'T'op'-iic '11; iG'ranhsl below p-r'ovide the Ilatest~-,,----!i -- --' -- --v.,-. ' ,.,--' ,--' '," ---'. '----,- - 'fig,"ure~ about 'th~ demlg--:ra(~hi:>:-f th ,- -- --- ',.

-& --,', o: p __s 0 -e c

'U'inilea'S'la:les, h1dUjding ;elhnJeaJ group.s and·the [POPU'I'Btion,·t)·ase·d on
I '

'\

I·'

'.

I.

I

cen,su:sc'that

I

waa;·,cflr·r~ed oulandadm'h'listered 'by IU·S, 'Censt.l.s'Blulreau iln 2006~ ..llg-:-'n~- -~"·,l S'U'· 'm:-Im' -a' -r:"1'8, t,h·e-- .11:'-nlfo--·r'm'~···'a,··t··· .... b'-"I,:"S-DI-aofl!lOt'"'I'n g','-:-' "~'n'd', .'·,·rD-p:-'D:-·rt-';i~n,~·,g~·-"I":h'-le':m---B-~III-'-n- ":e'-.........!III.lI·A~ -a-'n-·:'-"d-':·m'~'~a:-·Lr,U"_,_:_.--- ... ·a,',Ur~'D '_
1 .• ..'
_"" 1-.-_,-.",~,,~

-',6

1

! .~,~ '_

I

.

..

,..... '

.-.'

'-_.·1,

.,1""-:,-_,-"1

~-.I!IJ~~-

__ _:__ U

It

__

,~_'_

,-,_I'

_"

..

I

_ _:_

_""~

,I

Wh~te
1H66;

Aslanand
P:ac1fii.o Ilsll,andelr 2.2.3 m iUii10n

:(2:0:0' Imil~~on )
2'00.6
I

1 tS,7.2 m UUon

B.5 mUUon

(300ImUlion)

201 million II 38.7 million

44.,7 rnllilon
IU' ,_"S<'. P-:::',·o'p.-.c " _ .c.,

14.3,lminion

'UI~*,'I,nn nr,iI"iIi,wt· ,,~."__ 'h-_.d'~l_V. __ ~!I Yo'

Decade: totals P,opula.6cm (mil ]I~o:n:s)

35

15

5
O~=~~~-'-~~--"-~~_'_~::i....-JI-....l:5::..:......1l~--=~~~~~

'1990~,lO

11~20 .. 2~..3,O

3,1..40

41..50

51..60'

61-70'

71..80

81-90

~n-l0110

The table, combined, with the bar chart, provides an overview of demographics, of the United States from the early mastcentury to thepresent,

It can be seen in 'the table that thetotal Uf population is now 300 r.niUion,1.5 times larger than 40
years ago, 2.00 million, Hispanics and Asian Americans
expanded much faster fhan other races,

According to the census, 44.7 million Americans are currently Hispanic, more than five times higher
than in I 966" while the Asian population is as large as .~.4JmfIHon" a ten-fold increase over' the 19 661
1

level. By comparison, although white Americans are still in 'the majority, accounting for two thirds of the current US populationcthe growth rate was lower than the general population. Afro~'Am:ericans~ who made 'up'the second largest ethnical group ill 1'966 with a population of 22.,3 million, dropped to
number three". behind whites and Hispanics ..Other ethnical groups take up the remaining 1.3 million.

In the first half of the 20tbcentury,.

the US population grew at different ra tes, ranging fro,':'_'_

million to 20 million a decade, the bar chart suggests. Itaccelerated

since 'the middle of the

I

sotceo n

'with adding at least 20 million to the overall population every ten years ..'The 19908 alone experienced a
growth of more than 30min~on.

To summarise, the US population continued to swell since the early last century and thegreatest
increases occurred to Hispanicsand Asian Americans
{rOI11.

