P. 1


|Views: 256|Likes:
Published by Pathikrit Guha

More info:

Published by: Pathikrit Guha on May 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less






  • List Of Figures
  • 2.1 Problem statement:
  • 3.1 Project Background
  • 3.2 How the Vehicle License Plate System works
  • Fig 3.2 A car approaching a License Plate Recognition System
  • 3.3 Objectives
  • 3.4 Constraints
  • System block Diagram
  • 3.5 Various Types of Vehicle License Plate
  • 3.6 Commercial Products
  • Block Diagram of Image Processing Steps
  • 4.3 Comparison Between MATLAB and Artificial Intelligence
  • 8.1 Algorithm for ANPR system
  • 8.2 Input Image from file
  • 8.3 Convert image into binary
  • 8.4 Segmentation
  • 8.5 Number identification
  • 8.6 Save to file in given format
  • Overview of the Vehicle license plate System
  • 9.1 Image Cropping
  • 9.2 Conversion of RGB Images to Binary Images
  • Fig 9.4: Histogram of light object with dark background
  • 9.3 Colour Image Processing
  • 10.2 MEDFILT2
  • 11.1 Threshold Selection
  • 11.2 Global Thresholding
  • 11.3 Adaptive Thresholding
  • 12.1 Filtering
  • 12.2 Binary area open (Bwareaopen)
  • 12.4 Identify and remove away the small connected objects
  • 13.2 Database
  • 14 Character Recognition
  • 14.1 Normalization
  • 14.2 Template Matching
  • 15.1 Extracting of Individual Digits
  • 15.2 Vehicle Quantization and Equalization
  • 15.3 Checking and Verification of the Statistic
  • 18.1 Experimental results
  • 18.2 Discussion
  • 19 Difficulties and Recommendations

Massive integration of information technologies into all aspects of modern life
caused demand for processing vehicles as conceptual resources in information
systems because a standalone information system without any data has no sense,
there was also a need to transform information about vehicles between the
reality and information systems. This can be achieved by a human agent, or by
special intelligent equipment which is be able to recognize vehicles by their
number plates in a real environment and reflect it into conceptual resources.
Because of this, various recognition techniques have been developed and
number plate recognition systems are today used in various traffic and security
applications, such as parking, access and border control, or tracking of stolen
cars. Vehicle License Plate Recognition is an image processing system whereby
it is used to recognize the vehicles by identifying the license plate.

In entrance gate, number plates are used to identify the vehicles. When a vehicle
enters an input gate, number plate is automatically recognized and stored in
database and black-listed number is not given permission. When a vehicle later
exits the place through the gate, number plate is recognized again and paired
with the first-one stored in the database and it is taken a count. Automatic
number plate recognition systems can be used in access control. For example,
this technology is used in many companies to grant access only to vehicles of
authorized personnel.

In some countries, ANPR systems installed on country borders automatically
detect and monitor border crossings. Each vehicle can be registered in a central
database and compared to a black list of stolen vehicles. In traffic control,
vehicles can be directed to different lanes for a better congestion control in busy
urban communications during the rush hours.

Automatic Line Tracking Robot (ALR) is used in this project as a vehicle which
contains circuitry for moving in a guided track. It will have mechanism to detect
the opened and closed door. It also will have capacity to park in the given
parking area.


You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->