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L-39 Flight Manual

L-39 Flight Manual

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T.O.

1T-L39C-1
TECHNICAL MANUAL
FLIGHT MANUAL
L39C AIRCRAFT
Aero
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-i
LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Total number of pages in this manual is 286 consisting of the following:
*Change No *Change N°
Title ........................................ 0 7-1-7-3 .................................... 0
A ........................................... 0 7-4 Blank .................................... 0
B Blank ..................................... 0 A-i-A-v .................................... 0
i-iv ......................................... 0 A-vi Blank ................................... 0
I-III ........................................ 0 Al-l- Al-9 ................................. 0
IV Blank ..................................... 0 Al-10 Blank ................................. 0
l-1- 1-133 .................................. 0 A2-l- A2-9 ................................ 0
l-134 Blank .................................. 0 A2-10 Blank ................................. 0
2-1-2-23 ................................... 0 A3-l- A3-4 ................................. 0
2-24 Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 A4-l-A4-10 ................................ 0
3-1-3-18 ................................... 0 AS-I - AS-2 ................................. 0
4-l ......................................... 0 A6-l - A6-5 ................................. 0
4-2 Blank .................................... 0 A6-6 Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0
5-1-5-9 .................................... 0 A7-l- A7-5 ................................. 0
5-10 Blank ................................... 0 A7-fJ Blank .................................. 0
6-1-6-7 .................................... 0 AS-I - AS-14 ................................ 0
6-8 Blank .................................... 0 F0-1- F0-7 ................................. 0
* Zero in this column indicates an original page.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
N(B blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
ToOo 1T-L39C-
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION PAG'.:
IN'TRODUCTION o o o 0 0 0 o 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 o o 0 o o 0 0 0 0 o 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 o o 0 o o 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
I
II
III
IV
v
VI
VII
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION 0 0 0 o 0 o 0 0 o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 o o o 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
NORMAL PROCEDURES 0 o o 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 o o o o o o 0 0 0 o o o o 0 o 0 o o o o 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES o 0 0 0 o o o o o o o 0 0 0 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 o 0 o o 0 o o 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0
CREW DUTIES o 0 0 0 o o o 0 o 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 o o 0 o o o o o 0 o o 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 o o o 0 0 o o o o 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0
OPERATING LIMITATION 0 0 o o 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 o o o o o 0 o o 0 o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS 0 o 0 0 o 0 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 o o o 0 o o 0 o o o 0 o o 0 o o o o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0
ADVERSE WEATHER OPERATION 0 o o o o o o 0 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 o 0 o 0 0 0 0 o 0 o o o o o o o 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1-1
2-l
3-1
4-1
5-1
6-l
7-1
APPENDIX A · PERFORMANCE DATA 0 o 0 o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 0 0 o o 0 0 0 0 0 o o o 0 o o o o o o o o o o o o 0 0 o o o o o o o o o 0 A-i
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AGURE
l-1.
l-2.
1-3.
l-4.
1-5.
1-6.
1-7.
1-8.
l-9.
1-10.
l-11.
l-12.
l-13.
l-14.
1-15.
1-16.
1-17.
1-18.
1-19.
l-20.
1-21.
l-22.
l-23.
l-24.
1-25.
l-26.
1-27.
1-28.
1-29.
l-30.
l-31.
l-32.
l-33.
1-34.
1-35.
l-36.
l-37.
l-38.
l-39.
l-40.
l-41.
11
LIST OF ll..LUSTRATIONS
Aircraft Dimensions ............................................................ .
General Arrangement ........................................................... .
Forward Cockpit Layout ......................................................... .
Forward Cockpit LH Console ..................................................... .
Forward Cockpit RH Console ..................................................... .
Aft Cockpit Layout ............................................................. .
Aft Cockpit LH Console ......................................................... .
Aft Cockpit RH Console ......................................................... .
Stick and Throttle Controls ....................................................... .
Engine, AI-25TI.. -Cross Section ................................................. .
Engine Oil System - Schematic Diagram ............................................ .
Engine Instruments ............................................................. .
Fuel Tanks Arrangements ...................... .- ............. · .................... .
Fuel System -Controls and Indicators .............................................. .
Electrical Power Supply System -Location and Control ................................ .
Main C/B Switch Panel .......................................................... .
Aft C/B Switch Panel ........................................................... .
Miscellaneous CIB Switch Panel .................................................. .
Auxiliary Switch Panel .......................................................... .
Ram Air Turbine (RAT) ......................................................... .
Landing Gear System -Controls and Indicators ...................................... .
Wheel Brakes_ System - Controls and Indicators ...................................... .
Flight Control System- Control and Indicators ....................................... .
Flaps System - Controls and Indicators ............................................. .
Speed Brakes System -Controls and Indicators. . .................. · ................... .
ECS and Cabin Pressurization System - Controls and Indicators ......................... .
Anti-icing and De-icing System - Controls and Indicators .............................. .
Pitot-static System - Controls and Indicators ........................................ .
Airspeed, Altitude and VVIfrurn and Slip Indicator ................................... .
Radio Altimeter ................................................................ .
Attitude Director Indicator (AD I), Type KPP ......................................... .
Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI) .................................................. .
ADF and RSBN Range Indicators ................................................. .
Miscellaneous Instruments ....................................................... .
GMK Directional Gyro- Block Diagram ............................................ .
GMK Directional Gyro - Location and Indication ..................................... .
Antenna Locations ............................................................. .
RSBN Short-Range Radio Navigation and Landing System
- Location and Indication ........................................................ .
SDU Remote Command Landing System - Controls ................................... .
ADF Automatic Direction Finder - Controls ......................................... .
Marker - Controls and Indication .................................................. .
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
PAGE
1-3
1-4
l-5
l-6
1-7
l-8
1-9
1-10
1-11
1-13
1-14
1-19
l-23
1-25
1-29
1-30
l-32
1-34
1-36
1-37
1-41
l-43
1-46
1-48
1-49
1-53
l-55
1-57
1-59
1-61
1-62
l-63
1-65
l-67
1-69
1-72
1-73
1-77
1-79
l-81
1-82
FIGURE
1-42.
1-43.
1-44.
1-45.
1-46.
1-47.
1-48.
1-49.
1-50.
1-51.
1-52.
1-53.
1-54.
1-55.
1-56.
1-57.
1-58.
1-59.
1-60.
1-61.
1-62.
1-63.
1-64.
1-65.
1-66.
1-67.
1-68.
1-69.
1-70.
2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
2-4.
2-5.
2-6.
2-7.
3-1.
5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
5-4.
5-5.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Cont.)
Intercom - Controls ............................................................. .
VHF/UHF Radio - Controls ....................................................... .
IFF- Controls and Indication ............................................. ,. ....... .
FDR- Controls and Indication .................................................... .
Personal Equipment Connection and Mixture Regulator ................................ .
Oxygen System- Controls and Indication ........................................... .
Oxygen Duration in Minutes for Two Crew Member ................................... .
Canopy - Controls and Indicators .................................................. .
Canopy Jettison Mechanism ...................................................... .
Ejection Seat Forward View ...................................................... .
Ejection Seat LH View .......................................................... .
Ejection Seat RH View .......................................................... .
· Seat Controls .................................................................. .
Ejection Unlock Controls ........................................................ .
Ejection Seat Operation Sequence ................................................. .
Ejection Envelope .............................................................. .
Aircraft Dive Angle Effect ....................................................... .
Ejection Sequence and· Conditions ................................................. .
Lighting System - Exterior Lighting ............................................... .
Exterior Lighting System- Controls ............................................... .
Lighting System - Interior Lighting ................................................ .
Interior Lighting System - Controls ................................................ .
Warning, Caution & Advisory Indicator Light System ................................. .
Armament System Locations and Controls - Forward Cockpit ........................... .
Armament System Locations and Controls - Aft Cockpit ............................... .
Gyroscopic Sight and Gun Camera- Controls and Indicators. . .......................... .
Emergency Jettison System ....................................................... .
Signal Flares - Controls ......................................................... .
Signal Flares - System Components ................................................ .
External Checks ............................................................... .
Minimum Tum Radius and Ground Clearance ........................................ .
Landing and Go-Around (Typical) ................................................. .
RSBN/SDU Approach (Typical)- Straight-in Approach ............................... .
Radar Approach (Typical) ........................................................ .
RSBN Landing Pattern- BOX .................................................... .
RSBN Landing Pattern -Two-Turns ............................................... .
Forced Landing ................................................................ .
Operating Limitations ........................................................... .
Engine Operating Limitations ..................................................... .
Engine Operating Limitations on Emergency Fuel Control .............................. .
Engine Vibrations Indicator ...................................................... .
Airspeed Limitations, EAS ....................................................... .
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
PAGE
1-83
1-85
1-87
1-88
1-91
1-93
1-94
1-96
1-97
1-99
1-100
1-101
1-103
1-106
1-107
1-108
1-110
1-111
1-113
1-115
1-117
1-119
1-121
1-124
1-125
1-127
1-131
1-132
1-133
2-2
2-11
2-17
2-19
2-21
2-22
2-23
3-15
5-3
5-4
5-4
5-5
5-7
Ill
l.U. 11-L.),\..-.1
FIGURE
5-6.
5-7.
6-1.
6-2.
6-3.
6-4.
iv
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Cont.)
Airspeed Limitations, TAS ....................................................... .
List of Approved Stores ......................................................... .
Table of Stall Speeds ............................................................ .
Stall Speed .................................................................... .
Dive Recovery ................................................................. .
Airspeed Envelope ............................................................. .'
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
- ~ - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - ' - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - ~
PAGE
5-8
5-9
6-2
6-5
6-6
6-7
FLIGHT MANUAL
. L-39 c
INTRODUCTION

