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Construction Works Specifications

Construction Works Specifications

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'1)rking 6(}-80 j.::.~ Fnr day or for e v cry 20()()m 2. rxlmum -do- density {lQW('T limit} .[y 1 DOD pounds lower limit t 4 5-4 K~s).1. 4.:\lix Asphaltic Concrete Pavement 4=1 The bituminous mixtures for the hinder Co urse (Lower Layer 1 lNO. .J...-72} lib -do- ullt. 4~1·:} M~i'shal] Stabll i.00 OA.4.f Fidel density 9 (1% f~'()min.:l::io No-SO l\'"o_20() the (5· b.o 00 Hot .- 16 upper ]j mls -do- 4-1-6 Voids {b .>d wich asphalt.1 -1 Gradation S~eve Size In. which : CV(:..00 11. 5) %by 'weight of the total mix. . -do- •do-Of}.10 Ko-40 40·60 2.76 No.:.51 4.1 10n e~~e:ry 1'0-1 no Vi. i4/ 1 1(' 'j rnrn .5 ~-7 10-2 ).L11. /8" 9.4 1\0. W 0-177 0_074 3 o-is '5~. 19.

" l bupper limit (3-5) % ~7S-~2·i ~ 4·2. ~ -do- .. lOU 70~WO SO-7U In..074 the less. -do- 4-1-6 IX. .14 or limit .')" ".{I (lI ·1~2~ .4 .·7) % by \..~z~' mm.RO r-. -.4fl or for each 2 zno U. . Req.7[:) %P . VL1lds In aggregaaes . of rn il xl m LUll density lower limit.. Asphalt Content (5.1" "}/8" F For.Gradation No.1() whtch <E'1.cIJ si ~y r- 96~'.7 9.[ Ku.51 4.'(':. 12..·5 VoidN ill mix.. ·d<F~ fiUed with a~phH.-(·..5.10 ·Nl).h~ SLfJ.\'l~T:-. 'I"" I .200 4-2-2 0.1t 4..s.lgh1 total mix. each ~"(. lOCH) pounds {4.bili[y J 11 4-2-4 {M(lrshall lower -do-do- Kgs). I .Irkng i day ~o.\1'0.Field IJ.o. .·2·. I I Tests Required .177 0. Flow t·001.4l0 32-48 8-18 3·7 lO(lf)m 1 ~-.r4I':iN~n~ .I I I I 0 4-2 4-2-1 Asphalt mixture lor surface layer (upper layer): Specification Ltmks Sleve ..

!..\\ "\ l \'1'" ~ .. . . r 'r' .1' • ~ \ .... tl'" . . 1:' r..:1 p " - 'rA I'"' \(~i/~ " I "' """" . ~!. •• - r/\) ..:I 't L Y " fj.. 1"\._ \".n " .>1)1 JUllj11 • ~I ~ .. \" .!.. • .'!..' A~ \ !.'1". :L \-.1'.. I!i ~ ~L_ \ '~ ~ ~ ~ i!I - '" 41. \ •• - y.. . l Y_/V' ~.

2 ..3-i].~ 95-100 30-70 10·3.3 /16 12.::.10 19.. 3 76.05 nun. l. In.1 jl f{ ·r~J. Skevts graded 11"·3/H1 ~ n r-.:::~g l passing h ns..:=... 5 ODS 1 . aggrega(t.-5m. Gravel Si~vc Size Percen rage b.!t· l"'. I o Gravel and Sand [ SPt'CilicHtion LImit! 1-lrl 1-1-1-] British Standards 882&1965.3 is .76 0-10 - . ()-H) 4G-85 4. - ~ rou ~5·10() 10n YO~100 ]! l .70 9 .50 38. 25-:=.. . 3S·5mtn.M ·T P j \ . 19.'16" ./\R' .X1'Hii. 100 .m..20 63.

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\ .. '" ' 't'F r.. - . ".. !.. '\_.a. I• • i:!O r- III • \ . y..II iJ)~' " I' .j" ~ ~ II ~ - oil J~~.. Tt~. etl ~ ~..I' - "t~ 41 .: A ..J.l'lY t+ ~..o"\~' '...)I!IV! 1• .l-. t ..~• f "1...- .\4."1. r \\r .)\t~ ·. \ . '. .rA 'J' 'I.....:"1 ." .I~ 't ~~~ ~ . .'1 l-l-. \ T ~ ~" '\.. • ......!_ _' T' ~r)'1 ... '.- 1" t ~. V1J~ ''\tJ' t/l..)- -~ "'" ....:! .• _. r"'~ rJ) .-'I ~I I• • .''I'''i. ~) y. I ~~ . ..... I E 'I ~ I.) fi ..j) I ~~ t...! \ .~ y. ~... ..:11. . t). . I ~\). - \ .'P ~ ..~ -".

4: ii1<l!ybe f. S.....f.·I~H1 :iI. E!l!:'c. 1-3 1-4 Soluble ~<1lLS i(~ % upper limit ~'(!I:"}' .density wyers.hL)d of Ignl. the soll curhonate and H:>IliH IlJ j~ sandy or ·clmyey and contulnlng Sl1181] cmounr of . the L):pe ot ~lt' (. matter. hen dlillfigtng wl t h th~ sott. of preripetuting wtt h Barium cblerlde ~ D.ept the Last.WOllm ~ or . F 92 % (If the max. rrees OJ..' planeatlcns.P/f~T III 1·].. IlElnd:'j' 21 The inetliud uf K~Cr~O~ls foll wed .oo when. ('I'~D(:.. 1~~ whlch 7''... other concrete xtruerures. \'!o'hit::h schould be 9::. Embankment l'e..ollm.1u{:~ content In SOlJ~. Length 1·2 • \'1e'l.' % Ma1l UI'~ ante content fOT ':lll e~·erf lOO m... 0 1% upper IImlr every :WOOm' l changing the type of sou. "l l The lgmuou mdl1~ld i5 ro be foUow.y· Without organn. Req... lien the :iiJi~ iot: ] 1 The method 4 ~ flo. rl~roP.I[ soil and at earh s~ll!pI1.oWi Required Spectficatiun Timits So.ccL · is on p<1ge ( j IIIcfcr to table (i) or u.. .

S9S 0.074 0.l 6 No. 0. 0.~:=. 60·90 100 9..70 1..3 . American Standard» 1·1·2. :2 ).3D 1. according tu AST~1.L~Y so-roo so-s 5 25 .8 Nc.100 lO.1) 1 4.:10.7 O. ).5.00 10 e.. lor each ::. 100 95·1UO 2!" iii.1. ftl rn.. l±~ 3 38.200 1·10 0....19 n. 76. 33-77 Tests Requlrod Specfflcarkm T .O 100 90. 100 .10 One S~J}n[Jl('.7(.r1fl lO~3() One sample each for SOm"3 No...7() 2.1 mil s No.0 9.. j..5 3.5.51 4.1 19. . I~" 9.Required tests.Om3 ~ .ioo No..50 se.2~ 0.4 No.5 Size of Sieve In. Req.~ ]O .1 b~..·1 Gravel 3" mrn. itlJ·~ :.38 lon ~5-1(}() blo..29.

.¥.:...t" ." 9._~..'t' n . ~ f- \ ~.!j ~y'~~1 "..~..:..->-1 :.ll ~~~ .j.. J......~$' :r :...~..~1<:-"!.J .=....- \ . -= = ..:i.-: \._: ~ J...... ~I}I ~ V - j /.!.~ '-' .»:» .}~ .... .' ~ .b_':'" f ~~ ..I"""'..j!' ~ V~.:'...._~".-: ."j' »1 /. ~t.Ji V ~ .'...' ...L' "I..r ~jP)·IJ. "-}.~... .:. - l ~i~.. j ~~.J.__.~ f R~· ~ .. ~ )0) >')'1 . ..__.".l j CB·61 l' '"-\ ...:Li:1"'_:. ~...j.1 .~I JoP J. r.. .I..~ .. y""'1 l..:" !.'::.' .JJ-·I .. .

0% UpPt!I' Limit .i\'ii:h length . CrlJshing Ela. 1=.J'lgalklIl value Modulus 4.·lgS0~. I!'O ~- Upper Lirnjt for' gravel -do- 18 ..5 % upper limit for sand -do-dosand -- l-I Silt content 1% upper limit for gravel 3% -- for I I I iT' ..eb' ~~mit : ~do.5 l-6 Clay content So" content 1m Pieces T. Req.n. .2:SU4 -u pper Limlt -do- for !1..atlon Limit Xo.-50 ml Nil for gravel 0. 1-1 Abrasion Soundness LDS.25% illipp.I/Ci fir{gS04~ • = = 1·J. thickness ratio or (~) 0. 13 % 1\.S 40% upper [[roit Om: sample rtIT each 100 !i Ii I·J 10% N. 12 %f\:a1SO-j.~ud. I Tests H~ujred - Spectfic.aUuwed 1-4 15 }iJ -do400m1 I .

