You are on page 1of 3

# Math Booklet of Formulas

Free From
GREEK ALPHABET Capital Small Name Alpha Beta Gamma Delta Epsilon Zeta Eta Theta Iota Kappa Lambda Mu Nu Xi Omicron Pi Rho Sigma Tau Upsilon Phi Chi Psi Omega cL dL L daL hL kL cc Weight mg cg dg g dag hg kg pond inch ounce

www.analyzemath.com
centiliter deciliter liter dekaliter hectoliter kiloliter cubic centimeter SUBSETS OF REAL NUMBERS Natural Numbers = { ,2,3,4,...} 1 Whole Numbers Integers MASS / WEIGHT 1 kg = 2.2 lb 1 lb = 16 oz

= {0,1,2,3,4,...}

Rational

## a = { | a and b are int egers} b with a 0 Irrational = { x | x in not rational }

PROPERTIES OF REAL NUMBERS For all real numbers a, b and c we can write

a+b = b+a
The addition is commutative

## ABBREVIATIONS Length In.

ab = ba
The multiplication is commutative

(a + b) + c = a + (b + c)
The addition is associative

ft

## foot RATES OF CONVERSION BETWEEN UNITS

(a b)c = a(b c)
The multiplication is associative

yd mile mm cm

yard LENGTH mi 1 mi = 5280 ft millimeter 1 mi = 1.609 km centimeter 1 mile = 1760 yd 1 in. = 2.54 cm 1 yd = 0.9144 m 1 yd = 3 ft

a(b + c) = ab + ac
Distributive property of multiplication over addition

dm m

decimeter meter

dam hm km Volume

decameter 1 m = 3.281 ft hectometer VOLUME / CAPACITY kilometer 1 mile squared = 640 acres 1 cubic foot = 7.481 gal

ORDER OF OPERATIONS First evaluate within the grouping symbols such as parentheses 1. Exponential expressions 2. Multiplication and division 3. Addition and subtraction

ABSOLUTE VALUE

pt gal mL

## x for x 0 | x |= x for x < 0

Free From

www.analyzemath.com

## Math Booklet of Formulas

Free From
EXPANDING - FACTORING FORMULAS

www.analyzemath.com
BINOMIAL THEOREM

( x + y ) = x + 2 xy + y
2 2

2 2

ARITHMETIC AND GEOMATRIC SEQUENCES The n th term of an arithmetic sequence with first term is given by

( x y ) = x 2 xy + y ( x + y ) 3 = x 3 + 3 x 2 y + 3 xy 2 + y 3 ( x y ) 3 = x 3 3 x 2 y + 3 xy 2 y 3 ( x y )( x + y ) = x 2 y 2
SLOPE OF A LINE The slope m of a line through the points

a1

## and common difference d

( x + y ) n = x n + n C1 x n 1 y +
n

C 2 x n 2 y 2 + K+ n C r x n r y r

a n = a1 + (n 1)d
The sum

+K+ yn
Where n C r

Sn

Sn =
first term by

n ( a1 + a n ) 2
x0 = 1

n! r!(n r )!

## EXPONENTS AND RADICALS

( x1 , y1 )

and

( x2 , y2 ) is x1 x2

a1

given by

m=

y 2 y1 x2 x1

a n = a1 r n 1
when The sum

x r =

1 1 = ( )r r x x

Sn

## geometric sequence is given by

The slope of a horizontal line is equal to zero. The slope of a vertical line is undefined.

Sn =
sequence with

a1 (1 r n ) (1 r)

## The sum S of an infinite geometric

1 = xr r x x r x s = x r+s ( x r ) s = x rs

MIDPOINT AND DISTANCE FORMULAS The coordinates of the midpoint M of segment PQ where points P ( x1 , y1 ) and Q ( x2 ,

| r |< 1 is given by a1 S= (1 r )

x xr ( )r = r y y xr = y r s s y ( xy) r = x r y r x y ( ) r = ( ) r y x x
n
1 n

y 2 ) are given by

M(

x1 + x 2 y1 + y 2 , ) 2 2

## EXPONENTAILS AND LOGARITHMS

y = log b ( x)

if and only if b

=x

=n x
= (m x ) n
n n

( x 2 x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 y1 ) 2

## QUADRATIC FORMULA The solutions to the quadratic equation

ax + bx + c = 0 ( a 0 ) are given
by

## log b ( xy) = log b ( x) + log b ( y ) x log b ( ) = log b ( x) log b ( y ) y log b x r = r log b ( x)

b log b ( x ) = x log b (b x ) = x

xy = n x n y
n m

x
n

x = y

x y

If solutions.
2

## log b (1) = 0 log b (b) = 1 log a ( x) log b ( x) = log a (b)

INEQUALITIES If If If If

If b 4ac = 0 , then there is one real solutions (or a repeated solution). If b 4ac < 0 , then there are two complex solutions.
2

## a>b a>b a>b a>b

b > c then a > c , then a + c > b + c and c > 0 , then ac > bc and c < 0 , then ac < bc
and

Free From

www.analyzemath.com

## Math Booklet of Formulas

Free From
ABSOLUTE VALUE INEQUALITIES

www.analyzemath.com
RECTANGULAR EQUATIONS FOR CONIC SECTIONS Circle of center

| x | b If | x | b x b
If Function form

b x b x b or

## GROWTH AND DECAY EXPONENTIAL FUNCTIONS Assuming that P is positive

f ( x) = Pe kx
growth function.

is increasing if

k > 0,

( h, k ) and radius r

f ( x) = Pe kx is decreasing if k < 0 ,
LINEAR FUNCTION

## f of the f ( x) = ax + b with a 0 is called

decay function.

( x h) 2 + ( y k ) 2 = r 2
Ellipse of center

a linear function because its graph is a line that has a slope equal to a and intercept of the line. Domain: Range:

( h, k )

b is the y

( ,+ )

COMPOUND INTEREST FORMULA If r is the rate of interest and the principal (the amount you begin with) P is compounded n times per year then after t years the total amount A is given by

( x h) 2 ( y k ) 2 + =1 a2 b2
Parabola of vertex parallel to y axis

( ,+ )

r A(t ) = P (1 + ) nt n

( h, k )

- Axis

## QUADRATIC FUNCTION Function

( x h) 2 = 4 p ( y k )
with

of the form

f ( x) = ax 2 + bx + c

a 0 is

## Parabola of vertex parallel to x axis

( h, k )

- Axis

called a quadratic function. Its graph is a parabola that has a vertex. The coordinates given by

## ( h, k ) of the vertex are

a c a+c + = b b b a c a c = b b b a c ad + cb + = b d bd a c ac = b d bd a c a d ad = = b d b c bc ac a = bc b

( y k ) 2 = 4 p ( x h)
Hyperbola of center parallel to x axis

( h, k )

- Axis

h=

b 2a

and

k = f (h)

if a > 0 , the graph opens upward and the vertex is a minimum point. The range of f is given by the interval

( x h) 2 ( y k ) 2 =1 a2 b2
Hyperbola of center parallel to y axis

[ k ,+ )

( h, k )

- Axis

if a < 0 , the graph opens downward and the vertex is a maximum point. The range of f is given by the interval Domain of given by Function

( , k ]

( y k ) 2 ( x h) 2 =1 a2 b2

( ,+ )

## may also be written in vertex

form as follows

f ( x ) = a ( x h) 2 + k

Free From

www.analyzemath.com