Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

(‫)ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻝﺴﻼم‬

‫ي‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴر اﻹﻤﺎم اﻝﻌﺴﻜر‬

COMMENTARY OF IMAM AL ASKARIasws

(‫م‬

‫ما‬

) ‫ري‬

‫ا‬

‫ن ن‬

‫دا‬

‫ما‬

‫ا‬

‫وب إ‬

‫را‬

‫ا‬

COMMENTARY ASSOCIATED TO THE IMAM ABU MUHAMMAD AL HASSAN BIN ALI AL-ASKARIasws

PART TWELVE

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ار نار م‬

‫م‬

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE BENEFICENT THE MERCIFUL

‫ا رة‬

‫ذر‬

‫ا ورة ا‬

THE CHAPTER IN WHICH THE COW IS MENTIONED (CONTINUED)

‫ار نار مـ‬

‫م‬

.

‫ودا ط ا‬

‫و د‬

،‫ر، ن ھذه ا ورة‬

‫آ ر ن ھذا ا‬

Another matter from this commentary, from this Chapter, which was found from the missing Verses.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ر‬ ‫ن‬

‫ا ت أو ا‬ ‫ر‬

‫وا روة ق ) ن‬ ‫زو ل ا‬ ‫233 ـ... م ل: ا ان ول‬ ‫و ن طوع را( ري ا طواف، ن‬ ‫أن طوف‬ ‫ح‬ . ‫ب ذ ك ظم وا ، و رم‬ ‫،و‬ ‫زا ، م‬

Then the Holy Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'O community! The Words of Allahazwj the Almighty regarding Al-Safa and Al-Marwa are true "so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no blame on him if he goes round them both; and whoever does good spontaneously" – 2:158 Increase the circumambulations, for Allahazwj will Thank him for his praise by Giving him good Rewards, for Heazwj is Aware of his intention, and will Give him in accordance to that maximum Rewards, and Honour him'.

‫ري م‬ ،(‫ا م‬ )‫ب‬ ‫ن رھ ا ق ر . ل ذ ك‬ ‫راء، و ون أ‬ ‫رج‬ :( ‫ت‬ ‫ا رض ط و د‬

‫نأ ط‬ ‫وة‬ ‫د ر‬ ‫أ ! ھ ذا ر ول‬ ‫أن‬ ، ‫ك، ن ن ر ا م ا ق ز دھ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫وآ‬ ) ‫د ر ول ، ل ر ول‬ ‫د ا ذي‬ ‫ا ط ھر ن، وأ ا م ن آل‬ ‫دة ن ا‬ . ‫ظ و ورا ـ‬

O community! This Messenger of Allahsaww has made measws to be prestigious by being a son of Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws. Thank Allahazwj for Hisazwj Bounties to you, for the one who appreciates the bounties deserves them to be increased, just like the one who turns away from them, deserves to be deprived of them'. That was also said afterwards to the Messenger of Allahsaww. The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'There will be coming out of themasws great onesasws, the fatherasws of a number of the Pure Imamsasws, and the fatherasws of Al-Qaimasws from the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww who will fill the earth with fairness and justice just like it was filled with injustice and tyranny before'.

‫ا ب‬ ‫م وأ‬

‫ه س‬ ‫ون أ ز ن ا ت وا دى ن د‬ ‫وا و وا و ك ا وب‬ ‫ون ا ا ذ ن وا وأ‬

‫و زو ل: " ان ا ذ ن‬ ‫ما‬ ‫م و‬ ‫او ك‬ ‫ا واب ا ر م‬

The Words of the Almighty "Surely those who conceal the clear proofs and the guidance that We revealed after We made it clear in the Book for men, these it is whom Allah shall curse, and those who curse shall curse them (too). Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth), these it is to whom I turn (mercifully); and I am the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful. – VERSES 159 TO 160

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ن ا ت( ن‬ ‫ون أ ز‬ ‫ا ب( ـ ل: ـ وا ذى‬ ‫س‬ .‫م‬ ‫مو‬

‫زو ل: )ان ا ذ ن‬ ‫ا م( : و‬ ) ‫333 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫)وا دى ن د‬ ‫و‬ ‫دو‬ ‫أ ز ه ن ـ د ـ ا دى، ھو أظ ر ه ن ا ت‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'The Words of the Almighty "Surely those who conceal the clear proofs" The qualities of Muhammadsaww and the qualities of Aliasws and theirasws features "and the guidance that We revealed after We made it clear in the Book for men" And the guidance that was Revealed after, was Manifested from the Signs on theirasws virtues and status'.

‫ا‬ ،

‫أ ره، وا ه ا‬ ( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫ت دل رھ زو‬ ‫را‬ ‫وا‬ . ‫، أو ث‬ ‫ده‬

‫ت ظ ل ر ول‬ ‫ا ر وا وارد‬ ‫ت زول ن‬

‫ا‬ ‫ت ذب‬ ‫وا ھ ت ا‬

'Like the cloud which shaded the Messenger of Allahsaww in hissaww journeys, and the salty water of the wells which turned sweet by hissaww saliva, and the trees which used to lower their fruits when hesaww sat by them, and the disabilities which passed away when hesaww touched them by hissaww hand, or by hissaww saliva'.

": ‫ء‬

‫ور وا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫لا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬

‫ر‬

‫م ا ل وا‬ ‫ا م( ن‬ ‫وآ ( " وا وم ا‬ ‫ل ا ظ : ن ا ل وا‬ ‫، وا ت وا‬ ‫زا ت د‬ . ‫ن‬

) ‫ت ا ظ رت‬ ‫و‬ ) ‫ر ول‬ ‫،و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ؤھ ، وا‬ ‫وم‬ ‫رة، و ھ ت ا‬ ‫ةا‬ ‫د ، و رھ‬

'And like the Signs which were manifested by Aliasws from the salutations of the mountain and the rocks and the trees who said: 'O Guardian from Allahazwj, and O Caliph of the Messenger of Allahsaww!' And the poison which would have killed the one who had partaken it, did not harm the one who took it by hisasws name, and great deeds from the uprooting of the hills and mountains and throwing them like small pebbles, and the disabilities which passed away due to hisasws supplications, and the difficulties and the afflictions which afflicted healthy people by hisasws negative supplications, and the rest of the things that Allahazwj Specialised himasws with from hisasws virtues'.

‫ون؟؟ ذه‬ ‫، م ل: )او ك( ـ أي او ك ـ ا‬ ‫اذن‬ ‫نط‬ ‫ا م( ا ون‬ ) ‫(و ن‬ :‫و وه‬ .(‫ون‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ن )و‬ ‫م ( نا‬ ‫ن أو ط ا وھ و ول: ن ا ظ ن‬ ‫د‬
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‫ذا ن ا دى ا ذي‬ ‫وآ‬ )‫د‬ ‫ت ن‬ ‫ا‬ ) ‫ز م ا داؤھ م د زوال ا‬ ‫سأ‬ ‫ون( أ‬ ‫ما‬ )
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‫س‬

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ھ ذا‬

‫م‬

،‫ن‬

‫نا‬

‫اظ‬

‫ن‬

‫ق ذ ك ول أ‬ .‫ن أ م‬

‫ق، ان ا ظ م ا م‬ ‫ن، و‬ ‫ن لا‬

‫ن‬

‫ا‬ ‫ا‬

'This is from the Guidance of Allahazwj Explained to the people in Hisazwj Book. Then Heazwj Said: "and those" meaning those who cut off these qualities from Muhammadsaww and from Aliasws and concealed them from those who seek them, which they have been necessitated to give in the absence of Taqqiya "these it is whom Allah shall curse" Curses on those who conceal (the Just) "and those who curse shall curse them (too)" Firstly, "and those who curse shall curse them (too)" there is not a single one of the true ones or the false ones, but he will say: 'Curse of Allahazwj be on the unjust who concealed the truth'. The unjust one who concealed that truth will also say "Curse of Allahazwj be on the unjust, the concealers'. They, in this meaning, join all other in sending the curses, and also in sending curse upon themselves'.

‫ار ت ا‬ ‫ضو‬ ‫نو س‬ ‫: ا ظ روا، ن ن ا ن أھ‬ ‫زو ل‬ ‫ر ا أھ ، و س ا ن أھ‬ ‫ن. وان ن ا‬ .‫أھ ، و وا ن ھذا إ ذ ك، وو وا ن ذ ك إ ھ ذا‬ ‫نإ‬ ‫إ ذ ك، و وا ا‬ ‫رأ و‬ ‫، وان ا‬ ، ‫ا م( و‬ ) ‫وآ ( وذ ر‬ ) ‫؟؟‬ . ‫، وا دا ن‬

‫ر‬

‫ذ‬

،‫ن‬

‫ر‬ ‫و : أن ا ن اذا‬ ‫. ل‬ ‫ا و وع ن‬ ‫ز وھ‬ ‫ود أھ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و وھ ا . وان‬ ‫أھ‬ ‫وان م ن وا د‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ن ت‬ ‫ا ود ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وا ا وا ب ا‬

And from this, secondly, if one person is annoyed with another one and they curse each other, the two curses get elevated and they seek permission from their Lordazwj to fall upon the ones who sent them. Allahazwj the Almighty Says to the Angelsas: 'Look, if the one who cursed is himself deserving of being cursed, and the other one is not deserving of it, then Send down the curses from both of them upon the one who deserves. And if the one who cursed is not deserving of it, but the other one is, then send both the curses upon that deserving one. And if both of them are deserving of being cursed, then send this curse upon that one and that curse upon this one. And if none of them are deserving of being cursed due to their being believers, and they are only doing this due to their annoyance with each other, then divert them towards the Jews who concealed the qualities of Muhammadsaww and the mention of Aliasws and hisasws features, and towards the Nasibis who conceal the virtues of Aliasws, and reject hisasws (Divine) attributes'.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫وا أ دوه‬ ‫وا‬ ‫م، وأ‬ ‫وا( أ‬ ‫ن ت‬ ‫ق )و وا( ذ ره‬ ‫، و ذ ره ر ول‬ ‫ا م( و‬ .(‫م )وأ ا واب ا ر م‬

‫زو ل: )ا ا ذ ن وا( ن‬ ‫م ل‬ ‫ل وا‬ ‫لا‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫وء ا و ل‬ ) ‫و نذ ر‬ ‫وآ ( و‬ )‫د‬ ‫م( أ ل و‬ ‫وآ ( ) و ك أ وب‬ )

‫)وأ‬ ‫قا‬

The Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "Except those who repent" from their concealment "and amend" their deeds, and make amendments to the mischief that they had created by their evil explanations and fought by it the attributes of the preferable ones and rights of the rightful ones "and make manifest (the truth)" what Allahazwj has Mentioned from the characteristics of Muhammadsaww and hissaww qualities and from the mention of Aliasws and hisasws elevated qualities, and what the Messenger of Allahsaww has mentioned "these it is to whom I turn (mercifully)" Accept their repentance "and I am the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful".

‫وا س‬

‫وا‬

‫م‬

‫زو ل: " ان ا ذ ن روا و وا وھ م ر أو ك‬ " ‫ف م ا ذاب و ھم ظرون‬ ‫ن* دن‬

‫و‬ ‫أ‬

The Words of the Almighty "Surely those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, these it is on whom is the curse of Allah and the angels and men all; Abiding in it; their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be given respite" – VERSES 161 & 162

‫د‬ ‫ردھ م وة‬ (‫: )ان ا ذ ن روا‬ ‫م( : ل‬ ‫رھم‬ (‫ا م( )و وا وھم ر‬ )‫نأ ط ب‬ ( ‫م ا د ن ا ر ، وا ق ن ا واب )وا‬ ‫م، ن ل‬ ‫ن ل‬ ‫ا سأ‬ ‫ن( و‬ ‫م )وا س أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و ون: ن ا ر ن، م‬ ‫ر ن، وا رون أ‬ ‫م ا ذاب( و و‬ ‫ف‬ )‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ، ‫ا‬ .‫ل م ا ذاب‬ ‫،و‬

‫ا‬ ) ‫433 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫وآ (، وو‬ ) ‫( و ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫)او ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن ون ا‬ ‫ا ور ن ا‬ ( ‫) دن‬ ‫أ مأ‬ ‫)و ھم ظرون( ؤ رون‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'Allahazwj Says: "Surely those who disbelieve" in Allahazwj by their rejection of the Prophet-hood of Muhammadsaww and the Mastership of Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws "and die while they are disbelievers" on this disbelief of theirs "these it is on whom is the curse of Allah" Allahazwj Obligates Distancing them from Hisazwj Mercy and the Crushing of their Rewards "and the angels" and on them are the curses of the Angels who curse them "and men all" and the curses of all that men who curse the disbelievers, and the disbelievers also say: 'Curse of Allahazwj be on the disbelievers". They themselves come under their own curses as well "Abiding in it" in these curses, in the Fire of Hell "their chastisement shall not be lightened" not for a day or a moment "nor shall they be given respite" Not delayed for a moment, and nor will there be a period empty of Punishment.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫وآ (: ان ھ ؤ ء‬ ) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫اذا أ ھم ك ا وت‬ ‫و‬ ‫دن‬ ‫ط م د زع أروا م ردة‬ ،‫ا و وه‬ ‫ا رة ر‬ ‫وت: أ ري؟؟ أ ا س ا‬ ، ‫و‬

: (‫ا م‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫533 ـ ل‬ ‫، وا‬ ‫د ـ ر ول‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ض أروا م، أ ھم ظ ا ظر، وأ‬ ‫ط م ا ذ ن وا ر و م، م ول ك ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫د وة ، وا‬

Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said that the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'For those who concealed the qualities of Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahazwj, and fought against the features of Aliasws the Guardian from Allahazwj, the Angel of Death come to capture their souls in a horrible sight and in an ugly face, overcomes them by chaining their souls with the demons that they used to know. Then the Angel of Death says to them: 'Why did you, O bad soul, disbelieve in the Lordazwj by fighting against the Prophet-hood of Hisazwj Prophetsaww, and the Imamate of Aliasws, hissaww Trustee? Curse of Allahazwj and Hisazwj Wrath be on you'.

( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫دا‬ ‫م ول: ار رأ ك وطر ك وا ظر، ـ ظر ـ رى دون ا رش‬ ‫ن د ،و ر‬ ‫ر‬ (‫ا م‬ ) ‫ر ر ن دي رش ا ر ن، و رى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر ، م رى ا ن د ت أ وا ، و رى‬ ‫را م ا ر‬ (‫) م ا م‬ ‫ن، ول : و ت و ك وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا ور وا در ت وا زل ا‬ ‫ك ا ن، و ت ون ز ك‬ ‫ر م، و ن ون واك‬ ‫ت رو ك رج إ‬ ،‫ر م، و ت ور م، و ك ز ك‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫م، د ر ت ـ‬ ‫، وان ت‬ ‫ھ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن ب ا و ، راھ‬ ‫واو ك وروك و ر وك، ظر. ر‬ ‫، ل : ك اذن ز ك. م‬ ‫و روب ذا وأ‬ ‫وأ‬ ‫ودواھ و ر و‬ ‫د‬ ‫كا‬ ‫ھ ك‬ ‫ط ھ ؤ ء ا ذ ن وا وو و ل م ر ن‬ ‫ل‬ .‫د رة وأ ظم أ ف‬ ‫ل، ون و‬ ‫وا‬
Then the Angel of Death says to him: 'Raise your head and yourself and look'. He looks up and sees Muhammadsaww seated in front of the Throne of the Beneficent, and sees Aliasws seated on a chair in front of himsaww, and the rest of the Imamsasws present around themasws. Then he sees the Gardens with their doors open wide, and sees the palaces, and the levels, and such status that even the desiring ones fall deficient in their desires. The Angel of Death says to him: 'Had you been loyal to themasws, your soul would have been elevated to be in theirasws presence and you would have been in these Gardens and those would have been your levels in them. And you have been in theirasws opposition, and so these have been prohibited for you to be in theirasws presence, and have been prevented to be near to themasws. Look!' The veils of the abyss will be lifted from him, and he will see in there the afflictions, and the difficulties, and the scorpions and the snakes, and the striking Punishments. It will be said to him: 'And these are your levels'. Then those Satans are shown to him whom he used to listen to and

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII accept what they said to him, and he will see them captivated in handcuffs and shackles. His death will be of intense regret for him'.

" ‫ا ا ھو ا ر ن ا ر م‬

‫زو ل: " وا م ا وا د‬

‫و‬

The Words of the Almighty "And your Allah is one Allah! there is no god but He; He is the Beneficent, the Merciful" – VERSE 163

) ‫وآ ( و‬ ‫روح وا ر ن وا را‬

‫م‬

) ‫دا‬ ‫ا م(: وا م ا ذي أ رم‬ ) ‫633 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫، وأ رم‬ ‫اط ن‬ ‫وأ رم آ‬ (‫م‬ ‫ا‬ .‫ر ك و ظ ر و د ل‬ (‫وا ر وان )ا وا د‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'Your God is the One Who Honoured Muhammadsaww and Aliasws by virtues and Honoured theirasws Progenyasws by the Caliphate, and Honoured theirasws Shiites by blissful fragrance and the Prestige and Pleasure "is one Allah" There is no partner with Himazwj, and no equal and no one like Himazwj.

.‫، ا ر، ا ز، ا ذل‬ ‫ورز ، وان‬ ‫م واد‬ ،( ‫وآ‬ )‫د‬ ‫دا اذا دروا، و رو اذا‬

‫ور، ا رازق، ا ط، ا‬ ‫) ا ا ھ و( ا ق، ا رئ، ا‬ ‫ط‬ ،‫م وط م‬ ‫)ا ر ن( رزق ؤ م و رھم، و‬ ‫آل‬ ‫ده ا ؤ ن ن‬ (‫. )ا ر م‬ ‫ا ط وا ھم ن ط‬ ‫ھرون، ظ ر وا ة أو ء و داة أ‬ ‫م ا‬ ‫و‬ .‫زوا‬

"there is no god but He" The Creator, the Rightful, the Fashioner, the Sustainer, the Expander, the Enricher, the Impoverisher, the Honourer, the Dishonourer. "the Beneficent" Sustains the believers and the disbelievers, the good and the bad, does not cut off from them their sustenance by Hisazwj Grace even if they cut off their obedience to Himazwj. "the Merciful" to the believing worshippers from the Shiites of the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww, by Extending to them the scope of Taqqiya, to display their friendship to the Friendsasws of Allahazwj and enmity to theirasws enemies accordingly, and to hide it, if frustrated.

‫ر‬ ‫م ا ، وأ ر م‬ ‫وآ (: و و ء رم‬ ) ‫733 ـ ل ر ول‬ ‫م د رض وا‬ ‫ظم را ص‬ ‫م ن أ دا م د اظ ر م ا ق. أ‬ ‫أ م وا وا م ـ و ر م، و ء وق ا وا م ـ‬ ‫لا‬ ‫و داة أ دا ا‬ ‫ا د س‬ ‫ھذان ل ن و‬ . ‫ر ل ذب د ذك و‬ ‫. أ وان‬ ‫او ك‬ ‫ا وا ب وا ر، ون ذاب ھ ذ ن‬ ‫ذاب د د، ا أن ون م ظ م‬
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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫و‬

‫وا‬

،‫م ن ا وق، و م ا م ن ا ظ م‬ .‫وق ا وا م ا ؤ ن‬ ‫ر‬

‫م‬ ‫، وا‬

‫رك ا‬

‫ا ر وا وا ب‬ ‫ر وا ت‬

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'And had Heazwj so Desired, Heazwj would have Forbidden ‘Taqqiya’ (dissimulation) on you, and Ordered you to remain patient on the hostilities of your enemies, in the manifestation of the truth. But, the greatest obligation Imposed on you by Allahazwj after the obligation of being in ourasws Mastership and the enmity of ourasws enemies, is the utilisation of Taqqiya on yourselves and your brothers and your knowledge, and the fulfilment of the rights of your brethren. But, Allahazwj will Forgive all other sins other than those and will not Inquire. However, these two are such that none will achieve salvation except after being touched by harsh Punishment. But, if you have grievance against the Nasibis and the infidels, the punishment of these two things will be on those infidels and the Nasibis, for you have rights of retribution on them as they have no right to be unjust to you. Fear Allahazwj, and do not fight against enemies of Allahazwj by avoiding Taqqiya, and being deficient in the rights of your believing brothers'.

‫رى‬ ‫ن‬

‫ق ا وات وا رض وا ف ا ل وا ر وا ك ا‬ ‫و زو ل: " ان‬ ‫ا رض د و و ث‬ ‫نا ء ن ء‬ ‫ا س و أ زل‬ ‫ا ر‬ " :‫ر ن ا ء وا رض ت وم ون‬ ‫ل دا و ر ف ا ر ح وا ب ا‬

The Words of the Almighty "Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day, and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men, and the water that Allah sends down from the cloud, then gives life with it to the earth after its death and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals, and the changing of the winds and the clouds made subservient between the heaven and the earth, there are signs for a people who understand" – VERSE 164

‫وآ ( ا ود وا وا ب‬ ) ‫و د ر ول‬ : (‫ا م‬ ) ‫833 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫دا و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫، ل ردة ا ود و ة ا وا ب: ن ھ ذا ا ذي‬ ‫د ا وة وا‬ ‫د ن‬ (‫ق ا وات وا رض‬ ‫زو ل )ان‬ ‫أ دا ؟ زل‬ ‫م، وأ م أ ا د وا ء ا را‬ ‫ن ا و وع‬ ‫ن و‬ ‫ن ا وط، و‬ ‫ص م‬ ‫أ ن ھر م، وا ء ن و م‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫، ا رض ن‬ ‫أ ن ذھ م، ن ـ ت أھ م ذه، وان ـ ت أھ م ك. م ا وات ن ا س‬ ، ‫روا ظ‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫م، و ن ا ر ا‬ ‫روا‬ ‫رم‬ ‫ا رة‬ .‫ا د ا ذي ك أ دا م‬ ‫ظ إ رك وا‬ ‫را‬ ‫وأ ؤ م‬
Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'When the Messenger of Allahsaww rebuked the Jews and the Nasibis for their fighting against the Prophet-hood and the Caliphate, the stubborn ones of the Jews and the sarcastic Nasibis, said:

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII 'Who is the one who helps Muhammadsaww and Aliasws against theirasws enemies?' Allahazwj the Almighty Sent down "Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth" without any pillars underneath to prevent it from falling down, and no connection from above it to stop it from falling upon you. And you, O male and female slaves, are Myazwj prisoners in Myazwj Grip. The earth is under you, yet you cannot run away anywhere, and the sky is above you, but there is no way for you to avert its (shade). If Iazwj so Desire, Iazwj Can Destroy you by them. Then, in the sky there is the sun which shines during the day to enable you to earn your livelihood, and the moon which reflects the light during the night to enable you to see in the darkness, and you have tranquillity by the darkness which compels you to rest your tired bodies.

