nit: MIKUNI !!'M~K~!~!~ N~2!~E~RATION


3 4

30 3~ 31



4 15 16




5 20 35 34 2 2 36

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 2l. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 2B. 29. 30. 3l. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 3B.

Rubber Cap, Throttle Cable Cable Adjuster

Top, M:l.xing Chamb er

Cable Adjuster

Tube, Air Vent Spring, Piston Valve Plate, Needle Retainer liE" Ring

Jet Needle

Air Screw

Leaf Spring, Lever Positioning Spring, Starter Plunger Plunger, Starting System Body, Mixing Chamber Gasket, Float Chamber Baffle Plate, Float Chamber Pilot Jet Pin, Float Arm Hinge Float Arm Float Float Chamber Washer, Float Chamber Plug Plug, Float Chamber Air Jet

Cap, Starter Plunger Lever Assy, Starting

Needle Jet Rubber Cap, Starting System


Spring, Air Adjusting Screw Spring, Idle Adjusting Screw Screw, Idle Adjusting Washer, Needle & Seat Assy Needle & Seat Assy Cup, Fuel Retaining Main Jet Plate, Vent Tube Retaining Screw, Float Chamber





37 38

008-49 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

_0-44 M6/46
HZ!/l4 830/247 VM34/27

Vll32-33 1IM26/46
M21/14 B30/241

Vll34-20 VH26/46
M21/14 B30/247 YH34/27

VllJ6-4 VH26/46 M21/14
B30/247 VK36/45 VH28/78

_3 VM26/46
K21/14 B30/247 VMJ6/4'

M21/14 a30/247 VK26!S6 VMl7/173

vw.0-4 VH26/46 1U1/14
BJ.O/247 VM44/0S VM28178

_4-3 VH26/46
M21/14 BlO/241 VM44/05

008-49 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. M8/'27
VM22/210 BV26/22 VH28/166 VM28/164

