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Description and general specifications Construction Operation Operating instructions and maintenance Finished product quality control tests
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Switches characteristics : • rated voltage : 24 250V AC or DC • rated current : 0. The gas and oil actuated (Buchholz) relay is designed to detect faults as well to minimize the propagation of any damage which might occur within oil-filled transformers. On request it’s possible to supply change-over switches. Inspection windows : special tempered glass 3 with graduated scale in cm .Description and general specifications.4 25% 50Hz) 2A DC (T=L/R=40msec). (100Hz) no one signal of closing contacts. 100Hz 0Hz. Contacts : they can be mercury switches or magnetic actuated switches (reed contacts). Construction. such as the falling of the oil level owing to leaks. the button for mechanical test of alarm and trip circuits. 30 sec. Working temperature : oil temperature range: 25 / +115°C. On the cover are located : the terminal box.5A (10000 tests) • breaking capacity : 2A AC (cos= 0.) 60 sec. Magnetic sw : 200 horizontal vibrations/sec. Vibration test (in normal operative conditions) : • oscillation amplitude : 2mm • time diagram : 0Hz 100Hz 30 sec. Casing : non porous weatherproof compact casting of light aluminium alloy painted. (100Hz) no one signal of closing contacts 200 vertical vibrations/sec. the valve of pneumatic test. (75Hz) first signals of closing contacts 120 vertical vibrations/sec. The relay is therefore particularly effective in case of: Short-circuited core laminations Broken-down core bolt insulation Bad contacts Overheating of some part of the windings Short-circuits between phases Earth faults puncture of bushing insulators inside tank Furthermore the relay can prevent the development of conditions leading to a fault in the transformer. Mechanical protection degree : IP 54 Insulation : 2000V 50Hz between terminals and earth for a 60 seconds time. Contacts capacity to withstand vibrations : Mercury sw : 150 horizontal vibrations/sec. capacitors and reactors supplied with oil conservator. the breather cock. Cover : non porous weatherproof compact casting of light aluminium alloy painted. or the ingress of air as a result of defects in the oil circulating system. (75Hz) first signals of closing contacts. 2 . 100Hz (200 vibrations/sec.
operates the alarm float. 3 . thus operating first the alarm (upper) float and then the tripping (lower) float. In the relay this oil surge hits the flap fitted on the lower float (located in front of the hole for the oil passage) and causes the rotation of the float itself. It should be noted that. usually : • whitish gas is caused by electric arcing in contact with paper. If the relay disconnects the transformer. The float remains in the trip position even if the oil flow comes to a stop (the reset is done by means of the push-button). Serious faults : when a serious fault occurs in the transformer. similar checks should be made to determine composition and quantity of gas collected by the equipment In any case never put back the transformer into service without having detected the cause of fault and having repaired it. An oil leak in the transformer causes the oil level in the relay to fall. Checking after actuation of the relay When the signal is given. the small bubbles of gas. thus operating the tripping switch and disconnecting the transformer. thus causing its oil level to fall. The ingress of air into the transformer. the colour of the gas should be observed through the inspection-windows. Slight faults : when a slight fault occurs in the transformer. Draw a gas sample and analyse it by means of the proper analyser. thus operating an external alarm device. cotton or silk • yellowish gas is due to wood and cardboard • greyish gas is caused by a breakdown of the magnetic circuit • black gas is caused by free arcing in the oil. As a result. the surges resulting from the starting of the oil circulating pump will not cause mal-operation of the relay.Operation. The tripping device is regulated in such a way that in transformers having forced oil cooling. which pass upwards to the conservator. arising from defects in the oil circulating system or from other causes. are trapped in the relay housing. the gas generation is violent and causes the oil to rush through the connecting pipe to the conservator. the upper float rotates on its hub and operates the alarm switch.
typically once a year.after unscrewing its cover 2 ) PNEUMATIC TEST : by injecting air into the relay with a suitable pump (can be supplied by TERMAN in case on request) through the valve for pneumatic test . After testing discharge the injected air by means of the breatherdischarge cock on the cover of the relay casing . The check can be done in two ways : 1 ) MECHANICAL TEST : by pushing the mechanical test button . The pipe should not contain any right-angle elbow. Mounting instructions : the Buchholz relay is mounted on the connecting pipe between the transformer and the conservator : the arrow marked on the relay cover must point toward the oil conservator. Once electrical circuits are connected it is advisable to effect the mechanical test of the alarm and trip circuits by means of the apposite button located on the relay’s cover. The push-button is self returning thereby freeing the signalling devices of the relay as soon as the pressing action upon the button is discontinued. on regular basis . and afterwards also the trip contact is activated.until the floats rotate thus causing contacts actuation. 4 . Caution : gradually press the button until first alarm contact is obtained. Pipe diameter should correspond to the diameter of the relay’s hole for the oil passage. Electric wiring diagram : inside junction box cover it’s possible to find electric wiring diagram that consents the operator to effect the connection of the relay to alarm and trip circuits and to earth. thus reducing the readability of the oil level inside of the buchholz casing. The pipe must be arranged to slope upwards towards the conservator at an angle of 1 up 5 degrees to the horizontal. Only.Operating instructions and maintenance.pos. 8 on Buchholz drawings . water and soap. schedule inspections to verify that there are no oil leakages and to check the correct working of the contacts. 6 on Buchholz drawings . 7 on buchholz relay drawings .pos. Signalling : • in case of gas accumulation : alarm • in case of lack of oil : trip • in case of oil surge : trip Maintenance : No particular maintenance is required. you can clean them with a soft cloth. In case the window transparents are dirty.pos.on the top of the relay casing .
