Unit 6 Exam 1.

Woodrow Wilson hardened Senate opposition to the Treaty of Versailles by his refusal to compromise on the issue of a. reparations limited to the amount Germany could afford to pay b. plebiscites to determine the new borders of Germany c. the border between Italy and Germany d. protectorate status for African colonies seized from Germany e. the unconditional adherence of the United States to the charter of the League of Nations

6. Constitutional amendments enacted during the Progressive
Era concerned all of the following EXCEPT a. imposition of an income tax b. imposition of poll taxes c. extension of suffrage to women d. prohibition of the sale alcoholic beverages e. procedures for electing United States senators 7. Joseph Pulitzer achieved fame and wealth as a a. radio commentator b. political cartoonist c. photographer d. film producer e. newspaper publisher The primary function of the war boards during the First World War was to a. increase cooperation among business, labor and government b. encourage the breakup of monopolies c. nationalized the banking industry d. limit the influence of social scientists on the government policy e. minimize the tax burden During Woodrow Wilson’s administration, the federal government attempted to counteract the economic influence of big business by a. eliminating the gold standard b. increasing tariff rates c. centralizing economic planning d. applying the provisions of the 14th Amendment to corporations e. establishing the Federal Trade Commission

2. During the First World War, the Committee on Public
Information issued propaganda to persuade the American people of all of the following EXCEPT a. the United States was fighting for freedom and democracy b. the United States was fighting a barbarous nation c. buying bonds was important to support the war effort d. a German invasion of the United States was a possibility e. Congress should reject the League of Nations 3. The Open Door Policy of the twentieth century called for a. the continuation of the Monroe Doctrine in the Western Hemisphere b. the opening of the United States to foreign goods c. the elimination of passports for international travel d. unlimited European immigration into the United States e. open access to China for American investment and commercial interests “We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their windows and orphans out-of-doors; subjugated the remaining ten millions by Benevolent assimilation….And so, by these Providences of God—and the phrase is the government’s, not mine—we are a World Power” The statement above was most probably made in reference to United States policy in the a. opening of Japan b. annexation of the Hawaiian Islands c. occupation of the Philippines d. acquisition of Puerto Rico and Cuba e. conquering of Columbia

8.

9.

4.

5. Which of the following led immediately and directly to
Theodore Roosevelt’s issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine? a. Pancho Villa’s armed raids into Texas and New Mexico b. General Augusto Sandino’s insurrection against American troops occupying Nicaragua c. The arrest of an unarmed party of American sailors in Tampico, Mexico d. American concern that a Japanese syndicate would attempt to purchase land near the Panama Canal e. American fear that financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to European intervention

10. As a result of the Spanish-American War, Spain relinquished to the United States control of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and which of the following? a. Alaska b. Hawaii c. The Panama Canal Zone d. Bermuda e. The Philippines

11.
the

Most Progressives sought all of the following EXCEPT

a. democratization of the political structure b. reformation of children’s labor law
c. expansion of women’s rights d. legislative creation of a socialist commonwealth e. application of “scientific methods” to solve social problems

12.

Which of the following best characterizes the muckrakers of the early 20th century? a. They were primarily concerned with radical issues

b. They were mostly recent immigrants to the United States c. The were leading critics of urban boss politics d. Their influence on public opinion was greatest after the First World War. e. They wrote primarily for an academic audience. 13. Theodore Roosevelt’s mediation in the Russo-Japanese War reflected his belief that United States interests were best served by a. a decisive victory for Russia b. a decisive victory for Japan c. the acquisition of Russian and Japanese spheres of interest by the United States d. a balance of power between Russia and Japan e. the return of Russian and Japanese spheres of interest to China

b. Only trusts in the railroads should be tolerated
c. Good trusts should be tolerated while bad trusts are prevented from manipulating markets d. Only trusts in the meatpacking industry should be broken up. e. Anything that stands in the way of complete and unrestricted economic competition is evil and should be removed.

18.