‫ن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ت‬

‫د ر م‬ ‫با‬ ‫م‬ ‫نا دن‬ ‫)وا ف ا ل وا ر( ا‬ ‫ا د وا ء، وا زاز واذ ل، وا ء وا ر، و ف و ء، و ر ف ور ، و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا س( ا‬ ‫ري ا ر‬ ‫و ط، و وف وأ ن. )وا ك ا‬ ‫رھ وا م ا‬ ‫و ء، و م ر ح ؤو‬ ‫م‬ ‫را، و‬ ‫و‬ ‫دأ‬ .‫م‬ ‫م و و م ا وا‬ ‫مو‬ ‫ار ح م‬ ‫و ر دت‬ ‫وم‬

"and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day" Which come in succession to you, wonders which your Lordazwj has Caused in the Universe from the goodness and the evil, the honourable and the disgraceful, the rich and the poor, Summer and Winter, Autumn and Spring, the harvest and the drought, and fear and peace. "and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men". Allahazwj Makes them run night and day in your obedience. They do not ask for grass or water, and has Sent the wind to make it easier for you otherwise you would have had to use your strength, had Heazwj not Sent the wind for your betterments and benefit for your needs.

‫م د وا دة ر م‬ ‫زل‬ ‫ن ا ء ن ء( وا وھط ورذاذا‬ ‫)و أ زل‬ ‫ا رض‬ ) .‫م ا وھ د وا ل وا ع‬ ‫زل ر ن‬ ،‫م‬ ‫و ك‬ ‫م‬ ‫ھو‬ ( ‫ن ل دا‬ ‫و و و رھ . )و ث‬ ‫رج‬ ( ‫د و‬ . ‫م و ن ا را‬ ‫د‬ ،‫م‬ ‫مو‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ع ر‬ ‫م، و‬ ‫و‬
"and the water that Allah sends down from the cloud" A barrage does not come down to you at once which would drown you and destroy your dwellings, but Heazwj Sends it down separately until it fills the hills and valleys. "then gives life with it to the earth after its death" the vegetation and grain and fruits come out of it. "and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals" from these are those that are your livelihood, and from these are those who are a means of safety to you and your bounties, they do not run away from fear of being eaten by ferocious animals'.

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10 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ر د ا واء وا‬ ‫ر م، ا‬ ‫و م، ا‬ ‫ر( ا ذ ل ) ن ا ء وا رض( ل أ ط رھ ، و ري ذن‬ ‫رون و م أن ن ھ ذه‬ (‫ون‬ ‫ت ) وم‬ ‫ت( د ل وا‬ ‫ن ذاھ‬ (‫ا م‬ ) ‫وآ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫رة‬ ‫در‬ ‫ـ ا رة ا‬ ‫ا د ، وا ھ ـ‬ ‫وا ، ن ا زاة ت‬ .

‫م‬

‫ر‬

‫) و ر ف ا ر ح( ا ر‬ ‫)وا ب( ا وا ف )ا‬ ) .‫ن ؤ ر‬ ‫و‬ ، ‫ب ن آ ر در‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا دة ن‬ ‫و لا‬ ‫د ذا‬ ‫و‬ ‫دوم‬

"and the changing of the winds" sustains your provisions and ripens your fruits, does not let it stagnate and reduces your tiredness "and the clouds" standing "made subservient" humbled "between the heaven and the earth" bearing the rain, and go by the Permission of Allahazwj and pour down wherever Heazwj Orders it to be. "there are signs" clear evidence "for a people who understand" who ponder with their intellects that this is one of the wonders of the effects of Hisazwj Power, has the Power on helping Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws Progenyasws, and for whoever were to accept this as correct, Heazwj will Make Good the consequences for him who are in theirasws Mastership, because the struggle is not for this world, but it is for the hereafter which has everlasting Bliss, and away from its Punishments.

‫دو‬ ‫دا ؤ ن ن‬ ‫ر ا دار ن، وان ا ن ا د ذ ر‬ ‫م ا رة، و ذ ك‬ ‫إ‬ ‫در د ا‬ ‫ذاب‬ ‫د و ب دي ا ؤ ن، د‬ ،‫ب ا ذاب‬ ‫ا رة ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ذا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ت‬ ‫در م ا د ا‬ ‫،و‬ )

:( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫933 ـ ل ر ول‬ ‫أ دا ، د‬ ‫ر اد‬ ‫ا م( أن‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ا رة، ـ ـ ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف أھ ل ا ت، ان ذل‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا د ، وا ر‬ ‫ا دار ن، وان ا ل‬ ‫اد‬ ‫و روب ا ب، ود و ن‬ . ‫كا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'It is surprising to see a believer from the Shiites of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws to be helped in this world over his enemies, and that collects for him betterment in both this world and in the hereafter. And as for the one who is in trials in the world, his collection is for the hereafter, and his efforts in this world will be immaterial when compared to the Bounties of the hereafter. And similarly, Isaww wonder at the servant who opposes usasws - the People of the Householdasws, and abandons us in the world and suppresses the believers using his resources. His collection is the Punishments of both the worlds. And if he is given time in this world, he will be punished in the hereafter with strange Punishments, and be struck with Revenge, and will wish that he would have been a Muslim in the world, and the bounties which he had been given in the world would be immaterial in comparison to these Punishments.

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11 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ا ر‬ ‫، س وم ا‬ ‫را ن‬ ‫ا د ، وأطو م‬ ‫و أن أ ن ا س‬ ‫ا د ، وأ ظ م ء‬ ‫ط؟ ل: . و و أن أ د ا س‬ ‫، م ل ھل ت‬ :‫، م ل ھ ل ت ؤ ـ ط ـ؟ ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫، س وم ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن وا‬ .‫، ذ ك ا م ط وه، ذ ك ا ذاب وه‬ ‫. ظ م م و ؤس ھذه‬
And if he were given the best bounties in the world, and a long life therein, and he was ourasws opponent, he will be dipped in the Fire, and then asked: 'Did you ever receive any bounties at all?' He will say: 'No'. And if a person lived in the greatest of afflictions, and was from ourasws Shiites, he will be dipped, on the Day of Judgment in the Paradise, and then will be asked: 'Were you ever in any affliction at all?' He will say: 'No'. So what is your bliss and misery described in this? And that is the Bliss, so seek it. That is the Punishment, so be afraid of it'.

‫و زو ل: " و ن ا س ن ذ ن دون أ دادا و م ب وا ذ ن آ وا أ د‬ ‫د د ا ذاب اذ رأ ا ذ ن‬ ‫وان‬ ‫و و رى ا ذ ن ظ وا اذ رون ا ذاب أن ا وة‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ب و ل ا ذ ن ا وا و أن‬ ‫ا وا ن ا ذ ن ا وا ورأوا ا ذاب و ط ت م ا‬ " ‫م و ھم ر ن ن ا ر‬ ‫م رات‬ ‫ذك ر م ا‬ ‫رءوا‬ ‫را م‬
The Words of the Almighty "And there are some among men who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah, whom they love as they love Allah, and those who believe are stronger in love for Allah and O, that those who are unjust had seen, when they see the chastisement, that the power is wholly Allah's and that Allah is severe in requiting (evil). When those who were followed shall renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder. And those who followed shall say: Had there been for us a return, then we would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they shall not come forth from the fire" – VERSES 165 TO 167

‫دو‬ ‫ذ ن دون‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫رون ا ر و‬

‫لو‬ ‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ن‬

‫زو ل آ ن ا ؤ ون، و‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ) ‫043 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫دـ‬ ‫ا دون )و ن ا س ـ‬ ‫ا م( ا ون، و د‬ ) ‫) و م ب ( ون ك ا داد‬ ‫و م أ‬ ‫أ دادا( أ داء‬ ‫، نا ؤ‬ ‫( ن ھؤ ء ا ذ ن ا داد‬ ‫)وا ذ ن آ وا أ د‬ .‫ر ون ـ ـ‬ ‫و ده‬

The Holy Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'When the believers believed, and the intellectuals accepted the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and the enemies shut themselves from it, Allahazwj Said: "And there are some among men" O Muhammadsaww "who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah" enemies who set up for Allahazwj examples "whom they love as they love Allah" they love those objects of worship, from the idols, as they love

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII Allahazwj "and those who believe are stronger in love for Allah" than those who have taken to these objects of worship for the believers can see the Divinity of Allahazwj, Who is One and do not associating with Himazwj any'.

‫م أ دادا وا ذ ا ر وا ر أ‬ ‫ذا‬ (‫د )و و رى ا ذ ن ظ وا‬ :‫م ل‬ ‫م رھم و دھم‬ ‫ا م( )اذ رون ا ذاب( ن رون ا ذاب ا وا‬ ) ‫دو‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ذب ن ء، و رم ن ء، وة‬ ‫ون أن ا وة‬ ( ‫)أن ا وه‬ . ‫د د ا ب ن ذ ا داد‬ ‫د د ا ذاب( و ون أن‬ ‫ن ذا )وأن‬
Then Allahazwj Said: 'O Muhammadsaww! "that those who are unjust had seen" by taking to the idols for worship and the taking of the infidels and the wrong doers, as equal to Muhammadsaww and Aliasws "when they see the chastisement" see the actual Punishment come upon them for their disbelief and their enmity "that the power is wholly Allah's" they realise that Allahazwj has the Power to Punish whosoever Heazwj Desires to, and Honours whosoever Heazwj Desires to, and the infidels have no power to avert the Punishment from them "and that Allah is severe in requiting (evil)" and they know Allahazwj will be Severe in Hisazwj Revenge to those that have taken others with Allahazwj'.

‫م ل: )اذ رأ ا ذ ن ا وا( و رأى ھؤ ء ا ر ا ذ ن ا ذوا ا داد ن رأ ا وا ا رؤ ء‬ ‫ا ة‬ ‫م، و درون‬ ‫ب( ت‬ ‫وا ع )و ط ت م ا‬ ‫) ن ا ذ ن ا وا( ا ر‬ ‫ون و ن م رة: ر‬ (‫)و ل ا ذ ن ا وا( ا ع ) و أن رة‬ ‫ن ذاب‬ . ‫رءوا ( ھ‬ ) ‫إ ا د ) رأ م( ھ ك‬
Then Allahazwj Said: "When those who were followed shall renounce" when they see those infidels who had taken to the idols, will distance themselves from following their chiefs "those who followed (them)" the people and the followers "and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder" that they do not have the power to save them from any of the Punishment of Allahazwj "And those who followed shall say" to the ones they followed "Had there been for us a return" they will wish they had a way to return to the world "then we would renounce them" over there "as they have renounced us" over here.

(‫م‬ ‫م رات‬ ‫م ن ض) ر م أ‬ ‫ـ رأ‬ ‫زو ل: ) ذ ك( ـ‬ ‫ل‬ ، ‫واب أھ‬ ‫ت د ظم‬ ‫ر ، رون أ ل رھم ا‬ ‫وذ ك أ م وا ا د‬ . ‫ر ا و ا ذي أ ر‬ ‫ورأوا أ ل أ م واب اذ ت ر ، أو ت‬ ،‫)و ھم ر ن ن ا ر( ن ذا م ر دا دا ، و ت ذ و م را‬ ‫ل‬ .‫م‬ ‫ر ن ر‬ ‫،و و ،و‬ ‫م‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII Allahazwj the Almighty Says: "Thus" As some of them renounce some of them "will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them" and that they had worked in the world for other than Allahazwj. They will see that others who had worked for Allahazwj have received great Rewards from Allahazwj, and they will look at their own selves and see that they do not have any Rewards with them as their efforts were for other than Allahazwj, or they had carried out their deeds in a manner, other than the way Allahazwj had Ordered them to perform. Allahazwj Says: "and they shall not come forth from the fire" for their Punishment will be everlasting, and their sins were those of disbelief. They will neither receive the intercession of a Prophetasws, nor of a Trusteeasws, and nor of a good Shiite of theirasws Shiites.

‫ن د‬ :( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫ا م(: ل ر ول‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫143 ـ ل‬ ‫وأ ء ر أھ ا ذي ا ره‬ ‫ر‬ ‫، و ف طر ، و‬ ‫و أ زال ن و‬ ‫وف، و‬ ‫ذك‬ ،‫دا‬ ‫وھو ذ ك‬ ‫م د ود ه، و‬ ‫و ن ن د ا ذه ن دون و ، و ر ا‬ ‫وم ا‬ ‫د ن، ا‬ ‫د ر‬ . ‫ا ط ن ا ذ ن وا وو‬
Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said that the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'There is non male or female slave (believer) who avoids ourasws Mastership, and opposes ourasws ways, and names others with ourasws names and the names of the best of ourasws Familyasws whomasws Allahazwj has Given the authority to establish Hisazwj Religion in Hisazwj world, and entitles them with ourasws titles, and he believes in entitling them, and is not in Taqqiya due to fear and not in any plan for the interests of religion, but Allahazwj will Resurrect him on the Day of Judgment as if he had taken a Guardian apart from Allahazwj, and Make him to be together with the Satans who used to lead him astray'.

‫م ط ب واب‬ ‫، ھ ؤ ء ت د؟ وا ھم ت ط ب؟‬ ‫دي أر‬ :‫ل ـ ـ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا وا ون‬ ‫را‬ ‫أن‬ ‫م ب ا را ك. م ر‬ ‫ت ل، ك‬ ، ‫ده، و ن م ن‬ ‫ظ ر‬ ‫) م ا م( ن ن‬ ‫وآ‬ ‫و‬ .‫ده‬ ‫و ن ظر‬
Allahazwj will Say to him : 'O Myazwj servant, is there any Lordazwj with Meazwj, those that you used to worship? And used to seek from them? So, seek Rewards for the deeds that you performed. Your recompense is with them'. Then Allahazwj will Order to bring the Shiites in the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and their Progenyasws who did not manifest their beliefs due to Taqqiya, and when there was no Taqqiya on them, they used to manifest their beliefs.

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14 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫م‬ ‫ون‬ :‫وھ . ل‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م ن ت‬ :‫د و . ظرون‬ ‫: ا ظروا ذ وب‬ ‫ء. و م ن رت‬ ‫ا و ء وا‬ ‫، ؤ ء ا داء‬ ، ‫دو‬ ‫م ن أو ء‬ ‫: د وا ا ذ ن وا‬

‫: ا ظ روا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫. م ول‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ورة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ذو‬ ‫ذ و و ظ ت، ول‬ .‫د ون‬

Allahazwj will Say: 'Look at the good deeds of the Shiites of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and increase them'. The Imamasws said: 'They will increase their good deeds manifold'. Then Allahazwj will Say: 'Look at the sins of the Shiites of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws'. They will look and see that from them will be those with less sins and will be overwhelmed by the deeds of obedience, they will be happy with the Guardians and the Trustees. And from them will be those with a lot of sins including the grave ones. Allahazwj will Say: 'Bring those ones on whom there was no Taqqiya, from the ones in the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws'. They will be brought.

‫د‬ ،‫م‬

‫ب ا ذ ن ا ذوا ا داد ن دون‬ ‫دي ھ ؤ ء ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫م م و‬ ‫ن نا‬ ،‫ؤ ء ا ؤ ن‬ . ‫م‬ ‫اذن م ن‬ ‫ت ا وا ب‬ ‫ر‬

‫ت‬ ‫: ا ظ روا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫وھ‬ ،‫م‬ ‫و ن دون‬ ‫و‬ ،‫ون ذ ك‬ ‫و دھم إ أذاھم‬

Allahazwj will Say: 'Look at the good deeds of Myazwj servants, those Nasibis who took to others apart from Muhammadsaww and Aliasws, and apart from theirasws Caliphs. Make these to be for the believers, because when they used to fall into their hands, they used to plot to hurt them and they continued on that'. They (the angels) will transfer the good deeds of the Nasibis to ourasws Shiites on whom there was no (condition of) Taqqiya.

‫م‬ ‫ب و‬ ‫ھؤ ء ا‬ ‫. ل ذ ك. م‬ ‫ؤ ءا‬ ‫م، و ت‬ ‫مو‬

‫م‬

‫دو ، ن ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫م ول: ا ظروا إ‬ ‫ب درھ ن ا ذ وب ا‬ ‫او ك ا‬ ‫وا‬ ،‫م ز دات‬ ‫وا‬ ،‫ا ن وف ا داء‬ ‫زو ل: ا وا‬ ‫ول‬ .‫م و ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫بو‬ ‫ھؤ ء ا‬

Then Heazwj will Say: 'Look at the sins of the Shiites of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws. If there remains anything from them on these Nasibis, place these on them and increase them. Burden those Nasibis in accordance to the sins they committed against these Shiites'. They will do that. Then Allahazwj the Almighty will Say: 'Bring those Shiites who used to fear their enemies, and do the same with their good deeds and bad deeds, and the good deeds and bad deeds of the Nasibis, what you did with the first group'.

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15 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ن، و ذاھ‬ ‫ر ن، و و‬ ‫ھد‬ ‫ول ا وا ب: ر ھؤ ء وا‬ ‫د ن، ل وا و م م إ‬ ‫وا ذاھ م‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أ ا‬ ‫و‬ :‫د ن! ل‬ ‫ر ا ر ن، د ا دد‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن، وان وا وا م ن، و‬ :‫ن‬ ‫ن، اذ وا ر‬ ‫و ل ا ط ن وأ ل ا‬ ‫م ا داد‬ ‫م و م وأ‬
The Nasibis will say: 'O our Lordazwj! These ones used to be with us in what we used to witness in our presence, and ratified what we used to say, and believed what we used to believe!' It will be said to them: 'No, by Allahazwj! O you Nasibis! They were not believers in your religion, but their hearts were to Allahazwj, opposed to you. And although they used to say what you said, and used to do what you did but only due to ‘Taqqiya’ (dissimulation). They are being counted, by their words and their deeds, with the obedient deeds and good words, for they performed in accordance with what they had been Ordered to'.

‫ب اذا رأوا‬ ‫ب، وذ ك و‬ ‫را‬

‫م‬

‫وآ (: د ذ ك ظ م رات ا‬ ) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫ظ ور‬ ‫ت‬ ‫أھ ل ا ت، ورأوا‬ ‫واز ن‬ .(‫م‬ ‫م رات‬ ‫زو ل ) ذ ك ر م أ‬

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'There will be intense regret for the Nasibis when they see their good deeds on the scale of ourasws Shiites of the People of the Householdasws, and when they see the sins of ourasws Shiites loaded onto them. And that is the Words of the Almighty "Thus will Allah show them their deeds to be intense regret to them"

‫طنا‬

‫وا طوات ا‬ " :‫ون‬

‫و‬

‫ط‬

‫ا رض‬ ‫ء وان و وا‬

‫ا س وا‬ ‫ر م وء وا‬

‫أ‬

" :‫و زو ل‬ ‫م دو ن * ا‬

The Words of the Almighty "O men! Eat the lawful and good things out of what is in the earth, and do not follow the footsteps of the Shaitan; surely he is your open enemy. He only enjoins you evil and indecency, and that you may speak against Allah what you do not know" – VERSES 168 & 169

‫ا رض( ن‬ ‫زو ل: ) أ ا س وا‬ ‫ا م( ل‬ ) ‫243 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ظ م ن ظ ، وا‬ ‫ط ( م اذا أط م ر م‬ ) ‫أ واع رھ وأط‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫طو م ا ، و ر م‬ (‫وا طوات ا ط ن‬ ‫ن أھ و ره )و‬ ‫أ ل ا و ن، و ر ن ل‬ ‫ب ن‬ ‫ر و أ ل ا ر ن، وأ ره‬ ‫أ لا ن‬ ‫م دو ن( ن م ا داوة، و ر م إ‬ ‫ءه وأو ءه. )ا‬ .‫و دة أ رف ا و ن‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said that Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "O men! eat the lawful and good things out of what is in the earth" from its fruits and its foods "the lawful and good" if you obey your Lordazwj in considering him to be great whom Heazwj has Made to be great, and to consider him to be little whom Heazwj has Made to be insignificant "and do not follow the footsteps of the Shaitan" which he has laid out to you, and deceives you to oppose the one whom Allahazwj has Sent as a Messengersaww being the highest of the Messengersasws, and Ordered himsaww to appoint the oneasws whom Allahazwj has Made to be the highest of the Trusteesasws, and the rest of Hisazwj Caliphsasws and Hisazwj Guardiansasws who have been Sent. "surely he is your open enemy" his enmity is clear to you, and hela orders you to oppose the highest of the Prophetssaww and be inimical to the most honourable of Trusteesasws.

