EWAN Final Exam – CCNA Exploration: Accessing the WAN (Version 4.0) 1 Refer to the exhibit.
Communication between two peers has failed. Based on the output that is shown, what is the most likely cause?
ccna 4 final 2012 interface reset unplugged cable improper LMI type PPP negotiation failure 2 Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is tasked with completing the Frame Relay topology that interconnects two remote sites. How should the point-to-point subinterfaces be configured on HQ to complete the topology?
ccna 4 final 2012 frame-relay interface-dlci 103 on Serial 0/0/0.1 frame-relay interface-dlci 203 on Serial 0/0/0.2 frame-relay interface-dlci 301 on Serial 0/0/0.1 frame-relay interface-dlci 302 on Serial 0/0/0.2 frame-relay map ip 192.168.1.1 103 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.1 frame-relay map ip 192.168.2.2 203 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.2 frame-relay map ip 192.168.1.1 301 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.1 frame-relay map ip 192.168.2.2 302 broadcast on Serial 0/0/0.2 3 Which data link layer encapsulation protocol is used by default for serial connections between two Cisco routers? ATM Frame Relay HDLC PPP SDLC 4
Company ABC expanded its business and recently opened a new branch office in another country. The link between the CTRL and BR_1 routers is configured as shown in the exhibit. Why are the routers unable to establish a PPP session?
. The data servers Server1 and Server2 run applications which require end-to-end functionality.Refer to the exhibit. The edge routers R1 and R2 support dual stack configuration. IPv6 addresses have been used for the company network. with unmodified packets that are forwarded from the source to the destination. What solution should be deployed at the edge of the company network in order to successfully interconnect both offices?
ccna 4 final 2012 a new WAN service supporting only IPv6 NAT overload to map inside IPv6 addresses to outside IPv4 address a manually configured IPv6 tunnel between the edge routers R1 and R2 static NAT to map inside IPv6 addresses of the servers to an outside IPv4 address and dynamic NAT for the rest of the inside IPv6 addresses 5 Which variable is permitted or denied by a standard access control list? protocol type source IP address source MAC address destination IP address destination MAC address 6 Refer to the exhibit.
The CHAP passwords must be different on the two routers.) It creates a basis for legal action if necessary.The clock rate must be 56000. It is kept private from users to prevent the possibility of circumventing security measures. How can the administrator determine if the additions and changes improved performance and availability on the company intranet? Conduct a performance test and compare with the baseline that was established previously. The clock rate is configured on the wrong end of the link. It provides step-by-step procedures to harden routers and other network devices. 7 Which three statements accurately describe a security policy? (Choose three. Interview departmental secretaries and determine if they think load time for web pages has improved. 8 A network administrator has changed the VLAN configurations on his network switches over the past weekend. The usernames are misconfigured. It defines a process for managing security violations. Interface serial 0/0/0 on CTRL must connect to interface serial 0/0/1 on BR_1. It defines acceptable and unacceptable use of network resources.
. The remote access policy is a component of the security policy that governs acceptable use of email systems. The IP addresses are on different subnets.
9 Refer to the exhibit. Compare the hit counts on the company web server for the current week to the values that were recorded in previous weeks.
. Headquarters is connected through the Internet to branch office A and branch office B.Determine performance on the intranet by monitoring load times of company web pages from remote sites. VPNs use virtual Layer 3 connections that are routed through the Internet. Only IP packets can be encapsulated by a VPN for tunneling through the Internet. Which WAN technology would be best suited to provide secure connectivity between headquarters and both branch offices?
ccna 4 final 2012 ATM VPN ISDN Frame Relay broadband DSL 10 Which statement about a VPN is true? VPN link establishment and maintenance is provided by LCP. DLCI addresses are used to identify each end of the VPN tunnel.
Which solution best meets these requirements? ATM HDLC ISDN Frame Relay 12 A technician is talking to a colleague at a rival company and comparing DSL transfer rates between the two companies.10.10. The company wants to use a cost-effective service that provides virtual circuits between each office. Company 1 has a lower volume of POTS traffic than company 2 has. What is placed in the address field in the header of a frame that will travel from the DC router to the Orlando router?
