English Everyday Activities

kera of

ng ·sh for veryday Activities
A Picture Process Dictionary
Lawrence .T. ZM ier

Returning Home to an Apartment

Preparing Cold Cereal
cereal box

bowl

~.
,

'V;'
..,s

I>~'I'

__

Pam pours some cereal from Ihe hox imo her bowL

She pours in some
milk" ,

, , , and sprinkles smnc: sugar On her cereal.

Dan

gOl

buck

10

his building.

He \valked down his apurtmcnl,

Ille

hall

10

JCIIJlY looked up Kale's phone

Then she dialed t'he number,

number in tbc phone book.

HI. Kale, This Is Jerlny .

..
1.24

:ER
t2

He opened hiJ: door ami
wonl inside.

Wb,,!] IUlc

;UU'"

ered •. ,

.. , Jenny said hello nod idcnrir.~,

herself. , .~

.

New Readers Press

Contents

To the Student

5

1

Fi_:_st h_ing in t_!le M_Enling_ T

2 4

Bru~~iI)~_y ~u~_Teeth/Flossi ng
_

..-------

-- -----

6-7 -_._-- 8 9 10 -11 12 - 13 14

_3_Tak_i_':~_~~!l0we~

------- .~-------

G_ettin~~r~ssed-A Man _ -A 5 Getting Dressed--- Woman aBed 6 Making ~-".-_. __ - -------Making Breakfas[ 7 Making Coffee/Makfng Tea 8 Preparing Cold Cereal/Making Toast 9 Frx!t~gan Egg 10 ~ating Breakfast 11 Le~~i~~ the House

15
16 ~ .,- .._-_----17 18 19

_12 T_aEpg a BU~ __ Driving a-Car Starting Out 14 Operating a Car 15 p_!ivin~_AlonSL ...... _
13

~

~

r~

._~~_.~_~

_

20·21
22 .23

_..
.__ .

..

... ~

!!_ Ta~in~L~. Trajn_
17
18 19

~
~- __._.__ ._ ,. ~ ._ ___ ~

._~
._

~

_

Taking a Taxi

Walking Somew~~!E:_~_ .. .._~ __ .• Riding a ~_i2'cle ._~

,----------.~ .-----------~-.-

2_4.~_~~_ 26 27 ...... 28 ..-----------~-.--. 29

- ._-------

20 21
22 23

Returning Home Making -Din~~r Making a Salad Preparing Vegetables
Making Spaghetti Cooking Rice

------------------------------------------------------~ 30 ·31
32

---28 29
30

24 25 26 27

Eating Dinner ---_ .. Cleari~l!.~~ Table DOing Dishes Relaxing at Home Playing a CD (Compact Disc) Using a Personal Cassette Player Reading