‫ـ‬

‫د ر ول‬ ‫ق ـ‬ ‫وآ ( )وأن و وا‬ ‫ن أراذل أ دا وأ ظ م‬

‫ر‬

‫ر م( ا ط ن ) وء( وء ا ذھب وا‬ ‫)ا‬ ) ‫د ر ول‬ ‫د‬ ‫و ود و أ ل أو ء‬ ‫ظ،و ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن م ل‬ (‫ون‬ .‫را ـ ـ‬

‫د‬

"He only enjoins you" The Satan "evil and indecency" evil religious beliefs against the best of the creation of Allahazwj – Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahazwj – and fight against the Mastership of the best of the Guardiansasws of Allahazwj after Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahsaww "and that you may speak against Allah what you do not know" in the imamate of the one whom Allahazwj did not Send the Imamate, and the one whom Heazwj has Made to be an enemy, and magnify him, and disbelieve by it (what has been sent).

‫ت‬ ‫د‬

:( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫رآن ا ظ م، وا ر ت‬

‫ا م(: ل ر ول‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا ن، وا‬ .‫ا ن وا و ن‬

)‫ن‬ ‫ر‬

‫نا‬ ‫343 ـ ل‬ ‫ن، و ر ت‬ ‫ا قأ‬ ‫ا و ن، و ظ ت‬

Imam Ali Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Isaww have been preferred over all the people, and been honoured over all the Prophetsasws, and have been made to be special by the Great Quran, and have been made to be prestigious by Aliasws the Chief of the Trusteesasws, have been magnified by hisasws Shiites being better than the Shiites of the other Prophetsasws and other Trusteesasws'.

‫ل‬ ‫دي‬ ‫وا وا و‬ ‫م‬ ‫وا‬

‫أ‬

‫ر ا ري ز د. ت: ر و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫د ل‬ : ‫و ل‬ ‫،و ك ر‬ ‫لأ ك‬ ‫دأ لذك ك‬ : ‫ا رك ؟ ل‬ ‫،و‬ ‫وا ا‬ ‫،و‬ ‫وادوا ا‬ ‫، وأ رك ا ھم أن‬ ‫ظ و ظم‬ ‫وأن‬ ‫س و ة رد ا دا ن إ‬ ‫وا ا رب‬ ‫، وأن‬ ‫دوا ا‬
17 out of 62

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫د‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا س و وده‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ،‫ذب‬ ‫ا دق‬ ‫ن، وا دھم‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ل واز ن ا ؤ ن، و‬ ‫ا زو ن وأ ف‬ ‫س و وده ا ردة أ‬

‫وا أ‬ ‫، وأن‬ ‫را‬ ‫ل، وا ذي‬ ‫وا ذ ك ن ا‬

‫دو‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ذا ھ م‬

‫م ا داوة داء‬ ‫ا ن، و‬ ‫ل، وا‬ ‫وا م‬ ،‫ن‬ ‫واز ن ا‬ .‫ن‬ ‫ا‬

And Heazwj Said to mesaww: 'O Muhammadsaww! Be thankful for Myazwj Bounties to yousaww, a lot'. Isaww said: 'O mysaww Lordazwj! What is the best one that Isaww should be thankful for to Youazwj?' Allahazwj Said to mesaww: 'O Muhammadsaww! The best of that which Iazwj Gave to yousaww is the Magnificence of yoursaww brother Aliasws, and yousaww should tell the rest of Myazwj servants to revere himasws and revere hisasws Shiites. And, Iazwj Order yousaww to tell them not to be inimical except for Myazwj sake, and not to have hatred except for Myazwj sake, and not to have friendship except for Myazwj sake. And, they should declare war on Ibleesla and the stubborn ones who call to Myazwj opposition, and make to be enemies those that are the enemies of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws, And, they should make their best weapon against Ibleesla and hisla army, by giving superiority to Muhammadsaww over all of the Prophetsasws, and by giving superiority of Aliasws over the rest of the communities altogether, and have the belief that theyasws are truthful, and never lie, and are wise and are never ignorant, and are aware and are never unaware. And by loving themasws, the scales of the believers will be heavier, and by harbouring hatred for themasws, the scales of the Nasibis will be lighter. When they (believers) do that, it will be a great defeat for Ibleesla and hisla army of stubborn ones who will be chained and become the weakest of the weak.

‫ن‬

‫آ ء أو و‬

‫ا‬

‫وا ل‬

‫أ زل‬

‫و زو ل: " واذا ل م ا وا‬ " :‫دون‬ ‫و‬ ‫ون‬ ‫آ ؤھم‬

The Words of the Almighty "And when it is said to them, Follow what Allah has revealed, they say: Nay! we follow what we found our fathers upon. What! and though their fathers had no sense at all, nor did they follow the right way" – VERSE 170

‫ل )واذا ل‬ ) ‫وا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن آ ؤھم‬

‫ن ط وات ا ط ن‬ ‫ا م(: و ف ھؤ ء ا‬ ) ‫443 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫وآ (، و‬ )‫د‬ ‫نو ف‬ ‫أ زل‬ ‫م( وا إ‬ ‫وا ا ر ول، و وا إ ا ر ول‬ ‫، وذ ر‬ ‫م(، وو ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ ء ن ا د ن وا ذھب " دوا‬ ‫و د‬ " :‫وا‬ ‫رم‬ ‫زو ل: )أو و‬ ‫، ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫وآ ( و ذة‬ ) ‫ر ول‬ .‫ن ا واب‬ ‫دون( إ‬ ‫و‬ ) ‫ون ـ‬ ‫ون( ـ‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'Allahazwj Described the characteristics of the followers of the footsteps of the Satan. Heazwj Said: "And when it is said to them" come to what Allahazwj has Sent down in Hisazwj Book from the characteristics of Muhammadsaww, and the features of Aliasws, and the characteristics of hisasws virtues, and the mention of hisasws qualities, and to the Messengersaww. And, come to the Messengersaww to the acceptance from himsaww what hesaww orders you to. They said: 'Sufficient for us is what we found with us from the religion of our fathers'. They follow their fathers in opposition to the Messenger of Allahsaww and the enmity to Aliasws the Guardian from Allahazwj. Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "What! and though their fathers had no sense at all" did not know "nor did they follow the right way" to anything from the right.

‫د‬ :( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫ا م(: ل ر ول‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫543 ـ ل‬ ‫ا م( ر ، و و وا ذ ن ا ذوا أر‬ )‫نأ ط ب‬ ‫ا وا أ وو‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م د ن ، وء‬ ‫ن‬ ‫لآ ما رن ، نا دد‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ن دون‬ ‫أ لز‬ ‫زو ل ل أ‬ ‫، وا وا أن‬ ‫ن ، و ون ن ا راء ا س‬ ‫ـ نـأ لز‬ ‫ه ووا أو ءه و دى أ داءه‬ ‫ر ، ل ـ ـ: ن وا ه و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫زو ل‬ ‫أھ ل ا ت‬ ‫، و ن أد ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫، و ن أ رف أو‬ ‫، و ل أ واب ا ن د : و‬ ‫ء‬ ‫، د ل‬ ‫أ وا ، وأ‬ ‫ا‬ .‫؟‬ ‫ن‬ ‫؟ أم‬ ‫أم د‬
Imam Ali Bin Al-Husaynasws said that the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O servants of Allahazwj! Follow mysaww brother and mysaww Trustee Ali Bin Abu Talibasws by the order of Allahazwj. And do not be like those who take lords apart from Allahazwj in their emulation (Taqleed) of their ignorant fathers who have disbelieved in Allahazwj, for their emulators (Muqallideen) are from those that do not know the religion of Allahazwj and get engulfed by the Wrath from Allahazwj and become captives of Ibleesla. And know, that Allahazwj the Almighty has Made mysaww brother Aliasws to be the best adornment of mysaww Familyasws. Allahazwj Says: 'Whoever befriends himasws and hisasws friends, to be hisasws friends, and be an enemy to hisasws enemies, will be made to be an adornment in Myazwj Paradise, and from the prestigious ones of Myazwj Friends and Special ones. And, one who loves usasws the People of the Householdasws, Allahazwj the Almighty will Open for him all doors of Paradise, to enter in it from which ever one of them, and all the doors will call out to him: 'O Friend of Allahazwj, will you not enter by me?' Will you not make me special from between us?'

‫م‬

‫م‬

‫ا د ء و داء‬

‫ق‬

‫ل ا ذى‬

‫زو ل: " و ل ا ذ ن روا‬ " ‫ون‬

‫و‬ ‫م‬

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19 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII The Words of the Almighty "And the parable of those who disbelieve is as the parable of one who calls out to that which hears no more than a call and a cry; deaf, dumb (and) blind, so they do not understand" – VERSE 171

،‫م‬ ‫(ـ‬

(‫زو ل )و ل ا ذ ن روا‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ) ‫643 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫ـ ) ل ا ذي ق‬ ‫ـ وات‬ ‫دو‬ ‫وا ذھم داد ن دون‬ ‫ث، و ن ن ا‬ ‫ثا‬ ‫م راد‬ (‫ـ )ا د ء و داء‬ ‫وت‬ ‫م ا داد ن دون ، وا داد و ء ا ذ ن وھم‬ ‫( ن ا دى ا‬ ‫) م م‬ ‫دن ) م‬ ‫م‬ ‫اذن‬ ‫ف ، و وھم ب أ ل ا‬ ‫ء ر‬ ‫م، و‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ا م(: ھ ذا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫زو ل. ل‬ ‫ون( أ ر‬ ‫، ھ م أ ع ا س و ة رد ، وف‬ ( ‫وآ‬ )‫د‬ ‫ب ھل ت‬ ‫ا‬ . ‫رون إ ا و‬

‫د م‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said that Allahazwj the Almighty Says: "And the parable of those who disbelieve" in their worshipping to the idols and their taking others as equal from other than Muhammadsaww and Aliasws "is as the parable of one who calls out to that which hears no more" does not hear the voice "than a call and a cry" does not understand what is wanted from him, when the helpers come over for his help "deaf, dumb (and) blind" from the guidance due to their worshipping of the others apart from Allahazwj. In addition, they name them with the names of the best Caliphsasws of Allahazwj and entitle them with the titles of the preferable Imamsasws whom Allahazwj has Appointed for the establishment of the Religion of Allahazwj "so they do not understand" the Order of Allahazwj the Almighty. Imam Ali Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'This Verse is regarding the idol worshippers, and the Nasibis who hate the People of the Householdasws of Muhammadsaww the Prophetsaww of Allahazwj. They are the followers of Ibleesla and obedient to hisla stubborn ones. Soon they will be taken to the Abyss'.

‫ن ا ط ن ا ر م، ن ن‬ ‫(: وذوا‬ : ‫. أ درون ھ ؟ أ ھ زا‬ ‫و‬ ‫م ن‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م د‬ ‫ول و ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ذوا‬ ، ‫وا أو ء و وا أ داء‬ ‫و داو ، ن ن أ ب أ داء د دا‬

‫وذ‬

‫وآ‬ ) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫ذه ـ و وذوا ـ ن ھ زا و‬ ‫أھل ا ت. وا: ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وآ (: ن‬ )‫ل‬ ‫ذوا ن‬ ، ‫و داوة أو‬ .‫رئ‬ ‫زو ل‬ ‫راء، و‬

‫743 ـ م‬ ‫أ‬ ‫و م‬ ‫و ز م؟‬ ‫أ دا‬ ‫و ن‬

Then the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Seek refuge with Allahazwj from the Outcast Satan, for the one who seeks refuge with Allahazwj, Allahazwj Grants him refuge. And seek refuge from hisla slandering, blowing and whispering. Do

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20 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII you know what this is? As for hisla slandering, it is when you harbour in your hearts the hatred for usasws the People of the Householdasws'. They said: 'How can we harbour hatred for yousaww after having realised yourasws places with Allahazwj and yourasws stations?' Hesaww said: 'If you hate ourasws friends and love ourasws enemies. Seek refuge with Allahazwj from the love of ourasws enemies and the enmity to ourasws friends. Seek refuge from hating usasws and being ourasws enemies, for the one who loves ourasws enemies is ourasws enemy and weasws are away from him, and Allahazwj the Almighty is Away from him'.

‫و زو ل: " ا ا ذ ن آ وا وا ن ط ت رز م وا روا ان م ا ه دون‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن ا طر ر غ و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫وا دم و م ا ز ر و اھل‬ ‫ما‬ ‫رم‬ ‫*ا‬ " ‫ور ر م‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ام‬
The Words of the Almighty "O you who believe! eat of the good things that We have provided you with, and give thanks to Allah if Him it is that you serve. He has only forbidden you what dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that over which any other (name) than (that of) Allah has been invoked; but whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring, nor exceeding the limit, no sin shall be upon him; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful" – VERSES 172 TO 173

‫د‬ ‫زو ل: ) أ ا ذ ن آ وا( و د ، و وة‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ) ‫843 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫: ) وا ن ط ت رز م وا روا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وآ ( ر ول ، و‬ ) ‫ذ ك رور ا ط ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫دو‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫رز م‬ ( (‫ا م‬ ) ‫دو‬ ‫أ مو‬ ‫دد م‬ ‫زو ل، م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا ردة‬ .‫م‬ ‫مو‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ردة ا ط ن ن ، وأ ذ م‬ ‫دد‬
Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said that Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "O you who believe" in the Unity of Allahazwj, and the Prophet-hood of Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahazwj, and in the Imamate of Aliasws the Guardian from Allahazwj "eat of the good things that We have provided you with, and give thanks to Allah" on the sustenance that Allahazwj has Given to you as well as for being rewarded with the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws. Allahazwj has Established you by that to keep you safe from the mischief of the Satans stubborn, and when you renew the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws on yourselves, the Curses of Allahazwj get renewed on the stubborn Satans, and Allahazwj Gives you Refuge from their blowing and whisperings.

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21 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ون‬ ‫م؟ ل: ھ‬ ‫وآ ( ل: ر ول و‬ ‫ر ل‬ ‫ون‬ ‫د ود ه، و د‬ ‫ھ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ون ن وھ وه أن أ دا ن‬ ‫ون ؟ ھو‬ ‫أ د‬ ) ‫دا‬ ‫ـو ـ ل ل‬ ،‫أھل ا ت‬ ‫ا ء وق ا رض و زاد‬ ‫ل‬ ، ‫ھذه ا‬

) ‫ن ا ذي‬ ‫. أ درون‬ ‫، أو دل‬ ‫د وق‬ . ‫ا‬

‫ر ول‬ ‫دا ب ا‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا ب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ھذه ا‬ ‫وآ ( م آل‬ ‫ور ا س وا ر‬

When the Messenger of Allahsaww said this, they said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! What are their blowings?' Hesaww said: 'This is what hela blows in the human when he is angry, which leads him to destruction in his religion and in his world, and blows into him in conditions other than anger and gets him to be destroyed. Do you know the most severe form of all the blowings? This is when hela blows into a person that a man from this community is higher than usasws, or equal to usasws -the People of the Householdasws. No, by Allahazwj! but, Allahazwj has Made Muhammadsaww, then the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww to be higher than the whole of this community, just like Allahazwj Made the sky to be above the earth, and like the intensity of the light of the sun and the moon over the light of the distant stars'.

‫د ا رآن أ‬ ‫: ن رى أ د م أن‬ ‫وآ (: وأ‬ ،‫دور‬ ‫زو ل ل ذ ر أھل ا ت ء‬ ‫، ن‬ ‫ة‬ .‫ت‬ ‫وزار وا ذ وب، و ط رة ن ا وب و‬

) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫ن ذ ر أھل ا ت و ن ا‬ ‫و ل ا وات‬

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'And as for the whisperings, it is when you think that after the Quran, there is anything else which will be a healing for him other than the remembrance of the People of the Householdasws and from sending salutations upon usasws. This is because Allahazwj the Almighty has Made ourasws remembrance as a healing for the hearts, and Made the salutations upon usasws to be an erasing for the burden of sins, and a cleansing of faults and increasing of the good deeds'.

‫مإ ه‬

‫م إ ه دون( ـ أي إن‬ .‫م ا ط ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫دو‬

‫زو ل: )إن‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫نأ ر م ط‬ ‫ط‬

) ‫943 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫روا‬ ‫دون ـ‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said that Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "if Him it is that you serve" meaning, if it is Himazwj that you worship then be thankful for the bounties of Allahazwj by being obedient to Hisazwj Orders, communicated to you from Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws goodly Caliphsasws.

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22 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

،

‫ث أذن‬ ‫ناذ‬

‫ن‬

‫ذ‬ ‫ت فأ‬ ‫ر ( ذ رإ م ر‬ . ‫ا ذوھ ن دون‬

‫ما (ا‬ ‫رم‬ ‫م ل زو ل: )إ‬ ‫)وا دم و م ا ز ر( أن وه )و أھل‬ ‫أ دادھم ا‬ ‫رب ا ر‬ ‫وھ ا‬

Then the Almightyazwj Said: "He has only forbidden you what dies of itself" died open-mouthed without having been slaughtered, from whatever the Permission of Allahazwj was in that "and blood, and flesh of swine" for you to eat it "and that over which any other (name) than (that of) Allah has been invoked" a name other than that of Allahazwj mentioned over it from the slaughter, for then you will be near to the infidels by the names of their idols which they have taken (as their lord) apart from Allahazwj.

‫د‬

‫ن ھ ذه ا ر ت ) ر غ( وھ و ر غ ـ‬ ‫م ل زو ل: ) ن ا طر( إ‬ ‫، أو إ‬ ‫وة ن س‬ ‫د وال طل‬ ‫د( و‬ ‫إ م ھدى )و‬ ‫ا رورة ـ‬ ‫ور ر م( ر و م أ‬ ‫ء )إن‬ ‫ول ھ ذه ا‬ ( ‫ن س م) إ م‬ .‫ا ر ء‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا ؤ ون، ر م م ن أ ح م ا رورة‬

The Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "but whoever is driven to necessity" to anything from those Forbidden things "not desiring" and he is not desirous - in his necessities – on the Imamasws of Guidance "nor exceeding the limit" nor aggressively say falsehood in the prophet-hood of one who is not a Prophetasws, or imamate of one who is not an Imamasws "no sin shall be upon him" in the eating of these things "surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful" by Veiling your faults, O you believers, Hisazwj Mercy is extended to you when it becomes necessary for you, what Heazwj had Prohibited to you in your ease'.

‫د‬ ‫ا رم‬

:( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫ا م(: ل ر ول‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫053 ـ ل‬ ‫د أ ظم‬ ‫آل‬ ‫ما ؤ ن ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫وا وا أن‬ ‫ا وا ا ر ت‬ ‫أ ب أ د م أن ل م أ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ب‬ ‫لو :"و‬ ‫نا ، ل‬ ‫ا ؤن ن‬ ‫أ دم‬ ‫ر م أ ـ ن أن‬ ‫مـ‬ ‫رھ وه " وإن ا دم أ ف‬ ‫وأ ه ا ؤ ن وا ط ن‬ ‫ذ د أھ ك‬ ،‫ط ن ر‬ ‫وآ ( إ‬ )‫د‬ . ‫إ‬ ‫ا ذي و‬

Imam Ali Bin Al-Husaynasws said that the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'O servants of Allahsaww! Be afraid of all the Prohibitions and know that your backbiting of your believing brother from the Shiites of the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww is greater than the Prohibition of eating the dead meat. Allahazwj Says: "nor let some of you backbite others. Does one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? But you abhor it" – 49:12 And the blood is less important to you – in the prohibition of its consumption – than informing anything about your believing brother from the Shiites of Muhammadsaww to a king, for he would have destroyed himself, and his believing brother and the king that he informed to.

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23 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

،‫أھ ل ا ت‬

‫م‬

‫،و‬ ‫رن‬

‫ره‬ ‫با‬

‫ن ظ م ن‬ ‫ن، و‬ ‫ءا‬

‫ر‬

‫وإن م ا ز ر أ ف‬ ‫ن ه‬ ‫و م‬

And the Prohibition of the consumption of the flesh of the swine is much less than to magnify one who has been Belittled by Allahazwj. And to award names to those who have been identified by Allahazwj as mischief makers, with ourasws names of the People of the Householdasws and to entitle them with ourasws titles those who have been titled as wrong-doers.

‫ء أ دا‬

‫ة‬

‫أو‬

‫دوا‬

‫م ن أن‬ ، ‫م‬

‫ر‬ ‫م‬

‫ر أ ف‬ ‫اھل‬ ‫ن و إذا م ن‬

‫وإن‬ ‫ا‬

And as for the prohibition of consuming that, on which a name other than that of Allahazwj has been recited, is far less to you than if you recite the name of ourasws enemies who have usurped ourasws rights, in the sermons of marriage and Prayers, if there is no Taqqiya on you.

‫( ن‬

‫د إم‬ ‫إذا زا ت ا‬

‫ن ھذه ا ر ت ) ر غ و‬ ‫د ط‬ ‫ر ت وھو‬

‫زو ل: ) ن ا طر( إ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن ھذه ا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ا طره ا و إ‬ . ‫إم‬

Allahazwj the Almighty Says: "but whoever is driven to necessity" to anything from these Prohibitions "not desiring, nor exceeding the limit, no sin shall be upon him" from necessity, he eats something from these Prohibitions, and he is a believer in the obedience of Allahazwj, and if done out of compulsion (Taqqiya), there is no sin on him.

‫ك ن‬ ‫ر‬ ‫، أو‬ ‫و‬ .