This manual contains the necessary information for safe
and efficient operation of the aircraft L-39. These instruc-
tions provide you with a general knowledge of the aircraft
and its characteristics and specific normal and emergency
operating procedures. Your experience is recognized,
therefore, basic flight principles are avoided. Instructions
in this manual are prepared to be understandable by the
least experienced crew member that can be expected to op-
erate the aircraft. This manual provides the best possible
operating instructions under most circumstances. Multiple
emergencies, adverse weather, teirain etc. may require
modification of the procedures. However it is not a substi-
tute for sound judgment.
Pennissible Operations
This flight manual takes a "positive approach" and nor-
mally tells you only what you can do. Any unusual opera-
tion or configuration is prohibited unless specifically cov-
ered in the flight manual. Clearance must be obtained from
the using command before any questionable operation is
attempted which is not specifically covered in the flight
manual.
Standardization and
Standardization ensures that the scope and arrangement of
all flight manuals are identical. The manual is divided into
seven fairly independent sections to simplify reading it
straight through or using it as a reference manual. The first
three sections must be read thoroughly and fully under-
stood before attempting to fly the aircraft. The remaining
sections provide important information for safe and effi-
cient mission accomplishment.
Checklists
The flight manual contains amplified normal and emer-
gency procedures. Checklists contain these procedures in
abbreviated form and are issued as separate technical or-
ders. Line items in the flight manual and checklists are
identical with respect to the arrangement and item number.
How To Get Personal Copies
Each flight crew member is entitled to personal copies of
the flight manual, safety supplements, operational supple-
ment and flight crew checklists. The required quantities
should be ordered before you need them to assure their
prompt receipt. Check with you supply personnel, it is
their job to fulfill your technical order request.
Change Symbol
The change symbol, as illustrated by the black line in the I
margin of this paragraph, indicates text and tabular il-
lustration changes made to the current issue. Changes to il-
lustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands,
shading, or legend. .
Cautions and Nutes
The following definitions apply to "Warnings", "Cau-
tions" and "Notes" found throughout the manual.
I WARNING.
Operating procedures, techniques, etc .. which could
result in personal injury or loss of life if not carefully
followed.
CAUnON
Operating procedures, techniques, etc., which could
result in damage to equipment if not carefully fol-
lowed.
NOTE
An operating procedure, condition, technique, etc.,
which is considered essential to emphasize.
Use of Words Shall. Will. Should. and May
The words shall or will are to be used to indicate a manda-
tory requirement. The word should is to be used to indicate
a nonmandatory desire or preferred method of accomplish-
ment. The word may is used to indicate an acceptable or
suggested means of accomplishment.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
--------- --
LV. l J.-.&....J::t\...-1
YQyr - lQ lel Y:i knQW cw Clockwise
Every effort is made to keep the flight manual current. Re-
view conferences with operating personnel and a constant re-
DC Direct Current
view of accident and flight test reports assure inclusion of the
DH Dangerous Height
latest data in the manual. We cannot correct an error unless
we know of its existence. In this regard, it is essential that you
do your part. Comments, corrections, and questions regard- EAS Equivalent Airspeed
ing this manual or any phase of the flight manual program are
ECS Environment Control System
welcomed. These should be forwarded to:
EGT Exhaust Gas Temperature
Aero Vodochody
250 70 Odolena Voda FOR Flight Data Recorder
Czech Republic
FKP Camera Gun
FL Flight Level
PyblicatiQD Date
FOD Foreign Object Damage
The date appearing on the title page of the Flight manual
represents currency of the material contained herein.
FOTAB Photo Flash Bomb
ft Feet
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
G, g Unit for Load Factor
A Ampere
GMK Directional Gyro
A&C Advisore and Caution
GND Ground
A/C, ale Aircraft
GS Glide Slope
AC Alternate Current
ADF Automatic Direction Finder
HDG Heading
ADI Attitude Deviation Indicator
HPC High Pressure Compressor
AGO Artificial Horizon Gyro Unit
HPT High Pressure Thrbine
AGL Above Ground Level
Hz Hertz (cycles)
ALT Altitude
AOA Angle of Attack
IAF Initial Approach Fix
APP Approach
lAS Instrument Airspeed
APU Missile Launcher,
ICS Intercommunication System
APU Auxiliary Power Unit
IDB Engine Inlet Directing Body
ARK Automatic Direction Finder
IFF Identification oFriend -or-Foeo
ASAP As Soon As Possible
IFR Instrument Flight Rules
ASP Gun Sight
u.s Instrument Landing System
ATC Air Traffic Control
IM Inner Marker
ATT Attitude
IMC Instrument . Meteorological Conditions
in Inch
BATT Battery
ISA International Standard Atmosphere
BCN Beacon
IV Engine Vibration Indicator
·c Degrees Centigrade/Celsius
J.P.T. Exhaust Gas Temperature
C/B Circuit Breaker
CAS Calibrated Air Speed KCAS Knots - Calibrated Air Speed
ccw Counter Clockwise KEAS Knots - Equivalent Air Speed
CG Center of Garvity kg Kilogram
em Centimeter kglcm
2
Kilogram per Square Centimeter
II
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
--
kg!h Kilogram per Hour
kgls
kHz
KIAS
km
km/h
knot, kt
KPP
KTAS
kW
I
UG
Vmin
lb
LDG
LH
LOC
LPC
LPT
m
M
m/s
MAC
max
MHz
min
MKR
MLG
MM
Kilogram per Second
Kilohertz
Knots - Indicated Air Speed
Kilometer
Kilometer per Hour
Knot
ADI
Knots
Kilowatt
Liter
True Air Speed
Landing Gear
Liter per Minute
Pound
Landing
Left Hand
Localizer
Low Pressure Compressor
Low Pressure Turbine
Meter
Mach Number
Meter per second
Mean Aerodynamic Chord
Maximum
Megahertz
Minimum/Minute
Marker
Main Landing Gear
Midle Marker
mm Hg Milimeter of Mercury
MRP Marker
MSL
NAV
NLG
NM
NOM
NPP
OFAB
Mean Sea Level
Navigation
Nose Landing Gear
Nautical Miles
Nominal
Radio Magnetic Indicator
Retarded Bomb
OM Outer Marker
ORK Personal Equipment Connection
T.O. IT-L39C-I
P.E.C. Personal Equipment Connection
POP Canopy Jettison Pyrocartridge
PRMG Ground Based Radio Landing System
psi
PTT
R/W
RA
RAT
RH
RKL
RMI
RPM
RS
RSBN
RV
SDU
sec
SL
sqft
SRO
ss
T/0
TAS
TVM
VIC
UHF
v
V AC
V DC
V/A
VFR
VHF
VMC
VVI
WOW
ZAB
Pound square Inch
Press-to-Talk
Runway
Radio Altimeter
Ram Air Turbine
Right Hand
Automatick)l radiokompas
Radio Magnetic Indicator
Revolutions per Minute
Unguided Rocket
Short Range Radio Naviga-
tion and Landing System
Radio Altimeter
Remote Control Lnding System
Second
Sea Level
Square Feet
Transponder, IFF
Missile
Takeoff
True Air Speed
Telescopic Ejection Mechanism
Undercarriage, Landing Gear
Ultra High Frequency
Volt
Volt Alternating Current
Volt Direct Current
Volt/Amperes
Visual Flight Rules
Very High Frequency
Visual Meteorological Conditions
Vertical Velocity Indicator
Weight on Wheel
Air Fuel Explosive Bomb
III/(IV blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
SECTION I
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION ;
CONTENTS PAGE
THE AIRCRAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
GENERAL ARRANGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
COCKPIT LAYOUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
ENGINE.................................................................................... 1-12
FIRE WARNING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM .. : . ........ ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
FUEL SYSTEM.............................................................................. 1-21
ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
LANDING GEAR SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-39
WHEEL BRAKES SYSTEM .................... , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-42
FLIGHT CONTROLS ..........•....... · ......................... , ..................... ,....... 1-44
ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM (ECS) AND PRESSURIZATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-50
ANTI-ICING AND DE-ICING SYSTEM......................................................... 1-54
PITOT STATIC SYSTEM...................................................................... 1-56
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS ...................................................... : ............. ~ . 1-58
FLIGHT-NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--60
NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--64
MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--66
GYRO FLIGHT/NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1--68
RADIO NAVIGATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-74
COMMUNICATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-84
SRO TRANSPONDER (IFF) SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-86
FLIGHT DATA RECORDER (FDR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-86
OXYGEN SYSTEM .............. ·. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-89
CANOPIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-95
EJECTION SEAT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-98
ANTI "G" SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-112
LIGHTING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-112
ARMAMENT SYTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-122
1-1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
mE AIRCRAFT
The L-39 is a single engine, two seater, subsonic aircraft
manufactured by Aero Vodochody of the Czech Republic.
The aircraft primary mission is basic and advanced train-
ing, as ·well as light attack missions.
AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS (figure 1-1).
The NC dimensions under normal conditions of weight,
shock absorber compression and tire inflation are as fol-
lows:
Wing span 31.042 ft (9.461 m)
Overall length 39.805 ft (12.132 m)
Height 15.493 ft (4.72 m)
Wing area 202.381 ft2 (18.8 m2)
Wing aspect ratio 5.2
AIRCRAFT OPERATING WEIGHTS
Empty weight
Basic weight
7,485lbs (3,395 kg)
7,640 lbs (3,465 kg) (includes
hydraulic fluid,
usable engine oil
and non-usable fuel).
Max ramp weight 10,520 lbs (4,770 kg)
Max landing weight 9,920 lbs (4,600 kg)
Max. T/0 weight
Typical weights:
Flight training
Ferry mission
l-2
10,360 lbs (4,700 kg)
(crew of two, internal fuel)
9,980 lbs (4,480 kg)
(crew of two, internal
and wing-tip tanks)
10,230 lbs ( 4,640 kg).
These weights ate approximate and shall not be used for
computing aircraft performance. Refer to Appendix A for
detailed information.
GENERAL ARRANGEMENT (figure 1-2).
The NC is divided into three sections: fuselage, wing and
tail.
The fuselage consists of forward and aft section to permit
engine removal. The forward section further consists of
three sections: nose section, pressurized section with pi-
lot's cabin and center section. The nose section contains
the nose landing gear and part of the radio and electric
equipment and oxygen system components. The pressur-
ized section contains the cabin, which is enclosed by cano-
pies attached by hinges and tiltable to the fuselage right
side. The cabin contains the two pilot's cockpits with ejec-
tion seats. Each cockpit comprises the instrument panels
and lateral consoles, Under the cabin floor there are
compartments for electrical, radio, hydraulic, pneumatic
and ECS installations. Behind the aft cockpit lies the fuel
tank compartment and components of radio, hydraulic and
ECS systems, tiltable emergency generator with ram air
turbine and fire extinguisher. The aft part of the center fu-
selage section to which the tail unit is attached contains the
engine and APU installation and components of fire sys-
tem.
The empennage (tail unit) consist of vertical and horizon-
tal stabilizers to which the rudder and elevator are attached
respectively.
The wing contains wells for the retracted main landing
gear, carries the flaps and ailerons and is fitted with one
hard points on each wing for two under-wing pylons of
which designed to carry stores. Two nondropable tip tanks
are mounted at the wing tips. Two speed-brakes are lo-
cated on the lower part of the wing and leading edge of
each wing carries the pilot-static probe.
COCKPIT LAYOUT
The cockpit layout is shown in figures 1-3 through 1-5 for
the forward cockpit and figures l-6 through 1-8 for the aft
cockpit. Figure 1-9 applies to both cockpits.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
a )X(
0
AB-1-{1)
Figure 1-1. Aircraft Dimensions
1-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
6
10 9
l. Wing-tip Tank 7. Engine
2. Aileron 8. APU
3. Flap 9. Navigation Light
4. Ejection Seat 10. Landing!I'axi Light
5. Fuselage Fuel Tanks 11. Stand-by Pitot Tube
6. Tail Unit 12. Main Pitot Tube
AB-1-{2)
Figure 1-2. General Arrangement
1-4
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
2
1. Warning Lights Panel
3
2. Upper Armament Indication Panel
4
3. Instrument Panel Emergency Lights Switch
4. Gyroscopic Sight
5. Gun Camera
6. ADF, Automatic Direction Finder
l.U. 1 1 - L j ~ L - 1
9 10 11 12 13 14
17
24
25
26
22. Rudder Pedal
23. Pedal Adjustment Controller
24. Clock
25. Armament Panel
26. Control Stick
27. Emergency Brake Pressure Indicator
7. Vertical Velocityffum & Slip Indicator
28. LHIRH Wheel Brake Pressure Indicator
8. Master Caution Panel
9. Caution & Advisory Lights Panel
10. Stand-by Compass
11. RPM Indicator
12. Directional Gyro Front Control Panel
13. Triple Engine Indicator
14. EGT Indicator
29. Pitch and Roll Trim Indicator Panel
30. Fire Detector Test Switch
31. Signal Aares Control Panel
32. RSBN Range Indicator
33. Short-Long Distance Beacon Switch
34. UG Position Indication Panel
15. Fuel Quantity/Flow Indicator
16. Voltammeter
35. UG Control Lever
36. Height Indicator
17. Diffuser and Aight Suit Temperature Control Panel
18. Diffuser (Air Shower)
37. Altitude Indicator
38. RMI, Radio Magnetic Indicator
19. Engine Vibration Ground Test Socket
39. Airspeed/Mach Indicator
20. Engine Vibration Indicator
40. Accelerometer
21. Cabin Pressure Indicator 41. ADI, Attitude Director Indicator
AB-1-{3)
Figure 1-3. Forward Cockpit Layout
1-5
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
1 2
3
26
4
25
5
24
6
23
22
7
21
8
'20
19
9
18
17
10
16
15
11
14
12
13
1. Helmet Oxygen Pressure Indicator 14. Anti-G Valve Filter
2. Oxygen Pressure Indicator and Flow Annunciator 15. Anti-G Valve
3. Emergency/Parking Brake Control Handle
4. Instrument Lights Control Panel
5. Flaps Control and Indicator Panel
6. Throttle Quadrant
7. Audio panel
8. ICS Control Box
9. Pitot Tube Heating Buttons
10. Fuel Shut-off Valve Lever
II. Oxygen Control Panel
12. Oxygen Supply Valve
13. Flight Suit Ventilation Controller
16. Oxygen Regulator Test Access
17. Helmet Ventilation Switch
18. FOR Controls
19. RSBN Beacon Audio Button
20. Radio Set Control Box
21. Helmet Visor Heating Control Panel
22. Taxi and Landing Lights Control Switch
23. Pitot Controls
24. Canopy Lock Handle
25. Engine Control Panel
26. External Power Indicator Light
Figure 1-4. Forward Cockpit LH Console
1-6
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-H4)
T.O. IT-L39C-l
1
o;.NC .. rJCio 2
15
3
14
13
12
11
10
9 8 7
1. Main C/B Switch Panel 9. RSBN System Altitude Selector
2. Canopy Emergency Jettison Handle 10. Directional Gyro Control Box
3. ADF Control Box 11. Advisory & Warning Lights Intensity Controls
4. De-Ice Sensor Heating Control Panel 12. Emergency Extension and Interconnection Control
5. IFF Control Box Levers
6. Aft C/B Switch Panel 13. RSBN Control Box
7. Main & Emergency Hydraulic Pressure Indicator 14. Auxiliary Switch Panel
8. EGT Limiter Test Switch 15. Cabin Pressurization and ECS Handle
AB-1-{5)
Figure 1-5. Forward Cockpit RH Console
1-7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1 T - L 3 ~ C - l
1-8
7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
6
5
22
4
23
3
24
2
25
1
26
33
27
32
28
29
31
30
1. Short-Long Distance Beacon Switch 18. RPM Indicator
2. UG Position Indicator 19. Directional Gyro Front Control Panel
3. UG Control Lever
4. Height Indicator
20. Triple Engine Indicator
21. EGT Indicator
5. Altitude Indicator
6. RMI, Radio Magnetic Indicator
7. Stores Indication Panel
22. Fuel Quantity/Flow Indicator
23. Cabin Pressure Indicator
8. Instrument Flight Hood Control Handle
24. Diffuser (Air Shower)
25. Clock
9. Airspeed/Machmeter
10. Warning Lights Panel
11. AD I, Attitude Deviator Indicator
12. Left Armament Indication Panel
13. Master Caution Light
14. ADF, Automatic Direction Finder
IS. Right Armament Indication Panel
16. Vertical Velocitytrurn & Slip Indicator
17. Caution & Advisory Lights Panel
26. Pedal Adjustment Controller
27. Pi tot Fault Simulator Panel
28. Navigation Fault Simulator Panel
29. LH/RH Wheel Brake Pressure Indicator
30. Control Stick
31. Pitch and Roll Trim Indicator Panel
32. Rudder Pedal
33. RSBN Range Indicator
Figure 1-6. Aft Cockpit Layout
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-Hiil
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
15
14
13
12-
'
''
i I
'-'
1. Oxygen Pressure Indicator and Flow Annunciator
2. Emergency Brake Control Handle
3. Engine Control Panel
4. Flaps Control and Indicator Panel
5. Throttle Quadrant
6. Audio panel
7. ICS Control Box
8. Fuel Shut-off Valve Lever
9. Oxygen Bottles Interconnect Valve
10. Oxygen Supply Valve
t--8
9
10
11
11. Flight Suit Ventilation Controller
12. Anti- G Valve Filter
13. Anti-G Valve
14. Oxygen Control Panel
15. Radio Set Control Box
16. RSBN Beacon Audio Button
17. Taxi and Landing Lights Control Switch
18. Forward/ Aft Cockpit EGT Transfer Switch
19. Canopy Lock Handle
20. Instrument Lights Control Panel
Figure 1-7. Aft Cockpit LH Console
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-{7)
1-9
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
1. Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel
2. Canopy Emergency Jettison Handle
3. · ADF Control Box
4. RSBN Aft Control Panel
5. Directional Gyro Correcting Instrument
6. Main & Emergency Hydraulic Pressure Indicator
7. Emergency Extension and Interconnection Con-
trol Levers
8. Gyro Unit Ground Checkout Access Panel
9. Advisory & Warning Lights Intensity Controls
10. Ejection Unlock Switch
II. Cabin Pressurization and ECS Handle
AB-1-{8)
Figure 1-8. Aft Cockpit RH Console
1-10
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
G
STICK GRIP
(FWD COCKPIT)
t. Wheel Brakes Lever
2. Trigger Cover
3. Camera Gun Release
4. Trim Switch
5. Intercom Button
3
0
STICK GRIP
(AFT COCKPIT)
6. PTT Button
7. Speed Brakes Switch
8. Throttle Friction Pawl
9. Finger-lift STOP
10. Target Framing Grip
Figure 1-9. Stick and Throttle Controls
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AFT COCKPIT
5 lO 6
5
9
7
4
8
0
FWD THROTTLE GRIP
e
AFT THROTTLE GRIP
AB-1-(9) ·
l-1 t
ENGINE <figure 1-10}
The aircraft is powered by an AI-2511.. engine which de-
velops approximately 16.9 kN (3,800 lb) static thrust, on