VI00-44 VH34/114
VK22/210 BV26/22 VH.34173

VllJ2-33 _4/114
VK22/210 BV26/22 VM34173 VMl4/61

VllJ4-20 VM34/ll4
VH.2.2/210 BV26/22 VM34173

006-4 VM36/40
VK22/210 BV26/22 VH36!15

Vll38-3 _6/40
VK22/210 BV26/22 VM36/1S

_0-4 _4/20
VM22/210 BV26/22 VK36/15

VH44/20 VM22/210 BV26/2:2 VM36/15


VM28/78 004/50 004/31
J8-6F5 VM34/110 VK34/05 VM20/455

VH28/78 004155 004/31 VM20/369
J'8-6DH3 YM34/110 YM34/05 YH20/455

VM28/78 004/55 005/09 000/369
J8-6DPl 008/24. VlO4/17 VH20/-45S

VM28/78 Vll44/13 Vll44/09
BS32/126 J8-11'6 VM40/0Z VM44/1D VM20/455

_4/61 004/68 008/254 YM28/253
8S)0/97 VK20/214 Kl2F/46

VI04/61 004/68 VM28/254 VM28/25J
BS30/97 VM20/214 MI2l/46

VlI241236 006/33 008/254 008/253
BS30/97 VK20/214 Ml2F/46

VM24/236 006/33 VM28/254
VM28/253 B630/97 VM20/214 Ml2r/46

VM'4/236 004104 008/134 008/133
BS30/97 VM20/214 Ml2Fl46

VH24/236 Vl!44/04 Vl!28/134 Vl!28/133
8530/97 VH20/2:14 M12F/46

1IM24/195 008/132 1IM20/369
J8-5P21 VK28/56 VK30/38 VK20/455

_4/50 004/31
J8-6DP5 V!04/110 VH34/0S VM20/455

004/55 VM35/09 0001369
J8-6!'J6 VM36/36 VM34/05 VK2.0/455

_4/13 _4/09

006/130 008/134 1IM28/133
BS30/97 VK20/214 Ml.2F/46

VK34/68 VM28/254 '11<28/253
B5)0/97 VM20/214 Ml2F/46

1IM201369 1IM20/369

VM40/02 VH44!10 VK20/li55

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

H2O/II VM24/224 VM26/25
VM26/26 VM281228 4/042 VKl5/164 CWZ-0416

H20/11 VH28/142
B14/52 VM34/39 VM36/17 4/042

1U0111 '11<24/390 834/52
VK34/39 \I!06/17 4/042 VK28/19

H20lll 004/224 834/52
VM34/39 VK)6/17

H20/11 002/171 834/52
VK34/39 VM36117 4/042 VK28/79


H20/ll 004/224 834/52 VH34139
VK2B/228 4/042

1U0/ll 002/171 834/52
VM34/39 VH28/22. 4/042

MD16/30 008/497 VM26/09
VKl6/42 VK26/116 VK28SS

1IM20/4S6 1IM28/124 002/17
VMl6/42 VHl8/144 YMJOSS

VM20/456 VM28/124 _2/17
VMl.6/42 VMl8/144 VM32SS

YlI20/456 VH281124 VM32117
YMHi/42 YMl8/144 YM34SS

VM20/456 VM36/58 VM26/09
VMI6/42 \'Kl8/144 VH36SS

000/456 006/58 VM26/09
VKl6/42 VMI.8/144 VM38SS

000/456 006/58 VM'6/09
VMl6/42 VHl8/144 VM40SS

VM20/456 006/58 1IM26/09
VMl6/42 VMI8/144 VH44SS

VH34/39 VM38/09 4/042


VH28/79 C112-0516










C112-051& 1>12-051&

VM28"9 C112-0S16

VK2B/19 CW2-0516

VM28/79 1>12-0516

-..-. r -...---. In motorcycles........---------..: ..~ : ~ ~ Main jet ==. ¢JAir Fuel "Mixture Mounting from angle fore and aft inclination of the carb should not exceed approx 20 degrees horizontal. r --..-. fuel and an air-fuel mixture flows.-....:':': -_-_-_-_~ "'Mixture == = ~ = = = = = .--.........: ===-_-_-_-_-=..---..--. I ~ I I I I I I iii I I I I Starter plunger I Jet needle I ~! Air jet I I Throttle valve By-pass Pilot outlet I I L I _ -I~~~"...--...-...........> Air ~Fuel . The arrows that appear in the drawings in this text show the direction in which air..-... respectively..-.r----+--- Float Needle Needle I Pilot jet I Starter jet : :I ~_L_...Foreword This manual is intended as a guide for users of Mikuni carburetors who want to learn the adjusting method to the best performance from our products.::=====~J : I -Ring c::::. special tuning of the engine is now considered a routine practice..-..

. .. Maintenance Tuning up of carburetor for racing 7-1. .. Sizesof Mikuni carburetors 5.•. ... Selection of main jet 5-2. . 3. Selection of needlejet and jet needle 5-3. 3-2-2.. Low-speedfuel system (pilot system) 3-2. Main fuel system (main system) . . 6. .. .. Starting device (starter system) 4.. .... Bleed type 3-3... . ... The cutaway size of throttle valve 6. Tuning up of engineand selection of aperture of carburetor 4-1. 2.. 2-3 1 1 1 3 4 4 5 5-6 6 :..7 7 7 8 9 -10 10-11 11 12 13 13 3-2-1... ... .. Pilot jet and the slow system 5-4. What is a carburetor? Air-fuel mixture ratio Function and construction 3-1. .... . The amount of incoming air in relation to meteorological conditions . Carburetor setting 5-1.. .... Float system 3-4. .. Primary type ..TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.. 7... .. .. .. ... Selection of aperture of carburetor 4-2. ..

