OISD-STANDARD-114 First Edition July 1998 Amended Edition October 2002 FOR RESTRICTED CIRCULATION

HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS AND THEIR HANDLING

Prepared by COMMITTEE ON HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS AND THEIR HANDLING (Amended Edition - October 2002)

OIL INDUSTRY SAFETY DIRECTORATE 7th Floor, New Delhi House 27-Barakhamba Road New Delhi - 110001

NOTES

OISD Publications are prepared for use in the Oil and Gas Industry under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. These are the property of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and shall not be reproduced or copied and loaned or exhibited to others without written consent from OISD. Though every effort has been made to assure the accuracy and reliability of the data contained in these documents, OISD hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting from their use. These documents are intended only to supplement and not to replace the prevailing statutory requirements. Note 1 in superscript indicates the changes / modifications / additions as approved in 20th Safety Council Meeting held in October 2002.

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FOREWORD

The Oil Industry in India is more than 100 years old. As such, a variety of practices have been in vogue because of collaboration / association with different foreign companies and governments. Standardisation in design philosophies and operating and maintenance practices at a national level was hardly in existence. This, coupled with feed back from some serious accidents that occurred in the recent past in India and abroad, emphasised the need for the industry to review the existing state-of-the-art in designing, operating and maintaining oil and gas installations. With this in view, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas in 1986 constituted a Safety Council assisted by the Oil Industry Safety Directorate (OISD) staffed from within the industry for formulating and implementing a series of self regulatory measures aimed at removing obsolescence, standardising and upgrading the existing standards to ensure safer operations. Accordingly, OISD constituted a number of technical committees comprising of experts nominated from the industry to draw up standards and guidelines on various subjects. The present document “Standard on Hazardous Chemicals and their Handling” was prepared by the Committee on “Hazardous Chemicals”. This document was prepared based on the accumulated experience and knowledge of industry members, and various national and international codes and practices. This document will be reviewed periodically for improvements based on the new experiences and better understanding. Suggestions from industry members may be addressed to:

The Coordinator Committee on “Hazardous Chemicals” Oil Industry Safety Directorate, 7th Floor, New Delhi House 27-Barakhamba Road New Delhi 110001

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C. Pal MEMBER COORDINATOR Shri Anujit Ghatak Oil Industry Safety Directorate 4 . Shri R. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Balasubramaniam Shri R. K. Roy Cochin Refineries Ltd. Kantak Shri A. Modi Shri N. Pandey Lubrizol India Ltd. K. K.COMMITTEE ON HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS NAME LEADER ORGANISATION Shri C. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. MEMBERS Shri D. Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. I. Jindal Shri R. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. K. R. Somchoudhury Shri N.

0 7.16 7.7 7.11 7.8 7.13 7.3 7.0 5.0 7.14 7.9 7.0 2.0 3.2 7.5 7. HANDLING AND DISPOSAL HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS HANDLED IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY 6.12 7.10 7.TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1.0 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION SCOPE DEFINITION EXPLANATORY NOTES CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SAFE STORAGE.4 7.1 7.6 7.15 7.0 4.17 ACETIC ACID ACETYLENE ALKYL PHENOL AMMONIA BENZENE BENZOYL PEROXIDE BUTANE CARBON DISULPHIDE CARBON MONOXIDE CARBON TETRACHLORIDE CHLORINE ETHYL AMINE ETHYL MERCAPTAN FORMALIN FURFURAL GLYCERINE HEXANE 5 .

35 7.42 7.34 7.48 HYDRAZINE HYDROCHLORIC ACID HYDROFLUORIC ACID HYDROGEN HYDROGEN SULPHIDE ISOBUTYLENE LPG MALEIC ANHYDRIDE METHANOL METHYL ETHYL KETONE METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE MTBE NMP PENTANE PHENOL PHOSPHORUS PENTASULPHIDE POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE PROPANE SODIUM DICHROMATE SODIUM HYDROXIDE SULPHUR DIOXIDE SULPHUR SULPHURIC ACID SULPHUR CHLORIDE SULPHUR DICHLORIDE SULPHUR TRIOXIDE SULPHOLANE TOLUENE TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL TETRAETHYL LEAD XYLENE 8.37 7.41 7.30 7.43 7.32 7.40 7.18 7.28 7.21 7.19 7.29 7.7.46 7.38 7.24 7.23 7.25 7.33 7.39 7.47 7.44 7.36 7.27 7.22 7.0 REFERENCES 6 .20 7.31 7.45 7.26 7.

explosivity. In view of the stringent product quality requirement.1 SYNONYMS: For common chemicals. This standard does not include hazardous chemicals namely chemical dust. Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989 and The Factories Act.2 CAS NO. 3.0 SCOPE This standard deals with the hazardous chemicals used in Petroleum and Natural Gas production. several chemical names and numerous trade names may be applied to describe the chemical in question In synonyms field. 3. 3. No. This entry allows one to conclusively identify a material regardless of the name or naming system used. many of these names are identified to aid users on the range of names which have been used to describe each substance. laboratory chemicals. Some additives are sometimes introduced to meet the quality requirement of various petroleum products. a number of hazardous chemicals are required to be stored and handled in appreciable quantities. 1989 7 .4 Hazardous Waste ID.0 INTRODUCTION In the Petroleum and Natural Gas Production and Processing Industry. proprietary chemicals and radioactive materials. These chemicals pose various types of hazards like flammability. Inadequate awareness about the hazardous properties of these chemicals may lead to serious accidents which will affect the men at work and the environment . The safety data sheets appended as schedule 1 have been prepared as per the proforma given in Schedule 9 of Manufacture.0 DEFINITION 3. various complex processes are introduced involving the handling of hazardous chemicals. : This means the categories of wastes specified in the schedule in The Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules.HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS AND THEIR HANDLING 1. Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules. 3. processing and transportation facilities including those listed in The Manufacture. 1989. rail and by air. : Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number is a numeric designation assigned by American Chemical Society’s Chemical Abstracts Service and uniquely identifies a specific chemical compound. 2. toxicity.3 UN NUMBER: The united nations number is a four figure code used to identify hazardous chemicals and is used for identification of chemicals transported internally by road. The present standard will help in facilitating the safe storage and handling of hazardous chemicals and in reducing the number of accidents and occupational diseases. corrosivity etc.

3. 3. resulting in greater flammable or explosive range. The effect of high pressures on the limits is different for each gas or vapour depending upon its nature.. However. Similarly. there is a minimum concentration of vapour in air below which the propagation of flame does not occur in contact with a source of ignition. there is a maximum concentration of vapour above which the propagation of flame does not occur on contact with a source of ignition.8 FLASH POINT The minimum temperature at which the liquid gives so much vapour that this vapour.10 EXPLOSIVES Chemicals which may explode under the effect of flame. 3. This range of minimum to maximum concentration is termed as Flammable (Explosive) range. The classes indicated are 2. heat or photo chemical condition or which are more sensitive to shocks or friction than Di-Nitro Benzene. This is called Lower Explosive Limit (LEL). Highly Flammable Liquids : Chemicals which have a flash point lower than 23 o C and boiling point of which at normal pressure is above 20 oC. when mixed with air. 3. at high temperatures.6 FLAMMABLE (EXPLOSIVE) LIMIT AND RANGE In the case of gases or vapour. the upper limit is raised and the lower limit lowered.9 AUTO IGNITION TEMPERATURE The lowest temperature at which ignition occurs in a mixture of explosive gas and air when the method specified in IS: 7820-1975 is followed. which form flammable mixtures with air. The flammable limits are not appreciably changed by normal variations in atmospheric pressure and temperature.5 FLAMMABLE CHEMICALS Flammable Gases : Chemicals which in the gaseous state at normal pressure and mixed with air become flammable and the boiling point of which at normal pressure is 20o C or below.3. forms an ignitable mixture and gives a momentary flash on application of a small pilot flame under specified conditions of test. 3. 8 . This is called Upper Explosive Limit (UEL). 4 and 5 which are same as indicated in The Central Motor Vehicle Rules 1989.7 TDG FLAMMABILITY Transport of dangerous goods flammability is used in Canada and is based on Classification of dangerous goods by UN Committee of experts on transport of danger goods. 3.

3.17 TLV (THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE) The term refers to concentrations of air contaminants in the working environment to which it is believed.5-2.0 3.15 TOXIC CHEMICALS Chemicals having the following values of acute toxicity and which owing to their physical & chemical properties. 3. thereby causing fire either of itself or through release of oxygen or other gases.11 CORROSIVE CHEMICALS Chemicals. Some of these reactions liberate flammable gases. oxidation/ hydrolysis occurs at such a rate so as to cause ignition. by equivalent excursion below the limit. which will cause damage to the living tissue and/or chemically attack metallic containers and structures are corrosive chemicals.structure and which may be considered to be a structural derivative of hydrogen peroxide where one or both of hydrogen atoms has been replaced by an organic radical. it is the time weighted average concentration in ppm or gm/m3 for a normal 8-hour work day or 40 hour workweek. 3.) LC50 ( mg/l inhalation in test animals) 0.1-0.14 ORGANIC PEROXIDES Organic peroxide means an organic compound that contains the bivalent –o-o.5 0.13 PYROPHORIC SUBSTANCES Chemicals which are so reactive that on contact with air and its moisture. Excursions above this limit may occur if they are compensated during the workday. Normally. 9 . Extremely toxic 1-50 2. 3.16 INCOMPATIBLE CHEMICALS These are chemical substances which in contact with each other cause hazardous reactions which may be violent or produce toxic materials.12 OXIDISING SUBSTANCES (OXIDISER): Oxidising substances means a chemical that initiates or promote combustion in other materials. are capable of producing major accident hazards : Medium lethal dose by oral route (oral toxicity) LD50 (mg/kg body weight of test animals) 1. Highly toxic 51-500 Medium lethal dose by the dermal route (dermal toxicity)LD50 (mg/kg body weight of test animals) 1-200 201-2000 Medium lethal concentration by inhalation route (four hrs. 3. 3. nearly all workers may be exposed repeatedly day after day without adverse effect.

Reactivity Hazard and Space for additional information such as water reactivity. Flammability Hazard.0 EXPLANATORY NOTES 4. 4. with the numeral on the left indicating the hazard intensity. An averaging period other than 15 minutes may be recommended when this is warranted by observed biological effects. The intensity of hazard is grouped into five classes with numerical indications as 0.1. yellow for reactivity and colourless for additional information. divided into 4 parts.18 STEL (SHORT TERM EXPOSURE LIMIT) It is defined as a 15 minutes time weighted average exposure. red for flammability. oxidant and radiation hazard. which should not be exceeded at any time during a workday even if the 8 hours time weighted average is within the TLV. In the following lines. There should be at least 60 minutes interval between successive exposures at the STEL. Exposure at the STEL should not be longer than 15 minutes and should not be repeated more than four times per day. 1. 2.1 NUMBERING THE NFPA PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION OF HAZARD NFPA pictorial representations consist of a diamond as shown in the figure below. The colour codes for these hazards are : blue for health.3. 4. starting from left block (in clockwise direction).1 HEALTH 10 . these hazard intensities are explained. represent Health Hazard. 3 & 4 in the ascending order of hazard intensity. These parts.

1 Materials only slightly hazardous to health. Solids which form coarse dusts. 2 Materials hazardous to health. which can be ignited under almost. all normal temperature conditions.2 FLAMMABILITY 4 Very flammable gases. 3 Liquids. solids that burn rapidly. arms and waist should be provided. However. solids in shredded or fibrous form that create flash fires. Only special protective clothing designed to protect against the specific hazard should be worn. and materials that in the form of dusts or mists readily form explosive mixtures when dispersed in air. Water may cause frothing of liquids with this flammability rating number if it gets below the surface of the liquid and turns to steam. For most chemicals having a Health 4 rating. and any material that ignites spontaneously at normal temperatures in air. 3 Materials extremely hazardous to health. including self. usually because they contain their own oxygen. very volatile flammable liquids. vapour or liquid could be fatal on penetrating the fire fighters normal full protective clothing which is designed for resistance to heat. boots and bands around legs.contained breathing apparatus. Use water spray carefully in the vicinity of dusts so as not to create dust clouds. but areas may be entered with extreme care.1. Water spray may be used to extinguish the fire because the material can be cooled to below its flash point. rubber gloves. the normal full protective clothing available to the average fire department will not provide adequate protection against skin contact with these materials. Shut off flow of gas or liquid and keep cooling water streams on exposed tanks or containers. It may be desirable to wear self-contained breathing apparatus. 11 . 2 Liquids which must be moderately heated before ignition will occur and solids that readily give off flammable vapours. Most combustible solids have flammability rating of 1. Water may be ineffective on these liquids because of their low flash points. 0 Materials which on exposure under fire conditions would offer no health hazard beyond that of ordinary combustible material. No skin surface should be exposed. but areas may be entered freely with self-contained breathing apparatus.4 A few whiffs of the gas or vapour could cause death or the gas. 4. 1 Materials that must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Full protective clothing. 0 Materials that will not burn. water spray gently applied to the surface will cause a frothing which will extinguish the fire.

Includes materials which are sensitive to thermal or mechanical shock at elevated temperature and pressure or which react explosively with water without requiring of confinement. 1 Materials which in themselves are normally stable but which may become unstable at elevated temperature and pressure or which may react with water with some release of energy but not violently. as OXY. 2 Materials which in themselves are normally unstable and readily undergo violent chemical change but do not detonate. In advanced or massive fires. Fire fighting should be done from an explosion-resistant location. This bottom space may also be used to identify a radiation hazard by the symbol. which are sensitive to mechanical or localized thermal shock. Caution must be used in approaching the fire and applying water. Includes materials. 0 Materials which are normally stable even under fire exposure conditions and which are not reactive with water. Normal fire fighting procedures may be used. Includes materials which can undergo chemical change with rapid release of energy at normal temperatures and pressures or which can undergo violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures. fire fighting should be done from a protected location.4. Also includes those materials which may react violently with water or which may form potentially explosive mixtures with water. With a line through its centre alerts fire fighting personnel to the possible hazard in use of water. 4. the area should be evacuated. Oxidising chemicals are identified in the bottom space.3 REACTIVITY 4 Materials which in themselves are readily capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or explosive reaction at normal temperatures and pressures.1. The significance of the letters and the numbers indicated in this code are as under: 12 . 3 Materials which in themselves are capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or of explosive reaction but which require a strong initiating source or which must be heated under confinement before initiation. Explanation for bottom space (Colourless) : The bottom space is primarily used to identify unusual reactivity with water.2 HAZCHEM CODE: This is an emergency action code for fire and spillage. If a chemical with this hazard rating is in an advanced or massive fire.

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2 combustion. SUBSTANCES WHICH ON CONTACT WITH WATER EMIT INFLAMMABLE GASES. which in contact with water.1 Division 6. CLASS 5 OXIDISING SUBSTANCES Division 5. Inflammable solids Substances liable to spontaneous Division 4.2 Poisonous (toxic) substances Infectious substances CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES CLASS 8 CORROSIVES For details of their pictorial representation. INFLAMMABLE GASES.0 CLASSIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES The hazardous substances are classified into eight classes. the Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989 may be referred. Division 4. COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED DISSOLVED OR DEEPLY REFRIGERATED. SUBSTANCES LIABLE TO SPONTANEOUS CONBUSTION. CLASS 3 INFLAMMABLE LIQUIDS CLASS 4 INFLAMMABLE SOLIDS.5.3 Substances.2 oxidizing substances Organic peroxides CLASS 6 POISONOUS (TOXIC) AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES Division 6. POISON (TOXIC) GASES.1 Division 4. emit inflammable gases.1 Division 5. 14 . These are as under : CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES CLASS 2 GASES.

The operating staff must be aware of the hazards involved. (ii) (b) 15 .1 STORAGE OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS STORAGE IN BULK Utmost care is necessary in ensuring proper and safe storage facility for hazardous chemicals. glacial ethnoic acid etc. Oxidising material must be kept away from substance which are reducing agents. The following points should be given due weightage to avoid any mishap.0 GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR SAFE STORAGE. 6. Alkali like sodium hydroxide react with water later to evolve heat. The inventory of all hazardous chemicals for that matter must be kept as minimum as possible. Conc. to replace the hazardous chemical. The storage area should be declared as a prohibited area and should be provided with fencing having at least two exits / “No Smoking” and/or “Prohibited Area” display boards. HANDLING AND DISPOSAL Note 1 6.6.2. acids like sulphuric acid.2 6. The environment at the location must be compatible with the chemical stored. Water Sensitive Substances : These substances react with water or steam to produce flammable or explosive gases and evolve heat. the location and operation of safety equipment. as applicable should be provided at site. Such materials must not be stored in areas where water flooding from pipe leakages or leaky roofs can happen.. The tanks should be located so as not to pose safety problems due to leakage and reaction with other chemicals stored nearby. (a) Oxidising Agents : Oxidising substances must be stored away from all flammable materials even if they are only slightly flammable. eg.1 AWARENESS OF OPERATING STAFF Safety at storage and handling of hazardous chemicals depends on a considerable extent on effective safety education / training following safety procedures and efficient supervision. Conc. (i) Attempt should be made to find suitable less hazardous alternate chemicals.

(c)

Toxic Substances : These substances must be stored in well ventilated areas, preferably cool and certainly away from direct sun rays. Periodic checks should be organised for all parts of storage areas. Extremely toxic substances like TEL (Tetra Ethyl Lead) must be stored separately under strict security. Incompatible Chemicals : Incompatible chemicals should not be stored near each other. Corrosive Chemicals : The flooring of the area where corrosive chemicals are stored, shall be impervious and made of corrosion resistant materials.

(d)

(e)

(iii)

The storage tank and foundation should be of suitable material of construction to prevent corrosion. The connections and openings to the tank should be as minimum as possible so that the possibility of leakage and maintenance hazards are minimized. The tanks should be fitted with vents/relief systems of adequate capacity discharging to a safe height. Capacity requirement in case of high vapour evolution resulting from heating due to fire of adjacent tank also should be considered. Wherever atmospheric release of the vapour is not advisable, the relief should be routed to a neutralising system. Flame arrestors are recommended for the vents of atmospheric storage tanks containing Class A (flash point less than 23 degree centigrade) chemicals. The location of flame arrestor must be easily accessible for periodic inspection to ensure that flame arrestor is free of any choking. The tank should have provision for emergency evacuation of its stock to a safer location in case of emergency like fire, tank failure etc. using suitable pump out system. Use of double isolation valve – gate and globe valve in series on the drain outline is recommended. Each storage tank should have necessary instruments to monitor its level, pressure and temperature preferably with remote indications at control room or field operators cabins. Abnormal rise in level / pressure / temperature should alert control room by alarm. Quite often, the level gauges pose problems of choking, leakage from drain connections, leakage from broken gauge glasses leading to accidents. Hence, it is suggested to have guarded, illuminated level gauges. Level gauges should have provision for in-situ cleaning. Wherever possible any leakage of hazardous chemicals must be detected and alarm should be annunciated at control room.

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

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(vii) The tank should have a dyke of suitable material (compatible with the chemical) of volume equal to the volume of the larger storage tank. The dyke should have facility to: (a) (b) (c) drain off rain water into storm water channel ; route high volume spillage / leakage to suitable neutralizing pit nearby ; discharge safe effluent to oily water system, as applicable.

The isolation valves on dyke drains should be located outside the dyke. (ix) Fire access roads should be provided to storage area. The storage tanks / area should have suitable fire protection and fire fighting facility. Adequate communication facility like public address / telephone must be made available for interacting with control room, fire stations, medical units etc.

(x)

(xi) The name of chemical, type of hazard, emergency operational instructions, antidote first aid etc. should be displayed near each tank. (xii) Electrical Safety : All cables and electric fittings shall be constructed, installed, protected, operated and maintained in such a manner so as to prevent risk of open sparking.

6.2.2

STORAGE OF CHEMICALS IN DRUMS / OTHER CONTAINER This section has to be read in continuation with previous section (5.2.1) as most of the above guidelines for bulk storage apply to drums / others containers storage. In fact, drum storage of hazardous chemicals (liquids) pose potential hazard compared to bulk storage in that (a) each drum of a cluster of drum can become a source of leakage; (b) the drums normally being less resistant to fire would collapse faster escalating and spreading of fire to other drums of the stack. Hence following guidelines Shall be considered in addition to those discussed in 5.2.1 : (i) The drums should never be filled full with the liquid chemical. There should be sufficient ullage to take care of thermal expansion. The drums should preferably be stored in a well ventilated shed (preferably away from process units) with impermeable floor sloping away from drums. There should be provision to collect accidental spills for safe disposal. The drums should be stacked in a single tier with the bung (lid) up in an orderly manner so that all parts of the storage space are accessible.

(ii)

(iii) (iv)

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(v)

Empty drums should be removed away and made free of its contents before being kept in safe place. Periodic site inspection should be carried out to ensure that there is no leakage from any of the drums. Where combustible solid materials are stored, the dust content of the air must be kept below the lower explosive limit. Efficient dust collection system and good house keeping should be ensured.

(vi)

(vii)

6.2.3

STORAGE OF COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS The nature of chemical gas apart, the high pressure of storage amplifies the hazard of the storage gas cylinders. Following are the recommended guidelines for storage of cylinders : (i) Cylinders should be protected adequately from variation in temperatures. They should be stored in cool, dry, well ventilated and covered place away from steam pipes, furnace, boilers or any other potential source of heat. Cylinder should not be kept near gangways / elevators to avoid any hard object striking them. Cylinders containing flammable gases and toxic gases shall be kept separated from each other and from cylinders containing other types of gases be an adequate distance or by a suitable partition wall. Cylinders should be properly stacked taking care to prevent knocking, dropping or rolling of cylinders. Cylinder nozzle should be suitably protected against damage. Oil or similar lubricant should not be used on valves or other fittings of cylinders containing gas. In case of liquefied gas like liquid nitrogen, the cylinders should be stacked vertical so that in case of defective regulator only gas would escape. The cylinder valves should be provided with security cap on the outlet to act as a secondary means of safeguard. If there is a leak in the valve which cannot be rectified by tightening the gland nut or spindle, the cylinder should be removed to an open space where it is less dangerous to life & property and necessary remedial measures should be taken. It is necessary that a} name of chemical ; b) state of chemical as to gas or liquid ; c) pressure of the contents ; d) date of filling and e) name and address of the source (manufacturer) should be labelled on the cylinders.

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

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The quality of the chemical in the tanker should be ascertained before unloading to avoid contamination of chemical already at storage. the tanker is to be inspected for authorized entry and safe & sound condition of the tanker. alarm is hooted at control room. Adequate and suitable fire extinguishers must be available at site. Flooring of the storage area should not be wet or muddy. For inflammable gases. If this date is over. Emergency kit. The storage area should be fenced and marked as Prohibited Area with NO SMOKING WARNINGS and should have at least two exits. safety protective equipment and clothing should be available in close vicinity to storage area.3 6. (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) (xiii) (xiv) (xv) (xvi) For proper identification of the chemical all cylinders shall have the proper colour as Rule 8 of The Gas Cylinders Rules 1981. the cylinder storage area should be made of non combustible materials and flame proof fittings should be used. (ii) (iii) In case of flammable chemicals. the prime mover (engine) should be kept of. its contents and that of the prime mover. Filled and empty cylinders should be tagged and kept separately. 6.3. The floor level at storage area should be sufficiently above ground level to prevent water logging and corrosion.(viii) The due date of test for cylinder is should be marked on the metal ring inserted between the cylinder valve and cylinder neck.1 HANDLING OF HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS UNLOADING OF TANK TRUCKS / TANK WAGONS (i) Before the tanker enters the industry premises. the cylinder should not be accepted. Periodic inspection of cylinders for ascertaining leakage should be made. 19 . Automatic gas detectors where applicable should be provided at suitable points so that in case of leakage. Tankers entering plant are to be fitted with flare arresters on their exhaust. The tanker should be properly blocked from movement before connections are made for unloading hazardous chemicals.