‫ذك ا‬ ،‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ءا ر‬ ‫م ا‬

‫أو ن‬ ‫ض ا ؤ ن، د‬ ‫و ذ ك ن ا طر إ ا و‬ ‫نا‬ ‫أ وه ا ؤ ن أو و‬ ‫ن، و ن و‬ ‫ا رنا‬ ‫ذب ، و ن ظم‬ ‫ر ن و ا‬ ‫و ده‬ ‫وو‬ ‫،و ن ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ظم دن‬ ‫أوھم ا زراء‬ ‫و‬ ‫ذ ك، ن‬ ‫م ، إم‬ ‫،و ن لأ‬

And similarly, one is under compulsion to speak ill against a believer, in order to defend him and himself from destruction from the infidels and the Nasibis, and one who informs about his believing brother or a group of the Muslims who want to kill them, and informs about a fault which he knows is not false, and magnifies one who has been Belittled by the Order of Allahazwj or has been Made to be great in the religion of Allahazwj, and is in Taqqiya (dissimulation), and one names with honourable names when in fear for www.hubeali.com 24 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII himself, and one who accepts their orders in Taqqiya, there is no sin on him in that, because Allahazwj and Widened for him the scope of Taqqiya.

‫ة‬ ‫ن‬

‫نإ ا‬ ‫ودد ل ف ضا‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ده و ل: أ ذر إ ك‬ ، ‫م( د رف ذ ك‬ .‫ت و دي‬ ‫أ ، وو ذك‬

‫ا م( إ‬ ‫ا‬ )‫ر‬ ،‫ف ن‬

) ‫153 ـ ظر ا ر‬ ‫نا‬ ‫وأ ن ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر ول‬

Imam Al-Baqiraswssaw one of hisaswsShiites Praying behind an adversary and he realised that Imam Al-Baqirasws had seen him. He went to himasws and said: 'I present my excuse to you, O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww for having Prayed behind that particular man, for I was in Taqqiya, otherwise I would have Prayed alone'.

‫د‬ ،‫ت‬ ‫ك ذاك وإن‬ ‫، وا م أن‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ز ك د‬

‫ا ؤن‬

‫ج أن ذر و ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا م( : أ‬ )‫ر‬ ‫ك، و ن إ‬ ‫وا ر ن ا‬ ‫ا وات ا‬ ‫و دك‬ ‫ة و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ب ك‬ ‫ك أن ون‬ ‫رض‬ ، ‫تا‬ ‫ت ر‬

‫ل ا‬ ‫زا ت‬ ‫أ ر أن‬ . ‫أ دا‬

Imam Al-Baqirasws said to him : 'O myasws brother! Had you avoided it, then you would be in need of presenting an excuse. O believing servant of Allahazwj! The Angels of the seven heavens and the seven earths send salutations on you, and curse that imam of yours. And Allahazwj has Ordered that for your Praying behind him in Taqqiya, the equivalent of seven hundred Prayers be written down for you which you would have Prayed alone. There is Taqqiya upon you. And know, that Allahazwj Abhors the one who avoids it (Taqqiya) just like Heazwj Abhors the one who rejects it. Do not be pleased for yourself that your status with Allahazwj should be the same as for Hisazwj enemies' (by avoiding Taqqiya).

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫م(: ـ‬

‫ما‬

)‫م‬

‫ن‬

‫ب ن م‬

‫ـ‬

IN THE PUNISHMENT FOR HIDING SOMETHING FROM THEIRasws VIRTUES

‫او ك‬ ‫ن ا ب و رون‬ ‫ون أ زل‬ ‫زو ل: " ان ا ذ ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫و ز م و م ذاب ا م * او ك ا ذ ن‬ ‫وم ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫طو م ا ا ر و‬ ‫ون‬ ‫زل ا ب‬ ‫ا ر*ذك ن‬ ‫أ رھم‬ ‫رة‬ ‫دى وا ذاب‬ ‫ا روا ا‬ "‫ق د‬ ‫ق وان ا ذ ن ا وا ا ب‬
The Words of the Almighty "Surely those who conceal any part of the Book that Allah has revealed and take for it a small price, they eat nothing but fire into their bellies, and Allah will not speak to them on the day of resurrection, nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful chastisement. These are they who buy error for the right direction and chastisement for forgiveness; how bold they are to encounter fire. This is because Allah has revealed the Book with the truth; and surely those who go against the Book are in a great opposition." – VERSES 174 TO 176

‫أھ ل ا ت: )إن‬ ( ‫وآ‬ ‫نـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ل د‬ ‫د‬

‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زو ل‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ‫ذر ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن ا ب( ا‬ )‫د‬ ‫ا و ن )و رون‬ (‫ا م‬ ) ‫اد‬ ‫را، و وا‬ ‫ناد‬ ‫ر‬

) ‫253 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫ون أ زل‬ ‫اذن‬ ‫ا ن، و ل‬ ‫ذوا‬ ‫و‬ ( . ‫ر‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'Allahazwj Said in Describing the characteristics of those that conceal ourasws virtues of the People of the Householdasws: "Surely those who conceal any part of the Book that Allah has revealed" containing the mention of the superiority of Muhammadsaww on all the Prophetsasws, and the superiority of Aliasws on all the Trustees "and take for it" for their concealment "a small price" They conceal them in order to take some land of this world and intend by it to govern the ignorant servants of Allahazwj.

‫مـ‬ ‫م‬

‫نـإ‬ ‫م ن‬

‫ـا ا ر" د‬ ‫م ر ل‬ (

‫ط و م ـ وم ا‬ ‫وم ا‬ ‫م‬

‫ون‬ ‫: " او ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م ا ق. )و‬ ‫ا ر ن اد‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ووا م‬

‫،و د م نأ ر‬

‫، وأ ر م ن د‬

‫رم ر‬

،‫و ز م و ول: س ا د أ م‬ . ‫ن د ، و د م ن وا‬

Allahazwj Says: "they eat nothing into their bellies" On the Day of Judgment "but fire" instead of the little they took from the world for the concealment of the truth. "and Allah will not speak to them on the day of resurrection" with good talk, but will Speak to them by Cursing and humiliating them, and Say: 'You are an evil servant, who overturned Myazwj sequence, and delayed the one whomasws Iazwj Placed to be first, and placed first the one whomla Iazwj Placed at the bottom (Rejected), and befriended Myazwj enemies and were inimical to Myazwj Friends.

‫دو‬ ‫ك ذ وب‬

‫وا ة‬ ، ‫د وآ‬ .‫ا ر‬

‫ل إذا رن‬ ‫ذوب و‬ ‫ز م( ن ذ و م، ن ا ذ وب إ‬ ‫ا زوال ن وا ة‬ ‫رن‬ (‫م ا م‬ ) ‫اط ن‬ ‫ظم. )و م ذاب أ م( و‬ ‫ف، وأ رام زا د، و و‬

‫)و‬ ‫وآ‬

"nor will He purify them" from their sins, because sins melt and vanish when there is the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and their goodly Progenyasws and if the Mastership of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws is not there, the sins get increased, and their crimes are multiplied, and their Punishment is greater. "and they shall have a painful chastisement" painful in the Fire.

‫دار ا وار‬ ‫ن ا دى وا ردى‬ ‫و‬ ‫دى( أ ذوا ا‬ ‫)او ك ا ذ ن ا روا ا‬ ‫وه‬ ‫رة( ا روا ا ذاب ا ذي ا‬ ‫د ن ا دة دار ا رار و ل ا رار. )وا ذاب‬ ‫ت ون م و وا وا أو ء ) أ رھم‬ ‫د ن ا رة ا‬ ‫وا م داء‬ .‫م ذاب ا ر‬ ‫ل و ب‬ ‫ا ر( أ رأھم‬
"These are they who buy error for the right direction" They took darkness instead of guidance and a place in the House of Destruction in exchange of happiness in the House of Bliss and the place of the good people. "and chastisement for forgiveness" bought Punishment which they deserved for befriending the enemies of Allahazwj in exchange for the Forgiveness they would have received by befriending the Friends of Allahazwj "how bold they are to encounter fire" what gave them the audacity to perform deeds which obligated upon them the Punishment of the Fire.

‫م، وزوا م‬ ‫م‬ ‫م وإ را م‬ ‫ھو ء‬ ‫ذ ك ا ذاب ا ذي و ب‬ (‫)ذ ك‬ ‫زل ا ب ق( زل ا ب‬ ‫.) ن‬ ‫د ،أ و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن وا ة د ق‬ ‫ن، زل ا ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ن و ب ا د ن، و رع‬ ‫فا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا ذي و د‬ ‫ط م. )وإن ا ذ ن ا وا ا ب( م ؤ وا ، ل‬ ‫مو‬ ‫ق أن و دون‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫دة ن‬

(‫د‬

‫ق‬

)

‫م: إ‬ .

‫ر، و‬ ‫ق ره‬

‫م: إ‬ ‫ر. و‬ ‫م: إ‬ ‫ق وھم‬ ‫ا ق، ن ا ق‬

"This is" meaning, that Punishment which was obligated on those due to their sins which emboldened them to oppose their Imamasws, and their declining the friendship of the Chief of the creation of Allahazwj after Muhammadsaww Hisazwj Prophetsaww, hissaww brother and one with hisazwj qualities. "because Allah has revealed the Book with the truth" Sent down the Book which Promised Punishment to the one who opposed the rightful and stayed away from the truthful, and followed the mischief makers. Heazwj Sent down the Book with the truth, that the Promised Punishment will come and there is no error in that. "and surely those who go against the Book" they do not believe in it. Some of them say: 'This is sorcery'. Some of them: 'This is poetry'. Some of them: 'This is foretelling "are in a great opposition." opposition, far from the truth. When they doubt the truth, their perception takes them further in the opposite direction.

‫و‬ ‫مـ‬ ‫ـ‬

‫و‬

‫،و د‬ ‫أ داء ، وا‬

‫م‬

‫م(: ھ ذه أ وال ن‬ ‫ب و ،و‬ ‫و‬

)‫ن‬ ‫وأ ن ظ‬ ‫و‬

‫ا‬

‫نا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫،و ب‬ ‫ز ، وا‬

Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'This is the situation of the one who conceals ourasws virtues, and fights against ourasws rights, and names himself with ourasws names, and entitles himself with ourasws titles and helps those who are unjust to usasws in usurping ourasws rights, and gives our wealth to ourasws enemies, without being compelled by Taqqiya, and the fear for himself, and his wealth, and his status.

‫رة وا‬ ‫وا ا‬ ‫م، و‬ ‫وا ا و و‬ ‫ا م( ر ن‬ )‫أ را ؤ ن‬ ‫رد م و ظ م: د ل‬ ‫ن ط رب‬ ‫طر‬ ‫ا ر‬ ‫د ، وو‬ . (‫ا م‬ )‫را ؤ ن‬ ‫ر ن و ن، ل‬ ‫نأ ن‬ ، ‫ز‬ ‫إ‬ ، ‫، وم م‬

، ‫ر‬ ‫وا‬ ‫م، و د م ذ ك‬ ‫، وط أ دھ‬ ‫نأ‬ ‫و ط‬ ‫م ن‬ ‫ل: د وھ‬ .‫ذاب د د ر ن‬

Fear Allahazwj, group of ourasws Shiites! Do not stay away from usasws when there is no Taqqiya for you, and do not be with usasws when Taqqiya prevents you (from usasws). Iasws will now relate to you a narration regarding that will give you advice and admonishment. A couple of men from the companions of the Commander of the Faithfulasws came over. One had stepped on a snake and was bitten by it, and the other was passing by a wall and a scorpion fell on him and bit him. They were both

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII under life-threatening conditions and were crying. They were brought to the Commander of the Faithfulasws. Heasws said: 'Leave them, for their time is not yet (to be cured), and their efforts are not complete (punishment is not over)'. They were carried to their houses where they remained in great difficulties for two months.

‫أ دي‬ ‫إ ، وا س و ون: و ن‬ ، ‫ا م( ث إ‬ ) ‫م إن أ ر ا ؤ ن‬ : ‫ذاب د د. ل‬ ‫؟ : ن م ظ م، و‬ ‫: ف‬ ‫. ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ . ‫ط أ ر ، و ظ م وزر‬ ‫ن ـ ل ـ ذ ب أدا إ ھ ذا، و وذا‬ ‫ا را‬ ‫: و ف ذ ك أ ر ا ؤ ن؟‬
Then the Commander of the Faithfulasws sent for them. People carried them to himasws, and some of them said: 'They will both die on the hands of those that are carrying them'. (When they arrived alive) Heasws said to them both: 'How is your condition?' They said: 'We are in great pain and harsh punishment'. Heasws said to them: 'Ask forgiveness from Allahazwj from all the sins that have resulted in this, and seek refuge in Allahazwj from what has resulted in your rewards being confiscated and afflictions being increased'. They said: 'And how is that, O Commander of the Faithfulasws?'

‫ن ـ وأ ل‬ ‫إ ذ :أ أ ت‬ ‫ا م(: ا ب وا د‬ )‫ـ‬ ‫لـ‬ ‫، م‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ـ ن وط ن‬ ‫نا ر ـر‬ ‫أ دھ ـ ذ ر وم ز‬ ‫و دك و ك، أ ر ن‬ ‫أھ ك و‬ ‫كو‬ ‫وف‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ك ن ا رد وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫د أن رى زر‬ ،‫ك‬ ‫، ذ ك أ ك. ن أردت أن ز ل‬ ‫أكا‬ ‫ك أو أھ ك أو و دك أو‬ ‫ر ، إ أن ف‬ ‫ر ظ را بإ‬ ‫در‬ .‫ك‬
Imam Aliasws said: 'What had happened for each one of you was but for your sins. As for you, O so and so – addressing one of them – do you remember the day a person winked on Salman the Persianar and chided himasws for being a friend of oursasws? You were neither prevented from refuting that due to fear for yourself, and nor for your family, and nor your children, and your wealth. But you remained silent due to embarrassment, and that is why you are in affliction. Iasws wish Allahazwj should pass this away from you. Have the belief that from now on you will not tolerate the belittling of any of ourasws friends, and if you have the power to help him in his absence, you will do so, unless you have fear for your self or your family or your children or your wealth' (under conditions of Taqqiya).

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫. لأ ذ ر ثأ ل‬ !‫ر ؟‬ ‫؟ ل ك: و وم ذا‬ ‫ت ھ ذا‬ . ، ‫طر‬ ‫ذى، ذا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫، وأ ز‬ ‫ل ،و‬ ‫د أن‬ ،‫ن ھ ذا‬ .

‫د‬

‫ر‬

:‫ك؟ ل‬ ‫ك‬

‫ر: ت، أ دري‬ ‫و ل‬ ‫، تإ‬ ‫رة ن ا‬ ‫وأ ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫أ وم و‬ ‫ت :و‬ ‫، وآذاه، و دده و دد‬ ‫رو ر ،و‬ ‫، مإ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫طت ك ھ ذه ا . ن، أردت أن‬ ‫و م‬ ‫ف‬ ‫رة أ دا‬ ‫د ن وا‬

‫أ‬

‫ك‬

‫أ‬

And heasws said to the other one: 'You, do you know why you have been afflicted with what you have been afflicted?' He said: 'No'. Do you remember that you met myasws servant Qanbar in the presence of a particular person. You stood up in his respect which you did not offer to that fellow – he said to you: 'You are standing for this one in my presence? You said to him: 'Why should I not stand for the one for whom the Angels of Allahazwj spread their wings, for him on the road to walk on?' When you said this to him, he stood up and beat Qanbar, and shouted insults, and hurt him, threatening him and measws, and this grieved measws. This is why this scorpion settled on you. If you intend, that Allahazwj should Grant you health from this, have the belief that you will not act like this with ourasws friends in the presence of ourasws enemies, when there is fear for usasws or to him from them'.

‫م ن وم‬ ‫وآ ( ن‬ ) ‫ا ان ر ول‬ ‫أ ف زء ن إ‬ ‫ر زء ن‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ض ن‬ ‫ـ نـ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫، و م ا ؤ ن، و د ن وم وم‬ ‫،و‬ ‫م أن ذ ك ل ض أ داء‬ . ‫و ل ذك‬ ‫ف‬ ‫م ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ف‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ن‬
‘When Iasws used to visit the Messenger of Allahsaww, sitting (with others), despite myasws higher status, hesaww never used to stand up for measws, like hesaww would do that for some others who did not even have a part of a hundred thousandth of the virtues that Iasws have. This was because, hesaww knew that some of the enemies of Allahazwj would be enraged at himsaww, and enraged at measws, and enraged at the believers. But hesaww used to stand up (in my respect) when there was no fear for himselfsaww or to measws'.

‫زو ل: " س ا ران و وا و وھ م ل ا رق وا رب و ن ا ر ن آ ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ذوى ا ر وا‬ ‫وا ب وا ن وآ ا ل‬ ‫وا وم ا ر وا‬ ‫ن و ا ر ب وأ م ا وة وآ ا ز وة وا و ون دھم اذا ھ دوا‬ ‫وا ن ا ل وا‬ " ‫ر ن ا ء وا راء و ن ا س او ك ا ذ ن د وا واو ك ھم ا ون‬ ‫وا‬
The Words of the Almighty "It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the last day and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and give away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and the beggars

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII and for (the emancipation of) the captives, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in time of conflicts-- these are they who are true (to themselves) and these are they who guard (against evil)" – VERSE 177

(‫ا م(: ) س ا ر أن و وا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ) ‫353 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫ا م( وأ ر ن‬ ) ‫ل‬ ( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫ل: إن ر ول‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رى‬ ‫وأ ر د و ، وو ا ود وا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫زو ل، وأ ن ن‬ ‫در‬ ،‫م‬ ‫مو‬ ‫م‬ (‫م ا م‬ ) ‫وآ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫م ذر‬ ‫رھم، و‬ .‫م‬ ‫رى‬ ‫رت ا ود وا‬
Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said that the Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws, regarding the above Verse "It is not righteousness that you turn" said: 'When the Messenger of Allahsaww informed about the superiority of Aliasws and hisasws majesty with hisasws Lordazwj the Almighty, and the superiority of hisasws Shiites and those to hisasws call, and rebuked the Jews and the Christians for their infidelity, and their concealing the mention of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws Progenyasws in their Books, and theirasws virtues and their goodness, the Jews and Christians expressed their pride towards himsaww.

‫، وھ‬

‫ةإ‬

‫ا ل‬

‫ن‬

‫رة، و‬

‫ةا‬

‫ھذه ا‬

‫إ‬ .

‫ت ا ود ": د‬ ‫و ا أر‬

The Jews said: 'We have Prayed a lot towards our direction, and there are some among us who have Prayed all night long, and our direction is Musaas which heas has ordered it to be'.

،

‫ةإ‬

‫ا ل‬

‫ن‬

‫رة، و‬

‫ةا‬

‫ھ ذه ا‬ .

‫إ‬

‫رى: د‬ ‫ا أر‬

‫و تا‬ ‫وھ‬

The Christians said: 'We have Prayed a lot towards our direction, and there are some among us who have Prayed all night long, and our direction is Isaas which heas has ordered it to be'.

‫إ‬

‫وا‬

‫رة، و‬

‫ھذه ا‬

‫طل أ‬

‫و ل ل وا د ن ا ر ن: أ رى ر‬ !‫وأ ؟‬ ‫ھواه‬ ‫دا‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII And each of the two groups said: 'Do you see our Lordazwj Invalidating these numerous deeds of ours, and our Prayers to our directions simply because we do not follow Muhammadsaww on his self desires, and hissaww brotherasws?'

‫ا ن‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وآ ( ) س ا ر( ا ط‬ )‫د‬ ‫: ل‬ ‫زل‬ ،‫م ) ل ا رق( أ ا رى‬ (‫ون ا ران وا ر وان. )أن و وا و وھ م‬ ‫و‬ .‫ظون‬ ‫و‬ ‫ون و‬ ‫)و( ل )ا رب( أ ا ود، وأ م ر‬
Allahazwj Sent down: 'Say, O Muhammadsaww! "It is not righteousness" obedience which will take one to Paradise and make one to be deserving of being Forgiven and to attain Divine Pleasure. "that you turn your faces towards" by your Prayers "the East" O you Christians "and" in the direction of "the West" O you Jews, and you are both against the Order of Allahazwj and oppose the Guardian of Allahazwj'.

‫د، ظ م ن ء و رم ن‬ ‫ا وا د ا د، ا رد ا‬ ( ‫)و ن ا ر ن آ ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وآ ن ب )ا وم ا ر( وم ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و ن ن ء و ذ ، راد ره، و‬ ‫ن، وا‬ ‫د او‬ ‫أ وه وو‬ ‫د د ا ر ن و ده‬ ‫أ ل ن وا‬ ‫ت ا م، ھو وإ وا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫أ واره، ر‬ ‫د أ د إ أ ءت‬ ‫رھ ن‬ ‫دأ د‬ ‫رھ ن أ داء‬ ‫،و‬ ‫ون إ ، وا دا ون ا د‬ ‫وأزوا وذر وا‬ ، ‫ده ود و ذھ‬ ‫إ ا ذاب ا م ھ و و ر ؤه‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫إ‬ .‫ـ‬ ‫مـ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫وا ر ون وا ا د إ‬
"But righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah" that Heazwj is One, the First, the Last, Heazwj Magnifies Whomsoever Heazwj so Desires to, and Make to be prestigious whomsoever Heazwj Desires to, and Belittles whomsoever Heazwj Desires to and Disgraces him. There is none who can repel Hissaww Order, and none who can overturn Hisazwj Order and be secure. "And the last day" The Day of Judgment in which the highest one will be Muhammadsaww the Chief of the Messengersasws and after himasws will be Aliasws, hissaww brother and hissaww Trustee, the Chief of the Trustees. The Day in which not a single Shiite will be present, but rays of light will illuminate from him, immersed in which he will go to the Gardens of Bliss, him, along with his brothers and his wives and his progeny and those that were good to him, defended him in the world. Not a singe of the enemies of Muhammadsaww will be present there, but covered in darkness, and dragged towards the painful Punishment, him along with those who held the same beliefs and religion, and his near ones who were associated with him during the times when Taqqiya was not applicable (conditions of non-dissimulation).

