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CHAPTER-I

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background
Throughout history, people have traveled for many different reasons. Tourism as an industry, however, began to flourish after the Second World War, with per capita incomes in the developed countries increasing significantly and the development of efficient mass air transport. The tourism industry is the largest in the world and is a complex one. The demands of international tourists, the consumers- and of international destinations, the producers - are bridged by the tourism industry. The industry consists of a wide range of enterprises supporting the mass movement of people across varied areas within a country and across international boundaries, including a variety of wholesale and retail outlets for hotels, airlines, tour operators, etc. The tourism industry sells a unique product, often called an invisible export. The product may be sold and consumed locally, but foreigners, i.e., the external market, consume it. Nepal is one such popular destination for tourists from all over the world. (ICIMOD,1995:6) Tourism is also a source of employment. It is a highly labor-intensive industry offering employment to both the semi-skilled and the unskilled. Being a service industry, it creates employment opportunities for the local population. It is a major source of income- an employment for individuals in many places deficient in natural resources, which cannot readily contribute to the economic prosperity of the area except through the medium of tourism. This aspect of provision of employment becomes more important in a developing country where the level of unemployment and underemployment tends to be high. Besides, providing employment to a large

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number of people, tourism can be the instrument of regional policy aimed at achieving an equitable balance between major industrial areas and the rest of the country. Tourism enables to be transferred in part to another. (Bhatia, 2000; ix)

Tourism is one of the most thriving industries in Nepal. It is the large foreign currency earner and employment provider. The sector has provided good employment opportunities to a large number of people both skilled and unskilled. It is due to these reasons that tourism industry is one of the successful stories in the development of Nepal's tourism industry. Nepal is beautiful destination for international tourists. The snow-caped mountains, rich culture of Nepalese, scenic places, rivers, lakes, flora and fauna, historical monuments, different religious beliefs, bilingual, and hospitable people are the main attractions for the foreign visitors. Nepal- located in South Asia is one of the small countries in the World. It is situated between big Countries like China and India. It is land locked, specially called India locked country, because only north side is bounded by China other three sides bounded by India. Its total Area is 1, 47,181 sq k.m. In addition, spread over 80004 to 88012 east longitude and 20022’ to 30027’ north altitude. Topographically, Nepal is divided into three regions: The Himalayan region, Mountain region and Terai Region. The Himalayan region account for about 15 percent of the total land area and altitude 4,877m- 8,848m and including 8 of 14 highest summits in the world; where exceed an altitude of 8,000m peaks such as Mt.Everest, Mt Annapurna, Mt. Dhaulagiri, and others. Mountain region accounts for about 68 percent of the total land area has an altitude range up to 4,877m from chure - Siwalik range. Terai region, the low land Terrain occupies about 17 percent of total land area of the country. By another ways, the country is divided based on

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watershed area, in three Zones, as Koshi ,Gandaki and Karnakli. Politically the country is separated into five-development region, 14 Zones and 75 districts. There are 56 municipalities and 3913 VDC in the country. Nepal has immense diversity in natural and socio- cultural aspect. Nepal is occupying only 0.03 percent parts of the earth but have home to 2 percent of all the flowering plants in the world. 8 percent of the world population of birds (more than 848 species)4 percent of mammals of earth, 11 of world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species), 600 indigenous plants families, 319 species of exotic orchids (Nepal guide book, NTB, 2003). The number of total population is 2,31, 51,423 are living more than 60 ethnic groups and 70 language speakers reside in Nepal. The country is the place of several world-listed heritage, such like world’s highest summit Mt. Everest, Hanuman Dhoka, (Kathmandu Durbar square), Patan Durbar Square, Pashupatinath temple, Swambhunath,Chitwan national park, Lumbini. It is the boron and home place of world famous and religious hero: King Janak, Sita, Gautam Buddha, Araniko and brave Gurkhas. Being natural paradise, Nepal was region of attraction from ancient time. As puran and epics, Pashupatinath and Muktinath are famous pilgrimages of Hindus. Many Hindu religious people used to visit Nepal for pilgrimage from India since ancient time. In the modern context visiting from outside hade began to Nepal from eighteenth centaury .In 1772 AD Abdul Kadik Khan and Hi-Dankun had came as English representative in the country .In 1807 a group of 50 lead by Captain Max along with Dr.Hamiltan had visited Nepal. At the time of Rana ruler's was strictly regulated and limited for foreign visitors to Nepal. So only 153 people has visited during the period of 1807 to 1844 AD.

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After the treaty of Sugaulee a British residence was appointed in Kathmandu. Dr.Wallich visited Nepal in 1817 and carried on his Botanical researches for a year (Lamsal, 1997).Sir Brain Holson, Sir Joseph Hooker Traveled the country for Botanical Survey and collection of the Nepal's flora and fauna. King Goerge V came for his famous shoot (hunting) in Nepal's Tarai in 1911. The Prince of Wales visited Nepal in 1921 on the invitation of Rana prime minister. These visits were only for hunting and research purpose ( Wagle, 2005) By the geographical panorama, variety of flora and fauna, and other sociocultural phenomenon, Nepal is became so beautiful country, and any body outsider may feel such like a piece of heaven. Despite the all of natural and cultural resources, the country is not prospering in the economic aspect. There is only 17 percent arable land but not been proper utilized and 33 percent cover forest and woodland out of one total area. Nepal is also based rural dominated economic condition. More than 80 percent people of the country live in village area holding agricultural occupation and nearly 39.0 percent part of total GDP contributed by agricultural sector. GNP in FY 2002/03 at current producers' price was Rs 454.93 billion. Growth rate was only 2.7 percent in that year. Per-capital income is 250 U.S. $ (Economic survey-2004). Human Develop Index lies at 129 ranking in the world, 42 percent people are below the poverty line (HDI-1998). According the economic indicators, Nepal has been ranking one of the poorest countries of the world. However, the country is not poor in naturally and other development potentiality. The main cause for poorness of the country is lack of proper utilization of natural resource, failing to exploit available potentialities etc. Nepal was not success to gain expected progress in the economic development in before, even the normal situation. Now, it is, moreover suffered by violence and political instability. The country is facing great crisis in every aspect is sinking is vicious circle.
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That is caused to downward rate was 23 percent of visitors and 23. The receipt from international tourism was US$ 2100 million in 1995.D. This sector is severlly victimized by the unsecured condition of the country. Various beautiful destinations have not visualized and presented for tourism perspective. The country has done some efforts for promotion tourism but those are not enough. That is growing faster than world trade in 1980. So Nepal holds great prospective of tourism.9 percent earning of total foreign currency and 3. There is need of suitable plan and policy for required management and marketing.Tourism sector is one most important sector of economy to overcome country from vicious circle and poverty. 04 tourist were visited Nepal in the period and 80 thousands of people are employed in this sector. 2003) Tourism being important sector in the economy. 1998). It has shared 15. (Economic Survey. it is rapidly increasing than the other sector of world trade. 5 . (WTO.1 percent annual growth rate (WTO 1998). With worldwide increasing trend of tourism. helps to develop small cottage industries and creates the opportunities to employment. 81. Nepal should catch that opportunity that would comparably benefits to our economy. It is not only contributed to earn of foreign currency. which would help to develop the economy of the concern destination.265 million in 1997 with an increase of 12. The country can improve the economy from advancing the sector by using her potential resources of tourism.6 percent in GDP in the year.D. By 4. US $ 168100000 foreign exchange was generated from tourism in 1999AD.8 percent revenue in 2003 A.282 thousand in 1950 to 616. that has increased to US$ 448. The international tourist arrivals increased from 25.635 thousand in 1997 with an average annual growth of about 7 percent up to forecast the number of international arrivals is expected to reach US $937 million by 2010 A.

Some trekkers visit both areas.This range constitutes dozen of mountains. Dhaulagiri Mountain a major range in Nepal. The first famous trekking area Annapurna region is recognized as conservation area title of ACAP area (Annapurna Conversation Area Project). It covers some parts of Kaski. Pokhara. trekking and mountaineering.1. It is close to ACAP area and near Pokhara surrounded by 6 .2 Statement of problems Tourism is output of modern civilization of human society. Two VDCs of Myagdi Narchyang and Sikha are included in the ACAP area. It is a major source of foreign exchange earning in the country. More than 50 percent trekkers out of total trekkers in the country visit this region. Of them. Lamjung. Helambu Langtang valley are main destination for trekkers in Nepal. which lies in Myagdi. Nepal is a reputed destination of international tourism and it has taken important place in national economy. It is raised as significant part of economy and need of civilized human. Dhaulagiri round trekking route is embodied in Annapurna circuit trekking routes. Four groups of mountain expedition had come in 2002. Manang. Myagdi lies on the way of Annapurna circuit trade. business. Khumbu region. which is largest figure up to now. Dhaulagiri first (8167m. Therefore. Tourists visit the country for various reasons such as holiday pleasures. It is on the road to Mustang. It means this district is very important from tourism point of view. is the major attraction for mountaineering expedition in the country. The popular destinations for tourism in Nepal are Kathmandu. Mustang and Myagdi. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve. 491504 tourists visited Nepal in 1999. Dhorpatan and Dolpa trek. pilgrimage etc. Among them Annapurna region is most famous destination for that. Chitawan. the only one hunting reserve in the country also covers some parts of the district.) is seventh tallest summit in the world. Annapurna region.

religious and historical cites . There is not any special plan and policy for tourism promotion activities in this area by national level and local level either government sector or private sector. For the promotion of tourism in the country to the local level must be concerned.major tourist attractive trekking destination Dolpa. Manang. There are need of improvement and maintenance of available means and place and expanse scope for that. About fifty thousand tourists entered in Myagdi in 1999. It has needed more research and scientific study. Myagdi has also important cultural. develop required infrastructures. Though attractions of Myagdi are not highlighted. Dhaulagiri trekking circuit is recognized as difficult routes so it may causes hesitation to visit that areas. most of tourists came for trekking and mountaineering purpose. by the government sector as well as private sector too. to add new kind of infrastructure. not only on central level but to grass root level and 7 . Despite a highly prospects in tourism. the development of this sector is not satisfactorily. the world's deepest gorge 'Andha Galchhi also lies in the district. They are out of attraction in the district. However. Nepal has limitless potentiality of tourism. Mustang and Kaski district and host of Dhaulagiri mountain range. There are need to identify more new and various tourism products and resources to all over the country and. there are so many obstacles in terms of infrastructure and service management . There is a lack of diversity in tourism in this region. About half percent tourists come in Nepal for holiday pleasure purpose. There must be recognized current conditions problems and prospective for adopt new efforts to prepare plan and policy. tourism is an important sector. There are more efforts to do by the central as well as local level. There are plenty of eco-tourism resources. Myagdi has plenty of tourism attractive destinations and significant numbers of tourists are visiting but these destinations are not properly recognized at national as well as international level agency despite the route of ACAP area. For the economic development and prosperity.

There is bright future in tourism in the district. one of the remote areas from capital and tried to contribute by highlighting additional attractive source of tourism and suggest developing the area. Therefore there should be deep study and evaluate the present condition of tourism in the district. Raghhuganga and Mirasti khola are major natural resource to attract tourists.The Dhaulagiri mountain range is a neighboring range of the Annapurna mountain range to western side. KaliGandaki. the researcher has objected of a rural area. that would be helpful for perceiving clear plan and policy of the district and destinations.Dolpa (north-west).rural area as well. 1. which is only one 8 . It attracts thousands of tourists in a year . Hot spring pond. charming falls: the Rupse. Parbat and Kaski (east) district. Some parts of Royal Dhorpatan hunting reservation enters in the western side of the district. Problems should be identified and potentiality of tourism attractions should be highlighted. The Myagdi lies in Dhaulagiri zone under the western development region and surrounded by Mustang (north). However. Therefore. that requires special efforts to do for that. Famous the Dhaulagiri Himalayan range is situated in northen part of the district.Rukum (west). Two VDC of Myagdi district are included in Annapurna conservation area (ACAP).More than half dozens peaks including the word 7th tallest summit the Dhaulagiri -1st (8167m)are existed in the range. Baglung (south) .3 Identification of the study Area The selected site to study is Myagdi District.The world deepest George ‘Andha Galchhi’. The researcher is a residence of the district. Himalayan originated rivers Myagdi khola. Myagdi is tourism potential region. which are famous destination for mountaineering expedition and adventure trekking tour. Some group of trekkers’ visits both regions at a same plan .

1. The district lies on the trekking rout to Annapurna region. Historical. Therefore. GaleswerDham. d) Recommend suggestions on policies and plans for the development of tourism in Myagdi district. Beni Bazar. Khayar Barah are reputed religious places from ancient time. the researcher hopes that the study will be fruitful to tourism development in the district as well as to country. The specific objectives are to: a) Observe current trends and nature of tourist's inflow in Myagdi district. There were conducted tourism promotional festivals (Mudi and Ghorepani Mahotsab) during the period of ‘visits Nepal year 1998’ and celebrated Maghe sankranti Mela and Beni Festival in the 1st week of Magh 2060. Mustang. It seems immense potential area in tourism point of view. Myagdi is very important in tourism point of view in various aspects.hunting reservation area in the country. b) Highlight the potentiality of tourism. In this reason. Dholthana and Takumkot are historically important places. there are valuable cultural. Myagdi is not attractive only Natural and geographical point of view. Religious important heritages. c) Evaluate the infrastructure and service management of tourism. 9 .4 Objectives of the study The objectives of the study are mainly to evaluate current trends of tourist's inflow relatively to national level and highlighting the potentiality of tourism of Myagdi. they are related to Parbat state before the unification Nepal. Dhaulagiri circuits.Myagdi being destination and routs both thousands tourists inflow every year. Pulahshram.

more tourists will come in the country. This region now is easily accessible from Pokhara by motor road. Dhaulagiri mountain range is close to Annapurna. Both ranges can be viewed from many places. Tourism sector is only the viable industry in the district. Government. From the tourism intervention.1. With the development of this sector. Whole Myagdi district may develop as famous tourism region and if it initiates efforts like ACAP area. Tourism is potential and suitable for the district. This case study of Myagdi district will help to think and do about tourism promotion program and plan for government and other stakeholders. Taking into account this fact HMG/N has adopted policy of expanding and promotional activities related to tourism in the district. employment opportunities will increase and Nation can be benefited directly and indirectly. Now. Expansion and explanation of more tourism destination and resources will help to attract more number of tourists. There are very similarities with ACAP area. There are more than one dozen peaks for mountaineering expedition. district is dependant on the remittance a cash income source coming from foreign employment. private sector at both local level and central level should give priority 10 . This sector will be benefited by tourism promotional activities adopted by central level and local level. The fact that tourism industry occupies important place in Nepal and that HMG/N putting efforts to level based development of this sector is exhibited by HMG/N declared and celebrated in 1998 as 'Visit Nepal Year'. Dhaulagiri Mountain range is attractive no less than Annapurna mountain range. Transport facilities are going to extend. Dhaulagiri First is higher than Annpurna First.5 Significance of the study Tourism being a major and important source of foreign exchange earner has an important role in economic development in least developed country like Nepal. If Dhaulagiri region develops like ACAP area and Khumbu region. That region is connected with Dolpa region. it is expected that economic condition of the district can be improved.

regression models and statically tests. Approaches of analysis are both quantitative and qualitative types. internet were also consulted . This study may helpful to draw the concern of stakeholders. Various bulletins and booklets on tourism and media source like news paper.to this sector. Almost data are analyzed and described in different chapter. ACAP Office Pokhara. percentage. information. related documents from Ministry of Tourism.For primary data. and mean and linear correlation. Hotel managers. and facts used both are primary and secondary. Department of tourism. Some aspects of this thesis are used quantitative method by applying statistical tools. National planning Commission. In order to collect secondary information concerned people were consulted. Politicians were also consulted for that. 1. intellectuals. Radio. Ministry of finance. This study is conducted by generating primary data as well as secondary data. Local tourist hotel owners. 11 . Secondary information were taken from Nepal tourism Board . 4 Hotel owners of Beni Bazaar and Galeswar. local journalists. It may provide tourism development guideline to set strategies for economic development of the district. Some of them are ignore though were collected through questionnaire method. and 120 tourists' visitors were selected through convenience sampling for interview during the survey period October of 2004.Profiles of VDCs are used to collect the related information and data. Nepal Rastra Bank for required information and data.6 Methodology The research design is case study type. The primary data and information is taken by questionnaire and interview method from local tourist hotel. Rate value of average. Data.District profile of DDC Myagdi . policy makers and planners of the district. Data and information have analyzed mainly by descriptive method. tourist visitors' .