the ratio of about 12 to 13 gramsof air for 1 gram of fuel produces the maximum output. 20 Throttle 40 60 80 100 Air-fuel 10:1 12:1 14:1 16:1 18:1 Theoretical mixture ratio mixture Maximum power mixture ratio . of the engine. 1 is required for ordinary engines. from idling with the throttle valve (1) remaining almost closed to the full load (the maximum output) with the throttle valve fully opened. a low-speed fuel system (the pilot system) and a main fuel system (the main system) are provided in Mikuni VM-type carburetors. a somewhat richer mixture (10 to 12 grams of air against 1 gram of fuel) may be required to prevent seizureof the engine.1. the amount of air required for complete combustion of 1 gram of fuel under normal conditions is: MI'xture ratio = 15 gram of fuel 1 gramsof air th eore leaI mix t ure rati10 t' . by breakingfuel into tiny particles (in the form of vapor) and by mixing the fuel with air in a proper ratio. In reality. Air-fuel mixture required by the engine (Fig. However. Theoretically. the cooling efficiency. 1 3. In order to meet the requirementsfor the proper mixture ratio under thesevarying conditions. 1) The ratio of a mixture of fuel and air is called the mixture ratio or the air-fuel ratio and is generally expressedby the weight proportion. etc. 2. in the case of an engine with low cooling efficiency. Although the required mixture ratio varies more or lesswith the type. valve opening (%) Fig. varying mixture ratios are required for the engine. and to deliver the mixture to the engine. Function of a carburetor The function of a carburetor is to produce combustible air-fuel mixture. depending on operating conditions. Functions and construction The engine of a vehicle is operated under a wide range of conditions. the mixture ratio shown in Fig.A proper ratio (mixture ratio or air-fuel ratio) meansan ideal air-fuel mixture that can burn without leaving an excessof fuel or air. Whether the proper mixture ratio is maintained or not holds the key to the efficient engineoperation. In the high speed range. -1- .

fuel metered with the pilot jet (5) is mixed with air adjusted in a proper amount by the air screw (6) and is broken into fine particles. the pilot II I II I outlet alone cannot supply the required fuel and the shortage has to be made up with fuel injected from the bypass. 3 Since the engine is operated with the throttle valve almost closed at idling or in the low speed range.3-1. 2 and Fig. 2 Fig. Fig. Low-speed fuel system (the pilot system) . ~-C_G)--_J Fig. The fuel mixed with air in the optimum then goes into the engine. When the degree of the throttle valve opening is small at idling.. Consequently. the velocity of air flowing through the needle jet (2) is slow. in the case of a two-hole type fuel system. The adjustment of the mixture ratio during this stage is made by the pilot jet and the air There is also a one-hole type low speed fuel system screw. When the throttle ratio at this stage valve opening gets wider for low speed operation. this low speed operation is controlled by means of the pilot outlet (3) and the bypass (4) that are provided close to the engine.. 3 The mixture is again mixed with air coming from the bypass and is drawn into the pilot outlet to mix with air flowing through the main bore (7). -2- . a negative p~essure strong The fuel supply during enough to draw fuel from the needle jet in the main fuel system is not created.

4 and the other is a bleed type which may be used for 4-cycle engines as Pilot fuel system well as for rotary valve type 2-cycle engines. 3-2. The fuel flow in these two systems is shown in Fig. Throttle valve opening (%)-- Fig. one is a primary type used widely for 2-cycle engines Total amount of fuel flow Fig. 5 -3- . There are two types of the main fuel system. The process of producing the air-fuel mixture adjusting the mixture and of ratio are the same as in a two-hole type low speed system. On Mikuni VM-type carburetors.mainly used for carburetors having a small main bore. the pilot system and the main system are of independent construction. 5.

7 -4- . air that comes from the air jet is mixed with fuel that is metered with the needle jet and the jet needle. is designed to hold air in the body section of the needle jet and then to have the air and fuel metered. after mixing with air flowing through air-fuel the main bore. except for the bleed hole that is provided in the needle jet (Fig. after valve is between about a quarter and three quarters. When the opening of throttle and. fuel passes through the main jet in the clearance between the being metered needle jet and the jet needle. In the case of the primary type. Primary type valve is opened about 1/4 or more. on the other hand. Fig. 3-2-2. When the throttle valve is opened more than three quarters for high speed operation. 7) of the bleed-type main fuel system Fig. The mixture is then injected. 6 The construction is the same as that of the primary type.3-2-1. the cutaway of the throttle valve serves to control the negative pressure on the needle jet. Bleed type (Fig. During this process of operation. 7). thereby regulating the amount of fuel that is injected to the engine. fuel is chiefly metered with the main jet. the velocity of air flowing through the needle When the throttle jet increases and also the negative pressure increases to the point where fuel can be sucked in. The bleed type. to the engine in the optimum ratio. it is mixed with air that is metered in the air jet and atomization of the fuel is accel erated.

