Madina Book 1
Prepared by
The Institute of the Language of the Qur’an
(NO Copy rights reserved)
Parts of the Speech …………………….
The Arabic Alphabet ………………….
Arabic Nouns Have Endings ………….
Nominal Sentence ……………………...
Cases Exercises ………………………...
Sound Triliteral Verbs ………………...
Jarun Wa Majroorun From Qur’an …
Pronouns ……………………………….
Pronouns-01-solved ……………………
Pronouns-01 ……………………………
Mudafu Mudafu Alei ………………….
Mudadu Mudafu Alei From Qur’an …
Mudafu Mudafu Alei - Examples …….
Phrases …………………………………
Feminine Gender ………………………
Adjectives ………………………………
Nominal Sentence From Qur’an ……...
Grammatical Analysis …………………
Dual and Sound Plurals ……………….
Broken Plurals …………………………
Singular-Dual-Plural ………………….
Numbers ………………………………..
Types of Khabar ……………………….
Blank Verb Conjugation Sheet ……….


Parts of the Speech
In English language there are 8 Parts of Speech namely:








In Arabic language there are 3 Parts of Speech:

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬

= Noun

‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻓ‬

= Verb

 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬

= Particle

But these three Parts encompass all eight Parts of Speech of the English Language.

Parts of Speech in Arabic Language

 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬
Particle ‫ﻑ‬
Preposition =

Conjunction =

‫ﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬
 ‫ﻋ ﹾﻄ‬ ‫ﻑ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬

Verb ‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻓ‬
Verb (same as in English)

Noun ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬
Noun =

Pronoun =

Adjective =

Adverb =

Interjection =

Parts of the Speech.doc

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬
‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬

‫ﺻ ﹶﻔ ﹲﺔ‬
 /‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻧ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻇ‬
‫ﻌ ﹺﻞ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻢ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬

Page 1

The Arabic Alphabet and Vowel Signs
The Arabic letters of the alphabet are twenty nine (29) in number, all of which, with exception of
Alif, are consonants.
Consonants means it has speech sound.
There are three vowel signs in Arabic.


denoting “a”



= da


= ra



denoting “i”



= di


= ri



denoting “u”



= du


= ru



it is the sign denoting absence of a vowel.

A consonant that does not carry any vowel is marked by a Sukun.
In Arabic there are three (3) parts of speech.

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬


‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻓ‬

 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬




‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ includes English nouns, pronouns, adjectives and adverbs.


‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻓ‬

is co-extensive with English verbs.

All words besides

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ and ‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ are ‫ﻑ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ - Particles.

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ (noun) may be indefinite (‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻧ‬) or definite (‫ﻌ ﹺﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ) .
There are no definite or indefinite articles in Arabic language equivalent to English a, an, the.
Indefiniteness of

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ is indicated by ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻨ ﹺﻮﻳ‬ ‫ﺗ‬

( nunation at the end of the noun ) which means the

vowel sign is doubled at the end of the word.
Definiteness is indicated by

 ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬
 ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬

‫ﹶﺍ ﹾﻝ‬

prefixed to the noun.

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ‬

a book

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ‬

the book

a pen
the pen

‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ cannot at the same time be definite and indefinite, ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻨ ﹺﻮﻳ‬ ‫ﺗ‬

 ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬


‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ‬


‫ﹶﺍ ﹾﻝ‬

do not coexist.

will be incorrect.

Tanween is also used with proper nouns i.e.

‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬
 ‫ﻣ‬ ،‫ﻟﺪ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ ﺧ‬،‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺯ‬ . Even though there is a

tanween at the end of the noun, these proper nouns are definite.

The Arabic Alphabet.doc

Page 2

It can be a subject ( Nominative case or ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ending ) or it can be an object of a verb ( Accusative case or ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ending ) or it can be a possessor of a thing or come after a preposition or an adverb ( Genitive case or ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ending ). Just like us. Kasrah 1. we put on sleeping dress. when we go for formal functions like weddings. ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹺﻬ‬‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺪ ﻃﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻣ‬ . we dress according to what the occasion or function demands.‫ﻕ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹺ‬‫ﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺐ ﳏﻤ‬  ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ‬ 2. There are three endings of Noun (the vowel sign on the last letter of the noun). we dress accordingly.‫ﻮﹸﻟﻪ‬‫ﺭﺳ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍ ﻋ‬‫ﺪ ﺃﻥﱠ ﳏﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ . Valimas or reception. When the last letter of a noun has a KASRAH It is said to be ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ (it indicates Genitive Case) ‫ﻬ ٍﹺﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹴﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ؟‬‫ ﻳ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬ . In short. the Nouns have different endings to show their function in a sentence. ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻﺭ‬‫ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹶﻛ‬ . Fatah ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ ﺑﺎ ﹴ‬،‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏﹺ‬،‫ ﳏﻤﺪ‬،‫ ﻛﺘﺎﺏﹴ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏﹺ‬ 3. When the last letter of a noun has a DAMMAH It is said to be ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ (it indicates Nominative Case) . we wear different cloths and when we retire for the night to sleep. Bank or factory for work we have work cloths or uniforms.doc Page 3 . Arabic Nouns Have Endings. ‫ﻳ ﹺﺮ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻋ ﹸﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ . Similarly. when we go to office.‫ﻕ‬ ‫ ﹺﻮ ﹺ‬‫ﺍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﺖ ﳏﻤﺪ‬  ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺭﺃ‬ 3. When we are at home. Dammah ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎﺑ‬‫ ﺑ‬،‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬،‫ﺍ‬‫ ﳏﻤﺪ‬،‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻛﺘﺎﺑ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬ 2.ٌ‫ﺖ ﲨﻴﻠﺔ‬  ‫ﺁﻣﻨﺔ ُ ﺑﻨ‬ . ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺏ ﳏﻤ‬  ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﺘﺎ‬ Please memorize the above ARABIC TERMS and watch carefully the ENDING VOWEL SIGNS ON NOUNS TO KNOW ITS FUNCTION IN THE SENTENCE.Arabic nouns have ENDINGS to show their functions in a sentence. When the last letter of a noun has a FATAH It is said to be ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ (it indicates Accusative Case) . ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﺑ‬،‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‬،‫ﺪ‬‫ﺤﻤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ،‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ،‫ﺎﺏ‬‫ﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ 1.

ٌ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻟﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﻓﹶﺎ‬ Fatimah is learned. ‫)ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬ Nominal Sentence ( ‫ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ What is a sentence? Sentence is a group of words which make complete sense. ‫ﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹶﺫ‬ ‫ﹶﺍﻟﹾﻮﹶﻟ‬ The boy is intelligent. ‫ﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟﹺﺒ‬ The girl is beautiful. Usually. Both the subject and the predicate are marfu ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ . a place or a thing we are talking about. Hamid is sick. a noun with the definite article like ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻮﹶﻟ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬and ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟﹺﺒ‬or a pronoun. it will have one dumma or tanween (double) dumma. The predicate makes a statement about the subject. either a proper noun like Zayd and Fatimah . Nominal Sentence. In the above two sentences Muhammad and Hamid are subjects and “is a student” and “is sick” are predicates. the subject of a nominal sentence is a definite noun. In other words the predicate is the part of a sentence which expresses what is said about the subject. The core ingredients of any sentence are a subject and a predicate. The subject names a person. and agrees in gender with the subject. that is.doc Page 4 . a nominal sentence in Arabic has two parts: Subject ( ‫ﺪﹸﺃ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ) ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬and Predicate ( ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺨ‬  ‫) ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬ The noun with which the nominal sentence begins is called which says something about it is called ( ‫ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ) subject. The predicate is usually indefinite. Just like in English. The one which begins with a noun ( ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ) And the one which begins with a verb is called nominal sentence ‫ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ( ‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ) is called verbal sentence ‫ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬ We shall discuss here only the nominal sentence. Muhammad is a student. In Arabic language there are two kinds of sentences. A simple nominal sentence is of this form: ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺪ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺯ‬ Zayd is learned. and the other part ( ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺧ‬ ) predicate.

Put the following nouns into their respective “cases”. FEMININE Genitive MASCULINE Accusative Nominative Genitive Accusative Nominative ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺮﻓﹸﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺮﻓﹸﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹴﻢ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻛﺎ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﻛﺎ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺸ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻃﺎ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﻃِﺒ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ Cases Exercises. Do as shown in the examples.doc ‫ﻤ ﹶﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹺﻢ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ Page 5 . First as indefinite then as definite nouns. then change them into feminine nouns and do like wise.

bestowed or blessed ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ He remembered or mentioned ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ ﹶﻛ‬ He worshipped ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻋ‬ He came out or exited ‫ﺝ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ He ordered ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ He ate ‫ﺃ ﹶﻛ ﹶﻞ‬ He took ‫ﺧ ﹶﺬ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ Sound Triliteral Verbs.U (‫ﺐ )ﺡ‬  ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺏ‬ (‫ﻊ )ﺱ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺏ‬ (‫ﻡ )ﻙ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺏ ﹶﻛ‬ (‫ﺢ )ﻑ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺑﺎﺏ ﹶﻓ‬ (‫ﺏ )ﺽ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺑﺎﺏ‬ (‫ﺮ )ﻥ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺴ‬ ِ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻳ‬ : ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻳ‬ : ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻜ‬ : ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ : ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻀ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﻳ‬ : ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ : ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ He thought ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ﺣ‬ He heard ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ He became noble ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻛ‬ He opened ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻓ‬ He struck or hit ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  He helped ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ He inherited ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹺﺭ ﹶ‬ He understood ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﻬ‬ He moved away ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ He went ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ‬ He sat ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﺟ ﹶﻠ‬ He wrote ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ He played ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ He became larger.A Group A . overpowered ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﹶﻏ ﹶﻠ‬ He cooked ‫ﺦ‬  ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻃ‬ He showed mercy upon ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ He succeeded ‫ﺢ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ He carried ‫ﻤ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ He created ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﺧ ﹶﻠ‬ He followed ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﹺﺒ‬ He benefited ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹶﻔ‬ He looked ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻧ ﹶﻈ‬ He began ‫ﺪﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ He left ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ He asked ‫ﺳﹶﺄ ﹶﻝ‬ He attended ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻀ‬  ‫ﺣ‬ He read ‫ﺮﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ‬ He failed ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ He provided . bigger ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ He bowed down ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹶﻛ‬ He washed ‫ﺴ ﹶﻞ‬  ‫ﹶﻏ‬ He entered ‫ﺧ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ He memorized.Paradigm of the Unaugmented Triliteral Verb ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬‫ﺛﻲ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹺﻞ ﺍﻟﺜ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ‬  ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﹶﺃﺑ‬ Group I . protected ‫ﻆ‬ ‫ﻔ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ He approached ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ‬ He raised ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹶﻓ‬ He returned ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ He seeked ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ‬ He drank ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺷ ﹺﺮ‬ He did ‫ﻌ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ‬ He descended ‫ﺰ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ He prostrated ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﺳ‬ He laughed ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  He searched ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﺤ ﹶ‬  ‫ﺑ‬ He broke ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﹶﻛ‬ He killed ‫ﺘ ﹶﻞ‬‫ﹶﻗ‬ He became happy ‫ﺡ‬  ‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮ‬ He cut ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﻄ‬ He knew ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ He studied ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ He rode ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ He gathered ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ He lied ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﹶﻛ ﹶﺬ‬ He lived ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹶﻜ‬ He worked ‫ﻤ ﹶﻞ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ He prevented ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ He was patient ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺻ‬  He thanked ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺷ ﹶﻜ‬ He knew ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ He explained ‫ﺡ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ He triumphed .doc Page 6 .U Group A .A Group U .I Group A .I Group I .

. understood. though it must be written. Only in two forms.The subject. Either attached or in its hidden form. It is called ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹺﻮﻗﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫( ﹶﺃ‬the alif of protection). of the third form (‫ﻢ‬  ‫ﻫ‬ ) is not pronounced. The ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻮ ﹸﻥ ﺍﻟﹺﻨ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎ‬. He wrote ‫ﻋ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎ‬ Suffix ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ NIL ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‘Alif’ of Dual ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻒ ﺍ ﹸﳌﹶﺜﻨ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ (‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ )ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﺒ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ They (more than 2 men) wrote ‘Waw’ of Plural ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﳉﻤ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ (‫ﻭ)ﻭﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺒﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ She wrote ‘Ta’ is the sign of feminine ‫ﺚ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺄﹺﻧ‬‫ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ (‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ ﺍ ﺍ )ﹶﺃ‬+ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﺘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ They (2 men) wrote They (2 women) wrote ‘Nun’ of the women kind ‫ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ You (man) wrote ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ You (2 men) wrote ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ You (more than 2 men) wrote ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ You (woman) wrote ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ You (2 women) wrote ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ You (more than 2 women) wrote ‫ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻦ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺘﻦ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ I (male or female) wrote ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬ We (male or female) wrote ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﻨ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ They (more than 2 women) wrote ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ . i.e.The Conjugation of the Past Tense -‫ﻲ‬‫ﺎﺿ‬‫ﺍ ﹾﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬ Please remember that in Arabic Verbs the doer of the action (‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹸ‬ ‫ ) ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎ‬is ALWAYS present.hidden. tacit.e.doc Page 7 . It ‘protects’ verbs like ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺬﻭ‬ ‫ﺧ ﹸ‬ ‫( ﹶﺃ‬they took) where the ‫ ﻭ‬is not joined to the body of the verb and therefore may be mistaken for the conjunction ‫ﻭ‬ meaning ‘and’. Out of the fourteen forms. implied. in 12 forms the doer is attached ( ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﺼﹲ‬  ‫ﻣﺘ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ).. i. the doer of the action. and ‫ﻲ‬ Sound Triliteral Verbs. ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬  ‫ﻫ‬ it can be hidden or it comes after the verb in the sentence.

3:6 He is Who shapes you in the wombs 3:46 and he shall speak unto men in his cradle 3:85 and in the life to come he shall be among (from) the lost 5:41 Theirs shall be (to them belongs) ignominy in this world.doc ‫ﻳ ﹺﻦ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻩ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻵ ﺇ ﹾﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍ َﻷ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ﻭ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺴﻤٰﻮﺍ‬  ‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺎ ﻓ‬‫ِﷲِ ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﻡ‬‫ﺭﺣ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍ َﻷ‬‫ﻢ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻮ ﺍﻟﱠﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﺱ ﻓ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻢ ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹶﻜﱢﻠ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺳ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﺨﺎ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻵ‬‫ﻮ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻋﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻵ‬‫ﻢ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟ‬ ، ‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺰ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﻴ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻢ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﺳﺒﹺﻴ ﹺﻞ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳﺠ‬ Page 8 . in ‫ِﻟـ‬ belongs to. and (to them belongs) awesome suffering in the life to come 5:54 who strive hard in God’s cause Jarun Wa Majroorun From Qur'an. at. “We believe in God and (in) the Last Day” 17:1 From the Inviolable House of Worship [at Mecca] to the far distant Place of Worship [at Jerusalem] 24:58 before the prayer of daybreak 24:58 and after the prayer of night fall 2:10 In their hearts is a disease ‫ﺧ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹺﻡ ﺍ َﻷ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺎ ﺑﹺﺎﷲ‬‫ﻣﻨ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﹸﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺀَﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺ‬‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺪ ﺍ َﻷ ﹾﻗﺼ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹺﻡ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﺤﺮ‬  ‫ﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺠ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﺓ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ‬ ٰ‫ﺻﹶﻠﻮ‬  ‫ﺒ ﹺﻞ‬‫ﻦ ﹶﻗ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺸﺂ ِﺀ‬‫ﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‬ ٰ‫ﺻﹶﻠﻮ‬  ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺽ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻮﹺﺑ ﹺﻬ‬ ‫ﻲ ﹸﻗﹸﻠ‬‫ﻓ‬ 2:17 and leaves them in utter darkness ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻲ ﹸﻇﹸﻠﻤ‬‫ﻢ ﻓ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ 2:27 and spread corruption in the earth ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻲ ﺍ َﻷ‬‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ ﻓ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬‫ﻭ‬ 2:256 There shall be no coercion in matters of faith 2:284 Unto God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. for ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ِﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ‬ away from in to from on 2:8 And there are people (from men are) who say.References from the Noble Quran for ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ِﺑـ‬ by.

i. ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺼ ﹲﻞ‬  ‫ﻨ ﹶﻔ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  are independent and are not attached to any other word. also called The attached pronouns ٌ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ Pronouns of Nasb and Jarr the attached form Nasb detached pronouns.doc ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ Form ‫ﺼ ﹲﻞ‬  ‫ﻣﺘ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  The separate pronouns.e. ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ means they are ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ Jarr ‫ﺟﺮ‬ means they are ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ Form Pronouns of Raf’ the separate form ‫ﺼ ﹲﻞ‬  ‫ﻨ ﹶﻔ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  Raf’ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹾﻓ‬ means they are ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ِﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻦ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ *‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ * this is known as Pronouns.. The pronouns are ‫ﺒﹺﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ (fixed).Kinds of Pronouns ُ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺎﺋ‬‫ﺿﻤ‬  (Plural) / ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  (Singular) Pronouns are either separate or attached ‫ﺼ ﹸﻞ‬  ‫ﻨ ﹶﻔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﺼ ﹸﻞ‬  ‫ﻤﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬. As we progress we will learn them in greater details in book III ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺎ َﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ‬‫ﻥ ﺷ‬ ‫ ﹺﺇ ﹾ‬. ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ and ٌ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ there is only one form for attached pronouns which we will study here. they are not declinable. But they do have one fixed form when they are ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ and another fixed form when they are For ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ or ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ . They remain stationary in one FORM. ‫ﺼ ﹲﻞ‬  ‫ﻣﺘ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  are not independent. In the beginning of our studies we will learn the basic forms. but are always attached to other words. and ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ – ﻳﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ‬Ya of the first person Page 9 .

