Best Practice

SABP-007

31 August, 2002

Steel Piperack Design
Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Standards Committee

Steel Piperack Design

Developed by: Hisham Abu-Adas
Developed: July, 2002
Civil Engineering Unit/M&CED
Consulting Services Department

Previous Issue: New

Next Planned Update: 1 September, 2007
Page 1 of 81

Primary contact: Abu-Adas, Hisham on phone 874-6908

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 31 August, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 September, 2007

SABP-007
Steel Piperack Design

STEEL PIPERACK DESIGN
Table of Contents
Page
1

Introduction ........................................................................................................ 4
1.1
Purpose.................................................................................................... 4
1.2
Scope........................................................................................................ 4
1.3
Disclaimer ............................................................................................... 4
1.4
Conflicts with Mandatory Standards ................................................... 4

2

References ........................................................................................................... 4
2.1
Saudi Aramco Standards....................................................................... 5
2.2
Industry Codes and Standards.............................................................. 5

3

General ................................................................................................................ 5

4

Primary Loads .................................................................................................... 7
4.1
Dead Load (D)......................................................................................... 7
4.2
Product Load (PL) .................................................................................. 8
4.3
Test Load (Pt) ......................................................................................... 8
4.4
Thermal Loads (TL)............................................................................... 9
4.5
Wind Load (W)..................................................................................... 10
4.6
Earthquake Load (E) ........................................................................... 11
4.7
Other Loads (O) ................................................................................... 11

5

Load Combinations .......................................................................................... 12
5.1
Loading Combinations – Allowable Stress Design............................ 12
5.2
Loading Combinations and Load Factors – Strength Design .......... 13

6

Allowable Stresses and Strength Requirements............................................ 13
6.1
Structural Steel..................................................................................... 13
6.2
Anchor Bolts ......................................................................................... 13
6.3
Cast-in-Place Concrete ........................................................................ 13

7

Piperack Superstructure Design ..................................................................... 14
7.1
General .................................................................................................. 14
7.2
Transverse Bent Beams ....................................................................... 14
7.3
Bent Columns........................................................................................ 15
7.4
Longitudinal Struts .............................................................................. 15
7.5
Vertical Bracing.................................................................................... 16

Page 2 of 51

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 31 August, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 September, 2007

SABP-007
Steel Piperack Design

Table of Contents
Page
8

Piperack Foundations ...................................................................................... 16

ATTACHMENTS:
Attachment 1:
Piperack Design – Example 1.......................................................................... 17
List of Figures for Example 1
1. Piperack – Plan Layout.............................................................................. 23
2. Typical Bent ................................................................................................ 24
3. Wind Loads on Typical Bent..................................................................... 25
4. Wind Loads for STAAD III Input ............................................................ 26
5. Computer Model for STAAD III Input.................................................... 27
6. Kz Calculations For STAAD III Computer Input .................................. 28
7. Typical Bent – Computer Output -Member
Unity Check & Moment Diagram............................................................. 29
Attachment 2:
STAAD III Computer Input & Output for Example 1 ................................ 30
Attachment 3:
Weights of Standard (STD) and Extra Strong (XS) Pipes ........................... 49

Page 3 of 51

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 31 August, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 September, 2007

1

SABP-007
Steel Piperack Design

Introduction
1.1

Purpose
The purpose of this practice is to provide guidelines for steel piperack design for
use by engineers working on Saudi Aramco projects and Saudi Aramco
engineers.

1.2

Scope
This design guide defines the minimum requirements for the design of piperacks
in process industry facilities at Saudi Aramco sites. It covers general design
philosophy and requirements to be used in the analysis and design of piperacks.
Criteria presented herein pertain to loads, load combinations, allowable stresses,
and superstructure and foundation design. Section 2 of this instruction includes
reference codes, and Saudi Aramco Standards.

1.3

Disclaimer
The material in this Best Practices document provides the most correct and
accurate design guidelines available to Saudi Aramco which comply with
international industry practices. This material is being provided for the general
guidance and benefit of the Designer. Use of the Best Practices in designing
projects for Saudi Aramco, however, does not relieve the Designer from his
responsibility to verify the accuracy of any information presented or from his
contractual liability to provide safe and sound designs that conform to
Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirements. Use of the information or
material contained herein is no guarantee that the resulting product will satisfy
the applicable requirements of any project. Saudi Aramco assumes no
responsibility or liability whatsoever for any reliance on the information
presented herein or for designs prepared by Designers in accordance with the
Best Practices. Use of the Best Practices by Designers is intended solely for,
and shall be strictly limited to, Saudi Aramco projects. Saudi Aramco® is a
registered trademark of the Saudi Arabian Oil Company. Copyright, Saudi
Aramco, 2002.

1.4

Conflicts with Mandatory Standards
In the event of a conflict between this Best Practice and other Mandatory Saudi
Aramco Engineering Requirement, the Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement shall govern.

Page 4 of 51

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures
Issue Date: 31 August, 2002
Next Planned Update: 1 September, 2007

2

SABP-007
Steel Piperack Design

References
This Best Practice is based on the latest edition of the references below, unless
otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein when appropriate. Short titles will be
used herein when appropriate.
2.1

Saudi Aramco Standards
Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards
SAES-A-112

Meteorological and Seismic Design Data

SAES-Q-005

Concrete Foundations

Saudi Aramco Best Practices

2.2

SABP-002

Spread Footings Design

SABP-006

Wind loads on Piperacks & Open Frame
Structures

Industry Codes and Standards
American Concrete Institute (ACI)
ACI 318

Building Code Requirements for Reinforced
Concrete and Commentary

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
ASCE 7

Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other
Structures

Wind Load and Anchor Bolt Design for Petrochemical Facilities
Guidelines for Seismic Evaluation and Design of Petrochemical Facilities
American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
AISC Manual of Steel Construction – Allowable Stress Design (ASD)
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
ASTM A36

Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

ASTM A325

Specification for High strength Bolts for
Structural Steel Joints, Including Suitable nuts
and Plain Washers

ASTM A992/A992M

Specification for Steel for Structural Shapes for
Use in Building Framing

Page 5 of 51

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.5 Foundation concrete shall be designed in accordance with ACI 318.4 Piperacks and their foundations shall be designed to support loads associated with full utilization of the available rack space. This guideline.0 of this guideline. 3.7 The deflection requirements for piperack beams and transverse bents shall be as follows: The maximum allowable beam deflection Dmax due to total load shall be as follows: Dmax = L/240 L = the Span Length The maximum allowable drift limits for piperack shall not exceed H/150 (where H = piperack height).2.1 Piperacks are structures that support pipes and auxiliary equipment within and between process areas of industrial plants. 3. which the Engineer should incorporate into piperack designs if possible.2.3 Structural steel design shall be in accordance with the referenced AISC specifications and codes.0 and 5.6 Piperack superstructures and foundations shall be designed for the loads and load combinations specified in Sections 4. it is difficult to define specific criteria for the design of such structures. 3. The plastic design method in the AISC manual shall not be used in steel design.2 This guideline applies to the following three basic types of steel piperacks: • Strutted main piperacks • Unstrutted secondary or miscellaneous piperacks • "T" supports 3. Piperacks shall be considered as building.7 (Category IV Structure in accordance with ASCE 7 Table 1-1 classification). Steel for piperack design will normally be A-36 or ASTM A992/A992M. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. Piping loads can vary greatly from project to project as can the loads from wind and earthquake. and shall be noted on the drawings. 2007 3 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design General 3. and any specified future expansion. 3. sets forth general requirements.95 Table 9. The maximum allowable seismic drift limits for piperack shall be in accordance with ASCE 7 . The minimum 28 day compressive strength of concrete shall be 4000 psi. Clearly. Page 6 of 51 . 3. however.

shall be designed by the engineer and shall be shown on the engineering drawings. however. However. trays.Test Load TL . 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design The maximum allowable drift limits for piperack shall not exceed H/100 (where H = piperack height). Foundation concrete weight along with any soil overburden Page 7 of 51 .Product Load Pt . Field connections shall be bolted where possible. b.1. Moment connections shall preferably be of the bolted end plate type. insulation. switchgear. pipes.Dead Load PL .Thermal Load W . Shop connections may be either bolted or welded. d. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. fireproofing.Earthquake O . etc.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. Connections may be field welded when conditions are such that a bolted connection is not suitable. structural steel plates and shapes. Bolted connections for primary members shall utilize high-strength bolts conforming to ASTM A-325-N.8 4 Connections for steel piperacks shall conform to the following requirements: a. Standard connections shall be designed by the fabricator in accordance with the project construction specifications and loads shown on the drawings. electrical and lighting conduits. bearing-type connections with threads included in the shear plane. Primary Loads The following loads shall be considered in the design of piperack superstructures and foundations: D .1 Dead load shall include the weight of all process equipment. instrumentation. c. valves and accessories.Wind Load E . slip-critical-type connections shall be used in connection subject to vibration or repeated stress reversal. 3. Moment connections and special connections.1 Dead Load (D) 4.Other Loads The above loads are defined as follows: 4.

