1.1.

Objectives

Tricks in Set Induction aims to:
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. Arouse the pupils interest Make the lesson more lively Stimulate pupils’ curiosity Provide pupils with opportunities to develop science process skills and thinking skills Provide pupils with basic science knowledge and concepts Appreciate the contributions of science and technology towards the well being of mankind.

Tricks in Science stimulate and excites children’s curiosity about phenomena and events in the world around them. It also satisfy their curiosity. Good teaching in primary science involves understanding the children’s idea on the topic and enable teachers to plan work that challenge and reconstruct the children’s idea. Tricks in science allow pupils to think ahead and create the excitement of learning a new lesson. Teacher carries out set induction which attracts pupils’ attention / stimulates pupils’ mind / is directed towards pupils’ mental readiness

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1.2.

Method

Tricks in Set Induction can be carried out as below: i. ii. iii. Demonstrations Hands-on activities Discussions

Teacher’s Demonstration A demonstration may be used as part of a teacher’s exposition. This is often easily controlled with the children sitting, listening, watching and participating. Teacher’s demonstration to the whole class should be used where appropriate. Teacher should consider the following when demonstrating the idea: • Ensure that all children can see what you are doing. Try to demonstrate with large piece of equipment. • Make the demonstration short and snappy. • Involve the children with demonstration. • Reinforce the main points by asking following up questions.

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1. Topic Related: Electricity Objective: To introduce electricity Questions Asked: Tear / cut a piece of paper into small pieces. woollen cloth (Doesn’t flow) comb because rubbing the comb on a woollen cloth charges it with static electricity. Ask a pupil to rub a plastic comb briskly on a woollen cloth and then hold it as near as possible to the pieces of paper. Activity ”The Curious Comb” Steps: 1.) 3 . Note: Electrostatic is a kind of electricity which is static Materials needed: Comb. a piece of paper.3. What can you observe? (The papers are attracted by the 2.

”Shadow O Shadow” Topic Related: Light Objective: 2. 4 . shadow? To demonstrate how a shadow is formed and to create some shadow picture using this information Materials needed: Torch light or desk lamp. Questions Asked: Select one pupil to shine a torch on the What can you see on white wall / screen. Move the hands backward and forwards to see the sizes of the shapes. Steps: 1. a darkened room. the wall / screen? Ask other pupils to move their hands up What is the and down in the light making the shadow colour of the on the wall / screen. a white wall or screen 3.

(The heat from the candle flame warms the cold air in the cup causing it to expand. Blow the balloon again until it covers the cup fully and traps the air inside. Put polystyrene on the surface of the balloon. Steps: 1. pushing the cup up to fall down. Predict what will 2. happen to the cup? 3.“The Falling Cup” Topic Related: Heat Objective: Understanding the effects of heat on matter.) Questions Asked: Materials needed: balloon rubber band candle polystyrene cup lighter ”Rolling Can” 5 . Blow a balloon.

Paper clip. put a paper clip to the rubber band. 5. Let go the tin on the floor. Insert a rubber band through the hole. (The length of the ice-cream stick is longer than the diameter of the tin. Twist the stick 10 – 15 times. Make a hole at the top and bottom of a tin can. At one end. 6. Ice cream sticks. Questions Asked: What can you observe? How to make the can move faster or slower? Notes: The energy produce by twisting the ice cream stick and the rubber band is potential energy. while on the other end. Steps: 1. insert an ice-cream stick to it. It changes to kinetic energy when the can moves. Observe. Materials needed: Empty tin can.) 4. “Ice Cube Necklace” 6 . 2. 3. Rubber band.Topic Related: Energy Objective: To understand that energy can be transformed from one form to another.

4. Wet a piece of cotton string with water. But the melting water flows off the cube and flushes some of the salt away which reduces the local concentration on top. liquid and gas Materials needed: Ice cubes Thread Glass A bottle of salt Steps: Ice Cube Necklace This trick will keep you amused.8°C. At 0°C.Topic Related: States of Matter Objective: Understand water in the form of solid. When you sprinkle salt onto an ice cube. So the higher the salt concentration. 1. If foreign molecules such as sodium and chlorine (the ingredients in common table salt) squeeze between water molecules. Now lift the string and the ice cubes will be stuck to it. Lay the string on top of the ice cubes. Sprinkle salt all over the string and wait for about 5 or 10 seconds. But keep adding salt and the freezing temperature of water can drop as low as -21°C! Salt and other solutes (substances that dissolve) reduce the freezing point because they disrupt the crystal structure of ice and reduce the concentration of pure water. it traps the string and you've caught yourself an ice cube! 2. the lower the freezing point. The lower salt concentration raises the freezing point again so the water refreezes. All you need is a piece of string. Informations: What's going on? Pure water freezes at 0°C. Float a few ice cubes in a glass of water. Seawater contains roughly 35 grams of salt per litre (that's about two teaspoons per cup) and freezes at -1. the local salt concentration skyrockets and the freezing point comes tumbling down. Any reduction in the concentration of pure water depresses the freezing point. Makes a pretty cool necklace eh? Cool? Boom-boom! “Blooming Balloons” 7 . 3. the molecules in pure water form very strong bonds with each other which "locks" them into position to form the solid we call ice. Adding salt or any other soluble material (like sugar) reduces the freezing temperature of water. As it does. some ice cubes in water and a sprinkle of salt. these bonds can't form.

