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A GD is a methodology used by an organization to gauge whether the candidate has certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its members. In this methodology, the group of candidates is given a topic or a situation, given a few minutes to think about the same, and then asked to discuss the it among themselves for 15-20 minutes. Some of the personality traits the GD is trying to gauge may include :Ability to work in a team Communication skills Reasoning ability Leadership skills Initiative Assertiveness Flexibility Creativity Ability to think on ones feet
Why GDs:The reason why institutes put you through a Group discussion and an interview, after testing your technical and conceptual skills in an exam, is to get to know you as a person and gauge how well you will fit in their institute. The Group discussion tests how you function as a part of a team. As a manager, you will always be working in teams, as a member or as a leader. Therefore how you interact in a team becomes an important criterion for your selection. Managers have to work in a team and get best results out of teamwork. That is the reason why management institutes include GD as a component of the selection procedure. Company's Perspective:Companies conduct group discussion after the written test so as to check on your interactive skills and how good you are at communicating with other people. The GD is to check how you behave, participate and contribute in a group, how much importance do you give to the group objective as well as your own, how well do you listen to viewpoints of others and how open-minded are you in accepting views contrary to your own. The aspects which make up a GD are verbal communication, non-verbal behavior, conformation to norms, decision-making ability and cooperation. You should try to be as true as possible to these aspects.
Types of GD GDs can be topic-based or case-based. Topic based Gds can be classified into three types :1. Factual Topics 2. Controversial Topics 3. Abstract Topics Factual Topics:Factual topics are about practical things, which an ordinary person is aware of in his day-to-day life. Typically these are about socio-economic topics. These can be current, i.e. they may have been in the
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news lately, or could be unbound by time. A factual topic for discussion gives a candidate a chance to prove that he is aware of and sensitive to his environment. E.g. The education policy of India, Tourism in India, State of the aged in the nation. Controversial Topics:Controversial topics are the ones that are argumentative in nature. They are meant to generate controversy. In GDs where these topics are given for discussion, the noise level is usually high, there may be tempers flying. The idea behind giving a topic like this is to see how much maturity the candidate is displaying by keeping his temper in check, by rationally and logically arguing his point of view without getting personal and emotional. E.g. Reservations should be removed, Women make better managers Abstract Topics:Abstract topics are about intangible things. These topics are not given often for discussion, but their possibility cannot be ruled out. These topics test your lateral thinking and creativity. E.g. A is an alphabet, Twinkle twinkle little star, The number 10 Case-based GD:Another variation is the use of a case instead of a topic. The case study tries to simulate a real-life situation. Information about the situation will be given to you and you would be asked as a group to resolve the situation. In the case study there are no incorrect answers or perfect solutions. The objective in the case study is to get you to think about the situation from various angles. IIM A, IIM Indore and IIT SOM Mumbai have a case-based discussion rather than topic-based discussion in their selection procedures.
Why do we have GD ? Reasons for having a GD
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It helps you to understand a subject more deeply. It improves your ability to think critically. It helps in solving a particular problem. It helps the group to make a particular decision. It gives you the chance to hear other students' ideas. It improves your listening skills. It increases your confidence in speaking. It can change your attitudes.
Strategies for Improving GD Skills for Tutorials & Seminars Asking questions and joining in discussions are important skills for university study. If you find it difficult to speak or ask questions in tutorials, try the following strategies. Observe Attend as many seminars and tutorials as possible and notice what other students do. Ask yourself:
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How do other students make critical comments? How do they ask questions? How do they disagree with or support arguments? What special phrases do they use to show politeness even when they are voicing disagreement? How do they signal to interrupt, ask a question or make a point?
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Start practicing your discussion skills in an informal setting or with a small group. Start with asking questions of fellow students. Ask them about the course material. Ask for their opinions. Ask for information or ask for help. Participate Take every opportunity to take part in social/informal discussions as well as more structured/formal discussion. Start by making small contributions to tutorial discussions; prepare a question to ask, or agree with another speaker's remarks. Discussion Etiquette (or minding your manners) Do
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Speak pleasantly and politely to the group. Respect the contribution of every speaker. Remember that a discussion is not an argument. Learn to disagree politely. Think about your contribution before you speak. How best can you answer the question/ contribute to the topic? Try to stick to the discussion topic. Don't introduce irrelevant information. Be aware of your body language when you are speaking. Agree with and acknowledge what you find interesting.
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Lose your temper. A discussion is not an argument. Shout. Use a moderate tone and medium pitch. Use too many gestures when you speak. Gestures like finger pointing and table thumping can appear aggressive. Dominate the discussion. Confident speakers should allow quieter students a chance to contribute. Draw too much on personal experience or anecdote. Although some tutors encourage students to reflect on their own experience, remember not to generalise too much. Interrupt. Wait for a speaker to finish what they are saying before you speak.
Leading a Discussion You may be in a seminar group that requires you to lead a group discussion, or lead a discussion after an oral presentation. You can demonstrate leadership by:
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introducing yourself and the members of the group stating the purpose of the discussion inviting quiet group members to speak being objective summarizing the discussion
Chairing a Group Discussion When chairing a discussion group you must communicate in a positive way to assist the speakers in accomplishing their objective. There are at least four leadership skills you can use to influence other people positively and help your group achieve its purpose. These skills include:
• • • •
introducing the topic and purpose of the discussion, making sure all members have approximately the same time, (i.e. no one dominates the discussion by taking too much time) thanking group members for their contribution being objective in summarizing the group's discussion and achievements.
How to Face GD A group discussion consists of:
4. Knowledge and Ideas Regarding a Given Subject Knowledge of the subject under discussion and clarity of ideas are important. leadership skills. the rapport you strike. amenability. Even otherwise you may not know everyone's names. The course at the Centre makes you confident enough to speak before people without any nervousness. monitor and facilitate the classes. These discussions are held for selecting personnel in organisations where there is a high level of competition. Exchange of Thoughts A group discussion is an exchange of thoughts and ideas among members of a group. your precision and clarity of thought are the things that are evaluated. neither more nor less. In a group discussion. These skills may be team membership. This is not to say you should use a high sounding. 6. The language used should also be formal. Hence. You should speak as much as necessary. The examiner withdraws and becomes a silent spectator once the discussion starts. "I dunno". enterprise. one has to speak forcefully and at the same time create an impact by his knowledge of the subject. A note is made of your contributions to the discussion. For convincing. words and phrases like "yar". Your knowledge on a given subject. understanding and knowledge on varied topics. In-depth knowledge makes one confident and enthusiastic and this in turn. Students here are involved in activities which use communication skills and teachers provide inputs.NEELABH 1. If he can hear you everyone else too can. Your behavior in the group is also put to test to judge whether you are a loner or can work in a group. etc. For instance. Mostly a topic or a situation is given to group members who have to discuss it within 10 to 20 minutes. 2. negotiation skills and presentation skills. a candidate has to talk effectively so that he is able to convince others. "chalta hai". Irrelevant talks lead you nowhere. It is necessary that you should be precise and clear. These add value to your presentation. accommodation. 3. You should be able to convey your thoughts satisfactorily and convincingly before a group of people. makes one sound convincing and confident. listening and articulation skills. . Group discussions are not debating stages. Body language and eye contact too are important points which are to be considered. forcefulness and other leadership qualities to motivate and influence other candidates who may be almost equally competent. As a rule evaluators do not look for the wordage produced. A candidate should display tactfulness. which normally cannot be evaluated in an interview. Ability to listen is also what evaluators judge. as for the interview. patience. The purpose is to get an idea about candidates in a short time and make assessments about their skills. Knowledge comes from consistent reading on various topics ranging from science and technology to politics. comprehension of the main idea. attend the group discussion in formal dress. The number of participants in a group can vary between 8 and 15. Leadership and Coordinating Capabilities The basic aim of a group discussion is to judge a candidate's leadership qualities. British Council Division's English Language Teaching Centre offers a wide range of courses like conversation skills. you might gain by joining an institute that offers specialized courses in public speaking. For instance. skill. it is necessary that you listen carefully to others and then react or proceed to add some more points. Avoiding . Address the person farthest from you. Needless to add. It better to address the group as a whole. Confidence and level headedness in doing so is necessary. "CP". business communication skills. not the language used in normal conversations. assertion. business writing. In case you are not good at it. 5. Addressing the Group as a Whole In a group discussion it is not necessary to address anyone by name. Page 4 of 30 Communication Skills Knowledge and ideas regarding a given subject Capability to co-ordinate and lead Exchange of thoughts Addressing the group as a whole Thorough preparations Communication Skills The first aspect is one's power of expression. etc. They look for your ability to react on what other participants say. A candidate who is successful in holding the attention of the audience creates a positive impact. Mostly people attend these courses to improve their communication skills. are out. pedantic language.