2.10 kPa) shall be used for the design of major piperacks.2 = Large pipe diameter (ft) Single level and double level electrical cable trays shall have a minimum uniformly distributed weight of 20 psf (0.92 kPa). The concentrated load in pounds. A minimum product load of 17 psf (0. Unless stipulated otherwise by Saudi Aramco. b.pDL D) Where: S = Pipe support spacing (ft) WDL = Large pipe weight per foot (plf) pDL = Average pipe deck loading (psf) D c.1 Product load shall be defined as the gravity load imposed by liquid or viscous material in piping during operation. piping and electrical loads shall not be less than the following: a.96 kPa) and 40 psf (1. This is equivalent to 8-inch (203 mm) pipes full of water spaced at 15-inch (381 mm) centers. Along with the minimum pipe deck loads specified above. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design shall also be considered as dead load. 4. Schedule 40 pipes spaced at 15-inch (381 mm) centers.2 Piperacks shall be designed for present and future dead loads. product loads shall not be less than the following: a. This is equivalent to 8-inch (203 mm) diameter. A minimum pipe deck load of 23 psf (1.1.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. Product Load (PL) 4.2 Piperacks shall be designed for present and future product loads. Tray locations shall be as shown on electrical drawings.81 kPa) shall be used at each level for the design of major piperacks. PDL. Page 8 of 51 . shall be calculated using the following equation: PDL = S (WDL . 4. The cable tray load shall be considered as dead load.2. 4. respectively. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. Unless stipulated otherwise by Saudi Aramco. a concentrated load shall be added at pipes that are larger than 12 inches (300 mm) nominal diameter on the support. All piping shall be considered empty of product load (PL) when calculating dead load.

3 = Large pipe diameter (ft) Test Load (Pt) The test load shall be defined as the gravity load imposed by the liquid (normally water) used to pressure test the piping. however. Pipe supports must be designed to resist longitudinal loads arising from pipe thermal expansion and contraction. SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Along with the minimum piping product loads specified above. 4. On the average pipeway. Thermal loads shall be considered as dead load and included in the appropriate load combinations.pPL D) Where: S = Pipe support spacing (ft) WPL = Large pipe product load per foot (plf) pPL = Average product loading (psf) D 4. both friction forces (FF) and anchor forces (AF) shall be considered. 10% of the total operating weight of all lines tributary to the support Page 9 of 51 . If so. a concentrated load shall be added at pipes that are at least larger than 12 inches (300 mm) nominal diameter on the support. These loads are applied to the transverse beams either through friction or through pipe anchors. PPL. For piperack design. shall be calculated using the following equation: PPL = S (WPL .1 Friction Forces (FF) Friction forces caused by hot lines sliding across a pipe support during start-up and shut-down are assumed to be partially resisted by adjacent cold lines.4 Thermal Loads Thermal loads shall be defined as forces caused by changes in the temperature of piping. 2007 b. The concentrated load in pounds. 4.4. Large vapor lines may require hydrotesting. it may be possible to test them one at a time while the other lines on the support are empty and thus avoid the heavy pipe support loading. When such procedures are used. the lines expand and contract varying amounts at random times. special notes should be placed on the structural and piping drawings to specify test procedures. Small vapor lines are normally considered filled with water. The resultant longitudinal friction force.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. shall be taken as the larger of the following: a.

3 Temperature Force (TF) Thermal forces caused by structure expansion and contraction should be considered in the design with the structural steel checked for temperature change. braced anchor frames. which will expand or contract simultaneously.1. Design temperature shall be defined as the difference between the highest and lowest one day mean temperature plus the metal temperature for the Page 10 of 51 .4.6 for requirements. 2007 b. internal pressure. Refer to Section 7. Pipe anchor and guide forces (AF) produced from thermal expansion. and surge shall be considered as dead loads. Anchor and guide loads (excluding their friction component) shall be combined with wind or seismic loads. columns. 4.4. braced anchor frames. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. This should not occur too frequently since Piping Engineering like to anchor large lines on only a few bents in a pipeway. Piperacks beams. struts. an estimated friction force equal to 5% of the total piping weight shall be accumulated and carried into piperack struts. Pipe friction loads shall not be combined with wind or seismic loads for the design of piperack struts. The 10% of the total piping weight shall be taken as an estimated longitudinal friction forces (FF) applied only to local supporting beams. During high wind or earthquake. For local beam design consider only the top flange as acting in horizontal bending unless the pipe anchor engages both flanges of the beam. columns. when there are multiple frames. braced anchor frames. Anchor and guide forces and locations shall be obtained from the piping stress analysis and piping isometric drawings. columns. However. SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design 30% of the total operating weight of those lines tributary to the support. Anchor and pipe forces shall be obtained from the checked pipe stress analysis computer run. and foundations shall be designed to resist actual pipe anchor and guide loads. and foundations.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. Range of temperature change shall be in accordance with SAES-A-112. the vibration and deflection of the supports under load will likely relieve the friction forces. and foundations. 4.2 Anchor Forces (AF) Anchor forces may dictate the use of horizontal channels or horizontal bracing as well vertical bracing at anchor bents.

Wind pressures. cable trays.3 For major piperacks.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.95 and the Saudi Aramco Best Practice SABP-006 "Wind Loads on Piperacks and Open Frame Structures". and pressure coefficients shall be computed and applied in accordance with ASCE 7 .5.5 Wind Load (W) 4. Page 11 of 51 .5.5.5). platforms.1 Wind loads on all pipe. ladders.5. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design sunheating effects on structural steel which can be estimated at about 20°C.5 For detailed wind load calculations on piperacks. F. equipment. 4.0 for Piperacks G = Gust Response Factor Cf = Force Coefficient A = Projected Area normal to wind 4.Eq. the design lateral wind load on pipes at each pipe deck shall not be less than the wind load computed for 12-inch (300 mm) pipes at 15-inch (381 mm) centers. 4. can be determined using the following equation: F = qz G Cf A (ASCE 7 . 4. can normally be disregarded. refer to criteria specified in Saudi Aramco Best Practices SABP-006 "Wind Loads on Piperacks and Open Frame Structures". 6-1) KZt = Topographic Factor (per ASCE 7 provision 6. wind pressure distribution.Table 6-1) where: qz = 0. therefore.5.00256 Kz Kzt V² I (lb/ft²) I = Importance Factor V = Wind Velocity (MPH) KZ = Exposure Coefficient (ASCE 7 .4 Longitudinal wind load on piperacks is negligible compared to other longitudinal forces and.2 The total wind load per foot on pipes. 4.5. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. structural members. KZt = 1. and other attachments to the piperack shall be considered in the design.

75 (0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 4. Theses load combinations shall be considered in superstructure and foundation design of piperacks. Seismic zones. Operating Gravity Loads) Load Comb.6 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Earthquake Load (E) Earthquake loads shall be computed and applied in accordance with ASCE 7 95. the response modification factor to be used in ASCE 7 is 6 divided by 1. effective peak velocity and site soil coefficient shall be determined in accordance with SAES-A-112 "Meteorological And Seismic Design Data". Any credible load combinations that could produce the maximum stress or govern for stability should be considered in the calculations. ASCE's Guideline for Seismic Evaluation of Design of Petrochemical Facilities shall also be used for seismic design. effective peak acceleration. the Rw value is 6.4 equals to R = 4. The earthquake loads in ASCE 7 are limit state seismic loads and this should be taken into account when using allowable stress design methods and applying load factors from other codes. The Rw factors in ASCE's Seismic Guidelines Tables 4. Gravity + W or E) Page 12 of 51 .9 D + W) 0. with an Ordinary Moment Resisting Frame. etc. Oper.75 (D + PL + AF + W or E) Load Comb. 5 Load Combinations 5. 2007 4. The load combinations shown below are the most common load combinations but may not cover all possible conditions. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 1 (Max. 2 (Min. Therefore. The Importance Factor I shall be Category IV. 3 (Max.4. D + PL + FF + TF + AF (if any) 0. For steel piperack. All plant area structures shall be considered essential facilities. Dead Load + Wind) Load Comb.7 Other Loads (O) Piperacks may be subjected to loads not covered by the six categories described above.4 may be converted to R factors for use with ASCE 7 by dividing by 1.29.1 Loading Combinations – Allowable Stress Design The following load combinations of loads are for use in conjunction with the allowable stress method of design.

