of-some fLtrrher tests and evidence of satisfactory performance of the aggregates.1970 shall not contain any harmful 3. shale or similar laminated material. roads and pavements.6 percent as sodillm oxide ( iKa. roads and pavements. coarse and fine aggregates shall pass a sodium or magnesium sulphate . such as runways. on the basis of service history or laboratory exprriments. The aggregate impact value shall not exceed 45 percent by weight for aggregates used for concrete other than for wearing surfaces and 30 percent by weight for concrete for wearing surfaces.l~iai. clay.3 the aggregate impact value may be determined in accordance with the method specified iu IS : 2386 i Part IV )-1963.cd the limits specified in Table 1 when tested in accordance with IS : 2386-1963. . mica. be used for reinforced concrete shall not contain any Aggregates which are mater:aI liable to attack the steel reinforcement. soft fragments. when determined in accordance with IS: 2386 (Par! IV)-1963 shall not exceed 45 pcrcwt for aggregate used for concrete other than for wt lring surfaces. uw of pozzolanic cement and certain pozzolanic admixtures may be helpful in controlling alkali aggregate reaction.lt~. 3. are suspected to haxve reactive tendency sholdd be avoided or used only with cements of low alkalies [not morr than 0. Aggrqates to. the abrasion value of aggregates. However. 3.) For aggregates other concrete to be used in 30 percent 50 perrent 3.rccelerated soundness test specified in IS: 2386 (Part V)-1963. sea shells and organic impurities in such quantity as to affect the strength or durability of the concrete. such as pyrites.4 Aggregates Impact ValueAs an alternative to 3. when tested in accordance with the method specified in IS:2386 (Part IV)1963 using Los Angeles machine.O )]. coal. 3.TS : 383 .1 Litr~its d Deleterious Materials-The maximum quantity of deleterious materials shall not rxce. such as runways. after detailed lnboracrwy stllclies. alkali. chemically reactive with alkalies of cement are harmful as cracking of concrete may take place.6 Soundness of AggregateFor concrete liable to be exposed the action of frost. the erqineer-in-charge at his discretion. SITE .

when tested ). but necessary adjustments made in the grading by the addition of single-sized aggregates. The when analyzed. Grading Zones I. may be supplied in 4. II. as described in IS:2386 grading of the all-in-aggregate. and ) with sodium sulphate with magnesium loss of weight after 5 with sodium sulphate with magnesium 15 percent when slllphate ( MgSO. This tolerance shall not be applied to percentage passing the 600-micron IS Sieve or to percentage passinqany other sieve size on the coarse limit ef Grading Zone I or the finer limit of Grading Zone IV.As a general guide.4 All-in-Aggregates . For any one of the nominal sizes. it may be taken that the average cycles shall not exceed the following: a) For fine aggregate 10 percent ( Na. it shall be regarded as falling within that grading zone. SlZE AND 4.If combined may be not be separated into fine and coarse. aggregates are available they need 4. ). as determined by the method described in IS :238G (Part I)-1963 shall also be in accordance with Table 2. for mass 4.:gwgafe for Mass Concrete- concrete works shall be in the sizes specified Aggregates-Graded sizes given in Table Coarse aggregate in Table 3.1.SO.IS : 383 . and 18 percent when sulphate ( hlgS0.2 Graded the nominal coarse aggregates 2.1 Single-Sized GRADING OF AGGREGATES Coarse Aggregates -Coarse aggregates shall be in the nominal sizes given in Table 2. 1) For coarse aggrega:e tested 1’2 percent when tested ( Sa s50. 7 . tested ) 4. Where* the grading falls outside the limits of any particular III and IV: grading zone of sieves other than 600-micron IS Sieve by a total amount not exceeding 5 percent. Nova . the proportion of other sizes.1970 except that aggregates failing in the accelerated soundness test may be used if they pass a specified freezing and thawing test satisfactory to the user.3 Fine Aggregates -The grading of fine aggregates.1 Coarse A. when determined as described in IS: 2386 (Part I)-1963 shall bc within the limits given in Table 4 and shall be described as fine aggregates. supplied 4. (Part I ‘)-1963 shall be in accordance with Table 5.