Is there time given for preparation after the topic is given and before starting the GD? Usually some time (2-5 minutes) is given to collect one's thoughts. Hence. but there could be instances when this does not happen. A GD is a formal occasion where slang is to avoided. giving the impression that you are open to accommodate others' viewpoints. Language use should be simple. may be you would be able to come up with a point or two later. Communicate with each and every candidate present. such as listening intently or nodding while appreciating someone's viewpoint speak of you positively. not sound boring. generate ideas. During the course of the GD this stand can even be changed. You should be articulate. Remember. See that you do not keep repeating a point. direct and straight forward. this is. plain and simple language. and adopt a stand on a given subject. not by cutting others short. For this you should have a good general knowledge. It is important to concentrate on subject knowledge and general awareness. Additional marks may be given for starting or concluding the discussion. i. if and when called for them. Eye contact plays a major role. you might adopt the wait and watch attitude. Non-verbal gestures. Lack of knowledge or wrong approach creates a bad impression. In a group discussion you may be given a topic and asked to express your views on it. How many panel members are there to evaluate? There are usually 3-4 panel members to evaluate. Maintain rapport with fellow participants. Your group behaviour and communication skills are on test. Then the time left may not be adequate. Don't interrupt a speaker when the session is on. how you convince the others and how clearly you are able to express your points of view. students have to read a case study and suggest ways of tackling the problem.NEELABH Page 5 of 30 both. should allow others to speak. disagreeing or remaining neutral. the prime need for thorough preparation. the competition is very tough. GD FAQ's What is the normal duration of a GD? A GD is generally of 15-20 minutes duration. Instead. Clarity in speech and expression is yet another essential quality. Confidence and coolness while presenting your viewpoint are of help. If you are not sure about the topic of discussion. Address the entire group in such a way that everyone feels you are speaking to him or her. it is better not to initiate. Do not use more words than necessary. While speaking don't keep looking at a single member. Only 460 candidates make it to the final list from 2. Do not exaggerate. sound knowledge on different topics like politics. Listen attentively to others. Hinglish. Do not be superfluous. without waiting till the eleventh hour. It may so happen that you are called for interviews and group discussions from three or four organizations but are not selected by any. In the second part of the discussion candidates can exercise their choice in agreeing. Thorough Preparation Start making preparations for interview and group discussions right away. (mixture of Hindi and English) should be discarded. A GD is not a debating stage. A candidate with good reading habits has more chances of success. Or in a case study GD.75 lakh civil service aspirants each year. so it is best not to bank on this. Try to score by increasing your size.e. In other words. economy. Participants should confine themselves to expressing their viewpoints. Points to Remember • • • • • • • • • • Knowledge is strength. The reason obviously lies in your not being well-prepared. should regularly read newspapers and magazines. finance. need to be abreast with current affairs. just use formal. science and technology is helpful. . Try to be specific. Power to convince effectively is another quality that makes you stand out among others.
Contrary to the misconception. but there may be instances when it is specifically forbidden to carry paper. Subsequently. Should I encourage others to speak up? Do not directly put someone who is consistently silent on the spot by asking him/her to speak up. You must avoid even looking at the panel members while the GD is in progress. Are we allowed to carry a piece of paper during the GD for noting down important points? Normally you are. Can we take a definite stand in the GD and then later on during the GD. Should we distribute the total time available to all the participants to ensure that everybody gets a chance to speak? Since a GD is not a debate or elocution. you may encourage him/her to continue with her point as you would like to hear her out. you could use names (if the group has had a round of self-introduction prior to starting the discussion and you remember the names) or simply use pronouns like "he" or "she". Is there any particular seating arrangement. depending upon the venue. In a GD it is quite likely that some other participant's counterargument convinces you to your point. then it is best if you accept his argument and explain to the group how your previous argument was true within a narrow range. The quality and not the quantity of your contribution is the success factor. It is best not to bother about trivial issues like this. You should not. Suppose I have a lot to say on the topic. Are the group members supposed to keep track of the time or will the panel keep track? It would be good if you are conscious of the time. which is favourable to the participants? If participants are asked to sit in a circle or a semi circle. Should we begin the GD by appointing a leader amongst ourselves? No. or seating along side a rectangular table. If someone has been trying to speak and has a good point but is cut off constantly. or circular. one position is as good as another. should I say all of it? You would not be looked upon favourably if you kept speaking all the time and did not listen to anyone else. If this happens. the participants should not resort to the strategy of distributing time amongst themselves. How should I address the other group members? If you are initiating the discussion.NEELABH Page 6 of 30 Should I address the panel or the group members? Don't ever make the mistake of addressing the panel members. provided you do it the right way. switch over to another stand? Yes. and how the new . the person who talks the most is not necessarily the one who is judged the best. Leadership in a GD is established implicitly through one's performance in a GD. you could do so by collectively addressing the group as "Friends". not the panel members. What is the seating arrangement like? It could be semi-circular. then choose a position as close to the centre as possible. Just ignore their existence. The GD is between you and the other members. which you have no control over. but not to the point of getting so distracted looking at your watch that you do not contribute to the discussion. But if you are asked to sit on either side of a rectangular table.
while referring to the members of the group. you should enter the GD during the trough period. "she". But in competitive GDs. It may also go against you (as appearing weak on your part). please do not use abbreviations. Ideally. it is better to wait for some other participant to explain the meaning of the topic. caste etc)? You certainly do. there are crests and troughs during the discussion. it is safer not to make any rash statements for or against a topic before you learn the facts of the argument. Are we expected to stick to the normally accepted line of thought or can we come up with something radical? By all means you can. If I feel strongly about an issue. You may participate actively by pointing out both sides of the issue in a reasonable and logical manner. should I voice my feelings? It is important to be cool and emotionally objective in a GD. It would demonstrate your creativity and originality. you should try and avoid names or numbers. Is it beneficial to be the first speaker in a group discussion? . should we ask the moderator to explain it to us? No. You will have made a strong ally who will carry you through the noise. The trough is when there is almost total silence. The moment the noise level reduces a little. How do I participate when the noise level is too high? You could try the following strategy . not emotional in a GD. In such cases. where ideas dear to you are being discussed and enter the GD irrespective of the noise level. It is quite likely that other participants of the group have a different academic background from you. What is the right time to enter a GD to ensure that I am heard properly? In any GD. you could identify the stages in the GD. Insensitivity to others displays a lack of maturity and viciousness. Do I have to be cautious about other participants' feelings (on sensitive issues like religion. the crests occur more often and troughs may not occur at all. Instead of displaying your ignorance in this manner.NEELABH Page 7 of 30 argument is applicable to a broader range. You cannot. You have to be calm and logical. and note down the points that he/she is making. The crest is when the noise level is at its peak. but not to the group? If you have to use technical terms. It will act against your favour. start participating in the discussion. Blindly taking a stand will definitely lead you to trouble. If you react emotionally you are likely to lose control over yourself during the group discussion. Should we address the other participants by their names or their assigned numbers? As far as possible. which is clear to me. Just make sure it is relevant to the topic. enter supporting the powerful speaker. It is better to use pronouns such as "he". "you" etc. If we do not understand the meaning of the topic. Do I begin my participation by requesting the group's permission to do so? It is not likely that you will get a chance to ask for such permission. So listen to the discussion carefully for the first few minutes and when you have figured out what the topic is about. Can I use technical terms or jargon. Naturally. This does not mean you should sit on the fence.Identify the most powerful speaker in the group. After mentioning the term in full take time out to explain to the group what it means. and you should make sure you are all on a level playing field.