1.966to 2006 ..

lower level between . by the end of the cenmry.etheinfo:rmiati'on by le'l:ec:ling and 'rep'onin'g the m.aiin f.aggrs'V'sted assault and ho!m'i c'ide .By about 198. around 4. crimes recorded and arrests fOJ: violentcrimev was not subject to strong fluctuations in the final twc decades of the last century. In 200Q.5- -0 I~----=--_----:.low shows seria. recorded.1 recordhigh. SOl did victimisations reported to police. as well aaviorimisations reported to police.over 3 offences). . steady increase...although.I' comparl._~~~-~-~~~~ t9iB 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1'992 1994 ] 996 1998 :2000 In fhe firstten years.. 3.u$ v"i'Q. The arrest rate was the lowest..As to crimes recorded by policeand arrests far 'violent crime. levelling offbelow 0. reaching its highest in the year 1994.S and 0. Overall.. but the overall trend was upbeat. rose to it Victirnisations rose and fell at B .000.5'- jn t~~)'UsandEi.___-l. many victims were reported te-thepolice.__~~~~~.2 and 2.umim.mak.eJltureSi and . while . out of a. robbery_!! .olent crime ~Gvelsin the US Offenses 5 4".'Topllc 2:: The .. bel.5 offences respectively in 2000..9~.. the lowest ever recorded during fhe given period.. t11~6 totalvielent crime level declined gradually.5 offences per I .5 ~ 3' 2 Crimes recorded by police I D.sons where releva. (rver 1. there was a trend toward lower violent crime levels.5 offences per thousand Americans. both dropped slightly in the last five years and the figureswere 1...8 to 2000 in the USii Ser.s frrom 197.8.5 offences in a thous and .ious vi'o.len.5 offences over the same period. thousand Americans committed violentcrime. half the figure in 1980 (slig'hUy .arts.t erlme Ile\l'el. the violent crime rate.. while half as.lent crim:es 'include :fap. S.. . crimes. there were fluctuations in the total crime level.llinachart.e.. 3. . by police showed From 1"98:8onwards.nt Se:nious Vi.

ie~. W'Qlr'~dwld'e in.[ssions.~. developing countries will overtake DECO countries to become the major carbon dioxideemission producer by 203n. Next comes the consumer sector.T'olpiiD 3: Th.io'ln. OECD' countries are projected to make up a lower proportion.8Ir'QUn d theworld" T . eountri es Watrll. b:y sector I • 2'00(2' Illi 20. and other sectors make up amuch tower proportion.s. '2010'2 anld ·the fiONeast for 203.. highest amount of carbon dioxide emissions.ohartsho.s __ s.•." 'waste combustion. 2002 • DEeD Transition economies 1m Developin. emission.n.In contrast..h.K. As can be seen in the two pie charts.Sumlma.rii:se the inllQ'rmatio.8 UJJ3 major producer of 'carbon dioxide" rising to more than 1'0 billion tons in 20]0..~ 9% down 'Over the same period.:lsons wlhe:re r'elev..S co'mpar. consumer and transportation experience the greatest increases. future data concerningworldwide carbon dioxide. will see a hugegrowth to 6 billion.ho.m:ldn 'f~~·tur. 'Iransportaricu. Industry will continue to be emissions from less than 4 billion to . account flora bigger share of emissions in 2030~ 48%~ compared to 38% in 200Q. developing couctries are expected to. 1% less than in 2002 .r.e. triple the amount in 2002 . which is projected to more than double its billion or more tons.8:p.. ·43%..se· Igasem:iss. Countries 'with transition eccnomies are estimated 10 take up the remaining 9% in 2030.n'QI th'e .0~.w greenlho1u.o. the third largest producer. each producing an estimated 1 billion carbon dioxide.de .nd mi2i... The bar chart reveals that carbon dioxide emissions will expand to varying degrees in different sectors by 2030.By comparison.s8ii.n biysei~ecli~n!g and repcn1i.snt .em.s' p.ss. To summarise. he col umn .dwiide Cc!ubon Dicl)dde Etm. While industry is responsible for the.ws eerben diio:xi. .gl.30 'I t Waste combustion Transportation I 'B HUon tons 0 6 lO 12 The graphs give past and.