‬‬ ‫‪Page 10‬‬ ‫‪Pronouns-01-solved..‬ﻱ‪‬‬ ‫ﻱ‪ +‬‬ ‫‪ ..‫ﺿ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺿ ‪‬ﻤﺎ‪‬ﺋ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫)‪(singular‬‬ ‫)‪(plural‬‬ ‫‪Pronouns‬‬ ‫ﻉ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺮ ﹸﻓ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‪ ‬ﺪ‬ ‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‪ ‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻓﻲ ِﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﹺ‬ ‫‪Muhammad’s‬‬ ‫‪book‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪in Muhammad’s‬‬ ‫‪book‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪‬ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻓﻲ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪from‬‬ ‫‪to‬‬ ‫‪in‬‬ ‫‪on‬‬ ‫‪in his book‬‬ ‫‪in the‬‬ ‫‪nominative‬‬ ‫‪case‬‬ ‫‪in the accusative‬‬ ‫‪and genitive‬‬ ‫‪cases‬‬ ‫‪his book‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ‬ ‫‪‬ﻩ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫ﻫ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻬﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹺﻬﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬﻦ‪‬‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻦ‪ ‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻦ‪ ‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻬﻦ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻙ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛ‪‬ﺘﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻙ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻦ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ﹸﻜﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻜﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﻜﻦ‪ ‬ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻦ‪ ‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻦ‪ ‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻜﻦ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣﻨ‪ ‬ﻲ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻲ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻓﻲ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠﻲ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﹺﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﻱ‪‬‬ ‫‪results in‬‬ ‫‪(of the speaker) it‬‬ ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﻱ ‪ and we attach to it the pronoun‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪Please note: When a word ends with‬‬ ‫ﻱ ) ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ( = ‪..doc‬‬ ..

on for in Muhammad’s house = Muhammad’s ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ in his house his house house = ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺋ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  (plural) (singular) Pronouns ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ in the accusative and genitive cases in the nominati ve case ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹺﺑ ﹺﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹺﻬﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ ﹺﻬ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹺﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌﻬ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺪﻫ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹺﺑﻬ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹺﺑ ﹺﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹺﻬﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ ﹺﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹺﻬﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻬﻦ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﹺﺑ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ ﹸﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺪ ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ ﹸﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻜﻤ‬‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹸﻜﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹸﻜﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﻜ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹸﻜ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ ﹸﻜ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹸﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹸﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﹺﺑ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ِﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ ﹸﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺪ ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ ﹸﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎ ﹺﺑ ﹸﻜﻤ‬‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹸﻜﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ ﹸﻜﻤ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹸﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹸﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ ﹸﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ ﹸﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹸﻜﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹸﻜﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻦ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺪﻧ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹺﺑﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹶﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ Pronouns-01-solved.‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ with ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ at. at. by. off. away from. by. concerning ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ِﻟـ ِﺑـ‬ with. about. at the time when ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ from.doc Page 11 . near. in.

.‫ﻋ ﹶﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ on in to from  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺ‬‫ﻓﻲ ِﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬ in Muhammad’s book = ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺎﹺﺑ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ in his book Please note: When a word ends with Muhammad’s book = ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ his book ‫ﻱ‬  and we attach to it the pronoun ‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺋ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  (plural) (singular) Pronouns ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ in the accusative and genitive cases in the nominative case ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻦ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ (of the speaker) it results in ‫ﻱ‬ ‫ﻱ‬..doc ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ Page 12 .. Pronouns-01. = ( ‫ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻱ ) ﻳ‬  +‫ﻱ‬  ..

in. at the time when Pronouns-01. off. near.‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ with ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ at. at. concerning ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ِﻟـ ِﺑـ‬ with. about.doc ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ from. by. on for in Muhammad’s house = Muhammad’s house = ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ in his house his house ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺋ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  (plural) (singular) Pronouns ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ in the accusative and genitive cases in the nominati ve case ‫ﻩ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ِﻙ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹸﻛﻤ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻦ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ Page 13 . by. away from.

‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺎﻑ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺎﻑ‪ ‬ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻴ‪‬ﻪ‪The Possessive (or Genitive) Case .doc‬‬ .‬‬ ‫‪More Examples from Qur’an and Hadith‬‬ ‫ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺖ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺭ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝﹸ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺃﹶﻣ‪‬ﺮ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺪ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﺎﻗﹶﺔﹸ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻳ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺼ‪‬ﻞﹺ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﻴ‪‬ﻠﹶﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺪ‪‬ﺭﹺ‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺜﹾﻘﹶﺎﻝﹸ ﹶﺫﺭ‪‬ﺓ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ‪ ‬ﺩ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻦﹺ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺑﹺﺮ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻔﹶﻠﹶﻖﹺ‬ ‫ﺑﹺﺄﹶﺻ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏﹺ ﺍﻟﻔ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻞﹺ‬ ‫ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ ﻃﹶﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡﹺ ﺍﳌ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻜ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻦﹺ‬ ‫ﺑﹺﺴ‪‬ﻢﹺ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﻋ‪‬ﺪ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ ﺣ‪‬ﻖ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋ‪‬ﺬﺍﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ ﺷ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺪ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﺼ‪‬ﺮ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ ﻗﹶﺮﹺﻳ‪‬ﺐ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺪ‪ ‬ﺭ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝﹸ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺪ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺪ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﹶﻌ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺔﹸ ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺖ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺮﺁﻥﹸ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻗﹶﻮ‪‬ﻝﹸ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝﹺ ﺣ‪‬ﻖ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃﹶﺻ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻜﹶﻬ‪‬ﻒ‪ ‬ﺷ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺎﺏ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓﹶﻀ‪‬ﻞﹸ ﺍﷲِ ﻋ‪‬ﻈ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻢ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻄﹶﺎﻥﹸ ﻋ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻭ‪ ‬ﺍﻹِﻧ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﹶﻀ‪ ‬ﹸﻞ ﻛﹶﻼﻡﹺ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺖ‪ ‬ﺍﷲِ ﻋ‪‬ﻈ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻢ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ ﻳ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻡﹺ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻦﹺ‬ ‫ﻫ‪‬ﻮ‪ ‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻃﹶﻠﹶﺐ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻠﹾﻢﹺ ﻓﹶﺮﹺﻳ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺔﹲ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ُ ﺳ‪‬ﺮﹺﻳ‪‬ﻊ‪ ‬ﺍﳊ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﺎﺏﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺰ‪ ‬ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺔﹸ ﺍﻵﺧ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺓ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ُ ﺭ‪‬ﺏ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺱﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ُ ﻣ‪‬ﻠ‪‬ﻚ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺱﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ُ ﺇﹺﻟﹶﻪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺱﹺ‬ ‫ﻛﹸﻞﱡ ﻧ‪‬ﻔﹾﺲﹴ ﺫﺍﺋ‪‬ﻘﹶﺔﹸ ﺍﳌﹶﻮ‪‬ﺕ‪‬‬ ‫ﻳ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﳉﹸﻤ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺔ‪ ‬ﻳ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺪ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃﹶﻓﹾﻀ‪‬ﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﺬﱢﻛﹾﺮﹺ ﻻﺇﹺﻟﹶﻪ‪ ‬ﺇﹺﻻﱠ ﺍﷲ ُ ﻭ‪‬ﺃﹶﻓﹾﻀ‪‬ﻞﹸ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻋﺎﺀِ ﺍﳊﹶﻤ‪‬ﺪ‪ِ ‬ﷲِ‬ ‫‪Page 14‬‬ ‫‪Mudafu Mudafu Alei.