_-----------------------

,-------.---

33 34 -35 36 37 38

- ------------

39
40 41 42

31 32

Watching Television Watching a Video

43 44
45

~~ __:~~bysltting _ 34 GOing to Bed

46~ 47

35 36 37

Doing Laundry Cleaning the House Taking Care of a Cat

48 ~49
50' ~ 51

52 53
54

~~~ !~kjn!l_~~~~__?f~_P_o_,g<:...' __ C
_~9 Taking Care of 40 _gardening

a Lawn

41 Cleaning a Car ------=----------------------------,---------------,---

S5 56 42 Taking a Car to a Garage for Repairs 57 43 Changing a Flat Tire 58 44 Dealing with a Power Failure 59 45 Working with Wood 60 ---------=---------------------------------------------------------- 61 46 ,Ioining Things with Bol,ts/Screws ----,---- --------47 Shopping for •. ._•• 62 -63 __ ~_._ ••_.r.~••_._~_._ Groceries ••.•. _ ~ __ ~ •••• _••__•__ 48 Paying for Things 64 -,65 ------66 49 Going to a Bank 50 USing an ATM 67

Making a Phone Call 52 Answering a Telephone 5,3 Leavlng a,Message 54 Taking a Message 55 Using an Answeri~g Mac~!!l~ 56- ~-- ----------~~-~ ................ Letter Writing a Personal -~- 57 Mailing a Letter

51

68

69
70

71
_

-----------------

72

73
74 -75

58
~ __

59

._._.~

GOing [0 a Birthday Party Going toa Dinner Party
~ .•• _. I _...... I ~ ,'., ,.

60
61

GOing toa Movie
Eating ata Fast Food Restaurant

----------------------------

76 77 78 79

Appendix on American and Metric Measurements Index Notes on Irregular Forms Processes: My Way Notes to the Teacher

80
81- 89

90
.91 - 95

96

SIMPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
, VERBS
brush dry off eat

,getdressed get out. of "
go into

flush.

leave,

, 'ring , shave ',' take (a ~bowerJ
wa}te up

make

Dan's alarm crock rtngs ...

use'

wash

...and he wakes up.

NOUNSc, ~;,
alarrnclock. apartment bathroom

, [ollet, bowl tooth. [teetb] [Owel

bed

breill~t'
hair,

hand

shawlg
shower L'O:ilet

razor,

(f'(!am

He gets out of bed.

lie goes into the bathroom,

For Special Attention
• wake tip = ,stop sle'eping,
• w~ke i,lp~girt out ot bed, = ,~get'up."'as in "Wha~ t~me did yeu .g,et u~?'t ",AE 7:00,"
• takeaishower ",wash'youJiself in a shower. You: can also take

a bath. • Other polite. ways' to say: use the
to,lletru-e ('go to the batbl'.oom'"

and "use the b"at~'ooni.'" ..

• Wb,en you f,[ush;8 tolletj water cleans the, toUrit bowl'. '

AFter using the totler and
l'lushlng it...

...he washes 1.11,s hands.

6

SIMPLE PRESENT VERBS "Starting the Day" use mostly simple present verbs. They can show what someone usually or often does. Some examples: I brush my teeth every day. On Saturdays, Dan sleeps late. I (usually) eat cereal for breakfast.

shaving

cream

He brushes hts leech (see p, S), ...

...shaves ...

...and takes a shower (see p. 9) .

He dries himself off with a towel.

Then he brushes his hair,

He get: dre sed (see pp. 10-13).

He makes breakfast

(see pp. 15-17) ...

...and eats i[ (see p. HI).

Then he leaves the apartment
(see

p. 19).

7

S.IMPLE .PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS -

brush
floss

jenny runs some water oyer her toothbrush. fun warer.cver. slip spit sque'e7~e swish •

She squeezes toothpaste onto her toothbrush.

She- moves her toothbrush up and down ...

mouth a piece 'oJ rack' , sink :. _ toO~h [tl!eth] toothbrush tooth.paste

NOUNS faucet floss

water
...and back and forth. To rinse her mouth, she rakes some water, ... ...swishes it back and forth In her mouth ...

lube

,OTHERS., , bac.k and 'forth' (a~\ferhial) .
long (adji) '" : -. , . up and down :(adv.erbial)

For Special Attention
• You ,run waterove.r something by using- water {Forn 'a faucet

...and spits it into the
sink.

She rinses off her toothbrush.

Then she puts it back In the toothbrush rack.

flow hitting-the, thing. " • Somethll1g gOf\$, back afid _. forth by going Irom one side to another (--and-) tlln~s. ' • Something goes up,and.down b} g~ingin these direct'lons • and .) many times.

or pipe and

away-after

letting

tn.e- \v.,ater

'

She flosses her teeth by

1Pwy

•_

slip something somchere b) moving it oently intO ;:r II -pace.
i.l

pulling out a long piece of noss....

...slipping it between her teeth ...

...and moving il back and forth and up and
down.

8

SIMPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS-' '
dry tum on dry off; wash pull \.v-(ap put rinse ,off tep ake (3. sbower) tum urn off NOUNS,
arm

showerhead

curtain shut.

Dan pulls the shower

By turning the knob. he lUTI1S the water on.

He wasne , hi . hair with

shampoo ...

bar bathmat blow-dryer
body,

,shower:

shampoo
shower hea.d
soap .

J

, "towel

curtain

deocorant hair .,
knob r ck the) rest (of)

waLer
...and the rest of his body with soap. Then he rinses off with water,

~i~..• Of.-

Affer turnlng the water off....

ADJECT(VE

For Special Attention
• U e dry 'off only if the water rayson t9R of the thing that is wet. You don~t dr'yofiJ your, I hair or _a tow;eJ.. You '~dzy:", them or,"efTY ttietn ou t.", , • PuIl89me1hrng~hUt,..puB it unlit i~ is;shut, ',. • Take
the

... he steps out or rhe shower.

He takes a towel trom the towel rack.

Then he dries himself off.

blow-dryer

your cia.ssrQo,m.The'oth rs ,
(thoSe still in the
fe$t

SOn1~ students
of the

out of -

class.

room)
.

are

• After Y-Quturn something

it runs-or works. Afler Y04 turn It off ,it stops. that trikes away bad smells.

0",
He wraps a rowe] around himself" .. ...and he drtes his hair. He puts some deodorant
under hiS arms .

• A deodorant is somethibg

9

smtPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
'VERBS'
buckle .button:

Tom puts on ...

choose'

fasten ,

d~p

!

sl~p snap ~tep srajgbten
tie
tu'ck,

g,etdfe~sed lace up -"

pull • pullup'

pick 1.1P ,
,

zip up

...some underwear,

...a T-shirt,

...some socks .

...some pants, } These mean the same.

Tom puis on his undcrv vear.
Tom puts bis underwearon,

pur on_ '
NOUNS_
',(ia) pa:~t(of), .pajamas ' belt .s: belt loa):> ...- pant leg huckle' pants' ,__" shirt ,but,tbJi' burton hole shbe

T,

arm

_om_-_c,hOO, ses, puts them on.
puts!!. on.

some sock, and

I,

...and a shirt.

Tom picks up his shirt and

wall it or I,hem" "on" moves away
from "puc"

e,1a,sp,
cuff

clothes

shOrts
11naps

oollar.

sleev:e,
S.OcK T~shl['t'

Some?

A pair of?
some socks a pair of socks some underwear
~ ~

some pants
a pair of pants

fastener fly.
glasses ja:Gket;' ,

lace

".,fa.isrpana
lipper

un,derRqnt~ unuerwear-

some shorts

a pair of shorts

some cnderoams a pair of underpants
some shoes a pair of shoes

ADVERB
rogerher a T-shirt

For Special Attention
it

jacket

some palan.u\s

a pair of paj<l,\lias.

• Usually a.pai':'of SOInfthlng, means 2. A pair of cats" means' ~2 cats,"
.!

a shirt

BUT

~

~~A

some glasses a pair of glasses.

ca.Jeda, paIr even though
seem like 1 thing:

me items of dothing-are nES,"
"2,

You can say:
"a sock"

"a shoe"

nUT

when talking about clothes, do NOT say: "apant", "a pajama" • "an underpant", "a shorr",

"a glass"

10

Putting on a Pair of Pants

Tom steps into his pants., .

..

...then he pulls them up.

He fastens the waistband ...

...and zips up the fly.

He slips a belt through the belt loops ...

...and buckles it.

Putting

on

a Shirt

Fasteners

What you do

You snap things together.
snaps

You zip something up.

Tom slips an arm
into each sleeve.

He buttons the shirt ...
button hole

.~

You button somethlng.
button

You lace something up and then you tie
the laces.

,..and the ·ufts.

He

S{

ratgbrans his collar.

laces

clasp
C(

~f

You clasp things together. OR You fasten sornethlng,

He tucks his shirt into his pants.

buckle

EJ

You buckle something,

11

smtPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
~ _.
,

Pam puts on ..,

VERBS ,
,

'·drd~s' '

tome Jrp111
ke~lJ' ,-:' palO'rl " wear wrap

~8.~t~':dl'esS~d '

y
, ,
}

.-go-barefoot

..,some panues,

..,.a bra"

...3 dress,

N.OUN,S blo'Use boot
'bra building

,

'

,

people'plant

, ""

... <1

blousc/a snirr,

••• <1

skirt.

,..some pants.

cap,

sandal'

ru:nlling-shoe

cJot'nes

c

c~aJ::_:, ,- ,

sheep ,
shIrt'
-,

scarf

-skirt ~_,_ dr~$s shoeslMve " fabric, ''sock,
gloye' , , \s.tockirigs llar ',' "suit " '" j~c!i;.et, , ' ' sweater' j~a:n~, sweatshfn,

'<tr-e'ss, ' ~_

CoMlc;,ri::',shons'

,..some socks,

..,.some nylons
(stockmgsj,

...some pantyhose ..

-

'For Special Attention
-, I

mi,(~m ,'

T~sliirt-,_ ~:
tie

After you put on your clothes, you them.

wear

neck' "

_ panties, -, :
phrityltose
-_ I --,

1I)(1<:>l1S, , .:' ,~e81ther ' (a) paJr: Cpf) pants ",',

wool '

, , walks arou'nd with shoes sotks his/her feet. ' , 'Ilis/lIer feel are bare, , .. _If somethlrtg:ke8Rs her c.obl" ' '.

"Someone

who 'goes' barefoot, '

,",' or

on

no

OTHERS, -~
casual

cool'(adj~) _heavy {a¢lJ') , hot '(adj.) , lighHacli:) , ' long-(adU " Long~sJeeved Ht4i.} outdoors (a(l:v.) short~le:eved {-adJ.' thtck (adj.) thin (adj.) warm (adj.)

Gold (o~dj.) ,

(aAJd

" weather: , 1, l:Jsc,j:,+ Bltf -1t's h'ot

, It heips her st-a)l,CQol." ,,' ' - • Some ways to-talk abouc:-the .,"

an _adj~tive;
~ -

'

, • It's h!oLomside. -

indoors

'(adv.)

2, lJse ~ +8£.-+, rhe~.i1i!( form pt' a weather vetb: • r'8_' mrung. , ~t rai " _ , • It's snoWing. ~

These people are wearing. suits.

sweatshin

12

Dressing for Hot Weather If it's hot. Pam wears light clothes:

COTroN: a fabric that comes from the corton plant

~
...3

thin clothes

shirt ...

rt-slecvcd cotton
If something
outdoors.

is outside a buikling,

it is

She goes barefoot indoors ...

...•ind 'veal'S sandals outdoors.
If sornerhlng indoors, is Inside a huildlng, it is

Dresslng thls way keeps her cool.

Dressing for Cold Weather
J it·s cold, Pam wears heavy clothes:

WOOL:

sleeve

... :l

long-sleeved shirt,

... 3 wool sweater,

...Iong pants,

... and thick waul Sucks.

gloves

Before going ourdoors, snc puts on a heavy
coat ...

...and some gloves

or mittens.

She \\'r:ws a scarf around her neck,..

... and. P\l{S on a 11:\[ •..

...and some

bOOlS.

Dressing this way keeps her warrn.

13

SDVlPLE PBESEIlT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
fl'ufr up

1 put a bottom sheet on the mattress:

have Jay. pull

make-a bed

smoo h ~ut spread
tuck

slip

'

put

NOUNS
,bedspread blanke; bottom foot

bed

top

sheet

--

If I have a fined sheet, I Slip It over the mattress,

If [ have a flat sheer, 1 ruck it under the mattress.

Then I tuck uie tOP hect under the mattress at the r ot of the bed.

head

pillow
fitted,

mattress

ADJECTIVES fl~t
tight 1pull the top sheet tight, ...spread a blanket over the bed,
...and smooth it
OUL

For Special Attention
pull 'it until It Is tight ' • When you lie on bed. you ptlt your head near ,the' h~CI Of the bed and )fO\1f feet near 'he foot of ~e bed;
• To pull something tight is

to

a

case,

prtlQW goes wide

a pillow.

over the bed.

I spread a bedspread

I fluff up the pillows •..

...and lay the.m at the head of the bed. ...

• The corners of_a'trtted sheet

are rnade

sheets are used only as bottom

LO ffe over' the corners of a: mattress. Fltted

• Y6u smooth

sheets, not

as top sheets.
~~I asheet

removing wrinkles.

'

by

1pull

he bedspread over the pillos -...

,..and smooth it out.

14

SlMPLil PBESEIn'

Making Breakfast 1

Key Vocabulary
VERBS_'
add

Making Coffee (with an electric coffee maker)
scoop

become boil
drip

soak

scoop

L
coffeepot

beat up make pour

,turo'on' ,

stir snail'!