) H:ydra~9Iec:tric 6 % Nucle. 2000 Thetwo pie charts.c:4:: The. In the two decades to come.bout worlldwii'deene~gy c:on. Iraq.26) Dollars per barrel 70 so 40 30 I"~ 2:0 1.. Energy cOlnsiumpti:on by type (2DI[)!5.2'%.ar 60/0 .s. According to the firstpie chart. and . with the nne chart. . - -. down to 48 dollars in 20 level throughout the rest .n II A. pr.rabla n .eatu:re..east countries.e~.taking up 28%. ... Sum'm..es-20% versus 14°AJ. ~u-ro I!OUII. 'wher..sand ma. ...6%" and .0 fthe givenperiod.. I! cam pa!fisonl:s.S-=:ro'LIId.20. the consumption of oil was thehighest in 2005.. 'grs'phs.sumlptlo1n...0 I -. 2005 ..0'215 w .fU]Counnn. As suggested above. Four Mid-east countries. 2000~ oil cost a mere 3. give an overview of some aspects of the energy market.. the price had surged markedly and finally hit a peak of 60 dollars in about 2006" -Sinee In"€in~ the oil price is 'expected to drop for 'three years or longer. Kuwait and United Arab follow behmd~. / r>«: _'__-" .Venezuela.D'U prhJe$ from 2000 to 2..'s iith..3 dollars per barrel. WOlrld Oil Prices (2000-. J n..k.arlae the lrrtormatlen by selee'lIng and re'portiing the main f.0/0 Unlted Arab a~/o.23'% separately. combined.n'for'matlon a. or even less in the following three years. I :0 . the cClunlr:ie.but account for a smaller . each having 8 1:0 10% of the global reserves . respectively .:Jj Canada 14..i. is unlikely 1~(): return to its low levels: in the earlliy. In. oil is very likely to remain as all important energy source. are on the: list as weU. From 2003 onwards. Russia and the United States. the oil price..200108.. with 1110rethan half theglobal 011 reserves being located in Mid..e'vide i. followed by coal and natura] gas.har. .Iran. . Nuclear power and hydro-electricity evenly contributed to the remaining 12%. 5CXb The line chart shows a wide variation in the world oil 'prices in the first decade of'the 21 st century.g: for 37'~o of the 'energy consumed worldwide. Saudi Arabia and Canada are the t\VO countries with the largest oil reserv.QII res~rves and tile world' . .T'op'i:.e lrelevant. . ...

although the rate at which the population growswill decline. century. population growth rate in the second half of the last century. As shown in the second chart. 205.-._---_---:~'970 i980 o~--~----~--~--~~--~----~--~----~--~----~--~ 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2Q50 Growth rite (percent) Wodrl PopulafonG rowth Rate (1t950·. to.. 2000'" the population topped 6 billion. before r.9.rlld popull:atianfro'm the US Census B'ureaul Sumlm!arise tlhe 'inflorma. pattern is projected to persist by 20.----. it slowed remarkably. .3 billion. the growth accelerated.s.ojec:liion's ol'WQ.--~------~--~--~----~ ____.l..n'l I..50 1960 _--_-.riisons. In .I I The two charts presentan overall Vi~N (if how world population did and will change over the period.950 '£0.o'w pr. doubling tile: figure fifty years earlier. adding another z billion withintwenty years. 1 11~1-------------------------------------~~---------------1 .50" when the growth rate is. ==--------===--------------------------1 ]1-----1.5'%~ In summary" population growth tends.1950 to I I '960.a. . Since then. 2050) 2.. the world.ion by sel~ectlng and re'porting the main features and Imake CIQm~p.Fr01l1 then on. Growth first fluctuated dramatically and then surged to 2'% in 19'10" a l OO-year high . 1.~--~=-=-~-~~-~-~3 .= . 7~------~-------------------~----~~------------------~ 6--~~--------~~----------~-1 511~----------~-~~------------------1 ~I--------~-. .T10lpic 5.-. he as low as 0. ic i. and by 2005. n lnbillloas World P'opul!atlon (19. the population was flat at .--.5·0~2050) lO~~~~~~--~--------~---===~~~~~~~~--~---' 91------------------------~---~-. This. In .he !estiim'stes .sestimated tha~ the planet will home a population of at.nd p'f. By the middle of this.0" . 250/0. growth of world population.. n _.least 9 billion.-~~ Sl~~~---~. continue throughout much of the first half ot the 21 st century.ssl..l.. The first chart shows the sustained.--.: T'he d'i:agra:ms: b'e.. averaged out at around I.5 21----- ___ a_. Uke]y to. there was a wide range in.where Irele'V8!nt.ising to 4 bUUQn in 197Uand remaining constant a:t that level til11980.th~ first 10 yeal·sfi'o:rII.

