# ‫المحاضرة العاشرة‬

‫‪Lecture No. : 10‬‬

Remember
olution Steps of assembly method :
Drive the member local stiffness matrix

l
l
l
F = K D
Drive the member transformation matrix

T

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix

l
Km = T Km T
g

T
2

Remember

g

Km
Make assembly

g

Km

g

g

Km

F = K

Km

D

Make partition

Fu
Fr

=

Kuu Kur

Du

Kru Krr

Dr
3

Remember
Extract the stiffness equation

Fu
Fr

=

Kuu Kur

Du

Kru Krr

Dr

Fu = Kuu Du + Kur

Dr

Obtain the deformation

Du = Kuu

-1

{F

u

- Kur

Dr

}
4

Remember
Calculate the reactions

Fr = Kru

Du + Krr

Dr

Find internal forces in members
T
g
l
l
Fm = Km T Dm

5

d2
d3
d1

7

Drive the member local stiffness matrix

d2
d3

d1

d6

d5
d4

l
l
l
F = K D
8

Local
d2
d3
F1
F2

F3

d1

d6
F5

d5

F6
d4
F4

9

F1

k11

k12 k13 k14

k15 k16

D1

F2

k21

k22

k23 k24

k25

k26

D2

F3

k31

k32

k33 k34

k35

k36

D3

F4

k41

k42 k43 k44

k45 k46

D4

F5

k51

k52

k53 k54

k55

k56

D5

F6

k61

k62

k63 k64

k65

k66

D6

=

10

First column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d1 =1
EA
L

d2
d3

d1

∆=
1

EA
F1 =
L

EA
F4 = L

F2 = 0

F5 = 0

F3 = 0

F6 = 0

d6

d5
d4

EA
L

11

First column in Local Stiffness matrix

k11

E A
L

k21

0

k31

0

k41

=

E A
L

k51

0

k61

0

12

Second column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d2 =1

d2
d3

d1

d6

d5
d4

6 EI ∆
L2
6 EI ∆
L2

12 EI∆
L3

12 EI∆
L3
13

Second column in Local Stiffness matrix

F4 =

F1 = 0
F2 =
F3 =

12 EI

L

3

6 EI

L2

F5 =
F6 =

0
12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

k12

0
12 EI

k22

L3

6 EI

k32
k42
k52
k62

=

L2
0
12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

14

Third column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d3 =1

d2
d3

d1

θ

4 EI θ
L

d6

d5
d4

2 EI θ
L
6 EI θ
L2

6 EI θ
L2
15

Third column in Local Stiffness matrix

F4 =

F1 = 0
F2 =
F3 =

6 EI

L2
4 EI

L

F5 =
F6 =

0

k13

_ 6 EI

k23

L2

k33

2 EI

L

k43
k53
k63

0
6 EI

L2
4 EI

=

L
0

_ 6 EI
L2

2 EI

L

Fourth column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d4 =1
EA
L

d2
d3

d6

d1
∆=
1

EA
L

EA
F1 = L

EA
F4 =
L

F2 = 0

F5 = 0

F3 = 0

F6 = 0

d5
d4

Fourth column in Local Stiffness matrix

k14

E A
L

k24

0

k34

0

k44

=

E A
L

k54

0

k64

0

18

Fifth column in
Local Stiffness matrix d

d5 =1

d2
3

d1

d6

d5
d4

6 EI ∆
L2

6 EI ∆
L2

12 EI∆
L3

12 EI∆
L3

19

fifthcolumn in Local Stiffness matrix

F4 =

F1 = 0
F2 =
F3 =

12 EI

L

3

6 EI

L

2

F5 =
F6 =

0
12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

k15

0

k25

-12 EI

k35

-6 EI

k45 =
k55
k65

L3

L2
0

12 EI

L3
-6 EI

L2

20

sixth column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d6 =1

2 EI θ
L

d2
d3

d6

d1

d5

4 EI θ
L
6 EI θ
L2

6 EI θ
L2

θ

d4

6 column in Local Stiffness matrix

F4 =

F1 = 0
F2 =

6 EI

F3 =

2 EI

L2
L

F5 =
F6 =

0
6 EI

L2
4 EI

L

k16
k26
k36
k46 =
k56
k66

0
6 EI

L2
4 EI

L
0
6 EI

L2

2 EI

L

22

E
AL
0

l
K

=

0
EA
L
0
0

0
12
L
EI
3
6
L
EI
2

-0
12
EIL
63
L
EI
2

0
6
L
EI
2
4
EI
L
0

6E
L
I2
2
EI
L

EA
L
0
0
E
AL
0
0

-0
12
EIL
-3
6E
L
I2

0
6
L
EI
2
2
EI
L

0
12
L
EI
-3
6E
L
I2

0

6E
L
I2
4
EI
L

23

Drive the member transformation matrix

F

g

F5

l
5

F4

F6
θ

g

F2

l2

l

g

F4

l1

F

F

F3

g

F1

24

F2l cosθ

F1l sinθ
g

F2

l2

F
l
F2 sinθ

l1

F

θ

θ

F3

F1l cosθ

g

F1

F1 = Fl1 cos θ – Fl2 sin θ
g

F2 = Fl1 sin θ + Fl2 cos θ
g

l
F3 = F3
g

25

F5l cosθ

F4l sinθ
g

F5

l5

F5 sinθ

F

θ

F

l

l4

l

F4 cosθ

θ

F6

g

F4

g

l

l

g

l

l

g

l

F4 = F4 cos θ – F4 sin θ
F5 = F5 sin θ + F5 cos θ
F 6 = F6

26

cos θ

F1g

0

0

0

0

0

0

Fl2

0

0

0

F3l

F2g

sin θ

cos θ

0

F3g

0

0

1

0

0

F4g

=

F1l

- sin θ

0

x

F4l

0

cos θ - sin θ

sin θ cos θ 0

F5

1

F6l

F5g

0

0

0

F6g

0

0

0

0

0

0

l

27

T=

cos θ

- sin θ

0

0

0

sin θ

cos θ

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

cos θ - sin θ

0

0

0

sin θ cos θ 0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

28

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix
g

l

Km = T Km T

T

29

Example 1:
Draw N.F, S.F & B.M.Ds for the shown frame
where E = 106 kN/m2
12 kN/m

