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SAFETY Identify Hazard Estimate the risk Develop control Strategy Implement Monitor Feedback Managerial Skill .
Visual Observation Type Of Materials Talk to Workers – Communication Skill Equipment Layout Modeling System Vulnerability Graphical Representation of Risk through software Failure Tree Analysis .
Environment. It also helps to understand the value (Economic. M = Medium . M L L M Impact L=Low .RISK MATRIX Likelihood explains the probability of occurrence of RISK. Red = Most Dangerous . Yellow = Dangerous. Likelihood H Imapct explains the explains the extent of DAMAGE because of the RISK. H = High Risk matrix helps to estimate relationship between likelihood & damage. etc) of the Risk. Human. H Green = Less dangerous. It helps to prioritize the risk management function.
Light & other products of which CO or CO2 Can be one among them What ??? Consequences Classification Control Prevention Chemical Process Spontaneous Oxidation Combustible material Heat Light (Visual Component) Products C O2 CO Smoke .Fire is a spontaneous oxidation of combustible material which leads to the generation of heat.
Stages of Fire 1 Fire Start 2 Chemical Reaction Pyrolysis Ignition Gasification Increase in Temperature Convection Consequences of FIRE: Dimensions of the room Degree of Occupancy 3 Flame Radiant Energy Light Thermal Combustion Smoke Density of materials in terms of volume Nature of materials Positions of doors & windows Other related factors .
C B D A A= Ignition B= Development C= Sustain D=Decay .
activation of appropriate control measures.Control Of FIRE Detection Cause of fire Method FIRE Control is a complex integrated process which involv primarily the following processes : 1. Detection 2. Task Evaluation Efficient Detection System (EDS) Minimum concentration of the signal requirements to produce a definite response in a receiving unit is called as Minimum Detection Limit The Efficiency of fire control will solely be dependent upon how effectively the sensor system works. activation of alarms & visual signals & Minimizing the possible effectors of fire. Transmission of information from one component to another in a rapid manner. Smoke Heat Smell Light Radiant Energy Gases . Control / Suspension 3.
Cells of Gastro Intestinal tract. This means these type of cells will have minimum threshold limit which can induce the damage. At the same time there are tissues which are resistant to radiations such as Nervous & Muscle tissues. Hematopoietic cells which undergo rapid proliferation & differentiation are highly susceptible (vulnerable) to nuclear radiations.BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF IONIZAING RADIATION External damage Degree of Damage Depends On Dose There is a Direct Relationship between Dose of Radiation & Degree of Damage Exposure Level Exposure level refers to Duration & Frequency of Human beings to Nuclear Radiations Studies have clearly indicated that there is a definite pattern of Vulnerability (Sensitivity) of biological tissue to radiations. .
components of the machine.Types of Mechanical Injuries What it is ? Sources Management Bruises Laceration Cut Puncture Hematomas Crush Hazard Effect Safety Health Environment Bone Mechanical Hazards are essentially caused due to machine. moving parts of the machine & any other source which can injure a person .
etc. . The vibrations can be measured by accelerometer. The immediate symptoms are unexplained bleeding.Vibrations In vibrations VWFS( Vibration white finger syndrome) is a typial sort of damage caused by constantly handling vibrating devices/machine parts or objects which are a frequency of 5-150 Hz. Barotraumas Barotraumas is a condition which involves damaged caused as a result of acute differential pressure differences that exists with respect to your body. In such cases long term exposure to Vibratingdevices/Environment/Machines must be avoided & there must be rotation of job responsibilities. Unconsciousness. pain localized to certain regions. The conditions can be reduced by appropriate Physiotherapy interventions. This device measures the vibration as m/sec2 & the allowable or tolerant range is 6-25 m/sec2. So that disease conditions like VWFS are minimized. It is important to know that occurrence of such syndrome can lead to a permanent irreversible damage to the fingers & palms.