DLCI 123 DLCI 321 10.25 10.11 A company is deciding which WAN connection type it should implement between its main office and branch offices. What is the explanation for why company 1 reports higher download speeds than company 2 reports? Company 1 only uses microfilters at branch locations. Both companies are in the same city. The company also wants to be able to transmit variablelength packets on these circuits.10. Company 2 shares the connection to the DSLAM with more clients than company 1 shares with. 13 Refer to the exhibit.26
. and have the same rate/service plan. use the same service provider. Company 2 is located farther from the service provider than company 1 is.10.
MAC address of the Orlando router 14 Refer to the exhibit. What is the cause of the problem?
The VTY lines are not configured correctly. The username and password are not configured correctly. This router is being configured to use SDM. The administrator receives an error message when trying to enter the IPv4 routes into RIPng. 15 Which two devices can be used by teleworkers who need to connect to the company network across the PSTN for a few hours a day? (Choose two.) router CSU/DSU DSL modem cable modem access server dialup modem 16 An administrator is configuring a dual stack router with IPv6 and IPv4 using RIPng. The authentication method is not configured correctly. but the SDM interface of the router cannot be accessed. What is the cause of the problem?
. The HTTP timeout policy is not configured correctly.
STP has blocked the port that PC1 is connected to. IPv4 is incompatible with RIPng. S2 has the wrong IP address assigned to the VLAN30 interface. 17 What is the function of an intrusion detection system on a network? to restrict access to only authorized users to detect attacks against a network and send logs to a management console to prevents attack against the network and provide active defense mechanisms to detect and prevent most viruses and many Trojan horse applications from spreading in the network 18 Refer to the exhibit.When IPv4 and IPv6 are configured on the same interface. Port Fa0/2 on S2 is assigned to the wrong VLAN. PC1 is unable to ping the default gateway.
. What is the cause of the problem?
The default gateway is in the wrong subnet. all IPv4 addresses are over-written in favor of the newer technology. Incorrect IPv4 addresses are entered on the router interfaces. RIPng is incompatible with dual-stack technology. All devices are configured as shown in the exhibit.
What are two advantages that dedicated leased lines provide compared to a shared Frame Relay solution? (Choose two. 21 A company is looking for a WAN solution to connect its headquarters site to four remote sites. what feature provides flow control and exchanges information about the status of virtual circuits? LCP LMI DLCI Inverse ARP 20 A system administrator must provide Internet connectivity for ten hosts in a small remote office. Configure dynamic NAT for ten users.168.1 192.24.5 to the configuration of a local router that has been configured as a DHCP server?
. Configure dynamic NAT with overload.168. The ISP has assigned two public IP addresses to this remote office. How can the system administrator configure the router to provide Internet access to all ten users at the same time? Configure DHCP and static NAT.19 When Frame Relay encapsulation is used. Configure static NAT for all ten users.) reduced jitter reduced costs reduced latency the ability to burst above guaranteed bandwidth the ability to borrow unused bandwidth from the leased lines of other customers 22 What will be the result of adding the command ip dhcp excluded-address 192.24.
220.127.116.11.3. 24 Refer to the exhibit.17 address has not been excluded from the 192Network pool.24.5.168. The pool of addresses for the 192Network pool is configured incorrectly.18.104.22.168.24. From the output of the show interfaces and ping commands. Traffic will not be routed from clients with addresses between 192. The DHCP server will not issue the addresses ranging from 192. The output of the debug ip dhcp server command shows “DHCPD: there is no address pool for 192.1 and 192. What is the problem? The address 192.168. at which layer of the OSI model is a fault indicated?
.22.214.171.124 address is already in use by Fa0/0.1 and 192. The router will ignore all traffic that comes from the DHCP servers with addresses 192. The ip helper-address command should be used on the Fa0/0 interface.24. A host connected to Fa0/0 is unable to acquire an IP address from the DHCP server.17″.5 will be dropped by the router.Traffic that is destined for 192.1 to 192.24. 23 Refer to the exhibit.5. The 192.168.1 and 192.168.24.5.168.
1.1.0/24 inside network.) Are areas of the network experiencing high error rates? Will the disaster recovery procedures work correctly? What parts of the network have the highest volume? Does the organization require more network technicians? How does the network perform during peak periods? Are there any devices working at top capacity? What networks are the most susceptible to security attacks? 26 Which type of ACL will permit traffic inbound into a private network only if an outbound session has already been established between the source and destination? extended reflexive standard time-based 27 Refer to the exhibit. What is the destination IP address of the return packet from Web Server when received at R1?
