TECHNICAL CALCULATION AND ESTIMATOR'S MAN-HOUR MANUAL

Marko Buliæ

Marko Buliæ

TECHNICAL CALCULATION AND ESTIMATOR'S MAN-HOUR MANUAL

ERECTION OF PROCESS OR CHEMICAL PLANTS

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X.

PIPING ABOVE GROUND PIPELINES STEEL STRUCTURES PROCESS EQUIPMENT STORAGE TANKS CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDAL WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING CORROSION PROTECTION THERMAL INSULATION ESTIMATES PIPING ABOVE GROUND ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS XI. WEIGHT FACTORS XII. TECHNICAL CALCULATION MANNER OF DATAS COMPILING XIII. MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS XIV. FACTORS AND MAN HOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERS OF “TECHNIP” COMPANY XV. APPENDIX

ZAGREB, 2003. (Completed edition)
All right reserved. This book, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form without permission of the author.

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2. I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV

EACH CHAPTER PIPING ABOVE GROUND - 36 pages + 20* PIPELINES - 7 pages + 20* STEEL STRUCTURES - 7 pages + 20* PROCESS EQUIPMENT - 10 pages + 20* STORAGE TANKS - CYLINDRICAL & SPHERICAL - 11 pages + 20* WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING - 18 pages + 20* CORROSION PROTECTION - 3 pages + 20* THERMAL INSULATION - 3 pages + 20* ESTIMATES - 11 pages + 20* PIPING ABOVE GROUND - ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS - 76 pages + 20* WEIGHT FACTORS - 7 pages TECHNICAL CALCULATION MANNER OF DATA COMPILING - 4 pages MANHOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS - 16 pages + 20* FACTORS AND MANHOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERS OF “TECHNIP” COMPANY - 3 pages + 20* US$ 180 US$ 75 US$ 80 US$ 70 US$ 80 US$ 75 US$ 35 US$ 35 US$ 100 US$ 130 US$ 15 US$ 6 US$ US$ US$ US$ 300 120 130 110

US$ 130 US$ 120 US$ 55 US$ 55 US$ 165 US$ 215 US$ 25 US$ 10

US$ 80

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3. 4.

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PREFACE

All 40 years of my working life, I spent on erection of different process plants most of which were oil industry projects in the country and abroad, in Europe and North Africa. Since 1978 with occasional interruptions because of simultaneous involvement in several different projects, I worked mostly on technical calculations. I have made hundreds and hundreds calculations based on all kinds of tenders and erection of mech anical equipment. The tenders were written in various foreign languages and alphabet, even in Cyrillic. I am fully aware of the problems an estimator encounters when working on technical calculations for specific technologies. Very often tenders were not complete and not detailed enough, and the time required for a good technical calculation is getting every day shorter. It is not easy to present exact technical figures and quantities for the equipment or operations not fully defined, hard to comprehend, or even unknown to the estimator. Technical terms and expressions written in different languages and dialects are often incorrect and specific for individual branches. Enormous experience is needed, an ability to assess and estimate, and even the courage to write down the technical quantities and figures. That was the reason for collecting various technical bibliography, standards, catalogues, man hours and rates from the European and USA countries. I have made the analyses, comparisons, simulations, new measures, and manhour tables. A great deal of that was verified in practice during the plant erection. I surveyed the results and analyses of as-built designs. On many occasions, I sought a compromise between different opinions and standpoints. Too many things collected on too many places. Finally, I decided to write this manual for discriminative estimators. It is important to understand that there are no identical projects or jobs in this business, that each project is specific and that no automatism or copying is possible. Approach to any job should be serious and professional and a technical calculation should be made with the assistance of this Manual. Many people try to include the man hours from the tables into the computer systems, which I oppose. Those are the people, which instead of using a computer, a computer uses them. An estimator himself must choose the values and define the man hours taking into account all the elements that might have any influence on them. Only when the relevant man hours are estimated and selected, a computer can be used. A saying “Switch on your brain before switching on the computer” should be followed. The most complex work in developing these man hours was the work on the man hours for piping above ground. A basis I used was a system for estimating the value of erection works of a German Company LINDE, which I completed and modified. Generally, for elaboration of the man hours for erection/installation of process equipment, I used the English man hours of the Oil and Chemical Plant Constructors Association, but I used other sources as well. The source or the author was noted for other tables and if I modified them, I provided the modification basis. Where there are no such notes, I am the only author. A complete edition of this manual in the Croatian language and its sections were published in 1997 and 2000. This is why I have not given a unified percentage of the production efficiency but each chapter has its own.

Marko Buliæ

Zagreb Croatia, 2003

2

......................................................................................................6 4........................23 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM PIPES AND FITTINGS...........................................................................................1 1.............17 REDUCERS .................................................CONTENTS page PREFACE...........18 1...........................................................................................................................INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY..................30 SLIP ................................................................................................................................................32 FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS......2 2..........15 FITTINGS (ANSI B...... 16...................23 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM READY MADE DISTRIBUTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS...............24 CAPS.........................................................INSTALLATION ON PROCESS PLANT..................... 36..1 2...........16 TEES.........................................6 PIPE .................................................................32 WELDOLETS....1 4...............16 ELBOWS..................... PIPES (ANSI B.............30 WELDING NECKS.....................................................INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT...................3 2...... SOCKOLETS.........................4 ELBOWS..............................................................................................................................................2 INTRODUCTION..........................................31 ORIFICE COMPLETE.24 2................... etc...........3 3.............................14 1.................................14 PIPE ......32 THREADED FITTINGS...............................4 3.. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458).....................................4 1.........................INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY................................3 1............................................................................................................................................9).................................................4 1...23 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PIPING......................................................................................................................19 PIPE .................................................................................................................................. 2.........1 2...........................................................................................................................1 3.......3 4.............................................10).........................................................................16 CAPS............2 3...........31 LAP JOINT + STUB END............ NIPOLETS...................31 BLIND..............................23 2..................1 1...................................................................CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC.......3..17 STRAIGHT TEE..3 2......................32 HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDINGS.................................................................. FITTINGS (DIN).........................11 ABBREVIATIONS & UNITS.................................3..........19 PIPE ..............................................................................................................................................2 2....2 2...........................17 REDUCED TEE...........................................................................1 2..CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC.............................5 1...........................................................2 4..........................................................................................31 SOCKET WELDING..................14 DERIVED OPERATING TIME STANDARD FOR TABLES FACTOR OF BASIC ASSEMBLY 1....................2 1......................................13 CHAPTER I...................................ON.......................................................................5 3.....................................21 STEAM TRACING (ANSI & DIN)............................................ FLANGES...4 3..........31 4.....................................................................28 3......... PIPING ABOVE GROUND........................................32 3 ..........................................................2 2....................26 REDUCERS ...24 TEES.. SMALL FITTINGS..............................

...........3 5..... 2......................................33 VALVES WITH WELDING ENDS................................................................... 6..6 3. 7...................... 9....... 5.................................................. VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS.................................................. ...................................................................................53 LAYING IN TRENCH..54 BREAK OUT OF ROADS.............56 4 ..53 SPECIAL POINTS..................................56 PRELIMINARY AND FINISHING WORKS.....................................................................................33 5.............34 RATES FOR TENDER CALCULATIONS...........................................................51 BENDING OF PIPES.............................................................................53 WRAPPING.MAN HOURS FOR PIPING MODIFICATION AT SITE...................39 AVERAGE DIAMETER ......................................................................................................1 5.......................................................... 10.... 4................................54 BORING UNDER ROADS AND RAILROADS........NOT INSULATED) .......................................2 5................... VALVES.........................44 RATES FOR PIPING WELDING.................................................................4 8..............................................................................46 MAN HOURS FOR WELDING OF PIPING..................................................................................................................................55 INSTALATION OF CLEANING STATIONS...................................................... ................................................................................. 7.................................6 8.................................................................................................................... 2..... 8.............4 5.MEAN VALUE...................................................51 PIPE JOINTING................................................ 2............................................................................ 4...........................................54 CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS.................. 12.............. 6..... PIPELINES..................................................36 PIPING IN PROCESS PLANT...............41 PIPING MADE OF STEEL AND GREY CAST-IRON........................................................................36 PIPES (CARBON STEEL ...............................5 1.....................................35 MANHOUR ESTIMATE FOR INSTALLATION OF PIPING....34 THERMOMETERS...........................47 WORK CALCULATION ..................................................50 PIPE STRINGING..............................................34 PRESSURE GAUGES...................................GROUND Prefabrication and installation breakdown............................38 VALVES .........49 CHAPTER 1.......................37 FITTINGS (CARBON STEEL) .......................................1 8..................................................42 RATES FOR PIPING BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID)................................................................MEAN VALUE............................................................ II........55 OTHER SPECIAL POINTS........................................35 EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION......5 2................................................55 PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS............................. 10....BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID).3 8..................................................... 11...............39 PIPE SUPPORTS..................52 WELDING..... 3.........................7 9....................43 RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION ................................1 2......55 PRESSURE TESTS........2 8...............................................5 8......................................3 2.........................................................2 2................5...........................48 INSTALLATION OF PIPING ABOVE .............................39 RATES FOR INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE PIPING................................................50 PIPE TRANSPORT...........................................41 CARBON STEEL PIPING CEMENT LINED INSIDE.......... 8..........................................................................................54 CROSSING WATERCOURSES..MEAN VALUE................................... 8..........................40 RATES FOR ERECTION OF PVC & FRP PIPING.4 2..............................................Manner of Calculation................. 5.............34 VALVES FOR THREADED ENDS.

.1 5............2 4...CHAPTER 1.........................................................................5 TON...........59 BASIC MANHOUR RATES.................57 INSTALLATION OF LOST FORMWORK.....................58 REAMING OF HOLES.................................2 2......................57 PRE-ERECTION OF STRUCTURE.......................................1 1..................................67 OTHER EQUIPMENT..........................................1 2..........................68 MAN HOURS BASED ON WEIGHT [kg].................................................................61 HEAVY STRUCTURE (above 60 kg/m)..........................67 PACKAGE UNIT.............................................62 REMOVAL OF STEEL STRUCTURE AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.........................................................7 1........................68 MARINE LOADING ARMS...................................................61 5........................9 2....................2 5...............................70 5 ...................................67 BRIDGE CRANES...................... ROTARY EQUIPMENT..................................68 MAN HOURS BASED ON POWER [kW]............. ERECTION AND DISMANTLING OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES.......2.3 CHAPTER 1............ ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY...........9 2..................67 TOWERS CONSISTING OF MORE PIECES...5 TON.....67 LIFTS...........................6 1..............................4 1...............67 TOWERS above 0...............3 1............70 COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY ELECTRIC MOTOR................................................................................................................................................61 4..........................................................................5 1.............. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION..................59 3................57 INSTALLATION OF ANCHOR BOLTS..................................5 1............................67 ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS................................................... STATIONARY EQUIPMENT.....................................................................................2........68 2......................................................................5 LIGHT STRUCTURE (to 30 kg/m)...61 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS.....UNIT.................................................................................57 SORTING THE STRUCTURE..........................................57 STRUCTURE ERECTION...............1 III.................................................. .2 2......61 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES...............1 2..................2 1.. CORRECTION FACTORS.............59 4................................................62 5..............69 MAN HOURS BASED ON THE CAPACITY......................................................................3 2..................................................1 1.................................1..3 1.......8 1................................................. TO THE WEIGHT..........4 1............................................ACC.................66 IV...............................................3 4...........................................7 1......................................................................................70 COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY GAS TURBINE................................................69 COMPRESSORS........................................................................2 1................58 2.........................2 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES ................................68 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS...1 2...........................................................................8 1... BASIC MAN HOURS ..........58 INSTALLATION OF WIRE ROPE CLAMPS.............................................. ERECTION OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES...............................................................................................62 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES.....57 .. STEEL STRUCTURES IN OIL REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS.....67 1.............1.1 4.............................67 ALL EQUIPMENT TO 0..............1..................................................................6 1............58 BOLTING FROM SCAFFOLDING...............................................................4 4.......................................................................................................................57 TRANSPORT OF STRUCTURE TO ERECTION PLACE............................... 1......................................................................61 MEDIUM-WEIGHT STRUCTURE (31 ÷ 60 kg/m).............

............1 3..................6 2........ 2........................................ CHAPTER 1............................. 4...................................7 2..85 SUBMERGED ARC WELDING.........4 4..................................................................................71 VESSELS & TOWER PACKINGS......76 STORAGE TANK SHELL................................................71 3................ CORROSION PROTECTION..........106 THERMAL INSULATION OF VESSELS AND KILNS........................76 PRELIMINARY WORKS.................................104 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STORAGE TANKS.....................................................................2 3....................................................... LADDERS AND FLOOR GRIDS...105 VIII.......................................DETAILS......... STORAGE TANKS .........103 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STEEL STRUCTURES.............73 V............................................................................... 2......72 4.........................108 6 ......................SMAW......................74 APPROX..........CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDAL.................................................................. WEIGHTS AND ERECTION EFFECTS OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS......3 2..........1 4............................................... 3....................81 STORAGE TANK EQUIPMENT..8 2.....................................................75 ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS ................................................ 2...................90 WELDING WITH SEMIAUTOMATIC (GMAW)....10 3.................... 1...................72 PATENT SCAFFOLDING........................3 3.9 2....... 2....................................................................................RINGS FOR SHELL STIFFENING............. INSTALLATION OF TRAYS AND DEMISTERING PADS...80 CONNECTIONS AND OPENINGS...........................................................................................2 2...................INSTALLATION OF INTERIOR COMPONENTS & EQUIPMENT.......1 2........1 2.............................. WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING..... CHAPTER 1.......................................71 OPENING AND CLOSING OF MANHOLES.....................74 STATISTICAL PARTICIPATION OF STORAGE TANK COMPONENTS IN TOTAL WEIGHT.................................................... 5.........................................................5 2...........2 CHAPTER 1................................ THERMAL INSULATION...............103 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF PIPING.................................. CHAPTER 1............................................. TOWERS & VESSELS ............................ EQUIPMENT SCAFFOLDING...............................71 ERECTION OF PLATFORMS.....106 THERMAL INSULATION FOR PIPING......................76 STORAGE TANK BOTTOM...95 WELDING OF SPHERICAL STORAGE TANKS............................... 3....102 VII...........................................100 MANUAL GAS CUTTING AND GAS CONSUMPTION................................................85 MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CYLINDRICAL TANKS ...............................79 AUXILIARY STRUCTURE.........................77 WIND BINDINGS ...................4 2...........84 VI............................................................................................................................................................77 FIXED ROOF.........72 TUBULAR SCAFFOLD......................................................................................................................................3....78 FLOATING ROOF..............................................................................................................................................82 FINISHING WORKS....83 ERECTION OF SPHERICAL AND SPHEROIDAL STORAGE TANKS.....

...109 .......................................3 10.....................112 PIPING....119 PIPING IN PLANTS. HANDLING AND SORTING OF THE MATERIAL........ IX..................................................................................................117 9..............................125 7 ................................ 3......................CHAPTER 1.............113 CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS.............................................................................125 ESTIMATE OF RADIOGRAMS ON THE PIPING...121 MATERIAL FOR PIPING....................................................124 ESTIMATE OF BUTTWELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL ....................................................................................................PIPES................................120 ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS.............................................. 2........2 9......................................... ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF FUEL AND LUBRICANT........... 3...................5 9..113 EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY...123 CONNECTIONS NEEDED..................................................... ESTIMATE OF WELDING ROD CONSUMPTION AND ADDITIONAL WELDING MATERIAL.........................................................................................................................................................122 AREA NEEDED.............................2 10............................ ESTIMATES OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN CONTRACTED TO A SPECIALIST FIRM.................. 1.............................................. 2.............................................................................................118 SELECTION OF THE LARGEST CRANE....................................121 11..........1 9...4 9..........................................................120 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURE.......... 2......................................................................... ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER OF WELDS AND RADIOGRAMS FOR PIPING.............................................7 10...............................................116 FUEL CONSUMPTION............ ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL GAS AND GRINDING PLATES................... ESTIMATES...........................................................121 STEEL STRUCTURE.............................................................................................125 ESTIMATE OF TOTAL WELDS (ALL TYPES).......121 CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS.................................................113 3...................................................................................................................................................... ESTIMATE OF ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION............................................................1 10........................120 10............. 2.........121 PROCESS EQUIPMENT..............................119 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS....................124 ESTIMATE OF BUTTWELDS BASED ON THE PIPING LENGTHS..............120 PIPELINES...........................................................................................117 7.............. 1........116 LUBRICANT CONSUMPTION..........114 4.. 4..............117 8............................115 5......... 3.............. 5.. ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDS.........................................6 9................................................................110 2.................... ESTIMATE OF ERECTION TIME............... TEMPORARY WORKS..............109 ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN DONE BY AN ERECTION COMPANY.... 1.................... FITTINGS AND FLANGES........................ 4................................ SPACE REQUIRED AND CONNECTIONS AT THE SITE....................................................... SELECTION OF HOISTING MACHINERY. UNLOADING.....................FITTINGS AND FLANGES ONLY............. 2................. ESTIMATE OF SAFETY AT WORK MEANS...............................116 6..............112 STEEL STRUCTURES.....................124 ESTIMATE OF BUTTWELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL ...120 INSTALLATION OF PROCESS EQUIPMENT.................................................... 9.122 TEMPORARY WORKS...........................................................3 9............4 1......................................................................................... TOOL COST ESTIMATE AT THE JOB SITE...........109 1............123 12........

..................................130 WELD CUTTING FOR MODIFICATIONS............................129 NOZZLE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING..................................................5 4........5 3.......................................................................................0 PIPING............132 6.........131 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATOR...5 5......1 6........10 PIPE INSTALLATION IN PLANTS..................8 5........................................................................131 5............................................132 SPINDLE EXTENSIONS......7 3..................129 SEAL RING MAKE-ON AND WELDING (ACC.......... AIR)..............PERFORMANCE AND WELDING..............131 DISASSEMBLING Item 4.................129 REINFORCEMENT PAD MAKE-ON AND WELDING....1 2..........................................................9 3.........................................................2 1........................131 VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATORS (SOLENOID................128 FILLET (SOCKET) WELD .......4 5...............................................................6 4................................129 INSERT RING (FOR AL ONLY)...........................130 MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FACTORS (f).................128 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH TWO CONNECTION ENDS................................................................................................................0 PRESSURE TESTING....132 HYDRANT INSTALLATION........................................................127 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH ONE CONNECTION END.....4 3................128 3..........8 5.............................130 4.......127 PIPE DISMANTLING..................................131 CONTROL VALVE INSTALLATION..................................130 FLANGED JOINT.................131 VALVE INSTALLATION (WITH AND WITHOUT HAND DRIVE).............2 3...................................................1 5.................................................................................................1 ÷ 4...................................2 INSTALLATION OF MEASURING ORIFICES.........1 ÷ 4..............130 PREPARATION OF THREADED ENDS......1 1............... NIPOLET .3 4.................130 PIPE BENDING..7 4.......................129 WELDOLET............................................ BLANKING PLATES.......................................................128 BUTT WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING............................................3 2.................................127 1................................................... etc................................................................ BENDING OF PIPES....................0 FITTING....................................6 5........................................4 4........................................................8 3.....................2 2...........................0 FLANGED AND THREADED JOINTS.....130 4..........3 5...................................... PIPING ABOVE GROUND EXPLANATION TO THE ERECTION ITEMS...........................................127 2..............................131 THREADED CONNECTION MAKE-ON....4 and 4..................................127 PIPE INSTALLATION ON PIPERACKS....................128 MITRE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELD.............................................1 3....CHAPTER X..............132 DISMANTLING OF VALVES.........2 5.............................................3 3................................131 SAFETY VALVE INSTALLATION...........................128 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH THREE CONNECTION ENDS.........................INSTALLATION AND WELDING........... .............3 3.............132 SERVICE TEST..............7 5.......................................................................................................................................................................................................0 PIPEWELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING......................6 3..................127 1...............0 VALVES...........................7.........................................132 PRESSURE TEST.....132 8 .. TO DIN 2695)................................9 6.............131 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION.........................

....132 SUPPORT INSTALLATION (WITHOUT FABRICATION).3 8..................................................................3 7.........3........3 8.........135 LONGITUDINAL WELDS ON PIPE HALF SHELLS.........................................0 ACTIVITIES DERIVED FROM BASIC ITEMS........................ 7......................................................................................................136 EXTRAS..........................1 8..........133 GRINDING OF EXCESS MATERIAL ON WELDING ROOTS......................5.................................................2 7...................3 8............................................................................8 8..............3 8.............................................................135 TACK WELDING ON VALVE SIMULATORS........4.....................................1 8.............2 8...................134 MISCELLANEOUS FITTINGS....................134 PREFABRICATED OF SPOOLS FOR WELDING.....................................................133 INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SPOOLS.......................................................... HANGERS................5 8.................................7.........................135 REPLACEMENT OF BOLTS...4 8....................7............... AND SUPPORTS (to 100 kg per item)...........................................................5 8.............2 DISMANTLING OF PIPE HOLDERS........................................1 8....................134 MEASURING ORIFICES ............135 THERMOMETER BRANCH (TI)................2.1 7..........134 MAKE-ON AND INSTALLATION OF LINE PIPING DN 20/25 ON JACKETED PIPING...........136 8...................1..............................................................135 WELDING.........................1........................136 HANGERS....................2................................1 8.....................................................................132 INSTALLATION OF SPRING HANGERS AND SUSPENSIONS.............2................................................4 8.....................5 8...............................7..136 ROTATING THE VALVE INSTALLATED................................1 8..........5.1.............................................135 FLANGED JOINTS...............136 CHANGE IN ISOMETRY PRIOR TO THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION.............2..........1..... ........133 MAKE-ON OF OUTSIDE PIPE FOR A DOUBLE-WALL PIPING (JACKETED PIPING)..........5 8............................136 EXPANSION JOINTS WITH FLANGED ENDS............................2.......2 8....136 8........135 VALVES......1 8................................7....................................132 ...........................3............................. AND SUPPORTS.............................................................133 SPATIAL SHIFTING OF PIPES............136 WALL PASS FOR PIPES............................135 PREFABRICATED WELDS AT INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SECTIONS (SPOOLS)...6 8.............................136 MISCELLANEOUS.4 8...........134 WELD METER RUNS............................1.....................DRILLING.................133 PIPES..........136 CHANGE IN BILL OF QUANTITIES BEFORE THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION....................................7 SUPPORTS ........................134 HALF COUPLINGS...........................................136 HOLE DRILLING IN CONCRETE..........134 WELD COMPENSATOR....2 8.........1 8.................................8....8......................................................2 8..................0 MISCELLANEOUS.......2 8......... FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPE HOLDERS.........4 8.....................................................3............3 8...................3...........................................................FABRICATION AND WELDING....MEASURING FLANGES.........1............133 PIPE HANDLLING AND CUTTING IN PREFABRICATION...........4 7..............133 INSTRUMENT CONNECTION ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9 ..........133 8.......................2 8............

............0 4. CHAPTER 1........................................................................144 PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS AND FLOWRATE METERS.......145 OTHER INSTALLATION WORKS.....................................................8....8........................................8................. 4..........................................5 8.....................................................137 PIPING MODIFICATION...... 3...................................................10 MULTIPL.......SURFACES OF SECTIONS in m2/m.............................................232 XV............... MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS................... 3......142 1........................................................ PIPING...................................................... 3....... AND PIPE SUPPORTS.. G........................................... CHAPTER A.... B.6 8...................137 FACTORS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN HOURS FOR PREFABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPING.................233 ANSI B 36...........214 MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAUL OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS...........................................233 ISO R7 DIN 2448/2458 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZES.137 INSTALLATION OF MISSING MATERIAL.......................................... 2... FACTORS AND MAN HOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURE WORKS IN CALL FOR TENDERS OF "TECHNIP" COMPANY..........0 6......... FACTORS FOR DIFF............................................................................................ WEIGHT FACTORS.....................................................142 FLANGES.208 CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS................ TECHNICAL CALCULATION MANNER OF DATA COMPILING...................147 XI........................4 8..................8.........................................................237 CONVERSIONS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND (SI) STANDARDS UNITS........ PRIMER COAT ON PIPING............................................................................229 XIV....................................TABLE MANUAL................................................. 5................................7 8.............................209 XII.................0 8...............................................3 8...................................................0 5..................235 PIPE AND FITTINGS DIMENSIONS ............................8 HAND DRAFTING OF ISOMETRY ACCORDING TO THE CLIENT'S INSTRUCTION....................................0 2....................145 ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF A. 2...........230 STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION..206 PROCESS EQUIPMENT...143 VALVES......143 SMALL FITTINGS.238 10 ..............................203 PIPING... PIPES...................137 UNDERGROUND PIPING...................10 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZES.......8......... 2.......... APPENDIX..................8......................................230 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS AND IN PLANTS...............0 3.........203 STEEL STRUCTURES.....138 TABLE Item....................139 FORMS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN HOUR RATES............................. KIND OF MATERIALS. 4.......................................................................................................................0 CHAPTER 1..................... CHAPTER CHAPTER 1.......137 SAND BLASTING HANDLING.......................................0 7...8................................................210 XIII..............214 PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING....................................142 FITTINGS...........................236 STEEL STRUCTURE .............

The standard ranges of productivity efficiency percentages are: 1.PIPELINES PEP = high average 75 % 3.2Calculation based on man hours and ef fects for quick calculation and special man hours PEP = high average 75% 1. CORROSION PROTECTION PEP = high average 80 % 8.WELDING AND CUT TING PEP = average 7.diameter (ID) PEP = high average 80% 1. PIPING ABOVE GROUND IN PLANTS 1. Extraordinary 101÷120% Man hours in this Manual refer to the following Productivity Efficiency Percentages: 1. Low 41÷60% 3.e. Very good 81÷90% 5. but to precisely determined below stated PEPs. Leistungsfähigkeit . Very low 10÷40 % 2. the man hours required for the erection. Excellent 91÷100% 6.PROCESS EQUIPMENT IN PL ANTS PEP = average 70% 85 % 5. the estimator will calculate hourly time requirements i.CYLINDRICAL ST ORAGE TANKS PEP = very good 6. The man hours (Mhr) do not refer to any condition or PRODUCTIVITY EFFICIENCY PERCENTAGES (PEP.INTRODUCTION With proper and conscientious application of these data for making estimates.1Calculation based on the estimate points of basic erection items and man hours and ef fects derived thereby PEP = high average 80% 1.STEEL STRUCTURES PEP = high average 75 % 4. Average 61÷80% 4.Prozentsatz).3Calculation based on man hou rs for piping per inch . THERMAL INSULATION PEP = very good 85 % 11 70 % 85 % .4Calculation based on man hours f or units of operation PEP = very good 2.

Dividing the PEP declared by the average PEP we obtain a factor. John S. General Economy (for J. can they be checked? What future weather forecasts? Will there be much rain or snow? What differences are expected in the weather with regard to Central Europe . 12 . 5. which I shall not consider) 1. Project Management and Supervision 2. before the labour value is calculated. Machinery and Equipment 5. Project Management and Supervision Has the company alr eady executed such pr ojects? How often? What is the calibre of your supervision? Are skilled and experienced staff available? What can you afford to pay them? Will they be satisfied with the accommodation? Will they be satisfied with the salaries? Will you have enough money at the site (down payments)? After evaluating these questions. Weather Conditions 6. estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. and hard to drain. 4. They are: 1.For each project. Weather Conditions What were past weather conditions for the area? If necessary. and will you have good maintenance and repair help? The qualifications and experience of crane and other operators? The plant-hire company for the machinery? Past experience? Estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. Labour Conditions 3. P. 3. Job Conditions 4. The number of hours can be either increased or decreased. Labour Conditions Does the company have a good labour relations man? Has the company sufficient number of skilled and trained labour? What are the foremen like? Will they be satisfied with their salaries? Will they be satisfied with accommodation. Machinery and Equipment Do you have ample equipment to finish your job? What kind of shape is it in. Job Conditions What is the scope of the work and just what is involved in the job? What is the schedule? Is it tight. Page (USA) stated six production elements that have an impact on PEP determination. this is a leading element. or is it high and dry? Does it involve a plant already in operation? Will there be tie-ins to the existing systems? What will the relationship be between the pr oduction personnel and office personnel? Will most of the operations be manual or mechanized? What kind of material procurement will you have? Estimate the percentage according to the PEP table. This factor is multiplied by the calculated man hours (MHr) and will give actually needed man hours (MHr). food. we have to divide the total sum by five to arrive at an average percentage of productivity that is the Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP). or do you have ample time to complete the work? What is the condition of the site? Is it low and muddy. 2. the Productivity Efficiency Percentage should be determined. This is done by the project manager with the assistance of his collaborators.Zagreb? Estimate the percentage according to PEP table. S. When we have considered and analysed all the percentages. transport? How often will they be able to visit their families? Estimate the percentage according to the PEP table.

4536 kg t or ton = metric tons = 1000 kg ea = each pc = piece PN = pressure nominal or NP bar = 14.ABBREVIATIONS & UNITS PEP = Productivity efficiency percentage Mhr = Man Hours mm = millimeters = 0.341 horse power kWh = kilowatthours kVA = kilovoltampers kg/Mhr = kilograms per man hour Mhr/m = man hours per meter f = factor k = coefficient Notice: Decimal numbers are listed with a comma (European way). = maximum min. 13 .2642 u.03937 inches m = linear meters = 3.2046 lbs lbs = pound = 0. = minimum ø = phi ( Greek) = round kW = kilowatts = 1. 764 feet m3= cubic meters = 35. gal kg = kilogram = 2.281 feet km = kilometers = 0.314 f eet ft = linear feet = 0.3048 meters l = liters = 61.023 cu inches = 0.s.03531 cu feet = 0.6214 miles m2= square meters = 10.5 psi ( lb/sq in) Dn = diametar nominal OD or do = outer diametar ID = inch diametar MID = meter inch diametar t = thickness mm V = volume max.

6 406. PIPES (ANSI B 36.I.ABOVE GROUND Sch 40 Sch 60 XS Sch 80 Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø-Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” OD-mm 21.prefabrication .3048 = Mhr/ft .3 168.handling .7 33.70 x 0.4 42.3 26.3 73 88.on-site transport .3 60. PIPING ABOVE GROUND DERIVED OPERATING TIME STANDARD FOR TABLES FACTOR OF BASIC ASSEMBLY POSITION CHAPTER X.welding .2 48.9 355.pressure testing - Materials: alloy steel prewrapped galvanized aluminium alloy [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] k x 1.erection .) x 0.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 Sch 10 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 14 Man hour included next activities : .3 141.9 114.15 (underground install.NONWRAPPED .1 PIPE INSTALLATION ON PROCESS PLANT [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .10 x 1.85 Mhr/m x 0. ACCORDING TO FORMS ON PAGE 142 ÷ 146 Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 80% 1.3 219.1 273 323.10) 1.

9 4” 114.1 10” 273 12” 323.10) 1.3 3/4” 26.3 8” 219.galvanized .1.4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914 Sch 10 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 40 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S ø Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 15 Man hour include the next activities: .10 [Mhr/m] x 0. PIPES (ANSI B.7 1” 33.85 Mhr/m x 0.3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88. 36.handling .3 6” 168.pressure testing Materials: .3048 = Mhr/ft .6 16” 406.alloy steel .aluminium alloy k [Mhr/m] x 1.2 INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL NONWRAPPED Sch 60 XS Sch 80 Sch 100 Sch 120 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø Inch OD-mm 1/2” 21.on-site transport .9 14” 355.70 [Mhr/m] x 0.3 2” 60.3 5” 141.prefabrication .4 1 1/4” 42.erection .4 1 1/2” 48.welding .

60 1.3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88.25 . FITTINGS (ANSI 36.6 16” 406.Aluminium alloy .9 14” 355. alloy steel .S.3 6” 168.High temp.2 CAPS Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 40 Sch 60 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S ø-Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” f 1.4 1 1/4” 42.50 16 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .Alloy steel Ni .3 8” 219.3 3/4” 26.4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914 2.Cr-Mo alloy steel .7 1” 33.3 2” 60.60 1. f 1.3 5” 141.2.9 4” 114.20 1.10) 2.00 ÷ 1.2 1 1/2” 48.Copper alloy .1 ELBOWS [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL XS Sch 80 Sch 100 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% DN-m m 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch OD-mm Sch 10 1/2” 21.00 ÷ 1.40 ÷ 1.1 10” 273 12” 323.80 1.Killed C.

3.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS Sch 10S Sch 40S STEEL Sch 80S ø-Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 17 17 2.2.9 114.9 355.3.S.36.40 ÷ 1.3 60.50 .7 33.20 1. alloy steel .1 STRAIGHT TEE [Mhr/ea] CARBON Sch 40 Sch 60 STEEL XS Sch 80 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION : 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” OD-mm Sch 10 21.00 ÷ 1.3 26.3 219.1 273 323.00 ÷ 1.Cr-Mo alloy steel .6 406.Copper alloy .3 TEES 2.60 1.Alloy steel Ni .4 48.4 42. FITTINGS (ANSI B.Auminium alloy f 1.10) 2.3 141.25 .3 73 88.Killed C.60 1. f 1.3 168.80 1.High temp.2 REDUCED TEE [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .

60 1.00 ÷ 1.erection .20 1.9 4” 114.prefabrication .3 2” 60.3 6” 168.4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914 Sch 10 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std Sch 40 Sch 60 XS Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S STAINLESS STEEL Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S ø -Inch 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 18 Man hour include next activities: .00 ÷ 1.4 1 1/4” 42.3 8” 219.2.Killed C.60 1. alloy steel .Copper alloy .7 1” 33.9 14” 355.25 .40 ÷ 1.High temp.4 REDUCERS .on-site transport .CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL Sch 80 Sch 100 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch OD-mm 3/4” 26.50 .handling .Alloy steel Ni .pressure testing Materials: .6 16” 406.3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88. FITTINGS (ANSI) 2.welding .S f 1.80 1.3 5” 141.Aluminium alloy f 1.Cr-Mo alloy steel .2 1 1/2” 48.1 10” 273 12” 323.

9 33.9 5.4 48.3 3.15 (underground install.1 750 762 8 800 813 8 850 864 8.3\12.5 OD-mm 21.3 139.4 2\2.3 2\2 20 26.10 x 1.9 80 88.3\12.3 250 273 5\6.6\2.6\7.6\4 150 168.6 4 4.9 114.ABOVE GROUND .8 450 457 6. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.9 355.3\2.erection .85 Mhr/m x 0.2 100 114.3 300 323.NONWRAPPED .5 200 219.7 2\2.handling .) x 0.9 2.4 6.5 5 5.6 125 139.1\14.3\10 500 508 6.3\11 550 559 6.6 40 48.8 900 914 10 2 2.6 32 42.7 3.1 4.prefabrication .8 10 11 12.9 2\2.Std|Ext 15 21.9\3.3 4\4.3 2.6 6.6\2.7 168.1 76.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 19 Man hour include next activities: .6 50 60.3 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION : 8% 92% Dn-mm OD-mm t .10 x 1.3 60.3 2.1 273 323.on-site transport .70 x 0.pressure testing - Materials: Stainless steel High temp.1 8 8. alloy steel Prewrapped Galvanized Aluminium alloy [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] k x 1.2 700 711 7.3 219.9 65 76.3 7.3 73.5 mm 2.welding .2\3.6 5.1 88.7 42.WALL THICKNESS 2 .6\8 400 406.12.3048 = Mhr/ft .1 INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .1 2.6 406.5 650 660 7.3\2.1 350 355.9 65 73.9 3.5\6.1.3\8.6 2.2 3.3 26.1 2.5 600 610 6.3 25 33.

welding .9 33.9 2.prefabrication .2 2\2 2\2.9\3.1\14.7 42.WALL THICKNESS 14.15 0.1 INSTALLATION IN PROCESS PLANT [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .5 7.7 168.NONWRAPPED .9 114.pressure testing - Materials: Stainless steel High temp.3 2\2.6 2.6 2.60 mm 17.1 8 8 8.3\12.6 406.70 0.2 .9 33.6\2.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .9 2.2 3.3\8.3 139.1 273 323.1 88.1 76.3 60. alloy steel Prewrapped Galvanized Aluminium alloy k [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] x x x x x 1.6\2.on-site transport .7 168.6 2\2.6\4 4\4.3\12.1 273 323.7 42.1 5.3\2.3 73.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.10 1.Std|Ext 14.2 7.1 88.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 20 Man hour include next activities: .3 26.3048 = Mhr/ft .3 219.3 73.6\7.6 406.8 10 16 45 50 55 60 65 70 OD-mm 21.4 48.10 1.5 4.2\3.1.ABOVE GROUND .3 139.5 6.3 219.3 60. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.3 5\6.3 26.1 76.3\11 6.9 114.8 6.3 5.6\8 6.3\10 6.85 Mhr/m x 0.handling .9 2.3\2.9 355.9 355.4 48.5\6.erection .6 3.5 20 22.

8 10 11 12.3 250 273 5\6.85 Mhr/m x 0.6\2.5 OD-mm 21.3 2.Std|Ext 15 21.3 2.6 50 60.6 2.8 450 457 6.on-site transport .3048 = Mhr/ft .6 5.7 3. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.welding .5 mm 3.2 3.NONINSULATED .3 2.6 406.3\2.9 65 73.6\7.2 mm .9 8 8.9 2\2.3 25 33.erection .6 4 4.3\8.70 x 0.7 2\2.7 168.3 26.handling .9 355.3\12.9 5.3 300 323.3 139.1 273 323.1\14.1 2.1 76.6\8 400 406 6.3\2. alloy steel Prewraped Aluminium alloy [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] k x 1.1.4 2\2.6 6.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 21 Man hour include next activities: .1 FOR PREFABRICATION : 8% FOR INSTALLATION : 92% Dn-mm OD-mm t .2 100 114.5\6.3\11 550 559 6.2 INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .9\3.1 350 355.8 900 914 10 2 2.3 2\2 20 26.9 2.5 200 219.3 7.12.9 65 76.9 114.6 40 48.WALL THICKNESS .5 5 5.5 650 660 7.6 125 139.1 88.3 219.1 2.4 48.3 73.3\12.3\10 500 508 6.6\4 150 168.prefabrication .10 x 0.3 60.3 3.pressure testing - Materials: Stainless steel High temp.10 x 1.2 700 711 7.5 600 610 6.1 750 762 8 800 813 8 850 864 8.6\2.1 4.6 32 42.7 42.9 33.3 4\4.2\3.9 80 88.

70 [Mhr/m] x 0.3 26.9 2.4 48.3\11 6.3 5.9 355.3\2.1 88.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 22 Man hour include next activities: .6 2\2.Galvanized .1 8 8 8.2 3.3 73.Std|Ext 14.3 5\6.erection .6 2.2 INSTALLATION ON PIPE RACK OR SLEEPER WAY [Mhr/m] CARBON STEEL .3\2.High temp.NONINSULATED .3\12.7 168.60 mm 22.9 114.3 73.2 .3 2\2.5 4.1 88.6 406. PIPES (DIN 2448/2458) 1.5 6.6\7.2\3.Stainless steel .5 7.8 6.9 114.1 273 323.prefabrication .5 20 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.3 26.85 .9 355.8 10 16 17.9 2.3 139.9 2. alloy steel .3 219.7 42.3 219.7 168.9\3.1\14.2 7.6 2.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .6 406.pressure testing Materials: .3\10 6.1 5.3\8.1.6\8 6.10 Mhr/m x 0.5\6.4 48.3 60.1 76.3 139.9 33.7 42.1 76.2 2\2 2\2.welding .6\2.handling .2 25 28 30 32 36 40 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION : 8% 92% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.6 3.3\12.3048 = Mhr/ft [Mhr/m] x 0.6\4 4\4.on-site transport .6\2.WALL THICKNESS 14.1 273 323.3 60.9 33.Aluminium alloy k [Mhr/m] x 1.

1 2.3 25 33.9 3.6 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM READY-MADE DISTRIBUTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS (ready-made distributors for 4.WALL THICKNESS 2 .1 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS Fabrication : [Mhr] x number of connections Erection : [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) 1.1 mm 2.6 40 48.3 2 1/2” 76.12 22 12 0.6.2 CONDENSATE COLLECTORS Fabrication: [Mhr] x number of connections Erection: [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) Mhr/m x 0.5 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS AND CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FABRICATED FROM PIPES AND FITTINGS 1.21 35 18 0.3\2.) CARBON STEEL STAINLESS STEEL Sch 40 XS Sch 80 Sch 160 XXS Sch 5S Sch 10S Sch 40S Sch 80S STEAM TRACING ON PROCESS LINES (manhour per meter of process line incl.1 STEAM DISTRIBUTORS Fabrication [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/connect.4 INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL PIPING All activityes on installation and supporting these lines.1.4 2\2.3 STEAM TRACING [Mhr/m] Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 ø-Inch OD-mm Sch 10 1/2” 21.4 1 1/4” 42.3 CARBON STEEL .5.6 4 4.27 42 COPPER TUBES .1 3” 88.) to 3" 1/2” 1 4” ÷ 8” 3/4” 1 10” ÷ 16” 3/4” 2 18” ÷ 36” 3/4” 3 above 36 ” 3/4” 4 Dn-mm OD-mmt -Std|Ext 15 21.2 2 2. Lines to 3 m ( 10 ft ) [Mhr] totally Lines above 3 m ( 10 ft ) [Mhr/m] 1.3 2.6.14 25 14 0.3 7.6\2.9 65 73 2.7 1” 33.18 28 15 0.9 2. are included.1 COPPER TUBES .] Erection [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) 1.3\2.9 Std ( Values in this table apply only to piping in plants.9 2\2.6\2.5 5 5. also sizes to 1/2".2 CONDENSATE COLLECTORS Fabrication [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ connect.3 2\2 20 26.3 2” 60.9 80 88.3048 = Mhr/ft . PIPES (ANSI and DIN) 1. For steam tracing of pipe lines on piperacks or sleepeways other table for the installation of pipes on piperacks are applied.2 3.3 3/4” 26.STRONG : x [Mhr/m] 23 1.6 50 60.7 2\2.6 2.9 65 76.20 30 16 0.DUCTILE OD-mm Mhr/m OD-mm 10 0. 8 or 12 connections) 1.3 2.6 6.6 32 42.7.2 1 1/2” 48.24 38 20 0.5. steam supply and condensate return) ø number [Mhr/m] Dn tracer of tubes (proc.] Erection [Mhr/ea] (supporting included) 1.9\3.

6\2.3\10 6.6\2.9 2.9 5.7 168.3 139.Killed C.5 OD-mm 21.1\14.3 73.3\12.40÷1.1 ELBOWS [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .5 7.4 48.1 76.3 7.3 5\6.25 .9 355.3 139.9 114.3\11 6.1 5.7 168.1 8 8.5 5 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.2 3.50 .9 2.3 219.2 CAPS ?Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.3 26.9 2.6\8 6.6 2.6 3.60 1.80 1.9 114.1 88.4 48.Copper alloy .20 1.3 2.2\3.9 33.9 355.1 76.5 mm 3.1 88.8 6.60 1.6 406.8 10 11 12. alloy steel .2 7.3 219.3 60.3\8.3\2.1 273 323.7 42.WALL THICKNESS 2 .6 4 4.12.00 ÷ 1.5 4.3 5.3\12.9\3.3\2.6\7.6 2.1 273 323.3 60.2.5\6.Aluminium alloy 1.00÷1.8 10 2 2. FITTING (DIN ) 2.6 2\2.1 8 8 8.3 73.High temp.6\4 4\4.2 3.9 33.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 2.6 2.5 6.3 2\2.3 26.6 6.S f 1.Alloy steel Ni .7 42.6 406.Cr-Mo alloy steel .4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 24 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .

3\12.6\2.7 2\2.9 2\2.WALL THICKNESS 14.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 1.6 139.2 711 7.6\4 168.2 .1 ELBOWS [Mhr/ea] FOR PREFABRICATION : 85% FOR INSTALLATION : 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm t .3\2.2 16 17.5 660 7.9 76.S f 1.2.40 ÷ 1.3 33.6 5.6 60.6\7.6 42.7 42.25 1.3 2\2 26.4 48.3 26.4 2\2.3 3.1 2.9 88. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy .9 33.Cr-Mo alloy steel . FITTINGS (DIN) 2.1 2.5 219.50 25 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .2 114.25 Stainless steel High temp.9 114.5 610 6.8 914 10 2.3 4\4.3 219.9 2.4 6.20 1.60 1.1 88.60 1.9 355.Copper alloy Killed C.2\3.60 mm 22.3 2.9 73.6\8 406.3 60.00 ÷ 1.9\3.1\14.6 48.6 406.1 355.00 ÷ 1.3\2.80 1.3\8.8 457 6.3 323.3 73.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.5 20 CARBON STEEL .7 168.1 762 8 813 8 864 8.7 3.1 273 323.1 76.3 2.Std|Ext 21.6\2.3\12.5\6.3 139.9 5.1 4.3\11 559 6.2 CAPS 14.3 273 5\6.3\10 508 6.

25 1.5 mm 3.3\2.9 5.3 2. alloy steel .Alloy steel Ni .5 610 6.3 33.7 3.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 26 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .3 73.6\2.6 406.9\3.8 457 6.9 76.6\2.6\8 406.4 6.6 48.1 88.6 42.1 76.2 3.3 139.9 CARBON STEEL .8 10 11 12.3\10 508 6.3 3.3 273 5\6.6\7.High temp.8 914 10 2.1 2.9 88.20 1.Copper alloy .9 2\2.Std|Ext 21.6 6.3 26.3.1\14.12.Stainless steel .5 5 5.2.2 711 7.3 219.1 8 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% 8.9 355.1 4.1 355.4 48.6 60.3\11 559 6.1 273 323.6 5.6 139.7 2\2.80 1.1 STRAIGHT TEE Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm t .Cr-Mo alloy steel .4 2\2.5 OD-mm 21.1 2.1 762 8 813 8 864 8.Killed C.3 323.9 2.3 2\2 26.3\12.7 168.3 4\4.9 33.6\4 168.6 2.3 2.WALL THICKNESS 2 mm .3 2.00 ÷ 1.2 114.3\12.3\8.25 .5 660 7.2\3.6 4 4.9 114.5\6.2 REDUCED TEE 2 2.50 .Aluminium alloy 1.7 42.00 ÷ 1.40 ÷ 1.9 73.3.3 7.5 219. FITTINGS (DIN) 2.60 1.60 1.3 60.S f 1.3 TEES [Mhr/ea] 2.3\2.