as not enough fuel leaves the nozzle. The fuel metered in the starter jet is mixed with air and is broken into tiny particles in the emulsion tube. Therefore. mixes again with air coming from the air intake port for starting and is delivered to the engine in the optimum air-fuel ratio through the fuel discharge nozzle. the needle valve and the valve draw close to each other. As the fuel enters the float chamber.so as to utilize the negative pressure of the inlet pipe. the float moves upward to the pre-determined level because of the action of buoyancy. The fuel level in the bowl controls the amount of fuel in the fuel mixture. shutting off the supply of fuel from the pump. the starter system Fig. Too high a level allows more fuel than necessary to leave the nozzle. it is important that the throttle valve is closed. 3·4. Float system (Fig. Starting device (starter system) (Fig. The starter is opened and closed by means of the starter plunger. The mixture then flows into the plunger area. When the buoyancy and the fuel pressure balance. Too low a level results in a leaner mixture. 8 is employed for Mikuni carburetors. 9) In place of the choke. fuel and air for starting the engine are metered with entirely independent jets.3·3. Fig. Since the starter type is constructed . 9 -&- . the predetermined fuel level should not be changed arbitrarily. enriching the mixture. 8) The float system serves to maintain a constant level of fuel in the bowl. Fuel flows between the needle valve and the valve seat and enters the float chamber. In the starter type.

In the slow speed range. The function of a carburetor in proper is to prepare and for efficient a mixture and air to the engine cylinders proportion combustion. 10. the maximum output. A practice generally followed (1) To improve system (2) (3) To improve combustion suction efficiency efficiency by raising the compression by adjusting the ignition ratio timing need to To increase the number of revolutions Just as we need to take balanced meals of high calories in our daily life. The aperture These factors include (1) whether the vehicle is intended for racing. Fig. However. of a carburetor is determined by various the output rather drops. (2) the design of the engine. As shown in Fig. In addition.11 should be taken only as reference values. At high temperatures (approx. a large aperture alone does not improve the output is true that a large aperture on the other factors. above 68°F). Selection of the aperture of carburetor for improving the output is to use a carburetor with as large an aperture as One of the prerequisites possible. Tuning up of the engine and selection of the aperture of carburetor Tuning up normally although means a process of accurate and careful adjustment it means in a broad sense an economical of the engine depends on the amount for engine tune-up includes: and exhaust efficiency by remodelling the intake and exhaust to obtain maximum engine performance. Since the engine comes in a wide variety of types. (4) the driver's preference. -6- . 4. improves the power output necessarily.when starting the engine. the engine cylinders take sufficient supply air and fuel mixed of fuel vapor in proper amounts. number of revolutions torque and the minimum for stable engine operation through must also be taken into account. the values given in Fig. 11 shows the values which we have obtained our experience over the years. the (3) driving technique maximum of the driver. 4-1. it in the high speed range. the engine can be started without using the starter. per of power output of air drawn into the cylinder unit time. hand. Improvement improvement in fuel consumption. etc.

see our catalog.34 34 8 /1 V ~ Too small an aperture -e :::l e 1. the main jet is installed in such a manner asto permit quick and easy replacement from the outside by merely removing the jet holder. The altitude (atmospheric pressure).02 26 . I aperture~ I -: »:' . temperature and humidity of the racing course The operation of the engine based on the topography of the racing course -7- . because the following points must be taken into account. 11 4-2.70 . The size of the jet is determined by measuring the output in a bench or in a chassisdynamo test. 5. with the main bore ranging from 39"(10) to 1. Fig.86 22 . it is best to ":etermine the proper size of the jet on the racing course. For further information. b. (Inch) (mm) 6 10 Note: Revolutions per minute (Rpm) 20 30 40 50 Fig. The body of carburetors is made of aluminum or zinc.49 Output 38 ps I Too large an aperture Proper +-. 10 PS Per Cylinder These are merely reference values on the basis of one cylinder and one carburetor.18 30 1. For racing. Sizes of Mikuni carburetors Mikuni VM-type carburetors come in various sizes.---- --= ~ 1.73"(44) (in even numbers for the most part).1.55 18 14 o '" '0 e :::l Q) t // I 0/ / /I ~ « Q. a. Carburetor setting Once the aperture of the carburetor is determined. a test (normally referred to as setting or match- ing) to select the proper jet or setting part should be made. In some carburetors.