This study starts with I) II) III) IV) V) VI) VII) Introduction Review of literature Research methodology Tourism overview on National level General outline of study area Tourism attraction in Myagdi Tourism in Myagdi VIII) Summery conclusion and recommendations 12 . Magazine. DDC Myagdi. 4) For primary data. responding. Indian and Domestic visitors are excluded. So the study is limited by varies aspects. ACAP office Pokhara. 6) This study focuses on afore mentioned objectives. The study is focused on Myagdi district only. books and booklets. 3) For the field survey. has visited all four-tourist hotel of Beni Bazaar and Galeshwer.7 Limitation of the study The researcher does not have sufficient time and resources for the very deep investigations. 1. The analysis depends on available data and information from local tourist hotel and concern agencies. 5) Period of primary data collection was October and November of 2004. The study is limited by following ways 1) This study focuses on tourism of Myagdi district. field survey and related newspaper.8 Organization of the study The present study includes seven different chapters. 2) The study is depended on available data and information from Tourism Board. Secondary data are used of until 2003.1.

Principles and Practice' besides economic benefit to a country. The activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations facilities catch their needs. it takes employment opportunities for local population. according to Hunziker and Krapt: it is the sum of the phenomenon and relationship arising from the travel and stay of non-residents in so for as they do not lead to permanent residents and has not connected with any earning activities.CHAPTER -II REVIEW OF LITERATURE The word 'tourism' is derived from French word 'tourisme' consists of all those aspects of travel through which people learn about each other's way of life. It has economic importance helps to reduce economic inequalities. It enables the wealth earned in the part of the country to be transferred in part to another. It means tourism is a temporary travel and staying in any place by people. Tourism is defined and explained various ways. by way of earning foreign exchange and employment generation tourism also makes a tremendous contribution to the improvement of social and political understanding. As the dictionary of universe. 2060 BS. Travel in different countries foster a better rapport between people's in various stocks. Bhatia(2000 AD) further explains in his 'Tourism Development. it is a highly labor intensive industry. Being a service industry. It is temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence. for the fun of traveling or just to tell others that he has traveled. To be tourist there should be journey from own native place. the tourist is a person who made journey for the fun of curiosity. (Dahal. Personal international contacts have always been an important way of spreading 13 . in this way tourist is that who travel and goes to journey without their compulsion for satisfaction and pleasure.) According to Bhatia (2000 AD) .tourism is also being recognized as a source of employment.

Tourism is those an important means of promoting cultural exchange and international cooperation. As mass phenomenon and essentially social nature. a ship or a train. These three basic components of tourism are transport locale and accommodation. There are those who seek the wilderness and solitude. Travel exercises very healthy influence on international understanding and appreciation of other people's life. both in the use it makes of time. according to Bhatia. The holiday destination may offer natural attractions like sunshine. a tourist must have some kind of accommodation. space. educational and political significance as well. After having reached destination. (Bhatia 2000 AD). ix). This mode of transport may be motor cars. Accommodation is another basic component. A tourist in order to get its destination has to travel and therefore some mode of transport is necessary for this. it is an important human activity of great significance in addition to economic significance it has sociocultural.ideas about other cultures. and its relationship with the production of goods and services. airplane. The locale may be used to include the holiday destination and it offers to the tourist. three of when may be considered as basic. Physical space may be thought of as a component for. which provides him food and sleep. water and the 14 . the attractions of tourism are. largely. coach. tourism can longer be viewed as a triangle activity. scenic beauty or sporting facilities etc at these attractions. According to Robinson. which enables travelers to reach his predetermined destination. scenario or landscape is a compound of landforms. (Bhatia 2000 AD) Tourism those is highly complex phenomenon. geographical in their character. which is essential for providing food and rest. Location and accessibility are important. Tourism has become one of the pivotal concerns of nations and of the international community (Bhatia 2000. The experiences gained through travel have a profound effect upon the life of the individual as well as open society as a whole. Tourism is a package of activities consists certain components.

three basic components of tourism namely. cultural tourism(archaeological. firstly. fishing. Climatic conditions.vegetation and has an aesthetic and recreational value. locale and accommodation. In addition to.1995). Man's impact on the natural landscape in the form of his settlements historical monuments and archeological remaining is also a major attraction. secondly for sporting purposes. These elements predispose towards tourism development. scientific tourism etc) (ICIMOD. domestic tourism. scenery. rafting etc). in relation to birds watching or viewing game in their natural habitat. there are certain elements or ingredients of tourism. 15 vi) accommodation conference . especially in relation to the amount of sunshine. These elements which are the fundamental attractions of tourism are i) pleasing weather ii) scenic attractions iii) historical and cultural factors iv) accessibility v) Amenities (Bhatia 2000 AD). e. general observation) . historical sites)and eco-tourism (birds and wild life watching. Those kinds of activities are classified as types of tourism. fishing and hunting. Tourism sector covers very vague scope of traveling activities. A type of tourism is classified as Dahal Om Prasad in his work 'Rural tourism'(2060BS) as international tourism. photography. style and activities in that field. Animal life may be an important attraction. So there are various kinds of purpose.transport. recreational tourism (mountaineering. an artistic expression etc provides valuable attractions to many. Finally. one could classifying tourism into four general types namely leisure tourism (shopping. Although there is no one accepted way of classifying different types of tourism. temperature and participation are of special significance. a variety of cultural features ways of folklore. It is classified as 1) Eco-tourism 2) Recreational Tourism 3) Cultural and Religious Tourism 4) Historical Tourism 5) Agro-Tourism6)Adventure Tourism 7) Health Tourism 8) Sports Tourism 9) Business and Tourism 10) Space Tourism etc.g. trekking. Tourism also classified based on purpose and destination.

To some it means ecologically sound tourism. The definition varies from a description of nature tourism to a broader definition whereby not only the activities of the tourists are involved but also elements such as the conservation of eco-system and sustainable development (Kunwar. Recently the concept of eco-tourism has gained much ground.tourism is nature travel that advances conservation and sustainable development efforts.tourism concept has led to a concept based on the desire to have ideal tourism term like most be and should be in these definitions indicate this desire. It seems that the development of the eco. 1997) "Eco.For tourism and natural areas. it is synonymous with nature tourism. The natural beauty of Nepal." Eco. has not been subject to 16 .tourism is both the things but it must go a step further.tourism seems to be a catchword that means many things to many people. There is however almost no indication on what ideal is and how the development of this ideal situation should be organized (Kunwer. especially in the northern half of the country that possesses many natural wonders. eco-tourism is introduced and usage of this concept is simple to understand. Prof. 1997). To others.The concept of mountain tourism highlighted by study of ICIMOD on mountain enterprises and infrastructure at the title of "Mountain tourism in Nepal" as that mountain tourism would be composed of recreational tourism. The scope for enlarging the tourism sector to generate more income and employment is believed to be enormous. Lars eric Indblad.tourism. Eco. In the past few years. recently a new concept.According to father of eco. including import substitution industries.tourism is a multi disciplinary equity approach where all disciplines can be allies rather than inevitable adversary and can avoid negative dimensions" Recent evidence further reveals that Nepal's capacity to realize the full benefits from tourism are below optimum. primarily because of the overall low level of development in the country. Eco. many definitions of eco-tourism have been introduced. It must be a force for sustaining natural resources. cultural tourism and eco-tourism.

Proper planning can help link mountain development with tourism development. Many lessons have been learned from tourism activities in the hill and mountain areas. Another related problem is the lack of integration of mountain development and mountain tourism. the scarcity value of such resources should be high. Although trekking and mountaineering tourism have had visible positive effects in terms of employment and income generation. tourism has also generated negative effects that are serious in some areas. Mountain tourism is but one important dimension of overall mountain development. theoretically.1995) 17 .development. however. In order to realize greater benefits from tourism and to minimize its negative effects in the mountain areas.2) The main reason for the low returns from tourism in the mountain areas has been due to an under-valuing of the environmental resources that the mountains harbor. Tourism development in the mountain areas should not be undertaken in isolation from mountain development. past mistakes should not be repeated while developing new areas for trekking and mountaineering tourism. Tourism development in these 'niche' of natural wonders can generate income and employment to mitigate the rampant poverty of such areas.(Baskota K1995. and the scope for providing income and employment in the mountain areas can be greatly enhanced. Given that the mountain environment is endowed with unique resources. and other forms of development. a need to exercise caution in the development of the fragile environments of the hills and mountains. environmental conservation has to be the guiding philosophy of overall mountain development. thus. Hence. including trekking. The benefits resulting from tourism have also not spread widely due to poor planning of tourism development. it should be conserved for future generations. 1995) There is. Many of these resources are unique and have no substitute. ( ICIMOD. so that. mountaineering. it is necessary to see mountain areas in terms of their different environmental resources and their economic value. (Baskota and Sharma .

Remedial actions and a code of conduct have been formulated. This has not helped local people to realize greater benefits from tourism. The mountain environment cannot be expected to sustain the continuous growth of tourism.The economy and environment of the mountain areas need to be developed in a well-integrated manner. it is hard to say where people first started traveling to enjoy the Mother Nature. nor has the effects on the environment been monitored. on the carrying capacity continues to occur indicates the failure of existing policies or their ineffective enforcement. Furthermore. which gave rise to tourism as one of largest industries in the world. The important point here is that one person's enjoyment becomes the livelihood for others. or excess stress. The complementary nature of environment and investment has to be studied and planned. 1995). effective policy and institutional frameworks are necessary to conserve the environment as well as to promote income and employment in such areas. Benefits have been realized primarily in terms of income and employment but more significant benefits based on the value of the environmental resources remain to be realized. 1995) Human History of traveling very old and probably immemorial. The concentration of tourists in some mountain pockets. in some mountain areas visited by the tourists. Thus. tourism management is entirely absent. The capacity of the environment to sustain economic development in the mountains has to be better understood. 2000) 18 . the seasonal nature of mountain tourism. (Bhatia. but the fact that negative impacts. (Baskota K and Sharma B.The benefits derived from mountain tourism have also been wanting. and lack of integration of tourism with the local economy are important issues that warrant concern about the distribution of benefits from tourism. (Baskota k and Sharma B. However with increased urbanization and the introduction of faster mode of transport coupled with or raised in the west.

pilgrimage and conquest. Marco polo. (Bhatia 2000). official tourist organization at the national and international level was established in most of the European countries. 2005) Until the First World War. travel was still the privilege of small segment o the society. Vastodagama and Sir Francis Drake were few names who extended the horizons of the word. Geographers and others in 1970 turned largely to amazing the impact upon 19 . It provided several billion dollars for the reconstruction of hotel and tourism infrastructure of Western Europe. Tourism for the first time was viewed as an engine for economic development. Carlson (1980) studied tourism under the topic of "Geographical research on international and domestic tourism. Travel became the means of acquiring culture in Europe." According to him. The Marshal Plan that was introduced by USA for the revival of the European countries made tourism ones of its plans. Various writers have studied about tourism in the global prospective Alvar W. Europe lay in ruins. After the Second World War. The main motivations were trade. The First World War had kept the people in the cabin and confined for four years. Another by the product of The Renaissance was the spirit of adventure and discovery as the new motivation for travel. (Wagley 2000). Because of it obstructed travel in the inter-war years. The Renaissance aroused a new spirit of inquiry. That era of organized tourism had started. The tradition of grand tour when started in the seventeenth century by the aristocracy of Europe was more firmly established in the 18th century and 19th century by the emergence of alleviant mercantile classes. After that. travel for pleasure stated thereby transformation of travel into tourism began. which has become important at all levels of economic development. to be primarily an economic activity. Tourism was considered by academician.Men since antiquity have been innovative traveler in ancient times. tourism is a worldwide industry. Columbus. for decades. (Wagley.

The study also highlighted tourism industry having great prospects in Nepal. The magnificent mountain mass of the Himalayas is lure for not only world's mountaineers but also representation of fundamental asserts to recreational use and an important factor for cultural tourism. It explained cultural heritages for tourism attracting as a important resources for tourism in Nepal. Problems and Prospects. has identified the basic problems of tourism in Nepal. It is those unique with features some of earths most spectaculars tourist attractions. The mid-altitude region set against the Snow-capped peaks and comprising the traditional zone of cultural and civilization after a scenic potential suitable for recreation oriented tourism. a few dozens of dialects. The study has observed that the average growth rate of tourist arrival in Nepal from 1975 to 1997 20 . D. Nepal display an environmental spectrum of unmatched variety ranging from the tropical Jungle belt to high alpine region abandoned of extremely scenic landscape embarrassing richly varied wealth of recreational resources. dissertation Tourism in Nepal. Cultural resources of potential use for tourism exists though in less spectacular. The common goal is careful planning of future tourism development. owing the geographical setting. Shrestha (1999) in her Ph. Tourism Master Plan (1972) highlighted potentiality tourism in Nepal as scenery beauties of the natural environment are regarded. a combination of northern and southern Asian culture representing no less than six major ethnic streams. The study for the Tourism Master plan (1972) shows given the present situation where more than 90 percent of all international visitors are attracted by cultural potential of Katmandu valley concludes that cultural tourism playa the most important role in Nepal.cultures and the physical environments of the destinations areas. The master plan explained about plenty ness of recreational resources in like mountain range and scenic beauties. three major languages and two religions. Cultural tourism is another potential sector of tourism in Nepal. as it is new raw material for tourism.