10:25 and Allah calls towards the home of peace.doc ِ‫ﺕ ﺍﷲ‬  ‫ﻚ ﺁﻳﺎ‬  ‫ﺗ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﻼ ﹺﻡ‬‫ﺍﺭﹺﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﺍ ﺇﹺﱃ ﺩ‬‫ﻋﻮ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ُ ‫ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ِ‫ﺪ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹺﺇ ﱠﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﹺﺒ‬  ‫ﻓﭑ‬ Page 15 . ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍ َﻷ‬‫ﺕ ﻭ‬  ‫ﺴﻤٰﻮﺍ‬  ‫ﺭ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻪ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱠﻠ‬ 50:42 This is the day of coming forth from the graves. ‫ﺎ ﹺﺭ‬‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻨ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻﺤ‬  ‫ﻚ ﹶﺃ‬  ‫ﺌ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﺃﻭ‬ 24:35 Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. 9:30 and the Christians said “Masih (Christ) is the son of Allah”. 78:37 From Him Who is the Lord of the universe and the earth and all that is in between them. Portents) of Allah. ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺ‬‫ﺏ ﺍﻟﻨ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹸﺫ ﹺﺑ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸﻗ ﹾﻞ ﹶﺃ‬ ِ‫ﺮ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ َﺀ‬‫ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‬ ‫ﻬ ﹴﺮ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻦ ﹶﺃﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹺﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﻣ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺕ ﻭﺍﻷ‬  ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﺴﻤ‬  ‫ﺏ ﺍﻟ‬  ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺ‬‫ﺎ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨ‬‫ﻴﻨ‬‫ﻋﹶﻠ‬ ِ‫ﻀ ﹺﻞ ﺍﷲ‬  ‫ﻦ ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺫ‬ 85:10 and for them is the torment of fire ‫ﻳ ﹺﻖ‬‫ﺤ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﺏ ﺍﹾﻟ‬  ‫ﻋﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟ‬ 2:39 They are the people of the hell. ِ‫ﺎﹶﻗ ﹸﺔ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻩ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺬ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ِ‫ﻦ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺢ ﭐ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ ﺍﹾﻟ‬:‫ﻯ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬‫ﺖ ﺍﻟ‬  ‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻼ ﹺﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬‫ﻢ ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ 39:10 and Allah’s earth is spacious.References from the Noble Quran for . 12:38 That is a grace of Allah upon us and upon mankind. ِ‫ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ 2:252 These are the verses (Signs. ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺨ‬  ‫ﻡ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺫ‬ 7:73 This is the she camel of Allah. 110:1 When the help of Allah comes 97:3 The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. Mudafu Mudafu Alei From Qur'an.certainly)! The promise of Allah is true.‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻑ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻑ ﻭ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬ 114:1 Say you. 40:55/77 Therefore have patience (O Muhammad). Lo (surely. I seek refuge in the Lord of all mankind. ‫ﻌ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺽ ﺍﷲِ ﻭ‬  ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﹶﺃ‬ 48:29 Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. 6:127 For them is the home of safety.

Examples.Some Complex Examples of ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﻟﻴ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻀ‬ Please analyze them ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹺﺮ‬‫ﻮ ﹺﺯ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺖ ﺍ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬‫ﺪ ﺍﷲِ ﹶﻛﹺﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺟ‬‫ﻣﺴ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﹶﺃﺑ‬ ِ‫ﺖ ﺍﷲ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺤﺞ‬  ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ ﺣﺎ‬  ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ‬ Mudafu Mudafu Alei .doc Page 16 .

such as ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ ( ﺟﺎﺭ‬Prepositional phrases ) and ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﻟ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ( ﹶﻇ‬Adverbial phrases ).‫ﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻐ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺓ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺖ ﺍﻟﺴ‬  ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ (٣ .‫ﺭﺓﹲ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬‫ﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻒ ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬  ‫ﺧ ﹾﻠ‬ (٤ .‫ﲎ‬‫ﳊﺴ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍ ﹸ‬‫ﺳﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ ﺍﻷ‬ ‫( ِﻟﻠﹼ‬١ .‫ﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺼ ﹸﻔ‬  ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺓ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻕ ﺍﻟﺸ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫( ﹶﻓ‬١ .‫ﻴ ﹶﻠﺔﹲ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ٌ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺎﻋ‬‫ﻳِﺮ ﺳ‬‫ﺴ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‬ (٣ .‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﻪ ﺍ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ The Phrase ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﻟ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫َﻇ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭ‬ ( ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ ِﺍ‬+ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫) ﹶﻇ‬ ( ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ ِﺍ‬+ ‫ﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ) Adverbial Phrase (adverb followed by a noun or pronoun) Prepositional Phrase (preposition followed by a noun or pronoun) ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻇ‬ ‫ﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ Adverb Preposition ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻣ‬ ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ِﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ‬ in front above in to from on ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﺧ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ِﺑـ‬ ‫ِﻟـ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ behind under by for away from .doc Page 17 .‫ﺮﺓﹲ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ َﹶﻛِﺒ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻡ ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫( ﺃﻣ‬٢ .‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹺ‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹾﻜ‬ (٤ Please remember that ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﻪ ﺍ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ ( ِﺷ‬Phrase). The subject of a nominal sentence must be a noun or pronoun.‫ﺟﻞﹲ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻲ ﺍﻟ‬‫( ﻓ‬٢ . can never be ‫ﺪﹲﺃ‬‫ﺒﺘ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ (Subject ) even though a sentence may begin with it. Phrases.

e. ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﻳ‬‫ ﹺﺭ‬wind. ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺭﺍ‬‫ ﺫ‬arm. ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ war. e. ‫ﻤ ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫ ﻓﹶﺎ‬. ‫ﺽ‬  ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍ‬earth. feminine nouns that do not have any of these endings.g. e. e. You may also say that all nouns are masculine except those that belong to these categories. 5. 4. ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ ﹸﺍ‬mother.g. c) The third feminine ending is called alif mamdũdah ( ‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭﺩ‬‫ﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻒ‬‫ ) ﺃﻟ‬.f. ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ Egypt. However. They may be classified in the following categories: 1. Names of towns and countries. e.g. ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ ﺩﺍ‬house. ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ hand. ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ ﹺﺑ‬daughter.path.doc Page 18 .g.g. ).g. Females. long alif which is hamzah preceded by alif. ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ eye. ‫ﻯ‬‫ﻐﺮ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ( smaller. however. ‫ﻣ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹶ‬ safety. ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﺳﻤ‬ ‫ ( ﺃ‬name of a  ‫ﺣ‬ ( beautiful woman ). ‫ﻳ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶﻗ‬a village. ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﻤﻴ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ( blind woman ). leg ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﺳ‬shank. ‫ﺎ ﹲﻥ‬‫ ﹶﺍﺗ‬she ass. ‫ﻴﻠﹶﻰ‬ ‫ ﹶﻟ‬.g. ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ sun. e. as said in the first lesson. e. ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻮ ﹺﺭﻳ‬‫ ﺳ‬Syria. All the nouns that do not fall in these categories are masculine. two feminine nouns have a long ‫( ﺕ‬open Ta – ُ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻮﺣ‬‫) ﺍﻟﺘﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹶﳌ ﹾﻔﺘ‬ at the end. ). ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﺮ‬ bride. ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮ‬way. ُ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴﻨ‬ d) There are. e. They are: ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ ﹸﺃ‬sister. woman ). Some everyday words. ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ، ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻫ‬ ، ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺯ‬ 2.Feminine Gender (‫ﺚ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬‫ﺆﻧ‬ ‫)ﺍ ﹸﳌ‬ a) The usual feminine ending. ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹶﻘ‬ a cow. Parts of the body that are double.f. ‫ﻯ‬‫ﺒﺮ‬ ‫ ( ﹸﻛ‬greater.g. Names of women. Feminine Gender. 3. is ‫ﺓ‬ ( closed Ta – ‫ﻮ ﹶﻃ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﺮﺑ‬ ‫ ) ﺍﻟﺘﺎ ُﺀ ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬. ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺳ ﹾﻠﻤ‬ ( names of women ). ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻧ ﹾﻔ‬ soul. ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﻧ‬fire. ‫ ﹸﺍ ﹸﺫ ﹲﻥ‬ear. ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﳍ‬ ‫ ﺍ‬India. ‫ﺎ ٌﺀ‬‫ﺳﻤ‬ sky. ‫ﺟ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ ﹺﺭ‬foot. b) The second feminine ending is known as alif maqşũrah ( ‫ﻮﺭﺓ‬‫ﻣ ﹾﻘﺼ‬ ‫ﻒ‬‫) ﺃﻟ‬ short alif which is ‫ ﻯ‬pronounced as ã .

doc‬‬ .‫‪Some Examples of Adjectives‬‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨﻌ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Please analyze them carefully and try to figure out the‬‬ ‫‪and then translate them into English‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫ﳊ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫ﳊ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‪ ‬ﺪ ﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ُ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻈ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﺴ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﻁ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺻ‪‬ﺮﺍ ﹲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮ ‪‬ﱘ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﺎ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻃﻴ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺟ ﹲﻞ ﹶﻃﻴ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍ ﹸﳌ ‪‬ﻌﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍ ﹸﳌ ‪‬ﻌﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻕ‬ ‫‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻦ ﺣﺎﻣ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻕ‬ ‫‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻦ ﺣﺎﻣ ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹺ‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ﻨﺎ ﺍﳉ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬؟‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹾﻜﺴ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬؟‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﻟﺼ‪ ‬ﻐ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺓ‬ ‫ﳉ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻲ ﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﳉ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﹸﺓ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻚﺍﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﳉ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺔ‬ ‫ﺼ ﹸﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻧﻈﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺭﺗ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﻣﻜﺴﻮﺭ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍ َﻷﻭ‪ ‬ﹸﻝ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Page 19‬‬ ‫‪Adjectives.