A

B

A=0.6 m
I = 0.02 m4
2

3

A=0.4 m2
I = 0.005 m4
8

50 kN

2

C
30

memb

L

θ

C

S

EA/L

12EI/L3

6EI/L2

4EI/L

2EI/L

AB

8

0

1

0

75000

469

1875

10000

5000

CB

5

90

0

1

80000

480

1200

4000

2000

First element : ( AB)
E
AL
0

l
K

=

0
EA
L
0
0

0
12
L
EI
3
6
L
EI
2

0
12EI
L
63
L
EI
2

0
6
L
EI
2
4
EI
L
0

6E
L
I2
2
EI
L

EA
L
0
0
E
AL
0
0

0
-12EI
L
-3
6E
L
I2
0
12
L
EI
-3
6E
L
I2

0
6
L
EI
2
2
EI
L
0

6E
L
I2
4
EI
L

l
K1

=

75000

0

0

469

1875

0

1875

-75000

-7500

0

0

0

-469

1875

10000

0

-1875

5000

0

0

75000

0

0

0

-469

-1875

0

469

-1875

0

1875

5000

0

-1875

10000

0

33

T

=

cos θ

- sin θ

0

0

0

0

sin θ

cos θ

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

cos θ - sin θ 0

0

0

0

sin θ cos θ 0

0

0

0

0

0

1

34

1
0

T =

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

35

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix

l
Km = Tm Km T
g

g

K1

g

K1

=

T

L

K1

75000

0

0

469

1875

0

1875

0

0

0

-469

1875

10000

0

-1875

5000

0

0

75000

0

0

-469

-1875

0

469

-1875

0

1875

5000

0

-1875

10000

= -75000

-7500

0

0

B

A

g

K1

75000

0

0

469

1875

0

1875

0

0

0

-469

1875

10000

0

-1875

5000

0

0

75000

0

0

-469

-1875

0

469

-1875

0

1875

5000

0

-1875

10000

= -75000

-7500

0

A

0
B

37

second element : ( CB )
E
AL
0

l
K2

=

0
EA
L
0
0

0
12
L
EI
3
6
L
EI
2

0
12EI
L
63
L
EI
2

0
6
L
EI
2
4
EI
L
0

6E
L
I2
2
EI
L

EA
L
0
0
E
AL
0
0

0
-12EI
L
-3
6E
L
I2
0
12
L
EI
-3
6E
L
I2

0
6
L
EI
2
2
EI
L
0

6E
L
I2
4
EI
L

l=

K2

80000

0

0

-80000

0

0

0

480

1200

0

-480

1200

0

1200

4000

0

-1200

2000

-80000

0

0

80000

0

0

0

-480

-1200

0

480

-1200

0

1200

2000

0

-1200

4000

39

l=

K2

40

T

=

cos θ

- sin θ

0

0

0

0

sin θ

cos θ

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

cos θ - sin θ 0

0

0

0

sin θ

0

0

0

0

cos θ

0

0

1

41

T =

0

-1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

-1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

42

l
Km = T Km T
g

0
1
0
0
0
0

-1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
-1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

80000
0
0
480
0
1200
0
-80000
0
-480
0
1200

-80000
0
0
1200
0
4000
80000
0
0
-1200
2000
0

0
-480
-1200
0
480
-1200

0
-1
