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( Reaffirmed 1999 )
Indian Standard METHODOFMAKING,CURINGANDDETERMINING COMPRESSIVESTRENGTHOF ACCELERATED-CUREDCONCRETE TESTSPECIMENS
( Fourth Reprint DECEMBER 1998 ) ( IncorporatingAmendment No. 1)
9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002
&AL Stru. C. MALANI ( Aifurmfe) SHItI R. Government of Punjab. IPRI (Aifcmufc) DIIOXTO~ ( CSMRS ) Central Water Commission. BANRRJEE Cement Corporation of India Ltd. Bombay SURI HAIIIEH N. RAMACEANDMN ( Ahmuh) (Cohuudenpppr2) 0 Copyright 1998 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS This publication is protected under the Indian Copyright Act (X!V of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act. L.1s 89013 1978 - Indian Standard METHOD OF MAKING. Calcutta SHEI E. Lucknow MSrnbnS ADDITIONAL DI~ECTOI~. New Delhi ). AQQAR~AL Hindurtan Prefab Ltd. CURING AND DETERMINING COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF ACCELERATED-CURED CONCRETE TEST SPECIMENS Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee. ) Irrigation Department. STanDnRmf SHRI A. U. DI~IZCTOR. KA~LIWAL ( Ahrnafc ) B. C. C. New Delhi DEPUTY DIRECTOR ( CSMRS ) ( A&m& ) ENOINEER-IN-CHIEF Central Public Work Department. K. BDC 2 Chairman Da H. 2 (Alfun&) SHBI AMITABHAGHO~H National Test Iioure.~ct. . New Delhi Research. RlJr~srw3IlaNI ( Affcraufe) SIIBI K. New Delhi Snur C. Nangal Township SHI‘I T. STAXDAEDLI (B&S) SHRI SHBI DEPUTY DIREC~OI~. N. P. C. CARo ( . S. BANSAL Beas Designs Organization. Designs & Standards Organization ( Ministry of Railways ). BAXEIIJEE Larsen 8 Toubro Ltd.i~ferTUlfe ) DR N. New SUPEBINTEIDINO ENQXNEER.~e~gineering Research Centre ( CSIR CHIEF ENGINEER ( PROJXTS ( B & S ) ( A~M~G ) K. VISVE~VABAYA Repwcnting Cement Research Institute of India. Chandigarh Delhi DELHI CEXTRAL CIBCLE No.
R. Sam A. R. SEN Roads Wing. and Indian Roads Congress. PAULL ( AIfnaufc I ) Representing Central Road Research Institute (CSJR ). Bombay SHRI T. Dastur & Co ( Pvt ) Ltd. N. Calcutta SHRI S. S. K. Director General. ROY ( Alfmatr ) SHRI T. SWAROOP Dalmia Cement ( Bharat ) Ltd. IS1 ( Conrinud on page 12 ) DR S. T. Srrlta M. Madras EXECUTIVE EN~INBER ( SM&R DIVISION ) ( Alternate ) SHRI L. K. Madras SHRI P. Calcutta SHBI S. K. R. PINliEIEO ( Alternate ) Central Board of Irrigation and Power. IS1 ( Ex-O@J Member ) Director ( Civ Engg ) In scrrckng SERI M. Gnoert Sartx Y. V. Subramaniam The India Cements Ltd. Ministry of Shipping and Transport SHRI J:R. RAMANA ( Alkmatc) SERI B. V. GOVIND New Delhi SERI G. Adyar. New Delhi Central Road Research Institute ( CSIR ). RAO National Buildings Organization. HATTIAN~ADI SHRI P. New Delhi SHRI A. K. Madras ) DR A. NAMBIAR 2 . Calcutta SHRI S. CHALAPATHI RAO Geological Survey of India.)athpd Research Institute ( CSIR ). N. KANEE New Delhi M. T. R. Government of ( DEEI~NE) Tamil Nadu.ISr!WS-1978 ( Confiausdfromfigs 1 ) Msl?&U DR R. K. Bombay DR R. New Delhi SHRI K. NEELAKANDHAN Assistant Director ( Civ Engg ). SH~I B. GUPTA Hyderabad The Associated Cement Companies Ltd. Army Headquarters. SRINIVASAN ( Affernafc ) Sanr R. KIJLKABNI The Institution of Engineers ( India ). MENON ( Alternate) SHRI D. LAIiA SH~I B. J. T. S. PRASAD ( Altmafe) SHRI K. New Delhi SECRETARY DEPUTY SECXETARY ( I ) ( Alfsmafs ) SHRI N. R.~lding Research Institute ( CSIR ). DR MOHAN Ru ersonal capacity (‘Ramaaalaya’ II Firsf 8 mctnt Park Road. S. R. New D I N AX A B A N SHRI M. New Delhi. R. ( Alfnnate II ) EnginEer-in-Chief’s Branch. V. JA~UE ( Altaauta ) Engineering Research Laboratories. Hyderabad DR IQBAL ALI Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals. A. New Delhi Cent. REHSI ( Altcrnafc ) SERI K. Gandhinagar. AJITHA SIXHA. S. Bombay SEI%IS. UNWALLA ( Alfcmatr ) Cent~~or~. RAO Gammon India Ltd. UNWALLA The Concrete Association of India. MI~CHANDANI ( Alternate ) Hyderabad Asbestos Cement Products Ltd. RA~~ACHANDRAN AIfernata ) ( S u P n R I N T E N D I N Q ENQINEER Public Works Department. M. N.