100 million 1950.27 percent per annum. 21 .04 percent in 1975 to 0.is 7. The receipt from international tourism was us $ 2.1998). They now constitute a higher proportion value of world export than all sectors other than crude petroleum products and motor vehicles parts/accessories (the Qsoblal tourism forecast to the year 2000 AD beyond. The income from has tented to increase at a higher rate than merchandise exports in a number of international tourism was US $2.635 thousand in 1997 with an average annual growth of about 700 percent' world tourism organization (WTO) forecasts the number of international arrivals is expected to reach 2010. 265 million in 1997 with an increment of 12.e.265 million in 1997 with an increment of 12.1 percent annual growth rate (WTO.07 percent in 1997. activities it develops as an important part of economics sector not remain only cultural recreation matters. By increment of tourism. 'International Tourism' receipts grow faster than world trade (i. it provides more stable earnings than primary products. Nepal's share in international arrival rose from 0. the highest numbers of visitors come from India while arrival from other SAARC countries is around 1 percent or even less than that. That increased to US$ 448. It reveals that Nepal has not been able to promote regional tourism and has relied on heavily only a few countries.100 million 1950. That increased to US$448. 1998 AD). As regards that arrival from SAARC countries.91 percent to 9. 282 thousand in 1950 to 616. the share of South Asia has increased from 5.1 percent annual growth rate (WTO. On the other hand. The receipts from international tourism can provide a valuable source of earnings for many countries are the developed as well as developing. The international tourists arrivals increased from 25. the world 1995 vii). commercial services and merchandise exports) in 1980. Although tourism is sensitive to the level of economic activity in the tourism generating country.27 percent during the same period.

regional.as rich cultural heritage .The receipts from international tourism can provide a valuable source of earnings for many countries are the developed as well as developing. 'Tourism prospect in Nepal ' (Chetana august 1978). the temples dedicated to varies deities . the breath taking 22 . Many countries commence fostering the development of tourism encouraged by the high increases and potential benefits that accrue from tourism through increased income opportunities and fact that earnings in tourism can gradually impose the balance payment (Nepal:TourismMasterPlan. The income from has tented to increase at a higher rate than merchandise exports in a number of countries. in terms of economic volume. There is how almost an assured channel financial flows from the richer country to the not so richer and developing ones raising the volumes export earnings and rate of economic growth. Although tourism is sensitive to the level of economic activity in the tourism generating country.2060BS. 'Marketing of tourism is to be understood as systemic and coordinated execution of business policy foresight undertakings whether or state owned at local. Pilgrimage of Nepal (1979) has related tourism to the touristy blessing . it provides more stable earnings than primary products. reports that the mystery filled art and cultural stupidities. national or international level to achieve on appropriate return (Dahal. the challenge of the snowy height of Himalayas and the lure of the peaceful hidden valleys of Nepal are becoming a source of special fascination for many countries of the world ". worlds biggest and fasted growing exports industry. the national splendors.1972). The Bhatia highlights the economic significance tourism. so we can say that Nepal has a enormous potential resource for tourism development.32) Tourism has been growing at outstanding ratio in the recent years and now.

Since 1962. The most popular tourist activities have been pleasure and trekking. More important has been the culture of the people.airlines and the best of the other service sector. Nepal has always been a tourist destination. His study concluded with the view that although tourism is recent phenomenon in Nepal. This has been possible because of existence of interesting and unique things and experience in the country. Kayasth (1979) pointed out that natural as well as man made beauty and wild life are major attraction for the majority of tourist visiting in Nepal . (Dhakal. He pointed out that majority of tourists come for pleasure and sightseeing purpose. the ageless monuments there entire combine to make it a wonderful museum beneath the blue dome sky . no foreigners were allowed to visit Nepal without the permission of the Rana rulers. 23 . travel and trekking agencies . 1997). A study made by Burger (1978:5) state tourism in Nepal is of rather recent origin. The tourist industry comprises of hotel. Nepal is famous for the highest mountain in the world along with other high mountain. the number of tourist arrivals has grown at an average rate of 20 percent per annum and more than 80 percent of the tourist arrived in the country by air and 20 percent arrived by road. Before 1950.monasteries . The pointed out that Europe had been the major tourist generator for Nepal in 1975. The most important finding of his study was that only one out of six tourists who visited India also visited Nepal. He indicated that more than 10000 tourist arrived Nepal in 1976. it has grown at an astonishing rate. The further revealed that the purpose of out going Nepalese tourists to south Asian countries has been found particularly for business and official work. historical cities and wide range of geographical diversities within very limited land area.

Economic survey (1998-99) shows that for the period of one year, 1997, there was an increase of 7.2 percent with the total numbers of tourist traveling to Nepal reaching 421857. It is estimated that there was an increase in total tourist arrivals by 9.9 percent with 463484 visitors in 1998, while the average length of stay of tourist was 10.5 days in 1997, it is estimated that it had risen to 10.5 days in 1998. According to WTO Report (WTO:1998) the number of visitors has increased from 25 billion in 1954 AD to 617 million in 1997 and tourism revenue has grown from US $ 2.1 billion in 1950 to US $448 billion in 1997. Karki (The Rising Nepal 2000- Aug.) finds the following major point regarding to the tourism. The number of tourist arrival in Nepal since 1975, has gone up from 92440 in 1975 to 162897 in 1980 with an average annual growth rate of 7.21 percent Tourist arrival by air has also increased significantly from 78995 in 1975 to 442124 in 1999 with an average annual growth rate of 7.22 percent. Annual growth rate of tourist has fluctuating. A study of number of tourists' arrival growth rate and duration of their stay in Nepal reveals that their arrival in Nepal has varied from year to year. By the end of 1997, such arrivals have increased by 9.9 percent and in the following year-end of 1998, growth dropped to 6.0 percent to the total number of tourist arrival to 491504 at the end of 1998. At the following year-end 1999, the growth in tourist arrival estimated to have further slide down by 9.1 percent to 447000. As regards the tourist stay it averaged 12.8 days in 1998 with the marginal drop to 12 days in 1999(Economic survey-2001) The preceding paragraphs reveals that tourism is one of the popular activities from ancient time to present that affects the economic as well social life of the people of the particular destination and country. It is, therefore, relevant to study the tourism in Myagdi, which have prosperous tourism resources and potentialities.

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CHAPTER-III
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The research design is case study type. Data, information and facts are used both primary and secondary types. The primary data and information is taken by questionnaire and interview method from local tourist hotel, tourist visitors and related government and private agencies or organizations. Sampling survey method is applied. Table graphs pictures rate value of average, percentage, and mean and linear correlation, regression models and statistically tests are used. Approaches of analysis are both quantitative and qualitative type.

1. Selection of the study area
Myagdi district is purposely selected for this study. It is located region of Dhaulagiri mountain range, surrounded by famous tourism area in Nepal like ACAP area, Mustang, Dolpa and Dhorpatan. It lays on the routes of Annapurna round, Dhaulagiri round, Dolpa, and Mustang and Dhorpatan treks. Myagdi have immense prospective and bright future in tourism point of views. There are plenty of other attraction, scenic viewpoint, cultural and religious heritages, Natural beauty and Historical places etc. The researcher is a residence of this area. He has spent whole life up to now in this area.

2. Nature and types of study
This study is both descriptive and exploratory in nature. Adequate efforts have been made to gather information from varies relevant sources and field.

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3. Research design
The research design of the study is case types of tourism sector in Myagdi . To get the reliable primary information required for the study. Questionnaires were prepared for field survey.

4. Sources of data
This study is based on primary and secondary data and information. Primary information collected from fieldwork. The tools of the data collection are questionnaires interview and discussion are applied. The sources of primary information obtained by using structured questionnaires with.
a) Hotel and Lodge owners of Beni and Galeswer Bazaar.

b) Tourists visitors Altogether, four Hotel Lodge owners and 120 tourists visitors are been interviewed during the field survey period October and November of 2004. The respondents are done through convenience sampling in the area. The respondents also selected to find pattern, main purpose, destination and satisfaction level of visitors. Further more additional information has been taken following source for secondary information. a) Hotel and lodge records
b) Local intellectuals c) Tourism Board Office, Bhrikuti Mandop, Kathmandu d) ACAP Office ,Pokhara

Other information are consulted from Ministry of Tourism, National annual statistical report of Tourism department , report of Nepal Rastra Bank, National Planning Commission and Ministry of Finance, Office of District Development committee ,Myagdi, profiles of DDC and VDC, local journals and news paper, library text , local intellectuals and professionals.

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5. Methods of primary data collection
The primary information is collected from Hotel and Tourists visitors in Beni Bazaar and Galeshwer of the Myagdi district. The required information also been collected through the used questionnaires, interviews four hotel and 120 tourists responded are chosen during the survey period. Convenience sampling is used for selection of respondents.

6. Data analysis and interpretation
Data and information obtained from the field have been thoroughly reviewed to avoid the problems and ambiguities. Both quantitative and qualitative information are analytically presented. The data are presented in table. For analysis using simple statistical tools such as average, percentage frequencies etc. simple correlation and regression models are applied to calculate relative two variable data and fitting the trend line to predict relative effect. Likewise, qualitative information's are presented in pre-used form in simple way. Only relevant information are presented in the report to be more specific and consisted with objectives of the study. Following Regression model formula are applied.
Y = a + bX

Where Y= Dependant variable X = Independent variable a and b = Regression parameters

∑ X ∑Y − ∑ X ∑ XY Then a = N ∑ X − (∑ X )
2 2 2

b=

N ∑ XY − ∑ X ∑ Y N ∑ X 2 − (∑ X )
2

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Field works no easy task.The correlation co-efficient of two variables x and y: rxy = [∑ X 2 ∑ XY − N X Y − N ( X ) ][∑ Y − N (Y ) 2 2 2 ] Where. there was not available expected information. Questionnaires form were filled by themselves .some information were not cleared. Experiences during the field work Reliable primary information could not obtain without field visits. Often they used to refer to another agency for but they were also referred. When researcher reached to concern agency. 28 . Some visitors denied filling up that feeling fear ness. Researcher should be succeeding to take helps and support of respondent and concern stakeholders. They were eager to discuss about the sector and sincerely tried to provide available information. Average of X: X = ∑ Average of Y: Y = ∑ X N Y N 7. adequate and up-to-date data. To get required information properly needs to create a favorable situation. When Researcher visit hotel owner with that purpose they were very positive and helpful. There are very difficulties not only to get primary information also secondary information. mood of spot and respondent by researcher attitude and efficiency. They help to motivate tourist respondent to fill up the prepared questionnaire. In the field works creates opportunity to feel live reality of concern sector. experience and opinions. Hotel managers and staffs also were helpful for that. The researcher experienced both happiness and difficulties in the field visits.

Mass tourism started in Nepal when a group of 60 travelers landed in 1955. 2002 the trend of tourist arrival had decreased by 7. 2001. Then. 2001and 2002 respectively. 1993. 2000. 29 . record of tourist arrival in Nepal only 6179 tourists has visited in 1962. The number of tourist visiting in Nepal was increased by 7. There is given in the table data of tourists' arrival Nepal from 1962. 1998 there was an increase of 9. Tourism law and policy introduced. In 2000. Before 1962. air aviation service was started.2 percent in 1997 as compared to the previous year.1 Numbers of Tourists' arrivals in Nepal After the political revolution of 1950. The number of tourists visiting in Nepal had been increasing until 1999. Nepal becomes open for common foreigners to visits easily.09 percent and 23. Government also started fulfill the institutional requirement and to adopt tourism promotional policy and plan. When the Admund Hillary and Tenjing Norge Sherpa succeeded in Mount Everest expedition in the first time in 1953. there was not management of systematic recording of tourists' arrivals activities in the country.During the year.CHAPTER-IV TOURISM OVERVIEW ON NATIONAL LEVEL 4. As the beginning. First aeroplane landed in 1950 on the Gauchar of Katmandu. Those airports developed as international airport later. 22. Nepal became famous allover the world as an attractive destination for Mountaineering. and 12567 in1966. through airways by British Travel agency named 'Thomas cooks and Sons'. The number of tourist visiting Nepal has increased each year except in the year 1989.2 percent. Tourism department Board established in 1962.9 percent with the total number of 463684 tourists traveling Nepal. Tourism activities grew gradually in Nepal.74 percent respectively due to present situation of the country.

1 11. blocked.0 11. and their length of stay. rapidly increasing political instability.1 Tourists' arrivals in Nepal(1962 to 2003) Total Growth By air By land Number rate Number Number 1962 6179 1966 12567 11206 1361 1970 45970 36508 9462 1974 89838 74170 15668 1978 156123 130034 26089 1982 175448 153509 21939 1986 223331 182745 40586 1987 248080 11.6 In 1999 tourist.2 12. 30 .Table 4. mode of transport. The tourists' arrival in 2003 increased but it is not satisfactory.0 12.1 presents tourist arrival in Nepal.0 421243 70261 2000 463646 -5.2 11.9 9.3 325035 38360 1996 393613 8. obviously Maoist insurgency.9 398008 65676 1999 491504 6.0 12.2 254140 39427 1994 326531 11. Tourism and Civil Aviation.1 300496 33857 1993 293567 -12.7 218660 56808 2003 338132 22. The table 4.3 343246 50367 1997 421857 7.5 10.9 10.0 12. arrival increased by 6 percent and 491504 tourists visited Nepal.2 371145 50712 1998 463584 9.5 10.8 207907 32038 1990 254885 6. The total number of tourist arrival in2003 was only 338132.1.1.8 12.7 275438 62694 Source: Ministry of Culture.1 299514 61723 2002 275468 -23.3 11. strikes.0 7.75 percent compared to previous year. The highest number of tourist visited Nepal in 1999 with the number of 491504 tourists. the number is decreased. environment degradation.1 205611 42469 1988 265943 7.9 12. The main causes of decreasing tourist arrivals since 2000 were. etc.2 234945 30998 1989 239945 -9. in 2003 the total tourist arrival was increased by 22.3 10.2004 Year Average Length of stay 13.3 13.7 376914 86732 2001 361237 -22.2 226421 28464 1991 292995 15 257932 25063 1992 334353 14.0 9. conflict.8 13.2 289381 37150 1995 363395 11. If we compare 2003 with 1999.3 11. In addition.

2003 AD According to the above table 4. The given table presents structure of purposive visiting in Nepal from 1999 to 2003 Table 4. 31 . since 2000 situation has been turned to downward in both variables.91 percent others According to these facts. Others etc.28 percent for pilgrimage. Pilgrimage. Holiday pleasure. recreational activities and Holiday pleasure purposed f Tourism are most popular in Nepal.2 Tourist's arrival by purpose of visit Tourists travel with various purpose in the world.2. the best position of growth rate was in 1995 (11. for trekking and Mountaineering purpose 23. during the five-year period 1999 to 2003. Rest visitors are 5.8 percent tourists had come for holiday pleasure purpose.Number of tourist's arrivals and average of staying determine economic yield from tourism. Tourism and Civil Aviation. Trekking and Mountaineering. The lowest point in all indicators is in 2002.45 percent visitors arrived in that period. Tourists come for Nepal more purposes than that for the above purpose they come in significance numbers. Business.2. In this way. 5. Official.96 percent for official visits and 11. However.1. About half portion (48. has shown a turning point to upwards direction.1 Purposive visiting of tourists in Nepal (1999 to 2003) Purpose of visit Holiday pleasure Trekking /Mountaineering Business Pilgrimage Official Others Total 1999 290862 107960 23813 19198 30097 19574 491504 2000 255889 118780 29454 15801 26431 17291 463646 2001 187022 100828 18528 13816 18727 22316 361237 2002 110143 59279 16990 12366 17783 58907 275468 2003 97904 65721 19387 21395 21967 111758 338132 Total 941820 452568 108172 82576 115005 229846 1929987 Average(%) 100 Source: Ministry of Culture. 4. In 2003. The general trend of tourist arrival in number was positive increment and average staying was nearly constant in average term. The largest number of tourist arrival is 491504 in 1999.6 percent for Business purpose.5 days in 1996.3 percent) and longest stay time was 13. 4.8 percent). 48. In Nepal purposes of visitors are classified as.