Pam scoops some ground Then she pours some water She turns the coffee maker offee into the filter. into the coffee maker. on by pressing the switch.

ress

'OUNS
coffee

ffee makerffeepot er

,

-switch ,_,

tea .teacup

:eaves

teakettle -r~apo~,

scoop
gar

ilk saucer trainer

water

The water heats up ...

...and drips through the ground coffee ...

...and into (he coffeepot.

DJECTIVES'
ectrtc ground ot

Making Tea

For Special Attention
• flI~er bas very small holes in it. A liquid or gas can pass

Dan boils water in a reakeule,

He pours the hot water Into a reapol. ..

...and adds some tea

leaves.

tbrougll the holes; but.large pieces of a solid cannot. ' ,but its holes are and it probably has ,ahandle.:; , If you gdnd ~offee beans,
strainer

,does the same thing,

larger

water

tea

you get ground coffee .

• scoop ..;cbffee ~ move it by using a'SCOOl!! • heats up ,;" becomes bot • When somethtng ~I<S, it stays in, water and becomes very wl:!t.

As the tea leave' soak in (he water ....

...the water becomes tea.

Dan strains the tea .

Then he adds sugar and milk, ana surs hts tea.

15

S.IMPLE PRESENT

Making Breakfast 2

Key Vocabulary

Preparing Cold Cereal

- make
. peel ' pop up

IOW~"

,sprinkle

slke spread
toast

bowl _.

0

. cereal box Ii
/-.,.

.'

~ .\ .. ~/

.

'.'

~

,.,:.:",

o

<'~ ,..,..... -~

.~.:"'~

,

'pour-

~

z

.

'-.

~

~:;ttt!iqJJ~

pu[on

prepare press

Pam pours some cereal She pours in some froiu [he box imo her bowl, milk ...

sugar on her cereal.

...and sprinkles SQme

NOUNS banana
bO'ovl box bread butter

- - -slice'

.~-pi.ece starten sugar wire

@e~,~ananaSlices .
-

cereal'

jain knif~ milk

toast toaster
Then she peels a banana ....
•..sltccs it ...

.

...and pms the on her cereal.

slices

ADJECTIVES
eold

done

Making Toast
sHcesof
bread

For Special Attention
• Ypu sprinkh~ something _by malting small pieces orit fall

'over, a. \vide area. -.Sotne'tb:iil.g that'pOps tip conies up very q~Lid:ly.. ---.When you make something'
go down, you lower itl when vou raise i(. .' When yO\! peel.a fr\.liL or vggetable, you take_off its :skin. AfieJwards. rhe skin that has b-een 'taken ofns called . "a peel" or "peeliilgs." ·,Slices m' bread are' also 'called - , "pieces'! of bread: ··To sli<?e somethlri.g is ro cur it into thin. flat pteces, '
,.F ,,_

Dan puts two slices of bread into the. toaster,

By pressing the srarter.,

...he lowers the bread into the toaster.
kni,fe

slices (pieces) of toast

yo.u'n'llakc somet,h.ing'go up,

J-Iot wires inside the waster Wast the bread.

The toast pops up when it's done.

Dan spreacs some butter and jam on his roast.

16

SIMPLE PRESENT

Making Breakfast 3

Key Vocabulary
burners

:.""} 6h(
t

BBS' ck .-:lp over
.ff

f/Ij;~ J;:rJ •.••
...and one of the burners Ilghts.

.~on e out
:row

There are four burners on Dan's stove.

He turns on the gas ...

on
.wi1ite'
yolk

UNS

':"".:IIl

-

te I

He put a frying pan on the burner ...

...and melts some butter in the pan.

He cracks an egg tnto the pan ...

£:J3rula

e

VERB

Fer Special Attention
The egg frle,s and Dan fries the '. egg are bo~~ possible. .

;;eople have elecrric stoves. 'rben you' 'flip somethtng, you

ha a gas stove. Some, .

...and throws the shell into (he garbage.

The egg Fries.

Dan mps it over once with a spatula ...

rom it upsi-;Je down: .

An egg:
the while the yolk

• 'hen you.throw something . d1to the garbage, you throw it meo a cc;>ntaj,ner for garbage.
• To melt

it until it changes from solid to liquid.

something is to neat

...and then lakes it out of the pan.

He puts the egg on a plate.

17

SIMPLE POSE1ft'

..

Key Vocabulary

VERBS
-drink

cUp

~ave leave· sh down
talk

eat

Pam and Dan sit down at the table.
spoon

Pam drinks some coffee from

read

her mug ...

wipe NOUNS bacon breakfast cereal fork
bowl

toast yolk ...and eats orne cereal. Dan drinks some tea ...

rea

coffee egg
knife lip

m48 -napkin

paper
table

8P00)1

OTHERS
someumes (adv.) a liale bit (adverbial

...and has an egg with bacon and toast.

Sometimes,

the yolk of his egg.

he dips his

toast into

C;s usual... )

For Special Attention
• The

paper."

paper means "the news'
As they ear, they read the paper.,; ...and talk a little bit.
ee

some, but not very much. . • First you sit down; then ,you sit.
• A little btt

• A mug isa large. cup v.'1(11 a handle. • Pam and Dan sit at the table. They sit·in or on chairs. • You dip a soUd into a liquid by putting it in for only a short time. (See p.35 for
'lliquids and Bolids .... )

After eating, they wtpc their lips with their napkins ...

18

SIMPLE PRESENT

..

Key Vocabulary
VERBS,
.eave

pen

"'1.lL In

i 'up

. Tom PUIS on a jacket. ..

Ulan

...and zips it up.

.: ur
s ep

say goodbye

pup

OUNS
backpack

~

,

He puts on

tics them.

his shoes and

He picks up his. keys and wallet. ..

OVERS
u ide .,.:and PUlS Lhem in his pockets.
~e. Tom.) He picks up his backpack .

For Special Attention
• ome ways people say goodbye: "See you later." "Bye:1 "'See you." "Coqdbye." • "LeaVe:!home" can mean the me as leave the house. (l'or example, "He left home at even o'clock this morning.")

Then he says goodbye to Jenny.

He opens the door ...

"Catch you later.'

• The opposite of zip up is "unzip." • Shut [be door means "close"
the door.

".steps outside ...

...and shuts the door.

19

Key Vocabulary
'VERBS
arrive r;::heck
drop get [got] off get [got} on

ride [rode] ring [rang] show sit [sat] down
sraod [stood}

hold [held]
pay [paid]

open
put

wait

walk

.lenny checked her bus schedule.

ner bus-a

Number 77-w(I.$ due

at eight-twenty.

press

read [read]

[put] Into
bench machine

NOU~S
al$le b~

boOk bus

bench box

money pass

passenger
.people receipt schedule seal

She walked

{O

the bus stop ...

...and salon a bench [0 wait for the bus.

button
card

conductor door .
driver exit·
fa're', '

signal
stop-

strap

OTHERS

due (adj.)
empty (adj.) fuU (adj.)

on time (adverbial) other (adj.)
overhead (adj.) oon (adv.) The bus arrived on lime (ar elghr-rwcmy).

The driver opened the door ...

For Special Attention
• If a bus: Is NOT on time, it.is late or early.
·A bus pass: - i:; a card or a piece of paper.

·If jenny checked her scnedute, infortnation.
she looked at it fO,f a short time to find some specific

- means you can ride the bus
without paying on the bu . ~ is good for a certain time
, (maybe one week, maybe month etc.),

.

one

20

GettingAround" uses mostly simple past verbs. :Many of them end mooed, but rna ny others do not.

Examples;

• Mike walked to the store.
-I took a bus to work.

fa "regular" verbl Ian "irregular" verb!

.

.

_' .• last )A,eek . '

• Phrases ~dtb l~last"

Irregular past forms are listed in brackets [ I in
'Key Vocabulary.'

• last year
• Phrases with '~ago"

• last month

• laSt'Manda.y, etc.

• two weeks ago.'

..
~ ~

• a tiew minutes ago

Paying Bus

Fare

People pay bus fare in many ways:

She showed the driver her bus pass.

Other passengers
fare.

paid their • by dropping
bar

money into a fare box.

:.!...U sears were fun, so Jenny [he tood in the aisle ..

She held on the overhead

lO

a strap on bars.
• by putting a fare card into a fare

machine.

Some Limes, the driver,

conductor or machine
gives a receipt. Soon. someone got off the bus, so a seat was empty. Jenny sat down and read a book while she rode lhe bus.

Near her stop, she pressed a
button ...

...to ring the "Stop" signal.

She walked to the exit •..

. ..and got off at her stop.

21

SIMPLE PAST
,
l

Driving' a Car 1

Key Vocabulary
---

VERBS
adJust ' out of buckle look , put [put] Into sit [sat) start'

hack

Kate

start out,

and her frtends sat in the passenger scars.

sat tn the driver's seat

Kate adjusted her scat and the rear-view minor.

tum

'NOUNS
car dnver - 'driveway, firi~nd ignition

key

passenger seal
belL

-

rear-view mirror seat

She buckled her seat belt.

Kate put the key into the Ignition, ...

shoulder

-

-

For Special Attention
• yo_~adiust something by _movmg- it ()~ c-l1angjng it ull[ilit is right • A dri,vew.y leads from , the road to a building or a , parking lot ,• The slot- for a ear's key is called 'the j:gnition._lnolher "starting to burn," e.g., "The spark caused the ignition of thegas,"

... turned the key ...

.

...and started the car .

cases, "ignition."

means ,

She looked over her shoulder ....

...and backed out of [he driveway.

22

Driving a Car 2

Key Vocabulary

ShiHing Gears
Pe.dals:
cl brake

as
speed up

accelerator

gearshIft

neutral

s (pu.tlpn v down UN$

srep.

.

$t6p tak:e [took] off . turn . rum on

/ Y'l
~~
~ I ,

It

...shifted Into gear, ...

...and took her Iocr off the clutch.

steering , . wheel

Speeding Up I Slowing Down

[urn signal
windshield

wiper

;(/,3
._,
...

~

~'

' ... ...
"
I

I

:

f

T()

go raster, Kate pressed the accelerator.

As the car speeded
up,...

R ...she shifted into a higher gear.

, ~

eCTIVES

For Special Attention
speed up =go taster

To low down, Kate let up on the accelerator. ..

a tower gear.

...and shifted

into

The car sLowed down.

w down

• \nother way.of saying: ?!,,&SS theaccelel:8lor. is I'sti!p n [he gas." . • let up on the accelerator ' :neans "put less pressure on" it. ifting gears is changing

= go slower

Stopping

Turning

When it got dark,

she turned on [he light .
When it rained,

from one to another.
• • first. 2 - second
., =

-Gears:

third

fouJ:'tlt R= reverse 8etweengeats Is neutral.
~=

Kale stepped
on the brake.

her tum

Kate pur

signal on ...

...and turned the steering wheel.

she turned on the wtndshieid '
wipers.

I??:

23

SIMPLE PAST

Driving a Car 3

Key Vocabulary
VERBS change
check enter
exit drive [drove]

pass pay lpaidl pull into
pun over

get (got] on get [got) off get [go ] out
glve [gave]

0:1'

go [went] go [went] over lock
park

pull up pump stop tell [wid] turn
turn' off

(\( an tntersectton for a red light.

Kale stopped

When the llglu turned green, she went ahead.

want yield
speed-limit sign

NOUNS

car

attendant

driver end

oil police
pump

Iight : officer

friend gas gas station intersection kind lane

freeway

righ.t of way road side 19n peed limit ticket trafric light trip
peeding

Once, she went over the sp 'cd
limit.

A police officer stopped her and gave her a ticket.

OTHERS
ahead (adj.)
green (adj.) left (adv.) once (adv.) red (adj.) .right (adv.) straight (adv.)

t the end of her trip, she parked ...

...and turned the tar off.

For Special Attention
• turn red

become red • When speaking of cars. buses. etc.
0:

pull fn » drive in

pull up = drlve forward
pull over
=

Uie road and Stop • To go over a limit is togo faster or farther than you should,

drive to.the side of

Kate and her f'riends got out of the car ...

...and Kate locked It.

24

Some Things Drivers 00

Changing lanes

Turning left

TurnIng right

Going straight

Getting on (entering) a freeway

Getting off (exiting) a freeway

),leldlng right of way

Passing someone

Pullins over the road

to

the side or

Stopping for Gas
~s,
pump

ma'am)

'ate pulled into a gas ration. ..

...and pulled up to a pump.

She told the attendant what kind of gas she wanted and how much,

~reyou

...
go.)

He pumped the gas for her ...

...and checked

the nil.

Then she paid him.

26

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
announce arrive buy [bougfit] wait
walk

fcillow get [gor] off get [got] on

Tom bought a Licker from the- ticket machine.

Other passengers bought tickets at the ti ker windm ..'.

have rbad] to Insert