a standard day at sea level. The engine is a twin shaft by-
pass turbofan with a three stage low pressure (LP) axial
flow compressor and a nine stage high pressure (HP) axial
flow compressor.
The LP compressor is driven by a two stage axial turbine.
The HP compressor is driven by a single stage axial tur-
bine.
The air flowing through the LP compressor diverges into
two concentric flows:
The primary inner hot flow, which is routed through
variable inlet guide vanes, compressed by the HP
compressor before reaching the combustion chamber.
The secondary, by-pass flow, which is directed to the
by-pass exhaust through a mixer, where the inherent
energy of this flow is converted into kinetic energy.
Engine bleed air, taken from the ninth stage of the HP com-
pressor, is employed for cabin ECS and pressurization, de-
icing and demisting of transparent surfaces, pressurizing
anti-G suits, fuel transfer from tip tanks and from inverted
flight tank and for engine anti-icing.
Two surge bleed valves prevent the HP compressor from
surging at low rotation speeds. These surge bleed valves
are spring valves that open below 8fr89% RPM of the
third compressor stage and 74-77% of the fifth stage. The
engine is equipped with an annular combustion chamber
containing 12 main fuel nozzles and two spark plugs are
provide for engine starting. The engine cross section is
shown in figure 1-lO.
ENGINE OIL SYSTEM (figure 1-11)
The engine oil system performs the basic function of lubri-
cating, cooling and distributing oil within the engine. The
oil is circulated by the main pump through the fueUoil heat
exchanger which is designed for cooling the oil circulating
inside the engine oil system, thus maintaining its lubrica-
ting qualities, and for filtering and warming up the fuel in
order to prevent deposits of paraffin on the fuel filter, whi-
1-12
ch occurs whenever fuel is ·approaching its freezing tem-
perature.
Oil is routed from the oil tank to the oil pump and filter.
then through the diffuser gear box where upon extting, div-
erges into two flow lines:
The first line is directed to the compressors bearings, the
central drive and the LP compressor RPM transmitter
drive. The second flow is directed to the turbines bearings,
to cool and lubricate them. All other parts are lubricated by
spraying.
The oil is scavenged by the scavenge section of the oil
pumping pack and flows through the magnetic plug to the
gear box, where lubricates and cools straining compo-
nents. The oil is then scavenged into a de-aerator, to dispo-
se the air bubbles it may have accumulated, then through
the fueu'oil heat exchanger, where it is cooled, back to the
oil tank.
The oil system incorporates a selector valve which opera-
tes during inverted flight and alters the scavenging from
the bottom part of the engine to the upper part. It also has
a magnetic plug for detecting iron particles in the scaven-
ging area of the engine oil system.
An oil quantity indicator is mounted on the oil tank and is
visible by opening an access door located on the aft right
side of the fuselage.
Oil pressure and temperature indicators constitute part of
the triple engine indicator. In addition, a low oil press
"ENG. MIN. OIL PRESS" warning light is incorporated
which illuminates, together with the master caution light,
whenever oil pressure is below 1.4::!: 0.3 kp/cm
2
(20 psi).
The same warning light illuminates also whenever the
minimum oil temperature is indicated or whenever maxi-
mum volume of impurities in oil has been exceeded. When
the aircraft passes from positive to negative g-loads and
vice versa, or when it flies at near zero loads, the warning
light may illuminates up to 6 seconds. During normal
flight the light shall extinguish.
OIL SYSTEM DATA
Quantity for dispatching: 1.2 to 2.0 gal ( 4.5-7.5 1)
Minimum oil pressure at idle power: 28 psi (2 kp/cm
2
)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
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3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Inlet Directing Body (IDB) 6. Fuel Regulator/Governor
II. LP Turbine Rotor
LPC Rotor 7. HPC Rotor 12. Inner Core
Fuel Pump 8. Waste Tank
13. Inner Stream Jet Nozzle
Gear Box 9. Combustion Chamber 14. Extension Pipe
HPC Inlet Directing Body I 0. HP Turbine Rotor 15. Nozzle
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
7
6
5
4
3
2
36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 2827 26 25 24 23 1918 22 21
1. Oil Tank
2. Drain Valve
_ .. _Oil
c:..c::> c::::-. Air-oil Mixture
=c::>= Air
3. Oil Temperature Transmitter
4. Transparent Glass
5. Rotary Suction Tube
ammc::> amm Air-oil Emulsion
azzuc::>azzu Fuel
Electrical Wiring
19. Oil Unit Filter
20. FueVOil Exchanger
21. Thermostatic Valve
22. Drain Valve
23. Centrifugal De-aerator
17
20 19 18
6. Safety Valve 24. Forward Turbine Bearings Housing Oil Offpumping
7. Filter
8. Minimum Oil Pressure Transmitter
9. Oil Pressure Indicator (Triple Indicator)
10. LPC Ball Bearing
II. Upper Drive
12. LPC Roller Bearing
13. HPC Ball Bearing
14. Central Drive Toothed Wheel
15. LP Turbine Forward Roller Bearing
16. HPT Roller Bearing
17. LP Turbine Aft Roller Bearing
18. Oil Pressure Temperature and Chips Indicator
25. Aft Turbine Bearings Housing Oil Offpumping
26. Centrifugal Breather
27. Reduction Valve
28. By-pass Valve
29. One way Valve
30. Pressure Section
31. Fine Filter
32. Main Offpumping Section
33. Oil Unit
34. Magnetic Plug
35. Offpumping Section Switch Valve
36. Drain Valve
AB-1-{11)
Figure 1 '-11. Engine Oil System -Schematic Diagram
1-14
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
ENGINE FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM
The engine fuel control system is a high pressure (HP) sys-
tem which consists of a HP fuel pump and a wide range
governor that automatically provides optimum fuel supply
for any throttle setting and ensures:
a. Fuel supply for engine start
b. Fuel metering during start, acceleration and decelera-
tion
c. Fuel metering according to throttle setting, airspeed
and altitude
d. Maintenance of constant HP compressor speed with
respect to throttle setting
e. Maintenance of constant RPM at idle power
f. Limiting HP compressor RPM
g. Continuous minimal fuel flow at all altitudes
h. Control of surge bleed valves from stages 3 and 5 of
HP compressor
i. Disconnection of air starter depending on HP com-
pressor RPM
j. . Manual and electrical shut down of engine
k. Setting of HP compressor inlet guide vanes
l. Fuel filtering
ENGINE THROTI'LE
The engine throttle is basically employed for setting the
engine RPM. The throttle has two ranges of travel: From
stop to idle and from idle to max RPM. In the first range
of travel, it operates the fuel cock. A finger-lift, hinged on
the throttle in the forward cockpit, when lifted, enables the
throttle to be retarded from idle to the stop (cut off) posi-
tion. The aft cockpit has a throttle lock gate to prevent the
forward cockpit pilot from retarding the throttle to stop
position inadvertently. A pawl, sliding in a slot, provides
for the adjustment of throttle friction. Along side the
throttle travel, significant power settings are marked to in-
dicate the following (from forward to aft):
TAKE UP
NOM
CRSPEED
IDLE
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Maximuin power, limited
by a stop.
Nominal power, marked by
a groove in the travel ranje.
Cruise, which is 85% of Nom power
and is also marked by a groove
in the travel range.
Minimum power (idle), limited
by aft end of travel.
Emergency fuel system triangle
STOP Engine shutdown, limited by aft
end of travel.
EMERGENCY FUEL CONTROL
The emergency fuel control circuit provides an alternate
method for controlling the engine by bypassing the normal
HP fuel governor. This circuit is used whenever the engine
cannot be controlled through the normal system. Although
the engine retains its control, the emergency circuit lacks
all the protection the n o ~ a l system enjoys such as maxi-
mum and minimum speed governing, acceleration/decel-
eration control, EGT limiting, altitude and temperature
compensation, and automatic starter cut-out. Hence the
throttle must be operated with care while monitoring
closely the RPM and EGT. Recommended time for throttle
movement from idle to nominal is 15 seconds, gradient of
RPM change should be 2% rpm per second.
Selecting the "SEC REG" switch on the engine control
panel under the yellow quard activates the system and illu-
minates the "FUEL EMERG. DELIVERY" advisory light.
When operating the engine utilizing the emergency fuel
control, the following RPM limits shall be adhered to:
Below 6,500 feet (2,000 m) -Minimum 56%
-Maximum 103%
-Maximum EGT 655°C
- Maximal rating nominal
Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m) -Minimum 60%
-Maximum 99%
-Maximum EGT 620°C
- Maximal rating cruise
1-15
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
CAunON
• When performing an APU assist start, with
the emergency fuel circuit in use, the auto-
disconnect function is deactivated. The APU,
therefore, must be stopped at 43±1.5% HPC
RPM by depressing the "TURBO STOP"
• When the emergency fuel circuit is used in
flight, it must be maintained throughout the
entire flight until landing and the engine shall
be shut down at the earliest suitable time after
landing.
• Before activation the emergency fuel delivery
system, the throttle shall be moved to idle and
pilot shall verify the HPC RPM are above
54.5%. Not to follow these limitations can
cause engine flame-out, compressor stall or
excessive EGT.
NOTE
When switching on the emergency fuel circuit it may
be accompanied by an abnormal noise caused by the
change of fuel flow, and the fuel filter light may
flicker.
ENGINE STARTING SYSTEM
The starting system provides, both, ground and air starts
and comprises basically of a starting fuel manifold, star-
ting fuel nozzles, ignition system and a starting fuel sole-
noid.
The engine is started by the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU)
through the air starter which is an engine component. The
air starter motors the engine to 22-24% HPC RPM and dis-
connects automatically when the engine reaches its self
sustaining speed ( 43 ± 1.5% ), or after 45 sec from initia-
ting the start sequence.
The starting system is controlled by the "ENGINE" C/B
and .the push-button, located under the blue
guard. When the "ENGINE" button is depressed, hte start-
ing sequence is initiated. The start sequence is terminated
automatically, as described above, or at any time by press-
ing the "ENGINE STOP" push-button.
APU SAPPHIRES
Except for the fact that the APU receives its fuel from the
main fuel system, it is otherwise an independent system.
1-16
It consists of a housing containing a turbine engine, gear-
box. oil pump, electric starter, speed transmitter, oil distri-
butor and independent associated systems intended to dri-
ve an air generator.
The air generator provides compressed air which is fed into
the er.gine air starter. The APU allows motoring of the en-
gine to the required RPM of about It can be used on
the ground, for normal operation and in the air, fur in-
flight start, up to 20,000 feet {6,000 m). The APU is used
for in-flight start only when the RPM is less than 15%. A
total of three APU assisted start attempts on the ground
may carried out for each APU running cycle.
Control of the APU is achieved by the ''TURBO" and the
"TURBO STOP" guarded push-buttons in the forward
cockpit and the ''TURBO" push-button in the aft cockpit.
Should the APU fail to ignite, it will shut down automati-
cally. Another start may be attempted after 2 min.
APU OPERATION
The APU start sequence begins when the ''TURBO" push-
button is depressed for 1 to 2 seconds. As the APU reaches
idle RPM within 20 to 25 seconds, a "TURBINE START-
ER" light illuminates in the advisory panel, to indicate that
the APU is ready to carry out an engine start. During idle
run of the APU excess air is dumped over-board through
a relief valve, located on the ventral side of the fuselage.
Upon initiating an engine start ("ENGINE" button is de-
pressed), the APU accelerates to its maximum RPM and si-
multaneously, the air relief valve closes to enable all avai-
lable air to flow into the air starter intake. The air starter
intake is then opened, by a solenoid valve, and the starter
starts rotating the HP compressor to the required RPM of
24% (20% minimum). As the engine reaches 43 ± 1.5%
HPC RPM till 45 second, the air starter and APU shut
down. When the engine does not run within 45 seconds the
air starter disconnects and the APU reverts to idle RPM,
ready for another engine start attempt, which may be car-
ried out after 30 seconds after HPC RPM indicator returns
back to zero value. The APU must be shut down after three
attempts to start the engine, another three-attempts APU
running cycle may be carry out after 20 min. and another
after 1 hour
STARTING MODES
The engine can be started utilizing one of three different
modes, by means of a three position switch, covered by a
red cover labeled "START REGIME", located on the left
console in the forward cockpit only.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
The starting modes are as follows:
a. Starting "STARTING": APU operates nor-
mally, fuel and ignition are introduced for engine
start.
b. Preservation "PRESERV": APU motors the
engine, fuel is introduced but with no ignition. This
mode is used for maintenance purposes only.
c. Windmill "COLD. ROTAT': This mode is used
when fuel has accumulated in the tail pipe. APU
motors the engine but no ignition or fuel are
introduced.
START SEQUENCE
The "ENGINE" and "PUMP" C/Bs, when selected to ON,
connects power to the engine circuits and to the booster
pump that develops pressure in the line leading to the engi-
ne driven pump ("DON'T START' warning light extin-
guished). When the "ENGINE" button is pressed for 2 sec-
onds, the automatic sequence commences: the air starter
rotates the engine, the solenoid shut off prevents fuel to
supply to fuel nozzles, and the ignitors ignite without fuel
delivery to test its function. The throttle should be moved
from STOP to IDLE after 3 to 6 seconds from moment of
the "ENGINE" button pressing.
NOTE
When the throttle is moved to other than IDLE
position the starting automatic process does not
perform engine start.
In the ninth second the solenoid valve opens the starting
fuel delivery to ignitors, in the fifteenth second the main
fuel delivery begins and both starting and main fuel supply
is delivered to combustion chamber,. In the 25th sec the
starting fuel supply is closed and only main fuel is deliver-
ed to combustion chamber. Both APU and air starter are
shut down automatically when the engine reaches
43:::!:: 1.5% HPC RPM within 45 seconds from beginning of
engine starting. The APU shut-down is indicated by extin-
guishing of "TIJRBINE STARTER" light. After starting,
the engine stabilizes at idle RPM of 56:::!:: 1.5%. If the en-
gine fails tgo in-flight windmilling start, the automatic
starting cycle is termined after 35 sec. However, the cycle
can be prolonged up to 45 seconds by depressing and hold-
ing the start button.
l.U. 1 1 - L J ~ L - l
NOTE
The engine starting cycle can be hastened by syn-
chronous pressing of ''TURBO" and "ENGINE" but-
tons already during the APU start. The APU then ac-
celerates to maximal speed and the engine starting
sequence begins automatically upon APU reaching
congenial speed.
The engine must be shut down immediately by shifting
throttle to stop position and switching off the "TIJRBO
STOP" switch if one of following occurs:
HPC RPM does not rise within 8 seconds after depres-
sing the "ENGINE" button.
HPC RPM are not at least 20% in 15-th second after
"ENGINE" button depression.
LPC RPM does not start to rise in 15-th second after
"ENGINE" button depression.
EdT does not start to increase within 25 seconds since
"ENGINE" button depression.
EGT rapidly approaches 685°C
· ''TURBINE STARTER" light does not extinguish
within the interval 41.5 to 44.5 second· after starting
process initiation.
HPC RPM does not reach 56± 1.5% idle RPM within
50 second after starting process initiation.
Oil pressure at engine idle is less than 2 kp/cm2·
NOTE
If the engine starting process has been interrupted
due to EGT rapidly approaching limit, it is necessary
to windmill the engine before next engine starting at-
tempt.
IN FLIGHT STARTING
The engine can be relighted in flight up to altitude
20,000 ft (6,000 m) by means of one of the following
ways:
APU assisted start HPC RPM less than 15%
windmilling start HPC RPM above 15%
The engine can be restarted by any of the above mentioned
ways during both main and emergency fuel control. EGT ris-
ing shall be carefully observed not to reach 685°C and posi-
tive gradient of LPC and HPC RPM shall be assured. At en-
gine idle speed the oil pressure shall be at least 2 kp/cm
2
.
l-l7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
ENGINE INSTRUMENTS (figure 1-12)
RPM INDICATOR
The rpm indicator provides an indication of engine HPC
and LPC revolutions per minute in percent. Two separate,
identical systems, one for each compressor are utilized.
Each system consists of a tachometer generator which
upon rotation produces AC voltage output and two
tachometer indicators, one in each cockpit. The system is
completely self contained and requires no source of elect-
rical power.
The indicator contains two pointers, one for each compres-
sor. The pointer with letter I indicates the HPC rpm and the
pointer with letter II indicates the LPC rpm.
Readings range from 0% to 110% for both pointers.
EGT INDICATOR
The EGT indicator proves an indication of the Exhaust Gas
Temperature measured at the point where combusted gases
exit the turbine unit. The system consists of temperature
transmitter located on the engine turbine ring and two indi-
cators, one in each cockpit.
The temperature transmitter output signal can be connec-
ted to only one indicator at the moment. The"EGT IND
AFf!FWD" switch, located on the aft cockpit left console
provides EGT indication to be displayed either in forward
or aft indicator.
Readings range from 0 to 900°C.
TRIPLE ENGINE INDICATOR
The triple engine indicator contains three independent in-
dicators:
Oil pressure indicator
Oil temperature indicator
Fuel pressure indicator
Ojl Pressure Indicator
The oil pressure indicator system consists of a pressure
transmitter and two indicators, one in each cockpit. The oil
pressure is measured behind the high pressure oil pump.
The oil pressure indication is displayed on the LH side of
the triple engine indicator and its readings range from 0 to
6 kp/cm
2
.
l-IS
Oil Temperature Indicator
The oil temperature indicator system consists of a temper-
ature probe and two indicators, one in each cockpit. The oil
temperature is measured in the oil tank. The oil temperatu-
re indication is displayed on the RH side of the triple engi-
ne indicator and its readings range from - 50 to 150°C.
NOTE
The oil temperature indicator in the aft cockpit does
not display the actual oil temperature. It is perman-
ently disconnected from the system.
Fuel Pressure Indicator
The fuel pressure indicator consists of a pressure transmit-
