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YMS Ch4: More on Two-Variable Data

AP Statistics at LSHS
Mr. Molesky
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E S G
X I A
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P M U L U R K I N G
E P S E
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R E S P O N S E A V E R A G E S
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I O X I L C
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M N T P C A U S A T I O N O
E S R O T N N
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N A W C A E M F
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T W O W A Y P E X P O N E N T I A L O O
O R N T R N U
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L C L O N
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M A R G I N A L L O G A R I T H M I C T D
T V N O I
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C O N D I T I O N A L I E N N
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O T R A N S F O R M I N G
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E X P O N E N T I A L L Y R C

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4. A variable other than the explanatory or response 1. The best evidence for causation comes from a well-
that may influence the interpretation of the designed _. [experiment]
relationship. [lurking] 2. Paradox when direction of an association is
6. Association between two variables is explained by a reversed when data from groups are combined into a
lurking variable creating a common _. [response] single group. [Simpsons]
8. Correlations based on _ are usually too high when 3. His contributions to Statistics include method of
applied to individuals. [averages] least-squares and normal distributions [gauss]
12. Correlation does not imply _ [causation] 5. Correlation and regression are not _ to outliers.
15. Table of counts that organizes data about two [resistant]
categorical variables [twoway] 7. Using a regression line to predict far outside the
16. Growth that increases by a fixed percentage of the observed values. [extrapolation]
previous amount [exponential] 9. Correlation and regression describe only _
18. Distributions of totals in a two-way table. relationships. [linear]
[marginal] 10. Effects on a response variable can not be
19. Type of transformation used to find power or distinguished between variables. [confounding]
exponential models [logarithmic] 11. _ Law models become linear when we apply
20. Distributions of rows or columns in a two-way logarithms to both variables. [Power]
table. [conditional] 13. Another name for curvature of functions
21. Method of applying a function to data to reexpress [concavity]
it in a different form [transforming]
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22. If a variable grows _, its logarithm grows linearly. 14. Function that moves in one direction as its
[exponentially] argument increases [monotonic]
17. Growth that increases by a fixed amount [linear]