TRIAL EXAMINATION STPM CHEMISTRY Answer for Paper 1, 2006

No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

10.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Answer D B A B C B C B C A B D C B D B B D D D

No 21. 22. 23. 24. 2S. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 3S. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Answer C D B D D B B C B D B C C D A C .B-c:... C D C

No 41. 42. 43. 44. 4S. 46. 47. 48. 49. SO.

Answer A D A A D B C D B C

2S 2P (ii) Electronic configuration must represent by arrow [1] [1] 3d 3p 3s 2p 2s Is 1 .31 x 301K X [1] = 2.fr' = 5.energy level and orbital IS.09 x 10-3 mol Relative molecular mass = 129 (iii)No of molecule X = No of mole x Avogadro's constant = 1.270 g 2.26 X [1] [1] 1021 (b) (i) Label the diagram . 1. (a) (i) n = PV/RT 103 Pa x 1.00 x 10-3 m3 8.09 10-3 mol [3 sf] [1] (ii) RMM = Mass No of mole [1] [3sf] [1] 0.24 X TRIAL STPM 2006 Answer scheme: .

TRIAL STPM 2006 (iii) Oxygen have very high I..-{ Formatted: Indent: First line: 0" 2 .E thus they do not form positive ion. .. Ion Number of electrons in 3d shell in ion Ca2+ 0 Mn2+ Niz+ 8 [3 marks] 5 (i) The third I.. electron to be removed is from the completely filled 3p orbital for the others. .bond between sodium ion and hydrogen ion are very strong [1] [1] .. so that M + is formed [1] (ii) The third I. [1] 3d 3p 3s 2p it it i _i_ 2s Is 2. the third electrons removed is from the 3d orbital which have similar energy level as 4s orbital.E of M is the energy re~uired to move the third outmost electron from a gaseous ion MZ+ to infinity. [1] I (b) (i) .Weak intermolecular forces of ethane . They form negative ions as they have high electron affinity.E of calcium is so high because this third.

(iii) Disproportionation Ch + 2NaOH ~ occurs NaCI + NaCIO + H20 [1] (b) (i) PtCI2(H20)2 is a complex that can exist as geometry isomers whereas [1] CH2Ch has only one tetrahedral structure [1] (ii) diaquadichloroplatinum(II) (iii) [1] CI '.2 .isomer CH3CH = CHCH3 ( Cis .TRIAL STPM 2006 (ii) Lewis structure BF3 Shape of molecule Trigonal planar Both correct [ I mark) NH+4 Positive charge at the N or outside the square bracket Tetrahedral [Imark) [ ] SF6 Octahedral [ I mark) 3 (a) (i) P : 2Cr ~ Ch + 2eQ : 2H20 + 2e. __ .~ H2 +20H- [1] [1] [1] (ii) To exert pressure so that NaOH do not flow back to left compartment.butane and trans .isomer Trans . (a) (i) (ii) Cis ..butane) Dehydrohalogenation @ elimination [2] [4] [1] 3 ..0>/ OHz 4.2 .

/ I H EB C CIS 14 H I H-F-CI H-f-CI H /"'- H-F-CI H [2] 5. [2] [2] l\. [1] 4 . its concentration is constant.45 min). absence of UV light and heating II: Alcoholic of sodium hydroxide and heat. Time/min b From the graph. ..TRIAL STPM 2006 (b) (i) (ii) I : Chlorine in tetrachloroethane.' 60 45 30 o .consistent scale of both axis Correct points plotted Graph is smooth Total vol of gas/em. a . H /H ~ C + CI-CI H --4 l\.... [2] (iv) A large excess of ethanol is used. 1112 is constant (t1/2=a= b = 1. Hence rate is independent of ethanol and is zero order. Therefore overall kinetics is first order. (a) (i) Na + C2HsOH ~ C2HSONa + V2 H2 [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] (ii) Sodium is rapidly oxidised by oxygen in the air to form a layer of oxide OR sodium reacts with water vapour in air (iii) Graph: .

9 = 0.05 atm .05 ) = 7.8 C No.9 [2] (3 s.0192 = 193375 C Cu2+ + 2e ---. = (Psm) 2 [1] (PS02) 2 Pm [1] ru_t (0.8 0.5 = 0. P S02 2S02 2/3x3=2 2-1.1 atm New total pressure = 0.TRIAL STPM 2006 (b) Q=It = 2.05 + 1.1 + 0.1 + 1 .04 X 1023 02 1/3 x 3 = 1 ~ [1] 1.9/2 = 0.1.22 63.1 (0. of moles of Cu deposited = 1.0192 Amount of change required for 1 mole of Cu = 3712.21 x (28 x 60) = 3712.t) (6) (a) (i) Initial/atm Equilibrium/atm At equilibrium.05 atm (ii) K.9 = 2. Cu Charge on 2 moles of e" = 193375 C Charge on 1 mole of e' = 193375 2 = 96687. = 0.5 C F = NAe NA = 96687.22 X 103 atm -1 i [1] (b) (i) Steam distillation lowers the boiling point of a substance and hence can purify an organic liquid which has a high boiling point and which decomposes at temperatures near its normal boiling point [1] (ii) mass of 2-nitrophenol 5 .05 = 0.5 1.60 X 10-19 = 6.