. R1 is performing NAT overload for the 10. Host A has sent a packet to Web Server.network data link physical 25 What three questions can be answered using data gathered from a baseline on a new network? (Choose three.
line protocol is down Serial0/1/0 is down.1:1234 172. line protocol is up Serial0/1/0 is up.20.1.30. It will be difficult to isolate the problem if two teams are implementing changes independently. Which console output may indicate an LMI mismatch? Serial0/1/0 is administratively down Serial0/1/0 is up.1.20.1. Network and application teams have been notified to work on their respective issues.
. Results from changes will be easier to reconcile and document if each team works in isolation. Which statement applies to this situation? Only results from the software package should be tested as the network is designed to accommodate the proposed software platform.2:1234 172.2:80 10. Scheduling will be easy if the network and software teams work independently.30.10. The network on which the application server is located has been experiencing occasional outages that the network team believes may be related to recent routing changes. line protocol is down 29 A recently patched application server is experiencing response time problems.1.1:3333 28 An administrator issues the command show interfaces s0/1/0 on a router that is configured for Frame Relay.
10. 31 Refer to the exhibit. Why is the PVC failing?
The PVC to R1 must be point-to-point. After the commands that are shown are entered.30 Refer to the exhibit. R1 and R2 fail to establish the PVC.10. The IETF parameter is missing from the frame-relay map ip 10. Which VLAN will carry untagged traffic on FastEthernet 0/1?
. Branch A has a non-Cisco router that is using IETF encapsulation and Branch B has a Cisco router. LMI types must match on each end of a PVC. and the R1 LMI is ANSI.1 201 command. The frame relay PVCs cannot be established between Cisco and non-Cisco routers. The LMI is successfully established at both locations. The R2 LMI is Cisco.
which decrypts it and compares it to a shared secret. A challenge message is sent to the peer router.
. the peer sends the encrypted password back to the initiating router. which responds with its username and a calculated value based on a shared secret.VLAN 1 VLAN 2 VLAN 11 VLAN 12 VLAN 30 VLAN 999 32 What is an accurate description of CHAP when used with PPP on a serial connection between two routers? A username and password are sent to the peer router. If these match the configuration in the peer. which replies with an accept or reject message. If the decrypted passwords match. An encrypted password is sent to the peer router. the peer in turn provides a username and password to the initiating router. A username and password are sent to the peer router. This value is then compared by the challenger to its own calculations.
What happens if the network administrator issues the commands as shown in the exhibit?
The commands are added to the end of the existing ACL. PAP conducts periodic password challenges. The router will output an error message and no changes will be made. PAP uses MD5 hashing to keep the password secure. 35 Which statement is true about PAP in the authentication of a PPP session? PAP uses a two-way handshake. The existing Managers ACL will be overwritten by the new ACL. The password is unique and random. An ACL called Managers already exists on this router. A duplicate Managers ACL will be created that will contain only the new commands.33 Where does a service provider assume responsibility from a customer for a WAN connection? local loop DTE cable on router demarcation point demilitarized zone 34 Refer to the exhibit. 36 Which combination of Layer 2 protocol and authentication should be used to establish a link without sending authentication information in plain text between a Cisco and a non-Cisco router? PPP with PAP
0/24 can successfully telnet to the router.168.168.PPP with CHAP HDLC with PAP HDLC with CHAP 37 Which option correctly defines the capacity through the local loop guaranteed to a customer by the service provider? BE DE CIR CBIR 38 Which wireless solution can provide mobile users with non line-of-sight broadband Internet access at speeds comparable to DSL or cable? Wi-Fi WiMAX satellite Metro Ethernet 39 Refer to the exhibit. EIGRP has been configured as a routing protocol on the network. Verifying the configuration. What should be done to remedy the problem?
.0/24 network should have full access to the web server that is connected to 192. Users on the 192.168.1.3.0/24 but should not be allowed to telnet to router R3.1. the network administrator realizes that users on network 192.
