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Segovia Scales - Pattern Approach

Segovia Scales - Pattern Approach

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Segovia Diatonic Major and Minor Scales: A Pattern Approach.

by

David P. Aitken

Segovia Scales: A Pattern Approach
Diatonic Major and Minor Scales by Andres Segovia (© Columbia Music Company) was first published in 1953. It is still widely used over a half a century later! While there are other publications of scales for Classical Guitar, Segovia's has become the de-facto standard. There are many reasons for this: • It was the first publication solely dedicated to playing scales for Classical Guitar. It contains 24 scales, 12 Major and the associated melodic minor scales. • The scales allow the student to become familiar with virtually the whole fretboard of the guitar. • By following Segovia's suggestions, it enables the student to develop both speed and technique. • And, of course, it carries the Segovia name. A name that is synonymous with guitar excellence. Having said that though, the 8 page publication with the 24 scales can be daunting to the student. How am I supposed to remember all those? Couple this with the general approach of teaching the scales, which often involves starting at the beginning with C Major and steadily working through all 24 to D minor. Although the student gradually becomes familiar with all the scales, they may lose their enthusiasm along the way. Is there another way? Yes there is. Segovia in buidling up the scales, used patterns of fingering that apply across several scales. For instance, 10 of the 12 Major scales can be played with just two fingering patterns. In fact, 19 of the 24 scales can be played with just four fingering patterns! There are eight patterns altogether. This publication is aimed at introducing these patterns to the student right from the beginning enabling the sudent to become familiar with them in a more efficient way. The advantages in this approach, I believe, are: • The student learns the scales in pattern related blocks. For example, if you can play the C Major scale you can also play D, D b and E b Majors. All you have to do is simply adjust your starting position. • The time taken to learn all 24 scales should be reduced substantially. • It enables a different approach to the practice of scales. Rather than play the scales from beginning to end the student can; practise just those scales related to one pattern; or, just practise the eight patterns using one scale for each pattern. • Learning the scales more efficiently enables the student to focus on improving technique thus utilising their practise time more productively.    This publication is arranged in three sections; one, covering the two octave patterns; two, the three octave patterns; three, fretboard maps of each of the scale patterns; and finally, a single page practise page that covers all the scales with patterns and key signatures. For each of the two pattern sections; the pattern is described; Segovia's scale that I've named the pattern after is included, showing how the pattern is applied; then a brief description of the related scales that includes the sharps/flats/accidentals in the scale & where to start playing. In the case of minor scales, the relative major is indicated The final section is a practise sheet, which lists all the scales in the same order as Segovia's. It includes the pattern and all the sharps/flats and accidentals in the scales. This single page allows the student to see all the scales at a glance and which pattern is to be used. This provides focus during their practice.

© David P Aitken 2010. All rights reserved.

D b and E b Majors. If you're short on practice time. A good way to practise these is to start of with C. E and A. The left hand fingering pattern is: 2 4 //(change strings) 1 2 4 // 1 3 .g. By learning the C Major pattern you have also learnt to play D. Let's now look at this with the C Major scale from Diatonic Major and Minor Scales. To play the scale start on the 4th fret of the A string...3 1 // 4 2 1 // 4 2. start at the 3rd fret of the A (5th) string. œ œ œœ œ œ . Andres Segovia (Columbia Music Company). Once this pattern is learnt you will also be able to play D Major. To play. All rights reserved. 4 1 2 4 (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) D Major D Major has two sharps.(slide) 1 3 // 1 2 4 // 1 3 4 3 1// 4 2 1 // 3 1 . F and C. D and G. To play the scale.Segovia Scales . B. To play the scale start on the 5th fret of the A string and use the C Major pattern. Page 2 . E b Major E b Major has three flats. 4 3 1 3 1 4 2 1 3 œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ 1 3 1 4 2 1 4 2 # ## œ 1 2 3 1 2 4 3 1 œ œ œ . then down to D b and finally up to E b. E. start on the 6th fret of the A String. C Major  and Eb Major . slide up to D. © David P Aitken 2010.Pattern Approach Two Octave Scales C Major pattern The first of the scale patterns we will look at is that of C Major. D b Major D b Major has five flats. B. C Major C Major has no sharps or flats in the key signature and being a major scale has no accidentals. e. # & œ œ œœ œ œ œ œœ œ . A. D b Major & E b Major. just focus on the pattern in different positions.