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.ificat~on Ltnl~t f\u..WGOO bricks of brlcks during 2c~ hrs.~ BRlCKS T''$t~Rt'lqllired S~c.. for ~l~J}ic~ of (6~ lJ nits taken at random :.i u m .0 bricks j'r(l rn ot~~ldl batch ~\I<1~c. 2-l _\'lean t:om.. a) for constructt on h) Irw parttnons -. Etl1(J:r~n:nc~ nil /ligh~ /me.j.il~ ./c. Req.ln. very dense lned.r or 1-2 Average abeospncn Hl io i~'L1m . dry we~ght - {nl1~e Limitl .dh. 127 ClS .1.2.. I I i~ ."l . ...:nn /~IcIJ.prcssi ve strength lKg .

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Kg/em2 .d Speeillcatlan limits Ordmn.. 22. Rapid Hardening Cement 3·1 AC(o rdin .0 c1l12/gr 325(} em2 /gr Lhr.fter 24 hrs.!f'€r tLmjO . Kg /c:m2 Tensile: strength rl.::. to Iraqi g 3-1-1 COmIJIe5S~Ve Strength I.Low·et'l. age 18. R~. ItHm: .8% lOmm lechatelier upper li mit .ower liJ"l.8r)! Portland Cement 'lo. . 21 .::.Iit) I:I.3 -1-] Ftneness ilo'l.xp~nsion Autoclave {[pp.3·1··~ SetHng tim" by Gillmore needle inittal setting: f Not less than) finial setting ("1\ ot 1 hr.3~ 1· 5 f. a ge for J ~1·2 f 160 Kg /c:m:2 240 Kg/em] 210 Kg /un2 One sample for each 100 tons and for each factory days. more than) 1Ohrs.[~] Cement TCRIS Rcquirt".lmit) for 3 days.eq Limit) 0_8% lOmm 0.

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..1111.:. 5 .E!d wa~'el:'j n concrete the cornpeessive strength of the sranda rd cem cube prepared fr'cJ IYI f!. Heq. Chloride 200 • • • ~--~========------------~~~--~~----------==~=== Fi HraH~1 Soluble salts .~ y".no 4' :"110._ 9 .:. bJI each . ()g8.!1I1' distilled tha rl water L5 not more of the cube p~:epiIIred ll'sUng wate:r Ivlax~ LJ m permlssl ble va ln es In case of no better sonrec n1 1 SOO mg liter 'iI"I' 1(I % from the comp.2 l?li ••• 600 mg /luer . 2 ~O ------------------------------------------------------4-2 % SC)]u ble salt .Tests Required 4~1 % So if.~tHU"'CE' d ________ ------------------------------~----------------=-o.ddi~y 7.i:j.J lin ity or tJ... s:1 rengrh f!'111rt hi 5 ..in 4~4 4. ater fP..on Comparing its properties with the pr{l'ptr! i(:~ of di S. Except rinring 4~~ 3 Alk I.

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5-1 Modulus of RuptuL"€ (psi) (42.absorpnon during 24· hours 6.up per IiIn i r._ (kf~H~rlirl]iL1 % Absorpnon .S 11. fJmits 600 11\0.3 for each b. (]1~ th e percen ~a~e of S(J:~ cement according ~n .___. Reg.1~ Kg /cm~) 6 samples _ 5·2 __.5 5000 ~ The determln arion of 3 ':}b as Llpper lim ir i:'i ha sed to c 150~6 and B. a~ absorprlon during 1U mln 2.rn Shtlger (roofing tiles) Tests Requlf'ed I Sp.

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Rt:q. wtthln the specifications. Llmits Mru:.5 J. .a it' tiles (20 x 20) 6·~4-b Thlckness -of surface layer [mml.abl.:bJ 450 ] 1. % SO J content-upper 6-4-a . Ordinary Tile Tile Mndnlu $ or rupt L:Ue (psij-upper l.OJ mosaic tiles (.ik~.5 gf: of :1 % as Ullpe..rnlr 8i\"'el'age I· a bsorpnon during 24 hours. is i.~ _- [[] TUes SP.• The determination cement s 4.) m I):i.slcwer lnnlt Ordlna Ly rllcs (2.!ccqrl.1" lirnl t is based on the percents at."'~L"'jI'.aic I NO. 1.i! ]sn 14.lmit 6-2 1 6 samples [VI" Ci'U. Ordinary t1 [e'8 (20 x 2: 0'1 .2:) x.5 x 2 5.11<11t the average test resu lis r)f the six specimens is.f m osulc layer (null)[(I'Wl![ ~irnit ~ooo 12 H) mosale ti les ~.1nlt r 'I'hseknesa o.30 x J. 12.[! vrm'i.2'=.d~ '.i:o£ 10 HI(!>L:' the sp[:d.(13 kg /cm. SO3· ill ordinary portland NQ[e: Failme of one specimen nut of :::.60 .kg lcm2 % Absl)rpti(lD~Upper L1.hom.dill£ C 1 :5U~61and to us.

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Lo5S due to beat n':\i~tafU. Llmlts 1"0. Req. Horizontal direction to ftbers 20 kg \ .en.equ~red 7~l Flezibtlttv ~.ld not melt. "/. (:l"8ddng 1irrut not exceed 5 CIn._t.1 ~ y'7 SP.~ l.f7] Damp-proofing Bituminous Fert Tcs~ H. Hear Resmsmmll' rnlJ]! standard ~o.pper llmlt %1}3 by weight 7-5 k'D!iUe Lower limit Perpen dieular direcnon to tmt:. '1 7·2 7~3 Leakage vllatet' Tight nne sample fo r each source 7~4. Bi tumen shou.

.:_.. .. ~M./. .' $J ~ .r ~.}.. .~ a.). ' ..-.~~- JI~ '·1 ~J~"" .

18)C. I I ~ . !i(.~1-61 T) .2S em Ljppt~r limit inch max.p~lnl. limit One Req.:. I 1 ~v . •~ Penetratl on 1.1/10) mm 2. j T(":'ib: 8-1 Required SP.I [ID Concrete TobIt Sealer (AST~1~D-18.~ upper sample t: r f) r a t: !I source i-l-2 Sa] Flo\-." 0.v e rmilll <-lIter cycles <:11 f.imlts. crack f)r other opening a1 "my n. Nn.5 Bond n.tl· . -- I.. T.j.

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.trtiL 1 5 tl101 UPiP'Ct:' Hmjt It':n.fllfl.'er l. must be 'white or nearly Bro"'\o'nitih or yellowish ret aincd on :J.2 0 i~{upper ./1969 sr. Ltmit No..[!] Gypsum D' 9 -1 Building 9· i ·1· Colour 9·1·2 l~iIIJene~s (. G~l')Sum (Iuss) .Required tests according to i'OS 28 . 150 SO 3 coment CaO Cl1f1 r l~'rI ~ J 5 IXI lower lirmt % % 1.c r1lst hardening medium ha F~l1illt!i 1~ 1~4 Com:pres.'el'' [hull sample I~)r each 2 I) k~ foWe /cm2 2:3 4 y..j3 l Y&1· 3..I:)\.16) 50 OIW! Setti n g Ii!r.:I. ].\..Req.2 I(\~ upper II)\'iCr u mle limit lirntt upper I i ['ni~ .·er u mi t.H: com bmcd water content .icv€ No.lve:<il r·t!I!!gth 9-] .\:larerj.<..50 '9·1· b rum J . 9-1 ~7 ~\I contem ad Y-l.

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Sieve.B._) every ·100m ..dat~o. ld density Spccilicaticm (_J limits No.r'y J.tI Ill.10) {l!1 Not exceeds every 1nOOm Dr ~ In % from total when changing weighL • .b of total welght. Req. the Source. er U rni I' c·v cry 4(lC)m J C. .L) 6 % up p.!)'I) every 400m or when cha nging th~ i-15 Liquid limit lL-L.{)7":!: 100 :M~. mm 2" No.4 No.1"Bterlal t-e"Luin(!d Sieve No. _uo 50_x 4.76 n. 40 not more than bO I.erl~Lh 1 ower limit 2-2 [uss content (r.'e.2 no Sl-e'i.. or when 2-5 Plasticuy i ndcx {P.2-3 Gl'f. % of the maximum H 200 den:'1i~y Ibr layers.l.!..R. II M.aIlt"IJl'llma bearing rarto (C. ~:i.'e No.~[). . r.11]' Subgrade Course Sand and (~ravcl' j Tens Required Ph.