But in a competitive situation. you should try and participate at least 4 times with each entry lasting at least 25-30 seconds. it is almost inevitable that someone would have spoken your points. high return strategy. How is aggression taken and measured in a GD? The moment you notice people reacting to you negatively or strongly. It helps the group to pick out and focus on the most important points and thus use the remaining time more effectively. How critical is my fluency in English to my performance? Command over English is certainly advantageous but will not compensate for lack of good content. it will be remembered and will go against your favour. You should always aim to sound assertive and not stubborn. Is it good to be humorous in a GD? Depends on the situation. If your content is good. if the discussion is already well focused. You will have to stick to English. your attempts at humour may fall flat. and helping others understand your idea better. Should we make an interim summary? An interim summary is a way of directing the group mid-way through the GD. . To avoid getting into a situation where someone else has already spoken your points. By doing this you will have broadened the scope of the argument.NEELABH Page 8 of 30 Being the first speaker is a high risk. You will get credit for soundness of ideas. How much or for how long should I participate? In a 20 minute GD with 10-12 participants. Is the use of slang/colloquialism permitted? It is best to avoid using slang. If you can make a good opening statement. However if you bungle it up (by speaking for the sake of speaking. rather than be inhibited by lack of good English. not really having anything pertinent to say). You could participate more depending on your comfort level and the need for participation. In a GD that is fairly relaxed. What do I do if someone else has already said what I wanted to say? You have two choices: 1. However it is not necessary to make an interim summary. you must speak it out. it may be acceptable. do speak up in the first 4-5 minutes of the GD. you may automatically become the group leader. you may take it that you are being too aggressive. Drop the point and think of fresh points. How necessary is it to use examples for illustrating an idea? Use of examples is helpful in elaborating your point. If you do this well. If you wait longer. Agree with the point made by that person and add on to it by displaying the applicability of the argument to different situations. What level of aggression is seen acceptable? There is a very thin line between aggression and assertiveness. Can I use a language other than English to drive home my point? No. 2. The degree of the reaction is the measure of your aggression. then even if your English might not be great. But please remember to keep it short and simple because in a competitive GD nobody has the patience to listen to long. drawn out examples. which is relevant and sets the tone for the GD. it will go in your favour. where the participants are tensed up.
adding on to their points. you may be putting the other person in a difficult spot. and the evaluators will not look that upon favourably. By playing the devil's advocate you hamper the flow of the GD. Does the moderator have any biases or preconceived notions about the topic? Ideally the moderator is supposed to be unbiased and neutral. This leads the students into believing that whoever speaks most is successful. Can we expect the moderator to stop or cut short the GD much before the stipulated time is over? This may happen if the GD becomes too noisy and if the level of discussion deteriorates abysmally. The pointed questions unsettle the other participant and the quality of the GD deteriorates. Is an end-summary absolutely essential? No. Generally the person who has a sound knowledge of the topic and is a clear thinker speaks more. But if there isn't sufficient time. This would reflect badly on you and will go against your favour. Since this is not a factor within your control. then it would be good if someone puts the whole discussion into perspective by summarizing. But being a human being. not as an elimination technique. Being rude to any participant (male or female) is downright unacceptable. implicitly supporting and giving them direction. But just speaking for the sake of speaking will not take you far. After this the group should prioritize them based on the comfort level and ease of discussion of the topics. Do we have to write a synopsis of the GD once it is over? Some institutes insist on this. A GD is not a debate. You need not extend any special privileges to a lady. It is therefore better to use other means of motivation. such as agreeing with a halting speaker. If the group has not reached a conclusion. the moderator cannot be totally free from bias. Is it necessary that a group should arrive at a conclusion in the stipulated time? Ideally a group is supposed to reach a conclusion. What is the level of accuracy desired in the facts and figures you quote during the GD? An error margin of 5% is acceptable. This could be done by asking each participant to rank the 4 topics and the most popular choice should be taken. a summary may be avoided. there isn't much point losing sleep over it.NEELABH Page 9 of 30 Is it true that the person who speaks the most in a GD is the one who is most successful? This is a myth. Is motivating other people in the group to speak looked upon favourably? Depends on how it is done. but it is not universal. Normally the time constraints do not allow the group to do so. In most premier institutes it is used as a selection tool. Is it all right to ask pointed questions to other participants during a GD? It is alright to ask questions for the purpose of clarification but not for the purpose of playing the devil's advocate and proving them wrong. Is voting an acceptable method of reaching a consensus? Certainly not. How should a group select a topic if asked to? The group should brainstorm for about two minutes and narrow down the list of topics to 3-4. Topics are usually general in nature to give a level playing field to everyone. Are the topics decided on the basis of the academic background of the participant? No. . If you openly request someone to speak. Can I be aggressive with a lady participant? A GD is not the place to demonstrate chivalry. Will I be quizzed about my (or others) participation in the GD? You may be. Is it true that the GD is used more as an elimination technique rather than as a selection tool? Depends on the institute. Therefore it helps to be alert all through the GD.
Be assertive and tell him that his argument is faulty. Summarization/ Conclusion Initiation Techniques • Initiating a GD is a high profit-high loss strategy. Question iv. and I would like to add on to it …" "Yes. So initiate one only if you have in-depth knowledge about the topic at hand. Initiation Techniques 2. but could you clarify what if …" GD Tips 1. • • • Ignore him and address the other members of the group. If you initiate a GD impeccably but don't speak much after that. it will help you sail through the discussion. the damage might be irreparable. it gives the impression that you started the GD for the sake of starting it or getting those initial kitty of points earmarked for an initiator! When you start a GD." "Yes.. If you can make a favourable first impression with your content and communication skills after you initiate a GD. Shock statement v. I think you are right when you say that. you are responsible for putting it into the right perspective or framework.NEELABH Page 10 of 30 What do I do if one member is very stubborn and aggressive? You could use any of the following methods. figures and statistics vi. When you initiate a GD. Short story . Facts. Body of the group discussion 3. Body of the group discussion • Different techniques to initiate a GD and make a good first impression: i. What are the acceptable ways of interrupting somebody else. But if you initiate a GD and stammer/ stutter/ quote wrong facts and figures. Point out to him that his point is well taken and that the group must progress further by discussing the ideas presented by others. Quotes ii. so that I may make my point? You can interrupt in any of the following ways: • • • "Excuse me.. I agree with your idea. Definition iii. you also grab the attention of the examiner and your fellow candidates. you not only grab the opportunity to speak. but I feel that what you are saying isn't universally true .