Qpen

stand [stood]

take [took] (a train)

NOUNS
gate,

passenger
platform

machtne

turnstile
wlndow

Tom inserted his ticket into the slot in the turnstile,

The gate opened and Tom walked through.

sign

slot station tIcket track, , train

j
SOY1H
NIiW"'I~~~

i
(GAtE 1 ) WISY811'IG "'ORIlI ..

+

(GoAUJ.)

ADJECTIVES
crowded He followed

PO,NI:"Sleil.

the signs to his, gate.

other

He waited on the ptatforin next to the track.

For Special Attention
..The train was crowded. There were very many people iii a small place. • When a: girta with -a turnstile opens, the nrmsnte 'rotates (turns). ·If he had to stend. he could not find a placeto sit. • His station was-announCed. This .me ails 'someone -announced hls station,
• Other passengers are

Afcer his train arrived, he got on.

The train was crowded sa he had
LO

stand,

.,

jMSI

~ NEVVVillE STATION ~

passengers who are nol Tom.

His station was announced ...

...and he got off the train.

\,--,

r

26

Key Vocabulary
BS
• ~ ~or] into e [gave] went]
_ ;Paid]"
- 1.

[took) (a taxi) e., ~told] :mt

Pam hailed a taxi.

She got 1Mn the back seal ...

'NS
seat
_:ectiOnS' _'-;.er

...arid told the driver where she wanted (Q go.

He, started the meter.

ER
~. times (adv,erbiaI)
Hmm. Four-fi!ly. Tha'l's aboulrighl.

o

For Special Attention
-----

°0

~ ell someone how to' get mewhere how to do methi~g. • .nen y,o_l! ive someone a g

• • n give d'lrectJo,ns

means

or

She checked the meter a. few times.

Duringthe ride, she gave the driver directions.

"Wave fora taxi." , "'W~vedown a taxi.'i "Flag, down ataxt," • axil; that pass by go ,past someon~.wlth()ut stOi?~~g._ To ch,ec~kthe meter is 'to oot<qw.ck1y at it tosee
are;

• you glye them someextra :noney to thank them for ~d serrvke., her ways to say han a taxi

,It)f' I~ ~f/J:
i.\,
She told him where to

stop.

She paid the fare and gave him
a rip.

'\\'hat

it says.

27

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS cross
pass step
l'Un[ran]

wait
,,,,,all;.

use

step trip

take [took)

Dan walked on the sidewalk.

~omc:timt!s he stepped over din or puddles.

NOUNS cra'ck - 'crosswalk curb
cUrr COTIlcr

overpass

shortcut sidewalk
street traffic

parkiltg let pedestrian puddle , Once, he nipped on a crack
the sidewalk,
ill

At acorner, stopped at lhe curb and 'waited for traffic to pass.

OT.HERS
busy. (adU-late ,(adJ.)

once (ad v.) somenmestadv,

)

For Special Attention
: - A sidewalk is a. paved

Then he crossed the sereer hy walking in (he crosswalk.

OIlC~

he took a shortcut across a parking lot.

(concrete) place for walklng._' ' ..traffiC ;" the group of cars, trucks, buses, 'bikes. etc., em a street. '
.. WIlen 'you take 3i snortcut, you use a shorter \,yay than, theusual way. ' -a pedestrian"" someone

wh,o-is walking.

• An ollerp,ass is a bridge for passing over the street.

Wh.en he could, he was lare,

lie

ran l")~Lau~~

lie crossed a busy street by using a pedestrian overpass,

28

,mtpLEPAST

Key Vocabulary
RSS
up

helmet


• .![

al [put]' on .... [rode] e

'ft

.

I PUl on my helmer.

[ held the handlebars ...

ing (s~~ngl, OUNS.

...and swung my leg over the bike.
aJ

I s arted pedaling and the bike
moved.

"':!.ck

·ft.lever , .
To g

THERS·...::tally (adv.) er (adj.) ?hill (adv,J

uphill...

...1 shifted tnt

a lower gear.

T slow down,

r squeezed

the brake .

for Special Attention
• A helmeNs 3. very hard hat .h l prorects your head . ..The parts of a bike where your fee~ go are the peda,ls. You pedaJ the: bike by pushing-pn the pedals . • ¥hen squeeze somethtrrg, you griR·it tightly. 'hen you shift gears, you change from one to another.

bike reck

you

finally, r got off my bike ...

... and locked it up in a bike rack.

29

SIMPLE

PAST:

.
p
,,,..

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
change check , Choose [chose] get' fgQt} back get [got] :off get (got] on ' go (went] pick up , "valk

To an Apa,rtment

Dan got had:: to his building.

He checked his mailbox and rook

hang [hungJ up open '
press

out his mail.

set (set] down take (a vehicle,) take [took] off

return

cake [tooklou;
'

~'

,turn

watt

unlock

NOUNS
answering machine --building'

Then he took an
elevator up to his floor.

He walked down the hanto his apartment.

He opened his door and went inside.

apartment bag

- house '

haJl key

front door

button coat
door

"maU-

living room mMlbox

Taking an Elevator

cloth:es doorknob elevator .flaor trout closet

, message

, raiUng
shoe slot step work

OTHERS
casual (adj.) Inside radv.') 11.-orne Cad v;) -

Pressing tile "up" button

Wailing for theelevator

;1::)1
,.ClIO

I,

For Special Attention
• get back

'CJ

9 08CJ7

6

-= return
'
Getting on the elevator (hoQsln,g a floor

• You take an elevator just as you fake a, bus; you use,it
,to

,get somewhere,

Gett!ng off the elevator

30

Most gf the: verbs in (oAtHome in the Bvenlng" are iI) the simple past tense. • See page 21 for some time expressions that go With past tense verbs. ' • ,Notice that some of the verbs are in their "-lng" form acting as: .:..: ouns (for example "pressing", «waiting", etc., In "Faking an Elevator~') or n .;..., adjectives (forexample, "answering" tn "answering machine").

-0

a House

zot back to my house.

to

I walked up the steps my from door.

unlocked key ...
J

u with my house

J

... and then opened the door y turning the doorknob.

I set my bag down.

I hung my coat up In the front closet ...

... and look off my shoes.
: You have

I picked up my mail.

Then I went into the living room ...

.-._-. __

._-'.'-\

: three messages.
,

.-- __ ;-_~-.............. .. -... r •

1

1

,

Then 1 changed clothes.

"

J

... and checked for messages on the answering machine (see p. 72).

I took off my work clothes ...

...and changed lute some casual clothes (see p, 12).

31

SIMPLBPAST

Making Dinner 1

Key Vocabulary
. VERBS
drain grate lay {laidl.' make (made]

uce

pour

mix

nnse .
run [ran)

sUce · sprlnkle

(water over)

Paul rinsed some lettuce by running water over il...

... a nd drained It in a colander.

NOUNS
· bqwl colander cucumber ,cutting b0arc1 dr.essing grater

cheese

knife lettuce
slice

soclad .

tomato. water He also rtnsed some tomatoes and cucumbers ... ... and sliced them v.. ith a knife on a cutting board.

· OTHER
On top (adverbial)

For Special Attention
• on top means "on the top of" .something' that we already

"on top of the bus." • PaUl rinsed ..•. lettuce.

For exaiD,ple, fn ,iii saw a bus with a sign on 'top" it means You ca:n also

know about.

He mixed the lettuce and the cucumber in a salad bowl.;

... and laid (he tomato slices on top,

washed' orne leuuce," • You drain so~ething by letrtng water go off it or out of.it. • ~rated Cheese has been cur orshaved Into very small pieces 'r'1th a:gmer~ • \,\'l'ien you ·sprinkle something

say "Paul

somewhere, you .spread'

smallamounts a liql,lid' solid over a wide area.

of

or

cheese on the salad.

Then he sprinkled orne grated

He poured some dressing on his salad.

32

SIMPLE PAST

Making Dinner 2

Key Vocabulary
VERBS.
hail chop up Jght (lit] ;>eel_

prepare lice steam ..

nnse

:hrow [threw] away

Kate peeled some carrots,

.... nd sliced them. a

NOUN$
~umet carrot
:loret.
Ild

asket roccoll

saucepan
steam. steamer ..ater
a1k

She also chopped up some broccoli.

She threw the stalk .away ...

-egetable

-

OTHERS, :nside (adv.)
:x>iUnij (a:dj.,)

p

She put some water

For Special Attention
you put i.t above-but not I.nboiling water. The steam. rises and cocks the food. • When-you slice something, you cut It taro thin, flat and .ge'ntlie cutting motion. When you ch.op sQmething, you-cut it into plface:schat are-not flat and thin. You cut forcefully.

in a saucepan ....

... and put a steamer basket inside.

Then she put the vegetables in the basket.

• When you steam scmethtng,

pieces. You use a smooth

She put a lid on the saucepan and lit tile burner under 1[,

The water boiled and steamed the vegetables.

33

SlMPLEPAST

Making Dinner 3

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
add boil drain fry heat
<li.ce Kate diced an onion ... ... and fried it witb sam!;!

)a<Ue

ground beef in a frytng

ran.

pIn [put] simmer

poUr off
sta~

let [let]

slit

t\11."n down
'turn oft',

NOUNS butter
beef burner
As [he beef-and-onion frl d, she. lin-ed it. mixture

When the meat was brown, she turned off the burner.

colander fat .frying pan gro1:1Ucl beef

can

spatule

2 cans

heatladle
meat

liquid
mixture
onion She poured (he far off into a can.

She heated two cans of tomato
sauce in a saucepan.

pan (;l~ piece

plate

auce

For Special Attention
, ,

saucepan selrd spaghetti spatula

spice
sugar

• Ground beef is meat from a cow. It bas been ground into small pieces. • Fat is an oily part, of 'meat, It becomes a llquid.when the meat

• A liquld;shrtmers when Iec60ks lowly and gently. .If spaghetti is tettderj'it is soft '

water

tomato sauce

cooks:

'

brown' melted , tender

ADJECTIVES another

• To separate a liquid from a solid You can: pour off the. liquid or drain the solid., • Spaghetti is a klnd of hoodle. ', • _orne spices often used in spaghetti sauce are oregano and bastl, They add taste to the sauce.

enough to eat. ' , • Possible ways to use fry and boll: ' - Ka.te fried the meat.

- The meat fried. . ' - Kale boiled the water. - The water b@Hed. ' - The noodles boiled in the water. • You ladle sauce onto spaghetti when you LI.'iC a ladle to pour it on.

34

She added the mixture of beef

and onions ...

...and surrcc it into the auce with some spices.

When it started to boil. ..

...she turned down the heat and let the sauce simmer.

In another pan, she boiled some water.

She put some spaghetti into the boiling water ...

...and boiled it until it was tender.

In a colander, she drained the spaghetti.

After putting the spaghetti on a plate, be ladled some sauce over it.

liquids and Solids
Some liquids Some solids

[(
III
waler
melted butter
tomato sauce pan

spaghetti

onion

a piece 01 butter

I . .
sugar

35

SmtPLEPAST

Making Dinner 4

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
boll check cook dedde eat (ate) get (got) ad of

(f

Paul measured out one
cup of rtce ...

heat measure out pour off rinse start NOUNS
cup

...and poured it into a pOL

To rinse the rice, he put some water in the POl.

pour-

turn down

dir.t

\
He poured off the water to get rid of the dirt and husks. Then he measured out two cups of clean water and poured It into the pot.

flame

lid mlnute: pot water

husk

fke

ADJECTIVES dean ready

He put a lid on [he pot...

,..and heated the water.

For Special Attention
Let's see if this
Is ready.

When it started botling, he turned down the flame.

• YO,umeasur:e.out an exact amount' of something. • A husk is the skin around a grain of rice,
hu.. ~9

.. 1n

t
After about 15 minutes, he, checked

• 1M done = be fll:l.iSnetl.
cooked.

Pood that Is done-Is fully

me rice.

He decided

tt was ready to eat.

36

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
eat Iate] have {had] help oneself pass put: fJlut] et {set) [a table] sit [sat] down talk

Paul and Kate Set the Table

~"P~'b""

... Y ,,~
napkin fork

Qi@~f~
plale knife

go•.

NOUNS dinner food
coffee cup dessert fork glass helping knife lap

Everyone at down at the table.

They put their napklns on their laps.
Pass the salad. please.

napkin plate salad salad bowl saucer serving dish spaghetti

main course

spoon
table