3\10 508 6.5 610 6.6 5.3 2.4 2\2.00 ÷ 1.9 2.3 3.9 5.5 20 40 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.3 219.7 2\2.1 88.6\4 168.3 2\2 26.9\3.5 219.6 406.WALL THICKNESS 14.1 76.5 660 7.00 ÷ 1.3 323.9 88.9 73.3 4\4.2 .3 33.3 60.7 42.5\6.6 48.1 2.9 114.Copper alloy .S f 1.Std|Ext 14.3.8 457 6.7 3.2 21.6 42.2 25 28 30 32 36 FOR PREFABRICATION : 85% FOR INSTALLATION : 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm t .3 273 5\6.Cr-Mo alloy steel .6\2.3\2.3\11 559 6.3 26.60 1.2\3.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 1.9 355.50 27 [Mhr/ea] x Materials: .2 REDUCED TEE 16 17.7 168.80 1.4 6.6\7.3\2.3\8.6 60.1 2.3 2.3 73.2.3.9 2\2.1\14.6\2.9 33.2 711 7.25 1.40 ÷ 1.8 914 10 2.9 76. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy .Killed C.1 4.1 762 8 813 8 864 8.2 114.6 139.25 - Stainless steel High temp.3 TEES 2.3 139.20 1.3\12.6\8 406.1 STRAIGHT TEE [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .60 mm 22.1 355.1 273 323.4 48.60 1.3\12.

6\2.1 76.Killed C.9 114.5\6.5 5 5.1 88.1 273 323.9 355.6\2.3 139.6 406.4 48.40 ÷ 1.3 26.7 42.9 2.9 2.1 76.00 ÷ 1.3 5\6.3 2.7 168.CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL .6 FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.6 3.3 60.4 48.6 4 4.1\14.9 355.pressure testing Materials: .3 73.2.8 10 11 12.2 3.on-site transport .3 60.25 1.3 7.12.5 mm 3.prefabrication .6\7.5 7.3\12. FITTINGS (DIN) 2.6 406.9\3.6\8 6.3 26.25 - Stainless steel High temp.2\3.3\2.8 6.9 6.handling .4 REDUCERS .3\12.1 5.8 10 2 2.00 ÷ 1.20 1.3 2\2.60 1.6 2.3\8.1 8 8 8.7 42.7 168.6 2.6 2\2.5 4.50 .3 139.80 1.2 7.3 73.1 273 323.3\2.3 219.3 5.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .S.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 28 Man hour include next activities: . f 1.erection .9 114.9 2.5 6.WALL THICKNESS 2 .5 OD-mm 21.2 3.9 33.1 8 8.Cr Mo alloy steel .6\4 4\4.3\11 6.Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.Copper alloy .6 2.9 33.3\10 6.welding .60 1.3 219. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy 1.1 88.

9 355.erection .1 88.3 73.3\10 6.Copper alloy .2.6\8 6.pressure testing Materials: .25 - Stainless steel High temp.2 16 17.60 1.3 73.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 1.6\7.Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.3\12.1 5.5 7.25 1.9 33.6 406.1 8 8 8.9 33.WALL THICKNESS 14.handling .1 88.1 273 323.3 60.5\6.80 1.Killed C.3 5.2 7.2\3.4 48.3 26.9\3.3 219.3 139.2 25 28 30 32 FOR PREFABRICATION : 85% FOR INSTALLATION : 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 OD-mm 21.9 114.1\14.6\4 4\4.welding .4 REDUCERS .3 219.7 168.9 2.9 355.Cr Mo alloy steel .6 2.3\12. f 1.60 1. FITTINGS (DIN) 2.00 ÷ 1.on-site transport .7 42.5 20 36 40 45 50 55 60 OD-mm 21.7 168.3\8.3 26.8 6.40 ÷ 1.2 -60 mm 22.4 48.8 10 14.3 5\6.3\11 6.2 3.6 2\2.1 76.9 114.7 42.00 ÷ 1.6 3.S.20 1.9 2.3\2.6 2.prefabrication .50 29 Man hour include next activities: .CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC [Mhr/ea] CARBON STEEL . alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy .5 6.3 2\2.1 273 323.1 76.3 60.9 2.6\2.6\2.3 139.5 4.3\2.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 t .6 406.

welding .0 84.3 1.9 1.0 9.0 14” 16” Notice: Unit weights in this table refer to welding neck flanges acc.0 24” 404.0 26.0 171.0 670.4 6.60 1.3 3.0 39.8 0.7 1.9 2.0 545.0 465.0 422.4 8.Killed C.0 40.0 680.0 590.0 240.0 261.0 28” 560.erection .0 54.0 168.0 236.prefabrication .0 19.1977.7 11.1 11.40 ÷ 1.7 5.0 715.0 143.4 3.0 44.3 25.0 197.0 90.5 15.pressure testing kg x 0.0 51.9 1.0 840.0 58.0 20.0 37.9 1.2 2.0 211.9 14.0 71.60 1.5 1.0 136.Copper alloy .0 31.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2.6 2.0 150.6 4.5 15.50 3.5 7.0 20” 330.00 ÷ 1.0 454.0 367.0 526.0 172.0 300# 400# PN25-40 PN64 [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea][kg/Mhr] 0. 1500# PN250 [kg/Mhr] [kg] 2500# PN320 [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] ø-Inch [kg] [Mhr/ea][kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] 0.5 18.20 1.0 36.7 1.S.0 400.0 30” 680.2 1.0 190.0 730.9 1.0 16.0 103.0 400.0 26” 480.0 50.0 111.25 Stainless steel High temp.1 1.5 1.0 159.00 ÷ 1.0 1170.7 11. for to 24” and BS-3293-1960 (1) for26” ÷ 36” 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 30 Man hour include next activities: .2046 = lbs/Mhr .4 4.0 18” 295.0 1565.0 485.0 590.25 1. alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Aluminium alloy 1.0 66.0 60.0 304.0 204.0 340.0 975.0 49.0 70.7 14.0 6.5 8.1 4.0 224.handling .0 134.0 119.5 232.2 7.0 168.6 4.80 1.Cr Mo alloy steel .0 110.0 34” 795.0 131.1 6.6 3. to ANSI B 16-5.0 20.9 3.0 204.3.8 3.0 Materials: .0 64.0 186.0 190.7 4.0 13.5 22” 365. FLANGES 3.0 522.0 105.1 23.0 88.0 30.0 373.0 24.0 19.on-site transport .1 WELDING NECK [Mhr/ea] CARBON 150# PN6-16 [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] STEEL 600# PN100 900# PN160 FOR PREFABRICATION : 80% FOR INSTALLATION: 20% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” [kg] 0.0 43.6 1.0 300.8 2.0 32” 750.1 6.5 238.5 30.6 4.5 0.0 123.0 1375.0 88.0 113.5 119.2 3.0 36” f 1.5 9.0 78.4 5.5 2.3 6.0 510.0 275.0 303.0 18.8 2.

3 12.2 SLIP .prefabrication .0 105.0 218.0 175.0 462.0 1.6 18.0 89.0 50.Killed C.7 1.0 97.0 [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [kg [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] 0. 533.6 4.1 11.0 14” 142.0 465.0 18.25 High temp.erection .Cr Mo alloy steel .0 522.0 43.0 942.0 601.0 573.0 184.4 4.on-site transport .0 100.0 255.1 19.0 362.6 10.8 29.8 1.00 ÷ 1.4 3.0 407.1 39.ON [Mhr/ea] CARBON 150# PN6-16 Dn-mm ø-Inch 15 1/2” 20 3/4” 25 1” 32 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 125 5” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 550 22” 600 24” 650 26” 700 28” 750 30” 800 32” 850 34” 900 36” 3.0 258.0 46.0 1521.3 11.0 179.4.0 64.0 295.2046 = lbs/Mhr STEEL 600# PN100 900# PN160 FOR PREFABRICATION: 80% FOR INSTALLATION : 20% 1500# PN250 2500# PN320 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] 0.4 3.0 15.0 52.0 321.0 26” acc.4 0.0 133.9 3.5.0 352.0 5.2 3.welding .0 1135.4 11.4 2.0 205.0 24.5 41.0 2.0 692.5 37.8 2.0 28” ANSI B 16-5.7 13.1 5.1 1. 1977.4 13.0 354.4 0. 3.1 1.0 12. FLANGES 3.0 16” 175.5 6.5 32.7 1.6.0 70.9 8.0 104.4 5.0 100.0 408.0 30” for to 24” 624.0 70.6 3.4 1.5 7.4 2.7 24.60 Aluminium alloy 1. to 470.20 1.5 22” Unit weights in this table refer 315.0 76.0 29.40 ÷ 1.1 3.1 1.0 58.4 5.6 1.0 36.0 133.7 0.0 3.4 5. 300# PN25-40 400# PN64 kg x 0.50 .6 24.S.Copper alloy .5 14.8 17.0 152.0 86.0 3.5 170.0 480.0 18” 221.3.1 7.0 140.0 32” and BS-3293-1960 681.3 4.25 - 31 SOCKET WELDING LAP JOINT + STUB END BLIND ORIFICE COMPLETE Man hour include next activities: .5 28.0 214. alloy steel 1.8 55.0 317.0 1.7 .handling .0 82.0 308.0 208.0 34” for 26” ÷ 36” 726.pressure testing Stainless steel 1.2 61.0 126.80 Alloy steel Ni 1.0 1339.0 264.3 2.8 27. 3.7 3.0 152.0 7.6 3.8 9.8 0.7 9.0 126.00 ÷ 1.5 14.8 19.0 93.0 36” Materials: .0 398.1 2.0 540.8 1.0 24” to slip on flanges 425.60 1.0 142.5 185.0 36.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2.1 6.0 123.0 71.0 50.3.0 608. f 1. 3.0 817.0 106.3 5.0 20” Notice: 268.0 168.

S.3 60.25 .3 73 88.7 33.50 WITH 2 ENDS x 2 WITH 3 ENDS x 3 4.1 273 323.1 x .1 CARBON STEEL WITH ONE END Dn-mm ø -Inch OD-mm 15 1/2” 21.7 25 1” 33.prefabrication .20 .3 4. etc.4 42.handling .welding .3 50 2” 60.2 NON-FERROUS METALS VALUES FOR CARBON STEEL x 4.25 .4 42.2 48.9 114.Alloy steel Ni 1.1 WELDOLETS.Stainless steel 1.High temp.Aluminium alloy 1.2 40 1 1/2” 48.erection .4 32 1 1/4” 42.3 "HERMETO" COUPLINGS VALUES IN TABLE 4.pressure testing 4.4 32 1 1/4” 42.9 355.60 .3 60.2 48.6 406. alloy steel 1.4.2 HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDING CARBON STEEL 3000# 6000# XS XXS FOR PREFABRICATION : FOR INSTALLATION: 85% 15% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” OD-mm 21.3 141.4.9 100 4” 114. SMALL FITTINGS [Mhr/ea] 4.40 ÷ 1.3 65 2 1/2” 73 80 3” 88.80 . SOCKOLETS.3 Materials: (FOR WELDED FITTINGS ONLY) f .Cr Mo alloy steel 1.4 THREADED FITTINGS 4.3 219.Copper alloy 1.3 65 2 1/2” 73 80 3” 88.3 168.60 .on-site transport .3 73 88.3 26. NIPOLETS.3 32 [Mhr/ea] Man hour include next activities: .3 26.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 D n -m m 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” OD-mm 21.Killed C.00 ÷ 1.7 33.7 25 1” 33.3 FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS CARBON STEEL WITH ONE END Dn-mm ø -Inch OD-mm [Mhr/ea] 15 1/2” 21.4.2 40 1 1/2” 48.3 50 2” 60.9 100 4” 114.4.3 20 3/4” 26. 1. CARBON STEEL 1500# 3000# 6000# Std XS XXS 4.00 ÷ 1.9 114.3 20 3/4” 26.4.

5. VALVES 5.1 VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS 5.1.1 GATE, GLOBE, CHECK, SWING CHECK, BONNET, BALL, BUTTERFLY, FILTER, etc [Mhr/ea]

VF - Factor for installation of flanged valves

for flanged valves Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 150# PN6-16 300# 25-40 400# PN64 600# PN100 900# PN160 1500# PN250 2500# PN320 PN PN PN PN PN PN PN 6 ÷ 16 25 ÷ 40 64 100 160 250 320 150# 300# 400# 600# 900# 1500# 2500#

Dn to 100 ø to 4”

Dn 125 ÷ 200 ø 5” ÷ 8”

Dn above 250 ø above 10”

(included in table)

33

5.1.2 CONTROL VALVES 5.1.3 SAFETY VALVES 5.1.4 HYDRANTS 5.1.5 FLOW RATE METER 5.1.6 LEVEL GAUGES 5.1.7 CONDENSATE SEPARATORS 5.1.8 SIGHT GLASS 5.1.9 VENTURI TUBE 5.1.10 VALVES WITH E.M. DRIVE

[Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x [Mhr/ea] x

5. VALVES 5.2 VALVES WITH WELDING ENDS 5.2.1 BUTT WELD

[Mhr/ea] 5.2.2 VALVES WITH SOCKET ENDS 5.3 VALVES WITH THREADED ENDS

Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900

CARBON STEEL ø -Inch OD-mm 1/2” 21,3 3/4” 26,7 1” 33,4 1 1/4” 42,2 1 1/2” 48,3 2” 60,3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88,9 4” 114,3 5” 141,3 6” 168,3 8” 219,1 10” 273 12” 323,9 14” 355,6 16” 406,4 18” 457 20” 508 22” 559 24” 610 26” 660 28” 711 30” 762 32” 813 34” 864 36” 914

150# PN6-16

300# 25-40

400# PN64

600# PN100

800#

900# PN160

1500# PN250

2500# PN320

Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100

CARBON STEEL ø -Inch OD-mm 1/2” 21,3 3/4” 26,7 1” 33,4 1 1/4” 42,2 1 1/2” 48,3 2” 60,3 2 1/2” 73 3” 88,9 4” 114,3

[Mhr/ea]

ø -Inch 1/2" 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4”

OD-mm 21,3 26,7 33,4 42,2 48,3 60,3 73 88,9 114,3

[Mhr/ea]

34

5.4 PRESSURE GAUGES 5.5 THERMOMETERS

[Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea]

Man hour include next activities: - handling - on-site transport - prefabrication

- erection - welding - pressure testing

Materials: - Cr Mo alloy steel - Copper alloy - Killed C.S. - Stainless steel - High temp. alloy steel - Alloy steel Ni - Aluminium alloy

f 1,40 ÷ 1,60 1,20 1,00 ÷ 1,25 1,25 1,00 ÷ 1,80 1,60 1,50

RATES FOR TENDER CALCULATIONS 1. MANHOUR ESTIMATE FOR INSTALLATION OF PIPING BASED ON DIAMETERS AND WEIGHTS (FOR CARBON STEEL ONLY) (Origin: Technical Journal "3R International" of April 4, 1985) Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% TypeAS TypeAF Type BS ø -In ch [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] 1” 417 1 1/4” 359 1 1/2” 330 2” 286 2 1/2” 246 3” 209 4” 165 5” 135 6” 111 8” 93,6 10” 75,9 12” 63,2 14” 59,5 16” 50,6 20” 43,8 24” 38,9 40” 20,8 TypeBF
[Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr]

Dn-mm 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 1000

Type AS Piping in the plant with prefabricated weld joints Type AF Piping in the plant with prefabricated flanged joints Type BS Piping outside the plant (pipe racks, sleeper ways, etc.) with prefabricated weld joints Type BF Piping outside the plant (pipe racks, sleeper ways etc.) with prefabricated flanged joints

35

kg/Mhr x 2,2046 = lbs/Mhr

Above standards do not include: - storing and store handling site grading and facilities - decrease effect of due to bad weather - scaffolding - radiographic inspection - performance tests

(calculate separately) (add %) (add ÷ %) (calculate separately) (calculate separately) (calculate separ tely) a

Time allowance for - space obstruction to % - connection to the existing lines to - erection at higher elevations (above 4 m)

÷ ÷

% %

2. EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION 2.1 PIPING IN PROCESS PLANT Prefabrication and erection [kg/Mhr] Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 > 800 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” > 32” OD-mm Sch 10 21,3 26,7 33,4 42,2 48,3 60,3 73,0 88,9 114,3 141,3 168,3 219,1 273 323,9 355,6 406,4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 > 813 Sch 20 Sch 30 Std

(Use only if not possible acc. to man hours derived from basic estimate points) Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 75% Sch 40 Sch 60 XS Sch 80 Sch 100 Sch 120 Sch 140 Sch 160 XXS ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” above 32”

36

Included: pipes, fittings, flanges, valves and supports Material: carbon steel Approximate division of hours for prefabrication and erection Prefabrication Erection to 11/2” % % 2” ÷ 5” % % 6” ÷ 10” %

Piping between plants: ON PIPE RACKS [kg/Mhr] x 1,35

kg/Mhr x 2,2046 = lbs/Mhr
ON SLEEPER WAYS [kg/Mhr] x 1,50

0 29.3 2” 60.13-1.3 6" 168.51-4.00 9.50 4.0 19.0 25.01-39.3 5" 141.01-31.4 1 1/4” 42.51-7.67-0.50 3.7 1" 33.0 11.4 18" 457 20" 508 22" 559 24" 610 26" 660 28" 711 30" 762 32" 813 34" 864 36" 914 38 966 40" 1016 42" 1066 44" 1118 46" 1168 48" 1219 FOR " TECHNIP" COMP.2046 = lbs/Mhr .9 14" 355.25 2.0 15.01-17.01-23.01-27.0 33.01-9.12 1.6 16" 406.01-25. Sch 10 Sch 20 Std Sch 40 XS Sch 80 Sch 120 Sch 160 Average [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr][Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m][kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [kg/Mhr] diameter[inch] Mhr/ ton* < 0.0 23.01-21.26-2.1 10" 273 12" 323.3 3/4" 26.01-29.01-13.01-33.0 37 *Mhr/ton for one millimetre of average wall thickness Mhr/m x 0.3 8" 219.0 21.01-19.0 27.01-37.37 1.66 0.75 1.0 31.0 35.2 PIPES (CARBON STEEL .50 5.51-5. RATES FOR QUICK CALCULATION 2.76-3.0 >39.38-1.01-35.NOT INSULATED) MEAN VALUE (Used only when such data provided in tendering documents ) [Mhr/m] [ kg/Mhr] Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 ø -Inch OD-mm 1/2" 21.0 37.3048 = Mhr/ft kg/Mhr x 2.01-11.0 17.9 4" 114.00 7.75 2.2.88-1.2 1 1/2” 48.01-15.87 0.76-2.3 2 1/2” 73 3" 88.0 13.

66 0.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 966 1016 1066 1118 1168 1219 Note: Generally.2 5 2.01-43.4 42.0 43.3 FITTINGS (CARBON STEEL) .01-35.50 3.2.3 60.7 33.0 35.01-17.00 7.01-47.87 0.0 25.51-4.0 Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” OD-mm Sch 10 Sch 20 Std Sch 40 21.0 15.50 kg/Mhr x 2.3 141.20 1.MEAN VALUE [kg/Mhr] All types of fittings included.01-25. alloy steel Killed C.01-23.01-15.01-31.75 2.75 1 .51-5.12 1.0 31.0 33.50 5.0 23.01-21.76-3.0 45.0 29.01-41.0 41.00 ÷ 1.6 406.60 1.01-13. socket fittings to Ø 1 1/2" are used in petrochemical plants.0 37.0 17.0 21.01-11.0 39. EFFECT ASSESSMENT FOR QUICK CALCULATION Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) 75% 2.25 1.40 ÷ 1.2 48.13-1.01-33.50 4.9 355.0 19.0 27.0 13. (Used only if such data provided in tendering documents) FOR "TECHNIP" COMP.60 1.25 1.S Cr Mo alloy steel Alloy steel Ni Copper alloy Aluminium alloy f 1.01-29. Average diameter [inch] [Mhr/ton]* XS Sch 80 Sch 120 Sch 160 XXS "SOCKET" < 0.38-1.00 ÷ 1.01-9.01-27.00 9.80 1.2046 =lbs/Mhr .26-2.0 11.37 1.01-39.51-7 .1 273 323.9 114.01-45.3 219.01-19. *[Mhr/ton] for one millimetre of average wall thickness 38 Materials: Stainless steel High temp.01-37.3 168.67-0.7 6 -2 .88-1.0 >47.3 73 88.3 26.

1.6 Fabrication+ installation [kg/Mhr] Mhr/kg x 0.2. + 3 .Manner of Calculation Average diameter of all pipings in the plant or on the project shall be calculated in the following way: Sum of the multiplication product of the diameter and length of each pipe shall be divided by the sum of all pipe lengths.. (Dn1x l)1 + (Dn x2l) + (Dn x l)3+ .2.2.5.4.3 EFFECT OF SUPPORT FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION WITH ALREADY KNOWN AVERAGE DIAMETER OF PIPING The effect of the fabrication and installation [kg/Mhr] is to the average diameter in inches. SOCKET WELDING: [Mhr/kg] x DN [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 15 ÷ 50 ½” ÷2” 65 ÷ 100 2 ½” ÷4” 125÷150 5”÷6” 200÷350 8”÷14” above 350 above 14” 2. Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr AVERAGE DIAMETER .4. 2.2.5 PIPE SUPPORTS Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% PARTICIPATION IN THE PIPING QUANTITY to be estimated with % 2. WITH FLANGED ENDS [Mhr/kg] 150# NP6-16 300# NP25 600# NP40 900# NP64 1500# 100-160 2.4 VALVES MEAN ALUE V (ALL KINDS OF VALVES INCLUDED) Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% 2.5.1 DIVISION BASED ON THE UNIT WEIGHT OF SUPPORT Unit Fabrication Installation Fabrication+ weight installation [kg/pc] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] to 5 5 ÷ 20 20 ÷ 50 50 ÷ 75 75 ÷100 100÷150 above 150 Spring supports 2.2.5.4.2.4536 = Mhr/lbs kg/Mhr x 2.5.2.2 DIVISION BASED ON THE PIPING DIAMETER Fabrication 2. ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 39 Installation WITH WELDING ENDS 2.2.4. FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION 2.2.. BUTT WELDING: [Mhr/kg] x 2.5.1. 2 3 l1+ l 2 l + .1...

1 6.7 6.1 10.7 32.0 2.4 12.0 2.20 16.45 6.8 25.68 0.2 11.70 21. RATES FOR INSTALLATION OF POLYETHYLENE PIPING Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% 3.2 15.55 10.2 20.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.8 8.5 28.33 5.17 0.3 5.11 3.3 PN 10 [kg/m] 0.5 5.20 20.42 0.2 10.9 20.3 2.14 5.9 3.9 9.17 0.41 10.3048 = Mhr/ft .43 0.04 3.6 4.3.29 0.9 17.97 1.70 32.03 1.12 0.40 13.1 PE Pipes DIN 8074 PN 6 Dn-mm 16 20 25 32 40 50 63 75 90 110 140 160 180 200 225 250 280 315 355 t [mm] [kg/m] t [mm] 2.47 2.65 1.2 7.2 Rates for installation of PE reinforcement pads for branch connection PIPE Dn-mm 40 63 90 110 125 160 180 200 225 BRANCH 32 20 25 40 50 63 mm x 0.10 40 3.15 0.1 0.8 3.66 8.50 13.10 16.6 16.77 8.3 2.8 14.30 25.672 = lbs/ft Mhr/m x 0.7 14.60 4.0 12.5 22.0 2.60 [Mhr/ea] PIPES Straight pipes Coils [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] Bends [Mhr/ea] Tees [Mhr/ea] FITTINGS AND VALVES Reducers Caps [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] Flanges [Mhr/ea] Valves [Mhr/ea] 2.4 18.38 2.27 0.07 6.6 4.

ADDITIONALLY CHLORINATED PB POLYBUTENE POM .] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/joint] 41 Note: 1. INTERNAL CORE OF PVC FRP - Dn-mm 150 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 ø-Inch 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 20” 24” 28” 32” 36” 40” 44” 48” [Mhr/m] [Mhr/cut.POLYXYMETHYLENE NBR .(HYPALON ®) CHLORSULFONYLPOLYETHYLENE PEHD -POL YETHYLENE HIGH DENSITY PRFV -POL YESTER RESIN FIBREGLASS REINFORCED.NITRIL INDIAN RUBBER IIR BUTYL INDIAN RUBBER CSM . to the tables for PE or PVC piping 2. CARBON STEEL PIPING (SCH 40) CEMENT LINED INSIDE Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) 80% Pipes Socket handling joint Dn-mm ø-I nch [Mhr/m] 15 1/2” 20 3/4” 25 1” 30 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 550 22” 600 24” 650 26” 700 28” 750 30” 800 32” 850 34” 900 36” 950 38” 1000 40” [Mhr/ea] Nozzle at Valves 90° and PVC reinforce housing ment (handling) [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] SYNTHETIC MATERIALS ABBREVIATIONS & INTERPRETATION Pipes handling Pipe cutting Butt weld Sleeve joint with two fillet welds Nozzle at 90° Repair of concrete lining on joints FIBREGLASS RESIN POLYESTER PE POLYETHYLENE PVDF -POL YVINYLDENFLUORIDE PVC . RATES FOR ERECTION OF PVC & FRP PIPING Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) 80% 5.(VITON A ®) FLUOR INDIAN RUBBER (KAUTSCHUK) EPDM -(APTK) ETHYLENE PROPYLENEINDIAN RUBBER CR (NEOPRENE ®) CHLOROPRENE INDIAN RUBBER PTFE .4. Piping of synthetic materials to be calculated acc. to be calculated proportionally to 40” Mhr/m x 0.POLYVINYLCHLORIDE. For diameters larger than 40” (1000 mm). HARD PP POLYPROPYLENE FPM .3048 = Mhr/ft .(TEFLON ®) POLYTETRAFLUORETHYLENE PVC-C -POL YVINYLCHLORIDE.

6. Page's manual each joint between the pipes is also added man hour for the socket joint. MMR. F. MMK. K. 5 3. Just to mention that his man hour for a socket joint is 1/3 lower than the man hour in this table. This could apply only if the fittings are not calculated separately. MMQ. Mhr/m x 0. U. MMB. 5 3. For example. 4. Q. FFR. MMA. FFK. T. FF. except for the straight end.2 FITTINGS (DIN: A.3048 = Mhr/ft 6. E. Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 80% 6. Nominal diameter DN 80 (3”) 100 (4”) 125 (5”) 150 (6”) 200 (8”) 250 (10”) 300 (12”) 350 (14”) 400 (16”) 450 (18”) 500 (20”) 600 (24”) 700 (28”) 800 (32”) Socket end [Mhr/ea] Flanged end [Mhr/ea] Pipe length [m] 3. 5 3. 4. to the type and number of joints. MQ.3 VALVES Valves to be estimated by considering the handling as for the piping above ground and by adding 2 x Mhr/ea for a flanged end. .1 CAST IRON PIPES Nominal diameter DN 80 (3”) 100 (4”) 125 (5”) 150 (6”) 200 (8”) 250 (10”) 300 (12”) 350 (14”) 400 (16”) 450 (18”) 500 (20”) 600 (24”) 700 (28”) 800 (32”) 6. PIPING MADE OF STEEL AND GREY CAST-IRON I made an exception and included steel and grey cast piping in the Chapter Piping Above Ground although they are in most cases laid underground. TT. 4. 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5. Tpiece with a flange at one end and a socket at two ends should be calculated as 1 x flanged end and 2 x socket end. 4. 6 6 6 42 [Mhr/m] * * Note: According to John S. I do not agree with that. X. N) When calculating man hours for each fitting each end is calculated according to its type. According to these man hour rates only the pipes are determined according to the unit of length whereas the man hour rates for all other fittings should be calculated acc.

diameter (or average diameter) of piping in inches ACTIVITY FACTORS .installation .prefabrication .25 Cr 5 Cr 9 Cr Composite pipe Non-ferrous material Plastic resin CS pipe .Type of joint: Butt weld 90° Nozzle weld 90° Reinforced nozzle weld Socket weld Seal weld Threaded joint Root pass Fillet weld Mitre weld (Sockolet.5 Ni SS 304 SS 316 SS 321 SS 347 Item 3.5 Mo) 1. weldolet.installation .Estimate points for butt joint of a relative diameter and wall thickness( Chapter X.7.hydrostatic . coupling.Sleeper way . .1 F D . 3.. Fabrication and installation of pipe supports is considered separately according to the tables on page 39.resin (Lining CS):glass .1 x F = Mhr D ID Item 3.Place of installation: Above Ground Under Ground Pipe rack Bridge Around equipment Line pipe .cement lined inside .installation . RATES FOR PIPING BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER (ID) CORRECTION FACTORS: .prefabrication . Therefore. P ages 147 ÷ 201) .) Tie-in to existing piping Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) 80% Some world companies ask in their call for tender for a price review according to inchdiameter (ID) and inclusion of all the operations and works involved in installation of piping.pneumatic 43 - PIPES PIPES FITTINGS FITTINGS FLANGES FLANGES VALVES PRESSURE TEST PRESSURE TEST ELEVATION IMPACT IMPACT OF SPACE OBSTRUCTION Sum Every company has its own way of listing the prices for each activity in its call for tenders.Prefabrication .sum of factors for the activities required (see below) . only the factors for the activities that are required by tenderin documents are summed up.installation . etc.Different materials CS Low alloy (0.prefabrication .

2 Stainless steel .Schedule . bevels and welds 1.Shop fabrication .Schedule 20 .Field fabrication [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] 1.Schedule .1 Carbon Steel .Schedule .Schedule .2 Welding 1.Schedule .Schedule . RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION (BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER) Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 80% 1.XS .XXS .Schedule .Schedule 80 .Shop fabrication .Schedule .Schedule .Std .Shop fabrication .Schedule 60 .Schedule .XXS 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] .XS .XS .XXS .Schedule .Schedule .Schedule .3 Alloy Steel .Schedule 160 .Schedule .Schedule .Schedule 10 .Schedule .Schedule 40 .Std .Schedule .Schedule 100 .Std .Field fabrication 1.Schedule .Schedule .Field fabrication 44 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] 1.all materials .Schedule .Schedule 5S 10S 20 40S 60 80S 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] .Schedule .Schedule .2.Schedule 120 . Cuts.Shop fabrication .Schedule .2.2.Schedule .Schedule .1 Cuts and bevels .8.Field fabrication .

Temporary Supports Schedule Schedule Schedule Std Schedule Schedule XS Schedule Schedule Schedule XXS 10 20 40 60 80 100 120 160 [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] [Mhr/MID] .Field fabrication 3. Miscellaneous 3.Bending of pipe to 1 1/2” [Mhr/bend] . RATES FOR UNITS OF OPERATION (BASED ON INCH-DIAMETER) 2.Shop fabrication .Temporary Spacers [Mhr/kg] [Mhr/kg] 3.Field fabrication % .2 Tapering Wall Thickness for Fittings and Flanges 45 - to 5 mm 5 ÷ 10 mm 10 ÷ 15 mm 15 ÷ 20 mm 20 ÷ 25 mm % % [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] [Mhr/ID] . Pipe .8.Handling Based on MID (meter-inch-diameter) 3.Shop fabrication % .3 Bending of pipe Mhr/k g x 0.4536 = Mhr/ft .1 Temporary Items .

sockolet. 8.COMPLETE [Mhr/weld] Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 90% ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Factors for calculating the rates acc. RATES FOR PIPING WELDING. 7. 10. reinforcement Weldolet.) . to type of weld 10 20 30 Std 40 60 XS 80 100 120 140 160 XXS ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Factors for different kinds of materials 1. 4. 9. 6. S. Nozzle weld 90° Nozzle weld 90° w. Fillet weld Fillet weld Fillet weld Fillet weld Mitre weld "socket weld" "dummy" 90° "dummy" on elbow closing dummy .(Fitter's work not included) BUTT WELD (C. 3. 2.9. reinforcement Nozzle weld bevelled Nozzle weld bevelled w. Stainless steel 3. etc. 5. Chromium-Molibden steel 46 1. nipolet. Carbon steel 2.

GTAW [Mhr/weld] 10 20 30 FILLER AND COVER PASSES .SMAW [ Mhr/weld] Std 40 60 XS 80 100 120 140 160 XXS ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 47 .ROOT PASS AND FILLER PASSE ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Root pass .10. MAN HOURS FOR WELDING OF PIPING BUTT WELD .

48 .

48" to 48" above48" to 1 1/2" 2". 3.12.36" % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % Caps .2.GROUND Unit standards as per integral elements Prefabrication and installation breakdown (Technical calculation manual. spectacle blind and the like Valves -all kinds.1.14" 16" and above % % % % 4.couplings and the like Flanges Flanges . 5.pieces to Reducing pieces completed to 1 1/2" 2" . 1. 3. 3. 1.2.Elbows and mitre bends prefabricated to 2. types pad bores Pipe supports to 2" 3" . Pipes on pipe rack 2.2. Blind flanges. 2. Miscellaneous 6.6" 8". 2.48" above 48" % % % % Installation % % % % 1.Elbows 2.not to be taken into account % % % % 49 . year 2003. 1.Mitre bends to be manufactured 2. Bolts and gaskets . % % % % % % % % % % 6. INSTALLATION OF PIPING ABOVE .3. Fittings 2.4. 2.for welding all types and bores.1. Pipes Pipes in the plant Prefabrication to 1 1/2" 2".48" to1 1/2" 2". 1.2.1.) 1.1.2.5. orifice plates. Tee . half .all bores O' lets.Stiff ener rings and reinforcing pads 7.All br anch welds 6.

. he can change them depending on the case..1 8...... A widely recognized manual for that purpose is John S. not considered ..loading by HIAB.......... PIPE TRANSPORT Basic rate for pipe transport is............. plus [Mhr/ton] ..trailer truck long vehicle.. Similarly..plus [Mhr/ton] Unloading: ....city roads+...unloading by a special crane to .. and on “inch-meter” respectively..Basis for calculation of man hours Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 75% Contents: 1.....................II...... In principle...............plus [Mhr/ton] 50 ....a temporary pipe storage. these rates cannot substitute an estimator........ 10... The impact of climate...... not considered .................. particularly for estimators lacking experience in the laying and installation of such pipelines.......6 9.......trailer with HIAB.........unloading and pipe stringing by HIAB.... Page's Cost Estimating Manual for Pipelines and Marine Structures.minus [Mhr/ton] . PIPE TRANSPORT STRINGING BENDING JOINTING WELDING WRAPPING MACHINE WRAPPING HAND WRAPPING LAYING IN TRENCHES SPECIAL POINTS 8........1 10..... 8.3 8. [Mhr/ton] The basic rate changes with the conditions by adding or deducting the following rates: Distance: Roads: for each kilometre more than 5 km...plus [Mhr/ton] ......2 8... Therefore.... there are many variables to be taken into account and evaluated by the estimator in order to foresee in detail the conditions under which the works may be executed..........special crane for loading...... 6...2 BORING UNDER ROADS OR RAILROADS BREAK OUT OF ROADS CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS CROSSING WATERCOURSES INSTALLATION OF CLEANING STATIONS PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS PRESSURE TESTS PRELIMINARY & FINISHING WORKS PRELIMINARY WORKS FINISHING WORKS To make an estimate for laying a pipeline is a very “sensitive” operation..... not considered ... and when and which rates to apply.... minus [Mhr/ton] ...4 8........... plus ........ 6......... 10......asphalt roads above 50 %............ PIPELINES .......... plus [Mhr/ton] .2 7...........asphalt roads to 50 %......................... Since our company does not specialize only in pipelines.................. The estimator has to make an accurate estimate of the rates.... 1.....tracktor with a trailer [Mhr/ton] Means of transport: Loading: ......unloading with pipe stringing along the right-of-way by a special crane... They can assist estimators in making their estimates.. we developed rates and elements for calculation of the time needed........ not considered ÿ.. 4.....5 8.crane used also for loading. call for tenders do not provide all the elements needed to determine precisely the time needed for erection/installation/laying..... 5... World recognized companies specializing in this kind of work have empirical rates based on diameter and length... However.. ground and the state is quantified empirically.....................1 6..... 2...plus [Mhr/ton] .. 3.

.....................plus [Mhr/pc] to 4”................................... the following rates apply: to 3” .................... BENDING OF PIPES ........ ............................. PIPE STRINGING [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] If pipe stringing is done as a separate operation by stringing pipes along the right-of-way from the reference storage....................... 3........................... 4”........... 22” and above...........................not considered . Drivers and crane operators are not included.......................................with occasional stoppagesnot considered ....... 16” ÷ 20”...................acc.....plus [Mhr/ton] Continuity of continuous transport:.....plus [Mhr/ pc] 10” ÷ to 14”.plus [Mhr/ pc] 6” ÷ to 8”....Bending for special points is not calculated according to this rate but is included under special points..Pipe Diameter: 6” 10” 14” 18” 26” Pipe Type: to4” ................not wrapped....minus [Mhr/ton] ÷ 16”.........plus [Mhr/ pc] If no data is available on the number of pipes.............. 51 ........... [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] [Mhr/bending] ....................... .............plus [Mhr/ pc] 22” and above.............................................plus [Mhr/ton] ÷ 8”....................plus [Mhr/ pc] 16” ÷ to 20”.....................................................Shop bending: contractors ...............plus * Crane operators and drivers included in the price of machinery 2...........................wrapped......................... 6” ÷ 8”........................................ 10” ÷ 14”...............minus [Mhr/ton] .................................................minus [Mhr/ton] and above................not considered ÷ 12”.....minus [Mhr/ton] ÷ 24”........minus ......... The manhour does not include transport of temporary timber supports........ to circumstances..........Pipe bending on the right-of-way to 3”... it should be estimated.

.along a road ...city street .....pipe laying machine + % % e.... Right-of-way quality: .......in trench + + % % % b........ 20”.... timber supports ...... Welding is not included.... ...........4......possible mud + + % % % % d.......dry rocky right-of-way .............a.. + % .. Means of production: .... % + ............................e.d..iron pipes ..........near trench on temp.............. 16”. [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] The rate for pipe joining is calculated by increasing or decreasing the basic rate by the following percentages: a........ [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] [Mhr/joint] 14”.. 12”. PIPE JOINTING It includes pipefitter works for joining of pipes.............. 8”..... Type of pipe: ....c.. % Total + % [Mhr/joint] + %= [Mhr/joint] The final manhour rate is a sum of the basic rate 52 . 6”...b.....above trench ..prewrapped pipes + % % c. Average pipe length: ..crane ..........Basic rates: 3”........ 10”..75 [Mhr/joint] ..longer than 8 m + % % Example: pipe Ø 6" basic rate is 1....shorter than 8 m ........... Place of jointing: .. 18”. + % ...... % + .......................... 24”... 4”.......... 22”.

. I suggest that the following percentages of the above values are considered........ ÷ 16”. to 4”..........................2 HAND WRAPPING Single-layer wrapping: Machine wr apping x Double-layer wrapping: Machine wr apping x Weld wrapping: Mhr/weld= Mhr/m for hand wrapping Mhr/m x 0.....3048 = Mhr/ft 7...................................... Diameter 2"-8" 10"-16" 18"-24" 26"-36" % % % % % Mhr/m2 Mhr/sqft 6.... [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 6” 10” 14” 18” 53 ....................................... LAYING IN TRENCH This kind of laying is considered only when the pipeline is hand wrapped near a trench or above a trench............... WRAPPING 6............... Ø = pipe diameter in inches............................................1 MACHINE WRAPPING (acc..................... Page) Ø [Mhr/m] Ø [Mhr/m] to 2” 20” 3” 22” 4” 24” 6” 26” 8” 28” 10” 30” 12” 32” 14” 34” 16” 36” 18” I find above values overestimated............... Man hours include also collection and tr ansport of timber supports and possible installation of concrete weights in case of an underwater pipeline.......wall thickness in mm X-value table Ø 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” X Ø 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” above 24” X 6...... ÷ 24”....... ÷ 8” ÷ 12”.5.............. t .................... Therefore............. which is based on my monitoring the wrapping works. ................... t John S.......... above 24”....... WELDING SMAW SMAW ver t i c al up (conventional): Mhr/weld= X x Ø x t / verical down (Fallnaht): Mhr/weld= X x Ø x t / X = values from below table.....

................................................................................................................... 18” ÷ 24”................................ 6” ÷ 8” 10” ÷ 12”. to ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] 6” 10” 14” 18” 8.......................................... [Mhr].......1 BORING UNDER ROADS AND RAILROADS Generally....................... This rate does not include the excavation and repair of the right-of-way............................................................. [Mhr].... above 24” with protection pipe to 4”........................................................... 10” ÷ 12”.............................. w/o protection pipe to 4”......... with traffic [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] with traffic [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] The connection to the header is included. above 24” w/o traffic [Mhr]............................ 24”.................. ........................................ [Mhr].................... [Mhr]. 6” ÷ 8” 10” ÷ 12”................................................................................. 6” ÷ 8”.............. 4” ................................................................................ 8.................................................................... above 24” ........................................... w/o traffic [Mhr]............ 14” ÷ 16”........................................................................................................... 8” 12”........................ ....... This requires special teams for executing such works........... [Mhr]. to 4” ............... SPECIAL POINTS The term “special points” means the works on pipelines where a point crew cannot do the work and the special points are left for later on....8................ 18” ÷ 24”...................... [Mhr]... 14” ÷ 16”.. .... [Mhr]................................... [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] 54 .................................................................................... The erection company performs the following activities: Supply of the material needed for protection and header pipe Cutting of protection conduit to the length dictated by a boring team Protection conduit welding Protection conduit wrapping Header pipe assembling and wrapping Header pipe leak test Installation of spacers and pulling in the main pipe Installation of "Z" seals (sleeve) Construction of air vents on both sides of the road/railroad Putting up necessary signs for the road/railroad works ........... 18” ÷ 24”.............................................. [Mhr]............. The special points are: 8.. the erection company does not perform the boring.............3 CONNECTING PIPELINE SECTIONS This item includes the works on interconnecting two pipeline sections...... 14” ÷ 16”. above 24” Connection to the header is included...............................2 BREAK OUT OF ROADS These special points can be performed without stopping the road traffic or by bypassing the traffic..................... ............................................... [Mhr]........................................................... ......... [Mhr]... 16”.....

............................ which undertake also the str aight sections....... 55 .....Laying in trench ....4 CROS SING WATERCOURSES The watercourses are rivers.........7 OTHER SPECIAL POINTS ....................... [Mhr]................................. 14” ÷ 16”....... The following operations are included under this item............ [Mhr]..... specialist firms undertake the works on river crossings whereas crossings under streams and canals are executed by erection companies.. Bending Connecting & welding of sections Leak test of sections Wrapping ............. [Mhr] ............ ...........one side included . 6”÷ 8”........ [Mhr] ........Installation of measuring and control stations .. Generally. 6” ÷ 8”..... above 24”......Installation of reducing stations ............. [Mhr].Installation of condensate drain stations ..... 14”÷ 16”.Installation of concrete weights .......6 PUTTING UP PIPELINE MARKERS This item covers all the operations relating to putting up the pipeline markers..... etc.. streams and canals with or without water...................... above 24”...............................Connecting to the header: ....................... [Mhr] ... 18” ÷ 24”....................................... [Mhr]................the other side according to the rate for “Connecting Pipeline Sections” 8................... 10” ÷ 12”................................ Their fabrication is not included................ [Mhr]........................................ 10”÷ 12”.... 18”÷ 24”....Backfilling (Other works are the responsibility of a civil contractor) Stream with water [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] [Mhr] Canal Canal w/o water with water to 4”.. [Mhr] ................... [Mhr] ...........Watercourse crossings Man hours for these special points are calculated according to the manhour rates for fabrication and installation of the piping in plants..................................... [Mhr]..........Make-on of branches on a pipeline ...... The construction of the station is not included but it can be rated as prefabrication: to 4”............ [Mhr] .............................Bridge crossings ...8.......................... [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] [Mhr/station] 8.5 INSTALLATION OF CLEANING STATIONS This item includes the installation of pipes coming out of the ground and installation of a pig launcher and a pig trap......... Each marker = [Mhr] 8....

.Preparation of machinery .. The pipelines are constructed in sections..Other finishing works The rate for the finishing works is % of manhours for preliminary works.Erection of necessary fences .............Setting up warehouses and stores ..Construction of auxiliary devices The rate for the preliminary works is % of the total man hours for the works f om 1 through 9.Setting up workshops ... r 10. The team must be provided with all necessary equipment. The section length depends on the pipeline right-of-way configuration........ PRESSURE TESTS Generally.....Setting up a camp ......... construction material.= . This rate determines the time needed to test a 5 km (3 miles) long section.... the pressure tests on the pipelines are performed by teams specialized for this kind of work...9... pipes. 56 .Setting up offices .2 FINISHING WORKS The finishing works include: -Cleaning the right-of-way from residual material.....Dismantling temporary works . The following time allowances to be considered for longer sections: .plus [Mhr] [Mhr/km] or [Mhr/mile] 10...Each kilometre longer than 5 km or 3 miles... which start and end at a stream that is at a place with sufficient water to wash and test the pipeline washing and testing. timber supports... 10.. and other debris ...Loading the equipment and material .1 PRELIMINARY AND FINISHING WORKS PRELIMINARY WORKS They include: ...Pipeline section to 5 km or 3 miles.

3.1.4.2.5.c Beams " " " " 1.8.5.a Lattice beam 1.5.5.b Columns by supporting arms 1.b Longitudinal beams 1.3.c Longitudinal beams 1.2. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION (Acc. Small structure 1.5 0.2.5 Structure erection (hoisting and putting up the structure) a) by crane: 1.5.8 1 2 3 4 5 0. arms 1.b Beams " " " " 1.5.5.2. winches: 1.3.a Columns 1.5.1.25 8 - 10 - 12 - 15 - 20 - - - - - - - - - - - - 57 - - - - - - - . b Lattice beams 1.6.3.4.c Misc.2 Pre-erection of structure a) by crane: 1.c Columns by supporting arms 1.3.a Beams 1.5. a Columns 1.1.4.2 0.1 Sorting the structure and preparation for erection and pre-erection 1.2.- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .5.2.III.c Binding joists 1.6.2.2.5.1.3 Transport of structure to erection place 1. BASIC MAN HOURS .35 0.5.5.5.c Wall windows 1. a Lattice beams b) by hand: 1.2.5.5.3. 1980) 1.UNIT Kind of Work 1.5.5.3. construct.3.15 0.1 0. Columns and beams 1.a Different diagonal small items b) by el.b Lattice supports by masts 1.2. a Beams and columns 1.5.7.c Staircase treads [Mhr/ea] [Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP)=75%] Unit weight of elements in [t] and man hours [Mhr/ton] 0. Lattice beam 1.1. diagonals & small items pcs.5.c Floor grids and chequered sheets 1.4 Installation of anchor bolts and break in 1.b Binding joists 1.9.1.5. b Columns and beams 1. to MONTMONTAŽA Co.2.c Trusses supports by sup.b Floor grids and chequered sheets c) By hand operated winches or haulage cranes: 1. 1.05 0.