ter and two indicators, one in each cockpit. The fuel pres-
sure is measured in front of the fuel nozzle. The fuel pressure
indication is displayed on the top part of the triple engine in-
dicator and its readings range from 0 to 100 kplcm
2
.
The oil and fuel pressure indicator is power supplied from
the inverter ill with 36 V, 400 Hz voltage. The oil tempera-
ture indicator is supplied by the 28 V. The triple engine in-
dicator is switched on by "ENGINE" switch, located on
the main CB/switch panel.
ENGINE VIBRATION INDICATOR
Vibration is measured at the front suspension of the engine
main ball-bearing and indicated on the engine vibration
indicator. Once exceeding the limits (40 mm/sec), an "EN-
GINE VIBRATION'' warning light will accompany the in-
dication. Because of the nature of the vibration sensor and
the indicator, the readings and the warnings are reliable
only during a straight and level flight and on the ground.
NOTE
The engine vibration speed on the ground should be
monitored at engine vibration indicator. In flight, at
engine steady operation, the vibration level should
be observed by the "ENGINE VIBRATION" warn-
ing light. The readings of the engine vibration sensor
and indicator become erroneous during aircraft eval-
uations and aerobatics and there fore should not be
taken into consideration.
An engine vibration test button "CHECK VIBRATION" is
located in the forward cockpit on the LH console. Pressing
the button will move the indicator to over 40 mrn/sec and
bring on the "ENGINE VIBRATION" warning light.
The engine vibration indicator is located on the instrument
panel in the fwd cockpit only.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT
G 0
RPM INDICATOR EGT INDICATOR
e CD
TRIPLE ENGINE INDICATOR ENGINE VIBRATION INDICATOR
AB-1-{12)
Figure 1-12. Engine Instruments
1-19
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. lT-L39C-l
The indicator is marked with a yellow marking which indi-
cate the normal specific engine tolerance zone after com-
ing out of the work shop. The normal tolerance zone is in-
dicated by upper and lower yellow marking 10 mmlsec
above and below the center mark. As long as the pointer
is between upper· and lower yellow marks the vibrations
are within the normal zone. Once the vibration measured
on the ground at HPC RPM 100% exceed from the normal
zone it is necessary to warn maintenance personnel, or
when vibrations exceed the value of 40 mmlsec (marked
with a red marking) the safe engine tolerance has been jeo-
pardized and the mission shall be aborted. The readings of
the engine vibration indicator range from 0 to 100 mm/sec
(i.e. 0 to 100%).
The engine vibration indicator is supplied by the 115 V,
400 Hz AC voltage either from inverter I or inverter II.
EGTLIMITER
The purpose of the system is to protect the engine against
over temperature and comprises shutoff valve and limiting
valve. Both functions alter their extend of intervention with
engine operation according to the nose wheel position and its
incorporated Weight On Wheels (WOW) switch. The system
operates in conjunction with the .. J.P.T. 700°C'' and the
"J.P.T. 730°C'' lights located on the caution and advisory
panel.
I CAUTION I
The EGT limiting system operates only at main fuel
. supply to the engine. When the starting fuel is deliv-
ered to combustion chamber, the EGT limiting is in-
operative.
When fuel is supplied to the engine utilizing the
emergency fuel control, only indication is operative
not the EGT limiting system.
The system functions in three different modes:
a. On the ground, the "J.P.T. 700"C" advisory light
will indicate the temperature of 685 ± l5°C with a
simultaneous operation of the limiting valve, which
will reduce engine fuel supply in an attempt to keep
the temperature within limits. Should that action
prove to be insufficient and the temperature conti-
nues to rise, activation of the shutoff valve will oc-
cur at 715 ± 15 • C which will cause the engine to
shut down and .. J.P.T. 730°C'' light will come on.
1-20
CAUTION
If the engine is shut down automatically during star-
ting due to the EGT limiting system operation and
the "J.P.T. 730°C"light illuminates, the nexct attempt
of engine starting shall not be executed and the engine
shall be handed over to maintenance personnel.
b. In flight, with either UG or flaps extended, the cau-
tion light will indicate the temperature of
685± 15"C and 715± 15"C, however, with no engi-
ne limiting or shutdown.
c. In flight with UG and flaps retracted, the
"J.P.T. 700°C'' advisory lights will indicate the
temperature of 685± 15"C with simultaneous op-
eration of the limiting valve. Should the tempera-
ture increase, the "J.P.T. 730°C'' caution light will
indicate the temperature of 715± 15"C. However,
there will be rio engine shutdown.
The EGT limiting system is controlled by the electronic
block. The temperature transmitters (thermocouples) pro-
vide electronic block with electrical signal proportional
with EGT. Based on that signal the electronic block then
controls both the limiting and the shutoff valves operation
and signal lights illuminating. The electronic block is sup-
plied with 28 V and switched on by the "JPT REG" switch
located on the forward cockpit aft CB/switch panel.
If necessary the EGT limiting system can be manually
switched off by guarded EGT limiting system disable
switch located on the forward cockpit LH console. The
switch is labeled "OFF JPT REG".
While the "J.P.T 730°C"light comes on during flight, it does
not extinguish after EGT drops below that value and remain
lighting even after landing. In that case, the engine is automa-
tically shut down after nose wheel touches down.
The system can be tested on the ground using the EGT li-
miter test switch "JPT -REG. TEST' located on the fwd
cockpit RH console. Positioning the switch to position I
will cause the "J.P.T. 700"C" light comes on and in posi-
tion II the "J.P.T 730"C" light comes on.
DRE WARNING SYSTEM
The fire warning system consists of the fire detectors and
the fire warning lights .. FIRE" in the warning panels.
FIRE DETECTORS
Two blocks of three fire detectors, are installed in the en-
gine nacelle for fire detection. Whenever either the tern-
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
' .
perature in the engine nacelle increases at a rate of more
then 4°C per second or the temperature reaches 200°C. a
realy cloese and the "ARE" warning light illuminate.
When the fire has extinguished or when the temperature in
the engine nacelle decreases rapidly, the warning light ex-
tinguish and the warning circuit is rearmed.
FIRE WARNING CIRCUIT TEST SWITCH
A fire warning circuit test switch is located in the forward
cockpit pedestal. The spring-loaded three-position "ARE
SIG. TEST' switch has a CHECK function on either sides
to check each of the two blocks of fire detectors. Moving
"ARE SIG. TEST" switch to both positions will illuminate
"ARE" warning light.
FIRE WARNING LIGHT
A red warning light labeled "ARE" in the warning panels
in both cockpits illuminates whenever the fire detectors
sense fire or over heat.
FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM
The fire extinguishing system consists of the fire extin-
guisher and the distribution manifold on the forward part
of the engine.
Two pzrotechnical charges blow open the fire extinguisher
valve, thus releasing its contents to be distributed through
the manifold. For system operation at least one pyrotechni-
cal charges shall be fired.
Fire extinguisher buttons are installed on the forward part
of the LH console in both cockptis. The button is guarded
by a red cover labeled "EXT'. Pressing either one of these
buttons, fires the pyrotechnical charge, electrically, and
opens the fire extinguisher bottle.
The circuit is protected by two C/Bs. The first one, labeled
"ARE EXT" is located in the nose compartment. This C/B
is powered by 24V directly from the battery bus. The sec-
ond one is located in the aft CB/switch panel and labeled
"FIRE". This C/B is powered by 26 V DC. Each control
one of the pyrtoechnical charges which under normal cir-
cumstances will be fired simultaneously.
T.O. lT-L39C-l
FUEL SYSTEM (Figure FO-l")
The NC fuel low pressure. (LP) supply system extends
from the fuel tanks to the HP engine fuel control. ll consists
of. five interconnected fuselage fuel tanks, two tip tanks,
and one inverted flight reservoir.
A fuel shut-off valve, aLP fuel pump, aLP fuel filter with
a LP sensor and a fuel indicator complete the system. The
APU fuel system is also fed by the NC fuel system.
For fuel quantity information refer to fuel tanks descrip-
tion herein and in figure 1-13.
FUEL TANKS (Figure 1-13)
FUSELAGE TANKS
Five rubber fuselage tanks are located between the aft
cockpit and the engine. Tank No. 2 is equipped with a com-
bined venting and filler port, fuel quantity transmitter
which includes the 150 kg (330 lbs) remaining warning
and an over-flow line between tanks No. 2 and 5. A check
valve, located in he over-flow line, prevents fuel back
flow from the tank No. 5.
Tank No. 5 is the collecting tank from all the other tanks
including the wing tip tanks. Fuel from other tanks passes
to the tank No. 5 by self-flowing. In the bottom section of
the tank, an electrically-driven booster pump is located
and in the upper section there is the float valve for control-
ling fuel transfer from wing tip tanks. The valve is opened
for transfer of fuel to tank No. 5 when the level is reduced
to approximately 625 to 680 kg depending on the fuel den-
sity and temperature. The booster pump is protected by the
"PUMP" C/B, located on the aft CB/switch panel.
Tanks No. 3 and 4 fill up the room between the air intake
ducts and the fuselage contour.
A venting manifold interconnects the upper sections of all
tanks.
Fuel from the electrically-driven LP booster pump at a
pressure of 90 to 110 kPa (13 to 16 psi) is supplied to the
engine driven HP pump, via the fuel line which runs be-
tween tank No. 5 and the HP fuel pump. The fuel line in-
corporates a non-return valve, a stop cock, and a drain
valve used for maintenance purposes, an inverted flight
reservoir and a fuel shut-off valve which is controlled me-
chanically from either cockpits.
1-21
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. 1 1 - L - ' ~ L - 1
. INVERTED FLIGHT RESERVOIR
An inverted or negative "g" reservoir with a capacity of
l91bs (2.77 gai/IO.Siiters) is located on the interconnect-
ing fuel line between tank No. S and the HP fuel pump. Air
pressure 40 to 4S kPa (6 to 7 psi) bled from the engine HP
compressor is used for pressurizing the reservoir. During
inverted fight, the booster pump in tank No. S is exposed,
causing its output pressure to drop to zero. With reservoir
pressure of 6 to7 psi, fuel is then supplied, though under
lower pressure than nonnal, from the inverted flight reser-
voir to the HP pump and can keep the engine operating for
20 seconds at max rating power. Once the A/C resumes
positive "g", the booster pump is re-covered and the pres-
sure output overpowers the reservoir pressure, thus, taking
?ver engine fuel supply immediately and replenishing the
mverted fight reservoir within lO seconds.
WING TIP TANKS
Twl) nondropable wing tip tanks with a capacity of 17S lbs
(26.5 gal/100 liter) each, are connected to the wing main
girder. Fuel is transferred by bleed air pressure 40 to
4S kPa (6 to 7 psi) into fuselage tank No. S. The wing tip
tanks can be refueled by their own filler necks.
FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE (Figure l-14)
A fuel shut-off valve is installed in the fuel line, leading
to the HP pump, at the outlet of the fuel tank No. S. The
valve is mechanically controlled and operated from either
cockpits by a lever "FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE". The
valve is in open position when the lever is fully pushed for-
ward. In this position the lever should be safety wired and
guarded by a red cover.
FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR (Figure l-14)
The fuel quantity indicator provides a reading of fuel quan-
tity in the fuselage tanks expressed as a mass (kg or Ibs) and
not as a volume (liter or gal). This design characteristic of
the system offers the advantage of providing a value direct-
ly proportional to the amount of energy available on board
(the fuel heat energy is directly proportional to the mass
unit and not to the volume unit). The indication is however
subject to change as a result of the various densities of the
fuel used or a variation of the fuel temperature. The system
is set to provide indications as a function to a sample fuel
with approximately 777 kgtm3 (6.48S lb/gal) density
(1,060 liters !5; 0.777 = 824 kg= l,816lbs). The Jet A-1
fuel density of IS °C can vary from 77S to 840 kg/m3
1-22
(from 6.469 to 7.011 lb/gal in accordance with production
specifications) and the JP-4 fuel density of IS °C can vary
from 7Sl to 802 kglm
3
(from 6.468 to 7.0106lb/gal).
Minimum density of 20 °C for fuel TS-1 of higher quality
category is 780 kg/m
3
, TS-1 of first quality category
77S kgfm3, T-1 of first category 800 kg/cm3, RT of first
category 77S kg/cm
3
. The density of PL-4 fuel can vary
from 77S to 790 kg/cm
3
, and the density of PL-S from 77S
to 79S kg/cm
3
. The minimum density for PL-6 fuel is
77S kg/cm
3
. All the above mentioned values are based on
production specification or on standard.
The range of indicator's reading is from 0 to 82S kg. When
the fuel mass in the fuselage fuel tanks drops to lSO kg, the
electric signal is supplied to warning matrix to illuminate
the "1SO KG FUEL" warning light. The fuel indicator is
powered by 36 V AC, 400 Hz and is switched on by the
"ENGINE" switch, located on the main CB/switch panel.
The aft cockpit indicator is controlled by the forward cock-
pit indicator.
NOTE
When the indicator reads zero, there is approxi-
mately 30 kg (70 lbs) of residual fuel in the fuselage
tanks.
OTHER FUEL INDICATORS AND WARNINGS
(Figure l-14)
The system comprises of four indicator lights:
a. Warning light titled "ISO KG FUEL" that illuminates
whenever useable fuel quantity in the fuselage tanks
drops to below lSO kg (330 lbs).
b. Warning light titled "DON'T START' that illuminates
when the fuel pressure down-stream the booster pump
is below 30 kPa (4.3S psi), or whenever the EGT lim-
iter system is not operating.
c. Advisory light titled "WING TIP TANKS" that extin-
guishes whenever the fuel in the wing-tip tanks is used
up or the air pressure in those tanks drops for any other
reason (e.g. idle power). The air pressure probe is lo-
cated in the air delivery line leading from the engine.
The light can be manually switched off by "WING
TANKS" switch, located on the main CB/switch panel
in the forward cockpit.
d. Caution light titled "FUEL FILTER" thet illuminates
whenever the differential pressure between both sides
of the filter exceeds a certain value which indicates of
a possible clogged filter and beginning of fuel bypass
function.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
6
6
NOTE
Numbers represent fuel tanks numbers
Tank Location Tank Volume Fuel Quantity (kg)
No. Liter Gallon JP-4 A-I
1-5 Fuselage 1,100 290 850±25 890±25
6 Wing Tip 200 53 160± 10 161 ± 10
Total Fuel 1,300 343 1,010±35 1,051 ±35
NOTE
I. These weights are based on JP-4 fuel at 6.48 pounds per
gallon and Jet A-1 fuel at 6.74 pounds per gallon (stan-
dard day only)
2. Tolerances are due to indication errors with the variations
in density resulting from production tolerances, tempera-
tures, etc.
3. For usable fuel quantity deduct 15 pounds (7 kg) from fu-
selage tanks fuel quantity and/or from total fuel quantities.
Figure 1-13. Fuel Tanks Arrangements
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. lT-L39C-l
AB-1-{13)
I
,,
- ~ - '
LV. I 1 - L . > ~ \ . . - - 1
FUEL SYSTEM OPERATION
When the '"ENGINE'' switch is switched on, (provided that
the "PUMP" C/B is on). the booster pump in tank No.5
starts operating and as soon as fuel pressure exceeds
30 kPa (4.35 psi), the "DON'T START' warning light is
extinguished. Fuel is then supplied both to the engine and
the APU fuel system. With the engine running, the air bled
from the engine compressor is directed at a regulated pres-
sure into the wing-tip tanks, attempting to force fuel out of
the respective tanks. Once the level in the fuselage deliv-
ery tank drops by to approximately 625 to 680 kg a float
valve enables fuel to be directed into the delivery tank,
making the wing-tip tanks the feeder source of the fuselage
tank (the fuel quantity indicator remains steady as fuel
quantity is measured in the fuselage tanks). When the
wing-tip tanks are depleted, fuel quantity in the fuselage
tanks starts to decrease. When the total remaining usable
fuel drops to below 150 kg (330 lbs), the "150 KG FUEL"
warning light illuminates, warning the pilot of the low fuel
state.
FUEL TRANSFER
Air bleed from HP compressor is directed into wing tip
tanks and pressurizes them. Fuel is then fed from the wing-
tip tanks until all fuel is transferred into the delivery tank,
when upon completion, the "WING TIP TANKS" light il-
luminates. The bleed air will still flow through the wing-
tip tanks into the fuselage tanks in order to maintain the fu-
selage tanks pressurized, and from the fuselage tanks the
air streams-out to the atmosphere.
FUEL SYSTEM SUMMARY
TANK CAPACITIES
For fuel tank capacities refer to figure l-13.
FUEL TRANSFER SEQUENCE
Initial transfer to fuel mass of 625 to 680 kg in fuse-
lage tanks (I - 5)
Wing tip tanks (6)
Remaining fuel from fuselage tanks
MEANS OF FUEL TRANSFER
From tip tanks: bleed air pressure 40 to 45 kPa
(6 to 7 psi)
1-2-l
From fuselage tanks: electrically-driven fuel booster
pump. output pressure from 90 to II 0 kPJ
(13 to 16 psi)
From inverted flight fuel reservoir: bleed Jir pressure
40 to 45 kPa (6 to 7 psi)
FUEL QUANTITY INDICATIONS
Tanks full- gage indicates maximum (upon reference
fuel density 777 kg/m
3
it is 850 kgJ
Fuel quantity indication decreases to 625 to 680 kg ac-
cording to fuel density and temperature.
Wing-tip transfer- indication remains steady
NOTE
When engine is running at higher ratings. its fuel de-
mand can be higher than rate of fuel transferred from
wing-tip tanks. In that case the fuel indicator reading
can reasonably decrease during fuel transfer from
wing-tip tanks.
. End of transfer from wing-tip tanks - "WING TIP
TANKS" light illuminates.
Quantity indication decreases.
When quantity goes down to !50 kg (330 lbs), indica-
tion from then onwards, is accompanied by "150 KG
FUEL" warning light.
INVERTED FLIGHT
Limited to 20 sec at max engine power rating
Refilling of the reservoir during normal flight: 10 sec.
NOTE
• During fuel delivery from wing tip tanks at rpm
lower than 85% "WING TIP TANKS" light may
illuminate due to insufficient bleed air pressure.
• After completion of fuel delivery from wing tip
tanks. with a fuel quantity of more than 600 kg
(1,300 lbs) in the fuselage tanks. an intermittent
flashing of '"WING TIP TANKS" light may oc-
cur. This is not a m:J.Ifunction.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
I
FORWARD COCKPIT