،‫ء‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫د‬

‫دو‬ ‫أ داء‬ ‫،و‬ ‫، وإ إ أ داء‬ ‫و‬

‫و‬ ‫دو‬ ‫دي ا ن : إ ، إ أو ء‬ ‫وا‬ ‫دو‬ ‫أو ء‬ :‫. و دي ا ران‬ ‫وأھل‬ . ‫و‬ ‫و‬

The Gardens will call out: 'Come here to us, come here to us, O friends of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws Shiites. Stay away from us O enemies of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and those who opposed themasws'. And the Fires will call out: 'Away, away, friends of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws Shiites, and come to us, come to us enemies of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws Shiites'.

‫ن‬

‫ا د ول إ‬ ‫إن‬ ‫دو‬

‫، وأن ذ‬ ‫أر ط‬ ‫إن‬ ‫دو‬ :‫. و ول ا ران‬ ‫م وأھ و‬ ‫، ر‬ . ‫دا‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫ر‬ ‫ن را‬ ‫، وأن رق‬

:‫وم ول ا ن‬ ‫ا‬ ، ‫د‬ ‫أر ط‬

The Day in which the Gardens will say: 'O Muhammadsaww and O Aliasws! Allahazwj has Ordered us to be in yourasws obedience. And if youasws allow us to enter, we will allow anyone youasws wish, so fill us up with yourasws Shiites. Welcome to them'. The Fires will say: 'O Muhammadsaww and O Aliasws. Allahazwj has Ordered us to be in yourasws obedience. And If youasws order us to burn anyone we shall burn him, so fill us up with yourasws enemies'.

،‫زو ل أ رھم‬ ‫ن ا رى إ ا رش‬ ‫ن، وا ن‬ ‫ما‬

‫ون‬ ،‫و ون‬ ‫م د‬ ‫(و نآ ن‬ ‫)وا‬ ‫د ر وا‬ ‫را م ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و ون ؤ رون، وإن أ رف أ‬ ‫ور وا‬ ‫د وآ ا ط ن، وا د ء ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ .‫ن‬ ‫ن دا م ا ھر ن وا‬

"And the angels" And believe in the Angels to be infallible servants, who do not disobey Allahazwj the Almighty in what Heazwj Orders them to, and they do not do that which Heazwj has not Ordered them to. And, the most prestigious deed which they have been Commanded to perform, according to their rank, from the bottom of the earth to the Throne, is to send Salutations on Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly Progenyasws, and supplicate for the Mercy of Allahazwj and Hisazwj Pleasure for theirasws pious Shiites, and to curse theirasws open enemies, the followers (the enemies) and the hypocrites.

) ‫ذر‬ ‫ن، و‬ .‫ن‬

‫دو‬

‫ل‬ ‫ذ ر‬ ‫ص أ دا ن ا‬ ‫ن ا د ن وا‬

، ‫ب ا ذي أ زل‬ ‫)وا ب( و ؤ ون‬ ‫و ن م‬ ‫ن وا و ن( وا‬ ‫ا م( د )ا‬ ‫ن ا ؤ ن، و ض ن‬ ‫وأط‬ ‫ل ن‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII "and the Book" and believe in the Book that Allahazwj has Sent down, containing the mention of the virtues of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws, the Chiefs of the Muslims and the Trustees, and the specialties which no one else has been made special with in the universe, and on the mention of the virtues of theirasws followers and obedient ones from the believers, and mention of the hatred from theirasws opponents from the enemies and the hypocrites.

‫ل‬ ‫ن، وأ م م د وا‬ ‫نأ مأ ل ق أ‬ ‫)وا ن( ـ و ن ـ آ ن‬ ‫ن؟ و‬ ‫را ؤ ن‬ ‫د ا و ن، و ل‬ ‫د ا ر ن، و ل‬ ‫أ ط‬ ‫ن، وإن‬ ‫ـ ـ‬ ‫ر نو‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫سأ د نا نإ‬ ‫وآ ( ن ا رف وا ل م م إ‬ ) ‫دا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫م، وأن‬ ‫اط ن‬ ‫وآ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ن ذ ك وز ره وأ ره أن م‬ ‫ن ن داود‬ ‫أ ط‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا ن، و أ ط ھ أ دا‬ ‫ا ب‬ ‫دا‬ . ‫ا أ ط‬ ‫" م ا ر ن ا ر م " رآھ أ رف ن‬ (‫ا م‬ )
"And the prophets" Believe in the Prophetsasws being the most preferable of the whole of Allahazwj's creation, and all of themasws are evidence of the superiority of Muhammadsaww the Chief of the Messengersasws, and the superiority of Aliasws the Chief of the Trusteesasws, and the superiority of theirasws Shiites over the rest of the believers of the Prophetsas. And they all confessed to the superiority of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws specialties and became Muslims by it. And Allahazwj has Given to Muhammadsaww the prestige and superiority that has not been Given to any one of the Prophetsasws, but Allahazwj Prevented themasws from that and shunned themasws Ordered themasws to submit to the superiority of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws goodly Progenyasws. Allahazwj Preferred Muhammadsaww by the 'Opening of the Book' (Al Fatiha) over all other Prophetsas, and did not Give this to any one before himsaww except for Suleyman Bin Dawoodas from it "In the Name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful", which heas regarded it to be the most prestigious of all his kingdom that was Given to himas.

‫د‬ ‫م‬

‫. ل‬ ‫ن ا واب‬ ‫د د‬

‫ا وھ‬ ‫إ أو ت‬ ‫أھ‬ ‫ن، ھذه‬

‫ر دي ن‬ ‫تإ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل: رب أ ر‬ ‫ون ذ ك و ن د و أ‬ ‫نو ف‬ : .‫ك‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ف أو ب ن دق ف‬ ‫أف‬ . ‫ا ب إ آ رھ‬ ‫ا ن، م‬

Heas (Suleyman) said: 'O Lordazwj! How prestigious are these Words, that Ias regard them to be better than all the kingdom that has been endowed to meas'. Allahazwj Said: 'O Suleymanas! And how can that not be so, for if any one were to Name Meazwj by these, Iazwj would Obligate upon him from the Rewards that are a thousand times greater than if one were to give in charity a thousand times your kingdom. O Suleymanas! This is one seventh (1/7) of what Iazwj www.hubeali.com 34 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII have Endowed to Muhammadsaww Chief of the Messengersasws, the complete 'Opening of the Book' up to the end'.

‫ن‬ ‫ك‬ ‫، روم‬ ‫آل‬ ‫س د‬

،‫أ ط ك‬ ‫نا‬ : ‫؟ ل‬ ‫ل: رب أ ذن أن أ ك‬ ‫، ر ك ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫دو‬ ‫در‬ ‫د، وإ ك أن رح‬ ‫رف‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د ا رة ا أ ر أن‬ ‫أ ر ت آدم ن ك ا ن ا رح در‬ ‫،و رأ‬ ‫د، وأ ر أ‬ ‫رة أ‬ ‫، وھ‬ ‫أن ون‬ ‫ـ در ـ را م وأ وا م، إ‬ ‫وأ‬ ‫در را م، و‬ ‫د‬ .(‫د‬ ‫ل دي‬ ‫ن ن در ت ا‬ )

Heas said: 'O Lordazwj! Permit meas to ask Youazwj for the whole of it?' Allahazwj Said: 'O Suleymanas! Be content with what Iazwj have Given youas, for youas will never reach the prestige of Muhammadsaww. And beware of suggesting to Meazwj for the level of Muhammadsaww, and hissaww superiority and hissaww majesty, or else Iazwj will throw youas away from youras kingdom just the way Iazwj threw Adamasws away from that Garden when heasws desired reach the level of Muhammadsaww by approaching to the tree which Iazwj had Ordered himas not to go near it, as that was exclusive for My superior onesasws. And this tree, the root of it is Muhammadsaww and its largest branch is Aliasws and the rest of its branches are the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww in accordance with theirasws status, and its leaves are the Shiites of theirasws community in accordance with their status and conditions. O Suleymanas! It is not for anyone to have these levels of virtues with Meazwj that are for Muhammadsaww'.

‫ت‬

‫ت، و‬

‫ت ور‬

‫رب‬

:‫ل‬

.

.

‫رز‬ .‫د‬

‫ن: رب‬ ‫د ل در ت‬

‫د ذك ل‬ ‫و ت أن س‬

Upon hearing that, Suleymanas said: 'O Lordazwj! Make measws to be content with what Youazwj have Given to measws'. Heazwj Made himas to be content with that. Heas said: 'O Lordazwj! I submit and am pleased and content and know that the levels of Muhammadsaww are not for anyone else.

، ‫إ‬ ‫ل و دة‬ ‫ن نا ؤ ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا راء ھد‬ ‫. )ذوي ا ر ( أ ط را ا‬ ‫أي‬ ‫د و را و‬ ‫ل د أ م ن ا د ، وآ را‬ ‫رھم‬ ‫د ، وآ‬ ،‫ھ م ا راء را‬ ‫ن‬ . ‫زا ط‬ ‫ن ا س. )وا ن ا ل( ا‬ .‫وا‬ ‫م ؤدوا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ون ا د ت. )و ا ر ب( ا‬

‫(أ ط‬ ‫)وآ ا ل‬ ،‫ا ر‬ ‫لا ةو‬ ‫زو‬ ‫د ، ن‬ ‫أو را‬ ‫( وآ ا‬ ‫ل أراد. )وا‬ (‫ن‬ ‫. )وا‬ ‫د و‬ ‫ون و‬ ‫ن( ا ذ ن‬ ‫)وا‬

"And give away wealth out of love for Him" Give for Allahazwj to the deserving from the believers who love Himazwj, the wealth, as he has an extreme need of

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII it, hopes for life and fears poverty and it is correct "and to the near of kin" give to the near ones of the Prophetsaww, the poor, as a gift for they are far from receiving charity, for Allahazwj has Made them to be above from being recipients of charity. And, give to the near ones of yourself charity in whatever way you intend to. "and the orphans" and give to the orphans from the Clan of Hashimasws, the poor of them, but not charity. However, give to the other orphans charity. "and the needy" the needy from the people "and the wayfarer" the travellers who do not have the means "and the beggars" those who ask for charity "and for (the emancipation of) the captives" who have an agreed price for their freedom.

‫دد ا رار و د ، و وة‬ ،‫ل ا وا ة‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل: ن م ن‬ ‫، وا راف وا ب و أھل ا ت و‬ ‫وآ (، و ر‬ ) ‫ر ا ن، و وا ة أو ، و داة أ دا ، وا راءة‬ ‫د‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر ـ آل ـ ا ن و‬ ‫لإ و‬ ‫م وذوي را م و ودا م، ن و‬ ‫ن ن، آ ءھم وأ‬ ‫م‬ . ‫و داة أ دا‬ ‫أو‬
Heasws said: 'As for the one who does not have the wealth to help his brothers, should renew his acceptance in the Unity of Allahazwj, and the Prophet-hood of Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahsaww, and recite ourasws virtues, and recognise ourasws rights the People of the Householdasws and ourasws superiority over the rest of the Progenies of the Prophetsas and the superiority of Muhammadsaww over the rest of the Prophetsas, and befriend ourasws friends, and enmity towards ourasws enemies, and stay away from them whoever they may be, their fathers or mothers or near ones or friends, for the friendship of Allahazwj cannot be attained except by befriending Hisazwj Friends and being inimical to Hisazwj enemies.

‫د ر ول‬

، ‫د‬

‫ة دودھ ، و م أن أ ر دودھ ا د ول‬ ‫)وأ م ا وة( ل: وا ر، ر ن أ م ا‬ ‫وا وا ة‬ ‫وآ ( د ده وإ‬ )‫د‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫وا روج‬ ‫ر، وأ ل أھ ل دار ا رار د ا‬ ‫د ا رار، و د ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا و ء وأ ل ا‬ .‫ر‬ ‫از ا‬

"and keep up prayer" Heasws said: 'And the righteousness, more rightful is the one who establishes the Prayer by its limits, and knows that the biggest limit by which you can enter into it and exit out of it (Prayer) is to recognise the superiority of Muhammadsaww Chief of the male and female slaves (of Allahazwj) and the Master-ship of the Chief of the Trusteesasws and the highest of the Pious Aliasws Chief of the good people, and the Guide of the best people, and the best one of the House of Bliss after the Prophetsaww the Pure, the Chosen one.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

، ‫ز ة د و‬ ‫ز‬ ،‫إذا ت‬ ‫دا‬ . ‫ر‬ ‫، و دح‬ ‫و ه، و ون ر‬ ‫، ود‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل رذ ، و ن ا‬ .

‫ل‬ ‫لا‬ ‫مد‬ ‫ط‬ ‫د‬

‫وا ا ؤ ن، ن م‬ ‫)وآ ا ز وة( ا وا‬ ‫وا ط ن ن آ إذا در، و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫وھ و أن‬ ‫وا ن إذا ز ت، وا داء إذا وا، و ر د‬ ‫ور‬ ‫لا‬ ‫د ود ه، و‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫أ وا ا‬ ‫،و ظ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ا ذي رض ـ‬ ‫ما ذن نا‬ ‫وب‬ ‫و د وا ، و ن ا‬ ‫و ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م او ت إ‬ ‫ط د م ا وق ن أھ و‬

‫ن‬

"And pay the poor-rate" The obligatory to the believing brothers. As for the one who does not have the wealth, should purify himself by the Zakaat of his body and his intellect, by manifesting the virtues of Aliasws and the goodly from hisasws Progenyasws as per his ability, and should utilise Taqqiya during afflictions when they occur, and tribulations when they descend, and the enemies when they overcome, and interact with the people in such a way that his religion is not affected nor his honour. And, he safeguards his religion and his world by the utilisation of Taqqiya, and makes his self to be more in the obedience of his Masterazwj and protects the honour which Allahazwj has Obligated upon him to protect. And, safeguards his wealth, which Allahazwj Wants him to protect, and his religion and his honour and his body. Curse be upon those who have taken characteristics of disgrace and they repel the rights from the rightful-onesasws and submit to the master-ship of those who are not deserving of it.

‫ون ن‬ ، ‫م‬

‫م ل: )وا و ون دھم إذا ھدوا( ل: و ن أ ظ م ودھم أن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ءا ر‬ ‫وا ا‬ ‫، وأن‬ ‫،و ل ن‬ ‫رف ن ر‬ ‫را‬ ‫وا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن ا ذ ن وا ن دل‬ ‫ر ن وا ر ن ا‬ ‫نا‬ ‫، ا ذ ن وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر وا ن د‬ ‫، وا ر ن‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا وا ن‬ .‫ر ن ا رد ن‬ ‫م نا‬ ‫ن وا‬

‫روا‬

Then Heazwj Said: "and the performers of their promise when they make a promise" and the ones who magnify their promises should not veil what they know from the one who has been Made to be prestigious by Allahazwj, and the virtues of the ones who have been Made virtuous by Allahazwj, and should not give prestigious names to the ones not deserving of them from the ‘AlMuqasreen wal Musrafeen’ (Reducers and the Extravagant), the Straying ones who strayed from the evidence of Allahazwj. And, they attributed false attributes to those who have been Given Higher Status by Allahazwj by Hisazwj Honour, and the deniers – who even after understanding the theirasws evidence and theirasws signs (rejected them), as they named the ‘Reducers and the stubborn’ with theirasws names.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ر ا داء، و دو ر أ دى ن إ س‬ (‫ء‬ (‫د وآ ا ط ن ) م ا م(. )وا راء‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وإ ھم‬ ‫ر‬ ،‫د‬ ‫إ ا ف ن أ داء آل‬ ،‫ن ر ا ؤ ن‬ ‫دد ذ ر و ا ط ن‬ ‫ذه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م ،و‬ ) ‫د ر ول‬ ‫د دة ا ل ذ ر ، و‬ . ‫أو ء ، و دي ذ ك أ داء‬ ‫و‬ ‫، و وا‬

‫رن‬ ‫م ل: )وا‬ ‫و رد ، ف ، و د‬ ‫ا ر وا دة، و ر أ د‬ ‫ذه ن‬ ‫ذ ك، و رى‬ (‫ا ط ھر ن. )و ن ا س‬ ‫و‬ ‫وآ ( و‬

‫ا‬

Then Heazwj Said: "and the patient in distress" meaning during the wars with their enemies, and there is no bigger enemy than Ibleesla and hisla stubborn ones, whom they will be at war with, and they should repel themla with salutations upon Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly Progenyasws. "and affliction" poverty and hardship, and there is no poverty greater than the poverty of a believer who has to ask for his need from an enemy of the Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww. He should be patient on that and should look at that which he takes as booty and curse them (enemies of Ahlul Bayiatasws) and should seek help on the renewal of the remembrance of the Mastership of the goodly and the Purifiedasws. "and in time of conflicts" in times of lots of killings should remember Allahazwj and send Salutations on Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahazwj and on Aliasws the Guardian from Allahazwj and befriend themasws with his heart and his tongue the Guardians from Allahazwj and be inimical, similarly, to the enemies of Allahazwj.

(‫ا ذ ن د وا‬ ‫ت ا ذ رھ ، وا و و ون‬ ‫زو ل: )او ك( أھل ھذه ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن ذاب ا ر، و‬ ‫م. )وأو ك ھم ا ون( أ روا‬ ‫م د وا أ و م‬ ‫إ‬ .‫ن رور ا وا ب ا ر‬ ‫أ روا‬
Allahazwj the Almighty Said: "these" who have just been described and mentioned above, have been Described as "they who are true (to themselves)" in their faith and truthful in their speech and deeds. "and these are they who guard (against evil)" when Ordered to be guard from the Punishment of the Fire, and when they are told to guard against the mischief of the Nasibis, the infidels.

‫د‬ ‫ر وا د‬ ‫ا ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ف ن‬ ‫نذك‬ ‫روف وأداء ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ص وة او ا ب‬ ‫ذاب أ م و م ا‬

‫و زو ل: " أ ا ذ ن آ وا‬ ‫نأ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ن ا دى د ذ ك‬ ‫ر م ور‬ " ‫ون‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII The Words of the Almighty "O you who believe! ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) is prescribed for you in the matter of the slain, the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female, but if any remission is made to any one by his (aggrieved) brother, then prosecution (for the bloodwit) should be made according to usage, and payment should be made to him in a good manner; this is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy; so whoever exceeds the limit after this he shall have a painful chastisement. And there is life for you in (the law of) ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation), O men of understanding, that you may guard yourselves" VERSES 178 & 179

‫ا م(. ) أ ا ذ ن آ وا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ل طر ق ا ول ا ذي‬ ‫واة، وأن ك‬ . ‫( ل ا رأة رأة إذا‬

‫م( : ل‬ ‫ا‬ ( ‫د وا‬

‫ا‬ )‫م‬ ‫ص ا‬ ‫ر وا د‬

‫453 ـ ل ا‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ب‬ ‫)ا ر‬

Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said that Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: "O you who believe! ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) is prescribed for you in the matter of the slain" meaning, equality. The method used by the killer to kill, he should also be killed in the same manner "the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female" the female should kill the female.

‫ھ و وو ا ول أن د ا د‬ ‫ـ ا ل ـ ور‬ ‫ن‬ ‫)ا ط ، و( ص ) روف وأداء( ن )ا و ( ا ل‬ ‫ف ن ر م ور ( إذا أ ز أن و‬ ‫ـ )ذ ك‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫طب س‬ ‫و م ن إ ا ل أو ا و‬ ، ‫ذھ‬ .‫م ا ل ن ا ل‬ ‫ذه ن‬

( ‫نأ‬ ‫) ن‬ ‫) ع( ن ا و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ره و‬ (‫ن‬ ) ‫د‬ ‫و ا ول ن ا ل‬ ‫وض‬ ‫و‬ ‫و ا ول‬

"but if any remission is made to any one" The one who excuses the killer, and his successor is also happy with this, and that the killer will be excused by the payment of the blood money "by his (aggrieved) brother" from the successors "then prosecution (for the bloodwit) should be made" for the killing "and payment should be made to him in a good manner" No avoiding it, or delaying it "this is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy" The Permission has been given to the successor of the murdered to excuse the killer by taking the blood money. Had this not been the case, very few killers would have been excused by the successors of the murdered ones, for the killing.

‫وه‬ ‫اد‬

‫د‬

‫لا ل‬ ‫زو ل، و‬

‫ذه ن ا د‬ ‫ا رة د‬

‫) ن ا دى د ذ ك( ن ا دى د ا و ن ا ل‬ (‫ذاب أ م‬ ) ‫ھو‬ ‫ذ ور‬ ‫د ا‬ . ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ا ل‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII "so whoever exceeds the limit after this" After having excused the killer by having taken the blood money from him (the killer) and having excused him by this and being happy with this, abandons this and kills him "he shall have a painful chastisement" in the hereafter with Allahazwj the Almighty, and in this world he will be killed by the law of ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation), for it was not permissible for him to kill the killer.

