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Unit1StudentNotesSP2012-3

# Unit1StudentNotesSP2012-3

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# Math 002 – Intermediate Algebra

SP 11

Objectives & Assignments

Unit 1 – Equations & Inequalities in One Variable and Absolute Value
I. Language and Operations with Algebra

1. Use the order of operations to simplify expressions. 2. Evaluate algebraic expressions. 3. Translate verbal statements into algebra.
II. Equations in One Variable and Problem Solving

4. Solve a linear equation in one variable. 5. Identify a conditional equation, contradiction, and identity. 6. Solve a literal equation in one variable. 7. Solve applications: mark up/down, geometry, interest calculations, number relationships.
III. Inequalities in One Variable

8. Solve inequalities and compound inequalities in one variable. 9. Graph the solution on a number line. 10. Write solutions in interval notation. 11. Solve applications that can be modeled by linear inequalities.
IV. Absolute Value

12. Solve absolute value equations.
Unit 1 Topic Introduction - Optional 1.5 1.6 1.8 3.2 3.3 3.4 Solving Linear Equations Applications Formulas & Problem Solving Linear Inequalities Compound Inequalities Absolute Value Equations Homework pg. 92: 5, 8, 35, 40, 42-87 (M3) pg. 50: 18-60(M3), 32, 61 pg. 60: 27-33(M3), 43-46(all), 49, 50, 53, 61, 64 pg. 83: 5-17(odds), 25–35 (odds), 36 pg. 227: 1-15 (odd), 25-75(M5), 66, 76 pg. 237: 15-42(M3), 34, 50-70(M5) pg. 243: 6, 15, 33-54(M3), 83-87(all) Key Problems 48, 63, 72, 78 21, 32, 36, 42, 61 27, 46, 49, 61, 64 5, 17, 27, 31, 33 30, 50, 55, 66, 76 18, 27, 42, 65, 70 15, 39, 42, 54, 85

1

Using the Order of Operations: PEMDAS.  Identify conditional equations.     Parentheses Exponents Multiplication/Division from left to right Addition/subtraction from left to right 2.  a) general. conditional equation. and contradictions.Student Notes Section 1.   An example of a linear equation in one variable: Definition of a linear equation in one variable: 2.Math 002 Unit 1 .2 – 1. identities. Vocabulary: Solution. EX 3. equivalent equations.Solving Linear Equations Algebraically Objectives  Solve linear equations o using properties of equality. o that can be simplified by combining like terms. EX 4 b) 2 . o containing fractions or decimals. p. 93 #78 Find the value of when Section 1.4 Review 1. Solving linear equations: Solve the following equations and check the solution. Evaluate an expression containing a variable(s): p.5 . contradiction 1.  Check solutions to linear equations. 93 # 57-75 (M3) Complete #1 on Quick Check as an example. Linear equations in one variable. identity. EX 1.

3 . More types of equations. Combine like terms on each side of the equation. Use the addition/ subtraction properties of equality to isolate the variable term. decimals. Use the multiplication/division properties of equality to solve for the variable . Define solution: 4. Checking a solution   by hand.  containing fractions. EX 2. EX 1– EX 7 using the graphing calculator.3. EX 7 d) 6. EX 1 – EX 7 5. and groupings (parentheses). EX 5 c)  containing decimals. Summarize steps to solve algebraically:     Clear fractions.

The equations we have looked at so far have all been conditional equations.  Conditional . decide which equations have no solution and which equations have all real numbers as solutions. a) c) b) d)  Solve.solution: _________________________EX 1 – EX 7 Ex:  A contradiction is an equation that is not true for ___________________ of its variable. they are equations in which some specific number satisfies the equation and other numbers don’t. Ex: Identity – solution: ____________________________EX 9 Concept Check: I  By inspection. Then identify the equation as a contradiction or identity. This is also called an impossible equation. Types of linear equations. Ex: Contradiction – solution: ____________________ EX 8  An identity is an equation that is true for _________________ of its variable.7. e) 3(x  5)  4(x  4)   x  1 f)  4(c  3)  2c  2(6  c) 4 .

b. Read and reread the problem.  Apply the steps for problem solving. is. we practice writing algebraic expressions that can be simplified. times. if x is the first even integer.1. consecutive odd integers Consecutive Integers: Consecutive EVEN Integers: Consecutive ODD Integers: Example 1 Write the following as algebraic expressions.  Identify key words/phrases: more/less than. Understand the problem.6 An introduction to Problem Solving Objectives:  Write algebraic expressions that can be simplified. ii. b) The perimeter of the rectangle with sides of length x and 2x -1. Choose and define a variable to represent the unknown. increase/decrease. Interpret the results: Check the proposed solution in the stated problem and state your conclusion. a) The sum of two consecutive even integers. consecutive even integers. 2. Translate the problem into an equation c. Addition Subtraction Multiplication Division  Consecutive integers. 5 . of. Become comfortable with the problem: i. a. iii. Construct a drawing. Writing algebraic expressions from verbal expressions. General Strategy for Problem Solving: This is in their books. 1. Then simplify. Writing and Simplifying Algebraic Expressions In order to prepare for problem solving. Solve the equation d. etc.

find the three numbers.000 reflects a 20% raise. Topics:  Consecutive integers. A third number is 50 more than the first number.  Perimeter. EX 5 In a blueprint of a rectangular room.  Finding unknown numbers. EX 4 Luisa is a computer programmer. Find the three even integers. the length is to be 2 centimeters greater than twice its width. EX 3 A second number is three times the first number.3. What was her salary before the raise? 6 .  Mark-up (increase) /mark-down (decrease) . Find the dimensions if the perimeter is to be 40 centimeters. If their sum is 235. EX 6 The sum of the first and third of three consecutive even integers is 156. EX 1a. Her new salary of \$30. EX 1b.