Load conditions that have primarily a localized effect generally do no need to be included in the main analysis as these loads may be considered during individual structural component design. For wind load.9 D + 1. this is justified because hydrotests are not conducted during high winds and.4 (D + PL + FF + TF + AF) Load Comb. 1.1 Wind forces and earthquake forces shall not be considered to act simultaneously.75[1.3W Load Comb. Any credible load combinations that could produce the maximum stress or govern for stability should be considered in the calculations. 3 0. the probability of shocks occurring during hydrotest is low.1. and W or E load. Oper. Dead Load + Wind Load) Load Comb.4PL + 1.4AF + (1. Gravity + W or E) Page 13 of 51 .3 In combinations involving Test Load (Pt). The load combinations shown below are the most common load combinations but may not cover all possible conditions. 2007 0. 5.7W or 1. 5. only ¼ of the load need be considered. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.2 The engineer should use his judgment in selecting potential critical combinations. 1 (Max. Operating Gravity Loads) 0.2 TF = Temperature Force Pt = Test Load W = Wind Load E = Earthquake Load 5.1. 4 (Test Load + W or E) where: D = Dead Load PL = Product Load AF = Anchor Force 5.4D + 1.1.80 [D + Pt + (1/4 W or 1/4E)] SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Load Comb.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.9E)] (Max. for earthquake load. Loading Combinations and Load Factors – Strength Design The following load combinations of loads are for use in conjunction with the strength design method and may be used for foundation design. 2 (Min.

2 Anchor Bolts The design of anchor bolts shall conform to requirements of Paragraph 4.3 Cast-in-Place Concrete Strength design methods of ACI shall be used in piperack footing design.4D + 1. 6. the bent columns.57W or 0. 7 Piperack Superstructure Design 7. longitudinal struts. Design criteria applicable to each of these components are presented below. and vertical bracing. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.3 A determined effort should be made early on the project to establish the correct number of transverse beam levels required for piping and electrical support. 7.1.2 In general.1 Structural Steel The allowable stresses and stress increases specified in the AISC manual shall be used for all piperack steel design with the following exception: Exception: Under test conditions. 4 (Test Load + W or E) Allowable Stresses and Strength Requirements 6.1 General 7.63E) 6 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Load Comb.7 of SAES-Q-005 and SABP-001. For footing design requirements see SAES-Q-005 and Saudi Aramco Best Practice SABP-002 "Spread Footings Design". Additional longitudinal and/or intermediate transverse beam may be required to support Page 14 of 51 . and the number of longitudinal beams required to support pipes entering or leaving the pipeway.1.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.1 The principal structural components of a piperack are the transverse bent beams. 2007 1. 6. the allowable stress for all structural steel elements and their connections may be increased 20% when a partial wind or earthquake load is included. the pipe support framing system is designed as rigid frame bents with fixed or pinned bases in the transverse direction and as braced frames in the longitudinal direction. 7.1.4Pt + (0.

7. The maximum segment for the piperack shall be limited to 140 feet (42.2 Generally. the unbraced length shall be taken as the span of the beam and the AISC factor Cb shall be used to account for end fixity.0 for the weak direction of the beam.1. provisions shall be made for thermal expansion of steel.5 meters) in length unless calculations show otherwise.4 Structural components of the piperack must be capable of resisting the axial loads.2. This factor should be equal to 1.2.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.2. 7. Page 15 of 51 . 7. instrumentation lines.2. the transverse beam shall be investigated for bending about the y-y axis and for torsion.1.6 Structural Steel Expansion For piperack design.2 Transverse Bent Beams 7. with the structural steel checked for temperature change. 7. Details and requirements for the slotted connection shall be provided on the engineering drawings. 7. Electrical conduit and cable trays usually must be supported every 10 feet.3 If top flange lateral loads are significant. or other small lines. In no case shall the assumption of lateral support from piping be used in computing Fb. 7. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design electrical conduit. Fb. and torsion produced by the load combinations given in Section 5. 7. Horizontal bracing may be required locally if the local bending stresses are too high.5 Special consideration shall be given to the design of transverse beams which support large vapor lines to be hydrotested or which support large anchor or guide forces. Slotted connections (sliding connection) shall be provided in each segment of the piperack between vertical bracing to allow for structural steel thermal expansion.2.5 An elastic analysis shall be used to determine moments and forces in piperack members. This can be estimated by using My x 2 / Sy.1. the depth of horizontal members should not be less than 1/24 of the span.0 is a very conservative and safe assumption. modified by the appropriate effective length factor for each direction. moments.0 of this guideline. the total span of the beam should be used.4 In axial load design.1 In computing the allowable bending stress. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 7. shears. A Cb value of 1.

struts shall be designed for axial load only.3 Compression bracing for steel piperack systems shall normally be designed with wide flange and structural tee shapes. Such struts should be designed for the actual load but not less than 50% of the gravity loading of the loaded transverse pipe support beam. Concentrated loads for large pipes shall also be included in design.1 Vertical bracing may be used to transmit transverse and longitudinal forces to the foundations. plane formed by column web is parallel to longitudinal direction).5 meters) maximum.3. 7.e. For tension bracing. double angle or structural tees may be used. column bases shall be considered pinned in the transverse direction and fixed in the longitudinal direction.4 Column base plates for major and miscellaneous piperacks and "T" supports that are to be attached to concrete foundations shall be four-bolt base plates.5. 7. 7.2 In unstrutted piperacks. The major axis of columns may be turned in either direction.5.1 In strutted piperacks. 7. 2007 7.2 Braced bays in strutted piperack systems should be spaced at 140 feet (42. 7. The primary source of axial loads is longitudinal pipe loads. 7.3. Longitudinal bracing should be provided in about every fourth bay.1 In areas where gravity loading of struts is anticipated. K-bracing or X-bracing is usually used for this purpose.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.4.4.5 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Bent Columns 7.4 7.3 "T" support column bases shall be considered fixed in both the transverse and longitudinal directions. The major axis of columns should normally be perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the piperack (i. Longitudinal Struts 7. columns shall normally be designed with pinned or fixed bases depending on the lateral drift requirements. Vertical Bracing 7.5. Page 16 of 51 .2 Where gravity loading is not anticipated. struts shall be designed for axial loads produced by longitudinal pipe loads plus gravity load moments and shears.3 7.. This loading requirement will account for the usual piping and electrical conduit that is "rolled-out" of the piperack.3. single angle.3.

1 Foundations shall be designed in accordance with the project soil report recommendations and SAES-Q-005 "Concrete Foundations". 2002 Revision Summary New Saudi Aramco Best Practice (SABP-007). 8.3 In piperack foundation design. The buoyant load included in the design shall be based on project water table elevations (permanent or temporary). which produce the most unfavorable effect on the foundation. 31 August.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.2 The type of foundation to be used for piperacks shall be established based on the soil report recommendations. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 8. 2007 8 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Piperack Foundations 8. Page 17 of 51 . buoyant load shall be considered when applicable.

moment connection) The columns are W14X53 and fixed at the base. Primary loads to be considered are as follows: D. Refer to Figures 1.50 and 30.2.75 (D + PL + W) 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.50.2.e. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Attachment 1 PIPERACK DESIGN .EXAMPLE 1 Design typical piperack bent in Uthmaniyah Gas Plant. The beams are rigidly connected to the columns (i. Refer to Figure 2 for Bent Framing arrangement. PL.75 (0.00.00 acts as struts to transfer thermal load to the vertical bracing of the rack.a) Concentrated Pipe Loads (per Sections 4. 3 & 5.9 D + W) Load Combination 101 Load Combination 102 Load Combination 103 Member Loads: Dead Loads (D) & Product Loads (PL). Members 11 and 12 Dead Load: WD = 23 psf x 20 ft = 460 #/ft = 0.2. Assumptions: The main beams shall be W10X33 for the cable tray support and W12X40 and W12X45 for the pipe supports.1. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.a) Product Load: WPL = 17 psf x 20 ft = 340 #/ft = 0.. The beam levels are 20. Earthquake zone is 0. These levels will be considered as braced in the longitudinal direction. TF & W (assume no anchor loads and no pipes will be tested at this bent) Load Combinations to be considered are as follows: D + PL + FF + TF 0.2.1.34 K/ft (per Section 4. 25. FF.a and 4.46 K/ft (per Section 4. The longitudinal struts (W10X33) located at levels 17. therefore seismic loads need not be considered in the analysis and design. and with a 3-sec.00 and 20.00. The piperack configuration shall be as shown in example 1 (Figures 1 through 6).2.2.b) Page 18 of 51 . Gust wind speed of 96 mph per SAES-A-112. 22.

PL = 179.93 #/ft For pipe weight and product load (PL). PL = 96.831 kips Member 13 Dead Load: WD = 20 psf x 20 ft = 400 #/ft = 0.pPL D) P2PL = 20 ft (96.1 = 0. 2007 24" O.87 – 17*2) /1000 = 2.08 k/ft (FF = 10% of Operating Load) Concentrated load in the longitudinal direction . Pipe Schedule 40 18" O.D. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.507 kips Member 11 concentrated Dead Load PDL = S (WDL – pDL D) P2DL = 20 ft (104.428 kips P2 Total = 1.49 #/ft. Pipe Schedule 40 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design D = 125. Member 12 concentrated Dead Load PDL = S (WDL .917 kips P1 Total = 1.5) /1000 = 1. refer to Table 1.pDL D) P1DL = 20 ft (125.pPL D) P1PL = 20 ft (179.10% of concentrated load Page 19 of 51 .40 K/ft Thermal Loads – Frictional Force FF (in the longitudinal direction) Members 11 and 12 FF (Uniform) = (0.93 – 17*1.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.D.59 + 2.59 kips Member 12 concentrated Product Load PPL = S (WPL .87 #/ft D = 104.67 – 23*1.403 kips Member 11 concentrated Product Load PPL = S (WPL .49 – 23*2) /1000 = 1.04 x 20) x 0.67 #/ft.403 + 1.917 = 4.428 = 2.5) /1000 = 1.