§

.
EJ



IM;:v I
e
WARNING LIGHTS PANEL
0
FUEL PRESSURE
INDICATOR
I
G
POSITION
OPENED

0
.,_
. I'M.
ENG.IIII.
OI.PRESS
J.P.T.
'I3II'C
J.P.T.
11111'1:
CAUTION & ADVISORY
LIGHTS PANEL (TYPICAL)
e
l.U. LT-L39C-l
SHUTDOWN·-
THROTTLE
GRIP
0
THROTTLE
e
FUEL QUANTITY/
FLOW INDICATOR
CD
MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL AFf C/B SWITCH PANEL
AB-1-(14)
Figure 1-14. Fuel System- Controls and Indicators
1-25
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM (Figure
1-15 through 1-:20)
The aircraft electrical power supply is obtained from a
28 V DC system by an engine-driven main generator, a
ram-air turbine driven stand-by generator and a battery.
Alternating current of 3 x 115 V, 400Hz is obtained from
two single-phase inveners and 3 X 36 V AC from two tri-
ple-phase inveners. The inveners are powered by DC
power supply. An external power receptacle for connect-
ing an external power source, is located on the fuselage left
side.
The DC power supply is controlled by toggle switches lo-
cated on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit
LH console. Individual circuits are protected by bimetal
toggle C/Bs located on aft CB/switch panel in the forward
cockpit.
Whatever the source is, in order to have electric power sup-
ply on line, "NE1W." switch, in the aft cockpit must be
placed to the ON position.
DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM (Figure F0-2)
MAIN GENERATOR
The main DC power supply system consists essentially of
a 9 kW engine-driven generator. For the generator to be
connected to the circuit, the "GENERATOR MAIN"
switch, located on the main switchboard in the forward
cockpit, must be switched on. The generator to be con-
nected to the power supply, the following conditions shall
be met:
"NETW." switch in the aft cockpit in ON position
generator voltage is higher than battery voltage
external power source disconnected from the aircraft
As the generator connects to the power supply the "GEN-
ERATOR" warning light extinguish in both cockpits. The
voltammeter then indicates the generator output voltage
28.5 V and currency actually provided by the generator to
the power supply. If the voltage provided by the generator
drops below the permissible value, the generator is auto-
matically disconnected from the power supply and the
"GENERATOR" warining light comes on.
BATTERY
An emergency DC power source is provided by a 24 V,
28 Ah battery located in the nose companment LH side. It
is controlled by the ''BAITERY" switch located in the
1-26
main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit (and by the
·'NE1W." switch in the aft cockpit).
When power is supplied by the battery only, the IFF and
RSBN systems are disconnected automatically.
NOTE
If necessary, both systems can be re-connected to the
power supply by "EMERG. CONNECTION IFF'
and "EMERG. CONNECTION RSBN" switches, lo-
cated on the main CB/switch panel in the fwd cock-
pit. However when these systems are connected to
the battery power supply, period of battery power
supply to other systems is significantly shortened.
A volt meter, located on the instrument panel in the for-
ward cockpit indicates DC voltage only, current is not indi-
cated in this case.
AC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM (Figure F0-3)
Alternating current is provided by two single-phase 115 V
inveners, and two triple-phase 3 x 36 Y inveners.
INVERTER I
The static semiconductor single-phase 115 V, 400Hz in-
vener supplies alternating current to the UHFNHF radio,
ADF, radio altimeter, marker, ice sensor, engine vibration
transmitter and ECS valves and is connected to the circuit
through the "INVERTOR I" switch located on the main
CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit.
INVERTER II
The invener II is of the same type as the invener I. It supplies
current to IFF, RSBN and missile seeker heads. The invener
is activated by switching "INVERTOR II" switch on the
main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit.
INVERTER III
The invener III is small static semiconductor triple-phase
3 x 36 V, 400 Hz instrument. It is connected to the circuit
through the "ENGINE" switch located on the main CB/
switch panel in the forward cockpit and protected by "EN-
GINE INSTRUM./T.&B. INDIC." circuit breaker. It sup-
plies alternating current to the following instruments:
triple engine indicator (oil and fuel pressure indica-
tion)
fuel indicator
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
longitudinal trim indicator
turn (part of the vertical n:locity/turn & slip
indicator)
INVERTER IV
The rotary triple-phase 3 X 36 V. 400Hz inverter supplies
alternating current to the gyro units of the- following instru-
ments:
ADI. attitude director indicator KPP
Directional gyro
RSBN
sou
It is connected to the circuit through the "AGD-GMK" or
"RSBN" switch located on the main CB/switch panel in
the forward cockpit, or by "ENGINE INDICAT. EM-
ERG." switch located on the auxiliary switch panel. The
inverter IV is protected by the "PT -500C" circuit breaker,
located on the aft CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit.
SYSTEM FAILURES
INVERTER I OR II
The indication of the inverter I or II failure will be recog-
nized by the "INV. 115 V FAIL" warning light i::t' .ina-
TO. IT-L39C-i
tion and all the electric consumers will connect to that in-
verter which has no failure. Power of each inverter is
sufficient for supplying all the above mentioned consum-
ers.
INVERTER I AND II
If both inverter I and inverter II failure, all their consumers
will not be powered. The failure can be recognized by
''INV. 115 V FAIL" warning light illumination and appear-
ance of warning flags on radio altimeter indicator and AD!
with temperature changes in the cabin not corresponding
to the preselected values.
INVERTER III
The indication of the inverter III failure will be recognized
by the "INV. 3 x 36 V FAIL'' caution light illumination. To
restore the power, the triple engine indicator (oil and pres-
sure indicator), fuel indicator, tum indicator and longitudi-
nal trim indicator can be connected to the inverter IV by
"ENGINE INDICAT. EMERG" switch, located on auxil-
iary switch panel in the fwd cockpit left console.
. .
INVERTER IV
If inverter IV failures all navigation and flight instruments
obtained power from the inverter IV will be out of opera-
tion. The failure is indicated by red light nn ADI.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O.
FORWARD COCKPIT
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EXTERNAL POWER
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VOLT AMMETER
MAIN C/B SWITCH PANEL

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AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL AFT C/B SWITCH PANEL
AB-1-{1S-1)
Figure 1-15. Power Supply System - and Control (sheet I of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
AFfCOCKPIT
1. Battery
2. External Power Plug
3. Main Generator
4. Auxiliary Power Supply (RAT)
@
ON OFF
FIE EX!
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MAIN C/B SWITCH PANEL CONTACfOR BOX
AB-1-(15-2)
Figure 1-15. Elel:tril:al Power Supply System- Location and Control (sheet 2 of 2)
J-2')
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
1.U. 11-L.)':I\..-1
FORWARD COCKPIT
2 3 4 5
15
:
i
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-
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12 II 10
AB-H16-1)
Figure l-16. Main C/B Switch Panel (sheet l zc 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I
Pos. Switch Function
' '
1. BATTERY Provides battery ~ r external power supply to aircraft.
..
2. GENERATOR Power from main generator is connected to DC BUS if generator is working.
MAIN
3. GENERATOR Power from stand-by generator is connected to DC BUS if generator is working
EMERG. RAT retraction.
4. ENGINE Activates and protects engine starting system and connects engine instruments, fuel
indicator and inverter III to power supply.
5. AGD-GMK Connects GMK directional gyro, AGO gyro unit, inverter I"V, RMI and AD I.
6. ROO Connects and protects ICS and radio.
7. MRP-RV Connects radio altimeter and marker.
8. RSBN Connects RSBN system and inverter I"V.
9. sou Protects SOU direct command landing system to network.
10. DE-ICING Connects icing signalization system.
SIGNAL.
11. WING TANKS Enabled function of tip tanks advisory.
12. EMERG. RSBN manual connection when main power source failure.
CONNECTION
RSBN
13. EMERG. SRO (IFF) manual connection when main and standby power source failure.
CONNECTION IFF
14. INVERTOR II Inverter II is on.
15. INVERTOR I Inverter I is on.
AB-1-{16-2)
Figure 1-16. Main C/B Switch Panel (sheet 2 ze 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
··-· ..... --'"""'-" ..
1-.>2
22
21
20
19

