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Solid Waste Management Slide Show

Solid Waste Management Slide Show

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ERODE SENGUNTHAR ENGINEERING COLLEGE

Presented by

IMPACT OF SOLID WASTE ON ENVIRONMENT

M. MAHESH L. POOVENDRAN

AND
ITS MANAGEMENT

Dept. Of Civil Engineering Erode Sengunthar Engineering College Thudupathi. Erode.

OBJECTIVE

The main objective of this Paper is to understand the process of solid waste management and the ill effects of solid waste to the environment if not treated Properly

WHAT IS SOLID WASTE…?

Any material that is thrown away which is unwanted and useless is consider as solid waste.

What is the need for Management…?

Eg: Sludge, Garbage, discarded materials, house hold wastes
Indian cities / towns generate on an average 300 – 400 gm per capita per day. The waste generation of corporation is 643 MT / day. Without proper management, municipal solid waste become a severe threat to the communities living nearby.

TYPES OF SOLID WASTE Recyclables • Plastic & Paper • Metals • Glass Organic • Kitchen Waste • Agro Waste • Animal Waste Inert • Sand • Pebbles • Gravels Solid Waste .

GENERAL COMPOSITION OF THE MSW Bio Degradable 50% Recyclables 20% Others 8% Inerts 22% .

SOURCES OF SOLID WASTE 1. Commercial Waste 3. Industrial Waste 4. Treatment Waste 6.Agricultural Waste .Residential Waste 2. Open areas Waste 5.

.ENVIRONMENT IMPACT DUE TO IMPROPER DISPOSAL  Improper collection and disposal result in increased disease transmission.    Mosquitoes breed in blocked drains and in rainwater that is retained in discarded cans. The improper handling of medical waste can harm workers. they become significant sources of methane. tire and other objects. When organic wastes are disposed in landfills.

causing blockages that result in flooding and unsanitary conditions. leading to climate change. ./. Methane is more effective than carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas. ponds and lakes.  Uncollected wastes often end up in drains.   Polluted water flowing from waste dumps and disposal sites can cause serious pollution of water supplies..Contd..

DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE  OLDEN METHODS  Burning o o process  Open dumping Dumping on land Dumping in water  MODERN  Land o o o METHODS  Incineration fills  Compositing Aerobic composting Anaerobic composting Vermi composting  Recycle .

BURNING PROCESS  It is undesirable due to smoke. objectionable odors and the chemicals emanate from burning. .

Open dumping requires large land areas. This method of disposal is extensively used in India. which further leads to the problem of land shortage for human habitation.OPEN DUMPING  Open dumping of solid waste is done in low-lying areas and outskirts of the towns and cities.   .

.OPEN DUMPING ON LAND   Dumping on land was a simple task to haul solid wastes to the edge of town. Open dumps also attracted flies and rats that spread diseases.

OPEN DUMPING ON WATER It was used in coastal areas. in spite of that it was not favored because of pollution  This haphazard disposal became a matter of great concern to public health authorities.  .

MODERN DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE INCINERATION  DUMP SITES (LAND FILLS)  COMPOSITING  RECYCLING  .

 Hospital waste may be safely disposed by this process.INCINERATION  It is the process of that treats waste though combustion of organic materials. .  It can be used to reduce the original volume of combustible solid wastes by 80-90%. flue gases and heat that can also be used to generate electric power.  The waste products are turned into ash. particulates.

.

ADVANTAGES OF INCENERATION  Saves Money on Transport of waste of Energy from waste  Production  Formation of gases are totally eliminated .

.LANDFILL  The wastes to be disposed off are compacted and covered with the layer of soil. solid waste volume shrinks by 25-30% . Solid wastes are placed in alternate layers of 80cm thick refuse covered with selected earth fill of 20cm thickness.   After two or three years.

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built on or used as parks or farming land. Availability of Renewable Source Energy    . Waste going to a properly designed landfills can be processed to remove all recyclable materials before tipping.ADVANTAGES OF LAND FILL  A specific location for disposal  It can be reclaimed. Capture the natural gas (methane) produced by the decomposing material underground.

this includes composting with bacteria. High nitrogen waste (like grass clippings or other green material)  Anaerobic composting: .  Vermi composting: . Types of Composting  Aerobic composting: . fungi.This means to compost with air. Along with red worms. Anaerobic composting is low maintenance since you simply throw it in a pile and wait a couple years.This is composting without air.This is most beneficial for composting food waste.COMPOSTING Composting is the method in which organic matter in the solid waste is converted into humus and stable mineral by biological action. and other bugs. insects.  .

COMPOSTING Aerobic An aerobic 1 = Water level 2 = Well concrete rings 3 = motor 4 = methane gas holder 5 = gas outlet Vermi composting .

COMPOSTING % .

ADVANTAGES OF COMPOSITING         Saleable Product Destruction of pathogens Reduces mass and volume Improved transportability Soil conditioner Land application is convenient Improves nutrient qualities Decreases pollutants .

Re-use 2. Recycle .RECYCLING    Recycling is one of the most economical methods of controlling pollution. Recycling is a much abused term.Reduce 3. generally taken to mean getting something back from waste. 1. Recycling falls into three main categories.

CASE STUDY : SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ERODE  The compost yard for Erode Municipality is situated at Vendipalayam. .  This project is implemented with the advices and guidance's from the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Coimbatore. Old dumped garbage.   It is about 19 acres in square area About 110 Mt to 135 Mt of Municipal garbage is dumped in the Compost yard for the past 25 years without any treatment and segregation.  Now it is proposed to compost the segregated degradable waste and to make manure from already half-composted. 5km from Municipal Office.

ERODE COMPOSITE YARD – VENDI PALAYAM .

RAISE AWARENESS AMONG THE PUBLIC THROUGH VARIOUS TRAINING AND INTERACTIVE PROGRAM.WHAT CAN WE DO?  ADOPT THE 3’R PRINCIPLE ENCOURAGE THE USE OF COMPOST RATHER THAN CHEMICAL FERTILIZER.   .

avma.org/issues/environment/wastedisposal/definitions.in/ref/ae/wte/typ/clas/msw.in http://www.asp#U niversalWaste   .REFERENCE  http://www.gov.tn.eai.html http://erodecorp.

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