C . F. œœœ œ 4 1 3 1 1 2 4 (4) (3) (2) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) D # minor The relative major is F # Major and has six sharps. D minor The relative major is F Major and has a B b. A Segovia (Columbia Music Company). All rights reserved. C # minor The relative major is E Major. G and D. To play the scale start on the 4th fret of the A string. The left hand fingering pattern is: 1 3 4 // 1 3 . Now to the C# major scale from Diatonic Major and Minor Scales. C and D minor scales.Segovia . C Major and C # minor and in doing so have learnt how to play 8 scales. That's it for the two octave scales. E and A.Pattern Approach Two Octave Scales C # minor pattern The next pattern is C # minor.4 2 1 // 4 2 1 // 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 3 1. C minor The relative major is E b Major and has 3 flats. D #. Relative minor scales share the key signature of the relative major scale but start on the 6th note. Time to look at the 3 octave scales. The accidentals are Bn and C # (ascending). To play. C. G. The accidentals are An and Bn. To play. F. © David P Aitken 2010. Knowing this pattern will enable you to play C #. The accidentals are A # and B # (ascending only). It has four sharps. & #### (5) 1 2 4 2 2 4 1 4 œ# œ# œ œ n œ n œ œ œ œ œ œ 1 4 3 1 4 3 1 . Page 3 . The accidentals are B# and C ## (ascending). start on the 3rd fret of the A string. start at the 5th fret of the A string. start on the 6th fret of the A string. D. nnnn# 2 1 1 3 3 œ œ œ œ 4 3 #œ nœnœ œ œ œ# œ œœœ. We have learnt two patterns. To play. The minor scales in Segovia's scales are melodic minor. B.1 3 4 // 1 2 4 // 2 4 // 1 2 . This means that the 6th and 7th notes are raised by a semitone when ascending the scales but return to the key signature on the way down. A and E.

Pattern Approach Three Octave Scales G Major pattern The three octave scales form the bulk of the Segovia scales.1 3 // 1 3 4 // 1 3 . A and E. D. F. 3 1 3 4 3 1 3 1 4 2 œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ 2 1 4 1 œ œ 1 3 4 3 4 1 œ œ œ œ 3 œ # 2 4 1 2 4 1 3 1 œ œ & œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ (2) (6) (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) 1 3 1 # œ œ œ œ œ 1 4 3 1 4 2 1 4 2 4 3 œ œ œ œ & œ œ œ œ œ (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) . B. C. To play. To play.1 3 4 3 1 . F. A b. G. G Major To play G Major start at the 3rd fret of the E (6th) string. The first pattern we're going to learn is that of G Major. All rights reserved.. Page 4 . B Major B Major has 5 sharps. C and G. A. G.1 3 . D and A. start at the 7th fret of the E string. G. 16 out of 24 scales. Most three octave scales start on the E (6th) string of the guitar.4 2 1 // 4 2 1 // 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 3 1 . F # Major F # Major has six sharps. the exceptions are B and B b minor. F. The pattern is: 2 4 // 1 2 4 // 1 3 4 // 1 3 . start at the 5th fret of the E string. C. A Major A Major has 3 sharps. B b. F #. Now let's look at G Major with this fingering pattern. start at the 2nd fret of the E string. To play.Segovia . © David P Aitken 2010. G Major has an F#.4 2 1 // 4 2.This pattern is used for 6 scales.