831) = 0.1) (Section 4.2) Page 20 of 51 . For Uthmaniyah it will be 106-43 = 63°F plus metal temperature for the sunhearting effects on structural steel which can be estimated at about 36°F or (20°C). 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Member 11 FF2 = 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.1) Force Coefficients For structural members For columns For pipes For cable trays Cf = 1.0 (Section 4.507) = 0.1. G = 0. where F is the force per unit length of the piping or cable tray (For Force Coefficients and details. The Design Temperature shall be the difference the highest and lowest one-day mean temperature.85 (ASCE 7. for 30 ft elevation from Table 1 qz = 26.6.1. refer to Structural Design Best Practices Guidelines for "Wind Loads on Piperacks and Open Frame Structures"): F = qz G Cf Ae ASCE 7 Table 6-1 Design wind pressure.8 Cf = 2.1.7 Cf = 2. Ae = Largest pipe diameter or cable tray height + 10% of piperack width.1. Section 6.1 and 4.59 psf Gust effect factor.3) (Section 4.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.283 kips Member 12 FF1 = 0.0 Cf = 0. (Sections 4.1 (2. Design Temperature = (63 + 36) = 99°F (103°F is used in this example – say ok) Wind Loads Design wind forces are determined by the equation listed below.4) Projected Area Projected Area per foot of piperack.1 (4.1) (Section 4.451 kips Temperature Loads: Structural steel shall be designed based on SAES-A-112.

5)] * 20.85) * (0.0 Page 21 of 51 .59 psf) * (0. O.66 kips Columns qz = 26.50 psf at elev. The following calculations are only for piping and cable trays without the structural support members: Force F1 F2 F3 Calculation Force (Pounds) Cable Tray 6" Deep Cf = 2.59 psf) * (0.5 + (10% *25 ft) = 3.0.59 psf) * 0.8 Ae = 9. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.5 and 17.7 WIND LOAD ON STRUCTURAL MEMBERS For structural members.9 pounds = 0.7) * (4.0)] * 20. Stringers at elevations 30.5 ft² F2 = [(26.0)] * 20. Cf = 0.59 psf for all 3 levels of stringers (conservative) Cf = 1.7) * (4.0 ft² F1 = [(26. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design WIND LOAD ON PIPING AND CABLE TRAY The guidelines require the consideration of the piping or cable trays separately from the structural members.0 bent spacing F2 = 1423.7 Ae = 2. 30 ft qz = 25.9 Pipe Level 20 ft – 18" Max.59 psf) * (0.0 + (10% *25 ft) = 4.0 bent spacing F3 = 1265. assume 25 ft wide rack with bent spacing of 20 ft centers.0 ft² F3 = [(26.2 Pipe Level 25 ft – 24" Max.D.85 *1.22 ft² F4=F5=F6= (26.73/12 ft (beam depth) * 20 ft (beam length) = 16.0) * (3.0 Ae = 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.D.22 ft² = 659. O.0 bent spacing F1 = 2712.59 psf at elev.42 psf at elev. 22.8 * 16. all stringers not shielded.5 Assume qz = 26.59 psf for the whole column (conservative) Cf = 2. 20 ft Use qz = 26.85) * (0.5 + (10% *25 ft) = 4. Cf = 0.7 Ae = 1. 25 ft qz = 24.85) * (2.

Piperack Bent is designed per attached STAAD III input and output file.67 = 30.0 G Kz 15. 4. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Ae = 8/12 ft (column width) * 1 ft = 0.0 1.25 + 9. Page 22 of 51 .9 Check the critical Kz for the governing bottom portion of column: Col.02 = 11. 2.63 With GB = 1. 6.17 GT = 11. 6 & 7) per Figure 5 W14X53 W12X45 Ix = 541 IN4 Ix = 350 IN4 GB = 1. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.27/1. W14X53 (members 1.67 ft²/linear foot Force per column = (26.85 * 2.3 pounds/foot = 0.9 Per AISC Steel Manual Figure 1 Page 3-4.0 17.0303 kips/ft Kz (effective length factor about the column local z-axis) calculations for columns Refer to detailed calculations in Figure 6 G = Σ IC/LC Σ IB/LB Column Member Elevation 30.5 20.82 5. 2.8 25. 9 3.27 Σ IB/LB = 350/25x12 = 1.59 psf) * 0. 7 1.63 Kz = 1. 8.51 3.17 = 9.0 1.0 9.0 * 0. 10 3.0 & GT = 9.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.63 0.0 Fixed Base GT = Σ IC/LC Σ IB/LB Σ IC/LC = (541/20x12) + (541/5x12) = 2.

Connections & Columns Base Plate: Design Beam/Column moment connection based on AISC Steel Manual procedure. Page 23 of 51 . Design vertical and horizontal bracings connections based on member loads and in accordance with the AISC Steel Manual procedure.0 Beam Deflection: Ensure that maximum beams vertical deflection is less than L/240 where L = span length Lateral Drift: Ensure that maximum lateral drift for the piperack is less than H/150 for load combinations with wind load and H/100 for earthquake case. Design Columns Base Plates based on AISC Steel Manual procedure.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. Foundations: Design columns Foundations in accordance with the requirements of SAES-Q005 and the Saudi Aramco Best Practices SABP-002 "Spread Footings Design". 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Check STAAD III output for the following: Unity Check: Ensure that unity check for all structural members are less than 1.

E.J. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design 7 SPA @ 20’-0” = 140’-0” 20’-0” 20’-0” A E. A E.J. Figure 1 Typical Bent PIPE RACK – PLAN LAYOUT Example 1 Attach.J. 1 Page 24 of 51 .J. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 25’-0” E.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.

) Fixed Base Figure 2 25’-0” Fixed Base Typical Bent Section A-A Attach. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design W 12 x 40 2. 1 Example 1 Page 25 of 51 .5’ 2.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.5’ 5’-0” W 10 x 33 5’-0” MEMBER PROPERTIES W 12 x 45 W 14 x 53 W 14 x 53 20’-0” 30’-0” W 10 x 33 (TYP.

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.5’ 18” O.00 25’-0” 30. F2 3’-0” W 12 x 40 F5 2. Max. 1 Page 26 of 51 .D. d = 9.D. Max.3 #/ft Figure 3 30.3 #/ft Typical Bent Section A-A Example 1 Attach. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design WIND LOAD ON PIPE & STEEL MEMBERS 6” Conduit Racks F1 F4 F4 5’-0” W 10 x 33 24” O.73” bf = 8” EL 0.5’ 5’-0” F5 W 14 x 53 W 14 x 53 20’-0” 30’-0” W 10 x 33 TYP. F3 5’-0” F6 W 12 x 45 F6 2. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.

1 Page 27 of 51 .5’ 660# 1266# W 12 x 45 660# W 14 x 53 W 14 x 53 20’-0” 30’-0” 660# 2. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design WIND LOAD FOR STAAD III COMPUTER INPUT 2712# 660# 660# 5’-0” W 10 x 33 W 12 x 40 660# 2.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.3 #/ft Figure 4 25’-0” 30. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.5’ 5’-0” 1424# 30.3 #/ft Typical Bent Section A-A Example 1 Attach.

66k X X3 30’-0” 4 .424 0.66 k 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.0303 k/i 6 1 1 X 2 FIXED FIXED 25’-0” Z Figure 5 DL + OPER LD + WL DESIGN LOADS Example 1 Attach.5 5’-0” 0.66 9 0.831k W 3 = 0.66 W 14 x 53 9 2.372 10 k 10 0. 1 Page 28 of 51 .8 k/l 1.0303 k/l k 3.66 0.66 W1 = 0.507 3’-0” 1 W 2 = 0.66 X 7 W 10 x 33 13 5 P = 4.8 5’-0” k/l W 12 x 40 12 4 3 k P2 = 2.66k 6 7 0.66 5 W 12 x 45 11 2 12 .0303 k/l W 14 x 53 W 14 x 53 17.914 2.507k k 0.266 0.403 P2 PL = 1.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.428 P1 DL = 1.40 k/l 0.66k X 8 8 . 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design P2 DL = 1.0303 k/l k 0.59 P1 PL = 2.66k 5’-0” W 14 x 53 11 k 1.5 20’-0” .831k Y 4.