.4.iiu __ il'mllieBltig iIll! min lower ItlTbit hOUIS each upper llmit tOl't..3. GaO 9-2-7 9-1-~ 9-2-9 C() r!'l:.-..'' 150 tons.'B:teJ~ romenl Sio') content ami u nsoluble materi a! .cn~ % lOVi'Cr' limit ./19'69 r s. kg Force Ilmit 40 !Ci111 9-2.Q3 content 9~2·!J. 1 % Upp.2 b % lower luml'i l 1 '7i')\upper limit :3 I. upper limut ]1 ml ~ 5 % upper I .E'V€ 1 hite 'NfL R eq. Limits Light &': hornogerr 0 U~ W Test Required 9-2--1 Calow' 9-2~1 n neness (Materia l retained on sl.11 S.) '!l-2.P.o 9 ~2 Anh}.!. 1(.eb' u mit One' sample (or ~·o.'':. 1\ ~d content Com bitlitil .T(~[ouS Calcined gypsum-Final coatRequired tests according to Ius 28 . Setting trrne F'mt hElrdening mtt..:::c.) 20 6 .

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23 3.89 .2.2 Tolerance allowed is±i.54 0.le 70000 4921 strengthlower limit :8 3.2 15.b~ 4..5.2 l ~_~ l S_] 7.:.79 L"J.2 5.2 1 :.6~ ~."Vlles rnm Cross Section ales.88 3.53 2..'ti!S Siacs ~omilll)l Size of .40 ..\h~in Cross Main I ! Cross LW 12l!.40 ~.6:2 7. em Cr-oss I..23 R.01 6. 15.2.31 2.1 11.49 1.j:~ 15.86 tolerance ullowed % ±±'}b the -- nominal pitch l\" ote: No..) fl'Dm 1.11 1.2 8.49 2.\"jres.2 15.9~ .89 5.92 lJO ).81j 2.2 15.11 1.2 15.23 3. per meter Standard \o\\:tight Pltch of 'I.23 123 124 125 126 2.25 (J.53 2.2 OOOm 2 Tests Required Speclftcatlon 'Ib lin2 Llrnjts Kg /cm2 11.2 15.:.2 15.97 LU 7.38 4.2 1.2 IS.3~ 4. .2 Yield stress lower limit Teflsi.01 6.. 79 1.99 3AL9 2. required far testl 11 g ts three samples for each .54 0.Mt.2 15.25 15.~ 1.47 13..BO J.000 5834 .

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. 1:1.l 70()()() 491fl J :. 5·15. Required 1 J IT bar diameters less than .11~ Bars for the Relnforcement 01' concrete 012-1 Required tests according to B.\1. ::Ii 2~J 6::WOO 443(} 19 /W(9.. 2 .l 4430 4220 i 5 %more the 22 U[Jlou uud lncludlnu I:' 7 ' "....:5 specimens for :!i 5 tons.l...... P"X5-(7) Tests Required.'~)mm. (22.S.2L1Ilm. Larger [han 7 /~"(ll.. it. lb/ln2 \1iI~1 Steel [b /i'fl·' ~~D(ut. 9)mm. 5 /S'YI..0. H1Jm) .}.OUO Hi1:!h YiL'!lc.(]. ~" 1.. larger than I .~UolJ'L1 1. Srnm) JhOUl) 2530 4431) 22 upto& lncludlng H. %molf\c [he measu red stress y~edd 7.'er lhrril Tensile Sh'es!!. 5 )rnm /8"~r9. More tho n 1.':.' .fr' .""C[ 1:J. j /~::·5 /~::1:9.2lrnm ~lOOOO 422U High Yi€ld 70 rp~CJ and inc ludmg I. 2) If bGI diameters is b€n"f'een..ll'~cr Hum 7 /fl \'(22_1r~]n11'. 7UUOO (Sf)'=.00 J 5659 12 f\ ote: .3) H bar dlurncters j I ~"(yo. . • So limit Kg / cmJ.()n&l. Specltlcat inn Umils Type Size Yidd Stress [o'IA. J specimens for '45 tom.mm.'er limit) I 1ess than :3 .':-l:" 1U Lr. 5mm):Ii specimens for 2: 5 tens...' [01.[:.L": 3 J.

~ ~.. '.'.":} . '..:yl ::__'_'.AST_\f - 1..'f!- ...::..' '.J> ~~~ ~I r ~~l ~~ . ~ ~~I...I' ~ . ( ':.. _~..Q. •• Tn • ._~ -=. ~.I.. ~~ ')'! ..:I'.# \ .. ~~~ i!:i~~ '1~ Ji.:i ••• ..J .LU~JI ~j..\..! I \\~ i. . ~. -t"" :=-_..")..""\ .~' ' _.hJ. ~'r .. . .'..".""..~"""""-.... . .. '!o\ r..j. __ ..: 'l"f' • • .:J . ... ~i·~../.' 0.~_ I...":l ~ _ _. ..I \ ( -..! ~. ... ~ . ... .~~~I"'.1' 5" • IC' '..\..... ~I..:_ . _"~ 1" .~d.....'.. J.? I..... 1 .II ~ " 1 ....._ 't1 ~ 1._.)....5 - 1964 ~j'J1 ~~~! ~. • . .• .. _.iI ~ .s .I.1 • ~• .Jlk....• ...-l/.i~~1 j! ~I '"oj :s'J.~ 1irJ' . ...JI "'"' T ....0.. . (/.S ... .....J'._'-:" :.il ~I ....-T. ~ ".. ' \ of. .-:'~ ........"~ .. (p .1 ~If'''''' • .\' (':: i) I -J-_'..'I~._..". . • r"r . ~ ~ ~ : . ~~! ..\11 _ ..J::D I.) 1'. .~" ~':'1r jj'}. .J I I~ ~.:.. (..' I... (. .....3::. '. IJi J".i.. ~ ~... ~...If'" •. o..:.... V· ~ ..... .. i~~i_...... • .".j.. g~! t• " . I l~I...:!yv· Q.! J)..1 A ~ ._. .~I ......t~ 1t.:...ll\ \ • t.T)' .) 'I" J...l.vl :it ~ ..·...'o' . '--" ·/. 0 l "0 ....} "....:.. V" • " . ...---.....' . .• ~I ~!ljl .....u. a ..C :~' '~t" Q ::-~i '!"" (.. rAv· j! .

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. 9}mID.2 TensH s.) ""(15.3 r:l(!lng.2. %) In the percentage plain bars 7 !li 6 In.':rll. hp€ci men for 45 tons .1m ctcr. for 1 5 tons t. reducllon ef (0.1l1CI.::[IJ](JfC than .l K~ /t:m~ s sooo ~imi. H (9_5..5·1 50" 9 lmm. /8 ~• ..000 1.l_ =---1400UUU 4 Iirn it • ] . 'Xlmve:t" Itmlt t ha n ] (. Reqlllil'ed a) for diameter less than .tien~th )).~ specimen Inr .2.. elongation [UI is made. 3sp.I. = IlmlOOO SIT. In diameter.n 181U lower :. of (0..i ill the percentage or b). Diameter. .n burs. tens.mm).dd stress I Th /ir.. fur every decrease of I . Plaln Bars Structural Grade Intermediate lb /in~ Kg 4....oouo llmlt )510 lower lhnlt lower llmlt U. a} for plain baes over [hall 1i fl_ (9.~lkm in t. is 32 2 j r\ 0..] (}OC)O{J . [lc!:n:(.5 m 11'11) di.1 .1.Tti on in p~~ti.t 21.~.0 J&70 ttl 7{HHW to 9f){)On 4920 to HOOt) 0 5620 75t)OO 5270 6130 u rnl n ] 2. in..1.- • o 12 ~2 Required tests o 12 ~2-1 Plain bars i accosding to (AS T 1\1~ 15 -1964) ..5 /8" (9...3 ..V(2()3mm.t Yh.0000 lower i~mi[ GrH /('Il'l'~ r de Hard Grade 12 _2."8.' eve~'y (1 /32:") lncremenr under in dlameter. a reduction of CIU~l!1~UOn made.21) %. No~(..2 5 for d i <1.) IS EOfl!l'1 b) fm dlumcter between ]. 1 )" Elon ~. fm.25.Required rest .

