# ‫المحاضرة العاشرة‬

‫‪Lecture No. : 10‬‬

Remember
Solution Steps of assembly method :
Drive the member local stiffness matrix

l l
l
F = K D
Drive the member transformation matrix

T
Obtain the member global stiffness matrix
g

l

Km = T Km T

T
2

Remember

g

Km

Make assembly

g

Km

g

g

Km

F = K

Km

D

Make partition

Fu

Fr

=

Kuu Kur

Du

Kru Krr

Dr
3

Remember
Extract the stiffness equation

Fu

Fr

=

Kuu Kur

Du

Kru Krr

Dr

Fu = Kuu Du + Kur

Dr

Obtain the deformation

Du = Kuu

-1

{F

u

- Kur

Dr

}
4

Remember
Calculate the reactions

Fr = Kru

Du + Krr

Dr

Find internal forces in members

l T g
l
Fm = Km T D m

5

d2
d3
d1

7

Drive the member local stiffness matrix

d2
d3

d5

d1

d6

d4

l l
l
F = K D
8

Local
d2
d3
F1
F2

d5
F3

d1

d6

F5

F6
d4
F4

9

F1

k11 k12 k13 k14 k15 k16

F2

k21

k22 k23 k24

k25 k26

D2

F3

k31

k32 k33 k34

k35 k36

D3

F4

k41 k42 k43 k44 k45 k46

D4

F5

k51

k52 k53 k54

k55 k56

D5

F6

k61

k62 k63 k64

k65 k66

D6

=

D1

10

First column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d2
d3

d1 =1

d5
d1

d6

d4

D=1

EA
L

EA
F1 =
L

EA
F4 = L

F2 = 0

F5 = 0

F3 = 0

F6 = 0

EA
L

11

First column in Local Stiffness matrix

k11

EA
L

k21

0

k31

0

k41

=

EA
L

k51

0

k61

0

12

Second column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d2 =1

d2
d3

d5
d1

d6

d4

6 EI D
L2
6 EI D
L2

D

12 EID
L3

12 EID
L3
13

Second column in Local Stiffness matrix

F1 = 0

F2 =
F3 =

12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

F4 =

F5 =
F6 =

0
12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

k12

0
12 EI

k22

L3
6 EI

k32
k42

=

L2
0
12 EI

k52
k62

L3
6 EI

L2

14

Third column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d2
d3

d3 =1

d5
d1

q

4 EI q
L

d6

d4

2 EI q
L
6 EI q
L2

6 EI q
L2
15

Third column in Local Stiffness matrix

F1 = 0

F2 =
F3 =

6 EI

L2
4 EI

L

F4 =

F5 =
F6 =

0

k13

_ 6 EI

k23

L2

k33

2 EI

L

k43
k53
k63

0
6 EI

L2
4 EI

=

L
0

_ 6 EI
L2
2 EI

L

Fourth column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d4 =1

d2
d3

d5

d6

d1
D=1

EA
L
EA
F1 = L

EA
L
EA
F4 =
L

F2 = 0

F5 = 0

F3 = 0

F6 = 0

d4

Fourth column in Local Stiffness matrix

k14

EA
L

k24

0

k34

0

k44

=

EA
L

k54

0

k64

0

18

Fifth column in
Local Stiffness matrix d

3

d5 =1

d2

d5
d1

d6

d4

6 EI D
L2

6 EI D
L2

D

12 EID
L3

12 EID
L3

19

fifthcolumn in Local Stiffness matrix

F4 =

F1 = 0

F2 =
F3 =

12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

F5 =
F6 =

0
12 EI

L3
6 EI

L2

k15

0

k25

-12 EI

k35

-6 EI

k45 =
k55
k65

L3
L2
0
12 EI

L3
-6 EI

L2

20

sixth column in
Local Stiffness matrix

d6 =1

2 EI q
L

d2
d3

d5

d6

d1

4 EI q
L
6 EI q
L2

6 EI q
L2

q

d4

6 column in Local Stiffness matrix

F1 = 0

F2 =
F3 =

6 EI

L2
2 EI

L

F4 =

F5 =
F6 =

0
6 EI

L2
4 EI

L

k16
k26
k36
k46 =

0
6 EI

L2
4 EI

L
0
6 EI

k56
k66

L2
2 EI

L

22

K

l

=

EA
L

0

0

-EA
L

0

12EI
L3

6EI
L2

0

0

6EI
L2

4EI
L

-EA
L

0

0
0

12EI
L3
6EI
L2

0

0

12EI
L3

6EI
L2

0

-6EI
L2

2EI
L

0

EA
L

0

0

-6EI
L2

0

12EI
L3

-6EI
L2

2EI