Paul helped him

... and passed the serving dish
Kate.
So. where did you go today?

LO

For Special Attention
• belp yourself

= take something for your elf

amount you take to eat. • 'Your lap is the upper part of your legs when you are sittihg down,

• In a meal, a helping rs an

Then they helped themselves

to the food.

As they ate, hey talked.

Paul had a recond helping of spaghetti.

After the main course, they had some dessert.

37

SDVIPLB PAST

Key Vocabulary
. VEfiBS
carry
clear. ·dffer

After everyone was done, Paul and Kate offered to clear the table .

Yeah Theresl·of .• you ~ '" and ratax,

~ ~

...)

put [put] into

throw (threw) wive· off

scrapestack up. take Ttoo1d off

____________... ~ t) €)
They stacked up the dirty dishes, ... .. .and carried them to the kitchen.

NeUNS
c-ontainer

crump
dIsh

garbage
kitchen

plate

leftovers refrigerator

leftovers

refrigerator

serving dish

scrap _

table

. ADJECTIVES·
dirtY done
container

They took the serving dishes off the table ...

... and put the leftovers into contatners ....

... Which they put into the refrigerator.

For Special Attention
scraps

- 'ood

you offer to do semerhtng, Y9U say you'll do it even though no one asked you to. • Leftovers are amounts of to keep -after a dinner.
• If • Crumbs (small.pleces of bread) aq.d scraps are pieces

crumbs

of food tothrow away after a dinner, another,

• Youslsl:kthings up by putting them on top of one • You are dOn~eating when you have finished your meal.

They scraped the scraps from the plates lnto the garbage.

ThQIi {hey \ iped [he table off ...

... and threw the scraps

and crumbs from the table into the garbage.

38

SIMPLE: PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERB&
do [did] dishes drip dry fill'
,

,

go {went] aOym
pull .,' _ :_ pu; [jp~~] away

rinse scr,ub
wasb

Paul put the plug into the drain in the sink,

Then he filled tile sink

v vim water.

He put some dish soap

into the water.

NQUt4S,
cupboatd di~h'dishcloth dislt-rack dish'to~el drain

plug

stl'Ubbfng pad siI\}(. -, -

lie vvashed the dirty dishes. dIsh rack

dirly dishes.

He scrubbed some very

Then he rinsed the dishes.

soap

towel

for Special Attention
• D,lshsoap 'is- al~o-cal1ecl

He put the wet dishes

in uie dlsh rack ....

...where the water dripped orf them.

Then he pulled the plug
from the sink ...

"detergent.'"

'

,

• yowsc_tl;lb_,SOll.1etblng by hIbbing very-hard -and- fqr--a l~ongi:ime-as you wash it. ' • Watet,tha~ goes down lb,@ m,e.Qll '''wastes'! or-"gon~:" , ;"Andy 'hi

qra!n is go,n,e; For that reason, ~down ~he dr~inl" is used [:0 ' - .felt U1<ieaU- his hw:dwork" '
went down tbe_dr-ain." ..'

lost s' pap~.lIe,;

... and the din)' water
v..el1t down the drai n. '

He dried the dishes with a iowel..

away.

....and then put the dishes

39

SIMPLE PAST

Relaxing at Home 1

Key Vocabulary
V.ERBS
choose [cho e] eject hold [he{d] ltsten to
Load open go [wentJ_

J:epeat stop
skIp

pick up play punch in put [put] back

I chose a CD from the shelf.

Holding

the disc at the

... 1took it our of the case.

edge ....

.

use

take [took] out

want NOUNS button Then I loaded the ddsc she1f tray
into the tray. I picked up the remote.; ...and punched in the number of the [rack 1 wanted to ltsten to.

CO

case disc

track

edge

musIcnumber player remote

OTHERS
back tadv.) early (adi.) finally (adv.)
forward (adv.) n xr (adj.}

1 listened to the music.

For Special Attention
• A remote iii alsocalled a "remote. control.' • Each ()ng or piece on a CD IS a track. Each track has a
number~ , • Topuncn In the numbers.

you press buttons with your ftnger,

Pimllly,

r ejected

the C. .

40

SIMPLE PAST

Relaxing at Home 2

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
adjust eject

Cl!Ssette (tape)

earphones

fast-forward

take [took] out turn down

listen

make {made]

tyro up use

open pause
play plug

into the player.

I put a cassette (a tape)

I plugged the earphones into the jack ...

..and put them on.

put [put] on rewind [rewound] start stop

put [put] in

NOUNS case cassette
button

plug

earphonels) jack music part personal

volume

tape

Then I started the tape.

1adjusted the volumeturned it up to make the music louder ...

•.•and turned it down to make the music softer.

player

'

OTHERS
back (adv.)

early (adj.) late (adj.) loud' (adj.) personal (allj.) ~oft(adj.)

for a short time (adverbial)
When J was

forward

(adv.)

I took the tape out ...

done listening.

For Special Attention
• One popular kind of
per$OnaJ cassette player is the Sony \lValkma.i:t. •When you speak of music, the opposite of loud is soft. 'Th~volumeOraSQund Is its Ioudness. A ,soundfhat has high volume is very loud.

...and put it back in the

case.

41

SIMPLE

PAST

Relaxing at Home 3

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
dose
find [found]
finl h

Reading a Book
chapter numbt;!r

Some Parts of a Book

open

fUp through know [knew) look at look up

pickup read [read]

see [saw}
tUl'n

NOUNS
article author bool<:

Pam opened the book lO h 'I' bookmark.

She turned the pages as she read.
Texa,\Sj

ad

page part table of contents word
titJe picture
'BoguS?" What does Iflat mean?

u_, 18 blJd<~. ,S "","pol, 2'

So

bookrnark
caption:

'

cbapter cover

issue magazine

diCtionary index

number

, AE?JECTIVES interesting
larust

When she saw a word she didn't know...

... she looked it up in a dicrionary.

When she finished reading, she closed the book.

Reading a Magazine

For Special Attention
• if you flip through something,

you turn. its pages or parts quickly. • An interesting Lhing is 'one

Pam picked up the latest issue of Everyone

you want to. see, hear, read, do, etc. ' • "A~~ is a short form of'
advernscmcnt ." • To look up a word, you find it in a dictionary and read
t.

magaztne.

She looked the i:tLb.

al

some of

Then she flIpp 'ct through

lhe magc:dn~ ...

its rneantng .

• If a.magaslne comes out . every month, ead1 month there is. a new IS.sue of it the Janltriry issue, February

... until she found an interesting arttclc,

She read the article ...

... and looked at the pictures,

Issue, March iSsue. etc.

42

SIMPLE PAST

Relaxing at Home 4

...
Key Vocabulary
VERBS· change
end

hear

go lwent] to [heard] pick up turn off

turn on

Tom picked up the

want watch

use

turn up

remote for the TV...

...and turned the TV on.

~t'S

boring.)

NOUNS
channel commeecial game show kitchen

news

remote

snack

television
TV

Tom didn't warn to

watch

n...

...so he used the remote,..

...W

change

.hannels,

volume
OTHER

better (adv.) [comparative

of "'weil"]

For Special Attention
• TVis a short way of saying "televiston, " '. Tom says a show is bo.ring .. 'That means it is not

so he could hear better,

He turned up the volume

During a cornmerctat.,

... he went to the kitch n for a snack,

interesting.

• A commefcial is advertising on TV or radio. • The news is a report about

what has happened. It end.:

always has an "s"at the

• TVs have channels while radios have stations.

• A remo.ti::!Is also called a remote control.

He watched the news, .., ... and wh -n it cndcd...,

...he turned the TV off.

43

SIMPLE PAST

Relaxing at Home 5

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
eject leave (left] load

pause rent

rewind [rewound]
start
SLOP

return

Jenny rented a ideo
from a video store.

At home, she took the tape out of the case.

switched

With the remote, she to ch video s tting ...

switch

take [took] out turn on watch

'NOUNS Case end
home

-settlng
store

remote

on.

... and turned the VCR

She loaded the video Into it ...

... and started the tape,

VCR

(ape

video

OTHERS for a minute (adverbial)
laterIadv.):

For Special Attention
• When you rent somethlng, you pay money to use it- for a short time. After you use it. you return it to the store . • "Video" and ' tape" are shon: ways of saying "videctape,' • A VCR,is what people usually call a Video Cassette Recorder. ,.Wnen you pauae a tape, you stop it. but a picture stays fin the'TV.Tbepicture does not move. To see something again, they rewound the rape,

jenny paused it when Tom left for a minute.

At the end of (he video, she stopped the tape, ...

... rewound and etecredtt.

Later, she returned it (0 the store.

44

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
babysit Cbab~sat] Change draw [dr-ew] ~mp off

Tom babysat hi' cou ins-took

are of them while their parents were gone.

playground

pickup,

play . put [put) to bed

. t~ad [read] take Hook) take [took} a bath take [tooIq care of

put [putl together

watch
aunt baby block

Tom's aunt and unde dropped the children off at Tom's house.

Tom took them to a playground.

NOUNS
picture (a) piece (of) sandbox

cartoon cousin

child [Children)

playground puzzle

crayon
crib diaper bouse

slide TV

swing uncle

to~

Back at Tom's house, they played with blocks...,

... drew pictures with crayons ...

... and put a puzz!e together.

parent

crib

OTHERS
ether. (adj.)
later (adv.)
back (adv.)

For Special Attention
• "Kids" is an informal word
for children.

diaper

Tom changed the baby's diaper ...

and put him in the crib.

(0

bed

The other children took a bath.
COme on kJds. TIme

• Tom's aunt is his father's sister. Hls uncle is married to her. His cousins are the children of bts aunt and
uncle.

10 go. Thanks, Tom.

• Your parent. are your mother and father. • A crayon Is made.of wax.
• A cartoon has drawings Of people or animals, not real people or animals.

Tom read

merna story ...

a cartoon on TV,

...and they watched

Later. their parents picked the children up.

48

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
brush - turn off change turn on fall [fell]asteep use 'get [gor] tneo wash go [went] yawu_ hang [hungJ up lie [lay] down pull back , put [put] in put [put] on read [read] , say [said]goodnl.ght

When it got late ...

...Jenny yawned.

• he said goodnight to her parents.

set Ls~tJ
NOUNS

alarm clock clothes covers
face lamp beel closet

, light

nightstand parents

nightgown

room
stairs toilet

laundry basket bedside (adj.) dirtY (;idJ:)\ '
late (ad],

tooth Iteeth]

went upstairs

to

her room ...

...and changed into her nlghtg wn.

-OTHERS

finally (adv.) for a wliile (adverbial)
u1?stairS (adv.)

For Special Attention
• When she set net alarm dock, she turned the alarm to the time for it to ring In ttle

She hung some of her clothes up in the '1 set. ..

... and put her dirt)' clothes in the laumJry basket.

morning.

• The covers are a l pshcet, blanker. bedspread, and anything else that someone sleeps under.
• A nlghtstand is also called

a bedside table.

• .A b,edsida lamp is next to
a bed.

She brushed her tceth,...

...washed her face, ...

...and used the toilet.

46

After tu?'nlng on her bedside lamp, ...

... she turned off the room llght,

She pulled back the covers ...

n ...and got into bed . She set her alarm clock ...

.,.and put H on her nlghtstand.

She read in bed for a while.

Finally. she turned off the lamp, ...

...Iay down ...

.,..and fell asleep .

47

SIlVJPLE FUTUBE

Key Vocabulary VERBS
adjust be gO~tlg to . (auxiliary verb) 'check do laundry dry find foJd hangout

Later today, I'm going to do my laundry.

rinse separate
Sort

put into

carry

spin
take out tumble turn on wash \...ul, Ptl] I'll carry the laundry basket to the laundry room. I'll cake the laundry out of the basket ...

nang .o.p
heat

(auxillary verb)

iron