‫ص‬ ‫ص وة( ن ن ھم ل رف أ‬ ‫د) ا‬ ‫م( أ‬ ،‫ا ذي أراد أن ل‬ ‫، و ة ذا ا‬ ‫ل ن ة ذي ـ ن ـ ھم‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ل‬ ‫رأون‬ ‫ص وا ب‬ ‫س، إذا وا أن ا‬ ." ‫ا ول " م ون‬

‫زو ل: )و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫، ف ذك ن ا‬ ‫و ة رھ ن ا‬ ‫) أو ا ب( أو‬

The Almighty Said: "And there is life for you in (the law of) ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation)" O community of Muhammadsaww! Because, the one who intends to kill would know that ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) would be imposed upon him, and will stay away from that killing. In this way the intended murderer and the intended victim both remain alive. And, there is life for others among the people, when they know that the law of ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) is an obligation, they would not dare to kill in the fear of ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) "O men of understanding" people of intellect "that you may guard yourselves"

‫اد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ھو أ ظم ن‬

‫ن‬

‫م‬

‫ص‬ ‫ھ ذا‬ ‫و بـ ـ‬

‫ا‬ ‫553 ـ ل‬ ‫ا م( : د‬ )‫ن‬ ‫و ون رو ، أو أ م ظم ن ھذا ا ل، و‬ . ‫ن ر ول‬ :‫ص؟ وا‬ ‫ھذا ا‬

Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'Servants of Allahazwj! This is the ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) for your killings when you kill in this world, and destroy his soul. Shall Iasws give you the news that which is greater than this killing, and that which Allahazwj has Obligated upon the killer to be punished by far greater that this ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation)?' They said: 'Yes, (inform us) O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww!'

‫ده أ دا. وا: ھو؟ ل: أن‬ ‫ر، و‬ ‫ل: أ ظم ن ھذا ا ل أن‬ ، ‫ر ل‬ ‫و ك‬ ‫ن أ ط ب وات‬ ‫دو نو‬ ‫ن وة‬ ‫،و د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م ود‬ ‫ا م( وا ول‬ ) ‫ع طر ق أ داء‬ ‫و ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫د ھ ذا ا ول‬ ‫ط وا ب ظ . ذا ھ و ا ل ا ذي ھ و‬ ‫،و‬ .‫ر م‬ ‫م، دا دا أ دا زاء ھذا ا ل ل ذ ك ا ود‬
Heasws said: 'Greater than this killing is the one after which there is no correction and there is no life after it ever'. They said: 'What is that?' Heasws said: 'When you lead astray someone from the Prophet-hood of

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII Muhammadsaww and from the Mastership of Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws, and direct him to a way other than the way of Allahazwj, and entice him to follow the way of the enemies of Aliasws and the speech of their imams and dispel Aliasws from hisasws rights, and fight against hisasws virtues, and does not care about following the obligation of hisasws reverence. This is the killing for which the killed one will abide eternally in the Fire of Hell. And the recompense for this killing is that, the killer will also abide eternally in the Fire of Hell'.

‫لأ‬ ‫م طب‬ ‫ت ذر‬

‫ا م( ر ل ز م أ‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫653 ـ و د ء ر ل و إ‬ ‫وا ، ن‬ ‫ظم‬ ‫أن و‬ ‫ص، و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رف، و ب‬ ‫ص: إن‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا م( د و ا دم ا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ذ ك. ل‬ ) ‫، وا ر ھذا ا ذ ب. ل: ن ر ول‬ ‫ب ھذه ا‬ ‫ذا ا ر ل ك‬ .‫ن ل وا دي‬ ‫ـ ـ أن أ و‬ ‫قو ن م‬ ( ‫وآ‬

One day, a man came over to the Imam Aliasws Bin Al Husaynasws, and with him was another man who he considered to be the murderer of his father. He confessed, and ‘Qassaas’ (retaliation) became obligatory upon him. Heasws asked him to excuse him so that Allahazwj may magnify his Rewards. He did not agree to this. Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said to the claimant, and the successor, and the one deserving the blood money: 'If you remember any right that his man has over you then endow him this blood money, and forgive him for this sin'. He said: 'O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww! He does have a right on me but it is not great enough for me to forgive him for killing my father'.

‫و وت‬ . (‫م‬ ) ‫ما‬

‫اد‬ ‫أن أ‬ ‫ك؟ ل: ن ر ول‬ ) ‫ن أ ط ب وا‬

‫ل: ر د ذا؟ ل: أر د ا ود ن أراد‬ ‫نا‬ ‫. ل‬ ‫ا م(: ذا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫و د و وة ر ول ، وإ‬ ( ‫وآ‬

Heasws said: 'What is it that you want?' He said: 'I want blood money. If he wants to reach an agreement over the blood money, I am prepared to do this and forgive him. Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'What is your right on him?' He said: 'O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww! He introduced me to the Unity of Allahazwj and the Prophet-hood of the Messenger of Allahsaww, and the Imamate of Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws and the (Divine) Imamsasws'.

‫د ء أھ ل‬ ‫وا‬

‫و ، ھ ذا‬ ‫م ا م( إن‬

!‫دم أ ك؟‬ ) ‫ءوـا‬

‫ا م(: ذا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا رض م ن ا و ن وا ر ن وى ـ ا‬ . :‫د ؟ ل‬ ‫د م ، أو‬

Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws asked: 'Is this not sufficient for the blood of your father? Yes, by Allahazwj! This is enough for the blood of all the people of www.hubeali.com 41 out of 62

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII the earth from the former ones to the later ones except for the Prophetsasws and the Imamsasws if you were to kill themasws this will not cover anything for theirasws blood. (In your case) are you content from him (what you benefitted from him) for the blood money?'

‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬

‫أ ذل ك ا د‬ ‫ك‬ ‫واب‬ ‫ا م( ل : أ ل‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ج إ ، وأ ت‬ ‫وآ ( أ‬ ) ‫ن ا ل؟ ل ن ر ول‬ ‫و ن و ھذا. ل‬ ‫و ،و‬ ‫ظ ، وذ إ ھذا ا ول أ‬ ‫ذو‬ ‫ا‬ :‫م ل أ ب إ ك ن زو ك ن واب ھ ذا ا ن؟ ل‬ : (‫ا م‬ )‫ن‬ . ‫ن ر ول‬

Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said to the killer: 'Would you like to give to measws the Rewards of your introduction to him, so that I can get this blood money away from you and save you from being killed?' He said: 'O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww! I have need for this, and youasws are in no need for it, for my sins are great, and my sin against the ‘killed one’ is also between me and him, and is not between me and this successor of his'. Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'Are you submitting that your death is more beloved to you then the passing away of the Rewards of this introduction of yours?' He said: 'Yes, O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww'.

‫ل ن ذ ھذا إ ك، و ن طو‬ ‫د‬ :‫م( و ا ول‬ ‫رت و ت ر ق‬ ‫أ ك إن‬ ، ‫،و ر كا‬ ،‫ا دا ، وأ ذك ن ذا ا دا م‬ ‫و ب ك‬ ‫إ ك؟! د‬ ‫إ‬ ‫زاءا‬ ‫أن و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫أن‬ ‫، وإ أن‬ ‫ن اد‬ ‫وآ ( ر‬ ‫و ك نذك‬ ‫د ث دو ك، و‬ ‫، مأ د‬ ‫و ا رت . ل ا : ن ر ول : د وت‬ .‫د ث‬ ‫ن ر ول‬ ‫ك أ ره، د‬ ‫و‬

‫ا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ل أ ك ر ذة ا د‬ ‫ا ن، و ك إ ن‬ ‫فـأ فـ‬ ) ‫ن ل ر ول‬ ‫أ ذل ك ا د‬ ‫ر ن اد‬ ‫إ ا ءو‬

‫ل‬ ،‫ك‬ ‫ك‬ ‫كأ‬ ‫دث‬ ‫و‬ ‫دث‬ ‫،و‬

‫أ‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬

Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said to the successor of the murdered one: 'O servant of Allahsaww! Compare this sin of his to you, and his introduction for you. The killing of your father has prevented him from the pleasures of this world and prevented you to enjoy in this world. If you were to be patient on this you will be a friend of your father in Paradise, for this introduction has obligated on the eternal Paradise of Allahazwj on you, and has saved you from eternal Punishment. This favour of his on you is much, much more than the blood money to you. And, if you were to forgive him for this favour of his extended to you, Iasws will narrate to you a Hadeeth from the virtues of the Messenger of Allahsaww which is better for both of you than this world and all that is in it. And, if you do not excuse him until you take from him the blood money, Iasws will correct you,

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII then Iasws will narrate the Hadeeth to other than you and you will miss from that Hadeeth that which is better than the world and all that is in it, provided you take a lesson from it. He said: 'O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww! I forgive him without blood money, and without anything except for the Face of Allahazwj, and yourasws intercession in Hisazwj Order. Narrate to us, O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww, the Hadeeth'.

‫ثإ ا س‬ ( ‫وآ‬ ) ‫ا م(: إن ر ول‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ل‬ ، ‫ت ا و ود رد‬ ،‫را‬ ‫ذ و را‬ ‫إ‬ ‫را و ذ را، ودا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ف ن ورده‬ ‫د ق‬ ‫وا ز ون رون د ، ن ر د‬ ) ‫ر ول‬ ‫إ‬ ‫رأ ب ق‬ ‫ث أن‬ ، ‫زا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وآ ( ن آ و ظ ر‬ ‫د وره‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م، وء‬ ‫م و ره‬ ‫د‬ ‫د‬ ‫،و ن‬ ‫وأ ر م‬ .‫ورة ا ھ ن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ده وھو ن ا‬
Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'When the Messenger of Allahsaww was Sent to the people with truth as a giver of good news and as a Warner, and called to Allahazwj by Hisazwj Permission, and was an illuminating lamp, people started coming in groups, and there were large numbers in discussion (of the new religion). As for the one who intended to seek the truth, came to the Messenger of Allahsaww and witnessed the Signs and the Miracles that were manifested in front of him, accepted them and became one of the beloved of the creation of Allahazwj and honoured by himsaww. And the one who harboured enmity came over to dispute, despite having the knowledge, and was arrogant due to what he knew, and became deserving of curses upon curses, for having displayed the face of enmity, and he was from the knowing ones, and put on the face of the ignorant.

‫ون‬ ‫رون و م‬ ‫دون‬ ‫و ز طوا ف م‬ ‫ن ن د ر ول‬ ‫ون و رة وس‬ ‫رى وأر‬ ‫ر ود و‬ ‫ون، ن م‬ ‫ون‬ ‫م زل‬ ‫ط و رون ن ر ا رب‬ ‫و رة و و رة راھ و رة دھر‬ :‫ن ر م‬ ‫وآ ( و ا زل ن ر ا‬ ) ‫ر ول‬ ‫ل ورودھم‬ .‫ر ن ر، و ب ن ا رت، وا داد ن ا ود، و ل‬
Some groups came over to the Messenger of Allahsaww, and in them were those who harboured enmity and arrogance, and in them were those who were seeking (the Truth), and were people of understanding. Among them were seven Jews, and five Christians, and four Sabeans, and ten Magians, and ten Dualists, and ten Brahmins, and ten Eternalists, and twenty from the Arab Polytheists, gathered together in a place before coming over to the Messenger of Allahsaww, and it was the place of a good Muslim man. Among them was Ammar Bin Yasserar, and Khabab Bin Al-Arat, and Al-Miqdad Bin Al-Aswad, and Bilal'.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

،‫ن ا ت‬ ‫وآ ( و د‬ ) ‫أ ف ا ر ن د ون ن ر ول‬ ‫، وھ وا‬ ‫ھذا ا زل را ن أ‬ ‫م: إن‬ ‫زات، ل‬ ‫نا‬ ‫وذ ر‬ ‫د‬ ‫ض أ وا‬ ‫م‬ ‫أن ف ن‬ ، ‫ھد‬ ‫ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫إ م‬ ‫ب‬ ‫د؟ وا: ، ن ن أ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و ذ ، ءوا إ م، ر وا م و وا: أ م ن أ‬ ‫وم ا د ن، و ن و ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫لا‬ ‫وص‬ ‫د د ا و ن وا ر ن، وا‬ ‫، م‬ ‫دن ن و ،آ ذن ن‬ ‫روه م وه إ‬ ، ‫أ‬ ،‫ن‬ ‫ا ن، و م ا رم، و ل ا‬
Different types of infidels had gathered and narrated from the Messenger of Allahsaww and what came from hissaww hands of the Signs, and mentioned the miracles. One of them said: 'With us in this place are a number of hissaww companions. Let us speak to them before seeing himsaww so that we may come to know of hissaww condition of truth and lies'. They went to them and said: 'You are from the companions of Muhammadsaww?' They said: 'Yes, we are from the companions of Muhammadsaww, Chief of the former ones and the later ones, who has been made to be special by the superiority of having the right of intercession on the Day of Judgment. And, if Allahazwj was to gather together all the Prophetsas to be in hissaww presence, they will all benefit from hissaww knowledge and learn from hissaww wisdom. Allahazwj has ended Prophet-hood with himsaww, and completed with himsaww prestige, and completed with himsaww goodness'.

،‫ة‬

‫، وأن م ا‬ ‫ب أن وا‬ ‫ا م( أ ه د‬ ‫نا ذن‬ ‫ا‬

‫رك‬ ‫د؟ وا: أ ر أن د و ده‬ ‫ذا أ ر م‬ :‫وا‬ ‫د‬ ‫إ‬ ‫م، و‬ ‫و ؤ ا ز ة، و ل ا ر م، و ف‬ ) ‫دا د ا و ن وا ر ن، وأن‬ ‫إ ، وأن د و رف أن‬ ‫ھم ا‬ ‫و ن‬ ‫ا و ن، وأن ا ط ن ن ذر ا‬ .‫م و وا م‬ ‫ط م وأ زم‬ ‫أو ب‬

They said: 'What has Muhammadsaww ordered you to?' They said: 'Hesaww has ordered us to serve One Allahazwj and not associate anything with Himazwj, and to establish Salat, and to give the Zakaat, and to have good relations, and to be just to the people, and not to give to the servants of Allahazwj that which we do not love for our selves, and to believe and understand that Muhammadsaww is the Chief of the former ones and the later ones, and that Aliasws, hissaww brother, is the Chief of the Trusteesasws, and that the goodly from among hisasws Progenyasws have been specialised with Imamate. Theyasws are the Imamsasws on all those responsible on whom Allahazwj has Obligated to obey themasws and necessitated to follow themasws and be in theirasws Mastership'.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫د أن‬ ،‫ر م‬ ‫رف‬

‫س‬ ‫ظ ھرة، ود ل ھرة، وأ ور‬ ‫رف إ‬ ‫وا: ھؤ ء ھذه أ ور‬ ‫دي إ ، أ رأ م آ ت‬ ‫،و‬ ‫أ رة دل‬ ‫ز أ دا‬ ‫،و‬ ‫دل و‬ ‫،و‬ ‫ص‬ ‫و ، د رأ‬ :‫ت أ ز م؟ وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وص ر ت ا ؤ د ت ، ا‬ ‫أ ا‬ ‫ده ن ذاب ، و و ل‬ ‫ن م ، وا: ا ذي رأ وه؟‬ ‫ا‬

They said: 'O you, these are such affairs that cannot be understood without manifest proofs and illuminating evidence. No one can compel someone to accept these without providing such evidence to him, and correct Signs to him. Did you witness Signs which necessitates all this?' They said: 'Yes, by Allahazwj! We have seen such Signs from himsaww that there is no way out from the Punishment of Allahazwj if we were to fight against that, and we have realised that hesaww has been made special by the Messenger-ship of Allahazwj and been Given the Signs of Allahazwj, and been honoured by Allahazwj with Hisazwj Knowledge'. They said: 'What is it that you have seen?'

‫لإ‬ ‫د‬ :‫ك، ت‬ ‫د وأ‬ ، ‫ل ر ن ر: أ ا ذي رأ أ‬ ‫، ل ن د ؟ ل: . ت: ھ ؟ ل: إذا‬ ‫ءا ك ك‬ ‫ا دق ك ا‬ ‫، و د دك‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر د‬ ‫ر وا‬ ‫ت نا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫زك‬ ‫ر تإ‬ ‫ر رأ إ د : أ ا ر، أ ا ر، إن‬ ‫،و‬ ‫ن ر‬ ‫و . ر ت‬ :‫د ؟ ط ق ا ر وا ر‬ ‫ذا‬ ، ‫ر‬ ‫دك و ،و د ك‬ ‫دا د‬ . ‫وآ ( ر ول ر‬ ) ‫دا‬ ‫أ د أن‬
Ammar Bin Yasserar said: 'That which Iar have seen is this. Iar was in doubt and said: 'O Muhammadsaww! I have no way of ratifying yousaww when Iar have doubt in myar heart. Is there any evidence?' Hesaww said: 'Yes'. Iar said: 'What is that?' Hesaww said: 'Return to your house, ask whichever of the rocks and trees that you come across to ratify mysaww Messenger-ship. They will bear witness to you of mysaww Prophet-hood'. Iar returned, and there was not a rock that Iar came across and not a tree that Iar saw, except that Iar called out to it: 'O you rock, and O you tree! Muhammadsaww asks you to bear witness in hissaww Prophet-hood, and ratify hissaww Messenger-ship. What witness do you bear?' The rock and the tree spoke: 'I bear witness that Muhammadsaww is the Messenger of our Lordazwj!'

،‫م ھذا ا ر‬ ‫ـ ھذا آ ر و د ن ھذا ا ر ھذا ا و ، و ر و ن أن رز‬ ‫زات ا ظ ھرة وا ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ھذا ا د ث ا ر ف ا‬ ‫ذك ا ب ا ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫وات ا ك‬ ‫آ‬ ‫و‬ ،‫وة ا ر ا ذ ر وا راج ا ر‬ ‫ا ھرة ا ھدة‬ .‫ا رـ‬
This is the last of what has been found from this commentary on this subject. And, we beseech Allahazwj to Grant us the sustenance of the complete of this

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII commentary, and the total of that Great Book especially this Honourable Hadeeth containing the exoteric Miracles and the illuminating evidence bearing witness on the true Prophet-hood of the Giver of Good News and the Warner and the Illuminating Lamp, Salutations of Allahazwj be upon himsaww, the Great King.

‫ار ن ار م‬
In the Name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful

‫م‬

‫ـ وھ و آ ر‬

‫آ ر ن ھ ذه ا ورة أ‬

‫ر ن و‬

‫ـ ن ھذا ا‬

‫و إ‬

‫آ رـ‬ ‫ر‬

Another thing which has come to us, from this commentary from another topic from this Chapter as well – and this is another commentary

‫نر م"ا‬

‫وا‬

‫ح ان‬

‫م‬

‫:" س‬

‫و‬

The Words of the Almighty "There is no blame on you in seeking bounty from your Lord, so when you hasten on from "Arafat", then remember Allah near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones." – VERSE 198

.‫م‬

‫وا ك ا ؤ ن ا وا ن ك‬ ‫د ك‬ ‫رھم، و‬ ‫ؤ م، و ر‬

‫وآ (: ف‬ ) ‫753 ـ ل‬ ‫، ؤ‬ ‫و داوة أ دا ؟ ل: أراھم‬

Hesaww said: 'How do you find your heart to be towards your believing brothers, when they have love for both of themasws (Muhammadsaww and Aliasws) and are inimical to both their enemies?' He said: 'I see them as myself. Whatever hurts them, hurts me, and whatever makes them happy, makes me happy, and whatever grieves them grieves me'.

‫ل، ك د و ر ك ذ رت‬ ‫وآ (: ت إذا و‬ ) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫ن ك أت‬ ،‫ل ك‬ ‫ر ر كإ ن ن‬ ‫أ م أ دا ن ق‬ ‫ء، وأ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر ، ك نأ‬ ‫د ن ا وال رح ، و د ن ا و د وا ل‬ . ‫ا ط ن. رح ا ر ل و ل و‬ ‫وآ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ة‬ ‫أو ك‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'You are the Friend of Allahazwj, so do not worry, for you are such Rewards that none from the creation of Allahazwj has mentioned or known, except for the one who is like you. For what is with you from the wealth, be happy with it, and from the children and family, have good news by it, for you are the richest of the rich, and live by sending Salutations on Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws Progenyasws'. The man was happy and used to say that (salutations and Tabarrah on enemies of Ahlul Baytasws).

‫د ا وع وا طش. و ل أ وا رور: د‬ ‫ن د زودك‬ :‫ل ا ن أ ھ م ـ و د رآه ـ‬ ‫ر ا ر ل ا وق‬ ‫ط ل. و د‬ ‫و و‬ ‫ا ط ، أ ر‬ ‫دا‬ ‫زودك‬ .‫د‬ ‫ر: ھ م ط ز ذا ا رور‬ ‫را، ل أ دھ‬ ‫دو، و د‬
Ibn Abu Hakakam said, when he saw him: 'O so and so! Muhammadsaww has given you the provision of hunger and thirst'. And Abu Al-Sharoor said to him: 'Muhammadsaww has given you the provision of false aspirations. No matter how much you say this, no benefit will come out of it'. And when they came across this man in the market the next day, one of them said to the other: 'Come, let us mock this man who is under the deception of Muhammadsaww'.

