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wi- fi

wi- fi

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Published by Subir Maity

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Published by: Subir Maity on May 04, 2012
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07/12/2014

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Contents

 What is Wi-Fi ?  Wi-Fi standards.  Elements.  How it works ?  Wi-Fi Configurations.  Applications of Wi-Fi.  Security.  Advantage & Limitation.

What is Wi-Fi
 Wi-Fi is an abbreviation for wireless fidelity.  Wi-Fi wireless technology that uses radio

frequency to transmit data through the air.  Wi-Fi is a generic term that refers to the IEEE 802.11 communication standard for local area networks (WLANS)  Wi-Fi network connect computers to each other, to the internet and to the wireless network

Wi-Fi Standards
IEEE 802.11b (1999)
IEEE 802.11a (2001)

IEEE 802.11g (2003)

IEEE 802.11b
 It operates in 2.4GHz frequency range.  Limits to the no of access points in range of

each other.  It having 1 to 11 MBPS speed, but realistically about 4 to 5 MBPS.  It used direct sequence spread spectrum technology.  It is having the rang of 100 to 300 feet indoor and 400 to 1500 outdoor.

IEEE 802.11 a
 It operates in 5GHz frequency range.
 Multiple channels can be configured faster

through put and more access point can allocated.  It having 6 to 54 MBPS speed, but realistically about 27 MBPS.  It used the frequency division multiplexing technology.  It is having the rang of 40 to 300 feet indoor and 100 to 1000 outdoor.

IEEE 802.11g
 it is extension of 802.11b, and short range

than 802.11b.  Flexible because multiple channels can be combined for faster through put, but limited to one access point.  It having 54 MBPS speed, but realistically about 20 to 25 MBPS.

Elements
 Access points : It is a wireless LAND base

station that are connect one or many wireless devices simultaneously to the internet.  Wi-Fi cards : That accept wireless signals and relay information. They can be internal and external.  Safe guards: Firewalls and antivirus software protect networks from hacker users and keep information secure.

How a Wi-Fi Network Works
• A Wi-Fi hotspot is created by installing an access point
• • •

to an internet connection. An access point acts as a base station. When Wi-Fi enabled device encounters a hotspot the device can then connect to that network wirelessly. A single access point can support up to 30 users and can function within a range of 100 – 150 feet indoors and up to 300 feet outdoors. Many access points can be connected to each other via Ethernet cables to create a single large network.

Wi-Fi Configurations

Wi-Fi Configurations

Wi-Fi Configurations

Wi-Fi Applications
• Home
• Small Businesses • Large Campuses • Health Care • Wireless ISP

(WISP) • Travellers

Wi-Fi Applications

Wi-Fi Security
• Wireless technology doesn’t remove

any old security issues, but introduces new ones • Eavesdropping • Man-in-the-middle attacks • Denial of Servic

Eavesdropping
• By default, everything is transmitted in clear

text • Usernames, passwords, content ... • No security offered by the transmission medium • Different tools available on the internet • Network sniffers, protocol analysers . . . • Password collectors

MITM Attack
 Attacker spoofes a

disassociate message from the victim  The victim starts to look for a new access point, and the attacker advertises his own AP on a different channel, using the real AP’s MAC address  The attacker connects to the real AP using victim’s MAC address

Advantages
• • • • • • •

Mobility Ease of Installation Flexibility Cost Reliability Security Speed

Limitations
• Interference
• Degradation in performance • High power consumption • Limited range

Presented By : Abhijit Chowdhury Roll No :50 E.C.E

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