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. Im\'er tensile strength but nl~[ ~L'*"::.LItl.2....o 12 -2 ~1 Deformed TeS1~ Rt"q ul red Bars Speciliratlon Udu[ mcd Bars Structural Tb /in.~O 80000 l~jwt:!r 562n lO1j.<)11ot'] to' 90000 1.S:'.\'TT '[I.. /B.joon 12...~ (9.2 TCll:>iil~ strength 5:. .2..:' (3_.OOn lower Ihili[ 23':W 40000 lower If{lO lower limii. (9..onshould be' reduced (. 2} ::-"1'0" Rcq uircd :a) U b8!" dla merers L'II..lo't~. I.t..srr.2.. but thun = I ess 1._ s b) II' bar diameters c) If bar diameters J /S"·-3 .0 film 1_ 'JG elongation 1.2.l1n'~~.2.. 2 in Grade ~ Kg /(:m2 Kg /cm2 j Hard II} Grade Kg _fern::!: /i 112 12. 1) ~ ~ B~aI i~arl DH .}-15 .1 Yield ~t!I'I.iTI n 5:' fS "( 15..2.2mnLj. from e kmgEfl ion.:!t" 3520 loi ..' ~J..2 Grade ~-------------------------------------- lnntts 1 hltf'I'-rnedlate i lb . (9. 5 mm) deformed less than is between % elm L~..(~OO 3270 hi 527(J .Cremem In diameter.. 3 /8.I)LI :J.:) unm: -J spccl mer"! So for every 4: 5 tom- .20non U ~i\m) - - LHl.t If] i I in )j" ·1..illlen for every :::~" i(. 'X) should be redu ced by 1 ~'I rur each by 1.. S rnm): -. ) El.1'1 ~:O.i 1:1 deformed a) tor diameters more than bars 3 /4 v ('] '9.. b~JI h) For 3 /~. W Is wore 1i"I.1 ~Pt~ci.2. ·. 1L()OOU 0 m)1 limit ~ 1 m)fJoon·· kn~. 5nO(K) i'(nOV{.2.0000 [0 4-()20 ro 6~.If.~ = ~~------- rens.1 limit . (..than 10 I.'::[" litili~ lower llmit hmit ltrnit 1.9) mm» 3 specimens I"t')t' every 3 ~ tons.

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5 11 SI bat' d i a rn (.0 12. 1-1 ~_1})mln 3i sperunens Vi 'j'()r~.3mm) ']2 _~..!Tlo for J 5 cons. .o 11-] I 12. (9..ll in.' 5.r.5 ::~'.~!('imi.I.. .j .~ r lou:3Rtio limit n in 8.J'I )_ \fumtIt. i i 3 specimens f(Jf .(.ntion Llnuts (it'ade s) I be) I T csts Required r-------------------------------Tb /in2 Jb /in2 Kg /cm2 Kg.mss io 1 1.2 Tensile Sn-e!l ~1h <19.2 25A 28.S j·l.1 Tests Requtred accordl n s to (}\ST:\.61 S[lC~ilil'.1 -4 i z i '~.. In Ill) IIn.h·rn2 40000 70(JUO 2~ 40 ~.3. vr Xi 1 r:-.9) IUfU ~ ::r .20 6UUOO 90000 -:1:22U 63.radc f\o_R('1!..)0 her di:a Incl cr less than :5 /S-i:oIJ. rn r.9 12 12 12 U 9 9 th an 5 b ..J. 9 ]0 '11 H II • a ~ i 7 I . bur dr~meter between 3 /~"".7 1 =)." (l!.' H.1I rm B.Dr :-.5 tens. ~ 19. "{idd Sl. 3·1.: (2 () 3.!'tcr larger 12.I A..~ ~ 1 ]0 '1 9 8 :.:.

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1 .rtts 3) l\Q.)'" hurd 6 n rnmutcs upper Ii. 1 :}. I U I slrtppiug when mixed with other rnarerl f11-J1. The r.3 'l.1.1. 1 _gaJbn for .I .1 .y The Pi] i.1 Conduion tn container 'iNhcn opening the lin.3.~f plf'l:('ipit~tion.')~Jf Il::-.: 1:1.1. 5 Dry time set to.:1" red. l5~].i i~ glass i :~.[TIl Hoad Pain ts I ~ 13·][ American Federal Speciflcations Specification IJ m LL:-.) mln utes upper lirntt dr..2 FlexlNlil.i (In nl to the surface .11 ~ Nil U 11show no era eking when tested. 1..J II d shall n L)[' be affected 1.Req.Vat.1. rrr.s v CJy· 1 00 gallon 1J. be ut over 1 .er resist a 1"1:(.. (}.~i show good .touch .1.DS. no iS~ ripping must be shown It must be homogeneous.:1 [(1 water or .4 Uitutmon i\lust be homogeneous and s.hm..nit VV' ..'i .

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Mineral mat [!'r~'11. Pal ntl rl.1.s rL(Jt '!:)l! ]C~~ so % f~"Drn the total. oil" resin and solvent.. be 11. V!\.i! n 14.3 PlexlblIHy The paint shall show no crttcking over 1 /8" rvd when bent 14_1. 1_1.~ n r~bility 14_l_1 Odor The OO()[' shalt dtsagreable H(Jt be 14. 0 il Paints.il and rc:->in '. solvem O.i.1141 Buildin g D Parnnts accordi n g to American f ederul spectltcatton TT -E-5U6c I I 14=1. i. r rnuterial Oil" resin.L3 ii.4 llrytDtl time ~~owet'nmlt lsmit 2: hr lJ pper lirnie 1 hi' 11 rpet' S"'![ -~ n-tc uch 14:.e n'-r~ng II<lrd . . and! colm'hlg ] 4. 16 hr. Tests Required Tests Req LJ ired Specification limits The surface should.1 . 5 % upper li mit S tw I t t b..

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LJ:J.074 Abrasion Less '3'.C sources.: Til I 1\0. I I rn 0 Base Course 3=1 Base Course from Sand and Gra\Tc] 1ests Required Spclfication UmUs Sieve Si:i:it.La bearing ru+io {C.7b LL4211 ·Hm . . % upper li. I ~OO 0.B:~::l 60 ~J lower Jnnn L.r..~' 4nnm ) .MD-lOD s every 400~~~ ()T" when : 5n-~n 30-(~O 10·30 -:. Req.ol. --_..~-1-4 Coil ~lf(l['D. J-l-... 1" '2 1"'- l!" :38"1 25.-1. L.65 - I - . Soundaess in MJolSo4 uccnrding to 3-1-] rs .1 sourcc«.Passlng tTIm h~ We'lgh[ .5 cha ngl Ilg Nu.'\SHO or when changing ~() ~J T0!:'iS .4 12. .7 .'ha[]ging sources -- ~ "" . +onlll J or when Chrlllgjil. '1'-104.!{. UP~l' Jhmt every 4'1)(lm ~ A. 40 N'I.nr .L every..'N~. 4 N(I.i. )-l~l Clr'adal:!OH 9{. whet] .

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:)· The odor shOI U not he disagreable 14.peciflC.:! [!i Hwrual 14:.\'liIltt"Tal materl <lil i'l nd ptgment b (. Painting liability ]4:.S 1523 Il'\o:Req..3. DI"~·i. Limn "14..rt~urd h 4 h r 1.uion 10 B.2 Vo]ati II.00"'t~rlimit 1: 0:1 ~H' upper Ii nll.3 I 1 Red lead pamt- according S.3-.4 Flow 14.. :sHy for plliJUlng 14:.. J" 7 Dt:Ylng time Si!t-to-touch.-! be c."). J .16 upper ltmlt Remain 2 [) mtn: lower limtt Sh (nd.3 OLl cmHt~nl. ::3-. .D ]4.1.

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. Palntlng Od.lllliit .n ~{i upper limtt 0. II nver limit 1 hr InWl:[: lumit :!: hr upper lirnir . ~0'26 I Spec tflcation Lirnl[ _l No.4.'Vater He~1)".~~.:c should be smuoth oI::U1d stratght sh ~~I l'HX be dis agrea ble Shall sh ow no liflng 01[ wnnkling SJ I nll shew no cracking when tWel11) red tel bend rn"L~[ f1 .1 5 upper I.LJr'I~H.1 14 .el'ial ..of. 4-. 5 nash pL')m Ii'I 14A_b Dq"ing time Set-I.tr:iII("C i 4:.4.2 5 em diam.or Ii<:l hmty 'J..4. 2 "]4.I HI)U c h Dry herd VL)I<lIl iIe rnat. 8 hr upper limlt 14.) Aluminium 1't~SI.R .. . uter content 'The s.D] 4-4 I 14.:.4 Plexl b.4_7 1J.4.. 3 _::.4.~ Required Paint-according to [US No.Req.i!iI}' ] 4.

