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Doç. Dr. Bülent SEZEN
What is Logistics?
Logistics is the . . . “process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements.“
Council of Logistics Management
Is it different from SCM?
Not really! “Supply Chain Management deals with the management of materials, information, and financial flows in a network consisting of suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and customers.” (Stanford Supply Chain Forum) So, Logistics and Supply Chain are equivalent terms.
Purchasing / Procurement Inventory Control Warehousing Materials Handling Facility Location / Network Design Transportation Customer Service Order Processing
A List of Approaches in Log. Man.
Just in Time Inventory Vendor Managed Inventory Quick Response Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment Outsourcing / 3PLs Cross-docking / Flow Through Centers Build to Order SC Visibility Software Internet / EDI Collaborative Transportation Management Auctions / Exchanges Merge - In - Transit Partnerships / Alliances
Logistics firms in Turkey .
A Sample Logistics Firm: EKOL .
labeling. . etc. such as quality control. sorting. can be included in the logistics processes.Value Added Services Value added services. repacking.
Video: EKOL Lojistik .
Video: Borusan Logistics (VLC Player) .
. Such warehouses are used for the storage of import merchandise. until the duties are paid or the goods reshipped without entry. subject to duty.Bonded Warehouse (In Turkish: “Antrepo”) Bonded warehouse is a warehouse in which goods are stored without customs duties being paid until they are removed from the warehouse.
not subject to free circulation.Bonded Warehouse… In accordance with the limitations and authorities defined by laws of customs. under internationally acclaimed standards prior to nationalization. . bonded warehouse stores merchandise. Operations in the warehouse may include assembly. manipulation or storage but usually not manufacturing.
Cross Docking a logistics activity that attempts to reduce costs and total lead time. . instead of stocking the items in warehouse locations and returning to pick for orders at a later time. breaks down received items on the loading dock and immediately matches them with outgoing shipment requirements.
. This can mean moving pallets across the docking areas (hence the name) for loading onto delivery vehicles.Cross Docking… eliminates the need to place inventory in storage.
Cross Docking… Crossdocking essentially eliminates the inventory-holding function of a warehouse while still allowing it to serve its consolidation and shipping functions. . The idea is to transfer incoming shipments directly to outgoing trailers without storing them in between.
. workers pick it from the shelves and send it to the destination. . When a customer (e. goods are received from vendors and stored in devices like pallet racks or shelving. the consumer or perhaps a retail outlet) requests an item.Cross Docking… In a traditional warehouse.g.
. so workers need only move the shipment from the inbound trailer to an outbound trailer bound for the appropriate destination. goods arriving from the vendor already have a customer assigned.Cross Docking… In a crossdock. The already part should make you think of information system requirements--a chief obstacle to implementing crossdocking successfully.
. so it arrives to the crossdock bagged and tagged for transfer. In post-distribution crossdocking. the crossdock itself allocates material to its stores.Cross Docking…(classification) One way to classify crossdocking operations is according to when the customer is assigned to an individual pallet or product. the customer is assigned before the shipment leaves the vendor. In pre-distribution crossdocking.
big! . system integration. and coordination. For a distributor with hundreds of vendors. This involves quite a bit of information transfer. the problem is big.Cross Docking…(classification) Pre-distribution is definitely more difficult to implement because the vendors of the crossdock must know which customers of the crossdock need what before they send the shipment. big.
require special storage conditions and entertain high inventory risks Automotive – just in time (JIT). special packaging Fuel and Petroleum Transportation – very special tanker security systems . have limited shelf life.Logistics Experience will be different from one sector to another Textiles – speed and variety due to seasonality concerns Retailing (FMCG) – prevents stores from having empty shelves or shelves with overstocks – Frozen storage and transportation Health – hygienic. delivering parts from thousands of kilometers.
Fuel and Petroleum Transportation Fuel tankers have bodies.000 to 38.000 liters). . The tanks have a bottom loading and unloading system and all the necessary security equipments for overloading. including the chassis. made of aluminum alloy and are the lightest tankers in weight and highest in volume (20.
200 to 7. . a security system locking the brakes when the API drum is opened and the valves when it is closed.000 liters.000 and 38.Fuel and Petroleum Transportation… The tanks have capacities between 20.000 liters of compartment capacities. emergency buttons at three sides and an EBS brake system. Along with these tankers there are three-level security systems. bottom loading equipments. anti-rolling system. 4 to 7 compartments and 3.
Fuel and Petroleum Transportation… There are also: Emergency power switch. 6 rear-view mirrors . Emergency valve locking switch.
Fuel and Petroleum Transportation… The drivers clothes have long sleeves and long trousers. . The drivers’ equipments also include gloves resistant to the material they carry. The fabric is 100% cotton to avoid static electricity. In addition. a helmet compliant to EN norms and glasses against the material vapor. all drivers wear anti-static shoes.
Video: Shell Oil Tanker Distribution .
Vehicle Logistics Vehicle logistics services include: – Vehicle Transportation – Marine Transportation (RO-RO) – Ship Loading and Unloading – Storage and Parking Lot Services – Dealer Distributions – Information Systems and Reporting .
Fair exhibitions.Vehicle Logistics … Special transportation services are: Inter-dealer transportation. Sports competitions. Collection vehicles .
Minimum parking distances. Installation of the safety equipment should be realized.Vehicle Logistics … During the placement of vehicles on to the ship. .
.Transfer to the dispatch area. .Vehicle Logistics … Storage and Parking Lot Services: .Transfer of the out of order vehicles to the service area.Transfer from the service area to the addressed area .Transfer to addressed area. .
.Video: Interview with People at Omsan Vehicle Logistics Dept.
