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(Data Envelopment

Analysis, DEA )


(Decision
Making Unit, DMU)

Farrell
Farrell(1957)

1.

2.
3.

Farrell

Farrell (technical efficiency)


(price efficiency)
(overall efficiency)

CCR
CCR Charnes et al. (1978)
Farrell (1957)
(constant return to scale)

RDUMkR

Ek

u kj Y jk

j 1
m
vik X ik

i 1

X ik , Y jk 0,
ukk , vik 0,

i 1,, m , j 1,, n
i 1,, m , j 1,, n

CCR
DEADMUk
EkDMUk

Ek DMUkEr1
n

Max

Ek

u Y
j 1
m

v
i 1

k
j

k
j

k
i

X ik

u Y
s.t.

j 1
m

v
i 1

k
j

k
i

r
j

1 , r 1,2, , R

X ir

u kj 0,

j 1,2, , n

vik 0,

i 1,2, , m

X-Y

DMUF
F*=(1.5,3)

F*
DMUFF
F*

OY
OY
EF*
EF
OX F*
OX F

Y
E
H

D
C

F*

A
O

XF*

XF

EF
OY OX F * OX F * 1.5
hF

0.3
EF * OX F
5
OX F
OY

BCC

CCR
Banker et al. (1984)CCR


BCC

BCC
n

Ek

Max

k k
k
u
Y

u
j j 0
j 1

k
k
v
X
i i
i 1

k r
k
u
Y

u
j j 0

s.t.

j 1

k
v
i Xi

1, r 1,2,, R

i 1

u kj 0,

j 1,2,, n

vik 0,

i 1,2,, m

DEA

DEA

DEA
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

DEA

(DMUs)

1.

2.
3.


88 10 CNC
8 21 CNC

CNC
300 300

1.
2.

3.

4.


CNC?CNC
?
CNC
?
?

1.

2.
(Golany& Roll, 1989)
3.



CNC 88 10
29

(CNC
300
300)21 CNC

1.
2.
3.


Luggen ( 1994 )Thyer ( 1991 )
CNC
CNC

1 () ;6 (
X
Z
)

DEA
CCR
BCC

DMU

FDH

!!