:‫ر ا س ا وم ور وا، ذا ت ر ك؟ ل ا ر ل‬ ‫وآ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫تأ‬ ، ‫أ‬ ‫ري و‬ ‫زك‬ ‫، وا ت ا ر وا ر ن، و ك إ‬ ‫تا‬ ‫ذھ ك ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وإدام وأ وان ن أط‬ . ‫وا وع وا طش وا ري وا ذ‬

‫د‬ :‫ل أ وا رور‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ت ن ا ظ رة، و م ن‬ ‫ا ط ن. ل أ وا رور: د ر‬ ‫ط م نا‬ ‫دة ا وع‬ ‫د‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا ذ ن ز ون‬

‫دا‬

Abu Al-Sharoor said to him: 'O servant of Allahazwj! The people have done business here and profited. What was your business?' The man said: 'I was only looking, and I had nothing to buy with or to sell, but I have been sending Salutations on Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws goodly Progenyasws. Abu Al-Sharoor said to him: 'You have achieved disappointment, and gained deprivation, and scoops of hunger have preceded you to your house, with hunger on your table and wishful thinking. The Angels have brought to you what they bring to the companions of Muhammadsaww – disappointment, and the hunger, and the thirst, and nakedness and the humiliation'.

‫د ن، و ر‬ ‫نا‬ ‫نا‬ ‫دا ر ول ، وإن ن آ ن‬ ‫و إن‬ :‫ل ا ر ل‬ ، ‫ظر‬ ‫د و‬ ‫، و ن ق ون‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ء ن‬ ‫نآ ن‬ ،‫د أرا ت‬ ‫. م ث ا ر ل أن ر م ر ل ده‬ ‫م‬ ‫م ده أ‬ ‫وأ‬ ) ‫ب ر ول‬ .‫ھ ذا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل، أ وا رور وھو ط ز: ھذه ا‬ . :‫. ل‬ ‫د رت‬ ‫وآ ( ل ا ر ل: ا رھ‬

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII The man said: 'No, by Allahazwj! Surely Muhammadsaww is indeed the Messenger of Allahazwj! And, the one who believes in himsaww is from the rightful and the happy ones. Very soon, Allahazwj, for the one who believes in himsaww, will Grace him with whatever he so desires. And, the one who has been constrained by Hisazwj Justice and Favour, is to See who is the best in submitting to Hisazwj Orders'. Whilst this conversation was taking place, a man passed by who had a fish in his hand, which was giving-off bad odour. Abu AlSharoor said mockingly: 'Sell this fish to this companion of ours'. Implying companion of the Messenger of Allahsaww. The man with the fish said: 'Buy this from me'. The believer said: 'I have nothing with me'.

‫ط‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ـ‬

‫ر ول ـ وھو ط ز ـ أ ت ق ر ول ؟ أ‬ ‫راھ دا ن‬ .‫دا ق‬ ‫. ل ا ر ل: د‬ ‫وآ (. ث إ ر ول ، ر ر ول ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫رورا درھم و ل: إ أ‬ ‫ء ار ل ر‬

‫ل أ وا رور: ا رھ ؤدي‬ ‫ھذا ا در؟ ل: م‬ ‫إ‬ ) ‫ر ول‬ . ‫ن رث ـ أن ط درھ‬ .

Abu Al-Sharoor said mockingly: 'Buy this, and the Messenger of Allahsaww will pay for it. Have you no trust in the Messenger of Allahsaww? Not even to this extent?' He said: 'Yes, Sell it to me'. The man with the fish said: 'I bought it for two Daniqs but am selling it to you for one Daniq, as a gesture to the Messenger of Allahsaww'. He brought him to the Messenger of Allahsaww. The Messenger of Allahsaww ordered Usama Bin Haris to give him one Dirham. The seller went away happy with the Dirham and said: 'This is more than the price of the fish'.

‫ظم ذ ك‬ ‫وھر ن؟ إ‬ ، ‫د‬ ‫ل: أ ب‬

‫أ ف درھ م‬ ‫ن و‬ ‫: أم ر ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫با‬ ‫ري، ذ إ‬ ‫ار ل ن ا‬ ،‫ن ده‬ ‫وه و ح ور‬

‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ،‫ه‬

‫وھر‬ ‫ا ر ل ن أ د م، و د‬ ‫إ ار‬ ،‫أ ا رور وا ن أ ھ م‬ ، ‫ذھ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر ن د‬ ‫، و‬ ‫وا رى‬ .‫د‬ ‫ر‬

The man split open the fish in front of him and found inside it two beautiful jewels valued at two hundred thousand Dirhams. That was a source of great annoyance to Abu Al-Sharoor and Ibn Abu Hakakam who went to the seller and said to him: 'Did you not see the two jewels? You have sold the fish and not that which was in it. Go and take them from him'. He went and took them from the buyer, and held one of them in his right hand and one of them in his left. Allahazwj Converted them into two scorpions which bit him. He shrieked and threw them on the ground from his hand. He said: 'How strange is the sorcery of Muhammadsaww!'

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

: ‫با‬ ، ‫، ذا وھر ن أ ر ن، ذھ‬ ‫م أ د ا ر ل ظره إ طن ا‬ ‫ح و وه‬ ،‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن، وو‬ ‫و‬ ‫. ذھب ذھ‬ ‫كأ‬ ‫ذھ‬ ‫. ل‬ ‫ز ت، وأ ت أو‬ ‫. ل ا ر ل: ھ ك‬ ‫و رخ، و ل ر ل: ذھ‬ ‫، ذا ھ د د وھر ن‬ ‫ار ل ، و‬ ‫ك. و‬ ‫ا ر ل: ذ و‬ .‫و ول ا ر ن د وھر ن‬
Then the believer looked toward the belly of the fish and saw two more jewels. He took them and said to the owner of the fish: 'Take them, for these two are yours as well'. He went to take them and they converted into two snakes and attacked him and bit him. He shrieked and shrieked, and said to the man: 'Taken them from me!' The man said: 'They are yours as you have alleged them to be, and you have a better right on them'. He said: 'Take them. By, Allahazwj I have given them to you'. The man took the two snakes and those reverted back to two jewels in his hands, and then he took the two scorpion and they reverted back to being jewels in his hands.

:‫؟ ل ا ر ل ا م‬ ‫و ذ‬ ‫دو ر‬ ‫ا دواھ : أ رى ر‬ ‫ل أ وا رور‬ ‫ر؟! و ل‬ ‫و ن‬ ‫وا ر أ‬ ‫دو أو را رى ھذا؟ ن ن ھذا را‬ ‫با‬ ‫رف ا ر ل‬ .‫وا ر‬ ‫ر لا‬ ‫ذب ن‬ .‫ا ر ل‬ ‫و رك ا واھر ا ر‬
Abu Al-Sharoor said to Abu Al-Dawahy: 'Did you see the sorcery of Muhammadsaww and hissaww expertise and skill in it?' The Muslim man said: 'O enemy of Allahazwj! Do you see this as sorcery? If this is sorcery, then Paradise and Hell will also be sorcery to you? Woe be unto you both, for having falsified Paradise and Hell as being like sorcery'. Then the owner of the fish went away and left the four jewels for the man.

،

‫ر ول‬

) ‫إ‬

‫نآر م‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا دواھ : و‬ ‫ا رور و‬ ‫ل ار ل‬ ‫واھر ا ر‬ ‫ن ؤ ن ، أ رأ ا ب ا ب؟ م ء‬ ‫وآ ( و‬ .‫أ ف درھم‬ ‫ر‬ ‫روھ‬ ‫و ء ر ر ء، رون‬

The man said to Abu Al-Sharoor and Abu Al-Dawahy: 'Woe be unto you both! Believe in the one on whomsaww are the Bounties of Allahazwj and on the one who believes in himsaww. Did you not see the strangest of wonders?' He then went with the four jewels to the Messenger of Allahsaww, and there came foreign businessmen who bought these four jewels from him for four hundred thousand Dirhams'.

،

‫وو‬

) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫م(، أ ر ول‬

! ‫ا‬

‫و ا وم ر ول‬ ) ‫،و ظ ك‬

‫ن أ ظم ر‬ :‫ل ا ر ل‬ ‫دا ر ول‬ ‫وآ (: ھذا و رك‬
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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ل ھ ذه‬

‫رة‬

‫ب أن أد ك‬

‫،أ‬

‫ك ا ذي‬ .

‫ك، ور‬ ‫ر ول‬

‫ل واب‬ ‫وھ و‬ :‫ا وال ؟ ل‬

The man said: 'Today was a great day of blessing in the market, O Messenger of Allahsaww!' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'This is for your respecting the Messenger of Allahsaww and your reverence to Aliasws, the brother of the Messenger of Allahsaww and hissaww Trustee, and this is the Reward of Allahazwj to you, and the benefit for your deeds which you performed. Shall Isaww show you a business which you can do with this wealth?' He said: 'Yes, O Messenger of Allahsaww!'

‫؟ ل: واس‬ ‫دا ، وآ ر‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ؤ نا‬ ‫ون ذ ك ذور‬

‫ذور أ ر ا ن. ل: ف أ‬ ‫وآ (: ا‬ ) ‫ل ر ول‬ ‫و داة أ‬ ‫و وا ة أو‬ ‫وا‬ ‫إ وا ك ا ؤ ن ـ ا و ن ك‬ ‫إ وا ك ا‬ ‫،و و‬ ‫رب‬ ‫رن ك‬ ‫إ وا ك ا ؤ ن ـ ا‬ ، ‫، وا ظ م ر ، و داة أ د‬ ‫، وا و ر‬ ‫ك ا ر‬ .‫ر ا ن‬

The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Make this to be the seeds for the trees in Paradise'. He said: 'How do I do that?' Hesaww said: 'Help from this your believing brothers, who are equal to you in befriending ourasws friends and being inimical to ourasws enemies make it effective for your believing brothers who are less than you in rank of their love for usasws, consider them to be equal to you; your believing brothers who are higher than you in understating ourasws rights, and respecting our majesty, and magnifying ourasws affairs, and enmity to ourasws enemies, give them superiority over yourself, then this wealth will become the seeds for the trees of Paradise'.

‫ف‬ ‫ل ف‬ ‫ك‬ ‫إ وا ك ا ؤ ن ا ذ ن ذ ر م ر‬ ‫أ إن ل‬ ،‫ر ا وت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ف أ د و ور و ر‬ ‫س، وأ ف‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ر، و م أ د ل و د‬ ‫ر ا ز ر د. م ر ل و ل: ر ول‬ ‫و ور ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ب ا ص، وا‬ ‫وآ (: ك‬ ) ‫؟ ل ر ول‬ ،‫ھذا‬ . ‫وا ك أھل ا ت، و دا ك أ داء‬ ‫أر در ت ا‬ ‫ا‬
'As for every grain that you spend on your believing brothers that Isaww have mentioned, will be increased until it becomes a thousand times the Mount of Abu Qubays, and a thousand times more than the Mounts of Ohad and Thawr and Thubayr. From this will be constructed palaces in Paradise honoured by Sapphire and palaces in Paradise honoured by emeralds'. A man stood up and said: 'O Messenger of Allahsaww! I am poor, and this kind of wealth was not found for me. What about me?' The Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'You have sincere love for usasws, and beneficial intercession. High levels have been spoken for you by your friendship of usasws the People of the Householdasws, and the enmity to ourasws enemies'.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ھد م وان‬ ‫ر ا رام واذ روه‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ت ذ روا‬ ‫ور‬ ‫روا ان‬ ‫وا ن ث أ ض ا س وا‬ ‫ذ ر م آ ء م أو أ د ذ را ن ا س ن ول ر‬ ‫و ا رة‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ق * و م ن ول ر آ‬ "‫ر ا ب‬ ‫وا و‬ ‫ب‬

‫و زو ل: " ذا أ م ن ر‬ ‫ن* مأ‬ ‫نا‬ ‫م ن‬ ‫م ذ روا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر م* ذا‬ ‫ا رة ن‬ ‫اد و‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ذاب ا ر * او ك م‬ ‫و‬

The Words of the Almighty "so when you hasten on from "Arafat", then remember Allah near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones. Then hasten on from the Place from which the people hasten on and ask the forgiveness of Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. So when you have performed your devotions, then laud Allah as you lauded your fathers, rather a greater lauding. But there are some people who say, Our Lord! give us in the world, and they shall have no resting place. And there are some among them who say: Our Lord! grant us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the chastisement of the fire. They shall have (their) portion of what they have earned, and Allah is swift in reckoning." – VERSES 198 TO 202

‫مإ‬ ،

‫زو ل ج: ) ذا أ م ن ر ت( و‬ ‫ا م( : ل‬ ‫د دأ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫، وا‬ ‫و‬ (‫ر ا رام‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ن ر و )وإن م ن‬ ‫، واذ روا ) ھ د م( د وا‬ . ‫ن ل أن د م إ د‬

) ‫853 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫ا زد ) ذ روا‬ ‫دأ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن( ن د‬ ‫نا‬

The Holy Imam Hassan Al-Askariasws said: 'Allahazwj Said to the Pilgrims "so when you hasten on from Arafat" Hasten on to Muzdalifa "then remember Allah near the Holy Monument" by Hisazwj Signs and bounties, and sent salutations on Muhammadsaww the Chief of the Prophetsasws and on Aliasws the Chief of the Trustees "and remember Him as He has guided you" to His Religion and the belief in Hisazwj Prophetsaww "though before that you were certainly of the erring ones" from Hisazwj Religion before Heazwj Guided you to it.

.

"‫ا س ن‬ ‫ون ن‬

‫ثر‬ ‫وا‬

‫ر ا رام ن‬ ‫) م أ وا ن ث أ ض ا س( ار وا ن ا‬ ‫ا ج را س نا س‬ ‫ھ ذا ا و‬ ‫" وا س ھ‬ .‫ن‬ (‫ور ر م‬ ‫)وا روا ( ذ و م )إن‬

"Then hasten on from the Place from which the people hasten on" Return from the Holy Monument from wherever the people return from "altogether" By the 'people' here is meant the Pilgrims apart from 'Al Hamas' for these did

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII not used to hasten on from Muzdalifa. "and ask the forgiveness of Allah" for your sins "surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful" to your repentance.

‫ذ ر م آ ء م( اذ روا‬ ‫ذ روا‬ ‫وآ ( د ا م‬ )‫د‬ ‫وة‬ ‫ذ رو )أو‬ ‫م و رھم ا‬ ‫مآ ء م‬ ‫م وإن ت م‬ ‫أ د ذ را م‬

)‫م‬ ‫ت م‬ ‫م( ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫) ذا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫و م‬ ‫إ م‬ ‫د م وإ‬ ‫م ذر‬ ‫ز ن أھل ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫وا د و‬ ‫أ د ذ را( رھم ن ذ ك و م ز م أن و وا‬ .‫م أ ر وأ ظم ن م أ م‬

"So when you have performed your devotions" which have been enacted for your Pilgrimage "then laud Allah as you lauded your fathers" remember Allahazwj for what Heazwj has Granted you and Hisazwj Favours to you by inclining you to believe in the Prophet hood of the Chief of the creation and belief in the Trusteeship of hissaww brother Aliasws the adornment of the people of Islam just like your fathers have remembered by their actions, and the memories of them that you remember them by "rather a greater lauding" This is better for them and it is not obligatory upon them to remember Allahazwj more than they do their fathers although the bounties of Allahazwj are greater than what has been given to them by their fathers.

‫)و‬

‫و را‬

‫ا د ( أ وا‬ ‫م ل ـ ـ زو ل ) ن ا س ن ول ر آ‬ .‫را‬ ‫و طب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ (‫ا رة ن ق‬

The Allah the Almighty Said: "But there are some people who say, Our Lord! give us in the world" wealth and its good things "and they shall have no resting place" They did not perform deeds in the acquisition of the good.

‫)و‬ ‫ون‬ ‫وا‬

‫م‬

‫( ن‬ ‫( را )و ا رة‬ ‫اد‬ ‫)و م ن ول ر آ‬ ‫ون و‬ ‫ؤ ون و ط‬ ‫ن ذاب ا ر وھ م‬ (‫ذاب ا ر‬ ‫وا( ن واب‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ھذا ا و ف ) م‬ ‫)أو ك( ا دا ون ذا ا د ء‬ .‫ا د و ا رة‬

"And there are some among them who say: Our Lord! grant us good in this world" the good things of this world "and good in the hereafter" the bounties of Paradise "and save us from the chastisement of the fire" Save us from the punishment of the Fire. They believe in Allahazwj and are obedient in their actions and keep away from the sinners "They" those who supplicate in this manner "shall have (their) portion of what they have earned" from the rewards that they strived for in this world and in the hereafter.

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫آ ر، ذا‬ ‫أ د ن‬ ‫ب وا د، وھ و و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ث وا د ن‬ ‫قآ رـو‬

‫ن ن ن، و‬ (‫ب‬ ‫ر ا‬ ‫)و‬ ‫با ل‬ ‫ب ل، م‬ ‫كا ل‬ ‫ب وا دا و‬ ‫ق وا د ن‬ (‫س وا دة‬ ‫مإ‬ ‫مو‬ ) ‫ث آ ر ـ. ـ‬

"and Allah is swift in reckoning" Because the occupation of one affair does not stop Himazwj to deal with another, nor does the accounting of one delay Himsaww from taking account of another, and when Heazwj will Take account of one, at the same time Heazwj will Take account of everyone, and the accounting of every one will come to an end with the ending of one of them, and Heazwj "Neither your creation nor your raising is anything but as a single soul" – 31:28 The creation of one does not affect the creation of another one nor will the resurrection of one affect the resurrection of another.

: (‫م‬

‫ا‬

)

‫دو‬

‫أن ا ج ھم ا وا ون‬

In the matter of the Pilgrims among whom are the friends of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws.

‫ن‬

‫م( وھو وا ف ر ت زھ ري: م در ھ‬ ‫مود و‬ ‫دوا‬ ‫ج‬ ‫أف م‬

‫ا‬ )‫ن‬ ‫آ فأفو‬

‫نا‬ ‫ـ 953 ـ ل‬ ‫ا س؟. ل: ا در أر‬ .‫أ وا م‬

The Holy Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said to Zuhry, when heasws was in Arafaat: 'How many people do you think are over here?' He replied: 'I think there are about four and a half million, all of them Pilgrims having spent their wealth in the way of Allahazwj supplicating to Allahazwj with their voices.'

.‫ج، أ م ل؟ ـ‬ ‫! ل ا زھ ري: م‬ ‫وأ ل ا‬ ‫ـ ل : زھري أ ر ا‬ ‫ده و ، م ل: ا ظ ر. ـ ظ ر ـ إ‬ ، ‫ل : زھري أدن و ك. د ه إ‬ ‫ل رة آ ف‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا س، ل ا زھري: رأ ت أو ك ا ق م ردة، أرى م إ‬ .‫وا دا ن ا س‬
Heasws said to him: 'O Zuhry! The supplicants are numerous but the Pilgrims are few. Zuhry said: 'They are all Pilgrims. Youasws take them to be few?' Heasws said to him: 'O Zuhry! Bring your face close to measws' He came nearer and the Holy Imamasws touched his face with hisasws hands and then said: 'Look!' He looked at the people and said: 'I see all of these creatures to be as

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII monkeys. I do not see among them a person except one out of ten thousand of them.'

،‫ا س‬

‫م ل: أ ظر. ظرت إ‬ ‫ده و‬ ، ‫زھري. د وت‬ ‫م ل : ادن‬ ، ‫ل ا زھري: رأ ت او ك ا ق م ـ ز ر، م ل : ادن و ك. د ت‬ .‫ص ن ا س را را‬ ‫، ذا ھم م ـ ذ إ ك ا‬ ‫ده و‬

Then the Holy Imamasws said to him: 'Come close to me O Zuhry! He went near and the Imamasws touched his face and then said: 'Look!' He looked at the people and said: 'I see all of these creatures to be as pigs.' Then the Imamasws said to him: 'Bring your face near to measws. He brought his face nearer and the Imamasws touched his face and they all appeared to be as wolves with the exception of a few of them who had the characteristics of people.

‫زھ ري‬ ‫:ا‬

:‫ك! ل‬ ‫ر. م ل‬

‫آ ك، و ر‬ ‫د أدھ‬ ‫ن ر ول‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ن ھؤ ء إ ا ر ا ر ا ذ ن رأ م ن ھذا ا ق ا م ا‬ . ‫وا أو‬ ‫و ك. ت، د او ك ا ق‬

:‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دك‬

Zuhry said: 'May my father and mother be sacrifice for youasws O son of the Messenger of Allahasws! Your signs have made me senseless and I am in bewilderment!' Heasws said: 'O Zuhry! There are no Pilgrims here except for a few from the huge crowd that you have seen gathered here.' Then heasws said: 'Wipe your face with your hand.' He did that, and he saw with his eyes that the creatures that had gathered there once again appeared to be as human beings like before.'

‫ر ھ ذا‬ ‫، م‬ ‫ط‬ ‫أ ز ن ود ، ذ ك ھ و‬

‫وا ، وھ ر د ، ووط ن‬ ‫ووا‬ ‫م ل : ن‬ ‫، وو‬ ‫نأ‬ ‫ده‬ ‫إ ا ر ا ود‬ ‫ا وف‬ .‫ا ج، وا ون ھم ن د رأ م‬

Then the Imamasws said to Zuhry: 'The Pilgrim (is that) who befriends ourasws friends and keeps away from ourasws enemies, and submits himself to ourasws commands, then presents himself here and goes to the Black Stone with what Allahazwj has Chained to his neck- to honour ourasws trusts, and keeps the obligations of ourasws oaths, that is the Pilgrim, but the rest of them are what you have seen them to be.'