12. In the small car. On the big mountain. The big girl and the small boy. In the new school. 19. A new desk and the old school.doc Page 20 . Hamid is a short boy and Khadijah is a tall girl. The old house and a new door. 10. 3. 8. Hamid is in the big house and Khadijah is in the old car. The pen is on the new desk and the book is on the old chair. The big room. 21. The big book and the small pen. 7. 9. 15. The big book is on the new desk. 5. 11. 6. Adjectives. In the small school. 22. An old chair and the new room. 16. A long street. An old house. A small pen and the small book. 14. The short chair and a long desk. A big knife and the long key. The tall girl and the small boy. 20. 17. The small school. A big book and a small pen. On the short boy. A big book. From an old friend. On the new chair. From the old desk. 2. 18. 4.The Exercises in the Adjectives – Translate into Arabic 1. 13. The tall boy and a short girl. On a big book.

‫ﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﹺﺒ‬‫ﺏ ﻣ‬  ‫ﺘﺎ‬‫ﻭﻛ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﹼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺪ ﺟﺎ َﺀ ﹸﻛ‬ ‫ﻗﹶ‬ . 2:219 in both there is great sin . 59:24 His are the Most beautiful names.‫ﻳﻢ‬‫ﻮ ﹲﻝ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ َﺀ‬‫ﻭﺟ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻢ ﹶﻛﹺﺒ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺇﹾﺛ‬‫ﻴ ﹺﻬﻤ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ 28:23 and our father is very old. . .‫ﻣﻼﹰ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ .Some references from the Qur’an for Adjectives (‫ﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫)ﺍﻟ‬ 5:15 Undoubtedly. 4:13 And that is the great success. you possess excellent manners.‫ﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺁ ﹲﻥ‬‫ﻮ ﹸﻗﺮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹾﻞ‬ 61:13 help from Allah and a near victory 26:195 In plain Arabic speech.‫ﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﹶﺎ‬‫ﻦ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳﻨ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺌ‬‫ﺃﹸﻭﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﻴ‬‫ﺓ ﺍﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﳊﻴٰﻮ‬ ‫ﻨ ﹸﺔ ﺍ ﹶ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻮ ﹶﻥ ﹺﺯ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﺎ ﹸﻝ ﻭ‬‫ﺍﹶﹾﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺑ‬‫ﻚ ﹶﺛﻮ‬  ‫ﺭﺑ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺤﺎ‬‫ﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟ‬  ‫ﻴﺎ‬‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗ‬ . Adjectives.‫ﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﹺﺒ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﺬﺍ ﹺﺇ ﹾﻓ‬‫ﺍ ﻫ‬‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻟﻮ‬ . 41:44 They are like those who are called from a far off place. .‫ﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺯ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ ﹶﺫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﻴ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﻚ ﺍﻟﺪ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺫ‬ . .‫ﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻁ ﺍﹾﻟ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹶ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺎ ﺍﻟﺼ‬‫ﺪﻧ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ 42:26 And for the infidels there is a severe torment. 12:40 This is the right religion 45:10 And for them is a great torment.‫ﻴﻢﹴ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺧ ﹸﻠ ﹴﻖ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻚ ﹶﻟﻌ‬  ‫ﻭ ﹺﺇﻧ‬ 8:74 For them is forgiveness and honourable provision. 18:46 The wealth and sons are an adornment of the worldly life 18:46 and the good deeds that endure are better in the sight of your Lord for reward and better in respect of hope. In well guarded tablet. . .‫ﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻋﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶﻟ‬ .doc ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺢ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﹼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ . 24:12 and say: it is a manifest untruth.‫ﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺦ ﹶﻛﹺﺒ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻮﻧ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃ‬ 1:5 Guide us in the straight path. there has to come to you from Allah light and a luminous Book. .‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻋﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﹶﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬ 85:21 22 But it is a glorious Quran.‫ﻮﻅ‬ ‫ﺤ ﹸﻔ‬  ‫ﺡ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹴ‬ ‫ﻲ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ .‫ﻳﻢ‬‫ﻕ ﹶﻛ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹺﺭ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻐ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ 44:17 and an honourable Messenger came to them. 49:3 For them is forgiveness and a great reward.‫ﻴﻦﹴ‬ ‫ﻣﹺﺒ‬ ‫ﺮﹺﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻠﺴ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ‬ .‫ﻰ‬‫ﺴﻨ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﺳﻤ‬ ‫ﻪ ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ Page 21 .‫ﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻭﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﻐ‬ ‫ﻢ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ 68:4 And undoubtedly.

” 53:56 This is a warner 54:8 The disbelievers will say: “This is a hard day.” 77:38 This is the Day of Decision ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ ﻫﺬﺍ‬:‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺏ ﹶﺃ‬  ‫ﺬﺍ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻋ‬ ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺼﺪ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻲ ٌﺀ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ ﻫﺬﺍ‬:‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ ﻫﺬﺍ‬:‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﹾﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹸﻘ‬ ‫ﺼ ﹺﻞ‬  ‫ﻡ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ 11:103 That (will be) a Day of Testimony ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﺸﻬ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺫ‬ 16:116 This is lawful and this is forbidden ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺣﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻼ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺣ‬ 14:52 This is a Message for mankind Nominal Sentence From Qur'an.doc ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺ‬‫ﻠﻨ‬‫ﻍ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻼﹲ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ Page 22 .Examples of Simple Sentences from Qur’an 85:21 It is a glorious Qur'an 21:24 This is a reminder 21:50 This is a blessed reminder 20:112 He is a believer 6:16 He is one God 19:36 This is a straight way ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻮ ﻗﹸﺮﺁ ﹲﻥ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺫ ﹾﻛ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺒ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺫ ﹾﻛ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻪ ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻮ ﺇﹺﻟ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻁ‬ ‫ﺮﺍ ﹲ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺻ‬ 11:77 This is a day ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ‬ 11:103 That is a day ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺫ‬ 2:2 That is the Book ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻜﺘ‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺫ‬ 43:30 They said: “This is sorcery (mere magic)” 44:44 This (will be) a painful torment 46:12 This is a confirming Scripture 50:2 The disbelievers say: “This is a strange thing.

‫‪Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences‬‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪This IS a book.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺟ ﹸﺔ ِﻻ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆﺫﱢ ‪‬ﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺖ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺟ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻝ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻝ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺱ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬ﹺ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺱ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫) ‪‬ﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬ﹺ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Grammatical Analysis.doc‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆﺫﱢ ‪‬ﻥ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪This bicycle belongs to (IS‬‬ ‫‪for) the son of the‬‬ ‫‪mu’adhdhin.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﻠ ‪‬ﻐ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺮﹺﺑﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻬ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺮﹺﺑﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱡﻠ ‪‬ﻐ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﻟ ‪‬ﻐ ﹲﺔ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺮﹺﺑﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻬ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻬ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪Page 23‬‬ ‫‪THE ARABIC LANGUAGE IS easy.‬‬ ‫‪The pen IS broken.‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁ ﹸﻥ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺖ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺏ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘ‪‬ﺎﺟﹺﺮ ِ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻼﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﳉﹶ‬ ‫ﻆﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲِ = ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪ -‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ = ﹶﻇ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻟ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬ﹺ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫‪This house belongs to (IS‬‬ ‫‪for) the teacher.‬‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺖ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The bag IS under the desk.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫) ِﻻ‪‬ﺑ ﹺﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆﺫﱢ ‪‬ﻥ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﺮﹺﺑﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﹸﻟ ‪‬ﻐ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻬ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫‪THE ARABIC IS an easy language.‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻢ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺏ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The book IS on the desk.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫ﺖ ﺍﻟﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺟ ﹺﺮ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The merchant’s house IS in‬‬ ‫‪front of the Mosque.‬‬ ‫ﺏ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪ -‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ = ﹶﻇ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺐ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺐ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫) ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺏ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁ ﹸﻥ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The Quran IS the book of Allah.

