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Magnetic flux can be defined in terms of an area vector

5/7/12

A rectangular loop consists of N = 100 closely wrapped turns and has dimensions a = 0.4 m and b = 0.3 m. The loop is hinged along the y-axis and its plane makes an angle of 30o with the x-axis. What is the magnitude of the torque exerted on the loop by a uniform magnetic field B = 0.8 T directed along the x-axis when the current I is 1.2 A in the direction shown? What is the expected direction of rotation of the loop?

5/7/12

Consider a charged particle with mass m and charge q which at t = 0 has a velocity v perpendicular to B. This particle experiences a force with magnitude F = qvB perpendicular to its velocity. A force perpendicular to the velocity results in centripetal acceleration a = F/m = v2/r. The particle will move along a circular path. The radius of the circle is r = mv2/F = mv2/(qvB) = mv/(qB), and the circle lies in a plane perpendicular to B. The diagram on the right shows the paths followed by two charges, one positive (red) and one negative (blue), in a magnetic field that points into the page.

5/7/12