Thus replacement of the concrete mass of questionable attributes becomes very difficult and often impractical. CURING AND DETERMINING COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF ACCELERATED-CURED CONCRETE TEST SPECIMENS 0. it would have considerably hardened by that time and also might have been buried by subsequent construction. 0.1978 Indian Standard METHOD OF MAKING.2 Traditionally. FOREWORD 0. If after 28 days. after the draft finalized by the Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council. This procedure requires 28 days of moist curing before testing. With the assistance of reliable test within about 24 hours after casting. standard 28 days cube testing uneconomical mix proportioning. the Committee decided to evolve a standard method of determining 3 .1 This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 30 November 1978.4 The need for having a reliable and fast method for evaluating controlled concrete in the field using accelerated curing technique was recognized by Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee and as a result. it is now possible to test the compressive strength of concrete within a short period and thereby to estimate whether it is likely to reach the specified strength at 28 days or not. quality of concrete in construction works is calculated in terms of its 28 days compressive strength. while the concrete is still accessible and sufficiently green to make its removal practicable. which is too long a period to be of any value for either concrete construction control or applying timely corrective measures. 0. 0. of concrete is not feasible for quality control. that is. methods employing accelerated curing techniques. the quality of concrete is found to be dubious. if the concrete is found to possess excessive strength than required. it would be too late to prevent wasteful use of cement on Hence.3 What is essentially needed for assessing quality of controlled concrete is an acceptance test which can supply results.IS t 9013. On the other hand.
1. the method of test has been so defined as to be readily applicable to the majority of test specimens made on construction sites and to give results of low variability. SCOPE 1. curing and testing specimens of concrete stored under conditions intended compression. by the use of an appropriate correlation-curve obtained by testing normally-cured and accelerated cured concrete specimens of the mix proportion and materials to be used at the site.7 In the formulation of this standard.1 This standard lays down the method for making. and method. However. expressing the result of a test or analysis. accelerate the development of strength.8 High pressure steam curing is also used as an accelerated-curing method. 0. off numerical values ( revised ).1978 compressive methods. but has not been covered due to its inherent limitations in application. curing and testing in compression concrete specimens cured by two accelerated methods namely warm-water method and boiling-water method.should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. the final value. 0.18 J 9013 . The following in this standard: a) Warm-water b) Boiling-water *Rules for rounding in to two methods of accelerated curing have been covered method. Such correlation-curves prepared on the basis of some case studies have been given in Appendix A. due weightage has been given to international coordination among the standards and practices prevailing in different countries in addition to relating it to the practices in the field in the country. Assistance has also been rendered by the researches conducted by Cement Research Institute of India. 0. In this standard. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value . observed or calculated. The method laid down in this standard may be used for quality-control purposes. or for the prediction of normal strength of concrete at later ages. 4 . shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. strength of test specimens cured by accelerated curing 0. New Delhi.5 This standard lays down the method of making.8 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. this method may be useful for internal quality control purposes under special circumstances.