In Nepal.3 Economic contribution from tourism The most important economic benefit of tourism is the earning of foreign exchange among others.8 As percent of total value of merchandise exports 3 50.5 In million As percent of total foreign exchange earning 5 17.1 3. Tourism provides a valuable source of earning for many countries both developed and developing.6 12167. the holyday pleasure recreational tourism is related to mountains.2 9521.6 15.4 17. Tourism is sensitive business but it provides more stable and inelastic earning of foreign exchange as compared to other primary products.8 3. Mountain resources are center point of almost tourism activities in Nepal. This shared 2. Mountain: high Himalayan and hills are very significance resources for tourism in Nepal.3 13.1 Foreign exchange earning from tourism year Total foreign exchange earning from tourism 2 8973.8 47.2 15.9 As percent of GDP 6 4. 11747. tourism being very important in economic aspect.9 34. Rs.9 37.3 3.3 21. It reveals nearly one forth portion of tourists come for the purpose.2 percent in total foreign exchange earning in the fiscal year 2002/03.7 17.3. it has multiple effect in national economy.Tourists come for that.0 3. The income from tourism has higher rate of increment than merchandise export in many countries.6 percent in GDP and 8.6 1 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 .6 35. 4.2 8523.45 percent) seem trekking and mountaineering. With trekking and mountaineering. Second popular tourism activities (23. Table 4.0 9881. in both developed and developing countries like Nepal. Sight seeing to panoramic natural beauty of Himalayans and geographical diversities.8 23.7 was obtained in that year.1 32 As percent of total value of exports of goods and non-factor services 4 21.4 18.

the highest amount.5 Source.1 2.3.9 24. That justify by following table.0 10.4 Trend of tourist inflow regional level As the Tourism point of view Myagdi district is a domain part of Annapurna conservation area. In 2001/02 that was declined in lowest point of indicator.2 Gross Foreign Exchange Earning in convertible Currencies 2001vs 2003 year Rs (000) Us$(000) percent change in us $ 2001 10468205 140276 2002 8300553 106822 -23. Despite increasing.0 12. The year of 2002 is the most dismal for tourism sector.3 Source: Nepal Rastra bank. Since 2003 has started to take over showing. Tourism sector has been adversely affected by internal conflict as the table.9 2. The economics aspects in above tables Nepal could not take expected benefits.7 23.0 8.The Beni bazaar of Myagdi district is a very important point of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri round trekking rout.0 2001/02 8654.3 14. Tourist inflow in this area: ACAP.1999/00 12073. Tourism and civil aviation. As the natural characteristics of Nepal.2 18.8 percent. Ministry of culture.This sector has not been yet major source of GDP of the country. Pokhara andMyagdi is 33 .8 2003 14508396 192832 +80. Table 4.1 2003/04 7166.8 7.0 21.1 27. 4. 2004 AD 13.9 2002/03 11747.6 15. Tourists inter here through Pokhara and ACAP area .1 3.1 percent).2 9. earning is 11216 in 1998/99 year and largest portion sharing to GDP is in 1994/95 year (4.5 By the observation of above table. tourism sector should be developing as leading sector in Nepalese economy. positive trends turned 80. the amount of earning from tourism but the sharing portion to GDP is decreasing.4 6.1 8.2 2.3 percent positive change in that year.2 2000/01 11717. 2003 AD The income from tourism in us dollar was declined by 23. There should lot efforts to be that.6 1.

Nepal.Almost trekkers come to ACAP area.2003 21568 20815 14865 17698 74946 By the table. ACAP Office Pokhara .1% Trekkers in Mustang Nepal Pokhara 1994 325631 59201 1995 363395 63782 1996 393613 86504 1997 421857 92717 1998 463684 103895 1999 491504 105546 2000 463646 95095 2001 361237 77853 2002 275468 50533 Total 3560035 735126 Percent 100% 20.65 % Source. Pokhara and Mustang.Pokhara and ACAP area. which are native region of Myagdi. It shares remarkable portion in GDP and foreign exchange earning.So to analyze the trend of tourism flow of Myagdi district should be observed tourist flow of this native region: ACAP.45%/61. 4. 4.Now a days 34 . .1 Comparative feature of tourist flow in this region (Trekking group) Year Tourists in Tourists in Trekkers in Nepal 76865 84787 88945 91525 112644 107960 118780 100828 59279 841613 23.4. possesses highly potentiality in the tourism but it is not exploited satisfactorily yet .interrelated . Table 4.6%/100% Trekkers in ACAP Area 44733 50012 52399 54078 65587 67371 76398 65313 38277 514168 14. According to Nine years data in above table averagely 20. are most popular and important in the country.65 percent tourists visit Pokhara out of total visitors in the country and 61 percent trekkers visit ACAP area out of total trekkers in Nepal.4.1 shows that significant portion of tourists visit Pokhara out of total visitors of the country.5 Conclusion Tourism is an important sector for economic development of the country. Most of them are trekkers of mount Annapurna and Dhaulagiri circuit. visitors of those regions could be attracted to neighboring District Myagdi by effective promotional activities.

tourism inflow of Myagdi is directly affected by tourism inflow of that area. therefore.tourism activities are adversely affected since 2000 by the region of internal violent conflict. 35 . ACAP or Pokhara area is major region for tourist inflow in the country. Myagdi is domain area of that as tourism point of view.

Map of Myagdi District 36 .

there need to take over view on whole dimension of the district before enter into one particular sector. Baglung (south).06sq.It is stated 782 m.k. the geographical pattern is structured by 8 percent plain valley. Being interrelationship among every sector of society. 5.m. 37 . a slight observation is given to general outline of Myagdi district. It is located 83008' to 83053'est longitude and 28020' to 28047' north altitude .1 Geography 5. Parbat and Kaski (in the east). It covered 2297.M. 40 percent forest 45 percent non-arable land. Rukum (west) and Dolpa and Mustang (north) are neighboring districts of Myagdi. The selected area is a part of the country and selected field is an important aspect of social and economic sector in the district as well as the nation. 56 percent high hill and 36 percent Himalayan Mountain. far from Kathmandu and 80 km from Pokhara to the west. There includes geographical-natural. to 8167 m.1 Location The Myagdi district lies in Dhaulagiri zone and Western Development Region . which mostly affects tourism of district.1. Therefore. out of that.CHAPTER-V GENERAL OUTLINE OF STUDY AREA This chapter presents the tourism aspect of Myagdi district. The total land used pattern is 15 percent land arable with 5 percent grassland.District headquarter Beni Bazaar is 290 K. height (Dhaulagiri-I ) from sea level. social-economic and infrastructural development aspect.

Annual average rainfall 2960 mm maximum to 407 mm minimum and temperature goes up to 36° c. it provides the habitat of many flora and fauna.The northern parts of the district lies in the high Himalayan area.Myagdi River is a major river. temperate and alpine climate .Myagdikhola and KaliGandaki have revering valley.3 Climate: There are much variation in altitude and topography resulting variation in climate also. There are five land system and 27 land types in the district. The identification.The 'land use' map of the district shows the usage of spatial areas for different purposes. species. approximately. which follows west to east in lower part. types.1.2 Topography Myagdi district is a highly mountainous district and deeply dissected by river and Streams. 5. All mountain ridges fall under temperate climate zone. 34. which has subtropical climate. Middle mountain zone occupies very small area of the district. From biodiversity point of view. mid temperate and alpine climate zone. As the land use map.5.4 Land system and utilization In the district 36 percent. genies is still under quarry. 56 percent in transition zone and rest in Middle Mountain. The district lies mainly in the transition zone .1.67 percent land 38 . Topographically. 5. it is subdivided into sub-tropical. The district name derived from the river.1. High peaks falls under alpine climate. The major climate types include subtropical.It is the meeting point of western and eastern vegetations types. Mountain slope lying in southern and northern parts of the district with 1000m to 2000m altitude has mid temperate climate. land area lies in high Himalayan zone.

34 Bush/shrub land 199. Remaining land is of different usage such as glacier.01 1. Topographically.18 26.74 Rocks 16.27 8. 1) Subtropical forest 39 .00 1.Jest (1970).2.86 Water bodies 4.33 Land slide Area 4.21 percent are bush/shrub land in the district.10 Grass land 372. wasteland. 5.70 0.39 0. 10.1.01 16.02 Ice/Rocks 603. swamp.4.71 Ponds/lakes 0.27 percent are grassland. In altitude allows diverse vegetation pattern in the district.33 0.1. 27.31 Forest land 793.01 Waste and Barel land 30. and landslide area. 16.01 Swamp 0.18 100 5.2059 BS percent Distribution 10.1 Types of natural vegetations in the district There are four types of vegetation in the district. and 8.2 Natural resource: 5. water bodies.21 Sandy area 25. the land of the district is not suitable site for growth of vegetation but diversifications.43 0.1 Land utilization pattern Land use description Area sq.km Cultivated land 229.F.67 0.09 percent are ice rocks area. Natural vegetation described here is based on the technical report prepared by J.13 0.2.areas are forests.24 Glacier land 9.16 Total Area 2288. Land utilization pattern derived from land resource mapping project (LRMP) map is as follows Table 5.Dobremaz and C.01 percent are cultivated land.71 34.1 Forest and Vegetation Forest has occupied more than 34 percent of the total area of the district.04 Source: Resource mapping report of Myagdi district.

4) Alpine forest 40 . Lulang and Mudi VDC. Abies spectabills and Betula utiis. Prominent species fall under the type include Junipers. This forest is found in Gurja. Likewise such types of forest is also found in belt starting from middle of Ghasa and Dana and extending along the KaliGandaki river up to Beni. wallichil. 2) Temperet forest (2000m-3000m upto m) Such types of forest are situated in area with precipitation of less than 1000m per year. indica and Engelhard species.Cnderella.tana andAbizzia mollies and Macarena postulate. Some of the notable vegetaton includes Rhododendron specxies.a) Subtropical riverain forest (1000-2000m) These types of forest are found in a narrow belt starting from middle of Durbang and extending along Myagdi River up To Beni.Ouergus lamellosa.The main species consists of Altus . Dukhukhola and Dang khola sub watershed. Thulo salleri Ban of Ghatan is a prominent one in the district. 3) Sub alpine forest Sub alpine forest is situated between 3000m-4000m altutudes. c) Pinus roxburghil forest Pure of Pinus Roxburgil is found an altitude below 1600m. which encountered in southern aspect of Arje khola.castanopsis . The main species consists of schema. b) Sub tropical wet forest These types of forest are found at altitude between 1000m and 2000m with precipitation of more than 2500 mm per year. It is found towards the southern parts of Raughat khola . Nepalensis.

Sublatum.The vegetation is composed mainly of Graminaceae and cyperaceae. grandiflora.1 Vegetation classification based on Geographic S. 41 .2003AD 5. which also. kurroa. Herbal aromatic as well as medicinal and other cash forest products are the major ingredients of the non-timber forest products. Resin.characid.( Source: Ashok Baniya) a) Medicinal plants Major plants species found in this districts are piccrorhiza.2. auntrale b) Other cash income generating plants Daphne spps Edgeworthia. rheum. dactylorhiza.3 Non-timber forest products (NTFP) NTFP.1.Taxol. sinensis. known as minor forest products are found abundantly in the district.N.Alpine meadows exist towards the south of Dhualagiri Himal at elevation between 3500m and 5000m. Maxima.swertia. 5. Thysanolaena. cordyceps.2.girardinia diversifolia.1. Table 5.1. paris polyphylla.2. Nardostachys. aconitum.DDC.SDP Report. 1 2 3 4 Forest type Conifer Conifer broadleaf broadleaf Mixed Mixed shrubland Geographic zone High Mountain Mid mountain High Mountain Mid mountain High Mountain Mid mountain Area(he) 10979 836 11572 30071 22909 3588 4497 Total area(h) 11813 41643 26497 4497 84452 Total Source: Ashok Baniya.2. Hatagirca. Amomum. condition.Myagdi.2 Types of forest based on species.Allo. delphium.

Its substeam are Mirasti Khola.5. It run north to south throughout the eastern side of the district .GharaKhola etc. Animals Panthera pardus(Chituwa) Panthera uncia Muntiacus muntjak(Ratuwa) Moschus Moschifereous(Kasturi) Predois naur Macaca Mulata( Bander) Presbytis entellus(Langure Bander) Nemorhaedus Goral(Ghoral) Snow panthera pardus( Hiun chituwa) Source:District forest office. It runs north to south up to Darbanga and takes turn west to east from there. The major wild animals and birds are as follows.2.2 Wild animals and birds Myagdi being the diverse microclimate is favorable habitat for many wild animals and birds.3 Rivers: KaliGandaki is a famous river of the country as a main branch of Sapt -Gandaki.The district.4. Beg Khola . Myagdi.2.Raghu Ganga.2059BS Birds Lophophorus Imlejanuas(Danfe) Tragopan Satyra(Munal) Lophura Leucomelana(Kalij) Gallus Gallus (Luinche) Corvus Splendens(Kag) TurdosipNepalensia(Kande Vyakur) 5. Lakes and Pond: 42 . Nearly half parts of the district is covered by its watershed area and origins from Dhaulagiri Mountain Range. Myagdi River is the river names the major river of the district .2. 5.

Mudi VDC-2. In the medieval era.Kharidunga. 5.Silajit. Thousands people come to take bath there in every year for treatments of varies disease from neighboring district too. The slate dunga Khani is running until now.in18 th places are found copper mine in the district .7 Minerals Copper. There are more than14 falls in the district.3 Social /Economic Aspect 43 .Amrke fall lies in Mudi VDC .C.6 George: The Andha Galchhi is the deepest gorge in the world (6987m deep) leis in the Dana V.5 Falls: Rupse falls is famous falls of the district locating in Dana V. There are available other spot of hot spring source: in Ratopani(Shikh VDC).The hot spring (Tatopani-Kund) pond is famous in the district.Dust of Gold is found in the sand of KaliGandaki River. gold was used to search in th sand of KaliGandaki professionally.Slatedunga are major mineral available in the district. far from Beni bazaar.Dova VDC-2.The OkharBot copper mine was run up to some decades ago.D. One of them is Dana Tatopani at the bank of Kali-Gandaki River being a attracting point for foreign and domestic tourists. 5. The Khayar Barah and Gosai lake are famous lake in the district. in Dagnam VDC. which lies in Shikha VDC. on the way of Annapurna trekking circuits.2. Another one is Singha Tatopani at the bank of Myagdi River 10 K.2.they were used in the time of Parbat state.C.M.D. 5. 5. There are two major spot of hot spring and Pond.2.

3.1 percent 28 percent 58. of settlement No.7 year 43.1 Demography and General description Description Total population Male population Female population No.5.). Damai .1. hotel business.1 Population: Table 5.52 per sq/km 9. 5.2 Cast/ religions Myagdi is a home place of various cast and indigenous group. They are engage in agriculture. and others are Brahman . 2059 BS Numbers /percent 11554 53901 61643 579 24671 106544 55.31 Per thousand 1. 58. Thakali. technicians and jobs. Nepali is mother tongue of 98. total number of population showed 115. Most of them are from Mongolian stream specially Magar (45 percent out of total pop. Sarki etc. of household Rural population Population density Crude death rate Crude birth rate Population growth Life expectancy Literacy rate Female Literacy rate Male literacy rate Source: central statistical department.52 per /sq km and total household are 24671 domiciled in 579 settlement. Out of them 53901 are male and 616439 are female with density 55.2 percent According to primary result of the population of census in 2058. industry. chhetry. chhantyal.4 percent 59. Blacksmith.3.6 Per thousand 3.544. The demographical description is presented based on that as DDC profile Myagdi in 2059.83 percent people are economically active out of total population in the district. 44 .3 percent people.Gurung.3. foreign employment. labor.