L

0

-6EI
L2

4EI
L

23

Drive the member transformation matrix
g

F5
F6
q

g

g

F4

F2

F3

g

F1

24

F2 cosq

F1 sinq
g

F2
q

F2 sinq

q

F3

F1 cosq

g

F1

g

F1 = F1 cos q – F2 sin q
g

F2 = F1 sin q + F2 cos q
g

F3 = F3

25

F5 cosq

F4 sinq
g

F5
q

q

F5 sinq

F6

F4 cosq

g

F4
g

F4 = F4 cos q – F4 sin q
g

F5 = F5 sin q + F5 cos q
g

F6 = F6

26

cos q

- sin q

0

0

0

sin q

cos q

0

0

0

0

F2

0

0

1

0

0

0

F3

0

0

0

cos q - sin q 0

F5g

0

0

0

sin q cos q 0

F5

F6g

0

0

0

1

F6

F1g
F2g
F3g

F4g

=

0

0

0

F1

x

F4

27

cos q

- sin q

0

0

0

sin q

cos q

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

cos q - sin q 0

0

0

0

sin q cos q 0

0

0

0

T=

0

0

0

1

28

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix

g

l

T

Km = T Km T

29

Example 1:
Draw N.F, S.F & B.M.Ds for the shown frame
where E = 106 kN/m2
12 kN/m

A

B

m2

A=0.6
I = 0.02 m4

3
m2

A=0.4
I = 0.005 m4
8

50 kN

2

C
30

memb

L

q

C

S

EA/L

12EI/L3

6EI/L2

4EI/L

2EI/L

AB

8

0

1

0

75000

469

1875

10000

5000

CB

5

90

0

1

80000

480

1200

4000

2000

First element : ( AB)

K

l

=

EA
L

0

0

0

12EI
L3

0
-EA
L
0
0

-EA
L

0

0

6EI
L2

0

-12EI
L3

6EI
L2

6EI
L2

4EI
L

0

-6EI
L2

2EI
L

0

0

EA
L

0

0

-12EI

-6EI
L2

0

12EI
L3

-6EI
L2

2EI
L

0

-6EI
L2

4EI
L

L3
6EI
L2

l

K1

=

75000

0

0

469

1875

0

1875

-75000

-7500

0

0

0

-469

1875

10000

0

-1875

5000

0

0

75000

0

0

0

-469

-1875

0

469

-1875

0

1875

5000

0

-1875

10000

0

33

T=

cos q

- sin q

0

0

0

0

sin q

cos q

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

cos q - sin q 0

0

0

0

sin q cos q 0

0

0

0

0

0

1

34

1
0

T =

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

35

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix

l

g

Km = Tm Km T
g
L
K1 = K1

g

75000

0

0

469

1875

0

1875

0

0

0

-469

1875

10000

0

-1875

5000

0

0

75000

0

0

-469

-1875

0

469

-1875

0

1875

5000

0

-1875

10000

K1 = -75000

-7500

T

0

0

B

A

g

75000

0

0

469

1875

0

1875

0

0

0

-469

1875

10000

0

-1875

5000

0

0

75000

0

0

-469

-1875

0

469

-1875

0

1875

5000

0

-1875

10000

K1 = -75000

-7500

0

A

0
B

37

second element : ( CB )

l

K2

=

EA
L

0

0

0

12EI
L3

0
-EA
L
0
0

-EA
L

0

0

6EI
L2

0

-12EI
L3

6EI
L2

6EI
L2

4EI
L

0

-6EI
L2

2EI
L

0

0

EA
L

0

0

-12EI

-6EI
L2

0

12EI
L3

-6EI
L2

2EI
L

0

-6EI
L2

4EI
L

L3
6EI
L2

l

K2 =

80000

0

0

-80000

0

0

0

480

1200

0

-480

1200

0

1200

4000

0

-1200

2000

-80000

0

0

80000

0

0

0

-480

-1200

0

480

-1200

0

1200

2000

0

-1200

4000

39

l

K2 =

40

T=

cos q

- sin q

0

0

0

0

sin q

cos q

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

cos q - sin q 0

0

0

0

sin q

0

0

0

0

cos q
0

0
1

41

T =

0

-1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

-1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

42

l

g

Km = T Km T
0
1
0
0
0
0

-1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
-1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