Solve a formula for a specified variable. #10 y  mx  b . You might want to circle the term that includes the variable you are trying to isolate. 2. EX 3 Example 1: Solve each equation for the specified variable. for x #14 . Define formula: A formula is an equation that _____________________________ _____________________. 1.1. EX 2. Some examples: Formula Meaning Area of a rectangle = length · width Other formulas are listed in the front cover of your text.8 Formulas and Problem Solving Objectives:  Solve a formula for a specified variable. These problems are similar to solving a linear equation in one variable.  Use formulas to solve problems. for b #24 7 . EX 1.

000 is invested in an account paying an annual percentage rate of 5%. distance The formula converts degrees Fahrenheit to degrees Celsius. A= P= r= t= n = annually semiannually monthly quarterly weekly daily #28 A principal of \$25. If necessary.3.  Compound Interest: EX 4 You will not need to memorize this formula but you will need to recognize it. Use this formula and the table feature of your calculator to complete the given table. Use formulas to solve problems. area. round values to the nearest tenth. Fahrenheit Celsius x -13 0 20 95 8 . know what the variables stand for so that you can substitute appropriately and evaluate using the graphing calculator. Find the amount in the account after 2 years if the account is compounded a) semiannually b) quarterly c) monthly value for n : n A  Temperature.

Representations of a solution set: EX 1 a.3. Inequality symbols: < > 2. EX 3 9 . EX 2.  Solve problems that can be modeled by linear inequalities. Graph: c.2 Linear Inequalities (in one variable) and Problem Solving Objectives:  Use interval notation. A solution of an inequality is a value that makes the inequality a true statement. The solution set of an inequality is the __________________________________.  Solve linear inequalities using the addition and the multiplication properties of inequalities. 1. Interval notation:  Sketch the graph.  Addition/Subtraction property of Inequality: can add/subtract the same number to both sides of the inequality and the direction of the inequality symbol remains the same. 3. Solving linear inequalities is similar to solving linear equations. d) e) f) 4. Set notation: b.

82. Solve applications modeled by a linear inequality. EX 4b. by a positive number the direction of the inequality symbol ______________. 10 . ii. and write solution sets in interval notation. Multiplication property of inequality: multiply/divide both sides i. EX 8. EX 5 by a negative number the direction of the inequality symbol ______________. given that the final exam counts as two tests. Shureka Washburn has scores of 72. 67. ii) In your own words explain the meaning of your answer to part a. a) b) c) d) e) 5. graph their solution sets. and 79 on her algebra tests. i) Use an inequality to find the scores she must make on her final exam to pass the course with an average of 77 or higher . EX 9 Example 2: Use an inequality to solve the following application. (Skip check graphically) Example 1: Solve the simple linear inequalities. EX 4a. EX 6  Check algebraically.

 Find the union of two sets. EX 1 Find the intersection: The solution set of a compound inequality formed by the word and is the _________________ of the solution sets of the two inequalities. B.  Solve compound inequalities containing and.3 Compound Inequalities Objectives  Find the intersection of two sets. Two inequalities joined by the words and or or are called compound inequalities. : The set of all elements _________________________ – where the sets overlap.  Solve compound inequalities containing or. 1. ** Don’t forget to check the endpoints whether to include them or not in the solution set. Compound inequalities: Two inequalities joined by the words and or or. Reflect on these situations: A. You get a discount if you are at least 18 years old and no more than 60 years old. You get a discount if you are less than 18 years old and at least 60 years old. Solve compound inequalities containing “and”. a. For the following examples solve each compound inequality. You get a discount if you are less that 18 years old or at least 60 years old. and. graph its solution set and IB in interval notation. EX 2 and 11 . Find the intersection of two sets. C.3. “one-sided” interval. 3. Some examples are: x  3  8 and x2 2x  5 or 3  x  10  7 2.

EX 6 The union of two sets A and B. EX 5 and c. Compact form. is the set of all elements __________________________. No solution. EX You can solve a compound inequality written in compact form by ___________________________ ____________________ by applying transformations to each member of the inequality. EX 4. or : The set of elements that belong to either of the sets.b. i) ii) d. “contained” interval – in between. EX 3 and 4. In either set A or B Find the union: or : union: 12 . Find the union of two sets.

Solve compound inequalities containing “or”. EX 7 b. in an interval: What is wrong with ? 13 . ** Don’t forget to check the endpoints whether to include them or not in the solution set. Solve each compound inequality. graph its solution set and write it in interval notation. One interval. The importance of order a. in an inequality: What is wrong with ? b. a. All real numbers. Two separate intervals. #33 c. EX 8 6.5. The solution set of a compound inequality formed by the word or is the union of the solution sets of the two inequalities.

means that is units from zero. where a.   a. is equivalent to If a is a positive number. then X  a . EX 3 SOLVING EQUATIONS OF THE FORM X a .4 Absolute Value Equations Objectives:  Understand the geometric representation of the absolute value. EX 2. Graph: is means that units from zero. Verbal Phrase The distance from x to 0 is 4.  Solve absolute value equations 1. Absolute Value Eqn Graph Solution 2. c. or – . Equality: Where is ? Either at Connect the verbal phrase. b. EX 4 14 . : The absolute value of a number is its ___________________________on the real number line. Set up two equations EX 1. Solving absolute value equations  of the form where .3. and graph.  of the form where . equation. Where is ? Either at ____ or _____. Verbal phrase: b.

 of the form where . EX 8 15 . EX 7  Of the form .

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