BUCHHOLZ RELAY type BG 25 – DIN 42566 9 B 8 5 A 1-2 D d1 E 6 3-4 S 7 L 10 POS 1-2 3-4 5 6 7 8 9 10 DESCRIPTION RELEASE TERMINALS ALARM TERMINALS EARTH TERMINAL BREATHER COCK VALVE OF PNEUMATIC TEST MECHANICAL TEST OF THE ALARM/RELEASE CIRCUIT CABLE GLAND PG 16 DRAIN PLUG Type A B D E L S d1 gas vol.2 kg. WEIGHT BG25 215 160 R1-1/2"BSP 140 185 20 25 125 cm3 2. 5 .
80 18 138 4/8 235 cm3 5. 50 18 102 4 235 cm3 4. 6 .8 kg.9 kg.9 kg.BUCHHOLZ RELAYS types BR 25 /50/80 – DIN 42566 9 B A d2 C 10 S L d1 d3 D 8 5 POS 1-2 3-4 5 6 7 8 9 10 DESCRIPTION RELEASE TERMINALS ALARM TERMINALS EARTH TERMINAL BREATHER COCK VALVE OF PNEUMATIC TEST MECHANICAL TEST OF THE ALARM/RELEASE CIRCUIT CABLE GLAND PG 16 DRAIN PLUG 1-2 E 6 3-4 7 Type BR25 BR50 BR80 A B 215 160 254 178 293 193 C D E L S 85 115 140 200 17 125 165 140 195 18 160 200 140 195 18 d1 d2 d3 N° holes gas vol. WEIGHT 25 14 68 4 125 cm3 2.
BUCHHOLZ RELAY type BS 25 – BS STANDARD 9 B A d2 d1 C D S L 10 C D 8 5 1-2 E 6 3-4 POS 1-2 3-4 5 6 7 8 9 10 DESCRIPTION RELEASE TERMINALS ALARM TERMINALS EARTH TERMINAL BREATHER COCK VALVE OF PNEUMATIC TEST MECHANICAL TEST OF THE ALARM/RELEASE CIRCUIT CABLE GLAND PG 16 DRAIN PLUG 7 Type A B C D E L S d1 d2 BS25 215 160 50. WEIGHT 4 125 cm3 2.8 75 140 127 12 25 M10 N° holes gas vol.2 kg. 7 .
4.BUCHHOLZ RELAY type BS 50-80 – BS STANDARD 9 B d2 A 10 S L 8 5 POS 1-2 3-4 5 6 7 8 9 10 d1 C D 1-2 E 6 3-4 DESCRIPTION RELEASE TERMINALS ALARM TERMINALS EARTH TERMINAL BREATHER COCK VALVE OF PNEUMATIC TEST MECHANICAL TEST OF THE ALARM/RELEASE CIRCUIT CABLE GLAND PG 16 DRAIN PLUG 7 Type A B C D E L S d1 d2 d3 N° holes gas vol.1 kg.3 kg. 8 . BS50 288 178 110 140 140 185 14 50 11 6 235cm3 BS80 288 178 130 160 140 185 14 80 11 6 235cm3 WEIGHT 4.
000 9 I EDITION AUGUST 2006 . www.A.com. The same test is carried out for floats and switches.A. IVA IT 09970270154 – C. Hydraulic test for tightness of the finished relay : the test is carried out by filling the Buchholz relay with oil at the temperature of 90°C and at the pressure of 200 kpa.com C. It’s performed by means of visual indicators mounted on a panel-board.. Insulation test : carried out by means of a microprocessor controlled testing unit.I. Fax: +39 02 38 30 37 19. Said test lasts 4 hours. 13-20/21./P. € 119. Terman '90 S. Milano Reg. Soc.F.C. Dimensional check. During this period no oil leakage is admitted.Finished product quality control tests. Tel: +39 02 38 30 37 12. E-Mail info@terman. 1332904 – Trib. After 4 hours no leakages must be observed. Hydraulic test for tightness for the body : the aluminium alloy casing is filled with oil at the temperature of 90°C and at the pressure of 300 kpa. 302729 – Cap. Soc.r. Via Ghisalba. 20021 Bollate (MI) – Italy. Check of tripping velocity : performed by mounting the relay on a oil filled pipeline. Check of instrument mechanical protection degree : IP 54. Manual and pneumatic inspection of the electric contacts actuation : This test is carried out both on alarm and trip circuits. By means of a calibrated flow meter and of suitable visual indicators mounted on a panel-board.terman.l.
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