weighing. each specimen shall be covered with a steel plate thinly coated with mould oil to prevent adhesion of concrete.IS I 9013 . 2.1 The preparation of test specimen including sampling of materials. 2. 2. The internal dimensions of the tank shall be adequate to accommodate the required number and size of the test specimens such that test specimens can be easily removed. if tests are intended to draw correlation curve between the results from compressive strength tests on specimens cured by normal curing method and accelerated curing method. proportioning. 3.2 Mould Cover Plate . 1.3 A typical diagrammatic layout of a tank suitable for accelerated curing of test specimens is given in Fig. preparation of materials.3. sampling shall be done in accordance with IS : 1199-1959t and choice of the size of test specimens.1978 2. choice of the size of test specimens.3 Immediately after moulding. 3. they shall be left to stand undisturbed in their moulds in a place free from vibration at a temperature *Methods of tests for strength of concrete. mixing. 5 .3.2 If the tests are intended for control purposes. and capping of specimen shall be in accordance with IS: 516-1959*. PREPARATION OF TEST SPECIMENS 3. 4. testing for workability. ACCELERATED CURING BY WARM WATER METHOD 4. *Methods of sampling and analysis of concrete. and capping of specimen shall be in accordance with IS : 516-1959*.1 The curing tank shall be constructed from any material of suitable strength that will resist the effects of corrosion.1 After the specimens have been made.3 Curing Tank 2. 3. 2. compacting.2 The tank shall contain sufficient water and be controlled so that the temperature of the water around the specimens immersed in the tank is maintained at the desired level at all times except for a period not exceeding 15 minutes immediately after the immersion of a freshly made specimen into the tank.1 Mould The mould shall conform to IS : 516-1959*.Each mould shall be provided with a flat steel cover plate. compacting.3. APPARATUS 2. rigid enough so as to avoid distortion during use and of dimensions such that the plate completely covers the top edge of the mould.
c of curing tank suitable for accommodating twelve. 1 DIAGRAMMATIC LAYOUTOF SUITABLE CURINGTANK . 150 mm cubes are 1.The dimensions (I.SWITCH GEAR AND FUSES I\\ 050 L a DRAIN TAP/ NOTE. band m and 0. Fro.65 m respectively.60 m.
in moist air of at least 90 peqcent relative humidity at a temperature of 27 f 2’C for 23 hours f 15 minute from the of addition of water to the ingredients.In confined places the temperature of the water may be kept just below the boiling point to avoid excessive evaporation. not more than 2 hours from the time of immersion in the coolitlg tank 6. TE6TING 6. removed from the mouldr and immersed in the cooling tank at 27 f 2°C before the completion of 20 hours 10 minutes from the start of immersion in the curing tank.1 The specimens shall be tested in accordance with IS : 516-1959*.1 free and time After the specimens have been made. prior to immersion in the curing tank.3 After suiing for 3) hours f 5 minutes in-the curing tank.3 In the boiling water hours f 20 minutes. 6. marked for identification. temperature of the water in ihe curing tank shall be at boiling ( 100°C ) at sea level. removed fro&e moulds and cooled -by immersing in cooling tank at 27 f 2°C for 2 h. the above time tolerances may IX relaxed and an appropriate correction factor applied. They shall remain in the cooling tank for a period of not less than one hour. NOTE .2 In the warm water method specimens shall be tested while still wet.2 The specimens shall then be gently lowered into the curing tank and’ The shall remain totally immersed for a period of 3# hours f 5 minutes. the specimen shall be. method. *&4etbodr of tests for strength of concrete. 5. 4. ACCELERATED CURING BY BOILING WATER METHOD 5. they shall be stored in a place from vibration.of 27 f 2°C for at least one hour. NOTE-For control purposes. 6. The time between the addition of water to the ingredients and immersion of the test specimens in the during tank shall be at least 14 hours but shall not exceed 34 hours. 5. The temperature of water shall not dro more than 3°C after the specimens are placed and shall return to go iling within 15 minutes. removed from the boiling water. 5.2 The specimens in their moulds shall be gently lowered into the curing tank and shall remain totally immersed at 55 f 2°C for a period of not less than 19 hours 50 minutes. the age at the time of test shall be 28. 7 . The specimens shall then be removed from the water.