‬‬ ‫ﺃﹶﻧﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎ‪‬ﻧ ﹺﻮﻳ‪ ‬ﺔ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻝ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃﹶﻧﺎ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺔ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫) ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫‪He has a car (a car IS with him) .‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺳﻲ‪ = ‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺑﹺﻲ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺟ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻛﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪My father IS a big merchant.‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺏ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻱ = ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﹺﺟ ‪‬ﺮ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻚ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﹶﻛﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺔ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻩ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺥ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪ -‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ = ﹶﻇ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫‪These ARE teachers.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎ‪‬ﻧ ﹺﻮﻳ‪ ‬ﺔ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻘﺪ‪ ‬ﻡ‬ ‫) ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﻲ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪I AM in the secondary school.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻘﺪ‪ ‬ﻡ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪ -‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ = ﹶﻇ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﹸﻏ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺆﺧ‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻱ = ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻱ = ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺥ ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ‬ ‫‪‬ﻟ ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃ ‪‬‬ ‫‪I have one brother (belongs to me‬‬ ‫‪one brother).‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸﻏ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺔ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﺃ‬ ‫) ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﱠﺎ‪‬ﻧ ﹺﻮﻳ‪ ‬ﺔ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻀ ﹺﻞ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺇﹺﻃﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﻝ ﺇﹺﻃﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹸﺔ ﺍﷲِ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﹺﻃﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻀ ﹺﻞ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﹺﻃﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪.doc‬‬ .‫‪Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences‬‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓ ‪‬ﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺳﻲ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The broken chair‬‬ ‫‪IS in that room.‬‬ ‫ﻱ = ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺥ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺆﺧ‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻼﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﳉﹶ‬ ‫ﻆﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲِ = ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻀ ﹺﻞ ﺍﷲِ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫) ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Page 24‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﻝ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻼﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﳉﹶ‬ ‫ﻆﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲِ = ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫‪Grammatical Analysis.‬‬ ‫ﹸﻏ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﹸﻏ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻓﺘ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫‪My brother’s room IS in front of‬‬ ‫‪my room.

‬‬ ‫ﻚ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﹸﺃﻭ‪‬ﻟ‪‬ﺌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺕ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﱠﺎ‪‬ﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻝ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﱢﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﹸﻝ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹴ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﺇﱃ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺧ ‪‬ﻮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻄ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺﻢ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﹶﻥ = ﻓﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹲﻞ ) ‪‬ﻫﻦ‪( ‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻠﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﳌﺒﺘﺪﺃ‬ ‫) ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻄ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺﻢ ( ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Page 25‬‬ ‫‪Those tall‬‬ ‫‪men ARE‬‬ ‫‪new‬‬ ‫‪engineers.‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫‪These young men ARE‬‬ ‫‪brothers .‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺧ ‪‬ﻮ ﹲﺓ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪Grammatical Analysis.‫‪Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences‬‬ ‫ﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ‬ ‫ﺁ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Amina WENT to the school.‬‬ ‫ﺁ ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ﹸﺔ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺏ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱡﻄﻼﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹴ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﺕ = ﺗ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘ ﹾﺄﹺﻧ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﺮ ) ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻲ (‬ ‫ﺿ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹲﻞ = ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺒﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺏ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱞﻄﻼﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The new students‬‬ ‫‪WENT to the‬‬ ‫‪mosque.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ﹺﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺏ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻓﻼﱠ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻝ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫‪Their father IS the IMAM of‬‬ ‫‪this mosque.‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻀﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ِﻹﺷ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ = ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻱ = ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ﹺﻢ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻝ ﺍﻟﻄﱢﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﹸﻝ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ‬ ‫ﹸﺃ ‪‬ﻭﻟ‪‬ﺌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻦ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻄ ‪‬ﻌ ﹺﻢ‬ ‫ﺕ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﱠﺎ‪‬ﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The new students‬‬ ‫‪WENT to the‬‬ ‫‪restaurant.‬‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﻓ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹴ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Hidden Pronoun‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ = ﻓﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹲﻞ ) ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ(‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﺇﱃ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﺇﱃ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻠﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﺃ‬ ‫ﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ ( ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫) ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻠﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﺃ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺪ ( ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬ ‫) ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺒﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻝ ﹶﻓﻼﱠ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫‪These men ARE‬‬ ‫‪farmers from my‬‬ ‫‪village.doc‬‬ .

‫‪Some Examples of Simple Grammatical Analysis of Sentences‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣﹶﺜ ﹸﻞ ﻧ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﺭ ‪‬ﻩ ﹶﻛ ‪‬ﻤﺸ‪‬ـﻜﻮ ‪‬ﺓ‬ ‫ﺐ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﳌﹶﻄﺎ ﹺﺭ‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳉ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺖ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣﹶﺜ ﹸﻞ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪‬ﻟ ﹾﻠ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﳉ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻩ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﺎ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﻮ ﹺﺭ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻛﹶـ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣﺸ‪‬ـﻜﻮ ‪‬ﺓ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﹶﻄﺎ ﹺﺭ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫) ﹶﻛ ‪‬ﻤﺸ‪‬ـﻜﻮ ‪‬ﺓ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻠ ﹴﻢ ) ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪﻳ‪‬ﺚ (‬ ‫ﻀ ﹲﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﹸﻛﻞﱢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻢ ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺽ ‪‬ﻭ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲِ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻚ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ ِﷲِ ‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻃ ﹶﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻋ ﹾﻄ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻌ ﹾﻠ ﹺﻢ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ‪‬ـ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻀ ﹲﺔ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ ﹺﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‪.doc‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﻼﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺔ ‪ -‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﳉﹶ‬ ‫ﻆﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲِ = ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻘﺪ‪ ‬ﻡ‬ ‫) ِﷲ ِ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻞﱢ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﻚ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺆﺧ‪ ‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻠ ﹴﻢ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺕ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ ﺍ ﹸﳌ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪ ‬ﹶﻄ ‪‬ﺔ‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻋ ﹾﻄ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺾ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺕ(‬ ‫ﻑ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ) ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻌﻄﹸﻮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺽ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﺇﻟﹶﻰ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻋ ﹾﻄ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻼﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺔ ‪ -‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﳉﹶ‬ ‫ﻆﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲِ = ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹸﳌ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪ ‬ﹶﻄ ‪‬ﺔ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻘﺪ‪ ‬ﻡ‬ ‫) ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲِ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫) ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺔ ﺍ ﹸﳌ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪ ‬ﹶﻄ ‪‬ﺔ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺆﺧ‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺍﷲُ ﻧ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ ﹶﻗﻴ‪ ‬ﻤ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﹸﻛ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻼﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺔ ‪ -‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ‬ ‫ﳉﹶ‬ ‫ﻆﺍ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ُ = ﹶﻟ ﹾﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻲ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﻧ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ = ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺕ = ‪‬ﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶﻘﺪ‪ ‬ﻡ‬ ‫) ‪‬ﻓﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ( ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻋ ﹾﻄ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ = ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ = ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺒﺘ‪‬ﺪﹲﺃ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺆﺧ‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺕ(‬ ‫ﻑ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤﺎﻭﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ ) ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻌﻄﹸﻮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺽ = ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫‪Page 26‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﹶﻗﻴ‪ ‬ﻤ ﹲﺔ = ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Grammatical Analysis.

Genitive FEMININE Accusative Nominative Genitive ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺮﻓﹸﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺮﻓﹸﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹴﻢ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـﺘ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـﺘ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ـﺘـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺆ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ MASCULINE Accusative Nominative Singular Dual Plural ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻛﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻓﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ Dual and Sound Plurals.doc Page 27 .The Dual and the Sound Masculine and Feminine Plurals Please change the following nouns into Dual and the Sound Masculine and Feminine Plurals and put them into their cases as shown in the example.

doc Page 28 .The Dual and the Sound Masculine and Feminine Plurals Genitive FEMININE Accusative Nominative Genitive ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺮﻓﹸﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺮﻓﹸﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹰﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻠ ﹴﻢ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـﺘ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ـﺘ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ـﺘـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹺﻦ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ـ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ـﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ MASCULINE Accusative Nominative Singular Dual Plural ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﻛﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﺸ ﹺﺮ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﻧﺎ ﹺﺟ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹾﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻣﹶﺜﻨ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺟﻤ‬ Dual and Sound Plurals.

