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Question 1

4 out of 4 points Alternate states of consciousness can be achieved in which of the following ways? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of these options all of these options

Question 2

4 out of 4 points Chronic use of _____ can produce lasting damage to serotonin-releasing neurotransmitters. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: MDMA MDMA 0 out of 4 points Which of the following is FALSE about sleep apnea? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: It is characterized by periods of 10 seconds or less without breathing during sleep all of these options are true

Question 3

Question 4

4 out of 4 points You just awoke from a startling dream in which you were very frightened, but could not move. How would the activation-synthesis theory of dreaming explain your dream? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Your amygdala was randomly stimulated, but REM-stage paralysis kept you from moving. Your amygdala was randomly stimulated, but REM-stage paralysis kept you from moving. 4 out of 4 points Your text reports that the suspected cause of sleep apnea is _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: an airway blockage or the brain's failure to signal the diaphragm an airway blockage or the brain's failure to signal the diaphragm 4 out of 4 points Psychoactive drugs can _____.

Question 5

Question 6

Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 7

all of these options all of these options

4 out of 4 points Durango was very angry with his stepmother, and wished she were dead. That night Durango dreamed that he pushed her off a cliff. According to Freud, the latent content of Durango's dream would be _____, while the manifest content would be _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff

Question 8

4 out of 4 points When repeated drug use causes changes in the body that require continued drug use to prevent withdrawal symptoms, a state of _____ has been reached. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: physical dependence physical dependence

Question 9

4 out of 4 points According to your text, accounts of alien abduction are associated with characteristics found in this stage of sleep. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: hypnogogic hypnogogic

Question 10

4 out of 4 points Dieting, surgery, dental appliances, and tennis balls are all recommended treatments for _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: sleep apnea sleep apnea 4 out of 4 points Which of the following lists contain ONLY psychoactive drugs? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol 4 out of 4 points LSD _____.

Question 11

Question 12

Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 13

all of these options all of these options

4 out of 4 points Physical dependence occurs when a person needs to use a drug to prevent _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: withdrawal symptoms withdrawal symptoms

Question 14

4 out of 4 points Drugs that change conscious awareness or perception are called _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: psychoactive psychoactive 4 out of 4 points This is NOT a parasomnia. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: sleep apnea sleep apnea

Question 15

Question 16

4 out of 4 points Discomfort and distress, including physical pain and intense cravings after stopping the use of an addictive drug is called _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: withdrawal withdrawal 4 out of 4 points Consciousness is defined in your text as _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: an awareness of one's self and one's surroundings an awareness of one's self and one's surroundings 0 out of 4 points The altered-state theory of hypnosis suggests that _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: hypnotic effects are the result of a combination of roleplaying and an altered state of relaxation hypnotic effects result from a special altered state of consciousness

Question 17

Question 18

Question 19

4 out of 4 points _____ is (are) BEST defined as our awareness of our environments and ourselves. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Consciousness Consciousness

Question 20

4 out of 4 points _____ is a group of techniques designed to focus attention and produce an altered state of consciousness. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Meditation Meditation

Question 21

4 out of 4 points Research shows that this drug can impair memory, impair lung functioning and immune response, interfere with proper reproductive functioning, and can adversely affect the brain. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: marijuana marijuana

Question 22

4 out of 4 points If you foolishly cram before final exams, missing several nights sleep, what is MOST likely to happen to your sleep cycles the first time you get uninterrupted sleep? You will _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: have more than the usual amount of non-REM sleep. have more than the usual amount of non-REM sleep.