the relative strength at 7 and 28 days. therefore. AfOX L-_--~ c--UncruCrushed shed (4) 180 (5) 198 PERCENTAOE BY WEIQRT. No& 2-The aggre ate shall not contain harmful organic impurities [tested accordance with IS : 23 pi ( Part II ).9iJ 5. when tested for the effect of orgi impurities on the strength of mortar.00 1588 188 34io 188 380 . provided that. reporta accordance with 7 of IS : 2386 (Part VI )-1963 is not less than 95 percent.1970 TABLE 1 LIMITS OF DELETERIOUS (Cfme 32.00 5-88 presence of mica in the fine aggregate has been found to red NOTE 1 -The considerably the durability and compressive strength of concrete and further investi tions are underway to determine the extent of the deleterious effect of mica. 6 and 7 and Sl No. A fine aggregate which fails in the test organic impurities may be used. (i) to (v) for co1 4.00 5.00 I. COARSEAQQKEOATI PEwxNTA~BBY WElorlT.IS : 383 . Mer r---h_-_UncruCrushed shed (6) (7) (I) i) (2) Coal and lignite (3) IS : 2386 (Part II)1963 do 75-g IS : 2386 (Part I)1963 IS : 2386 \p&. . to investigate the mica content of fine aggregate and m suitable allowances for the possible reduction in the strength of concrete or mortar.00 2.1 ) MATERIALS D~ZLETERIOUS $JElSTASCE METROD ox TEST FINEAQQREQATF. (i) and (ii) for co15 only do - 1. II)- 1*oo 1*oo ii) iii) Clay lumps ySt$eti 1-00 3.I963 ] in sufiicient quantities to affect adver 6 the strength or durability of concrete. finer than iv) Soft fragments - 360 - V) vi) Sltkle Total of percentages of all deleterious materials ( except ‘mica ) including Sl No. I advisable.

2 ) ISSIEVE PEILCENTACJE p---7-------- DESSQNATlON P~SWNGKII~ 20 mm (4) SINGLE-SIZED AGQREQATE OF NohlINAL SIZE h-~----~_.5 mm 10 mm 4. FON GRADED OF ~~OJIINALSIZE h-----__-. 63 mm (I) 40mm (3) 100 85 to 100 at020 16mm (5) 12.TABLE 2 COARSE AGGREGATES ( ChAws 4.-.1 and 4.5 mG (11) - (2) 100 85 to 1cla 0 to 30 0 to 5 (10) 100 9oto100 30to70 oto10 - 80 63 CD mm mm mm 100 85 to 100 100 85 to lou 0 to20 100 85 to 100 Oto45 Oto10 - 40 20 mm 16mm 12.75 mm 236mm 100 90 to 100 40to85 0 ro 10 - 0 to 5 - - 0 to5 01030 0105 - - 0 to 5 - - ._---7 PERCENTACE AQGKEGATE f---------- Pnss~xc.5 mm (6) - 10 mm (7) _100 85tolOO 0 to 20’ Oto5 40 mm (8) 103 95to 100 30 to 70 -lOto 0 to5 - 20mm (9) 100 95 to 100 25 to 55 OtolO - 16 mm 12.