~ I Obese: 'peopI1e.ons wher.sHm..----~~-~~~-----~---~ BOO I IL=-----~~~-~ 2.ed Q'url by the Department o.0 I---------'-i}: lOO'I-~~ O"b~~"""':::'.fHeaJthabaut thecl¥'BiMieight p.aged 100°1 9m):'".ea.e r.':. 15 (i.~ 20..phs below .I.:.Bited) Number ·ofpeop~e aged 16+ (h~Jl1jl1ion~) 8 iO 1--------- 51-~~~---f 31---21--11--- Obese children in the U'K (.r'es8'nd make comparhs.nl1d: rep.tu.o:rt:i:nlg tihle· maln ".elevanrt ..8 survey carri.estim:ia1ed) Number orcbi~dren..Top'ic 6:: 'The' gra. }! 4001--~. :Su'm:m:ar1is1e the inlolr'mati'on by sel:ec.tilon in Br~taj:nwit'h IPlroje~tiion. 300!---ilf.ntholt1::~ands) 700 ~--~~~ 6{JO~-~ 500i1 -~~ .summarise ther'eisu Its of .s!...B.ling .ln the UK (e.:"'" Boys .opull.

girls will surpass boys . The survey suggests that girls who are overweight greaterincrease during the period 2003-2010 to 1110re thSJ1 will see 8.. obese ( 12. UK's obese population will grow in size. Whilemen are expected to outnumber women by 2010. five times as t110sn with parents having a healthy weight (5'~o). - The increase in the women who have the same problem tends to be smaller. over As shown in the third graph. 'The children with at least on parent having a weight problem are ITIOre likely toobe obese than those with parents havinga healthy weight. from 4. are obese are twice as likely t-o be obese as those in households where one parent is. 'rising almost 30%.. 100 thousand more than boys [DOle who have the same problem. although in 2003. In children. .690 thousand.8 million in 2010.7 million to 6 million. 900 thousand. Overall. including both children and adults. over 50~/{)higher than in 2003.:50/0 1--- Both parents obese One parent obese Neither parent obese The first two graphs show a marked rise inobesity in Britain by 2010" The number of men who . have a weight problem is estimated to be as high as 0.20~/o1---------- 10%1---- . 5%) and. boys than girls suffering obesity. there were 700 thousand versus about . children in households where both parents. it is another picture.