All of the following were part of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points EXCEPT a. self-determination b. open diplomacy c. freedom of the seas d. a League of Nations e. a restoration of a balance of power Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom and Theodore Roosevelt’s New Nationalism were similar in that both a. removed restrictions on the rights of women and minorities b. removed restrictions on the rights of unions to organize within the workplace c. expanded the rights of states to regulate business operations within state borders d. expanded the government’s role in regulating businesses and business monopolies e. expanded the notion of individualism inherent in their laissez-faire economic policies.

14.

The creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913 did which of the following? a. Made currency and credit more elastic. b. Established a floating exchange rate for the dollar. c. Insured bank deposits. d. Gave Congress the authority to set interest rates. e. Instituted controls on stock market transactions.

19.

15. “Article X says that every member of the League, and that means every great fighting power in the world, . . .solemnly engages to respect and preserve . . .the territorial integrity and existing politcal independence of the other members of the League. If you do that, you have absolutely stopped ambitious and aggressive war.” Woodrow Wilson’s statement above was made in justifications of his a. decision to send troops to northern Russia and Siberia after the Bolshevik Revolution b. refusal to award Fiume to the Italians c. insistence on “open treaties, openly arrived at” d. opposition to the resolution on racial equality put forth at the Paris peace negotiations by the Japanese delegation e. refusal to accept the “reservations” proposed by Henry Cabot Lodge in the Senate debate over ratification of the Treaty of Versailles 16. The United States Open Door Policy in Asia did which of the following? a. Guaranteed military support for China’s territorial integrity. b. Opened China to Western trade for the first time c. Bolstered American commercial interests in China d. Rid China of Europeans spheres of influences e. repudiated Japan’s interests in China 17. Which of the following statements best summarizes Theodore Roosevelt’s position on trusts? a. Trusts are an economic evil and should be destroyed in every case.

20. Which country did the United States have to protect Panama from after the Panamanian revolutionaries successfully overthrew their rulers and announced their independence? a. Colombia b. México c. Bolivia d. Venezuela e. Uruguay 21. All of the following contributed to the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment legislating Prohibition in 1919 EXCEPT a. the continued efforts of the Anti-Saloon league b. the fervor of the First World War lending patriotism to the cause of prohibition c. the Progressive belief in social reform d. the cumulative impact of state prohibition laws e. the high death tool from alcohol-related automobile accident 22. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine expanded America’s role in a. Central America and the Caribbean b. the Philippines c. North Africa d. Asia e. Europe 23. The leaders of the Progressive movement were primarily

a. farmers interested in improving agricultural
production b. immigrant activists attempting to change restrictive immigration laws c. representatives of industries seeking higher tariffs d. workers concerned with establishing industrial unions e. middle class reformers concerned with urban and consumer issues

in a modern American dominated by corporations and team players. d. Their exploits took people's minds off the depression. e. Both were associated with the isolationist cause to keep America out of Hitler's wars. 29. Which of the following were manifestations of the small town anti-urban impulse of the 1920s? I. Prohibition II. Fundamentalism III. Immigration restriction IV. Ku Klux Klan V. Election of 1928 a. I, II, and III only b. I, II, III, IV, and V c. II, III, and V only d. II, III, and IV only e. I, II, III and IV

24. Margaret Sanger is best known for her a. contribution to the radical suffragist movement b. endorsement of coeducation c. advocacy of birth control d. presidency of the WCTU e. organization of the Women’s Trade Union League 25. Which work was representative of the Harlem Renaissance? a. Langston Hughes, "Song to A Negro Wash Woman" and The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain" b. W.E.B. DuBois, The Philadelphia Negro c. The Autobiography of Malcolm X d. Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma e. John Howard Griffin, Black Like Me 26. To the people living in the decade of the 1920s, which came to symbolize immoral decadence? a. Muller v. Oregon case b. Sacco and Vanzetti trial c. Scopes trial d. Leopold and Loeb trial e. sit down strikes. 27. Prohibition became part of the Constitution in the 18th Amendment. Many Americans, convinced that a new dawn had arrived, celebrated its arrival. Events in the 1920s illustrated that prohibited was not working, that it produced undesirable results, yet millions of Americans continued to support prohibition. Who were the strongest supporters of prohibition in the 1920s? a. The three Republican presidents b. Organized crime figures c. Rural Americans and small town residents d. Immigrants in big cities. e. Labor leaders and labor unions. 28. How do you explain the hero worship lavished on Charles Lindbergh and Babe Ruth during the 1920s? a. Both men did something no one else had ever done before. b. They showed the accomplishments possible through team effort. c. They demonstrated that individualism was still alive

