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Averages

‘clued up’

•  You are given a series of clues •  You need to use these clues to find a full set of missing values •  Most of the clues involve averages (mean, median, mode) or the range.

What is this?

•  Answers are given but… •  there may be other solutions. It’s great if your students are sharp enough to find some! •  If you find any mistakes, please let me know!

by the way…

Use the clues below to find the times of all runners in the race described.
The quickest runner ran 51 seconds. The runner in last place finished 3 seconds behind the runner in 7th place. The range of the runners’ times was 8 seconds.

There were 8 runners in the race.

The median time was 53 seconds.

2 runners ran 52 seconds but this was not the mode.

The quickest runner ran 51 seconds.

The runner in last place finished 3 seconds behind the runner in 7th place. The range of the runners’ times was 8 seconds.

There were 8 runners in the race.

The median time was 53 seconds.

2 runners ran 52 seconds but this was not the mode.

51!

52!

52!

53!

53!

53!

56!

59

Use the clues below to find the scores of all the students who took the test described.
7 students took the test. Only 2 students got more than 75%. One student got full marks. The mode of the marks was 5. The range of the marks was 6. The test was out of 10 marks. The median mark was 6. One student got 9 out of 10.

7 students took the test. Only 2 students got more than 75%. One student got full marks. The mode of the marks was 5.

The range of the marks was 6. The test was out of 10 marks. The median mark was 6. One student got 9 out of 10.

4

5

5

6

7

9

10

Use the clues below to find the scores of all the basketball players described.
9 players played a part in the game. The median score was the same as the mode. The range of scores was 14. The second lowest score was double the lowest score. The top scorer finished with 16 points. The modal score was 6.

The mean score was 7. There were 2 players who scored exactly half the amount the top scorer did.

9 players played a part in the game. The median score was the same as the mode.

The range of scores was 14. The second lowest score was double the lowest score. The top scorer finished with 16 points. The modal score was 6.

The mean score was 7. There were 2 players who scored exactly half the amount the top scorer did.

2!

4!

6!

6!

6!

7!

8!

8!

16!

Use the clues below to find the ages of the members of a football team.
The modal age is 24. The mean and median ages are the same. The oldest player is twice the age of the youngest player. There are 11 players in a football team. There are 3 players aged 28.

There is only 1 player in his 30s. The range of the ages is 17.

The median age is 26.

The modal age is 24.

The mean and median ages are the same. The oldest player is twice the age of the youngest player. There are 11 players in a football team. There are 3 players aged 28.

There is only 1 player in his 30s. The range of the ages is 17.

The median age is 26.

17!

24!

24!

24!

24!

26!

28!

28!

28!

29!

34!