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1. A piston–cylinder device contains steam initially at 1 MPa, 450°C, and 2.5 m3. Steam is allowed to cool at constant pressure until it first starts condensing. Show the process on a T-v diagram with respect to saturation lines and determine: (a) the mass of the steam, (b) the final temperature, and (c) the amount of heat transfer. [Ans: (a) 7.565 kg, (b) 179.9oC, (c) 4495 kJ] 2. A piston–cylinder device contains 0.8 kg of nitrogen initially at 100 kPa and 27°C. The nitrogen is now compressed slowly in a polytropic process during which PV1.3 = constant until the volume is reduced by one-half. Determine the work done and the heat transfer for this process. [Ans: 54.8KJ, 13.6kJ] 3. Steam flows steadily through an adiabatic turbine. The inlet conditions of the steam are 10 MPa, 450°C, and 80 m/s, and the exit conditions are 10 kPa, 92 percent quality, and 50 m/s. The mass flow rate of the steam is 12 kg/s. Determine: (a) the change in kinetic energy, (b) the power output, and (c) the turbine inlet area. [Ans: (a) 1.95 kJ/kg, (b) 10.2 MW, (c) 0.00447 m2] 4. A heat pump is used to maintain a house at 22°C by extracting heat from the outside air on a day when the outside air temperature is 2°C. The house is estimated to lose heat at a rate of 110,000 kJ/h, and the heat pump consumes 5 kW of electric power when running. Is this heat pump powerful enough to do the job? 5. A Carnot refrigerator operates in a room in which the temperature is 25°C. The refrigerator consumes 500 W of power when operating and has a COP of 4.5. Determine (a) the rate of heat removal from the refrigerated space and (b) the temperature of the refrigerated space. [Ans: (a) 135 kJ/min, (b)-29.2°C]. 6. Air enters an adiabatic compressor at 100 kPa and 17°C at a rate of 2.4 m3/s, and it exits at 257°C. The compressor has an isentropic efficiency of 84 percent. Neglecting the changes in kinetic and potential energies, determine (a) the exit pressure of air and (b) the power required to drive the compressor. [Ans: (a) 646 kPa, (b) 703kW]