SAMPLING AND TESTING 5.1. 5.2. and when necessary for such other tests as required by the purchaser.ls:383-1970 TABLE 3 SIZES OF COARSE AGGREGATES ( CLausc4.2. tests may be made in accordance with 2 and 5 of IS : 516-1959 with a view to comparing the properties of the concrete made with the aggregate under consideration with those of concrete made with an. 150 to 80 mm ISSIEVE DESIONATION 160 mm+ 80 mm 80 mm 41) mm 4Omm 20 mm 20 mm 4. 5. 10 .aggregate of known quality.1 ) FOR MASS CONCRETE CLASS AND SIZE Very large. duplicate tests shall be made in all cases and the results of both tests reported.2 If further confirmation as to the satisfactory nature of an aggregate is required. 5. for purposes of tests to verify its compliance with the requirements given in Table 1. one finer than 4*75-mm IS Sieve and the other coarser than 4*75-mm IS Sieve.1 In the case of all-in-aggregates. the aggregates shall be first separated into two fractions.2 All tests shall be carried out as described in IS:2386 (Part I)-1963 Unless otherwise stated in the enquiry or to IS : 2386 (Part VIII)-1963.1 Sampling-The method of sampling shall be in accordance with IS : 2430-1969.75 mm *There complying being no IS Skzve having an aperture larger than 100 mm a perforated plate with IS : 2405-1963 and having a square aperture of 160 mm may be used.75 mm 2136 mm PERCENTACEPASSISQ 90 to 100 Oto IO 90 to 100 Oto 10 90 to 100 Oto 10 9O‘to 100 Oto 10 Oto 2 Large. the former being tested as fine aggregate and the latter as coarse aggregate. 5. 80 to 40 mm Medium. and the appropriate tests shall be made on samples from each component. The amount of material required for each test shall be as specified in the relevant method of test given in IS : 2386 (Part I)-1963 to IS : 2386 ( Part VIII )-1963. 40 to 20 mm Small. order. 20 to 4.

but the concrete mix should be properly designed. particle shape and surface texture of both fine and coarse aggregates.4 ) GRADING 1s SIEVE DESIGNATION 80 mm 40 mm 20 mm 4-75 mm COO micl o:. depend upon the actual giading. NOTE 4It is recommended that fine aggregate conforming should not be used in reinforced concrete unless tests have been suitability of proposed mix proportions.18 mm 600 micron 300 micron 150 micron 100 90-100 60-95 30-70 15-34 5-20 O-10 GradinS Zone 11 100 90-100 75-100 55-90 35-59 8-30 O-10 Grading Zone III 100 90-100 85-100 75-100 60-79 12-40 O-10 NOW b--For crushed stone sands.-----~ Grading Zone IV 100 95-100 95-100 90-100 80-100 15-50 o-15 Grading zone I 10 mm 4. This does not affect the 5 percent allowance permitted in 4.-.36 mm 1.75 mm 2. Nc)TI’: 3 .3 ) IS SIEVE DESIGNATION PERCENTACK r--_____ PASSINQ FOR ---__--___h------- . Tie most suitable fine to coarse ratio to be used for any particular mix will. the dermissible limit on 150-micron IS Sieve is increased to 20 percent. howevQer. from Grading Zones I to I $ the ratio of fine aggregate to coarse aggregate should be progressively reduced. that is. AS the ne aggregate grading be&mea progressively finer. 150 micron PERCENTAGE PASUING ~OORALL-IN-AQOREQATEOI -*_--a-_---_ r-----40 mm Kominal Size 20 mm Nominal Size 100 95 to 100 45 to 75 25 to 45 8 to 30 0 to 6 100 95 to 100 30 to 50 10 to 35 0 to 6 11 .IS : 303 -1970 TABLE 4 FINE AGGREGATES’ ( Clause 4. NOTE 2 Fine aggregate complying with the requirements of any grading zone in this table is &table for concrete but the quality of concrete produced will depend upon a number of factors including proportions. line aggregate conforming to any one of the four grading zones may be used.Where concrete of high strength and good durability is required.3 applymg to other sieve sizes. to Grading Zone made to ascertain IV the TABLE 5 ALL-IN-AGGREGATE ( ClUUSL 4.