skewer / long wire / satay stick and scissors Reference: 8 . Materials needed: balloon. without bursting it. ( You may also used other suitable object to replace skewer such as long wire or satay stick ). Take a skewer ( long iron rod with sharp end ) and very carefully push it into the balloon through the tape. Pupils will observe Stick a piece of adhesive tape on the the pin will go through the tape and balloon. Observe what happen to the balloon.What did you observe? her not to blow too hard.Topic Related: States of Matter Steps: 1. 4. Questions Asked: Ask a pupil to inflate a balloon. adhesive tape. 2. The length of the skewer must be longer than the size of the inflated balloon. tell him / 1. Objective: To show that it is possible to stick a pin in balloon without bursting it 3. the balloon.

Once you've got the skewer in the balloon. 3. 4. you need to carefully slide it so the pointy end comes out right next to the knot. 2. Voila – a balloon shish kebab! The balloon didn’t pop and you can even carefully take the skewer out again. Inflate a balloon so that it is no longer than your shish kebab skewer. Hold your balloon up to a light so you can see where the skewer is inside.Balloon Shish Kebab This is a classic trick everyone should know. Do this carefully – you need to overcome your fear of the balloon popping and press fairly hard. Amazing. and a bit of confidence that it will work! (Note: this trick always works with high quality balloons but beware cheap ones!) 1. All you need is a shish kebab skewer and a balloon. 9 . Carefully poke the pointy end of the skewer into the centre of the dark spot on top of the balloon.

edu/muller/FormerPhysWorld/PhysWorld/ Project5/how_are_balloons_made.html “Rain Drops” 10 ..htm High speed photo of a water balloon popping http://courses.ncssm. and the area around the knot are not stretched much. a lot! As the rubber stretches. As soon as a tear appears. The dark spot at the top is a result of this process.alfred. But the dark spot at the top. if at all.What's going on? When you inflate a balloon. Photo of balloon production line http://merlin. nearly all the rubber stretches. Balloons are made by dipping metal moulds into liquid latex.. There's a great photo of a balloon production line at the website below. The spots are dark because they're thicker then the rest of the inflated balloon. it gets a lot thinner too. But in the dark spots at the top and bottom of a balloon there is no tension.edu/hsi/pacsci/student_photos. The tension in the rubber of an inflated balloon causes even the tiniest tear to grow very fast. the tear races around the balloon and it pops with a loud bang. so a tiny tear won't grow here and the balloon won't pop.

2. Understanding that matter can change from one state to another. Fill a jar with hot water and place the tray with ice cubes over the jar’s mouth. 3. Questions Asked: What do you observe? ( The pupils see the condensation build on the bottom of the tray. The water vapour will turn into water and drops as rain. Leave it there for several minutes. Remove it and place ice cubes in it. When the water vapour from the jar rose to the top it will heat the cold tray.Topic Related: States of Matter Objective: Steps: 1. Materials needed: ice cubes jar hot water tray “Wonder of Purple Cabbage” 11 .) Place an aluminium tray in the freezer until it is cold.

alkaline and neutral substances Steps: 1. Questions Asked: Blend some red cabbage with some What is the change water and put into a bowl. 3. mixture? Pour an equal amount (about half a cup) of cabbage into a beaker. 2. because this is an alkaline.Topic Related: Acid and Alkali Objective: Understanding the properties of acidic. Observe the colour changes.) 4. ( The baking soda Add 1 teaspoon of baking soda to all the will turn the red beakers except for one beaker that is cabbage juice to blue used as control. Materials needed: ½ of red cabbage 2 beakers Baking soda Blender / grater ”The Moonlighting” Topic Related: Steps: Questions Asked: 12 . put aside for 45 minutes). (If you grate in the colour of the the cabbage.