But the survey of 45 .96.and per-capita income is 9. 1 2.N. 1 3.88 2.47 1. 8.30 17.14. 3. 1 4. 2.40 12.1 Population as tribunal base C. 1 0.27 0.Table 5. 1.000/.79 2.2.20 2.34 0.69 100percent Source: central statistical department 2059 BS 5.08 1.55 5. 7. 9. 6.62. Tribe Magar Chhetry Kami Brahman Damai Mijar Chhantyal Thakuri Newar Thakali Gurung Gitri Others Total Household 11186 4297 2987 1863 1281 712 689 514 363 332 224 67 161 24671 No.000/. 4. 5.3.90 0.3 Income and occupation: According to the Human Development Report of Nepal in 1998 GDP of the district is R 1.3. of population 52350 20110 13971 8719 6017 3332 3224 2405 1698 1554 1048 313 803 115544 percent 45.. 1 1.09 7.

69 1.427 9. indicating lower than average level of human development in the district.79 1. 46 .038 4.DDC Myagdi :show the GDP of the district is Rs.81 0.5 100 Engagement 55607 2000 1101 300 2821 1000 470 241 100 100 1627 1000 8000 74367 percent 74. people are engaged and 0. is given below.34 percent.13 0.1 Sector-wise GDP of District(In Rs 000) Sector GDP Agriculture 650022 Forestry 9000 Animal farming 190000 Mine 800 Industry 102940 Construction 10000 Trade 100000 Hotel and Restaurant 19200 Transport and communication 10000 Housing and finance 50000 Community and Social service 1000 Tourism 6700 Foreign employment 960000 Total 2109662 Source: District profile analysis 2059 by DDC. 5.047 0.3. Myagdi CN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 percent 30.37 0.4 Human Development Statue Myagdi is one of the average districts of Nepal in Human development Index with average economic activities.10.3.74 0.and per-capita 18.19 1. These Marked differences in these indicators are observed.006 0. Myagdi ranked seventeen out of seventy-five district of the country in Human development index (HDI).258/-.63 0. Table 5. A component wise HDI for Myagdi.96.5 percent) is sourced from foreign employment.48 0. In the tourism sector 1.474 2.32 0.474 4.62.8 2.2.91 .879 0.318 percent shared in the GDP of the district.4 3.34 10.8 100 Most people are engaged in agriculture field (74.8 percent) but most part of GDP (45.318 45.34 0.000/.3.13 2. based on the Nepal Human development Report-2004.

416 N (National) 1 Human Development Index 0.652 1 46511 0.429 Source: Human Development Report of Nepal-2004 5.3.Table 5.5 km 5 km 14 km 6 km 6 km 5.4 Infrastructure The economic development of the district depends on the state of infrastructure development in the district. Myagdi is legging behind on that.471 2 Human Development Rank 3 Per-capita Income(in Rs) 17722 4 Income Index 0.498 17 16362 0.1 Transports Myagdi have directly linked of road transports to Pokhara -Kathmandu and Narayanghat –Sunauli.1 Road and foot trials networks in Myagdi district S/N 1 2 3 4 5 6 Name of Roads Baglung-Beni-Jomsom Maldunga-Beni-Jaljala Beni-Ghatan-Pakhapani Arthunge-Pulachaur Ratnechaur-Bhakimly FootTrails (Ghodeto) Routs Baglung-Beni Beni-Galeshwer Galeshwer-Baisary Beni-Babiyachaur Beni-Ghatan Length 18 km 3. Table 5.4. Foot trails way networks dominate district.1.302 75 9192 Status (Myagdi) 0. so here is need to observe on that in various aspect.1 Human Development Indicators of Myagdi S/ Index Parameters Average Highest (Kath) 0.8 km 33 km 24 km 55 km 75 km Part of Trekking Routs Annapurna circits Annapurna circuits Ratnechaur. Beni to BegKhola has started Jeep vehical Service for transport. 5. Myagdi Annapurna circuits Dhaulagiri Cirrcits Destine to DhorPatan Baglung –Beni-Jomsom Roads is under the construction. it directly effects on tourism.590 Lowest (Mugu) 0. It helps to make short the Beni Jomsom 47 .4.Bhakunde Beni -Dana Beni -Pakhapani Beni-Darbang-Lulanga Beni-DarbangLulanga-JalJala Source: District profile analysis 2059 by DDC.4. There is some extension of road transport network in the district.

21. the modern means of communication are available in Beni Bazar: the districts headquarter of Myagdi district. Myagdi 5.4. The telephone service was approached to remote village too. The Beni Babiyachaur Road has made easier to Dhaulagiri Base-Camp Treks .3 Electricity Electricity is a basic infrastructure for development.Tele-phone . before the climax of the conflict. 5.37 percent of populations have facility of electricity.4.6 K.2.3.W.1 Total generated electricity Power in the district 48 . Table 5.2 Communication Communication is very important pre-requisite for development .The Beni-JalJala FootTrails is the approach to DhorPatan hunting conservation area. Only. Without electricity cannot be opened the gate of economic modernization.4.1 Means and quantity of communication Service in the district S/N 1 2 3 Means of service Post Office Wireless Telephone District Post office Area Post office Additional Post office Quantity 1 10 29 4 143 lines 76 25 35 10 STD ISD Fax Email Internet Source: District profile analysis 2059 by DDC.Email –Internet.4.Treks. Total produced capacity of electricity is 2265. State of that facility indicates the stratus of development. Table 5.

4.6 16 2265. Table 5.4.5 Banking and finance 49 .4.C.6 Benefited household 2870 1623 170 386 413 5462 Source: District profile analysis 2059 by DDC. There is immense potentiality of hydro electrical projects from KaliGandaki and Myagdi Rivers.4. Myagdi Power of Tatopani small electricity centre is connected to national grid that benefits most people.D. 5.Bank) Local Petric -Set Solar panel Capacity(kw) 2000 189 20 40. The electricity consumers of micro hydro are in significance portion.4 Health Service In the health sector.1 Health Service Center in the district S/N Kinds of service centre 1 District hospital 2 Primary health center 3 Health posts 4 Sub-health posts 5 Private clinic 6 Aurvedic health care center Source: District profile analysis 2059 by DDC.S/N Source of power Tatopani small hydro electricity central Micro hydro projects by(REDP) Micro hydro projects by(A. Myagdi Number of Service center 1 1 8 30 17 3 5. there is a district level hospital with posts of MBBS medical superintendents in the district headquartering Beni bazaar and at least one sub-health post is available in each V.D.

Available resource and potentiality should be exploited properly in time. the socio-economic condition of people of Myagdi is definitely being upgraded and improved.In the field of finance and Banking sector. 50 . Economically Myagdi is lagged behind in the national average. It is rich in natural resources: like natural beauty. water resources etc. There is need of great efforts to take of economically on developing stage. approach of communication. Minerals. Most peoples are depended on agricultural occupation.LTD. Famous Dhaulagiri Mountain range lies in. Starting of Motor able Road expansion. The state of infrastructural development and social services are in beginning stage. Herbals plants. a finance company. If this sector is developed with vision and plan. but foreign employment is being main source of cash income. 5. electricity distribution. there are two commercials banks: Rastriya Banijya Bank and Nepal Bank Limited. banking and educational service is interrupted now by Maoist insurgency. General outline of Myagdi district presented in previous pages shows that Myagdi has profound potentiality for tourism development. It has wide geographical variation that results of immense bio.5 Conclusion Myagdi is a mountainous district.diversity. wild animals. forest. three saving and credit co-operation P. an agricultural development bank.

Mount Dhaulagiri 51 .

As mentioned before. Several Mountain travelers come for the Dhaulagiri 1st to ascend. some renowned places of the district lies in the routs on Annapurna circuit treks. Only 3 hours travel by motor is enough to reach Myagdi -Beni. not only the district but are in the country as well. Some major features of the resources are taken to observe potentiality of tourism in the district. In addition.1. A famous Himalayan ranges the Dhaulagiri mountain range with world 7th tallest summit the Dhaulagiri 1st of 8167m height lays in the district.1 Adventure Tourism 6.the district headquarter. This chapter is main objective part of the study. There are various types of resources to attract tourists. from the Pokhara . Some glimpses of tourism attractions in the district are presented. This region was famous destinations from the very beginning. eco-tourism. socio-historical tourism and health tourism. There are world famous the 52 . It is near to the tourism city Pokhara.1 Himalayan Peaks Most significant resources of adventure tourism in the district is mountaineering. 6. Royal Dhorpatan hunting reservation area. which is only one hunting reservation area in the country.CHAPTER-VI TOURISM ATTRACTIONS IN MYAGDI There are many tourism attractions in Myagdi. in 13 may 1960 AD.1 Mountaineering 6.1.1. The first try to ascend on the mountain was of French's group in 1950. First successful ascend was made by Swiss International expedition group headed by Max Eiselin with two Nepali Sherpa. some parts of the district lies in ACAP area. The resources are classified as adventure tourism. Dhaulagiri round treks is an attractive destination in the country. Almost parts of the treks lie in this area. also covers some parts of the district to the western side.

1. Table 6.2 Mountain Ridge Middle Mountain Ridge.n Mt. ridges heights 53 .1. Table 6.1. Name of peaks 1 Dhaulagiri-I 2 Dhaulagiri-II 3 Dhaulagiri -III 4 Churen Himal 5 Putha Himchuli 6 Mukut Himal 7 Dhaulagiri-IV 8 Dhaulagiri-V 9 Dhaulagiri-VI 10 Gurja Himal Source: DDC.1. that is a major destination of mountaineering in Nepal.The majors peaks remained in the range are given in table. in hilly region is also so high and amazing.1.1 Major mountain ridges in the district s.n Mt. The Annapurna Mountain is also connected with them. Myagdi 2003 AD Height (in M) 8167 7751 7715 7371 7246 6639 7661 7618 7268 7193 Range Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri Dhaulagiri location Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi Myagdi The Dhaulagiri -I peak is the world 7nth and Nepal's 6nth tallest peak. There are some reputed Mountain ridges in the district. They are potential viewpoint of the district.Dhaulagiri mountain range and peaks. Therefore.1.1. The first conquering on the peak was in 1960 may 13 by Swiss International expedition group headed by Max Eiselin. Major peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna ranges can be looked from almost all hilltop of the district. ridges heights s.N. Mountaineering expedition to the Dhaulagiri range is main attraction for adventure tourism .2.1 Peaks in Dhaulagiri mountain range S. 6.

Myagdi2003 3507m 5724m 3169 3531 Barun Dhuri Sarpang Dhuri Niskot Dhuri Jugja Pahad 3273m 5007 3033 3721 According to Topo-Map of Myagdi Published by. Survey Department of HMG/N. 6. 6.It is a long trekking rout in the country. Beni) of The Annapurna trek circuit also covers the district. There are three major glaciers in the district.1. They are as follows 1)Conaban Glacier.2.3 Glaciers Glaciers are attractions in Himalayan. Dana. Almost portion of total tourists come in the district for trekking. 6. There is immense prospective of short trekking in the district.2 Trekking Trekking is another field of adventure tourism.1. Major routes for trekking in the district are described below.Asman ko Dhuri Raychaur ko Dhuri Malika Pahad Dhuri Bhitribang Dhuri D Source : DDC. which situated in western border of the district pass through the district from Beni bazaar.The main way to go Dhorpatan hunting conservation area. 2) Tsaurabong Glacier 3) Chhonbardon Glacier. Tatopani. About 16 peaks are having more than 7000m height.1.1 Annapurna Circuit: 54 . Main rout of trekking in the district is Dhaulagiri round . There could be great pleasure adventure on crossing more than 5 thousand miter high leveled Dumpuse and French pass near the Dhaulagiri base camp. About 20 peaks having altitude 6000 to 7000 m height and About 20 with 5000m to 6000 m height in Myagdi. Anyone may feels heavenly pleasure into the hidden valley in the Himalayan.1. Some important parts (Ghorepani.

2 Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek The Trekking of Dhaulagiri Circuit is recognized as a part of Annapurna Trekking Area in some parts there used same route in both trekking. Ulleri then they come Ghorepani from eastern side. Mudi are main places on the route.Ghandruk or Nayapul. From Beni journey begins by foot. Who enter from various ways there is another option of Khayar Barah Trek in the route. Two VDCs of the district named Shikha and Narchang lies in the region of Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP). There are available motor transport facilities to cross some parts of district. when trekkers come by bus from Pokhara. restaurants. Tatopani. rhododendron forest. Dhaulagiri round trekking begins from Beni. Poon hill viewpoint. Sikha.2. Ghorepani. Some parts of Myagdi district lies in the region. a rugged spot with same spectaculars view of the western face of Dhaulagiri. Muna. There seem almost tourists' returns through Galeshwor and Beni Bazar to Pokhara. across the glacier Dhaulagiri base camp comes. There are available of number of lodges. hot sprint pond in Tatopani.1. Some famous places lie in the route of the Annapurna circuit trek. Lumle. This flows with Myagdi River to west and north from Mudi. 55 . Singha Tatopani. hotels. Some visitors use route through Beni Bazar along with KaliGandaki bank side. 6.The most famous trekking destination in Nepal is Annapurna region. Tatopani. Dana are famous places in the route. After 3 day traveling from Beni Bazar there comes Italian camp where is located Chhonbarran glacier. Babiyachaur. Annapurna circuit is almost attractive/ popular trekking route in the country. tourists can go directly from Pokhara via Beni Bazar. Darbang. If they want catch vehicle quickly. This route goes to Jomsom north from Dana.Takam. Trekkers when used trekking route from Pokhara to Kande. More than 50 percent trekkers out of total trekkers in the country visit this region. Ghorepani is entry point to Myagdi from the eastern side. Andha Galchhi and Rupse Chhahara of Dana are major attractions in the route.

2 Trekking Through Raghu Ganga to Kalapani from Beni There are some tradition routes having extreme potentiality of modern trek. 6. There has to cross Jalajala Pass which lies in Myagdi district. That route runs through Ghans Kharka. a few extra days to allow for site trips or bad weather are advisable.1. From Jalajala Pass. There are several settles in the valley. view reward with extensive panorama of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri massif. trekkers can reach Marpha or Tukche of Mustang. However. 6. After crossing.From Dhaulagiri base camp the trial crosses French pass which at 5360m is the highest point of the trek. There lies Royal Dhorpatan Hunting Reservation Area. That is relatively shorter than Dhaulagiri Circuit lying near southern face of Dhaulagiri and Mana Pathi. Dhorpatan is situated in a large valley surrounded by a ring of hills. After crossing that. which lie on the way of Annapurna circuit. 56 .2. Trekkers use the same routes of Dhaulagiri trek from Muna to Beni. There are not explored yet as trekking way. one is very amazing route through Ranghu Ganga river valley. This way also used to go and return Dolpa trek. by top of the ridge. Among them. the French there starts fascinating area of hidden valley.2. This route traditionally used by local people to go Mustang.3 Dhorpatan Circuit Dhorpatan is famous destination for tourists. This circuit recognized as 8 or 9 days treks from Tansen to Beni. There are living Tibetan refugees. Duwari crossing high mountain ridge to Kalapani of Mustang. There is another high-level pass Dumpus-Pass roughly 100 m lower than French Pass.1.Pokhara which take at least 3 days time. When returning from Jalajala pass there meet to way of Dhaulagiri base camp trek in Muna VDC of Myagdi. There is unused airport also. Dhaulagiri round trek the minimum time that should be allowed to these itinerary is 18 days Pokhara to Pokhara.