Video: Şahsuvaroğlu Tractor Shipment .
logistics processes are outsourced to Ekol. . After a comprehensive project. warehouse and distribution management internally before Ekol partnership. The first value obtained by this project was eliminating the short distance transportation costs of bonded goods from customs area to warehouse.Case Studies with EKOL: Intra Medikal Intra Medikal used to perform inventory.
Before export and internal distribution. .Case Studies with EKOL: Intra Medikal… The inventory records database enables a systematical display of shelf lives and other product specific information. while customers out of Istanbul receive cargo shipments. products are barcode labeled according to the accepting criteria of customers and hospitals. Customers in Istanbul receive daily deliveries.
EKOL achieved inventory minimization and delivery efficiency. By consolidating Carsı store supply strategies according to the product groups as "cross-dock". . Carsı looked out for many candidates and finally preferred Ekol. On its quest for a logistics partner. one of Turkey's leading retailer chain stores. has become a pioneer in the field of logistics outsourcing.Case Studies with EKOL: Çarşı (Boyner) Carsı. "flow thru" and "replenishment" strategies.
any data Carsı keys in to the software can be utilized for generating work orders to EKOL.Case Studies with EKOL: Çarşı (Boyner)… Interfaces have been built between EKOL and Carsı softwares which have different infrastructures running independently and a data processing structure has been established enabling both parties to monitor all processes. . Thanks to this system. create work orders and report the results simultaneously.
. Braun was working with a company for supplying spare parts. Spare parts purchased by service supplier from Braun's center in Germany were later transported by freight forwarder companies.Case Studies with EKOL: Braun Operating within Gillette group. after sales support and product change under insurance coverage. Braun is the world's largest electric shaving machines. small kitchen appliances and blood pressure and fever measurement devices provider.
and no advantage of automation technologies for computer and product flow. .Case Studies with EKOL: Braun… After being cleared of customs by customs broker firms they were sent to Braun technical services via cargo companies. There was hardly any integration achieved on these steps. stock and order management is taken over by Ekol providing roofconsolidation. Transportation. customs handling.
EKOL imports Braun products and takes the burden of all inventory and financial costs and risks. In this context. EKOL proved that Third Party Logistic service suppliers can be relied on. assuming stock risks. in maintaining minimum inventory levels. and making direct sales decisions.Case Studies with EKOL: Braun… Taking 3rd Party Logistic service provider concept one step further. . financing inventory keeping costs.
This is in contrast to lo-lo (lift on-lift off) vessels which use a crane to load and unload cargo. .What is Ro-Ro? Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ships are designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles. trailers or railway carriages.
the term RORO is generally reserved for larger ocean-going vessels.What is Ro-Ro? RORO vessels have built-in ramps which allow the cargo to be efficiently "rolled on" and "rolled off" the vessel when in port. . While smaller ferries that operate across rivers and other short distances still often have built-in ramps.
but the goods themselves are not handled during these changes.What is Intermodal (Combined) Transport? It is a transport method that more than one transport mode is used for the same transport container. The process can also be defined as a transportation method where transport mode changes for the same transport container or land vehicle. .
delivery time and service quality. In intermodal transport. the aim is to achieve an effective combination of cost. . it is a transport method that integrates advantages of different transport modes.What is Intermodal (Combined) Transport? In other words.
trailers or pallet). carriage and unloading. The goods inside the transportation container are not handled . legal and organizational parts of the process chain within the transport system. The suitability of the transport units for loading. The compatibility of the technological.Features of Intermodal Transport Using standard transport units (like standard containers.
Advantages of Land-Railway Intermodal Transport Guarentee of long-term fixed price Secure shipping Minimum interference by weather conditions and traffic constraints Easier border crossing Cost and equipment supply advantage in high volume and planned shippings .
Omsan Lojistik’s Intermodal Transport .
Omsan Lojistik’s Intermodal Transport (cont’d) .
normally done for a defined route on a recurring basis.What is Milk Run Distribution? It is the combination of shipments from multiple vendors in close geographic proximity into one shipment received by the customer. .
..What is Milk Run Distribution?..
Milk Run Distribution… .
shipping methods. Forwarder assembles. A freight forwarder is among the best sources of information and assistance on export regulations and documentation. and foreign import regulations.What is a Freight Forwarder? An independent business that handles export/import shipments for a fee. collects and consolidates less-than-truckload (LTL) freight . .
. Forwarder consolidates freight for many shippers. arranges for shipment and delivery via LTL carriers and gets lower (freight) rates based on volume than the individual shippers could obtain. At the request of the shipper..What is a Freight Forwarder?. It also clears the freight through customs. . the forwarder makes the actual arrangements and provides the necessary services for expediting the shipment to its overseas destination.
What is a Freight Forwarder?. The forwarding agent assists the exporter in finding the most economic and efficient methods of transporting and storing cargo. It is an intermediary between carrier and owner of goods being transported. ... The freight forwarder does not actually carry the cargo or conduct business for the ship.
They can be operated by an independent party. . or be run by some form of industry consortium that has been set-up to serve a particular sector.E-marketplace. Online Auctions and Exchanges An E-marketplace is a virtual online market where organizations register as buyers or sellers to conduct B2B ecommerce over Internet.
com .An Online Marketplace: Equipnet.
Online auctions use Internet technology. so. . vast numbers of businesses can bid.Online Auctions Online auctions are computerized versions of traditional auctions where prices are set by buyers bidding against each other.
.Online Exchanges Online Exchanges are websites where buyers and sellers trade goods and services online. There are successful exchanges in markets as diverse as energy. textiles and logistics.
Online Exchanges… Types of exchanges: – Request for quotation • An invitation to suppliers to provide a quote for a specific product or service – Request for bid • An invitation to buyers to bid for a specific product or service that you are able to provide .
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