B and E. B. Page 5 . To play. B b Major B b Major has two flats.) A b Major A b Major has four flats. To play start at the 4th fret of the E string.Pattern Approach Three Octave Scales G Major pattern (cont. start at the 6th fret of the E string.Segovia . © David P Aitken 2010. E. All rights reserved. A and D.

G # minor The relative major is B Major and has five sharps. Accidentals are En and F #. G. F. G #. A minor A minor has no sharps or flats in the key signature. Accidentals are D # and E #.1 3 4 // 1 3 . G minor The relative major is B b Major and has two flats.4 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 3 1 . start on the 1st fret of the E string. 4 1 3 1 œ œ œ œ œ 3 1 4 2 1 4 4 3 1 4 3 1 œ œ œ œ œ & œ œ œ œ (3) (4) (5) (6) 3 4 2 4 3 1 3 1 4 3 œ #œ #œ œ nœ nœ œ œ œ œ œ œ 1 3 1 3 1 œ œ œ 3 1 3 1 #œ #œ 3 4 4 1 1 œ œ œ 2 & 1 3 œ œ #œ #œ œ œ œ œ œ 4 (6) (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) (2) . Accidentals are Dn and En.Pattern Approach Three Octave Scales A minor pattern The A minor pattern is used for five scales.Segovia . To play. start on the 5th fret of the E string.4 3 1. A. C. To play. F minor The relative major is A b Major and has four flats. To play.3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 2 1 / 4 . start at the 2nd fret of the E string. © David P Aitken 2010. The accidentals are F # and G # (ascending only). F #. C and G. F. To play. it is the relative minor to C Major.1 3 4 // 1 2 4 // 1 3 // 1 . F # minor Page 6 .. Now let's look at this fingering in the A minor scale. B and E. Accidentals are E # and F ##. A and D. B. # # The relative major is A Major and has three sharps. To play. The pattern is: 1 3 4 // 1 3 . start at the 4th fret of the E string. D and A. start at the 3rd fret of the E string. F and G minors.1 3 4 2 . All rights reserved. E.

Accidentals are G # and A #. start at the 1st fret of the A string.1 3 4 // 1 3 // 1 3 . There are three scales left. To play.4 2 1 // 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 3 1. start on the 2nd fret of the A string. The pattern is: 1 3 4 // 1 3 . Page 7 .4 3 1 // 4 3 1 . A.Segovia .4 2 1 . These scales each have a unique pattern and will be treated separately. 1 3 3 4 2 4 3 1 1 4 #œ #œ œ nœ nœ œ œ œ œ 1 4 3 3 œ œ œ 1 œ 3 œ 3 1 œ 1 3 #œ #œ 1 ## 1 3 4 1 3 1 3 œ œ œ œ 4 œ & œ œ nœ #œ #œ œ œ 2 1 4 2 ## œ œ œ œ œ œ œ 1 4 3 1 4 3 1 1 3 œ œ œ œ & œ œ œ (5) 4 (4) (3) (2) (2) (3) (4) (5) (1) (2) # ..1 3 4 2 . F and C.Pattern Approach Three Octave Scales B minor pattern B minor pattern is used for B minor and B b minor.1 3 4 // 1 3 . Accidentals are Gn and An. D and G. E.1 3 . All rights reserved. F Major and E minor. B minor B minor is the relative minor to D Major and has two sharps. To play. B. This pattern on B minor looks like this. © David P Aitken 2010. E. n n # # # B b minor The relative major is D b Major and has five flats.