[1] PbClz(s) + 2Cr(aq) ~ PbC4z.TRIAL STPM 2006 [1] o (iii) IDA. Since the size of the sulphate ion is significantly larger than the [1] cation. the solubility of the Group 2 sulphates falls with increasing cation size because the hydration energy decreases much more than the [1] lattice energy. Consequently.The lattice enthalpy is partly a function of the sum of the radii of the cation . [1] Addition of dilute HCl .common ion effect of Cr. [1] (c) PbClz(s) <=> Pbz+(aq) + 2Cr(aq) . formation of a soluble complex ion of PbCl4 z.48 Mass of2 .4% 1. equilibrium shift to LHS solubility of PbCI2. [1] 6 .2NaOH(aq) P40lO dissolves in water to form phosphoric acid.4 g . NazO(s) + HzO(1) ..Solubility depends on enthalpy of solution = enthalpy of hydration-lattice energy[l] . d [1] Addition of cone. ecreases.487 [1] % of 2-nitrobenzene = 0.48 x 100 = 32. [1] . The Si-O bond is very strong and cannot be broken by water. and anion. = mB ~ Time MBPB 139 x 6 18 x 95 = 0. .The solubility decreases down the group [1] . HCI. [1] 7. the hydration enthalpy of the cations decreases rapidly in magnitude as they get larger when the group is descended. 7(b)(i) [1] [1] SiOz is a giant covalent molecule that is insoluble in water.(a) .However. there is minimal decrease in the magnitude of the lattice energies of the Group 2 sulphates when descending the group.Therefore.(aq) .nitrophenol present in IOOgof the distillate = [1] 32.equilibrium shifts to RHS solubility increases. Na-O reacts with water to form sodium hydroxide. interionic distance remains essentially unchanged when descending the group.

A1203(S) + 2NaOH(aq) ----+ 2NaA1(OH)4(aq) + 3H20(1) [1] [1] [1] [1] Si02 and P 4010 are non-metallic oxides which are acidic.TRIAL STPM 2006 The Mg2+ and the A13+ ions have high charge densities forming strong ionic bonds in MgO and [1] A1203 These oxides cannot be decomposed by water and are said to be insoluble in water. [1] Na20(s) + 2HCI(aq)----+ 2NaCI(aq) + H20(l) MgO(s) + 2HCI(aq) ----+MgCI (aq) + H20(I) Ah03 is an amphoteric oxide. [1] (iii) Pollution caused by discarded aluminium cans. A1203(S) + 6HCI(aq) ----+ 2AICI3(aq) + 3H20(l) Ah03 shows its acidic property by reacting with a base. They can react with a base to form salt and water. [1] Max 4 marks (iii) Na20 and MgO are metallic oxides and are basic in nature. to form a dative bond. It shows properties of a base when it reacts with an acid. [1] 7 . It can then be drained into moulds for it to cold and solidify. Si(OH)4 Si02 (s) + + 4HCI 4 HCI (g) [1] The oxygen atom in the water molecule contributes its lone pair of electrons to the empty d orbital on the silicon atom. 2 H20 (I) ------. [1] (iv) The aluminium can is washed and then heated to about 660°C where aluminium melts. (a) (i) Resistant to corrosion / Easily recyclable. They can react with acids to form salt and water. [1] Si02(s) + 2NaOH(aq) ----+Na2Si03(aq) + H20(l) P40IO(S) + 12NaOH(aq) ----+Na3P04(aq) + 6H20(I) 4 [1] 8. SiCl4 SiCl4 (l) [1] + + 4 H20 ------. The silicon atom has an expanded octet and hydrogen chloride is eliminated. [2] (b) SiCl4 is easily hydrolysed by water to form silicon(IV) oxide and hydrogen chloride. [1] (ii) A very high current of about 10 OOOAis used.

34 6 [1] [1] [1] 58n = 58 n=1 molecular formula = C3~0 [1] H o [1] [3] [2] (i) Yellow ppt. CHI3 and -0-C6H4-CHzCHzCOO-. which is a brown coloured gas.nitration [2] (b) Phenol dissolves readily in aqueous sodium hydroxide to form a homogeneous solution of sodium phenoxide which may be crystallized out. Phenyl methanol shows no appreciable reaction and it remains as an immiscible liquid. of iodoform. bonding. [2] (c) (i) A small amount of nitric acid has decomposed to form nitrogen dioxide. [3] 8 . oxidation (ii) OzN HO i~.JJ rT~1 CHzCHzCOCH3. NH3 (g) + HCI (g) --+ NH4Cl (s) [1] 9. [1] 4 HN03 (I) --+ 4 NOz (g) + 2 HzO (I) + Oz (g) [1] [1] [1] When reacted with concentrated hydrochloric acid. Q 1. All the sand p orbitals in carbon have been used for Sp3hybridisation and then. Electrophilic substitution .173 3 (ii) The ammonium salt has decomposed to form ammonia. white fumes of ammonium chloride are formed.724 1 10.TRIAL STPM 2006 CCl4 is not hydrolysed because carbon is a Period 2 element and does not have any 2d orbitals that can be used to form a dative bond with water molecules. (a) 5.

CH3CH(OH)CN (ii) Reaction 1.TRIAL STPM 2006 10.C = 0 I o=C- I 0 . (a)(i) Both G and H has .C .H+I K2Cr207.HzS04(aq)/dilute H2S04.C .(reject Mn04-/H+)1 Reaction II.CHz-CH(COOH)NH2 acid + O=N-OH -7 C6Hs-CH2CH(OH)COOH 9 .0 .cyclic diester H [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [1] [2] CH3 . distil.OH or with C=O [1] G is aldehydes I has .CHO group H is an alcohol I has -OH group G-CH3CHO H .CH3 H Max [9] I I [1] (c) (i) 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic (ii) 3 H2NCHCOOH acid OH 0H [1] I --~ HzNCHC-N-CHC-N-CHCOOH III II I @ CH2 ®©@ CH2 CH2 I I CH2 I [2] [1] [1] + N2 Max [1] [6] (iii) HN02(aq)1 NaN02+ HCII nitrous acid Effervescencel gas evolved for A but not for 3-phenylpropanoic C6HS.CH3 on carbon with . heat (b) Absence of acid group OH group and carbonyl group K .

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