7 INSTALLATION OF WIRE ROPE CLAMPS Mhr/ea ø Mhr/ea 26 ÷ 30 mm 31 ÷ 35 mm ø Mhr/ea 36 ÷ 40 mm 41 ÷ 45 mm ø Mhr/ea 46 ÷ 50 mm 51 ÷ 55 mm ø Mhr/ea 56 ÷ 60 mm > 60 mm ø to 20 mm 21 ÷ 25 mm 1.MANHOUR PER 100 PIECES M 22 M 24 M 27 M 30 M 36 M 42 M 48 M 56 M 64 mm x 0.manhour/hole b) by a reamer . drilling machine from scaffold .2 Type "KRUPP HÖSCH" (length 3. Steel brackets for trapezoidal plates (Stahlknagge) are generally shop welded.2 to 1000 sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 100 ÷ 500 500 ÷ 1000 1000 ÷ 10000 10000 ÷ 50000 above m2 m2 m2 m2 50000 m2 1000 ÷ 5000 5000 ÷ 10 000 10000 ÷ 100 000 ÷ above 500 000 sqft sqft 100 000 sqft 500 000 sqft sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Note: 1.6 INSTALLATION OF LOST FORMWORK Trapezoidal sheets for concrete slabs .Sheets are fastened by nails driven in by pistols. Above rates include also placement of Z sections and seal caps.75 mm t = 0.50 mm 12.0929 = Mhr/sqft kg/m2x 0. factor.0 mm 11. the rate of % is added.6. 58 . 2.25 mm t = 1.2048 = lbs/sqft When tightening the bolts by a torque wrench.Bolting of binding beams is performed by the manufacture the structure supplier.0 mm t = 1.6. 1. If site welded.4 13. manhours are multiplied by Note: The above manhours do not include scaffolding. 1.1.28 = ft Mhr/m2 x0.3 to 1000 sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 100 ÷ 500 m2 1000 ÷ 5000 sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 500 ÷ 1000 1000 ÷ 10000 10000 ÷ 50000 above m2 m2 m2 50000 m2 5000 ÷ 10 000 10000 ÷ 100 000 ÷ above 500 000 sqft 100 000 sqft 500 000 sqft sqft Mhr/m2 Mhr/m2 Mhr/m 2 Mhr/m 2 2 2 2 Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m 2 2 2 2 Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m Mhr/m 2 1.0 19. or el. width 620 mm) to 100 m2 weight [kg/m2] t = 0.man hour/hole 1.9 M 20 BOLTING FROM SCAFFOLDING .8 REAMING OF HOLES M 20 M 22 M 24 M 27 M 30 M 36 M 42 M 48 M 56 M 64 a) by pn.8 16.1 Type "HOLORIB" or "MONTANA" (length c.8 m. 4 m.03937 = inch m x 3.88 mm t = 1.6 ÷ 5. .5 15. width 700 ÷ 800 mm) to 100 m2 weight [kg/m2] t = 1.

5)° C (.672 = lbs/ft kg/m3x 2.1.1 BASIC MANHOUR RATES .1.1.4 Stairs structure 2.6 Antennas and torches 2.1. CORRECTION FACTORS The rate for calculation is computed by multiplying the basic rate by a medium correction factor. Type of structure 2.1.11 Bridge crane 2.1.14 Construction crane 2.TOTAL (PEP = 75%) 2.9 Conveyor bridges 2.3 Towers for transmission lines 2.13 Port crane 2.1. medium-weight 30 ÷ 60 kg/m.1. ERECTION OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES 2.2 Equipment & bridging supports 2. heavy above 60 kg/m 3.16 Piping bridges (outside oil refinieres) Light Mhr/ton Medium Heavy Structure: light to 30 kg/m.7 Single member support 2.5 Tower structure for chimney or similar 2.1.1.1 BUILDINGS AND CANOPY FRAMING Cubic weight [kg/m3] 2 4 6 8 10 Cubic weight [kg/m3] 12 14 16 18 20 Cubic weight [kg/m3] 22 24 26 28 30 Cubic weight [kg/m3] 35 40 45 50 55 Rate [Mhr/ton] Rate [Mhr/ton] Rate [Mhr/ton] Rate [Mhr/ton] Cubic weight [kg/m3] = Structure weight [kg] Width [m] x Length [m] x Height [m] .12 Portal crane 2.15 Stationary crane 2.5)° C ÷ 30° C above 30° C kg/m x 0.1.10 Crane tracks outside buildings 2.1.2046 = lbs/m 3 59 .1. : K2 : below .1.8 Bridging between the buildings 2. The medium correction factor is computed by adding up all selected factors and dividing them by 10.2. K1 Weather impact Month : K1 : I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII K2 Abnormal impact of temperature Average temp.1.1.10° C (-10)° C ÷ (.

smooth .min.pre-erection possible . 90 % bolted joints .pre-erection not possible K8 Impact of the structure design .fill ground without drainage .delivery in bulk .min.documentation fully developed .normal .restricted . 90 % riveted joints K7 Impact of pre-assembling practicability .assembled for normal transport .loose ground with drainage .documentation not developed K6 Impact of installation joint type .assembled for special transport 60 .K3 Impact of elevation at which the works are executed Heght in [m] to: K3 : 15 25 35 45 60 75 80 100 K4 Impact of the job site ground .min.pre-erection possible .very simple .only erection process with written instruction .hard and flat ground .levelled out ground without drainage .rolled sections structure .very complex K9 Impact of the structure complexity .simple .welded plate structure . 90 % welded joints .muddy ground K5 Impact of the structure engineering level .complex .fill ground consolidated by a roller and provided with drainage .basic assembling .pipe structure K10 Impact of the component bulking .

2.fasade [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] 4.2 Floors .4 Large workshops .sandwich elements .3 Lining of large workshops and hangars .2 MEDIUM-WEIGHT STRUCTURE (31 ÷ 60 kg/m) 4.2.treads 4.10 ÷ 20 m .3 Structure on towers 4.2 Kiln structure 4.1 Ladders and step irons 4. to UHDE Dortmund) 61 .1.5 Torch structure 4.3.1.span to 10 m .2.3 Reactor and regenerator structure 4.1 Fabrication 4.1 Air coolers 4.4 Staircases 4.2.2 Erection 4.4.4.3 Spring supports erection [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] (Classification of steel structures acc.2 Medium platforms and landings 4.5 PIPE HANGERS AND SUPPORTS 4.4.4.1 Floor grids 4.fabrication .roof . STEEL STRUCTURES IN OIL REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS 4.5.3.2.5.straight Railing .2.2 Chequered plate flooring .5.4 Railing .corrugated sheets .4 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES 4.1.3 Light platforms and landings 4. trestles.1.1 Pipe racks 4.3 HEAVY STRUCTURE (above 60kg/m) 4.round (PEP = 75%) [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] or [Mhr/ton] or [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 4.1 LIGHT STRUCTURE (to 30 kg/m) 4.above 20 m [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 4.installation 4.6 Pipe supports.sandwich elements . supports on prepared foundations [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 4.3.3.

BRIDGES.2 STEEL OVERHEAD PIPE. positioning and temporary bolting fastening: . raising. [Mhr/m 2] [Mhr/m 2] [Mhr/m 2] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 62 .welded design .1 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES . ERECTION AND DISMANTLING OF MISCELLANEOUS STEEL STRUCTURES (PEP = 75%) 5.ACC.bolted design Total:-welded design . painting and scaffolding.joist system Man hours do not include covering.2.2 MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES 5. positioning and temporary bolting [Mhr/ton] Structure weight Unloading and on-site hauling [Mhr/ton] Structure fastening [Mhr/ton] welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint welding of bolted joint TOTAL [Mhr/ton] to 20 tons 20 ÷ 50 tons 50 ÷ 100 tons 100 ÷ 250 tons 250 ÷ 500 tons 500 ÷ 750 tons 750 ÷ 1000 tons 1000 ÷ 1500 tons 1500 ÷ 3000 tons 3000 ÷ 5000 tons above 5000 tons Above man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.5. hoisting. 5.bolted design Man hours do not include covering. painting and scaffolding. 5.unloading .1 STRAN STEEL FRAMING .rafter system . TO THE WEIGHT Bulking. ETC.2. .stud system .bulking.

field erection 1067 mm (3' 6”) wide .unloading . 5.welded design .raising.unloading .chequered floor plate [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] or Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.welded design .3 DOCK AND CANOPY FRAMING .unloading .erection and fastening Total: [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Man hours do not include erection of equipment.6 STAIRS & LADDERS . 5.catwalk framing . MONORAILS AND EQUIPMENT SUPPOR TS a) bar joists .erection and fastening Total: d) equipment supports .5 BAR JOISTS. painting and scaffolding.field erection 1220 mm (4' 0”) wide .2.landing fabrication [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 63 .4 PLATFORMS AND FLOORS .fabrication cutting out .unloading .2.field erection 915 mm (3' 0”) wide .erection and fastening Total: c) monorails .fabrication of all sizes .fastening: .2.unloading .unloading .fabrication cutting out .erection and fastening Total: b) partition framing . PARTITION FRAMING.2.erection: .unloading miscellaneous steel items a) stairs: . painting and scaff olding. positioning and temporary bolting .bolted design Total: . 5.platform framing .bolted design [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Man hours do not include covering.5.

angled free standing erection 50x50x6 mm .angled free standing [kg/Mhr] or [kg/Mhr] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* d) STANDARD TOE OR KICK PLATES 3.angled runs erection 50x50x6 mm .b) ladders .35 mm x 150 (6”) [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m]* refers to the length of handrail and not the length of a pipe or a section. .erection of ships ladders .Straight runs are those with all connecting members at 90o angles.straight free standing erection 50x50x6 mm .straight runs fabrication 1 1/4” & 1 1/2” .2.1067 mm (3' 6”) High fabrication . increase angle iron man hours thirty (30) percent. o .3048 = Mhr/ft 5.angled free standing [kg/Mhr] or [kg/Mhr] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* b) Single Pipe Handrail .5 mm x 150 (6”) 4.fabrication of ships ladders .7 HANDRAILS a) Standard Pipe Handrails .fabrication of straight ladders .Wall Attached: fabrication 1 1/4” & 1 1/2” pipe erection 1 1/4” pipe erection 1 1/2” pipe erection of wall brackets [kg/Mhr] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/m]* [Mhr/ea] c) Standard Angled Iron Handrail .For handrails with expanded metal panels.unloading . .installation [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 64 .straight free standing erection 1 1/2” pipe . [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 5.Angles runs are those with all connecting members at an angle larger or smaller than 90 . LOUVER AND DUCT FRAMES a) Door Frames .fabrication of safety cages .For erection of handrails made of light tubes and solid round and flat sections.76 mm x 150 (6”) 6.angled free standing erection 1 1/2” pipe .erection of safety cages .erection of straight ladders . kg/Mhr x 2.angled runs erection 1 1/4” pipe .straight free standing erection 50x50x6 mm . use the man hours for angled handrails. .straight runs fabrication.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. .straight free standing erection 1 1/4” pipe .2.Man hours do not include painting.1067 mm (3' 6”) High fabrication 1 1/4” & 1 1/2” .rung erection ø 19 mm (3/4”) Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.8 DOOR.fabrication .

fabrication .installation j) Anchor Bolts .Unloading .unloading .Fabrication .Installation d) Wheel Guards .fabrication .fabrication .fabrications .fabrication .erection [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding. 5.installation i) Pipe Sleeves .fabrication .Grating installation g) Curb Angles .fabrication [kg/Mhr] .erection c) Metal Thresholds .2046 = lbs/Mhr [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] k) Ledger Angles .Plates installation .erection c) Duct Frames .installation kg/Mhr x 2.Installation f) Trench Covers .b) Louver Frames .unloading [kg/Mhr] .erection b) Miscallaneous Hangers .unloading .unloading .installation e) Trench Framing .installation h) Steel Curbing .fabrication . or or or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 65 .fabrication .unloading .9 MISCALLANEOUS IRON & STEEL a) Bins & Hoppers .unloading .installation [kg/Mhr] Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.2.

76 mm 28.18 mm 30.76 31.insulation boards (sandwich) Man hours do not include sealing and scaffolding.64 63.82 57.80 25.11 SIDING OF LARGE WORKSHOPS AND HANGARS .Miscellaneous Fence of three strand barbed wire Fence of five strand barbed wire Chain link fence Guard rail [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] Man hours do not include loading.3 x 4.1 x 3.2.Installation of floor grids Grating Bar Size Weight [kg/m2] 19. transport and unloading and scaffolding.Pipes (C.52 50.0929 = Mhr/sqft Mhr/m x 0.3 x 3.04 x 4.76 mm 61.3048 = Mhr/ft kg/Mhr x 2.Miscellaneous steel items .22 44.circular banding .straight and diagonal cutting .18 mm 25.76 mm 69.S.stainless steel sheets .5.13 38.8 x 4.3 REMOVAL OF STEEL STRUCTURE AND MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS .Railroads: Ties and tracks Turnouts .11 31.2046 = lbs/ft 66 .Machinery: light heavy .section sheets .92 38. kg/m2x 0.94 .76 mm 77.45 x 4.straight and diagonal banding .76 mm 53.Steel structure .2048 = lbs/ft Mhr/m2x 0.76 mm 44.39 25.76 mm 37. 5.section aluminium plates .welding of curb angles .76 mm 85.5 x 4.15 x 4.10 STEEL GRATING .rounding of curbs by grinding Man hours do not include painting and scaffolding.circular cutting .1 x 4.Fabrication and modification of floor grids: .05 x 4.2.04 x 3. 5.) to 2” 3” ÷ 6” 8” ÷ 12” 14” ÷ 16” 18” ÷ 24” 26” ÷ 36” .18 mm 36.

....... 4 ÷ 6 m.... 6 ÷ 10 m.....4 Package Unit to 10 tons : above 10 tons : 1..............Putting up to the design elevation .........Unloading ......... reactors.......... etc....5 ÷ 2 tons : 2.. Apply the following factors for higher elevations: Elevation Factor 0 ÷ 2 m..... 2 ÷ 4 m..) These man hours include the erection of equipment delivered as a whole or in sections that are completed but not fully assembled because of their overall dimensions (transport). ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% 1.... above 10 m........ small storage tanks......Erection of crane with a trolley and a drive 1... 1..1 ÷ 10 tons : 10.............1 All Equipment to 0.........5 Other Equipment 0.......... regenerators..Position inspection TIME ALLOWANCE FOR ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT AT ELEVATION All stated below.......Hoisting by usual hoisting means ......Erection of crane track (rails) .................... heat exchangers......... Man hours include: ............3 Towers consisting of more pieces: Joint: 1........... man hours for erection of equipment are applicable when the equipment base is at an elevation of up to 2 m above the site zero level..1 ÷ 20 tons : above 20 tons : 1......... STATIONARY EQUIPMENT (towers.......5 ton 1.....6 Bridge Cranes .Positioning of connection points .IV................. air coolers....5 ton 1.Hauling from storage to the place of erection .7 Lifts [Mhr/m2] shaft + Mhr per meter of elevation [Mhr/ea] or [Mhr/ea] + [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ton] + joint [Mhr/m] of joint circumference [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] span [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 67 ................2 Towers above 0.....

Completion with pertaining parts m x 3. ROTARY EQUIPMENT (pumps.Installation of guards and covers . Page) . inch 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 24” to 6 Total length of loading arm (meters) 6÷9 9 ÷ 12 12 ÷ 15 15 ÷ 18 18 ÷ 21 21 ÷ 24 24 ÷ 27 27 . to John S. compressors.assembling and erection [Mhr/ea] Effect [kg/Mhr] Load.1 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS 2.30 NOTE: I find above man hours for loading arms too stringent.9 Marine loading arms (acc.8 Electrostatic Precipitators Weight [ton] to 100 ton/unit 100 ÷ 250 ton/unit above 250 ton/unit 1.1.1. blowers.281 = ft kg/Mhr x 2.3048 = Mhr/ft 2. fans.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. so I suggest they are increased by %. mixers.Machine positioning and inspection .) These man hours include the following: .1 MAN HOURS BASED ON POWER [kW] Power [kW] to 10 kW 10 ÷ 50 kW 50 ÷ 100 kW 100 ÷ 150 kW 150 ÷ 200 kW 200 ÷ 250 kW above 250 kW [Mhr/kW] + + + [Mhr/ea] Minimum hours 68 . arm diam. etc.Vertical positioning .Hauling from storage to the place of erection . ÷ 2.Placing onto previously built foundations .

[Mhr/ea] - vertical pumps fans blowers gear pumps mixers compressors [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x [kg/Mhr] x kg x 0.1 ÷ 130 130.1÷250 250.1 ÷ 150 150.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2.1 ÷ 110 110.2 MAN HOURS BASED ON WEIGHT [kg] Weight [kg] to 100 101 ÷ 200 201 ÷ 300 301 ÷ 400 401 ÷ 500 501 ÷ 600 601 ÷ 700 701 ÷ 800 801 ÷ 900 901 ÷ 1000 1001 ÷ 1250 1251 ÷ 1500 1501 ÷ 2000 2001 ÷ 2500 above 2500 Effect [kg/Mhr] Min.1 ÷ 90 90.2046 = lbs/Mhr NOTE: If the data on power and weight are available.1÷ 170 170.1÷ 230 230.1 ÷ 60 60.3 MAN HOURS BASED ON THE CAPACITY [m/hr] (FOR LIQUID MEDIA ONLY) [m/hr] to 10 10.1 ÷ 80 80.1÷ 220 220.1÷ 200 200. 3 2.- Pumps supplied with a coupling on one pedestal Pumps and drive motors supplied separately Pumps.1÷260 260.1÷ 180 180.1÷ 190 190.1.1 ÷ 40 40.1÷ 210 210.1÷280 280.1÷290 290.1÷270 270. perform the calculation on both bases and take the mean value.1÷300 300.1 ÷ 140 140.1 ÷ 120 120.1.1 ÷ 160 3 Mhr x [m/hr] 3 [m/hr] 160.1÷ 240 240.1 ÷ 20 20. drive motors and reduction gears supplied separately Vertical pumps Fans Blowers Gear pumps Mixers Compressors to 200 kW x x x x x x x x x 2.1 ÷ 100 100.1 ÷ 30 30.1 ÷ 70 70.1÷750 above 750 3 Mhr x [m/hr] 3 69 .1 ÷ 50 50.

2. (min.Conversion of Units l/s x 3. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) 70 . (min.283 = m3/hr 2.2 COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY GAS TURBINE to 250 251 ÷ 350 351 ÷ 450 451 ÷ 600 601 ÷ 750 751 ÷ 900 901 ÷ 1100 1101 ÷ 1300 1301 ÷ 1500 1501 ÷ 1750 1751 ÷ 2000 2001 ÷ 2500 2501 ÷ 3000 3001 ÷ 4000 above 4000 kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW kW [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] (min. (min.7 = m3/hr cfphr x 0. to Table 2. (min.227 = m3/hr cfpm x 1.1 [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] [Mhr/kW] (min.6 = m3/hr US gallons per minute: Cubic feet per minute: Cubic feet per hour: l/min x 0. (min. (min.2. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. (min. Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) Mhr) 2.2 2. (min.06 = m3/hr US gpm x 0.1 C OMPRESSORS COMPRESSORS DRIVEN BY ELECTRIC MOTOR to 200 kW 201 ÷ 300 kW 301 ÷ 500 kW 501 ÷ 750 kW 751÷ 1000 kW 1001 ÷ 1500 kW 1501 ÷ 2250 kW 2251 ÷ 3000 kW 3001 ÷ 4000 kW 4001 ÷ 5000 kW above 5000 kW Acc. (min.1.

6.0 300#x 1.3 OPENING AND CLOSING OF MANHOLES ON VESSELS AND TOWERS Manhole Size to 14” 16” 18” 20” 24” 28” 30” 32” 36” 40” 42” [Mhr/ea] Class : 150#x 1. 1.30 Mhr/m2x 0. 2.15 600#x 1.02831 = Mhr/cuft kg/Mhr x 2. TOWERS & VESSELS . Double downflow bubble cap type trays 5. Single downflow bubble cap type trays 4. the man hours should be decreased by %.3. 3. * [kg/Mhr] 6.2046 = lbs/Mhr 71 . Single downflow valve type trays 2. 4. Demisting pads* *If the bottom and roof of a demisting pads are already installed. Double downflow valve type trays 3.INSTALLATION OF INTERIOR COMPONENTS & EQUIPMENT 3.2 VESSELS & TOWER PACKING Packing the vessels and towers with different solid packings in bulk condition: towers : vessels : [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/m3] or [Mhr/m3] or [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 3.0929 = Mhr/sqft Mhr/m3x 0. 3. 5. Sieve or perforated type trays 6.1 INSTALLATION OF TRAYS AND DEMISTERING PADS Tower Diameter [mm] to 1000 1001 ÷ 1200 1201 ÷ 1400 1401 ÷ 1600 1601 ÷ 1800 1801 ÷ 2000 2001 ÷ 2250 2251 ÷ 2500 2501 ÷ 2750 2751 ÷ 3000 3001 ÷ 3250 3251 ÷ 3500 above 3500 [Mhr/m2] 1.

4 ERECTION OF PLATFORMS.2048 = lbs/sqft Mhr/m2x 0.4.3.2046 = lbs/Mhr kg/m2x 0. LADDERS AND FLOOR GRIDS ON VESSELS AND TOWERS (PREDRESSING) 3. 4.02831 = Mhr/cuft m3x 35.2Estimate of quantit y of platforms.1 ÷ 30 m 30.4.1 ÷ 60 m above 60 m [kg/m2]* [Mhr/m2]* * These data should be regularly monitored and occasionally revised.0929 = Mhr/sqft Mhr/m3x 0.1 ÷ 35 m 35.1 ÷ 45 m 45.32 = cuft 72 . EQUIPMENT SCAFFOLDING 4.1 Tubular scaffold (for each piece of equipment separately) to 10 m Scaffold erection [Mhr/m ]or [Mhr/m ] Scaffold dismantling [Mhr/m ]or [Mhr/m ] Total Elevation factor at which the scaffold is erected or dismantled: 0 ÷ 5m 5 ÷ 10 m 10 ÷ 15 m 15 ÷ 20 m 20 ÷ 25 m 25 ÷ 30 m above 30 m 2 3 2 3 3 10 ÷ 50 m 3 50 ÷ 100 m 3 100 ÷ 500 m 3 500 ÷ 1000 m 3 above 1000 m 3 kg/Mhr x 2.1 ÷ 15 m 15.1 ÷ 40 m 40.1 ÷ 20 m 20.1 ÷ 50 m 50. ladders and floor grids It is calculated per [m2] of the shell surface area (without bottom and roof). Elevation to 10 m 10.1 Erection average effect : [kg/Mhr] 3.1 ÷ 25 m 25.1 ÷ 55 m 55.

1.1.2.2 Patent Scaffolding Sections: Length : Width : Height : 7 feet.1 m 5 feet.5 m Length Manhours per section One or Two Sections High Erection Dismantling Total Erection More Than Two Sections High Dismantling Total One to Two Sections Long Three to Five Sections Long Six and More Sections Long 73 .4.5 m 5 feet.

200 145.800 78.500 2.800 119.300 75. mostly pursuant to API-650.00 77.000 Fixed Roof Conventional [kg/Mhr] Floating Roof Weight Erection c.100 60.000 62.000 87.400 29.000 Bygging* [kg/Mhr] 14.700 33.600 86.800 2.800 174.000 131.600 20.500 1.850 15.000 56.000 3.000 13.100 295. storage tanks are also designed according to other standards so some 75% storage tanks have smaller weight.000 262.500 380.600 3.CYLINDRICAL AND SPHEROIDAL Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PPE) = 85% 1.000 351.800 26.000 54.200 83.300 17.300 29.400 1.000 97.100 96.600 261.000 135.470 59.900 170.500 40.400 201.000 22.200 2.000 147.400 72.200 99.000 15.000 158.200 111.000 283.900 172.150 47. APPROXIMATE WEIGHTS AND ERECTION EFFECTS OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS (The weights are based on already designed storage tanks.440 12.000 342.200 1.300 88.000 1.500 8.740 11.000 182.000 74 .600 44. [kg] [kg/Mhr] Fixed + Floating Roof Weight Erection c.400 121.000 7.300 40.500 58.800 19.400 241.000 67.600 160.820 52.000 5.625 31.100 9. STORAGE TANKS .000 188.750 23.V.900 51.980 36. [kg] [kg/Mhr] Weight c.000 143. [kg] 4.000 16.000 170.500 109.000 6.500 6. Nowadays.800 36.400 14.900 107.500 5.600 52.000 215.000 36.400 190.325 50.000 12.000 420.950 22.) RATED VOLUME [m3 ] 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 5 00 600 700 800 900 1.200 63.600 194.800 44.500 4.500 26.000 86.400 67.350 17.000 288.650 61.000 12.500 305.000 2.500 72.000 11.450 21.800 66.600 372.000 200.400 75.000 278.000 53.500 7.000 10.715 8.700 26.300 57.000 157.000 35.400 2.000 474.600 131.000 4.200 353.100 123.295 48.800 217.

. to man hours in the table .Nozzles and manholes c.890. % of the inside storage tank weight of which c..a series of identical storage tanks: each next storage tank x up to the maximum % effect increase Effect of storage tank erection with a steel berm (double shell and bottom) .. c....000 30.000 1..Supporting structures ..000 1. % % % (of which: steel sections roofing plates %) % % 3 %.000 540.000 70...002. Storage tanks with a berm: The berm weight is c..000 Weight c.520.....Inside tank is calculated acc...500 1..x .148.4536 = lbs kg/Mhr x 2.500 872.151....1 STATISTICAL PARTICIPATION OF STORAGE TANK COMPONENTS IN TOTAL WEIGHT Based on the analysis of 33 cylindrical storage tank projects of total 16.Effect for the berm acc.If the total weight is known.000 976.100 1.000 742..000 m .500 660.000 80.. 300 m to 3 80.. [kg] [kg/Mhr] 449.000 622. [kg] 566.... then acc..000 100.. to man hours in the table ... c..Roof . an average participation of the components in the storage tank total weight is as follows: ...000 1... to man hours in the table .300 Fixed Roof Conventional [kg/Mhr] Bygging* [kg/Mhr] Floating Roof Weight Erection c.360.000 90..Bottom ..500 1..500 684.000 594. % for the bottom...710.Shell .. [kg] c.000 500.. c.500 tons. % accounts for the shell and 75 .RATED VOLUME 3 [m] 20.000 804....32 = cu ft kg x 0..000 766.000 Fixed + Floating Roof Weight Erection c..x m3 x35..000 50.000 35.000 *Bygging a method of erection by hydraulic jacks .000 40. c..000 22.. [kg/Mhr] 460..2046 = lbs/Mhr 1..600 1..500 25.700 552...000 60..

2.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2. For some storage tank components. Similarly.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0. 90 % automated machine 2.5 mm 7 mm 8 mm . ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS .2 Corrosion protection of plates (underside) Tank diameter [Mhr/m2] to 15 m 16 ÷ 30 m 31 ÷ 50 m above 50 m Weld vacuuming on the tank bottom [Mhr/m] 2.03937 = inch m x 3.Material disposal .2.2.Ground levelled out without drainage 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.5° C to +10° C 10° C to 30° C 30° C to 40° C above 40° C 2.Inspection and take over of foundation.DETAILS The above table defines approximate effects of complete erection of cylindrical storage tanks according to the volume.Fill ground consolidated by a roller without drainage .Annular ring to be computed with the effect for the central part decreased by 25 % * welding: 10 % SMAW. type and method of erection. In that case the welding should be computed and estimated according to the man hours for welding under the Chapter WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING.Fill ground consolidated by a roller provided with drainage . Impact of average outside temperature . Impact of the job site ground . This could be done if you follow this chapter.1 STORAGE TANK BOTTOM Installation of tank bottom Installation w/o welding [kg/Mhr] Installation and welding* [kg/Mhr] plate thicknness 6 mm 6.Hard and flat ground .Fill ground. man hours are given only for erection without welding.3048 = Mhr/ft 2. It is often the case that a very detailed erection estimate is required for already completed projects.1 PRELIMINARY WORKS . not consolidated provided with drainage . the following correction factors should be considered: 1.2 2.2. and other: [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] Tank diameter to 15 m 16 ÷ 25 m 26 ÷ 40 m 40 ÷ 50 m above 50 m [Mhr/m2] factor factor factor factor factor factor factor factor factor mm x 0. measurement.3 76 .Unloading plates .

2. 7.Welding not included.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0.3.3 STORAGE TANK SHELL 2.Welding not included .3048 = Mhr/ft 2.Correction factor according to the plate length as under item 2.Removal of hydraulic jacks [Mhr/ea] 2.1 .4 WIND BINDINGS . 5.03937 = inc m x 3. 4.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. 36 32 28 24 20 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 . 3.3.Placing angle piece with conventionally installed shell and no walkway .RINGS FOR SHELL STIFFENING Erection w/o welding [Mhr/m] Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/m] 2.1Shell Erection . 9.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.Correction factors according to the plate length: Length [m] Factor to 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 .Placing angle piece with a shell installed by hydraulic jacks [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 77 .3.4.3Weld grinding on the inner side of shell (storage tank with a floating roof) [Mhr/m] or [m/Mhr] mm x 0. from top to bottom) 27 [Mhr/plate] 24 20 16 15 Plate Thickness [mm] 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 . 6.2Erection of shell plates (by h ydraulic jacks) ("Bygging" hydraulic jacks.1Top angle piece . 10.Placing angle piece with conventionally installed shell and a walkway [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] . 8.2. 2.Installation of hydraulic jacks [Mhr/ea] .Con ventional (from bottom to top) [Mhr/plate] Plate thickness [mm] Course 1.3.

1 FIXED ROOF Erection of roof and support structure 2.5. from the bottom up 3rd windscreen.3. with reinforc.1.1Placing windscreens with conv entionally erected shell Erection w/o Welding w/o reinforec.03937 = inc m x 3.281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0.1Erection of the structure with a con ventionally installed shell Erection w/o Erection and welding welding * [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 2. [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 2.2 Primary windscreen with a walkway Erection w/o welding [kg/Mhr] Erection and welding [kg/Mhr] 2. [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 2.5.3.4.50 6.4.2Structure er ection with a shell installed by hydraulic jacks Erection w/o Erection and welding welding* [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 2. from the bottom up [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] Erection and Welding (SMAW) w/o reinforc. all windscreens not used as walkways [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] Erection and Welding (SMAW) w/o reinforc.00 5.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. 1st windscreen. from the bottom up nd 2 windscreen. with reinforc.2.50 * welding: 50 % SMAW.00 6.2 Installation of roofing plates Erection w/o welding effect [kg/Mhr] Erection and welding * [kg/Mhr] mm x 0.3048 = Mhr/ft plate thickness[mm] 5.5.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.5 2.2Placing windscreens when a shell is er ected by hydraulic jacks Erection w/o Welding w/o reinforc.5.3 Secondary and additional windscreens 2.4.1.4. 50 % semiautomatic (MAG) 78 . with reinforc. with reinforc.

40 % automated machine 2.6.6.0 mm x 0. 50 % MAG.10) 2. 40 % automated machine 2.50 7.50 7.03937 = inch m x 3."spider net" installation not included (Item 2.6.2.manhole to the floating roof chambers [Mhr/ea] . 40 % MAG.manhole to the storage tank through the floating roof [Mhr/ea] .6.4 Installation of sleeves and reinforcements for the floating roof supports (legs) Erection w/o Erection and welding welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] Installation of manholes on the floating roof Erection w/o welding .6.0 6.1 For raising to the surface (water/air) Erection w/o welding plate thickness [mm] effect [kg/Mhr] 5.1.3048 = Mhr/ft Erection and welding* [kg/Mhr] * welding: 20 % SMAW.5 Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] 79 .6 FLOATING ROOF 2.welding not included 2. radial partitions and supporting channels Erection w/o Erection and welding welding * Storage tank diameter effect [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] to 20 m 20 ÷ 30 m 30 ÷ 40 m above 40 m * welding: 50 % SMAW.50 6.0 6. 50 % MAG 2.0 5.6.2On a "spider net" steel structure Above effects to be increased by % .1.3 Erection of roofing plates (upper slab) Erection w/o welding plate thickness [mm] efect [kg/Mhr] 5.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.6.1 Erection of plates for the floating roof lower slab 2.0 5.2 Erection of concentric rings.281 = ft 2 Mhr/m x0.50 6.6.2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.0 Erection and welding* [kg/Mhr] * welding: 10 % SMAW.

2046 = lbs/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. 1500 mm.7. ÷ [kg/m2 ] [kg/Mhr] m3 x 35.3048 = Mhr/ft 2. It is made to the elevation at which the floating roof is supported on its supports or min.7 AUXILIARY STRUCTURE 2.1 Erection and welding of spiral stairs and landings [kg/Mhr] 2.7.000 m 3 = = = = = [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] + + + Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 2.9 2.4 Erection and welding of sliding stairs with a bearing and a guide Erection and welding of a foam ejector holder [kg/Mhr] 2.0929 = Mhr/sq ft kg/Mhr x 2.000 m 3 10.03937 = inch m x 3.7.7. .281 = ft Mhr/m2 x 0.Steel structure quantity: .000 m 3 above 50.6.5 80 .2048 = lbs/sqft 2. the roof load of 110 ÷ 130 kg/m2 should be considered (total roof weight to be divided by the lower slab surface area).000 m 3 20.Erection and dismantling effect: c.6.6.000 m 3 30.7.000 ÷ 50.7 Preparation and raising the floating roof to the surface Storage tank capacity to 10.6.3 Erection and welding of vertical stairs and ladder cages [kg/Mhr] 2. To estimate the quantity of the supporting structure.32 = cuft kg/m2 x 0.2 Erection and welding of inclined stairs and landings [kg/Mhr] 2.6 Erection and welding of prefabricated railings [kg/Mhr] [kg/Mhr] 2.6.000 ÷ 30.2.000 ÷ 20.10Erection of supporting structure (“spider net”) The supporting structure (“spider net”) is generally made of the remaining pipes or sections.7.6 Foam wall installation Erection and welding [kg/Mhr] mm x 0.8 Installation of floating roof supports (legs) Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] Placing the packers under the legs Erection and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] 2.

8.2) 48” x 48” (1219.2 x 406.3 Connection points with a flange on the shell Ø 1 1/2” 2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” .4 x 1219.1 Manholes on the shell (generally welded during prefabrication) Installation and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] Manhole Ø 20” 24” 30” 36” 2.6 x 609.0) 24” (609.6) 36” x 48” (914.Welding included [Mhr/ea] Ø 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” [Mhr/ea] 2.2 x 1219.Welding included [Mhr/ea] 2.4 Connection points with a thread on the shell Ø 3/4” 1” 1 1/2” 2” 3” .2.4) 24” x 24” (609.8.5 Manholes on the roof Ø 20” (508.6) Installation [Mhr/ea] Installation and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] 81 .2 Installation [Mhr/ea] Cleaning door (generally welded during prefabrication) Installation [Mhr/ea] Installation and welding (SMAW) [Mhr/ea] Dimensions 8” x 16” (203.8.8.2) 2.8 CONNECTIONS AND OPENINGS 2.8.

Installation of precipitation drain valve with a lever .6 Installation of level indicators -for fixed roof .7 Connection points with a thread on the roof Ø 3/4” 1” 1 1/2” 2” 3” 4” .1 Floating roof guide railing Installation and welding [kg/Mhr] 2.8.Welding included [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] 2.on floating roof Installation of sampling and inspection holes [Mhr/ea] 2.5 Placing davits and welding [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ea] [kg/Mhr] [Mhr/ea] 2.9.Installation of a flexible steel pipe assembly .2 Installation of floating roof drainage .9.4 2.connections not included [Mhr/package] [Mhr/ package] kg/Mhr x 2.on fixed roof .3 [Mhr/ea] [Mhr/ea] 2.2046 = lbs/Mhr 82 .9.for floating roof .2.9 STORAGE TANK EQUIPMENT 2.9.8.6 Connection points with a flange on the roof Ø 1 1/2” 2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 2.9.9.Installation of a flexible drain hose of synthetic material Installation of air vent valves .

1" .Tite seal" 3.3" .000 ÷ 40.Hydrostatic testing performed with silt water Hours [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + [Mhr/ea] + 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m 3 Mhr/1000m [Mhr/m2] tank bottom surface area [Mhr/m2] tank bottom surface area 1000 m3 = 35320 cu ft Mhr/m x 0.000 ÷ 10.10 FINISHING WORKS 2.7 Erection and welding of a floating roof seal 1. Pittsburgh Des Moines Steel Comp.000 m3 30.Welding also included [kg/Mhr] 2.Seal "SR .0929 = Mhr/sq ft 83 .Seal "SR .2.000 m3 20.9 Installation of an energy-saving heater ."Hydroseal" .Seal "SR .000 m3 40.2046 = lbs/Mhr 2 Mhr/mx 0."Safety seal" 2.9.000 m3 2. 2.5" .Hydrostatic testing performed with water from the hydrant network .000 m3 5."Hammond Spring .9.10. Chicago Bridge & Iron Company .8" . supporting and tests included.000 m3 above 50.000 ÷ 50. General American Transportation Corporation / Wiggins .Bending.Seal "SR .8 Installation of the storage tank bottom heating Pipe Diam.000 ÷ 20.9" [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] 2.Seal "SR . .Seal "SR . welding.7" .2Stor age Tank Final Cleaning .9.3048 = Mhr/ft kg/Mhr x 2.10.000 m3 10.000 ÷ 30. [Mhr/m] 1 1/2” 2” 3” ."Hammond Tubeseal" .1Stor age Tank Hydrostatic Testing Volume to 5.

028 m3) and spherical storage tanks to 200. Page (USA) provided some tables for spheroidal storage tanks to 800. Only John S. I found his manhour calculation too stringent.000 gallons (757 m3).000 gallons (3. Assembling prefabricated plates and supports of tank Shell welding manhours x 4. Placing and welding the connections and equipment Use man hours for cylindrical storage tanks and other respective items 5. Shell welding Calculate the weld runs and determine the hours according to the tables under the Chapter VI/4 Welding of Spherical Storage Tanks ÷ [Mhr/ton] 3. During my practice I had to make the calculations for such storage tanks many times. Hydrostatic Testing [Mhr/m3] hours at least 84 .3. ERECTION OF SPHERICAL AND SPHEROIDAL STORAGE TANKS For this kind of works I neither had available nor was familiar with any bibliography that would provide me with practical parameters and man hours for a technical calculation. They allow for too few hours for erection. I did it in the following way: 1. Unloading & storing material 2.

33 1.6 11.18 1. WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING Productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) = 70% 1.04 1.VI.14 2.5 Deposit weight [kg/m] 0.6 6.5 4.33 0.5 8.2 5.8 3.25 0.07 0.3 12.SMAW (Man hours for calculation) 1.41 0.62 2.0 5.1 FILLET 2F [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] VERTICAL 3F [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] OVERHEAD 4F [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] mm x 0.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.1 2.6 17 17.9 3. "b" [mm] 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 25 Weld reinforc.1 8.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0. MANUAL ARC WELDING OF CYLINDRICAL TANKS .09 0.75 1.52 2.13 0. "a" [mm] 2.18 0.1 Fillet joint Overlap joint Plate thickn.7 14.9 10.1 15.3048 = Mhr/ft 85 .4 7.5 0.

2 3. VERTIC.08 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.96 2.5 5 2 6 2 7 2 8 2 9 3 10 3 11 3 12 3 14 3 16 3 18 3 20 3 22 3 25 3 28 3 Plate Angle " 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° Deposit HORIZONT AL VERTICAL HORIZ.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.2 Single "V" butt joint Distance thickn. OVERHEAD weight 1G 3G 2G 4G [kg/m] [m /M h r ] [M h r /m ] [m /M h r ] [M h r /m ] [m /M h r ] [M h r /m ] [m /M h r ][M h r /m] 0.14 2.58 3.15 1.9 1.41 0.c b 1.33 0.2 0.67 0.3048 = Mhr/ft 86 .53 0.41 1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3. "s" "b" [mm] [mm] 3 1 4 1.12 0.87 s mm x 0.26 0.78 0.

3048 = Mhr/ft 87 .85 3.3.13 2.45 0.77 0.57 VERTICAL 3G HORIZ. "s" [mm] 10 11 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 25 26 28 30 32 34 36 40 Distance "b" [mm] 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Deposit weight [kg/m] 0.86 0.76 2.-VERTIC.Double "V" butt joint Plate thickn.57 0. also under irregular.12 1.56 1.53 2. mm x 0.1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.94 1.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.45 3.13 3. 2G [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] NOTE : Double ”V” butt joint can also appear under different angles. In that cases standard is calculated with value for single ”V” butt joint.79 4.34 1.26 2.51 0.

2 1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.57 3.03937 = inch kg/m x 0. two different thickness mostly are used.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.93 HORIZ . mm x 0.09 1.3048 = Mhr/ft 88 .56 1.S1 S c b 50° Area = ( 0.VERTICAL 2G [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] NOTE : When horizontal joints of the tank shell are welded by SMAW process. . In that case a mean value is used for operating time.63 0.25 x s1 x 2tg ") + ( s x b ) 1.4 Double bevel butt joint Plate s mm 10 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 25 30 35 40 Angle " 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° 50° b 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 MEASURES [mm] c s1 2 13 2 15 2 18 2 19 2 20 2 22 2 24 2 26 2 29 2 36 2 41 2 46 Area [mm²] 81 104 139 153 168 199 233 269 327 479 609 755 Deposit Weight [kg/m ] 0.32 1.76 4.11 2.78 5.82 1.83 2.

31 1. .3048 = Mhr/ft 89 .154 2.s = 45° b s1 1.971 3.41 0.793 2.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.58 0.313 0.079 1.8 0.VERTICAL (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] mm x 0.686 0.244 0.426 HORIZ.624 1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.547 2.922 1.5 Single bevel butt joint "s" [mm] 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 "b" [mm] 1÷2 1÷2 1÷2 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 2÷3 Weight [kg/m] 0.464 1.

5 4 4.2 ø 3 mm s a [mm] [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 5 5.5 10.5 5 5.3048 = Mhr/ft v = travel speed 90 .03937 = inch kg/m x 0.1 Welding machine "Lincoln Lt-3" 2.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.5 4 4.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.1.5 6 6.5 85 75 65 54 42 1 1 1 1 1 5 5. SUBMERGED ARC WELDING (Data for calculation) 2.5 80 70 60 50 38 1 1 1 1 1 v = travel speed 2.5 6 6.1 Welding of overlap joint Wire EPP .2 ø 4 mm a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes a [mm] a Wire EPP .5 5 5.5 7 3.5 3 3 mm x 0.1.2 ø 4 mm s [mm] a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes s s a Wire EPP .2 Welding of fillet joint ( bottom shell.2. internal site ) Wire EPP .2 ø 3 mm v [cm/min] Number of Passes [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 8 9 18 14 3 3 8 9 13.5 7 3.

"ESAB A-2T" 2.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.5 7 3.2 ø 4 mm s [mm] a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes s s a Wire EPP .2 ø 3 mm a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passes a a [mm] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] v [cm/min] Number of Passes [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 8 9 18 14 3 3 8 9 13.5 80 70 60 50 45 1 1 1 1 1 v = travel speed 2.5 6 6.5 6 6.2 ø 4 mm Wire EPP .5 5 5.2.5 10.5 85 75 65 55 50 1 1 1 1 1 5 5.2.5 5 5.5 7 3.1 Welding of overlap joint Wire EPP .5 3 3 v = travel speed mm x 0.2 ø 3 mm s [mm] a [mm] v [cm/min] Number of Passess [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 5 5.2 Welding of fillet joint ( bottom shell.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.2.5 4 4.3048 = Mhr/ft 91 .2 Machine welding.03937 = inch kg/m x 0. inside of tank ) Wire EPP .5 4 4.

flux cored welding rod .7 16.5 19 15 12.1 14.9 15.8 17 18.7 14.Lifting welding machine on tank shell .7 11.Shifting welding machines from one tank shell to another tank shell Mhr Mhr Mhr mm x 0.7 11.4 11.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.1 10 11. the following to be added: .5 6.1 8.3 Welding with Vertomatic "ARCOS" Gas shielded.3 6.5 11.9 20 20 7 8.outershield s mm 36 35 32 30 28 25 24 22 20 20 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 20 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 TY PE OF JOINT a b b a a a mm 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 13 12 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 b mm 17 16.7 9.2 9.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.1 10.3 9.3 8.6 13.Taking off welding machine from tank shell .3 19.8 7.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.5 8.9 10.3048 = Mhr/ft 92 .6 11.6 12.2.6 10.6 15.3 v cm/min 6.2 7.7 9.7 10 9.8 Mhr/Vertical Weld Height of One Vertical Weld [mm] to 1600 1800 2000 2200 > 2400 s s s v = travel speed When calculating the welding time for one tank shell.7 13.7 11.

2.4 Welding with Circomatic "ARCOS" When calculating the welding time for each horizontal joint, to be added: Positioning and taking off welding machine: Mhr

platenumber travel speed mm of passes [cm/min] 6 6 1 60÷75 6 8 1 60÷70 8 10 1 60÷65 10 13 1 55÷60 2÷3 13 45° 16 1 50÷55 16 18 1 45÷50 18 22 2 22÷27 22 25 3 12÷15 45° 27 30 4 9÷11 35 40 6 6÷8 Root pass, SMAW using Ductilend 55 stick welding rod
0÷1

TYPE OF JOINT

rate [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m]

22 45° 25 5 8÷10 27 30 6 6÷8 35 40 9 4,5÷5,5 Root pass will be calculated acc. to the man hour for SMAW.
÷3

5

0÷1

0÷1

mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

93

2.5 Welding with Circomatic "ESAB" Welding with flux-cored welding rods outershield. TYPE OF JOINT
BEFORE FILLING WITH SAW, FIRST PASS WILL BE WELDED BY SMAW OR GMAW PROCESS
0÷1

Plate mm 8 10 10 12 12 14 14 17 17 20 20 23 23 26 26 30 8 8 8 10

Number of Passes 2

Travel Speed Rate [cm/min] [m/Mhr] [Mhr/m] 30÷35

2 4 6 6 8 10 12 2 2

30÷35 14÷20 10÷15 9÷12 6÷9 5÷8 4÷6 34÷36 34÷36

2

45°
0÷1

45°
3

ROOT PASS FULL PENETRATION - SMAW

2

3

45°

10 13 13 16 16 18 18 21 21 24

4 4 4 6 7

17÷20 16÷19 15÷18 9÷11 7÷10

Root pass full penetration will be calculated according to SMAW or GMAW process. When calculating the welding time for each horizontal joint, to be added: - Each shifting of welding machine (the number of shifting is defined by weld eng.) - Positioning and taking off - When two welding machines are used (simultaneos from both sides) positioning and taking off Mhr

3

Mhr

mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

Mhr

94

3. WELDING WITH SEMIAUTOMATIC (GMAW) (Data for calculation) 3.1 Semiautomatic - GMAW (CO) 2

3.1.1 Welding of fillet joints

a

s mm 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

a mm 2,1 2,8 3,5 4,2 5 5,6 6,4 7,1 8,5 8,9 11,3 12,7 14,1 15,6 17

Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0,07 0,09 0,13 0,18 0,25 0,33 0,41 0,5 0,75 1,04 1,33 1,62 2,14 2,52 2,9

S

HORIZONTAL (2F) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]

a

S
VERTICAL (3F) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]
mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

95

3.1.2 Welding of single "V" butt joint

60°

b

s mm 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 16 18 20

Angle

"
60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60° 60°

b mm 1,5 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Deposit Weight [kg/m ] 0,12 0,2 0,26 0,33 0,41 0,53 0,67 0,78 0,9 1,15 1,41 1,76 2,14

HORIZONTAL (1G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]

s

VERTICAL (3G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr]

mm x 0,03937 = inch kg/m x 0,672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3,281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0,3048 = Mhr/ft

96

39 0.1.59 0.53 2.55 1.94 1.57 0.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.34 1.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.76 2.25 2.46 1.37 2.77 0.3 Welding of double "V" butt joint s mm 12 14 15 16 20 22 24 25 26 28 30 32 34 36 40 b mm 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 = 60° Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.85 3.73 1.79 4.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.6 3.13 3.52 0.13 b VERTICAL (3G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] s mm 12 14 15 18 20 22 24 25 26 28 30 32 34 36 40 VERTICAL (3G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] mm x 0.95 2.14 2.92 1.77 0.07 1.13 2.3048 = Mhr/ft 97 .86 0.45 3.57 s b mm 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 = 45° Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.2 1.56 1.3.