troniag board laundry load ... and (hen I'll sort it by separating dark colors from light. ['11check the pockets of the pants and shirts ...

NOUNS
basket

clothespin color

closet clothes clothesline

detergent

drawer
dryer iron

. room

.machine pants pocket
shIrt washtng

setting

_hanger

machine

OTHERS
dark (adj.)

dry (adj~) later Cadv.) light (!ldj.) _

other (adj.) today (adv,) wet (adj.) ...and take out anything I find in them.
Then [,U pur a load of laundry

into the washing machine.

For Special Attention
• A load of laundry is the

amount you do at one nme,

• launary ~ a bunch of clothes to be (or being) washed. • To Bort something is to divide it into- different groups. • A tlryer tombl" clothe by turning .them over and over many times.

I'll adjust the settings on the machine.

Then I'll put in some detergent ...

on.

... and turn the machine

48

I·~

Some of the verbs sections are in the in the simple past. Notice (he "tense" ~

in "Managing a Household" and the following simple present tense, others are and still others are In he future tense. label 00 top of each chapter number:

Ie

~

~

,---

-rr-a

=

Puture verbs ofteQ include ''lViil'' or "1m goin@ ltV'

no

".'

-

-

The machine will wash ....

...rinse ...

... and spin the laundry.

I'll take he wet clothes out of the machine.

clolhesfl~

::0-II \ ", cJo1hespin

<, \ / /

rll hang some of the laundry out to dry.

I'll put some other
laundry int

the dryer.

The dryer will dry it by heating and tumbling It.

Then I'll take it out of the machine.

I'll fold some of the dry laundry ...

... and put it into drawers.

I'll iron other things ...

closet

...and hang them up in the

49

SIMPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
bundle

In the Living Room

clean
dust

sweep

lie around mop pick up put into recycle

empty

take out

vacuum
wash
wipe

throw out Pam picks up things that are lying around. She dusts the furniture ...

NOUNS
bathroom bathlub bottle bucker

bag

.

b·room brush

can

sin};: toilet trash

newsJ?aper recycling. reirig.era tor

mop

vacuum

cleaner

vacuum

carpet

countertop dystpan
food furniture ho'W\e jar

floor

wastebasket woodwork In the Kitchen
refrigerator

cleaner

...and (he woodwork.

Then she vacuums the carpet.

Yecch! This
. cueumasrls

garbage

mushy,

mirror
big
ejnptY

Living room medicine cabinet

kitchen

ADJECTIVES
Dan cleans the refrlgeraror ... ...and throws
OUl

spoiled food.

Qld

spotled:

For Special Attention
• Wh~ you dust furniture. you'remove dust from it. Dust ts a ~ery light kind of dJrt chat q1ak.es a ~hin layer on 'Furniture.

Pam wipes the countertops ...

... and sweeps the floor.

50

In the Bathroom

Dan scrubs lh~ toilet with a toilet brush.i.,

... cleans the sink ...

...and scrubs the bathtub.

d.~

He washes the mirror on the medicine cabinet.

Then he sweeps the noor ...

.. .and mops it.

Taking Out the Trash Jar
bottle can

They bundle old newspapers ...

... and put empty bottles, cans and Jars into bags.

They set them out for recycling.

Then they empty wastebaskets ...

...and the kitchen garbage into a big garbage bag ...

...and take it out

[0

the garbage can,

51

S.IMPLE PAST

Ta ki n,9 Caire of Pets 1

Key Vocabulary
VERBS'
-move

feet!' [fed) open:
To feed his cat, Tom opened acan of eat food.;
,

deari

pet' . pIa'y, ~'. p~)'un(e
P,.u.p'"',

..... and put it in the car's dish.

put '[put] :iii ..
,

rub'"

, tak,e' [io,o~]
box can'
q,J, diSli leg,

~areci,f

litter

food litter (a) pie.~e (of)

lie put some fresh water in the water rush.

He also cleaned the litter box.

stri'ng
water
fresh

,

J Good

Kilty. )

'

For Special Attention '
---

He petted the cat ...

.... nd she purred and rubbed a against his leg.

-,A litter box is wherea

"goes to the bathroom." • "When a cat peunees, it jumps quickly on something . • Most people call their own cats "he" or "she," not ¥it." • Tb~ noise a cat usuall)T , makes is called "meQ\... iDg.~ When a cat is calm and H\a:ppy., it ~pUITS." "''hen a tat ftghting, it mi.gh£
"hi'S5!' .'

cat

is

moving a piece of srri,og ....

He played with the cat. by

,..which the cat pounced on,

62

SJMPLEPAST

Taking Care of Pets .2

Key Vocabulary VERBS
bark ~ c~11
dip , , come [came] [etCA - " - , flU "

Hare, !Blaclcla.1

Come on, boy. '

I called my dog. ,

After he came, I petted him.

pet put

rake [i:'oa;kl care of
take [took] throw, [threw]
wag-

lputl ,in

Swoonwoofl )

,

NOqNS collardish_

He wagged his tall ....

.•.and barked.

dog ,
food Ieash:
StjCk,

tail ' walk "

water
later " I put some dog. food in his dish .... ...and filled his water dish.

For Special Attention
• A dog's "co!I.,. goes ato up, d. his neclo; ,
• A dog fetches s()metl1~ng by
collar

picking 'It,up in his,md~dj and, ~aldng it back tc'the person'who.threw if,:

cottar ...

Later, I dipped a leash

[0

his

....and took him out for a walk.

dogs "h~" or "she,Jl:not "it.", • A dog wags hls tail by , moving ,it back and forth, • Usually a dog's noise is called. If: ~ 9;og is hort, it ,.1 yelps " (sudde:ri)y) or

• ""Iost- eople call their own p

C<it ~ stl.ck

bar¥tn_g~

"whlnes".(for a longer ttme), A dog might also'··'ht)wl.n:

After his walk. I threw a stick
tor him ...

... and he

fetched i.t.

53

8IMPLEPAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS·
fill trim mow water pull push put [put) on rake up

reaCh

spread [spread]

Pam filled her lawn tank •...

mower's gas

... then starred the mower by pulling the cord.

start . take [rook] care of

NOUNS
dippers
mower rake dippings compost

cord

f)ii'e.

cozaie

gas grass
hose

seecl

lawn

spot tank

She mowed the lawn by pushing the mower ba -k and forth.

Where the mower couldn't reach. she trimmed the grass by hand.

OTHERS
back

bare (adj.) . by hand (adverbial)

and forth

(adverbial)

For Special Attention
• mow the lawn ;; cut the grass
• Notice by hand: no "a," no ."the," no "her." • A compost pile contains old leaves, grass, twigS~ etc. • "Clip" as in clippers and
clippings

She raked up the grass clippings...

...ami put them on a compost pile.

,..

means "cut."

• Grass seed grows to become grass. • To wate, the lawn IS to put water on it. This Is also calied"spriokJing" the lawn. • A,lawn is an area of land, ' near a bouse, where grass g~:'Ows.

'he spread some grass seed on bare SpOlS ..•

... and then watered the lawn.

54

SIMPLE FUTURE

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
check

Planting a Garden

cover pick plant
prune put on

pray

NOUNS
fertilizer

Tom will tum the soil with a spade. plant seed eedltng shears sp~de stake He'll plant some seedlings ...

Hc'H plant some seeds.;

... and cover {hem with
a mound of soil.

flower .. garden gardening hose ' house, insect leaf (leaves]
mound, insectic:i de

:solf

s8'&dling

nozzle '
OTHERS" extra (adj.) harrnful (a,cJJ.) small (adj.~ " "
finally (adv.)

...and tie them to small stakes.

Then he'U .. ater the v garden.

Taking Care ota Garden

For Special Attention
• A seecll,"g is a verY young plant. The ones you plant in
Tom wUl weed the garden,

your gat;de'n started growing somewhere else tlrst. -

Hc'U prune extra leaves from some plants.

He'll check for harmful trisects ...

• You ~e~d a,garden by pulling out the weeds-unwantedplants. - '" .
• Harmful, insects

are those ' that are bad for plants. • Fertmz~r adds useful chemicals to soil.
• To check

ito looka,tsome:th~l1g for a short-ttme tcyiflg to -ad the insects,

for·harmful Insects

,

...and spray insccuctde on some plants.

He'll put some fertilizer on the soil.

Finally, he'll pick some flowers for the house.

55

SIMPLE PBESENT

Key Vocabulary

Inside

VERBS
buff clean

djp

dry

rinse spray.

vacuum wipe off

spread

I wash the windows inside, ...

...wipe. off me dashboard ...

... and vacuum the floor.

wash

NOUNS
, bucket car

Outside rag
sponge water

.

cloth

dashboard floor,

wax

Window

OTHERS
dried (adj,) finally (adv.) inside (adv.) outside (adv.) soft (adj.) I dip a sponge. into

soapy water ...

... and wash the car With It.

To rinse the car.

I spray it wrth warer.

soapy (adj,)

-dried wax

For Special Attention
• A rag Is kind of doth used for cleaning. Many rags come from old clothing. A sponge has a tor of boles in it Itholds to a small size. • You buff something by moving 3_ cloth quickly back and fotth.

a

I dry it with some rags.

Then I spread some wax on he ar.

After it has dried ....

water and can be squeezed

• You spray
water,

widely-spread

car with a

stream of ... I wipe th ewax off. .. .... nd buff the car a Wilh a soh cloth.
Flnally, I wash the

• Wax makes a car shlnc.. • You rinse a car to rcrnove

soapy water.

windows outside.

56

SIMPLE .PAS'l

Key Vocabulary
VE.R'BS"·.
ask for·· . call .. rome [bimel back

I
i

My car is making , a strange ,110Ise. , When can you look alit?

diagnose·
1.x

give £gaxeJ

ec [got1·

I called for an appointment to get my car fixed.

I took my car in to the garage ...

pi.fi up take [cook)"

-ake [took] :l.n
c •

work (on) ..

Yep. Sounds II,k,98 valve problem.
---

NOUN;S-·
appointment bill

--. ,

.

garag¢. repair.

car

DleCh<).oit

cost

problem "
... and the mechanlcdiagnosed the problem.

r asked

him for an estimate of

lhe cost.

later

eng'lne

For Special Attention
correct. pr'oblems.: • When y:ou~ sOlnelrung: get
that
• for 'repaJrs· :;

for aettons :.
He worked on the! engine,
\lVht!I.'

someone else to fix It .. You don·'t fix it ¥ourself. • To dlagno\S8 a problem is [0 (jgureout what iU.s by nOfl!2-jng, what it has cao.s~dr • An ,e~.tJ~a;te a guess aboue is an amount (of j;r1,on~YI rlme,
etc.). • To' eeU for an 8ppolntn;~t

flxec;l,:you arrange for

I came back rarer to pick up the car ....

A do'¢tor dia.g.no_ses illnesses.

to telephonesom,eone aird set
upa time when you can inetit say

.is· ~
....he gave me the bil] for the repair.

• "Ouch'.' Js something pe,ople

when

they've been hurt .:

57

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
change jak up lower pU~ [put] On take [took] take [to k] off tighten

My car had a flat lire, so I had to change it.

I took. off the flat lire ...

hubcap lug nut lug wrench
nUL

NOUNS car ground

lire trunk whee]

trunk

OTHERS
by hand (adverbial) finally (adv.) flat (adj.)

... and look the spare tire out of
the trunk.

I put the spare on the wheel, ...

spare (adj.)·

For Special Attention
o

... ti~hlened the lug nut b) hand....

...Iowcred the car to {he Around ....

A spare thing i!-i extrasomething you don't usually need, • You can Iac~ something up but you cannot "jack it down." Instead, you lOwer ie.
To the ground means to

o

the surface of the earth. • A nut goes all a boll. (See
p.61.)

... and tightened the nuts some more with a lug wrench,

l-inally, I put the hubcap on lhe wheel.

58

SlMPLEPAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
come [came] On deal [dealtjwith go [went] out light (lit] . reset [reset)
U"ip

find

[found]

urn on

NOUNS
box

During a thunderstorm ...

...our power \ven( out.

breaker '
an le circuit-breaker failure . ashUght!

o

lightning

power sister thunderstorm

ADVERB
back

[ turned

on a

flashlight ...

candle.

... and my Sister lie some

For Special Attention
• Here, power means 'electric power." .
• Circuit bteakers look like

flJ; .0
We found the box ... ir nit-breaker

'J

trippedturned off

switches. They trip-swiech off-if too much electric pqwer hits them.

... and round uie breakers that had tripped.