Eco-tourism.1 Ghorepani Ghorpani is a most famous tourism spot in Annapurna region.2 Sight Seeing and Village Tourism There some view points and places from where visitors could fulfill different types of recreational desires by multidimensional tourism activities. It is entry point to Myagdi district. can observe flora. explore and develop several trekking routes within the district.There are many sites to search.1. fauna. Different kinds of tourism activities could occur in a place in a visit like recreational tourism. Village Tourism and Cultural Tourism etc. These potentialities have to explore and highlighted. 6.4 Other Potentiality for Adventure Tourism Mountain biking.2. There are suitable places in the district for adventure tourism. mountain flight. Mountain Race activities can be conducted in the district. 6. There are immense potentiality of eco-trek and village-trek in the district. 6.1. 57 . rock climbing. 6. That may be short and long.3 Rivers for Rafting/Kayaking / Canoeing: There are major three rivers. which lies on the way of Annapurna circuit through Nayapool. and village life style also. which may be used for rafting and kayaking in the district. Myagdi Khola and Ranghu Ganga are suitable for that with sufficient flow and speed of water current. bungy jumping. Some of them are described as below. Any one can watch panoramic scene of Himalaya and landscape. Kalagandaki is the famous river in the country for rafting.

Other parts lie in Baglung and Rukum district. This reservation area covers 1. Main attractions of that place are as follows: Poon Hill— Poon Hill is famous view point for tourists. Most than 16 species of Rhododendron flowers can be found. Anyone can go to Beni from Ghorepani in a single day. It is considered as the largest jungle of Rhododendron in the world. Sikha. 6.Ullery to Tatopani from Pokhara. Village of that community are the attractions for tourists. Paudar. of Myagdi district. 126 km part of Dhorapat lies in Myagdi district. It is as recognized as Dhorpatan Hunting Reservation area which was declared in 1978 by government. Tatopani are native places of Ghorepani. Magar Community:– Main dwellers of Ghorepani are Magars. From there all parts of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna Himalayan range. That is suitable for Jugle safari trek and eco-tour. Life style and local culture.325 sq.D. The northern sections of the walk 58 . It lies in Sikha V. almost all parts of Myagdi. Ghorepani is beautiful village of Magar ethnic group. Flora is typical of middle hill with good strands of forests interspersed with agricultural and pasture lands. There are hotels. It is situated at the height of 3200 m. lodges and restaurant facilities for tourists. Baglung and Parbat district can be viewed. There are facilities of tower and telescope for clear vision. Nagi. Visitors can reach there in a day from Pokhara. Khayabaraha. It takes just 2 / 3 hours to reach there from Ghorepani. Ramche. Phewa Lake of Pokhara. It is situated at 2800 m altitude. Forests: – In Ghorepani there is a large area covered by jungle of Rhododendron. feast and festivals and rituals may impress visitors. km. People of Tibetan origin are living around Dhorpatan.2 Dhorpatan Dhorpatan is a large valley covered by dense forest and grassland. That is the habitat of different kinds of wild animals and birds.C. Khibang are attractive villages in this region.2. Tourists can also watch sunrise from there.

Todke is farther from Beni. It takes 2 days time to reach there from Beni.There are available almost kind of climates. 6. There are available various species of vegetation. It is famous for the vegetable. Dhorpatan is 75km far west from Beni Bazar. red panda and many more common spices. It is home place of famous animals and birds like Kasturee andDanfe. which lies in Pulachour VDC. birds and flora-fauna including numbers of Khola-Nala and 59 . It takes nealy 3 days to reach there from Beni by foot. It is the village of minority Chhantyal community.C. mammals. The world famous Guranshe Ban (rhododendron forest) is remained here.3 Gurja Khani Gurja village is located far west from Beni.3 Eco-Tourism Myagdi district is very suitable for eco-tourism . which is assumed as largest rhododendron forest in the world. mammals. birds and flora-fauna. They are the viewpoints of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna mountain range and glaciers.It has mostly geographical variation with significant bio-diversity. This is surrounded by dense forest. radish. To reach there one has to cross Gurja Deurali of 3500 m height GurjaDeurali from where rare scene of moving glaciers without lens can be viewed.4 Todke-Gajane Todke and Gajane are the middle mountain ridges near Beni Bazar. 6.D. Gajane is closer to Beni Bazar. 6.2. There is a small village on the top of the hill surrounded by the jungle. It is a small valley lies in the lap of Gurja Himal. grey wolf.2.is rich in wild life including musk deer. which lay Kunhun V. vegetation. It takes 3/4hours to reach at the summit from Beni. the district headquarter of Myagdi.Some parts (12600h) of Royal Dhorpatan hunting reservation area covered the western parts of the district. It takes 5/6 hours to reach there.

Kami.Main purpose of Jatra is to enjoy by traditional way. Every village has to conduct at least one Jatra in a year on occasion of sacred date and festivals. agricultural system and instruments are important resources for that. One of the cultural heritages of the district is Mela-Jatra.Those jatra often organize in new year. The tradition.There 60 .singing etc. Damai . Every settlement is close to forest with fully natural environment . which are going too disappeared in modern world with latest development. Therefore.dancing. Gurung . etc of Khash. Then launch various program of Puja(worship). festivals. Tihar. Annapurna and Nilgiri Himalayan ranges with very wide landscape of Mahabharat Parbat can be viewed to take fully natural relax from there. They are very rich own unique culture and custom. custom.Aryan community and Magar.Niskot. Thakali etc of Mongolian origin community . Such that other view point spot are available like Pula danda. religious. and beautiful landscape. It has commercial important as marketing and shopping activities.Maghe Sankranti. Tudke. Historical heritages and resources in the district for cultural tourism. Bhakundechaur .So it has great prospects of eco-tourism point of view. Chhantyal. Takum etc. Mostly typical lifestyle.4 Cultural Tourism There are numerous cultural. there are numbers of places to provide panoramic view of Himalayan. custom and social system is alive until now. Chhetry.Jharana. Ghorepani. Rivers. Dashai. In the district. Chandi Purnima. Now a day.Fagu Purnima. Almost peaks of mount Dhaulagiri.punhill is the most reputed viewpoint spot for sight seeing with facility of view tower. original life style of village is being interesting to tourists.sports. 6. There are living different caste and indigenous groups like Brahmin. Janaipurnima. those create cultural tourism.Teeej.

Radi. They are constructed on a huge rock . The history of that goes to pre-historical period.bombo made are important in daily life which are export goods of the district . music like Yanimaya. Bhangro etc are famous in clothes and Doka. Therefore. Some are of particular communities and some are common to all. It is located bank of the KaliGandaki and Raghuganga Rivers 3 km far north from Beni bazaar. Myagdi is famous for folk culture in the country too. Galaicha.5 Religious tourism There are famous religious places carrying prospective of religious tourism. Fagu purnima etc are common festivals in the district. 6. it is rich in that. It has some original/typical: folk song.5. Rimai shirful etc. There are temples of God Shive and others god.Maghe Sankranti. dance.It is a pre-historical and ethical importance.5. Dashain.1Galeswerdham Galeswerdham is a famous pilgrimage of Hindus.2 Pulahshram: 61 .Dala. 6.celebrates varies festivals by peoples. Some local hand made products are reputed to other places in economics point of view. Pakhi. Juwa.Mandra etc . Janto.Kol etc to observe a glimpse of ancient life style. Tihar. They were pilgrimages and living place of ethically reputed persons in ancient time. Salaijo. Diki. There are traditional agricultural and industrial equipment and tools like Halo. 6. Being place of God Jad bharat(an incarnation of God Vishnu) and King Raghugana it is very important pilgrimage of Hindus in national level.

Its name is mentioned in Hindu's popular ethics like Shrimadvagbat Purana. Mahaarnisthan.5.5. thre are others famous temples and sacred place in the Beni. Beni is the junction (Dovan) of KaliGandaki and Myagdi River. It has both religious and historical importance. It is located at the height of 2100 62 . Hindus take it as a sacred holey place. located 2km North -West from Beni bazaar on 1750 m height. Kot Bhandar etc . it is great pilgrimage of Hindus with great potentiality of religious tourism. A big banyan tree is planted on the temple. They are Laxmi Narayan Mandir. the district headquarter of Myagdi is a significant pilgrimage itself along with several temples and monuments. Barah Purana. Ramayana. Ravan and his father Bishrawa had visited the Pulahshram.4 Jagannath Jagannath temple is famous pilgrimage in Myagdi. called Pachhai is a very suitable viewpoint of sight seen to Himalayan range and landscape of river's valleys and hillside. The Shivalay monument of 16th century that has uniqueness of structure. In the locality.God Balaram(brother of god Krishna) .S. It was established by Parbate King. Mahabharat etc. Therefore. Therefore.3 Beni bazaar Beni Bazaar. Buddha Bihar. They are holey rivers of the Hindus as Mantra of " Jayanti Mangala Kali ……….Pulahshram (pachhai) is the ashram of Rishi Pulastya who assumed to be the grand father of Lankesh King Ravan in pre-historical era. 6." . it is renowned pilgrimage of Hindus with the immense potentiality of religious tourism. Dimba Bam Malla in 1550 B. 6. Bhagwati Mandir. The Pulashram is an ethically important place. According to that some great ethically heroes like as: Emporer Bharat. philosopher Kapilmuni.

Mandali. Damai. 6. Takum was previous headquarter of the rulers. The Parbat state.5 Others: Malikasthan .D.m in Pulachaur V. It was the first capital of Parbate King. Thakali. it might be destination of historical tourism. Chhantyal etc. Brahmin. It lies 63 . Dimbabam Malla and whole period of Thapa Chhetri rulers who ruled for 300 years. They are located in very remote area and high level.It was under the Parbat state before the unification of Kingdom. a powerful member of the Chaubise region in that period and Bam Malls were Rulers. Magars were leaders (as king) in early time before 12 century. They ruled about 300 years over the state.5. After the victory of Bam Malla. It is 37km far West from Beni Bazar. 6. Rikhar is in near the the Dhaulagiri Himal and The malika is on hilltop of 3200m high. Shikh Deurali.1Takam: Takam is important historical place in the district. Chhetri. Thapa chhetry ruled up to 15th century since 12 century. Takumkot . Takam is a beautiful village with attractive landscape. Kami. It is near Dolthana and Pulaashram . Sarki. The Khayar Barah is located near to Annapurna Mountain. Main inhabitants are Brahmin and Chhetri.6. Khayar Barah are others famous pilgrimage and holey places of the district. Being long history and important historical heritage. Magar. It is 6km west north far from Beni Bazar. Beni Bazaar was the winter capital of Pasrbat State and summer headquarter was in Dholthana. the capital was shifted to Dolthana during the reign of Dimba Bam Malla. It is ancient settlement of mixed community of all tribes. Gurung.6 Historical Tourism Myagdi is historically important place in the country . 6. Before then.C. Rikhar .

It is located juntion of the Myagdi and Kali Gandiki River. Gajane. It is located 5 km northwest from Beni Bazar. The remains of that palace can be still found. Tarbar.6. Barsa. Beni was the trading point between India and Tibet during Medieval period. Top etc. Takam Kot is archaeologically and religiously important place.2 Dholthana Dholtana was the capital of Parbat State up to last time of the state. War weapons of medieval time and ancient war trench can be still found in that area. Takam is called a historically important place. 6. Beni now is the district headquarters of Myagdi district. Shibalaya Temple.on the way of Dhaulagiri base camp and Dhorpatan Trek. Dhaulagiri Base camp trek. 6. Pulaashram are neighboring places of Dolthana. There are traditional weapons such as Dhal. It was trading centre of this region. Maharanisthan were built then. Some religious temples and monuments were established during the Malla period and are still in existence. So it has become the centre point for various destinations of trekking and pilgrimage and it has become the important place itself.7 Hot spring Tourism 64 . Beni kot is main sign of the state. It is main trading centre and gateway to whole district. Jagannath Mandir. 6. There was a previous palace of Prabate King in Dadhekot near Dhloltana.6. Annapurna Trek. It was used as absolute administrative centre.3 Beni Bazar Beni was winter capital of Parbate State until the end of Parbate State. Bhala. Dhorpatan and Dolpa Trek. Laxmi Nayan Temple. Now it is also on the way of Muktinath pilgrimage. Khunda.

That is hard to explain in detail. One is Bhurung Tatopani and another is singha Tatopani. among them two are most famous for bathing in the pond. nature tourism and health tourism as well. pilgrimage tourism. wild life tourism. The following chapter observes the tourist flow in Myagdi district. Historical Tourism. Myagdi is full of natural. There are innumerable attractive resources and valuable heritages for various kinds of tourism activities. sightseeing.8 Conclusions Some sorts of glimpse is given in above description. Skin disease etc. The Bhurung Tatopani is using for relax bathing by tourists. It is also observed that Myagdi district could be developed as a destination for adventure tourism. Thousands peoples in a year come to take bath from far distance too. The Singa Tatopani Pond is used for treatment of varies diseases like gastrotrich. ethnic tourism. Therefore. mountaineering. Those hot spring ponds are tourismattracting spot itself for relax and used for treatment too. historical observation. 65 . Various kinds of tourism activities like adventures. it could be developed health tourism resource also. historical and religious resources to be attractive tourism region. religious pilgrimage. 6. The figures described in preceding pages shows that Myagdi district has profound potentiality and attractions for tourism development. trekking. cultural. research can be entertained in Myagdi district. eco-tour village tour.There are hot spring pond spot.

Expedition on Dhaulagiri-I 66 .

Visiting portion to Myagdi is in increasing trends out of ACAP area 67 .89 2001 30284 65313 361237 46. therefore. of tourists No tourists visitors percent visitors percent tourists in in the ACAP in the share of Myagdi share of Myagdi the district area country in ACAP area in the country 1997 22134 53183 421857 41.77 8.25 1998 23365 61715 463684 37.1. There is a short calculation of present economic impact of tourism in the district.ACAP Office Pokhara .816 7.CHAPTER-VII TOURISM IN MYAGDI In this Chapter is a slight observation on trend of tourist's arrivals inflow in the district.1. Micro level analysis is attempted to pattern of tourism. of N. At least 37. However.1. Year According to 7 years time series data presented above table 7. Hotel's records in Myagdi 2004AD. 7. there are no available authentic data of previous years. tourist arrival numbers are not recorded properly.816percent out of ACAP Area visitors averagely visits Myagdi district. Feelings and satisfactions are also tested by the information.13 9. Table 7.36 percent of ACAP area trekkers visits Myagdi in 1998 and next year in 1999 Myagdi was visited by 70 percent out of ACAP area trekkers.86 1999 47326 67485 491504 70. with the relationships to ACAP areas and National level.568 Data source: DDC Myagdi.62 5.38 2002 28000 38642 275468 71.16 2003 30000 40668 338132 73.82 6.1 Tourist enrollment in the district with regional and National level N.37 8.63 2000 31957 76407 463646 41..568 percent of National visitors and 52.1 Tourist inflows in the district For the study of trends of tourist.86 8. According to that figures analysis result is presented as below. arrivals inflows in the district required reliable and authentic time series data should be available. based on field survey data.46 10. 7. Only last 7-year's data is obtained from DDC profile of Myagdi and Hotel records.87 213066 403413 2815528 52.