6 1. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 98 .03 2.18 1.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.2 1.73 3.3048 = Mhr/ft S b =50° S1 When hori zontal joints of the tank shell are welded two diff erent thicknesses mostly occur ( S = S1 ) in which case a mean value is used for the man hour time.71 0.68 1.2 4.26 5.54 4.94 2.8 0.93 1.5 3.31 1.27 2.62 3.26 3.1.49 2.14 2.48 4.V E RT I C .96 1.47 0.27 1.92 3.89 HORIZ. .46 H O R I Z .75 1.5 1.57 5.04 0.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.74 0.13 4.4 4.42 5.0 4.86 1.54 0.82 0.27 4.84 0.75 2.36 3.08 1.4 Welding of double-bevel butt joint mm x 0. s b mm mm 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 20 22 24 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.69 2.72 0.3.06 1.98 3.88 4.69 4.14 3. .63 0.81 3.08 2.43 1.3 2.62 0. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] s mm b mm 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 25 26 27 28 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 2.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.59 2.94 0.97 4.VERTIC.63 0.55 0.82 5.75 4.12 5.2 2.

749 0.VER TIC.891 0.798 2.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.168 3.625 2.872 2.237 3.506 1. two different thickness of plate are mostly used ( S = S1 ).58 0.079 1.31 1.907 6. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] s mm b mm 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 18 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 30 32 34 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 1.389 1. .205 0.106 1.517 0.174 HORIZ.VERTIC.922 0. b s1 s mm 5 6 7 b mm 0÷1 1÷2 0÷1 1÷2 0÷1 1÷2 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0 ÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 0÷1 1÷2 2÷3 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.049 3.685 0.561 5.985 1.667 1.267 0.971 3.211 4.615 0.547 2.709 3.793 HORIZ.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.835 0.354 1.426 3.315 0.3048 = Mhr/ft s = 45° When the tank shell horizontal joints are welded.505 3.509 4.431 4.665 3.455 0.39 2.464 1.8 0.624 1.059 5.744 3. .355 0.233 2.244 1.5 Welding of single bevel butt joint mm x 0.991 4. In that case a mean v alue is used for manhour calculation.3.273 3.643 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3. (2G) [Mhr/m] [m/Mhr] 99 .542 1.208 1.31 5.469 3.545 0.64 5.956 4.41 0.1.721 0.244 0.98 5.013 2.744 4.154 2.913 3.

1 Manual welding of slices of lower and upper section Plate Thickness [mm] 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 0.79 0. WELDING OF SPHERICAL STORAGE TANKS Upper section Upper strip Horizontal Equator Vertical Lower strip Lower section 4.77 Rate [Mhr/m] mm x 0.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.48 3.94 2.65 3.56 Rate [Mhr/m] Plate Thickness [mm] 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 1.4.93 1.97 4.1 4.281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.73 Rate [Mhr/m] Plate Thickness [mm] 32 34 35 36 37 38 40 Deposit Weight [kg/m] 3.3048 = Mhr/ft 100 .43 2.73 0.11 1.23 4.54 2.03937 = inch kg/m x 0.31 1.82 1.04 3.12 2.26 2.0 1.

281 =ft/Mhr Mhr/m x 0.2 Manual welding of vertical joint of Equator.03937 = inch kg/m x 0. upper and lower section Plate Thickness [mm] 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 EQUATOR [Mhr/m] UPPER STRIP [Mhr/m] LOWER STRIP [Mhr/m] mm x 0.3 Manual welding of horizontal joints Plate Thickness [mm] 14 15 16 17 18 20 22 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 35 36 38 40 LOWER SECTION LOWER STRIP [Mhr/m] LOWER STRIP EQUATOR EQUATOR UPPER STRIP [Mhr/m] [Mhr/m] UPPER STRIP UPPER SECTION [Mhr/m] 101 .3048 = Mhr/ft 4.672 = lbs/ft m/Mhr x 3.4.

0272 0.0145 0.0117 0.0238 0.014 0.0161 0.0215 0.1525 0.0249 0.314 0.0202 0.252 0.672 = lbs/ft The consumption of gas for manual cutting is c.0277 0. to Živèiæ-Remenar) kg/m x 0.0323 0.0259 0.0155 0.0715 0.0256 0.316 0.04 0.281 = ft/hr * Theoretical consumption of gas for machine gas cutting Mhr/m x 0.0625 0.0285 mm x 0.207 0.0195 0.0264 0.0073 0.0233 0.0244 0.018 0. NOTE: Man hours [Mhr/m] are used for cutting only to 30 m.279 0.096 0.0123 0.244 0.273 0.0466 0. MANUAL GAS CUTTING AND GAS CONSUMPTION Plate Thickness [mm] 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Cutting Speed [m/hr] Rate [Mhr/m] Oxygen [kg/m]* 0.0097 0.5.0167 0.197 0. % higher.106 0.0121 0.226 0.29 0.0135 0.079 0. 102 .3 0.304 0.0082 0.0268 0.259 0.295 0.311 0.0281 0.126 0.3048 = Mhr/ft (acc.0221 0.308 0.0064 0.186 0.0104 0.237 0.1375 0.285 0.14 0.015 0.0208 0.115 0.0111 0.2175 0. Man hours for larger lengths to be estimated according to the cutting speed [m/hr].0875 0.318 Acetylene [kg/m]* 0.0227 0.0174 0.0525 0.009 0.266 0. To estimate the oxygen and acetylene needed for manual gas cutting double the above values.03937 = inch m/hr x 3.0188 0.1745 0.

4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 965 1016 1067 1118 1168 1219 1372 1524 Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% SURFACE AREA OF PIPING ELEMENTS Pipe 1m [m2] 0.3 219.312 2.891 5.005 0.827 14.472 0.757 2.545 1.020 0.163 4.230 0.524 6.Reducers: .120 0.996 13.035 0.019 0.222 1.124 0.300 0.Tees: [Mhr/m2 ]x .53 0.642 4.017 0.082 0.136 1.460 0.2 48.033 0.008 0.19 0.350 0.683 5.120 Valve [m2] 0.330 4.56 2.210 0.754 3.009 0.600 Reducer [m2] 0.185 0.661 0.3 141.320 5.050 0.663 1.006 0.31 4.780 0.046 0.28 0. to Item 2 (page 104) m x 10764 = sq ft Mhr/m2 x 0.342 2.35 3.067 0.132 0.Flanges: .3 60.030 0.800 0.035 0.07 2.138 0.acc.03 3.92 2.502 7.639 7.223 3.002 0.797 1.451 2.670 0.312 1.88 3.017 0.003 0.43 1.023 0.020 1.342 2.036 0.425 10.878 1.460 0.065 0.52 3.054 0.173 0.732 0.338 11.094 0.220 2.39 2.012 0.848 6.626 1.185 3.022 0.980 0.66 3.840 0.520 0.9 114.800 0.065 Flange [m2] 0.920 1.520 3.36 0.186 0.450 7.732 3.20 3.639 8.24 0.050 0.095 10.891 7.936 1.800 3.1 273 323.44 0.105 0.005 0.920 3.490 0.581 1.405 1.003 0.080 0.5d [m2] 0.9 355.820 6.083 0.056 0.013 0.86 1.83 4.220 3.3 168.302 0.570 1.170 0.71 2.7 33.550 9.630 0.023 0.3 73 88.890 1.4 42.Valves: [Mhr/m2 ]x [Mhr/m2 ]x [Mhr/m 2]x 1.190 1.930 17.776 0.297 4.28 1.097 0.490 0.040 1.307 1.02 1.333 0.6 406.144 2.75 1.957 2.470 0. CORROSION PROTECTION 1.297 0.Pipes: above table .820 5.850 4.740 0.410 0.043 0.12 1.007 0.560 0.265 5.488 1.027 0.147 0.1 RATES FOR PIPING ELEMENTS .552 0.758 3.230 1.252 2.039 0.151 0.182 6.003 0.Elbows: [Mhr/m2 ]x .015 0.790 2.058 0.VII.3 26.871 8.120 0.149 7.660 0.600 0.011 0.60 1.067 0.096 0.420 0.24 2.260 0.178 0.030 0.187 TEE [m2] 0.69 0.741 4.79 Elbow r=1.2 MATERIAL CONSUMPTION .013 0.390 0.100 RATES FOR PIPES Blast and First Coat [Mhr/m2] Two Middle Coats [Mhr/m2 ] TOTAL TOTAL Coat Four Coats Four Coats [Mhr/m2] [Mhr /m 2] [Mhr/m] Covering ø-Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” 54” 60” 103 1. SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF PIPING Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1350 1500 ø -Inch 1/2” 3/4” 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” 38” 40” 42” 44” 46” 48” 54” 60” OD-mm 21.910 2.004 0.390 0.3048 = Mhr/ft 2 .0929 = Mhr/sq ft Mhr/m x 0.700 0.

2.2 Above 100 microns: Material consumption: NOTE: 1.1 Time allowances for job conditions Work at elevations to 2 m 2÷ 4m 4 ÷ 10 m above 10 m Work inside . wind.2 2. coat thickness.1 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STEEL STRUCTURES Sand blasting and primer: Material Consumption: — siliceous sand for the purity grade SA 2 1/2 ÷ [kg/m2] or: — corrund (Al2O3) for the purit y grade SA 2 1/2 ÷ or: [kg/m2] [Mhr/m2] + [Mhr/m2] = [Mhr/m2] — ground dross for the purity grade SA 2 1/2 ÷ [kg/m2] — hot (metal sand) ÷ [kg/m2] or: 2. Consumption of the abrasive material depends on the corrosion pitting of the structure. 2. 2.2 104 .with ventilation .3 2.3.3. Paint consumption depends on the corrosion pitting. and the manufacturer's instructions.no ventilation 2.1 Next Coats Up to 100 microns: by brush by spray gun colour by brush by spray gun [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [kg/m2] [Mhr/m ] 2 [Mhr/m ] [kg/m2] 2 Material consumption: 2. 2. space and the possibility of regeneration of the abrasive used.2.3.2. wind.3 Work in lumbered rooms (space obstruction) + + + % % % — — — — no allowances + % + % + % 2.

2 Steel Structure .First coat 40 µ : .Floor grids: .for piping to 4” above 4” [m /ton] 2 [m /ton] 2 3.2.1 SAND BLASTING AND PAINTING OF STO Outer surfaces of storage tank . motors.II + III + IV coat 400 µ : Total = 440 µ : RAGE TANKS [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] 3.4.Corrugated sheets: (above 60 kg/m): (31 ÷ 60 kg/m): (to 30 kg/m): length x width x length x width length x height x actual painting area actual painting area x ÷ ÷ ÷ [m2/ton] [m2/ton] [m2/ton] 2. pumps.Fourth finishing coat 50 µ : Total = 290 µ : Inner surfaces of storage tank .Mesh railings: .Sand blasting SA 2 1 2 : .Second coat 40 µ : .for piping .First coat 75 µ : .Third coat 125 µ : .4.Heavy structure .Medium-weight structure . 105 .Flat sheets: .3 Pipe Supports .2 [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] [Mhr/m2] NOTE: These man hours refer to the climate conditions prev ailing in the Centr al Europe.4 2.Sand blasting SA 2 1 2 : . 3. conveyors A surface area of parallelopiped shape x 2.Light structure .1 MEASUREMENT AND CALCULATION OF QUANTITIES FOR CORROSION PROTECTION Machines.Ladders and step iron: .4.

aluminium foil cladding.VIII. When the scope of insulation is not so great or the bidding time is very tight. . . 1. That is why I worked out the manhour rates for insulation based on the manhour rates of several specialized German insulation contractors.Insulation of valves not included. placing mineral wool.Scaffolding not included. installation of sheets and sealing with durable elastic compound. specialized companies make calculations for insulation. an estimator for the mechanical works should also provide the calculation elements for the insulation.1 Pipe insulation Manhours per linear metre [Mhr/m] Piping ND Ø 25 1” 32 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 125 5” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 600 24” 700 28” 800 32” 900 36” 1000 40” Insulation Thickness [mm] 60 80 100 30 40 50 120 150 .03937 = inch Mhr/m x 0. THERMAL INSULATION FOR PIPING Prefabrication of the insulation holders.Insulation of pipes and fittings. sheet cutting. 1. mm x 0. except for pipe bends is included. This rule also applies if insulation accounts for a large portion of a project.3048 = Mhr/ft 106 . THERMAL INSULATION Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) =85% Generally.

4 1.1 Piping insulation based on the surface area Surface area calculation The pipe surface area is calculated by adding two insulation thicknesses to the pipe diameter. to Insulation Thickness 30 mm x 40 mm x 50 mm x 60 mm x 80 mm x 100 mm x 120 mm x 150 mm x 1.1.4.3 Valve Insulation ND 25 32 40 50 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 Ø 1” 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 4” 5” 6” 8” 10” [Mhr/ea] ND 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Ø 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 24” 28” 32” 36” 40” [Mhr/ea] Factors acc.14 + 1000 [mm] [mm] t = insulation thickness 107 .2 Insulation of pipe bends [Mhr / ea] Piping ND Ø 25 1” 32 1 1/4” 40 1 1/2” 50 2” 65 2 1/2” 80 3” 100 4” 125 5” 150 6” 200 8” 250 10” 300 12” 350 14” 400 16” 450 18” 500 20” 600 24” 700 28” 800 32” 900 36” 1000 40” Insulation Thickness [mm] 60 80 100 120 30 40 50 150 1. do = pipe OD [m ] 2 A= ( do 2t ) x 3.

2 Insulation with mineral wool.Erection ..insulation holders .Sheets % % % .1 THERMAL INSULATION OF VESSELS AND KILNS Insulation with mineral wool.764 = sq ft Mhr/m2 x 0. both side painting. smooth aluminium sheets. 2.3 .Erection % % % % 2.4.0929 = Mhr/sq ft 108 .2 Manhour rates [Mhr/m 2] Insulation Thickness [mm] [Mhr /m2] Included: 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 150 Not includes: 1.281 = ft m2 x 10. foil . durable elastic sealing including substructure Insulation Thickness 80 mm 100 mm 120 mm 150 mm 180 mm [Mhr/m2] 2. 1-mm thickness.Prefabrication . [Mhr/m2] mm x 0. trapezoidal galvanised E 40 sheets.Valve surface area Surface area of 1 m pipe x 1.valves .Pipe bend surface area A = ( d+ 2t ) ( 2d + t ) x o o [m] 2 do= pipe OD [m] t = insulation thickness [m] . durable elastic sealing substructure included.Insulation holders .Prefabrication .all fittings .pipes .Mineral wool and al.03937 = inch m x 3.4. Insulation thickness 80 mm 100 mm 120 mm 150 mm 180 mm Scaffolding not included.scaffolding Division based on the operations .

same categorization as for erection c) Rental . When estimating the scaffolding quantity.Type : Option I Pipe rack surface area Option II [m3/t] piping weight standing scaffold hanging scaffold cantilevel scaffold platforms floors ÷ average months ÷ [m2] scaffold % % % % ÷ ÷ .Quantity: . Therefore.Quantity: .Rental: 1. ESTIMATES OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN CONTRACTED TO A SPECIALIST FIRM The most usual categorization and the rates of the scaffolding specialist firms are: a) Scaffold Erection .Type : [m3/t] piping weight ÷ standing scaffolds hanging scaffolds cantilever scaffolds platforms landings ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ % % % % [m3 ] [m3 ] .Height : .standing scaffolds . Will they be used for erection only. they have to make quick estimates of the quantities starting first with a decision on who is going to undertake the scaffolding. ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDS Quick estimates of scaffolding and the scaffolds are very difficult to make and not reliable.3 STEEL STRUCTURES .32 = cu ft m2 x 10764 = sq ft . 1.platform floors [m 3] [m 2] 1. or for painting and insulation works as well? If there are several users. Will they subcontract this job to a specialist firm or do the scaffolding themselves? It is also necessary to see who will use the scaffolds. the quantity for erection in [m3] and an average erection height are determined.IX.2 PIPING ON PIPERACKS . Estimators usually do not have the drawings.Height : . the dimensions and what is most important they do not have enough time to perform a proper calculation.same categorization per week and month The price of erection and dismantling of scaffolding varies by its height every ÷ m. 1.cantilever scaffolds .hanging scaffolds b) Scaffold Dismantling . the rental period is longer but in that case the expenses can be shared.1 PIPING IN PLANTS .Rental: .Type : ÷ [m3/t] structure weight ÷ standing % ÷ hanging % ÷ cantilever % ÷ platforms floors % average m ÷ average weeks 109 m3x 35. ESTIMATES 1.Quantity: .

ESTIMATE OF SCAFFOLDING WHEN DONE BY AN ERECTION COMPANY This kind of scaffolding erection is used less and less. insulation or painting.Height: m ÷ . When the scaffolding is used for the equipment erection only. it could be calculated in the following way: .1 Tubular scaffold material Total scaffolding: [m ] + [m ] 3 2 = 2 m3 or m The scaffolding quantity to round up to hundred (100). Similarly. no scaffolding is required for erection of towers. 2.3 2.5 TUBULAR SCAFFOLDING There are sets of tubular scaffolding with a list of material needed such as tubes and clamps for 500 m3 (Iron Works Sisak).Quantity: [m3/ton] equipment weight ÷ .1 2. If it is expected that the scaffolding will be erected and dismantled several times during the works execution. the scope of scaffolding should be estimated in the same way as for the first case. one should also determine the type of scaffolding. 2. If used. The best way is to calculate all the equipment individually for each unit.5. which is more or less the sam e we should estimate the material needed for tubular or patent scaffolding. m3 x 35. but it is required for erection of connection piping.4 EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS When estimating the scaffolding for equipment erection one should know who is going to use the scaffolding.2 PIPING IN PLANTS: ÷ [m3/ton] piping quantity PIPING ON PIPERACKS: Option I Pipe rack surface area = [m2] scaffold Option II [m3/ton] piping quantity STEEL STRUCTURES: EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY: (If used for the equipment erection only) ÷ ÷ [m3/ton] structure quantity [m3/ton] equipment quantity 2.4 2 When the scaffolding quantity is calculated in [m3] or [m]. For instance.Type: standing % platform floors % . the following calculations should be considered: 2.Rental: month 2. its height. and the rental time. electrical installations.32 = cu ft m2 x 10764 = sq ft 110 .1.

determine the labour needed for scaffolding and the means of transport.5.2 Planking tops for scaffolding Scaffold quantity / = m3 planking tops 2.2. 111 . page 72 .73) After that.6 SCAFFOLDING LABOUR Determine the number of scaffolding hours by calculating: 2 Erection + dismantling = [Mhr/m3] or m x elevation factor (for average elevation) (See "Equipment Scaffolding".

493 0.67 Sch 120 0.576 0.172 2.5 1.821 1.61 24.835 1.34 1.54 1.161 0.743 10.67 1.45 0.043 0.089 1.17 1.67 1.009 0.674 6.2 4.56 1.83 1.776 8.635 0.026 0.1 with a final ÷ increase of % (for smaller modifications.086 0.336 2.345 3.375 0.2046 = lbs/weld 1.5 1. 284 .554 XS 0.409 Std 0.057 0.72 12.17 1.783 5.263 0.717 0.726 1.674 3.042 5.92 4.011 0.558 0. 0 992 . repairs.3 0.43 3.907 0.239 0.337 0. 1.42 Sch 60 0.576 3.0 3.77 11.186 0.086 0.542 1.33 XXS 0.089 2.255 0.172 2.459 1.208 0.501 1.625 0.506 2 671 .94 21.562 1. etc.003 0.59 17.336 2.4 9.633 Sch 40 0.208 0. 3. 1.213 0.2 Welding rod weight = % piping weight or [kg/ton] ÷ ÷ (Higher percentage is inversely proportionate to the pipe weight in relation to the total weight of piping).0 2.0 19.2.1 If the number of welds is known then they are calculated according to the T able 1.998 1.39 0.84 2.39 0. 0 907 .303 0.83 1.45 1.164 4.104 0.563 4.719 2.003 Sch 80 0.449 0 505 .42 Sch 160 0.057 0.28 4. then the calculation should be done as follows: 1.19 5. higher departures than the actual needs are allowed.043 0.844 6.52 15.633 0.).061 1.45 1.27 1.81 5.717 0.03 3.393 0. 1.554 3.807 0.558 0.413 0.215 2.338 1. ESTIMATE OF WELDING ROD CONSUMPTION AND ADDITIONAL WELDING MATERIAL 1.2 PIPING IN PLANTS The most difficult job for installation of this t ype of piping is to estimate welding rod consumption with regard to the piping weight.18 1.36 1.27 3.2 7.2.3 Piping quantity per inchdiameter (ID) Welding rod weight = [kg/ID] 112 .1 WELD DEPOSIT [kg/weld] ø 2” 3” 4” 6” 8” 10” 12” 14” 16” 18” 20” 22” 24” 26” 28” 30” 32” 34” 36” Sch 10 0.303 0.2.412 3.017 Sch 20 Sch 30 0. PIPING 1.383 0. Since this estimate is not used for the welding rod procurement but f or calculation of price only.935 3.58 12.085 0.255 3.376 0.026 0.73 1.39 0.671 2. losses.56 31.2.215 2.81 kg/weld x 2.085 0.84 3.061 1.45 0.36 1.92 9.717 1.504 2.84 2.58 2.27 1.565 2.22 1.576 0.726 0. If the number of welds is not known and it cannot be deter mined within a reasonable time.

2 Welding rod weight = 1. EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY ÷ % equipment weight kg/ton x 2.Medium-weight structure .4 PIPING (C.1 for the quantity of welding rod.1 increased by %.5 PIPELINES .3.1.2 Support Installation ÷ % support weight or ÷ [kg/ton] Welding rod weight = 2. CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS ÷ % storage tank weight Welding rod weight = 4.3.6.1 PIPE SUPPORTS Support Fabrication ÷ % support weight or ÷ [kg/ton] Welding rod weight = 1.) .2046 = lbs/ton Welding rod weight= 113 .Light structure %or %or %or [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [kg/ton] 3. 1.6. The number of joints estimated to be multiplied by the values from Table 1.The best way is to estimate the number of joints and to use the Table 1.1 and increased by %. and to apply the increase of %. STEEL STRUCTURES Fabrication Erection %or %or %or [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [kg/ton] .For this type of pipelines the number of joints on the header line should alwa ys be calculated.S.Heavy structure .3 1.1 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS AND PIPING ON PIPERACKS If the piping quantities are listed according to their diameters then the weld is assumed to come on average every 6 meters of the piping length.TOWN NETWORKS . 1. If only the total piping weight is known: % of the piping weight or [kg/ton] 1. The calculation will be done with the weights from T able 1.6 1.

ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF TECHNICAL GAS AND GRINDING PLATES In plants Oxygen Acetylene Argon (2.) kg (max.*) Grinding & cutting plates [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [kg/ton] [pc/ton] P I P I N G Piping between plants and town networks Pipelines Pipe supports Erection Equipi ment Cylindr .3.Acetylene40 l bott le.Oxygen 40 l bottle. 150 bar = 40 l bottle. 2. 200 bar = 40 l bottle. 150 bar = 50 l bottle.8 m3 = 10 m3 = 6m = = = = = 6 m3 = 10 m3 = 3 kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg (max. of steel petrochemical storage structures plants tanks 1. nitrogen.) kg (max. Technical Gas Data: . 60 bar= small bottle (27. The quantities of other technical gas such as hydrogen. If the quantity of stainless steel is known. 150 bar = 50 l bottle. 200 bar = 114 .) kg (max.4 m3 = 8.5 m3 = 8. than the calculation is done by kg/ton.CO2 .Argon 40 l bottle.Propane . The above ÷ data of kg/t is taken into account when there is some % of stainless steel and when the root on carbon steel is welded by TIG process.2 l) large bottle (79 l) small bottle (27.1 m3 = 6.) kg kg . 15 bar= 50 l bottle.Butane .2 l) large bottle (79 l) 6 m3 = 10 m3 = 6. ÷ 3. and CO2 are negligible and I leave it up to the estimator to estimate their quantities or not. 15 bar= .* The quantity of argon depends on the welding method and use of different types of materials.Nitrogen40 l bott le. 200 bar = . 200 bar = 50 l bottle.

1. Equipment erection 4. 17 °C (290 °K).2046 = lbs where: m = gas weight [kg] p2 = final pressure [bar] p1= starting pressure [bar] V = system volume (to be tested) [m3] T = temperature [K] ( = °C + 273.4536 = kWh/lbs 115 . then he will estimate only the part of electricity consumption from the power grid. Calculating the quantities of nitrogen or air required for pressure testing The quantity of nitrogen or air is calculated by the following formula: m= (p.44 kg the number of 40 l bottles.6 ) x 50 x 100.7 = 232.7 [J/kgK] EXAMPLE: A 50 m3 system should be tested to 10 bars. The total power requirements should be calculated on the basis of an estimate of the welding rods needed. 150 bar : 232.3 Pipelines 2. Storage tank erection [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity [kWh/kg] welding rod quantity kWh/kg x 0. If he finds that the contractor will use its own power sources from generators and generating sets. Outside temperature is c. ESTIMATE OF ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION The client often requires an estimate of electricity consumption it has to provide and the estimator must fulfil that request.2 Piping between plants 1.p 1 x V x 100. The pressure can be increased to 6 bars by air compressor.4.000 290 x 296. How much nitrogen and how many bottles do we need? m= (10. Erection of steel structure 3.1 In plants 1.15) R = gas constant [J/kgK] Rair 287 .44 / 7.0 [J/kgK] = Rnitrogen = 296. Piping 1.55 = 31 bottles 4.000 ) 2 TxR [kg] kg x 2.

2. gal 116 . Trailer truck 13.2642 = U. Fork Lift 3 t 8. Power Plant 125 kW 2.5. Diesel Welding Set 400 A 3. Such data can be used only if the motor operates continuously under the load foreseen by the manufacturer. Diesel Compressor 7 m 3/min 4. However. Passenger car Fuel Diesel oil Diesel oil Consumption l/h l/h ÷ % use % % ÷ ÷ l/day l/month Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Diesel oil Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline l/h l/h l/h l/h l/h l/h l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km l/100 km ÷ % % % % % % km/day km/day km/day km/day km/day km/day km/day ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ NOTE: The fuel consumption for other machinery (cranes. Pickup 14.S. Below is an estimate of the percentage use of the machinery and the means of transport that the estimator can evaluate at his discretion. 1. Truck 7. Truck 10 t 12.Pipe Laying Machine 5. l x 0. Fork Lift 5 t 9.5 t 11. dredgers and the like) is not calculated because the price of fuel and lubricants is already contained in the rental fee. the price of lubricants can be calculated as % of the fuel prices. Tank truck 10. shovels. FUEL CONSUMPTION Machinery/Means 1. LUBRICANT CONSUMPTION Since oil and grease are also used for other purposes at the job site and not only for the machinery. Tractor 53 kW (72 HP) 6. ESTIMATE OF CONSUMPTION OF FUEL AND LUBRICANT The manufacturer provides the technical data on fuel consumed by the machinery. Passenger van 8 + 1 seat 15. this is not the case in practice because there are stoppages in operation and the machinery operates under different loads. Tractor 88 kW (120 HP) 7.

Costs per labourer/year: .......... ESTIMATE OF ERECTION TIME When the erection time is not mentioned in the call for tenders..........protective clothing .... 7. Piping.......... For the works above 10....[US$/h] in 2002 1............. Storage tank erection *... TOOL COST ESTIMATE AT THE JOB SITE It is not either possible or necessary to make detailed lists of small tools to be used at the job site.. 60 ÷ 70 % of tools will be left in good condition and reused (or sold)........ there is a formula for calculating the time required for erection of piping: D = tm 0.3 x 117 .. In the magazine "3 R" of April 1985......000 hours the erection time should be increased by c. 1.belts .... In practice.... 50% of tools is used from the previous job sites.........welding aprons ........protective shoes ...........2 piping between plants... 4...... For personal protection2.......6.........etc...................... For that reason.US$ ................climate colder than in Croatia .. ESTIMATE OF SAFETY AT WORK MEANS The means for safety at work are: 1............protection masks .........000 hours ..... 3..........US$ ........................................goggles ..rubber boots ........................3 pipeline.......welding gloves . Equipment erection........ Erection of steel structure........ to the calculation My opinion is that this formula should be used to calculate the erection time only for the works up to 10... F . only 50% of tools is purchased for a specific job and c....welding masks ...................raincoats or overalls .... The estimator should evaluate the yearly costs per each labourer for maximum number of labourers...3 where D = erection time in weeks (50 hour week) tm= hours requir ed acc........climate warmer than in Croatia ...............protective goggles ...glass ... *There are more tools and devices used at erection of storage tanks that are not included in this table....... 1... 2...US$ 8..... 20% in the following way: D = tm0....climate similar to Croatia ..... the cost of tools should be calculated in the following way: Type of job 1... the estimator should estimate it....protective helmets or protection at different jobs ...........protective gloves ...welding clothes .... It can also be taken into account that c.............waistcoats .......1 in plants..

When selecting the cranes care should be taken of the crane type because of very different rental costs.500 4.000. There are no tables for any of these methods.000 hours of work.000 40. Talking to colleagues of mine I heard different opinions and methods for making estimates. Some make estimates based on weight and they consider that a crane should lift between 150 and 300 kg/hour. TYPE CAP OF CRANE BUILDING CRANES 10 t 4 20 t 4 30 t 45 t 5 1 2 4 3 5 1 3 4 2 CAPACITY 60 t 80 t 100 t 150 t >150 t — 1 3 4 2 — — 2 3 1 — — 2÷3 2÷3 1 — — 2 3 1 — — 3 2 1 TOWER PORTAL 1 1 CRANES MOBILE CRANE 3 3 PROJECTION MOBILE CRANE 2 2 trussed boom CATERPILL AR — — trussed boom (They are grouped according to "Montage Gerätebuch". Others take into account the number of labourers and say that one crane should be sufficient for serving 6 to 20 labourers.000 6. It is therefore very important to make a careful and realistic estimate of the type of crane.) When determining manhour rates. number of cranes and the time of use of the crane.500 2.500 10. Total Manhours 1.000 250.000. the cranes can be grouped from the cheapest to the most expensive. SELECTION OF HOISTING MACHINERY (CRANES.000 25.000 150.000 400.000 15. During all the years of my service.000 100. As for the operating costs.000 650.000 1.000 to 1. ETC.The table below contains the erection time in weeks (a 50 hour week) for a range from 1.000 65.000 1.000 Erection time Weeks Months 9. It is not a problem to determine the type of individual hoisting machine. the time and the power required for hoisting a given piece of equipment but this job is much more difficult when it has to be done for the entire project. I never found any trace of that issue. the costs of hoisting equipment have a significant impact. Issue 1985) 118 . I thought something should be done about it so I tried to describe the way I did it in my calculations and estimates hoping that younger colleagues would elaborate this better in future. forklift and the like. FORK LIFTS.

a smaller crane of to tons and HIAB truck could be used of which for prefabrication and for erection. ÷ tons) and as a result thereof its monthly rental fee would be lower as well. One truck with HIAB for ÷ labourers but only its Crane capacity to be determined as follows: % to t % to t % to t 9.to labourers per forklift labourers per truck labourers per crane of which t capacity t " t " 119 . Forklifts are very suitable for the cargoes from 2 to 8 tons. the larger the piping diameter the greater need for a crane. lifting technology. etc. elevation. which is the most often case. For technical calculations. From time to time. Thereupon.1 SELECTION OF THE LARGEST CRANE Any erection project should be firstly identified the heaviest equipment and cargoes. Twenty labourers per crane. This type of calculation applies when there are not enough data or time to make a calculation. The means for hoisting should be determined in the following way: . working time. access roads. The use of one forklift of ÷ tons could be considered. Twenty five labourers should be allocated to one piece of lifting equipment. 9.2. it is important to fully familiarize with the project for which a calculation is made.2 9. The time for using the largest crane should be estimated by lifting the heaviest pieces of equipment (above tons if possible).mobile crane % . 9. Before selecting the cranes.truck with "HIAB" . an average number of production labourers should be determined. both prefabrication and erection are considered together. rental possibilities. The estimator should devise a concept of the erection method and possible erection technique as well as probable work organization.The most suitable trucks for up to 2-ton cargo are those with a hydraulic jack. the crane type and capacity are selected (or a combination of two cranes) thus identifying the largest and the most expensive crane.2 ERECTION At piping erection.to % .2. 9.forklift 3 ÷ 5 t . To make an optimum selection of the cranes.to % . possible access to the crane. The cranes of larger capacity are required for larger outreach and height otherwise relatively smaller cranes could satisfy the requirements. Care should be taken of the place of erection.3 PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION . In this case the next largest crane that will stay longer at the job site could be of smaller capacity (c.1 PIPING IN PLANTS PREFABRICATION The use of a crane is not important during the piping prefabrication.2.

120 . an adequate erection concept is required and each activity should be supported with an adequate crane. if possible and necessary. we should consider using tower cranes of sufficient reach and on tracks. The cranes should be calculated as follows: . The use of truss boom cranes and particularly tower building cranes is possible. 9. The cranes for other equipment to be calculated as follows: 1 crane on ÷ labourers of which: %. Generally. This refers particularly to the works on right-of-ways where the pipe layers and trucks with HIAB are used.7 ERECTION OF CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS Special attention should be paid to the selection of a crane for erection of cylindrical storage tanks. pipe stringing and performance of special points. estimator can rely on crane for some activities only.6 INSTALLATION OF PROCESS EQUIPMENT At installation of process equipment firstly we should identify the largest crane (item 9. height. and the number of storage tanks. When erecting spherical storage tanks (balls) the same measures for crane selection apply.to t capacity 9. loading. and therefore the calculation should be made as follows: . The truss boom cranes are suitable because of lower rental costs and the tower building cranes for their very high efficiency and outreach.truck with "HIAB" labourers per truck . which should be elaborated separately.heavy steel structure .4 PIPELINES At pipeline laying special cranes are used for unloading. If there is a group or a series of storage tanks. %. All manuals for calculations of pipeline erection provide for special elaboration of each activity from pipe transport to pressure testing.medium-weight steel structure .light steel structure ÷ ÷ ÷ labourers per crane labourers per crane labourers per crane 9.for the second largest cr ane (c. diameter. Consequently.9. On average.car crane labourers per crane of which %-to t capacity %. The costs of machinery account for the largest portion of the man-hour rate.5 ERECTION OF STEEL STRUCTURES Erection of steel structures is not actually possible without cranes.1.for t cr anes %. we shall need another smaller crane for loading and unloading the plates and getting them closer. ÷ labourers should be allocated per one crane. The scope of prefabrication is smaller.for t cr anes ÷ t) 9. arrangement.) and then decrease the total number of hours and the average number of labourers for the foreseen heavy equipment respectively. A mobile crane with a truss boom of maximum -ton capacity is the most adequate when we install one storage tank. This type of crane cannot be selected according to the number of labourers but according to the type. Generally. etc. If there are several storage tanks.3 PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS Lower capacity cranes will mostly satisfy the requirements for erection of this kind of piping. car crane renting should be avoided whenever a continuous work is not possible.

4 near foundation in store [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 121 .Handling and sorting: Heavy structure Medium-weight structure Light structure PROCESS EQUIPMENT . UNLOADING.1 MATERIAL FOR PIPING .Handling and sorting: Piping in plants Piping between plants Pipeline STEEL STRUCTURE .Handling and sorting: . We shall often come across a request in tendering documents to offer unloading.Sorting at store CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS .Unloading: .2 [Mhr/ton] (above 60 kg/m) (31 ÷ 60 kg/m) (to 30 kg/m) [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 10.) 10.Unloading: . HANDLING AND SORTING OF THE MATERIAL Almost all manhour rates include the erection activities from withdrawal of the material and equipment from the investor's store to the completion according to detail design.3 to 5 [t/pc] 5 ÷ 10 [t/pc] above 10 [t/pc] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] to 5 [t/pc] 5 ÷ 10 [t/pc] e 10 [t/pc] above 10 [t/pc] 10.Unloading: Bulk material (packings) Equipment Equipment Equipment .Sorting near foundationabov Equipment .Handling and sorting: Bulk material (packings) Equipment Equipment Equipment .Unloading: .10. (The quantity/volume ratio see page 213. handling and sorting of the material.Handling and sorting: [Mhr/ton] 60 % 60 % 60 % and above and above and above [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] [Mhr/ton] 10.

m2 1 container for workers Average number of workers x =………. SPACE REQUIRED AND CONNECTIONS AT THE SITE 1. TEMPORARY WORKS 1. the investor is responsible for providing such store) The store area to be determined as follows: Total weight of erection equipment (piping + steel structure + equipment) in tons 2 x m/ton OPTION 2 CONTAINERS [pc.m2 Average number o workers x =………. mechanic) 122 .8 PREFABRICATION HANGAR 1.5 ENCLOSED STORE 1.3 = ……….] 1 container for 1 container for office workers foremen 1 container for direct labourers 1 office + 1 cargo container for direct labourers 1 cargo container for direct labourers 1 container for workers 1 container for maintenance workers (electrician.m2 Average number of workers x =……….9 MAINTENANCE WORKSHOP 1.m2 Average number of workers x =……….3 LOCKER ROOM 1.11 ENCLOSED STORE FOR CAPITAL EQUIPMENT OPTION 1 OFFICE BUILDINGS & CANOPIES [ m2 ] Average number of staff x =………. mechanic) Average number of workers x =………. TEMPORARY WORKS.m2 Maximum number of workers x 0.m2 No of foremen x =……….6 SANITARY FACILITIES 1.11.2 SITE OFFICES 1.1 MANAGEMENT SITE OFFICES 1.m2 m2 for each maintenance worker (electrician.7 MESS ROOMS 1.10 CANOPIES FOR TECHNICAL GAS 1.4 TOOLS STORE 1.m2 On principle.

1 + 1. If there is no hydrant network: determine the quantity needed. On each plant the contractor needs a fenced area for storing the capital equipment and consumables.2 OUTDOOR AREA FOR WORKSHOPS AND BULKING OF EQUIPMENT 2.1 POWER CONNECTIONS 1.3 OUTDOOR AREA FOR SORTING PREFABRICATED ITEMS 2.6 + 1.4 OUTDOOR STORE AT THE JOB SITE Generally.10 increased times Double the area of item 2.5 TELEPHONE LINES 123 .8 + 1. AREA NEEDED 2.5 OUTDOOR AREA FOR PARKING MACHINERY 2.7 increased times A sum of net area from each item: 1.6 OUTDOOR REA FOR STORING CAPITAL EQUIPMENT 3.2 PROCESS WATER CONNECTIONS 3.4 + 1.1 OUTDOOR AREA FOR THE JOB SITE MANAGEMENT SITE OFFICE BUILDINGS METHOD OF CALCULATING THE AREA IN [m²] A sum of net area from each item: 1. storing in water storage tanks or supply by tank lorries. CONNECTIONS NEEDED 3.9 + 1.3 + 1.3 DRINKING WATER CONNECTIONS ÷ 3. The area for that purpose would be: ÷ m2 Job sites to: above: direct labourers direct labourers direct labourers m2 m2 m2 2.5 m2 per ton of capital equipment METHOD OF ESTIMATE 1 main connection: maximum number of welding rectifiers x kVA Connections at the plants: at least off kVA power connection for each plant If there is a hydrant network: determine the quantity required. every job site has a few plants.4 SEWERAGE CONNECTIONS 3.2. Quantity: ÷ litre/man/day Connections: every sanitary facility connection for each sanitary facility telephone lines at least 3.

I know from experience that this method is not a reliable one.) 1.2. ESTIMATE OF BUTT WELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL . he should know the quantity of all types of welds. ESTIMATE OF BUTT WELDS BASED ON A LIST OF MATERIAL . the quantity of butt welds should be calculated as follows: Pipes: calculate 1 weld to the lengths that are twice the length of the piping between the plants (item 1. c. but we know there are both of them. he should know only the quantity of butt welds and if he wants to calculate precisely the quantity of welding rods and electric power. If the estimator can estimate proportional relations of two kinds of piping then he can make the calculation with other piping lengths as well.FITTINGS AND FLANGES ONLY Bends Tees Pipe caps Reducers Weldolets Neck flanges weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece The pipe-to-pipe welds are not considered because it is deemed that the quantity of such welds is deemed to be similar to the number of fitting-to-fitting welds. Combined piping (in plants and between the plants) If there are no separate lists of materials for piping in the plant and for the piping between the plants. it should be calculated in the following way: .1.Combined piping (in plants and between the plants): increase by c. This is the most widely used method for estimating the butt welds. Pipe Bends Tees Pipe caps Reducers Weldolets Neck flanges weld/24 m weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece weld/piece 1. ÷ ÷ % % 124 .6" 8"-10" 12"-14" above 16" 1 1 1 1 1 weld/ weld/ weld/ weld/ weld/ m m m m m . FITTINGS AND FLANGES Piping in plants 1.2. ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER OF WELDS AND RADIOGRAMS FOR PIPING Data on the number of welds are not often given in the call for tenders. .Piping in the plant: decrease the weld number by . If applied. The quantity of butt welds can be estimated in several ways: 1.Fittings and flanges: As for the piping in plants (item 1. Of course.12.1) 2. the estimator can base on the butt welds quantity. The estimate of the quantity of other types of welds such as nozzle welds and socket welds.).fittings and flanges: as for the piping in a plant (item 1. If he wants to estimate the quantity of radiograms.PIPES. this cannot be calculated without complete detail documentation.1. Piping between plants piperacks and sleeper ways pipes pipes pipes pipes pipes to 3" 4". To make a technical calculation an estimator needs the data on the number of welds.3.

Generally. ESTIMATE OF RADIOGRAMS ON THE PIPING The number of radiograms depends on the media. the estimator i.2281 = ft 4.MEASURED ON THE LINE AXIS 1 butt weld/length [m] Line Combined Diameter to 1 1/2" 2" 3" 4" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 24" 28" 30" 32" above 34" Plant * Town network *In the case of to 11/2" piping.Town networks: ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ % % % % 5.Piping between plants (piperacks and sleeper ways): . working temperature. m x 3. working pressure. the process engineer determines the percentage of radiographic tests and include them in the piping line list. ESTIMATE OF BUTT WELDS BASED ON THE PIPING LENGTHS . the fittings are mostly with the socket welds and therefore there are fewer butt welds. the quantity of other welds can be calculated as well.e. The percentages are different and can vary from 5% to almost 200%. This is done in such a way that the quantity of butt welds is increased by the following percentage: .3.Piping in plants: .Combined piping: . Once the quantity of butt welds is calculated by any of previously described methods. page 112) and the power consumption costs (item 4. ESTIMATE OF TOTAL WELDS (ALL TYPES) This estimate can be used for calculation of welding rod consumption (item 2. page 115). (200% is in special cases when highly alloyed materials are used and the radiography is required before and after thermal treatment of the weld). 125 . materials and special safety regulations.

it should be increased by: % % % % % for weld repair for incorrectly issued orders or undefined needs and samples for certifying processes and welders Total 126 . Petroleum Refinery Section ANSI B31. however this information is not available and cannot be determined within the scheduled time.3 1/2" (50-90 mm) (ellipse) 10 X 16 4" .13" (300-360 mm) 10 X 40 14" .STEEL Class 3 125 lb 150 lb 0% 5% 0% 5% 150 lb 5% 5% 10% 5% 5% 10% 30% 30% Class 2 300 lb 5% 10% 30% 10% 10% 30% 30% 100% 30% 30% 100% Class 1 >900 lb 600 lb 10% 100% 30% 100% 30% 100% 30% 30% 100% 100% 100% 30% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% —— —— —— —— —— 0% —— —— 5% CrMo .100 TYPE OF STEEL CARBON STEEL C .40" (900-1000 mm) 10 X 48 42" .20 ÷ 300 301 ÷ 450 .STD. WORKING TEMPERATURE [° C] 20 ÷ 100 101 ÷ 300 301 ÷ 400 . then it will not be difficult to determine the number of welds to be tested.Institute for Welding.Zagreb) Outside Number of Film diameter radiograms size to 1 1/2" (40 mm) (ellipse) 10 X 12 2".20 ÷ 450 451 ÷ 580 .The following table is mostly used to determine the percentage of radiographic inspection.34" (750-850 mm) 10 X 48 36" . Chapter VI If we know the quantity of butt welds according to their diameter.1104 ("ZIT" . he will ask for professional opinions of more experienced colleagues. Because of that the estimator will monitor and develop statistics of the projects executed. material and class. and decide for an average percentage of radiography.28" (600-700 mm) 10 X 48 30" . Testing and Technology .5" (100-140 mm) 10 X 16 6" .21 . In most cases. When the estimator determines the percentage.99 ÷ 500 501 ÷ 700 196 ÷ .18" (360-450 mm) 10 X 48 20" (500 mm) and more: Number of films depends on diameter 10 X 48 20" .52" (1200-1300 mm) 10 X 48 cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm When the quantity of radiograms is calculated.STEEL LOW TEMPERATURE Mo .3.46" (1050-1150 mm) 10 X 48 48" .45 ÷ .11" (200-280 mm) 10 X 32 12" . The number of radiograms and lengths of films according to API .22" (500-550 mm) 10 X 48 24" .7" (150-190 mm) 10 X 24 8" . he will calculate the number of radiograms according to the table below.STEEL AUSTENITE STEEL (STAINLESS) - 10% 30% 30% Source: Code for Pressure Piping.