0
0
0
0
0

-480

80000
0
0
1200
0
480
0
-80000
0
1200

0

480

-1200

0
4000

-80000
0

0
-1200

0
2000

1200
0
2000

0
80000
0

-480
0
-1200

1200
0
4000

-1200

0
-1
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
-1
0

T

0
1200
2000
0
-1200
4000

1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
-1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

43

d1

75480
0

Ks

1200

= -480

1200

d2

0

d3

1200

80469 -1875

d7

-480
0

d9

1200

d1

0

d2

-1875

14000

-1200

2000

0

-1200

480

-1200

d3
d7

0

2000

-1200

4000

d9

44

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix

l
Km = T Km T
g

480

g

K2

=

T

0

-1200

-480

0

-1200

0

80000

0

0

-80000

0

-1200

0

4000

1200

0

2000

-480

0

1200

480

0

1200

0

-80000

0

0

80000

0

-1200

0

2000

1200

0

4000

45

B

C
480

g

K2

=

0

-1200

-480

0

-1200

0

80000

0

0

-80000

0

-1200

0

4000

1200

0

2000

-480

0

1200

480

0

1200

0

-80000

0

0

80000

0

-1200

0

2000

1200

0

4000

C

B

46

Assembly :
A

B

75480

0

0

80469

1200

-1875

0

-469 -1875

14000

0

1875

0

-80000

0

5000 -1200

0

0

0

0

1875 10000

0

0

0

0

0

-1875

5000

0

-480

0

-1200

0

0

-80000

0

0

0

0

0

75000 0

0

0
0
0

480
0
-1200

B

2000

469 1875

1875

2000

1200

0

-649

0

0

0

0

1200

-480

0

0

0

0

-1875

0

-75000

Ks =

1200 -75000 0

C

0

A

-1200

80000
0

0
4000

C

47

Modeling
d5
d6

A d4

d2
d3

d1

B

d9

d8
d7

C
48
48

B

d1

d2

75480

0

0

80469

1200

-1875

d3

d4

d5

1200 -75000 0

d9

0

-480

0

1200

0

-80000

0

d1
d2

2000

d3

14000

0

1875

0
0

0

469 1875

0

0

0

d4
d5

1875 10000

0

0

0

d6

-1200

d7

0

d8

1875

0

0

-1875

5000

0

-480

0

-1200

0

0

-80000

0

0

0

0

0

2000

5000 -1200
0

-649

0

d8

-469 -1875

0

1200

d7

0

0

0

d6

-1875

0

-75000

Ks =

C

A

75000 0

0

0
0
0

480
0
-1200

0
80000
0

4000

d9

B

A

C

49

Force vector
12 kN/m

A

B

A=0.6 m
I = 0.02 m4
2

3

A=0.4 m2
I = 0.005 m4
8

50 kN

2

C

50

Force vector
12x82
12

64 kNm

12 kN/m

A

64 kNm

B

48 kN

48 kN

8

51

Force vector
50x3x22
52

24 kNm

B

3

17.6 kN

50 kN

2
32.4 kN

C
36 kNm

50x2x32
52

52

Fixed End
Reaction
(FER)

Force vector
64 kNm

A
48 kN

64 kNm

24 kNm

B
B

48 kN
17.6 kN

32.4 kN

C

53
53

36 kNm

Fixed End
Action
(FEA)