80000
0
0
-80000
0
0

-80000
0
0
0
480
1200
0
1200 4000
80000
0
0
0
-480 -1200
1200 2000
0

0
-480
-1200
0
480
-1200

0
-1
0
0
0
0
0

-480

-1200

0

80000
-80000
0
0
0
0
1200 4000
0
0
480 1200
80000
0
0
-80000
0
1200 2000
0

480

-1200

0
-1200

0
2000

-480
0
-1200

1200
0
4000

0
-1
0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
-1
0

T

0
1200
2000
0
-1200
4000

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
-1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
1

43

d1

75480
0
1200

Ks = -480
1200

d2

0

d3

1200

80469 -1875

d7

-480
0

d9

1200
0

d1
d2

-1875

14000

-1200

2000

0

-1200

480

-1200

d3
d7

0

2000

-1200

4000

d9

44

Obtain the member global stiffness matrix

l

g

Km = T Km T
480

g

T

0

-1200

-480

0

-1200

0

80000

0

0

-80000

0

-1200

0

4000

1200

0

2000

0

1200

480

0

1200

0

-80000

0

0

80000

0

-1200

0

2000

1200

0

4000

K2 = -480

45

B

C
480

g

0

-1200

-480

0

-1200

0

80000

0

0

-80000

0

-1200

0

4000

1200

0

2000

0

1200

480

0

1200

0

-80000

0

0

80000

0

-1200

0

2000

1200

0

4000

K2 = -480

C

B

46

Assembly :
A

B

75480

0

0

80469

1200

-1875

0

-469 -1875

14000

0

1875

0

-80000

0

5000 -1200

0

0

0

0

1875 10000

0

0

0

0

0

-1875

5000

0

-480

0

-1200

0

0

-80000

0

0

0

0

0

75000 0

0

0
0

0

480
0

-1200

B

2000

469 1875

1875

2000

1200

0

-649

0

0

0

0

1200

-480

0

0

0

0

-1875

0

-75000

Ks =

1200 -75000 0

C

0

A

-1200

80000

0

0

4000

C

47

Modeling
d2

d5

d6

A d4

d3

d1

B

d9

d8
d7

C
48
48

B

d1

d2

75480

0

0

80469

1200

-1875

d3

d4

d5

1200 -75000 0

d9

0

-480

0

1200

0

-80000

0

d1
d2

2000

d3

14000

0

1875

0

0

0

469 1875

0

0

0

d4
d5

1875 10000

0

0

0

d6

-1200

d7

80000

0

d8

0

4000

1875

0

0

-1875

5000

0

-480

0

-1200

0

0

-80000

0

0

0

0

0

2000

5000 -1200
0

-649

0

d8

-469 -1875

0

1200

d7

0

0

0

d6

-1875

0

-75000

Ks =

C

A

75000 0

0

0
0

0

480
0

-1200

0

d9

B

A

C

49

Force vector
12 kN/m

A

B

m2

A=0.6
I = 0.02 m4

3

A=0.4 m2
I = 0.005 m4
8

50 kN

2

C

50

Force vector
12x82
64 kNm
12

12 kN/m

A

64 kNm

B

48 kN

48 kN

8

51

Force vector
50x3x22
52

3

17.6 kN

24 kNm

B

50 kN

2
32.4 kN

C
36 kNm

50x2x32
52

52

Fixed End
Reaction
(FER)