Also steam and inert gas hose stations must be available at unloading point. Thermal safety valve discharging to safe disposal or handling facility should be provided. The operating staff must use suitable personal protective clothing / equipment. Flame proof fittings should be used wherever necessary. Proper records of hydro-test should be maintained. It is recommended to use pumps / vacuum systems for unloading. refer OISDSTD-118 on Layout. Pumps should preferably be of seal less type and valves should be of glandless types. Unloading should preferably be done in day time. (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) (xii) (xiii) (xiv) (xv) The unloading systems should have facility to vent / drain the remaining chemical in the hose to a suitable safe point. The unloading hose should be devoid of cracks & blisters and should be capable of withstanding whatever pressure developed during unloading operation.(iv) In case of flammable chemicals. Solid chemicals in bulk should be handled with lifting machines and conveyors. Hoses for different chemicals should be marked with different colour stripes for easy identification. 20 . Provision of sample quantity of water / neutralizing medium to take care of leakage / spillage must be made. the unloading point should be located at a safe distance outside the storage dyke. Where threaded connections are used. Unloading should be done under personal supervision of responsible staff authorized by the management. Suitable breathing canisters and first aid box must be available at site for use in case of emergency. For details. the threaded portion should be properly preserved against corrosion / wearing of threads and thoroughly inspected before connections are made. The hose should be kept blinded when hot in use. For flammable chemicals. The hose should be hydro-tested at a frequency guided by experience. There must be adequate illumination at site. Flange connections are preferred. Pressurizing with air / inert gas for unloading should be avoided. Same hose should not be used for unloading different chemicals. the tanker and the hose are to be properly earthed before starting unloading operation. Coupling used for connecting hose to tanker must be leak proof.

(xvi) Before starting unloading.2 UNLOADING OF DRUMS / CONTAINERS This section should be read in addition to Section 5.1 for general precautions (i) Manual handling of drums / containers should be minimized. the ullage of the receiving tank should be checked.3. It is preferable fork-lifters and suitable cradles are used to handle drums. quick/remote isolation valves should be provided. Care should be taken to avoid overflow of tanks. he is safe. (ii) (iii) 6. Specification to which cylinder has been made. Carboys containing hazardous chemicals should not be subjected to impact.3.1 and 5.3 HANDLING OF CYLINDERS This Section is to be read in addition to Section 5. Date of last hydrostatic test. if not in order the cylinder should be returned to the supplier. Gas / chemical leak detection system to sound an alarm at the control room/site may be provided wherever possible. so that quick remedial measures can be taken. Suitable protective clothing should be used while handling drums / containers and the operators should position himself such that he is in the upwind direction so that even in case of accidental release of chemical. Tare weight. 6. Working pressure and test pressure.2 for certain common guidelines : (i) The cylinder should be checked for proper markings as listed below.3. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Owner’s / manufacturer’s name. Wherever necessary. 21 . (xvii) Fire alarm and fire fighting facility commensurate with the chemical – as mentioned in the data sheet (Chapter 6) should be provided at the unloading point. (xviii) Effective communication system like public address / telephone must be available for communicating with the control room / fire station / health unit.3.3.

Ensure that the cylinder is not dropped / bumped against any other cylinder or hard object. Direct heating of the cylinder with steam or flame shall not be done.0 HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS HANDLED IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY This section includes safety data sheets of most of the hazardous chemicals being used in Petroleum Industry. The identity of the chemical is defined in para 1 of the safety data sheet and important physical and chemical properties of each chemical have been given in para 2 of the safety data sheet. (vi) Use non return valve to prevent back flow of process fluid into the partially empty / empty cylinder. health hazardous data have been given vide para 3. (ii) Cylinders should be unloaded using fork-lifter. The fire & explosion data. (iii) (iv) For increased flow rate of gas. OF EMPTY CONTAINERS OF HAZARDOUS 6. close the cylinder valve fully first and then the process valve. Manual handling is not recommended. Ensure the cylinder is not leaking from valve / body. hoist etc. (v) Pressure gauge and flow measuring device should be used to monitor flow.(f) Water capacity and proper identification colour of the chemical. it should be disconnected from process and kept completely closed. (vii) When the cylinder is not required to be used for a considerable period of time. The preventive measures and emergency & first aid 22 . at storage.3. reactivity data. Gently remove the connection. put an ‘Empty’ label on the cylinder and store at the location specified for empty cylinders. marked accordingly. suitable vaporizer can be used.4 SAFE DISPOSAL CHEMICALS Note 1 Safe disposal of empty containers of hazardous chemicals should be done based on guidelines given by the Vendors. The data provided are compiled from various data sources as given in Reference. (viii) Once a cylinder is consumed. 7. 4 & 5 respectively. Valve hoods should not be used as supports while unloading.

if any. Individual data sheets are to be supplemented with the following as item 9 and 10. 9. Standard Packing Trem Card Details / Ref. guarantee or warranties of any kind are made as to its accuracy. MANUFACTURER’S / SUPPLIER’S DATA Contact Person in Emergency Name of Firm Mailing Address Telephone/Telex Nos. It is upto the manufacturer/seller to ensure that the information contained in the material safety data sheet is relevant to the product manufactured or sold by him as the case may be.measures and additional informations/references. are given in para 6.7& 8 respectively. Other 10. OISD makes no warranties expressed or implied in respect of the adequacy of this document for any particular purpose. DISCLAIMER Information contained in this material data sheet is believed to be reliable but no representation. 23 .: Telegraphic Address : Local Bodies involved. suitability for a particular application or results to be obtained from them.

4 24 .S.NO.S.A. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.7. Ethanoic Acid.8 @ 25 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2. glacial Chemical Classification : Organic Acid Synonyms: Vinegar Acid. NO.D. Acetic Acid C.A.S. Class 8 Hazardous waste I.1 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF ACETIC ACID 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Acetic Acid . 2.63 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.NO.A. 2789 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Acetic Acid. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 118 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Vinegar like @ 35oC mm Hg 14.05 at 20oC pH: 1 M solution is 2. 64-19-7 UN.NO. 64-19-7 2.07 Solubility in water @ 30oC soluble Others: Soluble in ethanol and ether o C 16. Glacial Codes/Label : Acid. Methanecarboxylic Acid Trade Name: Acetic Acid Formula: CH3COOH C. No: 16 Hazchem Code : Not assigned HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.

D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) 10 STEL 15 ppm 37 NFPA Hazard Signals Health 2 Flammability 2 Reactivity 1 Special 25 . Do not intubate stomach or stimulate vomiting. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes LEL UEL 5. Aldehydes & other products of incomplete combustion.3% 16. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Ingestion. Inhalation : Remove victim to fresh air.D50 Odour Threshold 1. Smoke. Chromic Acid. Sodium Peroxide. Erosion of exposed teeth. Reacts with bases and oxidising Agents. Give 3 glasses of milk or water. CO. 3310 10 mg/kg ppm 25 mg/m3 ppm 25 mg/m3 L. Amines. Skin Contact: Wash immediately with copious water. Eye contact: Irrigate with water immediately for at least 15 miniutes including under eyelids. Eye contact will cause immediate burns and possible permanent damage. REACTIVITY DATA Material is normally stable at moderate elevated temperature and pressure. CO. administer artificial Respiration or oxygen. Incompatible to strong alkalis.0 ppm 24 mg/mg3 mg/m3 Emergency Treatment: L. skin and Eyes Ingestion: Can produce deep burns. Aldehydes & other products of incomplete combustion. Eye Contact: Cause eye irritation Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Conjunctivitis.3. rinse mouth and nasal passage. Oxidising Agents. Skin contact: It may cause deep burns.6 % 427 stable Not determined Flash Point oC Not determined Flash Point oC 40 (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability 3. Does not occur Explosive Material : Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material : Others: Nil Yes 4. Do not add water to this product. Nitric Acid.3 Autoignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid : Yes Flammable Material : Pyrophoric Material No No Smoke. Ingestion: Rinse mouth. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5.

Detached storage preferred. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Use water spray. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Keep away from potential source of ignition. As mentioned in Health Hazard Data Not known Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures: Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Evacuate all non-essential personnel. Gas tight goggles to prevent vapour irritation. PPE must be worn. Disposal of waste by incineration or dispose of neutralised waste in a land fill. Dry chemical powder. The vapours may be heavier than air and may travel along the ground to a distant ignition source and flash back. apron to prevent skin contact. Keep containers closed when not in use. Store in well ventilated area. flame. Eyewash Station and Showers.6. Store in sealed containers away from oxydising agents and combustible material. Use with adequate ventilation. Exhaust ducts for ventilation should be acid proof. 8. Splash proof goggles or face shields. Follow local regulation. Container may rupture on heating. Wash thoroughly after handling. spark or other source of ignition. 7. Toxic fumes. Alcohol foam or CO2. Open container in a well ventilated area. solder. Use water to keep fire exposed containers cool. gases or vapours may evolve on burning. Prevent eye. skin contact as this acid is highly corrosive to body tissuses. Launder contaminated clothing before reuse. Suspected areas of high acetic acid concentrations or variable concentration should be tested before employee exposure. 26 . PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Rubber gloves. grind or expose container to heat. drill . Empty containers retain material residue should not be cut braze. Respirators. Fire fighters should wear self contained breathing apparatus to protect against suffocating and corrosive vapours. Keep above freezeing point as this material expands on solidification and can break glass container. Avoid breathing vapours.

910 Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others: Very soluble in alcohol .613 at – 80 oC pH Neutral 27 . Class2 Hazardous waste I.S.S. 666-52-4 2. No.D.S. Almost miscible in ether.NO. Flammable Gas. Acetone.74-86-2 UN. 74-86-2 2. CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : ACETYLENE Chemical Classification : Flammable/Reactive Synonyms: Ethyne Ethine Trade Name : Acetylene Formula C2H2 C. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C .A.7.NO.A.84. Acetone C. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS Acetylene C.81. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 SE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.NO.0 Physical State : Gaseous Appearance : Colourless o Melting / Freezing C . 1001 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Acetylene Codes/Label : Red gas label. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.2 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF ACETYLENE 1.A.3 Vapour pressure Odour: Garlic like Point @ 35oC 30400 mm Hg ________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 0.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes 2. 5. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.3. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products Copper.D50 Not listed mg/Kg Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals Not applicable ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Flammability 4 Odour Threshold Not applicable. Dizziness. silver and mercury. drowsiness and suffocation. L. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxygen.0 High High Flash Point oC Flash Point oC -32 oC (OC) (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Acetylides Not known Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No Yes No Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide Yes No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment Breathing assistance and medical attention.5 % 82. May explode violently when mixed with chlorine or fluorine. PREVENTIVE MEASURES 28 .0% 305. Chlorine and Fluorine. Death from smothering may occur if oxygen content of the air is severely reduced by dilution with acetylene. Forms explosive compounds. ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Special Not applicable ppm Health 1 STEL Not applicable ppm Reactivity/Stability 3 6. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material.2 o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C 2.

Remove other cylinders to a safer place away from fire. Special Procedure Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Remove the victim to fresh air. 29 . industrial face masks. Handling and Storage Precautions Not to be stored along with oxygen and halogens. If exposed to heat or flame. Pulse and respiration should be monitored. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Identify leaks in cylinders and fittings with soap solution. if necessary. Suitable breathing apparatus. Seek medical aid. carbon dioxide and dry chemical Powder.Personal Protective Equipment. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Water spray. Don’t mix with other gases or transfer from one cylinder to another. Not available. Provide artificial respiration or oxygen. Vent slowly in an isolated place. May cause explosion. keep the container cool by spraying water. Cylinder of dissolved acetylene should be handled carefully to prevent the shock 7. Keep the cylinder in upright position in a cool and dry place.

94 at 15. Not known Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Alkyl phenol Codes/Label : Inflammable liquids. class 3 Hazardous waste I. 60-100% Alkyl Phenol C. 108-95-2 2.A. NO. No: 13 Hazchem Code : 3PE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.S.NO. 108-95-2 UN.3 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF ALKYL PHENOL 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Alkyl Phenol Chemical Classification : Aromatic compound Synonyms: Not applicable Trade Name: Dodecyl Phenol Formula: C12H25C6H4 OH C.NO.A.S. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless o Melting / Freezing C Vapour pressure Odour: Pungent Point @ 35oC mm Hg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.D. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.S. 2% Phenol C.NO.6 oC Solubility in water @ 30oC insoluble pH: Not determined Others 30 .7.

Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. unconsciousness and death. liver and kidney effects. vomiting Drowsiness. fatigue.3. Repeated and excessive exposure to phenol may cause central nervous system effects including respiratory. other central nervous system effects leading to visual impairment. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL Not determined UEL C Not determined Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 130 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No Toxic fumes.D50 ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 Special STEL ppm Reactivity Flammability 31 . REACTIVITY DATA Material is normally stable at moderately elevated temperatures and pressures. Stupor. Respiratory failure. Dizziness. digestive disturbances. skin and Eyes Inhalation: Higher concentration may cause Headache.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals As given in the emergency and first aid measures 2000 to 5000 mg/kg 5 ppm 19 mg/m3 5 ppm 19 mg/m3 Health Odour Threshold L. gases and vapours may evolve on burning Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material: No Others 4. nausea. Oxidising agents Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products Given in fire and explosion hazard data 5. motion difficulties & paralysis. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.

If breathing is laboured administer oxygen. Dry chemical . apply artificial respiration. Waste Disposal Method 32 . discard shoes and other leather articles saturated with material. 7. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken PPE must be worn. Don’t wear rings. Disposal should be in compliance with the applicable regulation. If breathing has stopped. Do not induce vomiting. Keep containers closed when not in use. Wash thoroughly after handling launder contaminated clothing before reuse. Removes contaminated clothes. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media CO2 . Use local exhaust ventilation to control mist or vapours. water can be used to cool and protect exposed material. Get immediately medical help. NIOSH/MSA approved respirator. Alcohol foam. Use long sleeve shirt. Chemical goggles and face shield. If conscious give two glasses of water. Flush and wash eye immediately for at least 15 minutes. watches or similar apparel that could entrap the material and cause skin reaction. Recommended wearing self contained breathing apparatus Toxic fumes and gases or vapours may evolve on burning.6. Wash skin with soap water. Remove exposed person to fresh air. Residual liquid can be absorbed on inert material. Get medical help. Use self contained breathing apparatus for entry into confined space and for other poorly ventilated areas and for large spill clean up sites. Prevent entry into sewers and water ways. Ventilate area if spilled in confined area or other Poorly ventilated area. Use approved full face respirators with a combination organic vapour and high efficiency filter cartridge if the recommended exposure limit is exceeded. Self contained breathing apparatus. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Nitrile or neoprene gloves. Pick up free liquid for recycle and /or disposal.

1005 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Ammonia Codes/Label : Non Flammable Gas. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 PE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Class 2 Hazardous waste I. Ammonia C.NO.NO.A. 11.NO: 7664-41-7 UN NO.A.6 33 . Ammonia Gas.A.771 @ 0oC pH : I N aq.D.S.S. Ammonia Anhydrous.4oC Physical State : Liquefied Compr.77oC Point ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density 0.Gas Vapour pressure @ 35oC 7600 mm Hg at 25.4 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF AMMONIA 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY AMMONIA Chemical Classification : Inorganic Compound Chemical Name : Synonyms: Liquid Ammonia. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. Sol.60 Solubility in water @ 30oC Others (Air = 1) Very soluble Moderately soluble in Alcohol Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.S. 2.7oC Appearance : Colourless Odour : Strong Pungent Odour Melting / Freezing -77.7. Trade Name: Ammonia Formula: NH3 C. 7664-41-7 2. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range -33.

25 ppm 18 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 46. Gold. Calcium hypochlorite.iodine.0 % 651. Halogens. or edema of the larynx. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air and provide artificial respiration or oxygen. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Silver. Reacts with Silver chloride. Incandescent reaction when heated with Calcium. Silver Azide and Silver Oxide form explosive silver nitride. Seek Medical Aid. Silver nitrate. bromine. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4.53 mg3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment Permissible Exposure Limit L. Silver nitrate. Acrolein. Silver azide.0 % 25. Skin and Eyes : Wash the affected area with plenty of water for 15 mins.D50 (Oral-Rat) TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 350 mg/kg 25 ppm 18 mg/m3 STEL Health Flammability 2 1 35 ppm Reactivity 0 27 mg/m3 Special 34 . chlorine. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Oxidisers. Acetaldehyde. 5000 ppm may cause death from spum inflammation. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No NA o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C 16. Mercury. Contact of the liquid with skin freezes the tissues and causes the caustic burns.8 ppm 32. if needed.3. Reacts with Silver chloride.0 Stable Not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not Pertinent (OC) Not Pertinent (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No No Emits toxic fumes of NH3 & NOx Does not occur. Skin or Eyes 700 ppm causes eye irritation and permanent injury may result if prompt medical remedial measures are not taken. heavy metals and their compounds.

provide artificial respiration or oxygen. A human poison by an unspecified route. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Handling and Storage Precautions Avoid storing along with oxidizing materials and away from all possible sources of ignition. Waste Disposal Method 8. Potentially violent or explosive reactions on contact with interhalogens. Use water spray or fog. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapours Provide rubber boots. Eyes : Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. Skin : Remove the contaminated clothes and wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. neutralise with HCl And discharge into sewer with sufficient water. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Not available. allow to evaporate. Those affected with eye and pulmonary diseases should avoid exposure to Ammonia.6. self-contained breathing apparatus. safety goggles. can detonate. Seek medical aid. Forms sensitive explosive mixture with air and hydrocarbons. Contain leaking liquid on sand or earth. Dilute the vapours with plenty of water. Gas is suffocating. gas mask and protective clothing in case of liquid ammonia. Difficult to ignite. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. 7. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 : 30.000 ppm/5M (ihl-hmn). NH3 and air in a fire. if needed. Store in well ventilated flame resistant locations. 35 . EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Stop flow of gas. Put into a large vessel containing water.

Coal naphtha Cyclohexatriene Trade Name: Benzene Formula C6H6 C.NO. Phenyl Hydride.NO.5 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF BENZENE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : BENZENE Chemical Classification : Aromatic Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Benzol. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 80. 2.7. Carbon-oil. 1114 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Benzene Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid. NO.NO. Carbon tetrachloride.) : Neutral 36 .77 Solubility in water @ 30oC 800 mg/l at 25 oC Others: Miscible with alcohol chloform. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 3 WE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.879 pH 20oC (Liq.A.S. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. Class 3 Hazardous waste I.D. 71-43-2 2. Benzene C.51 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.1 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2.09 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Aromatic Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 100 mm Hg at 26.S.S.A. ether.71-43-2 UN. o C 5. Crbon Disulphide acetone.

Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Forms sensitive explosive mixtures with iodine pentafluoride.3.4 % 8% 562.AS2F3 + potassium methoxide (explodes above 30oC). dizziness. unconsciousness.2 Stable Not available. chlorine. Inhalation : Causes headache. causes pain. Skin: If affected.O3.D50 (Rat-7 hrs. and seek immediately medical aid. incandescent reaction with hydrogen + nickel catalyst (above 210oC). Ingestion. dullness. nitryl perchlorate. . HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.A. HNO3.68 ppm 14. liquid O2. skin and Eyes Skin : Gets absorbed. Start resuscitation.93 mg/mg3 75 mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptom Emergency Treatment L. bromine and iron Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Reacts vigorously with oxidising agents. Flash Point oC Flash Point oC N. Ingestion : Burning sensation in mouth and stomach. Eye: Flush with plenty of water until irritation subsides Inhalation : Remove from exposure immediately.) 1000 ppm as LC50 10 ppm 30 mg/m3 (SHC) (SHC) 10 ppm 32 mg/m3 Health 2 Odour Threshold 4.1 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 3 Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Toxic gases and vapours. Eyes : Causes pain. and leukemia. remove soaked clothes and boots and wash thoroughly the affected Area with plenty of water and soap.11.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals STEL 25 ppm Reactivity 0 Flammability 3 37 . administer O2. uranium hexafluoride and bromine trifluoride. If breathing is irregular or stopped. 3400 mg/kg L. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1. silver perchlorate. Does not occur. redness. redness. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Repeated contact leads to dermatitis. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Oxidisers.

Waste Disposal Method 8. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Suspected human carcinogen. Use of alcoholic drink enhances the poisonous effect. Seal all waste in vapour tight plastic bags for eventual disposal. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Foam. 38 . Store in a cool fireproof place with ventilation along the ground. Seek medical aid immediately. Ingestion : Do not induce vomiting. CO2. hydrocarbon. keep victim warm and quiet. Contain leaking liquid on sand or earth. insoluble rubber or plastic gloves. There is great individual variation in signs and symptoms of chronic benzene poisoning. In industry. Elimination chiefly through lungs. inhalation is the primary route of chronic benzene poisoning. Incineration will become easier by mixing with more flammable material. periodic medical check up is recommended. Handling and Storage Precautions 7. Spray into furnace. and Dry Chemical Powder. start resuscitation.6. Eyes: Wash thoroughly for 15 mins. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to fire. Persin with blood disorder should avoid contact with benzene. Not available Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Prevent liquid entering into sewer. hydrocarbon-insoluble apron such as neoprene shoes. Flash back along vapour trail may occur. Depending on the duration and the exposure. Prolonged exposure (even at low concentration) may cause leukemia. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Use hydrocarbon vapour canister. Keep away from strong oxidising agents. with water. High concentration can lead to unconsciousness or death. goggles or face shield. Skin : Remove the wet clothes and wash the affected area with water and soap.

No: 17 Hazchem Code : Not listed HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.NO. Class 5 Hazardous waste I. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.NO.D.33 pH: Not pertinent 39 . NO. Dibenzoyl peroxide Formula: (C6 H5CO) 2O2 Trade Name: Bernzoyl peroxide C. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C Decomposes Physical State : Solid Just above m. acetone.p.A. 2.A.6 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF BENZOYL PEROXIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Benzoyl Peroxide Chemical Classification : Organic Peroxide Synonyms: Benzoic acid peroxide.S. Appearance : White Rhombic prisms Melting / Freezing Point 103-105 Vapour pressure Odour: Faint Odour of Benzaldehyde @ 35oC mm Hg Less than 1mm Hg ______________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) Solubility in water @ 26oC Less than 1mg/ml Others: soluble in benzene.7.NO.543 o C Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.A.S. 94-36-0 2. Benzoyl super oxide. 94-36-0 UN. Benzoyl peroxide C. Refractive Index 1. 2090 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Benzoyl peroxide Codes/Label : Organic peroxide.S. chloroform.

3.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
yes
o

Flammability

LEL

Not Available

Flash Point oC Not Available Flash Point oC 80

(OC) (CC)

TDG Flammability 5 Autoignition Temperature

C

UEL Not Available 103 Explodes Explodes

Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid No Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material yes No

Emits white smoke of benzoic acid. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide

Yes No No

Corrosive Material No Others

4.

REACTIVITY DATA
Explodes on heating, can explode spontaneously when dry and when exposed to friction or Shock. Strong acid, amines, alcohol, ether, reducing agents Reacts violently in contact with various organic or inorganic acids, alcohols, amines, metallic naphthenates, as well as polymerisation accelerators i.e. Di-methyl aniline and methyl methacrylate. Decomposition produces benzoic acid, phenyl benzoate, ter-phenyls, Biphenyls, Benzene and CO2

Chemical Stability

Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity

Hazardous Reaction Products

5.

HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Inhalation, skin, eyes. Irritation of skin, eyes and respiratory system, can cause dermititis, Vasodilatation and asthma other effects include slow pulse, lower temp, stupor, testicular altrophy. The health hazards of diluents should also be considered, as they may be more serious.

Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/

Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) 7710 Flush with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove to fresh air. Seek medical aid. mg/kg ppm 5 mg/m3 mg/m3 L.D50 Odour Threshold :Odourless ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3

ppm 5

STEL: Not listed

ppm

NFPA Hazard Signals

Health 2

Flammability 2

Reactivity 1

Special oxy

40

6.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions

Provide Dust respirator, rubber hand gloves, Side covered goggles, Face shield, Overclothing and shoes. Keep container close. Keep away from open flame. Empty container may contain hazardous residue s. Avoid loss of water content as dry material is considerably hazardous. Store below 38 oC to maintain activity. Store in a refrigerator or in a cool, dry place and protect from exposure to shock, rough handling , friction from grinding and all oxydising materials.

7.

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES

FIRE

Fire Extinguishing Media Special procedure Unusual Hazard

Water, Dry chemical powder , foam If large amount is involved, evacuate area. Fight fire from safe distance. Cool surrounding area with water. As long as water is present, material self extinguishes. Dry material burns vigorously.

EXPOSURE

First Aid Measures

Skin Contact: Flood all the areas of that have contacted the substance with water. Do not remove the contaminated clothing- do it under water stream. Use soap to help assure removal. Isolate contaminated clothing and when removed , prevent contact by others. Eye contact : Remove any contact lenses at once. Immediately flush eyes well with copious quantities of water or normal saline for at least 20 -30 miniutes. Seek medical attention. Inhalation: Leave contaminated area immediately and breathe fresh air. Proper respiratory protection must be supplied to any rescuers. If coughing, difficult breathing or any other symptom develops, seek medical help at once, even if symptoms develop many hours after exposure. Ingestion: Contact a physician hospital or poison centre at once. If victim is unconscious or convulsing, DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING . Assure that his airway is open and lay him on his side with his head lower than his body and transport to a medical facility. If conscious and not convulsing, give a glass of water to dilute the substance.

Antidotes/Dosages:

Not Available

SPILLS Steps to be taken Remove all sources of ignition and dampen spilled material with 60-70% acetone to avoid air borne dust, then transfer material to a suitable container. Ventilate the spill area and use absorbent paper dampened with 60-70% acetone to pick up remaining material. Wash surface well with soap and water. Absorb or mix in small portions on sand. Soak with 10% Ammonium Hydroxide, place in open furnace pit with plastic spoon. Ignite from safe distance.

Waste Disposal Method

41

8.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES

It is an organic peroxide nad oxidiser. It ignites readily and burns rapidly. An explosion hazard, may explode spontaneously, when heated above the melting point or when overheated under confinement. Explosive decomposition above melting point (103oC) forms flammable products. Violent reaction in contact with N,N-dimethyl aniline, Aniline, Dimethyl sulphide, Lithiumtetrahydro aluminate, N-bromo succinimide+ 4-Toluic Acid, Mixture with CCl4 + ethylene explodes at elevated temperature and pressure. Violent reaction when contacted with organic and inorganic acids, polymerisation accelerators.

42

7.7 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF BUTANE
1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY

Chemical Name :

BUTANE

Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon

Synonyms: n-Butane, Methyl-ethyl-methane, Butyl Hydride

Trade Name : Butane

Formula C4H10

C.A.S.NO.106-97-8

UN NO. 1011

Regulated Identification

Shipping Name : Butane Codes/Label : Flammable Gas, Class 2 Hazardous waste I.D. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 2 W E

HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Butane

C.A.S.NO. 106-97-8 2.

HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS

C.A.S.NO.

2.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA

Boiling Point/Range

- 0.5oC

Physical State : Liquefied Compressed .Gas Vapour pressure @ 35oC 1520 mm Hg at 18.8oC Odour:

Appearance : Colourless Gasoline like odour

Melting / Freezing -138oC Point ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density 2.046 Solubility in water @ 30oC Others (Air = 1) Slight soluble Soluble in Alcohol Ether, Chloroform. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.60 @ 0oC Liquid pH : Not Pertinent

43

3.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
Yes 2
o

Flammability TDG Flammability

LEL UEL C

1.9 % 8.5. % 405 Stable May Explode

Flash Point oC Flash Point oC

Not Available (OC) -60 (CC)

Autoignition Temperature

Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No

None in particular Will not occur. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No

4.

REACTIVITY DATA
Stable Oxidisers When mixed with { Ni(CO)4 + O2 } highly explosive Not available

Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products

5.

HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Inhalation High exposure produces drowsiness, but no other evidence of systemic effects.

Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment

L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals

ORAL AND ASPIRATION : No treatment required. Inhalation: Guard against self-injury if stuporous, confused or anesthetised. Apply artificial respiration, if breathing is difficult. Avoid administration of Epinephrine or other Sympathomimetic Amines. Prevent aspiration of Vomitus by proper positioning of the head. Give symptomatic and supportive Treatment. Seek Medical Aid. Not listed mg/kg 800 ppm 1900 mg/m3 800 ppm 1900 mg/m3 Health 1 Odour Threshold 6.16 ppm 14.65 mg/m3 mg/m3

STEL

Not listed ppm Reactivity 0

Not listed Special

Flammability 4

44

6.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

Personal Protective Equipment

Avoid contact with liquid or vapours Provide self-contained breathing apparatus, safety goggles, hand gloves and shoes.

Handling and Storage Precautions

Keep in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area, away from heat, flame or oxidisers.

7.

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES

FIRE

Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure

Stop flow of gas. CO2, Foam, Dry powder. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Flash back along vapour trail may occur.

Unusual Hazards

EXPOSURE

First Aid Measures

ORAL & ASPIRATION : No treatment required. Inhalation : Guard against self-injury if stuporous, Confused or anesthetised. Apply artificial breathing if breathing is difficult. Avoid administration of Epinephrine or other sypathomimetic Amines. Prevent aspiration of vomitus by proper positioning of the head. Give symptomatic and supportive treatment. Seek medical aid. Not available.

Antidotes/Dosages

SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Shut off leaks if without risk, warn everybody that air Mixture is explosive. Allow the gas to burn under control.

8.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES

A simple Asphyxiant: A general-purpose food additive.

45

2. Carbon Sulfide Dithiocarbonic Anhydride Trade Name Formula CS2 C. 75-15-0 2.8oC Point ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density 2. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. Carbon Disulfide C.S.NO. Class 3 Hazardous waste I. Benzene Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.S.NO.D.110.5oC Physical State : Liquid Vapour pressure @ 35oC 400 mm Hg at 28oC Appearance : Colourless to Yellow Odour: Rotten egg to Sweet Odour Melting / Freezing .64 Solubility in water @ 30oC Others (Air = 1) Not soluble Miscible with Anhydrous Methanol. 1131 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Carbon Disulfide Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid. NO. Ethanol. Poison.7.NO.26 @ 20oC Liquid pH : Neutral 46 . PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range 46.A.A.S.75-15-0 UN.A.8 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF CARBON DISULFIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : CARBON DISULFIDE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Solvent Synonyms: Carbon Bisulfide. Ether. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 3 W E HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.

Will not occur. Wash the affected areas with large amount of water. follow with gastric lavage and saline cathartics. 3188 mg/kg 10 (Skin) ppm 30 (Skin) mg/m3 Odour Threshold 30 (Skin) mg/m3 STEL Flammability 3 Not ppm Available Not Available Not listed Special mg/m3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Acute Exposure: Mild to moderate irritation of skin.30 (CC) Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Emits highly toxic fumes of SOx. Potassium. Zinc. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Massive vapour exposure : CNS depression with respiratory Paralysis. Reacts violently with CsN3 (H2 SO4 + Permanganates). Reacts with metal azides to produce shock and heat sensitive explosive metal Azidodithioformates..D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 10 (Skin) ppm Not listed ppm Reactivity 0 Health 2 47 . Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Oxidisers. KN3. Ingestion. NaN3 Reacts with metal azides to produce shock. Organic Amines & Air.3 % 50 % 125 Stable Data not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not Available (OC) . A1 Powder ignites in CS2 Vapour. chemically active metals such as Sodium. Heat-sensitive explosive metal Azidodithioformates. Seek Medical Aid. Skin: Remove the contaminated clothing and shoes. Skin and Eyes. eyes and mucous membrane from abdominal pain. Azides. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide Explosive No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Ingestion : Induce vomiting. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes 3 o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C 1. Death may occur during coma or after convulsions. Inhalation : Remove the victim from exposure. give artificial respiration and oxygen if necessary.3.

7. PVC hand gloves. If inhaled.6. b) Large quantities: Atomise into an incinerator and destroy by controlled incineration Waste Disposal Method 8. sparks. EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If eyes are affected. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. a) Leakage: Absorb wirh paper and destroy by burning at least 50m away from any habitation. air-line or chemical cartridge mask. immediately wash with plenty of water for 15 mins. gr. Skin : Remove the soaked clothes and shoes. fog. Not available. Contain the leakage on sand or earth. Avoid plastic containers. Seek medical aid. Due to its low flash point and high sp. Severe explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Unusual Hazards Dry Chemical powder. face shield. water spray. Full-face mask and industrial clothing to be used when entering the vessel. Provide safety goggles. Keep the containers cool by spraying water exposed to fire Substance burns with almost invisible flame. 48 . Wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat. Do not eat or drink at work place. Knock down the vapours with water spray. CS2 should be stored under water (immiscible with water). Do not allow liquid to enter sewer. Containers should be earthed properly. friction or oxidising materials. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Handling and Storage Precautions Store away from direct heat. remove to fresh air. flame.

3 Physical State : Liquefied Compressed . Carbon Monoxide C.9 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF CARBON MONOXIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : CARBON MONOXIDE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Gas Synonyms: Carbone. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.A.7.NO.D. 2.S.S. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 SE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.S. Class 2 Hazardous waste I.791 at -191. Carbonic Oxide Trade Name Formula CO C. NO. 1016 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Carbon Monoxide Codes/Label : Flammable Gas.Gas Appearance : Colourless o Melting / Freezing C -207 Vapour pressure N.A.630-08-0 UN. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C -191. 630-08-0 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. Odour: Odourless Point @ 35oC mm Hg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 0.NO.97 Solubility in water @ 30oC Not soluble Others Appreciable soluble in organic solvents. C.A.5oC pH Not Pertinent 49 . Poison.NO.

Skin and Eyes Human systematic effects by inhalation.2% 608. Does not occur. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 12. Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not Pertinent Not Pertinent (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 2 Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes Asphyxiation due to CO2 production may occur.5% 74. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Seek medical aid immediately. Eye contact causes severe injury. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water at least for 15 mins.D50 50 ppm 55 mg/m3 55 mg/m3 Odour Threshold Odourless ppm Odourless mg/mg3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.3.8 Stable N. Not listed L. Bromine Pentafluoride. provide oxygen if required. Peroxodisulfuryl difluoride. Contact with skin causes frostbite. heat or contact with water. Chlorine Dioxide. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Mixture of liquid CO with liquid O2 is explosive. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Oxidisers Violent or explosive reaction on contact with Bromine Trifluoride. Seek medical aid immediately. A. Skin: If burnt by liquid. React with Na or K to form explosive products sensitive to shock. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area.D50 (Oral-rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 50 ppm Health 2 STEL 400 ppm Reactivity 0 440 Special Flammability 4 50 . Can cause asphyxlation by preventing hemoglobin from binding oxygen. changes in psycho-physiological tests and Methemoglobine mia-carboxhemoglobinemia. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. treat as frostbite. Support respiration.

safety shoes. support respiration. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a cool. NF3. Allow to burn under control. After being removed from exposure the half life of its elimination from the blood is one hour. appropriate canister mask. flame or oxidisers. Mixture of liquid CO with liquid di-nitrogen-oxide is a rocket propellant combination. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 minioutes. Let fire burn. (Na+NH3) 51 . OF2. Repeated exposure to low concentrations of the gas upto 100 ppm in air is generally believed to cause no signs of poisoning or permanent damage can cause asphyxiation by preventing hemoglobin from binding O2. dry place. Special Procedure Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove victim from exposure to fresh air area. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Shut off leaks if without risk. A very dangerous explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Auditory disturbances and contractions of the visual fields have been demonstrated. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. treat as frostbite. 8. CO2. 7. Flame has little colour. Ag2O. Containers may explode. Wear self-contained Breathing apparatus. (K+O2). To be burnt under control. Skin: If burnt by liquid. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 (rat): 1807 ppm/4H acute case of poisoning resulting from brief exposure to high concentrations seldom results in any permanent disability if recovery takes place. Seek medical aid immediately for all type of exposures. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. away from heat. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Dry chemical powder.6. rubber over-clothing. Ignites on contact with cesium oxide and water. Exothermic reaction with ClF3. None in particular. provide O2 if required. face shield or safety goggles. Provide self-contained breathing apparatus. hand gloves. (Li+H2O). Potentially explosive reaction with iron (3) oxide between O-150oC. shut off gas while using the chemicals. Glycosuria does occur and heart irregularities have been reported.

10 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF CARBON TETRACHLORIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : CARBON TETRACHLORIDE Chemical Classification : Alkyl Halide Synonyms: Carbon Chloride. 56-23-5 UN.6 Vapour pressure Odour: Sweet Point @ 35oC 100mm Hg at 23 oC _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 5. 56-23-5 2.7. o Melting / Freezing C -22. Benzene. Chloroform Ether. Benzinoform. Class-6 Hazardous Waste I. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 76. Tetra-chloro Methane. 1846 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Carbon Tetrachloride Codes/Label : Poison. Trade Name : Carbon tetrachloride Formula CC14 C. No.30 Solubility in water @ 30oC Not Soluble Others: Miscible with Alcohol.NO. NO. Per-chloro Methane. 2.S.A. No: 6 Hazchem Code : 2 Z HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.8 Physical State : Liquid Appearance: Colourless. CS2 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.S. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.59 at 20o C pH Neutral 52 . Watery.S. Carbon Tetrachloride C.NO.D.A.

(AgC14 + HC1). Di-silane. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Does not occur. Forms explosive mixture with ethylene. A1 (C2H5)3.A. Ingestion. Damages central nervous system. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. liver damage & kidney damage. Inhalation causes dizziness. Potassium. Ingestion: Induce vomiting. Also forms explosive mixtures with ClF3. N2O4 etc. Give artificial respiration. Seek medical aid immediately. 2800 mg/kg 5 (Skin) ppm 30 (Skin) mg/m3 5 (Skin) ppm 30 (Skin) mg/m3 Health 3 Flammability 0 Odour Threshold: > 10 ppm mg/m3 125 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals STEL 20 ppm Reactivity/Stability Special 0 53 . anesthesia may be accompanied by nausea. between 25-105 C and 30 –80 bar. BrF3. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air area. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Aluminium Tri-chloride. give plenty of water to drink. if breathing stops. Often reduces or stops urinary output. Di-borane. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No o Flammability LEL UEL C Not pertinent Not pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability N. Skin & Eyes. Di-benzoyl Peroxide & Potassium-tart-butoxide. (Benzoyl Peroxide + C2H6 ). Skin & Eyes : Causes irritation. Keep the patient warm & quiet. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins.3. Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Emits toxic fumes of Cl & Phosgene. inco-ordination. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Chemically active metals such as Sodium.A1). Vigorous exothermic reaction with allyl alcohol. Magnesium. Liquid O2. Forms impact sensitive explosive mixtures with particulates of many metals (eg. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Skin: Remove the wetted clothes & flush the affected area with plenty of water.

air supplied mask. Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. Potentially explosive reaction on contact with boranes. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. 8. give plenty of water to drink.4. dry area way from heat.5. Seal all the waste in vapour-tight plastic bags for eventual disposal. 7. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Shut off leaks if without risk. Absorb on sand or earth. Repeated daily exposure to such concentrations may result in poisoning. Potentially dangerous reaction with dimethylene formamide. 54 . rubber apron and shoes. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES A suspected human carcinogen.6. Ingestion : Induce vomiting. Eyes & Skin : Wash the affected area with plenty of water.2. organic vapour canister with full-face masks.3. Concentration of the order of 1000-1500 ppm is sufficient to cause symptoms if exposure continues for several hours. Not available. Seek medical aid immediately. 1. when iron is present as catalyst. CC14 has caused explosions when used as fire extinguisher on a wax fires and uranium fires. Provide PVC or rubber hand gloves. Poisonous and irritating gases are produced. Violent or explosive reaction on contact with fluorine.6 . Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. well ventilated. safety goggles. This has narcotic action similar to that of chloroform though not as strong. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a cool.hexachloro-cyclohexane or dimethylacetamide. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not Flammable. Give artificial respiration.

7782-50-5 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. Bleach like choking odour. Melting / Freezing -101oC Point ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 XE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. 1017 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Chlorine Codes/Label : Non Flammable Gas. Gas Vapour pressure @ 35oC 4800 mm Hg at 20oC Appearance : Greenish Yellow Odour: Irritating. 2.NO.11 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF CHLORINE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : CHLORINE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Gas or Liquid Synonyms: None Formula C12 C.NO.S. NO.7. C. Class 2 Hazardous waste I.47 pH @ 0oC 2774 mm Hg : Not Pertinent 55 .A.S.34 oC Physical State Liquid Liquid Compr. Chlorine C. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.S. Poison.A.7782-50-5 Trade Name UN.49 Solubility in water @ 30oC Slightly soluble Others Soluble in Alkalis. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range .A.NO.D.

Not listed mg/kg 1 ppm 3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 3 mg/m3 STEL Flammability 0 3. support respiration. Skin and Eyes. often with retching. sneezing. finely divided metals.5 ppm 10. Violent reaction with Alcohol.3. Forms explosive mixtures with hydrogen. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Sulfides. Eyes : Flush with large amount of water for at least 15 mins. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL Not % Pertinent Not % Pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not Pertinent (OC) Flammability TDG Flammability NA UEL Not Pertinent (CC) Auto ignition Temperature o C Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid No Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No Toxic products are generated when combustibles burn in Cl. general excitement. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Combustible substances. potentially dangerous reaction with Hydrocarbons : Lewis Acids. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide Yes No Corrosive Material Yes Others: Supports Combustion 4. restlessness. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. give oxygen if necessary. Death may result from suffocation.16 mg/m3 Special mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Tri-alkyl Boranes.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 1 ppm 3 ppm Reactivity 0 9 Health 3 56 . Ingestion. Does not occur. copious salivation. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. High concentration causes respiratory distress and violent coughing. explosive reaction with metals. Toxic products are generated when combustibles burn in Cl. Causes Eye irritation.

Concentration of 50 ppm are dangerous for even short exposures. so that only the gas escapes and not the liquid. Cover pool with protein foam. gumboots. A concentration of 3. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES In case of large gas escapes. store in cylinders. 7. Run away from the gas clouds in a direction perpendicular to the wind direction. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in a cool. Provide PVC gloves. Poisonous gases are produced in fire. Sulfamic Acid. Contain liquid with earth or sand. self-contained breathing apparatus. Prevent the liquid from entering the sewer. Acetaldehyde. In no circumstances water shall be directed towards leaking containers. rubber overcoat. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. Can react to cause fires/explosion on contact with Turpentine.5 ppm produces a detectable odour. Not available. Alcohols. Bring the leaking portion of the cylinder to the uppermost position. wash with plenty of water under quick opening safety shower and eye wash fountain. Avoid liquid chlorine from leaking and body contact. If inhaled. or pipelines. Persons with pulmonary diseases should avoid the exposure. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. 15 ppm causes immediate irritation of the throat. the presence of cloud can be marked with Ammonia with which it will turn into a mist. Rubber. Vapours create toxic atmosphere. Neutralize small liquid spillage with soda ash & drain with abundant water. If chlorine comes in contact with eyes or skin. well ventilated place. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. pressure vessels. head mask. Knock down vapours with water spray. Polypropylene.6. relatively isolated. dry. so that the release of vapour to atmosphere is low and under control Waste Disposal Method 8. illuminating gas. move the victim to fresh air area. 57 . EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not flammable Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. 1000 ppm is fatal.

Point @ 35oC ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1.56 Solubility in water @ 30oC Miscible Others: Miscible with Alcohol and Ether.6 Physical State : Gas/Liquid Appearance : Colourless o Melting / Freezing C . 75-04-7 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.NO.662 at 20oC pH Strongly basic 58 .No.A. 2.6 Vapour pressure Odour: Strong Ammoniacal.D.NO.S.NO.12 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF ETHYLAMINE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : ETHYLAMINE Chemical Classification : Aliphatic Amine Synonyms: Ethanamine Mono-ethyl-amine Trade Name : Formula C2 H7 N C.7. Ethyl Amine C. 1036 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Ethyl amine Codes/Label : Flammable gas Class 2 Hazardous waste I. No: 8 Hazchem Code : 2 PE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.80.S.S. C.75-04-7 UN.A.A. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 16.

Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5.3. Seek medical aid immediately. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Ingestion : Give plenty of water to drink. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Eyes: Causes severe irritation. Skin : Causes irritation and dermatitis. Skin : Remove the contaminated clothes and wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 4. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Acids and Oxidisers. .75% 385 Stable Explodes Flash Point oC Flash Point oC .D50 10 ppm 18 mg/m3 18 mg/m3 Odour Threshold Not available STEL Flammability Not listed Not listed ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Ingestion: Poisonous. Skin & Eyes Inhalation: Causes irritation to mucous membrane. Ingestion. Reacts vigorously with Oxidising Materials and Strong Acids. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air area. Cellulose Nitrate. 400 mg/m3 L.95% 20. Provide artificial respiration if needed.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 10 ppm ppm Health Not listed Reactivity/Stability Not listed 59 . Will not occur. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins.18 Not available (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 2 Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Emits toxic fumes of NOx. Not available.

Not available Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Shut off leaks and flow of gas if without risk. flame and spark. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Alcohol Foam. face shield. Dry Chemical Powder and Water. safety goggles. body over-clothing and shoes. Keep the containers cool by spraying water. Skin : Remove contaminated clothing and wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. 8. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 = 3000 ppm / 4 H (ihl-rat). 7. a) Dissolve in combustible solvent such as alcohol etc. rubber hand gloves. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Ingestion: Give plenty of water to drink. 60 . heat. A very dangerous for hazard when exposed to heat or flame.6. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in an exclusively cooler place. Apply artificial respiration and oxygen if needed. Explosion hazard to sparks. Provide self-contained respirator. protected from light. Avoid contact with gas or liquid. burn in open furnace by igniting from a safe distance with utmost care or sprinkle into fire chamber or furnace with after burner and scrubber. If exposed to heat or flame. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation :Remove the victim to fresh air area. Containers may explode. Seek medical aid immediately.

Ethyl Mercaptan C. Mercaptoethane Thioethyl Alcohol.S. NO. Class 3 Hazardous waste I. 75-08-1 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 3 YE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.13 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF ETHYL MERCAPTAN 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : ETHYL MERCAPTAN Chemical Classification : Mercaptan Synonyms: Ethanethiol.D.NO. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. 1228 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Ethyl Mercaptan Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid.S.A. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range 34. Ethyl Sulphydrate Trade Name Formula C2 H6S C.A. Melting / Freezing -147oC Point ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2. NO.49 Solubility in water 30oC soluble Others Soluble in Alcohol.4 oC Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless to Yellow Vapour pressure @ 35oC Not available Odour: Strong Penetrating Garlic like odour. 2. Ether.A.NO.S.826 @ 20oC Solid pH : Not Available 61 .7. 75-08-1 UN. C.