Place both mounting board on the centre of the railing. Slides both rounded shape in opposite direction. Paste an ice – cream stick on each mounting boards. What did you observe? Did you see the changes of the shape? Materials needed: 2 rounded shape with equal size (black and white). 1.The Earth. Railing made of polystyrene ”Standing Toothpicks” Topic Related: Steps: Questions Asked: 13 . Make two rails on the polystyrene. 3. (with black and white colours) 2. 6. 4. Ask pupils to observe the shape formed. 5. Prepare 2 identical round shaped mounting boards. The Moon and The Sun Objective: Understanding the phases of the Moon.

Toothpick ”Starry – starry Night” Topic Related: Constellations Steps: 1. Questions Asked: What can you see? How many pins are 14 .Shake the table. Ask pupils to build a model of any animal using materials given. 1. relate the result with the topic of the lesson.After that. second and third. Identify which model falls first. Prepare a piece of polystyrene with pins on it (as shown in the example). Can your model stand ? What can you observe? Which model fall first? Materials needed: Toothpicks Cork Cork 7.Strength and Stability Objective: Understanding the stability of a structure. 2. 5. 6. 3.The winner will be the model which is the last to fall.Put the models on the table. 4.Observe what happen.

constellation. Ask a pupil to push it into the conical flask Can the egg get into 15 . Pupils explain the shape that they made. Pins with colour Materials needed: Polystyrene Pins Rubber bands / strings polystyrene there within the shape? ( The number of pins representing a group of stars that form a constellation ) “Enchanted Egg” Topic Related: This activity is recommended to be carried out as Steps: Questions Asked: 1. 2. Ask the pupils to form a certain shape using a rubber Understanding the band. Peeled a hard boiled egg.Objective: 2. 3. Put the egg onto the mouth of a conical flask.

without smashing it. bulb) Can you think of something that use 2. 4. Quickly put the egg again onto the mouth of the conical flask. ( The egg will not get into the conical flask ) 3.an activity during Science Week or Science Fair. boiled egg. can the egg get into the bottle? ( Yes ) Inference : Materials needed: conical flask. one with lime juice and electricity? the other one with tap water. Questions Asked: Prepare an electric circuit as shown below. Observe what happen to the egg. Remove the egg and drop a burning paper into the conical flask. the air pressure decrease. wire. Push carefully. Fill two beakers. match. a piece of paper (When the burning paper uses up the oxygen and goes out. (battery. 16 . ( The egg will get into the conical flask by itself ) the bottle? ( No ) Now. sucking the egg into the flask) ”The Magic Lime” Topic Related: This activity is recommended to be carried out as Steps: 1.

Books/ References • 250 Everyday Science Activities Collected from Teaching K-8 Magazine (Written by Dennis Mckee) 17 . Show to the class the result and ask the pupils to observe. Materials needed: Wires. 5. iron rod. Dip in the iron rod into the limejuice. Ask questions. Repeat step 3 by using tap water. Related Websites / Resources 1. 6. 4.an activity during Science Week or Science Fair. Note: Add some vinegar if the lime is not acidic enough. What are the things in the classroom which produce electricity? What will happen to the bulb? What will happen if there is no electricity? 3. bulb. Beakers. Discuss in small groups. lime juice and tap water 4.1.4. 7.

boyslife.)) • • Science Fun (Bright Ideas) Pubished by Scholastic Publications Ltd.net/ppt. Rob Johnsey. Graham Peacock.• • Teaching Children About Physical Science ( by Elaine Levenson) Top Secret Science Massachusetts Science Center (Program Usahasama Pusat Sains Negara dengan Meridian Achiever Sdn.au/science/surfingscientist/tricks.org/hobbies-projects/funstuff/1374/amazing-sciencetricks/ COMMON QUESTIONS ASKED PLANNING INVESTIGATIONS What are we trying to find out? 18 .htm http://www.net. (Written by Tony Griffith) Primary Science Teaching Theory and Practice (John Sharp.abc. Shirley Simon.html http://www.com/ http://www. Bhd. Robin Smith) Websites http://jc-schools.doscience.

What do we want to change? What do we want to keep the same? What do we think will happen? What do we want to measure? How do we record our measurements? What equipment do we need to do this experiment? Materials from the Internet Amazing Science Tricks By Michio Goto Illustrations by Fred Schrier From the April 2004 Boys' Life magazine Using common objects around the house. Here’s how: Editor’s Note: Make sure an adult helps you with these experiments. you can demonstrate cool scientific laws. 19 .

