MÜHENDİSLİK MATEMATİĞİ

LAPLACE DÖNÜŞÜMÜYLE DİF. DENKLEM ÇÖZÜMÜ
Aşağıdaki diferansiyel denklemleri Laplace dönüşümü yöntemiyle çözünüz.
1. Y ′′ + Y = t

Y ( 0 ) = 1, Y ′ ( 0 ) = −2

2. Y ′′ − 3Y ′ + 2Y = 4e 2t

[Cevap: Y ( t ) = t + cos t − 3sin t ]

Y ( 0 ) = −3, Y ′ ( 0 ) = 5

3. Y ′′ − 2Y ′ + 5Y = et sin t

[Cevap: Y ( t ) = −7et + 4e 2t + 4te 2t ]

1
[Cevap: Y ( t ) = et ( sin t + sin 2t ) ]
3
Y ( 0 ) = 1, Y ′ ( 0 ) = 0, Y ′′ ( 0 ) = −2

Y ( 0 ) = 0, Y ′ ( 0 ) = 1

4. Y ′′′ − 3Y ′′ + 3Y ′ − Y = t 2et

1
1
[Cevap: Y ( t ) = et − tet − t 2 et + t 5et ]
2
60
′′
Y ( 0 ) = 1, Y (π 2 ) = −1
5. Y + 9 y = cos 2t
4
4
1
[Cevap: Y ( t ) = cos 3t + sin 3t + cos 2t ]
5
5
5

6. Y ′′ + tY ′ − Y = 0

Y ( 0 ) = 0, Y ′ ( 0 ) = 1

[Cevap: Y ( t ) = t ]

7. Y ′′ − tY ′ + Y = 1

Y ( 0 ) = 1, Y ′ ( 0 ) = 2

[Cevap: Y ( t ) = 1 + 2t ]

8. tY ′′ + (1 + t ) Y ′ + Y = 0

Y ( 0 ) = 5, Y ′ ( 0 ) = −5

[Cevap: Y ( t ) = 5e −t ]

Y ′ + Z ′ = t ⎫⎪
⎬ Y ( 0 ) = 3, Y ′ ( 0 ) = −2, Z ( 0 ) = 0
Y ′′ − Z = e −t ⎪⎭
1
1
3
1
Y ( t ) = 2 + t 2 + e −t − sin t + cos t
2
2
2
2
[Cevap:
]
1 −t 3
1
Z ( t ) = 1 − e + sin t − cos t
2
2
2
Y ′ − Z ′ − 2Y + 2Z = sin t ⎫
10.
⎬ Y ( 0 ) = 0, Y ′ ( 0 ) = 0, Z ( 0 ) = 0
Y ′′ + 2Z ′ + Y = 0

1 − t 1 2t 1 − t 2
1
Y ( t ) = e + e + te − sin t − cos t
9
3
3
5
5
[Cevap:
]
1 − t 1 2t 1 − t
Z ( t ) = e − e + te
9
9
3

9.

11.

∂U
∂ 2U
=2 2
∂t
∂x

U ( 0, t ) = 0, U ( 5, t ) = 0, U ( x, 0 ) = 10sin 4π x

[Cevap: U ( x, t ) = 10e −32π t sin 4π x ]
2

12.

∂ 2U

=

∂ 2U

U ( 0, t ) = 0, U (1, t ) = 0, U ( x, 0 ) = sin π x,

∂t 2
∂x 2
[Cevap: U ( x, t ) = sin (π x ) cos (π t ) ]

∂U
( x, 0 ) = 0
∂t

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