51 1.0 9.8 9. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. G 30.0 1.9 GB = 1.50 = 1.82 25.5 W 14 x 53 5’-0” 5’-0” G= IB LB G= W 12 x 45 = ΣIc/Lc ΣIB/LB 9.51 20.02 = 17.9 W 14 x 53 KZ = 1.03 = 310 25 x 12 KZ = 3.03 2.02 = 15.63 0.0 KZ 3.9 Elev.82 0.02 x 9.57 KZ = 3. 1 Page 29 of 51 .0 15.17 IC/LC = 541 = 2.02 5 x 12 W 12 x 40 IC/LC = 9.25 x 9.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.5 = 1.02 = 9.02 W 14 x 53 W 10 x 33 IB LB G= W 14 x 53 W 14 x 53 KZ = 3.57 = 170 25 x 12 = 0.63 1.25 20 x 12 IB 20’-0” LB = 3. 2007 W W W W 10 x 33 12 x 40 12 x 45 14 x 53 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design 4 Ix = 170 IN 4 Ix = 310 IN 4 Ix = 350 IN 4 Ix = 541 IN G IC/LC = 541 = 9.8 KZ = 3.0 17.17 25 x 12 W 14 x 53 KZ = 1.0’ Figure 6 Columns Kz Factors Example 1 Attach.5 1.0 25.8 3.

Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 2007 Figure 7 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Typical Bent – Computer Output-Member Unity Check & Moment Diagram Page 30 of 51 . 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.

JOINT COORDINATES 7. 5 0 20 0.EXAMPLE 1 . 11 TABLE ST W12X45 18. ALPHA 70E-7 ALL 26. UNIT FEET KIP 27. 3 4 7 8 11 12 FY -0. LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD (DL) 28. 3 5 7. 2 3 5.5 0. 7 0 22. MEMBER LOAD 32.5 0.PIPERACK DESIGN . 9 0 25 0. 8 25 22. 5 9 11. 13 11 12 12. 10 25 25 0. 1 2 FIXED 14. JOINT LOAD 30. UNIT INCHES KIP 21. 12 9 10.66 31. UNIT FEET KIP 6. * DESIGN BY : H.5 0. Intl. DENSITY STEEL ALL 24. 12 TABLE ST W12X40 19. 13 TABLE ST W10X33 20. 2 25 0 0. 7 4 6. MEMBER INCIDENCES 10.ABU-ADAS CHECK BY : DATE:01/15/2002 4. 6 25 20 0 8. * FILE: BP-PR-EX1.5 0. 12 25 30 0 9. 1 ************************************************** * * * STAAD. 1 0 0 0. 1 1 3. 3 4 7 8 11 12 FIXED BUT FX FY MX MY MZ 15. STAAD SPACE . 3 0 17. 9 8 10 11.Pro * * Version 2001 Build 1004 * * Proprietary Program of * * RESEARCH ENGINEERS. MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 16. 11 0 30 0. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Attachment 2 STAAD III Computer Input & Output for Example 1 PAGE NO.46 Page 31 of 51 . 10 10 12.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 1 TO 10 TABLE ST W14X53 17. 11 5 6. 4 7 9. SELFWEIGHT Y -1 29. 8 6 8. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST PRACTICES 2. 4 25 17. * * Date= JUL 1.STD 5. CONSTANTS 22. E STEEL ALL 23. 6 2 4. 2002 * * Time= 9:55:30 * * * * USER ID: CSD/Saudi Aramco * ************************************************** 1. POISSON STEEL ALL 25. 11 12 UNI GY -0. SUPPORTS 13. OUTPUT WIDTH 72 3.

56.9 DL + WL) 1 0.428 5 12 CON GY -2. 35. 50. 59. 63.403 5 12 CON GY -1.0 3 1. 46.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 12/ 13/ 8 ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH= 2/ 2/ 17 DOF TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 4.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.0/ 1345. 36.2 MB. 49. 54. 34. 58. 66. 45. Processing Triangular Factorization. 51. 65. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .914 3 LOAD 3 THERMAL LOAD (FF + TF) * FRICTIONAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 11 12 UNI GZ 0.75 4 0. 40. 61.283 5 12 CON GZ 0.4 11 CON GY -1. Calculating Member Forces. 42.75 2 0. LOAD 0. 43. 39. 37.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.0 2 1. 41.75(0.59 3 LOAD 2 PRODUCT LOAD (PL) MEMBER LOAD 11 12 UNI GY -0.PAGE NO. 9:55:30 9:55:30 9:55:30 9:55:30 9:55:30 Page 32 of 51 . Calculating Joint Displacements.68 4 0.75 LOAD COMB 103 MIN.266 9 FX 1.0 LOAD COMB 102 75 PERCENT DL + PL + WL(E-W) 1 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 54 SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX = 1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS REQRD/AVAIL.1 MB ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ Processing Element Stiffness Matrix.0303 *SERVICE LOADING COMB.451 3 * TEMPERATURE LOAD TEMP LOAD 1 TO 13 TEMP 103 LOAD 4 WIND LOAD (WL) FROM LEFT TO RIGHT (NORTH TO SOUTH) JOINT LOAD 3 4 7 8 12 FX 0. 47. 48. 60. Processing Global Stiffness Matrix.372 *WIND LOAD ON COLUMNS MEMBER LOAD 1 TO 10 UNI GX 0. 55. 64.EXAMPLE 1 . FOR STEEL DESIGN LOAD COMB 101 OPERATING LOAD (DL + PL + FF) 1 1. 33. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 62. 2 13 UNI GY -0. 38. 57. 53.424 11 FX 3.PIPERACK DESIGN . 52.34 11 CON GY -1. 44.66 5 FX 1.08 11 CON GZ 0. EXMEM = 0. DISK SPACE = 12.

00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00002 0.00000 0.10706 0.13065 0.00125 -0.00013 0.00000 0.13475 -0.00000 0.00251 -0.00087 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00024 -0.09968 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.00000 0.66062 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00019 -0.00000 0.00000 0. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.15141 0.01610 0.00139 Page 33 of 51 .00058 -0.00287 -0.01249 -0.00000 0.00650 0.00000 0.44848 0.00000 0.00000 0.17304 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00999 -0.01212 -0.00279 0.51337 0.00000 X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00569 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00004 0.00126 -0.00598 0.00000 0.00042 -0.43577 0.00570 0.00000 0.00216 -0.00027 0.15688 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00210 0.00000 0.00004 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00279 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.43506 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.58305 -0.00570 0.00211 -0.00000 0.00002 0.09764 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.15141 -0.00000 0.EXAMPLE 1 . 3 67.00006 -0.49988 0.00499 0.00000 0.17304 -0.13140 0.00862 -0.00000 0.00002 0.00638 -0.00201 -0.00233 0.00000 0.01246 -0.00187 0.00000 0.00000 0.01421 -0.01134 -0.00000 0.00963 -0.01305 0.13720 -0.00000 0.00244 0.00000 0.00020 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.01066 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00004 0.00329 0.00035 0.10706 0.01097 -0.00000 0.00482 0.00000 0.00000 0.66015 0.00000 0.09095 0.00524 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .00000 0.00287 -0.00009 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00080 0.00002 0.00000 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00000 0.09764 0.00000 0.00000 0.00080 0.PAGE NO.00004 0.00000 0.00499 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00524 0.00000 0.46174 0.00000 0.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00000 0.00022 0.00039 -0.00000 0.00563 -0.15408 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00039 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00025 -0.01690 0.00648 0.00000 0.00000 0.00016 -0. LOAD LIST ALL 68.00000 0.00207 -0.00000 0.00244 0.00000 0.00000 0.00980 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.00000 0.00000 0.00019 -0.00087 0.00000 0.01129 0.50279 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00422 0.00000 0.58265 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.50755 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00598 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 -0.