255.16.0.0.0.16.0.255 any 40 What does an access control list determine when used with NAT on a Cisco router? addresses that are to be translated addresses that are assigned to a NAT pool addresses that are allowed out of the router addresses that are accessible from the inside network 41 Which IP address and wildcard mask combination can be used in an ACL statement to match the 172.0/30 network? 172. The ACL 101 should be applied on R3 VTY lines 0 4 in the outbound direction.16.0 255.0 0.16.255.0.0.0.252
.1 172.The ACL 101 statements 10 and 20 should be reversed.0 0.0.0. The ACL 101 should be applied on R3 VTY lines 0 4 in the inbound direction.3 172.7 172.16.0.0 0.0. The ACL 101 should be applied on R3 Serial0/0/1 interface in the outbound direction.0. The ACL 101 statement 10 should be changed to: permit ip 126.96.36.199 0.168.
Based on the exhibited command output. Why is VLAN 11 missing from S2?
.42 Which security solution has the responsibility of monitoring suspicious processes that are running on a host and that might indicate infection of Trojan horse applications? antivirus application operating system patches intrusion prevention system Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance 43 Refer to the exhibit. Results of the show vlan and show vtp status commands for switches S1 and S2 are displayed in the exhibit. what will be the result when attempting to connect to R1?
failure to connect due to Telnet not being enabled failure to connect due to incomplete configuration for Telnet a successful connection and ability to make configuration changes a successful connection but inability to make configuration changes because of the absence of an enable secret password 44 Refer to the exhibit. VLAN 11 was created on S1. A network administrator is trying to connect R1 remotely to make configuration changes.
45 A technician has been asked to run the Cisco SDM one-step lockdown on a customer router. The router is tested for any potential security problems and all recommended securityrelated configuration changes will be automatically applied. S2 has a higher spanning-tree priority for VLAN 11 than S1 does. Security testing is performed and the results are saved as a text file stored in NVRAM. What will be the result of this process? Traffic is only accepted from and forwarded to SDM-trusted Cisco routers. All traffic that enters the router is quarantined and checked for viruses before being forwarded. Which data transmission technology is being represented?
.There is a Layer 2 loop. 46 Refer to the exhibit. Only one switch can be in server mode. The VTP domain names do not match.
TDM PPP HDLC SLIP 47 A network administrator is instructing a technician on best practices for applying ACLs.) Named ACLs are less efficient than numbered ACLs. Which two suggestions should the administrator provide? (Choose two. Which configuration command would result in the output in the exhibit?
. Place standard ACLs as close to the destination as possible. 48 Refer to the exhibit. ACLs applied to outbound interfaces require fewer router resources. Standard ACLs should be applied inside the core layer. Extended ACLs should be applied closest to the source that is specified by the ACL.
3 ip nat inside source static 10.ip nat inside source static 10.168.200.0.10 ip nat inside source static 192.16.254 188.8.131.52.16.)
.200.200.3 10.168.16.16.10 10.3 184.108.40.206 49 What are three important reasons to establish a network baseline? (Choose three.10 172.3 ip nat inside source static 192.168.254 ip nat inside source static 220.127.116.11.) to determine the time it takes for the network to self recover from a failure to determine which areas in the network are underutilized or overutilized to determine the performance of the network during the normal hours of operation to determine what thresholds should be set for the devices that need to be monitored to determine the areas in the network which should not be included in the monitoring process to determine the number of users whose access to network resources should be restricted 50 Which two statements are true about creating and applying access lists? (Choose two.1.76.254 192.10 ip nat inside source static 18.104.22.168.
Access list entries should filter in the order from general to specific. One access list per port. per direction is permitted. The administrator cannot ping the server. line protocol up”. What is causing the problem?
. Router RT is not receiving routing updates from router RTA. At which layer of the OSI model is the problem most likely to be found? application layer network layer data link layer physical layer 52 Refer to the exhibit. 51 While troubleshooting a problem with an e-mail server.There is an implicit deny at the end of all access lists. an administrator observes that the switch port used by the server shows “up. per protocol. Standard ACLs should be applied closest to the source while extended ACLs should be applied closest to the destination. The term “inbound” refers to traffic that enters the network from the router interface where the ACL is applied.
The passive-interface command was issued for RTA. The key chains are given the same name on both routers.The ip rip authentication key-chain command specifies exam rather than test. The name of the keystring is not the name of the neighboring router.