30. "At this time, among all the peoples of the world, the group that suffers most from injustice, the group that is denied most of those rights that belong to all humanity, is the black group. ...We of the UNIA believe that what is good for other folks is good for us. ...We [want} a kind of government that will place our race in control, even as others races are in control of their own government. ...You and I can live in the United States of America for 100 years, and our generations my live for 200 years or for 5,000 more years, and as long as there is a black and white population, when the majority is on the side of the white race, you and I will never get political justice or get political equality in this country." These words are form a speech by the black leader who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Who was the "Black Moses"? a. Marcus Garvey b. Robert C. Weaver c. Thurgood Marshall d. A. Philip Randolph e. Ralph Bunche.

31.

The decade of the 1920s was one of dramatic accomplishments in sports. Which of the following was NOT an accomplishment of this decade? a. Gene Tunney defeated Jack Dempsey to become the heavyweight champion of the world. b. Jim Thorpe, later voted the most outstanding athlete of the first half of the twentieth century, won the decathlon at the Olympics and was later stripped of his medals for earlier playing semi-professional baseball c. Red Grange, "The Galloping Ghost," starred as a football player at the University of Illinois and in the newly formed professional National Football League. d. Gertrude Ederle was the first woman to swim the English Channel. e. Babe Ruth hit 60 home runs in a single season.

32. The Sheppard-Towner Act of 1921 a. was aimed at reducing childbirth mortality rates and infant mortality rates. b. was the first broad-based restriction on immigration into the U.S

c. provided federal funds for highway construction d. in reaction to the Red Scare restricted the right of labor unions to use the general strike as a tactic. e. provided for the building of planned suburban communities such as Columbia, Maryland.

c. d. e.

bomb scares anger towards anarchists food shortages

33.

The mass production and mass purchasing of automobiles led to many changes in American society. Which of the following did NOT happen in the 1920s as a result of the mass marketing of automobiles? a. changes in dating customs b. Demands by voting public for more governmental funds for highways c. The stimulation of industries connected to the automobile industry, such as batteries, steel, oil, glass, and rubber d. The development of a motel industry e. A decline in the population of large cities as people moved to the suburbs and small towns since they could now commute to work.

39. All of the following contributed to the “Red Scare” EXCEPT a. the presence of Communist party members in the United States b. fears over the election of a Catholic as President c. the Russian Revolution d. bomb scares and actual bombings e. labor strikes

34. The first talking motion picture was a. The Jazz Singer b. Rebel Without a Cause c. Gone With the Wind d. Birth of a Nation e. Bridge over the River Kwai

35.

Four of the following contributed to the passage of the Immigration Acts of 1921 and 1924. Which did NOT? a. Results of I.Q. tests given to American soldiers during the World War One. b. Resentment of workers against foreign immigrants' taking jobs away from Americans by their willingness to work for low wages c. A belief, caused by two short postwar depressions, that the nation's pool of labor was already overcrowded d. The belief that those immigrants already in the country were not adequately Americanized e. A desire to resume the prewar policy of restrictive quotas after the First World War

40. Which of the following reasons was most likely the primary motivation behind passage of the National Origins Act? a. The United States was becoming overcrowded b. White Anglo-Saxon Protestants wanted to bar immigrants of different racial, ethnic, and religious backgrounds c. Immigrants had proven themselves to be a threat to democracy d. Congress felt that it had to retaliate against nations the did not allow Americans to migrate e. Businesses no longer wanted cheap labor 41. One result of prohibition during the 1920s was a. the creation of urban artistic colonies b. a decline in dancing and socializing c. an increase in alcoholism d. an increase in drunk driving arrests e. the rise of organized crime

42.
a. b. c. d. e.