A-I.1 When requested by the purchaser shall provide the following particulars: a) Source of supply. SUPPLIER’S CERTIFICATE AND COST OF TESTS 6.2 Subject to prior agreement. 12 . precise materials were obtained.2 If the purchaser rkquircas independent tests to br made. himself that the material complies with the and.after deli\. rock type present (see Appendix and C). and b) the purchaser. 6. b) Trade group of principal characteristics of reactive history. this standard.3 The tests. b) Bulk density.At tile material shrst. if requested. minerals.1 The supplitr shall satisfy requirements of this standard to this effect to the purchaser. DETAILS OF TO BE FURNISHED A BY THE SUPPLIER INFORMATION or his representative. location the supplier A-l. 6. if any.2 shall bc borne show til. that & a) the supplier. when required by the purchaser: a) Specific gravity. docxs not comply complies wit11 if the results material APPENDIX (Clause0.. the supplier shall furnish such of the following additional information.IS:383-1970 6.8) INFORMATION A-l. with this standard and on the written irlstructions of‘ the purc~hasc~r. the sample for such tests shall be taken before or irnlllctliatc~l>. if the results with this standard.c*ry.4 The supplier shall supply free of charge tllcl matcbrial rc~q~~ircd fut by: cost of the tests carried nut under 6.. c) Physical d) Presence e) Service of source from where the (see Appendix C). accordin: and the tests carried out irt accordance to the option of the purchaser. shall supply a certificate 6. that is.

absorption and bulking (Part IV)-1963 Mechanical properties ( Part V )-I963 Soundness (Part VI )-I963 Measuring mortar making properties of fine aggregate -# Since withdrawn 13 .lsr3s3-1970 4 Moisture content. density.9) TITLES OF REFERRED B STANDARDS values (revised) aggregates IS : 2. value or aggregate impact value. Soundness m> of aggregate. APPENDIX ( Clause 0. 4 Absorption value. and of aggregate. 3 k) Presence Potential of deleterious reactivity materials.1960 Rules for rounding off numerical and IS : 5 15-I 959 Specification for natural for use in mass concrete IS :516-1959 Methods manufactured of concrete of test for strength IS’: 2386 Methods of test for aggregates for concrete: (Part I )-I963 Particle size and shape (Part II)-1963 Estimation of deleterious materials and organic impurities (PariIII)-1963 Specific gravity. Aggregate crushing e-1 f > Abrasion value. voids. 69 Flakiness-index. h) Elongation-index.

0 The Trade Groups of Rocks Used as Concrete Names of trade groups : Aggregate Granite. and e) &fiace T+4reSee C-3.IS : 383 . Gabbro. C-2. 1 ) C OF DESCRIPTION AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE c-1. imperfections. such as elongated or flaky pieces. etc. from dust. GENERAL HEADINGS 01. Sandstone.1 G2. Granulite.The degree of cleanliness. freedom c) Description of the Bulk.Name and Description -The correct petrological name should be used and should be accompanied by a brief description of such properties as hardness. granite. Accordingly.1). d) Particle Shaps . b) Petrological . limestone and sandstone a) Trade Group -For (JCC-c-2. the list of trade groups given in G2. that is.1 is adopted for the convenience of producers and users of stone. should be stated and reference made to the presence of any pieces not representative of the bulk. Dolerite. grain.See C-3. colour. the following general headings under which the appropriate information may be given are suggested as a guide: example. Basalt. Aplite. 02. Limestone. Rhyolite.1970 ( Part VII)-1963 (Part 1s : 2405-1963 IS : 2430-1969 VIII)-1963 Alkali aggregate Petrographic reactivity plates for industrial for concrete sieves examination Wire cloth and perforated Methods for sampling of aggregates APPENDIX ( Clause A-l. Gneiss.1 To enable detailed reports on aggregates to he framed on a comparable basis. Schist and Marble 14 . NOh8ENCLATURE OF ROCK technical nomenclature of rocks is an extensive one and for practical purposes it is sufficient to group together with those rocks having certain petrological characteristics in common.