D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 1960 -- 0. Steam and Oxidisers.7 (OC) Flammability TDG Flammability 3 o UEL C 18. convulsions. High concentration may cause pulmonary irritation. Violent reaction with Ca (OCI)2. Seek medical aid immediately. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes LEL 2. Ingestion : Induce vomiting and follow with gastric lavage. Skin : Wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Ingestion: Causes nausea and irritation of mouth and stomach. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No .5 STEL 2 ppm 3 Health 2 Flammability 4 Reactivity 0 62 . HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Provide artificial respiration or Oxygen if needed.3.001 ppm 0. Eyes & Skin: Causes irritation.002 mg/m3 Special mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.8 % Flash Point oC Flash Point oC < -17. Water. Inhalation : Causes muscular weakness. Corrosive Material Others No 4. Contact with Acid fumes emit highly toxic fumes of SOx Not available. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Acids.0 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 0. Ingestion. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Skin and Eyes.9 Stable Explodes Not Available (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Emits toxic fumes of SOx Will not occur. Eyes: Flush with water for 15 mins. respiratory paralysis. mg/kg ppm Not mg/m3 listed ppm 1. Reacts vigorously with Oxidisers.2 % 298.

Ingestion : Induce vomiting and follow with gastric lavage. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. dry. A moderate explosion hazard. 63 . provide artificial respiration or oxygen if needed. Dissolve in a combustible solvent such as alcohol. CO2. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in a cool. Burn in a furnace with an after burner and scrubber to neutralise Sulphur Dioxide. flame or Oxidisers. Will react with water or steam to produce toxic and flammable vapours. Not available. Seek medical aid immediately. Contain the spillageon earth or sand. Provide rubber hand gloves. Eyes : Flush with water for 15 mins.6. Skin : Wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. side covered safety Goggles / face shield. when exposed to spark or flame. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Foam. protective over-clothing. benzene etc. well ventilated area away from heat. Waste Disposal Method 8. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 = 4420 ppm/4H (inh-rat). 7. Poisonous gases are produced in fire. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Dry Chemical Powder. Keep the containers tightly closed.. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area.

A.50-00-0 UN.A.S. No. 1198 / 2209 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Formaldehyde solution Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid Class 3. -15 Physical State: Liquid Appearance: Clear Vapour pressure Odour: Pungent @ 35oC Not mm Hg Available ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1. Methanal. Methylaldehyde. 50-00-0 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.14 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF FORMALIN 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : FORMALDEHYDE (37% Solution) Chemical Classification : Aliphatic Aldehyde Synonyms: Formal.1 at at 25oC pH 2.8 .S.A. Formalin.D.NO. Hazardous waste I. Acetone.7.0 64 . No: 5 Hazchem Code : 2 SE / 2 T HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.) containing 10-15% Methanol C. C. Formaldehyde (37% Soln.04 Solubility in water @ 30oC Miscible Others: Miscible with Alcohol.4. Trade Name : Formula HCHO C. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o C C 96.NO. o Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.NO. Fyde. 2.S.

REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Oxidisers. perchloric acid + aniline. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air area.5 SHC mg/m3 1. Above 60oC explosive vapour-air mixture may be formed. abdominal pain and collapse. 800 mg/kg L. nitro-methane. give plenty of water and milk. Seek medical aid immediately. Skin contact: Causes severe irritation and dermatitis.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 1 SHC ppm STEL 2 SHC ppm Reactivity/Stability 0 3 SHC mg/m3 Special Health 2 65 . In air. vomiting. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material.5 SHC mg/m3 Flammability 2 Odour Threshold 2 ppm 4 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5.D50 1 SHC ppm 1. It is a powerful reducing agent especially In the presence of alkali. H2O2. MgCO3. vomiting and affects respiratory system. phenols and urea. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 7 % 73 % 300 Stable Data not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not available 60 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 3 Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes Irritating gaseous formaldehyde Will not occur with methanol added to the solution.3. it slowly oxidises to formic acid. If eyes or skin are affected. liver. Contact with Eyes: Causes irritation. . If swallowed and victim is conscious. Ingestion: Causes nausea. Performic acid. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. strong caustics. nausea. acids. Reacts vigorously with oxidisers. Skin & Eyes Inhalation : Causes coughing. kidney. Explosive Material No Corrosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Others No 4. Ingestion. wash with plenty of water. chest pain.

Avoid contact with Liquid or Vapours. 66 . 7. If eyes or skin are affected. chemical goggles. Alcohol Foam. flame and oxidisers. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep away from heat. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Water. a potential explosion hazard exists. Seal all the waste in vapour tight plastic bags for eventual disposal. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. synthetic rubber or plastic gloves and shoes. When aqueous formaldehyde solutions are heated above the flash point. Dry Chemical CO2 . Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame.6. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES A SUSPECTED HUMAN CARCINOGEN. Drench with water. Gas is a more dangerous fire hazard than liquid. Provide self-contained breathing apparatus. Waste Disposal Method 8. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If inhaled. wash with plenty of water. A fungicide. remove the victim to fresh air area. Seek medical aid immediately. Antidotes/Dosages Not available SPILLS Steps to be taken Absorb the spillage on sand or earth. protective overClothing.

2-Furan Carbonal Trade Name : Furfural Formula C5H4O2 C. Benzene o Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1. 98-01-1 2.31 Solubility in water @ 30oC 8. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 2 SE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Furfural C.7 C -38.A.NO. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.98-01-1 UN. ether.7. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o C 161.S.7 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Amber Colour Vapour pressure Odour: Almond @ 35oC mm Hg 1 mm Hg at 20oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3.15 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF FURFURAL 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : FURFURAL Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Fural.S.A.16 pH 67 . Class 3 Hazardous waste I. No. 2. 1199 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Furfural Codes/Label : Combustible Liquid.S.NO.NO. Furfuraldehyde.D.A.3 g/100 ml at 20oC Others: Very soluble in alcohol .

vomiting. seek for medical aid immediately. Induce vomiting with Doctor’s advice. Flush the affected area With plenty of water . Skin: Remove the contaminated clothes immediately. Will not occur. Diarrhea. Skin.3% 316 Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 67 60 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Emits toxic gases & vapours. lung congestion. Keep warm and quiet. eyes irritation. headache. reddening. In all the cases. 127 mg/kg L.D50 2 ppm 8 mg/m3 8 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 0. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Mineral acids & alkalies. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 2.1% 19. Eyes : Wash eyes immediately with large amount of water or neutral saline Solution for at least 15 mins.25 ppm 40 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. irritation of throat. Skin readily absorbs. Ingestion : Irritation of stomach. give artificial respiration if breathing Has stopped.3. Products 5.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 2 ppm Health 2 STEL Flammability 2 10 ppm Reactivity/Stability Special 0 68 . eczema & skin sensitisation. Inhalation : Unlikely due to low volatility. respiratory system. sore throat. Ingestion: Give conscious victim water or milk to drink. lachrymation. burning. O2 if breathing is laboured. dermatitis. Remove contact lenses if worn. stains yellow. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Inhalation :Remove the victim to fresh air. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction. Violent reaction with acids & alkalies Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material.

This is mainly used for solvent refining process in manufacturing of lubricating oils. inhalation of toxicologically significant quantities is unlikely. Special Procedure Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to fire. well ventilated location away from heat and fire and sheltered from direct sunlight. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Although the vapour is quite irritating. Waste Disposal Method 8. Flush affected area with plenty of water. In all the cases. CO2 DCP. Ingestion: Give conscious victim water or milk. self-contained breathing apparatus. 69 . resins etc. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Alcohol foam. Outside detached storage is preferred separately from other storage and away from oxidising materials & strong acids. Not applicable. rubber boots. Eyes: Wash eyes with plenty of water for 15 mins. continuous absorption rates can be important. Dissolve in a combustible solvent and then spray the solution into the furnace burner. seek medical aid immediately. rubber gloves. give artificial respiration. if breathing stopped or O2 if breathing is laboured. dry. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a cool. totally encapsulated suit. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Contain the leak in sand or earth or by absorbent paper to pick up the leak followed by soap & water washing. Skin: Remove contaminated clothes immediately. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation :Remove the victim to fresh air. pant worn outside boots. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Splash proof goggles.6. Violent reactions with acids and alkali. 7. Induce vomiting with doctor’s advice.

Glycerine C.NO.3-Propanetriol.A. NO. 1.16 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF GLYCERINE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : GLYCERINE Chemical Classification : Organic Compound Synonyms: Glycerine Anhydrous. Glycerol.2.17 Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble in all proportions Others: Soluble in Ethyl Alcohol.56-81-5 UN.S. 1. Not listed Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Glycerine Codes/Label : Not listed Hazardous Waste I.7.9 Vapour pressure Odour: Odourless Point @ 35oC 0. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 290 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless.A. 2.3-Trihydroxypropane Trade Name : Glycerine Formula C3H8O3 C. 56-81-5 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.261 at 20o C (Liq.NO.) pH Neutral 70 . in all proportions Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.0025 mm Hg at 30 oC _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3.S.A.S. No: 5 Hazchem Code : Not listed HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Yellow o Melting / Freezing C 17.2.D. C. No.

3. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxidisers. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4.. Phosphorous Triiodide. Ca (OCI)2. Ethylene Oxide + Heat. Eyes and skin: Wash with plenty of water. 12600 mg/kg Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold L. Reacts violently with Acetic Anhydride. AgCIO4 Cr2O3 F2. Aniline + Nitrobenzene. Ingestion. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Skin & Eyes. KMnO4 & KClO4 Mixtures with hydrogen peroxide is highly explosive. inhalation. Mildly toxic by ingestion. .5 160 (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability Not listed Auto ignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No No Emits acrid smoke and fumes. Will not occur. causes mild headache. Acetic Anhydride.D50 Odourless ppm mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. vomiting causes eye and skin irritation. .D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) (Glycerine mist) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm 10 STEL Flammability 1 Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 Special Health 1 Reactivity/Stability 0 71 . Ingestion: Induce vomiting. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.Pb0. nausea. Seek medical aid. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Peroxides. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL UEL Not pertinent Not pertinent 370 Stable Data not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 166.

flame and oxidising agents.6. Seal all the waste in vapour-tight plastic bags for eventual disposal. Waste Disposal Method 8. Special Procedure Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages Not hazardous. Confined mixtures with chlorine explodes if heated to 70-80oC. None SPILLS Steps to be taken Use absorbent paper to pick up spilled material. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep away from heat. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Alcohol foam. Carbon dioxide. Dry Chemical Powder Water or foam may cause frothing. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Mixture with perchloric and lead oxide forms explosive perchlorate esters. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Compound is non-hazardous. Provide rubber gloves and goggles. 72 . 7. Mixture with nitric acid + sulphuric acid forms explosive glyceryl nitrate. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Mixture with hydrogen peroxide is highly explosive. Wash well with water and soap.

659 at 20oC liquid pH : Neutral 73 . Class 3 Hazardous Waste I.HEXANE Chemical Classification : Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Gethysolve-B Trade Name: Hexane Formula : C6H14 C.D.A. 110-54-3 2. watery Odour: Gasoline like odour o C -95.NO.S.97 Others: Miscible with chloroform. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid.7. 1208 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Hexane.6 Vapour Density (@ 20oC mm Hg) 2. ether.17 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HEXANE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : N. 2.NO.A. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. Hexane C. NO. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o C 69 Physical State : Liquid Vapour Pressure @ 35 oC mm Hg 180 mm Hg at 25oC Solubility in water @ 30 oC Not soluble Appearance : Colourless.NO.A.S.S.110-54-3 UN. alcohol. No: 5 Hazchem code: 3YE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.

Ingestion: Causes nausea. pulmonary edema. REACTIVITY DATA Stable. Aspiration: Before bed rest. depression. excitement followed by depression.21. coughing. immediately seek medical aid. For any type of exposure. vomiting. cough. give O2 if needed. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No . Aspiration : Causes severe lung irritation. headache. Inhalation: Maintain respiration. Skin: Wipe of the affected area and wash with soap and water. Corrosive Material Others No 4. Eyes & Skin: Causes irritation.2% Flash Point oC Flash Point oC NA (OC) Flammability TDG Flammability 3 o UEL C 7. cardiac arrhythmia. give O2 if needed.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 28710 Not listed 50 ppm 180 Health 1 STEL Not listed ppm mg/m3 Not listed Special Reactivity/Stability 0 74 . Eyes & Skin Inhalation : Causes irritation of respiratory tract. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting.7 (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Emits acrid smoke and fumes.3. mild depression. Eyes: Wash with plenty of water for 15 mins. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Ingestion. swelling of abdomen. Strong Oxidisers Reacts vigorously with oxidising materials Mixtures with dinitrogen tetraoxide may explode at 28oC Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Will not occur.5% 225 Stable Explodes . FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes LEL 1. mg/kg LD50 ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Flammability 3 Odour Threshold 60 ppm 210 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure / Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.

Incineration will become easier by mixing with more more flammable solvent. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. 7. explosion proof area. cool. give oxygen if required. An additive. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure CO2 . PREVENTIVE MEASURES Avoid contact with liquid or vapours Provide face shield or safety goggles to protect the eyes. A very dangerous and explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame.A. permitted in food for human consumption. Inhalation of 5000 ppm for 1/6 hrs. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins. eye wash facilities. produces marked vertigo parethesia in distal extremities.6. seek medical aid immediately. May be irritating to the respiratory tract and narcotic in high concentrations. give O2 if required. Dangerous if abused. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation: Maintain respiration. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Can cause motor neuropathy in exposed workers. Dry Chemical Powder. plastic or rubber hand gloves. 2500-500 ppm produces muscle weakness. For any type of exposure. produces no symptoms. Contain the leaking liquid on sand or earth. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Spray into a furnace. 75 . Do not use water jet. foam. Aspiration: Before bed rest. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. 2000 ppm for 1/6 hrs. Flash back along vapour trail may occur. Wash the surface with water & soap. Waste Disposal Method 8. cold onset & polyneuropathy. Skin: Wipe off and wash the affected area with soap & water. N. Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a dry.

Hydrazine C. 2.A.302-01-2 UN.s Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.NO.S.D.7.18 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HYDRAZINE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : HYDRAZINE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Compound Synonyms: Hydrazine. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.4oC Point ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1.S. fuming liquid Odour: Ammoniacal Odour M elting / Freezing 1.NO.9 mm Hg at 25 oC Appearance : Colourless. NO.) pH : Alkaline 76 .A. Anhydrous.1 Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others Miscible with Methyl. Diamine Trade Name Formula H4 N2 C. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 PE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Corrosive Liquid.NO.A. 2029 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Hydrazine Anhydrous Codes/Label : Flammable. Propyl and Iso-butyl Alcohol. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range 113. 302-01-2 2. Class 3 Hazardous waste I.S.008 @ 20oC (Liq.5oC Physical State : Liquid Vapour pressure @ 35oC Not available 14. Ethyl.

Forms sensitive. if not washed off at once. Potassium Peroxodisulphate. Metal Oxides / Acids and porous materials. Decomposes if heated. {e. Liquid causes a caustic-like burn. Ingestion: Induce vomiting.1SHC mg/m3 STEL Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 (Skin) Health Flammability Reactivity Special 3 3 2 77 .CO2 + Steel. The symptoms may be delayed for several hours. REACTIVITY DATA Stable at room temp. Hydrogen Peroxide.g. swelling and blistering of eyelids.24 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure / Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. seek medical aid immediately. Give egg white or other emollient. Skin and Eyes. Explosive Material Yes Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No . Lead Oxide. Nitric Acid.1 ppm (Skin) 0. Ingestion. Observe for development of delayed symptoms. Skin & Eyes: Wash with large amounts of water for at least 15 mins. nose and throat. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Oxidisers. Violent reaction with Benzene-Seleninic Acid or anhy. Cadmium Perchlorate.3. Copper Chlorate. dizziness.1 (Skin) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm 0. Magnesium Nitrate (heat sensitive).D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) 60 0. Keep the victim quiet. Hg(I) & (II) Chlorites & Nitrates. Ingestion or absorption through skin causes nausea. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes 3 o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C 4. Copper Oxide.93-5. mg/kg 0. headache. For any type of exposure. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5.1SHC mg/m3 (Sk) Odour Threshold 3-4 ppm 3. Ruthenium (III) Chloride. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. skin. Temporary blindness may occur.7 100 270 % % Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 37. Severe exposure may cause death. Metal salts. Vapours can cause itching. explosive mixture with 2-Chloro-5-Methyl Nitrobenzene. Corrosive Material Others Yes 4.7 (OC) Not Available (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Explodes Explodes Emits highly toxic fumes of NOx and NH3 Does not occur.

On contact with metal catalysts. Alcohol resistant Foam. Sodium Perchlorate and Sodium. Dry Chemical Powder. it decomposes to NH3. Ammonia like gas mask. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 = 570 ppm/4H(inh-rat). IT IS VERY SENSITIVE AND MUST NOT BE USED WITHOUT FULL AND COMPLETE INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE MANUFACTURERS FOR HANDLING. side covered safety glasses. Ingestion : Induce vomiting. Forms explosive mixture with Methanol + Nitromethane. Contain the spillage on sand or earth. The compound is CORROSIVE AND SUSPECTED HUMAN CARCINOGEN (SHC). give egg white or other emollient. Should be stored in sealed glass containers. Provide self-contained breathing apparatus. Handling and Storage Precautions Strict precautions are to be observed for storage. Neutralise with dilute sulphuric acid. H2 and N2 which may ignite or explode. Violent reaction with 1-Chloro2. Severe explosion hazard. Full instructions to be obtained from the Manufacturers. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. 4-Dinitrobenzene. Skin & Eyes : Wash with large amount of water for at least 15 mins. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. Explodes if confined & flashback may occur. over clothing. H2O2. Explodes on contact with Barium / Calcium Compounds (at 130oC). CO2 . away from heat flame and other materials. 7. Potentially explosive reaction with alkali metals. Rhenium + Alumina. in a cool and dark place. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat. STORAGE AND DISPOSAL. Keep the victim quiet. Ignites spontaneously in air. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures For any type of exposure.6. when exposed to heat or flame or by chemical reaction. Waste Disposal Method 8. shoes and safety shower nearby. Di-nitrogen Oxide. Not available. rubber or plastic hand gloves. Observe for development of delayed symptoms. Oxidants and Thiocynate. Dilute with water to produce at least 40% solution. Ignites on contact with cotton waste + heavy metals. Nitric Acid. fire or flame. air Lithium Perchlorate. 78 . seek medical aid immediately. Drain into sewer with abundant water. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Water.

8 C -114. 7647-01-0 2.A.A.NO. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. 7647-01-0 UN.27 Solubility in water @ 30oC soluble Others Specific Gravity (Water = 1) pH: Acidic 79 . NO.D.S.A.NO.NO. No: Hazchem Code : 2R HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. 2.S. HCL C. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o o C -84.7.8 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1.19 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HYDROCHLORIC ACID 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Hydrochloric Acid Chemical Classification : Inorganic Acid Synonyms: Muratic Acid Trade Name: Muratic Acid Formula: HCL C. 1789 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Codes/Label : Hazardous waste I.S.3 Physical State : Fuming liquid/gas Appearance : colourless Vapour pressure Odour: Pungent @ 35oC mm Hg 4 atm Hg at 17.

Lung: Remove casualty from area of exposure. skin and Eyes Inhalation: The major effects of acute exposure to HCL are usually limited to upper Respiratory tract. Flash Point oC Not applicable Flash Point oC Not applicable (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability No Autoignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid No Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No Not applicable Will not polymerise Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Yes Others 4. the patient should be transferred to Hospital as soon as possible.D50 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Symptom include dysphasia. Skin contact: Cause skin burns and may produce keloid and rectile scarring. L. do not give anything to Drink. throat and larynx. If unconscious.D50 (Oral-Rat) 80 . Eye: Wash eye with flowing water for 10 minutes. chest compression or place in the recovery position. Mental confusion and nausea. In all cases of exposure. Facial burns May result in serious and disfiguring scars. Giddiness. reduced vision and total blindness. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL UEL Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable. give artificial ventilation. inflammation and ulceration of the nose. Tetraselenium tetranitride is also explosive. and oedema of the lungs and vocal Cords. Frequent contact with dilute acid may cause Dermatitis and photo-senstisation may result from industrial contact. if Conscious give oxygen if available. vomiting . Diarrhea and thirst. Exposure to the gas causes cough. Skin: Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Mouth : Do not make the casualty vomit. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Reacts explosively with Potassium Permanganate. Gastritis and chronic bronchitis have also been reported in exposed workers. Ingestion: Ingestion of HCL causes severe burns and corrosion of mouth esophagus and Stomach. Exposure to Higher concentration may cause laryngeal spasm. pain. Reacts rapidly with Bases Nil Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Sodium. Ingestion. burning of the throat and larynx and Choking feeling. Treat unconscious casualty as for lungs. nausea. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Eye Contact: Hydrochloric acid is a strong eye irritant and contact with the acid may Cause burns.3. Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause dental decolouration and erosion. drench the affected area with running Water for at least 10 minutes. Circulatory collapse may occur and ingestion may lead to fatal effects from esophageal Or gastric necrosis.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Approved respirator. mechanical exhaust. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Hydrochloric acid is not combustible. the first priority is to contain by dyking and dilute with water spray to reduce fuming before neutralisation. It should be kept in a cool well ventilated place. 81 . neoprene.calcium hydroxide and slowly & carefully mix to a slurry. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: As described in health hazard data. Add slowly to a large amount of soda ash and slaked lime by stirring.Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 5 ppm 7 STEL ppm NFPA Hazard Signals Health Flammability Reactivity Special 6. viton or butyl rubber glove and acid resistant outer clothing . Waste Disposal Method: Ventilate the area and wear personal protective equipment. If highly concentrated acid is spilled. Allow 2-3 minutes between each stage as heat is generated by neutralisation. 7. Discharge the solution with large amount of water into a sink lined with protective matting and filled with chipped marbles. Safety goggles. away from oxidising materials and protected against physical damage. It should be handled wearing an approved and appropriate personal protective equipment as indicated above. Carefully scoop up and wash down the drain with plenty of running water. so an extinguisher appropriate to the surrounding fire condition should be used. SPILLS Steps to be take Cover the spill with sodium bi-carbonate or a 50-50 mixture of soda ash.

7664-39-3 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. No: 16 Hazchem Code : 4 WE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.19 pH Acidic 82 .D.7664-39-3 UN.S. 1790 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Hydrofluoric Acid Solution Codes/Label : Corrosive.27 Solubility in water @ 30oC Very Soluble Others: Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.20 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HYDROFLUORIC ACID 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : HYDROFLUORIC ACID Chemical Classification : Inorganic Acid Synonyms: Hydro-fluoride.A. Fluohydric Acid Trade Name : Formula HF C.S. Poison. C. _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1.A. Hydrofluoric Acid C.5oC. Hydrogen Fluoride. 2. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 19. No.NO.NO.7.A.54 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless to Green o Melting / Freezing C -83.1 Vapour pressure @ 35 oC Odour: Irritation Odour Point 400 mm Hg @ 2. Class-8 Hazardous Waste I.NO.S.