00000 0.77522 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.EXAMPLE 1 .56098 0.00077 -0.00513 0.01392 -0.00142 -0.00000 0.60596 0.00002 -0.00149 0.59092 0.00630 0.00052 -0.01437 -0.00015 0.00000 -0.10817 0.00019 0.00000 0.56135 0.00012 0.08407 0.00000 0.00544 0.10817 0.00469 0.01309 -0.00000 0.00128 -0.77589 -0.00031 0.00012 0.65594 -0.00000 0.72305 -0.01524 -0.00007 0.00000 0.00031 0.00102 -0.00000 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .00000 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00338 0.00000 X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 0.00596 0.00000 0.72252 0.01346 0.00017 0.00004 -0.01189 4 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.00153 0.00017 0.00000 0.01054 -0.00000 0.21630 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00740 0.00000 0.60379 0.00031 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.59054 0.00031 0.00001 -0.00070 Page 34 of 51 .21630 -0.00596 0.00000 0.17730 -0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 -0.01344 -0.23697 -0.01399 -0.00312 0.00000 0.00025 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00007 0.00061 -0.00004 -0.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.01519 -0.00000 0.00695 0.00126 0.01623 -0.00000 0.01694 -0.00543 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.10948 0.00621 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 -0.01881 -0.00001 -0. JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 7 8 9 10 11 12 LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 0.00189 -0.00000 0.02243 0.00000 0.00000 0.19778 -0.00004 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .00000 0.25956 0.00000 0.00023 -0.01083 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.10888 0.00630 0.00036 -0.00000 0.00169 -0.00000 -0.00323 0.00000 0.13871 0.86380 -0.00000 0.19452 -0.00030 -0.01324 0.00741 0.14406 0.00743 -0.00323 0.00296 0.00011 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00029 -0.00017 -0.17428 -0.00000 0.00338 0.01642 0.00000 0.00000 0.00621 0.00007 0.00000 0.68192 0.00662 0.01224 -0.00000 0.00011 0.00000 0.19467 -0.00001 -0.PAGE NO.02081 0.00000 0.54965 0.01125 -0.01342 0.00000 0.01308 -0.00134 -0.54964 0.00005 -0.00000 0.00692 -0.00005 0.00000 0.01406 0.00012 0.00002 -0.00296 0.00000 0.00662 0.00000 0.00000 0.00046 -0.00000 0.00031 0.00000 0.00005 0.00157 -0.24020 -0.10888 0.00000 0.00000 0.67370 0.00000 0.00000 0.00132 0.00141 -0.00000 0.07682 0.00000 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.00127 0.00150 -0.25956 -0.00000 0.00095 -0.01139 0.00000 0.00469 0.00000 0.10948 0.00000 0.01459 -0.00008 0.86238 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0.66200 0.00000 0.01452 -0.00000 0.19467 0.00312 0.00000 0.00000 0.00008 0.00190 -0.00791 -0.00001 -0.13493 0.06274 0.00000 0.02462 -0.

00 0.00 0.54 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 11.25 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.EXAMPLE 1 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 -4.00 0.31 0.00 0.81 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.08 -5.05 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.39 -2.64 4.00 0.00 0.00 -0. STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.08 27.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.93 -4.00 0.00 0.29 -11.05 0.42 1.31 12.00 0.33 0.40 inches > 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.PAGE NO.05 0.55 51.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 46.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Page 35 of 51 .00 0. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 65.77 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 24.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 19.07 -3.00 0.00 0.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.04 0.00 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .00 0.00 0.05 0.26 -17.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 -1.34 23.00 0.59 -2.00 0.00 0.10 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 21.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.58 0.04 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.37 54.00 0.01 0.00 -0.04 0.00 -0.k.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 -0.00 0.00 0. 5 Allowable Piperack Drift Limit ∆ max = 30 x 12 H = = 2.00 0.00 0.26 36.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.20 3.01 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 -3.00 0.59 2.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 65.00 0.00 0.57 0.00 0.00 0.6819 150 150 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 7 8 FEET o.00 5.25 0.00 0.05 0.00 -5.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.EXAMPLE 1 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.PAGE NO.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 11 12 FEET 6 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 0.00 0.00 Page 36 of 51 .00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.91 -0.63 14.76 -34.00 -5.00 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.50 2.02 -0.00 0.33 -6.00 0.42 0.00 0.26 34.00 0.00 0.10 -23.PIPERACK DESIGN .91 -2.00 -0.59 0.56 -7.81 -3.00 6.00 0.25 0.56 2.00 0.00 0.41 0.53 -27.64 16.00 0.02 -0.00 0.69 44.36 -11.08 1.87 -12.00 -0.00 0.76 -21.00 0.79 4.79 1.00 -0.25 -12.00 0.00 -5.05 -9.00 0.40 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -0.51 -22.00 0.00 0.05 65.00 0.42 23.00 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 0.98 5.70 -1.40 -4.00 0.69 0.71 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 14.04 -0.00 0.25 0.01 -0.86 -7.00 0.62 12.04 1.08 -11.17 12.00 0.57 -0.60 13.00 0.00 0.08 5.00 0.00 0.08 1.11 0.34 -35.04 0.04 0.16 2 3 4 101 102 103 2 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 3 1 2 3 4 101 102 Page 37 of 51 .00 0.13 7.00 0.25 -12.42 -1.07 3.00 0.00 0.50 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 22.57 0.04 0.26 5.00 0.00 0.70 6.86 18.54 -18.26 36.44 -11.11 0.26 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 -0.33 -2.00 0.39 -6.26 27.00 0.67 -3.00 -19.50 23.08 4.23 46.59 -5.00 0.04 -0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.57 -0. 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.69 0.01 0.12 -22.91 -14.04 -0.00 -2.00 0.59 -9.69 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 -13.07 8.78 6.66 -4.92 0.KIP FEET MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 24.95 38.11 0.00 0.52 2.06 -2.00 0.00 0.57 0.56 -2.00 0.91 -0.00 0.00 0.27 -0.05 -0.00 0.31 -22.00 0.08 -6.02 0.62 22.79 -5.02 11.85 0.70 -4.95 -0.86 0.87 5.29 -5.05 3.04 0.32 0.07 2.07 2.00 -0.00 -0.00 0.69 -1. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .00 0.01 0.EXAMPLE 1 .75 -27.32 0.79 9.00 0.42 0.32 0.68 12.43 -14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.81 -0.55 -16.45 -3.23 18.01 -0.00 0.32 0.00 0.91 0.59 0.00 -0.95 -17.85 -6.PAGE NO.00 0.07 2.70 3.00 0.90 13.00 0.67 -23.56 -2.00 0.52 21.42 -1.00 0.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00 0.38 12.69 -23.

18 0.00 0.52 2.00 0.00 0.07 -24.42 1.67 20.07 5.00 0.00 1.42 -0.00 0.53 -25.86 -9.00 0.81 1.57 0.00 0.80 -13.56 0.22 27.00 0.86 -6.00 0.00 -0.42 0.70 -1.05 9.05 0.24 -20.00 0.19 0.05 -0.00 -1.00 -0.00 -0.62 -1.00 0.08 5.11 0.08 -3.00 0.70 -4.27 0.00 0.00 -16.00 0.00 -1.98 -21.00 0.07 -2.01 0.60 0.87 0.00 0.48 -2.80 6.00 0.01 -0.05 11.79 -6.00 0.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD 103 4 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 5 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 6 1 2 3 4 101 102 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 7 7 9 7 9 7 9 7 9 7 9 7 9 7 9 8. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .25 0.00 0.72 -8.55 28.16 -2.00 0.00 0.16 14.07 4.55 -20.20 -2.00 -0.00 0.27 0.99 6.07 -10.50 -6.PIPERACK DESIGN .00 0.00 0.91 -7.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.42 6. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00 0.05 -0.88 3.24 -5.14 0.00 0.19 0.14 1.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.04 -0.00 0.90 4.06 0.01 -0.85 0.00 0.16 0.00 4.00 0.40 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -8.97 -10.96 -1.93 -2.02 -0.05 2.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.12 -13.14 1.59 1.PAGE NO.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.91 -5.26 31.00 0.00 0.08 -30.00 0.00 -0.00 0.86 7.26 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 5.00 -2.84 -13.11 0.00 0.90 6.00 0.96 -12.00 0.04 0.04 2.00 0.00 0.90 -2.74 7.00 0.91 8.25 -0.00 0.30 -6.00 -0.02 -0.97 -20.00 0.52 20.00 0.54 0.00 0.05 65.79 4.25 -8.09 -9.08 -1.00 0.00 -1.00 0.81 -6.00 0.00 0.18 -3.06 2.19 0.00 0.19 0.86 54.14 -13.27 0.00 0.98 4.68 -3.91 0.79 9.15 27.27 0.75 12.32 4.00 0.79 1.76 3.00 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.36 2.37 16.20 5.59 1.34 -17.16 -2.00 0.00 0.25 -0.59 -5.16 6.25 0.04 0.00 0.05 3.94 19.00 0.14 0.93 -4.00 0.00 0.00 -1.06 0.00 1.00 0.00 -13.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.31 Page 38 of 51 .04 -0.71 -7.70 6.84 13.54 10.85 -6.80 0.00 0.19 9 11 9 11 9 11 9 11 9 11 9 11 9 11 6.71 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 21. 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 -13.00 0.EXAMPLE 1 .70 2.57 -0.25 -26.