Force vector
64 kNm

64 kNm

A

B

48 kN

d2

A

d3

d1

B
d9

C

F
d7

48 kN

F1
F2

-17.6
- 48

= F3 =
F7

40
-32.4

F9

36

24 kNm

B
17.6 kN

32.4 kN

C
54
54

F= K D
-17.6
- 48
40

75,480
0
= 1200

0

1200

80,469 -1875
-1875

- 480

1200

0

0

14,000 -1,200 2,000

-32.4

- 480

0

-1,200

36

1200

0

2,000 -1,200 4,000

480

-1,200

d1
d2
d3
d7
d9

55

D = K-1 F
-1
1200 - 480 1200
d1
75,480
0
80,469 -1875
0
0
d2
0
d3 = 1200 -1875 14,000 -1,200 2,000
d7
0
- 480
-1,200 480 -1,200
d9
0
2,000 -1,200 4,000
1200

-17.6
- 48
40
-32.4
36

56

D = K-1 F
d1
- 0.0007
- 0.0008
d2
d3 = - 0.0088
- 0.2244
d7
d9
- 0.0538

57

Internal forces

d1
d2
d3
d7
d9

A=0.6 m2
I = 0.02 m4

- 0.0007
- 0.0008
=

- 0.0088
- 0.2244
- 0.0538

A=0.4 m2
I = 0.005 m4

d2

E = 106 kN/m2

A
EIAB = 2x10
EIBC = 5x103

d3

d1

B

4

d9

d7

C
58

Fixed End
Reaction
(FER)

Force vector
64 kNm

A
48 kN

64 kNm

24 kNm

B
B

48 kN
17.6 kN

32.4 kN

C
59

64 kNm

64 kNm

d3

A

B

48 kN

d9

d2

d1
d7

48 kN

d1
d2
d3
d7
d9

- 0.0007
- 0.0008
=

- 0.0088
- 0.2244
- 0.0538

Find internal forces in members

[ ] = [ ] [ T] [ ] + [ ]

Fm

Km

T

g
Dm

Fm FER

60

Member (AB)
0 7500 0
0
1870
0 469
0 -469 1875
6
187 1000
-1876 500
0
0
0
5
0
0
0 7500 0
0
75000
0
-469
469
0
0
1875
1875
1000
0 1875 5000 0 187
0
5
7500
0
0

l
Fm =

0
0
0
- 0.0007
- 0.0008
- 0.0088

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
48

+

64

0
48

-64

61

l
Fm

52.5
-16. 125
= -42.5
-52.5 +
16. 25
-86.5

52.5
31.875
l
21.5
Fm =
-52.5
64.125
150.5

0
48
64

0
48
-64

62

B

d3

24 kNm

17.6 kN

d2

d7

d9

C

d1

d1
d2
d3
d7
d9

36 kNm

- 0.0007
- 0.0008
=

- 0.0088
- 0.2244
- 0.0538

Member (CB)

l

g
l
Fm = Km T Dm
T

63

Member (CB)

0 8000 0
0
1200
0 480
0 -480 1200
0
120
200
4000 0 -1200
0
0
0
0
0 8000 0
0
80000
0
-480
480
0
0
1200
1200
0 1200 2000 0 120 4000
0
8000
0
0

l
Fm =

- 0.2244
0
- 0.0538
- 0.0007
- 0.0008
- 0.0088

0
-1
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
-1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
+

0
-36

17.6
0

24

64

64

32.25
l
36
Fm =
-64
-32.25
126

+

0
0
-36

17.6
0

24

64

32.25
l
Fm =

0
46.4

-32.25
150
65

21.75 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm
150 kNm

A

B
B

3
32 kN

50 kN

50 kN

64 kN

8

2
0 kN

C

66

21.75 kNm

A
32 kN

150 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm

B
64 kN

50 kN
64 kN
50 kN

B

50 kN

C

67

21.75 kNm

150 kNm

12 kN/m

A

150 kNm

B

32 kN

64 kN

-

50 kN
64 kN
50 kN

B

50 kN

50
64 -

C

N.F.D
68

21.75 kNm

A
32 kN

32

150 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm

B

50 kN
64 kN

64 kN

50 kN

+

B

50
50 kN

64

S.F.D

+

C
50
69

21.75 kNm

150 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm

A
32 kN

21.75

B
85.875

50 kN
64 kN

64 kN

150
50 kN

96

-

+
10.125

-

B

150
-

50 kN

C
B.M.D
70