FORWARD COCKPIT
2 3 4 5
18 17 16 15
Figure 1-17. Aft C/B Switch Panel (sheet l zc 2)
6
14
7 8
9
10
~ - - - - ~ - - - 1 1
13 12
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(17-1)
T.O. lT-L39C-l
Pos. Switch Function
1. JPTREG Connects EGT limiting system.
2. AIRCOND Connects ECS.
3. DE-ICING Controls de-ice system, diffusers (air showers) and ventilation suit shut-off valves.
AIR SHOWER
4. PITOTTUBE Protects pitot-static tubes heating circuit.
STAND-BY /MAIN
5. PT-500C Protects inverter IV circuit.
6. ARK Protects ADF circuit.
7. IFF Protects SRO (IFF) circuit.
8. SEAT Protects ejection seat height adjustment in the forward cockpit and helmet visor heat-
HELMET ing.
9. SEARCH LIGHTS Protects left and right landing/taxi light circuit.
PORT/STARB.
10. COCKPIT Protects main instrument lighting circuit.
LIGHTING RED
11. COCKPIT Protects stand-by instrument lighting circuit.
LIGHTING
WHITE
12. FLTRECORD Protects flight data recorder and signal flares fire circuit.
EKSR-46
KL-39
13. EMERG Protects stores emergency jettison circuit.
DROP
14. FIRE Protects electric circuit of one fire-extinguisher pyrocartridge.
15. ENGINE Protects inverter III circuit, circuits of pitch trim controls and indication and engine
INSTRUM. instruments.
T.&B. INDIC.
16. IGNITION Protects engine ignition circuit.
17. PUMP Protects LP delivery fuel pump circuit.
18. STARTING Protects engine starting panel circuit.
PANEL
19. NAVIG. LIGHTS Protection of NAV lights, L!G auxiliary lights and power supply of auxiliary hand
HAND LAMP lamps sockets l).
20. SIGNAL Protects pitch and roll trim controls and indication, controls and indication of flaps,
speed brakes, warning, C&A lights in forward cockpit.
21. CONTR. Protects controls and indications of flaps, speed brakes, wheel brakes and ABS opera-
tion. speed brakes automatic extension at Mach max. and WOW switch.
22. U!C Protects control and indication circuit of pitch and roll trim, flaps and landing gear.
BALANCE
1
> There are several sockets around the aircraft used by maintenance personnel to power portahle hand lamp.
AB-H17-2)
Figure 1-17. Aft C/B Switch panel (sheet 2 zc 2)
1 - . ~ ~
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I
''
·'·•
AFT COCKPIT
ARMS
0
~
0 0
0
LIVE ON
INTERCOM
0
EMERG.
JETTIS.
8 7 6
Figure 1-18. Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel (sheet I of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
4
5
A B - 1 - ( 1 ~ 1 )
T.O.IT-L39C-l
Pos. Switch Function
1. NETW. ;Power supply on line .C?f any DC power source,
2. SEAT Protects ejection seat height adjustment in aft cockpit.
3. SIGNAL. Protects pitch and roll trim controls and indication, controls and indications of flaps
and warning, C&A lights in the aft cockpit.
4. ARMS Protection of armament system, it overrides fwd cockpit C/B.
5. INTERCOM ICS protection.
GROUND
6. AIRCOND. Controls ECS shut-off valve.
7. BOMBS Arm/safe bombs emergency jettison switch, it overrides fwd cockpit switch. ·
8. EMERG. JETTIS. Emergency jettison switch.
A B - H 1 ~ 2 1
Figure 1-18. Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel (sheet 2 of 2)
1-35
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
-- - - ~ - - - - - - ----- - ----
LV. I
...... ·
FORWARD COCKPIT
2
ENGINE
COCKPIT AIR.CONDIT.
NAVIG.
sou
INDICAT.
A
B UGHTS
CABIN N
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HEATING MANUAl T
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RS8H UGHT1NG
AB-1-{19)
Pos. Switch Function
1. ENGINE Inverter IV on line; when inverter III failure. connection of triple engine indicator,
INDICAT. EMERG. fuel indicator, turn indicator and pitch trim to inverter IV
2. sou Switch SOU direct command landing system.
Figure l-19. Auxiliary Switch Panel
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
e
RAT ASSEMBLY
AB-1-{20)
Figure 1-20. Ram Air Turhinc (RAT)
1-37
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O.lT-L39C-1
AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM
An auxiliary DC power source is provided by a 3 kW, 28 V
generator driven by a ram-air turbine (RAT) that extends
automatically out of the fuselage into the airstream, when-
ever the main power supply fails (generator fail, engine
fail etc.). It can be extended manually, in case of an hydrau-
lic failure, by means of an emergency lever located on the
right console in both cockpits.
When charging over between the main and the auxiliary
generators, RSBN is deactivated. However the system can
be manually reactivated by "EMERG. CONNECTION
RSBN" switch located on the main CB/switch in the for-
ward cockpit. Should the RAT extend due to an electrical
failure and normal power is restored, the RAT will retract
automatically. The RAT with the auxiliary generator can
also be retracted manually by tilting the landing gear con-
trol lever to the right side (in retracted position) or by
switching off the "GENERATOR EMERG." switch orthe
"NETW" switch on the miscellaneous CB/switch panel. In
case of emergency landing with RAT extended, the RAT
will automatically retract after nose landing gear touch
down.
NOTE
The RAT can be retracted using landing gear control
lever only during landing gear retraction process
when the LG control lever was just moved to UP
position. This way of RAT extension is used when
engine flame-out occurs immediately after take off
and emergency belly landing shall be executed. If the
LG is in retracted and locked position, the RAT can-
not be retracted using LG control lever.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
The auxiliary generator is connected to the circuit through
the "GENERATOR EMERG." switch located on the main
CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit. Operation of the
RAT generator is indicated by a combination of the "GEN-
ERATOR" and the "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" lights
as follows:
a. "GENERATOR" light off and "EMERGENCY GEN-
ERATOR" lights off- RAT is retracted and not operat-
ing.
b. "GENERATOR" light on and .. EMERGENCY GEN-
ERATOR" light off- RAT is extended and operating.
c. "GENERATOR" light on and "EMERGENCY GEN-
ERATOR" light on -The RAT is needed, but fails to
provide electrical power, or not extended. Power sup-
ply is obtained from the hattcry.
EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY
The external power panel consists of a receptacle. a switch
and a green light.
Once the external power supply is connected. the switch
.. NETW.'' and ''BATTERY" may be set to ON position to
activate power. When the connector is actually energized.
the green light illuminates together with the external pow-
er light on the starting panel in the forward cockpit
("NETW." and .. BATTERY" switches must be on).
Should the battery be activated or main generator operates
at the time when external power is introduced. a relay will
open and isolate the battery and the generator from the
power bus.
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Figure F0-4)
The hydraulic power supply system operates at a nominal
pressure range within 135 to 150 kglcm
2
(13.5 to 15 MPa)
and consists of a main and an independent emergency cir-
cuit. Individual circuits (landing gear, wheel brake, etc.)
are connected to the main one.
NOTE
Due to decreasing pressure during high altitude flight
the pressure in emergency circuit can gradually drop
to 120 kg/cm2 (12 MPa) at aircraft maximum ceil-
ing. The pressure in the emergency circuit is recov-
ered again when the aircraft descends.
The main hydraulic system provides the hydraulic pres-
sure necessary for operating the landing gear, wheel
brakes, flaps, speed-brakes and extending the ram-air tur-
bine (RAT). It consists of a reservoir, an engine-driven
variable rate hydraulic pump, filters, a relief valve and a
pressure accumulator. ·
The three emergency circuit accumulators provide the hy-
draulic pressure which is sufficient for the extension of the
landing gear, flaps to landing position and the ram-air tur-
bine in emergency and for the operation of the emergency
brakes in the event of an hydraulic pump failure, and for
speed brakes emergency retraction.
The circuit next comprises of a filling check valve. separating
between the main (landing gear circuit) and emergency cir-
cuits. The filling valve will open to equalize the pressure be-
tween the normal and emergency circuit. whenever the pres-
sure in the main circuit is higher than 90 kg/cm
2
(9 MPa) and
UG is extended. Both, the main and emergency circuits, are
tined with pressure indicators. The indicators are labeled
"HYDRAULIC MAIN" and "HYDRAULIC EMER" and
arc located on the aft RH console in hoth cockpits. A lever
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
·.
on the right console in both cockpits pennits a manual in-
terconnection of the main and emergency circuits.
A pressure drop, in the main system to 55 kg/cm2
(5.5 MPa), is indicated by the "HYD. SYST. FAIL" warn-
ing light located on the warning lights panel in both cock-
pits. The "pressure drop" signal is also sent to flight data
recorder (FOR).
The hydraulic system reservoir is pressurized by air, bled
from the engine HP compressor. The air pressure, coming
out of the HPC is reduced to a value of between 0.11 to
0.22 MPa maintaining a slight positive pressure on the hy-
draulic fluid.
Main and emergency circuit accumulators are pressurized
by nitrogen pressure 5 MPa.
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OPERATION
When·the engine is running, hydraulic fluid is pumped out
of the pressurized reservoir into the main circuit. If the hy-
draulic pump output pressure is below 80 kglcm2 (8 MPa)
hydraulic fluid delivery is at maximum and gradually
drops to zero when the hydraulic pump output pressure
reaches 150 kglcm2 (15 MPa). The hydraulic fluid passes
from the hydraulic pump through a filter, safety and check
valves to the main accumulator, which dumps any pressure
fluctuations a n ~ extends the pump's "arm" (compensates
for pressure drop due to high pressure demand). The hy-
draulic line between the pump and main pressure accumu-
lator comprises solenoid valves of independent operating
circuits and pressure transmitters. The main circuit pres-
sure indicators in both cockpits are labeled "HY-
DRAULIC MAIN''. Used hydraulic fluid comes back to
hydraulic reservoir through the filter.
Once the pressure value of 90 kglcm2 (9 MPa) is exceed,
a filling valve opens and pennits hydraulic fluid to flow
from the main to the emergency circuit, until the pressure
in both systems stabilizes at 150 kglcm
2
(15 MPa). At this
stage, both the "HYDRAULIC MAIN" and "HY-
DRAULIC EMER" pressure indicators, read the value
which is the hydraulic pump output. This value will be
consistently restored whenever operating an hydraulic
consumer which will tend to reduce the pressure; The same
operating pressure is also maintained in the pressure accu-
mulators of the main and emergency circuits creating a re-
serve of hydraulic pressure sufficient for operating vital
consumers in the event of a hydraulic pump failure. (The
"balanced" situation between the two circuits will prevail
only when the UG is extended or when the interconnect le-
ver is operated.)
T.O. 1T-L39C-l.
NORMAL CONTROL
During nonnal operation, distribution of hydraulic pres-
sure to the actuating cylinders is by mean of remote con-
trolled solenoid valves with the aft cockpit controls over-
riding the forward cockpit controls. The control elements
can be actuated from each cockpit in any order.
EMERGENCY CONTROLS
Control during emergency operation is by means of hand
valves, actuated by emergency extension and interconnec-
tion control handles. These handles can be actuated from
either cockpit with equal priority and in any order. After
an emergency operation has been executed, it is possible
and legitimate to return any emergency operated consum-
er, to its initial position. The position returned to, will be
the one selected by the nonnal controls. (In order to return
to nonnal operation the respective emergency handle must
be restored to nonnal in both cockpits.)
LANDING GEAR SYSTEM
The aircraft is equipped with a tricycle type retractable
landing gear. The gear is electrically controlled and hy-
draulically operated.
The main landing gear consists of a shock strut, actuators
and wheel assembly equipPed with triple-disc brake as-
sembly. The gear is mounted on both sides of the fuselage
and retracts inboard. The non-braked nose landing gear
consists of a shock strut, shimmy damper and centering
mechanism, actuator and wheel assembly. The nose gear
is mounted on the forward fuselage section and retracts
forward.
The gear doors are always closed after either extension or
retraction of the landing gear except for a subsequent
emergency extension in which case the doors remain open.
Opening and closing of the doors is controlled by hydraulic
actuators or by springs.
The landing gear is held in the retracted position by me-
chanical locks. In the extended position each landing gear
strut is maintained in the locked position by hydraulic
pressure and mechanical locks. The landing gear retraction
on the ground is electrically blocked by means of WOW
switch on the NLG. An emergency handle operates the
emergency extension of the landing gear, should a hydrau-
lic or electrical malfunction occur in the main system.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-21)
The landing gear operation is executed by landing gear
control lever, located on the LH side of instrument panels
1-39
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
in both cockpits. In its lower position the landing gear is
extended (down), in the upper position of the lever the
landing gear is retracted (up). The aft cockpit landing gear
control lever has an additional middle neutral position, al-
lowing to control landing gear position by fwd cockpit
controllever. ·
WARNING •
In order to enable the gear lever in the forward cock-
pit to control the landing gear, the gear lever in the aft
cockpit must be placed at the neutral position.
NOTE
Retraction of the landing gear is possible only when
the nose gear is off the ground.
In the LG lever upper (retracted) position, the RAT can be
emergency retracted by tilting the LG control lever to the
right. Retraction of the RAT by this way is used only when
shortly after aircraft take-off the engine flames out, LG is
still extended and RAT will extend automatically. To per-
form belly landing, it is necessary to retract both landing
gear and RAT in very short sequence, it means that during
LG emergency retraction (gear in transit), before the LG
legs reach its locked up position, the RAT can be retracted
by tilting the LG control lever to the right.
If the main hydraulic circuit failure or electrical system
failure, the landing gear can be extended by the UG emer-
gency extension control lever.
The landing gear system indications are identical in both
cockpits and consist of the landing gear position indicator
panel and mechanical indicators. The UG position indica-
tor panel comprises of three green lights, three red lights
and two advisory lights.
1-40
The green "GEAR DOWN AND LOCKED" lights, when
illuminated, indicate that the respective gear strut is at the
down locked position.
The red "GEAR UP AND LOCKED" lights, when illumi-
nated, indicate that the respective gear strut is at the up
locked position.
"EXTEND U/C" indication light, accompanied by an au-
ral warning hom, illuminates whenever 44 degrees (land-
ing position) flaps have been selected and the landing gear
is not at the down locked position.
"U/C DOORS OUT'' light illuminates whenever one or
more of the UG doors is unlocked.
Three mechanical external indicators provide visual con-
firmation that the landing gear is extended and locked. The
mechanical indkators are located on the upper surface of
each wing and in front of the windshield.
EMERGENCY EXTENSION
The landing gear emergency lever placarded "HYD
EMER" followed by an extended LG symbol and located
on the aft right console in each cockpit, provides emergen- ·
cy means of extening the landing gear, in case an electrical
or hydraulic malfunction should prevent use of the main
system. When this lever is operated by moving backward,
a separate emergency LG extension circuit is fed by the
emergency accumulator operates the landing gear" and
door actuating cylinders until the landing gear is locked at
the down position. In this case, the doors remain open.
The landing gear can be retracted in emergency by means
of main LG control lever, however fll'St the main and emer-
gency hydraulic circuits must be interconnected by mov-
ing the "MAIN AND EMER HYDRAULIC INTERCON-
NECT" lever backward. In this case, both forward and aft
cockpits emergency UG extension levers must be placed
in the forward position.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U.
FORWARD COCKPIT
UG UG UNSAFE
EXTENDED . REl"RAcrED
• UG POSmON INDICATOR PANEL
q p
0
UG CONTROL LEVER
(TYPICAL)
AFrCOCKPIT
C9
MAIN & EMERGENCY
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE
INDICATOR
u
UG STATE MECHANICAL INDICATORS
. . . . .
1\
I
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..
I
--; t--
Q