Trends portion of visitors in Myagdi to National level data is stable. Range of variation is less then ACAP area. and 2003 more than 70 percent trekkers of ACAP area came through Myagdi. as least square methods. Table 7. b= N ∑ XY − ∑ X ∑ Y N ∑ X 2 − (∑ X ) 2 After the calculation above table as formula then obtained. Y = a+bX When a = ∑ X ∑Y − ∑ X ∑ XY N ∑ X − (∑ X ) 2 2 2 . Least square model for regressions :Y on X .Hotel's records in Myagdi 2004AD Year Y2 484 529 2209 1024 900 784 900 6830 XY 22 46 141 128 150 168 210 865 For the estimation trend line .2.trekkers. This area is being popular in the ACAP area but there are very vast variations in percent.000 1997 1 22 1 1998 2 23 4 1999 3 47 9 2000 4 32 16 2001 5 30 25 2002 6 28 36 2003 7 30 49 28 212 140 Data source: DDC Myagdi. In the last year's 2002. Average 7. the trend of tourism arrival in the district on the basis of succeeding year from 1997 to 2003.That can predict to future year of tourism in the district and impact of that. 68 .63 percent and 10 percent were in 1999 and 2002.2 Trend of tourist arrival in Myagdi Statue of tourism in the district is the assessment of present condition of tourism based on macro and microanalysis. 7. At least 5 percent were in 1997 and highest 9.1 Computation the trend line of tourist inflow in Myagdi X(Represents Y(Number of tourists X2 study years) rrivals in Myagdi). The trend of tourism inflow in the district and correlation with regional and national inflows needs to observe and analysis as time series data for macro analysis .568percent visit Myagdi out of total visitors in national level.

.15 35..857 +0.607 with sign..857..607× 32 Y:(Projected Figures of Tourists arrivals in Myagdi).607X Constant value of 'a' is 27.32 33. Y= 27.2 The projections of tourists' arrivals in Myagdi as the obtained trend-line Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ..857 +0..In thousands 32..607 approximately By the fitting of trend line of tourism in Myagdi.. it shows at least 27857 tourists come in Myagdi even zero year also.176 38.857 +0...857 . . Tourism sector of Nepalese economy is a most adversely affected sector by the conflict.. 47.b= 0. Table 7...607× 11 Y= 27......607× 16 Y= 27. . . . ....569 38.783 39.857 +0...607× 13 Y= 27.748 36.29 The highest number of tourists' arrivals in Myagdi was forty seven thousand in 1999. That shows tourists arrival per-year is in increasing trend gradually......962 37..857 +0. The violent conflict in the country is very harmful to every sector of society with economic development.54 35..857 +0..2. Hardship situation has been creating to tourism as well as other sector of economy up to now.. .......857 +0.857 +0.857 +0.607× 10 Y= 27.857 +0.....857 +0.857 +0..607× 15 Y= 27........ 2028 X:(Represents years) 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 . In the reality 69 .607× 12 Y= 27... .. According to that trend-line Further Tourists arrival in Myagdi up to 2015 AD are projected as following...607× 14 Y= 27. ..607× 8 Y= 27..... is :Y = 27. 32 Computing the trend-line as succeeding years Y= 27.39 ... The estimator's coefficient value of 'b' is 0....355 36.607× 19 ..72 33.607× 18 Y= 27.857 +0..607× 17 Y= 27...857 +0..607× 9 Y= 27.. Main reason of decreasing the number was climax of conflict and announcing emergency period in the country.... After then the data of tourists' arrivals turned to downward trends.a=27..93 34..

Therefore. The examination result of the relation and dependency on ACAP are of Myagdi are as given bellow. The tourism sector in Myagdi the district draw backed or lagged behind by nearly three decades. So it is required to observe level and degree of relationships with ACAP area and national level both.the questions like how much harmful the conflict is to the economy. prediction based on dismal year result could be dismal. Despite that there seeming positive trends reveal that if there have or will have been normal situation the trend line could be highly favorable.3. Table 7. The numbers of tourist decreased significantly from 1999 up to 2002. It means the loss of progress will be recovered only after 29 years. when forty-seven thousands tourists had come in 1999. It shows future of tourism in the district is very bright and hopeful. if politically normal situation in the country have prevail. It proves negative impacts of the conflict on the tourism sector that is very wide and deep. As the trend line based on seven-year data 1997 to 2003 AD.3 Tourism relationship of Myagdi to ACAP area treks Number of tourists in Myagdi is sharing of ACAP Areas and notional level tourists' number. Persistence of political stability.1 Computation relationship between ACAP area and Myagdi 70 . As that numbers of tourist will be only thirty thousands in 2010. The prediction power of regression models is less significant in forecasting the prospect of tourism. Only the year 2003 seemed turning point to rise. predicts only in 2028 will be meets the highest tourists' arrivals record of 47 thousands in 1999. peace and safe environment is inevitable for economic development of tourism sector. 7. to what extent did it hamper to tourism sector is clearly demonstrated by afore mentioned tables pertaining to trend line .

ACAP Office Pokhara . Degree of effect shows less elastic. taking dependant variable of number of tourist in Myagdi on independent variable number of tourist in ACAP area. of tourists in Y(Number of tourists X2 Y2 XY ACAP area).Y = a+bX When: a = ∑ X ∑Y − ∑ X ∑ XY N ∑ X − (∑ X ) 2 2 2 . 'b'=0. Average of Y: Y = Where: Average of X: X = ∑ N ∑Y N The trend line set as by the calculation of the data as the above formula. 71 . indicates that the relationship between them is less significant.000 in Myagdi). Hotel's records in Myagdi 2004AD. Year Above computation is done by least square methods of regression and Carl person's correlation models.21+0. 24345 6830 12445 Data source: DDC Myagdi.000 1997 53 22 2809 484 1166 1998 62 23 3844 529 1426 1999 67 47 4489 2209 3149 2000 76 32 5776 1024 2432 2001 65 30 4225 900 1950 2002 39 28 1521 784 1092 2003 41 30 1681 900 1230 Sum 403 212.3.It.1. Tourism increment in ACAP area positively effect to increment in this area.21.21. is positive. However. calculation finds correlation value 0.35. which is near to zero . Least square model formula for regressions: Y on X . Constant value of 'a' is 18.35 According to above table 7.21X Where are the constant value Co-efficient regression And correlation between both variable 'a'=18.X( No. Y= 18.21 'r'=0. b= N ∑ XY − ∑ X ∑ Y N ∑ X 2 − (∑ X ) 2 The correlation co-efficient of two variables x and y: rxy = [∑ X 2 ∑ XY − N X Y − N ( X ) ][∑ Y − N (Y ) 2 2 2 ] X . it exposed 18210 tourists come in Myagdi even the ACAP area being nil.

The promotional programs in ACAP area are not sufficient for tourism development in Myagdi. The tourism promotional activities should be focused to local level for tourism development in Myagdi.034 X 72 . The trend line is setting as Y=16. Therefore. of tourists in Y(Number of tourists X2 Y2 XY national level).000 in Myagdi).42 + 0.ACAP Office Pokhara . 7.The less significant value of correlation coefficient indicates that not all trekkers of ACAP area visit to Myagdi.1 Computation relationship between National level and Myagdi X( No. for tourism development in Myagdi is required of local based promotional program in Myagdi. N ∑ X − (∑ X ) rxy = b= N ∑ XY − ∑ X ∑ Y N ∑ X 2 − (∑ X ) 2 The correlation co-efficient of two variables x and y: [∑ X 2 ∑ XY − N X Y − N ( X ) ][∑ Y − N (Y ) 2 2 2 ] Average of Y: Y = ∑ Y N Where: Average of X: X = ∑ X N .4.4 Tourism relationship of Myagdi to National level Table 7. Hotel's records in Myagdi 2004AD. Year Least square model for regressions Y on X: 2 Y = a+bX 2 2 ∑ X ∑Y − ∑ X ∑ XY When: a = .000 1997 422 22 178084 484 9284 1998 464 23 215296 529 10672 1999 492 47 242064 2209 23124 2000 464 32 215296 1024 14848 2001 361 30 130321 900 10830 2002 275 28 75625 784 7700 2003 338 30 114244 900 10140 2816 212 1170930 6830 86598 Data source: DDC Myagdi.

and promotional activities may be very important. number of tourists' arrival in Myagdi will be 57866 approximately in 2015.Everest. Everest.Annapurna I and Mt. It indicates that at least 16420 tourists come in year for Myagdi only. nearly double 35 for Mt. We can know popularity of the peak by the comparative observation of mountaineering expedition teams in different year. relationship between Myagdi and National level tourist's arrivals. According to that trend line. Annapurna I and Mt.1 exposes that Dhaulagiri-I is a famous and attractive Mountain for 73 . Everest Source: Ministry of tourism2003 Numbers of expeditions teams in different years In 1986 In 1993 In2002 7 6 4 8 7 4 18 5 11 17 35 Total 17 According to records of mountaineering expedition in 1986. a=16. Everest. Tendency of relationship indicators between Myagdi and National level tourist's arrivals shows as ACAP Area but slightly less.4. which is world 7th tallest peak. The above table 7. if meets national level target of 1219000 fixed by government 7.1 Numbers of expedition's team for Dhaulagiri I with Mt.42.42.5 Mountaineering Expedition on Dhualagiri Himal Mt. It has 8167 m height.1 with the time serious data of both level the correlation value of that is r= 0.Everest.Where: a=16.5. Total numbers of team is same 17 in those years of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna.Annapurna I and Mt.333. By the calculation of above table 7. Table 7. b=0. Name of peaks Dhaulagiri I Annapurna I Mt. 1993 and 2002 on Dhaulagiri I.5. Dhaulagiri I is main tourism attraction in the district. There are given three years records of mountaineering expedition teams to the Dhaulagiri I with Mt.034 Study the effect.

65 +177 67.6.6 Economic impact of tourism in the district Table 7. Tourist entry No. 7.7 Pattern of tourism For microanalysis of tourism pattern in the district is used sampling method of data collection for field survey.2 22. 0.65 +89.12 8.1 is given comparative figure of change in tourism figure in eight year period number of tourist hotel increased by 89. Everest.1 Displays the frequency and percent of various of respondent Table 7. Per day expenditure of tourists Rs Average staying of tourists days Data source: DDC profile of Myagdi2059BS As the above table 7. promotion for diversification of mountaineering in Dhaulagiri I is highly recommended as there are 7 teams of mountaineering both in Dhaulagiri-I and Mt.expedition in the country as Annapurna-I after Mt.1.7.23 Tourist hotel No. Questionnaires are used for taking required information. There is change in same rate in direct employment and more in indirect employment.The language of questionnaires was English so. Only 120 respondents replied the questionnaires . it may be difficult to answer the questions for non-native English speakers. Direct employment No.31 11.Everest in 1986.N. Per day.1 State of Tourism Business S. It seems significant portion in the economic activities shares by tourism. average expenditure of tourists is increased 400 to 700.67percent( 29 to 55) from 1992 to 2000 AD. 7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Description unit year 1992 29 116 87 18240 400/3 2000 55 220 241 30264 700/3 Change growth (%) (in%) +89.6.7. However.2 11.1 74 . Indirect employment No.40 percentages out of total population of the district are engage in the sector. 7.

1 percent) and female (40. which are 32 percent and 26. Most numbers of visitors are from Europe specially German.5) (17.1 shows that the male (70 percent) and female (30 percent) respondents are interested to visits Myagdi.5) (15.8) (9.8) (17.5 percent) respectively both covers 80 percent of total visitors that is more than national level data.7.5 percent) and (32.2.The profile of Tourists based on the sample (N=120) Characteristic Sex Country Frequency and percentage Male 84(70percent) Germ. 7. France 21 Age Group 19 Female 30(30percent) Israel Japan Kore 9 7 a (5.5) Belgi 11 oth Eu. October The figure inside parenthesis indicates the percentage The table 7.1.5) 46-60 18(15) Source: Field Survey of 2004. The table expose that most of the visitors are of (31-45) and (16-30) age groups (47. 21 USA 13 Austr alia other 7 (5.7.5) 6(5) (7. The reason could be that male more preferred for long treks.7. Comparatively young visitors prefer trekking tourism and this region.8) 6(5) above 61 3(2. This is slightly different from national level data but in same trend majority of male visitors. Belgium it means Europe is major source of tourism marketing.8) 31-45 57(47.5) 39(32.1 Main purpose and destination SN 1 2 3 4 5 Main purpose and destination Dhaulagiri round treks Annapurna round treks Mustang /Jomsom visits Dolpa visits Others Source : Field Survey 2004 October Numbers 36 34 24 16 10 (out of N=120) percent 30 29 20 13 8 75 .9 percent) (Department of tourism HMG 2001).2 Main purpose and destination of the visitors Table 7. France.2) 1-15 16-30 3(2.5 percent respectively.5) (10. At the national level in 2001 are male visitors (59.

8.5) 27(22.2.2 Opinion on services and pricing Table 7.9) 45(37.5percent visitors are highly satisfied to accommodations but to food and 76 .1 Opinion on service and pricing Accommodations 45(37.5) 75(62.2. Mustang (20percent) and Dolpa(13percent) are another important destination for tourism.5) Pricing Very cheap Cheap 27(22.5) Source: Field survey 2004 October satisfaction better level good 18(15) 15(12.1 Satisfaction from attraction Table 7.5) 15(12.5) 9(7.5) 27(22. Main routs of trekking are Dhaulagiri round (30percent) and Annapurna round (29percent). 7.1 Satisfaction level Satisfactory best resources Natural beauty 66(55) 15(12.1.1.5) 9(7.8 satisfaction and feelings of visitors 7.5) Source: field survey of 2004 October The figure inside parenthesis indicates the percentage 6(5) 9(7.5) Expensive 6(5) 12(10) The satisfaction level of hotel service the table 7.1 explains that most of visitors (59percent) come for trekking in this region.5percent are highly satisfied but by cultural heritage only 32.7.The table 7.8.8.5) no response 12(10) 36(30) 12(10) The figure inside parenthesis indicates the percentage The table 7.8. Panoramic beauty of natural heritage and harmonious behavior of local people are highly impressive resources to attract tourists. 7.1 shows that by Natural beauty.5) 36(30) 33(27.5) Attitudes of peoples 63(52.5) not so good 9(7.5) 15(12.5) Food and beverage 39(32.5percent are highly satisfied.2.8. 55percent are highly satisfied and by attitudes of people 52.8.5) Cultural heritages 39(32.1 explains that 37.

On the opinion to pricing most (62.5 8.3. 7.8. 7.1 Interest to revisit Response Yes May be Figures 60 18 Percents 50 15 Source: Field survey 2004 October No 30 25 No response 12 10 Half.4 The table 7.8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Extremely favorite resources Natural beauty Mountain Range Peoples Rivers Spikes Taxi to Pokhara Fry food No response Source: Field survey 2004 October favorer visitors In figures 49 25 15 6 6 6 3 10 In percent 40. most 37.3Feelimg of mostly favorite things in this area Table 7.1 Extremely favorite resources to visitors S.8 percent visitors extremely preferred to natural beauty.8.8. 20.5percent).8 12.percent visitors want to revisit this area and others 15percent area also interested to that as the table 7.N.4 Interest to revisit in this area Table 7.1 shows 40. Scenic view and heartiest peoples are main attraction in this region towards tourism.1.5 5 5 5 2.8 20.It is surrounded and connected by very reputed tourism 77 . visitors felt normally cheap.5percent are only normally satisfied. It means this area is so attractive to recall the visitors.4.9 Major problem of tourism in Myagdi Myagdi district area is tourism region but there is not any special organized promotional plan and program for tourism development in the district despite the ACAP area parts .8.4. 7.3.8.5percent to peoples.beverages.8percent preferred to mountain range and 12.