36. During the 1920s, the main goal of the Ku Klux Klan was to a. repeal prohibition b. prevent women from voting c. teach evolution d. promote white supremacy e. encourage immigration 37. With which of the following issues were fundamentalists most concerned during the 1920s? a. the theory of evolution b. organized crime c. movie censorship d. technological change e. classic automobile restoration 38. The U.S. faced all of the following problems after WWI except? a. violent labor strikes b. urban racial riots

Why did prohibition seem to fail during the 1920s? prohibition weakened the American economy prohibition proved difficult to enforce prohibition increased alcoholism in the United States prohibition led to increased racial violence by the Ku Klux Klan immigration still rose dramatically

43. In the 1920s, women’s suffrage seemed to have its greatest impact in a. promoting the nomination of women for national office b. changing local politics c. supporting legislation favorable to women d. ending militant groups such as the National Woman’s Party e. developing the language for the Equal Rights Amendment 44. The Scopes Trial revealed fundamentalist’ discomfort with a. international communism b. nativism c. evolutionary science

d. e.

labor unions prohibition

45. There is no need to recount the virtues of the American pioneers;…from among these all but the best died swiftly, so that the new Nordic blend which became the American race was bred up to a point probably the highest in history… These Nordic Americans for the last generation have found themselves increasingly uncomfortable, and finally deeply distressed…The Nordic American today have been gradually arousing themselves to defend their homes and their own kind of civilization” The above statement was typical of the views of the a. Ku Klux Klan b. Industrial Workers of the World c. Knights of Columbus d. Ancient Order of Hibernians e. Anti-Saloon League

50. Which of the following was major factor in the United States decision to enter WWI? a. Vladimir Lenin’s rise to power in Russia b. The Zimmerman Note c. Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare d. Britain’s naval blockade of Germany e. the fall of France to the Central Powers 51. Which was true of African Americans during WWI? a. African American troops were segregated and rarely allowed to engage in combat b. African American troops were usually reserved for offensive action c. African American were not allowed to serve in the war d. Almost as many African Americans served in the war as did white Americans e. Many defected to Germany for more freedoms

46. Why was the Open Door Policy important to the United States? a. it gave the United States territory in China b. it gave the United States access to millions of Chinese consumes c. it increased Chinese immigrants to the United States d. it stemmed the flow of Chinese immigrants to the United States e. it allowed more immigrants into the country to work in the factories 47. The United States followed a policy of expansionism in the late 1800s largely because a. U.S. factories needed foreign labor b. many Americans were demanding high-quality foreign goods c. European nations were eager to sell rights to their colonies d. Canada and Mexico implemented a trade embargo against the United States e. The nation needed more markets for its goods 48. The building of the Panama Canal was important because it a. promoted European investment in the United States b. facilitated trade between Atlantic and Pacific ports c. helped stabilize the economies of Latin American nations d. improved relations between Colombia and the United States e. gave many skilled-labor Americans employment 49. How did most Americans view Germany during the early years of the war? a. they were indifferent toward Germany b. they sympathized with Germany c. they viewed Germany as very heroic d. they wanted to vacation in Germany because of its tremendous cuisine e. they viewed Germany as cold-blooded and cruel

52.