Similarly. EXPLANATION TO THE ERECTION ITEMS (Basic Erection/Installation Items) 1. If reductions are made on the pipe directly.3 PIPE DISMANTLING Dismantling works including necessary reconditioning work for parts to be reutilized.1 ÷ 8. Under the section EXPLANATION TO THE ERECTION ITEMS. PIPING ABOVE GROUND ESTIMATE POINTS OF BASIC ERECTION ITEMS The estimate points of basic erection items are used for payment and monitoring of the works progress during erection of piping above ground. temporary supporting and fastening are calculated on the basis of listed lengths excluding fittings. One estimate point equals one man hour (Mhr) at Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) of 90% for unit quantity and for carbon steel. nipolets. The same section (items 8.2 PIPE INSTALLATION ON PIPERACKS The work is identical to PIPE INSTALLATION IN PLANTS.1 PIPING PIPE INSTALLATION IN PLANTS Withdrawal from the store. The rate for reducer is taken for the biggerr diameter. which means they are listed in the bill of material as a finished part. etc. Compensation: per linear meter of pipe 1. If this is the case.X. hauling to the erection site. Mitre bends contracted for field fabrication will be considered as pipes from which the bends must be made. welds. Compensation: per linear meter of pipe 2. By way of an exception. Fittings are considered only those MITRE BENDS that are delivered ready for installation. the calculation should be made according to the table (pipe laying. The tables contain the values of erection items for dimension used most frequently in erection of piping.5.1 to 7. These forms have been used to calculate all man hour rates in the section. Any intermediate value can be calculated for the needs of an estimate or derived by interpolation. the estimate points and the related activities are given for items 1. pressure test). it is considered as a fitting with two welds).3. flanges. etc. sockolets. the factors (k) on the page 142 are used for items 1. hauling to a storing place and unloading. 127 .8. einforced nozzles. Compensation: per linear meter of pipe 1.1 to 1. half couplings.2 to 3. The influence of different material is calculated by the material multiplier factors (factors for different kind of materials) (f) for items 2.0 1.0 FITTING Valid only for welded fittings. not valid for fittings with a socket joint and thread. Not valid for parts such as weldolets.8) provides the method for calculating the activities derived from basic items. valves. The section FORMS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN-HOUR RATES contains the erection items on which basis the time required for installation of each piping element is calculated. alignment.

3 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH THREE CONNECTION ENDS It includes a check of dimension.2 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH TWO CONNECTION ENDS It includes measurement. cleaning and fitting. cleaning. tack welding. It includes also possible stress relieving at flanges. cut ting. check. sock et couplings. check of one angularity . cleaning and fitting. It applies to the items with socket weld end connection (sock et weld flanges. bend. reduction and mitre elbow (bends made from pipe segments). Following fix ed wall thicknesses ar e valid f or different outside diameters of pipes: to DN < 80 or < 3”: .2.1 BUTT WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING Measurement.4 mm 128 . 2. Heat treatment in terms of stress relieving not included. and welding.2 FILLET (SOCKET) WELD .steels PN to 100 bar or to 600 lbs : PN abov e 100 baror abov e 600 lbs : (Schedule) t = Sch10S t = STD or 3000 lbs : or 6000 lbs : t = 3. if necessary correction work matching by cutting. if necessary correction works (possible cutting as well) matching by cutting. etc.1 ADJUSTMENT OF FITTINGS WITH ONE CONNECTION END Adjustment of fittings with one connection end. ). bevelling. deburring.1 3.all materials PN to 160 bar PN to 320 bar Above DN to 80 or 3” : . 3.Cr Ni Ti . Compensation: per item 3. is included in welding so it is not compensated separately. placing and sortin g of pies.9 mm t = 6. angularity and ovality check of ends. check o f ovality of ends.Weld joint at installation of prefabricated sections: 2 x Item 3. bevelling. a pipe cap or a flange for instance. This refers to pipe elbow. remo val of paint. marking of cut ting line. Compensation: per item 2.0 PIPE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING It includes all necessar y preheating and possible protection from inclement weather . It refers to T-piece and Y-piece. adjustment. alignment. Compensation: per weld .MAKE-ON AND WELDING It includes the same activities as for BUT T WELD . temporary supporting.

After connecting two flanges and tightening: tack welding and welding of interfacing seal rings. For a complete reinforced branch connection with pad NOZZLE JOINT should be added. Compensation: per item 3. They are printed in the tables only once per diameter of pipe.3 MITRE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING As for BUTT JOINT Compensation: per weld 3. 129 . welding.7 SEAL RING MAKE-ON AND WELDING (ACC.3 mm t = 6.. drilling and threading of vent hole. alignment. the following will be used instead of the connecting branch wall thickness: PN to 3000 lbs : PN to 6000 lbs : t = 4.6 REINFORCEMENT PAD MAKE-ON AND WELDING Fabrication of reinforcement pad according to to drawing: cutting out from the remaining pipe (pipe same as header line).0 mm Wall thickness as for SOCKET JOINT is valid above DN 80 or 3”. take the outside diameter and the wall thickness of the branch connection. levelling and welding. matchingup weldolet. tack welding.4 NOZZLE WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING Header line measurement. The value for inclined nozzle joints is increased by 50%. paint cleaning. cutting of bore. Because of welding.INSTALLATION AND WELDING Header line measurement. This value is then added the v alue of the REINFORCEMENT PAD. tack-welding. Compensation: per weld 3. grinding. TO DIN 2695) Cleaning of seal ring faces. Nozzles with reinforcement are considered according to the larger outside diameter and larger w all thickness. positioning of seal ring. matching-up. For calculation of a joint with a branch connection. the bolts will be removed and retightened. tack-welding. marking of bore. etc. edge working.all other material PN to 100 bar PN above 100 bar or to 600 lbs : or above 600 lbs : t = STD t = XS Slip-on flanges according to ANSI B16.5 WELDOLET. NIPOLET . tack welding and welding. levelling. Factor for this item is considered for outside diameter of branch connecting and the wall thickness of reinforcement pad. sockolets and thredolets to DN 80 or 3”.. welding closing of vent hole with mastic. Nozzles without reinforcement are considered according to the outside diameter and the branch wall thickness. Compensation: per item (without flanged joint) Basis for the number of factors is a standardized wall thickness of 4 mm. removal of paint. Compensation: per weld 3.5 and plain flanges according to DIN 2655 and 2656 will be compensated twice. Compensation: per item 3. With nipolets. matching up branch. sockolet. The flange joint is compensated subject to the nominal pressure. cutting of bore. marking of bore.

4 INSTALLATION OF MEASURING ORIFICES. safety rings. This item is only an addition to the flanged joint values. This item is considered once only for each weld to be cut.1 to 3. 4.3 FLANGED JOINT Cleaning of flange faces. 2.9 WELD CUTTING FOR MODIFICATIONS Measurement. Compensation: per item Basis for the number of factors is a standardized wall thickness of 4 mm. (For pipes to DN 50 or 2”) Pipe measurement. (For pipes above DN 50 or 2” to DN 200 or 8”) These pipes are mostly bent for fire protection of cylindrical storage tanks.1 ÷ 4. removal of remaining welding seam. preparation and positioning of gasket. bending according to the standards.10.5 PIPE BENDING 1. and preparation of the cutting face for joining. Compensation: per joint This item includes all flanged joints regardless of the flange t ype.3 for PN 160 ANSI 900 Item 4.3 x 1. It is used only when the piping parts are reutilized. Additional installation of all intermediate rings and plates such as blanking plates.cutting.3.10). lubrication of bolts with graphite grease. welding of longitudinal seams and tack welding to the pipe.10MA TERIAL MULTIPLIER FACTORS (f) All values in the tables are valid for carbon steel. etc. Values for higher pressure are obtained by multiplying item 4. 3.3 x 2.3 x 1. They are printed in the tables only once per diameter of pipe. measuring orifices and the like.3 value by the following factors: Item 4. removal of paint. fitting and tightening of bolts. Make-on as for FLANGED JOINT. BENDING OF PIPES 4.0 FLANGED AND THREADED JOINTS. machine cutting. 130 . Valid for items 3. BLANKING PLATES. 4.7 for PN 250 ANSI 1500 Item 4. Compensation: per item . 3. For different kind of materials a special table is given under the section MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FACTORS (3. It is calculated by multiplying the carbon steel value by the factor (f) from the table 3.8 only.8 INSERT RING (FOR ALUMINIUM ONLY) Cutting of insert rings to necessary length and matching up. Values are compensated per [m of bending angle]. measuring rings. marking of cutting line.2 for PN 320 ÷ 400 ANSI 2500 4.

and tightening. preparation of thread according to specification. Compensation: per joint This item will also be compensated for dismantling of threaded connection (unions with gasket. tr ansport of dismantled material to the advised storing place and unloading.). Compensation: per item 5. screwing in. non-return v alves. thr ead and cut deburring. cutting.1 ÷ 4.4. Compensation: per item Same as under BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH ACTUATOR. fastening of hand wheel or installation of hand wheels or handles. AIR) A valve with an actuat or means all pneumatic-.6 PREPARATION OF THREADED ENDS Pipe handling. 5. Compensation: per item 5. mot or or manual gear oper ated valves for openclose operations. dampers. gate v alves.2 VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATORS (SOLENOID. measurement.1 VALVES VALVE INSTALLATION (WITH AND WITHOUT HAND DRIVE) Valves. Activities are the same as f or the V ALVES.7 THREADED CONNECTION MAKE-ON Thread cleaning. 5.3 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION WITH ACTUATOR As for VALVE WITH ACTUATOR Compensation: per item For this position. only one flanged joint will be compensated. Compensation: per item 5.4 BUTTERFLY VALVE INSTALLATION As for VALVE. remo val of possible f oreign objects. threading.0 5.5 CONTROL VALVE INSTALLATION As for VALVE. cocks. blowing ou t. etc. str ainers. placement. Compensation: per item 4. Checking. This item is compensated only f or complete valves including actuator.4 and 4. etc. level indicators. check open/close operations. Additional: special protection and dismantling for pressure tests Compensation: per item 131 . f aucets. marking the spooling length. dismantling. floats. lev el controllers.8 DISASSEMBLING Item 4. supporting.7 Joint disconnection. 4.

removal of blanking plates. Compensation: per meter of pipe 6. placing the insulating parts. In case of pneumatic or gas test all connections are to be leak tested with a foaming agent. filling and venting of system. it will be compensated according to the nominal diameter of the pressure side (inlet).following the regulation. removal of items exempted from pressure test. Fabricated from the remaining pipes. Unlock spring hangers and spring supports. matching up. bolting.8 SPINDLE EXTENSION According to the dimensions it refers to the extensions between 1 and 3 meters. installation of blanking plates.2 SERVICE TEST Service test is a leak test with air or gas at a low pressure setting.6 SAFETY VALVE INSTALLATION As for VALVE. pressure increase to specified level. It includes the make-on of provisional connections for filling and draining.0 7. Additional: dismantling for calibration and reassembling.9 DISMANTLING OF VALVES The scope of works includes: dismantling.0 6.7 HYDRANT INSTALLATION As for VALVE. flange and threaded joints . Pressure and leak test to be applied to all welds.FABRICATION AND WELDING Fabrication. air. 132 . installation of parts.1 MISCELLANEOUS SUPPORTS . Compensation: per meter of pipe 7. Carrying out the inspection of tests following the regulations. Compensation: per item 7.2 SUPPORT INSTALLATION (WITHOUT FABRICATION) Installation of supplied supports fabricated by other contractors. complete welding and possible adjustment. bolts and nuts have to be tightened.1 PRESSURE TESTING PRESSURE TEST Pressure test with water and water mixtures. Disassembling of connections will be compensated as for DISASSEMBLY OF PIPE CONNECTIONS. Remove temporary piping test components. It is done when not performed with the pressure test and when required by the specification. For safety valves.5. Compensation: per item 5. Compensation: per item 6. Compensation: per item 5. draining of system. The values are the manhour rates that is the man hours per kg respectively. transport and unloading at an intermediate storage place. welding. inert gas. or steam. cleaning by blowing or purging. which were removed prior to pressure test and installation of flange unions with specified gaskets. Compensation: per item 5. Removal of temporary supports included as well.

It will be compensated only if another company does the prefabrication. Make-on: Compensation: Ø 2” ÷ 5” Ø 6” ÷ 10” Ø 12” ÷ 14” Ø above 16” x no of points Item 1. deburring of instrument connection in pipe according to the given bore in flange.2.4 8. Transport to a spools storing place. 8.5 INSTRUMENT CONNECTION . dismantling and installation of holders.1.Alternative: Activity 8.1.1. 8.2 INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SPOOLS Installation as for Item 1.1 ACTIVITIES DERIVED FROM BASIC ITEMS PIPES In the following items.1 x no of points Item 1.0 8.1. Fittings. Compensation: per drilled hole 8.2) Make-on: Compensation: 133 .3 SPATIAL SHIFTING OF PIPES Spatial shifting of already installed piping. . removing grinding dust.4 GRINDING OF EXCESS MATERIAL ON WELDING ROOTS Careful grinding of excess material on welding roots of specified welds. removal of drilling chips.1 x no of points Item 1.1.1 (1.1 PIPE HANDLING AND CUTTING IN PREFABRICATION Prefabrication as for Item 1.7.1 x no of points Item 1. Compensation: per weld 7.DRILLING Drilling. Transport from the spools storing place to the place of installation. x no of points Item 1.1 = [hours per meter of pipe] Make-on: Compensation: It is compensated only if the installation is not done by the prefabrication labour.3 INSTALLATION OF SPRING HANGERS AND SUSPENSIONS The installation is the same as for the SUPPORT INSTALLATION. x number of points Item 1. In addition adjustment of prestressing. only the lengths of straight run pipes included in the bill of quantities are compensated (cutting lengths as listed). 7. flanges and the like will not be compensated. installation of additional steel packers.1 = = = = [hours per linear meter of pipe] [hours per linear meter of pipe] [hours per linear meter of pipe] [hours per linear meter of pipe] Valves and pipe supports will be compensated separately. This is particularly used with rubber-lined piping and with installation of measuring flanges.

8.1 x no of points Item 1. placement.2 Make-on: Compensation: 8.2 WELD COMPENSATOR Measurement.2. The result is the points for a joint between the half coupling and the header pipe.2 Make-on: Compensation: 8.2. Compensation: x no of points Item1.2) for union fittings on valves and fittings 8.5 MAKE-ON AND INSTALLATION OF LINE PIPING DN 20/25 ON JACKETED PIPING As for Item 1.Alternative: Activity 8. positioning. placement.2 134 . positioning the outside pipe with double-wall piping (jacketed piping). tr ansport.8.1 (1.2.1 will be compensated. supporting. measurement. the points for the closest thickness are taken and divided with that thickness and multiplied by fictitious thickness of 10.1.2 8. Item 3.8 mm dependent on the halfcoupling category. There are no points for these thicknesses.2 is followed for compensation of next socket joint of pipe.1 (1. To allow for the additional work as drilling the hole etc. placement positioning and supporting of weld meter runs x no of points Item 2. It is compensated only if another company does the prefabrication. positioning.1 (1.2 [Mhr/spool] Make-on: Compensation: Valves and pipe supports are compensated separate.6 mm t = 13.3 WELD METER RUNS Measurement.2) It is compensated only if the installation is not done by the prefabrication labour.4 PREFABRICATED OF SPOOLS FOR WELDING Finding of pref abricated piping sections.1 MISCELLANEOUS FITTINGS HALF COUPLINGS The connecting seam between a half coupling and a header pipe is a fillet weld.8 mm NOTE: The wall thicknesses considered for compensation are fictitious. Therefore.6 mm or 13.1. .2) for union fittings between the jacketed pipes Make-on: Compensation: x no of points Item 1.2. supporting of weld compensators x no of points Item 2. Compensation: Points per item 8.1. a butt weld according to Item 3.4 MAKE-ON OF OUTSIDE PIPE FOR A DOUBLE-WALL PIPING (JACKETED PIPING) Make-on: Cutting. The following points for nominal diameter of half-coupling or adequate outside diameter of connecting pipe (not the header pipe) and wall thickness are used: PN to 3000 lbs : PN to 6000 lbs : t = 10. and fastening x no of points Item 2.

Drill holes for instrument connection for slip-on flanges and remove drilling chips.3 8.3.3 135 .2 LONGITUDINAL WELDS ON PIPE HALF SHELLS Make-on: As Item 3.4 PREFABRICATED WELDS AT INSTALLATION OF PREFABRICATED SECTIONS (SPOOLS) Performance:As Item 3.1 Compensation: x no of points Item 3.3.1 FLANGED JOINTS REPLACEMENT OF BOLTS Performance:Take out of bolts. (Battery limits of the works marked on drawing) Compensation of instrument connection assembly: x Item 4. Weld both flanges according to the existing specification of the measuring orifice and grind the excess material on the welding roots.4 mm). placing.4.1.8.2 (s = 6.4 8. 4.3) + Item 4.1 Compensation: x no of points Item 3.4 Grinding and removal of drilling chips on the measuring line connection according to the nominal diameter of flange.2 or 4 .1 8.2.5 MEASURING ORIFICES .2 or 4.1 WELDING TACK WELDING ON VALVE SIMULATORS Make-on: as Item 3.1 Compensation: x no of points Item 3.4 In addition the points for the following to be included: Grinding of excess material on the welding root along the flange seam according to the nominal diameter of the flange. x Item 7.MEASURING FLANGES This item includes the operations for performance of a flanged measuring orifice.1 (4. preparing them f or reutilization. Compensation: Points per item 8. weld outgoing instrument connections and close off (watertight welding) the flange hole not used. which is assembled at the site from individual parts excluding the measuring orifice plates and the meter runs delivered as an assembly.5 8. x Item 7. make-on of flange joint by installing a measuring orifice.1 8. bolt greasing. Compensation: x no of points of corresponding Item 4 .3.1 for both longitudinal welds 8.3 THERMOMETER BRANCH (TI) Welding of a thermometer branch to a pipe DN 150 and abov e is compensated instead of a nozzle joint x socket joint of corresponding Item 3.3. and tightening.

2 8. fastening x no of points Item 5.3.2 inclusive of fabrication according to the Client's drawings. 12 ÷ 16 mm above 16 mm Compensation: The change in bill of quantities is compensated by 8. HANGERS AND SUPPORTS (to 100 kg per item) Make-on: as Item 7. Use of larger diameter pipes or sheet metal bending. 5.7.6 or 5. HANGERS AND SUPPORTS Performance: Dismantling holders and return the usable parts to the store.7.1 x no of points Item 5. 5.7 Make-on: Compensation: 8. Compensation: x no of points Item 7.5.1 MISCELLANEOUS FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPE HOLDERS.8.1 EXTRAS CHANGE IN BILL OF QUANTITIES BEFORE THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION points per piping item.3 HOLE DRILLING IN CONCRETE Performance: Drilling a hole and inserting a screw anchor Compensation: x points for holes to 10 mm x points for holes x points for holes 8.6 WALL PASS FOR PIPES Make-on: Fabrication and installation of wall passes.1. 5.7.2 CHANGE IN ISOMETRY PRIOR TO THE CLIENT'S APPROVAL FOR FABRICATION points per pipe item Compensation: The change in isometry is compensated by 136 .8 8. Compensation: x no of points of corresponding Pos 7.1 VALVES ROTATING THE VALVE INSTALLED Positioning.8. Compensation: x no of points Item 3.2 DISMANTLING OF PIPE HOLDERS.2 EXPANSION JOINTS WITH FLANGED ENDS As Item 5. supporting.5.2 if the Client supplies the material 8.5 8.1 Make-on: Compensation: 8. wall breaking.5. 5.7 8. 5.8.1 for corresponding diameter of he header line 8.2 if the Client supplies the material x no of points Item 7.2.4. setting the pass in position and fastening.

the insulation shall be calculated separately.8. OPTION II: Calculation according to the table "Man hours for piping modification at site.3 HAND DRAFTING OF ISOMETRY ACCORDING TO THE CLIENT'S INSTRUCTION points per Hand drafting (sketches) of isometry including a bill of quantities is calculated with sketch and bill.8. PRIMER COAT ON PIPING. For handling only the straight run pipes are considered." Page 48 8. Make-on: Compensation: OPTION I: Modification on finished and installed piping is paid according to the calculation x number of points of that item. Protection of sealing surfaces and bevelled welding edges against damage and protection against ingress of sand into the piping. 8. 8. Co-ordination and work with sandblasting/painting company.6 SAND BLASTING HANDLING. Performance: Transport of piping to the sandblasting and painting site. They are calculated as the piping above ground with a % increase.7 UNDERGROUND PIPING [Mhr/ton] of This refers to the piping laid in an excavated trench in the plant but it is not valid for pipelines. Compensation: Subsequent installation of the piping parts is compensated by x number of points of corresponding installation item and the installation and/or welding item.8. As-built documentation of the modifications made in isometry and bill of items. A precondition is that the pipes are already wrapped in which case there is no need to calculate separately the wrapping of joints separately. 137 .8. Preparation of piping for sandblasting and application of primer.5 PIPING MODIFICATION Modification works on already installed piping at the Client's request.4 INSTALLATION OF MISSING MATERIAL Make-on: Subsequent installation of the piping parts in already prefabricated and installed piping.8. Compensation: Sandblasting handling and corrosion primer is compensated at prefabricated material.8. AND PIPE SUPPORTS Designation of prefabricated sections and pipe supports on the protected side. 8. If the pipes are not prewrapped.

MISCELLANEOUS .1 3.9) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 4.2. page 49. FLANGES AND OTHER (Item 4.1.4.2) Pipe handling is one installation item.1 5.5) Prefabrication: factor Installation: factor OPTION: According to the unit rates per each component. 6.3) Prefabrication: no Installation: factor . which is performed both in prefabrication and in installation. 7.1) Prefabrication: factor Installation: factor .(Item 7. 138 . TESTS (Item 6. Prefabrication: Installation: 2. 2.3) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 3.(Item 7. That is why the estimate points and the rates have to be divided.3) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 7. VALVES INSTALLATION (Item 5. 7. 1.8.8.7) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor 5.(Item 7.1.2.8 FACTORS FOR CALCULATION OF MAN HOURS FOR PREFABRICATION AND INSTALLATION OF PIPING The estimate points for basic erection items and the rates derived for the piping elements will give the total values for prefabrication and for installation. PIPES (Item 1. 8. Sometimes the rates are requested to be given separate for prefabrication and separate for installation.WELDING (Item 3. JOINTS . which is done in the following way: 1.8) Prefabrication: Installation: factor factor (exception) 6. a division to pref abrication and installation.1 4. ( ( %) %) factor factor FITTINGS (Item 2.

0038 1.MATERIAL St 35 St 35. TP316L. 304.4306 X2 CrNiMo 17 13 2 (X2 CrNiMo 18 10) X2 CrNiMo 18 14 3 (X2 CrNiMo 18 12) X2 CrNiMoN 17 13 X5 CrNi 18 10 (X5 CrNi 18 9) 1.No 1. 316N A182 Gr. CA55. B A135 Gr.491 1.0132 1. A269 Gr. A234 Gr.1 TO 3. A403 Gr.0305 1. (N1). AISI Gr. alloy steel (N). C (killed) A285 Gr.0042 1.WP304. (W2). A312 Gr.material A53 A106 Gr. CB60 CB65 A182 Gr. A234 A105. WP304H STAINLESS STEEL CN X2 CrNi 19 11 (X2 CrNi 18 9) 1. TP316L.4435 1. B A181 Gr.4301 139 . A312 Gr. A358 Gr. II A671 Gr.4404 1.8 C 21 C 22 C 22.TABLE Item. B. A269 Gr. A312 Gr. B.TP304.8 (f) Group of materials (GM) Carbon steel (CS) Chrom-molybden alloy steel (CR) ÷ Copper alloy (CU) Low temp. F304L. A A135 A283 Gr.0432 1.8 St 37-2 RSt 37-2 RRoSt 37 -2 St 42-2 RSt 42-2 St 45 St 45.0425 ASTM . WPB A105 A181. (W1). 316L AISI Gr.10 (pages 147 ÷ 202) MULTIPLIER FACTORS FOR DIFFERENT KIND OF MATERIALS FOR ITEMS 3. Class 60 A53 A106 Gr. A403 Gr.WP304L A269 Gr. TP304L.0174 1.8 H II WS .0308 1. B (killed) A53 Gr. A181 Gr. alloy steel (W).046 1. A.0405 1. (W3) ÷ Nickel alloy (NI) Aluminium alloy (AL) (f ) CARBON STEEL GM CS DIN . TP304. A234 Gr. 3. TP304L.0402 1. F304. (TT) ÷ Stainless steel (CN) High temp.0408 1. WPA A53 Gr.0112 1.

A269 Gr.0566 140 . 3.material B466 . A312 Gr. A312 Gr. A358 Gr.No 2. TP316. LF3.5622 1.material X20 CrMoV 12 1 1.4462 1.4571 1. 8.MATERIAL 10 Ni 14 WS . LF2 A420 A671 GR. F316. 321. 6. 9. A403 Gr. (f ) COPPER ALLOY GM CU DIN .5622 1.C70600 SB111 .455 X6 CrNiTi 18 10 X10 CrNiNb 18 9) 1.material A333 Gr. TP316H. 348. TP316.(f ) STAINLESS STEEL GM CN DIN .4401 ASTM . WP316 AISI Gr.0872 2. A358 Gr. WPL6 A333 Gr.5637 14 Ni 6 N1 TT X8 Ni 9 TTSt E29 TTStE35 TTSt 35V TTSt 41V TTSt E41 TTSt E36 1. A334 Gr. WPL8 A333 Gr. A269 Gr. F347. A358 Gr. 1 A350 Gr. A420 GR. 8. LF1 A350 Gr.MATERIAL WS . WPL3 A333 Gr. 9.4541 X6 CrNiMoTi 17 12 2 (X10 CrNiMoTi 18 10) X10 CrNiTi 18 10 1. TP321. A403 Gr.0356 1.0488 1.No 1. WP347.MATERIAL X5 CrNiMo 17 12 2 (X5 NiCrMo 18 10) WS .Mo ALLOY STEEL GM CR DIN . A334 Gr. referes to key for steels.C71500 ASTM . A403 Gr. A358 Gr. 316 A789 ? ? A182 Gr. A420 Gr. A403 Gr. WP321H A312 Gr.0356 1. 6.material A182 Gr. 347. A334 Gr.0882 ASTM . CMSH70 (f ) GM LOW TEMPERATURE STEEL N DIN .No ASTM . A334 Gr. CD70. A403 Gr. A420 Gr. 321 X2 CrNiMoN 22 5 X5 NiCrMoCuNb 20 18 X6 CrNiNb 18 10 (X10 CrNiNb 18 9) 1. F321. A691 Gr. A350 Gr.4922 ? All customary steels with head alloying element "Cr".C71500 B466 .MATERIAL CUNI 10 FE CUNI 30 FE WS .0437 1. TP316H A333 Gr. 3. 1.6903 (f ) Cr .No 1.0437 1. WP348 A182 Gr. A334 Gr. TP321. A403 Gr. WP321.4505 1. A269 Gr TP347.

P5d ? ? ? ? ? ? A182 Gr. A691 Gr. F22 A234 Gr.MATERIAL ALMG 3 ALMG 4. A335 Gr.5415 W2 13 CrMo 44 1.4856 NI 141 . F5A A182 Gr.6368 1.7276 1.material Incoloy 800 Incoloy 825 Incoloy 625 12 CrMo 19 5 1.4988 1. WP5. P22 A182 Gr.material Alloy 5052-0 Alloy 5083-0 ? ASTM .No 3.7715 WS . A335 Gr.MATERIAL 10 CrMo 11 10 CrMo 9 10 WS .7386 1. F5.7766 1. A335 Gr. A234 Gr.MATERIAL X10 NiCrAlTi 32 20 NiCr 21 Mo NiCr 22 Mo 9 Nb 1.5 Mn ALMG 5 DIN .4858 2. P12.material A182 Gr.No 1. WP22 A335 Gr. A335 Gr. 1CR ? ASTM . P5b.4876 2. P21 A335 Gr. P1.(f ) GM HIGH TEMPERATURE ALLOY STEEL W DIN .7362 15 NiCuMoNb 5 17 CrMoNb 10 20CrMoV 13 5 X8 CrNiNb 16 13 X8 CrNiMoNb 16 16 X8 CrNiMoVNb 16 13 X12 CrMo 9 1 W1 15 Mo 3 1.7779 1. A691 Gr. T9 A182 Gr.738 ASTM . F1.4981 1. CM65 A182 Gr.No 1.4961 1. F9 A213 Gr. WP1. WP11. P2. A335 Gr.3535 GM NICKEL ALLOY WS . F12 A234 Gr.7335 W3 GM ALUMINIUM ALLOY AL 14 MoV 6 3 DIN . A335 Gr. P11 A335 Gr.

85 Mhr/m x 0.3.1 x k + Item 3.3.3 STEAM TRACING (Item 1.1 + Item 6.3 = [Mhr/m] 1.10 1.1 for ø) x f = [Mhr/ea] MATERIALS (f) See section FACTORS FOR DIFFERENT MATERIALS FOR ITEMS 3.5 = [Mhr/m] MATERIALS carbon steel stainless steel alloy steel prewrapped (undergr.3048 = Mhr/ft (Item 2.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.2 + Item 3.8) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.3 + Item 3.1 + Item 6.1 FITTINGS PIPE BENDS ELBOWS 45° and 90° (k) 1.3 TEE .75) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.5) x f = [Mhr/ea] 2.PIECES 2.1 + Item 6.1 x 2.3 + Item 3.3) x 2.2 x k + Item 3.1 x k + Item 3.3 = [Mhr/m] 1.FORMS FOR CALCULATION OF MANHOUR RATES (Derived Erection Items) Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 80% 1. install.2 PIPE CAPS (Item 2.2 + Item 3.8 (f) page 139 ÷ 141 142 .1 TO 3.00 1.0 2.1/24 x k + Item 6.1 x 2.2 ON PIPE RACK Item 1.15 0.2/2 + Item 3.0 1.1STRAIGHT TEES (Item 2.) galvanised aluminium 2.70 0.1 for Ø + Item 3.1 PIPES IN PLANT Item 1.1/6 x k + Item 6.1/6 x k + Item 6.2REDUCED TEES (Item 2.4 REDUCERS CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC (Item 2.1 x 1.10 1.

2 x 0.1WITH ONE END (Item 2.2 + Item 4.2 (for "XS")) x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.85 x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.1 ÷ 4.2 (for "XS") x 2) x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.3) x f = [Mhr/ea] 3.3 = [Mhr/ea] 3.2 SLIP-ON.0 4.1 ÷ 4. NIPOLETS Item 2.2 (for "XS") x 3) x f = [Mhr/ea] 143 .1 + Item 4.3 SOCKET (Item 3.1 ÷ 4.3) x f= [Mhr/ea] 3.1 ÷ 4.6 MEASURING ORIFICE ASSEMBLY (Item 4.5 + Item 3.4) x 2 x f = [Mhr/joint] 3.2 + Item 3.3) x 0.1 SMALL FITTINGS WELDOLETS.3WITH THREE ENDS (Item 2.3.3 FITTINGS WITH SOCKET ENDS 4.2WITH TWO ENDS (Item 2.2 HALF COUPLINGS FOR WELDING Item 2.1 + Item 4.1 FLANGES NECK (Item 3.3. SOCKOLETS.5 x 0.handling only 20% of [Mhr/ea] 4.7 FLANGES .3 x 1.9 x f = [Mhr/ea] 3.2 + Item 3.5 x f = [Mhr/ea] 4.0 3.3 + Item 3.5 BLIND FLANGE Item 4.5 + Item 4.3 + Item 3.4 + Item 7.1 + Item 7.1 ÷ 4.3.1 ÷ 4.4 FREE FLANGE + CIRCUMFERENCE (Bördel) (Item 3.2 x 2 + Item 4.3.2 + Item 3.3) x f = [Mhr/ea] 3. PLAINE (Item 3.

7 x 3 = [Mhr/ea] 5.32 1.2 WITH TWO ENDS Item 4.1 VALVES WITH FLANGED ENDS 5.3SAFET Y VALVES Item 5.66 1.7 x 2 = [Mhr/ea] 4.1.1VAL VES.2. COCKS.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 5.5 + Item 4. STRAINER Item 5.6 x VF = [Mhr/ea] 5.44 1.76 ND above 200 ø above 10” 1.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 5.1.3NP 250 ÷ 320 .6 + Item 4.2 ND to 100 ø to 4” 1.2NP 160 .10 1.5 + Item 4.6 x 1.4 FITTINGS WITH THREADED ENDS 4. LB 900 (Item 3.46 1.1 (for "STD") x 2 + Item 5.2.4.21 1.1 x VF = [Mhr/ea] 5.16 1.60 1.5 x VF = [Mhr/ea] 5.7 = [Mhr/ea] 4.1.21 1.6 x 0. GATES.1 (for "XXS") x 2 + Item 5. DAMPERS.7 x VF = [Mhr/ea] VF .29 1.2CONTROL V ALVES Item 5.3 WITH THREE ENDS Item 4.19 ND 125 ÷ 200 ø 5” ÷ 8” 1.61 WITH WELDING ENDS BUTT WELD 5.Factor for installation of flanged v alves NP 6 ÷ 16 150 # NP 25 ÷ 40 300 # NP 64 400 # NP 100 600 # NP 160 900 # NP 250 1500 # NP 320 2500 # 5.1NP 6 ÷ 100.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 144 .41 1.4.0 5. FILTERS.1.4HYDRANTS Item 5.4.1 (for "XS") x 2 + Item 5.15 1.00 1.90 2. NON-RETURN VALVES.00 1.2.45 1.1 WITH ONE END Item 4. LB 1500 ÷ 2500 (Item 3. LB 150 ÷ 600 (Item 3.4.33 1.00 1.

1.2.2 (for "XS") x 2 + Item 5.1) x f = [Mhr/ea] 5.5 = [Mhr/m] m = length of pipe bent part 145 .1) x 2.5EXTRUDED BRANCH C ONNECTION Item 3.0 7.1 ÷ 4.4INCLINED BRANCH C ONNECTION WITH REINFORCEMENT (Item 3.4 WITH THREADED ENDS Item 4.1) x 1.5 = [Mhr/bending] 7.4 x 2 x f= [Mhr/joint] 7.3INCLINED BRANCH C ONNECTION Item 3.4 x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.4 x 2.3 WITH WELDING ENDS SOCKET WELD (Item 3.6) x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.7 x 2 + Item 5.3 x 2 + Item 5.1 PIPE EXPANSION JOINTS AND FLOWRATE METERS WITH FLANGED ENDS (Item 4.6) x 2 x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.4 + Item 3.190° BRANCH C ONNECTION Item 3.0 6.290° BRANCH C ONNECTION WITH REINFORCEMENT (Item 3.1BENDING BY A PIPE BENDING MACHINE Item 4.2 WITH WELDING ENDS (Item 2.2 + Item 3.1.5.1.above 2000 mm) Item 4.1.1.2 PIPE BENDING 7.1 = [Mhr/ea] 6.5 = [Mhr/ea] 6.1 OTHER INSTALLATION WORKS MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION 7.2.5 x f = [Mhr/joint] 7.3 x f = [Mhr/ea] 7.4 + Item 3.2BENDING ALON G RADIUS (r .

4 FIELD FABRICATION OF CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC REDUCERS 7.7.5 FABRICATION OF MITRE BENDS FROM PIPES Item 3.2 ECCENTRIC REDUCER Item 3.2 = [Mhr/ea] 7.5 = [Mhr/ea] 7.1CONCENTRIC REDUCER Item 3.3 x 1.5 x 1.4.2 = [Mhr/joint] 146 .1 x 3 = [Mhr/ea] 7.4.3 STRESS RELIEVE IN CONNECTION PIPING ON ROTARY EQUIPMENT Item 5.

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule || [kg/m] Unit Build-in Items m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

1,2 10S 0,27

6 = 1/8" 10,3 1,7 2,4 1,7 40 STD 80 XS 10S 0,36 0,47 0,50

8 = 1/4" 13,7 2,2 3,0 1,7 40 STD 80 XS 5S 0,63 0,79 0,65

2,0 0,75

10 = 3/8" 17,1 2,3 2,6 40 STD 0,84 0,93

2,9 1,02

3,2 80 XS 1,10

0,56 0,70 0,78 0,11 0,19 0,10 0,09 0,10 0,14 0,06 0,02 0,39 0,44 0,19 0,56 0,04 0,03 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,10

0,57 0,71 0,79 0,11 0,19 0,11 0,09 0,13 0,18 0,08 0,03 0,51 0,58 0,26 0,56 0,04 0,03 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,11

0,57 0,71 0,80 0,11 0,20 0,11 0,10 0,16 0,22 0,10 0,03 0,64 0,72 0,32 0,56 0,04 0,03 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,11

147

0,78

1,00

0,78

1,00

0,78

1,00

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

10 = 3/8" 17,1 4,0 4,5 5S 1,29 1,40

1,7 10S 0,82

2,0 0,95

2,1 1,00

2,3 40 STD 1,08 1,20

15 = 1/2" 21,3 2,6 2,8 1,28

2,9 80 XS 1,32

3,2 1,43

3,7 1,61

3,9 1,68

0,57 0,71 0,80 0,11 0,20 0,11 0,10 0,16 0,22 0,10 0,03 0,64 0,72 0,32

0,59 0,74 0,82 0,12 0,22 0,12 0,10 0,24 0,34 0,14 0,05 0,96 1,08 0,48 0,56 0,05 0,03 0,26 0,20 0,12 0,12

148

0,78

1,00

0,04 0,028 0,26 0,21 0,11 0,11

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

15 4,0 160 1,71 4,3 1,81 4,8 1,96 5,6 2,17

= 1/2" 21,3 6,0 6,3 7,1 XXS 2,27 2,33 2,49

7,5 2,56

10,6 5S 2,80

13,8 10S

20 = 3/4" 26,7 1,7 2,1 1,05 1,28

0,59 0,74 0,82 0,12 0,22 0,12 0,10 0,24 0,34 0,14 0,05 0,96 1,08 0,48

0,60 0,75 0,84 0,12 0,24 0,13 0,11 0,32 0,44 0,19 0,06 1,26 1,42 0,63 0,55 0,05 0,03 0,25 0,20 0,12 0,13

149

0,77

0,05 0,03 0,26 0,20 0,12 0,12

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] 20 Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 2,9 3,9 Schedule 40 STD 80 XS Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 1,70 2,20 m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs 0,60 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 0,75 each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs 0,84 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0,12 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 0,24 piece PIPE THREADING 0,13 each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION 0,11 multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING 0,32 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 0,44 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 0,19 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING 0,06 piece CONTROL VALVE 1,26 piece SAFETY VALVE 1,42 piece HYDRANT 0,63 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 0,99 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) 0,05 m SERVICE TEST 0,03 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION 0,25 kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0,20 kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0,12 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 0,13

4,3 2,38

5,6 160 2,92

= 26,7 6,0 3,07

3/4" 7,1 3,44

20 26,9 7,8 10,6 XXS 3,64 4,21

13,8 4,40

2,0 1,23

2,3 1,40

2,6 1,56

0,60 0,75 0,84 0,12 0,24 0,13 0,11 0,32 0,44 0,19 0,06 1,26 1,42 0,63 0,55 0,05 0,03 0,25 0,20 0,12 0,13

150

0,77

0,99

13 0.9 1.62 0.20 0.3 4.7 5S 1.9 6.4 AND 4.20 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 4.2 5.4 4.END FITTING . ITEM 4.2 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .4 10S 40 STD 2.08 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 7.09 4.1 1.24 0.76 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 TO 5.21 6.8.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 2.25 0. AIR.27 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .52 25 = 1" 33.1 4. AND HANG.15 0.3 2.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .7 x PTS.8 5.05 0.2 3.84 3.55 0. STEAM.12 2.3 7.4 160 4.77 0. .6 4.13 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.63 0.5 4.04 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.10 4.72 20 26.75 0.15 151 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.20 1.26 1.7 piece VALVE .3 2.7 3.24 0.27 0.87 0.06 1.4 3.33 2.END FITTING .4 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 x PTS.98 0.1 TO 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.19 0.57 1.03 0.5 3.13 0.9 3.84 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .4 7.1 7.8 5. 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.39 0.1 5.06 6.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.DISMANTLING piece TWO .05 0. NIPOLET .6 5.31 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .2 2.2 1.78 0.42 0.13 .12 0.4 5.9 3.5 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.78 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.6 3.8 3.6 4.0 4.07 2.13 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.1 3.8 3.44 0.12 0.3 3.55 0.1 6.1 TO 4.7 5.49 6.3 3. ITEM. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.60 0.5 80 XS 3.3 3.3 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .25 0.11 0.2 7.9 4.5 2.

62 0.4 AND 4.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .9 6. AIR.8.7 piece VALVE .2 7.6 3.57 1.24 0.78 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.00 3.78 0.76 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 4.54 5. 5.2 4.15 152 0.7 x PTS.20 0.2 7.6 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .93 5.89 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.78 2.3 3.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.1 TO 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.04 0.8 5.04 0.98 0.05 0.08 1.13 0.3 3.7 4.62 0.10 4.WELDING each SEAL RING . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 4.3 4.46 5.3 7.24 0.1 3.4 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.25 0.41 25 33.15 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 2. STEAM.25 0.2 1.1 1.4 7.26 0.6 5.08 1.3 5. NIPOLET .27 0.END FITTING .7 4.1 TO 5.13 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. ITEM 4.2 3. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 2.7 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .5 5.78 0.1 4.55 0.8 6.15 0.13 0.57 1. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.77 0.13 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .39 0.1 5.2 5.1 TO 3.78 0.9 3.0 1.05 0.1 7.13 0.57 2.4 5.0 3.13 0.7 x PTS.87 0.6 XXS 5.97 13.55 0.4 4.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.3 1.76 0.8 3.5 3. .8 5.55 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .39 0.4 9.27 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .7 3.0 2.6 2.15 .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.20 0.1 4. ITEM.87 0.61 25 = 1" 33.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 10.68 2.6 3.3 2.END FITTING .1 6.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. AND HANG.

62 0.14 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .6 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. NIPOLET .87 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 1.9 3.25 0.03 0.13 0.99 2.4 160 5.3 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.66 0.7 5S 1. ITEM 4.5 5.00 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .9 6.9 80 XS 4.3 3.7 4.6 4.2 7.3 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .7 piece VALVE .4 3.1 5.72 3.1 6.78 0.55 0.2 1.39 0.5 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 7.9 40 STD 3.25 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.8 5.36 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .15 0.04 0.1 3.43 3.7 3.3 3.13 0.15 .8.DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 7. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.0 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 25 33.24 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.57 1.3 3.8 1 0S 2.82 0.6 5.50 0.13 0.59 0.7 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .32 0.19 4.66 0.END FITTING .13 0.2 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.4 AND 4.2 7. ITEM.1 4.17 0.5 4.76 0.8 3.8 5.END FITTING .69 32 = 1 1/4" 42.92 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.66 1.20 0.51 6.20 0.0 4.2 5.81 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.30 0.4 5.70 2.78 0. AIR.05 0. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 4. .7 x PTS.1 4.24 1.1 TO 5.7 5.27 0.2 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. STEAM.13 153 0. 5.08 1.10 4.5 4.1 TO 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 x PTS. AND HANG.02 4.2 2.3 2.10 1.06 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 4.04 0.3 7.70 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .6 3.1 TO 4.77 4.

6 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .15 32 = 1 1/4" 42.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 2.66 0.59 0.20 0.25 0.2 7.3 7.END FITTING .14 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .6 5.9 6.20 0.31 0.06 0.9 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.28 2.6 2.13 154 0.09 6.13 0.5 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.00 0.4 2. AIR. NIPOLET .0 2. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.82 0. 5.30 0.13 0.9 3.92 0.4 7.6 4.7 piece VALVE .66 0.27 13.1 4.4 AND 4.2 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 9.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.8 5.END FITTING .7 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .06 0.24 1.3 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .10 1.70 0.5 3.45 4.17 0.8 3.5 4.8 9.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 2.4 5.03 0.56 32 42.50 0.17 0.1 TO 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.1 TO 5.3 5.99 2.00 0. ITEM.10 4.62 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 3.6 5.2 3.14 0. STEAM.7 x PTS.30 0.10 1.31 0.1 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . .99 2.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 x PTS.1 1.78 8.3 4.04 0.2 5.7 4. AND HANG.8.3 2.82 0.81 1.2 1.3 2.1 6.4 4.7 5.83 3.1 5.25 0.13 .50 0.68 2.1 6.70 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .WELDING each SEAL RING .92 0.2 7.00 2.1 TO 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. ITEM 4.3 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.8 5.24 1.5 5.21 5.7 10.4 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.6 XXS 7.

0 2.4 3.1 80 XS 5.2 3.86 0.4 7.76 1.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 1.4 5.9 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 6.1 TO 3. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.3 3. ITEM.05 0. STEAM.5 5.14 155 0.3 10S 40 STD 3.7 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.0 5.3 2.6 2.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.86 0.3 2.6 5.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.20 0.DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 2.35 5.07 .63 0.36 0.5 4.2 5.8 5.7 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 x PTS.15 3.6 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .10 4.85 1. .7 piece VALVE .12 2.7 x PTS.67 40 4.69 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .WELDING each SEAL RING .3 5.2 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. 5.2 1.44 0.37 0.7 5S 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.9 4.93 = 1 1/2" 48.28 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.9 6. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 7.7 5.END FITTING .2 7.25 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.61 0.07 4.2 3.20 0.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 1.1 TO 5. NIPOLET .8 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.45 2.61 2.17 0.END FITTING . AND HANG.8 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.23 0.3 3.4 AND 4.3 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 3.96 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 TO 4.96 2.4 4.07 0.1 4.6 4.1 7.14 0.7 4.87 5.56 4.5 4.29 2. ITEM 4.8.1 3.2 7.2 2. AIR.1 5.5 3. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.

20 0.14 .9 4.98 2.3 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.25 0.1 5. .24 0.3 3.6 5.8 10.58 9.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .8 9.96 0.4 AND 4.3 3.9 6.6 4.86 0.70 2.0 6. NIPOLET .1 1.2 160 XXS 7.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.24 0.07 0.8 5.7 x PTS.15 3.1 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .05 0. 5.19 0.6 3.87 11.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.46 2.88 2.61 0. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 2.4 3.5 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.91 1.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 8.50 0.23 0.05 0.02 0.0 2.76 1.7 4.1 TO 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .DISMANTLING piece TWO .6 13.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.3 10.7 3.20 0.15 156 0.3 4.15 0.38 1.WELDING each SEAL RING .1 TO 5.8 1.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.9 3. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ITEM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 4.75 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .8 5.11 0.3 7.69 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.43 0. AIR.5 5.45 0.14 0.8.1 3.4 5.2 7.2 7.2 4.20 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.4 4.8 10S 3.22 8.2 2.60 50 = 2" 60. AND HANG.4 7.7 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.00 3.END FITTING .45 2.2 5.36 0.10 4. ITEM 4.2 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.05 0.1 TO 4.6 3.1 7.27 6.7 piece VALVE .68 0.37 0.7 x PTS.3 6.12 2.86 0.90 1. STEAM.73 0.3 7.8 3.17 0.1 6.7 5S 2.END FITTING .53 40 = 1 1/2" 48.2 3.12 0.07 0.

5 5.END FITTING .38 1.02 0.04 5.6 50 60.2 3.5 Nominal diameter[mm= inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 4.50 157 0.2 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 7.15 3.15 0.7 3.07 0.51 3.1 TO 4.3 7.00 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 x PTS.7 4.7 x PTS.DISMANTLING piece TWO .8.2 4.19 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .6 3.2 7.1 1.1 3.0 2" 6.8 3.3 3. NIPOLET .1 TO 5.3 3.95 3.END FITTING .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 3.44 = 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.91 1. STEAM.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ITEM.5 80 XS 6.8 5. AND HANG.5 4.9 3.1 TO 3.6 0.10 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .45 0.2 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.3 40 STD 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.6 5.8 5.7 piece VALVE .24 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 7.2 5. ITEM 4.43 0.7 5.73 0.20 0.2 2. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.3 2.24 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 6.15 .6 6.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 5.3 4.1 5.6 4.75 1.WELDING each SEAL RING .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 4.4 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.2 1.43 5.05 0. AIR.3 4.9 4.3 7. 5.5 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.9 6.1 8.05 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.20 7.7 160 10.4 3.4 AND 4.