Based on purpose wise visiting. almost tourism activities are occurred in northeast region Ghorepani.destination in the country like Annapurna region. Mustang. Dhorpatan. there is lack of diversity and verity in destinations. Therefore. Based on locality.9.2 Lack of exposition 78 . the district could not take advantage properly.34 in employment in the district. Other destinations are neither identified nor recognized and developed. that kind of tourism is rare here and other types of tourism is unknown.318 percent contributes in GDP of Myagdi and 1. Only 0. According to tourism business man near about 50 thousands to one lakha tourists come in a year to Ghorepani . To visit those numbers tourists come in per year. From the west-north side of the district comes most tourists for only to Dhaulagiri base camp and its surroundings and very few for Dhorpatan.9. Tourism activities are running as traditional since long time. They are economically benefited by tourism. Therefore.1 Less diversity in purposes and destinations Tourism activities are concentrated only to some particular destinations and purpose for a long time. Glorious natural heritage Dhaulagiri mountain range and peaks lies in here. Tatopani in the district which lies on the way of Annapurna round trek. Below are some major obstacle and problems discussed : 7. there is necessary to calculate major problems and have to remove them to take proper advantage from this sector. 7. Shikha. without diversity in destinations and purpose in tourism. This region has been attracting tourists but economic benefits from that are negligible. More than one dozens camping group come to Dhaulagiri base camp trek. almost all come for trekking and mountaineering . Manang. Therefore.Most of tourists come for holiday pleasure. Dolpa.

may suffer by pollution of their wastes. 7. For that. tourists have well equipped for self-camping in more than three days treks. Therefore. By those kinds. There is impossible to visits individual travelers. There comes only package tour in large groups. By shortened the foot trail time span of trekking also shortened it creates the threats to Tourism business: Hotel/ lodge of traditional places to be collapse. foot trail of trekking routes of Annapurna round and Dhaulagiri round are going to cut. To survive tourists business in this area needs to diversity of alternative types and destination of tourism than except traditional ways.9. There are no required responses by central level to highlight and introduce potential resources diversity for tourism in this region. However.4 Shortening foot trail Tourists come in this region for trekking purpose. Now days by extension of motor roads.9.5 Lack of institutional efforts 79 . Without proper recognition of resources.In the western parts on the Dhaulagiri Base camp treks or sight tourist standard hotels and lodges are not found. Most parts of this region used for routes than destination. local initiation is not sufficient. 7. Now it is decreasing gradually year by year. camping group tourism the local area could not benefited. tourists could not attract to visit. Tourism business of Beni Bazaar and Galeswher are adversely affected.3 Tourism service management /infrastructure Tourist hotels and lodges are available only east/ north parts of the district .9.Many tourism resource and potentiality of the district are not exposed. There is lack of effective publicity for highlighting additional attraction and routes in the district. 7.

There is not any special agency to promote tourism by district level. it is main obstacle and problems for tourism in the district and the country too. Visitors are discouraged to visit this area by forceful donation. 7. So now. 7. it is problem to preserve evidence of history.9.10 Conclusion Myagdi is mountainous district locating western development region.6 Protection of Historical and Archeological heritages. District headquarter Beni was faced largest attack of Moaist. Historical and archeological things are going to disappeared in the absence of protection. There lies Dhaulagiri mountain range with Dhaulagiri-1st peak of 8167 m height. There need of strong institutional efforts to promote tourism in this region in the age of competition. 80 . It is behind legged in infrastructure development. Dhaulagiri base camp and Annapurna round treks are main destination and purpose of tourism traveler in Myagdi. 7. There are problems of infrastructure to visits in alternative potential region. Therefore.9. There is immense diversity in geographical structure.7 Conflict Most crucial problem in tourism sector in Myagdi district of which heavily affected by Maoist insurgency . There are not any special policy and plan for that by govern and private sector. natural heritage and social environment. Telephone facilities of remote area are disconnecting now.

In this way. Tourist arrivals was reached in lowest point in 2002 AD in all related variable like numbers. The arrival numbers was 491804 in 1999 but declined to 275468 in 2002. among them most of tourists come for holiday pleasure purpose. They felt journey of Myagdi cheap and harmonious. That is bright sign of future in tourism to Myagdi.8 percent tourists had come for holiday pleasure purpose. Average staying is remained in around 10-11 days from beginning. during the five-year period 1999 to 2003. tourism enrolment in the country is not satisfactorily. from 2003 has seemed positive turn to recovery. 48. The significant numbers of tourists inter for trekking in the district from different routes.Myagdi possesses various potentialities in tourism like adventure tourism. They are highly satisfied by natural beauty. growth rate. ecotourism. Information shows the numbers of tourist entry is badly affected by political instability and security threat in the country since 1999 AD. However. Other type's tourist number is negligible. Some people are engaged in tourism service sector. Tourists arrive for various purpose in the country.1 Summary and conclusions Nepal is a beautiful and tourism potential country in the world. cultural tourism etc. Most of visitors come from Europe. CHAPTER-VIII SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 8. Average days of stay and income generation from that. for 81 . Most visitors are interested to revisits Myagdi.

8 percent) are depended on agriculture but GDP of the district covers 82 . 4. Banking services are centralized in headquarter Beni bazaar.1 percent in total foreign exchange earning in FY 2003/4.34 percent people in the district Pokhara and Annapurna conservation area are major tourism destination in Nepal.6 percent for Business purpose. Approximately 40km motor roads are constructed in various routs but more than half of that are not serviceable smoothly.3percent) people. Rest visitors are 5. Motor able roads are under the construction in the district. 21. One hospital of 20 beds is in the district headquarter Benibazaar for health service.trekking and Mountaineering purpose 23.6 kW electricity generates in the district. Magars are main inhabitants (45percent) and cast are mixed there. It shared only 1. Banking. Modern means of communications like Telephone.21.318 percent in GDP of Myagdi district. Economic sharing portion is declined gradually in latest year. most of the people (74. Email. The district is not connected by blacked taped highway from outsides. Political instability and inter conflict blocked the development of infrastructure and shrink the facilities of communication. The mother tongue is Nepalese of (98.5percent out of total arrivals of country visited Pokhara in 1999. 2265.91 percent others The economic sharing in GDP by tourism sector is going to dismal level. Myagdi district is native region of Pokhara and Annapurna Region.45 percent visitors arrived in that period.37percent population is facilitated by electricity.28 percent for pilgrimage. Fax. education and transportation. Economically. Myagdi district is remained back in infrastructural developments that are related to tourism sector also. Internets are available only in district headquarter. 5. there engage 1.96 percent for official visits and 11. The telephone service to a dozens VDC remote areas are disrupted now.5 percent in GDP in FY 2003/4 and shared only 9. Tourism sector contributes 0.

Annapurn. Khayar barah.Tudke . Therefore.Malikasthan for religious tourism. and Nilgiri Mountain range and landscape of Mahabharat Parbat ranges. There are important religious and historical places like Galeswerdham . About 16 peaks are having more than 7000m height. The Dumpush Pass. custom. that is a major destination of mountaineering in Nepal. Myagdi is a historically 83 .34 percent people are engaged and only 0.Puladanda. Benibazaar.GhorepaniPunhill. Bhakundechaur.Takum are major view point for sightseeing to Himalayan range like Dhaulagiri. some parts of Annapurna circuits' lies in Myagdi. are existed in the district. Pulahshram.5) where only 10.Chhantyal.8 percent people are engaged. In the tourism sector. Main trekking routes are Dhaulagiri round. The world famous Guranshe ban (Rhododendron forest) in Ghorepani and Royal Dhorpatan hunting reservation are important to eco-tourism resources. There are numerous famous peaks in Dhaulagiri Himalayan range including Dhaulagiri 1st of 8167 m height for mountaineering expedition. Gurung and Aryan communities. Rikhars . The Dhaulagiri -I peak is the world 7th and Nepal's 6th tallest peak.8 percent by it and most portion of the GDP in the district generate from foreign employment (45. The Dhaulagiri base camp is main destination of trekkers. World famous natural heritage: theAandha Galchhi( the deepest goerge of the world ) and the Dhaulagiri-1st. The first conquering on the peak was in 1960 may 13 by Swiss International expedition group headed by Max Eiselin.only 30. About 20 peaks having altitude 6000 to 7000 m height and About 20 with 5000m to 6000 m height in Myagdi Almost tourists come for trekking to Myagdi.318 percent shared in the GDP of the district. The KaliGandaki and Myagdikhola are suitable for rafting. 1. tradition and rituals of various indigenous groups like Magar. There are unique lifestyle.Niskot. French Pass and Hidden valley are amazing points of trekkers.

In 1999. Averagely 20.36 percent of ACAP area trekkers visits Myagdi in 1998 and next year in 1999 Myagdi were visited by 70 percent out of ACAP area trekkers.326 Tourists came in Myagdi that is highest numbers yet.619 percent of trekkers of ACAP area use routs of Myagdi . 7. In the last year's 2002. It was under Parbat state before the unification of Nepal. At least 37. Average 7.Pokhara and ACAP area. At least 5 percent were in 1997 and highest 9. . Information from 7 years data 1997 to 2003 AD. it has long history. AD 47. Cultural tourism. 52.430 tourists visit the district per year.568percent visit Myagdi out of total visitors in national level.important place. are most popular and important in the country. Tourism products for such types of tourism are available and can development.68percent of level visitors visits Myagdi and 52. Averagely. 30.816percent out of ACAP Area visitors averagely visits Myagdi district. .63 percent and 10 percent were in 1999 84 .65 percent tourists visit Pokhara out of total visitors in the country and 61 percent trekkers visit ACAP area out of total trekkers in Nepal. Hot spring pond are available for relax and health treatment especially in Dana Tatopani and singha Tatopani. Myagdi holds immense potentialities of adventure tourism. and 2003 more then 70 percent trekkers of ACAP area came through Myagdi. eco-tourism. This area is being popular in the ACAP area but there are very vast variations in percent. Visiting portion to Myagdi is in increasing trends out of ACAP area trekkers. which are native regions of Myagdi. and Historical tourism and Health tourism. Beni Bazaar. visitors of those regions could be attracted to neighboring District Myagdi by effective promotional activities. Dholthana and Takum were capital of the Parbat state.

indicates that the relationship between them is less significant. Which is near to zero . number of tourists' arrival in Myagdi will be 57866 approximately in 2015. It is proved that negatives impact of the conflict on the tourism sector is very wide and deep.333.35. By the calculation the time serious data of Myagdi and National level the correlation value of that is r= 0. Range of variation is less then ACAP area. It means the loss of progress will be recovered only after 29 years. Degree of effect shows less elastic.and 2002. That shows tourists arrival per-year is in increasing trend gradually. according to the available time series data. peace and safe environment is inevitable for economic development of tourism sector as well as other sector. The fitted trend line. Predicts that only in 2028 will be meet the highest tourists' arrivals record of 47 thousands of 1999.42.21. Constant value of 'a' is 18.According to trend line. to be prevailed of political stability.It. According to calculation correlation value obtained 0. However. Tendency of relationship indicators between Myagdi and National level tourist's arrivals shows as with ACAP Area but slightly less. is positive. It indicates that at least 16420 tourists come in year for Myagdi only. The estimator's coefficient value of 'b' is 0. and the constant value a=16. The tourism sector in Myagdi the district draw backed or lagged behind by nearly three decades. Tourism increment in ACAP area positively effect to increment in this area. it exposed 18210 tourists come in Myagdi even the ACAP area being nil.607 with positive sign. if meets national level target of 1219000 fixed by government 85 . at least 27857 tourists come in Myagdi even zero years also. Trends portion of visitors in Myagdi to National level data is stable AS least square regression model calculation. tourists' arrivals between Myagdi and ACAP area.

80percent visitors of 16-43 age group.31percent in tourist entry and Rs700 per day expenditure from 400/. Mustang treks (20percent) and Dolpa visits (13percent). Half. Almost visitors felt normally cheap (62. The scenic view and heartiest people are main attraction to tourist in this region. Belgium. Tourists come into the district for trekking purpose often. German. 86 .8percent) impressed by natural beauty. Everest As the information of 1992 to 2000 states of tourism business in Myagdi district has changed by 89. Information from field survey shows most visitors are male (70percent). Young prefer to visits Myagdi. Annapurna I and Mt.8) to pricing of services.percent of visitor's wants to revisits here and others 15percent are also interested to that.Everest. Information table of preference of visitors indicates most visitors (40. USA etc. nearly double 35 for Mt. 1993 and 2002 on Dhaulagiri I. 67. Most of them come from European country like France.89percent) by mountain range and (12. Total numbers of team is same 17 in those years of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna. The above table exposes that Dhaulagiri-I is a famous and attractive Mountain for expedition in the country as Annapurna-I after Mt. It shows there is not diversity in tourism. Most visitors are satisfied to accommodation service (37.5percent) by people.According to records of mountaineering expedition in 1986. almost visitors are trekkers to Dhaulagiri round (30percent) Annapurna round (29percent). (20.5). normally satisfied to food /beverages.Everest.65 percent in Numbers of tourists hotel and direct employment. 177percent in indirect employment.Average staying of tourists is in constant of 3 days. Information exposed visitors are highly satisfied by natural beauty (55percent) and attitudes of people (52.5percent).

cultural tourism etc. To expect benefits from tourism. Conflict are major problems and obstacles for tourism development in Myagdi. The significant number of tourists inter for trekking in the district from different routes. therefore.2 Recommendation Myagdi possesses various kinds' potentiality in tourism like adventure tourism. Among the western parts of the country Myagdi district is one of the most important destination from tourism point of view. • Tourism resources of Myagdi should be highlighted from central level and should be declared as tourism region. the following recommendations are suggested. Shortening foot trail. • There are needs of tourism promotional efforts. 8. Less diversity in purpose and destinations. in instructional ways with public private partnership to develop tourism in the district. Diversification of tourism is all most important from national level. • Tourism is hampered by political instability and conflict in the country. Lack of exposition . If the potentialities are properly used in tourism economics scenario could be changed of the district. 87 . ecotourism. it requires strong efforts to promote the tourism sector in this district. it is highlighting to diversity tourism activities especially in western parts of the country.Lack of institutional efforts. In order to promote tourism development in Myagdi. Tourism service management /infrastructure. First of all political and security condition should make suitable for development of tourism sector. Tourism development of the district can play vital role for economics development of the district and country too.

Dholthana.Todke and Bhakunde Chaur. • Available cultural. • Tourism resource for eco-tourism. sight and others should highlight. • Community forest should be manage and develop as eco-tourism resources. expose by publishing information to national and international level. extend and develop properly. 88 . religious heritage should preserve.• There should explore and develop alternative and diverse resources and area for tourism in the district. A park could be established with a museum of traditional cultural goods. • The Raghuganga corridor routes to Kalapani Mustang should recognize to explore alternative trekking routes in this region. • Handicrafts and special local products should promote as to tourist selling goods. The way of The Dhualagiri base camp trek should improve and to be explored alternative way to go Dhaulagiri base camp. • • Community forest could apply wild animal farming project concept especially for Kasturee and deer. • There should improve in tourism service and management. • Short trekking routes from Beni bazaar should be introduced and developed for eco-tour and sight seeing to Puladand. Historical. • Transports communications and other tourism infrastructure should reestablish.

89 .