Which of the following statements is most consistent with the Supreme Court's ruling in Schenck v. U.S.? a. the government's seizure and operation of the railroad industry is a constitutional use of its wartime powers. b. the government can restrict the First Amendment right to free speech in time of war. c. the government's prohibition of the manufacture and sale of distilled liquor is a constitutional use of its wartime powers. d. the government does have the power to compel young men to serve in the armed forces during time of war. e. the government can question individual investment options

53. Alfred T. Mahan is best known for his writings about the a. dangers of annexing the Philippines b. importance of sea power c. irrelevance of an isthmian canal d. sinking of the Maine e. Supreme Court decision dealing with “clear and present danger. 54. The Republican billion-dollar Congress did all of the following EXCEPT a. Increase tariff rates b. Increase pensions for Civil War veterans c. Increase the coinage of silver d. Enact an antitrust law e. Enact a law regulating interstate commerce 55. “Transportation being a means of exchange and a public necessity, the government should own and operate the railroads in the interests of the people. The telegraph and telephone, like the post office system, being a necessity for the transmission of news, should be owned and operated by the government in the interests of the people.” The passage above is most likely from which of the following a. The Interstate Commerce Act

b. c. d. e.

Grover Cleveland’s annual message to congress The platform of the republican party The platform of the Populist party The Sherman Antitrust Act

b. c. d. e.

the Zimmerman Telegram the Sussex Pledge Wilson’s decision to break off diplomatic relations with Germany Wilson’s war message to Congress, April 1917

56. Woodrow Wilson’s foreign policy differed from that of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft by its emphasis on a. U.S. investment in Latin America b. The application of moral principles to foreign affairs c. Sending troops to intervene in a neighboring country’s politics d. An open door policy e. Building a strong navy

61. Which of the following was NOT involved in Woodrow Wilson’s decision to ask Congress for a declaration of war? a. the influence of Henry Cabot Lodge b. the Russian Revolution c. Germany’s autocratic government d. Sympathy for the democracies of Britain and France e. Germany’s plans for military victory 62. Which of the following could Not be an explanation for Woodrow Wilson’s reelection in 1916? a. Henry Cabot Lodge’s opposition to the League of Nations b. The Democratic campaign slogan: “He kept us out of war.” c. Prosperity resulting from increase exports to Britain d. Wilson’s policy of neutrality e. A decline in support for the Socialist party 63. Going into war, Wilson said: “The world must be made safe for democracy.” Someone wishing to argue that democracy in the U.S. was less safe after WWI would point to a. the Senate debate on the Treaty of Versailles b. Wilson’s speeches for the League of Nations c. The Red Scare d. The Republican control of Congress e. Adoption of the 19th Amendment 64. Which of the following was NOT a reason for the split in the Republican party in 1912? a. Democratic control of the White House b. Taft’s tariff policy c. Progressives’ fight against House Speaker Joseph Cannon d. Conservatives’ nomination of William Howard Taft e. Popularity of Theodore Roosevelt

57. Which statement accurately summarizes Theodore Roosevelt’s policy on the Panama Canal? a. Roosevelt waited for Columbia to agree to a fair price for the Canal Zone b. Roosevelt gave military support to Panama’s revolt against Columbia c. Panama’s government persuaded Roosevelt to give U.S. assistance for building the canal d. Roosevelt signed a treaty in which Colombia agreed to create Panama as a separate nation e. Roosevelt was able to develop strong Latin American support for his canal project 58. Which of the following best explains the influence of yellow journalism on U.S. foreign policy in the 1890’s? Sensational news stories stirred the anger of the American public Newspapers failed to report news about Congress Most editorials favored China and criticized Japan Political cartoons ridiculed “mugwump” politics Publishers of New York dailies suppressed news that favored Cuban revolutionaries 59. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine called for a. Prohibiting foreign nations from purchasing land in the Western Hemisphere b. Investing in the development of Latin America c. Intervening in Latin America nations that could not pay their debts to European creditors d. Building a U.S. naval base in Cuba e. Pledging never to interfere in another nation’s foreign affairs 60. “German submarine warfare was the single most important factor in causing the U.S. to enter WWI” Evidence supporting this position includes all of the following EXCEPT a. the sinking of the Lusitania

65.
a. b. c. d. e.