. While some experienced a IODS period ofgrowth.. the first five years. San Francisco Beijing -..ein'f:ormiJ. but still disappointing.o. Og..-cession re __:.'f!) S an Praneiseo Beijing The given tables offer !3! glimpse of the real estate market in five major cities around the world saw housing prices climb throughout the ten-year c over twoperiods. the rest we're subject to price fluctuations.. in Hong Kong.. with a 3% gain.. Hong Kongand Sydney experienced a similar shrmp between 1995 and 200D.n. Ir.n 'by selectling and' reponin. compared to its 3..'e property market··t . ·t'b'·· •.g . 2 per cent only.rOI 4% 2%1 0% j-.mp.g the mai'nlealures and lmakl! ICQ.5 per cent drop...vanl~.. was connnuousr . a 2% rise was recorded in San Francisco. SUimmarise the inlfcnimiatio.. . frOID 1990bO 1995..' ected ar average 3.el. %.' ".=. in subsequent period... and a 4% in Beijins~ years.% increase in the: first halfof 1'9'908! To recap.n a!l)out 'the housi.'I . The decrease in the bousing price in Sydney was narrower..8Iri:sons where... San Francisco and Beijing are two citieswhich increase accelerated Beijing.ain in the previous five years .el t-o the housing prices in fi'VB: ctf!es (between 1990 and 1995) r==~~==~-~-----~~~~==~----~=='--------~__"..refl.a-n-f ' COiufjly. The cnanges 8% '0 !.av~:i:de. as against its. $0/0 g.""""'. ottine ' B Y COln.f·' R'- . '0:': fiiv'e eiti:es around:the wodd nom 1'990 . in the housing market in those five cities in the last decade of the last century.pan:SOD.. The housing price slipped 6. . .:':1 in an reeession.to 2000..sOlm. and from 1995 to 200(). rr'ty . at' rzITId ae in at 'nearly' 0)5 .2% -6% 6% 2% .. there were significant differences. .di:agra'm:s: pr... seen in San Francisco 'iF .ti.a.priice.. .. In.'TapiiC: 7': 'Tlh.... . .

rising approximately 8% every five years to 220/0 in 1'980.m. .every five years to 3:5% in.' 34°. The following decade saw a dramatic change: the smoking rate among males leapt nearly 13°X. 1980 Females 50/0' 1985 1990 32% 13o/Q /'.sln ma1les 8:n..e b. Over the period between 1980 and 19'90. population in Britain bad a much.70/0 The table reveals how smoking evolved into a fad among I S~to-20-year-old.5and 20) in Bri'tain~ Sum:misr'ise the i1nformati:on by ~el:ectiln... 10 2. it is clear that the lS-to-20-year-old 'man 30 years earlier".1 smoking was not very popular ~unong youngsters age-d IS to 20.lmOiker.abl'.'To'piic 8:: The I.ealures anld make c. accounting for over a third of the 15'. In 1'970.. Over the final years ofthe last century.siles (betwee'n 'Iheag. and 5'0/0 in females. of 1. higher percentage of smokers by the end of the mastcentury than in the early 1970s . the smoking craze inthe 1.d te..and reporting 'the malin "..ompalfisQ. In 2000.elow desor'ible~slhe: p'ropcl1ian: of 'S. li980~. an estimated 27 (jib to 28'% of Pieople in this age group' were reported as smokers.comparedto females. smoking remained a slower growth in popular among young males. Britons in the period I 97'0 to 20100..ns where rellev... albeit still more than three times higher From the table.e. with only 10 per cent of males smoking. either for age males or for females.5~.20 group abated..nt.to. growing . lower than previous years.g . male population while young females showed a.20 interest in smoking" pushing the smoking rate first to 34% in 1985~ and then to 37'0/0 in 1990~even outmatehing their male counterparts .s.