g) Defects. CALCULATION 7. Method of compaction. record of temperature of water in curing tank. 4 Time of immersion of test specimen into cooling tank. upon opening the cover. REPORT 8.7. Also care shall immersing the specimens to avoid splashing of *Methods of tests for strength of concrete.1 The following precautions shall be taken : a) The curing tank shall be cleaned and the water renewed periodically so as to prevent accumulation of detritus which may impair the heating or circulating system. b) The use of boiling water imposes the need for prevent scalding or eye-burns.1 The calculation with IS : 5161959”. in specimen. 8. f-1 Mass of specimen.1 The following information shall be included in the report on each test specimen : mark (including the size and type ) of test speci4 Identification mens and date of casting. j> Time of making test specimen. P) Time of removal of test specimen from cooling tank. and s) Compressive t) Description of fractured face. if any. Particulars of concrete from which test specimen was made. 4 Time of immersion of test specimen into curing tank. Size of specimen. r) strength. . 9) Thermographic Maximum load at crushing. of compressive strength shall be done in accordance 4 4 4 9. h) Time of adding water to concrete materials. PRECAUTIONS 9. resulting from steam. b) Date and time of test and age of specimen. 8 safety measures to sudden escape of be exercised when hot water. 4 Time of remova of test specimen from curing tank.
2 The results can be used in rapid assessment of variability control and signalling the need for indicated adjustments. 9 . in itself. Accelerated curing of concrete hastens the process of hydration of cement and as a result. and 10. 10. a substantial proportion of the strength to be attained in 28 days under normal curing conditions is achieved within a shorter time. d) Suitable safety devices and indicators shall be provided with the set up. results from this method in checking the compliance of specified strengths at later ages shall be applied with great caution. for process 10. The rate and extent of hydration of cement under a particular curing regime depend mainly upon the chemical composition of cement. APPENDIX A ( ClausesO. A separate panel or switch-board shall be provided incorporating the thermograph and related heating equipment controls. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS 10.c) Strict attention shall be given to the protection and storage oft& specimens during tAe initial period of curing.3 The magnitude of the strength values from strength tests is influenced by the specific combination of materi& Therefore the use of the results from either conventional tests at any arbitrary age or those from this method shall be supported by experience or correlations developed for the existing local conditions and materials ( see Appendix A ). water-cement ratio and mix proportions. is another variable in that the higher temperature employed may alter the morphology of the hydration products apart from thermally activating the chemical reactions of hydration of cement.3 ) CORRELATION OF RESULTS FROM COMPRESSIVE TESTS ON SPECIMENS CURED BY NORMAL ACCELERATED CURING METHODS STRENGTH AND A-l. which are considered to be important parameters in the correlation of results from compressive strength tests on specimens cured by accelerated curing method and normal curing method. The accelerated curing regime.1 Since strength requirements in existing specifications are not based upon accelerated curing. 10.
When results of concrete with specific ingredients and mix proportions are considered. 2 TYPICAL RELATION BETWEEN ACCELERATEDAND 28-DAY COMPRESSIVE STRENCJTH CONCRETE( BOILINGWATER METHOD) OF 10 . Figures 2 and 3 (see Note ) show typical results on the correlation of compressive strength of concrete specimens normally cured and accelerated-cured by the Boiling Water Method and the Warm Water Method respectively. The variability arising from the curing regime to be adopted. 28 days old specimens. is eliminated by standardizing them. the dispersion of results is considerably CURING CYCLE \3*5hZ 5min I 10 20 ACCELERATED 30 I 40 STRENGTH I 50 N/mn?-R. I 60 : Fro. It is found that a correlation exists between the results obtained on concrete specimens. that the strength of concrete after accelerated curing ( by either method) is of the order of 50 percent of that obtained on normally cured. for It is also found mixes employing different materials and mix proportions.IS t 9019 .i978 A-2. as is-done in this standard. cured by accelerated method and cured by normal method.