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ن‬ ‫ل: س ا ج ا‬ ‫وآ ( أ‬ ) ‫ن دي ر ول‬ ‫ون ا وا ون‬ ‫. وإ ا ج ا ؤ ون ا‬ ‫ا وا ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫، إن ھؤ ء ا ؤ ن ا وا ن ، ا د ن دا‬ ‫، ا دون‬ . ‫در وا م‬ ‫ر تا‬

‫زھري د أ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ا دن‬ ‫و‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ط أ وارھم‬

The Imamasws said: O Zuhry! My fatherasws related to measws from myasws grandfather the Messenger of Allahsaww that: 'He is not a Pilgrim, the hypocrites the enemies to Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and those that love themasws and befriend theirasws enemies. The Pilgrims are the sincere believers, the friends of Muhammadasws and Aliasws and those that love themasws and are inimical to theirasws enemies. These believers who are ourasws friends and are inimical to ourasws enemies, the luminosity of their light in the Day of Judgment will be proportional to their friendship with usasws.'

‫وھ و‬ ‫ن‬

‫أف‬ ‫رة‬ ‫م ن ط وره رة أ ف . و م ن ط وره‬ ‫ت نذك زد‬ ‫ك ا ر ت. و م ن ط وره إ‬ ‫و داة أ دا ، ر م أھ ل ا ر ت ن ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫در را م‬ ‫ض‬ .‫وا ر ن م ا وا ون ا و ون وا رؤون‬

'Among them will be those whose light will shine to a travel distance of a thousand years. Among them will be those whose light will shine to a travel distance of three hundred thousand years and will cover all of the ground. Among them will be those whose light will shine to a distance between these two, some more than others, in proportion to their craving for oursasws friendship and their enmity towards ourasws enemies. The People of the resurrection, be they Muslims or Infidels, will know them from this light that they are ourasws friends and friendly to ourasws friends and inimical to ourasws enemies.'

‫اد‬ ‫ل ن أ دى إ ك‬ ‫ك دوا، أو أ ن إ ك‬

‫ھ ذه ا ر ت إ‬ ‫ت و ، أو ف‬

‫ا ظر‬ ‫م: و‬ ‫ك ر ، أو أ ك إذ‬ .

‫ل ل وا د‬ ‫رو ، أو س‬ ‫، ت‬

It will be said to each one of them: 'O friend of Allahazwj! Look around on this ground and if there is any one that you recognise who has done any good to you or dispelled any of your difficulties, or kept your enemy away from you, or have done you a favour in any of your affairs, then you can intercede for him.'

‫رن‬ ‫ھو ء‬ ‫ا د إ م‬

‫، وإن ن ن ا‬ ‫إ .و‬ ‫در إ‬ ‫نأ ن‬ ‫ون‬

‫م‬ ‫نزد‬ ‫ن ن نا ؤ نا‬ ‫، وإن ن ن ا ر ن ف ن ذا‬ ‫ره‬ ،‫ور‬ ‫زاة وا‬ ‫كا ر ت‬ ‫ط رون‬
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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫ت ن‬

‫طون ن دا د ا ر‬

‫ذك‬

‫و ظ‬ .‫ت ا م‬

‫ا وم‬ ‫ض ا زاة وا ور‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر و مإ‬ ‫ن أ ن إ م اد‬

And if that interceded person is a true believer then due to the intercession there will be an increase in the Bounties of Allahazwj for him; and if that interceded person is a ‘Mukassir’ reducer, then he will be pardoned for his reduction due to the intercession; and if the interceded person is an infidel then there will be a reduction in his punishment due to the intercession according to the favours that he had done. Iasws can see ourasws Shiites swooping down on to those that had done them these favours to them in the world, like hawks and vultures swooping down on pieces of meat, and taking them into the Gardens of Bliss.'

‫وآ ( إ إذا‬ ) ‫ا م(: ن ر ول‬ )‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ـو ـ لر ل‬ ‫د وآ ا ط ن ا ط ھر ن، وذ ر‬ ‫و د ه، و‬ ‫ر تو ،ذ ر‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫ء و م ل‬ ‫م رد ذك‬ ‫مو رفأ‬ ‫رھم و‬ ‫آ ء أ‬ . ‫ن ر ول‬ :‫ء ا وق ن ذ ك؟ وا‬ ‫ا م(: أو أ م ھو أ‬ )
A man said to Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws: 'O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww.! When we stay over in Arafaat and Mina, we remember Allahazwj and His Glory, and send salutation to Muhammadsaww and hissaww goodly and purified Progenyasws, and we remember our fathers as well from our memories their good and honourable qualities intending to fulfill their rights.' Imam Aliasws Bin Al-Husaynasws said: 'Shall I tell you that which is better in fulfilling their rights than what you do?' He said: 'Yes, O son of the Messenger of Allahsaww!'

‫دة‬ .‫ن‬

)‫د‬ ‫، وا‬

‫أ م ذ ر و د وا دة ، وذ ر‬ ‫ا م( و‬ ) ‫د ا ن، وذ ر‬ ‫د اط ن م د ا‬ ‫ا ط ھر ن ن آل‬

‫ل: أ ل ن ذ ك أن ددوا‬ ‫وآ ( ر ول ، وا دة‬ ‫د ا و ن، وذ ر ا‬

Heasws said: 'Higher than what you (already) do is for yourself that you better renew in your heart the remembrance of the Unity of Allahazwj and bear witness to that, and remember Muhammadsaww the Messenger of Allahsaww and bear witness that heasws is the chiefs of the Prophetsasws, and remember Aliasws the Guardian from Allahasws and bear witness that heasws is the chief of the Trustees, and remember the purified Imamsasws from the goodly Progenyasws of Muhammadsaww and that they are the sincere servants of Allahazwj.

‫ل ا و وف ر : ـ‬
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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

VIRTUE OF STAYING IN ARAFAAT

‫وا ن ر ت و‬ ‫، ھ رام‬ ‫وم‬ ‫را، د ر وا‬ ، ‫نا دا‬ ‫ھ‬ ‫، د‬ ‫و مو‬ ‫ظروا إ‬ ‫،أ‬ ‫ء ر‬ .

‫ر و وة‬ ‫إذا ن‬ ‫إن‬ ‫رو‬ ‫و ل م: ھ ؤ ء دي وإ‬ ‫وا م، و دھم وأوط م، وأ وا م ا‬ ‫ا ط ع‬ ‫وتأ ر م‬

When evening comes in Arafaat and the mid afternoon takes place is Mina, Allahazwj Says to those honourable Angels who are stationed in Arafaat and Mina: 'These are My male servants and female servants! They have come here from distant cities, covered in dust, away from their desires and their cities and their homes and are brothers in the acquisition of My Pleasure. Look inside their hearts and see what is in them, for Iazwj have Strengthened your vision O My Angels, and inform Meazwj.'

‫ر‬ ‫ود د‬ ‫،و‬ ‫اط‬ ‫ا ة ا د ، وھ م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء اذن ل‬ ‫رة‬ ،‫ن ا ط ت‬ ،‫ن ا رات‬ ‫ذك‬ ‫ه، ن وا و‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ر ن‬ ) ‫دا ر ول ـ‬ ‫دت أن‬ ‫أود د ، وا م‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ده أ ه وو‬ ‫ا ن‬ ‫ن، و م ا ھ ن، و‬ ‫ذ؟؟ ا‬

‫و م، و ون: ر‬ ‫ل: ط ا‬ ‫د ن د ن م. ول ـ ـ: او ك ا‬ ‫؟ ك وب و‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ون أ م‬ ‫ا رد ت ا ر ت، د ظ م ن أھ ه، و‬ ‫م. ك وب ا‬ ‫ددن ذا م، و ط ن‬ ‫أو ط ن‬ ‫وآ ( ـ ذب‬ ‫ادن ا‬ ‫روا ا ن إ‬ ،‫م‬ .‫م ط ھم‬ ‫اذن س ا ط إ‬

The Holy Imamasws said: 'The Angels look into their hearts and say: 'O Our Lord! We have looked at them and some of them are black and in darkness and there is smoke rising from them like the smoke of Hell.' Allahazwj Says to them: 'These are the doubters whose deeds of the lives of the world are lost, and they think that they are among those who do good deeds. Their hearts are bereft of good deeds and empty from obedience inclining towards the prohibited. They honour those whom Iazwj have Disgraced but reduce thoseasws whom Iazwj have Given Prestige. If they were to meet Meazwj in this condition of theirs, Iazwj will intensify their punishment and make their accounting to be lengthy. These are those hearts who believe that Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww spoke lies about Allahazwj or that hesaww was mistaken in ordering emulation (Taqleed) of hissaww brother and hissaww Trustee established on the servants of Allahazwj, and made himasws carry out the policies until peace is seen in the establishment of religion until it is safe. They will perish, from the teachings of the ignorant, and alert the unsuspecting ones that they are riding a bad horse which will take them to Hell.'

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

‫وب ھؤ ء‬ ‫ر‬ ‫إ أن‬

‫د اط‬ ‫ب، و ر‬

‫ا ظروا. ظرون و ون: ر‬ ‫ا وار إ ا وات وا‬ ‫ر‬

:‫زو ل‬ ‫م ول‬ ‫ا ر ن، وھ ض‬ .‫د ق ر ك ر ن‬

Then Allah the Almighty Says: 'O My Angels, Look!' They will look and say: 'O Our Lord! We have surveyed the hearts of these other ones, these are white and shining with rays of light rising from them up to the heavens and the Veils, and through them up until the leg of the Throne, O Beneficent!'

‫م د‬ ‫ت‬

، ‫م ا ة اد‬ ‫مو ر‬ ‫زو ل: او ك ا داء ا ذ ن ل أ‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ط ت، د‬ ،‫رات‬ ‫ك وب و‬ ‫أ وا‬ ‫ن ن‬ ‫ذك‬ ‫ن أرذ ه، ن وا و‬ ‫ا ر ت، د ظ م ن ظ ه، وإھ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ت واز م، و ظ ن أ وارھم، و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن ن‬ ‫ت واز م، و‬ ‫ا‬ .‫م و رارھم‬ ‫و رر‬ ‫دار را‬

Allah the Almighty will Say: 'These are the happy ones who deeds have been Accepted by Allahazwj and they used to be thankful in their lives of the world, and they used to do good therein and made their hearts a receptacle for the good deeds which were in obedience and used to do honourable work and respect those that Iazwj have Made Prestigious and those that Iazwj have Disgraced, they believe them to be so as well. I will load their scales with rewards and lighten them from the sins and intensify their lights and Allocate for them a place in the Place of Myazwj Dignity and Mercy due their decision.

‫ل أ وا ، ا‬ ‫وآ ( ھو ا دق‬ ) ‫دا ر ول‬ ‫ك وب ا دت أن‬ ‫وأ د أ ب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫، ا رز‬ ‫ل‬ ‫لأ ،ا رف‬ ) ‫، وا ذوا أ ر ا ؤ ن‬ ‫د ن وا‬ ‫إ ،و‬ ‫أ را ؤ ن‬ ‫، وا د‬ ‫دل‬ ‫ا م( إ م ھدى، وا ن ا ردى، ا ق د إ ، وا واب وا‬ ‫ا ؤ ن وا ط ن . م ا ط‬ ‫ا ك ن رج ن‬ ‫، وا‬ ‫نو ل‬ ‫م ن ا ر ق ا وم ن‬ ‫أ رف رف ا ن، و‬ ‫إ ا ن ط ھم، وف ز م‬ ‫م ز ن أھ ل‬ ‫د‬ ‫م نر ء‬ ‫دار ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف وا و دان، و وف‬ ‫أ دي ا و‬ ‫م ذ ك ـ ن ـ وك‬ ،‫ا رم ا م‬ ‫إ‬ ‫م‬ ‫م، و وف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا دوه‬ ‫زاءا‬ ‫مھ‬ ‫ا ش ا م، وا م ا م. ھ‬ ‫ت ا م، ا د ن‬ .‫وه‬ ‫ل ـ ـ ا ر م ا ر م وا‬ ،‫و وا‬
Those hearts which hold the belief that Muhammad the Messenger of Allahsaww and is truthful in all hissaww speech, and correct in all hissaww actions, honourable in all of hissaww characteristics and virtuous in all hissaww qualities, and hesaww was correct in appointing the Commander of the Faithful Aliasws as Imam, a clear sign for the religion of Allahazwj, and they have taken the Commander of the Faithfulasws and the Imam of guidance, and the dispeller of www.hubeali.com 58 out of 62

‫ق‬

Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII destruction, the truth is what heasws calls to, and the rewards and wisdom is what heasws directs to, happy is the one who joins his rope to hisasws rope and the doubter is the destroyed one and exits from all the believers and the obedient ones. A goodly ride is heasws that takes its riders to Paradise, all of whom will descend from himasws on to lofty and honourable places in the Gardens, will drink from a sealed drink of nectar served by young attendants and they will all go to the Haven of Peace and be with the friends of Muhammadsaww, their Prophetsaww, the adoration of the people of Islam, they will all be made guests with the Shiites of Aliasws at their banquets and with that will be made to be kings in the Gardens of Bliss, abiding eternally in peace, a blissful existence. Congratulations to them and congratulations! A reward for their beliefs, and say by the Grace of Allahazwj the Honourable, the Merciful, a winning for what they strived for.'

‫ر‬

‫و ن‬

‫ام‬

‫و ن‬

‫أ م دودات. ن ل‬ "‫رون‬ ‫وا وا أ م ا‬

‫و زو ل: " واذ روا‬ ‫ن ا وا وا‬ ‫ام‬

The Words of the Almighty "And laud Allah during the numbered days; then whoever hastens off in two days, there is no blame on him, and whoever remains behind, there is no blame on him, (this is) for him who guards (against evil), and be careful (of your duty) to Allah, and know that you shall be gathered together to Him" – VERSE 203

‫ھ‬ ‫ة‬ ،

‫ا‬ ‫أ م دودات( وھ ا م ا‬ ‫ا م(: )واذ روا‬ ) ‫063 ـ ل ا م‬ ‫أ م ا ر ق د وم ا ر، وھذا ا ذ ر ھو ا ر د ا وات ا و ت دئ ن‬ ‫ة ا ظ ر ن آ ر أ م ا ر ق: " أ ر، أ ر، إ إ‬ ‫ا ظ ر وم ا ر إ‬ ‫رف ن‬ ‫و ن( ن أ م ا ر ق‬ ‫و أ ر، أ ر و ا د " ) ن ل‬ ." ‫" إم‬ ‫ده ا ھو‬ ‫إ‬

The Holy Imam Hassanasws Al-Askariasws said with regard to "And laud Allah during the numbered days" These are three days of 'Tashreek' which come after the day of sacrifice. And this remembrance is the Takbeer after the prescribed Prayers starting from the Zuhr Prayers on the day of sacrifice to the Zuhr Prayer of the last day of Tashreek, and it is: "God is Great, God is Great, There is no god but Allah, and God is Great, God is Great and for Allah is Praise". "then whoever hastens off in two days" from the days of Tashreek and completes his Pilgrimage and returns to his city which he came from "there is no blame on him".

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

، ‫ـ نذو ا‬ ‫" ـ أي إ م‬ ‫م ا وم ا ث. " إ م‬ ‫. " ن ا " أن وا ا و ت‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ھذه ا ر د‬ ‫و دأط‬ ‫إ ، و م ر ـ. ـ ك ا ذ وب ا‬ ‫ن‬ . ‫ددھ‬ ‫رھ و‬

‫"و ن‬ ‫د رت‬ ‫إن وا‬ ، ‫دھ‬ ‫و ت دھ ، وإ‬

‫ر"إ‬

"and whoever remains behind" and completes three days "there is no blame on him" Meaning there is no blame on him from his sins of the past for his (sins) have been forgiven, all of them by his Pilgrimage, the sins that he was regretful of and repented for. "(this is) for him who guards (against evil)" This is for those sins that are not repeated otherwise it will invalidate the forgiveness that was given to him and they will need to be repented for once again before they are forgiven.

‫ودوا‬ ،‫م ا رون و م‬ ‫فذ و م‬ ‫دھ . )وا وا أ م إ‬ ‫ر مإ و‬ ، .

‫م‬

‫ور‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ز م‬

‫جا‬ ‫،و‬ ‫م‬

‫" وا وا " أ ا‬ ‫ا و ت ود إ م أ‬ ‫رون( ظر أ‬

"and be careful (of your duty) to Allah" O you Pilgrims! All your past sins have been forgiven due to his repentance, do not encumber your sins and make them unbearable that you will not be forgiven even after your repentance for them. "and know that you shall be gathered together to Him" Heazwj will Look at your deeds and Reward you accordingly.'

‫رورة، وإ م‬ ‫م و‬ ‫ا م(: د ا وا‬ ‫أ ا د أ وإن‬ ‫وم ا‬ ‫ا رد، وأن دوا ن‬ ‫و رذ‬ ‫ا ط ن وإن‬ ‫وآ‬ ‫دو‬ ‫ن وا ة‬ )‫نأ ط ب‬ :‫ن دون أ ا ق وو ة ا دق‬ . ‫ن ذر وذو‬

)‫ن‬ ‫نا‬ ‫163 ـ ل‬ ‫مأ‬ ‫وھ ردودة‬ ‫وأن‬ ‫رن‬ ‫ل ا ول‬ ‫ن ا ذ ا داد‬ ‫رن‬ ‫ره‬ ‫ن ن‬ ‫ا م( وا‬

The Holy Imam Hassanasws Al-Askariasws said: 'Servants of Allahazwj! Make your Pilgrimage to be acceptable and beware of it being thrown back at you in an ugly manner, and repel you from the Garden of Allahazwj on the Day of Judgment in an ugly manner. The thing that makes your Pilgrimage acceptable is your friendship with Muhammadsaww and Aliasws and theirasws goodly Progenyasws and what belittles it and wastes it is the taking of others apart from the Imamsasws of right and the governors of truthasws Aliasws Bin Abu Talibasws and the chosen ones from hisasws progenyasws and relatives.'

‫دو د‬ ‫ا رش وا ر‬ ‫ا رى. و ف‬
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‫إ‬ ‫م‬ ‫إ‬

‫وا ن‬

‫وآ (: طو‬ ) ‫م ل: ل ر ول‬ ‫رف ا ذ ر ن وق ر . و ف‬ ‫ف ذ رھم‬ ‫ن ذ ك، و‬ ‫وات وا رض وا واء، و‬ ‫وا ب وا‬
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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII

، ‫ء و رھ و و‬ ‫ة ل وا د‬

‫م أ ك ا وم وا ط ر، وأ ك ا راري وا ر، و س ا‬ ‫دب ن ا وا ت رف‬ ‫ء ا رض ور ، و ر‬ . ‫وم ا‬ ‫ردوا‬ ‫م‬ ‫م، و ظم ده‬ ‫د‬

‫و‬

Then the Holy Imam Hassanasws Al-Askariasws said that the Messenger of Allahsaww said: 'Good news to the friends of Aliasws who believe in Muhammadsaww to be truthful in whatever hesaww said as to how Allahazwj has remembered them honourably from the top of the Throne; and how salutations have been sent to them from the Angels of the Throne and the Chair and the Veils and the Heavens and the earth and the air, and what is between that, and from beneath that to the top; and salutations are being sent to them by the Angels of the clouds and the rain and the Angels of the prairies and the seas, and sun and the sky and moon and the stars, the earth and its gravel and sand and other animals who have been honoured, each one of them in its place sends salutations on them, and Allahazwj Increases their magnificence for each of these salutations until they return to Himazwj on the Day of Judgment.'

‫رب‬ ‫وق‬ ‫ن‬ ،‫ر‬ .‫ت‬

‫دو‬ ‫د، و وا ن ر ء‬ ‫رؤوس ا‬ ‫و د روا ر ت‬ ‫زى ا ن ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ف‬ ‫دو ذ‬ ‫را‬ ‫دن‬ ‫ن. وا و ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا رش وا ر وا ب وا وات وا رض وا واء، و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر .و ف‬ ‫م أ ك ا وم وا ط ر، وأ ك ا راري وا‬ ‫إ ا رى. و ف‬ ‫ذ ك، و‬ ‫دب ن ا وا‬ ‫،و ر‬ ‫ء ا رض ور‬ ‫و س ا ء و رھ و و ، و‬ ‫وم ا‬ ‫ردوا‬ ،‫ده أ وا م‬ ‫م، و‬ ‫ن ل وا د م د‬ ‫ل‬ ‫د، و وا ن ر ء إ س و رود و ر ون ـ و‬ ‫رؤوس ا‬ ‫و د روا ن و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر أ ك ا ب وا وات ا‬ ‫رب‬ ‫ن. و ـ إن ـ ن ظ م‬ ‫ـ أ داء رب ا‬ . ‫أھل ا ت وا ن‬

And they will be made known by the Prestige of Allahsaww and be made to be the friends of Muhammadsaww and Aliasws qualities of the Lord of the Worlds. Woe be unto those who disbelieved in Muhammadsaww and falsified in what hesaww said, how Allahazwj Curses from the top of the Throne; and how curses are sent on them from the bearers of the Throne and the Chair and the Veils and the Heavens and the earth and the air and what is between them and from underneath up to the top; and how they get cursed by the Angels of the clouds and the rain and the Angels of prairies and the seas and sun and the sky and moon and the stars and the gravels of the earth and its sand and other animals. Allahazwj reduces their position with every curse from these Angels from their places and increases the ugliness of their condition until they return to Himazwj on the Day of Judgment. And they will be made known with these curses on their heads and they will be made to be the friends of Ibleesla and Nimrodla and Pharaohla and the enemies of the Lord of the worlds. The great deed by which the Angels of the heavens and the Veils achieve nearness of Allahazwj is

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Tafseer-e-Imam Hassan Askariasws, Part XII the salutations that they send on those that love usasws the People of the Householdasws and sending of curses upon ourasws enemies.'

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