By:- Muhammad Arman

4/28/2012 ICMAP 1

 Introduction  Definition

 Types of Switch
 Difference between Hub & Switch  Advantages & Disadvantages

 HUB:

A hub provides a common connection point for a group of devices in a network. When a packet arrives at the hub, it is transmitted to all other network nodes connected to that hub.
A switch transmits packets on a network, but instead of sending them to all nodes on the network like a hub, it sorts out the packets and only sends them to the proper node. This allows each node on the network to use the full capacity of the network channel; with a hub the network capacity is shared among the nodes.


Types of Switches
 Active Switch:Active switch use to manage network traffic to the particular destination.

Passive Switch:Passive switch is use to amplify signal but it’s not use to follow intelligent network traffic.

Difference B/W Hub & Switch
 Distribute speed  Distribute speed

equally to all Nodes. (Except alive or dead)
 Low Bandwidth

only on alive Nodes

 High Bandwidth

 Doesn’t amplify signal

 Amplify Signal

Advantages & Disadvantages
 Switch amplify signal  Hub doesn’t amplify

 Switch always divide  Hub always divide total

total speed on active nodes.

speed on total network nodes.

 Manage network traffic.

 First time use for STAR


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