Customer is King. It implies asking a question. As a current political slogan puts it. . That is roughly the size of Australia. if the topic of the GD is Advertising is a Diplomatic Way of Telling a Lie. For a topic like. make sure to quote them accurately. you could quote Sam (Wall-mart) Walton's famous saying. 'Hidden apples are always sweet'.NEELABH vii. If the topic of a GD is: Should the Censor Board be abolished?. 'What does war bring to the people of a nation? We have had four clashes with Pakistan. For example. 'Any paid form of non-personal presentation and promotion of ideas. you could start by asking. Facts. iii. If a GD topic is. 'Nothing's impossible when 1 billion Indians work together'. The Impact of Population on the Indian Economy. simply by spending his money somewhere else. Questions that promote a flow of ideas are always appreciated. It does not signify asking a question to any of the candidates in a GD so as to hamper the flow. Which calculates to about 12 million every year. It tracks 33 births a minute. Shock statement Initiating a GD with a shocking statement is the best way to grab immediate attention and put forth your point. you could start with. 'At the centre of the Indian capital stands a population clock that ticks away relentlessly. figure and statistics.000 a day. Question Asking a question is an impact way of starting a GD. The pertinent question is: what have we achieved?' iv. television or radio by an identified sponsor'? For a topic like The Malthusian Economic Prophecy is no longer relevant. 2. For a GD topic like. goods or services through mass media like newspapers. Quotes Quotes are an effective way of initiating a GD. Should India go to war with Pakistan. and answering it yourself. you could start by explaining the definition of the Malthusian Economic Prophecy. magazines. figures and statistics If you decide to initiate your GD with facts.from the chairman on down. why not start the GD by defining advertising as. Definition Start a GD by defining the topic or an important term in the topic. you could start with a quote like. Any question that might hamper the flow of a GD or insult a participant or play devil's advocate must be discouraged. 48.' v. General statement Page 11 of 30 i. 'There is only one boss: the customer.' ii. And he can fire everybody in the company -.000 an hour.
a Rising Tiger. 5. For a GD topic like. Sonia Gandhi should not be'. But you cannot say 30 states of India instead of 28 (micro figures. 3. Should Sonia Gandhi be the prime minister of India?. This will help us reach the conclusion in a more objective and effective manner. but micro level figures need to be correct and accurate. 4. The balloon vendor told the child. it means the GD has come to an end. when China was still in its initial stages of reform and opening up. let's first find out the qualities one needs to be a a good prime minister of India. if the topic is.' vii. you could start by saying. General statement Use a general statement to put the GD in proper perspective. 'Before jumping to conclusions like. A conclusion is where the whole group decides in favor or against the topic. whether a blue-colored balloon will go as high in the sky as a green-colored balloon. who was selling helium gas-filled balloons. Gandhi possesses. Then we can compare these qualities with those that Mrs. 6. China actually utilized $60 billion of FID in 2004. or 'No. You can summaries what the group has discussed in the GD in a nutshell. 'Yes. it is not the color of the balloon but what is inside it that makes it go high. approximately 70 per cent of the Indian population stays in rural areas (macro figures. China. Avoid raising new points. Keep the following points in mind while summarizing a discussion: 1. you can say. But every GD is summarized. approximation allowed). A group discussion is your chance to be more vocal. 2. Attitude is Everything. 'A child once asked a balloon vendor. Be yourself. For example. Keep it brief and concise. Be as natural as possible. 2. If the examiner asks you to summaries a GD. Sonia Gandhi should be'.' Summarization/ Conclusion • • Most GD do not really have conclusions. This can be initiated with. which is almost 100 times that of its 1983 statistics. you could start with. The evaluator wants to hear you speak." vi.NEELABH Page 12 of 30 Approximation is allowed in macro level figures. Do not try and be someone you are not. For example. Do not add anything once the GD has been summarized. no approximations). Avoid stating only your viewpoint. China's real use of Foreign Direct Investment only stood at $636 million. 7. . Stating wrong facts works to your disadvantage. 'In 1983. It must incorporate all the important points that came out during the GD. Short story Use a short story in a GD topic like. Avoid dwelling only on one aspect of the GD. GD Do's & Dont's • Do's 1.
Work out various strategies to help you make an entry: initiate the discussion or agree with someone else's point and then move onto express your views. Always be polite: Try to avoid using extreme phrases like: `I strongly object' or `I disagree'. Brush up on your leadership skills. The key is to stay objective: Don't take the discussion personally. Don't start speaking until you have clearly understood and analyzed the subject. 9. 2. 3. 10. 7. 6. Always be polite: Try to avoid using extreme phrases like: `I strongly object' or `I disagree'. and listen to their views.NEELABH 3. all your efforts of initiating the discussion will be in vain. 7. the panel will also judge team members for their alertness and presence of mind. Take time to organize your thoughts." or "Raghu. Apart from the above points. If you have a group of like-minded friends.Essentially be subtle). ability to work as a team without alienating certain members. 4. motivate the other members of the team to speak (this surely does not mean that the only thing that you do in the GD is to say "let us hear what the young lady with the blue scarf has to say. Opening the discussion is not the only way of gaining attention and recognition. problem-solving abilities. the panel will also judge team members for their alertness and presence of mind. Be receptive to others' opinions and do not be abrasive or aggressive.your gestures and mannerisms are more likely to reflect your attitude than what you say. Don't lose your cool if anyone says anything you object to. try to maintain a balanced tone in your discussion and analysis. Think of what you are going to say. 14. The key is to stay objective: Don't take the discussion personally. Be receptive to others' opinions and do not be abrasive or aggressive. Seek clarification if you have any doubts regarding the subject. Your body language says a lot about you . If you do not give valuable insights during the discussion. and listen to their views. 12. Work out various strategies to help you make an entry: initiate the discussion or agree with someone else's point and then move onto express your views. Be assertive not dominating. problem-solving abilities. Opening the discussion is not the only way of gaining attention and recognition.Essentially be subtle). 11. Apart from the above points. Seek clarification if you have any doubts regarding the subject. If you do not give valuable insights during the discussion. Page 13 of 30 Take time to organize your thoughts. 5. 9. Don't lose your cool if anyone says anything you object to. Do not try and be someone you are not. 14. try to maintain a balanced tone in your discussion and analysis. 8. Be as natural as possible. Don't start speaking until you have clearly understood and analyzed the subject. 12. you can have a mock group discussion where you can learn from each other through giving and receiving feedback. 15. and creativity. 8. Instead try phrases like: `I would like to share my views on…' or `One difference between your point and mine…' or "I beg to differ with you" 13. 11. let us hear your views" . let us hear your views" ." or "Raghu. all your efforts of initiating the discussion will be in vain. 5. and creativity.your gestures and mannerisms are more likely to reflect your attitude than what you say. The evaluator wants to hear you speak. you can have a mock group discussion where you can learn from each other through giving and receiving feedback. ability to work as a team without alienating certain members. Think of what you are going to say. 10. Be assertive not dominating. 15. . Language skills are important only to the effect as to how you get your points across clearly and fluently. Instead try phrases like: `I would like to share my views on…' or `One difference between your point and mine…' or "I beg to differ with you" 13. Be yourself. • Dont's 1. If you have a group of like-minded friends. Language skills are important only to the effect as to how you get your points across clearly and fluently. Your body language says a lot about you . Brush up on your leadership skills. 4. 6. motivate the other members of the team to speak (this surely does not mean that the only thing that you do in the GD is to say "let us hear what the young lady with the blue scarf has to say. A group discussion is your chance to be more vocal.
2. One key aspect is listening.People skills are an important aspect of any job. Team work being an integral part of the BPO work profile. These tips would help you prepare for GDs: Reading: This is the first and the most crucial step in preparation. This would give you a good idea about your thoughts and how well can you convince. GD is a test of your ability to think. they fall short in providing real life data of how an individual would be performing in a real life situation especially a group situation. it is important to ascertain group and inter-personal qualities of an individual. inspire and carry the team along to help them achieve the group's objectives.The ability to analyze and persuade others to see the problem from multiple perspectives. it is important that you are able to express your thoughts well. Group discussion is a useful tool to ascertain these qualities and many organizations use GDs as a selection tool along with Personal Interviews. expression and aptness of language. you must ensure that you are in good touch with current affairs. During the Group Discussion: What do the panelists assess:Some of the qualities assessed in a GD are: Leadership Skills . These are some of the sub-skills that also get assessed with the skills mentioned above: • • • • • • • • Clarity of thought Group working skills (especially during a group task of case study discussion) Conflict handling Listening and probing skills Knowledge about the subject and individual point of view Ability to create a consensus Openess and flexibility towards new ideas Data based approach to decision making While. Remember. The electronic media also will be of good use here. Communication Skills . Emotional maturity and balance promotes good interpersonal relationships. Chances are the topics would be around these. Persuasive Skills . provide good data about an individual. Mocks: Create an informal GD group and meet regularly to discuss and exchange feedback. it is not possible to reflect all these qualities in a short time. GD Mistakes Here's a list of the most common mistakes made at group discussions: . They are reflected in the ability to interact with other members of the group in a brief situation. appearing for it unprepared may not augur well for you. aptitude tests etc. Also try to interact and participate in other GD groups. Also read multiple view points on the same topic and then create your point of view with rationale. This is the best way to prepare. This is a never ending process and the more you read. Also create answers for counter arguments for your point of view. the better you are in your thoughts. This will develop in you a skill to discuss with unknown people as well. Preparing for a Group Discussion: While GD reflects the inherent qualities of an individual. your analytical capabilities and your ability to make your point in a teambased environment. which may vary between twenty minutes and forty-five minutes. and are given a specific situation to analyse and discuss within a given time limit. It indicates a willingness to accommodate others views.Candidates will be assessed in terms of clarity of thought. The better you perform in these mocks the better would be you chances to perform on the final day. the debates and hot topics of discussion and also with the latest in the IT and ITES industry. Interpersonal Skills .Ability to take leadership roles and be able to lead.NEELABH Page 14 of 30 GD Preparation While selection tools and techniques like tests. you would do well if you are able to show a couple or more qualities and avoid giving negative evidence on others. interviews etc. A GD is an activity where • • • Groups of 8-10 candidates are formed into a leaderless group. The person has to be more people centric and less self-centered. While you may read anything to everything. Read both for the thoughts as well as for data. or They may be given a case study and asked to come out with a solution for a problem They may be given a topic and are asked to discuss the same 1.