16 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.3 11.19 0.34 0.7 piece VALVE .1 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.END FITTING .7 5.19 3.82 4.24 0.5 3.57 0.1 TO 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 1.2 7.31 0.15 3.00 3.19 3.8 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 50 = 2" 60.5 15.3 7.1 TO 3.6 3.19 0.45 0.76 0.1 4.05 0.20 0.END FITTING .00 1.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 4.9 14.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8.19 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.57 0.15 0.19 0.26 0.16 158 0.24 3.2 5.00 1.2 2.8 5S 10S 13.51 0.08 0.1 TO 5.17 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .97 1.4 9.51 0.30 1.1 7.38 1.7 x PTS.8 2.08 0.WELDING each SEAL RING .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.4 3.1 40 STD80 XS 3.91 0.17 0.71 11.82 4.06 0.24 0.5 4.80 1.2 3.12 0.3 3.91 0. AIR.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .4 7.7 4. .31 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .02 0. AND HANG.3 2.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.30 1.9 4.1 13. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.1 5.80 1.0 160 XXS 8.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .75 1.73 0. 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .5 5.6 5. NIPOLET .34 0.06 0.6 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .1 1.9 3.4 4.5 14.0 5.4 5.7 3.96 1.1 2.2 7.0 20. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ITEM 4.35 65 = 2 1/2" 73.05 0. ITEM.16 0.3 2.2 5.3 5.12 0.50 0.4 AND 4.1 3.16 0.75 0.91 1. STEAM.8 5.0 3.96 1.26 0.3 3.10 4.2 4.66 65 76.24 0. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.97 1.1 6.7 x PTS.43 0.9 6.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.07 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.15 .24 0.8 3.4 2.68 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.75 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.2 7.

3 3. AND HANG.29 80 = 3" 88.80 1.88 1.16 .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .4 AND 4.4 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .34 1.7 x PTS.06 0.3 4.6 4.57 0.69 0.16 0.0 13.18 0.18 2.1 5.10 4.1 5.9 6.12 5.2 3.1 1.6 3.8 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.30 0.6 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . 5.5 5.61 0.78 76.51 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 6.END FITTING . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. .16 0.9 7.5 2.40 0.3 7.96 1.1 3.10 1.5 3.2 4.8.19 3.3 2.12 0.3 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .26 0. AIR.2 1.4 4.92 2.7 x PTS.33 0.44 4.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 2.23 4.8 5.0 7. ITEM 4.3 10.09 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .9 3.1 TO 5.27 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 4.0 5S 4.9 2.04 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.6 9.15 1.34 0.1 TO 3.1 2.6 6.5 6. NIPOLET .50 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 8.83 0.4 7.31 0.23 0.DISASSEMBLY : 0.91 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .30 1.18 159 1.07 0.7 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.23 0.4 3.1 7.2 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.26 0.0 8.3 3.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 65 3.24 0.3 5.8 5. ITEM.7 4. STEAM.1 TO 4.2 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.17 0.5 5.59 0.7 5.5 4.60 5.08 0.75 6.82 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.00 1.7 piece VALVE .1 12.2 7.END FITTING . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.

3 11.END FITTING .7 3.1 5.7 4.3 3.5 5.3 12.10 4.1 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 3.1 TO 5.5 4.7 piece VALVE .9 3. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 7.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .10 1.18 .3 2. 5. AND HANG.DISMANTLING piece TWO . .8 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 160 17.61 0.23 0.3 8. STEAM.34 1.2 6.2 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.9 6.6 40 STD 9.18 0.4 7. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 4.5 6.2 1.5 5. AIR.69 0.1 7.1 6.57 3.8 5.15 1.54 3.2 2.6 3.40 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.88 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 TO 4.8 3.4 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.8 7.9 4.18 2.60 5.2 5.59 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 10S 6.3 7.1 21.30 160 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .6 7.23 4.09 0.4 5.07 0.4 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.3 4.7 x PTS.58 80 = 3" 88. NIPOLET .5 5.1 1.5 3.3 5.3 7.3 0.4 AND 4.6 4.6 5.1 TO 3.8.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 2.23 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 80 XS 14.WELDING each SEAL RING .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 3.38 11.END FITTING .2 7.77 3. ITEM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .6 5.7 x PTS. ITEM 4.7 5.16 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .4 11.6 15.

12 1.51 9.3 2. ITEM 4.83 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.8 3.28 5.2 5.23 0.34 0.55 2.1 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.19 161 1.11 0.1 TO 5.90 0.82 2.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .16 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 5S 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 3.98 100 = 4" 114.3 7.7 2.6 5.10 4.10 1.3 5.7 piece VALVE .19 0.0 6. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.69 0.4 7.6 7.4 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.44 1.5 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 3.35 0.18 0.15 0.2 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .61 0.0 13.7 5. NIPOLET .6 10S 8.1 7.60 5.9 6.5 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 80 = 3" 88. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.52 0.1 TO 4.50 6. AIR.15 1.74 0. STEAM.WELDING each SEAL RING . 5.9 7.6 4.1 6.3 4.6 3.4 3.7 x PTS.17 2.34 1.END FITTING .END FITTING .6 15.09 0.9 15. AND HANG.8 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.1 1.07 0.7 x PTS.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .23 0.75 0.8 5.88 1.0 10.30 0.1 TO 3.1 3.2 1.1 4.2 7.18 .2 XXS 27.4 5.93 0.59 0.9 3.18 2.38 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 4.0 40 STD 16. .40 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .2 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.84 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.5 5.19 2.96 1.5 5.2 2.DISMANTLING piece TWO .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.0 0.21 1.9 5.23 4.0 5.4 AND 4. ITEM.1 3.3 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .07 0.3 3.

NIPOLET .1 TO 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 10.43 0.3 16.19 0. 5.13 0.44 1.28 5.5 3.7 5.64 2. STEAM.9 6.2 7.7 3.3 8.99 0.1 TO 4.39 3.21 1.4 13.15 0.1 6.5 4.8 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. 7 2.75 1.74 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.85 0.9 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .19 2.9 9.7 piece VALVE .1 120 160 22.1 3.6 17. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.6 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .35 0.7 x PTS.12 0.30 0.69 0. AND HANG.2 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 7.5 33.08 0.59 1.7 4.6 8.93 0.22 162 1.50 6.4 4.22 0.1 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.3 5.3 12.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.1 5.21 1.4 3.0 11.8 7. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.6 3.08 1.11 0.33 6.3 3.1 4.8.5 5.2 2.1 80 XS 18.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 x PTS.2 3.2 1.0 21.0 100 = 4" 114.96 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0. .8 5.10 4.19 .6 10.52 0.80 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .1 1.8 3.1 41.07 0.3 7.80 125 139.1 TO 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 25.6 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .END FITTING .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .4 5.2 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.57 7. ITEM.8 0.38 1. ITEM 4.99 0.4 AND 4.3 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.3 3.3 2.8 8.51 0.28 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 7.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . AIR.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .0 2.83 0.8 28.END FITTING .35 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.5 XXS 31.

3 1.8 28.22 0.1 1.6 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 5.85 0.08 1.1 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.2 7.3 18. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.5 15.7 piece VALVE .4 10.4 4.12 0.35 1.5 39.DISMANTLING piece TWO .7 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.28 0.0 26.8 7.4 4.3 5.6 3.1 6. 5.8 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.7 x PTS.7 5.7 5. ITEM. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. STEAM.0 11.3 7.3 3.9 6.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 3.0 35.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.1 4.51 0.1 23.3 4. ITEM 4.5 3.6 125 139.5 5.6 12.8.0 5.0 32.WELDING each SEAL RING .8 3.08 0.2 4.END FITTING .0 12.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .4 AND 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 1.2 8.7 4.22 .END FITTING .2 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 3.57 7. NIPOLET .8 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 2.59 163 2.6 4.13 0.7 x PTS.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . AND HANG.69 0.4 7.10 4.6 6.3 3.39 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 TO 4.99 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.30 0.5 4.1 4.9 3. .1 TO 5.33 6.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .0 16.0 8.4 3.2 2.4 5.1 TO 3.5 20.1 7.0 13.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . AIR.

28 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ITEM.51 0.30 0.3 2. STEAM.1 TO 5.35 1.4 7.69 0.24 0.1 3.50 8.2 7.9 3.44 3.63 1.19 1.12 0. NIPOLET .8 5.7 x PTS.8 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.4 4.39 3.08 1.85 0.8 2.51 0.10 4.6 9.75 1.39 3.49 1.9 5S 8.3 4.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.99 0.4 AND 4.13 0.7 40 STD80 XS 120 22.28 1.57 7.75 1.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.9 160 49.12 0.1 5.2 3.88 0.9 40.8 3.1 TO 3.6 4.0 2.5 3.51 0.22 0.29 1.4 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.22 1.67 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. 5.22 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .13 0.2 44.59 1. ITEM 4.09 0.3 7. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.7 5.2 7.8.3 2. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.8 5.22 . AIR.85 0.7 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 125 139.21 1.99 0.38 7.33 6.64 2.24 164 1.13 0.6 5.08 0.2 2.08 0.0 2.7 x PTS.33 6.57 7.7 piece VALVE .12 0.3 3.1 6.6 150 = 6" 168.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .5 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.59 1.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 3.5 12.6 3.4 10S 11.0 30.1 7.13 0.8 5S 9.2 19.1 1.3 15. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.21 11.2 4.2 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.43 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.7 14.95 0.30 0.1 TO 4.3 6. .58 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.08 1.DISMANTLING piece TWO .69 0.END FITTING .35 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 3.6 125 = 5" 141.1 4.WELDING each SEAL RING .DISASSEMBLY : 0.5 4.END FITTING .3 3.64 2.99 0.88 2.2 1.1 XXS 57.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .4 11.9 6.3 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .07 0. AND HANG.

1 4.88 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.13 0.4 7. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.7 3.6 4. ITEM 4.3 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 TO 4.24 0. STEAM. ITEM.2 2.19 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.5 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .0 80 XS 42.2 5.4 3.END FITTING .7 x PTS.13 0.1 TO 3.8 5. AIR.7 4.0 31.4 5. 5.2 1.4 4.3 2.6 3.END FITTING .7 piece VALVE .3 3.2 28.7 x PTS.1 6.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch]] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .09 0.5 3.6 6.1 40 STD 25.1 7.44 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.5 4.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.95 0.3 8.67 0.6 4.63 1.1 1.1 5. AND HANG.12 0.2 150 = 6" 168.1 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.9 6.1 TO 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .75 165 0.4 10S 13.50 8.2 3.0 39.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8.7 10.8 3.3 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.7 1.38 7.6 14.3 22.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 4.2 4.7 8.2 7.DISMANTLING piece TWO .5 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .75 1.3 4.10 4.2 5.2 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .0 16.DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 5. . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .4 AND 4.3 7.9 3.24 .1 11. NIPOLET .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.0 20.88 2.7 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.49 1.8 3.8 34.6 5.3 5.5 18.

33 0.75 1.24 0.6 3.2 20.3 5. ITEM 4.20 166 2.8 5.1 TO 5.50 0.2 4.3 14.5 5.2 2. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 4.67 0.1 3.50 1.12 0.6 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 2.8 21.8 15.1 150 = 6" 168.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 1.13 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.88 2.10 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 2.49 1.8 5.END FITTING .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 67.12 0.4 5. NIPOLET .31 1.1 5. ITEM.9 31.1 7.3 3.6 29.7 4.3 4.3 7.0 3.2 5.5 120 48. AND HANG.WELDING each SEAL RING . 5.19 1.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.5 3.4 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .8 10S 19.17 0.54 1.55 1.9 3.8 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 5.88 0.2 3.5 4.7 3.09 0.1 TO 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 17.7 x PTS.3 160 XXS 54. STEAM.4 60.50 3.5 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 3.3 16.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.5 23.12 0.75 1.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 7.50 8.00 1.7 x PTS.2 7.DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 200 = 8" 219.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 1. AIR.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .63 1.25 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.4 AND 4.8.1 6.1 1.0 18.77 0.6 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 12.2 7.7 piece VALVE .24 .38 7.3 3.50 10.13 0.8 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.END FITTING .44 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.4 4.9 5S 79.31 1.1 4.16 0.6 3.1 TO 4.00 11.95 0.92 2. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. .9 6.

2 71.1 1.7 piece VALVE .7 1.4 4.6 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .8 15.7 4.7 x PTS.16 0.2 4.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 8.7 x PTS.4 5.9 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .2 8.54 1.31 1.9 6. STEAM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 12.1 5.50 0.12 0.4 7.8 40 STD 42.6 4.00 11. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ITEM. AND HANG.0 80.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.6 5.7 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 200 = 8" 219.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ITEM 4.0 30 36.8 3.1 TO 5.1 TO 4.1 7.4 AND 4.WELDING each SEAL RING .2 18.3 4.10 4.00 0.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 8.31 .2 1.1 3.1 100 76.50 3.3 5.5 3.8 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.2 5.8 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .3 60 53.2 2.5 4.3 7.4 3.1 4. NIPOLET .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.3 2. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.12 0.3 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 5.3 120 90.7 5.1 6.END FITTING .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .17 0.50 10. 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.0 41.7 14.2 7.1 16.3 33.7 10.92 2.2 7.1 TO 3. AIR.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 6.25 5.END FITTING .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.50 1.7 80 XS 64.2 3.7 45.DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 20 33.6 7.8.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.3 3. .20 167 2.

ITEM 4.4 5S 22.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.00 4.50 0.17 0.5 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .00 19. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.2 23.1 6.1 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.58 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.10 4. STEAM.3 3.2 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .54 1. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 TO 5.7 3.3 3.6 4.6 5.7 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 20.8 5.0 33.6 250 = 10" 273.9 19.0 3.02 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 7. .10 0.12 0.4 AND 4.8 5.END FITTING .1 1.4 5.80 2.50 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.39 2.3 2.5 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .92 2.9 6.1 TO 3.50 1.1 5.20 1.50 3. ITEM.2 10S 27.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . AND HANG.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 piece VALVE .2 21.12 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 2.85 17.0 23.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 4.92 2.3 5.38 168 2.16 0.7 x PTS.2 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.7 4.0 1.25 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .9 5.4 3.3 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.25 5.1 3.1 7.END FITTING .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .6 140 101 200 = 8" 219.8.31 . NIPOLET .DISASSEMBLY : 0.13 8.6 3.38 1.31 1.6 37.68 0.0 132 2.6 4.00 11.0 XXS 160 108 111 28. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.WELDING each SEAL RING .3 3.50 10.95 2. AIR.5 3.4 7. 5.3 7.8 3.2 7.6 4.9 3.1 TO 4.20 0.2 5.9 26.14 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.3 3.1 22.7 x PTS.55 0.4 4.

6 12.3 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 41.1 TO 5.8 9.6 7.DISASSEMBLY : 0.5 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.10 kg SPRING SUSP.9 6.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 6.8 30 51.6 12.68 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0.1 4.END FITTING .6 3.6 5.4 60.END FITTING .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0.4 7.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .3 2.55 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.8 5.1 7.3 81.3 4.2 7.2 7.13 piece HYDRANT 8.1 1.7 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.4 AND 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.3 250 = 10" 273.38 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.7 169 .5 5.5 4.3 7.INSTALLING 5.20 m SERVICE TEST 0. GAS) 0.4 4.2 4. AIR. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 2. 5.2 5.1 8.8 3.8 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. ITEM 4.0 8.9 11.39 each "" "" NP100 bar.7 x PTS.2 3.0 71.INSTALLING 2.8. ANSI 150 lbs 1.2 57.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.3 5. AND HANG.14 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0. NIPOLET .10 4.38 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.50 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .1 TO 4.WELDING each SEAL RING .3 3.1 3. ITEM.1 7.6 4.7 80S 60 77.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 2. .7 piece VALVE .1 TO 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .4 5.INSTALLING 0.4 3.7 4.4 20 42.7 x PTS.2 XS 90.00 piece SAFETY VALVE 19.2 1.25 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.95 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .0 52.3 40 STD 10.9 3. ANSI 600 lbs 2.92 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.85 piece CONTROL VALVE 17.5 m PIPE . STEAM.1 6.1 46.INSTALLING 4.0 14.0 64.

7 x PTS.1 4.4 3.3 7. NIPOLET .DISMANTLING piece TWO .31 2.2 4.9 3.8.2 16.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 7.8 5.14 0.2 1.55 0.46 170 4.3 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .END FITTING .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .02 20.1 3.14 3.8 3. 5.7 3.0 102 17. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.2 2.1 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .24 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. .DISASSEMBLY : 0.10 0. ITEM.3 20.3 2.0 100 115 125 21.5 3.38 2.3 28.4 4. STEAM.2 5.85 17.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .4 120 133 22.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.9 6.4 7.0 18.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.17 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .95 2.10 0.68 0.7 4.6 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.4 5.1 1.39 2.4 155 28.6 4.20 1. ITEM 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 6.END FITTING .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.2 7. AIR.7 x PTS.40 22.6 5.2 3.3 3.06 1.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.84 0.4 AND 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG.2 3.10 7.95 10.3 5.25 5.6 25.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.00 19.3 3.13 8.2 137 25.1 TO 3.1 80 96.5 110 18.8 5.20 0.1 TO 4.38 .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .10 4.1 TO 5.0 113 250 = 10" 273.5 140 XXS 160 1.6 173 300 = 12" 323.2 7.7 5.7 piece VALVE .06 0.89 3.9 3.92 2.5 4.46 2.24 0. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.50 5.5 5.

BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.7 piece VALVE .4 30 65.0 2.17 0.END FITTING .3 3.95 10.9 7.6 4.1 TO 5.06 1.0 39. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.24 0.4 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 1. AND HANG.5 62.2 7.4 7.7 x PTS. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 5.2 1.5 3.8 3.3 5.7 5.02 20.24 0.2 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.6 4. AIR.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ITEM 4.10 4.2 300 = 12" 323.8 79.3 2.4 5.9 6.1 TO 4.8 5.DISASSEMBLY : 0.40 22.4 9.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .5 4.3 5.20 2.0 85.89 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.4 AND 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .4 3.1 4.0 55.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 7.2 7.1 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.8 11.4 8.7 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 2.8 5.7 3.10 0.3 40S STD 40 68. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. NIPOLET .5 10.3 3.3 4.10 7.1 8.6 10S 36.7 x PTS.8.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.6 5.2 3.28 0.46 171 5.0 6.2 4.6 3.31 2.1 TO 3.4 20 50. .5 73. ITEM. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.END FITTING .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.8 8.WELDING each SEAL RING .3 7.4 5. STEAM.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .46 .1 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 6.6 44.0 5S 31.14 3.9 3. 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4.

7 4. ITEM.2 7.55 172 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 4.1 5.INSTALLING 5.8 5.9 6.27 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 12.END FITTING .33 3.7 5.3 60 109 16.3 7. AND HANG.10 0.6 140 209 33.6 5.46 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.0 122 17.6 4.2 5.10 kg SPRING SUSP.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.19 0.0 21.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .10 4.89 each "" "" NP100 bar.55 2.06 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 TO 4.3 4. ANSI 150 lbs 2.2 4.57 1.DISASSEMBLY : 0.INSTALLING 1.7 x PTS.INSTALLING 7.6 3.8 3.1 TO 3.83 0. ANSI 600 lbs 3.19 23.DISMANTLING piece TWO .8 31.9 20.8 5.7 Schedule 80S XS Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 97.6 27.2 1.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.END FITTING .95 piece HYDRANT 10.46 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 14.1 1.95 8.80 26.4 4.24 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0.5 5.2 165 25.WELDING each SEAL RING .4 100 150 160 22.3 2.2 7.1 6. ITEM 4.2 3.5 3.1 TO 5.2 3.1 7. GAS) 0.5 80 132 300 = 12" 323. 5.42 3.6 m PIPE . ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 2.4 AND 4.3 5.90 2.09 0.4 3.40 piece SAFETY VALVE 22.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .3 160 239 350 = 14" 355.9 3.78 11.17 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .4 5.31 .1 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.3 3. NIPOLET .4 120 XXS 187 28.5 4.31 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 3.24 m SERVICE TEST 0.7 piece VALVE .14 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 3.2 2. AIR.4 7.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.INSTALLING 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.20 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.02 piece CONTROL VALVE 20.8.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.7 x PTS.6 3.73 3. .3 2.10 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . STEAM.

6 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 10S 41.4 AND 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 67.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 7.73 3.1 TO 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .8 8.6 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .7 3.5 30 STD 75.2 5.8.10 4.6 48.3 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 1.2 350 = 14" 355.1 7. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. AND HANG.9 20 61.4 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .0 5S 34.1 TO 3.4 10 55.6 4.6 7.2 7.80 26.0 43.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 7.5 3.33 3.1 TO 5.3 2.2 1.4 12.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .78 11. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 11.19 23.7 piece VALVE .4 6.1 40 94. ITEM.4 7. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.10 0.7 5.END FITTING .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.55 . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.90 2.53 0.7 4.5 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. 5.3 3.3 3.55 173 5. .3 5.END FITTING . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.5 5.19 0.1 6.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .7 x PTS. AIR.6 5.42 3. NIPOLET .2 120 2.4 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .4 3.8 5.83 0.8 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.7 4.8 3.7 XS 108 14.7 x PTS.95 8.1 4.2 4.4 81.9 6.9 3.3 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4.2 2.57 1. STEAM.1 5. ITEM 4.2 3.1 3.8 9.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.27 0.3 7.

80 9.8 5.8 25.90 6. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. AND HANG.4 AND 4.WELDING each SEAL RING .8. 5.57 2.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 160 282 400 = 16" 406.79 0.08 1.7 41.3 5.2 2.1 1.17 3.7 x PTS.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.31 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.19 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .80 26.55 3.7 piece VALVE .4 3.4 4.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.8 140 254 35.7 2.36 27.END FITTING .55 .1 TO 4.5 4.1 5.2 7.1 4.1 7.2 7.83 0.8 39.3 4.8 120 225 31.6 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.2 1. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.27 0.7 3.9 6.1 80 159 350 = 14" 355.1 TO 5. STEAM.19 23.20 30.63 174 5. ITEM 4.44 0.7 x PTS.9 3.3 2.10 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .5 5.1 TO 3.0 100 183 195 204 27.8 3.42 3.52 4.3 3. NIPOLET . AIR.6 22.DISASSEMBLY : 0.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.10 4.57 1.1 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.33 3.0 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. ITEM.4 5.3 3.60 13. .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .63 2.4 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .35 0.5 146 19.1 6.60 2.6 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .95 8.7 4.2 3.6 5.7 5.4 3.8 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 4.END FITTING .08 0.5 3.78 11.2 5.97 4.6 3.73 3.2 5S 35.21 0.1 60 127 17.2 23.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.3 7.

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 4,8 Schedule 10S Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 47,6 m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs 3,17 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 3,97 each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs 4,44 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 0,63 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING 6,80 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 9,52 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING 4,08 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING 1,36 piece CONTROL VALVE 27,20 piece SAFETY VALVE 30,60 piece HYDRANT 13,60 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) 0,31 m SERVICE TEST 0,21 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0,08 kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 0,63 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

5,6 55,4

6,4 10 63,2

7,1 70,0

7,9 20 77,7

400 = 16" 406,4 8,8 9,5 11,0 30 STD 86,4 93,1 107

12,7 40 XS 123

14,2 138

16,0 154

16,7 60 161

175

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

17,5 80 168

20,0 191

21,4 203

400 = 16" 406,4 22,2 25,0 26,2 100 120 140 211 235 246

31,0 160 287

36,5 333

40,5 366

450 = 18" 457,0 3,6 4,0 5S 40,3 44,7

4,2 47,0

3,17 3,97 4,44 0,63

3,63 4,53 5,08 0,73

176

6,80 9,52 4,08 1,36 27,20 30,60 13,60

7,65 10,71 4,59 1,53 30,60 34,43 15,30 2,60 0,34 0,24 0,08 0,73

2,82

3,04

0,31 0,21 0,08 0,63

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

4,8 10S 53,6

5,6 62,4

6,4 10 71,2

7,1 78,9

7,9 20 87,6

450 = 18" 457,0 8,8 9,5 STD 97,4 105

11,1 30 122

12,7 XS 139

14,3 40 156

16,0 174

17,5 190

3,63 4,53 5,08 0,73

177

7,65 10,71 4,59 1,53 30,60 34,43 15,30

0,34 0,24 0,08 0,73

8. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5

Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE - LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE - LAYING ON RACK m PIPE - DISMANTLING piece TWO - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT piece THREE - END FITTING - ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET, NIPOLET - WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT - WELDING each SEAL RING - WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar, ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar, ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar, ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°, FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM 4.1 TO 4.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE - INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE - INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE - INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0,7 x PTS. ITEM. 5.1 TO 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER, AIR, STEAM, GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. AND HANG. - BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING

19,1 60 207

22,2 238

23,8 80 255

450 = 18" 457,0 25,0 29,4 100 267 310

34,9 120 364

39,7 140 409

45,2 160 460

2,9 36,2

500 = 20" 508,0 4,0 4,5 49,8 55,9

4,8 5S 59,6

3,63 4,53 5,08 0,73

4,10 5,12 5,74 0,82

178

7,65 10,71 4,59 1,53 30,60 34,43 15,30

8,50 11,90 5,10 1,70 34,00 38,25 17,00 2,86 0,38 0,26 0,08 0,82

3,08

3,30

0,34 0,24 0,08 0,73

ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.1 TO 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. NIPOLET .DISMANTLING piece TWO .7 4.8.6 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 2.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 4.1 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .3 3.0 6.3 4.4 AND 4.10 1.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . 5.4 4.0 62.74 0. ITEM 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.26 0.1 1.6 3.1 3. .8 108 9.08 0.25 17.2 3.3 2.2 7.1 87.8 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.0 8.82 .1 4.9 3.38 0.3 7.1 TO 4.4 5.0 20 STD 117 123 11. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.7 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.10 5.00 38.5 10S 68.1 TO 3. ITEM.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.1 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .10 4.00 0.8 5.70 34.3 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.8 98.5 10.1 5.5 3.6 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE . STEAM.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.7 3.2 7.3 5.8 500 = 20" 508.7 piece VALVE .7 x PTS.2 6.2 173 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.END FITTING .0 8.END FITTING .90 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.3 78.2 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 6.7 30 XS 155 14.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. AND HANG.4 7.5 4.12 5.4 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .8 5. AIR.4 10 79.2 1.3 7.9 6.50 11.7 x PTS.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.5 5.0 135 12.82 179 8.

NIPOLET .2 80 312 32.0 22.4 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 7.82 .00 0. AND HANG.1 TO 4.7 piece VALVE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .4 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 212 20.5 Nominal diameter[mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .2 5.9 3.8.6 4.5 100 382 38. STEAM.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .5 3.10 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.8 3.6 5.1 TO 5.2 25.4 3.2 7.1 5. ITEM.3 2.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.3 5.7 5.26 0.7 4.8 5.1 6.12 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.00 38.3 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.DISMANTLING piece TWO .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .6 3.7 x PTS.50 11.10 5.4 140 508 50.5 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .3 3.0 194 17.2 7.1 120 442 44.2 4.6 60 248 500 = 20" 508.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .END FITTING .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.1 7.4 7.1 TO 3.END FITTING .9 6.0 160 565 4.74 0.7 3.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 x PTS.1 4. ITEM 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 3.2 1.4 AND 4. 5.1 1.5 4.82 180 8. AIR.8 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 3.70 34.38 0. .0 241 20.2 2.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .10 4.90 5.3 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.08 0.0 266 298 26.1 40 184 16.25 17.

2 4.5 5.5 3.END FITTING .10 4.3 550 = 22" 559.1 TO 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.29 0.70 3.1 6.3 7.8 109 8.7 x PTS.3 3.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.4 AND 4.1 3.74 37.9 6.4 5.92 181 9.8 3. STEAM.4 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 5. ITEM 4.7 piece VALVE .DISASSEMBLY : 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 4.6 4. NIPOLET .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .END FITTING .08 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 3.3 2.ALIGNMENT piece THREE . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 1. ITEM.1 5.5 61.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4.2 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .1 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 8.8 5.5 10S 75.4 3.42 0.8 5S 65. 5.2 6.6 5. AIR.8 5. AND HANG.7 x PTS.73 6.7 5. .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.58 5.5 4.0 7.1 TO 4.09 7.6 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .35 13.4 5.5 20 STD 129 11.6 4.2 2.2 7.0 96.0 68.7 4.33 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 7.3 3.48 3.2 191 4.3 5.08 18.1 TO 3.9 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.8.4 10 87.0 149 12.7 5.2 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .11 0. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.40 42.7 30 XS 171 14.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 120 9.41 0.92 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .55 .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .2 1.

5 3.1 TO 3.7 x PTS.37 0.0 160 673 600 = 24" 610.58 5.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 TO 5.28 8.7 4.4 5.6 140 601 54.1 7.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .31 0.5 5.08 6.3 3.08 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.5 59.2 1.7 5.END FITTING .90 20.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. 5.4 AND 4.7 piece VALVE .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.42 0.16 4.3 3.8.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .35 7.70 10.20 14.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 15.5 4.4 7.3 4.92 .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .09 7.0 266 22.DISMANTLING piece TWO .8 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.0 25.48 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.3 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .80 45.02 3.9 3.4 3.1 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.73 6.DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 6.1 4. .WELDING each SEAL RING .4 4.10 4.08 40. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.29 0.END FITTING .8 5.2 2.35 13.2 3. AND HANG.08 0.6 5.7 x PTS.1 3.1 6.0 28.41 0.9 67. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.08 18.5 234 20.1 1.3 5.74 37. ITEM. STEAM.2 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 3.3 120 528 47.2 4. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.6 4.2 7.3 7.40 42.2 5.1 TO 4.2 60 294 550 = 22" 559.6 80 330 375 34.9 40 213 17.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .ALIGNMENT piece THREE .0 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.92 5.3 2. ITEM 4.59 0.11 1.40 3. NIPOLET .45 0.9 100 452 41.02 182 9.6 3. AIR.8 3.0 4.

MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .7 3.0 74.6 5.4 AND 4. STEAM.0 106 119 8. ITEM 4.7 XS 187 14.END FITTING .6 3. AND HANG.9 3.3 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 5.7 5.3 30 210 5.9 6.1 6.1 TO 4.1 1.4 7.5 3.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.28 8.3 2.1 4.1 5.2 1.4 600 = 24" 610. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.81 0.5 5S 82.8 5.4 10 95.5 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .08 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 5. 5.45 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. .3 93.8 131 9. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.31 0.0 20 STD 141 148 12.1 TO 5.1 5.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .35 7.3 5.7 x PTS.3 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .02 .4 4.7 piece VALVE .90 20.80 45.7 x PTS.6 83.1 8.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.20 14.END FITTING .40 3.2 7.8.2 3.4 5.08 6.3 7.5 4.02 183 10.10 4.9 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.16 4.2 4.08 40.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .6 6.3 3. NIPOLET .1 3. AIR.1 7.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 TO 3.0 7.5 10. ITEM.11 1.4 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.WELDING each SEAL RING .7 4.2 7.7 5.8 3.6 4.2 2.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .

6 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .02 184 10.1 5. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.1 4.35 7.0 235 17.8 5. .2 1.4 7.1 7.4 140 721 59.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. AND HANG.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. 5.2 322 24.8 3.28 8.3 3.7 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.0 25.1 6.DISMANTLING piece TWO .7 piece VALVE . ITEM 4.1 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.7 x PTS.6 5.31 0. AIR.5 4.8 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .4 4.4 5.5 5.10 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.2 3.6 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. ITEM.2 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .90 20.2 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.0 291 22.08 6.1 TO 3. NIPOLET .5 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.08 40.9 3.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 16.7 3.7 x PTS.1 TO 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.45 0.20 14.16 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.8.08 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 4. STEAM.3 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 40 256 20.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .END FITTING .3 2.40 0.80 45.9 100 549 46.9 6.02 .2 2.6 60 356 600 = 24" 610.4 AND 4.3 4.1 TO 4.2 7.0 120 641 52.3 5.11 1. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.WELDING each SEAL RING .5 160 809 5.0 31.0 80 361 443 38.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 3.1 1.3 3.7 5.END FITTING .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .

0 176 12.9 10 127 650 = 26" 660.1 3.9 6.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. ITEM.3 2.END FITTING .2 7.48 0. .6 4.1 4.6 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .WELDING each SEAL RING .END FITTING .ALIGNMENT piece THREE .1 7.7 x PTS. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.4 AND 4.1 6.1 TO 5.3 5.05 15. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.2 226 17.6 90.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.83 1.DISMANTLING piece TWO .3 102 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .12 185 11.5 STD 142 153 11.63 0.1 114 7.59 6.4 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.20 49.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 1.3 7.47 8.8 5.5 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.0 80. NIPOLET .8 5.9 3.5 6.06 .4 4.7 4.2 7.10 3.5 278 22. AND HANG.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .8 9.5 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .9 5.7 5.4 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .42 44.10 4.73 22. ITEM 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 3.2 4.8 3.08 1.2 3.2 2.1 5.0 8.5 5.7 x PTS. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.12 3.7 piece VALVE .99 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .34 0. STEAM.84 4.1 TO 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. 5.3 3.1 TO 3.4 5.8. AIR.7 20 XS 203 14.2 5.3 4.3 3.84 4.1 1.6 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 35 5.

2 5.1 7.END FITTING .56 1.4 AND 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .10 4.76 47.2 7.66 9.WELDING each SEAL RING .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.37 0.0 12.10 4.11 7.8.DISMANTLING piece TWO .7 4.7 x PTS.6 3. ITEM.5 3.8 STD 153 9.0 69.1 7.1 5. AIR.1 TO 4. . STEAM.3 5. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.3 7.1 1.1 4.2 5.END FITTING .55 23.3 4. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.60 53.2 3.9 10 123 137 8.5 5.0 173 11.8 3.7 piece VALVE .64 8.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 110 700 = 28" 711.4 5.08 1.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 97.5 4.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE . ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.2 2.3 3.22 4.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .90 16.4 7.5 6.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 4.9 6.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.9 3.80 3.2 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 1.8 5.1 TO 5.8 5.8 5.0 7.6 4.7 20 XS 190 219 6.1 6.4 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar. 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.52 0.7 x PTS.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .3 2.7 3.1 3.52 4.0 104 6. AND HANG.2 4. NIPOLET .32 .1 TO 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.6 5.22 186 11.7 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.5 165 10. ITEM 4.3 3.88 0.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .4 3.0 87.

2 3.9 17.90 16.4 AND 4. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .50 4.7 4.END FITTING .3 2.7 x PTS.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE . AIR.20 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .1 1. NIPOLET .3 4.2 7.1 TO 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .6 4.2 244 700 = 28" 711.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.5 STD 177 11.6 5.65 8.9 3.8 164 9.64 8. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.13 0.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .00 57.10 4.4 3.1 6.8.52 4.0 341 5.1 7.22 .36 0.0 15.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.8 5.5 3.5 4. .6 105 6.10 51.6 3.2 2.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 5.1 TO 3.7 x PTS.31 9.4 5. AND HANG.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 piece VALVE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 14.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.33 187 11.3 118 6.55 0.11 7.31 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.55 23.08 1.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.22 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . ITEM 4.8 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.1 3.1 TO 4.5 30 273 300 20.60 53.0 7. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 4.DISASSEMBLY : 0.56 1.3 3.76 47.0 204 6.3 5.80 12.9 6.8 5.08 1.3 7.85 10.2 1.52 0.38 25.66 9.1 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP. STEAM.35 4.2 5.WELDING each SEAL RING .4 7. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.7 3.33 4.1 7.END FITTING .9 10 132 147 8.75 17.39 0.4 4. ITEM.4 5S 119 750 = 30" 762. 5.1 5.5 5.3 3.57 0.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .2 7.

08 1.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .55 0.9 6.6 4.2 2.0 6.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 12.7 3.4 5.38 25.4 AND 4.0 5.5 30 262 293 322 20.0 79.99 10.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .8 800 = 32" 813.7 20 XS 235 750 = 30" 762.2 7.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .1 6.2 15.2 1.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.7 5.2 4. .04 10.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.31 9. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.61 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .44 4. AIR.1 4.08 1.END FITTING . ITEM.1 5.9 17.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 3.6 5.3 7.0 366 4. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.1 TO 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.0 14.9 5.9 3.3 3.33 7.0 99.41 0.8.7 piece VALVE .3 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.3 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . 5.8 5.10 4.3 4.3 2.9 10 157 6. STEAM.4 3. AND HANG.83 0.5 3.3 112 120 125 7.5 4.19 8.44 54.60 19.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .00 57.1 3.65 8.44 188 12.20 27.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.31 1.20 4.END FITTING .4 7.1 1.1 TO 5.33 .20 5.8 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 7.07 1.8 5.2 5.10 51.7 4.39 0.5 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 TO 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .1 141 7.6 3.1 7.50 13.88 5.39 0.6 6.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .59 0. NIPOLET . ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.40 61. ITEM 4.75 17.85 10.4 4.7 x PTS.7 x PTS.

85 1.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . .08 1.8 5.5 3.7 4. ITEM 4.1 TO 3.7 14.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .1 TO 4.0 198 11.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.43 0.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 3.03 28.8 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.0 6. AIR. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 8.6 3.3 5.4 4.0 12.55 189 13.80 65.6 4.88 5.86 0.6 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .WELDING each SEAL RING .04 10.45 20.3 2.1 TO 5.2 7.1 5.3 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 20 XS 251 280 15.3 7. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.8 175 9.40 61.7 x PTS.7 piece VALVE .68 10.20 27.5 5.5 STD 188 10.1 6.9 3.1 1.8.1 4.7 x PTS.1 133 150 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.END FITTING .4 3.5 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.19 8.0 392 22. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.END FITTING . ITEM.1 3.59 0. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.78 57. 5.4 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 4.44 54.9 30 313 17.5 40 344 20.2 1.10 4.56 5.7 5.4 AND 4. STEAM.3 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 7.8 3.7 3.2 3.23 11.75 9.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .44 . AND HANG. NIPOLET .90 4.44 7.08 1.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.2 2.07 1.3 4.4 7.1 7.62 0.9 6.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.0 218 800 = 32" 813.64 0.60 19.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .55 4.99 10.2 5.41 0.2 434 850 = 34" 864.20 14. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.

80 65.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .08 1.1 1.5 3.66 0.43 0. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.03 28.64 1.9 30 333 17.6 3. AIR.1 7. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.20 68.1 TO 5.8 186 9.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.08 0.5 STD 200 11.85 30.7 piece VALVE .1 6.34 . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.6 112 126 7.90 5.5 40 366 20.3 3.6 5.23 11.1 TO 4.66 5.0 417 4.12 61.3 4.8 5.7 x PTS.8 3.12 5.0 5. AND HANG.56 5.2 3.9 6.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .39 11. 5.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .6 4.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .7 14.0 12.5 4.24 6.45 20.55 15.2 4.DISMANTLING piece TWO .3 2.90 0.62 0.2 2.0 232 850 = 34" 864.7 x PTS.78 57.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.60 4.3 7. STEAM. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7. NIPOLET .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 5.10 4.55 8.WELDING each SEAL RING .4 3.1 TO 3.4 AND 4.2 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .4 5. ITEM.31 10.8 5.2 20 XS 267 298 15.9 3.2 1. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. .75 9.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 4.1 4.END FITTING .1 3.8.9 10 167 8.30 21.46 0.68 10.2 5.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.0 5.3 3.42 12.85 1.7 3.4 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.5 5.7 5.0 89.2 7. ITEM 4.9 900 = 36" 914.END FITTING .3 5.66 190 14.08 1.4 7.

0 179 8.39 11.5 387 8.0 245 12. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 2.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 TO 5.3 7.2 3.0 STD 212 223 11.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .9 10 177 8.6 4.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.30 21.85 30.WELDING each SEAL RING . GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.2 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE . NIPOLET .2 7.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.3 3.9 6. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.1 5.9 3.1 7.66 191 15.4 AND 4.3 141 7.DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 4.2 4.8. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.64 1. AND HANG.7 piece VALVE .66 . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 3. AIR.4 5.5 5. .3 5. STEAM.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .60 0.5 10. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 x PTS.8 3.20 68.1 4.7 5.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .7 x PTS.6 3.END FITTING .4 7.12 61.1 TO 3.42 12.1 3.8 5.66 0.3 3.END FITTING .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.2 316 15.8 197 900= 36" 914.1 1.7 3.4 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.3 2.6 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .46 0.1 TO 4.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .1 6.2 5.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 5.9 30 353 17.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 6.7 20 XS 283 14.08 1. 5.4 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. ITEM 4.31 10.10 4.2 1.1 159 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .0 9.24 6. ITEM.3 4.5 4.

73 0.0 22.10 4.6 140 6.3 5.2 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 900 = 36" 914.2 2.47 11.08 1.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.66 . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.1 7.60 6.END FITTING .1 3.2 3.1 5.8 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .66 9.20 68.4 4.1 6.7 5.0 248 11.24 6. ITEM.9 6.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 5.6 3.3 4.0 19.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.42 12. . STEAM.4 AND 4.1 TO 3.00 23.END FITTING .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .1 20. ITEM 4.2 4.3 3.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.6 5.8.5 3.00 76.3 157 1000 = 40" 1016.8 5.12 61.0 125 5.7 piece VALVE .7 x PTS.0 273 8.41 0.51 0.3 2.60 17.1 8.3 3.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .DISASSEMBLY : 0.9 3. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.0 177 199 8.1 4.1 TO 5.6 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar. NIPOLET .WELDING each SEAL RING .85 0.26 1. AIR.0 7.80 68.39 11.2 5.50 34. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.5 4.89 5.64 1.1 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.89 192 15.80 13.00 5.31 10.5 STD 236 10.66 0.2 40 422 442 489 5.7 4.5 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.DISMANTLING piece TWO .46 0.85 30.4 3. 5.4 5.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .7 3.08 1.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 TO 4.4 7.3 7.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .7 x PTS.84 13.30 21.63 5. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.8 219 9.2 1. AND HANG.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 7.

7 x PTS.1 TO 3.7 XS 315 1000 = 40" 1016.4 AND 4.6 4. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.53 0.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 1.40 80.3 5.0 8.14 71.1 5.70 5.51 0.0 492 22.1 6.5 4.00 76.3 3.3 2.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.4 4.6 5.08 1. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .3 7.06 12.END FITTING .73 0.3 3.DISASSEMBLY : 0.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.88 6. STEAM.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 12.3 4.1 7.33 35.89 10.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .2 7.7 4.END FITTING .WELDING each SEAL RING .INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .8 3.08 2. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.8.8 5.66 0.1 186 1050 = 42" 1067.6 3.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.2 5.00 17.2 3.2 7.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. ITEM.85 24.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .47 11.8 209 230 9. 5.5 351 395 431 20. NIPOLET .1 4.7 5.2 4.4 7.84 13.60 6. .80 68.50 34.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.3 165 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .00 23.26 1.10 0.0 14. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.2 545 6.4 5.9 3.1 1. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.09 2.1 TO 5. AIR. AND HANG.1 3.99 14.58 14.0 8.10 4.5 STD 248 9.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .5 3. ITEM 4.8 5.2 16.5 310 12.4 3.7 x PTS.0 17.9 6.28 7.01 5.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.01 193 17.5 5.89 .7 3.1 TO 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .76 0.7 piece VALVE .2 2.80 13.

16 81.43 0.2 3.40 28.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.1 TO 3.08 2. AND HANG.1 TO 4.87 0.0 7.6 3.7 5.2 2.36 20.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .33 14.8 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 10.4 3.09 2.80 0.1 9.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.86 16.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .87 0.92 0.60 91.70 18.28 7.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 7. ITEM 4.4 5.08 2.4 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .18 14.3 3. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.14 6.5 5. ITEM.9 472 10.2 7.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.56 0.53 0.5 454 1100 = 44" 1118.8 5.2 4.5 4.2 XS 331 369 17.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 6.7 4. 5.4 AND 4.1 7.1 5.9 3.END FITTING .13 11.38 6.DISASSEMBLY : 0.7 STD XS 284 307 378 15.14 71.15 37.80 6.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.6 5.66 13.06 12.3 3.32 8.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.89 14.2 1.4 7. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.6 4.01 10.48 74.65 2.08 2.76 0.8. AIR.65 6.40 80.13 6.56 16.9 6.2 7.33 35.40 5.3 4.1 TO 5.8 3.3 12.7 14.99 14.10 4.93 2.1 4.3 5.01 .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . NIPOLET .3 2.1 212 1200 = 48" 1219.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . STEAM.END FITTING .7 x PTS.5 12.85 24. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.5 3.80 40.0 12.70 26.1 1.38 194 17.58 14.7 3.7 x PTS.61 0.7 STD XS 195 260 347 7.WELDING each SEAL RING .MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .96 7.80 84.7 piece VALVE .0 287 1050=42" 1067. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 11.0 9.1 3. .

44 18.7 STD XS 593 308 410 1350=54" 1372.0 7.9 .10 30.5 3.5 12.68 0.15 16.63 13.2 7. ITEM.WELDING each SEAL RING .80 33.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .16 7.8 5.3 3.65 6.5 12. STEAM.3 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 7.0 9.08 2.76 7.6 4.40 99.52 95.30 2.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.61 0.01 0.80 40.38 6.89 195 20.6 5.04 20. ITEM 4.1 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .END FITTING .2 2.60 91.67 1.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .20 6.10 47.56 16.44 18.28 45.9 9.4 AND 4.8 5.1 6.80 103.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .3 5. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 5.97 0.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 5.95 32.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar. AND HANG.0 6.1 3.2 4.7 4.87 22.0 20.3 4.1 TO 4.4 5.3 2.63 22.94 17.76 14.89 14.10 4.2 1.7 3.66 0.8 3.21 2.6 3.9 532 1400 1420.32 19.87 0.45 44.84 88.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .41 0.7 piece VALVE .5 5.0 229 1300=52" 1321.1 1. AIR. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.4 4.3 220 7.36 9.80 6. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.45 7.16 81.40 28.60 7.7 x PTS.65 2.41 2.7 x PTS.1 5.70 0.5 4.19 7.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.79 17.90 7. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 3.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .32 8.08 2.0 239 10.7 STD XS 266 320 426 15.0 8. NIPOLET .INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.18 91.1 TO 5.9 6.94 0.13 18.2 7.04 9.1 4. 5.7 5.4 7.08 2.68 8.86 16.38 13.4 3.8.94 0.1 248 11.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .0 150 1200 1220.63 23.DISMANTLING piece TWO . .ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.1 TO 3.20 107.END FITTING .24 19.43 0. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.9 3.08 2.