40 -11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.07 -2.00 -0.00 0.42 1.01 -4.71 -3.75 0.00 0.93 -1.24 0.79 -1.00 0.60 13.79 -1.00 0.52 18.26 4.87 0.57 -0.98 3.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00 0.00 0.67 6.00 0.80 13.93 0.00 0.86 22.PAGE NO.00 0.05 5.79 -9.96 10.00 -0.56 0.00 0.EXAMPLE 1 .11 2 3 4 101 102 103 8 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 9 1 2 3 4 101 Page 39 of 51 .65 -1.87 0.91 -12. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .35 7.30 0.93 2.77 9.00 0.02 0.00 -0.56 -4.76 7.70 -6.75 -0.26 9.78 4.00 0.00 0.40 -4.56 -2.30 0.00 -0.KIP FEET MEMBER 7 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 103 2 4 18.58 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -2.30 0.18 0.84 -16.00 0.70 4.79 24.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.14 0.08 -1.79 21.79 -4.09 -9.89 -18.00 0.52 -2.79 -9.00 0.08 4.34 -24.00 0.00 -0.PIPERACK DESIGN .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.40 0.00 0.06 -25.30 0.00 0.79 -4.87 1 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 20.00 0.07 4.00 0.00 -0.94 38.00 0.65 0.70 2.11 -7.00 0.12 6.70 -13.00 0.09 0.57 4.04 -3.00 0.36 26.85 8.34 6.70 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 -20.24 0.83 -0.81 -17.40 -4.14 -13.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.04 0.79 11.32 2.90 9.02 0.27 -18.48 -17. 9 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.02 0.65 0.63 0.80 13.87 0.00 -0.26 -5.00 0.00 -0.00 5.00 0.70 3.00 1.00 0.57 0.02 0.87 0.96 17.00 0.01 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 13.75 -27.11 0.79 0.00 -5.52 17.36 24.49 11.00 0.69 -3.00 0.70 4. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.70 1.00 0.00 0.26 29.00 0.98 -2.42 -0.04 0.00 -0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.14 15.59 -15.87 34.96 1.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 51.00 0.44 8 10 8 10 8 10 8 10 8 10 12.56 -4.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.75 -0.65 -1.00 -0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.21 -11.24 0.24 0.31 38.96 -8.03 -28.29 0.72 0.64 9.04 0.11 0.00 19.00 0.05 9.77 24.70 -6.00 0.49 -29.75 0.66 4.00 0.34 -7.00 0.36 21.00 0.

00 0.00 0.19 -0.91 8.37 -6.00 0.04 0.13 6.94 -4.00 0.51 -26.05 0.00 0.58 10.00 0.67 -10.EXAMPLE 1 .00 0.90 -6.00 0.04 2. 10 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.05 -0.72 7.13 -4.00 0.20 2.18 0.00 -14.54 -26.35 10 12 10 12 10 12 10 12 10 12 10 12 10 12 6.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.18 -0.00 0.19 0.03 0.00 0.00 -1.80 6.90 10.06 -0.00 0.99 8.03 -0.72 7.00 0.83 -0.23 4. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .47 6.00 0.59 21.00 0.93 0.35 -60.90 2.77 0.91 -8.00 0.63 21.21 -0.21 -0.66 0.04 0.52 0.00 0.19 0.86 9.83 -8.56 8.05 -2.00 0.41 49.00 0.00 0.40 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 2.51 0.00 0.89 9.61 -7.00 0.61 -0.00 0.09 7.43 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 -0.04 1.00 0.03 21.37 3.00 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.00 0.00 27.74 12.00 0.00 -0.37 4.18 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.42 -3.24 -46.00 0.00 0.76 24.25 47.00 0.PAGE NO.00 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD 102 103 10 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 11 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 12 1 2 3 4 101 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 8 10 8 10 15.77 -0.00 0.00 0.56 5.41 6.59 10.19 27.00 0.77 33.03 -0.00 0.59 10.00 0.79 -6.00 0.45 0.85 -10.00 0.73 -2.00 0.18 -0.71 14.00 Page 40 of 51 .86 11.00 0.40 4.00 0.77 -19.00 0.40 -1.87 -0.71 1.00 0.00 0.72 3.32 -8.02 6.00 0.42 7.78 0.97 -43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.79 22.87 7.00 0.00 0.19 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.23 -1.00 0.00 0.18 -19.00 0.45 -21.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -34.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00 0.26 -34.05 0.91 4.00 0.00 -1.43 -6.19 -0.80 6.81 -46.00 0.69 6.27 10.72 -7.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 -2.86 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 -0.00 0.00 0.09 -1.21 6. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00 0.00 -0.00 -1.78 -2.00 0.06 0.00 0.44 25.18 -0.23 -1.20 0.91 0.00 0.00 -1.04 -21.00 0.37 2.14 -1.00 0.00 0.41 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -6.00 -6.66 1.03 0.00 0.00 0.68 16.00 0.17 5.76 6.74 0.73 -1.00 0.00 0.03 0.73 19.80 -0.18 0.30 -6.01 -6.89 22.

00 0.00 0.00 0.69 5.00 0.64 0.00 20.00 0.62 -34.00 0.00 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .83 -0.00 0.00 0.91 -8.47 3.04 1.00 0.00 0.80 5.5 MEMB 4 5 9 10 CHECK CODE ALL Page 41 of 51 .00 -0. 82. 80.38 5.60 -0.19 0. LOAD LIST 101 TO 103 PARAMETER CODE AISC BEAM 1 ALL NSF 0.00 0.33 -1.89 -0.00 -0.19 0.00 0.00 0. 85.00 0.90 2.00 0.00 0.33 8. 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.8 MEMB 5 10 LY 17.00 0.5 MEMB 1 6 LY 5 MEMB 2 3 7 8 LY 7.44 -0.00 0.05 4.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 0.91 7.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00 0.00 0.07 -10.00 0. 75.EXAMPLE 1 .90 -6. 73.71 -7. 77.44 9.00 0.9 MEMB 1 2 6 7 KZ 3.47 -2.71 -22. 86.41 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 69.45 -0. 83. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design . 72. 76.18 0.87 -50. 84.KIP FEET MEMBER LOAD 102 103 13 1 2 3 4 101 102 103 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 9 10 9 10 2.00 0.69 -5.00 0. 71.00 0.72 -24.00 0.73 3.14 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 6.00 0.00 0.32 5.05 -2. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.06 0.00 0.03 20.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 0.34 -22.00 0. 79.5 MEMB 3 4 8 9 KZ 3.18 0.51 3.03 0.PAGE NO.00 0.03 -10.59 2. 74.00 0.97 -21.85 ALL TRACK 1 ALL RATIO 1 ALL *DEFINE COLUMNS LZ 20 MEMB 1 2 6 7 LZ 5 MEMB 3 4 8 9 LZ 5 MEMB 5 10 KZ 1.71 5.05 -0.94 5.00 0. 78.06 0.00 0.00 0.56 6.04 0.31 0.00 -0.39 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 7.00 0. 70. 81.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.66 9.

78 FT= 21.60 SZ= 77.00 FTY= 27.4 CB= 1.76 FCY= 27.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.64 FT= 21.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------3 ST W14 X53 PASS 21.248 -23.3 | | KL/R-Z= 35.87 101 2.76 C AISC.7 SY= 14. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 3.60 FCY= 27.60 SZ= 77.00 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.7 SY= 14.95 101 0.00 YLD= 36.31 C AISC.76 | | FTZ= 23.PIPERACK DESIGN . L= 30.H1-3 -0. 12 STAAD.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 2.PAGE NO.76 FCY= 27.3 | | KL/R-Z= 77.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.H1-3 0.69 0.00 YLD= 36.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 FA= 15.68 102 0.7 CB= 1.00 FTY= 27.(AISC) *********************** ALL UNITS ARE .KIP MEMBER FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 TABLE ST W14 X53 PASS 23.60 FV= 14.0 AX= 15.00 FA= 19.0 AX= 15.0 AX= 15. L= 30.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 1.7 SY= 14.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.62 C AISC. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .446 44.60 SZ= 77.52 FT= 21.76 | | FTZ= 23.H1-3 -0.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 ST W14 X53 PASS 34.Pro CODE CHECKING .2 CB= 1. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.3 | | KL/R-Y= 109.318 23.69 0.60 FV= 14.00 FA= 11.EXAMPLE 1 .00 FTY= 27. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.00 YLD= 36.60 FV= 14.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Page 42 of 51 . L= 210.

0 AX= 15.00 FA= 18.00 FTY= 27.00 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.96 C AISC.24 C AISC. L= 60.7 SY= 14.60 FV= 14.78 FT= 21.60 SZ= 77.60 FV= 14.84 C AISC.PAGE NO.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.55 102 0.356 -38.EXAMPLE 1 .8 CB= 1.2 CB= 1. ALL UNITS ARE .63 FT= 21.63 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 FCY= 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.24 101 0.0 AX= 15.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 4.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.H1-3 -1. L= 30.00 YLD= 36.218 -24.0 AX= 15.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.H1-3 0.27 0.7 SY= 14.00 FA= 11.60 SZ= 77.50 Page 43 of 51 .3 | | KL/R-Y= 46.25 C AISC.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 5.76 FCY= 27.H1-3 -1.00 YLD= 36.8 CB= 1.00 101 2.60 FV= 14.7 SY= 14.27 0.538 54.3 | | KL/R-Y= 46.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 21.00 FA= 18.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------7 ST W14 X53 PASS 25.60 SZ= 77. UNIT KIP-INCH.H1-3 0.00 YLD= 36.60 | | FTZ= 21.00 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .00 FTY= 27.274 25.KIP MEMBER 13 FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 TABLE ST W14 X53 PASS 20.3 | | KL/R-Y= 109.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 ST W14 X53 PASS 6. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design . L= 210.34 102 2. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 FCY= 27.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------6 ST W14 X53 PASS 27.76 | | FTZ= 23.00 FTY= 27.