he interrupted other people at every opportunity. only to be stopped by the evaluator. You will end up being frowned upon if you attempt showing-off your knowledge."20% of companies. the more likely he was to get through the GD.27% of parliamentarians felt that. he took pains to project his vast knowledge of the topic.. • The mantra is "Contributing meaningfully to the team's success. instead of focussing on the topic. I recently read in a Jupiter Report that.. he began talking.was read out.But for the right reasons Srikumar knew that everyone would compete to initiate the discussion. Her behaviour would have been perceived as immature and demotivating to the rest of the team. Every other sentence of his contained statistical data ." Domination is frowned upon. He did this so often that the other candidates got together to prevent him from participating in the rest of the discussion. In his anxiety to be the first to start speaking. So as soon as the topic . Soon. • Exercise restraint in anything. the rest of the team either laughed at him or ignored his attempts to enlighten them as they perceived that he was cooking up the data. • Evaluation is based on quality.NEELABH Emotional outburst Page 15 of 30 Rashmi was offended when one of the male participants in a group discussion made a statement on women generally being submissive while explaining his point of view. he did not hear the word "negative" in the topic. • Assessment is not only on your communication skills but also on your ability to be a team player. who then corrected his mistake.not just facts and figures. Egotism Showing off Krishna was happy to have got a group discussion topic he had prepared for. Your contribution must be relevant. When Rashmi finally got an opportunity to speak. and not on quantity. So. • Its your analysis and interpretation that are equally important . she vented her anger by accusing the other candidate for being a male chauvinist and went on to defend women in general. ." and so on so forth. But you will fail miserably in your people skills. So. Quality Vs Quantity Gautam believed that the more he talked. • Lose objectivity and make personal attacks. Get noticed . 24. What Rashmi essentially did was to • Deviate from the subject • Treat the discussion as a forum to air her own views. He began discussing the ways in which the country had benefited by joining WTO."Discuss the negative effects of India joining the WTO" . • Facts and figures need not validate all your statements. • You might be appreciated for your in-depth knowledge. Such a behavior indicates how self-centered you are and highlights your inability to work in an atmosphere where different opinions are expressed.
you might adopt the wait and watch attitude. It is very important to listen and understand the topic before you air your opinions. A candidate with good reading habits has more chances of success. Knowledge is strength. • Your personality is also being evaluated. • Spending a little time analyzing the topic may provide you with insights which others may not have thought about. it is better not to initiate. Address the entire group in such a way that everyone feels you are speaking to him or her. In the second part of the discussion candidates can exercise their choice in agreeing. Even when she was asked to comment on a particular point. sound knowledge on different topics like politics. Use a pen and paper to jot down your ideas. direct and straight forward. • Remember. you are the participant in the GD. economy. not by cutting others short. Listen attentively to others. Some mistakes are irreparable. participate in the discussion. If you are not sure about the topic of discussion. Focus on your strengths and do not spend too much time thinking about how others are superior or inferior to you. Power to convince effectively is another quality that makes you stand out among others. A GD is a formal occasion where slang is to avoided. such as listening intently or nodding while appreciating someone's viewpoint speak of you positively. Try to score by increasing your size. finance. she preferred to remain silent. not the evaluator. Language use should be simple. Lack of knowledge or wrong approach creates a bad impression. She thought that some of the other candidates were exceptionally good. Thanks to her insecurity. Eye contact plays a major role. Starting off the group discussion with a mistake is one such mistake. science and technology is helpful. Clarity in speech and expression is yet another essential quality. Your verbal and non verbal cues are being read. Maintain rapport with fellow participants. disagreeing or remaining neutral. Decent communication skills with good confidence is a must to crack the GDs. may be you would be able to come up with a point or two later. she contributed little to the discussion. rather than evaluating others and your performance.NEELABH Page 16 of 30 • False starts are extremely expensive. Communicate with each and every candidate present. Instead. Managing one's insecurities Sumati was very nervous. In other words. While speaking don't keep looking at a single member. Non-verbal gestures. They cost you your admission. A GD is not a debating stage. Participants should confine themselves to expressing their viewpoints. unless you have a great sense of humor. Don't interrupt a speaker when the session is on. . So. It is easy to pick up these cues from your body language. • Your confidence level is being evaluated. • Listen! It gives you the time to conceptualize and present the information in a better manner.
Kaun Banega Krorepati is less about knowledge but more about money and personality. Position of Women in India compared to other nations. Beauty contests degrade womanhood The rise of regional blocs threatens independent nations like India Six billion and one bronze! Is dependence on computers a good thing? . Is Globalization Really Necessary? What shall we do about our ever-increasing Population? Corruption is the price we pay for Democracy. With media publishing and telecasting trivia. US war on iraq-justified or not. How to deal with international terrorism.NEELABH • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Page 17 of 30 Engineering GD Topics Is China a threat to the Indian software industry. "UN's peace activities" and "America's war on Iraq". Should we pursue our policy of dialogue with Pakistan? Is peace and non-violence outdated concepts? A Unipolar World spells disaster for underdeveloped countries like India. which is the land of opportunities water resources should be nationalised "BALANCE BETWEEN PROFESSIONALISM AND FAMILY" Effect of cinema on Youth Education in India compared to Foreign nations What is the effect of movies on youth. Role of UN in peacekeeping. Govt contribution to IT is china a threat to Indian industry India or west . censorship is the need of the hour. Foreign Television Channels are destroying our culture. What India needs is a Dictatorship. Is China better than India in software. Role of UN in Peace keeping War on Iraq About Hockey being the primary game in India. Can America occupy Iraq IS CHINA A THREAT TO INDIA Present state of Indian Cricket team Advantages of Co-education. Environment Management. "Environment-Whose Responsibility". is it good or bad) Are studies more beneficial in India or in Abroad.