NH4OH. leather. Violent reaction with AS2O3. Do not induce vomiting. Chloro-sulfonic Acid. Not listed mg/Kg Odour Threshold Not ppm Not Available Available STEL Not listed mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. glass. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposure. Inhalation : Causes ulcers of upper respiratory tract. irritant to skin. remove the victim to fresh air area & provide artificial respiration. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.3. If ingested. Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Emits highly corrosive fumes of F. Eyes & Skin. A human poison by inhalation. Ingestion.5 (Ceiling) mg/m3 3 (Ceiling) ppm 2. Bismuthic Acid. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Metals. give plenty of water & milk. If inhaled. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No o Flammability LEL UEL C Not pertinent Not pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability N. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Does not occur Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others Yes 4. Acid produces severe skin burns which are slow healing. If skin & eyes are affected. concrete.A.P2O3. Reacts with water or steam to produce toxic & corrosive fumes.05 mg/L) and mucous membrane. eyes (at 0. Toxic and irritating fumes are evolved on reaction with water or steam. corrosive. Acetic Anhydride. Will attack natural rubber. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. flush with plenty of water. Many organic materials. ceramics & cast iron.5 (Celing) mg/m3 Health 4 ppm Not listed mg/m3 Special Flammability 0 Reactivity/Stability 0 83 .D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 3 (Ceiling) ppm 2. 2-Amino Ethanol. HBi03. CaO.

shower and eye wash equipment should be available easily. give plenty of milk & water. Nitric Acid + Propylene Glycol (mixtures evolve gas which may burst a sealed container). PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not Flammable Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If ingested. well ventilated area. Glycol + Nitric Acid. Contain the leaking liquid on sand or earth. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Sodium (with Aqueous Acid). Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. 8. remove the victim to fresh air area. dry. If skin & eyes are affected. If inhaled. Face mask. Add slowly to a large amount of soda ash and slaked lime by stirring. 84 . Dangerous storage hazard with Nitric Acid + Lactic Acid. 7. Provide chemical protective suit with self-contained breathing apparatus. Flammable gas may be produced on contact with metal. Waste Disposal Method . ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Explosive with Cyanogen Fluoride. Not available.6. Discharge the solution with large amount of water Into a sink lined with protective matting and filled with Chipped marbles. wash with plenty of water. Methanesulfonic Acid (evolves Oxygen Difluoride which explodes). Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a cool.

A. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C -252. 1333-74-0 2. Hydrogen C. 2.A. Odour: Odourless Point @ 35oC mm Hg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 0.21 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HYDROGEN 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : HYDROGEN Chemical Classification : Inorganic Gas Synonyms: Liquid Hydrogen. Para Hydrogen.8 Physical State : Gas Appearance : Colourless o Melting / Freezing C -259. Class 2 Hazardous waste I.A.S.NO.069 Solubility in water @ 30oC Slightly soluble Others Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.0899 pH Not Pertinent 85 .NO. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 SE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.S.D. Codes/Label : Flammable Gas. 1049 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Hydrogen.A.NO.7. Hydrogen(Compressed) Trade Name : Hydrogen Formula H2 C.1333-74-0 UN.18 Vapour pressure N. Compressed gas. NO.S.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes 2 o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C 4. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction. Iodine. + Isopropyl Alcohol It forms sensitive explosive mixtures with Bromine. L. move him to fresh air area And apply resuscitation method.3. Lithium. Seek medical aid. Soak the skin in Lukewarm water. Chlorine etc.1% 74. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Skin.D50 mg/m3 mg/m3 Health 0 Odour Threshold Odourless ppm Odourless mg/mg3 Not listed mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Inhalation If atmosphere does not contain enough oxygen. Chlorine Dioxide. unconsciousness or even death. Nickel + Oxygen. Chlorine. Pet. Inhalation : If victim is unconscious (due to deficiencies). Eyes and skin: Treat for frostbite. Di-oxane + Nickel. Products 5. Nitrogen Tri-fluoride.2% 400 Stable Explodes Flash Point oC Flash Point oC NP NP (OC) (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid No Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No None Does not occur. inhalation causes dizziness. Violent reaction on ignition with air + catalyst (platinum etc ) Bromine. Oxygen Di-fluoride. Explosive Material Yes Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4.D50 Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) Not listed ppm ppm STEL Not listed ppm Reactivity 0 NFPA Hazard Signals Flammability 4 86 . Iodine Hepta-fluoride. Contact with eyes or skin of liquid H2 causes freezing similar to burn.) No chemical reaction with common materials but low temperature causes most materials to become very brittle. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Reacts vigorously with oxidising materials (Bromine.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Practically no toxicity. face shield. O2. except that it is an asphyxiant. let fire burn under control. Not available. fire-proof. metals (like Strontium. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Stop flow of gas. Special Procedure Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. move him to fresh air area and apply resuscitation method. separated from other cylinders.6. Cl2. insulated gloves and long sleeves. Seek medical aid. Barium-above 300oC) ventilate at highest points. Eyes & Skin : Treat for frostbite. soak the skin in LukeWarm water. Provide safety goggles. with ventilated area. Waste Disposal Method 8. Vigorous exothermic reactions with Benzene + Reney Nickel Catalyst. self-contained breathing Apparatus containing air (never use oxygen). Flammable and explosive when mixed with air. Handling and Storage Precautions 7. 87 . Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : If victim is unconscious (due to O2 deficiency). Explosion hazard. Store in a cool. preferably in open air. Highly dangerous fire and severe explosion hazard when exposed to heat and flame and oxidisers. Flash back along vapour trail may occur. trousers Worn over high top shoes to shed spilled liquid. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or gas. To be burnt under control condition. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Potassium.

A. o Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. 2.D. 7783-06-4 2.916 at .4 -82.8 Physical State : Gas Appearance : Colourless Vapour pressure Odour: Odour of rotton eggs @ 35oC 15200 mm Hg at 25.S. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.7783-06-4 UN. Class 2 Hazardous waste I. Liquefied.NO.7. Crude oil and alkalies. Hydrogen Sulfide C.S.A. No: 16 Hazchem Code : 2 W E HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.189 Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others: Soluble in Glycerol. Codes/Label : Flammable Gas.A.S. No. 1053 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Hydrogen Sulphide. ethyl alcohol. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o C C -60.NO.22 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF HYDROGEN SULPHIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : HYDROGEN SULPHIDE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Gas Synonyms: Sulphuretted Hydrogen Trade Name : - Formula H2S C.60 oC Liquid pH Not pertinent 88 .5oC ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1.NO.

0047 ppm 0.D50 10 ppm 14 mg/m3 14 mg/m3 Health 3 Odour Threshold 0. Mixture of Hydrogen sulphide and air may explode violently.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 10 ppm STEL 15 ppm Reactivity/Stability 0 Flammability 4 89 . Reacts violently with NI3NF3. Skin & eyes: Causes severe irritation. Seek medical aid immediately.0065 mg/m3 21 mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Skin : Remove the contaminated clothing & wash the affected area with plenty of water & soap. skin & eyes Inhalation : If high concentrations are inhaled. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction products 5. Vigorous reaction with metal powders. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 4% 46% 260 Stable Not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC - - (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 2 Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No Yes No Emits highly toxic fumes of SOx. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxidisers. Reacts with 4-Bromobenzenediazonium Chloride to form an explosive product. Metals. Not available mg/Kg L. hypernoea & respiratory paralysis may occur. P-Bromo-benzene-diazonium Chloride. Does not occur Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Very high concentration may produce pulmonary edema.3. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Acetaldehyde etc. provide artificial respiration or Oxygen if needed. incandescent reaction with Chromium Tri-oxide. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins.

NC13. approved respirator. An asphyxiant. Place cylinder in or near hood and leave bleed off. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks. rubber hand gloves. Provide artificial respiration or oxygen if needed. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Alcohol foam. Slightly higher concentrations may cause irritation of upper respiratory tract. C12O & Silver Fulminate. pass through FeCl3 solution with a trap in line for prevention of back siphoning. Avoid contact with gas. In case of gas Leakage. Higher concentrations are instantly fatal. CO2. over-clothing and shoes. if without risk. Flash back along vapour trail may occur. poisonous and flammable gas. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Provide rubber framed side covered goggles. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Skin : Remove the contaminated clothing and wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. CIF3. 8. 90 . Extremely hazardous. allow to vapourise. 7. H2S poisoning may occur even more rapidly than that of HCN. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in a cool. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 = 444 ppm (ihl-rat). Potentially explosive reaction with Copper + Oxygen. away from oxidising agents. Explosive reaction when heated with Perchloryl Fluoride (above 100 oC). Seek medical aid immediately. Low concentration of 20150 ppm causes irritation of eyes. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Not available. DCP. Br2F5. oxygen (above 280oC). Waste Disposal Method If in the liquid form. Explodes when in contact OF2.6. Exposures of 800-1000 ppm may be fatal in 30 mins. dry well ventilated area.

S.6 at 15.23 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF ISOBUTYLENE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Isobutylene Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Isobutene Trade Name: Isobutylene Formula: (CH3) 2C=CH2 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Isobutylene Codes/Label C.A. 90-100% Isobutylene C.D.NO.6oC pH: 91 . C.NO. NO.NO. 1055 : Flammable gas.A. No: Hazchem Code : HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.01 Solubility in water @ 30oC Insoluble Others o C -140 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) O.S. 115-11-7 UN.A. Class 2 Hazardous waste I. 115-11-7 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.S. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C -7 Physical State : Gas Appearance : Colourless gas Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: @ 35oC mm Hg 1370 mm Hg at 10 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2.7. 2.

Get medical help if eye irritation persists. Halogenated compounds. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1. As in Fire & Explosion hazard Data. if irritation develops. Eye: Flush with water for 15 minutes. if burn has resulted in blistering of the dermal surface or deep tissue freezing. Halogens. Air contamination causes peroxide formation. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. If breathing is laboured. Does not occur Explosive Material Yes Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material : No Others 4. Launder contaminated clothes before reuse. burn and blistering of the skin. CO. Get medical help. organic & inorganic acids. If breathing stopped. administer oxygen. Aldehydes and other products of incomplete combustion. Get immediate medical help. labored breathing.A.3. REACTIVITY DATA Material is normally stable at moderately elevated temp. Avoid materials which liberate oxygen. flush with luke warm water.D50 ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 ppm STEL ppm NFPA Hazard Signals Health Flammability Reactivity Special 92 . L.8 % 9.6% 465 Flash Point oC Flash Point oC -76 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No N.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold L. Inhalation: Remove exposed person to fresh air if adverse effects are observed. and pressures. Immediately remove contaminated clothing. If conscious give 2 glasses of water. Ingestion. Skin: Wash with soap and water. Get immediate medical help. eye irritation. apply artificial respiration. skin and Eyes Vomiting. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment Oral: Do not induce vomiting. Smoke. Do not use hot water. molten sulphur. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Strong oxidising agent.

water can be used to cool and protect the exposed material. Explained in emergency treatment. sparks. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Explosion proof equipment.6. Ventilate spill area. Chemical safety goggles. PPE must be worn. Long sleeve shift. Recommended wearing self contained breathing apparatus . Material can readily volatilise even below room temperature to form an explosive vapour air mixture. 7. Vapours may be heavier than air and may travel along the ground to a distant ignition source and flash back. Keep material away from heat. Allow to evaporate . Avoid breathing vapours. Container may rupture on heating. Inside storage area should in a flammable liquids cabinet or storage area. Isolated outside storage is preferred. Face shield. Keep containers close when not in use. sparks pilot light. Chemical protective apron. gases or vapours may evolve on burning. Nitrile rubber boots. approved respirator. Eliminate all sources of heat. Toxic fumes. Special Procedures Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken May form explosive mixtures with air. Stop flow of gas when escaping gas is burning. Do not expose containers to heat . Open container in a ventilated area. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Carbon di-oxide. Neoprene gloves. static electricity and open flame. Wash thoroughly after handling. Self contained breathing apparatus . Do not store near potential sources of ignition. Waste Disposal Method 93 . Material will float on water. static electricity and open flames.flame spark or other sources of ignition. Immediately evacuate all personnel from danger area. Water may cause splattering. dry chemical powder. Prevent entry into sewers and water ways.

S. Purofax. Liquefied.S. Trade Name : LPG Formula C3H8.A.NO.NO. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Physical State : Gas at 15 oC Appearance : Colourless and 1 atm. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS Propylene C. Propane.24 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF LPG 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon Mixture Synonyms: LPG. No. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 2 W E HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. o Melting / Freezing C Not Vapour pressure Odour: Mercaptan added as an odouriser Point Pertinent @ 35oC Not mm Hg. 68476-85-7 UN. Propane C.51-0. 74-98-6 3. Bottled Gas. 2. Butane. Propylene. 115-07-1 2. 1075 Regulated Identification Shipping Name: Petroleum Gases.58 at 50oC pH Not pertinent 94 .S.7.A. available ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Boiling Point/Range C >-40 Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1. Butane 106-97-8 4.NO. Alcohol o Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.D. C4H10 (Mixture) C.A. Codes/Label : Flammable. Class 2 Hazardous waste I.5 Solubility in water @ 30oC Slight Others: Soluble in Organic Solvents.

REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong Oxidisers.5% Flash Point oC Flash Point oC . 5. Concentration in air greater than 10% causes dizziness in few minutes. High concentration causes asphyxiation. 405 Butane Not established May explode. Not available.4 (OC) (CC) Auto ignition Temperature 466. Seek medical aid immediately. Skin: Remove the wetted clothes & wash the affected area with plenty of water. CO2 Does not occur Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No Yes No Emits CO. Not listed mg/kg Odour Threshold L.1 Propane. Provide artificial resuscitation.9% 9. gives the same symptoms in 10 mts.3.104. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material.D50 5000 to 20000 ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. If inhaled.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals Not ppm Not listed mg/m3 listed 1000 ppm Health 1 1800 mg/m3 STEL Not listed ppm Not listed Special Flammability 4 Reactivity/Stability 0 95 . Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. Skin. remove the victim to fresh air area. 1% conc. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes 2 o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C 1. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products No reaction with common materials but may react with oxidising materials. Liquid on skin causes frostbite.

Ifnot cooled sufficiently. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure CO2 . Avoid contact with liquid or gas. Warn everybody that air mixture is explosive. Olefinic impurities may lead to narcotic effect or it may act as a simple asphyxiant. Allow gas to burn under control. Water Spray. Not available. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. remove the victim to open air area & artificial resuscitation may be provided if required. Provide hand gloves. 96 . flame. If skin is affected with the liquid. safety goggles. containers will explode in fire. sparks. protective over-clothing and shoes. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to fire or heat. A very dangerous hazard when exposed to heat or flame. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Avoid contact with oxidisers. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in tightly closed cylinders in a cool. If fire is big. well ventilated area. Dry Chemical Powder. keep surrounding areas cool by spraying water. away from heat. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If inhaled. remove the clothing & wash the affected area with plenty of water. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. 7. gas mask. Waste Disposal Method 8.6. Seek medical aid.

S. 108-31-6 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. 2.7.A. 2.5 Furandione Trade Name: Maleic Anhydride Formula: HCCHCOOCO Regulated Identification C.S. NO.1 mm Hg at 20 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density 3.A.25 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF MALEIC ANHYDRIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Maleic Anhydride Chemical Classification : Organic Anhydride Synonyms: Cis-Butenedioic Anhydride.8 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1. 108-31-6 UN.NO. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 2X HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.S. Class 8 Hazardous waste I. 2215 Shipping Name : Maleic anhydride Codes/Label : Corrosive.NO.3 (Air = 1) Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others Soluble in ether and acetone o C 52. C.NO. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 202 Physical State : Solid Appearance : White needles or powder Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Pungent @ 35oC mm Hg 0.30 at 70oC pH: Acidic 97 .D. Maleic Anhydride C.

4 % 7. Discard shoes and other leather articles. If breathing is labored. Amines. apply artificial respiration. Inhalation Toxicity : High concentration can cause headaches. Aldehydes. Respiratory Irritation : Nose. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1. get medical attention.D50 (Oral-Rat) 98 . throat & lung irritation. Prolonged or repeated exposures can cause chronic bronchitis.D50 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Eye Irritation : Corrosive to eyes. and other products of incomplete combustion. nausea. If breathing stopped. If irritation persists or if toxic symptoms are observed. Eye irritation. Oral : Do not induce vomiting. 481 mg/kg L. dizziness. weakness and nausea. Monomer can undergo uncontrolled co-polymerisation In presence of other monomers and catalysts. and pressures. 5. Oral Toxicity: Cause irritation of the gastro-intenstinal lining. Dermal sensitization. administer oxygen. Material is incompatible with water. Respiratory irritation. alkalis. vomiting. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products Smoke. Skin irritation.A. give two glasses of water and get immediate medical attention to perform gastric lavage. prolonged or repeated exposure can result damage to the tissues of nose & upper respiratory tract. Skin : Immediately wash in flowing water for 15 minutes.1% 421 Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 103 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization N. Inhalation : Remove exposed person to fresh air. diarrhea and abdominal pain. remove contaminated cloth. At temperatures above 150 Deg C Alkali metal ions and amines can trigger a rapid decomposition and polymerisation reaction producing heat & gas and may cause the equipment to rupture. Inhalation sensitization. Carbon monoxide. Emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes Does not occur. Dermal toxicity. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Oral toxicity. This material may react with water in a non-violent reaction with some release of heat. Alkali metals Polymerisation catalysts and accelerators. Skin Irritation : Corrosive to skin. REACTIVITY DATA Material is normally stable at moderately elevated temp. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide Yes No No Corrosive Material : Yes Others Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No Yes No 4.3. If conscious. Eye : Flush immediately with water for 15 minutes. oxidising agents. Inhalation toxicity.

spark. 99 . Use inert gas atm or ground process equipment. Keep material away from heat. Recommend wearing self contained breathing apparatus . Launder contaminated cloth before reuse Empty container retain material residue. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES When suspended in air in finely devided condition . FIRE EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedures Unusual Hazards Flood with water. Maintain good housekeeping. solder. Wash the surface with soap and water.Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) 0. Dissolve in a flammable solvent and burn in a furnace with after burner. Mentioned under health hazard data Not available EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken Pick up free solids for recycle and/or disposal. chemical protective suit. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Heat protective gloves. weld.25 ppm 1 STEL ppm NFPA Hazard Signals Health 3 Flammability 1 Reactivity 2 Special 6. Volatile solid which give off flammable vapours when molten. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep containers closed when not in use. braze. Do not cut. Waste Disposal Method 8. Soak in paper or other flammable material and burn in a furnace. it is capable of forming explosive mixture with air. drill etc. Approved full face piece respirator. Wash thoroughly after handling. Personal Protective Equipment. static electricity and open flame.25 ppm 1 mg/m3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 25 ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 0. pilot lights. Avoid creating dust. 7. May form explosive dust –air mixtures. Sweep all the spilled material avoiding dust formation for recycle/ disposal. Condensers in which sublimed material settles in the form of fone crystals should be situated in a safe position outside an occupied room. Face shield.

ketones and esters. carbinol. UN.8% Methyl Alcohol C.2oC mm Hg 100 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density 1.A.U154 2.5 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Clear Colourless Melting / Freezing --97.8 oC Vapour pressure Odour: Alcohol Point @ 21. 1230 : Class 3 Hazardous waste I. Wood naphtha.1 (Air = 1) Solubility in water @ 30oC Totally miscible Others: Fully soluble in halogenated hydrocarbons. alcohols .NO. 100% Methlyl Alcohol C.A. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2PE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.S. Wood alcohol. Wood alcohol Trade Name: Methanol Formula: CH3OH Regulated Identification C. 67-56-1 Shipping Name : Codes/Label Methanol.S. 67-56-1 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.F003.A.791 pH: N. GE material Synonyms: Methyl Alcohol.A.26 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF METHANOL 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Methanol Chemical Classification : Methanol. Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.D. Carbinol.S. 99.NO.7. 100 . NO. 67-56-1.NO. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 64.

Avoid contact with strong oxidizing agents such as nitrates. Irrigate with running water for 15 minutes.2 (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Smoke. Acids. gastric lavage by medical personnel. Aldehyde & other products.1 12.5% 465 stable Vapour is explosive Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 16. REACTIVITY DATA Stable under normal storage and use conditions.3. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. pilot lamps. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes LEL UEL 5. It does not undergo hazardous polymerization. respiratory failure. perchlorates or sulphuric acid. Ingestion can produce blindness. Give 3 glasses milk. skin absorption or ingestion. Repeated skin contact will cause dermatitis. erythema and scaling. Static electricity. Oxidation in air include oxides of carbon and nitrogen. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. nausea. water or 4% sodium bicarbonate. muscular in-coordination and narcosis. Oxidising agents. CO. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Not available.5 % 36.D50 Odour Threshold ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 200 ppm 260 STEL 250 ppm 328 NFPA Hazard Signals Health 2 Flammability 3 Reactivity 0 Special - 101 . visual impairment. Symptoms of over-exposure include dizziness. Remove contaminated clothing & wash affected area with soap & water and apply skin lotion. Explosive Material Yes Oxidiser No No Corrosive Material : No Others Nil Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Organic Peroxide 4. Ingestion of 100 to 250 ml can be fatal.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) More than 5000 mg/1 kg 200 ppm (skin) mg/m3 mg/m3 L. Remove victim to fresh air and prevent further exposure for 7 days. Does not occur. isolated outside storage is preferred. Inside storage should be in a flammable liquid cabinet or storage area. Keep away the material from heat spark.

Toxic fumes. breathing apparatus. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Rubber gloves. The main toxic effect is extended to the nervous system. Water can be used to cool and protect the exposed material. Prevent entry into sewers and waterways. it is slowly eliminated. Once absorbed. coma by severe exposure may last for 2-4 days. and oxidisers. PPE’s must be worn. 102 . away from sources of heat. Additonal : Note to physician : Treat symptomatically. apply artificial respiration.. Water may be in-effective in fighting fires. Persons with eye. Residual liquid can be absorbed on inert material. Waste Disposal Method 8. In the victims displaying signs of central nervous system depression do not induce vomiting. static electricity and open flames. DCP. 7. get medical attention. vapours may be heavier than air and may travel along the ground to a distant ignition source and flash back. Immediately evacuate all personnel from danger area. Eliminate all sources of heat. Poison also by skin contact. kidney & lung problems should avoid contact. FIRE EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES Fire Extinguishing Media CO2. Recommend wearing self contained breathing apparatus. Get immediate medical attention. Do not ingest. Personal Protective Equipment. apron. Pick up free liquid for recycle and / or disposal. Oral : If conscious. flame. It can be accomplished safely by explosion proof equipment. Avoid prolong breathing of vapour or contact with skin. gases or vapours may evolve on burning. Alcohol foam. No smoking in areas of storage. If the irritation persists or if the toxic symptoms are observed. Spray into a furnace. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES A human poison by ingestion. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in well ventilated fire proof area. open flame and ignition. Inhalation : Remove the exposed person to the fresh air.6. Periodic medical check up is recommended. Ventilate spill area. particularly optic nerves & retina. incineration will become easier by mixing with a more flammable solvent. This material is poisonous when introduced into body metabolism. give several glasses of water and induce vomiting. Eye : Flush immediately with water for at least 15 minutes. liver. which may lead to permanent blindness. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat. Avoid contact with eyes. sparks. If breathing has stopped. pilot lights. Baking soda in a glass of water Special Procedures Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken May form explosive mixtures with air. Skin : Wash with soap & water. get immediate medical attention. Container may rupture on heating. Immediately remove contaminated clothing before reuse. boots and face shield should be used where splashing may occur safety goggles.

No. Ethyl methyl Ketone.NO. 78-93-3 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.S. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o o C 79.7. Others Soluble in all common organic solvents.A.A.805 at 20oC pH 103 . No: 5 Hazchem Code : 2 YE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.NO.41 Solubility in water @ 30oC 26. Class 3 Hazardous waste I.Butanone. Butan-2-one.NO.A.3 gm/100 mg.S.S. 2. 1193 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Methyl Ethyl Ketone Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid. C . Methyl Propanone .78-93-3 Trade Name : MEK UN. C.87 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.57 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Vapour pressure Odour: Somewhat pungent @ 35oC mm Hg 100 mm Hg at 25oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2.27 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF METHYL ETHYL KETONE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : METHYL ETHYL KETONE Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon Synonyms: 2.D. Methyl Ethyl Ketone C. MEK Formula CH3 COCH2CH3 C.