241 24.PIPERACK DESIGN .8 CB= 1.PAGE NO. L= 30.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 ST W14 X53 PASS 6.193 21.76 | | FTZ= 23. UNIT KIP-INCH.7 CB= 1.271 -33.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.00 FA= 18.0 AX= 15.89 101 0.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.KIP MEMBER 14 FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 7.76 FCY= 27.00 FTY= 27.3 | | KL/R-Z= 35.7 SY= 14.EXAMPLE 1 .00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 9.00 0.60 FV= 14.27 C AISC.00 FTY= 27.60 SZ= 77. ALL UNITS ARE .65 0.60 FV= 14.3 | | KL/R-Z= 77.H1-3 -0.00 FTY= 27.83 101 0.0 AX= 15.00 Page 44 of 51 .40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------9 ST W14 X53 PASS 14.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.52 FT= 21.00 FA= 19.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23.3 | | KL/R-Y= 46.64 FT= 21.4 CB= 1.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 8.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------8 ST W14 X53 PASS 18. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.76 | | FTZ= 23.93 0.60 SZ= 77.90 C AISC.00 YLD= 36. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .83 102 2.43 C AISC. L= 30.00 FA= 15.76 | | FTZ= 23.7 SY= 14. L= 30.60 SZ= 77. UNIT KIP-INCH.76 FCY= 27.0 AX= 15.7 SY= 14.76 FCY= 27.60 FV= 14.H1-3 0.00 YLD= 36.63 FT= 21. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.H1-3 -0.

60 FV= 14.20 SZ= 58.60 FCY= 27.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.EXAMPLE 1 .4 | | KL/R-Y= 154.60 FV= 14.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.809 60.76 | | FTZ= 23.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------13 ST W10 X33 PASS 7.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 13.2 CB= 1. L= 300.81 | | FTZ= 21.0 | | KL/R-Y= 155.00 Page 45 of 51 .00 YLD= 36.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------11 ST W12 X45 PASS 7.00 FTY= 27.60 SZ= 77.00 FA= 6.60 FCY= 27.00 YLD= 36.1 CB= 1.720 24.0 AX= 11.63 FT= 21.00 0.H2-1 0.0 SY= 12.00 0.28 FT= 21.00 FTY= 27.0 AX= 13.47 C AISC.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 15.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 12.40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------12 ST W12 X40 PASS 2.H1-3 0.PIPERACK DESIGN .0 AX= 15.00 FTY= 27.9 SY= 11.01 102 25.00 FA= 6.00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 11.56 102 25.42 T AISC.7 SY= 14.00 FA= 18.880 50.3 | | KL/R-Y= 46. UNIT KIP-INCH.60 FV= 14. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. UNIT KIP-INCH. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design .H1-3 0.76 FCY= 27.34 | | FTZ= 21.PAGE NO.71 C AISC. L= 300. ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 23. L= 60.20 FT= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH.00 YLD= 36.KIP MEMBER 15 FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 10.59 102 25.8 CB= 1.80 SZ= 51.

40 | ----------------------------------------------------------------------87. LOAD LIST ALL 88. ALL UNITS ARE .60 FCY= 27.00 FA= 6.00 ALLOWABLE STRESSES: FCZ= 14. Fax-(714) 974-4771 * * US East Coast: Ph-(781) 890-7677 Fax-(781) 895-1117 * ********************************************************* Page 46 of 51 .Pro *************** **** DATE= JUL 1.9 SY= 9.0 AX= 9. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design . please contact : * * Research Engineers by email : support@reiusa.5 CB= 1.com * * US West Coast: Ph-(714) 974-2500.23 | | FTZ= 21. UNIT KIP-INCH. L= 300.71 SZ= 34. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.00 YLD= 36.PIPERACK DESIGN .2002 TIME= 9:55:30 **** ********************************************************* * For questions on STAAD.2 | | KL/R-Y= 154.EXAMPLE 1 .Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.DESIGN GUIDELINES BEST P -.25 FT= 21.Pro.60 FV= 14.KIP MEMBER 16 FEET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= ----------------------------------------------------------------------| MEM= 13. FINISH *************** END OF STAAD.PAGE NO.00 FTY= 27.

Allowable Beam Deflection: ∆ max = L 25 x 12 = = 1. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. Load case 101. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Staad.Pro Query Deflection Result Beam no.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.25 inch > 0.k. 11 Deflection in Local Y axis.191 o. 240 240 Page 47 of 51 .

Page 48 of 51 .k.206 240 240 o.Pro Query Deflection Result Beam no. Load case 101.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Staad.25 inch > 0. Allowable Beam Deflection: ∆ max = L 25 x 12 = = 1. 12 Deflection in Local Y axis.

183 240 240 o. Load case 101. Allowable Beam Deflection: ∆ max = L 25 x 12 = = 1.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August. 13 Deflection in Local Y axis.Pro Query Deflection Result Beam no. Page 49 of 51 .k.25 inch > 0. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Staad.

62 102.95 216.02 122.12 99.29 5. No.30 36.00 422.000 16.375 78.000 36 42 0.55 40.375 0. Inches 0.375 142. Page 50 of 51 .Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.62 20.08 141.29 31.44 62.000 34. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Attachment 3 Weights of Standard (STD) and Extra Strong (XS) Pipes Table 1 – *Weight of Standard (Std) Pipes Nomial Pipe Size Inches SCH.36 376.203 0.365 14.000 24. However.02 510.67 12.63 125.11 10.840 1.78 13. API Wall Thickness Inches Weight Weight Weight Pipe Water Total Pound per ft Pound per ft Pound per ft Outside Diam.315 1.85 1.900 2.70 181.50 7.000 20 22 24 26 20 20 20 0.13 0.67 153.88 1.20 4.60 5.83 459.06 3.79 2.07 3.51 21.99 12.133 0.70 34.52 63.258 0.438 53.68 183.375 0.45 0.5 2 40 40 40 40 0.73 291.438 0.375 0.109 0.322 0.000 26.29 2.000 28 30 32 34 0.38 0.97 28.000 4.226 0.750 14.000 18.94 28.67 252.5 4 40 40 40 40 0.375 0.563 6.18 332.27 363.37 409.60 86.99 204.68 2.500 4.65 0.98 2.65 126.5 1 1.48 50.625 10.216 0.86 10.406 0.000 42.20 23.000 30.27 240.58 9.000 22.89 579.5 3 3.280 0.66 134.375 0.375 0.750 12 14 16 18 40 40 40 30 0.64 118.154 0.57 746.48 8.375 0.57 319.72 3.145 0.61 94.000 32.875 3.68 167.625 8.10 0.68 5.79 7.237 5.25 74. weights of actual pipe should be used based on piping drawings.375 2.30 565.58 82.29 278.375 110.62 18.375 0.500 5 6 8 10 40 40 40 40 0.000 *Shaded area are the most common pipes used. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.15 48.64 79.40 16.84 102.50 58.

18 327.840 1.5 4 80 80 80 80 0.86 63. Page 51 of 51 .000 22.57 264.40 6.29 136.91 572.30 0.30 36.56 5.XS) Pipes Nomial Pipe Size Inches SCH.31 0.844 0.5 3 3.85 157.43 7.90 345.68 222.78 31.315 1.147 0.78 28.04 53.27 549.96 0. However.84 4.500 4.29 19.179 0.89 252.500 0.28 2.53 13.500 0.30 606.Document Responsibility: Onshore Structures Issue Date: 31 August.81 171.50 132.500 0.000 28 30 32 34 20 20 20 20 0.594 0.57 43.337 7.58 448.88 11.000 42.11 114.000 16.218 1.17 95.77 1.000 *Shaded area are the most common pipes used.42 12.87 2.21 178.500 0. weights of actual pipe should be used based on piping drawings.63 399.375 0.52 28.5 1 1.563 6.46 150.71 243.50 14.23 212.88 20.688 0.300 0.09 2.318 0.10 0.000 24.00 416.500 0.938 88.06 370.66 10.625 8.13 136.39 64.000 30.63 5.375 2.500 189.000 18. 2007 SABP-007 Steel Piperack Design Table 1A – *Weight of Heavy (Extra Strong .67 159.13 28.17 3.73 88.09 174. 2002 Next Planned Update: 1 September.750 0.000 34.98 1.500 0.25 12.63 106.61 170.875 3.000 36 42 20 0.52 348.900 2.500 123.73 291.71 495.00 9.11 16.000 40 30 40 20 0.17 120.200 0.500 146.432 0.000 4. API Wall Thickness Inches Weight Weight Weight Pipe Water Total Pound per ft Pound per ft Pound per ft 0.98 5 6 8 10 80 80 80 80 0.000 32. Inches 1.750 0.625 10. No.750 14.19 2.000 26.18 69.48 4.688 0.34 19.500 20.02 0.53 168.5 2 80 80 80 80 0.86 3.594 12 14 16 18 80 80 80 80 20 22 24 26 Outside Diam.34 259.92 44.31 206.59 794.66 39.276 0.

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