Voting rights to illiterates in India is illogical because it is widely misused. Beauty pageants are a marketing gimmick. From public sector to privatization as in the U. Some simple but effective electoral reforms will enable us to retain the present parliamentary system and ensure the preservation of democracy in India. ill. Cricket as a national obsession is a detriment to other sports. Private enterprise and not public sector will contribute to faster and higher economic growth in India Inflation is inevitable in our developing country. Discuss. To develop India has to empower women.NEELABH • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Page 18 of 30 Should the public sector be privatised? China and India are similar nations with contrasting ways Is India a Soft Nation? Value based politics is the need of the hour Religion should not be mixed with politics How to deal with high oil prices Our cricketers are not to blame for match fixing Why cant we be world players in industry as we are in software? Multinational corporations: Are they devils in disguise? Should there be limits on artistic freedom (the controversy on Fire). State is the biggest violator of human rights. Advertising is a waste of resources. Should there be private universities? Does banning fashion shows and New Year parties save our culture? Public sector is more a hindrance than help to promote socialism. Joint family is a blessing in disguise Higher education should be made possible only for those who can pay for it. without prior work experience working in a big marketing firm is a disadvantage when compared with working in a small firm.K. is the right answer for India's instant economic breakthrough. .Formulate the government's health policy to control the spread of AIDS. Nuclear war cannot be won and should not be fought. The doctrine of "limited nuclear war" is an ill-convinced. Privatization will lead to less corruption. There can never be a classless society. . Economic betterment of the poorer nations is as important as disarmament to ensure lasting world peace. Consumerism is destroying the social fabric of Indian culture Free market is a prerequisite for growth.. The policy of reservation is a legacy of the British and it has done more harm than good. For a marketing post graduate.logical. irrational and extremely dangerous concept.
Technology: The Ism' Of The New Millennium? Religion And Politics Should Not Mix TRIPS Controversy And The Patent Act Amendment Should India Sign The CTBT State Interventions In Market Kind Or Mixed Economy Science Is A Boon Or Bane Is Swapping Terrorists For Hostages An Encouragement For Plane. . Is Swadeshi relevant for India today? Money is required to earn more money. Foreign trade is necessary for any country to survive Presidential Vs Parliamentary form of government of India. Political parties have outlived their utility. Effect of liberalization on poverty. or do they? Developing countries should spend more on development than on defense. Business and ethics go hand in hand. Indians perform better as individuals rather than in groups.Hijackers? Nice Guys Finish Last All Work And No Play Makes Jack A Dull Boy Individual Freedom And Civil Society Conventionalism And Modernity: The Ever going Debate Should There Be A Restriction On Permissiveness Being propagated by The MTV Culture And Foreign Media? Marxism And Its Future All Over The World The Growing Menace Of Casteism And Regionalism Presidential Form Of Government Is Needed In India Bullet For Bullet: Is It The Right Policy? Capitation Fees Should Be Abolished Brain-Drain Has To Be Stopped Business And Ethics Can't / Don't Go Together Are women As good as Men Or Inferior? Nothing Succeeds Like Success The Malthusian Economic Prophecy Is No Longer Relevant Secessionism In The North-East: Who's To Blame? Should India Break Diplomatic Ties With Pakistan? Age and Youth: Experience And Young Talent East Is East & West Is Where All The Action Is': Mark Twain Freedom Of _Expression And The State Authority. Executive should be allowed to form unions.NEELABH • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Page 19 of 30 Women cannot successfully combine both career and home Women are good managers.
.Should taxpayers pay for it? Indian bureaucracy ..Do they serve peoples interests or are they pressure groups? Death of Socialism Role of women in development Kids today are not what they used to be Casteless India .NEELABH Page 20 of 30 MBA GD Topics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Is India moving away from a secularist state? Education in India ....Do we lack in team spirit? Generation X ..foundation strengths or colonial hangovers? In India.....The rise and rise of feminist power....are we in a time warp? "How green was my valley.". when managers become Hamlets.Dream or reality? Quality is a myth in India..Is there a correlation? We don't learn from history. baby .Is there room for everyone? Artificial Intelligence .Is it necessary to succeed in business The role of NGOs in economics and politics NGOs . . the whole is less than the parts .. Indian customs . All the world is a stage. we repeat it Do we need a global policeman Indian villages ..Have we sold our souls to the Devil? You've come a long way.com" companies .boon or bane if there were no armies in the world.. If Patel were our first Prime Minister..Drivers of our future or are they our lost souls? Do we need a cut in the defence budget? "Dot..A pipe dream Should Trade Unionism be banned in India Repeated elections ..Will man be ever replaced by machines? if I were to choose my person of the millennium.. Education and success . Is nature paying the price ? Management Education . Materialism ..or the lack of it What ails Indian sports? The Age of Information Is Philosophy just an armchair theory? Success is all about human relations Borderless worlds .our strength or our weakness? Agrarian Economy in India ....
Religion should not be mixed with politics 18.How to deal with high oil prices 19. Should gambling be legalised in India? Are we unfit for Democracy? Survival tools for the new millennium Examinations .Is Globalisation Really Necessary? 3.What India needs is a Dictatorship.Beauty contests degrade womanhood 10.Is it morally right for society Are beauty pageants necessary? The relevance of Gandhism today India and the WTO Did India handle the hijack issue properly? Is E-Commerce the best thing for India Managerial skills learnt in the classroom can never match those learnt from experience Democracy is hampering India progress MBA in India is highly overrated.Kaun Banega Krorepati is less about knowledge but more about money and personality. 7.Value based politics is the need of the hour 17.Should there be limits on artistic freedom (the controversy on Fire). censorship is the need of the hour.Multinational corporations: Are they devils in disguise? 22. 8. 2.Is India a Soft Nation? 16.Should the public sector be privatised? 14. 2. Religion is a private affair and should be of no concern for the state Decreasing defense expenditure and increasing social expenditure is the need of the hour Hot Topics: 1. 6.China and India are similar nations with contrasting ways 15.What shall we do about our ever-increasing Population? 4.How to deal with international terrorism. 9.Why cant we be world players in industry as we are in software? 21.Six billion and one bronze! 12.Foreign Television Channels are destroying our culture.Corruption is the price we pay for Democracy.The rise of regional blocs threatens independent nations like India 11.NEELABH • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Page 21 of 30 Role of ethics in tobacco industry.Is dependence on computers a good thing? 13. .A Unipolar World spells disaster for underdeveloped countries like India.With media publishing and telecasting trivia.Should we pursue our policy of dialogue with Pakistan? 3. 5.Our cricketers are not to blame for match fixing 20.Is peace and non-violence outdated concepts? Current Topics: 1.has it killed education Cultural Invasion through the air waves Should doctors be tried in Consumer Courts Abortion and Euthanasia . liquor industry etc.
The impact of MTV on our psyche 9. The Internet chains have come on the wings of science & technology but are no less restrictive for all that.Up the Down Staircase 9. 5. 2. Media is a mixed blessing/How ethical is media? 4.Are Big Dams Necessary? 2. 2. stop being coy about sex education.Smaller businesses and start-ups have more scope for professional growth. not aid.The Internet is an exercise in hype 7.Family owned business vs professionally run businesses 9.The Rush for MBA is really a rush for big money 3.Showing Violence and Crimes should not be allowed in films and on television.Westernization or modernization? ECONOMIC TOPICS: 1. 10. What should India strive for.Should there be private universities? 24. 3.Does banning fashion shows and New Year parties save our culture? Social Topics: 1. Developing countries need trade. Capitalism is a very flawed system but the others are so much worse. we should have child free zones 10.Do Beauty and Brains Go Together? 6. Secularism has become a tool to justify the wrongs done by the minorities.Our Culture is Decaying 6.Let us legalise gambling Management Topics: 1.There is no right way to do a wrong thing 4.Bride burning and dowry may look bad. 4.NEELABH Page 22 of 30 23.A ship docked in harbour cannot face the storms 8.Marriage is a social trap SOCIAL TOPICS: 1. Why do we lag behind China? 3. but are an integral part of India. Is the business of business only business? .The objective of Management is to maximise profits 5.Films are corrupting the Indian Youth 3. 5.Ethics in Business are just a passing fashion 4. 5. 10.Is management an art or a science? 2.Just as we have smoke free zones.The Wheel is Turning Round and Round 2.When I woke up in the morning I saw… 7.The education system needs serious reforms 8. Flexibility of labour laws is the key to attracting more Foreign Direct Investment.A Gandhian State selling liquor is an anomaly 4.Do professional managers have a chance in our family run businesses? 6. To fight AIDs.Dot com or doubt com? Creative Topics: 1.Is an MBA necessary to succeed in life? 8.We are not serious about saving Wildlife/Environment 7.If I was the Finance Minister/Prime Minister 3.Group Task: How can we have Mount Everest in India? 5.