49 mg/m3 885 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Not unusual. Ingestion: Give plenty of water to conscious victim and induce vomiting. ammonia. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. . Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No . give artificial respiration if breathing has stopped. nausea and vomiting. 3. headache..2 Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No N.A. Inhalation :Remove the victim to fresh air. Inhalation & eyes Inhalation: Coughing. aldehyde or amines. REACTIVITY DATA Stable but can form peoxides on prolonged storage which may be explosive Oxidising agent. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Ingestion : Irritation of digestive tract. O2 if breathing is laboured. Skin: Causes defatting and burning. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Skin.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals STEL Flammability 3 300 ppm Reactivity/Stability Special 0 104 . Corrosive Material Others No 4.8% 12 % 460 Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC -2 -4 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 3. caustic. Skin: Wash the affected area with water and remove contaminated clothing. dizziness (Highly toxic). shortness of breath. Reacts violently with oleum. Does not occur. headache. irritation of respiratory tract.D50 (skin rabbit) : 6g/kg 200 ppm 590 mg/m3 200 ppm 590 mg/m3 Health 1 Odour Threshold 10 ppm 29. Eyes: Irrigate eyes with plenty of water.4 g/kg L. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1.3. Eyes: Irritation and burning.

Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation :Remove the victim to fresh air. goggles or face shield. high rubber boots. 7. Antidotes/Dosages N. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Foam. give artificial respiration. Waste Disposal Method 8. MEK is highly inflammable and is prone to fire-hazard. Absorb the spillage in sand or earth.A. Eyes: Wash eyes with plenty of water. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Provide self-contained breathing apparatus and full protection clothing. Incineration will become easier by mixing with more flammable solvent. Ingestion : Give plenty of water to conscious victim and induce vomiting. pant worn outside the boots. DCP. 105 . CO2 Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Skin :Wash affected area with water and remove contaminated clothing. well-ventilated place away from source of ignition and heat. SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. if breathing has stopped and oxygen if breathing is laboured.6. Do not divert it to drain. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES MEK has a low toxicity following both acute and chronic exposure. Prolonged exposure may produce CNS depression and narcosis. neoprene or rubber gloves. Flush back along vapour-trail may occur. Spray into a furnace. Handling and Storage Precautions Should be stored in a cool.

Benzene and Ether.S.Pentanone Trade Name : Formula C6 H12 O C.D. Isopropyl Acetone.2 -84 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Vapour pressure Odour: Camphor Odour. o Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. MIBK 4-Methyl . @ 35oC 16 mm Hg at 20 oC ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3. No.28 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : METHYL ISOBUTYL KETONE Chemical Classification : Aliphatic Ketone Synonyms: Hexone. C.A.NO.NO. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 3 YE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.802 at 20oC Liquid pH Not pertinent 106 .108-10-1 UN.7. 1245 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Methyl Isobutyl Ketone Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid Class 3 Hazardous waste I. Methyl Isobutyl Ketone C.S. 2.NO.2. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o C C 116.A.S.45 Solubility in water @ 30oC Moderately Soluble Others: Miscible with Alcohol. 108-10-1 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.

Liquid dries out on the skin and may cause dermatitis. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1.4 % 7. Provide artificial respiration.5 % 458.8 Stable Explodes Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 23. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Does not occur. . Can react vigorously with Oxidisers and also with reducing materials. Ingestion. Skin & Eyes Vapour causes irritation of eyes and nose.D50 (skin rabbit) 50 ppm 205 mg/m3 205 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 0.8 22. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. May form explosive peroxides upon exposure to air. Skin : Remove wetted clothes and wash the affected area thoroughly with water and soap until irritation stops.7 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 3 Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Emits irritating fumes. 2080 mg/Kg L. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air area. Strong Oxidisers. Seek medical aid immediately. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins. Irritates eyes but does not injure them. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Air. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material.3.47 ppm 1.93 mg/m3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. High concentration can cause anaesthesis and depression.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 50 ppm STEL Flammability 3 75 ppm 300 Special Health 2 Reactivity/Stability 0 107 .

Skin : Remove the wetted cloths and wash the affected area thoroughly with plenty of water and soap until irritation stops. 7. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in a cool. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Alcohol Foam. Ignites on contact on contact with potasium-tert-butoxide. 108 . flame. A very systemic irritant by inhalation. Waste Disposal Method 8. body overclothing and shoes. well ventilated area away from heat. Contain the spillage in sand or earth. Dry Chemical Powder CO2. flame or oxidisers. Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. Narcotic in high concentrations. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 = 8000 ppm / 4 H (ihl-rat).6. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation :Remove the victim to fresh air area. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Incineration will become easier by mixing with more flammable solvent. Not available Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 30 mins. oxidisers and reducing agents. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Seek medical aid immediately. safety goggles / face Shield. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat. Spray into a furnace. Flash back along the vapour may occur. dry. Provide organic canister or air-pack rubber hand gloves. apply artificial respiration and oxygen if needed.

29 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF MTBE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Chemical Classification : Ether Synonyms: Alkyl ether Trade Name: MTBE Formula: CH3OC(CH3) 3 C. NO. C.D.A. Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether C. 1634-04-4 UN. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o F C 53 -77 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Vapour pressure Odour: Terpene like @ 35oC mm Hg 245 mm Hg at 20 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3.NO.7.S. 2. No: Hazchem Code : HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.747 pH: 109 .1 Solubility in water @ 30oC Moderate Others o Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. 1149 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : MTBE Codes/Label : Class 3 Hazardous waste I.NO.NO. 1634-04-4 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.S.S.A.

Do not induce vomiting. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.aspiration into lungs May cause chemical pneumonia. Remove from contaminated to fresh air .4% 435 Not available Not Available Flash Point oC Flash Point oF -9 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Nil Does not occur Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material No Others 4. Skin contact: Repeated contact may cause skin to become dry or cracked from defatting Action of this material. Nil Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Ingestion. 3865 mg/kg ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) ppm STEL ppm NFPA Hazard Signals Health Flammability Reactivity Special 110 . FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1.6% 8.D50 Odour Threshold ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 L. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment Flush with low pressure water for at least 15 minutes. dizziness. Obtain medical help immediately. loss of appetite. weakness and loss of co-ordination. REACTIVITY DATA Not available Not available Fire hazard. Eye Contact: May cause irritation upon direct contact. skin and Eyes Inhalation: May cause signs of central nervous depression such as headaches.3.

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. and obtain medical attention immediately. 7. open flame and heat. do not enter any enclosed or confined fire space without proper protective equipment including self contained breathing apparatus. Recover or inject in combustion system such as boilers or flare system. face mask. respiratory equipment approved by NIOSH/MESA Avoid repeated skin contact. such as frequent cleaning with soap water. All electrical equipment should be suitable for atmosphere containing MTBE. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. Run-off to sewer may create Explosion hazard. practice good personal hygiene. Not available Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken Stop flow of product.6. Eye contact: Flush with water for at least 15 min. Flammable vapours are released at standard conditions which Can form explosive mixture with air. Remove all sources of ignition. Prompt attention is essential. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Chemical type goggles. Waste Disposal Method 111 . For fires involving this material. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Use dry chemical powder. foam or carbon dioxide. Contain spill Using sand or absorbent material. Keep away from sparks.

7 – 8. Class3 Hazardous waste I.NO.026 at 25oC pH: 7. NO.S.D. 2.S. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.S.NO.0 @ 10% solution 112 .7.29mm Hg at 20 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3. 872-50-4 2.A. N-Methyl 2-Pyrrolidone C. Alicylic Amine Synonyms: 1-Methyl 2-Pyrrolidone. No: Hazchem Code : HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.NO.A. : Flammable liquid.4 Solubility in water @ 30oC soluble Others Soluble in Acetone Ether and Castor oil o C . 872-50-4 UN. M-Pyrol Trade Name: NMP Formula C5H9 NO Regulated Identification Shipping Name : NMP Codes/Label C.23 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) !.A.30 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF NMP 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: N-Methyl 2-Pyrrolidone Chemical Classification : Ketone. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 202 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Pale yellow Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Amine Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 0.

REACTIVITY DATA Polymerisation has been reported to occur under normal temperature. Get medical attention immediately. Contact with liquid may cause Painful burning . occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Eye contact: Wash eyes immediately with large amount of water.acids Fire & Explosion hazard. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Strong oxidisers. Get medical attention immediately. Ingestion.D50 ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. 3500 mg/kg L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) 100 ppm STEL ppm 113 . Skin contact: Prolong contact has reported to cause severe dermatitis with redness. edema. until no evidence of chemical remains (approximately 15-20 minutes).3 % 9. Get medical attention immediately. Inhalation: Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. Giddiness. Do not perform gastric lavage or emesis to an unconscious person. Toxic oxides of carbon and nitrogen Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. mental confusion and nausea. Ingestion: Acute exposure may cause gastrointestinal disturbances. Inhalation of very high concentrations may Cause mucous membrane irritation. Maintain blood pressure and respiration. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1. swelling. skin and Eyes Inhalation: Chronic exposure to very high vapour concentration may cause headache. Wash affected area with soap and mild detergent and large amount of water until no evidence of chemical remains ( approximately 15-20 minutes). giddiness. blistering. cracking. Ingestion: Remove by gastric lavage or emesis using activated charcoal.5 % 270 Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 96 86 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Toxic oxides of Carbon and Nitrogen Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide Yes No No Corrosive Material: No Others 4. perform artificial respiration. If breathing is stopped. Give oxygen if respiration is depressed.3. Keep person warm and at rest. Skin contact: Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Get medical attention immediately. Mental confusion and nausea. Eye Contact: Exposure to vapours may cause irritation. Lavage and oxygen should be administered by qualified medical personnel. Headache.

Get medical attention immediately. Skin contact: Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Give oxygen if respiration is depressed. Ideally. Do not perform gastric lavage or emesis to an unconscious person. flames or flares in hazard area. Small quantities may be absorbed on paper and evaporated on a fume cupboard (do not pour into drains as explosive concentrations may develop). 114 . Alcohol Resistant Foam. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Provide hand gloves. Lavage and oxygen should be administered by qualified medical personnel. For small spills. the solvent should be disposed of in a chemical incinerator with appropriate precautions. absorb with Sand or other absorbent material for disposal. perform artificial respiration. EXPOSURE SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Eye contact: Wash eyes immediately with large amount of water. Protective clothing. until no evidence of chemical remains (approximately 15-20 minutes). For larger spills. Protective clothing should be worn especially eye protection and gloves. treat symptomatically and supportively. Get medical attention immediately. No smoking. Get medical attention immediately. Ingestion: Remove by gastric lavage or emesis using activated charcoal. wear eye skin protection and have breathing apparatus available. Keep unnecessary people away from hazard area and deny entry. Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions 7. Large quantities should be absorbed on to sand and taken to safe area for evaporation or burial. Keep person warm and at rest. Goggles or Face shield. FIRE EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES Fire Extinguishing Media : Dry Powder. Wash affected area with soap and mild detergent and large amount of water until no evidence of chemical remains (approximately 15-20 minutes). Antidotes/Dosages: No specific antidote. Many glove fabrics. Get medical attention immediately. oxygen and humidity. Should be stored in a flammable liquid store and away from sources of ignition or direct sunlight in a well ventilated place in a sealed metal containers protected against static discharges. Waste Disposal Method Shut off all sources of ignition. occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. dyke far ahead of spill.NFPA Hazard Signals Health 2 Flammability 1 Reactivity 0 Special 6. including natural rubber and certain plastics are incompatible with N-methyl pyrrolidone. Carbon dioxide Unusual Hazards : Large spills or tank fires are best controlled by alcohol resistant foam First Aid Measures: Inhalation: remove from exposure to fresh air immediately If breathing is stopped. Maintain blood pressure and respiration.

A. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 36. Class 3 Hazardous waste I.S. n-Pentane C.31 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF PENTANE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : PENTANE Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon Synonyms: C5H12 Trade Name : GAILX Formula C5H12 C.109-66-9 UN.S. cm at 65 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2.NO. No: Not Pertinent Hazchem Code : 3 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. 1265 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Pentane Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid.7. 109-66-0 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.A.A. NO.NO.NO.S. Iso Pentane C.63 pH 115 .1 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Mild Gasoline Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 26 Kg/sq.D.48 Solubility in water @ 30oC Not soluble Others o C Not available Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. 78-78-4 2.

Skin: Irritation will remove fat skin. cracking or possible contact dermatitis may result. Vapours may be mildly irritating. seek immediate medical attention. skin and Eyes Eye: Freezing burn if compressed liquid contacts eye. Ingestion: Nausea and vomiting. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxygen and strong oxidising materials Not available Oxides of cabon Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5.3. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. If irritation develops. PREVENTIVE MEASURES 116 . Ingestion. headache. oil acne and oil facilities and warty growth may occur. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1. If breathing ceases. mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/mg3 mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Prolonged or repeated contact should be avoided otherwise skin chapping. seek medical attention.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm Odour Threshold ppm 1500 ppm Health STEL ppm Reactivity Flammability 6. Inhalation: Remove from exposure. Inhalation: Vapours may be mildly irritating to lungs. Dizziness. Eye: Immediately flush with running water for 15 minutes. Dry skin .5 % 7. erythema.8 % 273 Yes Yes Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 10 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Carbon dioxide Does not occur. Irritation of mouth and gastro intestinal tract may follow. Explosive Material yes Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4.

Water fog/spray may be used to cool. Administration of medical paraffin may reduce absorption through digestive tract.A. Handling and Storage Precautions Avoid inhalation and skin eye contact. If not breathing give mouth to mouth or mouth to nose assisted respiration If unconscious but breathing in place in the unconscious position. Gastric lavage should be done only after endo tracheal intubation. Wash after handling. Foam. Wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Bond and ground during transfer. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages N. give cardiac message if necessary. For adequate ventilation to control exposure below recommended levels. Store in a cool. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure CO2. Evacuate the area of all unnecessary personnel.Personal Protective Equipment Respiratory protection not generally required. Launder contaminated clothing. For concentration exceeding exposure level. Wear approved SCBA and full protection equipment. Eyes : Irrigate with plenty of water. Ensure conformity with all applicable disposal regulations. Skin : Remove contaminated clothing. Dry Chemical Powder. Keep container closed. Highly flammable vapours which are heavier than air may accumulate in low areas and sprayed along the ground away from handling site. Ingestion : Do not induce vomiting. use approved air purifying respirator. Wear personal protective equipment. Impervious rubber gloves. Keep out of water sources and sewers. 7. well ventilated area from ignition sources. Absorb in dry and inert material. Waste Disposal Method 117 . Chemical worker goggles are recommended. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air. Contain spill and protect from Ignition.

9 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1. 1671 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Phenol Codes/Label : Poison Class 6 Hazardous waste I. NO. Phenyl Hydroxide Trade Name : Phenol Formula C6H5OH C. Monohydroxy Benzene Phenilic Acid. Phenol C.NO.058 at 41oC pH 6 (aq. 2.S. Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Sweet Tarry Odour @ 35oC mm Hg : 1 mm Hg at 40oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3.7. ether o C 40.A.NO.32 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF PHENOL 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : PHENOL Chemical Classification : Phenol Synonyms: Carbolic Acid.S.D. solution. Colourless when molten.A.NO.108-95-2 UN. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.A.9 Physical State : Solid or Liquid Appearance : White solid/pink solid. 108-95-2 2. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 181. No: 13 Hazchem Code : 2 X HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.) 118 .S.24 Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others Miscible with alcohol.

A. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. N. 85 80. Sodium Nitrate + Tri-fluoro acetic acid. Give milk. Does not occur. Eyes: Immediately flush with plenty of water. Lead Acetate. Skin.19 mg/mg3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Butyl-chloral Hydrate. Skin: Remove the contaminated clothing under water shower. Diuretin. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Flammability No LEL UEL 1. causing increase in heart rate. Ingestion Will burn eye & skin. Camphor. If breathing stops.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 5 (Skin) ppm Health 3 STEL 10 ppm Reactivity 0 38 mg/m3 Special Flammability 2 119 . move him to fresh air area. Butadiene can react with oxidising materials. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Inhalation. .414 . Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting.A Auto ignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No Emits toxic fumes.5 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability N. Wash the affected area with plenty of flowing water and soap for 15 minutes.3.9mg/kg 5 (Skin) ppm L. Menthol and Naphthalene Violent reaction with Aluminium Chloride + Nitrobenzene (120oC).05 ppm 19 mg/m3 0. Inhalation: If victim shows any ill effects. Readily absorbed through the skin. Chloral Hydrate.6 % 715 Stable N.A. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Eyes. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction products 5. 0. The analgesic action may cause loss of sensation & pain. Keep him quiet and warm. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Strong oxidiser.7% 8.D50 19 mg/m3 Odour Threshold 0. convulsion and Death. egg white and large amount of Water. give artificial respiration.

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Alcohol Foam. Combustion may be improved by mixing with more flammable solvent. can cause death in a few minutes to several hours by exposure of as little as 64 sq. Lesser exposure may cause damage to kidneys. lungs. if exposed to heat or flame. inch. throat. Do not eat or drink at workplace. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid and solid. Unusual Hazards Vapour foam explosive mixture with air. atomise into an incinerator. Waste Disposal Method 8. a) Leakage: Absorb with paper and evaporate on an Iron Pan in a hood and finally burn the paper. EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If inhaled. CO2 . If possible prevent extinguishing agents from running into sewer. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Use absorbent paper to pick up spilled material. wash with plenty of water. If in solid form dissolve in a solvent like alcohol and atomise in a suitable combustion chamber. b) Large quantities: If in liquid form.6. food and other incompatible substances. do not induce vomiting. remove the victim to fresh air area. egg white and large amount of water. Formaldehyde. away from heat. Not Available. . flame. Outdoor storage is preferred. 120 . Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a well ventilated area. Ingestion of 15 gms may be fatal. Potentially explosive reaction with Aluminium Chloride + Nitro-methane (110oC/110 bar). spleen. liver. mouth. Dry chemical powder. Special Procedure Keep the containers cool by spraying water. of skin. Sodiumnitrate+ Heat. Fire fighter should use SCBA. Peroxymonosulphuric-acid. pancreas. causes corrosion of lips. Give artificial respiration. Peroxydisulphuric-acid. 7. If eyes and skin are affected. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Absorption of phenolic solution through the skin may be very rapid. . oxidents. Give the victim milk. if required. Wash the surface with soap and water. Water spray.

S.NO.7. No: N. 121 . Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Sulphur compound @ 35oC mm Hg 1 mm Hg at 30 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density Not determined (Air = 1) Solubility in water @ 30oC Insoluble. C.NO.A. Others o C -280 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 2. 1340 Hazardous waste I. Thiophosphoric anhydride. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 525 Physical State : Solid Appearance : Greenish – Yellow Crystal.A.S.A. Synonyms: Phosphoric sulfide.NO.10 at 20oC pH: Not determined. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. 1314-80-3 UN.D. NO.33 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF PHOSPHORUS PENTASULPHIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Phosphorus Pentasulfide Chemical Classification : N. 2. 100% Phosphorus Pentasulfide C.A.A. Phosphorus Persulphide.S. Hazchem Code : HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. 1314-80-3. Formula : P2S5 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Codes/Label : Class 4 Trade Name: Phosphorus pentasulfide C.

Eye irritation.D50 mg/mg3 mg/m3 ppm 1 mg/m3 1 mg/m3 ppm STEL ppm 3 NFPA Hazard Signals Health 3 Flammability 1 Reactivity 2 Special 122 . FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C % % 142 Not available Not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No Yes No Oxides of Phosphorous & sulphur Does not occur.13 ppm L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Oral toxicity 50 mg/m3 Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) Dermal toxicity 200 mg/kg Odour Threshold 0. flush with water. headache. administer oxygen if breathing is labored. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. The material reacts vigorously with water to initiate a non-violent reaction with some release of energy(heat). pulmonary disease. at. aggravates asthama. nausea. loss of sense of smell. 5. Do not induce vomiting. Skin irritation. immediate medical attention. Dermal toxicity. Respiratory irritation Unconsciousness. irritation of the eyes. remove contaminated clothing. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Oral toxicity. producing sulphide and phosphoric acid. Remove exposed person to fresh air. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products Oxides of phosphorus and sulphur. Wash in flowing water for 15 minutes. dizziness. Inhalation toxicity.3. REACTIVITY DATA Material can undergo a rapid chemical change at normal temperature and pressures or a violent chemical change at elevated temperature and pressure. discard shoes And other leather articles. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material : Others 4. Material reacts with water or moisture. nose or throat.

Neutralise and drain into the sewer with sufficient water. Keep containers closed when not in use. Avoid creating dust. Nitrile. After mixing. Immediately remove contaminated clothing before reuse and discard shoes and other leather articles saturated with the material. Self-contained breathing apparatus. approved full facepiece respirator. get medical attention. Handling and Storage Precautions Use long sleeve shirt. spray water from an atomiser with great precaution. Inhalation : Remove exposed person to fresh air if adverse effects are observed. Special Procedures Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Skin: Immediately wash in flowing water for 15 min.6. Oral : Do not induce vomiting. If breathing is laboured. Wash after handling. Contact with water causes release of considerable heat. If breathing has stopped. 123 . If irritation persists or if toxic symptoms are observed. Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Pick up free solids for recycle and/or disposal. Neoprene gloves. Recommend wearing self contained breathing apparatus. boots. Get immediate medical attention. Transfer slowly into a large amount of water. faceshield. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Solid does not readily release flammable vapors. Maintain good house-keeping. Launder contaminated clothing. do not wear rings. Spray on a thick layer of a 1:1 mixture of dry soda ash and slaked lime behind a shield. chemical protective apron. Do not use CO2 or water. watch. apply artificial respiration. A dose of sodium nitrite would produce methemoglobin in the blood which would then inactivate this poison. Additional : Note to physician : Hydrogen sulfide ion is strongly bound to methemoglobin in a manner similar to cyanide. 7. solution is very caustic. give two glasses of water and get immediate medical attention to perform gastric lavage. administer oxygen. Eyes: Flush immediately with water for at least 15 minutes. Avoid raising the dust. if conscious. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Limestone or dry powder type agents for metal fires.

1 M aq.34 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Alkali Synonyms: Caustic Potash.04 at 15 oC (Solid) pH 13.NO. 1310-58-3 3.D.7.A. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o C 1320 Physical State : Solid Appearance : White Vapour pressure Odour: Odourless @ 35oC Not mm Hg.S.S. 1813 / 1814 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Potassium Hydroxide Codes/Label : Corrosive.NO. Glycerol o C 360 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 2. Class-8 Hazardous Waste I. Potassium Hydroxide C.S. Soln. 1310-58-3 UN.NO.A. No: 16 Hazchem Code : 2 R HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A. Trade Name : Formula KOH C. 2. available ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) Not Pertinent Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others: Soluble in Alcohol. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.5 (0. No.) 124 . Lye.

REACTIVITY DATA Stable When wet. 365 mg/kg Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 L. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL UEL o Flammability Not pertinent Not pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability N. Give plenty of water & milk to drink. to form a heat sensitive explosive product.A. Auto ignition Temperature C Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Emits toxic fumes of K2O Does not occur Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others Yes 4. Ingestion: Causes severe pain in the throat and epigastrium. Lead and Zinc.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm 2 (Celing) mg/m3 Health 3 Flammability 0 Reactivity/Stability 1 125 . peroxidized THF. Eyes: Flush with a lot of water for 15 min. collapse. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. React with Ammonium hexa-chloro-platinate (2-) + heat. Eyes. Eyes & Skin: Causes severe irritation. Violent exothermic reaction with water.3. nitrobenzene nitro-methane. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Skin. hematemesis. seek medical aid immediately. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. chlorine dioxide. attacks metals such as Aluminium. Inhalation: Causes severe irritation. Skin : Remove wetted clothes & flush the affected area with plenty of water & rinse with dilute vinegar solution.D50 Odour Threshold Not ppm Not mg/m3 Available Available STEL Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Tin. potentially explosive reaction with Bromoform + Crown ethers. Ingestion. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air area. Inhalation. nitrogen-tri-chloride.