doc ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻﺤ‬  ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﹶﻗ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹸﻛﻔﱠﺎ‬ ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺎ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ Page 29 .The Broken Plurals = ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ ﹾﻜ‬‫ﻊ ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﺍﹶ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﻓﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﹸﻓﻌ‬ ‫ﺥ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺷ‬ Sheik ‫ﺦ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ Child ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﹺﺭﺟ‬ Man ‫ﺟ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﹸﻃﻼﱠ‬ Student ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻃﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺿ‬  Guest ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺿ‬  ‫ﺎ ٌﺀ‬‫ﺑﻨ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ Son ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺒ‬ Great Big ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﻛﹺﺒ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗﺠ‬ Merchant ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺟ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﺣ ﹸﻘ‬ Field ‫ﺣ ﹾﻘ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Paternal Uncle ‫ﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻﻐ‬  Small ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻐ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﺝ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺣﺠ‬ Pilgrim ‫ﺎﺝ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﹸﻗ ﹸﻠ‬ Heart ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﹶﻗ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺝ‬  ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺯﻭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Spouse Husband ‫ﺝ‬  ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻗﺼ‬ Short ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﺏ ﹶﻗ‬  ‫ﺭﻛﱠﺎ‬ Rider Passenger ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ Star ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ ٌﺀ‬‫ﺁﺑ‬ Father ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﻃﻮ‬ Tall ‫ﻳ ﹲﻞ‬‫ﹶﻃ ﹺﻮ‬ Unbeliever ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻛﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬ House ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶ‬ Pen ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺿﻌ‬  Weak Worker ‫ﻣ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ Lesson ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺑﻮ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ Door ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﹺﺟﺒ‬ Mountain ‫ﺒ ﹲﻞ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺵ‬  ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹸﻗ‬ Monetary coin ‫ﺵ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ River ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﻛ ﹶ‬ Dog ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺟ‬ Pocket ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹶﺃﻳ‬ Day ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹺﺑﺤ‬ Sea ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺤ‬  ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ Letter ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹲﻥ‬‫ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻮ‬ Colour ‫ﻮ ﹲﻥ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﹺﺑ ﹶ‬ Country ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﻙ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹸﻠ‬ King ‫ﻚ‬  ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Rain ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹶﻄ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻﻌ‬  Difficult ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺳ‬ Sword ‫ﻒ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Time ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻭ ﹾﻗ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻋ ﹸﻠ‬ Knowledge Companion ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﹸﻗ‬ Palace ‫ﺎ ٌﺀ‬‫ﺳﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Name ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃﻔﹶﺎ ﹲﻝ‬ Infant ‫ﻃ ﹾﻔ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﹶﺎ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Example ‫ﻣﺜﹶﺎ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻧﻮ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ Light ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ Broken Plurals.

The Broken Plurals = ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ ﹾﻜ‬‫ﻊ ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﺍﹶ‬ ‫ﻼ ُﺀ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ‬ ‫ﻼ ُﺀ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﹸﻓ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻏﹺﻨﻴ‬ Rich ‫ﹶﻏﹺﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻼ ُﺀ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ Colleague ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ New ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ Youth ‫ﻰ‬‫ﹶﻓﺘ‬ ‫ﺪﻗﹶﺎ ُﺀ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Friend ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﺍ ُﺀ‬‫ﹸﻓ ﹶﻘﺮ‬ Poor ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸﻛ‬ Book ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻛﺘ‬ ‫ﻮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ Brother ‫ﺥ‬  ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹺﻮﻳ‬ Strong ‫ﹶﻗ ﹺﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﻋ ﹶﻠﻤ‬ Learned ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ Donkey ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﻛﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺫ‬ Intelligent ‫ﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﹶﺫ‬ ‫ﺍ ُﺀ‬‫ﺯﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ Minister ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ ﹺﺯ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ Bed ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺳ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﻧﹺﺒﻴ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ Prophet ‫ﻧﹺﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍ ُﺀ‬‫ﺳ ﹶﻔﺮ‬ Ambassador ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ Messenger ‫ﻮ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹺﺮﺑ‬ Near ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶﻗ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﺍ ُﺀ‬‫ﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﹸﺃ‬ Governor Chief ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹲﻥ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ City ‫ﻨ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﻃﺒ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Doctor Grandson ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺳ ﹸﻔ‬ Ship ‫ﻨ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹸﻃ‬ Way ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶﻃ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺍ ُﺀ ﹶﻃﹺﺒ‬‫ﺣ ﹶﻔﺪ‬ Broken Plurals.doc Page 30 .

doc ‫ﻣﺜﹶﺎ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺟ‬‫ﹶﻓﻨ‬ Food ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻖ ﹶﻃﻌ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻﻨ‬  Box Crate Column ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﻛﺮ‬ Chair ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺻ‬  ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺟ‬‫ﻣﺴ‬ ‫ﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﹸﻛ‬ Page 31 .The Broken Plurals = ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ ﹾﻜ‬‫ﻊ ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﺍﹶ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Month ‫ﺟ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻓ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻋ ُﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻤﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺌ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Question ‫ﺍ ﹲﻝ‬‫ﺳﺆ‬ ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﻣ ﹶﻔﺎ‬ Key ‫ﺡ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ ﹾﻔﺘ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺩﻓﹶﺎ‬ Notebook ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺩ ﹾﻓ‬ Leg Foot ‫ﺟ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹲﺔ ﹺﺭ‬‫ﺟ ﹺﻮ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Answer ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻳ ﹸﻞ ﺟ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻨ‬ Kerchief ‫ﻳ ﹲﻞ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺗ‬‫ﻣﻜﹶﺎ‬ Desk ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻣ ﹾﻜ‬ ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻧ ﹸﻔ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬ Soul Self ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻧ ﹾﻔ‬ Example Cup ‫ﺎ ﹲﻥ‬‫ﻨﺠ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹶﻓﻨ‬ Hotel ‫ﻕ‬  ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ‬ ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﺫ‬ Arm ‫ﻉ‬  ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻤ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﹾﻃ‬ Masjid ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺴﹺ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻼﹺﺑ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹶ‬ Garment ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻣ ﹾﻠ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺴ‬ Ruler ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺴ ﹶﻄ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺱ‬  ‫ﺍ ﹺﺭ‬‫ﻣﺪ‬ School ‫ﺳ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻖ‬ ‫ﺋ‬‫ﺩﻗﹶﺎ‬ Minute ‫ﻴ ﹶﻘ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ ﹺﺯ ﹸﻝ‬‫ﻣﻨ‬ Residence Dwelling ‫ﻨ ﹺﺰ ﹲﻝ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺎﹺﻧ‬‫ﻣﺼ‬ Factory ‫ﺢ‬  ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺼ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﻛﻮ‬ Planet ‫ﺐ‬  ‫ﻮ ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﹶﻛ‬ ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺠ‬ Assembly ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺟﻮ‬ Essence Substance ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺏ‬  ‫ﺎ ﹺﺭ‬‫ﺗﺠ‬ Experiment ‫ﺑ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺜ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺪ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ Broken Plurals.

doc ‫ﺎ ﹲﻥ‬‫ﻤﺼ‬ ‫ﹸﻗ‬ Shirt ‫ﺺ‬  ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶﻗ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹲﻥ‬‫ﺑ ﹾﻠﺪ‬ Country ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺑ ﹶﻠ‬ Page 32 .The Broken Plurals = ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ِ ‫ ﹾﻜ‬‫ﻊ ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﺍﹶ‬ ‫ﻼ ﹲﻥ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸﻓ‬ Broken Plurals.

Dual and Plural‬‬ ‫ﺏ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ﹸﻛ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺱ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺖ ﹶﻃ ﹺﻮ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺪ ﺻ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Singular.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ﺳﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺐ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻃﹶﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ‪‬ﺘ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ﻃﹶﺎ‪‬ﻟ‪‬ﺒ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Page 33‬‬ ‫‪Singular-Dual-Plural.‬‬ ‫ﺐ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﹲﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻜﺴ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻤ ﹲﺔ‪.doc‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺱ ﹶﻛﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ﹺﺑ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ‪‬ﺘ ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻃ ﹾﻔ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻠ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆ‪‬ﻻ ِﺀ ﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﺩ ﺻ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟﺤ‪‬ﻮ ﹶﻥ‪.‫ﺢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻥ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻥ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺪﻳ‪‬ﺪﺍ ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻥ ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻥ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﻟ‪‬ﺤﺎ ‪‬ﻥ‪.

‬‬ ‫ﺺ ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻈ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﹶﻗ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺦ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺥ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﺮ‪.‫ﺤ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ﹲﻞ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﺳﻦ‪ ‬ﺟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﻞ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺐ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﹶﻃﹺﺒ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﻘ ﹲﺔ ﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺖ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻒ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﹶﻃﺒ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻤﺮ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬ﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﹾﺤﺎﺝ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Page 34‬‬ ‫‪Singular-Dual-Plural.‬‬ ‫ﺸ ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﻄ ﹲﺔ‪. Dual and Plural‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﺳﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺭ ﹲﺓ ‪‬ﺳ ﹺﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﺔ‪.doc‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺐ ﹶﻗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻴﺎﺑﺎ ‪‬ﻥ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫ ‪‬ﺬ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪﺭ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹲﺔ ﺻ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Singular.