210. compare.. change in road conditions. do the following on a flat road. 55.. (2) (3) Sustained operation at low speedsand at heavy engine load Sustained operation at high speeds (without knocking or seizure) As shown in Photo 1.. These models come in the following sizes. 110. 50. Next. 500 (in multiples of 10) No. In this case. 200. (1) Select the largest main jet (the limit of a rich mixture) which affords the maximum revolutions per minute (the maximum speed).•. by using different sizes of main jets.60 . Selection of the main jet First. on the racing course. 60 •. Model A & B No.. Band C.55. there are three types of main jet. 120 ••. 220 . up to No.•. The points to be checked.ascending and descending slopes.. 95 (in multiples of 5) up to No. up to No. the test results you obtained from the above. Model A. (2) Compare the gain in speed that you can obtain by quick acceleration from a constant speed of 25-30 M· p. H (40-50 krn/h). 300 (in multiples of 10) No. are: (1) Smooth and steady operation of the engine at as high a speed as possible under varying operating conditions such as shifting of the gear. 50. 195 (in multiples of 5) up to No.select the engine speed according to the dimensions of the test course.5-1.• -8- .•. 100. Model C No. among others. etc.. (3) Check the exhaust fumes and read the spark plug (Selection of the spark plug should be made based on the thermal value that would best suit power output of the engine).

different sizes within the rangeof ± 100A> were tried. Inthis type of carburetor.5 47. 14 -9- ..604) +20-22(%) +B-l0(%) -8-10(%) -20-22(%) 61. 13 Fig. The straight line is for Model C main jet and the dotted line for Model A and B main jets. the needle jet and the jet needle serveto control a proper air-fuel mixture ratio Bleed type Primary type 1 -3 ~4 .Fig.r-2 4 -3-6% 15 Throttle 50 75 100(%) Throttle valve opening (%) valve opening 100 Fig. 12 shows comparison of fuel flow curves. In each model of main jet.5 50 75 100 A B c Throttle valve opening (%)_ Fig. (4/042) (M10/14) (N 100. Selection of the needlejet and the jet needle A carburetor with a piston-type throttle valve is also called a variable venturi-type carburetor. 12 5-2.

Pilot jet and the slow fuel system (Fig. would give rise to heavy exhaust smoke as well as a dull exhaust noise. u.0 3. _.- . " "0 cr: iii 1---. First. the selection of the opening of the pilot jet and the air screw is important..__ -_ I 1\1 q --.. --r-.._ ._ I I L_:. If you cannot maintain the speed in the range of 12~25 M·P·H jet is too small..--'---~:. . L~ 1... 15 & 16) In the slow system of the carburetor. Selection of the opening of the air screw should be made in the following the engine adequately and set the throttle manner. of the throttle i I where the engine I ... \ ··1-----... . Hence.:.1---- 1----- -_. 15 Fig. increase in the engine speed is slow and irregular..o . " 1---- 1 __ t----. The air-fuel mixture ratio is controlled by the height of "E" ring that is inserted into one of the five slots provided in the head of the jet needle. Then.. select once more the position ! ..... Turn the grip a little at no-load operation and see if the engine revolution increases smoothly. 16 -10- .J Fig. If the pilot jet is too small. The variation of fuel flow based on the height of "E" ring is shown in Fig. on the other hand.during the so-called medium throttle valve opening (between 1/4 and 3/4 opening).-t--- <... The jet needle tapers off at one end and the clearance between the jet needle and the needle jet increases as the throttle valve opening gets wider. 13. 5-3. warm up (30---40 km/h) with the grip held constant. turn the air screw left and right (between 1/4 and 1/2 turn) and select the position where the engine revolution Adjust the throttle this adjustment reaches the maximum. I l'--r-. stop screw to bring down the engine revolution to your target speed for idling.--. Too big a pilot jet..__'__.. ---- - ~j r- _. / V ~V i--_" --- 0..0 Air screw opening _. Whether or not the right size of these parts is used gives a big bearing on the engine performance at partial load. After stop screw is made..-- " . the pilot outlet and the bypass have holes whose size matches the aperture provided to the body..... the pilot stop screw so that the engine revolution at idling will be about 10-20% higher than the number of revolutions you are aiming at.- Vij Best opning range Air screw opening ~VII -- c._ \ \ e '" .