(Be sure to do this trick over a saucer or bowl. Cover the glass containing the colored water with a sheet of paper.Keeping Water Separate Fill two identical glasses with water. so the two stay separate as long as the boundary between them isn’t disturbed. The colored water and the salt water will remain separate. How Does It Work? Salt water is heavier than colored water. though. The heavier salt water will now be on top. Try turning the two glasses over. turn it upside down and place it on top of the glass containing salt water. Add two tablespoons of salt to the water in one glass and stir well. Add a few drops of food coloring to the water in the other glass. so it will flow down and mix with the colored water.) Gently pull the paper out from between the glasses. 20 .

Blow up a balloon and tie a knot in the end. The candle goes out after it uses up all the oxygen. Fill the saucer with water. the pressure inside the glass drops. the can will start rolling toward the balloon. electrostatic induction affects the molecules in the metal. 21 . the balloon gets a negative electric charge of several thousand volts. As it cools. decreasing the pressure even more. When the flame goes out. Light the candle. The water outside the glass on the saucer is forced into the glass by the higher aire pressure outside. How Does It Work? When you rub the balloon with a tissue. When you put the balloon near the can. How Does It Work? When the candle is burning inside the glass. Rub a tissue back and forth on the balloon. When you put the balloon near the can. Place a glass over the candle. so some of the air escapes outside the glass. The outside of the can gets a positive charge. so it is drawn toward the balloon and starts rolling in that direction. Some of the carbon dioxide formed by the flame dissolves in the water as well.A Can That Can “Walk” Place an empty aluminum can on its side on the floor. so the air inside the glass cools. the water in the saucer will get sucked into the glass. A Candle That Sucks Water Place a candle upright in the middle of a saucer. the heat makes the air expand.

(It’s best to do this trick in an open area on a windless day. the bag starts to rise. When you take the cap off the bottle. That heat makes the air inside the bag expand and become lighter. Shine the flashlight at 22 . Take the bag out into the sun.A Flying Trash Bag Hold the mouth of a black trash bag in one hand. it absorbs heat from the sun. Use a hair dryer to blow hot air into the bag. Tie a long piece of string around the tape so you can hold it. fill the bottle with water and cap it to keep it from draining out. Seal the mouth of the bag with tape. Bending Light Through Water Punch a hole in a clear plastic bottle two inches from the bottom. Darken the room and cover part of a flashlight with your fingers to make the beam narrower. Put your finger over the hole. the water will flow out in an arc.) How Does It Work? Since the bag is black. The bag will rise slowly into the air. When the bag and the air inside are lighter than the surrounding air.

Place the paper in a brown envelope. How Does It Work? When the light in the stream strikes the boundary between the water and air. and insert that envelope into a white envelope. Get a piece of dark construction paper or tear out a page from a magazine that is printed on both sides. much of the light is reflected back into the stream. The light will bend with the arc and create a bright glow where the water hits the sink. Roll up the paper into a four-inch-long tube. The writing on the paper should now be impossible to read. When you hold the tube against the 23 .the stream from the side of the bottle opposite the hole. The same principle is used to transmit light signals through flexible optical fibers. The light continues this internal reflection all along the arc formed by the falling water. Reading Through an Envelope With a black felt-tip pen. write a three-letter word in large letters on a white piece of paper.

But the tube blocks that reflected light.envelope. Peel a soft-boiled egg and place it on the mouth of the bottle. Once the egg seals the top of the bottle. How Does It Work? The vapor from the hot water drives the air out of the bottle. Toothpick Torpedo 24 . The higher pressure of the outside air pushes the egg into the bottle. you’ll be able to read the writing inside. the air can’t get back in. it turns back into water. Egg Into Bottle Find a glass bottle that has a mouth slightly smaller in diameter than an egg. so you see only the light coming through the envelope. As the water vapor cools. How Does It Work? Usually you can’t read the writing inside an envelope because of the light reflected off the envelope’s white surface. causing the pressure inside the bottle to drop. Leave it there for a while and it will get sucked inside. shake it vigorously and empty the water. Pour some hot water into the bottle (be careful!).

Dab a little shampoo on the blunt end of a wooden toothpick. The water around the other end of the toothpick still has surface tension. check out the book “Amazing Science Tricks” by Michio Goto 25 . The toothpick will start moving in the direction of the sharp end. Drop the toothpick in a pan of water. thus releasing the water’s hold on that end of the toothpick. How Does It Work? Shampoo contains agents that reduce the surface tension of liquids. it reduces the water’s surface tension around it. To learn more amazing science tricks. so it pulls the toothpick in that direction. As the shampoo on the end of the toothpick dissolves.

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