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B-Gl-385-017 81 mm Mortar

B-Gl-385-017 81 mm Mortar

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Published by: cbtdoc2002 on Dec 20, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Bipod. The bipod (Figure 2-5) provides a front support for
the barrel and carries the gears necessary to lay the mortar. The
bipod assembly consists of three major components with a total
weight of 11.8 kg. These components are:


Traversing Assembly. The traversing assembly
consists of the following:


Barrel Clamp. This secures the barrel to
the bipod and consists of an upper and
lower clamp. Attached to the upper
clamp is a curved handle, a spring-loaded
locking rod and ball. The lower clamp is
shaped to cradle the barrel, and is bored
on each side to house the buffer cylinders.
On its right side it is recessed to house the
ball end of the locking rod. Above the
recess is a safety latch which, when
closed, locks the rod into the recess. On
the left side of the upper clamp is a safety
lock. This ensures both upper and lower
clamps lock together.


Buffer Carrier. This is shaped on the
top to fit under the barrel and on each side
it is bored to hold the buffer cylinders. It
is also bored transversely and attached to
the outer tube of the traversing

81 mm Mortar



mechanism. On the left side is a sight
bracket which has a dovetailed recess that
provides a mounting for the sight unit.


Traversing Mechanism. This is of the
telescopic type, consisting of an internal
screw operating within a nut and tube.
On the right is a traversing hand wheel
and crank which moves the assembly and
traverses the mortar 100 mils from one
extremity to the other. One complete turn
of the hand wheel and crank equals
10 mils.


Cross-levelling Assembly. The cross-levelling
assembly consists of the yoke, the cross-levelling
arm, and the cross-levelling mechanism. The yoke
is bored at each end for attachment to the
traversing screw assembly and is bored at its
centre for an axis pin to which one end of the
cross-levelling arm is attached. The other end of
the cross-levelling arm is attached to the elevating
screw. The axis pin is fitted with a lubricator. A
boss on the left side of the yoke is screw threaded
internally, for the ball socket of the cross-levelling
mechanism. The cross-levelling mechanism is
positioned vertically between two lugs on the
cross-levelling arm, and can be elevated or
depressed by means of the cross-levelling hand
wheel and crank.


Leg Assembly. The leg assembly consists of two
tubular metal legs terminating in spiked feet. The
upper end of the plain leg has a serrated facing
which locks to the serrated facing on the lug of the
elevation leg. On the other side is a recess into
which the hand wheel is fitted to hold the leg in
other positions. A retaining strap attached to the
plain leg is used to secure the barrel to the bipod.
The elevating leg houses the elevating mechanism,
which consists of the elevating screw, the
elevating hand wheel and crank. The elevating

Description and Maintenance



mechanism will provide for angles of elevation
from 800 mils to 1511 mils, subject to suitable
positioning of the bipod. On the inside of the
elevating housing, adjacent to the plain leg, is a
spring-loaded locating catch. When depressed it
releases the catch from the recess of the plain leg.

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