52 95.80 33. NIPOLET .2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 2. ITEM.INSTALLING 19. ANSI 150 lbs 14.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .0 691 1400 = 56" 1422.2 7.3 2.1 3.04 9.5 3.DISMANTLING piece TWO .45 7.6 3.3 7.4 AND 4.04 each "" "" NP100 bar.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .6 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.01 m SERVICE TEST 0.89 7.0 555 17.8 3.21 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 2.20 107.4 4.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.70 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.5 12.7 3.4 7.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .3 5.3 3. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.DISASSEMBLY : 0.2 5.2 1.10 piece HYDRANT 47.1 4. ANSI 600 lbs 20. STEAM.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 18.01 0.5 606 20.89 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.20 piece SAFETY VALVE 107.7 x PTS.0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 279 m PIPE .7 5.21 2.8.5 4.89 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 8.1 TO 4.32 19.04 20.80 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .44 18.44 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 383 434 14. . 5. AND HANG.1 5.10 4.89 . AIR.7 piece VALVE .08 2.2 493 16.6 4.52 piece CONTROL VALVE 95.2 7.INSTALLING 23.2 3.8 5.INSTALLING 33.89 196 23.8 307 10.3 STD XS 331 442 497 14.3 3.5 5.2 4.1 TO 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.3 4. ITEM 4.END FITTING . GAS) 1.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 8.8 5.60 7.1 1.60 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 7.7 4.08 kg SPRING SUSP.1 6.04 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .0 11.INSTALLING 9.END FITTING .7 14.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .89 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.10 47.70 0.1 TO 5. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.32 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .67 1.2 2.4 3.4 5.1 7.0 12.0 9.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.0 348 1400 1420.9 3.9 6.7 x PTS.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.

MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 4.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .18 8. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.1 7. AIR.3 5.6 3.3 XS 474 533 15.09 21.15 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°. AND HANG.42 197 8. .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.4 5.5 STD 355 1500 = 60" 1524.75 51.END FITTING .2 4.40 25.10 4.75 0.2 7. STEAM.96 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.5 3.91 .00 piece SAFETY VALVE 114. ITEM.1 6.DISASSEMBLY : 0.93 3.4 3.80 0.7 x PTS.7 3.1 TO 3.2 528 9.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.3 7.4 7.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 8.40 54.18 1.INSTALLING 35.40 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .4 4.5 5.8 3.0 12.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .00 7.08 m SERVICE TEST 0.76 10.6 4.47 1.0 199 1600 1620.7 x PTS.69 8. NIPOLET .1 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .8 350 15.96 8.40 8.2 2.1 5.80 122.3 3.08 kg SPRING SUSP.1 TO 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .1 1.08 3.6 5.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.75 19.0 373 12.5 465 14.88 108.8.1 TO 4.15 8.3 2. ANSI 150 lbs 15.0 10.0 8.75 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.70 20.7 14. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 19.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.50 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE . ANSI 600 lbs 22.08 3. 5.15 17.3 4.7 4.0 318 8.15 0.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .69 22. GAS) 1.INSTALLING 25.2 1.7 5.50 35.42 8.20 102.20 38.2 5.69 each "" "" NP100 bar.75 piece HYDRANT 51.40 27.3 3.2 3.00 114.END FITTING .0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 299 m PIPE . ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.20 piece CONTROL VALVE 102.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 3.15 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 8.05 3.2 7.00 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 7.9 3.5 4.70 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .08 21.8 5.75 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.4 AND 4.36 23.40 10.9 592 5. ITEM 4.08 0.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.INSTALLING 10.7 piece VALVE .8 328 1500 1520.9 6.8 5.INSTALLING 20.05 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 3.

0 12.1 TO 3.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .5 4.12 11.7 4.2 1.4 AND 4.5 STD 403 1700 = 68" 1727.76 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .9 3.91 28.80 piece SAFETY VALVE 122.46 23.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.7 x PTS.1 6.3 4.80 8.2 7.DISMANTLING piece TWO .2 2. ANSI 150 lbs 17.2 7.93 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 3.1 1. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.80 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.6 4.40 8.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.1 3.7 14.4 4.40 54.5 14. AND HANG.3 5.1 TO 5.88 piece CONTROL VALVE 108.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 3.08 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .40 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.5 5. GAS) 1.5 STD 379 1600 = 64" 1626.88 108.8 5. NIPOLET .60 57.10 4.90 40.15 m SERVICE TEST 0.47 1.56 115.7 3. 5.9 632 9.3 3.85 0.42 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.80 122.0 634 9.2 3.20 38.84 3.0 12.8 3.3 2.9 6. ANSI 600 lbs 23.0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 398 m PIPE .1 4.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] 10.INSTALLING 38.2 5.42 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 1600 1620.69 198 27.DISASSEMBLY : 0.76 10.4 3.20 1.INSTALLING 27.8 5.42 8.1 TO 4.69 .LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .93 3.36 23.7 piece VALVE .42 0.4 5.8.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .7 5.80 57. STEAM.08 kg SPRING SUSP.3 XS 538 605 17.INSTALLING 21.3 7.09 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.7 14.1 5.09 21.2 496 563 16.46 23.END FITTING .40 piece HYDRANT 54.98 9.69 8.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.3 3.4 7.2 4. . ITEM 4.INSTALLING 10.1 7.6 3.20 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.7 x PTS.22 9.6 5.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT . AIR.42 18.5 3.08 21. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 21.36 each "" "" NP100 bar.3 XS 506 569 15.08 3.0 12.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.WELDING each SEAL RING. ITEM.07 25.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.END FITTING .08 3.15 0.

WELDING each SEAL RING .3 STD XS 451 601 676 1950 = 78" 1981.15 46.85 24.08 3.48 12. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs each "" "" NP100 bar.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] Outer diameter ø [mm] Wall thickness t = [mm] Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] m PIPE .9 6.5 12.1 TO 4.97 9.48 30.22 25.35 64. GAS) m SERVICE TEST piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION kg SPRING SUSP.7 14.4 AND 4.30 10.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .22 1.4 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.1 6.6 4.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.36 0.08 4.49 1.81 27.1 4.26 26. ITEM 4.3 4.2 7.3 7.7 14.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.8 5.44 10.00 10.7 x PTS.3 STD XS 462 617 694 19.8 5.40 137.93 9.49 1.1 7.69 .52 13.24 122.24 122.20 9.20 9.25 10.77 4.95 0.7 4.INSTALLING piece CONTROL VALVE piece SAFETY VALVE piece HYDRANT piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .29 0.1 1.71 32.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .26 132.98 27.97 0.1 TO 3.60 42. 5.0 14.6 5.93 10.77 4.84 24.47 1.85 24.7 x PTS.29 0. NIPOLET .3 3.84 12.60 9.70 61.30 45.INSTALLING piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .39 0. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1. .2 1.92 129.25 21.2 2. ANSI 150 lbs each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 3. STEAM.97 9.97 21.5 12.97 19.0 9.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.71 30.3 STD XS 427 570 641 1900 = 76" 1930.END FITTING .7 14.60 149.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.4 4.5 779 1800 = 72" 1829.2 5.4 7.3 5.DISMANTLING piece TWO .7 5.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 1800 1820.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .58 29.2 447 633 17.2 7. AIR.2 4.0 9.8.70 61. ANSI 600 lbs each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.0 10.48 12. AND HANG.20 145.90 0.60 42.25 33.10 4.7 piece VALVE .0 9.18 66.40 199 30.6 3.1 5.5 5.84 24.END FITTING .79 3.3 3.1 3.40 137.08 3.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .79 3.90 0.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 5.40 10.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.5 4.41 26.08 4.81 27. ITEM.9 3.5 12.INSTALLING piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .3 2.1 TO 5.

08 4.70 28.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.2 2.DISASSEMBLY : 0.4 7.6 5.2 1.51 10.INSTALLING 34. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.46 1.38 each "" "" NP100 bar.7 5.2 3.85 48.51 10.3 2.20 13.4 156.0 Wall thickness t = [mm] 11.2 4. STEAM.5 12.6 4.8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.98 11.00 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .8.7 x PTS.BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.7 14.78 4.1 TO 4.43 m SERVICE TEST 1.WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .4 3.94 139.1 5.43 1.INSTALLING 27.5 5.3 STD XS 474 633 712 2050 = 82" 2083.3 STD XS 486 649 730 22.7 x PTS.79 27.1 7.00 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 10.54 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.0 9. NIPOLET .3 7.1 TO 3.88 13.73 10. AND HANG.69 200 34.5 4.6 3.38 31.7 3.END FITTING . ANSI 150 lbs 22.5 16.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.00 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.20 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .1 4.INSTALLING 13.60 piece CONTROL VALVE 136. ITEM 4.INSTALLING 47.8 3.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] 2000 Outer diameter ø [mm] 2020.80 4.8 5.02 0.4 4.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 4.76 1.54 34.4 AND 4.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .2 7. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl. .00 piece HYDRANT 68.9 3.73 10.3 3.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.7 14.5 3.10 4.00 47. ANSI 600 lbs 31.7 4. ITEM.1 TO 5.95 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.20 .1 1.7 piece VALVE .8 69.0 9.54 23.0 Schedule Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 546 620 792 m PIPE .3 4.3 3.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .78 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 4. AIR.54 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 20.70 10.3 5.00 68.60 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .9 6.2 5.29 32.08 4.00 piece SAFETY VALVE 153.60 136.DISMANTLING piece TWO .0 12.00 10.WELDING each SEAL RING .LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE . GAS) 1.2 7.8 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 28. 5.4 5.60 27.0 988 2000 = 80" 2032.00 153.END FITTING .1 3.69 10.00 0.08 kg SPRING SUSP.95 1.70 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.5 12.43 29.1 6.

46 piece DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 1.0 546 12.DISASSEMBLY : 0.6 5.70 35.2 4.9 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.4 7.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 4.56 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE .98 49.05 1.13 201 37.05 piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 0.3 4.50 1. ANSI 600 lbs 33.5 12.05 35.40 71.1 TO 4.08 0.2 3.83 bend PIPE BENDING FOR below 45°.2 1.2 2.02 11.7 piece VALVE .WELDING piece SADDLE REINFORCEMENT .20 each "" "" NP100 bar.3 3.8 3. AND HANG.3 2.6 3.6 4.5 4.9 6.83 4.WELDING piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) piece WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS multipl.5 3.WELDING each SEAL RING .28 14.83 4.4 3.7 14.82 each ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 4.INSTALLING 35.16 24.98 piece BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE .INSTALLING 14.5 952 20.DISMANTLING piece TWO . ITEM 4.1 6.0 Wall thickness t = [mm] 9.2 7. 5. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 30.08 kg SPRING SUSP.1 4.LAYING ON RACK m PIPE .2 16.7 5.1 7.1 TO 3.INSTALLING 28.4 5.0 14.5 681 2200 2220.8.4 AND 4.8 5.3 3.64 32.57 1.1 3.8 5.8 m PRESSURE TEST (WATER.END FITTING .2 7.7 x PTS. FOR > 45° x 2 piece PIPE THREADING each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION multipl.2 5.97 .INSTALLING 49.83 piece GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 10. GAS) 1.3 Schedule STD XS Unit Build-in Items || [kg/m] 498 665 748 m PIPE .24 11.10 0.20 30.96 149.1 TO 5.LAYING IN FIELD m PIPE .8 each FLANGE BOLTING-UP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.28 piece CONTROL VALVE 142.3 5.5 5.10 4. STEAM.0 773 871 17.60 168.53 11.92 14.5 Nominal diameter [mm=inch] 2100 = 84" Outer diameter ø [mm] 2134.END FITTING .BUILD-IN AS ITEM 7.08 5.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.ALIGNMENT each BUTT WELD each FILLET (SOCKET) WELD each MITRE WELD each NOZZLE WELD piece WELDOLET.82 33.40 52.7 4.65 piece HYDRANT 71.ALIGNMENT piece THREE .40 piece VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 11.0 1086 25.7 x PTS. AIR.70 piece VALVE WITH DRIVE .56 28.13 11. ITEM. ANSI 150 lbs 24. .7 3.80 11.80 piece SAFETY VALVE 160.75 1.16 each "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.1 5.30 74.80 142.90 5.50 m SERVICE TEST 1.65 160. NIPOLET .4 4.36 29.3 7.

AUSSCHL. 5.2 " KEHLNAHT " " " "" (SOCKET) " " 3.5 3.2 4.5 " MESSLEITUNGABGANG DURCHBOHREN 8. BÖCKE MONT.7 5.2 5.2 7.IZVEDBA DEMONTAŽA : 0.1 4.4 " STECKSCHEIBE EINSETZEN " ORIFICE PLATE INSERTING 4.4 AND 4.8 5. AUFMASSFAKTORS VON Nennweite [ mm/" ] Outer diameter ø [mm] MONTAGEPOSITIONEN Auß.1 6. FOR above 45° x 2 4. 7.1 BIS 4. POZ.4 7.1 m DRUCKPROBE MIT WASSER ODER GAS m PRESSURE TEST (WATER. PARA. BODOVI OSNOVNIH MONTAŽNIH POZICIJA Poz. NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 7. ITEM 5.2 " SPRING SUSP.IZVEDBA I ZAVARIVANJE kom USADNI PRSTEN (SAMO ZA ALUMINIJ) " ODREZIVANJE ZAVARA KOD PREINAÈ ENJA faktor FAKTOR ZA RAZL. PLIN) " SERVISNI TEST kom POTPORANJ .8 3.1 verb.10 4.2 1. NOSAÈI I OVJESI .3 " " " MIT DREI ENDEN " " " THREEEND " " " " 3.8 5.2 kg HÄLTERUNGEN (UNTERST.1 verb. " GAUGE CONNECTION DRILLING 7.4 " EINKLEMM ARMATUR " " " BUTTERFLY VALVE " " 5.1 BIS 3. ROHRLEITUNGEN Wanddicke t [mm] Schedule Schedule Pos Einh. CJEVOVODI NADZEMNO VRIJED.4 3.8 5. savijanje SAVIJANJE CIJEVI ZA DO 45°. AND HANG. " VALVE SPINDLE EXTENSION LENGHTS 1-2-3 m 5.IN AS ITEM 7. Montageposition || [kg/m] Unit Buildin Items || [kg/m] 1.3 2. ø [mm] Wall thickness t [mm] OBERIRD.MONTAŽA NORM.3 " " " DEMONTIEREN " " " DISMANTLING 2. MATERIJALE ZA POZ.8 " SPINDELVERLÄNGERUNG BL=1/2/3 MET.8 stück EINLEGERING (NUR BEI ALU) piece INSERT RING (ONLY FOR ALU) 3.7 4.3 3.3 2.8 6.9 " DEMONTAGE : 0.1 DO 5.2 4.DEMONTAŽA kom FITING S DVA KRAJA .6 4.1 1.8 " DISASSEMBLY : 0.) " " " LEPTIR ZAKLOPKA " " " " " " " " " " " .8 multipl.1 m ROHR VERLEGEN IM FELD m PIPE LAYING IN FIELD 1.3 4.IZRADA I ZAVARIVANJE kg MONTAŽA SUPORTA (BEZ IZRADE) " OPR.Durchm. ŠTEKŠAJBE I SL.7 4. FÜR > 45° x 2 bend PIPE BENDING FOR to 45°. MOSTU " " " .9 6.7 verb.BUŠENJE 202 . NIPOLET WELDING 3.5 5. GAS) 6.2 piece WELD ROOT GRINDING 7.4 i 4.7 x FAKT. SCHWEISSRING DICHTUNG each SEAL RING WELDING 3.3 3.7 verb.4 stück SCHW. GEWINDE EINDICHTEN each MAKING ON THREADED CONNECTION DEMONTAGE : 0.4 4.5 biegung ROHR BIEGEN FÜR BIS 45°. 1.4 5.1 5.7 4. KAO 7.6 " SICHERHEITSVENTIL " SAFETY VALVE 5.5 4.5 stück WELDOLET.7 kom ARMATURA (VENTILI) .2 kom BRUŠENJE POVIŠENOG KORIJENA ZAVARA " MJERNI PRIKLJUÈCI .) MONT.6 4.1 TO 3. ESTIMATE POINTS FOR BUILD-IN ITEMS OF ABOVE-GROUND PIPING Item 1.3 7.1 TO 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 " "" " " NP100 bar.1 1.4 UND 4.UGRADNJA " " " S POGONOM (EM.9 3.5 4.2 4.3 5.5 55.8 4. RUNDNAHT AUSFÜHRUNG UND SCHWEISSUNG each PIPE BUTT WELD 3. promj. stij.5 " STEUERUNGSVENTIL " CONTROL VALVE 5.2 " " " " " ROHRBRÜCKE " "" " " ON RACK 1.6 stück GEWINDE SCHNEIDEN piece PIPE THREADING 4. ANTRIEB " " " VALVE WITH DRIVE " " 5.1 5.2 7.8 5.7 DISASSEMBLY : 0.1 3.5 Nominal diameter [ mm/inch ] 8.UGRADNJA " REGULACIJSKI VENTIL " SIGURNOSNI " " " HIDRANT " PRODUŽENJE VRETENA VENTILA DUŽINA 1-2-3 m " DEMONTAŽA : 0. Montažna pozicija || [kg/m] m CIJEV .3 4.2 7.IZVEDBA I ZAVARIVANJE " USADNI SPOJ (SOCKET) " " " " " SEGMENTNI SPOJ " " " " " UBODNI SPOJ " " " " kom WELDOLET.1 TO 5.8.3 5. M. ANSI 600 lbs 4. t [mm] Schedule Jed.7 x VRIJED. ANSI 600 " UGRADNJA MJERNE BLENDE.3 7.1 DO 3.POLAGANJE U POSTROJENJU " " " " " NA CJEV.7 3.IZRADA I ZAVARIVANJE spoj BRTVENI PRSTEN . ANSI 600 " "" "" NP100 bar.2 1.2 2. WIE ITEM 7.6 " V RING SCHWEISSEN " SADDLE REINFORCEMENT WELDING 3.6 3. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 " "" "" NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.2 stück FORMSTÜCK MIT ZWEI ENDEN EINPASSEN piece TWOEND FITTING ALIGNMENT 2.4 5.6 5. ITEM.1 7.6 5.2 7.7 " HYDRANT " HYDRANT 5. ANTRIEB " " " BUTTERFLY VALVE WITH DRIVE INSTALLING 5.7 x PTS. ANSI 150 each FLANGE BOLTINGUP NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 3. 4.4 4. NIPOLET . NIPOLET SCHWEISSEN piece WELDOLET.UPASIVANJE " " " S TRI KRAJA " " spoj SUÈ EONI SPOJ .2 3.8 spoj PRIRUBNIÈKI SPOJ NP 6 ÷ 16 bar.1 stück ARMATUR EINBAUEN piece VALVE INSTALLING 5.8 m TLAÈ NA PROBA (VODA. FLANSCHVERB.2 " DICHTHEITSPROBE (SERVICETEST) " SERVICE TEST 7.7 5.3 3.mj.9 " TRENNSCHNITT BEI ÄNDERUNGEN " WELD CUTTING IN ALTERATIONS 3. PNEUM.7 3. ZRAK.1 DO 4. ANSI 300 ÷ 400 lbs 4.7 x FAKT. 3.UGRADNJA I ZAVARIVANJE " SEDLASTO OJAÈ ANJE .4 3. ITEM 4. AIR.2 2.4 " T STUTZENNAHT " " " "" NOZZLE " " 3. .WERKSTOFFMULTIPLIKATOR FÜR ITEM 3.4 7. 5.5 3.7 x VRIJEDNOSTI POZ.10 multipl.7 x PTS.3 3.MATERIAL MULTIPLIER FOR ITEM 3.3 " FEDERHÄNGER U. ANSI 150 lbs " "" " " NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.3 " "" " " NP100 bar.1 BIS 5. ITEM 4. WURZEL ÜBERH.6 3. ø [mm] Deblj.2 " ARMATUR M.1 4. ARMAT.B.3 " SEGMENTNAHT " " " "" MITRE " " 3. STEAM. ANSI 150 " "" " " NP 25 ÷ 64 bar.10 4.9 3. ZA > 45° x 2 kom NAREZIVANJE NAVOJA spoj NAVOJNI SPOJ .1 stück VERSTEIFUNGSSTEG ANFERTIGEN piece SUPPORT FABRICATION kg SUPPORT INSTALLATION 7.8 3.2 5.3 " EINKL.1 6.2 3.9 6.5 NO / NV [ mm/" ] Vanj.8 5.

alignment and welding % % % % % 1.Withdrawal of material from store .1.3 TESTING . to LURGI Company from Germany) 1.Cutting and tack welding . installation of valves and other small parts .Welding . alignment and welding % % % % % 1.Pressure test and purging .ALL DIAMETERS PREFABRICATION .Welding .Final inspection and takeover % % % % 1.1 PIPING IN PLANTS above 2” PREFABRICATION . tack welding.XI. PIPING 1.2.Small parts.1. tack welding.Hoisting. installation of valves and other small parts .Supporting % % % % % 1.Hoisting.Pressure tests .2 ERECTION . WEIGHT FACTORS (acc.Welding .2 1.2.Transport .Withdrawal of material from the store .1 PIPING IN PLANTS .Supporting % % % % % 1.1 1.1.Welding .Small parts.Transport .Final inspection and takeover % % % % 203 .Inspection of piping and removal of defects .2 ERECTION .3 TESTING .Inspection of piping and removal of defects .2.Cutting and tack welding .

4.1.4 1.2 TESTING % % % % .3.1 PIPING IN PLANTS to 2” ERECTION .Supporting % % % % % 1.OPTION 1 EARTH WORKS .Withdrawal of material from the store .3 1. tack welding.5 1.Inspection of piping and removal of defects .SEPARATE .3.Withdrawal of material from the store . tack welding and welding .1 LINE PIPING ON PIPE RACKS AND SLEEPER WAYS PREFABRICATION .4.Welding .Welding .Cutting and tack welding .Small parts.Valve installation .Supporting % % % % % 1.Inspection of piping and removal of defects . alignment and welding % % % % % 1.Final inspection and takeover % % % % 1.Small parts.5.5.Transport .1 UNDERGROUND PIPING .Backfilling % % % 1.Excavation .Withdrawal of material from the store and transport .2 ERECTION .Cutting. installation of valves and other small parts .4.Pressure tests .Laying.Cutting and tack welding . alignment and welding % % % % % 204 .3 TESTING .Final inspection and takeover 1.Welding .2 PREFABRICATION .

Supporting % % % % % 1.Pressure testing .1.Pressure testing .Transport .Small parts.Excavation . tack welding.Cutting and tack welding . alignment and welding % % % % % 1.4 TESTING .Welding .Final inspection and take over % % % % % 1.Supporting % % % % % 1.6.6.Condensate collectors .5.Withdrawal of material from the store .7.3 INSTALLATION .Connecting piping to 1 1/2” % % % % 205 .1 UNDERGROUND PIPING .OPTION 2 EARTH WORKS .Transport .Preliminary inspection .Welding .7 1.Laying.Corrosion protection. installation of valves and other small parts .Backfilling % % % 1.Corrosion protection and puncture tests .6.3 INSTALLATION .Final inspection and take over % % % % % 1.4 TESTING .1 PIPING STEAM TRACING PREFABRICATION .Laying.Welding . installation of valves and other small parts .2 PREFABRICATION .Preliminary inspection .6. puncture test .6 1.INCLUDED .Steam manifolds .5. tack welding.

possible repair and finishing . possible repairs and finishing . BUNKER INCLUDED .1. beams. railings .Bunker welding .Stairs.Inspection. joists .Platform girder (Bühnenträger) % % % % 206 .3 PROCESS PLANT BUILDING STRUCTURES .3 TESTING .Connection piping to 1 1/2” . beams.Columns. walkways. beams.Railings .Columns.Platform girders (Bühnenträger) . joists . joists .Positioning and bolting .Inspection and possible repair and finishing . joists .Platform plating (Bühnenbeläge) .Stairs.Positioning and bolting .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % % 100 % 2.Doors and windows .Columns.1 STEEL STRUCTURES LARGE WORKSHOP STRUCTURES WITH A CRANE TRACK . ladders. ladders.Doors and windows .Steam pipe bundles . walkways.Stairs.Columns. 2.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % % % 100 % 2. ladders.2 INSTALLATION . platforms .2 LARGE WORKSHOP STRUCTURE WITHOUT CRANE TRACK .Crane supports and rails .Roof supports .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % % 100 % 2.Crane supports and rails . beams.7.4 BUNKER BUILDINGS.Doors and windows .7.Bunker erection .Roof supports .Steam manifolds .Steam tracing % % % % % % % 1.Pressure testing and take over % % % 2.Condensate collectors .Inspection.Preliminary inspection . railings .Positioning and bolting .Condensate pipe bundles .

Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .5 CRANE TRACKS EXTERIOR .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing . railings .8 PIPE AND CABLE RACKS . railings .Positioning and bolting -Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 207 .Platform plating (Bühnenbeläge) . joists .Columns. ladders.Positioning and bolting . ladders railings . railings .Stairs.Inspection and possible repair and finishing .Walkways.Columns.Stairs.Columns.Platform plating (Bühnenbeläge) .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 2. ladders railings .Crane supports and rails .Walkways. beams.. ladders.Positioning and bolting .Final inspection and take over % % % % % 100 % 2. joists .Walkways. beams. joists .Platform girders (Bühnenträger) .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing . joists .Inspection and possible repair and finishing .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 2. stairs. stairs. beams.Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % 100 % 2.9 BELT CONVEYOR STRUCTURE .Racks preliminary installation and columns .6 MACHINE SUPPORTING STRUCTURE .Positioning and bolting . ladders.Columns.Final inspection and take over % % % % % 100 % 2.7 PROCESS EQUIPMENT SUPPORTING STRUCTURE . beams.Racks installation . railings . ladders.Doors and windows .Positioning and bolting .Positioning and bolting .Walkways.

Finishing and remaining works.Hauling equipment to the place of installation .Floor grids. supports.10 STAIRS.Preparing the place for installation.Preparing the place of installation. walkways . checking vertical position. baskets.P ositioning.2 AIR COOLERS without louvres .Final measurement.1 PROCESS EQUIPMENT TOWERS.Installation of chequered pipe bundles . REACTORS.Drive installation incl. WALKWAYS. . ETC.Brackets. final inspection and take over % 100 % % % % % 3. STORAGE TANKS. holders . take over report.Finishing and remaining works. motors . unloading .2.Hoisting and putting onto found ations . final inspection and take over % 100 % % % % % % 208 .Final inspection and take over % % % % % % % 100 % 3. unloading .Installation of chequered pipe bundles . 3. VESSELS .Railings . .3 AIR C OOLERS with louvers .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing . ladders. etc.Drive installation incl. motors .Foundations steel structure preparation levelling of packers .Anchor bolt tightening . . etc.Steel structure erection .Inspection and possible repairs and finishing .Stairs. permission to connect the piping % 100 % % % % % % % % 3. levelling. PL ATFORMS. ribbed sheets .Installation of louvers and siding .Scaffolds.Steel structure erection . LADDERS ONEQUIPMENT. HEAT EXCHANGERS .Unloading equipment at the place of hoisting .

top) . bottom.Welding . final inspection and take over % % % % % % 100 % 3. tightening of anchor bolts.Pipe system . firefighting piping. permission to connect the piping -Positioning of drive coupling -Final inspection and take over % % % % 100% 4.Steel structure .Enclosure (shell.3. heating.) -Final testing and tak over e % % % % % 100 % 209 . CYLINDRICAL STORAGE TANKS (All kinds of roofs) -Bottom -Shell with openings and connections .4 OIL REFINERY KILNS .5 ROTARY EQUIPMENT PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS -Preparation and levelling of foundations -Placing on foundations.Roof with openings and connections -Equipment (stairs.Accessories: burner control dampers service and inspection doors explosion-proof dampers soot blowers .Inspection. railings. platforms. etc.

Welders..3 Maximum number: Foresee maximum number at top production (c. TECHNICAL CALCULATION . kg. place of works. the estimator shall also provide the data required for calculation of a manhour rate.. + 30 %) Manpower structure (at average number) Number .Others _____________________ Total: (Average number) 2.2 2. Anyhow. size and the like. it is 50 hours/week x 4. name of client.Works Schedule: If the time for execution of works is not stipulated in the call for tender or some other document.1. he shall state the total weight.Welders. date. buildings. Each item is assigned the number of hours per each unit and the total number of hours which is written in a special place in the document.2 2. Similarly. Months _____________________ Total: 210 . hours required and the effect.3 weeks = 215 hours/month 2.Fitters. the estimator will estimate the time on the basis of his experience and from the tables on the page 118. Usually. rates or effect.XII.1 2. 1. 2. each group of works shall be assigned a productivity efficiency percentage (PEP) and finally an average PEP for all the works (acc. type of works. highly skilled . etc. This is not always easy to do because of insufficient data contained in the call for tenders.Others . MANPOWER . Each group will be entered the basic data.1 OFFICE STAFF Management Number .Manager .Hours required: Item 1 . .Fitters. the estimator shall make some sort of estimate or exact calculation of the quantities tons. highly skilled .1 PRODUCTION MANPOWER Average number: total hours _____________________ month x hours/month 2.MANNER OF DATA COMPILING When the call for tender is received and the installation/erection technology selected. These quantities shall be given for a group of works.Engineer . skilled . to page11).2.1. skilled . and when man hours for the works ar e calculated. and other data for the project identification. Finally. He will provide written data for calculation of the manhour rate in the following way: To be written on the top: name of project.1.Hours per month: this should be agreed with the project manager .Tehnician . and hours required. QUANTITIES AND MAN HOURS REQUIRED The estimator will record the quantity of works mostly in kg or tons. kind of material.Foreman .

Tractors .Appurtances . to page 114 ÷ 115 .2 Auxiliary staff in production Number . TOOL COSTS AT THE JOB SITE Estimate the costs according to the estimate on page 117 .Small buses .2.Mechanics . number.Contingencies: 10 ÷ 15 % to add to the above 7. to the table on pages 122 ÷123 6. months (weeks.Trailers .Pumps . days) of use Means of transport . to page 114 .Passenger cars .Mobile power units .2 4. AUXILIARY MATERIAL AND CONSUMABLES .Winches .Other .Grinding and cutting discs estimate acc.Trucks . to page 116 . 5.Vehicles .2.Technical gas estimate acc. 3.Store workers .Pickups . VITAL MEANS OF PRODUCTION . 211 .Drivers . to pages 112 ÷ 113 .Trailer trucks .Compressors .Camp facilities .Etc. TEMPORARY WORKS AT THE JOB SITE .Others The number of vehicles and time of use 3.Welding rods estimate acc.Fuel and lubricants estimate acc.Electricians .Containers Estimate acc.Generating sets .1 MACHINERY AND MEANS OF TRANSPORT Cranes and forklifts Capacity.Workshops .Buses .Others _____________________________ Total: Months 3.

SCAFFOLDS AND SCAFFOLDING Estimate according to the estimate on pages 109 ÷ 111 11. CONNECTIONS REQUIRED Estimate according to the estimate on page 123 13.5 8 WEIGHT [t] 330 132 88.5 7 5.1 TYPE Truck-mounted crane -Telescope " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " "TATRA" Forklift " Truck " " " " with "HIAB" Bus 50 seats Small bus 8+1 seats Passenger car Tractor 120 KS " 75 KS Trailer 20 T " 10 T Container 2 x 2. POWER CONSUMPTION COST According to the estimate on page 115 10. 14.5 24 23 20 18 13 6 4 7 5 3.5 x 6 m CAPACITY [t] 300 150 100 60 40 32 20 18 15 12 10 8 5 3 10 5 3 1. SPACE REQUIRED Estimate according to the estimate on pages 122 ÷ 123 12.5 4.6 1.8 2 4 12 3 1.8. 9.6 VOLUME [m3 ] 230 180 160 140 120 90 85 80 75 70 60 48 17 8 62 57 40 30 60 94 20 14 17 13. 14. SAFETY AT WORK COSTS Estimate the costs according to the estimate on page 117. CERTIFICATION OF WELDERS Estimate the number of certified welders.5 47 38 36 24. TRANSPORT OVERALL DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS Calculate the weight [ton] and the volume [m3] with the data given in the table below. 212 .5 96 26 30 Weights and volumes are different and depend on the type and manufacturer of the means for hoisting and transportation.2 7.

50 m6.Security guard service .Steel structure (prefabrication) .2 MATERIALS Weight 1 ton 1 ton 1 ton 1 ton 1 ton Volume 2.30 m3 3 0. include the manpower diagram at its bottom.Material for piping . WORKS SCHEDULE AND MANPOWER DIAGRAM It is given if requested by call for tenders and in agreement with the project manager.00 m3 1. If possible. 16.Connections .Equipment for installation .CURVE It is made if requested by call for tenders and in agreement with the project manager . PROGRESS DIAGRAM .55 m3 .Other (including pipe supports) = = = = = 15. SERVICES BY OTHER CONTRACTORS .Transport .Material for storage tanks (prefabrication) . his signature and date should be written at the end 213 .Etc."S" . The estimator's name and surname.14. 17. The works schedule can be made in a form of a bar chart with concentrated number of activities (15 ÷ 20).Geodetic measurement .Waste transport .Maintenance and servicing .00 m3 2.

400. 150# NP 25 .90 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 4.07 5.54 5.HANDLING BUTT WELD .4 2.NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING (MUFFE) . PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Ef ficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.3 15.71 11.43 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 2" 21/2" 21/2" 3" 3" 60. 19.50 7.2 3. 14.3 73.PRESTRESSING GRINDING OF WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION. [ inch ] Outer dia. etc. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING OF PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH ONE END .7 33. .52 3. 7.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Item 1.2.XIII.2 11. ø [mm] Wall thick. MANHOURS FOR OVERHAULS IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS 1.MAKE-ON & WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES INCL.INSTALLATION AND WELDING INCLINED BRANCH CONN.55 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80XS 1. 1500# . 300# .16.NO PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE INCL.2 11.3 48.1.90 3. 19.4 33. 13. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.9 88.2500# 214 .64. 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o PIPE BENDING 45oo 90 PIPE BENDING 90o -o180 FLANGED FLANGED FLANGED FLANGED JOINT JOINT JOINT JOINT NP 6 .1 10. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.INSTALLATION & WELDING EXPANSION U-BEND .40 11.1 9.NO REINFORCEMENT REINFORCEMENT PAD . 600# .70 5.16 3. PRESSURE TEST WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES .3 12.2. 8.3 3.9 5.44 8.2 2.70 2. dia.20 2.00 5. 5.400# NP 100 .40 4.3.MAKE-ON & WELDING SEAL WELD (THREADED JOINT) MITRE WELD . 18.20 7.60 80 XS 40STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 7.FABRICATION & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) . Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A.1. 6. 19.2.2 10.91 3. 3. PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE .44 5. . 19.3.3 60. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 3/4" 1" 1" 21.3. 15. 18.1 1.1 3.1 11. 9.61 1.0 88.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH THREE ENDS .73 2.MAKE-ON & WELDING SOCKET WELD . 17.3 26.900# NP 250 .4. 17. 16.1.160.0 73.7 26.3 21.77 3. 17.NO PRESSURE TEST 90o BRANCH CONNECTION .HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH TWO ENDS .3 4.INSTALLATION AND WELDING WELDOLET.28 1. 18.21 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 2" 48.

20. 300# . 23. 30. 30. 600# . MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION -" HOT TAP" DRILLING PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" 1/2" 21. 21.52 3.1.4.3 26.44 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 21/2" 73. ø [mm] Wall thick. 26.71 Mhr/u 21/2" 3" 73.70 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3/4" 1" 1" 1 1/2" 26.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . [ inch ] Outer dia.2500# FLANGED JOINT.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400.1. 20. . 300# .900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .&WELD.2.BLANKING PLATE 600#.4.3.1.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# .16 3.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP 6 .4 and 20.1.70 80 XS 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 2.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE SPECTACLE. 25.3 2.9 7.2.40 4.3.3.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# . .3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3" 88. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 .4 48.54 80XS 40 STD 80 XS 5.07 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 1 1/2" 2" 2" 48. PLACING OR TAKING OUT factor to items 22. ÷ 26. 600# .INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# . MEASURING ORIFICE 150# .4. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 . 23.7 33. TIGHTENING WITH TORQUE WRENCH factor at item 19.4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVES factor to items 26.2. .20 40STD 8.1. 26. 23. ÷ 23.73 2.20 2.1. 32. 24. ÷ 26.44 5.61 1.3. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Ef ficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. 20.900# INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP250-400. 22.BLANKING PLATE 300#. 25.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .1.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 20.0 5.4. DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH TWO REINF.4 RF .50 80 XS 40 STD 11.9 7.3 60.7 3.4. 22. dia.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH ONE REINF NOZZLE MAKE-ON & WELD.4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVES factor to items 26.3 3.90 5.2.1.64.3 60.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . 22.21 4.90 80 XS 40 STD 1.0 88.16.1.400# INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP100-160.91 3. 29.28 Mhr/u 1/2" 3/4" 21. 150# INSTALLATION OF VALVE WITH FLANGED END NP 25-64.1.60 80 XS 15. 25.3.40 11. 26.55 3. 27. 26.2. Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A. 23.4.2.16. ÷ 26.4 33.00 5.4.1.1.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160.43 7.1.3 Mhr/u 215 . 31. 1500#.77 40 STD 1.3 5. 25. 28. 22. and 23.1.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .NOZZLES MAKE-ON.

45. VOLUME TO 10m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .16 3.ERECTION 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 3/4" 1" 1" 1 1/2" 1 1/2" 2" 2" 21/2" 21/2" 3" 3" 21.(FROSTSCHUTZ).1.3. ABOVE 4 CONECT. 46.1.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 39. 38. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF BLANKING PLATES AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING WELD PICKLING ON STAINLESS STEEL EXECUTION OF PASSES THROUGH WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING .3 26.1. LENGTH FROM 100 TO 200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.38. 33. 33. 42.0 73. 38. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 33. 33.91 3. 36.ADDITION TO CONNECTION ABOVE 4 CONNECT.50 7. VOLUME ABOVE 15m3 PRESSURE TEST WITH AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING FABRICATION OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING (freezing protection) FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above . . LENGTH FROM 200 TO 500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.3 15.3.71 11.4.2. 34.2. 38. VOLUME 10 -15m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 39.6.61 1. flanges included VALVE TRACING under 2".6.7 33. 33. 39.40 4.9 88.500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 33.21 4. LENGTH TO . 38. 38.90 3.4.44 8.1. 43. 44.1.43 7.70 5. 39.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 216 .90 5. 38. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above.8. LENGTH ABOVE . .3.54 5. 38.3 60.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS .7.00 5.3 21.52 3. [ inch ] Outer dia. ø [mm] Wall thick.28 1.44 5.73 2.COLD PIPE CUTTING .7 26.5. 40.60 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 80XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 1. STEAM TRACING ON Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE factor to items 38.7. 45.3 60.2.20 7.4 48. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TESTING SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.2.0 88.77 3. CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS ALLOW.5. 35.3 48.70 2.2.9 2.4 33.9.3 73.1. dia. Unit test m m m m m3 m3 m3 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg Nom. PER CONNEC. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE INSTALLATION OF STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS . 38.20 2.4. 33.40 11.1. 33. 38. 7. 37. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] A. 41. 38.55 3.07 5. 46.8.3.

48. Unit m m ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea B.1.900# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZ.3.52 Mhr/u Mhr/u 1" 33.3 73.61 1. 48.4.55 80XS 3.1.4. 1500#-2500# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 48. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 47. 1/2" 21. ÷ 52.4 4.900# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. or 50.21 Mhr/u 1 1/2" 48. 49.1.1 ÷ 48.16 3. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.70 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3/4" 1" 26.90 80XS 40 STD 5.50 80 XS 40 STD 11. ÷ 52. dia.9 7. ÷ 52.1.07 Mhr/u 1 1/2" 2" 48. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52. DRIVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. BLIND FLANGE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 20. 53. ø [mm] Wall thick. 57.3 5.70 40 STD 4. DISMANTLING VALVE WITH MOT.00 5.43 Mhr/u Mhr/u 2" 21/2" 60. 54.4. 55.4. ÷ 52. 52.3 Mhr/u 217 . DRIVE FOR REUTILIZ.73 2.3 2.4.3 3.4.7 33. 48. ÷ 20.77 40 STD 1.2. 52. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Ef ficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.4.60 80 XS 15.1.4. DISMANTLING VALVE WITH MOT.91 3. 50.90 80 XS 40 STD 1.20 80 XS 40STD 7.0 5. 58.3 26.1.7 3. [ inch ] Outer dia.40 80 XS 40 STD 2.28 Mhr/u 1/2" 3/4" 21. 56.40 11. ÷ 52.9 7.20 2. 59.4 3. 51. ÷ 20.1.2. PIPING DISMANTLING PIPE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION PIPE DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 150# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZ. 48.400# FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZ. factor to items 52. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. ÷ 52. FLANGED JOINT DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 20. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.1.3 60. DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 300# .3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 3" 88.4.4.1.44 5.1.1.3. 300# . 52.0 88.71 Mhr/u Mhr/u 21/2" 3" 73. 47.2.44 8.4. ÷ 52.1.400# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 600# .1. 600# . 52.4.54 5.

1 11. 19.1 273. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION. 19.2.60 7.3 Wall thickness t [mm] 6.1 219. 19.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 12" 12" 12" 323.10 Schedule 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD Weight [kg/m] 16.NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING INSTALLATION AND WELDING WELDOLET I.2.400# FLANGED JOINT NP 100 160.8 97.2500# Nom.1.1 3. 150# FLANGED JOINT NP 25 64.7 42.3 4.1 12.4.2.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 6" 8" 8" 168.1 11.3 12. 18.70 7.1 60.3.16. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 1. 17.7 51.4 28.9 8. 15. 17.2 11. 13.00 7.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 218 . Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A. 16.T.D. dia. 5.38 9.9 323.1. 1500# .6 81.09 8.1.2 3.1 273.9 323. 6.MAKE-ON AND WELDING SOCKET WELD .20 80 XS 30 40 STD 42.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 2-END FITTINGS .3.1 273.900# FLANGED JOINT NP 250 400.30 12.PRESTRESSING GRINDING OF WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION.3 114. 8. 18. 300# . 14.1 1. & WELDING EXPANSION U-BEND.INSTALL. 90o . 17.3 219. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.NO PRESSURE TEST BRANCH CONN. INSTALLATION AND WELDING INCLINED BRANCH CONNECTION .MAKE-ON AND WELDING SEAL WELD (ON THREADED JOINT) MITRE WELD .1 9.HANDLING BUTT WELD .7 36.70 XS30 40S STD 80S XS 65.4 73.1 10.2 11. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING OF PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF 1-END FITTINGS END .0 22.NO PRESSURE TESTING WELDING MEASURING FLANGE & PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE .70 80 XS 30 40 STD 80S 60 64.2 2. 7.3 168. [ inch ] 4" 4" 6" OD ø [mm] 114.MAKE-ON AND WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES & PRESSURE TEST WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES . 600# . 9.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 3-END FITTINGS .2 10.7 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 8" 10" 10" 10" 219.NO REINFORCEMENT SADDLE REINFORCEMENT PERFORMANCE & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) . 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o PIPE BENDING 45oo 90 PIPE BENDING 90oo -180 FLANGED JOINT NP 6 . 18.80 9.00 8. 3.1.3. 19.50 12.

NOZZLES MAKE-ON & WELD.00 80 XS 8" 219. 25.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# .4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVE factor to items 26. 25. 23. 22.1. 24.30 12.3. 600# .1 7. 28.3 11. 22.400# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP100-160.1.00 8.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u 219 .INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# .1 7. 22.2.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP 6 .1.4.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 20.1.1 12. .BLANKING PLATE 600#.4. DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 2 REINF.4 and 20.3.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26. 300# . 20.70 10" 273.1.4.4. PLACING OR TAKING OUT factor to items 22.9 323.2.3.1.2500# FLANGED JOINT.900# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP250-400. 300# .1 273.64. 32.7 36. 26.4 28. ÷ 26.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# .4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVE factor to items 26. 1500#.3 Wall thickness t [mm] 6.2.4.6 81.0 22.6 65.3 114.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . .BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE . & WELD.1.1.1 60. 29. NOZZLES.2.2.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH REINF. . 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 . and 23.1 9.60 7.1. 25.20 8" 219.3. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 20. ÷ 26.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 6" 168.16. [ inch ] 4" 4" 6" OD ø [mm] 114.SPECTACLE. ÷ 26. 26.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160.9 8. .7 51. 30. 30. 26.7 64.70 12" 323.4. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 .7 42. 20.1.50 12.4 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 73. Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A.10 Schedule 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD Weight [kg/m] 16.70 40S STD80S XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80S 60 XS 30 42.1.9 9.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .38 12" 12" 323.2. 600# .3 168. 25. TIGHTENING WITH A TORQUE WRENCH factor to items 19.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .16.3. 21.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . MEASURING ORIFICE 150# .1. 22.BLANKING PLATE 300#. 23. 27.MAKE-ON.8 97.09 30 8" 219.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400.1. 23.1 8.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 26.80 30 10" 10" 273. MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION -" HOT TAP" DRILLING PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" Nom.4. 150# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED-END VALVE NP 25-64. 23. dia.1. 31.4 RF .

33.70 10" 273.30 12.4 73.3.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.3.20 8" 219. 42. STEAM TRACING ON Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE to items 38. VOLUME to 10m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. 33.9. 38.50 12.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .7 36.8.1.2 64.6 81. . 36.ERECTION 4" 6" 114. VOLUME above 15m3 PRESSURE TEST BY AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING FABRICATION OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above. 45. 38. 38. 7.1.500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 39.3 Wall thickness t [mm] 6.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 220 .80 30 10" 10" 273. 38. LENGTH from 100 . factor 41. 35. 38.0 A.4.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS . .2.1 12. 45.1 9.7.4.7. 34.6. 33.09 30 8" 219.60 7.6 65.38. . Unit test m m m m m3 m3 m3 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg Nom. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above.3.9 9.5.3. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF CAPS AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING WELD PICKLING AT STAINLESS STEEL EXECUTION OF PASSES THROUGH WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING .00 8" 219.1 7. VOLUME from 10 to 15m3 VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.3 11. [ inch ] 4" OD ø [mm] 114.3 42.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.8 97. 33.3 168.200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. 39. 46. flanges included VALVE TRACING under 2".70 40S STD 80S XS 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 40 STD 80 XS 22. 38.7 51.70 40 STD 80S 60 XS 12" 323. LENGTH from 200 . dia. 38.1.4.5. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION Mhr/u PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TESTING SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.9 323.1. ABOVE 4 CONNEC. 38.COLD PIPE CUTTING . PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Item 33.10 6" 168. LENGTH to .500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.38 30 12" 12" 323. 43. 46.7 42. CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS . 38.9 8.1 60. ABOVE 4 CONN. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE LAYING OF STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS .6. 44.1 8. 33. 39. 33.4 28. LENGTH above .1. 38.2. 37.1 7.1. 33.8.2.2. 39.(FROSTSCHUTZ).1 273.1.3 8.00 Schedule 40 STD Weight [kg/m] 16. 40.2.

