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Dear Chairman to SrnceI do not subscribeto Hindustan Times the request for submissions the KosiFlood my old friend Himanshu Thakkar'selnquiry Commissionescaped by notice. However, mail intimationgave me this opportunity. I have worked as a groundwater/ environmental geologistin Bihar for for more than ten years from 1957 onwards and remainedin charge of GS/'s Drought work in Bihar during in 1965-66( Hope I have the years correctly! SrnceI don't have time enough , I am fonaardingan afticle of mine that was publishedin "RearWindow"of The Sundaylndian ( Atn-14th.Sept.'1|) basedon an interuiew) ( I I shallremain gratefulif this alsoconsideredas a feedback.

TSI Flo o dF u r y :

BLUNDER KOSI A HIMALAYAN :
with Himalaya, makingdams and roadswill causemajorfloodsin the future Tampering

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Peopleare in The entireKosiflood issuehas been understood the wrongperspective. and blaming riverslike Kosiand Teesta,but it is not the riversthat havegone haywire The primesourceof the problemlies in disaster. and causedthis preventable foreseeable it mountain chain.lf we playthe fool with the Himalayas, will hit back. the Himalaya basin:the in everything the Indo-Ganga-Brahmaputra Tampering with the Himalaya affects bul ko f o u r s u b -co n ti n e n t. Dams,borderroads...wherever everywhere. The government damagedthe Himalaya has in you haveborderroads,thereare landslides belowthat.Theselandslides turn raisethe Yet, thereare lotsof floodsin the valleys. devastating riverbedsby silt deposition, causing including to from Uttaranchal Arunachal, existing and proposed dams and Hydelprojects in Arunachal Pradesh, despitelocal Sikkim, and colossal dams are also underconstruction resistance.
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and metamorphosed Thesemountains basically that were folded,crumpled, are sediments and the between DeccanPlateau the when squeezed heavedup from the TethysSea, er ar and highly osion A s i a nm a i n l a n dT h u sth e ro ckyma te rial thesem ountains e fr agile in . p ro n e . a y I c orn p a re e H i ma l a ya i tha hum anhead,and any inter fer ence to a akin w M th paralyses entirebody.Likethe body,the country too has a huge river thrombosis the

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t6-03-2009

is lt not as if the riversare completely off from each other. the and alsoincreasing forceof the water.. Thatwill tremendously increase flow in the Gangaas well as Hooghlyrivers. not g*vcrnmcnlAlqg_ale-fhig completely will ilri ihr:vrr>: rr fli. lJp in lfi* i-'{irnalay.i*itir:g *l* *pi**ntre iS 1QV-V. whichraises fryef !eg!q.4]*]ilF ilnv.nic.i!}*flr*rt*yst*n:* xt th* p**pl*'* **. ihese dqpositsacrc$$sameatlhq g*filt*$*r rrvL:i*ts iur. Kosiflood happened The when such an embenkmenl1y-as by surging burst waters.:p*r:**.. ":.I apprehend that the entireRajarhat industrial will act as a wall and forcethe belt flowfrom up the valleyinto Bangladesh and Kolkata. brrrrgl:r:ilit::Arurrrchal l-rrallesh. the recently startedsurfacewaterirrigation in areaswith massiveunconfined aquifers leadto permanently will waterlogging.Embankments playground the mightyrivers.it ig€ ja$fe{rucjple AtXatUe.Then there are the qven rnO{Cl dengercU$ embankments.1.Page of3 2 network the veinsand arleries. l:il *r"r**nily il giganticmonsoon.rjlrast*r. of most of the erosionleaves behindcoarsesediments pebbles and boulders raising riverbeds even higher.:*iljv*tijtnarcund. l One must understand also that water finds its own course.so the nexttime lhe duringmon$oon.hi. Peopleneedto underqtand riversll that and Kosiare partof the same integrated with a huge.vtlfr d*v**l*tir"ig **nseEUences.nTl.riri*r:r itiirffiiay* ir.r*l liv*lif:*** *y*i*nr r.al*.Besides.**r"l fr'.Jli-] vfiLlt* l:1.did so as Director.but few realisethis singularpoint. &pp.}. alluvial bas-in. Similarly Singurand its adjoining industrial spreadshallcompelthe Hooghly and otherriversto changecourse. "tr**r"s h** h**n n* *xt**:rr:ph!* *:nrth*uxk*in th* !*{imalaynn bellfot decades.Thereare floodsin the northeast now.:n. As overland flow duringthe monsoon goes into the ocean.which no othef. Another Teesta-Kosi situation may be triggered then. t* h*r wlsh**.hlgh hy t"]f i*i'li'lr r:r***tnin *n3'wh*r*r*i** si".Sle$lng. nearthe syqtqlig!bendol$elllfflglgyqs. th* h*enu*ethe sleqpslopesof the mountains are dry *ncl ****r:rc l**s*" iilh*n th* n*xt r*in* r*me.{. Thereis anothermajormisconception. "big i11n !i**r$ **tv. like and a 'thrombosis' affects entirecountry.viri*h saluteghQl&ei* qWfilhfnlfnqAnd *cirnv*s n*l*ttltrr.+" lli*l li*vrv* ih* *g*-*ir:ix.iis*tr*nri:*t *{ [. thereis silt deposition..: llthe .r.r.!n betrryeqn interfere with the natural of any two embankments.vn. beingin the foothills the Himalaya...il*n:n":itt**s Rivcr valley& Hydel Projects f*r https://www. its stands. l." {:ilfJ-r**.rl:.. ijlel{j rii i:lai:{i *l *h*ng* th* ***r. mqq1tAln !:ui s*rrcr*i*f l****r t*l*nsityh** **.I*nr*i*ry.So any actionon ArcjXqpgglelhe cut other. chances up of a moredevastating go the plgyiousones. htn-rl ?nopop 16-03-2009 . .ri'i..af . I Land Usjl Boardin West Ben g ab u tt o n o a va i l .:i:l*d*'.in/uwc/webmai ai l/popup.}lt*r*}}y'fh*r*igmngsivser0$|aLduflngM f*rg*t that *r*sj*n h*pp*l"is y**r r"*und. &llnny stinntistfeel that the s*isrnicgap:lhe ."{ .s a bim**al *y*t*nr: it poursfor twp rnonthsand the {egl *fth*y*elli*ft.connected system.. Humanshave to live with it The latestreportis that the Koslfloqdlvatefghqvelaundlhetl way intothe Gangathrougha new channel.f1.''1r'.:i'r ii r*'. for extensive g* watershed rnfril.ff*f* li . *:ln.ll**lti.S*in th*r* a g*lutioIl Yes: gA }aqklA nqlg1e. the 'll:*r*r::r'r*f.The additional dangerthere is. *" l'$1fi:*r ill-1fi riSi Wi..We flqad_than haverepeatedly warnedthe governments.

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