This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Samar College Catbalogan City, Samar MODULE
(CONTEMPORARY AND MODERN HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINES)
What is history? • • • It is the story of mankind's past It is a record and explains what people have thought, said and done its concerned is with POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, and SOCIAL matters.
POLITICAL- Pertains to government ECONOMIC- pertains to agriculture, industry and trade SOCIAL- pertains to everyday life and culture. In analyzing history, the use of correlated disciplines is necessary to understand the reasons and consequences of human actions. By referring to philosophies of history, the theories of some great thinkers should be considered. In the investigation and interpretation of the past, these theories could explain how and why events happen in societies. For Rizal, history offers the key to national identity and the basis of future development. In his writings, he used history to show a uniquely Filipino culture. In his work “Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas” , he depicted the destructive effects of western colonization on early Filipino societies
Teodoro Agoncillo (1912-1985) is considered as the father of Filipino nationalist historiography. He wrote the conditions of the Philippine past by analyzing the conditions of the masses. His efforts in rewriting history like other contemporary historians were reactions to the traditional presentations of Philippine history, being colonial and elitist.
the historian not only relies on past thoughts.“it is not about the story of man as an individual. Franciscans.2 Renato Constantino “Philippine history is a people’s history”----------. In writing history. The complex is located in Ermita on a portion of Rizal Park facing T. Like its neighbors. it is under the jurisdiction of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA). reenacts it in the context of analyzing the documents and the other records left. rather. Wazir of the Sulu Sultanate.” Our history is a story of struggle SOURCES OF HISTORY Sources of information provides the evidence from which the historian obtains facts about the past. and Recollects A. Arts and literature Dances Oral and written stories Theater arts and drama Sports Printed sources for the study of early Philippine history can be traced from the missionary chronicles published by the various religious orders assigned to he Philippines.M. This is an indispensable condition in the quest for historical facts. Kalaw Avenue. who tries to record the historical and personal events of his time ----. neighboring culturally significant buildings such as the Museum of Philippine Political History and the National Historical Commission. Dominicans. which includes Augustinians.the early 20th century National Library of the Philippines Is the official national library of the Philippines. Jesuits. Fray Pedro Chirino (1604) “Filipinos has a hobby of drinking during leisure time” TARSILA OR SARSILA A genealogical record of sultans or datus who tried to preserve the lineage of the ruling class like the Sulu Sarsila and the Maguidanao Sarsila KITAB A book attributed to the late Hadjii Butu Abdul Baqui. but man as the associated man. .
graphs and illustrations Differentiate fact from fictions For attitudes: • • • Knowing and respecting other culture. maps. Why we should study History? Knowledge Skills attitudes History For knowledge: • • • Understand other races Interdependence among people and nations Learning lesson from the past For skills : • • • • Comprehend reading materials Discuss current issues and problems and give solutions Interpret Statistical data. Settle differences through peaceful means Knowing and accepting traditions of others . El Filibusterismo and Mi último adiós.3 The library is notable for being the home of the original copies of the defining works of José Rizal: Noli Me Tangere.
stonewares. and testimony from living witnesses Secondary •On the other hand secondary sources have not been part of the event being considered such as magazines. jewelry. typescripts. pottery. and people of a remote geological past. he put up the university’s museum where he preserved his collections of artifacts. It was during this time that he published the Philippine Ethnographic Series and the ‘’Philippines Before Magellan’’. diaries. Beyer was one of the founding members of the Department of Anthropology of the University of the Philippines. . artifacts. After the discovery of the Novaliches dam site in 1926. Laguna de Bay Basin. Archaeology Archaeology studies and reconstruct the cultural events of the past through the material remains left by people. letters. He continued his archaeological work in Batangas.g. Archaeologist study artifacts (material equipment made by people of the past like tools. and Central Luzon. and jewelry) and fossils (preserve remains of plants. fossils.4 SOURCES OF HISTORY (General Classification) Primary •Are those that have witnessed the event that took place or have been part of the incident being studied (e. prehistoric tools. and articles written above the primary sources. Chinese ceramics and textiles. pamphlets. public documents. He became head of the department in 1925. animals. newspaper. manuscripts. narratives.
telling about their political arrangements and their circumnavigation of the island. For his great contributions on the study of Philippine archaeology. of the Aetas of Panay. commerce. ethnology and history. based on written and oral sources available to him. son of old Chief Polpulan. Legend of Princess Urduja The Maragtas is a work by Pedro Alcantara Monteclaro The Maragtas is an original work by the author. . marriages. heredity. and their purchase of the island of Panay from Marikudo. the second chapter begins a narrative of the ten datus flight from Borneo and the tyranny of Datu Makatunaw there.5 Beyer worked on a remarkable site in Rizal province and recovered. Quezon asked Beyer to donate all his archaeological collections provided that the government would provide an adequate museum to house them. Unhistorical Data There are some narratives that have been previously accepted in Philippine history as facts but later were found out to be historical errors. he was awarded an honorary doctorate in science from Silliman University. a Forward by the author. six chapters. The Code of Kalantiaw C. customs. but work on putting up a museum had not begun since the war started in 1941. clothing. A. mourning habits. Maragtas (Story) B. The work consists of a publisher's introduction by Salvador Laguda. calendars.000 years. with special mention of Marikudo. the third chapter tells of the romance of Sumakwel. the fifth chapter describes language. a history of the Central Luzon population for more than 10. From 1936-1937 . the fourth chapter concludes the tale of the ten datus. the sixth and final chapter gives a list of Spanish officials between 1637 and 1808. from the RizalBulacan and Batangas surveys. cockfighting. and an epilog. he worked on Philippine textiles. The first chapter describes the former customs. The late President Manuel L. and personal characteristics. the epilog contains a few eighteenth-century dates. In particular. organization. Kapinangan and her lover Gurung-garung. dialect. clothes. His paper on this was published in the annual report of the Smithsonian Institution for 1942. timekeeping techniques. funerals. Beyer was appointed Emeritus Professor of Anthropology after leaving the university in 1954. etc. a doctor of science in anthropology from Ateneo de Manila University and a doctor of laws from the University of the Philippines. the author makes no claim that the work contains a transcription of particular prehispanic documents.