Reserving seats for women in Panchayat has not only been a farce but has distracted from developing a more genuine voice of women. 39. 3. 8. 7. Reforms have to grow up. Will Mumbai's film industry ever evolve into a truly modern corporatised one? 38. the reason is that we have designed our system of governance for protecting. Should businessmen run the finance ministry? 23. For globalisation to succeed in India people must be able to see what is in it for them 22. 4. Business ethics are no longer a luxury for corporates but a necessity? 34. Is the US economy headed the Japanese economy way? 19. Modern day sport in industrialised society is an industry. How can business get rid of the bad name that it has earned? 32. Trade can help the poor ? 45. Foreign aid is a dangerous drug that can stimulate in small doses but become fatally addictive in larger doses. Government pumping money into the economy is not the solution for our economic problems 33. The voters are required to be well informed and educated about their candidates so that they can elect the right aspirant by their own assessment. 29. Why do we lag behind China ? 40. Who says MNCs are superior to Indian companies ?. Conditional access system for cable TV watchers: boon or bane? 15. The future lies with globalisation 12. Is industryless growth here to stay ? 30. Every cloud has a silver lining. Is the NPA ordinance too harsh? 10. ECONOMIC TOPICS: 1. How should privatisation proceeds be utilised ? 35. 43. 41. 11. What we need to reduce scams is better regulatory bodies. Markets left to themselves encourage greed. War rhetoric is misplaced in a country like India which is trying to globalise its economy. 2. Will market reforms enrich rich states further. Have the nuclear tests of 1998 benefited or harmed India? 3. Globalisation versus nationalism 14. 9. if not encouraging. Why not use a brand index to measure national prosperity?. For globalisation to succeed in India people must be able to see what is in it for them 18. Is there any point in having a business strategy when the world changes from month to month? 25.NEELABH POLITICAL TOPICS: Page 23 of 30 1. 44. Voters. Should agricultural subsidies be stopped ? 37. 5. Should important services like transport be left to market forces? 24. In our economic matters. Are co-operatives relevant in today's globalised environment? 6. 2. there is an excessive tendency towards the thinking rather than doing. as anything else. . Is the patents bill good for India? . Steal a few lakhs and you're a criminal. Is disinvestment really that good for India or is a rethink in order? 5. India should go for the presidential form of democracy. political parties are responsible for the criminalisation of politics. Is the budgeting exercise of any use? 36. while poorer ones lag further?. Is the business of business only business? 27. Economic freedom not old fashioned theories of development will lead to growth and prosperity 20. Steal a few hundred crores and you become an industrialist. not. corruption? 16. Capitalism is a very flawed system but the others are so much worse ? 31. If India is poorly governed. 42. Government should clean its own hands before pointing finger at the private sector for corruption. 46. 21. Is the consumer really the king in India? 13. Globalisation is good for developing countries 28. Can the economy achieve an 8 percent growth rate? 4. Commercialisation of health care : Good or Bad ? 17. The power ministry should cut off supplies to all the defaulting SEBs. Public sector being a guarantor of job security is a myth. 26.
Should PSUs be divested through strategic sale or public offer? 48.Who should pay for them Indian bureaucracy .Do we lack in team spirit? "Dot.The state is above the law? Management Education Topics 1.heralding a new employment revolution The BPO revolution and its impact on the society Education and success . Decreasing defense expenditure and increasing social expenditure is the need of the hour BPO GD Topics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Is coalition politics here to stay? Does India need a dictator? What ails Indian sports? Success is all about human relations Borderless worlds .Dream or reality? Quality is a myth in India Will China overtake India in IT India . we repeat it Do we need a global policeman? Indian villages .the back office to the world by 2020 Does Indian IT industry need to focus on products rather than services The BPO age . liquor industry etc.Is it necessary to succeed in business Kids today are not what they used to be Repeated elections . Managerial skills learnt in the classroom can never match those learnt from experience 2. the whole is less than the parts . Are we unfit for Democracy? Survival tools for the new millennium Examinations . Democracy is hampering India progress 3.Is there a correlation? We don't learn from history.foundation strengths or colonial hangovers? In India. 4. MBA in India is highly overrated. Religion is a private affair and should be of no concern for the state 5.Will man be ever replaced by machines? Materialism .has it killed education Should doctors be tried in Consumer Courts .NEELABH Page 24 of 30 47.com" companies .Is there room for everyone? Artificial Intelligence .Have we sold our souls to the Devil? Role of ethics in tobacco industry.our strength or our weakness? Management Education .
Role of UN in peacekeeping. is it good or bad) Are studies more beneficial in India or in Abroad.NEELABH • Page 25 of 30 Is E-Commerce the best thing for India General GD Topics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • US war on Iraq-justified or not. IS CHINA A THREAT TO INDIA Present state of Indian Cricket team. Environment Management. Is China better than India in software. Position of Women in India compared to other nations. What is the effect of movies on youth. Should SONIA Gandhi be made the PM BPOs in INDIA Govt contribution to IT will punch lines rule the Advt premarital sex is china a threat to Indian industry India or west . How to deal with international terrorism. "Environment-Whose Responsibility". Love marriage/Arranged marriage. Is China a threat to the Indian software industry. Advantages of Co-education. Role of UN in Peace keeping War on Iraq About Hockey being the primary game in India Can America occupy Iraq Cricket should be banned or not. which is the land of opportunities water resources should be nationalized "BALANCE BETWEEN PROFESSIONALISM AND FAMILY" Effect of cinema on Youth Education in India compared to Foreign nations Is it necessary to ban COCO COLA in India. "UN's peace activities" and "America's war on Iraq". Should we pursue our policy of dialogue with Pakistan? Is peace and non-violence outdated concepts? .
Mock GroupDiscussion : Most topics are taken from the current political or economic scene so if one has just kept abreast of current affairs. Beauty contests degrade womanhood The rise of regional blocs threatens independent nations like India Six billion and one bronze! Is dependence on computers a good thing? Should the public sector be privatised? China and India are similar nations with contrasting ways Is India a Soft Nation? Value based politics is the need of the hour Religion should not be mixed with politics How to deal with high oil prices Our cricketers are not to blame for match fixing Why cant we be world players in industry as we are in software? Multinational corporations: Are they devils in disguise? Should there be limits on artistic freedom (the controversy on Fire). Should there be private universities? Does banning fashion shows and New Year parties save our culture Sample Mock GD . The time for discussion is approximately 20 minutes.NEELABH Page 26 of 30 Current GD Topics • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • A Unipolar World spells disaster for underdeveloped countries like India Is Globalisation Really Necessary? What shall we do about our ever-increasing Population? Corruption is the price we pay for Democracy Foreign Television Channels are destroying our culture What India needs is a Dictatorship. We give below a group discussion on a common topic and . With media publishing and telecasting trivia. Kaun Banega Krorepati is less about knowledge but more about money and personality. Every candidate is supposed to express his opinion and views on the topic given.I Candidates are divided in groups of 8 to 10 and each group is tested by a panel of Judges. then he will be able to make a mark. censorship is the need of the hour. Usually topics of general interest are given by the panel to the group and the group is asked to proceed with discussion. the panel of Judges quietly observes the performance and behavior of the candidates and makes his own assessment. During the discussion.