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J'.1.z)cLi.- PART II] Concrete o '1-] -I Required Tests durin g ea sting operation 1 Tests Req utred Speclfication Limit" 1 r\o.ai i:-.!r..di8i(:l(:~i (I n 0[' 1.::n~ ineer .!'c.a{'~~}'.Req.::vi. For o:. 1 . 3 Specific rravity according ~(1 the rcqu ir('-rrl C nt of the work and s:. 1 .~'(I 8 lly ()t.[1 bove tests could not be specified ex..Oll and the work conditions s uch ~J1i temperature. and this dk"pl. The speclflcarlon many fact. ivor k L 1 ..~ .1..:·1 on ~J.4 Air content ~ii...1 W·Dt'kabili [yo (S hH1~p) every change in wfl. ltnuts of the .~cr u~6~1 ~lC:C~frd i rl id- eo 1: be engtnccr :o.of'S.

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l1i.Vheillusing cylinders (15 ern x 30...('ld or cubes. 1..00 2.2 Prcllmlnury T~I. S ~rl~ (kg /('ut2) a. U~C result should be S iJ (.(1:2:4) l). em x 1.~ the result o~'cu be coinpresslve srreugth N trU::!: 6 en bes Concrete Or oyiindli"fs to be taken €m e.3 Tt!SL~ 'rVorks Tests 1.-(1: j.1 a Compressive Strength of A-(J. em) for tesi i n:m...a ti omj Cube :st~~ir.~()) Cube :1bO :=]..1$ for strength 200 176 115 There is nO spccia ~ F-( 1:4.(1:1_5:3) c.2.1 :2) 240 200 165 210 171).~ Pft.'0 o 1-2 Required I Tests 1.L~tb in 28 days (If Directorate General tlf Butldlng-l 9'75 Mix' ag e (lowet' llrmr ) 1 5 em x 15. 5:5) [:. 14.![jm.1 b Ccmpressl ve Strength of Cylinder 1.11. l.5) m3 of or daily work wh i c h:.1tb (~O~7 .~tu 310 2()O 210 US requirements .ge' proporttous (~ower' Ii.K 1 5 em k~ /cm.l:lth ill "7 rlJi3!Ys According to sped fh. 1.:~VCI he less.'f:!$'ls \\'01"].mit) I 5 emx 1 5 Cl1l..lmlr~' '[.(l :2. t .2.1.1 tests aJtel' castl ng 1-1-1 Compressive 'Strength tests Required I Speciflra~~n L1rnit~ Cu he 11ll'e.() B.8) 1.

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~ s'!. ]~) C (H.'il(!n using rapid hardening cement.2. According to the s-pecU'ic.ower limit Cornpresslv .1 i 4. "Class of concrete lnclude~ A (.~of Roads 6 samples each (50.n] 1.2 Required Spec1.1.ftcation Limits ~Clas~ of concrete t.h kg lei1if age 'l days age 2: g days ~o. Beldges.t 5) ill &.I Tests 1. the strength rcqulrcments L1ay~.1..':\'..2 There are several rests which could be carried out.Req. 2!l . Nntl.. of concrete or R C [ 7fi St5 141 141 2U 1. l-!.3 :.fJ nd 28 days. but these are only done when failure of sampks in compressive strength orcurs.. or wi'iell the produced concreto b weak.19 70 compresslve strength of cylinders A 155· ]2.rcngt. l1:J are for J days instead of 7 n (3 PL.fLtLons of Directorate GE'DerEl.

n~...-"I'i :lS % U[:. changtn1l: the 4 .4 1.:: No_ 4N~)_ N{I.D 3~2 Base Course from Crushed Lime stone 3-2.)_42 (] 40 200 0.-4 .W)m J. -hcn .'1 ~~ '1 .icPJ1~d llmi~ ~L. 7h 1.} f\i).! ..tx.0. Plastld~ i[1dt'x (!p'.'l.074 ~-15 :i-2~2 I.PCt- u mit (~~'(!ry 4(.('h~mging SlC'Itol!: ::-'. 01' I:IJ passlug .a2-J...2:. . J. 4 when cbansln g the source. 1-2..? % upper limit chungin g the -: .40).l :25.i%sJng sieve Nn .y mrn by 1fVelght 3S.1 GrudiiltiCln %f'~ui:ili'ln~ In..L.way 400~ 0'1' .tbrasloll Loss 4. I.7 100 80-100 50··~0 30··&0 '1 ~)-]O 'f"ire1'1' Of -lOOm ~ when 4" .l· L\t~~1a] p.

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d. .:..I]] Concrete Block Tests Required Spectftcatton f-i l1110w Llmtrs 80Hd Concrete ~(}. Concrete Blo1J. ~ days age 2.blocks. 10w(':.2 A \re~ai:\c of 1 0 other blocks during 24 hrs.:h: :2. ' . 1 Blocks Compresslve Strength {KI!: /cm2) limit average of 1n c~mcrete .0 samples fur every Jot 50 o..IJ' .ReQ.[ ]0 of 2. zelght 40 2.f 10 O()() blocks S % vi its weught WbCI!! when rhy.

"t U-..1). _. !jl!1 ~:~ -....iJ.. y~ i\... S ..) V. ..../~ J~ \/1" J. . • '" .·..:~~)IJ I.~ "$1 .I ~. . . .J. ..0 <0-" ~ ". (t<iU j~ ":iii ..~ rr:~f\ ~q." 'V- 'l't r'" .11. ~. . A·' '"" /1.'~ '1 ...r ip ~I itJi\' ..' ~ ~jrA \''> " A.:' M .. A. I t} • ~ -\ .J)..:I'-..A r. TO) (£I.. Vio !o . A... r '1"'Y'Y)1i! ')'A ~)'I ~ n: ~~ 1.. -! ~" ~)r'" t~ .I ~ ~. . ~I\'" • Hit ~ r..~ ~)u • ..~ u A A.)..1 ~w j~~1 ~~ J"j...'" A.~ ..rl .\ .~ ...)~ \ ~.. '". H ......s. 'f......' i. t.IrA A. .:!l. ~~ A~..JY ~).. ~jP ~.u-. !~ ~.' t·q.' _.

0 4:.a nd Speciflcatton lower Li!I!iit sbell lower limit circular reinforcement Area limit SIr.5 0-08 (loll inch crack 134S 3-~Ob ~l()49 '6696 74'4() 8.5 4~ ~J ~ 4.e Internal m..~ thickness (A. I.2~ 3-. " fn. i n2.~8 8 .'~bsorption of General roads and Bl:'idges.A .0 b.0 <ILl 4464 44b4 JO 30 5.O 7.6 9fl20 8"0 HAl O.0.14 0".9 50ll b01...DI Ultl. .7 2..0 8-0 tLO 18 24 5.) 37.orninal S12.3- 11 . em 2 . '1 rs 11_ nner l·!· I. t-.ill o Concrete Pipes: 3 -1 Reinforced concrete Pipes according to spcciftcation of Directorate Ldmlts Lm .'-1' Tests Required .mace load .:..20 ~).11 855.rriI!i:tl 24 j".t. .0 ear ft 30 linear LTIE'ter 1. A1 n.. S 'r 0:' llm~t m/4i) tn..~[.. m j"j. 1 % rA 8wndrLrti dh~.1-l(m 8. ..] ~_4l hO 76 90 0.iIlme~f. . 'J !:'o:±!i t. zer .lnl .

+ ~ ) I ~I :a..__ ~ I '/r'~ 'j". OU - -..... ~ pi "::'."jl ~~I :0.~ I I .I"i. H J"Yi!b .....' .J! .' # ~.» . J. rJ...::JI -. '·01"\ L..o~:JI ..:. -I! 1-.('~._ --___ -~ I ::-.'..s:.'i .:1'1)') J' lJ ~V)~ y. (.: ~ "\). f"'+ J.. \ 'I" .r.~.._.i '\ I' ...ti~ I • ~I~ .) ~yu ~-"r 0::1 • §\ .Vo.... . ~ '1 ('1"...) - ~~ ..:"'A\)\'\: 'J..y...... ......I' . I. J~ J.!.1J.. ikl' 1·\1.......:J1U~Jl) WJ.~I (j. ~) \":"" ... ~tJJ\ )ail..~_. I '\A - 1 ....-"""I .. ~I~I) q.Y ~ ~ II .. 0 \ ~#L ~oMJ' ~ ..J..j {J. r "JV~ ..:... jl I • ~ \ :. ~)" .... JI \~ ~ .sJ. r)'1:1 '.. ~.':/jl -...-"I "-'ot.' "j I ... . !......s"'~1 ... (J. ..."J'Vi!I ~j:"' \."......)11 .11 s_... .'1 ! .0.~ ~..... • W. -1J~1 ...i -~ Ij.. 1". Lljl ~'" ~ ~L ....J:'-I._...p~ ~fotll ~L.. . r-'Ii'~T' ...1 l-~-'f .. ~.. - ~---- r --~~ ..:'~/j$) . .J...tI1 _. ~..il ~ ... - 1'..