neither shall you do harm to the aged. When passing by the caves and trees where they are. he who enters the houses of the headmen without permission. Let all your debts with the headman be met punctually. For the second time. Article VII These shall be put to death. He who fails to comply shall pay with one month's work in gold or in honey. let it be always done in accordance with his word. He who does not obey shall receive for the first time one hundred lashes. Laws of the Code of Kalantiaw Article I You shall not kill. All those who infringe this order shall be condemned to death by being drowned in the river. who shoot arrows at night at old men and women. If the debt is large. he shall be condemned to thrust his hand in boiling water thrice. shall be beaten for one hour. or beaten to death with thorns. he who repeats the offense shall be exposed for one day among ants. let no one disturb the quiet of the graves. He who does not comply. a chief on the island of Negros in the Philippines. he shall be beaten to death. and observe this order shall be condemned to swim for three hours for the first time and for the second time. nor be given to excessive lust. lest you incur the danger of death. It is said to have been written in 1433 by Datu Kalantiaw. Article III Obey you: let no one have women that are very young nor more than he can support. He who does not observe this shall be killed by ants. . Article IV Observe and obey. he who kills trees of venerable appearance. give respect to them. to be beaten to death with sharp thorns. neither shall you steal. obey. or in boiling water. Article VI You shall be obliged to revere sights that are held in respect. he who kills a shark or a streaked cayman. He who does not comply with.6 The Code of Kalantiaw The Code of Kalantiaw was a legendary legal code in the epic story Maragtas. such as those of trees of recognized worth and other sights. he who exchanges for food. Article II You shall obey. Article V You shall obey.
by him who keep ill-tempered dogs that bite the headmen. however small the object may be. and with bad faith hide them away. Whoever shall disobey shall be killed by being cut to pieces and thrown to the caymans. kill the Manaul. or the herb which they consider good. Article XIV These shall be made slave for life: who have beautiful daughters and deny them to the sons of chiefs. Article XI These shall be burned: who by their strength or cunning have mocked at and escaped punishment or who have killed young boys. Article XIII All these shall be exposed to ants for half a day: who kill black cats during a new moon. those who destroy their anitos (religious icons) by breaking them or throwing them down. who wound or kill the young of the Manaul. Article X It is decreed an obligation. Article XVI . Article XV Concerning beliefs and traditions. are malicious liars. by him who burns the fields of another. tear the documents belonging to the headmen. or try to steal away the women of the elders. all those who abuse themselves through their lust. or steal anything from the chiefs or agorangs. or the white monkey. these shall be beaten: who eat the diseased flesh of beasts which they hold in respect.7 Article VIII Slavery for a doam (a certain period of time) shall be suffered by those who steal away the women of the headmen. let not men be cruel nor punish their women when they catch them in the act of adultery. that every mother teach secretly to her daughters matters pertaining to lust and prepare them for womanhood. Article IX All these shall be beaten for two days: who sing while traveling by night. or their owners or masters. or who mock the dead. Article XII These shall be drowned: all who interfere with their superiors.
Ibn Battuta passed by Tawalisi on his way to China. and if they are agorangs they shall be placed in rivers to be eaten by sharks and caymans. of those who destroy the daggers of the catalonans(priest/priestess). they shall be put to death by being stoned and crushed. which was then ruled by a Mongol dynasty. Urduja was a woman warrior who personally took part in the fighting and engaged in duels with other warriors. and sites where are buried the sacred things of their diwatas and headmen. possessed many ships and was a rival of China. He who performs his necessities in those places shall be burned. Article XVII These shall be killed: who profane sites where anitos are kept. The ruler of Tawalisi. Philippines.8 The fingers shall be cut-off: of all those who break anitos of wood and clay in their alangans and temples. Other warriors avoided fighting her for fear of being disgraced. After reaching Samudra in what is now Sumatra. URDUJA. or break the drinking jars of the latter. according to Ibn Battuta.Ibn Battuta sailed for 17 days to reach China from the land of Tawalisi. a legendary warrior princess who is recognized as a heroine in Pangasinan. She was quoted as saying that she will marry no one but him who defeats her in duel. . Ibn Battuta described Urduja as a warrior princess whose army was composed of men and women. Princess Urduja was described as a daughter of a ruler named Tawalisi of a land that was also called Tawalisi. Article XVIII Those who do not cause these rules to be obeyed: if they are headmen.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.