• Some houses have fuses instead of circuit breakers. • Breaker is a short form of
"circuit-breaker."
• in a thuhderstorm, tbere are

ON

ON

q::

work.ed. )

bright f1 ashes of lightalled lightning_ The sound dlat follows lightning is called "thunder." • T9deal with a power failure is to do the right things after·

OFF

one happens.

We reset (he breakers ...

...and the. power

ame back on.

2l'

59

SIMPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
, VERBS - cut
,-&lue, , join make

plane , sand
" work

triM

fiuirk,

measure'
nail' -.

NOUNS
edge scr-ew ha.ro:mer ' _'.screwdriver
pl,ace ,-' plane', , ,rulebO'ard'

you measure it ...

Before you cut a board

...and mark the places

LO CUt.

sawdust

nail_ ' pieee ' ,

shavln~ wood .
~.ahavrllgS \,...J
~ wood

Mer -,'
saw. , OTHERS

, _sandpaper

Then you cut it with. a saw.

To trim a piece of wood, you plane it.

SD.l00th (adj.) tG!:gether (adv.)

For Special Attention
• Aboerd I~ a \¥toe • .flat p!jiec~

QCwo,od .. ._ • You ~und a-nail wim~ati~mnie~.,

To make the edges smooth. you sand them.

To join fWD pieces of wood ..you can glue them together ....

• Some'things YOU,Can measure
-a board with:
i'Uler(rule)
-y,ardstick

-

T)1ts u8u'ally_' , 12 )nches h::mg., , , -36 iocuM

Is

hammer

-ThlsjS~lyar:d
( ];.' )']-

(mg.

'- -- "

tajle measu-re' T~scan-;measure,

longer dtstances, ,--

• T():joln

toge~er.'

thlags is to put them-

• You glue things. together with glue,: naJIthem together with:

nalls, :md'sc~
With screw~.

them together

... nail them together ....

60

SIMPLE PBESIlNT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS'
bolt

To 60lt Things Together

drill hold
join

loosen put Into lghten turn

You pur a bolt through

some holes ....
r ,

...put

a wa ner onto

the bolt..;

... and then tighten a nut by hand.

NOUNS
bolt drill head (a) paJi{ofJ ,
.'

pliers

hole nut

screwdrrver . srot

screw

wastier
wrench
"',

OTHERS· '
by hand:,(a9-veICl;JW) dockWise.(aav.) counter-dcckwtse (adv.) together (ady:) .

Then you hold the nut with a pair of pliers ...

... and tighten the bolt wlth a wren h.

To Join Things with Screws
drill

For Special Attention
• It's always pJlers-,v;.th an "s."
• Clockwise means ITin..Xhe 'same

You drill a hole for the screv .

You put a screwdriver inlO the slot On the head of the sere. .. . '

dlrectlon as th.e'hanas ofa

clock move", '
opposite
e•

• Counter"CIOckwise is

the
You tighten the screw by turning the screwdriver clockwise. To loosen the screw. you turn it

• You drill holes. with a. dl'm. wlthscre~8.

Yeu bolt bhihgs, together with bol~·and sCnllw_~em toge,thar

counter-clockwise.

61

SIMPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
buy feel

ched; _get-

choose
go throughlpok -fo" .: 'rom gets a shopping cart. Some people use a basket Instead

-pur-in

pidc"up, '.'

of a cart.

see _shop:

-smeUuse

tike' '

'try :wejgh

-NOUN,S' , -alsie
''bag' ba.sket:.'
,oi'arid,

~
: -'p~1.7.a;
sample

He checks his shopping list to see what I)e should buy.

In [he fresh produce section, he checks the fruit and vegetables by feeling ...

'case', '

canned goods prlce cart ' pr6duce, counter

,cheClttHlt.
che~se " , '~qld cU't ' . eOUOler dairy"
deli, ..

,_ shelf

' S,octlOO [sne[vesJ
speti_al
[oilet 'paper

scale

,,

veg,eta'ble
-;

_ food

knit

,'ll'ousehold , list

,groceries meat

goods

He puts some fruit in a plastic bag...

... and weighs the on a scale.

[roil

OTHERS
canned (adj.) cheap (adj.) fmally (adv.) ', free (adj.) 'fresh (adj.) : ,frozen (adJ.) ._ - r'ti ( elj) p:~,c'a.

For Special Attention
is' a.piiFt of 50methhi.g-' ~nere, it's ,part of a ~ore; '-" • Coldcut$_ are a1~e!\d:y·cOOkeq J1?Ci!ts that you eat cQ1d_ a, saridwich~ -: fu • Tom checkS his lisr-:-:-laoKs-quic.i\!y" at i~to see wnat it says. ,,"
• A secllo'n

- _,sm~nslt.ancHe.els
--,:see lUt's good,
a

".Tom, bbeeks

the. fhdt-lcioks

• Something that is

Tbis, lower pdce ts called a special.

to,.~:prace

than. ustX<ih

on '~~clal1s at

. _: -. " ..

'at it, it quft.klyt.o

62

e t he picks up some fresh meat at the meal counter.

Then. at the deli, he gets some cold CUlS •..

.•.and cheese.

He goes through the canned goods aisle.

HI.' checks the: prices on two brands of canned peas ...

... and chooses (he cheaper one.

A.."i he shops, he looks for specials,

He picks up some t uei paper in the household goods section ...

...and gees some milk in the dairy

section .

pizza ...

... and lakes orne frozen pizza from the trozen-food case.

Hnally, he goes to the checkout counter,

63

SIMPLE

PBJ!1SIlBT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
thecK come

The cashier rings up Tom's purchases ...

scan

count out give
pay

rerum ling up

record

pressprint put into

s'wipe take takeout tell write

sign

codes ...

...by scanning bar

...and pressing keys on the cash register.

She tells him [he total t pay.

NOUNS
approval bar code card ·ca.$ -change ch~·ck lteerise money payment purchase

key

Paying with Cash

S

Here's 530. )

cashier.

reader

checkbook code
copy
credit card driver'$.

scanner
slip total He takes some money out

receipt register

- .jdenti-fic-atiori/JD

license

waller

his watler.

of

... and give it to her'.

For Special Attention
• To ring something up means

price. • A machine scans a bar code .bY shilling light quIckly on it. -

to make a machine record its
She puts II into the register. .. ..,and takes out his change.

• The money I give the cashier is more than the total price. The tlifference is my change .. • A code is a set of symbols that bas a meaning. Usually, this meaning is clear only if you have special knowledge. code
A bar cOde uses dark bars as itS sYmbols. -An ·approval

823.50. 24,2.5 and 5 makesS30.

uses

numbers.

She counts it out to him ...

... and gives it to him with his receipt.

64

Paying by Check
TOMIOHNSON 12151'lEM DR.

FIRST SAVINGS .BANK

4731

\'-lEST MOSES,
53717

wr

TO THE ORDER OF

-'UPERY M4tT
DOLLARS
SIGNATURE
Sure. Here's my driver's Uoense.

TWENTY- 71-IReC NlDP/t.D
H(! writes out a check.

001743411
Can I see some I D ,plea se.?

After he signs the check, ..

...the cashier checks his driver's Iicenseas
identiftcatlon.

(Thank you. ~

£Thanks.BV6.

J

He records the check in his checkbook.

She returns his license and gives him a receipt.

1
.
.

·~..·~.fo,... ·.· . ..
;

-_...

'

Paying by Credit Card

He gives his card to the cashier.

She swipes the card througll the reader.

He signs the payment slip.

Then she: gives him a copy of {he

slip......

...lhe receipt and his card back.

65

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary VERBS
cbeck
give [gave] give [gave] back go (went] to prln; write (wrote]

endorse fill out

Paul went to the bank,

At a counter, he HUed out a deposit slip.

sIgn

batik, '

NOUNS account amount back

FIRST SAVINGS BANK
deposit passbook .slip , total Window

DEPOSIT SLIP

number tellu

Date

Apri I , , 2000
Number

Cash
Checks

,Branch Name Account Paid by

cash

check counter

He filled it OU( by writing his account number. the amounts of his cash and checks. and the total.

For Special Attention
• PatiPS: aocount ,is the: bank's record of how much of his money they have. • When he dOpO$lts money, be puts, It into he accounr, If betakes money out of hts acco-unr,be·wilhdra'Ws it ...:or "makes a withdrawal,"

At the teller window..

•..he endorsed th ih ~ ·k.s by signing them on the back.

Then he gav • ibe teller his deposit,

• A deposit

fo,rm - a piece,of paper with spaces for certain information.
Transaction C.rried (vrw;u:d '''''!>'''ill
19U1'1

slip is

a kind

of

• YOu till out a form by writing Informarton in the spaces. • Paul uses a passbook at hi bank. but some banks use a

Amount

Elatance 1121.6-4
1~14J,l

different system. They send (!.ustom~rs a statemens every monfu to tell uiem bow much is their aCCOUnl • • A teller isa bank worker who help~ people put money into their'acoounts and take it out.

in

She checked the ... printed. the amount of amounts on the slip .... deposit in his passbook...

... and gave him back his passbook.

66

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
ask enter
give [gave1 fnsert

Oops. I'd better find a cash machine.

Hne up
need

Kate needed rnoney.;

...so she went

lO

an ATM in rhe store.

Press

return take ttook] out NOUNS amount magnetic strtp message '
She took her cash card her purse.
DUL

card

card cash key

kTM

'

money
screen oslo

cash card
.
keypad

pm, purse: store

of

She lined up the magnetic strip properly ...
message,

macbine ADVERB'
properly

II
...and Inserted the card Into the slot on the ATM. A message her PIN...
OIl

keys

the screen asked far

For Special Attention
lOAD. ATM Is an Automated

rellcr ~achine. AfiOtl)er . nameJo; it is 4ccaShmaehine," • Cash is money in rheform ofnbres and'coins {not
Checks}. '"A PIN ts a Personal

... 50 she entered her PIN by pressi ng keys on Ihe keypad.

Then she eJ tered the amount of

money she needed.

Identification Number.

• You en'er a number

by typing it Into a machine or. writing it: on a form. <,

• ins~rt 80rhGthln.glnto means "pu .somethli:lg ln."

You 'insert s-omething into an o-l'enfng (a hole, a slot,
etc).

The machine returned

her card ...

... and gave her her money.

67

SIMPLE PAST

SECTION 5 : KEEPING IN TOUCH the Telephone 1

Key Vocabulary VERBS
answer
call

receiver

dIal

'identify

hear [~e'ard)
Jenny looked up Kale's phone number in the phone book. She picked up the receiver ...

[made] ',pickup' , ring [~a,ng]

mate

lookup'

, say [~'3.ldl
:N'OUNS

, say [s'aid] hello dial tone number phone , phone book·

Hmmm ...

puSh,·buUoo telephone

,recelver

,..and heard a dial LOne.

Then she dialed the number.

ring .••

rlngM"

-

For Special Attention
• Pho;ne is a.short 'way of saying ~t:elephonc. ,.. She heard Kate's phone ringing.
--

When Kate answered ...
I'm calling 10 see wheU1er YOU'd li!o;e

push-button phones _ you dla!1by pushing buuons. • A di'al tone is a sound that teUs YO!J the phone is ready - to 'use, If you pick up tl'te ,re.ceiver and you don't hear one. the phone might be

• Rec,elver means' the I'ar( of the telephone that you put near yourear and mouth. • M,os,C modern telephones are

Hi. Ka,l,e. This 1$Jen.ny-

10'go SWimming.

herself.

...Jenny said hello and identified

Then she said why she called.

"dead"- not working.

68

S.IMPLE PAST

Using the Telephone 2

Key Vocabulary
VERBS,
ring ... ring.,.

. ask for hang '[hung] up
, hear {heard] know [kn.ew]
let ne~1 pick up ring [rang] ,say [said] hello speak [spoke] talk ' te1lltold]

answer apologize

~\
Kate heard the phone ringing •.. ...and picked up the receiver.

NOUNS ,
caller

She answered (he phone by
saying hello ...

,.,<ll'ld

then let the caller speak.

, receiver; , telephoi)e
, \'\;ron~

Pllo.ne

person

number

ADVERBI~L
fora while,

.,.and then she hung up.

If It's a Wrong Number:
Could I spea)(

wilh Mike?

For Special Attention
..To lst someone, speak you

I'm sorry. There's no one here by thaI name, You've gO! lt1e wrong number .

.' stay silent:

'

• The person wp-o answers a . phone usually speaks first. , • The. caller l,1SUaUy says ,goodbye first. Kate didn't know the She told him [hat he person the caller asked for. had a wrong number. He apologized and
hung up.

69

SIMPLE PAB"r

Using the Telephone 3

Key Vocabu lary
VERBS
agree . call call back identify leave (left]

ask

repeat

speak [spoke] spell (ake [took]

