INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN

INDEX
Sr. No

Title
Introduction regarding Refrigeration and conditioning system. the Air

Page
From To

Date of Start

Completion date

Initial of faculty

Gr

1.

2.

To study Vapour compression and Compound compression. To study the experiment on vapour absorption refrigeration cycle To study about steam jet refrigeration system, evaporators and refrigerants of the refrigeration systems.

3.

4.

5.

To study about psychometric and psychometric terms, Human Comfort and Load analysis of refrigeration systems.

6.

To study about airconditioning systems, components and refrigeration and air – conditioning application.

1

 Practical & Tutorials that cannot be read or are not presented in a professional engineering style will not receive credit (Higher Grades).  Your writing should be neat and clean. 2 . This is your responsibility to preserve it in good condition up to Term work submission & Oral examination.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN * INSTRUCTIONS *  This laboratory manual is issued once only.  Get checked your manual at the end of the performance of each practical.

temperature and humidity measuring instruments. Bell-Coleman cycle. comparison and selection. estimation of power requirement and COP. all evaporators working at the same temperature. Bootstrap air refrigeration system. Refrigerants: development. adiabatic saturation. humidity. future industrial refrigerants Psychrometry and psychrometric terms: properties of air. evaporators with back pressure valves and with multiple expansion valves without flash inter cooling. actual cycle considering different losses. Indoor design conditions. expansion devises. application. advantages and disadvantages. development of refrigeration. practical water -NH3 cycle Li – Br system and its working. comfort chart and factors governing effective temperature. psychrometric processes such as sensible heating. Load analysis: Site survey. Daltons law of partial pressure. Compound Compression System: Need.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICALUNIVERSITY B. evaporators its types construction and working. cooling. thermal insulation properties and classification. Refrigeration system components: Compressors. designation of refrigerants. classification of loads. Absorption refrigeration system: Characteristics of refrigerant. classification. aircraft refrigeration. Steam jet refrigeration system: Basic concepts. enthalpy of moist air. secondary refrigerants. effective temperature. advantages and disadvantages. factors affecting the performance of the system. analysis of the simple cycle. plotting psychrometric chart. temperature. condensers. 3 . heat load. analysis of two evaporators with flash inter cooler and individual and multiple expansion valve. outdoor design conditions. thickness of insulation. Compound compression with flash and inter cooler. Vapour Compression system: Simple system on P-h diagram. heating and humidification cooling and dehumidification. refrigeration piping accessories and controls. body thermoregulation.E. system analysis. performance of steam jet refrigeration equipments. SEM VI (MECHANICAL) Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Refrigeration an introduction. Human comfort: air temperature and human body. chemical dehumidification. selection of pair. flash tank. types of air cycles. Flywheel effect of building material and its use in design.

Ahmadul Ameen "Refrigeration and Air Conditioning". use of friction chart equivalent diameter. "Refrigeration and Air Conditioning". Arora. duct design methods. 2009. McGraw-Hill. 2.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN 10 11 12 effect of wall construction on cooling load. Roy. air infiltration and load due to outside air. cold stores. outlets. Modern Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Khanna Publishers. ice manufacturing. Requirements of air distribution system.S. 1983 3. Jordon and Prister. Wiley Eastern Ltd. commercial buildings. 2010 6. Manohar Prasad. Pearson Education 2009. location Air conditioning system components: fans types laws. method of reduction of solar heat gain thorough glass. velocity reduction. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. W. C. Duct Design and air distribution: Function. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Tata McGraw-Hill New Delhi.P. construction and working. grills. terms in air distribution. Text Books: 1. PHI Learning Private Ltd. dynamic losses and its determination. 1988 4.W. humidifiers and dehumidifiers. ventilation. Refrigeration and air-conditioning application: food preservation.. “Principles of Refrigeration”. Prentice Hall of India. use of load estimation sheet. 2009.Stocker and J. 2009 Reference Books: 1. 4. electric motor and appliances. S. calculations of cooling load TETD due to sunlit and shaded walls using tables. 2009 3. electric lights.S Thispee Refrigeration and air-conditioning .Jones. classification economic factors influencing duct layout. instantaneous heat gain ( IHG ) and instantaneous cooling load (ICL) heat transmission through sunlit and shaded glass using tables. S C Arora & S Domkundwar. 2010 4 .J Dossat. product.F. ‘Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning’ Dhanpat Rai Publication. “Refrigeration and Air Conditioning”. Desai P. Sapali S. Ltd. “Refrigeration and Air Conditioning".” Refrigeration and Air-conditioning”.N. application.. types. 2004 2. classification and selection. 2009 7.. "Refrigeration and Air Conditioning". total equivalent temperature difference. Jaico Publications. air cleaning devices classification.. heat gain from occupants. air-conditioning of residential. New Delhi. Prentice Hall of India PVT Ltd. equal friction and static regain method. Ramesh Arora . 5.

5 . No 1 2 3 4 5 6 Figure Title Page No.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN List of Figures contained in Manual Sr.

INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN Tutorial: 1 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 6 .

What is standard rating of a refrigeration machine? 8. Refrigeration system Refrigerated system. Tutorial : 2 Vapour Compression and Compound Compression system AIM: To study Vapour compression and Compound compression.P.O. Enumerate important refrigeration applications. 5. Laboratory work: 1.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN Introduction AIM: Introduction regarding the Refrigeration and Air conditioning system. 3.P Theoretical C. 4. Write short note on ice refrigeration. Define the following: (i) (ii) (iii) Actual C. Enumerate different ways of producing refrigeration. Enumerate systems of refrigeration. Laboratory work: 7 .O. 2. and Relative C. 7.P. State elements of refrigeration systems. Define the following: (i) (ii) (iii) Refrigeration. 6.O.

