You are on page 1of 1

Angela Peng P.

3 9/1/11

Theocracy Essay
In todays world, people often engage in debate and discussion about government, religion and different aspects of our lives. Judging from national polls, a state has a variety of differing opinions, customs and religions. Now imagine we are living in a theocratic form of government where our society is based on one religion, where the church influences regulations and where everyone has to adhere to this religions rules. The church has specific religious goals that they want to implement in government policies and these objectives may not correspond with those of the people, possibly leading to conflict in the society. In addition, the interpretation of religious texts is often ambiguous and using these scripts in the laws of a nation may cause corruption as the government leaders could just manipulate them to how they see fit. Ultimately, a theocratic government is not a just and stable form of government due to the oppositions it may cause within the society and the possibility of corrupt leaders. Some of the main issues with theocracy are that it doesnt allow for the interest of the common people but rather of the church, and religion can be interpreted in many ways to fit the interests of those in charge. This concern could lead to revolt or uprising from people with differing opinions on the rigid, one-way customs of the government, thus creating an unstable community. It is illustrated during the French Revolution in which the third estate disagreed with the legislations of the first and second estates. The churchs authority in government caused the laws to only reflect their own welfares such as taxes for only the common people while the monarch and church collected revenue. This event caused a major uprising in which radicals such as Robespierre took over and abolished the church altogether, depicting how a union of church and state can lead to an unstable revolt. Furthermore, the use of biblical laws in theocratic government can cause various problems such as corruption within legislation. To exemplify this, we can analyze the Spanish Inquisition in which the accusers used Holy Scriptures to justify their condemnation of heretics. In reality however, the main purpose of these accusations were to eliminate threats of King Philip II so this shows a manipulation of text for private gain. People of non-Catholic religions were prosecuted under these assumptions, demonstrating the unjust nature of theocracy. However unfair and unsound theocracy is, there are still people who support this form of government mainly due to the fact of the unity it may be instilled in people who follow the governments principles. Under a theocratic government, laws can be passed easier without being imposed by the checks and balance system. Although this may lead to a more unified state, it only benefits those who actually agree and follow the proposed laws and the ideals of the government. The possibility of disagreement among those who dont have the same ideals as the authority can lead to a revolution. This makes theocracy ultimately unstable as there is no representation for the people; rather, the laws are decided and influenced by the church making it unjust for the rest of society. All in all, theocracy is not a very stable and just form of government as it does not take into account the will of the people, leading to volatile revolt and it allows for multiple interpretations which causese unfair and corrupt authority. Although some may think its a good idea due to the efficient law passing factors, that notion is actually flawed as the disadvantages outweigh the benefits.