I asked to speak to Dan. ..
Tnisls Alex. I wotk with Dan. message lor hlm?
Could you please tak.e a

...but he wasn't available.

NOU~S

message name
number

last name

OTHER
avallabre (adj.)

I identified myself and asked her to take a message.

She agreed and asked me to repeat my name.

For Special Attention
• Someone who is available is able to see you or speak with you. [fhe Is not available, he: or too busy to speak to.you, • Wl),en you leave your message, you. tell.lr to whoever is-raking the message. • To repeat.sometliing_is to s~y it again ..
• A1~.Rlvera's frrst name is «Alex. "IDSlasl nal'l:'e js . may be somewhere else

I repealed it ...

...and spelled my last name.

"Rlver:a." for most-people of.-European descent, the last name i a family name. It· is 'also aIled a "surname.'

I also IcfLmy number ...

...and asked that he. call me ba k.

70

SDIIIPLE PAST

Using the Telephone 4

Key Vocabulary
Is Dan there. please?

. VERBS

NOUNS

Pam answered the phone ...
Sorry. He can't oome to lile phone right now. Can I laKe a message?

...and the caller asked for Dan.
Yes, please tell him thai Lester called.

-caller message

notepaper phO'ne

OTHE,RS:
available (aqj.) lat:er~advl)

She said he wasn't available and offered' to take a message.

The caller left; a message for Dan.

For Special Attention
\

.
I, ,

,~P~m says- "He, can t come
>1

to' the phone. This is Wa.y of not givil1g too much information about Dan. • Th~ caller a m~ge-., ~,
for

a

Dan: with Pam.'

rett

- ',. ' (

\. 'messag'es. M~ny .sbee~9f norepaper Join~q togetper '

• Noiepa'per ,is usu~Uysmall, , ~speda.lly fOf takJng·,sn9rt

Pam wrote (he message on some notepaper ...

...and put it next to the phone.

, , make up a notepad.' , olf you return a call. you, call back someone who left a

. message for ybU:

._

this are' '''Wmild ya1,l1~Ke'to' leave a mes age?" and "Is ' ., 'there any message?"

• Pam offered to take-a-message by sayipg,' Can [ tak~ j, , message?' Other wa_ys:'.~osay
Later, Dan got the message ...

...and returned

Lester's call.

71

SIMPLE PAST

Using the Telephone 5

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
call

We can't oome 10 the phone right now. Afta, the beep. please reave

erase

get [got] home have [had]
hear [heard)

leave [left)

press :
play record see [saw} how take [took]
use

listen.

TOLD re orded all outgoing

message on his

machine.

When Jenny called. she heard the message ...

notes

PLease call me back al the office before siX o'clock.

Tom, this Is Jenny.

NOUNS
button
ijght
machine notes

answeiting machine
.
... and left her own message for him, When Tom got home, he saw a light showing that he had a message. ~

message
ADJECTIVES. outgoing

own

l ~

: Tom. this is Jenny. ': Please call me... ;

........ -.----.----- ..
~t.l~

~- ..-----~

...

'""""

For Special Attention
• When you record a message,

lie pressed the button to play the message.
Don't need thai

you

you erase a message, take it off a tape.

put it on

a tape. When . you

• An outgoing message I what someone hears whena

machine answers the phone, • When there is a mes age r~d)t4ed 011 the an wering macllinel me light show you
it is

there to listen to.

... he wuk some notes.

Then he erased the message .

72

8IMPLEPAST

Key Vocabulary

1 took out some paper co wrne

to

my friend ..

answer" ,'apologf1;e
ask' ,',

\

do [ha.d been dOIJ;lg (P!lS,~, '

'"

,

~-read [re-read] sign,,', take. [took]:out yIrlte (~ote]
,
"

:perf~c.t progresslve)k

I wrote the date and a greeting. at the top,

I apologized for not writing sooner. ..

, NOUNS
.closlng frtend'

date

, greeting letter , ,p<lper

,

{.it.

bet... VC7'-)'
"";tk

1.1:1:,,1,

'7 ...

,'qtjestion

, ~QP

,Sjgnatiu:e

"
... and 1 wrote about what I'cj been doing. (adv.)
-

'QTHERS
l;)st (adj.) ,

A" I wrote, I re-read her last letter

to me.

,per-sonal'
_'_'

'soon '.booner) _-_ -

(adj.)
.; '-

. -.

For Special Attention
• St&tJonetYis paper espe~hlHy , fot Writihgletter:s., _,,', _,'

• Wben you re-r~d"somethii1g; , you,readJt again ~ not for
the fJrst time. ' '

, ,. What,I.had been dqing ml!ans

asked ....

I answered que .tlons she had

...and 1asked her about herself.

" ""hat r did during a P('!l1od of time before 1 wrote the.letter, '.,A pe~haiJetteti.S a le'H~'r ' , ,wottendifferently'froJ'Q a business letter. • The1lreeling in a letter ~$\lallY

'to afri¢nd

OF

rel~tlve. It is

, 'starts with:"fDear;"

Mom;" .iD~atJim." etc.» " one cloSlrigof aJetter comes
just befo(J! your signature.

e.g.. t.'Dear ,

closing

Then I wrote a dosing ...

...and signed the letter,

73

SIMPLE PRESENT

Key Vocabulary
VERBS enclose go: to
ask buy-

Cijope

she tikes the pictures. )

, seal.

pilt in

Jo(er'

know lick, ·.mall need

_ tick take

stan(,!' in line

N,OUN$_
address clerk friend I enclose some pictures. 1 fold up my letter ...

envelope'

.m·lddh~:.

letter mailbox ..
pictures

ADJECtiVES enough
left _

For Special Attention
• Stand In line - usually wrthout
'-'-an

... and put it in the envelope With the pictures.

I write my friend's adores in the middle of the envelope and my return address at the upper left.

in line,

served. ·.Man)' Americans lick stamps. In other cultures, peopJe prefer to get the stamp wet by pulting it on a wet sponge. • v hen the derk asks "regular or express?" he wants to know if the le er hould be delivered Iast,
Express mail goes

or "the." When you stand you wait for your turn - your chance t<;) be

"usual" or "normal," • A 'scale Is a machine for w~fghJng things - findinuhow heavy they are.

costs more. Regular means

r and

I seal the envelope.
t

I don't know how much postage I need, So. 1 rake the letter (0 the post office.

74

I stand in line.

When it's my turn ...

• •• J

go

to

the window,

How rnucn co I need on th4i?

Regular mail or e~press?

LtegLJlar.

I ask the cierk how much postage I need.

He asks me how I want the letter to go ...

... and weighs me letter.

[ buy enough stamps for the postage .

$lamp

I lick the stamps ...

... and stick them on the envelope.

I put the letter in the mailbox.

75

SIMPLE ,PBESENT

SECTION 6 : HAVING .FUN WITH FRIENDS

Key Vocabulary
VERBS blow-out eat ,go to
Ught give

open -:.ign' .sing

Before the party, for my friend ...

wrap a present

... and sign a card for him.

wrap NOUNS birthday party
Here yOtl go. Leo. Happy bIrthday.

'. cake

candle card ice cream m-at,ch . present wrapping paper
ADJECnVE
bappy
Happy Birthday

fNeXt,d

At the party,1 give him the present

and the card.

Someone lights [he candles on the birthday cake.

Dear Leo ...

For Special Attention
• A present is a gift for a special occasion (a birthday, Christmas, etc.) We all Ing "Happy Birthda~ " ... ...and Leo blows out the candle .

• You wrap a present]
wral?ping p~per. '

n

• You open 'a present by taking off the ..... nppmg paper. • You 119t:rt a c;andl~ by making the ::

=0 I

candle lIe opens his birthday presents ... ...and then everyone eats cake and lee cream.

• When you blow out a candle, the fire stoos burning.

76

SIlVIPLE

PBE.SENT

Key Voca bu Ia ry
VERBS bring give greer
.&0 to
Hi Tom, Jenny. Glad you eQutd oome,

Thanks. Jenny, but you tlldn" have to tJrillg anything.

nave

Rnow
make

introduce .

:say :&.0000 igltt '."think
say helJo shake hands

jenny (the guests) at the door.

Dan (the host) greets Tom and

They give him a bottle of wine they brought,
Tom, Jenny. 'I'd Iik.9 you to meet Sharon Melton anti
her husband, John.

NOUNS bonle
end

dinner puty d,Qor

, evening

.guest host

Wine

sm:iJJ calk. snack

people

Inside, they say hello people [hey know.

10

some

For Special Attention
·.1t's polite in An'I.ed.ca rot' a. ,:. guest at an adult party to .

They shake hands ...

.. .and

make some small talk.

bring a bottle of wine. rrs also polite for a host to say that the gift Is unnecessary. • Small fall< Is ~k about some 'weather

unimpon:a.nt' topit like the

'small

conversanon," . .

t~k" arid "make.

or sports:

Y0U

"make

..The evening

is me: timefrom about sundown until aeout ·midnI ght.' ..

They have their dinner.

At the end of the evening, the guests say goodnight and thank Dan.

77

SIMPLE PAST

Key Vocabulary

VeRBS
buy [bought] find [found] out give [gave1 back go [went] to

Two please. for SkUll Nlgtll.

Fourteen dollars, please.

see lsawl
show
wateh

tear [tore]

We round Out where and when
the movie was showing,

We bought ti kets at the bo

office ...

NOUNS
box office com.ing
lei'u_;l. ,

popcorn seat
preview snack counter stub ticket ticket-taker

attractions credit:::;

feature
movie

AOdECTIVE
main ... and some popcorn at the snack counter. The u ket-takcr Lore our tickets and gave us back the stubs.

For Special Attention
• ComIng attr,aetions are movies

tl\~Lwm soon be shown .

• -The_movie is showing means

"the movie js being shown," • The box oHice is the place are sold. It can also be c:alJed a "ticket window." • A .stub is a small piece. A ticket stub is a piece torn off a: ticker. ·If you see apteview, you will • The main feature is the movie YQu htive come [0 see . • Credits tell who w_orkedonthe

V'lc went to our seats.

We watched previews of coming attractions.

where: tickets to, movies

you can ee complecl;ly Iater.

see a small part of something

movie.

Then we saw the main feature.

-\ the end. we watch d Lhe credits.

78

SIlWPLE

PAST

Key Vocabulary
VERBS
eat late] finish get [gol} order pay [paid). put [put] on read [read] stand (stood] in line take [took] throw,fthrew)

Jenny stood In ltne. ..

... and read the menu,

NOUNS
clerk coupler dispenser drink food, ..' lunch paper table

napkin restaurant

I'd like one Big aurger. a small order 01friEis. and a medium cola. please,

LFor

hero

or 10 g01 )

fast food menu

straw trash

tray wrapper At the counter, she ordered her food and a drtnk, The clerk put the food on Jenny's tray, and Jenny paid her.

ADJECTIVES
emp[y other

For Special Attention
"

'

-In a fast",foodrestaurant, the
m~n-uis qsually on a Large

Jenny took some paper napkins and a straw from the dispensers.

She ate her lunch a her table,

board

on the wall.

•]enn):' (n:,ders. her food ~tor 'here. U 'Fhat means she WiJ! eat i tbe re tauraJit.

-People wb6get their food to . go will eat iroulsiCle the restaurant'. You can aJ,so say.
((to take

in

awa'y~or "to take'Clut.'1 Other people got their food to go. When he finished eating, she lhre\ the empty wrappers in the trash.

-wrappers'ate paper orboxe
that go aIlounp., tbe food to keep It fresh until it's eaten.

79

--

.

-----

Appendix on American and Metric Measurements
1 pound [lIb.] (16 ounces) 1 ounce [1 oz.] (5280 feet)
1 mile [1 rot]

0.45 kilogram (kg) 28.35 grams (g) 1.609 kilometers (km) 0.914 meter (rn) 0.3048 meter (m) 2.54 centimeters (em) 3.785 liters (1 ) 0.946 liter ( I ) 0.4 73 liter ( 1 ) 236.6 milliliters (ml) 29.57 milliliters (rnl)
US Money

1 yard [1 yd.] (3 feet) (12 inches)
1 foot [1 ft.]

1 inch [1 In.] 1, gallon [1 gal.] (4 quarts) 1 quart [1 qt.] (2 pints)
(2 cups)

1 pint [1 pt.]

.1 cup [1 c.]

(8 fluid ounces)
1 fluid ounce [1 fl. oz.]

Temperature

F = Fahrenheit
212°F 90°F

C = Celsius
100·e 32'C 24·C

One dollar 1000 dollars 1 dollar
SO cents 25 cents

=

100 cents

a grand a buck a half dollar, half a buck a quarter a dime a nickel a penny

75· F 50 P
0

10"(

32°F

O·C
-18·C

10 cents 5 cents

O°F

cent
80

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