The point is whether they have a good or bad impact on the host countries. I am against multinationals. The world is interconnected. Look at foreign banks. Why do we need multinational companies? Mr E : We may not need multinational companies but then it also means that our companies should not do business abroad. First. We have to discuss their business practices and find out whether they are desirable or not. One does not have to wait at their restaurants. air conditioners and so on can be made in poor countries. Can we live in an isolated world? The fact is that we are moving towards becoming a global village. Mr E : That is a very good introduction to the topic. Mr C : How do you account for the fact that they take out more than they put in and thus lead to impoverishing the country? Mr D : The fact is that every poor country needs foreign investment. They set up power plants and build roads and bridges. JUDGE : Good morning. I suggest you should start the discussion. Multinationals destroy the local industry and sell non-essential products. In India they just took over existing companies. They are providing quality meals at affordable prices. we have to see why they come at all. I think we can learn a lot from multinationals if we keep our eyes and mind open. we may ask each of you to speak for a minute on the topic at the end of the discussion. You are given one minute to think to start with the discussion. I am against multinationals. So there is nothing wrong with them. Modern practices have helped the people in that area. Mr A : I agree with you. Multinational companies do serve an important function that they bring new products and technologies in countries which do not have them. If no conclusion is reached.NEELABH Page 27 of 30 give some typical responses of students. Mr B : I agree with you. They come for earning profits and often remit more money abroad than they bring in. They came in areas of low technology. Mr B : Take a look at McDonald's. That is why they have to invite foreign companies in. The observers will not interfere in your discussion. It is well known that Pepsi is in the foods business also and has helped farmers in Punjab by setting up modern farms to grow potatoes and tomatoes. Mr C : I think water is good enough. They are so efficient and friendly that the nationalized banks look pathetic in comparison. Mr A : I still feel that multinationals are harmful for the country. Poor countries often lack resources of their own. There is nothing wrong in this because then products like cars. Mr A : This is a good topic. Mr D : We are not here to discuss soft drinks. They are merely large companies which operate in a number of countries. What is the fun of having Coke and Pepsi? We have our own Campa Cola. There could be some Indian multinationals also. . Do we need them? We can manufacture our own soft drinks. We have Coke and Pepsi. The topic given to us is a much larger one. which really help in the development of host countries. You can choose any topic you like or take a slip from that box. Then we have also seen that foreign companies bring in business practices that we are impressed with. Often multinationals source products from different countries which helps boost their export earnings. Mr E : We have been talking about Coke and Pepsi. And it is not just Coke and Pepsi. We should be swadeshi in our approach. let us define multinational companies. The topic on the slip is "Multinationals: Bane or Boon". Moreover. We then analyze the discussion so that readers can develop their own strategy for themselves. Mr F : But are they all that good? We have seen that they destroy local industry. We can produce everything ourselves.
Very often officials in poor countries take bribes. Mr E's approach is better as he intervenes a number of times. my friend! I don’t think GD has anything to do with leading or being led. Later. Bijoy. Analysis : Though Mr A started the discussion. he could not give any points about why multinationals are bad. Charu. They do not have a topic yet and are waiting for the moderator to make everybody comfortable.NEELABH Page 28 of 30 Mr D : Well. Why blame the companies for our own ills? Mr A : What about the money they take out? Mr D : We have had a good discussion and I think it is time to sum up. Bijoy: Management is all about working with people. Ehsan: I agree that this is rather unusual. Daisy and Ehsan are waiting for their group discussion to start. . I mean. why have a GD at all? Charu: I find this very strange. Remember. Charu: (Laughs) You are using some impressive management jargon. Mr D. The participation of Mr B and C is below average. Today. At the same time. A GD on GD! I suggest we should discuss the importance of a GD first. If selection has to be made from the above six candidates. The observer is not interested in your beliefs but in what you are saying.” Bijoy: This should be interesting. Otherwise it is only about sharing your knowledge with others. Their arguments are also not well thought out and add nothing to the argument. let us invite them in selected areas so that we get foreign investment in areas which we are lacking. The first step should always be to introduce the topic without taking sides. How we are able to lead and be led. there could be negative things associated with such companies. it is not a debate but a discussion. How can you have a GD on GD? We should be discussing some current topic to test our knowledge. He has also taken initiative in the beginning and brought order to the group. the obvious choice would be Mr E and thereafter. I suppose GD is one way of establishing one’s ability to work with others. A candidate must make 3-4 interventions. he could not make any good points. the moderator looks at the clock and announces: “You have 5 minutes for this group discussion. See the way in which the discussion is proceeding and give arguments for or against. They may not be very good in their practices. Bijoy has suggested we start with the importance of GD. GD is a very important part of various selection procedures. At the most. It is important to say relevant things which make an impact rather than speak for the sake of speaking. The fault lies not with the company which gives a bribe but the person who actually demands one. Rather than be close about multinationals. Multinationals may have good points and some bad ones too. Mr E : I think laws are applicable to everyone. But can we do without them? I think the best way is to invite them but also impose some controls so that they follow the laws of the country and do not indulge in unfair practices. It is also a bad strategy to say at the outset whether you are for or against the topic. And your topic is ‘How to Succeed in Group Discussions. They seem to be aware of the role of multinational companies. our job is to conduct a meaningful discussion regardless of the topic. Sample Mock GD . We cannot live in a protected economy any longer. The arguments of Mr D and E are better. There. Laws can be strictly enforced that companies operate within limits and do not start meddling in political affairs. We have been protected for many years and the results are there for everyone to see. Aditi: GD is all about teamwork. but competition is never harmful for anyone. a GD may give an idea about how a business meeting is held.II Aditi.’ Please start. That’s all.
Some of us must learn to shut up and let others talk (looks directly at Charu). Ehsan: I suppose the point is to participate and give others also a chance to participate. Pardon if I make any wrong. a GD is a good tool to assess how well you are able to function within a group. The topic is GD. Talk about that. So. Bijoy: But the question is how to succeed in GDs. Otherwise only one person is there.. Aditi: If everyone follows that we will only have silence and no discussion. Anyway. I think the first prerequisite is patience. Daisy: I want to… Aditi: I don’t think any discussion is meaningful unless everyone has the same level of knowledge.. Perhaps. Perhaps Daisy has something to add to this thought . . Bijoy: Consensus is fine. there is usually a chairman whose job is to control the meeting. Charu: Agree to disagree. Every participant may present an individual point of view but the thinking about that point of view is collective. Daisy: I want to say something. no one can read your mind. Don’t use a word unless you know what you are talking about. many heads can raise many ideas.NEELABH Page 29 of 30 Bijoy: (Visibly irritated) Looks like you are very sure about your knowledge. how do you contribute? Ehsan: I think a GD is very much like a business meeting. a group makes it possible to brainstorm any issue. Daisy is right that a GD is about consensus but there can still be differences. But is it necessary that everyone should have the same viewpoint? Ehsan: That is an interesting thought. Charu: Also. Bijoy: Every subject has various angles. Yes. Charu: (Leaning forward and pointing to Daisy) I think the correct word is consensus. Perhaps there is no need for a group or even a discussion? Ehsan: We have some interesting points here. is it not possible to only listen? Charu: (Smirks) I don’t know how the moderator will rate your profound silence! Bijoy: But Daisy. Unless you speak. A GD provides an opportunity to discuss various aspects of an issue and weigh merits and demerits of different approaches. In a meeting. Aditi: I don’t think you can compare a GD to a business meeting. A GD is good for ‘consensus. Daisy: Please can I speak? Aditi: Come on! You don’t have to beg for permission to speak! Daisy: I said that because I thought someone might have wanted to speak before me. Ehsan: Yes.’ It is always better everybody agree. too many cooks spoil the broth (laughs). Leadership and sharing knowledge. I am from vernacular medium… Aditi: Don’t waste our time talking about your background. Daisy: Thanks for giving me chance.
Charu is too sure and too full of herself to be able to contribute to a group. Daisy needs to work on her language and her confidence. .NEELABH Page 30 of 30 Bijoy: A GD may not have a chairman but I suppose one person usually emerges as the leader and guides the discussion. Bijoy also has some interesting ideas but is prone to being provoked easily. He appears to have a good grasp of the subject though on the whole the GD failed to do justice to the core subject of how to succeed. Aditi is guilty of intolerance and rude interruptions. Thank you everyone. though she may have the right concepts. Charu: I suppose someone fancies himself to be a leader. Moderator’s notes: Ehsan shows leadership skills and the ability to hold a group together. This is so boring! Moderator: Your time is up.
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