. IGNEOUS Granite Gmnophyre Gabbro Group Gabbro Norite Anorthosite Aplitc Group Aplite Porphyry Dolerite Group Dolerite Rhyolite Group Rhyolite Trachyte Basalt Group Andesite SEDIMENTARY Sandstone Quartzite Limestone Group Limestone METAMORPHIC Granite gneiss Composite gneiss Schist Group Slate Marble Grou@ iMarble Crystalline Limestone 15 Phyllite Schist ROCKS Amphibolite Granulite Dolomite ROCKS Arkose Gray wacke Grit Basalt Felsite Pumicite Lamprophyre Quartz reef Peridotite Pyroxenite Epidiorite ROCKS Granodiorite Diorite Syenite Granite Group Sands:ove Croup Granulite and Gneiss Grou& .1. IS : 393 .1 List of Rockr Placed Una’er the Approjwiate Trradt Grouts-The correct identification of a rock and its placing under the appropriate trade group shall be left to the decision of the Geological Survey of India or any competent geologist.1970 C-2.

1 (4) Rdiver_or seashore graW?b. therefore. cuboid rock Crushed rocks of types. been devised and is put forward in the hope that it will facilitate delining the essential features of both particle shape and surface characteristics. usually angular.2 ) CLASSlrrCATION h&WNXPTXON ILLUSTRATIONS OI CanarcTslUsTIC SPECCIYENS EXAWL~C (1) Rounded (2) Fully water worn or completely shaped by attrition Naturally irr+dar. 1 and 2. colour and surface condition. C-3. or partly shaped by attrition.1 The external characteristics of any mixture of mineral aggregate III include a wide variety of physical shape. land or dug flints. for example.2 The simple system shown in Tables 6 and 7 has. distinctive group types of aggregates some general term which could be adopted.3 Surface characte. and having rounded edges Possessing well-defined edges formed at the inter-section of roughly planar faces Material. TABLE 6 PARTICLE SHAPE ( aiuse c-3. 3 Flaky Fig. oolites 3 and 5. crushed gravel. seashore and windblown sands Pit sands and gravels. PARTICLE SHAPE AND SURFACE TEXTURE C-3. however. talus. istics have been classified under five headings or to be a precise The grouping is broad. of which the thickness is small relative to the width and/or length (3) Fig. 4 .IS:383-1970 C-3. to use a combined description with more than one group number for an adequate description of the surface texture. scrca Laminated rocks all Irregular or partly rounded Angular Fig. it may be necessary hand specimens. it does not purport ~~~~aphical classification but is based upon a visual examination of With certain materials. it may be convenient to apply to order to avoid lengthy descriptipns. G3. 2 Fig.

granite. pumice.1970 TABLE 7 SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS ( Clause C-3. micrograJyenite 5 Honey combed porous and Scnriae. keratophyre Medium: Dolerite.2 ) GROUP I 2 3 4 SORFACE TEXTWE Glassy Smooth Granular Crystalline Black flint Chert. FIG. oolites EXAMPLE OF AGGREGATES Pine: Basalt. granophyre. some limestones. many dolomim Coarse: Gabbro. trass granodiorite. 1 PARTICLE SHAPE: ROUNDED FIG. nire.IS : 383 . 2 PARTICLE SHAPE: IRREGULAR 17 . some rhyolita Sandstone. trachyte. marble. gneiss. slate. granulite.

As:383.1970 FIG. 4 PARTICLE SHAPE: FLAKY 18 . 3 PARTICLES SHAPE: ANGULAR FIG.