the number ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫) ﺍﻟ‬ ( ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫) ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ will be feminine.Numbers from 1 to 10 in Arabic Rule # 1 Numbers 1 (one) and 2 (two) always come as adjectives Rule # 2 ‫ﺪ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺒ ﹲﺔ ﻭﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻃﺎ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻭﺍ‬  ‫ﻃﺎﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ﻥ ﭐﹾﺛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻃﺎ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻥ ﭐﹾﺛﻨ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻟﺒ‬‫ﻃﺎ‬ The numbers from 3 to 10 The things counted Rule # 3 From #3 to #10 the Rule # 4 ‫ﺖ‬  ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ( ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫) ﺍﻟ‬ ( ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫) ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬ come as come as ‫ﻑ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻀ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻑ ﺇﻟﻴ‬  ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻀ‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ ( ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬the things counted ) will always be plural – If the thing counted ( ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫) ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬ is masculine . will be masculine. the number ( If the thing counted ( ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫) ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬ is feminine.doc ١ ‫ﺪ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ٢ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﺘ‬‫ﭐﹾﺛ‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼ ﹲ‬ ٣ ‫ﺙ‬ ٤ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ٥ ‫ﺲ‬ ٦ ‫ﺳﺖ‬ ٧ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ٨ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﹶﺛﻤ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ ٩ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﻋ‬ ١٠ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ Page 35 ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬ Masculine ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﭐﹾﺛﻨ‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﺴ ﹲﺔ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﺳﺘ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹲﺔ‬‫ﺎﹺﻧ‬‫ﹶﺛﻤ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹲﺓ‬ ‫ﺸ‬  ‫ﻋ‬ . ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺙ ﺳﺎﻋﺎ‬ ‫ ﺛﹶﻼ ﹸ‬، ‫ﺕ‬  ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺙ ﺳﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﺛﹶﻼ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹴ‬‫ ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ ﹸﻛ‬، ‫ﻼ ﹴﻡ‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻗ ﹶ‬ With feminine ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬ (the thing counted) With masculine ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺍ ﹶﳌ‬ Counting without Feminine (the thing counted) 1 2 ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛ ﹸﺔ‬ 3 ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‬ 4 ‫ﺲ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺴ ﹸﺔ‬  ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ 5 ‫ﺳﺖ‬ ‫ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﺳﺘ‬ 6 ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ 7 ‫ﺎﻧﹺﻲ‬‫ﹶﺛﻤ‬ ‫ﻴ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﺎﹺﻧ‬‫ﹶﺛﻤ‬ 8 ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ‬  ‫ﺗ‬ 9 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺸ‬  ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ ﹸﺓ‬ ‫ﺸ‬  ‫ﻋ‬ 10 Numbers.

doc‬‬ .‫ﻚ(‬ ‫) ﺁ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Examples of Numbers from 3 to 10 from the Qur’an‬‬ ‫ﺙ ﻟﹶﻴﺎ ﹴﻝ ‪‬ﺳ ﹺﻮﻳ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺱ ﺛﹶﻼ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻚ ﹶﺃﻻﱠ ‪‬ﺗ ﹶﻜﻠﱢ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺙ ﻗﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ﺀَﺍ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼ ﹲ‬ ‫‪19:‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻓﻘﹶﺎ ﹶﻝ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻤﺘ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺩﺍ ﹺﺭ ﹸﻛ ‪‬ﻢ ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹴﻡ‬ ‫‪11:‬‬ ‫‪65‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻊ‬ ‫ﺕ ﺑﹺﺎﷲِ ﹺﺇﻧ‪ ‬ﻪ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﻟﺼ‪ ٰ‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻗ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫ﺸﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﺓ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻊ ﺷ‪‬ﻬﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻓ ‪‬‬ ‫‪24:‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺽ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﻬ ﹴﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻓ ِ‬ ‫‪9:2‬‬ ‫ﺴﻮ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫ﻼ ِﺋ ﹶﻜ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺔ ﺁﻻ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺨ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺩ ﹸﻛ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺭﺑ‪ ‬ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﹺﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺧ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫‪3:‬‬ ‫‪125‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ‪‬ﺘ ﹲﺔ‬ ‫ﺽ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺳﺘ‪ ‬ﺔ ﹶﺃﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹴﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴﻤٰﻮﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹺﺇﻥﱠ ‪‬ﺭﺑ‪ ‬ﹸﻜ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﷲُ ﺍﻟﺬ‪‬ﻱ ‪‬ﺧ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻖ ﺍﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪7:‬‬ ‫‪54‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﺕ ‪‬ﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻥ ﻳ ﹾﺄ ﹸﻛ ﹸﻠ ‪‬ﻬﻦ‪ ‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ‪‬ﻋﺠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻚ ﹺﺇﻧ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ‪‬ﺑ ﹶﻘﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪12:‬‬ ‫‪43‬‬ ‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺰ ٌﺀ ‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻘﺴ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ ‪‬ﻟ ﹸﻜﻞﱢ ﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﹴ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﺔ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹴ‬ ‫‪15:‬‬ ‫‪44‬‬ ‫ﺞ‬ ‫ﺠﹴ‬ ‫ﻚ ﹺﺇ ‪‬ﺣﺪ‪‬ﻯ ﭐ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻲ‪ ‬ﻫﺎ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻴ ﹺﻦ ‪‬ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ ‪‬ﺗ ﹾﺄ ‪‬ﺟ ‪‬ﺮﻧﹺﻲ ﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎﹺﻧ ‪‬ﻲ ‪‬ﺣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎﹺﻧﻲ ﹺﺇﻧ‪‬ﻲ ﹸﺃ ﹺﺭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶﺃ ﹾﻥ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫‪28:‬‬ ‫‪27‬‬ ‫ﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎﹺﻧ‪‬ﻴ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﺳﺨ‪ ‬ﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶﻠﻴ‪ ‬ﹺﻬ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻊ ‪‬ﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﹴﻝ ‪‬ﻭﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎﹺﻧ‪‬ﻴ ﹶﺔ ﹶﺃﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹴﻡ ‪‬ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪69:‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻊ ﺁﻳﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ﹶﻘ ‪‬ﺪ ﺀَﺍ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪17:‬‬ ‫‪101‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻊ‬ ‫‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍ َﻷ ‪‬ﺭ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻂ ‪‬ﻳ ﹶﻔ ِ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪‬ﻌ ﹲﺔ ‪‬ﻭ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻲ ﺍ ﹶﳌ ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪27:‬‬ ‫‪48‬‬ ‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻣﺜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺴ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺔ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ‪‬‬ ‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ َﺀ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬‬ ‫‪6:‬‬ ‫‪160‬‬ ‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺓ ‪‬ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻛ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫ﺸ ‪‬ﺮ ﹲﺓ ﹶﻓ ﹶﻜﻔﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻪ ﹺﺇ ﹾﻃﻌ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻡ ‪‬ﻋ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ‪‬‬ ‫‪5:‬‬ ‫‪89‬‬ ‫‪Page 36‬‬ ‫‪Numbers.

‫ﺨ‪‬ﺒ ﹺﺮ‬ ‫ﺍ ‪‬ﺣﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﹸﻝ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ﹾﻔ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﺩ‬ ‫)‪One Word (Not a sentence‬‬ ‫ﺤﻤ‪ ‬ﺪ ﻃﺎ‪‬ﻟﺐ‪.‬‬ ‫‪Type of Khabar‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﻹ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻤﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Nominal Sentence‬‬ ‫ﻼ ﹲﻝ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬ﻭ ﹺﺯ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ِﷲ ِ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻘ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Types of Khabar‬‬ .‬‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠﻨ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐﹺ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻃ ‪‬ﻤ ﹸﺔ ﳍﺎ ‪‬ﻃ ﹾﻔ ﹲﻞ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ﹸﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬ﻌ ‪‬ﻠﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Verbal Sentence‬‬ ‫ﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺪ ‪‬ﺭ ‪‬ﺳﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺎ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺏ ﹶﺫ ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺒﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻠ ‪‬ﻌﺐﹺ‪.‬‬ ‫ﹺﺑ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺻ ‪‬ﻐ ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﱡﻼ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﺧ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﺷ ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪The Phrase coming as a Khabar‬‬ ‫ﺠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﻭ ‪‬ﺭ‬ ‫ﻑ ‪‬ﺟﺮ‪ + ‬ﺍ ‪‬ﺳ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺣ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻑ‬ ‫ﹶﻇ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Prepositional Phrase‬‬ ‫‪Adverbial Phrase‬‬ ‫ﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ﹾﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐﹺ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪Page 37‬‬ ‫ﺖ ﺃ ﹾﻗﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﹺﻡ ﺍ ُﻷﻣ‪‬ﻬﺎﺕ‪.‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺁ ﹸﺓ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻤ ‪‬ﺆ ‪‬ﻣﻦﹺ‪.

‫)‪(Verb‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ‪:‬‬ ‫)‪(Root letters of the verb‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺠﺰﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻤﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﺤﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻴﺔ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫)‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻨﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫‪Must do‬‬ ‫‪Don’t do‬‬ ‫‪Didn’t do‬‬ ‫‪Will not do‬‬ ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻻ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫‪(Group:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺠﻬﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻘﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺋﺐ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺆﻧﺚ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻫﻦ‪‬‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺆﻧﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺨﺎﻃﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻦ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺘﻜﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺬﻛﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺆﻧﺚ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫)‪(Active Participle‬‬ ‫‪Page 38‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ ‪:‬‬ ‫)‪(Passive Participle‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳌﻔﻌﻮﻝ ‪:‬‬ ‫)‪(Verbal Noun‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪Blank Verb Conjugation Sheet‬‬ .

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