length) Illtlmate 1M)O ~(j. -3.i:ld (lower lnntt) 10 24 Il!.s to ~2'. 1o tn Tolerance so 3 z." . -25 ±3.rd rtpes class.i n utc (23tH) 3..Req. 4 to 12 diameter em.]. +H -][ < »> <-. em.1 Concrete pipe (Bri tish standard 5'56:] '9 6 6) - 1 No. AtI~j(l"rption .& upward 60 &: upward < . 24 ..2 ~ N onrei nforced Tests Required 3_2.7S ±H· v .- o 3 -. U in. ~ Sta n Li<ii.2_2.75.'p'plicd fur one mlnute (FmD~ 13':.... b.1r l.25 +3. 2.0 Load) (2009) lb /ltnear fnor (kg im.-. one hr.5 'Yo internal diameter may differ from the nominal by amo unt Nominal Internal in. 1 for every 50 Load bI. During 1_:5% i~iL upper linnt J. ") I'he manufacturing not exceeding.i5 .

r 1'...JI':·':I. II [I..1"~·n in c1~..J1 . IJI' .!!_! d BS 104.'} s.Ir·rnt!on saould b.""j ..~ L "'\. <~eTI:l~l:11 wlru OA 5 b \\'..adoJ!qU8[1? ."11 .I Ib . "'IT'_~ fS7S Tb "'ya!..:1 (:t"lll~m t.1 jill! Ie 1i()3:"'''' I: i ..P~~ Ub.Mil:! iruur« ('ell' ~11~ L:l1nl ~~1 l!.llU thus mlnlmurr.RSDigest 1\ 0. t'IlJ~~' ~('YJ)'l_paL:1 .I~I· cement..00.. he recommended in acidic condltions ·lP[ T (.. o:.prnrec r i\11? COEiDLlgS oJ in e_ L i118~rioi:!l such us usphult or bituminous en rulsiuus 1't'in1urc.1'~ I he min irna TI''.97'2 1I.. ~'l.'Q~lIlrll'ko Dr 5Ulphor~ .11 protcenvc rncesurcs L{(! '~!h'::l~ J... Srllphate-l\>.l C nl"'~...S~ 1 I~~ than l='il. <11.:111'1 crete und 5p~Ci..-·II . L\'.:. tr..~J~~~\~-l~).r pluln ~C:::-::Cl'CtC. NOll: 2. Sulphate-reststl [1 g Portland cement i So s.t. ement rado :'1. MITIlIlllll:l1 cement C'-'11 rent _qO kl!.·.o:( I k:ol :·.21W [J:i:1 .' aJ~n~d. 11 Ordinary rOl.:.~ In' we1 hr. ~r~rml:ili:JlhtJ.. :'IlI'1 l62:.l): m ..~ . these rccccnmcndatlcns rn R ~ be 1"o!'!1 :.ahlll·t}· [L! 01 lurther reducdon oi ~qUI~I~.C-p 2004: 1.. The cement (~mll'L·II.':.~mL·II.er JrnLt of L:lR.~. Hi~.: maxlrnurn 'fr~.2% 2~4~1~).~5~~v~-r------~~--~I-*]~~~1~~~O~pil-..~t:lI.0.:in these conditions ls currently avallable.. ~ (.8[8.~ gix~1I (II "':mk.1TI 1(11) lhe recuirernenra 0. Sulphnte-rcstanug f'c!I'tl A 11.:rn(~ 'Iimil in::.~~l.90 second series) This table apfl'liL:s to concrete placed In near-neutral groundwaters of PH () to PH 9_ ~[J11I.o 10QLllJtI r'[X!I' parss 1 [)I il'l( I(i G-T supersi p l<l(~·t1 3..~.1-::'Ct'~~il['y 15~C KDtc Lt.m' (4!~ ib "'~'IP'I. nulaci I'IDr.. o. m a)fi IrJIII I !'r~J::'w.! /m ~(S1 5 lb ....'yd ~): maximum r..11 I'll atcs but not contamluants such as arnrnontum salts. . en rn t~)111o!:'111..I(10 Ordmury Portland ecmcxt CIt..-r'~:&~'~~~~~~U~le~~~·~~~~~~~~~------------per I DI:.\d').-classUk~Jllf.hr._. ·1'11(·1 [~: . 5 t!:. clgiu ~.:00 ·kg .liA5 ~ h.~r~·.. Mlni::uUll1 11.. . proportions tor dC... The cerne-rt contents r. FI).Illgh ahuninu cement can be used! down to PH 4: and supers ulphated cemen r bas !!:l.lm· [.:I~I· .o 1.h1.11ininw III cement content 310 l. Hit rer cements descrl bed ln 48.~::-. L~dnelll J.<':JI'I~ ilb:n'~'thcsr rnli:l:'11:1'.i I IIi 1'1 i 111 ~1I1l . .5 OIl . ·o:::iioI.fi to PH s. cntuent 31 1 kl~ "'DJ~ f5·)I_..Iinlrnum _ .·clgb.I': .1 ill \ I. Mlnll:lllml .'tland <I. I (550 w<:i' 111 lb :~ld 'I: 1.'3!'1~ pl't' WEI[C'I' _atm n....<COt~\3 luiJl~l~l~ [I~ rr lb~ ..:. cement rutlo O..f..oj' . Irl~rtl r. .40 OI' ~ess in rntneral actds d(I''ii\.re[e p:rep<ired from ordinary fJonl.. o.:.u~ITSIJ IElh1:lL~ll 0"11:~111..oo (01 f. L. ~nl ph 0'11"-I't'~i~ Ullt-: Portland t eernenr. COlle.h aluruma cement..:L~nIL·II.~ 1'1) l_'!.\lJ:Jl(: .ille w hirh should comply with ..... :i!.jl er ... TI~lo. plua ....2111 nerts per'1\)OO()U l..).J I'ply 111 ~U mm maxlrnurn ~i:M': ..1l ~II 0. I!l Portluud cement oomeut [.p(.~....liE..{·L1 wlth f1 brcglass mcmbran C~ 01' hi gil aiumina ::CL'DC'Llt wi I'h .IJ2:c..:~ro:j tnaxlmurn free \'."'~'d~): maxi r:rmm :I'c~ water .2(\.·.. uenr C:fl~..~ ~hll'l. J 5 by wdg.I'ee . ~:.!Ill( "..~O b~' l.s..n s .c..~irlillg naturally occurring i1!. ~2oFII~ 11~1 hl. t.nlct I. dense Hone!prepared wlih H free water / cement ratio of 0. Types of cement l'r.si~LIr'i 0~mf'nt ~·t:II1"jJ~.comsnr 'j}r! ~ :'litr~ IIJ s :·. IIr purl I and bLm:t Iurnncc cement.~ig.']'-~uJp:-_El[c:d cement or high uluznma cement..:ilW~ b.~ .. ..[~lnmo":JKtCG b~' "JLc ma ... ~ 0: fiJ S 11':.1~1 '·lJrll..rio:::ni runo ." ~(1 J 0. 11111' sl ucturu l reinforced concrete work: rntntm II In cement content .. iQ ~~J:'I~nt (I nt::l')t tl) !'ll~'. bi' ·.."-.'of! rnuxnn lim Jrcc 1...j).1gh~~)' rn ore acid-resistant but 11Ifl1 experience 1)[ I H rJ:U:i scale uSl.(1 h k~ ire.' .<Iliu aad.b!J1d cement would n or..·-Jt7. a II in..l noll an acceptable hfe (1'i'(Ivldcd that the concrete is.l'i:t:r".. Jb /~'d. maxlmum [1'-::(: wutcr -ccmcnt rano n.1' .. [llij):imuJH the WElD2I' i(~6:T'Ile 1"11: r~. i) (.2 l!.al'it" Jj ces.[j:~~:i.::e...hI.i1l. c c.:..5 ..t I'.~ LIl" rJ~l!. Sulphates in SOiliO and ilPUund\"'llat6rs.:xn::n::m [.AuL:..lfl 7 an d recoeunendanons (from H..