the spring will not work and the air screw can come off during operation of the vehicle. especially in the rangeof 1/8 and 1/4 opening. the number of revolutions does not changein the rangeof 1-1/2 to 2. 17 75 100 -11- . Fig. The maximum number of turns in the opening of the air screw must be limited to 3. air inflow resistance is reduced and causesthe amount of air intake to increase.revolution reaches the maximum. The position where the air screw comes to a stop should be considered the "fully closed" position. with the throttle valve opening kept unchanged. 5 15 25 50 Throttle valve Fig. turn the air screw slightly. Excessive tightening of the air screw would damagethe seat. As the cutaway gets larger in size.0 turn. resulting in a lean mixture. attention should be paid to the following points. 17) The size of the cutaway of the throttle valve affects the air-fuel mixture ratio when the degreeof the throttle valve opening is between 1/8 and 1/2.0 turn). Interchange of the cutaway is made. Fig. the smaller the size of the cutaway. The cutaway size of the throttle valve (Fig.0. 16 shows the fuel flow curve in relation to the opening of the air screw. At this point. by turning the air screw left and right (between 1/4 and 1/2 alternately). (2) To determine the "fully closed" position of the air screw. when the low speed fuel system is out of balance with the main fuel system. the richer the air-fuel mixture will become. (1) If there is a certain range in the opening of the air screwwhere the fast enginerevolution can be obtained (for instance. 17 shows the fuel flow curve in relation to the size of the cutaway. On the other hand. it would be better for acceleration to select 1-1/2 turn. 5-4. If the air screw is opened over 3.

an "0" ring is used to When you fit the "0" ring.86-.66 15-17 . ) L___ Twin float type W ~ L_J __J r1 . when adjust the height of rib to the prevent leakage of fuel. etc. (4) It is important disassembling the carburetor. i J: .74 17-19 .6. Do not touch the float arm. (L_J r I I L___. specified measurement (refer to Fig. apply a little lubricant or fuel to the "0" ring.66-.66-. (1) Proper tools should be used for disassembling and reassembling of jets.86-.94 22-24 .""I r-_) ~:~ ~ Independent float type Model H (Inch) (rnm) VM26 -74 VM28 -49 VM30 -44 VM32 -33 VM34 -20 VM36 -4 VM38 -3 VM40 -1 VM44 -1 .94 22-24 .59-.66 15-17 .66-.74 17-19 . If the float arm is bent accidentally. Maintenance A carburetor consists of various precision-machined parts such as jets. .3(o. +-~i~ L_j .94 22-24 .74 17-19 Fig. Handle each part carefully to avoid scratches. Therefore. care should be exercised.66-. bending. (2) (3) Wash the jets and the carburetor proper in solvent and blow them out with compressed air.11) ~ . 18 -12- . 18) r~===l==t= -i-+-~ Li .~1f(Rib)O.59-. For carburetors whose main jet can be replaced from the outside.86-. when removing jets or disassembling the carburetor for cleaning.74 17-19 . to maintain the fuel level in the carburetor.