4. ÷ 52.30 10" 12" 273.4.10 40 STD 6" 168.1 7. ø [mm] Wall thick. ÷ 20.6 81. 16.70 97. 52. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.1.1.1 7.7 64.1. 55. or 50.1 60.1.20 12. 51. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.1.00 80 XS 8" 219.1.1.2.0 22. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] 4" 114.60 80 XS 6" 168. ÷ 48. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52. 53.1 8.2. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. 47.3 7.1.4.7 42. 49.1. ÷ 52. ÷ 52.1.4 73.4.1 323.80 30 10" 273.9 9.00 40 STD 4" 114.4. 52.50 12" 323.4.9 12.4. 52.3. 50.900# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.4. 58. ÷ 52.900# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 48.3 8. dia. 54.38 30 12" 323.7 36. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.3 42. ÷ 52. ÷ 52.2.400# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 600# . ÷ 52. Unit m m ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea B. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52. 48.3.70 40 STD 80 XS 10" 273.9 12.4 28. 57.4.1 219.4. 52. DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 20. ÷ 20.6 65.3 6.6 Mhr/u 40 STD 80S 60XS 40S STD 80S XS Item 47.1.3 11. VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 150# VALVE DISMANTLING FOR REUTILIZATION 300# . PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.400# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 600#.4.1. DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 20.7 51. PIPING DISMANTLING DISMANTLING PIPES FOR REUTILIZATION DISMANTLING PIPES FOR USEFUL WASTE DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 300# . 59.70 8.1. [ inch ] Outer dia.09 30 8" 8" 219. 48.4.1. 48.1 9. 56. 48.8 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 221 .

0 508.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 20" 20" 457. 18.1.0 77.6 355. 1500# .70 7.4 457. 300# .8 81. 17.MAKE-ON AND WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES & PRESSURE TEST WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES .1 1. 9.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 222 .2 457.2 3. 150# FLANGED JOINT NP 25 .93 9. 18.INSTALLATION & WELD.2 11. [ inch ] Outer dia.16. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION. 16. dia. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.2500# 14" 14" 355.35 30 XS 10 155 87.0 78.2.3 12.2 11.50 40 XS 20 STD 123.1.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 16" 16" 355. EXPANSION U-BEND PRESTRESSING GRINDING WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION. 19.NO PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE & PRESSURE TEST WELDING MEASURING FLANGE .50 XS 20 30 STD 108.3 4. 19.4 406.6 7.50 XS 10 20 STD 139.2. 18.900# FLANGED JOINT NP 250 .160.1.70 6.70 6.2 12.1.0 12.0 87.40 9.3.4. 14.0 117 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 20" 22" 508. 17. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING OF PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF 1-END FITTINGS . 600# . ø [mm] Wall thick.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 2-END FITTINGS .4 12. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.2 2.64. 7.1 11.2.6 406. Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A. 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o PIPE BENDING 45oo 90 PIPE BENDING 90oo -180 FLANGED JOINT NP 6 .400# FLANGED JOINT NP 100 . 8.HANDLING BUTT WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING SOCKET WELD MAKE-ON AND WELDING SEAL WELD (AT THREADED JOINT) MITRE JOINT .70 7. 5.3.93 9.400.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF 3-END FITTINGS . 17. 3.1 10. 15.93 9.7 93. 19.53 20 30 STD 67.0 12.6 105.3.1 3.1 9.2 508.0 559.NO PRESSURE TEST NOZZLE WELD 90o . INSTALLATION & WELDING NOZZLE WELD.1 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 16" 18" 18" 406.NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING INSTALLATION & WELDING WELDOLET ETC. 6. 13. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 1. 19.2 10.BEVELLED NO REINFORCEMENT SADDLE REINFORCEMENT FABRICATION & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) .

25.4.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . NOZZLE. MEASURING ORIFICE 150# . PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.4.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# .1.1. .1.400# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP100-160.1.70 7.BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 6 .4. 23.50 XS 10 20 STD 139. 600# . 26.50 40 XS 20 STD 123. 25.0 12.1. 26.2 12. [ inch ] Outer dia. 300# .4. 31.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 1 REINF. 23. TIGHTENING WITH TORQUE WRENCH to items 19.50 XS 20 30 STD 108. Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A.3. 20.2. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 . 28.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# . PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 . factor 25.4 12.3 Mhr/u 223 .3. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 20.1.2.7 93.6 7. 27.1.40 9.4 406.3. 30.93 9. 22. 150# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 25-64.1.70 30 XS 155.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400.0 87.900# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP250-400. NOZZLES MAKE-ON.0 Mhr/u 22" 559.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26. 300# .1.16. and 23.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 20" 20" 457.0 508.1.BLANKING PLATE 300#.BLANKING PLATE 600#.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .MAKE-ON & WELD.4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVES factor to items 26. 22.3.3.4.1 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 16" 18" 18" 406.0 78. 22.2.2 457.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 16" 16" 355.16. 4 RF . 1500#.93 9. 23.6 406. ø [mm] Wall thick. ÷ 26.0 117.53 20 30 STD 67. .70 6.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 2 REINF.4.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# . PLACING OR TAKING OUT to items 22.2 508. 600# .BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .1.1.4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVES factor to items 26. 24.6 105.SPECTACLE.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE .70 7. factor 22. 30.2. .64.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . dia.35 10 87.4 457. 26.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160. ÷ 26.2. 32.2.0 12. 29.1.2500# FLANGED JOINT. 23.6 355. 25. ÷ 26. 21. 20. 26. 20.8 81. & WELD MAKE-ON OF NOZZLE WELD -" HOT TAP" GRINDING OF PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" 14" 14" 355.93 9.4.4 and 20.0 6.0 77.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 20" 508.1.

3.35 30 XS 10 155. 33.0 87.7.1. 44.8.7.4. 38. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE LAYING STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS .2 457. 39.4 406. 33. 40.ERECTION 14" 14" 355. flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above. 33. [ inch ] Outer dia. 7. 38.6 105.0 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 457.3.6 406.6. 46.1. VOLUME 10 -15m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.(FROSTSCHUTZ).4. 38. STEAM TRACING ON Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE factor to items 38. ABOVE 4 CON. 38. 45. 46.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS .0 87. 33. 38.70 XS 139.1.93 9. 39. 43. 33. 36.70 7. 38.4.0 77.1.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.40 10 78.70 7.50 12. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF CAPS AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING WELD PICKLING AT STAINLESS STEEL EXECUTION OF PASSES IN WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING . 45.9. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 33.50 XS 20 30 STD 40 XS 20 STD 108.1 123.0 Mhr/u 20" 508.8.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 16" 16" 16" 18" 18" 355. LENGTH from 200 to 500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.0 9.70 6. 35.4 457.93 9.0 12. CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS .2.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.0 6.COLD PIPE CUTTING .0 559.7 93.2.0 Mhr/u 20" 22" 508.1.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.50 20 STD 117. Unit test m m m m m33 m33 m33 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg A.6 355. 39.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .2.4 406. 38. LENGTH above 500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.2. ÷ 38.2.3 Mhr/u Mhr/u 224 .53 20 30 STD 67. 38. ø [mm] Wall thick.1. flanges included VALVE TRACING under 2". 42.2 12.2 12. VOLUME to 10m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST.5.6 7.0 Mhr/u 20" 508. dia. 37.5. 34. VOLUME above 15m PRESSURE TEST BY AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING MAKE-ON OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above . 33. . LENGTH from 100 to 200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.8 81. LENGTH TO .93 9. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TESTING SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.3. ABOVE 4 CONN.6. 38. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.3. 39.1. 41. 33. 38.

6 355. ÷ 52.70 6.0 87.0 Mhr/u 16" 16" 406. 47. ÷ 52.6 Mhr/u Mhr/u 18" 457. or 50.400# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 600# . 50.1.3.1.0 78. 49.1.2. ÷ 20.93 9.1.1.0 12.4.4.1.4. 48.2 12.4 7. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52. 48. 48.70 30 XS 155 Mhr/u 225 . dia. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.4 457. 52. [ inch ] Outer dia.1.900# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 48. 59.6 7.2 508. DISMANTLING CONTROL VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.53 20 30 STD 67.2.4.50 20 30 STD 77.0 508.2. DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 300# . ÷ 52.50 STD 105. 52. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.1. ÷ 20.4. 48.0 117 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 20" 508.6 12. 57. B. 55.70 7.0 Mhr/u 18" 20" 20" 457. DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 20.1 Mhr/u Mhr/u 16" 18" 406.4. 51.1. ø [mm] Wall thick. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.4.4.2 9.8 81. 52.400# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 600# . 56.1.50 XS 10 20 STD 139. DISMANTLING BLIND FLANGE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 20.4.900# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION 1500#-2500# DISMANTLING VALVE FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52.4.4.4. ÷ 52. 53. ÷ 52. Unit m m ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea 52. 54.2 Mhr/u Mhr/u 14" 355.0 12.4 406.93 40 XS 20 123. 58. DISMANTLING SAFETY VALVES FOR USEFUL WASTE factor to items 52. ÷ 52.1. ÷ 52.1.70 XS 108. DISMANTLING MOTOR DRIVE VALVE FOR REUTILIZATION factor to items 52.40 9. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 47.1.3. 14" 14" 355.1.93 9. DISMANTLING OF PIPING DISMANTLING PIPES FOR REUTILIZATION DISMANTLING PIPES FOR USEFUL WASTE DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 150# DISMANTLING FLANGED JOINT FOR REUTILIZATION 300# .7 93. ÷ 48.

3.53 9. 17. 15.400.HANDLING BUTT JOINT MAKE-ON & WELDING SOCKET WELD MAKE-ON & WELDING SEAL WELD (AT THREADED JOINT) MITRE WELD . 150# FLANGED JOINT NP 25 .1 9.0 6. 300# . 600# .53 XS STD 187 153 Mhr/u Mhr/u 28" 30" 32" 36" 711.6 660.4.16.2 10.70 30 XS 171 Mhr/u 24" 24" 609.45 90 o-180 PIPE BENDING o 90 FLANGED JOINT NP 6 . PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PIPE LAYING WITHOUT PRIMER PIPE LAYING WITH PRIMER LAYING PROCESS PIPE IN PROTECTION CONDUIT INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH 1 END . EXPANSION U-BEND PRESTRESSING GRINDING WELD ROOT EXCESS REDUCER FABRICATION. 1 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.1 11.2 11. 5.70 9.2 3.2500# 22" 22" 559. 19.2.400# FLANGED JOINT NP 100 . PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.3.900# FLANGED JOINT NP 250 . 9. 3 DN SMALLER PIPE BENDING < 45o o PIPE BENDING o .2 11.3 12.0 9. INSTALLATION & WELDING INCLINED BRANCH CONNECTION NO REINFORCEMENT SADDLE REINFORCEMENT MAKE-ON & WELDING SADDLE NOZZLE (SWEEPOLET) . 18. 17.8 914.160. 16. 3.53 10 20 STD 87.3. 17.6 6.53 9. 7.3 4.53 STD STD STD STD 165 177 188 212 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 226 .3 129 Mhr/u Mhr/u 22" 559.2 2.35 9. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 1. 14.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH 2 ENDS .NO PRESSURE TESTING BRANCH CONNECTION 90o . 8.INSTALLATION & WELDING WELDOLET ETC. 18.1 3. 1500# .6 609.2 812.53 9.MAKE-ON & WELDING WELDING NECK FLANGES WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES & PRESSURE TESTING WELDING SLIP-ON FLANGES NO PRESSURE TESTING WELDING MEASURING FLANGE & PRESSURE TESTING WELDING MEASURING FLANGE . 13. 19. 6.1. dia.1.1.4 141 Mhr/u Mhr/u 24" 26" 609. [ inch ] Outer dia.35 9.0 12.64. Unit m m m pc pc pc weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld weld pc pc weld weld pc ea ea ea ea ea bend bend bend joint joint joint joint A. 19.NO REINFORCEMENT COUPLING . ø [mm] Wall thick.1 10. 2 DN SMALLER REDUCER FABRICATION.INSTALLATION & WELD.2 762. 19.HANDLING INSTALLATION OF FITTING WITH 3 ENDS .0 12.2.1 1.1.50 10 20 STD 95.2. 18.0 559.

3.3 129 171 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 24" 24" 24" 609. 600# .BLANKING PLATE 600#. ÷ 21. 20.2.16.6 6. 25.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 300#-400# . 26. .0 559. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 6 .35 9.3. NOZZLE. ø [mm] Wall thick. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom.2 9. 28. 22.0 6. . 1500#.2500# FLANGED JOINT.16. 25.400# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 100 -160.53 STD 153 Mhr/u 28" 30" 711.53 9.1.0 9.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 1500#-2500# . 23. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 20.MAKE-ON & WELD.4 INSTALLATION OF CONTROL VALVES factor to items 26. 150# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 25-64.1. 25.1500#-2500# INSTALLATION OF MOTOR DRIVE VALVE factor to items 26.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .1. TIGHTENING WITH TORQUE WRENCH factor to items 19. 27. 32.4. ÷ 26.4. NOZZLES MAKE-ON & WELD. 22.2.1.3. 300# . 31.900# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 250 -400. MEASURING ORIFICE 150# . 24.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .3. 25.6 609.2. 23.BLANKING PLATE 300#.70 10 20 STD 30 XS 87.1.1.2. 20. 30.3.4 RF .1.1.1. PLACING OR TAKING OUT factor to items 22.4.4 DRAIN OR VENT VALVE WITH 1 REINF.SPECTACLE. 26. 20.1.53 STD STD 165 177 Mhr/u Mhr/u 32" 36" 812.4.64.1.53 12. 22.4.BLANKING PLATE 300#-400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ . 600# .900# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP250-400.0 9. 21.400# INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP100-160. and 23.900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .70 10 20 STD XS 95. [ inch ] Outer dia. DRAIN OR AIR VENT WITH 2 REINF.35 9.1.53 9.4. MAKE-ON OF BRANCH CONNECTION -" HOT TAP" GRINDING OF PROCESS PIPE FOR "HOT TAP" 22" 22" 22" 559. 26.4 INSTALLATION OF SAFETY VALVES factor to items 26.INSTALLATION MEASURING ORIFICE 600#-900# . Unit ea ea ea ea joint ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea ea pc pc pc pc pc pc pc ea ea ea ea A.8 914. . 30. 300# . dia.4 141 187 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 26" 660.BLANKING PLATE 1500#-2500# PLACING OR TAKING OUT BLANKING PLATE .50 12. 150# INSTALLATION OF BLIND FLANGE NP 25 . ÷ 26.2.53 STD STD 188 212 Mhr/u Mhr/u 227 .0 559.6 609.INSTALLATION INSTALLATION OF FLANGED END VALVE NP 6 .BLANKING PLATE 600#-900# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RTJ .1. 26.2 762.2. ÷ 26.BLANKING PLATE 150# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF .4 and 20.1. 23. 29.4. 22.400# PLACING OR TAKING OUT RF . 23.

33.1. flanges included FLANGED JOINT ON TRACER LINE LAYING OF STEAM TRACING PIPING WITH SPACERS STEAM MANIFOLDS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS STEAM MANIFOLDS .8. LENGTH to . 38. 38. 38.2.9.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN.ALLOWANCE PER EACH CONN. 39. factor 41. 46. 38. 33. ÷ 38.5.8.35 9. 38. 46.35 9. 34. LENGTH from 100 to 200m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.7.8 914.4. 38. Cr Ni PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING to items 38. 33.53 9. ABOVE 4 C. 39.53 9. 7.4. 43. 44.53 9.50 30 XS 10 20 STD 171 95.3. ø [mm] Wall thick. 42. LENGTH from 200 to 500m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST. ABOVE 4 CONN.100m SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.1.6 609. 36. .3. 40.2 762.4 141 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 24" 609.0 609. VOLUME to 10m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. PIPING ERECTION AND DISMANTLING UNIT MAN HOURS PER ACTIVITIES Productivity Efficiency Percentage PEP=90% Nom. 45.53 10 20 STD 87.0 711.6 12. Unit test m m m m m33 m33 m33 m ea ea ea m m ea ea ea ea ea joint m ea ea ea ea m ea ea ea ea cut cut kg kg A.2 812. 38.6 12. 33. VOLUME above 15m PRESSURE TEST BY AIR OR NITROGEN PIPE THREADING MAKE-ON OR DISASSEMBLING OF THREADED JOINT WELD ANNEALING BY GAS BURNER PROCESS PIPE STEAM TRACING SUPPLY OR RETURN PIPE OF STEAM TRACING FITTING TRACING FLANGED JOINT TRACING 2" and above VALVE TRACING 2" and above.70 XS 187 Mhr/u 26" 28" 30" 32" 36" 660. 33. 38. t [mm] Schedule Weight [ kg/m ] Item 33. 38.1.ERECTION 22" 22" 559. [ inch ] Outer dia. 38.2.6. (Frostschutz).4. INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF CAPS AT PIPE END INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF DIRT MESH IN PIPING PICKLING STAINLESS STEEL WELD EXECUTION OF PASSES THROUGH WALLS OR SLABS PIPE CUTTING . 45. 39.53 STD STD STD STD STD 153 165 177 188 212 Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u Mhr/u 228 . VOLUME 10 ÷ 15m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. dia.6.2.0 9.0 6. 37. 33.5. 33.3.53 9.1. 35. LENGTH above .70 6.1.500m VESSEL PRESSURE TEST. CONDENSATE COLLECTORS FOR 4 CONNECTIONS CONDENSATE COLLECTORS . flanges included VALVE TRACING under2". flanges included VALVE TRACING 2" and above. 39. PREFABRICATION AND ERECTION PREPARATION OF EQUIPMENT FOR PRESSURE TEST SYSTEM PRESSURE TEST.3 129 Mhr/u Mhr/u 22" 24" 24" 559.COLD PIPE CUTTING .2.1.0 559.FABRICATION PIPE SUPPORTS .7.3.GAS BURNER PIPE SUPPORTS .1.2.

Type .4] X SPECIAL PRESSURE TESTING OF PIPE BUNDLE AND PIPE CLOSING TO CALCULATE AT OVERHEADS HOUR OR: Mhr for 10 mm of heat exchanger diameter Mhr for each pipe 1.20" [Mhr/ea] DN 600 . ÷ 22.STANDARD (HAARNADEL) : Mhr for 10mm of heat exchanger diameter 1. CLEANING.4.4.Possible removal of branch piping and reinstallation PLACEMENT OR REMOVAL OF BLANKING PLATES MAN HOURS FOR PIPING OVERHAUL [ITEM. MAN HOURS FOR OVERHAUL OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS (PEP = 90%) 1. PRESSURE VESSELS OPENING OR CLOSING OF MANHOLES ON VESSELS AND TOWERS DN 500 .32" [Mhr/ea] DN 900 .2.75m3 [Mhr/m3] 3 above 75m [Mhr/m3] DISMANTLING PLATES AND DEMISTERS AND REASSEMBLING TO CALCULATE ACC. INSIDE INSPECTION.1. WORK AT HIGHER ELEVATION (ABOVE A STABLE FLOOR) VALID FOR PIPING AND EQUIPMENT OVERHAUL ELEVATION FACTOR in a canal 0-3m 3-6m 6-9m 9 .1.1.3.40" [Mhr/ea] OPENING PASSAGES. ÷ 22.36" [Mhr/ea] DN 1000 .15 m above 15 m 229 .5.4m3 [Mhr/m3] 4 .1 ON PAGE 71 (CHAPTER IV: ERECTION OF EQUIPMENT IN PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS) INSTALLATION OR REMOVAL OF BLANKING PLATES MAN HOURS FOR PIPING OVERHAUL [ITEM 22.5.Transport of pipe bundle to cleaning .2m3 [Mhr/m3] 2 .28" [Mhr/ea] DN 800 .3.3m3 [Mhr/m3] 3 .2.Bolt cleaning and lubrication with graphite grease . Type . 2.Extraction of pipe bundle .Pressure tests of the assembly .REBOILER WITH EXPANSION (TYP REBOILER MIT KOMPENSATOR): Mhr for 10mm of heat exchanger diameter WORKS INCLUDED: .1.5m3 [Mhr/m3] 5 . PRESSURE TESTS: 1.Opening and disassembling of heat exchanger head . 2. HEAT EXCHANGERS 1. 1.5. 3.12 m 12 . 22. 1.1.2.24" [Mhr/ea] DN 700 .25m3 [Mhr/m3] 25 . PIPE CLOSING . CLOSING AND PRESSURE TESTING to 1m3 [Mhr/ea] 1 .10m3 [Mhr/m3] 10 .50m3 [Mhr/m3] 50 .WITH A FLOAT HEAD (SCHWIMMKOPF): Mhr for 10mm of heat exchanger diameter Type . TO TABLE 3.4] X 2. 2.Cylinder washing . 1.2.PLUG: 2.Reassembling and completing .

4.Alloy steel 3 Cr .Carbon steel . ebonite lined .Alloy steel 2. 1. 230 . to the material multipliers. 3.5 Mo .0 Mo .Alloy steel carbon moly (0.C.C.S.0 Mo . .S.S.00 Cooper alloys Nickel alloys Monel Inconel Incoloy Hastelloy Titanium Jacketed C. teflon lined . or Alloy Wet H2 S nace (Calculated to the previous factor) - 1. MAN HOURS FOR PIPING AND STEEL STRUCTURES IN "TECHNIP" TENDERS A. Multiply the average wall thickness by the manhour and total weight in tons.C.XIV.Killed C. calculate with the factor of This factor includes the man hours for PWHT 1.Alloy steel 3.1.S. S . FACTORS FOR % RADIOGRAPHIC INSPECTIONS (NDE /RT) (Calculated to the material multipliers) Cost (NDE/RT) not included Cost (NDE/RT) included to 10% 20% 50% 100% FACTOR FOR HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT) If heat treatment is foreseen.3.2.0.5 Ni . PREFABRICATION / INSTALLATION RATIO: acc.1. PIPES (PEP = 75%) MAN HOURS . PIPING BETWEEN PLANTS AND IN PLANTS CALCULATION FACTORS Calculate a uniform factor for each item by multiplying below factors and enter it in front of each item. .0.1.25 Cr .0.C. Jacketed inox GR 1: HPVC(high vinylpolyethylene) GR 2: KS Resin (Vinyl ester resin) Factor 1. 3.threaded (THD)1.Not wrapped pipes: no prewrapping . with prewrapping with prewrapping 1.C. MATERIAL MULTIPLIERS MATERIAL Stainless steel AISI 304-304H-304L Stainless steel AISI 309-309S Stainless steel AISI 310-310S Stainless steel AISI 316 + Titanium Stainless steel AISI 317-317L Stainless steel AISI 321-347H Stainless steel AISI 329 Stainless steel AISI 347 Aluminium alloys welded (BW/SW)1.Alloy steel 9 Ni .5 Mo .Alloy steel 12 Cr . FACTORS FOR UNDERGROUND INSTALLATION (Calculated to the material mulpltipliers) . PREFABRICATION / INSTALLATION RATIO: acc. epoxy lined .Alloy steel 2.1.50 Aluminium alloys .25 Cr .S.Galvanized C.1.S. If each item is not identified the wall thickness.2.1.5 Mo) .Alloy steel 1 Cr .Alloy steel 5 Cr . Jacketed inox /C. page 37 Take the manhour [Mhr/ton] for 1-mm wall thickness for relative average diameter and enter it in the pipe weight column. page 38 Procedure as under item 2.5 Mo .5 Ni .Prewrapped pipes: no prewrapping .S.S.TABLES FOR FITTINGS.Alloy steel 9 Cr . .C. .S.Alloy steel 1. 2.TABLE FOR PIPES.0. 2. 3.2. cement lined . rubber lined . to table on page 49 FITTINGS (PEP = 75%) MAN HOURS . to table on page 49 2. it shall be estimated.MATERIAL: Factor .5 Mo .

6.1. MAN HOURS (PEP = 75%) 8.% above 15" . The effect of installation [kg/Mhr] is equal to the average diameter in inches. 6. kg Calculate as follows: Mhr = aver. If the calculation is based on PEP = 75%. FOR BUTT WELDING (BW): Triple the man hours acc. 5.1.3.0" . BW /SW BRANCH 90°.1 to be increase times or [Mhr/ kg] 7. 5. BW.1. Ø = Mhr/ ea % 4.2. Ø 1 = kg Mhr or = aver.2. Ø kg aver.% 2. INSTALLATION 100% (PEP = 75%) This item includes all other unlisted piping elements.1" . Ø 1000 = ton Mhr A DIVISION OF HOURS TO FABRICATION & INSTALLATION HOURS SPLIT UP FABRICATION INSTALLATION to 2" . PIPING SUPPORTS 8. [Mhr/ ton] (PEP = 75% ) CONTROL AND SAFETY VALVES (ON/OFF) Man hours acc.2. Ø = Mhr/ ea X aver.% 231 . to item 6. 4.0" . WITH WELDING ENDS 6.2.% 4.1.1.14" 14". VALVES. multiply by 1000. PREFABRICATION / INSTALLATION RATIO: acc. If the quantity is given in tons [Mhr/kg]. Ø aver.15" . 100% INSTALLATION (PEP = 75 %) WITH FLANGED ENDS (FLG.% .% . BW (N° OF BRANCH). If the quantity is given in tons [Mhr/kg] multiply by 1000. MISCELLANEOUS.Ø or aver.% .8.TABLE FOR FLANGES.) Table for valves on page 39 Manhour [Mhr/kg] to be selected for the nearest diameter and assumed pressure.% 8. Ø = Mhr/ ea average Ø = Mhr/ ea X aver.1.10" 10".2. 5. Ø ton kg = Mhr 8. to table on page 49 BRANCH CONNECTION BRANCH 90°.6" 6" . the manhour should be multiplied by 1. 6.% . FLANGES MAN HOURS . BASED ON AVERAGE DIAMETER: The effect of fabrication and installation [kg/Mhr] is equal to the average diameter in inches.4.2. Ø = Mhr/ ea X aver.20" above 20" X aver.% .1" .07. I suggest the calculation is made with the manhour: [Mhr/ kg] or 6.1.4.3.1. VALUES UNDER 5.1" . PREFABRICATION 100% (PEP = 75 %) to 1 1/2" Mhr /ea 2" . 5. page 30 and 31 (PEP = 80%) Manhour [Mhr/kg] to be selected for the nearest diameter and assumed pressure. BRANCH 45°.2 TO BE INCREASED 6. 1 Mhr 1000 Mhr Calculate as follows: = or = or aver. to item 6. SOCKET WELDING AND THREADED JOINTS (SW/THD) Since in practice the most frequently used valves are < 2" and pressure 300-800#.

TOTAL [Mhr/kg] Mhr/ Unit 232 .05E 1823. Sandwich Panels Siding Corr.01 .02E 1813.Supports 1.5.11E 1814.09E 1814. .51 .Type II Steel process Structure .2.01E 1812. Steel Sheet 8/10 Roofing type Prep. .01 -100 kg/pc.5 kg/pc.1.Spring supports -----B.16E 1814. Galv.Supports 25.Supports 5.01E 1822.Type I Steel shelter Structure .14E 1814. straight (L) Handrails for sloped stair (L) Handrails circular (L) Galvanized grating straight flooring Galvanized grating circular flooring Galvanized grating stair steps Chequered plate straight flooring (L) Corrugated steel plate for flooring (L) Chequered plate circular flooring (L) Chequered plate stair steps (L) Ladders with safety cage (L) Ladders without safety cage (L) Roofing Corr.02E 1822. Steel Sheet 8/10 Siding type Prep.Type I Steel process Structure . .03E 1823.25 kg/pc. .06E STEEL STRUCTURE Steel piperack Structure .05E 1814.0 kg/pc. Sandwich Panels Fiberglass translucid double sheet & frame Galvanized steel standard doors Galvanized steel sliding doors Galvanized steel rolling doors Galvanized steel window Metal louvers type adjustable Continuous ridge vent on top roof Unit kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg u kg kg kg kg kg kg kg sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm m m u kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg kg sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm sqm m 8.Type II Steel shelter Structure .Type IV Steel grating for straight platforms Steel grating for circular platforms Stair steps in steel grating Chequered plate for straight platform Chequered plate for circular platform Straight railing Sloped railing Circular railing Vertical ladder with safety cage Vertical ladder without safety cage Steel sheeting for roofing Steel sandwich panels for roofing Steel sheeting for siding Steel sandwich panels for siding Fiberglass translucid sheeting Galvanized steel gutter Steel downspout Cast iron downspout terminal Steel Structures-Type 1 (Trestle) (M) Steel Structures-Type 2 (Pipe rack) (H) Steel Structures-Type 2 (Structures) (H) Steel Structures-Type 3 (Platforms) (L) Steel Structures-Type 4 (Count.Supports above 1.Type III Steel structure . -----.06E 1814.Small supports to 1.12E 1814.Type I Steel piperack Structure .01E 1821.02E 1812.01E 1813. .07E 1814.01E 1811.BASED ON UNIT WEIGHT OF SUPPORTS (PEP =75%) FABRICATION [Mhr/kg] INSTALLATION [Mhr/kg] .02E 1822.01E 1814.08E 1814.04E 1823. Prep.) (L) Handrails.01 .15E 1821. Galv. STEEL STRUCTURE ERECTION Productivity Efficiency Percentage (PEP) = 75% Item 1811.Type II Steel structure . Galv. Galv.50 kg/pc.02E 1815. Prep. sad.Supports 50.5 kg/pc.10E 1814.

3 62.2 37.18 2.7 63.32 11.9 7.3 60.16 8.9 31.25 4.01 5.9 3.2 55.8 20.86 6.3 28.9 33.95 9.1 99.6 2\2.6 80.5 35.79 2.21 4.86 2.38 10.3 73 76.4 68.91 6.26 2.2 41.6 3.5 121 121 135 149 162 176 190 204 218 231 245 11 11 14.6 31.1\14.5 67.7 71.44 7.65 3.65 4.7 25.55 6.2 4.1 28 34.5 5 5.7 44.2 48 80.6 52.6 62.8 23.6 406. For ferritic stainless multiply by 0.37 12.3 48.7 40.5\6.5 22.1 8 8.95.11 8.44 3.8 16.8 21.6 46.4 34.76 8.8 12.2 15 18.55 2.2 23.3 39.5 4.61 5.6\7.2 3.6 4 4.2 55. APPENDIX 1.XV.61 7.4 76.29 5.4 48.3 44.3 13.82 8.51 5.19 7.2 3.38 8.1 41.21 5.8 9.6\2. 67197 = lbs/ft .77 10.9 2.88 3.71 5.7 23.4 15.1 13.5 25.01 4.8 6.9 355.5 54.7 3.5 4.3 4.3 68.5 19.9 85.5 233 Above weights are for carbon and alloy steel pipe only.84 5.7 96.3\2.43 1.3 18.4 16.38 3.9 2.2 1.95 10.8 97.9 70 77.3 69.28 2.9 61.9 114.76 2.21 4.4 22.3 7.5 12.82 3.5 50.08 5.03 6.37 5.4 55.3 139.2 28.6 44.1 14. For austenitic stainless steel multiply by 1.77 10.97 5.7 32 39 56.78 11.2 13.1 14.8 35. kg/m x 0.8 10 Wall thick.9 49.7 4.4 75.9 3.4 83.11 5.01 2.5 33 44 43.09 3.4 97.5 64.9 13.7 4.16 6.75 6.4 16 21 26 31.2\3.4 10.3\8.2 1.79 4.83 12.3 5\6.3\11 6.56 1.3 69.3 106 137 153 168 184 200 215 231 247 262 278 12.6 20.8 3.99 2.27 2.4 1.3 2.6 2.3 3.3 39 49.45 12.4 29.4 104 112 125 5.9 17.3 88.21 9.74 11.55 1.02.57 2.4 27.8 26. WALL THICKNESS AND UNIT MASS [kg/m] Wall thick.4 42.9 1.2 26.7 62 68.9 28.15 7.87 2.7 49.9 93.6 2.4 39.34 6.1 88.3 219.2 107 110 123 135 148 160 173 185 198 211 223 10 10.2 23.08 1.49 3.7 168.5 90.6 21.3\10 6.2 62.8 10 11 12.5 3.9 42.93 3.6 109 119 129 139 149 159 169 179 8 8.6 1.32 1.2 5 2.29 4.61 6.81 7.51 5.3 5.8 13.57 9.31 9.1 273 323.1 36.39 10.3 61 78.8 13 19.3 26.9 2.3\12.6 98.4 16.1 8 8 8.8 87.4 34.35 2. Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.6 31.6 1.07 2.6 106 114 123 132 141 150 159 7.97 2.1 21.3 77.94 3.5 16.3 97.1 5.4 55.3\2.6 86.2 7.6 112 2 2.53 7.97 9.5 2.23 1.9 84.19 4.1 7.9 85.1 29.71 2.3 74.3 108 119 130 141 152 163 175 186 196 8.3 12.5 33.6 45.95 1.6 7.7 18.3\12.3 1.6 2.9\3.72 2.8 4 1.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 OD-mm ISO R7 DIN 2448/2458 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZES.61 3.1 96 93.3 2\2.57 11. Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 Dn-mm OD-mm 21.5 1.56 4.53 8.5 6.6\2.6 6.5 15 18.6 78.6 57.51 4.54 2. Std|Ext 2 0.8 102 109 117 125 133 141 6.6 51.8 39.6\8 6.8 17 25.6\4 4\4.24 6.6 3.8 87.5 7.55 9.

1\14.5 6.6 2.3 26.6 3.95.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Above weights are for carbon and alloy steel pipe only.6 2\2.9 54 71.3 5.5 73.1 20.1 273 323.1 87 110 132 146 168 190 212 234 256 277 299 321 343 365 387 17.3\12.3 219.3 60.1 88.6\4 4\4.8 6.7 168.9 2.2 16 17.1 43.2 25 28 30 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 16.(CONTINUATION ISO R7 DIN 2448/2458 PIPES) Dn-mm 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 65 80 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 Dn-mm OD-mm 21.6 406.2 125 150 166 191 216 241 266 291 316 341 366 391 416 441 20 80 108 137 165 183 210 238 266 294 322 349 120 153 184 204 235 266 298 329 361 132 169 204 226 261 296 331 367 402 234 217 241 278 316 354 391 429 230 255 295 335 376 416 456 284 329 374 419 464 510 361 411 462 512 562 457 514 570 627 565 628 691 684 753 814 433 488 22.9 355.8 38.7 42. Std|Ext 2\2 2\2.3\2.3 5\6.5 7.8 90.6\8 6.9 2. 67197 = lbs/ft . For ferritic stainless multiply by 0.9 33.2 3. kg/m x 0.6 2.1 5.3\12.1 98.02.1 101 121 134 154 174 194 214 234 254 274 294 314 335 354 16 41.9 114.6 26.6\2.6\7.3 139.4 457 508 559 610 660 711 762 813 864 914 OD-mm Wall thick.6\2.3\11 6.9 2.4 48.8 65.3 2\2.3 73 76.5 20 22.9\3.3\8.8 10 Wall thick.2 28.1 8 8 8.5\6.3\2.2 7.8 60. Std|Ext 14.3\10 6.1 80. For austenitic stainless steel multiply by 1.5 4.6 108 120 137 155 173 191 209 226 244 262 280 298 315 14.2\3.2 35.

235 .

7 33.49 45.70 Y 300# 52.35 6.11 2.35 6.6 A 38 29 38 48 57 76 95 114 152 190 229 305 381 457 533 610 686 762 914 B 48 43 56 70 83 106 132 159 210 262 313 414 518 619 711 813 914 1016 1219 C 29 22 29 37 44 58 73 87 116 145 175 233 292 350 408 467 525 583 700 E 76 57 76 95 114 152 191 229 305 381 457 610 762 914 1067 1219 1372 1524 1829 F 16 11 22 25 29 35 44 51 64 79 95 127 159 190 222 254 286 318 381 G 15 11 15 19 22 30 37 44 59 74 89 119 149 178 208 238 268 297 357 H 10 8 10 15 20 32 41 61 82 102 123 143 163 183 204 245 J 10 8 10 13 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 80 99 119 139 159 179 199 239 K 22 17 22 33 44 66 88 132 176 220 264 308 352 396 440 528 L 15 20 25 30 39 49 59 79 98 119 158 197 237 276 316 355 394 473 M -38 51 51 63 76 89 89 102 127 140 152 178 203 330 356 381 508 508 J 236 max 175x114 181x114 197x141 216x141 222x168 251x168 279x219 308x219 340x273 362x273 410x324 422x324 451x356 486x356 515x406 540x406 550x457 595x457 605x508 655x508 720x610 775x610 .52 11.07 14.18 9.77 2.4 57.9 63.76 4.78 5.52 9.19 4.77 3.65 1.73 3.1 273.11 8.95 22.38 3.40 28.9 431.65 2.9 241.40 Schedule XXS ELBOW 60° R = 1.92 7.4 98.13 12.9 98.09 17.52 9.2 48.5 628.40 25.3 127 127 139.3 69.11 2.4 42.8 355.10 46.04 7.3 200 234.2 539.3 60.77 2.7 161.4 457.2 387.8 812.35 6.8 69.85 5.01 28.11 2.96 34.27 O 300# 16 20 20 20 23 20 23 23 23 23 23 26 29 32 32 35 35 35 42 9.4 55.2 48.0 88.3 73.02 NR.52 S 150# 60.WALL THICKNESS [mm] DN [inch] 1/2" OD d [mm] 5S 1.3 141.52 9.05 3.19 4.62 24.5 130.3 40 60 Schedule XS and 80S 3.02 15.3 26.44 23.4 190.180° R = 1.0 323.7 152.9 330. 16-5 REDUCER DN [mm] 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 24" OD d 21.19 30.35 6.9 88.3 26.1 61.70 12. OF BORE 150# 4 4 4 4 4 20.77 2.8 476.8 76.91 5.5 d 3/4" ELBOW 30° R = 1.3 73.35 O 150# 16 16 16 16 16 20 20 20 20 23 23 23 26 26 29 29 32 32 35 6.70 12.89 GASKET 300# 54x21 67x27 73x33 83x42 95x49 111x60 4 130x73 4 149x89 4 8 8 8 8 12 12 12 16 16 20 20 11.19 4.3 168.7 577.05 3.70 12.4 85.3 69.96 GASKET 150# 48x21 57x27 67x33 76x42 86x49 105x60 124x73 137x89 15.9 168.02 6.7 33.3 298.4 12.55 4.5 d K ELBOW 45° R = 1.54 STUD BOLTS 150# 12x65 12x65 12x70 12x70 12x75 16x85 16x90 16x95 16x95 20x100 20x100 20x110 22x120 22x120 24x135 24x140 30x150 30x160 33x180 STUD BOLTS 300# 12x70 16x75 16x85 16x85 20x95 16x90 20x100 20x110 20x115 20x120 20x125 22x140 24x160 30x170 30x180 33x190 33x195 33x210 39x235 7.3 219.47 19.5 685.54 7.70 12.14 8.38 9.52 10.05 20.4 361.27 10. DIMENSIONS .9 65.2 79.01 7. ANSI B.8 514.2 142.96 4.3 450.79 30.67 44.47 7.6 406.58 33.4 111.48 S 300# 66.13 12.70 14.52 9.78 4.80 8.44 25.01 59.09 9.13 12.82 26.9 101.0 609. F.09 16.1 68.62 25.70 10.6 Schedule STD and 40S 2.31 12.6 406.3 219.40 3.11 2.6 139.68 3.35 6.65 1.54 38.70 12.8 76.4 120.3 10 20 30 21.52 7.5 88.52 9.31 11.1 273.9 146 158.09 17.2 508.44 23.71 40.87 3.35 7.24 17.74 9.26 21.37 NR.22 25.54 ø 10S 2.3.49 15.8 635 749.5 d ANSI B 36.70 14.6 52.70 14.0 609.58 31.13 13.05 3.97 12.3 571.88 18.9 98.77 2.2 508.09 18.2 88.27 15.24 50.56 6.45 52.35 ø min 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 22" 3/8" 3/8" 1/2" 1/2" 3/4" 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 4" 4" 5" 6" 8" 10" 12" 16" N 25 29 38 48 57 64 76 86 105 124 143 178 216 254 279 305 343 381 432 6.54 6.0 323.3 168.05 21.55 7.77 3.1 61.5 69.65 1.16 11.4 88.26 21.4 457.5 152.TABLE MANUAL ELBOW 90° .4 114.52 9.9 114.40 27.3 141.56 3.52 39.8 355.92 38.40 3.27 18.57 4.70 12.78 5.91 4.9 114.26 23.12 19.16 5.65 1.52 9. OF BORE 300# 4 4 4 4 4 8 8 8 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24 24 80 100 120 140 160 4.36 32.0 88.49 6.7 98.70 15.35 6.35 7.19 29.70 14.52 11.8 10.9 79.34 35.08 5.5 215.77 2.3 60.40 3.4 42.78 5.7 82.11 2.05 21.92 7.82 26.75 36.5 d H 1" 1 1/4" 1 1/2" 2" 2 1/2" 3" 4" 5" 6" O 8" 10" 12" 14" 16" 18" 20" 24" F C A d A E B K F H G l d d d d 0 max d 0 min N 0 max M 0 min N N TEE-PIECE STRAIGHT d d Y d S WELDING NECK FLANGE R.10 SUMMARY OF PIPE SCHEDULED SIZE .35 6.77 2.61 Y 150# 47.6 114.64 19.92 9.65 1.82 9.56 9.62 8.6 101.3 127 149.2 168.78 4.6 57.9 269.1 117.96 3.27 15.7 144.

237 .

S.) x x x x x x x x x 16.79 l degrees Fahrenheit (°F) °C = 5/9 (°F -32) pounds (f) inches [lbs(f)-in] 1 Nm = 8.3226 6. CONVERSIONS BETWEEN ENGLISH AND (SI) STANDARD UNITS QUANTITY Length Pressure* Pressure** Flow*** Flow+ Force Mass Time Volume*** Temperature Torque Power Shaft speed Frequency Displacement Kinematic viscosity Velocity millimeter (mm) bar (bar g.8 1093.S.6 0.5 psi inches of mercury (in Hg) 1 in.387 29.452 0. GPM)1 U. 238 .853 = = = = = = = = = mm cm cm meters meters Km Km Km Km AREA sq mm sq cm sq meters sq meters sq Km hectares x x x x x x 0.88 lb (f)-in horsepower (HP) 1 kw = 1.2 6. ***Liquid.S.44 N pound (m) or lb (m) (mass) 1 Kg = 2.023 0.57 0. ++@38°C.54 0. sq Km hectares VOLUME cu cm cu cm liters liters liters liters cu meters cu meters cu meters x x x x x x x x x 0.4 mm Hg U.471 = = = = = = sq inches x sq inches x sq feet x sq yards x sq milesyardsx acres x 645.3861 2. in. sq met.0009144 1.785 4.4047 = = = = = = sq mm sq cm sq met.3381 61.S.6214 0.79 l/min 3 cubic feet per minute (cfm) 1 dm/sec = 2.03937 0.163656 = = = = = = = = = cu cm cu cm liters liters liters liters cu met.3937 39. gallons per minute (U.Hg = 25.317 3.03531 0.34 HP revolutions per minute (rpm) cycles per second (cps) 1 Hz = 1 cps cubic inches per revolution (cipr) or (cir) 1 ml/rev = 0.4 2. (psig or psial) 1 bar = 14.9144 0.37 3.2 lb (m) second (sec) gallon (U.667@99°C LENGTH mm cm meters meters meters Km Km Km Km x x x x x x x x x 0.281 1.00155 0.0929 0.59 0.3048 0. +Gas.28 fps NOTES: *Pressure above atmospheric. cu met. cu met.2642 0. Factor is 4. gal = 3. gal Imperial gal cu feet barrel (oil) barrel (Eng.0003048 0.155 10.016387 28.4 mm pounds/sq.0936 3280.609 1.764 1.S.061023 0.314 6.196 0.22 35. or bar a) mm or mercury (mm Hg) liters per minute (l/min) 3 cubic decimeters/sec (dm/sec) Newton (N) kilogram (Kg) second (sec) liter (l) degrees Celsius (°C) Newton-meters (Nm) kilowatt (kw) revolutions per minute (rpm) Hertz (Hz) millimeters/revolution (ml/rev) centistokes (cSt) meter per second (m/s) inch (in) 1 inch = 25.254 0.061 cipr Saybolt Universal Seconds (SUS or SSU) cSt = (4.635) (SSU)++ feet per second (fps) 1 m/s = 3. GPM = 3.8361 2.158162 0.1104 = = = = = = = = = cu inches fl ounces cu inches cu feet U.5.S. gal) 1 U.02832 0.12 cfm pound (f) or lb (f) (force) 1 lb (f) = 4.5397 = = = = = = = = = inches inches inches feet yards feet yards miles sea miles x x x x x x x x x 25.544 0. **Pressure below atmospheric.

22 14.0139 = = = = = Watts Kw Kw Kw cheval vap.04536 = = = = = = = = grams grams Kg Kg Kg Kg tons (metric) tons (metric) PRESSURE gr/sq cm Kg/sq cm Atmosphere Atu bar x x x x x 0. (lb/sq in) p.0115 1.1416 x Volume of Sphere = 0.314 0.1 0.2642 0.432 0.5272 0. (lb/sq in) p. avoir-dupois lbs U.7 0.684 22.31 0.S.868 0.S.s.7854 x Area Sphere = 3.000984 19.i.2 1016.07031 0.07031 0.0508 0.0044 35.0648 28.001102 0.2832 x radius 3.1416 x Area of Circle = 0.7457 1.069 = = = = = gr/sq cm Kg/sq cm Atmosphere Atu bar UNIT VOLUME liters/min x liters/min x liters/hr x cu m/min x cu m/hr x cu m/hr x 0.2046 0.15 3413 6143 = = = = = mkp (mkg) mkp (mkg) cmkp (cmkg) Kw/hr Kw/hr MISCELLANEOUS Circumference of cyrcle = 3. gpm cfm U.22 14.046 = = = = = = = = grains oz.80 0.00134 1.6992 0.i. (lb/sq in) x x x x x 70. (lb/sq in) p. avoir-dupois oz.MASS (WEIGHT) grams x grams x Kg x Kg x Kg x Kg x tons (metric) x tons (metric) x 15.5 = = = = = p.lbs inch .S.5886 4.i.785 28. tons long tons cwt (Eng.233 86.35 0.s. x x x x x 0.03531 0.06804 0.i.05486 1.s.5236 x 1 lb per sq in is equivalent to 0.06804 atmospheres dia (dia) 2 2 (dia) 2 (dia) 2 = = 6.9863 = = = = = hp hp Btu/sec Ctu/sec hp x x x x x 745.0353 35. gpm x x x x x x 3.2271 = = = = = = liters/min liters/min liters/hr cu m/min cu m/hr cu m/hr POWER Watts Kw Kw Kw cheval vap.02832 1.1383 0.317 227. gpm cfm cfm U.048 0.70 14.01422 14.1416 x (radius) 239 .948 0.4536 907.8967 1.000293 0.s.S.3410 0.02835 0. WORK/TORQUE mkp (mkg) x mkp (mkg) x cmkp (cmkg) x Kw/hr x Kw/hr x 7.) cwt (US) x x x x x x x x 0.i.4028 = = = = = = U.0001628 = = = = = ft lbs inch .27 2.lbs Btu Ctu x x x x x 0. (lb/sq in) p.s.

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