W.E.B. Du Bois disagreed with Booker T. Washington’s stress on civil rights suggestion that economic issues were more important than Civil Rights advocacy of Progressive reforms reasons for founding the Tuskegee Institute attitude toward emancipation of slaves

66. “It is vitally necessary to move forward, to shake off the dead hand . . . of the reactionaries, and yet we have a lunatic fringe among the votaries of any forward movement.” By the “lunatic fringe,” Theodore Roosevelt was probably referring to: a. supporters of the Social Gospel b. suffragists c. the NAACP d. conservationists e. Socialists

67. Which of the following was the focus of a dispute between modernists and traditionalist in the 1920s? a. Ford assembly lines b. Washington Conference c. Scopes trial d. Teapot Dome Scandal e. Welfare capitalism 68. Prohibition led to all of the following EXCEPT a. defiance of the law by large numbers of people b. rise of organized crime c. divisions in the Democratic party d. widespread smuggling e. greater tolerance among temperance reformers

71. Republican isolationists successfully turned Warren Harding’s 1920 presidential victory into a a. victory for the munitions industry b. victory for idealism c. demand for self-sacrifice d. death sentence for the League of Nations e. blank check for territorial expansionism 72. President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when a. the Zimmerman note was intercepted and made public b. Germany announced that it would wage unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic c. News was received that a revolutionary movement had overthrown the czarist regime in Russia d. Germany rejected Wilson’s Fourteen Points e. Wall Street demanded reparations for the losses

69.

Of the following individuals, who would have been most likely to agree with the policy depicted in the cartoon above? a. Woodrow Wilson b. Robert La Follette c. Eugene V. Debs d. William Howard Taft e. Henry George

73.

70. In Congress, the most reliable support for Wilson’s position on the League of Nations came from a. Henry Cabot Lodge b. The reservationists c. The irreconcilables d. Democrats e. Republicans

The sentiment expressed in the above cartoon most directly influenced the passage of a. laws restricting immigration b. the 18th Amendment c. protective tariff legislation d. antitrust laws e. disarmament treaties

74. The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government a. brought democracy to urban dwellers b. was developed in Wisconsin c. was designed to remove politics from municipal administration d. made giant strides under the leadership of Hiram Jackson e. established sanitation codes that were illegal 75. The independent farmer as the cornerstone of a strong nation was at the center of government policy for a. John Adams b. Alexander Hamilton c. Thomas Jefferson d. Benjamin Franklin e. George Washington

80.

The development of higher education in colonial America was largely the result of efforts by a. Colonial governments b. Wealthy patrons c. British government d. Churches e. English Universities

76.

The war hawks were a group of young congressmen who called for military action against a. Mexico in 1914 b. Spain in 1819 c. Great Britain in 1812 d. Germany in 1917 e. Japan in 1937 Justification for the vast differences between the rich and the poor in the late 19th century could be found in the a. Jeffersonian tradition b. Frontier thesis of Frederick Jackson Turner c. Gospel of Wealth d. Writings of Henry George e. Social gospel

EXTRA CREDIT E1) How long does it take to hard-boil and ostrich egg? FOUR HOURS E2) What animal can live the longest with out water? THE RAT E3) Farmer Brown went to the market with 100 pigs, but the market man paid him for 101. Where did the market man go wrong? MRS. BROWN DID NOT HAVE A CURLY TAIL E4) A girl dreamt that a lion was chasing her. She was running as fast as possible. The lion was getting closer and closer until she came upon a tree. She climbed the tree and there was a poisonous snake ready to strike her! So there was a lion on the ground and snake in the tree! How did she escape without being harmed? SHE WOKE UP

77.

78. During Reconstruction, the Radical Republicans would have described their primary social goal as a. Domination of the South b. Extending equal rights to African American freedmen and women c. Establishing permanent domination by the Republican Party d. implementing the plans of President Lincoln e. guaranteeing control of national economic policy by northern businessmen 79. The primary goal of President Jefferson’s purchase of the Louisiana territory was to a. Prevent the British from claiming it b. Provide more land for American farmers c. Strengthen the Democratic-Republican Party d. Demonstrate his belief in strict interpretation of the Constitution e. Acquire New Orleans and gain control of the Mississippi River

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