11 Maths B – Exponential Equations and Logarithms Questions

A. Fill in the following table: Exponential Form Logarithmic Form Exponential Form Logarithmic Form

34 = 81 25 = 32 106 = 1000000 0.53 = 0.125 70 = 1 31 = 3

log 3 81 = 4

cd = e
log 4 64 = 3 log100 = 2

log 2 2 = 1 log 5 1 = 0 log p q = t

B. Evaluate WITHOUT using a calculator: a) c)

log 3 9 log10 10

b) log 5 25 d) log 2 32 C. Evaluate using your calculator: a)

e) log 1 f) g)

1 16 log8 1
2

log 2 − 4 (**)

log 3 20

c)

log 5 625

b) log 2 1000 D. Solving Exponential equations using Logs. 1. Rearrange equation in the form a x = b . 2. Write in log form i.e x = log a b 3. Use a) key on classpad calculator.

d) log10 0.0001 E. Solve the following log equations. a. b. c.

log 2 x = 4 log 3 (2a + 1) = 3 log x 49 = 2

2 x = 50 b) 52b = 1000 c) 32 a − 100 = 0 d) 5000 1000 × 1.12n =

Rearrange equation in the form a x = b .15 2 . Evaluate using your calculator: e) log 3 20 f) g) log 2 1000 log 5 625 h) log10 0. Solving Exponential equations using Logs. Fill in the following table: Exponential Form Logarithmic Form Exponential Form Logarithmic Form 34 = 81 25 = 32 106 = 1000000 0. 2 = 50 ⇒ x = log 2 50 = 5. Write in log form i. 2. Use a) x key on classpad calculator.ANSWERS A.125 70 = 1 31 = 3 log 3 81 = 4 log 2 32 = 5 log100000 = 6 log 0.64 b b) 52= 1000 ⇒ = b log 5 1000 = 2.e x = log a b 3. x = 2 i) j) k) l) log 5 25 ⇒ 5 x= 25.53 = 0. x= 2 log10 10 ⇒ 10 x = 10.5 0. Evaluate WITHOUT using a calculator: h) log 3 9 ⇒ 3x = 9. x = 4 2 16 2 16 2 2 x x m) log 8 1 ⇒ 8 x = ⇒ 8 x = 0 ⇒ x = 1 8 0 n) log 2 − 4 ⇒ 2 x = 4 − No Solution(**) C.0001 D. 1. x = 1 log 2 32 ⇒ 2 = 32 ⇒ 2 = 2 ⇒ x = 5 x x 5 log 1 1 1 1 1 1 ⇒ = ⇒ = ( )4 .125 = 3 log 7 1 = 0 log 3 3 = 1 cd = e 43 = 64 102 = 100 21 = 2 50 = 1 pt = q log c e = d log 4 64 = 3 log100 = 2 log 2 2 = 1 log 5 1 = 0 log p q = t B.

12n ⇒ = log1. Solve the following log equations. log 2 x = 4 ⇒ x = 24 ⇒ x = 16 log 3 (2a + 1) = 3 ⇒ 2a + 1 = 33 ⇒ 2a = 26 ⇒ a = 13 log x 49 = 2 ⇒ x 2 = 49 ⇒ x = 7 .c) log 3 100 = 2. f.1 2 d) 5000 1000 × 1.20 = 5 n 5 32 a − 100 = 0 ⇒ a = E. e. d.12n ⇒ = 1.12 = 14.