6. Avoid contact with liquid. solid. 7. Wash the surface with plenty of water and soap. Neutralise with HCl and discharge into sewer with sufficient water. Poisonous gases are produced. respirator for dust. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Skin : Remove the wetted clothing and boots & flush The affected area with plenty of water. Seek medical aid immediately. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Sweep and collect without making dust. Not available. long sleeves cotton jacket. Waste Disposal Method 126 . Do not induce vomiting. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins. Provide close fitting safety goggles / face shield. rubber gloves. Ingestion: Give water. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not Flammable Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to fire or heat. vapours or dust. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep the containers tightly closed and away from moisture and metals. rubber shoes and rubber apron.

74-98-6 UN.NO. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA -42oC Physical State : Compr. C.A. NO. Class 2 Hazardous waste I. No: Hazchem Code : 2WE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Gas. -186oC Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0. 2. 1978 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Liquefied Petroleum Gas .NO.A. 74-98-6 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.5 Others Soluble in Alcohol.S. Propyl hydride Trade Name Formula C3 H8 C. Propane C. Liquid. Appearance : Colourless Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Odourless @ 35oC 6840 mm Hg. Chloroform.D.5 pH : Not pertinent. Ether.Red label Codes/Label : Flammable gas. At 20oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 1.S.S. 127 .A.6 Solubility in water ml/100 ml @ 18oC 6.7.NO.35 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF PROPANE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : PROPANE Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Dimethyl methane.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes LEL 2. Unconsciousness. Skin: Frostbite. Inhalation : Simple axphyxiant – shortness of breath. do not remove clothes. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Headache. Eye contact. REACTIVITY DATA Stable. rinse with plenty of water.3. Pain. Does not occur. Skin: On frostbite.5 % 470 Stable May explode (CC) Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No None in particular. Redness. artificial respiration if indicated. Oxidisers Explosive reaction with C1O2. (Remove contact lenses if easily possible). Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No . Corrosive Material Others No 4. Violent exothermic reaction with Barium Peroxide. Skin contact. then take to a doctor. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) Asphyxiant Odour Threshold STEL NFPA Hazard Signals Health 1 Flammability 4 Reactivity 0 Special 128 . Eye contact : First rinse with plenty of water for several mins.1 % Flash Point oC Flash Point oC -156 (OC) Flammability TDG Flammability Auto ignition Temperature UEL o C 9. Blister. pain impaired vision. Not available. rest. Eye: Frostbite. Emergency Treatment L. Inhalation: Fresh air. drowsiness. Redness. Refer for medical Attention. Refer for medical attention. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure / Symptoms.

away from heat. flame or oxidisers. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES A simple Asphyxiant. . well ventilated area. Dry Chemical Powder. safety goggles. Not available. 129 . Flash back along vapour trail may occur. Warn everybody that air Mixture is explosive. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. Stop the flow of gas & keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Provide self-contained breathing apparatus. Apply artificial respiration if breathing is difficult. foam. dry. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Stop flow of gas.6. Prevent aspiration of vomitus by proper positioning of head. Flammable gas may cause flash fire. Waste Disposal Method 8. 7. Avoid administration of Epinephrine or other sympathomimetric Amines. Inhalation : Guard against self-injury if stuporous. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. CO2. hand gloves and shoes. Seek medical aid immediately. Keep in a cool. Allow the gas to burn under control. Give symptomatic and supportive treatment. Confused or anesthetised.

35 at 25 oC pH 3. No: 3 Hazchem Code : Not listed HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.D.A.S. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.36 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SODIUM DICHROMATE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : SODIUM DICHROMATE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Salt Synonyms: Sodium Bichromate Trade Name : Sodium Dichromate Formula Na2Cr2O7 C. Codes/Label : Oxidiser.S. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range oC 400 (Decomposes) Melting / Freezing Point o Physical State : Solid Appearance : Red to orange crystals Vapour pressure Odour: Odourless @ 35oC mm Hg.7.NO. 10588-01-9 UN.7 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 2. No.A. 10588-01-9 2. 1479 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Oxidising Substance.NO.A.) 130 .NO. N.S. Sodium Dichromate C. Class-5 Hazardous Waste I.S. 2. Not Available ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density : Not Available (Air = 1) Solubility in water @ 30oC Very Soluble Others: Insoluble in ethyl alcohol C 356.5 (10% Soln.O.

sometimes resembling asthma. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Ingestion. Not available.3. stomach & kidney complications. Cr2 O3 Does not occur Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No Yes No Corrosive Material Others No 4. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Hydroxylamine Violent reaction or ignition with Boron + Silicon (Pyrotechnic). FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL Not pertinent Not pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Data not available Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not pertinent (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability Not pertinent UEL Auto ignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Emits toxic fumes of Na2O. nasal septal perforation may occur. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Contact with eyes & skin produces local irritation. Skin & Eyes: Treat like acid burns. Organic residues + Sulphuric Acid. Ingestion causes vomiting. Flush eyes with water for at least 15 mins. Sulphuric Acid + Trinitrotoluene.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm 0.D50 Odour Threshold Not ppm Not mg/m3 Available Available STEL Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.05 (as Cr) mg/m3 Health 1 Flammability 0 Reactivity/Stability 1 131 . diarrhea. Skin & Eyes Inhalation of dusts & mist causes respiratory irritation. Ingestion: Have victim drink water or milk. Repeated skin exposure causes dermatitis. 50 mg/Kg Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 L. Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical aid immediately for all type of exposure. 2-Propanol + Sulphuric Acid. External lesions can be scrubbed with 2% solution of Sodium Thiosulphate.

give victim milk and water to drink. Chromate salts are considered to be carcinogens. 132 . If eyes and skin are affected. over-clothing. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Poison by ingestion. Waste Disposal Method 8. Wash the surface with plenty of water and soap. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If ingested. hand gloves.6. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Water Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to fire or heat. Use vast volume of concentrated solution of reducing agent (Bi-sulphate or ferrous salts). Potentially explosive reaction with acetic anhydride. In contact with finely divided combustibles like sawdust. Provide approved dust mask. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. 7. Not available. safety goggles or face shield. wash with plenty of water. ignition may occur. Decomposes to produce oxygen in fire. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Neutralise with soda ash or HCl and drain into sewer with sufficient water. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Sweep and collect without making dust. do not induce vomiting. Ethanol + Sulphuric Acid + Heat. Hydrazine. Handling and Storage Precautions Store away from combustibles and oxidising agents. Avoid contact with solid or dust.

HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.NO.322 Vapour pressure Odour: Odourless Point @ 35oC 1 mm Hg at 730 oC _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) Not Pertinent Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble Others: Soluble in Alcohol. Class-8 Hazardous Waste I.S. Methanol and Glycerol.37 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SODIUM HYDROXIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : SODIUM HYDROXIDE Chemical Classification : Alkaline Inorganic Compound Synonyms: Caustic Soda. Soda Lye.A. 1310-73-2 2.7.A. No: 16 Hazchem Code : 2 R HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A. No. Sodium Hydrate Trade Name : Caustic soda Formula NaOH C.D. Lye. Solid / Solution Codes/Label : Corrosive.4 . 2.S. Sodium Hydroxide C.12 at 24oC/4 oC pH 13 .1557 Physical State : Solid Appearance : White Flakes / Pellets o Melting / Freezing C 318. 1823 / 1824 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Sodium Hydroxide.NO.14 133 . Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 2.NO.S. 1310-73-2 UN. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 1390 .

Not listed mg/Kg L.D50 ppm 2 (Ceiling) mg/m3 Odour Threshold Odourless ppm Odourless mg/m3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Nitromethane and Nitro Compounds. Not available. Metals. Vigorous reaction with Organic Halides. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Water. If necessary. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Acids. Skin: Causes severe burns. Severe scaring or perforation may occur. Inhalation: Remove the victim from exposure. mild nose irritation. give oxygen. Support respiration.3. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Skin: Wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. Ingestion : Causes severe damage to mucous membrane. Flammable Liquids. metals. Seek medical aid immediately. Ingestion & Eyes. Auto ignition Temperature C Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Emits toxic fumes of Na2O. Organic halides. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL UEL o Flammability Not pertinent Not pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability N. Inhalation : Causes small burns to upper respiratory tract & lungs. Ingestion: Give water or milk followed by dilute vinegar or fruit juice. Skin. Will not occur Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others Yes 4. Eyes: Wash with plenty of water for 15 mins.A. Sn. Nitro Compounds. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals - ppm 2 (Ceiling) mg/m3 Health 3 STEL Not listed ppm Not listed Special Flammability 0 Reactivity/Stability 1 134 . Zn. A1. Eyes: Severe damage. Do not Induce vomiting.

Acetic Anhydride. 7. Support respiration. Wash the surface with plenty of water and soap. Unusual Hazards Toxic gases are produced. Vigorous reaction with 1. flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. 135 . EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If eyes are affected. pressure and state of dilution. dry and well ventilated place. Acrolein. 2. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in a cool. face shield. it can react or ignite violently with Acetic Acid. Waste Disposal Method 8. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Sweep and collect without making dust. filter or dust-type respirator. rubber shoes and rubber hand gloves. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES A strong base. Allyl Alcohol. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not Flammable Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Put into a large vessel. Acetaldehyde. Wash the affected area with plenty of water. Not available. Acrylonitrile. If inhaled. Provide side covered safety goggles.6. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. 3. 8 – Tetra-chloro-di-benzodioxin. neutralise with HCl and drain into sewer with abundant water. Skin: Remove contaminated clothes & shoes. 7. Avoid contact with solid or liquid. 4. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. remove the victim to fresh air area. Under proper conditions of temperature. Allyl Chloride. 5-Tetrachlorobenzene has caused many industrial explosions & forms extremely toxic 2.

S.A.NO.5 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1. Class 2 Hazardous waste I. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C -10.NO.264 Solubility in water @ 30oC 10 gm/100ml at 20 oC Others Soluble in Chloroform .D.38 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULPHUR DIOXIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : SULPHUR DIOXIDE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Compound Synonyms: Bisulphate. 1079 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Sulphur Dioxide Codes/Label : Liquefied Poisonous Gas.7.NO. 7446-09-53 2.7446-09-5 UN. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. Sulphurous.S. 2. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 RE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.Gas Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Sharp Pungent Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 2538mm Hg at 21.A. NO.0 Physical State : Liquid / Liquefied Compressed . o C -75.45 at -10oC pH Acidic 136 . Ether. Anhydrite. Amines and Sulphuric acid. Sulfurous Oxide Trade Name Sulphur Dioxide Formula SO2 C. Sulphur Dioxide C.1oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2.S.A.

) Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Others 4. FeO. Na2C2. Metaloxides. Cr.3. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No NA o Flammability TDG Flammability LEL UEL C NP% NP% Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not Pertinent Not Pertinent (OC) (CC) Auto ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid No Emit toxic fumes of SOx Does not occur. to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Do not rub the affected area. Eyes and Skin Vapour causes irritation of eyes & lungs with severe choking. Eyes: Wash with plenty of water at least for 15 mins. KClO3. in presence of moisture. Lithium. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. Potassium-Chlorate. Mn KHC2. if inhaled. CsHC2. CIF3. Vapours are poisonous. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Inhalation: Remove from exposure.6 mg/mg3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Halogens or Interhalogens. Rb2C2. Nitrate. React with water. Na. Explosive Material No Corrosive Material No ( Yes. Skin: Wash affected area with plenty of water. Chlorates. Al.D50 Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 2 ppm Odour Threshold 3 ppm 2 ppm Health 2 STEL 5 ppm Reactivity 0 10 Flammability 0 Special 137 . F2. SnO. Cs2O. Support respiration. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. 5 mg/m3 5 mg/m3 6. Polymeric Tubing. Liquid will cause frostbite. Acetylides. administer oxygen. Sodium Hydride Reacts violently with Acrolein.

138 . away from water and active metals. aprons. Contain the spillage. Provide air supplied mask or approved canister.6. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Waste Disposal Method Shut off leaks if without risk. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not flammable. Seek medical aid immediately for all types of exposures. 400-500 ppm is immediately dangerous to life. N. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a cool. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. A poisonous gas. dry. 8. Do not rub the affected area. remove the victim to fresh air area. 7. shoes. rubber hand gloves. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES LC50 : 400 ppm/1M (ihl-hmn).A. well ventilated area. The material is so irritating that it provides its own warning of toxic concentration. Support respiration or administer oxygen if required. 50-100 ppm is considered to be maximum permissible concentration for exposure of 30-60 mins. Do not use water. safety goggles or face-shield. Eyes : Wash with plenty of water for 15 mins. Seal all waste in vapour tight plastic bags for eventual disposal. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. Containers may rupture releasing toxic SO2 Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures If inhaled. Excess exposure may be fatal. Skin: Wash the affected area with plenty of water.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Yellow (Molten Solid) o Melting / Freezing C 106.S. Colsul Trade Name : Formula S C.NO.S. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 Z HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Carbon Disulphide.A.NO. Sulphur C.8 oC _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) Not Pertinent Solubility in water @ 30oC Insoluble Others: Slightly soluble in Alcohol.NO. No. Ether.S.A.7.1 Hazardous Waste I.6 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 2. Class-4.8 Vapour pressure Odour: Faint rotten egg odour Point @ 35oC 1mm Hg at 183. 7704-34-9 2.A. o C 444. Bensulfoid. 1350 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Sulphur Codes/Label : Flammable Solid.07 pH Not Pertinent 139 .7704-34-9 UN. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. Soluble in Benzene. 2.D.39 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULPHUR 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : SULPHUR Chemical Classification : Non-metallic element Synonyms: Brimostone.

Zinc. Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Seek medical aid immediately. Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No Yes No Emits highly toxic fumes of SOx. Not listed mg/Kg L. Eyes & Skin Can cause eye irritation. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes LEL UEL Not pertinent Not pertinent Flash Point oC Not available Flash Point oC 207 (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability 4. Will not occur.1 Autoignition Temperature o C 230 Stable Data not available. Not available.D50 Not listed Not listed ppm Not mg/m3 listed Odour Threshold Not ppm Not Available Available Not listed ppm Not listed mg/m3 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Halogenites. Tin. Skin: Treat molten sulphur burns with petroleum jelly or mineral oil. Phosphorous. Nickel. Sodium. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxidisers. may irritate skin. Halogens. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. Potassium. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Active Metals. Eyes: Wash with plenty of water for 15 mins.3. . Iridium. Reactivity Can react violently with Halogens. Carbides.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm Not mg/m3 STEL listed Health Flammability 2 1 Reactivity/Stability Special 0 140 . Palladium. Carbides. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Halogenates. Lithium.

Avoid contact with solid or liquid. Not available. Burns with blue flame difficult to see in day light. Dump into a land fill site. away from heat. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Sweep and collect without making dust. rubber hand gloves. Provide safety goggles or face shield.6. Eyes: Wash with plenty of water for 15 mins. Waste Disposal Method 141 . Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Skin : Treat molten sulphur burns with petroleum jelly or mineral oil. flame and oxidising materials. 7. Wash the Surface with plenty of water. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in a cool. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Water Keep the containers cool by spraying water if Exposed to heat or flame. rubber boots and Mask for the dust. Seek medical aid immediately. well ventilated area. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. dry.

7664-93-9 UN. No.A.NO. Sulphuric acid C.NO.NO.7.A.A. Class 8 Hazardous waste I. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range Melting / Freezing Point o o C C 330.S.D.40 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULPHURIC ACID 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : SULPHURIC ACID Chemical Classification : Toxic / Corrosive Synonyms: Oil of vitrol Trade Name : Sulphuric Acid Formula H2SO4 C. C. 7664-93-9 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.S. 1830 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Sulphuric Acid Codes/Label : Corrosive. 2. No: 16 Hazchem Code : 2 P HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.0 10.84 pH Highly acidic 142 .S.0 mm Hg Appearance : Colourless / Oily Odour: Odourless ___________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) Not applicable Solubility in water @ 30oC 100% Others: Soluble in ethyl alcohol Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.49 Physical State : Liquid Vapour pressure @ 35oC 1.

dental erosion. Respiratory support and medical attention. water. throat. ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 1 mg/m3 Flammability 0 Odour Threshold L. Carbides. Exposure cause bronchitis. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL Not Pertinent Not Pertinent Flash Point oC Flash Point oC Not Pertinent Not Pertinent (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability Not Pertinent UEL Autoignition Temperature o C Not Pertinent Nil Nil Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Nil Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No Yes No Corrosive Material Others Yes 4. Causes deep burn to tissue. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products Reacts with water and organic materials with evolution of heat. fluminates and powdered metals.A.3. 2140 N. ppm mg/m3 3 mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.D50 N. Reacts with water to produce heat toxic and corrosive fumes .A. skin and eyes.A. chlorates. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. contact. ingestion Irritates eyes. Reacts with metals to form flammable hydrogen gas. REACTIVITY DATA Moderate. burn.D50 Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals N. ppm Health 3 STEL ppm Reactivity/Stability 2 143 . 5. Very dilute solution causes dermatitis. nose.

6. Add slowly into a large amount of soda ash and slaked lime by stirring.A. water and soda water or cold milk to drink if ingested. Store away from incompatible material. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Unusual Hazards Dry chemical powder. acid proof overalls. Add acid to water gradually for dilution. Rubber gloves. Handling and Storage Precautions To be stored in non-corrosive non-metallic containers. carbon dioxide N. self contained breathing apparatus. Neutralise with lime in case of large spills. safety goggles. 7. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Discharge the solution with large amount of water into a sink lined with protective matting and filled with chipped marble. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Wash with running water. eyewash Fountain. Water applied directly results in evolution of heat causes splattering. Waste Disposal Method 144 . Provide safety shower. Give milk of magnesia. EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Wash eyes and affected area of body with plenty of water immediately.

NO.41 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULFUR CHLORIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Sulfur Chloride Chemical Classification : Synonyms: None Trade Name: Sulfur Chloride Formula S2CL2 Regulated Identification C. C.A.NO.A. 20-30% Sulfur Chloride C.5 (Air = 1) Solubility in water @ 30oC Decomposes Others : Nil o C -77 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1. No: Hazchem Code : UN.NO. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 138 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Brownish Red Fuming Liquid Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Pungent 170 mm Hg at 20 oC % volatile 100 ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density: 3.S. 2.7.D.6oC pH: Not determined.S.64 at 15. 10025-67-9 Shipping Name : Sulphur chloride Codes/Label : Hazardous waste I. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.A.S. 145 .NO. 10025-67-9 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.

.D50 (Oral-Rat) Oral toxicity between 50 & 200 mg/m3 L. Inhalation : Remove exposed person to fresh air. ingestion. Respiratory irritation. administer oxygen. get medical attention. Get medical help immediately. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products Under combustion conditions. If breathing has stopped. Dermal toxicity between 200 mg/kg to 1000 mg/kg on rabits.3. Hydrogen chloride and chlorinated hydrocarbons. mg/mg3 mg/m3 L. The material is incompatible with water and alkalies. eye & skin Oral toxicity. If breathing is labored. Oral : Do not induce vomiting. Eye : Flush immediately with water for 15 minutes. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL 234 % % Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature C Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No No Does not occur. give two glasses of water and get immediate medical help. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material : Yes Others 4. 5. REACTIVITY DATA Material can become unstable at elevated temp. Inhalation toxicity.00 mg/m3 (80-90% sulphur chloride) ppm mg/m3 Odour Threshold ppm STEL ppm 3 NFPA Hazard Signals Health 3 Flammability 0 Reactivity Special 146 . If irritation persists. apply artificial respiration. Skin irritation.D50 Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) ppm 1. and pressures. If conscious. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Eye irritation. remove contaminated clothes. oxides of the following elements will be formed : Sulfur. Get immediate medical help. This material will react vigorously with water to initiate a violent reaction with some release of energy (Heat). Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment Immediately wash in flowing water for 15 minutes.

Personal protective equipment must be worn. Spray on a thick layer of a 1:1 mixture of dry soda ash and slaked lime behind a shield. Special Procedures Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Antidotes/Dosages: Explained in “Emergency Treatment” column. Pick up free solid for recycle and / or disposal. Ventilate area if spilled in confined space or other poorly ventilated areas. Wear full protective fire gear including SCBA operated in positive pressure mode with full face-piece. Flammable solid. Prevent entry into sewers and waterways. Toxic fumes. pants. Water can be used to cool and protect exposed material. gases or vapours may evolve on burning. gloves and boots. spray water from an atomiser with great precaution. Pick up free liquid for recycle and/ or disposal Residual liquid can be absorbed on inert material. slow burning but readily ignitable by small flames. Decomposes on contact with water to produce heat. hydrogen chloride. Alcohol foam. Heats spontaneously and may ignite in presence of moisture. coat. see special protection information section for PPE recommendations. Neutralise and drain into the sewer with sufficient water. gloves and boots. coat. Gloves protection : Nitrile. Not available SPILLS Steps to be taken Evacuate all non-essential personnel. Handling and Storage Precautions Ventilation procedure : Exhaust ventilation to control mist or vapours. only trained personnel should be permitted in area. full face-piece. Transfer slowly into a large amount of water. Waste Disposal Method 147 . Avoid raising dust. Eye protection : Face-shield 7. After mixing. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment.6. Dry chemical powder. sulfur dioxide and hydrogen. pants. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media CO2. Full protective fire gear including self containing breathing apparatus.

No: Hazchem Code : UN. Regulated Identification HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.NO.42 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULPHUR DICHLORIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name: Sulphur Dichloride Chemical Classification : Inorganic Compound Synonyms: Trade Name: Sulphur Dichloride Formula SCl2 C.NO.A. Shipping Name : Sulphur Dichloride Codes/Label : Hazardous waste I.7.S.A.S. Sulphur Dichloride C. 2.D.55 Solubility in water @ 30oC Decomposes Others Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.A. NO. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.NO.S. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range C 59 (Decomposes) o Melting / Freezing C -78 Point o Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Brownish red fuming liquid Vapour pressure Odour: Pungent chlorine like @ 35oC mm Hg 170 mm Hg at 68 oF ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3.64 pH: Not determined. 148 . C.

Chlorine Does not occur. then neutralise with milk. remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed areas with soap and water. L.3. Ingestion. contact with alkalies or organic matter. administer more water. Do not induce vomiting. liberating heat and toxic. Keep light flames away from drums or tank while opening since hydrogen gas may be formed upon contact of Sulphur dichloride and steel etc. Exposure to moisture. in presence of moisture. milk of magnesia. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL UEL % % Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability No Autoignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No NO No Sulphur Dioxide. Liquid causes blistering burns to skin. if vomiting occurs. REACTIVITY DATA Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Reacts vigorously with strong alkalies and water. HCl and Sulphur. Avoid heat. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Chlorine. Eyes: Flush with large amounts of water. corrosive hydrogen chloride as well as sulphur dioxide and/or sulphur. skin and eyes. Avoid personal contact with vapours or liquid. Sulphur dichloride is readily hydrolysed by moisture in air and mucus membranes. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material : yes Others 4. Ingestion: Dilute by drinking water.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals ppm Health STEL ppm Reactivity Flammability 149 . Sulphur dioxide. Skin: Flush with large amounts of water. apply artificial respiration and/or administer oxygen as needed. Effects of inhalation are immediate and depending upon degree of exposure can range from coughing to extreme bronchial irritation and pulmonary odema. Hazardous Reaction Products 5.D50 ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Odour Threshold ppm mg/mg3 mg/m3 Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L.