.. predommant ill.Soil Particle Clssiftcation i!1lir!t'!. 'J\ibh' XO (6) '0' -4 4 -10 10·.D. In"JY :-. Sil~ i\. Clay~. sieve particles in visible 0[' barely visi ble to the naked t...>. sie . :\1edhlm Dense V cry dense ..Sands . I j_ r G~ Ils + ~e Se .::.1 unlj lJ -:.'o ~I"Q I "1 J e Zero rll~ly Ze'~(J i ! Zt~:ro e lInll'}" ~ I~ I Total Relation ~~s : 1-e - e G.e~]eL ween :1:V ~~O._. ..i:lUd5 si.:..l i Volume I _j I (mJ.30-50 over 50 Relative l1enslt}' Very loose 1~I)s>:.':Yf. Fibrous...1-l. :I:"ine..n ..~'toe .f I \Ve. &oil ~.hl)\'Ii sl.::£l.Hgn C'.< .r. t1 atton..! between 7 J: & :l00 !B.rJggrcg. Considcruhle cohesion ".+e bet ~VL~f:! relative density & standerd I pen f:.50 .2 gravel 1c n.4. nE1 J Sand M 0..:\"" i :::.r<lt(~d: I ! Unsa ruratcd volume (~11) V\ielgh[ .S. B. .oo 2 M = Medium SH~ F . i..)c ::> ) y Air 't\'tltet (. Smooth touch.1 M _I C 0.. (j.{.B .i~ht (g.. es.}l'r..1I'mp~e Tt-l ble I\Ol5'1 Dl'Y Sample Voids Solil~:L: ~"Iteigb:b 19j I~ S'~'II. Brown or black colour.\'IIlen {It'Y.d:c 5L)S1. h aggril'gate 'F =Fint: .I Vohnne (u \ .i]fUd~ wi II pass NO :2. J.tTb::)Ideunfied by visual exam.r.is Zsr.0 0 .els OOi:lil1lc aggregere Ij.00 b F OJ)(1 0.rhi"~H()f: o:..l !l'"aliw] rl umher.S sieve size between ~O 2.:d' particles under 0. Peats (oT'g~. lay o..& 72 R_S_ f1~eTI'!-.i~hr cohesion when dry.002 mID..\&odel.. \ ~.il. diameter.'] ost ![l.n'e~fii i Iity.:XI) -. So"'e I I I i I I .~ ~nd}' 1 +e ].

-~_8 2.(.t!.ss .~t(ln~ 2.{ 4) MatertaI Bulk speciOc grav1ty A verage Range 2.7.l'ity of vorious types of SIHn~ used rUT aggregates.1.60 z.6·. 0.65.r:r~L1.50 <. 4.2.2.:' h)ct 2.:I . gra.(1. TOlIlhle i'X [)..90 2_ .b~2_ 7 flr<1nJte r.:'I. 5<1 n d stone Sand and ara vel 1.b.. 2.7 .6). .SI1!CDlfilt.J. 2.

l2100 wo.1 thick 2_3 1>.':.yUt auhc Iime or l-'[~rtJ.. ~QW!.. \ thick Y GtI. fl.0 . 2 lime .I!.:." 0.2.~.':.. wuL ilLocrl-t!ckir.""i~ en ~(:) F' thick d S~lfC!l'iood.ni:c Limestone H6 ll-'tlJ"thmd SG'H(~ ·!{tnlle) ")4.1iVeight 1 bf :'f[ ~ kgf/m j Floors Vii-rood H-i.7~· ~..t.S G~'psu(n UJ' lo.2 2').n~ ~:Y thick 34.0 Plyw(loo.fjng.0 7.) Il. G.i 15.n 6 I.1g.cad (:me:r.~ 11.:elt 18-[B. [1" +h id:: :..'f lloer.l 17.~9.1·:1 '1 6_1 0.1 Lt.g.:. piwi.f-: .0 n.1) 2240 Sandstone T(.e. .D A 1.od...F.1'1 I(J (. per l". (~111':.d ~~{~·l bars.: 3. ~hi(k 5. Nt (0 s.1. 1" bi((!:w(J(.4 29 .:::!.O i4JJ 2. e ..il!t1d GItITJL'!lj)t :!" thick h.he!:'L.jIJple if v ~hick Pitd'1lpi.5 Glm.75 plam b~il:te·.lruW·{JOQ..''(1::1:(!.us} Concrete.scd 1710i:1r 1)J B.68 73..low fnr bl:hi. St(!€~SheE't~ (:E1h'EJlli. 3_3 ts.1.rl~ .G. 1 nnu Slab!. :V thid-:..- B~ "1 Te-'1'i:I~U.. parent L...I.1Ti:J 1.'nr. .24n :2640 GI''.l1~ {hm~J. IWQS_ 28.. '1 '~h~ck ~""i.. c-.'.e-ad S.40 Z:40 . redwood.'l.g: c~a. .1ng .2 ~J'.0 l'iihi.24.!k or m.g' (N(I~ l:ncllld. R UmLgl~l:ic fir.

. ...• ... ~ I. .....I: Hi . U·: -:»II.'-r T ~ ~...JL.. " r .~~)I . A4J \.' t·· .A f 'f - ...it H_!Y . \-'!"'-'j . 1'1. L • .~..h 'I..:J... ~ ~ ~ \'i . \' " \ •• ~...~ \ \ •• "r I' - .. ~-? ."'1 .. .~ ~'~ \ • .:.!! -=. . J5' '·.il "...::I" "'~.. ~ ..• • ~....:. .. ~l. J\ . 'J.. ~ " ~ . '. .\.:.j.I:'..

5 1J. and !.:J t"!)l ox crusbed.0.2400 4. 2240 BUck . Ioamed ~lag Q~mo:. \'\o\:tRn~ Ibf/fi roar :.... t()ughs.au1: bJ t"dFlfbl.lIls \--\'elghUi.JlDLII~ 1 I y rn~CEJ.140 P E.l A£Ge-ul}t.V~:wk C!JoJ:l:1.5 3)3.....plithic Mtfgneslum 2.e S. t!Jjd Insulatlng ~v thlck ruB .tLt:r<J.in. 'BIt:.2 ::.0_75' 1.7 25.illg! lilP~ 3.(illd.~d wnf.':ll.1300 . per L"[hich1(J~~: Uollow.i.k ..Ht!t:d Milig SfUlQ So 70 1280 1120 pumice agEl'egate an CI .t'/m '19~5" 1(..C.AB -34. . 1..fd .. 'Concrete.mt}i1 UI" 4~.t[)ck.I'.:::.-eSS e-U.H(1Hm\.5 %_(} felt bih:Uld.j:dling.520 PU:.'dlnat'y conereee .'eg. &m. ]!HO 1. J2.IHr.1!:::Jitc 115 4.fiJ1t:r' Rl1blJe'1' !i>' tbk~ 1s..t=r~Dc.z ..2 ~~LI:j .1\ CeJ1I:K.:) 2.. stone ai p.t .:. GI:~m':!:l ~·!OO .C.t:h..ng 1"14 lS() .. i1Ii:Ll ~h!L~hng Ai:ph..fIIs)ald "1' titd.00 U r). a-Mtscellaneous \faterials T~~bl~ No.iI.ak r' thick :1:" thick hld:u..::t :<.l:lgr~gi:JL~ oilg£iI'"(.ate (Jirik..ai~.] 9.i.1 k:jl.2 (W( I 130 .5 &Oard1ng..76 6'1 _(J 36.3 '.2 4.1 12..diiJIC'Jl }ini:~h ' Floodli~ Compressed cerk .:1.Lr~~: §OfDNOOd.5. J 3. m J2~ J:50 2000 EIl:EInet'11llg .r~:tt~ 5 .1 . !}Rydilpr~d.£. l ' t Mt.5 2."l:. d.Consreuctlon _l!t1oueri.jJJLiJl~ sheetlng j {n L1Ii.J.tL':1'6C\1:1~rlF thick B~ick l.qwt tUL~' Mi..1.2 .Y concrete Sulid.7 Hollow.I.l. '. ~\'.::"!. COlTtl$OiI'l... r.H!Y' 12 ~.. . thjd {~n:I'n.:rl!t. 3 _\o1ateriB./ S:iiF'io}. '5.~.'k. ~I..1 ~ ).. ord.0. i:. i )-._1 3 .2.rl.3 'i IlC!L ]Hr~ 41. fDumcd ~Itlg .~ J' /'". 1· thick [-lill"dl:U:Jad .jU1~] ~i L'..u'.L.jJ\V n.