. .~e belD.1 10.7 The given table provides an overview of carbon dioxide emissions from SOUI-cetS namely.2 to 46.where roadtransport added 3.se·.es to the total emissions ' withinten years.43~9 20014 32~6 :3fl.7 1994 _O~ 01. France recorded an increase offour million tonnes from 34. road transport produced emissions up to 32.iSS~ODS. 47. 5 35'0:.d-tr ans.5million tonnes over the same period.4.2 QlrrM'any 10."countries lin 19~94'and -. Germany.2 ' 3111:. Road transport continued to account for the biggest source of emissions . . 2.e 11.sis.. railways. both UK and France failed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from 'transport sources during the period 1994 to 2004~. In all the three countries.T'op_ic 9: Tlhe: 'tab.O.. or France did. while other three transport sources did not show any remarkable growth.'i 0.6. .~• ' L.In the . although having higher emissions than either the United Kingdom..2 10.. million more than tell years earlier..4 1 ~D !D~5 0. s. 7 200. 2 Su.4 1.en1.in COJi1h~8Jst to the decrease in Germany.4 30'...6 32.. Other three transport sources had a lower emission volume as well. with the amount rising to :~.pc.. By comparison.mrna~i..7 million in 1994~while the United Kingdom had a smaller growth.lons 'from tr'llnspo'rt in Ihi'r'&:e Eu.g '~nd make MUlij'on ronnel! 'of' carbon _.. except civil aviation.2 ttg· IF'I~anrc. United Kingdom.W shc. 0..2 32..I~ dOlmesUr.6 million tonnes in 2004~ 2.2 0.rdlpearl. 34.:1 47 .0 'tt.3 C)..9 and rep'ot1i~_ng'JI'he mainfes'tU're.7 46. AI..ws.eleclin. civil aviation and shipping] ( and Germany in 1994 and 2004 .car!b'IDln diiiolxlde lem~. by contrast" was the only country of the three to experience ::1 drop in road transport emissions. by' .04:".7 million tonnes. 43. rt RO:CI. As shown in the table.c~ompar'isonlswh-ers r-ellevant:. saw the amount decrease slightly from. !I--..6milIiontonD... .2million.'S 2:004 1: .'hle'lnfDrmiation . COW" main transport in the United Kingdom.2. A similar pattern was seen in France. France 'Germany.6 1. road transport. tran :eU3 g:n: 1 [European 'U:n'~oln Unite:d King'd:oml 199. road transport was responsible for the majority of .

076 thousand.lopic 10: 'The tabl'e Ibe'low shows motor vehicle olffences ln IEnglla:nd." ''1etiiClle UC'i!I.'!. in England and Wales from 1994 to 2004. 37 a:1"l 36 moT' 13:1 Ta8 32 B111 30 :963 21 951' 269 record kee:ping directions om.nge't"C ul" a~olleStB 1 or drunke'n.nd 2E: 272: 27'6 :211 245 21:B 213 ' ' 264 ~ The table presents an overall VI lew of various motor vehicle offences.: 190 199 1 UU 22 762 40. 1346 1919 22 100 21. 962 188 144 18 I~ ~87' 111 1'11 1I Ac'c:.rtln.231 thousand".mari:se th. driving fit.and . 1~lmftQ1Terlce'~ 2.nc:e" ~1n1. more than three times the figure ten years earlier. In 1994. licence. initially ranked second in ] 994 but became the main type: of offences by 2004. Ancthertwo types of offences..ldentofflenC8IS Spered. Wales during the period 1994 to 2004 and speed limit offences deserved .w'ee.391 11 . enmperlsons wherere. speed limit offences and licence particular attention because it surged exponentially. accident offences and unauthorised taking (or theft ) of motor vehicle.n '1994.838 1 .DI. me]ln featur"es. averaging .e info"rmation by Ilelect~ng .careless or drunken drivingwas the fourth main type of offences. were the least To summarise.4.fl'po. 232 2". 23 ISO 41 874 11 1-001 -~ -- I 18 1. anrdl 2:004" Sum. insurance and record keeping offences were themostcommon type of offences and rose to 957 thousand in 2004..mees Nlogl~ICIort~raffI:cIlig'nl :I. Speed limit offences.at around 250 thousand per year. and: make onenee ty'p. after a ten-year period of fluctuations .041 2'iaT'li Un:!ut:i1oris:ed taking er theft of melo. offences were two main types of motor vehicle offences in England and.e: . recording a. and Wales Ibel. all-time high at . also declining gradually. ten-year high at 2. Dangerous.sultam::::le and 37 129 282.- 23'1· 18: eo~ 4S 872 881 1I n -1 52 7m. Neglect of traffic signs and directions carne third.g the. dropping in much of ShU the period 1994 to 2004 but finally hitting common.levant.