Question 23

4 out of 4 points A mental state other than an ordinary waking state, in which there are distinct changes in perception, emotion, memory, thinking, etc. is called alternate _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: states of consciousness states of consciousness 4 out of 4 points A nightmare occurs during _____. Selected Answer: REM sleep

Question 24

Correct Answer: Question 25

REM sleep 4 out of 4 points

Scientists study sleep in sleep labs using _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: EEG recordings EEG recordings

Question 1 The relaxation/role-playing theory of hypnosis suggests that _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 2

4 out of 4 points

deeply relaxed suggestible people will allow a hypnotist to direct their fantasies and behavior deeply relaxed suggestible people will allow a hypnotist to direct their fantasies and behavior

4 out of 4 points Durango was very angry with his stepmother, and wished she were dead. That night Durango dreamed that he pushed her off a cliff. According to Freud, the latent content of Durango's dream would be _____, while the manifest content would be _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff

Question 3

4 out of 4 points A mental state other than an ordinary waking state, in which there are distinct changes in perception, emotion, memory, thinking, etc. is called alternate _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: states of consciousness states of consciousness 4 out of 4 points Freud believed that dreams were the "royal road to the _____." Selected Answer: Correct Answer: unconscious unconscious 4 out of 4 points Which of the following is NOT characteristic of Stage 2 sleep?

Question 4

Question 5

Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 6

sleep apnea sleep apnea 4 out of 4 points

Mental activities that require focused attention are called _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 7 Which of the following is INCORRECTLY matched? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 8 The role of glutamate in addiction appears to be that it _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 9 creates lasting memories of the drug's effects by changing the connections between neurons creates lasting memories of the drug's effects by changing the connections between neurons non-REM: paradoxical sleep, paralysis, irregular respirations non-REM: paradoxical sleep, paralysis, irregular respirations 4 out of 4 points controlled processes controlled processes 4 out of 4 points

4 out of 4 points Long-term drug addicts who received _____ reported significantly fewer cravings and less drug-seeking behavior. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: a glutamate antagonist a glutamate antagonist

Question 10

0 out of 4 points The repair/restoration theory of sleep says that sleep serves _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of these options a recuperative function, following depletion of key brain and body resources

Question 11

4 out of 4 points Singh finds that he has to drink several more beers to get the same buzz he used

to get with one or two. It is likely that Singh has developed _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 12 a tolerance to alcohol a tolerance to alcohol

4 out of 4 points A drug that blocks the action of the neurotransmitter is called _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: an antagonist an antagonist

Question 13

4 out of 4 points According to your text, accounts of alien abduction are associated with characteristics found in this stage of sleep. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: hypnogogic hypnogogic 4 out of 4 points Which of the following is FALSE about sleep apnea? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of these options are true all of these options are true

Question 14

Question 15

4 out of 4 points You just awoke from a startling dream in which you were very frightened, but could not move. How would the activation-synthesis theory of dreaming explain your dream? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Your amygdala was randomly stimulated, but REM-stage paralysis kept you from moving. Your amygdala was randomly stimulated, but REM-stage paralysis kept you from moving.

Question 16

4 out of 4 points Research on drugs and neurotransmitters suggests that a _____ could be helpful in reducing cravings and drug-seeking behavior in long-term addicts. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: glutamate antagonist glutamate antagonist 4 out of 4 points

Question 17

Which of the following is associated with the use of cocaine? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 18 all of these options all of these options

4 out of 4 points _____ act on the nervous system to increase its overall activity and general responsiveness. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Stimulants Stimulants

Question 19

4 out of 4 points Physical dependence occurs when a person needs to use a drug to prevent _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: withdrawal symptoms withdrawal symptoms 4 out of 4 points LSD _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of these options all of these options

Question 20

Question 21

4 out of 4 points If you foolishly cram before final exams, missing several nights sleep, what is MOST likely to happen to your sleep cycles the first time you get uninterrupted sleep? You will _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: have more than the usual amount of non-REM sleep. have more than the usual amount of non-REM sleep.

Question 22

4 out of 4 points Leilani finds that she perspires, breathes rapidly, and has muscle twitches and tremors when she tries to quit using illegal opiates. This suggests that she has developed _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: withdrawal symptoms withdrawal symptoms

Question 23

4 out of 4 points Chronic use of _____ can produce lasting damage to serotonin-releasing

neurotransmitters. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 24 Melatonin influences _____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 25 sleep sleep MDMA MDMA 4 out of 4 points

4 out of 4 points Just before sleep, brain waves move from _____ waves, indicating normal wakefulness, to _____ waves associated with drowsy relaxation. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: beta; alpha beta; alpha