humidity.. etc. It is important. The amount of air in question decreases proportion to a rise in elevation asshown in Fig. 19 50 68 Temperature Fig. In the case of the engine for racing where the maximum output is constantly called for.::: ~ . ~ 80 :. with the result that the power output drops markedly. o o 500 1000 1500 2000 o 32 10 20 30 86 Altitude (m) Fig. therefore.the atmospheric pressure(elevation) and the humidity are considered unchanged and the amount of air going into the cylinders at 32°F (O°C) is taken as 100). 20 showsthe relations between a rise in temperature and the amount of air drawn into the cylinders (In this case. the temperature. ~ s . etc.. 19. Reduction in in the amount of air drawn into the cylinders changes the air-fuel mixture ratio.. the atmospheric pressure. 7-1. The amount of the incoming air in relation to meteorological conditions The amount of air drawn into the cylinders is influenced by such factors as the altitude. the humidity. Tuning up of carburetor for racing The maximum output of the-enginedependson: (1) The amount of air drawn into the cylinders (2) Whether an air-fuel mixture is delivered to the cylinders in a proper ratio Since the amount of air that is drawn into the carburetor varies with the temperature.::: f:: ~ t 100 90 ~ 80 :.. the mixture ratio is also changed. that the fuel flow be adjusted in accordance with the altitude of the racing course and meteorological conditions prevailing at a given time. Supposethat the amount of air sucked into the cylinders at an elevation of zero is taken as 100 (The temperature and humidity in this case are considered constant).. 20 -13- - . it is best to tune up the engine by making a matching test of the carburetor in accordancewith the temperature and other conditions on the racing course. Fig.7.

Spark plug is fouled. Exhaust gasesare heavy. when the starter is opened. The condition grows worse. -14- . When an air-fuel mixture is too lean: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) The engine gets overheated. The revolution of the engine fluctuates and lack of power is noticed. These can be traced to two causesas a whole. Spark plug burns. when the starter is opened. various irregularities are noticed. The condition grows worse. Removal of the air cleaner will improve the condition somewhat. when the engine gets hot.Engine Trouble-shooting When the carburetor setting is not correct for the engine. The condition improves. Acceleration is poor. (1) When an air-fuel mixture is too rich: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (2) The engine noise is dull and intermittent.

5 d e 31 31 35 37 39.5 83.5 38 46 46 27.4 94 88 Left L Position of Throttle adjuster and Air screw Weight Throttle adjuster Air screw Right (gr) Right Right Right Right Right Right Right 550 800 770 At 750 850 830 1020 Ai 980 Ai Material ss.8 9 8 57.6 60 70 74.2 74.5 38.5 10.5 17.5 54 58 60 54 54 60 68 67 29.5 15 18 15 15 15 15 15 35 37 40 40 43 43 52 52 VM26·28 VM26·28 VIDO'V34 VM3O'V34 VM36·38 VM36·38 VM40'44 VM40'44 .5 83.5 8.5 48 9 VM34-20 40 41 8 4 44.4 79 73 Left VM38-3 43 41 8 4 49 67 9 8 62 80.5 83.5 38 47 47 Remarks 8.4 76 69 Left D E Dimension (mm) F G H I J K 8 44 72 66.5 8.4 81 73 Right VM40-4 52 50 8 4 49 67 9 VM44-3 52 50 8 4 49 67 9 8 40 38 8 4 44.4 94 86 Left 70 79.5 23 32 25.0 28 32 25.6 84 b (Millimeters) f g h i c 10 10 10 10 10 10 10. ss: ss.5 30 34 35.2 57.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 54 Left 8 57.5 8.6 74. ss: ss.5 48 9 8 57.0 25.5 8. RUBBER FLANGE DIMENSIONS ~ I-VM28-20Q-1 I-VIDO-200-1 I-VM32-200-1 I-VM34-200-1 I-VM36-200-1 I-VM38-20Q-1 I-VM40-200-1 I-VM44-200-1 a 60 57.4 76 69 Left VM36-4 43 41 8 4 49 67 9 8 62 80.CARBURETOR DIMENSIONS ~ A B C VM28-49 35 33 10 4 49 44 9 VM30-44 VM32-33 40 38 8 4 44.4 76 67 Left 8 70 79.

S. Jet Needle -------' Needle Jet-------. Main Jet --Air Jet ---- _J ----l nl~ MIKUNI AMERICAN CORPORATION ADDRESS: 8910 MIKUNI AVENUE NORTHRIDGE. CALlFORNrA 91324 U.A. .Functional Range EHectivenessof Tuning Parts in relation to the Throttle Valve Opening (Approximation) ThrOHle Valve Opening Full Open- ~ ~ ~ ~ Closed Pilot Air Screw & Jet Throttle Valve _ ____.

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