1 // 4 3 1 0. C.2 4 // 1 2 4 // 1 3 . F. To play this pattern start with an open E string.Segovia . n n n n # E minor pattern The E minor pattern is: 0 1 2 4 // 1 3 .1 3 // 1 2 4 // 1 3 4 3 1 .4 2 1 // 4 2 1 // 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 3 1 .3 4 // 1 2 4 . Accidentals are C# and D #. Page 8 . 4 1 3 1 2 4 4 2 1 2 4 2 œ #œ #œ œ nœ nœ œ œ œ œ œ 4 1 3 1 2 2 œ œ œ 1 # 0 1 2 4 1 3 3 4 2 #œ #œ œ 4 œ œ & #œ #œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ (3) (6) (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) (2) 1 # œ œ œ 1 4 3 1 4 2 1 4 2 1 0 4 3 œ œ œ œ œ & œ œ œ œ œ œ (3) (4) (5) (6) . The relative major is G Major and has an F sharp. G and D. E Major has four sharps.4 2 1 // 4 2 1 0..Pattern Approach Three Octave Scales E Major pattern The E Major pattern is: 0 1 3 4 . start with the open E string. n b © David P Aitken 2010. All rights reserved. To play.2 4 // 1 2 4 // 1 2 4 // 1 3 .4 2 1 // 4 2 1 // 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 3 1 .2 4 // 1 2 .. 3 4 3 1 4 1 4 2 1 4 œ œ œœ œ œ œœ œ œ 2 1 3 1 œ œ œ #### 0 1 3 4 2 4 1 2 4 œ 4 œ œ œ & œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œœ 1 2 3 1 2 (6) (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) (2) 1 #### œ œ 1 4 3 1 4 3 1 1 4 3 1 0 3 œ œ œ œ & œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) .

).Segovia . F Major and E minor. C # minor. Knowing these can help you vary your practise. E Major. F Major has a B b and to play.1 3 4 3 1 . B minor.. the 24 scales from Diatonic Major and Minor Scales by Andres Segovia (Columbia Music Co. That's it. 4 3 1 3 1 4 2 1 œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ 2 1 œ œ 16 3 4 2 4 4 1 1 œ œ œ 3 3 œ œ 3 1 4 1 œ b 1 3 0 1 œ œ œ & œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ (5) (6) (4) (3) (2) (1) 2 4 (2) 17 1 3 œ œ œ œ œ 1 4 3 1 3 1 0 3 1 1 4 b & œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ œ 3 (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) . C Major. The following pages include the fretboard maps of the scale patterns and the practise page which includes all the scales listed in order with the patterns & key signature (accidentals are in brackets).1 3 4 // 1 3 4 // 1 3 // 1 2 4 // 1 2 4 .3 1 0 // 3 1.) can be broken down into eight patterns. you can pratice one pattern but with different scales. © David P Aitken 2010. A minor.4 2 1 // 4 2 1 // 3 1 // 4 3 1 // 4 3 1 . you can play one scale from each pattern.Pattern Approach Three Octave Scales F Major pattern F Major pattern is: 1 3 // 0 1 3 . G Major. or play all the scales from C Major to D minor as in Diatonic Major and Minor Scales by Andres Segovia (Columbia Music Co. start at the 1st fret on the E string. All rights reserved. Page 9 .

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start at 4th fret. All rights reserved.same as ascending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 For C Major start at 3rd fret (A string). D= and E= Majors. start at the 6th fret.C Major Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 This pattern is used for C. Page 11 . Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th 1 1 2 2 3 1 1 1 4 4 2 3 3 4 © David P Aitken 2010. D=Major. D Major. D. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th 1 1 2 2 3 1 1 1 4 4 2 3 3 4 4 C Major Pattern (Descending . start at the 5th fret. and E= Major.

Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 © David P Aitken 2010. D<. C Minor. and D Minor. All rights reserved. start at 6th fret. C and D Minors. start at the 5th fret. Page 12 . Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th 1 1 3 3 4 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 C< Minor Pattern (Descending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 For C< Minor start at 4th fret (A string). start at 3rd fret. D< Minor.C< Minor Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 This pattern is used for C<.

Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th G Major Pattern (Descending) E B G D A E 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 4 4 5 6 1 1 1 1 1 7 8 2 2 3 3 3 9 4 4 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4 4 1 3 For G M. 4th fret. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th © David P Aitken 2010. and B= M. A= and B= Majors. start at 5th fret. B M. Page 13 . 7th fret. F<. B. A= M. start at the 3rd fret (E string).G Major Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A E 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 3 3 1 1 1 4 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 3 3 3 1 4 3 1 3 4 This pattern is used for G. A. 2nd fret. F< M. A M. 6th fret. All rights reserved.

Page 14 . Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th A Minor Pattern (Descending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 1 5 6 1 1 1 3 7 2 4 8 9 3 3 1 1 1 4 4 4 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 3 3 3 4 4 2 For A m. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th © David P Aitken 2010. and G m. F m.A Minor Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 1 1 5 6 3 3 7 4 8 1 1 1 1 9 10 2 3 11 1 1 3 4 4 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 3 3 4 1 3 4 This pattern is used for A. F<. 3rd fret. All rights reserved. start at 2nd fret. 1st fret. start at the 5th fret (E string). F and G Minors. G<. G< m. F<m. 4th fret.

B Minor Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 This pattern is used for B and B= minors. and for B=start at the 1st fret. Page 15 . All rights reserved. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th 1 1 3 3 4 1 3 1 1 1 3 3 3 4 1 1 3 3 4 1 3 4 B Minor Pattern (Descending) E B G D A E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 For B m. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th 1 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 1 2 4 1 1 3 3 4 4 2 © David P Aitken 2010. start at the 2nd fret (A string).

Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th © David P Aitken 2010.E Major Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A 0 1 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 1 1 1 6 2 2 2 7 8 3 1 1 1 4 4 4 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2 3 3 4 4 This pattern is used for E Major only. Page 16 . Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th E Major Pattern (Descending) E B G D A 0 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 4 5 2 2 3 3 3 6 4 4 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4 4 1 3 Start with an open E string. All rights reserved.

E Minor Pattern (Ascending) E B G D A 0 1 1 1 2 2 3 1 3 4 4 5 2 3 6 4 4 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 1 2 2 4 This pattern is used for E minor only. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th E Minor Pattern (Descending) E B G D A 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 5 6 1 1 1 1 1 7 8 2 2 3 3 3 9 4 4 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4 4 Start with an open E string. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th © David P Aitken 2010. Page 17 . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.same as ascending) E B G D 0 E 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 4 1 1 1 1 1 5 6 2 2 3 3 3 7 4 4 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4 4 1 3 Start on the 1st fret of the E string. Page 18 .F Major Pattern (Ascending) E B G D 0 E 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 4 1 1 1 1 1 5 6 2 2 3 3 3 7 4 4 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 4 4 1 3 4 This pattern is used for F Major only. Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th F Major Pattern (Descending . Finger 0 Open 1 1st 2 2nd 3 3rd 4 4th © David P Aitken 2010.

Segovia’s Scales:A Pattern Approach Practise Sheet Scale C Am G Em D Bm A F<m E C<m B G<m F< D<m D= B=m A= Fm E= Cm B= Gm F Dm Pattern C Am G Em C Bm G Am E C<m G Am G C<m C Bm G Am C C<m G Am F C<m Key signature sharps. All rights reserved by the author. (accidentals) (F<G<) F< F<(C<D<) F<C< F<C<(G<A<) F<C<G< F<C<G<(D<E<) F<C<G<D< F<C<G<D<(A<B<) F<C<G<D<A< F<C<G<D<A<(E<Fx) F<C<G<D<A<E< F<C<G<D<A<E<(B<Cx) B=E=A=D=G= B=E=A=D=G=(G>A>) B=E=A=D= B=E=A=D=(D>E>) B=E=A= B=E=A=(A>B>) B=E= B=E=(E>F<) B= B=(B>C<) Copyright © 2010 by David Aitken. flats. Page 19 .

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