4. PRACTICAL: 3 VAPOUR ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM AIM: To study the experiment on vapour absorption refrigeration cycle Laboratory Work: 8 . State the functions of the following parts of a simple vapour compression system (i) Compressor (ii) Condenser (iii) Expansion Valve (iv) Evaporator 3. Explain compound compression with multiple expansion valves and flash intercooling system. 5. Describe a simple vapour compression cycle giving clearly its flow diagram. 2. Explain the difference between compound system with flash cooling and flash intercooling.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN 1. Explain actual vapour compression cycle with different losses. What are the advantages of compound compression with intercooler over single stage compressions. Factors effecting the performance of a simple vapour compression system. 8. 7. 6. Explain compound compression with multiple expansion valves in series with flash chambers but no intercooling.

of an ideal vapour absorption system in terms of TG. Properties of ideal refrigerant.O. 7. State the advantages of vapour absorption refrigeration system over vapour compression refrigeration system. Give the comparision between vapour absorption and vapour compression systems. At generator exit (weak solution) x = 0. 2. In an acqua-ammonia absorption refrigeration system of 9 tonnes refrigeration capacity the vapour leaving the generator temperatures are -20 C. 8. Derive an expression for C. TE = Temperature at which heat (QE) is absorbed in the evaporator. 4. Absorber Rectifier (iii) Analyser (iv) Heat exchangers 3. At absorber exit the concentration of ammonia in solution is x = 0.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN 1. Where TG = Temperature at which heat (QG) is supplied to generator. Draw a neat compact diagram of Lithium bromide water absorption refrigeration system and explain its working. II.35 and enthalpy h = 22 KJ/kg. 9 . 6. and TC = Temperature at which heat (QC) is discharged from condenser and absorber. absorbent and refrigerant. List-out the major fields of application of this refrigeration system. absorbent combination.1 and enthalpy h = 695 KJ/kg. (i) Detremine the mass flow rate of ammonia in the evaporator. TE and TC. State the functions of the following components in an absorption system: I. 5. 40 C and 170 C respectively. 30 C.P. Explain briefly with a neat diagram “Practical vapour absorption system’.

Determine the heat rejection in absorber and condenser. PRACTICAL: 4 AIM: To study about steam jet refrigeration system.P. heat added in generator and C. evaporators and refrigerants of the refrigeration systems.O.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN (ii) (iii) Carry out overall mass conservation and mass conversation of ammonia in absorber to determine mass flow rates of weak and strong solution. 10 .

Household refrigerator. 3. Describe briefly the following: (i) Pool boiling (ii) Flow or forced-convection boiling. Explain with neat sketches the following evaporators: (i) Flooded type evaporator (ii) Dry expansion evaporator 6. Human Comfort and Load analysis of refrigeration systems. (i) (ii) (iii) Air-conditioning plant for picture house. Discuss why refrigerators are so selected that evaporator pressures and condenser pressures are greater than atmospheric pressure? PRACTICAL: 5 AIM: To study about psychometric and psychometric terms. 11 . Ice-producing plant. Describe the working of a steam jet refrigeration system with the help of a neat sketch. State the factors which are considered in selecting a refrigerant in the following systems and mention the same of refrigerant used in each system. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steam jet refrigeration system over other types of refrigeration systems. Name three refrigerants that are commonly used in commercial refrigerators.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN THEORY: Laboratory work: 1. 2. 5. 7. Discuss their relative merits and demerits. 4. 8. Give the classification of evaporators.

What points should be considered while making heat load calculations? PRACTICAL: 6 SURFACE AND SOLID MODELING AIM: To study about air-conditioning systems. 8. Describe briefly the following processes: (i) (iii) Sensible heating Heating and humidification (ii) (iv) Cooling and dehumidification Heating and dehumidification 7. List the variables which are involved in the estimation of load. State the ‘Dalton’s law of partial pressure. 4. Relative humidity (ii) Dry bulb temperature (v) Specific humidity (iii) Dew point temperature 5. State and explain the factors which affect comfort? 2. components and refrigeration and air – conditioning application. 6. Define the following terms: (i) (iv) Saturated air. 3.INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN THEORY: Laboratory work: 1. State and explain factors which govern optimum effective temperature. 12 . What is an ‘Effective temperature’? Explain briefly ‘Effective temperature chart’ and ‘Comfort chart’.

Define room sensible heat factor. Explain with neat sketch explain the main components of central air-conditioning system. What is the function of a filter? How are filters classified? Explain briefly an automatic or self cleaning filter. Describe briefly with a neat sketch a window type air-conditioner. Explain the construction and working of a domestic refrigerator. 9. Explain the difference between summer air-conditioning and winter air conditioning. with the help of neat sketch. Year – round absorption air-conditioner. 6. How room sensible heat factor line is drawn on the psychometric chart? 5. 3. Name its basic elements. 2. 11. List the application of air-conditioning & Define room sensible heat factor and effective room sensible heat factor. 4. 13 .INDUS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING-AHMEDABAD COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN THEORY: Laboratory work: 1. What purpose is served by a fan? How are fans classified? 10. Explain briefly the following with neat sketches: (i) (ii) All the year round air-conditioner. 7. Define and explain an ‘air-conditioning system with neat sketch. 8. State the factor which should be taken into consideration while selecting a system of airconditioning.

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