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LHC Machine

LHC Machine

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Published by dchristian44
Cern LHC discription
Cern LHC discription

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Published by: dchristian44 on Dec 18, 2008
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09/07/2012

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The quench heaters spread the energy released in a quench over a larger volume, thereby reducing
the maximum temperature. This is often sufficient to protect a single magnet. However, the energy
stored in the other magnets, which are connected in series, might be too large to be absorbed. In

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Table 6.4: Quench Protection Electronics, Summary.

Device

Qty.

Quench heater power supply

6076
Local quench detector (for MB and MQ magnets) 2016
Protection system for 600A corrector circuits

418

Protection system for insertion region magnets

172

Protection system for inner triplets

8
Protection system for 13kA superconducting busbars 80 slave + 8 master
Protection system for superconducting current leads 1198
Acquisition and monitoring controllers

2070

Figure 6.7: Quench heater power supply functional diagram.

this case, as much current as possible has to be routed around the quenching magnet by using a
diode, but such a diode may not be able to absorb the total energy of the circuit. Also, energy
absorbed by the diode has to be removed at cryogenic temperatures, which is more expensive and
time consuming than at room temperature. On top of that, dumping the energy in the diodes takes
a very long time. Therefore all major energy dumping systems have an external switch, bypassed
by a dump resistor [35].

The energy extraction impacts on other systems in the power circuit. Voltage waves are
created by the opening of the switches that sweep through the magnet chains. The amplitudes
of the waves would exceed the ramping voltage without individual damping. For the MB strings,
100Ωresistorsconnectedacrossthedipoleterminalsservethispurpose. Theeffectontheprecision
of the current due to the leakage during current changes is negligible.

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