H Y D E M E R •I ---
............. ..-.:
..... -
CD
UG EMERGENCY EXTENSION
CONTROL LEVER
I
Figure 1-21. Landing Gear System- Controls and Indicators
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
I-41
'LU. 1T-L3!JC-l
WHEEL BRAKES SYSTEM (Figure 1-22)
The brakes system consist of two sets of disc brakes, one
on each main landing gear, with a mechanical brake wear
indicator, anti-skid system, control levers, emergency/
parking control levers and indicating system.
The wheel brake system is normally fed by the main hy-
draulic circuit pressure from 2 to 33 kp!cm2. It consists es-
sentially of two disc braking units on the main landing gear
wheels, two control levers located on the control column
in each cockpit, pressure reducing and safety valves and
two sensitive selector valves, one in each cockpit, con-
nected to the brake levers. The selector valves distribute
the hydraulic pressure to the respective braking unit pro-
portionally to rudder pedal deflection. The control lever
applying the higher demand is the lever that will be con-
trolling the brakes.
The wheel brakes will operate ONLY. when the nose wheel
is in the contact with the ground (WOW is on). When the
nosewheel is lifted, the wheel brakes system is blocked.
When the UG is being retracted the brakes are automati-
cally applied to prevent the wheels from spinning in the
wheel-well.
WARNING •
When the speed of A/C is,above 260± 15 km/h the
. antiskid system is inoperative.
EMERGENCY OPERATION
If no pressure is available in the main circuit, the brakes
can still be operated, using the pressure stored in the emer-
gency accumulator. In this case, however, the brakes are
not applied by means of the brake lever but by operation
of the emergency brakes lever. The lever is placarded
"EMERGENCY BRAKE" and located on the left console
in either cockpit. When applying emergency brakes (mov-
ing the lever backwards) the pressure 2 to 33 kptcm2 is de-
rived form the emergency circuit. In this case, no differen-
tial braking is possible, since the hydraulic pressure acts
simultaneously and equally on both brakes and the anti-
skid system will be by-passed.
1-42
PARKING BRAKES
By moving the "PARK..IEMERG. BRAKE" lever, in the
forward cockpit, to the forward position the parking brakes
are set utilizing the emergency hydraulic circuit.
I WARNING.
The wheel brakes operate only when a minimum
pressure of 50 kglcm2 is applied to the main circuit.
If the main pressure falls bellow this value, the wheel
brakes can't be used normally and emergency brak-
ing is required.
BRAKE PRESSURE INDICATOR
Application of the normal wheel brakes is indicated by
means of a double pressure indicator, one for each wheel,
located on the center pedestal in both cockpits. The indica-
tor indicates pressure during normal and automatic brak-
ing of the left and right wheels. Indication of emergency
brake application is displayed on a separate pressure indi-
cator, in the forward cockpit only. Since the indicators in-
dicate applied pressure, when the brakes are not in use, the
indicators will read 0.
ANTI-SKID SYSTEM
The system is designed to modulate the hydraulic pressure
delivered to the brakes in order to obtain, at any time, opti-
mum coefficient of friction between the wheels and the
runway surface for any configuration, runway condition
and force applied to the brake levers, thus preventing the
wheels from locking which may cause the tires to burst or
hydroplaning if the speed of A/C is up to 260 kmlh.
Whenever the MLG wheel ceases stops rotating, the anti-
skid sensor, by means of the flywheel and its switches, ap-
plies voltage to the brake release solenoid valve to release
the respective wheel brake. The anti-skid is functioning in
cycles 4 Hz pulses until the aircraft reaches a certain speed
at which the MLG wheels rotate without interruptions.
GROUND STEERING
Steering the aircraft during taxiing is performed by means
of differential braking of the right or left wheel, by depress-
ing the brake lever and deflection of the respective rudder
pedal. The tum radius is directly proportional to the rudder
pedal deflection. Nose wheel maximum deflection is
60 degrees to either sides.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
WHEEL BRAKES
LEVER
e
CONTROL STICK
(TYPICAL)
0
EMERGENCY BRAKE
PRESSURE INDICATOR
0
EMERGENCY/
PARKING BRAKE
CONTROL HANDLE
e
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE
INDICATOR
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
AFfCOCKPIT
e
LH/RH WHEEL BRAKE
PRESSURE INDICATOR
E
II
E
R
G
E
N
c
y
B
R
A
K
E
0
EMERGENCY BRAKE
CONTROL HANDLE
AB-1-(22)
Figure 1-22. Wheel Brakes System- Controls and Indicators
1--P.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
------ ----------'=---------
FLIGHT CONTROLS
The primary flight controls (aileron, elevators and rudder)
are activated by push-pull rods and levers while the secon-
dary flight controls (trim tabs, flaps, speed brakes) are con-
trolled by either electric or hydraulic actuators. The aile-
. ron and elevator control s y s ~ e m s con.sist of two
interconnected control sticks (forward and aft cockpits).
The rudder control system consists of two pairs of inter-
connected rudder pedals. The rudder pedals can be ad-
justed according pilot needs by the pedal adjustment con-
troller.
Aerodynamic balance of the ailerons and the elevator is
obtained by balance tabs mounted on the trailing edge of
the respective control surface. The elevator system is pro-
vided with a bungee booster. This bungee is activated by
elevator deflection of approximately 13 degrees or more,
to assist the pilot in overcoming the high stick forces at
high speed and high "g" load.
The flight controls can be locked on the ground by means
of a locking device shifted under the instrument panel.
TRIM TABS
The trim tabs provide aircraft trimming along the longitu-
dinal and lateral axes.
Longitudinal trimming is provided by trim tabs fitted to the
left and right elevators. The right trim tab is operated by
electrical actuator which deflects the tab up or down. The
left trim tab is controlled by the flaps extension and will
deflect automatically when the wing flaps are moved from
to 44 degrees (landing) position, thus effectively introduc-
ing a ··nose up" trim for the flare. The right trim tab is con-
trolled by the trim switch located on the control stick in ei-
ther cockpits.
Lateral trimming is provided by combined trim/balance
tab fitted to the left aileron and is operated by an electrical
actuator which detlects the tab up or down. Right tab is the
balance tab. ·
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-23)
Both longitudinal and lateral trimming are controlled by a
five-position spring loaded switch located on the top of the
control stick grip.
In the forward cockpit, longitudinal trim position is indi-
cated by an indicator consisting of a pointer and a top
viewed miniature aircraft on a graduate scale. Consistent
with the movement of the elevator tab, the pointer indi-
_cates a nose-up or nose-down attitude proportional to the
amount of tab displacement. The indicator is located on the
center pedestal. The aft cockpit indication consists of a
trim tab neutral positi_on green indicating light, placarded
"LONGITUD".
· In both cockpits, lateral trim position indicator is a "Neu-
tral position" green light that illuminates when the aileron
trim is at the neutral position. The light in the forward
cockpit is labeled "NEUTRAL POSITION" and in the aft
cockpit "LATERAL".
The lateral trim tabs control and indiCating system is pow-
ered by 28 V and protected by "U/C BALAN C." and
"SIGNAL" C/Bs, located on the aft C/B switch panel in the
fwd cockpit, and by "SIGNAL." C/B, located on the mis-
cellaneous CB/switch panel in the aft cockpit. The longitu-
dinal trim tab control and indicating system is powered and
protected by the same manner as the lateral one, further-
more by the "ENGINE INSTRUM T.&B. INDIC." C/B on
the aft C/Bswitch panel and "ENGINE"" C/B located on the
main C/B switch panel.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. I 1-L..;':IL-1
RUDDER PEDAL
FORWARD COCKPIT
LONGITUD. LATERAL
e
PITCH AND ROLL TRIM
INDICATOR PANEL
SPRING LOADED aOOSTER
IN THE ELEVATOR .
CONTROL SYSTEM
G
PEDAL ADJUSTMENT
CONTROLLER
0
CONTROL STICK
Figure 1-:!3. Flight Control System- Control and Indicators (sheet I of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

LV. I a-&....l::t\...-1
e
PEDAL ADJUSTMENT
CONTROLLER
BAI..ANCE
Q)
PITCH AND ROLL TRIM
INDICATOR PANEL
AFT COCKPIT
0
CONTROL STICK
. TABLE
OF MAX. CONTROL SURFACE DEFLECTION
ELEVATOR -UP Joo
-DOWN 20°
TRIM TABS -UP 7•Jo' ·
RIGHT -DOWN 150
LEFT -TOTAL 15•
RUDDER RIGHT-LEFT
Joo
RELIEF TAB RIGHT-LEFT 15°
AILERONS UP-DOWN 16°
REL1EFTABS
RIGHT UP-DOWN 2°45'
LEFT*) UP-DOWN J•Jo'
*)LEFT RELIEF TAB IS SIMULTANEOUSLY
A TRIM TAB
Figun: 1-23. Flight Control System- Control and Indicators (sheet 2 of 2)
' .lf1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

