The Synthesis of the Coordinated Iron (III) and Oxalate Compound with a formula KwFex(C2O4)y(H2O)z Complex

ion compounds can be formed by the bonding between a transition metal and a ligand. The bonding between these two components is called a coordinate covalent bond. These bonds are strong enough to exist in solution, and can also crystalize out to form a solid. This week we will be synthesizing a complex ion called potassium iron (III) oxalate with the formula of KwFex(C2O4)y(H2O)z. This crystalizes out of solution and has an emerald green color. The formula of the complex can be figured out at

the end by using the information we know: the coordination number of iron (III) is 6 and the oxalate ions bound to it are bidentates (bind twice to the metal).
There are multiple steps to synthesize this complex ion. The first is the following reaction: Fe(NH4)2(SO4)2•6H2O (aq) + H2C2O4 (aq)  FeC2O4(s) + 2NH4+(aq) + 2H+(aq) + 2SO42-(aq) + 6H2O(l) Which forms a solid that precipitates out of solution Next our goal is to convert this iron (II) ion in the solid to iron (III) with the following reaction: FeC2O4(s) + K2C2O4(aq) + H2O2(aq)  KwFex(C2O4)y(H2O)z + ?? (?? Because we do not know what other products will form after determining the variable coefficients) This new soluble compound will come out of solution after adding ethanol. After this, the solution will be covered so the crystals can grow until the next lab.

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