G. D. Bombay ( Alrcma&) SHRI N. Tor-Isteg Steel Corporation. K. PRASAD ( Al&mate) SHRI K. S. VAIDYA (Alternate ) SARI N. PATEL ( Al&mate ) SHRI G. NAMBIAR DR M. VISVESVARAYA Altemafr) Cement Research Institute of India. Adyar. N. PINHEIRO SUPERINTENDINQENQINEER SERI S. New Delhi Calcutta In personal capacity ( ‘ Ramannlaya ‘. GROSAL SHRI V. J. N. Gandhinagar. II First &scent Park Road. N. C. C. K.~ Structural Engineering Roorkee Research Centre (CSIR ). GHENEEAR Reprcsentin. Madras 20 ) Central Road Research Institute ( CSIR ). R. Calcutta National Buildings Organization. M. SHARMA ( DR H.IS:383-1970 (Continued j+om pop 2 ) Mcm hers SRRI V. MOHANTY DR R. Dastur & Co ( P) Ltd. RAO SHRI S. New Delhi In personal capacity ( 82. S. PRASRD~ RAO ( Altcmatc) SHRI K. MATHUR SHRI P. S. KULKARNI SHRI B. Bomba> 2 ) Engineer-in-Chief’s New Delhi Branch. TEADANI COL J. MAJ D. New Delhi 19 . R. Bombay M. Marine Drive. K. New Delhi Roads Wing ( Ministry of Transport & Shipping ) Gammon India Ltd. Government of The Associated Cement Co Ltd. L. JAIN ( Alfcmate ) DR P. c. C. JAGUS SHRI S. Army Headquarters. GUNAJI SRRI P. P. PURI Sahu Cement Service. RAMASWAMY SHRI R. TOLANI Central Public Works Department. M. SRR~ A. S. New Delhi Public Works Maharashtra Department. SIKKA ( Alternate)) SHRI T. C.

Palayam 16 21 04 TRIVANDRUM 695035 16 21 17 /nspection Offices ( With Sale Point ): Pushpanjali.‘R.C. 23 1083 HYDERABAD 500001 6 34 71 R14 Yudhister Marg. NAGPUR 440010 Institution of Engineers ( India ) Building. Bangalore Tumkur Road 38 49 55 BANGALORE 560058 38 49 56 I Gangotri Complex./Khanpur. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg. MADRAS 600113 41 25 19 ( 41 2916 TWestern : Manakalaya. JAIPUR 302005 { 6 98 32 21 68 76 117/418 B Sarvodaya Nagar. BHUBANESHWAR 751002 5 3’6 27 5315. Calcutta 700072 tSales Office in Bombay is at Novelty Chambers.?5 36 24 99 121843 r 3 16 41 41 24 42 Southern : C. V. I. I. CHANDIGARH 160036 331 69 31 I 331 13. 2 51 71 Shankar Nagar Square.. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. 14/1421. E9 MIDC. Indl~ . Andheri ( East ). 331 13 75 Telegrams: Manaks nstha ( Common to all Of“di ces) Regional Offices: Telefihone Central : Manak Bhavan. 6 32 92 95 BOMBAY 400093 Branch Offices: ‘Pushpak’. T. T. C Scheme. CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 445-446.G. 5 24 35 PUNE 41 It?% Wales Offke in Calcutta is a46 Chowringhrs Approach. KANPUR 208005 c 21 82 92 Patliputra Industrial Estate. N. PATNA 800013 6 23 05 T. Gupta Marg ( Nampally Station Road ). Barua Road. 667 16 BHCPAL -462003 Plot No. Marol. First Floor. Maniktola. 205-A West High Court Road. 89 65 28 Bombay 400007 #Sales Office in Bangalore is at Unity Building. Bhadbhada Road. 2 63 48 AHMADABAD 380001 I 2 63 49 SPeenya Industrial Area 1st Stage. T. NEW DELHI 110003 Telephones: 331 01 31.O. Universitv P. P. Ward No 29. 3 31 77 GUWAHATI 781003 5-8-56C L. Scheme VII M. Lkwis Road. T. 5th Floor.BUREAU Headquarters: OF INDIAN STANDARDB Manak Bhavan. NEW DELHI 110002 *Eastern : l/14 C. Nagar. Grant Road. Princap 27 68 00 Street. 522 38 71 Bangalore 560002 Reprography Unit. Road. New Delhi. Sector 35-C. 5th Byelane. 0. No. I. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. BIS. 1332 Shivaji Nagar. P. Narasimharaja Square. Campus. 82/83.

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