~!. minimum nr ~". Fineness of Cement ls the speciftc surface. the term weigh~ of [he water .Ii}.bflltY' COIl.u'llli~ Itaiio (C_H.l. _ "\' htch IlTOd LJ. I and (1...R) The loads vv hich cause 0...luHle of ~'-I)id:o. .. involving c~s~' of placement rlrid.) ..: 101"JI \:o.cgFilV i ¢y of C[1lllcret€' ~ the specitlc gra\1. quality sought.app]jed to [he concrete to the denslty of the in t~i~'hllJ ul r1:idr~.L) is the wl.1L nr Solid in .ethe same penetrations as in II scandala (If sollds.ty of a su bstance the substance referred W the unit ls [he ratio of the unit weight aggl'e:g ates.8 gh~en volume.Iid limi:l· U.. LLJ ~he volume us the presence of sale upon the surface o~ bricks 0[' tiles.j s ~VL)rL~:<:i.igt. ol' crushed The CH.CI'l'=!. Voids ratio: • • • • rm(l'r~f. ~fI e . ZlI!l'O.. dense or' ~'e['r dense.l~I. the rarlo of 1he wl:ighl.J) is l· he d i"ire:rL': rln~·~:-ei.ic ltmrts.:. (If .·et~n·1 he !iq LJ i d and pl<...2 in. . Yield stress is the stress correspond i fI g ID ..R is the greater of these two percentages. rH)1.if) fJf·1 r. • S:pcl!·II1.igbt... which ls rhe calculated surface area of the particles ln sq II are centlmeters.i-lr(~ WL:CI.C to have a composite of is resistance to segt'eg a rlon ..ell~:e ls [he r 31.':I Ill(' dfluH:~cmc(' may be yleld point. medium.~h~r 1·0 rhe wl:..i.r'dedl Ca~lr(jrnia I!loe. penetration and expressed respectively stone. compacted ~illl"lpll.IIr.'7Jg::\n::g"J ted rna S~ as a whole. moisture content at which rhe soil will flow under its Owrl • • Plasticity Index (P . • ~'Iubture Content ·is. per !gUl[ll Q~ cement. .

68548 (I..32 .I.F = LEtt ..:tbt..:1.wc~· 8.lr~ O.!IH..'~ki~Qgram~fml('e O..} pound-mass {1.It'll DIe lol)t 1)(Hl nd-mass je u bi L~ rmtl pound-mass /galle (u. {)".k1lbgl'<1)n.035~ i '2Jfl458 f)J)(ll "kH~J<grHm kilogram 1 20(10 1brn ~ 0. /(~:tbi(: meter M.. 1 TeUlPe:rature kelvin {K) ~d"'i1J CK) (C) .i'tl-Jnah Em.P l!ud~l'r.21 /gallon (Can.e~er ~nognim /culil·c 'meter kilVi§rum /cu'bk meter kilogr@ill. 1.:[11.1-B To con vert rrmn to &ndiN.GQB 347 0.lCH967 gram lhlognun (l.T~ 74!f.8':1:~}5 (.I·ti~ po ~J r. ctoeg Fahrenheit W) deg· rllhrenhetr (P) :1. Per Vclume pouhd -mass .2 "j).5 tF = 1.g muklp1y by MDment Dr Torgue S6JWSI:j· IT! et~t .s.8tK-459'.un".fqr~e ~II. c!eg -.2]0':6 foot-pound-force ~(lC!:L~ound-f€orc~ )IlieIof'r.:' w ~on ~meter fJlei'f'l"'-·k i l'ogr(l!li..67 t(·=tK t..'Ce· b wtl-p..JoFCC' newton-rueter newrou-met et:' tnchn~OUDcl.:t:ss.Oo242 1.' (metnc Will G:h(.0100.0011023 kilogram le\] hi c m.

_3.2808 O.:2:2 482. pound -force /5(.033&1 NC'w~o.10196 O...0 1.L!ogram-fo:rc.1)20t:& lA. 19f.e /_~qLJ.s.are meter (If Stress (Force Per Area) O. Jl.:l).0215 s: sq uare 100~ '~uare inch 5tl uarter yard 10. f 0.ar-e inch . pound-force Pressure newton !iliqu.lU81'If foot ll'()und.* neWtol1/~qntu'€ meter (l.9_9[3.» Centtmeter Ml1ttet Kilometer inch ~'~[d m·iJc 0.i.iol"C€' /sq uare foot pDlI ~1 d-f~~rC{! t:>:QllJ<3\1"['!' i [I r:h poand-force ts~uare inch kLrogram-lim. oe0224 8 ~ "j ~ 1. 1 .griiru-.:: 264..222 kJk:-gr.5'0 1 .I re C frl • newton jsq uare meter (1.S{lo.kip j...2 2J. <- .To convert from to multiply by illt_..OQ12114 .e.I(J gallon (u.01>422 tJ. cubic met~ cubic centimeter {Can.-l"L':Ip.:r H10t ]. ki~iJ~ramafm'~ !squa:re meter .t]uid) Force 0.tO '« cublc meter CI.Htl967 0'. liquid) (u. - knog!'"'~.20483 IJ:ll).!llHor(A.000145...n kilogram-force newten k. kip kip pound-force -.:~urce !SoI1Jua!l'~' meter . 0.:w m. m:~tC:'I cubic foot 35.lQ37 iL0:93~ .lhie.s.20458 n. J!quLd) gallon 01JfI!1.je !~quflIeCrn .7641 0.

] lri logram /cublc meter kHo.kilogl·aTn-lo.s... inch-poand-farce 0. kilogram kilogram Ma~ Pt~r Volume '28.pmmd. POll nd kHogntm.""ass /gaUon .8 ' .eter-kUogr:8." newton-meter newton-meter ..35 0..::W<.ome.:mod-rnass /gWIOD (Ca:n.rce newton-meter .2000 gram .m~force .356 .67) /1 .807 ounce-mass pound-mass tor (metnc) .i8 deg cent.."bili.13.02 0.nt or Torq"e mc"t:ff". ton(-short.4536 1000 "907.' lLe:(tF +459...oce n rn.-fo. -: ] . (C} (Fi deg Fahrenheit (F} deg Fahrenheit kelvin (K) kelvtn (K) . 9.cb~~un~~fOfce Bendlng M. 8 tc . kilogracm / cu. mel~er. 8 i ~J9.(l11.5933 \]9 ..(u.gj~m /cubic mete .13) {C) de~ cent.&1 > Wot.To convert from to multiply by j t'I.tk=(tc +273.) 1fi.'am.-force' root-pDund-fOj:ce .:i ueter r kllograrn /cubte "trI eter l'~mpeiatllre ' ..2 pound-mass /cubtc font pound-mass /eubic yard pOl::md~l.1130 0.52 0.[og!!.12) /}.pf.

iOD T.iDd~fmC€ ~ newton kill)gram~ror('e 0.4536 4.['(!·.~ y newton Pressure or Stre~ (Fo:n:e per Al:ea) ~ . 9..llquJd) ~RU(JD ~Can.s.00f5:6 ~9.ables· Tab:t~ No.rc~/sqJ1HI't!meter I newton {square HJ.54 meter mile klklI:ru.')7 kilogram-force kip klp nm.' pn!J.!\R····T ~ P /\ \ II To convert from Gorumu ougi"co1'Hng Information'. meter r 6'895 .()lX:e !:!iq'Jj~ foot pound-force /squ.Il&ter l~qU~ me'l.'L'Wn k~IOgF<l.B3611 cubtc toot gallon (u . ~U04rr...l:lci-lb.~8 ~ ~)'G7031 pound-force !:!'iq!.44.'m .foree /s(Jlllare meter ~ newton !"liqul:'lre meter -k1IQgrlllm.31.451 O.Q~~Jl cubl c ceutlmeser lO.l~ inch newton JsqUEI.30482. 09 6 S{j!U'Bre foot square meter (}. 4.(}929 square inch square ytmi :sqm1:rf: Ce.807 70.~f:o:rce ~guare c [1"[ • 4".ntt.er recubte meter cubic meter cubit nWl. liquid) .-f. ('.rbot :pound. ltquldl ounce lu.H82 ki~ogram-(ore~ /~qU~H~ (.iCr 6.rce h:qW:U'e ..]. ().~r kip !sq.6 44Ml pound-force VO\.l.ID-[OICC 453.are meh .ol'J:V'~'fs.Jln4Q. kilogrwn ..OC)3785 29 .s.:ool' 0.. (}fll 1tmeler 0.uare lnc-b. l~A to mulClpiy by meter.9144 1•.807 O.

o 3--3 Vihratory 3-3-1 (ll'ad. (1.-\~) N(lJ 00 e\'€rr:l:-(J( rm or when changjng l ~v . ~5.[)ti.:eS. 12.76 0.2" 64 50..{aterlal .4.8" No.149 roo 85-100 1.1 ]00 90~lOO . \. s.jl)-711 ~ wheu Jr' I" chnnging "mun:.S 3S.rm Compacted 1\·1cadam stone base Con rse a Sieve Si:t.l: %Pas. Material e ~'ery4()()m or 21" .i 0-13 lY 3 :.s 4."l~ng nun bv VI/eight 1111 CClaISf Finr.4 0-.

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