in that case.5h ---w -1h ACCELERATED STRENGTH N/mr/-Ra Fm. 28 days conventional tests. 3 TYPICAL RELATIONBETWEENACCELERATED AND ~~-DAY COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH CONCRETE( WARM WATER METHOD ) OF 11 . be expected to be of the same order as obtained in normally cured. NOTE-The typical correlationcurves given in Fig.IS I 9919 - 1978 reduced. 2 and 3 are based on a reries testsconductedat the Cement Research of Institute India. New Delhi. for use in each case. and the coefficient of variation of results from accelerated curing methods may.5 TO 3. fineness and strength of cements. of 70 REGRESSION EQUATION R26=12*65+Ra 1. Although the tests have shown that the correlation between results from accelerated curing method and normally cured 28 days conventional tests is not materially affected by the chemical composition. it is preferable to establish the actual correlation under site conditions for the specific materials and mix proportions to be adopted. the mix proportions or use of some indigenous admixtures.
RAMASWAMY Transport ) SHRI R. MATIZUR Snnr G. Bombay SBRI M. New Delhi DR H. Bombay Aitmate) Sanr A. CHATTERJEE ( Alfanate ) Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. S. JA~WS Suar M. R. S. VISVESVARAYA DR A. C. R. M. K. UNWALLA SHRI T. GAJAPATHY RAO SUPERINTENDING E N Q I N E E R. GHANEKAE Struc. N. VAIDYA ( Alfcrnate ) Central Building Research Institute ( CSIR ). TI~ARE ( Alternate ) Associated Consulting Services. Army Headquarters. RAO SHRI S. Bombay Snnr J. SHRI V. C. Bombay S~IRI T. Central Public Works Department. R. MULLICK ( Altematc) 12 . New Delhi SHXI G. K. J. V. S. TANDON ( C. Bombay SIIRI P. Gandhinogar. G. PRASADA RAO ( Alfcmnte ) Central Road Research Institute (CSIR ). P. Hyderabad DIRECTOR DIRECTOR ( C & MDD ) Central Water Commission. Mtmbers Swm BDC 2:2 SHRI D.1978 ( C0tiinudfrom @ge 2 ) Concrete Subcommittee.ts I 9913 . New Delhi Designs and Standards Organization D E P u T Y DIRECTOR. T. K.oylkrtgineering Research Centre ( CSIR ). Bombay SHRI B. GROSH Delhi SRRI M. NAI+~BIA~ Crescent Park Road. New Delhi DELHI CENTRAL CIRCLE No. New Dn R. BHIDE ( Alternate) capacity ( ‘ Rammalaya ’ II First In personal SHRI K. P. Madras ) Roads Wing ( Ministry of Shipping and SHRI N. STANDARDS Research ( Ministry of Railways ). MENON ( Altmtatc) Cement Research Institute of India. TANEJA Roorkee SHRI B. ALIMCHANDANI Stup Consultants Ltd. SIKI~A ( Alfemate ) Gammon India Ltd. PINHEIRO ( Alfcrnate ) Public Works and Housing Department. HIN~ORANI SHRI A.C. GUPTA New Delhi SHRI S. Lucknow (B&S) ASSISTaNT DIRECTOR. A. R. T. K. CHAKRAVARTY Engineers India Ltd. GUPTA ( Altemate) The Concrete Association of India. S. K. New Delhi DEPUTY DIRECTOR ( C & MDD ) ( Alnmatc ) SHRI V. 2 SHRI S. S. P. REMEDIOS ( Altanntc ) The Associatd Cement Companies Ltd. SHRI M. Adyar. VINAYAKA ( A&male ) National Buildings Organization. STANDARDS ( M/C ) ( Alternate) Engineering Research Laboratories. DR C.
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