Storage tanks must be sealed to protect against entry of atmospheric moisture. Waste Disposal Method 150 . Finally flush spill area with water. Flush away with water. CO2 or water fog spray. Breathing apparatus. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. After mixing. Neoprene clothing And aprons. face shield. Chlorine. Safety toe shoes. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media DCP. 7. dry ventilated area out of sun and away from hazard. Spray on a thick layer of a 1:1 mixture of dry soda ash and slaked lime behind a shield. Handling and Storage Precautions Store drums in cool. Neoprene gloves. Rubber gloves. Neutralise and drain into the sewer with sufficient water. spray water from an atomiser with great precaution. soak up small spill in 50-50 mix of dry soda ash and lime.. safety goggles.6. Transfer slowly into a large amount of water. EXPOSURE First Aid Measures : Given in emergency treatment Antidotes/Dosages: SPILLS Steps to be taken Get full protective equipment. HCl gases may be produced Full protective equipment is required for personal. Special Procedures Unusual Hazards Use water to cool tanks or drums Under fire conditions Sulphur dioxide. Contain large spill and pump into drums. Storage dyke volume should exceed tank volume.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 44.NO. 1829 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Sulphur Trioxide Codes/Label : Corrosive. 7446-11-9 2.8 (Gamma) Vapour pressure Odour: Not Available Point @ 35oC 433mm Hg at 250 oC _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 2.922 pH Not Pertinent 151 . Class-8 Hazardous Waste I.S.NO. Sulphuric Oxide Trade Name : Sulphur trioxide Formula SO3 C.A.S.NO. Sulphur Trioxide C.43 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULPHUR TRIOXIDE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : SULPHUR TRIOXIDE Chemical Classification : Inorganic Compound Synonyms: Sulphan.A. 2. No. 7446-11-9 UN.8 (Gamma) Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Not Available o Melting / Freezing C 16.76 Solubility in water @ 30oC Not Available Others: Soluble in carbon disulphide Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1.S. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 4 W E HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.7. Sulphuric Anhydride.D.A.

Not listed ppm mg/Kg L. Dioxan. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others Yes 4.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 1 mg/m3 1 mg/m3 Odour Threshold Not ppm Not Available Available STEL Flammability Not listed Not listed ppm Not listed - ppm Health Not listed Reactivity/Stability Not listed 152 . Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins. Inhalation : Causes damage to human system. Skin & Eyes. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. Water. I2. Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Metal Oxides. Skin : Remove the contaminated clothing & wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap.A. Metal Oxides and Pyridine. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. toxic fumes of sulphuric acid. Acetonitrile. Tetra-fluoroethylene. Reacts with steam to form corrosive.D50 mg/m3 mg/m3 Special . P. Combustible Materials. Violent reaction with PbO. H2SO4. provide artificial respiration or oxygen if needed. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No o Flammability LEL UEL C Not pertinent Not pertinent Not Pertinent Stable Stable Flash Point oC Flash Point oC (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability N.3. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Skin & Eyes : Causes corrosive irritation and also damage to mucous Emergency Treatment membrane. Auto-ignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No No Emits toxic fumes of SOx. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Steam. Diphenylmercury. Water. Gamma form polymerises to Beta form. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with Other material. coughing pulmonary & olfactory changes. L. Seek medical aid immediately. Formamide. DMS. HCl04.

emitting dense white fumes. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. Provide artificial respiration or oxygen if needed.liquid or ice-cold crystals. On exposure to air. The most valuable commercially is the “Gamma” form. rubber hand gloves. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Absolutely dry SO3 is not corrosive to metals. When “Beta” or “Alpha” form melted. Combines with water with high explosive violence forming H2SO4. Contain the spillage on earth or sand. dry and closed area away from moisture. Handling and Storage Precautions Keep in a cool. protective over-clothing. Keep the containers tightly closed to avoid absorption of moisture. Side covered safety goggles / face shield and shoes. Discharge the solution with large amount of water into a sink lined with protective matting and filled with chipped marble. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Heating of high melting SO3 in glass vessels should be avoided to prevent possible shattering of the containers. 7. Waste Disposal Method 8. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Not Flammable Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. The difference in vapour pressure explains the socalled “Alpha” explosion. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES TCLO 30 mg/m3 (ihe –hmm). Poisonous gases are produced. it absorbs moisture rapidly. they tend to revert to “Gamma” form . Seek medical aid immediately. Add slowly into a large amount of soda ash and slaked lime by stirring. Not available. 153 .6. which has a strong tendency to polymerise to straight chain “Beta” form & subsequently to the cross-linked “Alpha” form. Skin : Remove the wetted clothes & wash the Affected area with plenty of water & soap. Provide self contained breathing apparatus. Avoid contact with liquid or vapour.

126-33-0 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2. Dihydro Butadine Sulfone.S.0oC(46oF) (@ 760 mm Hg) Vapour Density (Air = 1) Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 4. Trade Name: Sulfolane Formula C4 H8 O2S Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Codes/Label : Class 8 C.NO. No: 17 Hazchem Code : HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1. Hazardous waste I.126-33-0 UN. 2.S.NO.1-DIOXIDE THIOPHANE DIOXIDE TETRA METHYLENE DIOXIDE THIO CYCLOPENTANE 1.NO.D. Liquid Odour: Pungent Odour Boiling Point/Range Vapour pressure (@ 20oC mm Hg) %Volatiles by Vol.44 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF SULFOLANE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : TETRA HYDRO THIOPHENE 1.5 Others : 1.1 – DIOXIDE Chemical Classification : Organic Compound Synonyms: Sulfolane. C. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA 285oC(545oF) 0. Tetrahydrothiophane 1.A. NO.8 to 5.A. Cyclic Tetra-methylene Sulfone.S. = 100 (21 oC ) ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Melting / Freezing Point 8.26 154 .01 Physical State : Liquid Evaporation rate : 1 ( Butyl acetate = 1) Appearance : Colourless Clear.1-Dioxide C.7.2 Solubility in water Complete 100% pH : 4.A.

remove to fresh air. irritation. Eye Contact: Irritation. Vomiting. Lungs. Inhalation : Headache. give oxygen. N. dizziness. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. immediately flush skin with plenty of water For at least 15 mins. Wash clothing before reuse. The TLV Listed is the one recommended for this product by Philips 66 Company. give artificial respiration. Nausea.A. None identified None identified (CC) Oxides of Sulphur. convulsions. Inhalation: If inhaled. if swallowed.3. immediately flush with plenty of water for at least 15 mins. Unconsciousness. Skin contact. Excessive inhalation may cause damage. mg/kg STEL Not established Odour Threshold Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure / Symptoms Emergency Treatment . Corrosive Material Others 4. drowsiness. If breathing is difficult. Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide . Ingestion : Call a physician. Dizziness. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL N. Skin Absorption: May cause weakness. Convulsions. REACTIVITY DATA Stable. Eye Contact : In case of Eye Contact. Lever and Blood. Carbon monoxide. Skin Contact: Irritation. Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 159oC (320 oF) (OC) Flammability TDG Flammability N. unconsciousness. vomiting. Nausea. Ingestion : Headache. Ingestion. Skin Contact : In case of skin contact. Health Flammability Reactivity Special 3 1 2 2 155 . If not breathing.A. paralysis. Chronic Effects: Damage to Gastrointestinal Tract. Carbon dioxide. gastro intestinal. central nervous system depression.A. L. Shakes. Does not occur. Strong Oxidizing agent Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. shakes. Prompt action is essential. Autoignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid No Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No UEL N. shakes. if conscious give large amount of water induce vomiting.A. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals 1941 5 ppm : No TLV has been established for this product by the AGGIH. Eye contact.

Flush skin with plenty of water. Above this level. alcohol foam. Do not get in eyes. dry chemical. Dry Chemical Powder or CO2. Ventilation: Use general or local exhaust ventilation to meet TLV requirements. protective suit. or carbon dioxide. use water spray. Harmful is swallowed. soak up with sand or earth. Alcohol resistant foam. use with adequate ventilation. Eye / Skin Protection : Safety goggles and face shield uniform. Isolated from incompatible materials. sparks or flame. Laboratory test results indicate material may be mutagenic. environmental regulations and manufacturer’s Recommendation. EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Call a physician. away from heat. A concentrations upto 5 ppm. flame. Govt. irritant. Respiratory Protection : Respiratory protection required if air borne concentration exceeds TLV. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Causes severe eye burns. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Avoid contact with liquid or vapour. rubber gloves are recommended. use water spray to reduce vapours. flush spill area with water. Wash thoroughly after handling. a chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapour cartridge is recommended. a self-contained breathing apparatus is recommended. store in cool dry. Dispose in accordance with all applicable Central and State. FIRE EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Unusual Hazards Use water spray. Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions Storage Colour Code : Orange (General Storage) Storage Requirement : Keep container tightly closed. Stop leak if you can do so without risk. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing. In case of fire. skin or clothing. Do not breath vapours. Keep in tightly closed container. Keep away from heat. Not available. 156 . wellventilated area. give artificial respiration. Waste Disposal Method 8. inhaled or absorbed through skin. Flush spill area with water. sparks. Take up with sand or other non-combustible absorbent material and place in to container for later disposal. remove to fresh air. In case of spill.6. 7.

Methyl Benzene Trade Name : Toluene Formula C7H8 C.D. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 3 YE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.108-88-3 UN.7 mm Hg at 30oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 3.S.A.NO. NO.5 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.45 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF TOLUENE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : TOLUENE Chemical Classification : Aromatic Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Toluene. 1294 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Toluene Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 110.A.S.NO. Toluene C.4 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Pleasant Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 36.NO. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS C.S.7. Class 3 Hazardous waste I.14 Solubility in water @ 30oC Slightly soluble Others Soluble in acetone. miscible in absolute alcohol. 108-88-3 2. ether.A. Benzene o C -95 to 94. 2.866 at 20oC liquid pH Neutral 157 .

3.

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
Yes 3 LEL UEL 1.2% 7% 535.5 Stable N.A. Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 12.7 4.5 (OC) (CC)

Flammability TDG Flammability

Autoignition Temperature oC 9 Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No

Emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. Will not occur. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No

Corrosive Material Others

No

4.

REACTIVITY DATA
Stable Strong oxidisers. Reacts vigorously with oxidising materials. Reacts explosively with N2O4 , AgClO4, H2SO4+HNO3, conc.HNO3, UF6 and 1.3 dichloro-5,5,dimethyl-2,4Imidiazolidione Forms an explosive mixture with tetranitromethane.

Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. Reactivity

Hazardous Reaction Products

5.

HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Inhalation, Ingestion, skin and eyes. Vapour irritates eyes and upper respiratory tract causes dizziness, headache, anaesthesia, respiratory arrest. Liquid irritates eyes and causes drying of skin. If aspirated, causes coughing, gagging, distress and rapidly developing pulmonary edema. If ingested, causes vomiting, griping, diarrhea, depressed respiration. Inhalation: remove the victim to fresh air area. Give artificial respiration or oxygen if required. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Skin: Wipe off. Wash with soap and water. Eyes: Flush with water for 15 mins. Seek medical aid immediately. 500 mg/kg 100 ppm 375 mg/m3 375 mg/m3 Odour Threshold L.D50 0.17 ppm 0.64 mg/mg3

Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms

Emergency Treatment

L.D50

(Oral-Rat)

Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals

100 ppm Health 2

STEL

150 ppm Reactivity 0

560 mg/m3 Special

Flammability 3

158

6.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES

Personal Protective Equipment

Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. Provide air-supplied mask, safety goggles/face shield, PVC hand gloves.

Handling and Storage Precautions

Store in a well ventilated, cool, dry area, away from heat, spark, flame and oxidising materials.

7.

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES

FIRE

Fire Extinguishing Media

CO2, Dry chemical powder, Foam.

Special Procedure

Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Flash back along vapour trail may occur.

Unusual Hazards

EXPOSURE

First Aid Measures

If inhaled, remove the victim to fresh air area. Give artificial respiration or O 2, if required. do not induce vomiting. If eyes and skin affected, wash with plenty of water. Seek medical aid immediately. N.A.

Antidotes/Dosages

SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. Contain leaking liquid on sand & earth. Wash the surface with water and soap. Spray into a furnace. Incineration will become easier by mixing with more flammable solvent.

Waste Disposal Method

8.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES

Toluene derived from coal tar usually contains small amount of benzene as on impurity. In the few cases, acute toluene poisoning reported. The effect has been that of a narcotic, the workman passing through a stage of intoxication into one of coma Recovery following removal from the exposure has been the rule. Physical examination is recommended practically. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame or oxidisers. Explosives in the form of vapours, when exposed to heat or flame.

159

7.46 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL

1

CHEMICAL IDENTITY

Chemical Name :

TRI ETHYLENE GLYCOL

Chemical Classification : Hydrocarbon

Synonyms:

Trade Name : TRI ETHYLENE GLYCOL

Formula (CH2 OCH2CH2 OH)2

C.A.S.NO.

UN. No.

Regulated Identification

Shipping Name : Codes/Label : Hazardous waste I.D. No: 17 Hazchem Code :

HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.

C.A.S.NO. 2.

HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS

C.A.S.NO.

2.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA

Boiling Point/Range

o

C 291.2

Physical State : Liquid

Appearance : Colourless

o Melting / Freezing C -5 Vapour pressure Odour: Point @ 35oC mm Hg ___________________________________________________________________________________________________

Vapour Density (Air = 1) Specific Gravity (Water = 1)

5.17

Solubility in water @ 30oC Soluble pH

Others

1.122

160

3.2 % 371 Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 176. Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products . 5.9 % 9.D50 Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) NFPA Hazard Signals Inhalation: Remove victim to fresh air. Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. L. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxidising materials. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water. Ingestion. Oxygen if breathing is laboured. Inhalation. Seek medical aid immediately.D50 ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Health 1 Odour Threshold ppm mg/m3 mg/m3 Special ppm STEL Flammability 1 ppm Reactivity/Stability 0 161 . Give artificial respiration if breathing Has stopped. Ingestion: Give conscious victim water to drink and induce vomiting. Skin: Remove contaminated clothings and flush the affected area with plenty Of water. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA LEL UEL o Flammability TDG Flammability Autoignition Temperature 0. 4. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Skin.6 (OC) (CC) C Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes Yes No Explosive Material Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No No Corrosive Material Others No .

give artificial Respiration. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Absorb the spillage in sand or earth.6. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water. Keep away from oxidising materials. 7.A. well-ventilated place away from source of ignition and heat. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Water Spray. Skin: Remove contaminated clothing and flush the Affected area with plenty of water. Flush the area With flooding water and then with caustic acid for Waste Disposal Method Spray into a furnace. Seek medical aid immediately. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air. N. . Use protective outer clothing as required. 162 . Handling and Storage Precautions Should be stored in a cool. if breathing has stopped and oxygen if Breathing is laboured. CO2 . PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment. DCP Water or foam may cause breathing. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Ingestion: Give conscious victim water to drink and Induce vomiting. Incineration will become easier by mixing with more flammable solvent.

S.A.4 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) 7-11 (Tech) Solubility in water @ 30oC Others Insoluble Soluble in Benzene. 78-00-2 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 2.A.D. 1649 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Tetraethyl Lead Codes/Label : Poison. Tetraethyl Lead C. Gasoline. Tetraethyl Plumbane Trade Name : TEL Formula C8 H20Pb C. 2.7.S. Petroleum.NO.47 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF TETRAETHYL LEAD 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : TETRAETHYL LEAD Chemical Classification : Organic Lead Compound Synonyms: TEL. NO. o C -137 Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 1. Class 6 Hazardous waste I. No: 17 Hazchem Code : 2 XE HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.NO.A.S. C.78-00-2 UN. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 198 to 202 (Decom) Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point Vapour pressure Odour: Misty Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 1 mm Hg at 38.NO. Ether. Lead Tetraethyl.633 at Not Available pH 20oC liquid Not Pertinent 163 .

seek medical aid immediately. In any type of severe exposure to this compound. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4.3. coma. Skin & Eyes Increased urinary output of lead. Ingestion. A large degree of absorption from inhalation or skin contact may cause insomnia. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. ppm N. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air area.A. leading to poisonous Pb vapours.3 mg/m3 L. REACTIVITY DATA Stable below 110 oC Strong oxidisers.D50 850 mg/m3 (1 hr) as LC50 Rat ppm 0.5 (OC) (CC) Flammability TDG Flammability Not Available UEL Autoignition Temperature oC Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material No No Not Available Flash Point oC Decomposes >110 oC Stable Stable Emits toxic fumes of Pb or CO Will not occur. apply artificial respiration and oxygen.1 mg/m3 (skin) Pb 0. death.D50 (Oral Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) - ppm STEL Not listed ppm NFPA Hazard Signals Health 3 Flammability 2 Reactivity 3 164 .1 mg/m3 (skin) Pb Odour Threshold N. KMnO4 Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Can react vigorously with oxidising materials.A. delirium. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. 5. mg/mg3 0. Skin: Remove the contaminated clothing and wash the affected area immediately with kerosene or similar petroleum distillate followed by thorough washing with water and soap.3 mg/m3 (1 hr) as Pb (skin) Special Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment without delay. Exposures to air for several days may cause explosive decomposition. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA No LEL Not Available Flash Point oC 85 93. Ingestion: Let the victim drink plenty of water and milk and induce vomiting. L. Sulphuryl Chloride. excitability. if needed. 12.

well-ventilated area away from oxidisers. Contain the spillage on earth or sand. Waste Disposal Method 8. it can cause intoxication by inhalation as well as absorption through skin. Not available. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES An experimental carcinogen and teratogen . May cause lead exposure intoxication by coming in contact with skin. seek medical aid immediately without delay. FIRE EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure Dry chemical power CO2. Relapses during recovering are common. A gasoline additive to prevent knocking in motors. Its action is accelerated if 0. Provide organic vapour type canister. Decomposition or exposure to sun light or on evaporation from TEL which is also a poisonous compound. an air-line mask for a longer period. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame. Foam and Water. Skin: Remove the contaminated clothing and wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. Do not allow to evaporate. face mask for short periods. Ingestion: Let the victim drink plenty of water and induce vomiting. PREVENTIVE MEASURES Avoid contact with liquid or vapour.1% Pyridine is added immediately before use. if needed. This compound explodes if confined at high temp. rubber shoes. sunlight.particularly toxic to CNS.6. Decontaminate TEL using oxidising agents such as Potassium Permanganate or Sulphuryl Chloride. close supervision because personality changes may occur and be manifested in suicidal attempt. Poisonous gases are produced. apply artificial respiration and oxygen. Neoprene coated liquid proof hand gloves. dry. Potassium Permanganate in water is the preferred reagent. 165 . Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures In any type of severe exposure to this compound. body clothing side covered safety goggles/face shield. Keep in cool. It is much more toxic compaired to inorganic lead. Being a lipoid solvent. Personal Protective Equipment Handling and Storage Precautions 7. Sulphuryl Chloride must only be used as a10% solution in kerosene. Eyes: Flush with plenty of water for 15 mins. Destroy waste/spills by dilution with 10 volumes of kerosene and burning at least 50 meters away from any habitations. Respirators should be used by the person handling this. Inhalation: Remove the victim to fresh air.

Solubility in water @ 30oC Not soluble Others Miscible with alcohol. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA Boiling Point/Range o C 137-140 Physical State : Liquid Appearance : Colourless Melting / Freezing Point 27 to -32 Vapour pressure Odour: Sweet Odour @ 35oC mm Hg 6. P-Xylene 2. O-Xylene C. Methyl Toluene Trade Name Xylene Formula C8 H10 C.D. NO. 95-47-6 4. Ethyl benzene.A.48 SAFETY DATA SHEET OF XYLENE 1 CHEMICAL IDENTITY Chemical Name : XYLENE Chemical Classification : Aromatic Hydrocarbon Synonyms: Dimethyl Benzene.S. Xylol.NO. Toluene. 106-42-3 108-38-3 HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 3.72mm Hg at 21 oC ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vapour Density (Air = 1) N. ether and other organic liquids. C9 aromatics.NO. 2.A.S. Class 3 Hazardous waste I.1330-20-7 UN. o C Specific Gravity (Water = 1) 0.A.NO.) pH 166 . Non-aromatics.A.S.864 at 20oC (Liq. M-Xylene C. No: 5 Hazchem Code : 3 Y HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS 1.7. 1307 Regulated Identification Shipping Name : Xylene Codes/Label : Flammable Liquid.

cramps. severe coughing. REACTIVITY DATA Stable Oxidising materials Can react with oxidising materials N. Administer artificial respiration. vomiting.215 mg/mg3 655 mg/m3 Routes of Entry Effects of Exposure/ Symptoms Emergency Treatment L. Kidney and lever damage may occur.D50 Odour Threshold 0. If taken into lungs. Chemical Stability Incompatibility with other material Reactivity Hazardous Reaction Products 5. rapidly developing pulmonary edema. Flash Point oC Flash Point oC 37. Seek medical aid immediately. Skin: Wash affected area with soap and water and remove contaminated clothing. Inhalation: Remove to fresh air area.A. Ingestion. FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Yes o Flammability LEL UEL C 1% 7% 463 Stable N. Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. If ingested.05 ppm 0. Consumption of non-oily liquids (milk) may assist in delaying absorption. coma and can be fatal. 4300 mg/kg 100 ppm 435 mg/m3 100 ppm 435 mg/m3 L.D50 (Oral-Rat) Permissible Exposure Limit TLV (ACGIH) STEL 150 ppm NFPA Hazard Signals Health 2 Flammability 3 Reactivity 0 Special 167 . causes nausea.A. Does not occur. Explosive Material No Oxidiser Organic Peroxide No No Corrosive Material Others No 4. dizziness. Provide oxygen if necessary. headache. Liquid irritates eyes & skin.3. distress. skin and Eyes Vapours cause headache. HEALTH HAZARD DATA Inhalation. Eyes: Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins.7 29 (OC) (CC) TDG Flammability 3 Autoignition Temperature Explosion Sensitivity to Impact Explosion Sensitivity to Static Electricity Hazardous Combustion products Hazardous Polymerization Combustible Liquid Yes Flammable Material Pyrophoric Material Yes No Limit acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID MEASURES FIRE Fire Extinguishing Media Special Procedure CO2. Antidotes/Dosages SPILLS Steps to be taken Shut off leaks if without risk. P-Xylene 7. Ingestion : Do not induce vomiting. 7.84%. Flash back along vapour trail may occur.6. N. OXylene 7. M-Xylene 65. plastic gloves.63%. Taking nonoily liquids (milk) may assist in delaying absorption. Wash the surface with plenty of water and soap. Skin : Wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. Unusual Hazards EXPOSURE First Aid Measures Inhalation : Remove the victim to fresh air area. Toluene 14%..01%. Administer aritficial respiration or oxygen if necessary. Keep the containers cool by spraying water if exposed to heat or flame.A. dry area away from heat. Eyes : Irrigate with plenty of water for 15 mins. Ethyl Benzene 19. Waste Disposal Method 8. Absorb on sand or earth. Vapour / liquid exposure at 200 ppm causes irritation. Incineration will become easier by mixing with a more flammable solvent.27%.07%. C9 and aromatic 0.04%. Provide approved canister or air-supplied mask. Spray into a furnace. flame and oxiding materials. boots And apron. 168 . PREVENTIVE MEASURES Personal Protective Equipment Avoid contact with liquid or vapours. face-shield. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION/REFERENCES Composition : As Non-aromatic 0. Seek medical aid immediately. A very dangerous for hazard when exposed to heat or fire. Foam. Handling and Storage Precautions Store in well ventilated. Dry Chemical Powder.

0 REFERENCES: I. Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules – 1989 VI. The Manufacture. Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. allocated by Joint Committee on Fire Brigade Operations and confirmed by the Health and Safety Executives ( Chemical Industries Association Limited ) IV. US department of Health and Human Services (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health & Safety . The Factories Act.ILO. II. The Central Motor Vehicles Rules – 1989 VII. Hazchem Codings. 1948 169 .8. List of Hazardous Materials UN Number.The Bureau of National Affairs Inc.) III. Material Safety Data Sheets – ICMA VIII. Name and IMDG Code Page Number . Geneva V.

170 .

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