In twoweeks. the it creates within two hOUrl5LInside the pupa.n . \ ~- S'tage 4: :P'upmil s~:agf! (2 lNGleks) Ime~eJmo. 'They feed on the food plants where they live. Stag~.the adult butterfly wUl break the pupa] case.yihg e:g!gs S~..: la. The next stage is.grovm.~ke·c=o'mlparisQ'ns.shedding.erfly The life cycle of a butterfly starts from egg laying.p'nosisl occurs - Theadullt bu~. ilnf'Q. In each egg" an embryo develops gradually. fo:r twomonths caterpillars are ready for the pupal stage. embryo. whJere ~ellev. The pupal stage is possibly one. called "the caterpillar"..pic11:: 'The 'diagr~mbe'~Dw stl. a p:roc..n.bvseIIICli'"91 eod 'n!iPQI~i. the pupa is. wings and take the flight time.~.. TIle female butterfly normally lays eggs on a plant that it thinks is suitable for accommodating and feeding caterpillars.)' skin .I'V"A!Su:mrn·ari.r. until in the natural world.shedding' \ . Flying around for new food p~nts butterflies are ready to matefor a new cycle.d ilQ.. Ithe . .T'o. The fully . skin.rmatiQ'. m!ain fllatulr8S :ar. this period talkies two to three weeks.f. '.(two monln5. will emerge from the egg. At the final stage..ant. In general. At this stage. of the greatestwonders caterpillar wrapsitself in .age '~roWth of a oate:rpiil'lla!fs . It marks the end of metamorphosis.lhe ~iife cycle .an adult butterfly. Caterpillars wil] shed their skin several times throughout this stage.ss known as motamorphosie takes place.Qvrs.apupa" a creature at most.:gl the.expand fOI" the first its.of: the butte~.a. transformed intc . This stage lasts. .

Threemain types. .) iRocydab~es. it is expected thathousebolds win put tbem 1:0 appropriate rubbish bins .__ _ __' known as further-processing stage.Q.f ahirnlnlurn) Pro.·ers will buy' glass r.T'Opiic 2: WlrHe a dissclrilptiio.o::.It is how the recycling loop keeps operating.U. '.o.aIl 'the recycled lna'terials. engineering companies are regular buyers of aluminium. !( i..:1 __ .pe!r towels I comJ:)sny I.he . _ .ef'use is assloned for recycllng. The recycled materials produced are sold t businesses. . clasElify and smash r:ecydables I sori drink Newspiapers. ~eparatedand smas~ed as ]OOPjj me third part of the n~~yclin:. Part of recyclables will be sent to some customers for their own use.E! "'~. For example.bles by using material "'lOt'· Irecover~t' f aC!I.of' recyclables are bottles (plastic or glass )" p.ent Paper rubbish bins M.·r·plastic . Bottles (plasUe ~ass) I S:tage! ens: coillecnng .p .di.rEl 11oa. different .. Newspapers and paper towels can b e sent to'. _. an important role in the treatment of urban refuse. The rest of recyclables win .L __ "u Pj3 . l' paper and pulpmills. . it will save plenty of time that is otherwise required for the second stage.~ Uise t.1. P'roc 8EH3edi reeyclab~es bus inesses I Eng. hl.sr Iproc:ess~ing.. used hy households daily. wiU become part of 'the itetllis.m dif1:er. 1l.w urban r. The first step is collecting recyclables frOID rubbish bins..1.. . '_".ag1flll:m land w!rile a desCf'ilpti. If recyclables have already been put in the right rubbish bins." U! ~oJi.n of h. ..p:Euty d'evgl.~nfo'rm'anonin the._ "'.oper (buyers of glass or pl.lneanr1'Q fi.. Once those. At the fm811~~age). Forexample. _. . &.f":r. -. develop ..r"9cy'ct81bles fro.J]e:s I Stagethreei:furt'h._ ." ~=:. Put in the right bjns Collecting andprocessing recyclables plays..aslic.~.iIL~ ."1.n 'o:I'lhls prccesa..J .r! vari . Items are disposed.aper and durables .be cleaned....ateri a~ recove:ryfacillities - -~- II Durablss Stage two: sort out recycla.. a O.. material recovery facilities win sortthe reeyclables more carefully..".-. soft drink companies have then-own recycling facilities to take advantage of the soft drink containers collected.ses.. pa. Icleia!ns~~.. the second stage.rlms (buyers o..

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