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B-Gl-385-017 81 mm Mortar

B-Gl-385-017 81 mm Mortar

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Published by: cbtdoc2002 on Dec 20, 2008
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05/09/2014

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INSTRUCTOR'S NOTES

1.

Aim. To teach the points described below:

a.

aiming points;

b.

auxiliary aiming points; and

c.

aiming.

2.

Time Required. Two 40-minutes periods.

3.

Method. Explanation and demonstration.

4.

Stores. The following stores and equipment are required:

a.

one mortar, a sight unit and baseplate flag per
detachment;

b.

an overhead projector with a PowerPoint equipped
computer; and

c.

a chalkboard.

5.

Preparation. Prior to the start of the first period:

a.

prepare the PowerPoint presentation and
chalkboard for the first period which will include
theory, selection of aiming points and method of
laying and aiming;

b.

for the outdoor period, the mortars should be
mounted and aiming points established; and

c.

the instructor will carry out safety precautions.

81 mm Mortar

98

B-GL-385-017/PT-001

CONDUCT OF THE LESSON

6.

Review. Name the parts of the sight unit C2A1.

7.

Introduction. The mortar is an indirect fire weapon;
therefore, the target is not normally seen from the mortar position.
Accurate fire can only be brought to bear through the use of an aiming
point and through the ability of the No. 1 to lay a correct aim on that
aiming point.

8.

Aiming Points. Explain and demonstrate, the following

three types of aiming points:

a.

Distant Aiming Point (DAP). When speed is
essential a DAP should be used. Light conditions
permitting, it should be a clearly defined, easily
recognised object at a minimum distance of
1000 metres from the mortar position, for example, a
corner of a building, a tree, a telephone pole, a
clearly defined hilltop, etc. It should be at a right
angle to the line of fire and to the left of the mortar
line to reduce errors in parallelism between mortars,
and to minimise the chance of a barrel obstruction.
By night a distant aiming point may be selected if
light conditions are good or if a distant light is
visible.

b.

Close Aiming Point (CAP). A CAP can be
established by either a prismatic compass or an
aiming circle. Two stakes planted in line are

NOTE

In order to obtain the record, the Group Commander will
stand in the centre of the mortar line and with his prismatic
compass shoot a bearing through the DAP. Once he has
applied the magnetic variation to that bearing he will give it
to all mortars as a record. If the situation permits, all No. 1
crew members will go to the centre of the mortar line to
receive their record and obtain a good identification of the
DAP.

Mortar Handling Drills

B-GL-385-017/PT-001

99

required, with the near stake at a minimum of
25 metres and the far stake at a minimum of
50 metres (minimum of 25 metres from each mortar)
from the mortar position, depending upon prevailing
conditions. They should be to the left front of the
mortar line to reduce the chance of a barrel
obstruction.

c.

Auxiliary Aiming Point (AAP). When a CAP or a
DAP is in use, they must be supplemented by an
auxiliary aiming point (AAP) that can be used
should a barrel obstruction or poor visibility obscure
the field of view between the telescope and the
aiming point in use. An AAP is represented by two
stakes to the left rear of the mortar and not less than
800 mils from the aiming point in use.

9.

Confirm by questions.

10.

Aiming. Because of the various types of objects that may be
used as aiming points, a very distinctive point of aim must be selected
to avoid errors in laying the mortar. Points of aim will normally be
either a vertical edge or an apex. When laying the mortar on a point of
aim, the following rules will apply:

a.

Vertical Edges. The vertical lines of the reticule
will be placed on the vertical edge (Figure 4-4).

b.

Apex. The vertical lines of the reticule will be
placed on top of the apex (Figure 4-5).

Figure 4-4: Use of Vertical Edges as Aiming Points

81 mm Mortar

100

B-GL-385-017/PT-001

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