Force vector
64 kNm

64 kNm

24 kNm

A
48 kN

B
48 kN

17.6 kN

32.4 kN

B

C
53
36 kNm53

Force vector
64 kNm

64 kNm

A

B

48 kN

d2

A

d3

d1

B
d9

C

F
d7

48 kN

F1

-17.6

F2

- 48

= F3 =
F7

40

-32.4

F9

36

Fixed End
Action
(FEA)
24 kNm

17.6 kN

32.4 kN

B

C

36 kNm

54
54

F= K D
-17.6

75,480

- 48

0

40

= 1200

0

1200

80,469 -1875
-1875

- 480

1200

0

0

14,000 -1,200 2,000

-32.4

- 480

0

-1,200

36

1200

0

2,000 -1,200 4,000

480

-1,200

d1
d2
d3
d7
d9

55

D = K-1 F
-1
1200 - 480 1200
d1 75,480 0
80,469 -1875
0
0
d2
0
d3 = 1200 -1875 14,000 -1,200 2,000
d7
0
- 480
-1,200 480 -1,200
d9
0
2,000 -1,200 4,000
1200

-17.6
- 48
40
-32.4

36

56

D = K-1 F
d1
- 0.0007
- 0.0008
d2
d3 = - 0.0088
- 0.2244
d7
d9
- 0.0538

57

Internal forces
d1
d2
d3
d7
A=0.6 m2
I = 0.02 m4

d9

- 0.0007
- 0.0008
- 0.0088
=

- 0.2244
- 0.0538

A=0.4 m2
I = 0.005 m4

d2

E = 106 kN/m2

A

d3

B

2x104

EIAB =
EIBC = 5x103

d1

d9

d7

C
58

Fixed End
Reaction
(FER)

Force vector
64 kNm

64 kNm

24 kNm

A
48 kN

B
48 kN

17.6 kN

32.4 kN

B

C
36 kNm59

64 kNm

64 kNm

d3

A

B

48 kN

d9

d2

d1

d7

48 kN

d1
d2
d3
d7

d9

- 0.0007

- 0.0008
- 0.0088
=

- 0.2244

- 0.0538

Find internal forces in members

 =  T    

Fm

Km

T

g
Dm

Fm FER

60

Member (AB)
75000

l
Fm =

0
0

0
469

0 -75000
1876

1875 10000

-75000

0

0

0

-469

0
1875

0 -1876 5000
75000

0

0

469

-1875

0

-469 -1875

0

0

1875 5000

0

0
0
0
- 0.0007
- 0.0008
- 0.0088

0

-1875 10000

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

0
48
64

+

0
48

-64

61

l
Fm

52.5
-16. 125
= -42.5
-52.5 +
16. 25
-86.5

52.5
31.875
l
21.5
Fm =
-52.5
64.125
150.5

0
48
64

0
48
-64

62

d3

24 kNm
17.6 kN

d2

d1
d2
d3

d1

B
d7

d9

C

d7

d9

36 kNm

- 0.0007

- 0.0008
- 0.0088
=

- 0.2244

- 0.0538

Member (CB)

l

l

T

g

Fm = Km T D m

63

Member (CB)
80000

l
Fm =

0

0 -80000

0
-480

0

0

480

1200

0

0

1200

4000

0 -1200 2000

-80000

0

0

80000

0

0

480

-1200

0

-480 -1200

0

0

1200 2000

0

- 0.0088

-1200 4000

1
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
1
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
-1
0

0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
1

0

- 0.2244
0
- 0.0538
- 0.0007
- 0.0008

1200

0
-1
0
0
0
0

0
-36

+

17.6
0
24

64

64

32.25
l
36
Fm =
-64
-32.25
126

+

0
0
-36

17.6
0
24

64

32.25

l
Fm =

0
46.4

-32.25
150
65

21.75 kNm

12 kN/m 150 kNm
150 kNm

A

B
50 kN

B

3
32 kN

50 kN

64
kN

8

2

0 kN

C

66

21.75 kNm

A
32 kN

150 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm

B
64 kN

50 kN
64 kN

50 kN

B

50 kN

C

67

21.75 kNm

150 kNm

12 kN/m

A

150 kNm

B

32 kN

50 kN

64 kN

64 kN

50 kN

B

50 kN

-

50
64 -

C

N.F.D
68

21.75 kNm

A
32 kN

32

150 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm

B

50 kN
64 kN

64 kN

50 kN

+

B

50

50 kN

+
64

C
50

S.F.D
69

21.75 kNm

150 kNm

12 kN/m

150 kNm

A

50 kN

B

32 kN

64 kN

64 kN

85.875

21.75

96

-

+
10.125

150
-

50 kN

B

150

50 kN
-

C
B.M.D
70