FLAPS SYSTEM
The hydraulically operated and electrically controlled
flaps are of the slotted fowler type. The two flaps are inter-
connected by a single actuating cylinder. Synchronization
of both LH and RH flaps is established mechanically.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-24)
The flaps may be set to one of the three positions corre-
sponding to the appropriate control button located on the
LH console. Buttons in the aft cockpit override function of
aft cockpit buttons. Each button bears a symbol which rep-
resents a different flight situation.
The forward button, symbolized by a straight line, rep-
resents "Flight" position (zero degrees).
The center button, symbolized a slightly bent line, rep-
resents the "Take Off' position (25 degrees).
The aft button, symbolized by a sharply bent line, rep-
resents the "Landing" position (44 degrees).
Opposite each button is an indicator light, bearing the cor-
responding symbol, that illuminates when the flaps have
reached the desired setting. After executing the hydraulic
function, the depressed button pops back to its initial posi-
tion. The mechanical indicators, located on upper surface
of each wing, provide visual identification of flaps posi-
tion.
Controls and indication of the flaps system is identical in
both cockpits.
The flaps are automatically retracted to "Flight" position
(zero degrees) at airspeed above 310± 15 kmlh.
NOTE
Flaps extension is blocked from the aircraft speed
above 310± 15 kmlh.
Flaps control and position indication is powered by
28 V and protected by the "U/C BALANC.", "SIGNAL"
· and "CONTR." C/Bs, located on the aft CB/switch panel
in the fwd cockpit and by "SIGNAL" C/B, located on mis-
cellaneous CB/switch panel.
EMERGENCY OPERATION
Moving the emergency flaps lever in either cockpit to the
emergency position, causes the flaps to extend all the way
to landing (44°) position. Moving the lever back to the ini-
tial forward position will retract the flaps. Both forward
and aft levers have the same priority.
T.S>. IT-L3.9C-l
SPEED BRAKES SYSTEM
The hydraulically operated and electrically controlled
speed-brakes are mounted on the wing's lower side and
consists of two hinged panels which, when opened, extend
55 degrees into the airstream,
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-25)
Control from the both cockpits is by means of a switch lo-
cated on the throttle grip. Selecting the switch to its aft
position will cause the speed brakes to extend. Selecting
the switch to its forward position will retract the brakes.
Forward Cockpit Control
The fwd cockpit switch has three positions (functions):
forward (speed brakes retracted), aft (speed brakes ex-
tended) and pressing inward (tactical use - the speed
brakes extend and remain extended as long as the .switch
is depressed. The moment the switch is released the speed
brakes retract).
Aft Cockpit Control
The spring loaded to the center position aft cockpit switch
has three positions (functions):
momentary forward (speed brakes are retracted as long as
the switch is held in fwd position), momentary aft (speed
brakes are extended as long as the switch is held in the aft
position), center (enables the forward co<·kpit to maintain
control over the speed brakes).
NOTE
The speed brakes can be controlled from the forward
cockpit, ONLY if the aft switch is at the neutral posi-
tion.
The aft switch has over-ride function (the speed
brakes can be retracted/extended from the aft cockpit
although the fwd switch is in the opposite position).
Indication is identical in both cockpits and consists of a
green "AIR BRAKE OUT' light in the landing gear posi-
tion indicator panel.
Upon reaching the speed of M 0.78 ±0.02, the speed
brakes extend automatically and retract once the speed is
reduced below this value, while extended the "Mmax" light
will be illuminated.
The speed brakes control and indicating system is powered
by 28 V and protected by the "SIGNAL" and "CONTR."
C/Bs, located on aft CB/switch panel in the fwd cockpit
and by "SIGNAL" C/8, located on miscellaneous CB/
switch panel.
I--n
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I
I'-4X
FORWARD COCKPIT
0
-oo
~ /
8 25°TAKE-OFF
~ / DEFLEcnON
~ 44° LANDING
(d/DEFLEcnoN
~
FLAPS CONTROL AND
INDICATOR PANEL .
FLAPS POSmON MECHANICAL INDICATORS
AFT COCKPIT
0
MAIN & EMERGENCY
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE
INDICATOR
Figure l-24. Flaps System- Controls and Indicators
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(24)
FORWARD COKPIT
e
THROTTLE GRIP
FWD COCKPIT ·
e
MAIN & EMERGENCY
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE
INDICATOR .
MOMENTARY
RETRACTION
AFT COCKPIT
E]·
~
0 0 0
CD
T.O. lT-L39C-l
SPEED
BRAKES
EXTENDED
1./G POSITION INDICATOR
PANEL
E)
THROTTLE GRIP
AFfCOCKPIT
NEUTRAL
AB-1-{25)
· Figure 1-25. Speed Brakes System -Controls and Indicators.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
t.U. I i-L31.JL-I
ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM <ECSl
AND PRESSURIZATION.
Rdcr to figure F0-5.
The ECS and pressurization system provides conditioned
air and pressurization for the cabin. The system uses bleed
air drawn from the ninth stage of the HP compressor and
dcri\'cs its electrical supply from the inverter I.
CONTROL SYSTEM <ECS)
High pressure and high temperature bleed air drawn from
the engine, flows via an electric shut-off valve throug!l an
air filter to the heat exchanger and to the turbo cooler.
Down line of the turbo cooler, is an automatic temperature
control selector with two values which are selected by the
maintenance personnel: ''Winter'' (8°C), and ··summer··
(2°C). Cooled air then passes through a water separator
where moisture is co;,densed from the air. The cooled air
from the water separator is routed through two ducts. Via
the first duct, the air enters the cabin at a preselected tem-
perature to the air outlets on the glare shield and pilot legs.
Via the second duct, the air flows to the ventilating flight
suit and to the swivel-type air outlet diffuser (air shower)
located on the right sub-panel in each cockpit.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-26)
The cabin temperature controls are located in the forward
cockpit only, except for the compressor bleed air shut-off
valve switch labelled "AIR COND." in the aft cockpit mis-
.:dlancous CB/switch panel. All others controls arc lo-
cated in either cockpits.
Pressurization and ECS Handle
The pressurization handle, located at the right console in
each cockpit. controls the air supply to the cockpit by posi-
tioning the shut-off valve, powered by 115 V AC. The
handle is mechanically connected to the handle in the aft
cockpit and provides three functions.
By moving the handle from aft to fwd position the micro-
switch mstalled on the aft handle actuates the electro-
powered valve on the NC engine. Next the canopy seals
are inflated when the handle passes middle position of its
range. When the handle is in extreme fwd position, valve
in the aft cockpit opens air delivery to both cockpits.
NOTE
The handle must he lllllved forward after start-up
:tnd 11111\"l:d aft rrior to shut-down.
Cabin Air Conditioning Control Switch
Temperature of the air admitted into the cabin is controlled
by a four-position ''CABIN HEATING" control switch lo-
cated on the RH console auxiliary switch panel in the for-
ward cockpit.
Temperature control is maintained automatically accord-
ing to set temperature when the switch {s at the "AUTO-
MATIC" position. When the switch is at the center (neu-
tral) position. the automatic control svstem is deactivated
and the temperature mixing valve fixed in the
position at the time the switch was set to the off position.
If the automatic control system fails or if the desired tem-
perature cannot be obtained with the switch at the "AUTO-
MATIC" position, the switch may be held to the "HEAT'
or "COOL" position temporarily and back to neutral, thus
the temperature mixing valve is manually held in one of
the two extreme positions and deliver either hot or cold air.
I WARNING •
The manual "HEAT' or "COOL" position should be
used while bearing in mind that it takes some time for
the desired air temperature to actually enter the cock-
pit and therefore one should allow some time before
a further manual adjustment takes place. (Excessive
hot air with a max of 200° C (392° F) may be ad-
mitted into the cabin if the switch is held at the manu-
al "HEAT' position for a longer period than neces-
sary.)
Cabin Air Temperature Controller
The C<tbin air temperature controller is located on the aux-
iliary switch panel on the RH console in the forward cock-
pit. The temp controller functions only when the cabin air
conditioning control switch is at the "AUTOMATIC" posi-
tion and AC power is available. With the temp controller.
any temperature between I0° and 25° C (50 and 77° F) can
be selected by the pilot to be maintained automatically by
the system.
The Diffuser (Air Shower Temp Control)
Temperature of the air coming out of the diffuser (and to
th..: ,·..:milation !light suit) is controlled from a panel lo-
cated on the instrument right-hand forward console in the
forward cockpit and is similar in functions and method of
operating to the cabin air-;.:onJitioning control switch and
temp controller, except for the fact that the temperature via
the shower automatic temp controller can be raised up to
80° C ( 176° F).
Th..: llnw coming out of the vent can he controlled hv rotat-
ing the inner (large) ring for directional regulation ;nJ the
'1ut..:r f ring for volume regulati< >n.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Flight Suit Ventilation Controller
The flight suit ventilation controller controls air flow pass-
ing to ventilation !light suit of both fwd and aft pilots. The
controller, placarded "SUIT VENTILATION", is located
on the left console in each cockpit. Rotating the controller
CW increases the air flow.
ECS Warning
A red advisory light "AIRCONDIT oFF·. located on the
advisory light panels in both cockpits is activated whenev-
er the air conditioning is switched off (ECS and pressuriza-
tion handle is not at the forward position and/or "AIR
COND." switch in the aft cockpit at the OFF position).
A red advisory light "AIRCONDIT EMERG." located on
the advisory panel in the forward cockpit, is activated
when the temperature transmitter, located down stream of
the turbo cooler, has failed. In this case the temperature in
the cabin, even though selected to automatic, will change
with variation of ambient air temperature as the system
maintains the difference between the selected temperature
and the temperature coming out of the turbo cooler, which
in this case cannot be measured.
"AIR COND." Emergency Switch
The "AIR COND." switch is located on aft cockpit RH
misc. control panel and guarded by a red cover. For nonnal
operation of the system, the "AIR COND." switch should
be placed at the ON position. When the switch is set to OFF
the ECS is shut off.
ECS OPERATION
After engine start, with the canopy locked ("CANOPY
UNLOCKED" light. is extinguished), and the ECS and
pressurization handle fully forward ("AIRCONDIT OFF'
light is extinguished), the air-conditioning system will
supply modulated air according to the air-conditioning
mode, i.e. if the system (air-conditioning and shower/ven-
tilation suit) are at the "AUTOMATIC" position, each sys-
T.O. IT-L39C-I.
tern will independently modulate the temperature to the
one selected on the respective control panel. If the svstcm
is not selected to .;AUTOMATIC'', the air· will the
cockpit according to the last selection of the mixing valve.
PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM
With the canopies closed. the engine running and ECS in
operation, the cabin is automatically pressurized. Up to
2.000 m (6,500 feet) a slight positive differential pressure
is maintained. From 2.000 m (6,500 feet) and above, the
differential pressure increases gradually to achieve a maxi-
mum differential pressure at 7,000 m (23,000 feet). From
7,000 m (23,000 feet) and above, max. differential pres-
sure is maintained.
The cabin pressure is maintained by a pressure regulating
valve, which controls the outflow of air from the cabin. A
cabin pressure safety valve is utilized to prevent cabin dif-
ferential from exceeding positive or negative. pressure lim-
its, in case of malfunction in the pressure regulating valve.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure l-26)
A cabin pressure indicator, located in the forward cockpit
instrument panel, indicates the cabin altitude and the dif-
ferential pressure between the outside pressure and the
cabin pressure. Climbing from sea level to 2,000 m
(6,500 ft), the cabin altitude will rise almost together with
the NC altitude, while the differential pressure will indi-
cate a low value of approximately 0.03 kp/cm2 (0.4 psi).
From 2,000 m (6,500 ft) upward,. the differential pressure
will increase until it will reach approximately 0.22 to
0.25 kp/cm
2
(0.33 psi) (at 7.000 rn/23,000 ft) and thereaf-
ter will maintain that differential pressure. ·
A "CABIN PRESSURE" warning light illuminates in both
cockpits, should the cabin differential pressure go beyond
the 0.28 kp/cm2 (3.96 psi) max. positive, or -0.01 kp/cm
2
(-0.14 psi) max. negative (during dive) allowable differ-
ential pressure.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I
:®:
I
' SUITVEHTI.ATION
G
FLIGHT SUIT
VENTILATION
CONTROLLER
VEH'IllATION SUIT
e
DIFFUSER AND FLIGHT
SUIT TEMPERATURE
CONTROL PANEL
- -
..
A
N
u
A
L
- --
-

.
'E-
~
~ ~
- .::. - ~ '
Q - ~ - =: i I -
- .
i -
0 0
~
--
(g
~
~
.ri
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-- -
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••
·= 10
AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL
FORWARD COCKPIT
~
§ : MIWt I
1'=1
I HYD:r·l
EJ
00 1=-1 ~
• •
~
fM.
0
WARNING LIGHTS
PANEL
VOLUME
REGULATION
·e
FLOW
DIRECTION
REGULATOR
DIFFUSER
e
CAUTION & ADVISORY
LIGHTS PANEL
FUNCTION:
I. OFF
2. CANOPIES SEALED
3. ECS ON
0
PRESSURIZATION LEVER
4D
CABIN PRESSURE INDICATOR
AB-1-(26-1)
Figure 1-26. ECS and Cahin Pressurit.ation System- Controls and Indi<.:ators !Sheet I of 2 J
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
I
CU):
SUIT VENTI..ATION
I
e
FLIGIITSUIT
VENTILATION
CONTROLLER
4D
AFT COCKPIT
[:s;J
I w:: I
~
£SCENT
IIIV:v I
EJ 1=1
[][]

~
1 ~ 1
00
1 ~ 1
0
CAUTION & ADVISORY
LIGIITS PANEL
CABIN PRESSURE INDICATOR
VOLUME
REGULATION
e
FLOW
DIRECfiON
REGULATOR
DIFFUSER
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
0
IIV. lilY
IN.
WARNING LIGIITS
PANEL
FUNCTION:
1. OFF
2. CANOPIES SEALED
3. ECSON
·o
PRESSURIZATION LEVER

MISCELLANEOUS
CB/SWITCH PANEL
AB-H2&-2)
Figure 1-26. ECS and Cahin Pressurization System- Controls and Indicators (sheet 2 of 2)
1-)3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
ANTI-ICING AND DE-ICING SYSTEM
PITOT HEAT SYSTEM
Each Pitot tube is equipped with a heating element to pre-
vent ice accumulation. The elements are powered by 27 V
DC and protected by two C/Bs labeled '"PITOT TUBE
MAIN" and "PITOT TUBE STAND-BY".Iocated on the
aft CB/switch pane! in the forward cockpit.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-27) ·
Heating of the Pitot booms is controlled by two "PITOT
TUBE HEATING" pushbuttons located on the left console
in the forward cockpit. When pushed, each button en-
ergizes the heating element in the respective Pitot tube
(left button, LH tube etc.). The buttons are mechanically
held at the ON position and are released by pressing the re-
lease buttons, located below the "PITOT TUBE HEAT-
ING" buttons. A light in the "PITOT TUBE HEATING"
button illuminates whenever. the pushbutton is depressed
(ON position).
WINDSHIELD AND ENGINE ANTI-ICING
SYSTEM
The de-icing system uses bleed air drawn from the ninth
stage of the high pressure compressor. The air delivery to
the airframe anti-icing system is controlled by one electric
shut-off valve and to the engine anti-icing system by the
second shut-off valve. The air is directed to the wind-
shield. engine air intake ducts and the inlet guide vanes of
the engine low pressure compressor (LPC).
The ice formation sensor consists of radio-isotope emitter
and detector with a narrow open space between thein. In
normal condition the detector will detect the radiation all
the time. Once there is ice condition, the space will be
filled with ice and detection will be interrupted. The sensor
will transmit "ice condition" whenever the system is acti-
vated and no radiation is detected. Than the ice formation
sensor is heated until the open space between the emitter
and detector is reestablished and the system is ready for
next ice detection cycle after 20 seconds break.
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
The "ANTI-ICING" de-icing switch is located on the RH
console auxiliary switch panel in the forward cockpit. It is
a three position switch indicating OFF. AUTOMATIC and·
MANUAL. The system is powered by 115 V AC and pro-
. tected by ''DE-ICING SIGNAL."CIB located on the main
CB/switch panel and the two shut-off valves are protected
by "DE-ICING AIR SHOWER" CIB located on the aft
CB/switch panel.
AUTOMATIC OPERATION
With the switch set to the automatic position. the system
utilizes the sensor located on the left side of the nose, to de-
tect ice formation on the aircraft. When icing conditions
are detected by the sensor, a signal is sent to activate the
"icing/snow flakes" caution light on the caution and advi-
sory panel in both cockpits. Together with the actuation of
the caution light, a relay is energized that causes both shut-
off valves to open, thereby directing the bleed air. to the de-
icing surfaces. Opening of the shut-off valves is indicated
by "DE-ICING ON" light on the caution/advisory panel in
both cockpits. If there is no other ice indication after heat-
ing of the sensor and 20 seconds break, both shut-off
valves will close.
The system is disabled when the nose wheel is on the
ground (WOW switch depressed).
MANUAL OPERATION
With the switch at the manual position, the operation is not
sensor dependent. The switch in "MANUAL" position
commands the shut-off valve to open and bleed air is di-
rected to the de-icing surfaces. The "DE-ICING ON"
light will illuminate in the caution/advisory panel.
In manual operation, the nose wheel micro-switch will
have no effect on the system operation.
ICING SENSOR HEAT TEST BUTTON
Heating of the sensing system can be tested on the ground
by positioning the de-icing switch to "AUTOMATIC"
position and pressing the de-ice sensor heating "DE ICE
CHECK" test push button. The green light by the side of
the push button will illuminate to indicate the system is op-
erative. The de-ice sensor heating control panel is located
on the right console in forward cockpit.
The de-ice sensor heating control panel is located on the
right console in forward cockpit.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
LU. IT-L39C-l
ICE DETECT PROBE
0
PITOT TUBE HEATING BUTIONS
COCKPIT AIR-CONDIT •
• . .
- ~ r
MilO •
IIA1IC I
OFO y

G.
e
AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL
~ ®
~ ~
n
~ 0
0
DE-ICE SENSOR HEATING
CONTROL PANEL
FORWARD COCKPIT
0
CAUTION & ADVISORY
LIGHTS PANEL
e
AFT CB/SWITCH PANEL
Figure 1-27. Anti-icing and De-icing System -Controls and Indicators
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(27)
1-55
LU. IT-L31JC-l
PITQT-STATIC SYSTEM. (Figure F0-6)
The Pitot-static system supplies static and total Pitot pres-
sure to various flight instruments and to airspeed switches.
The system comprises of two separate systems that receive
inputs from the Pi tot tubes mounted on each wing leading
edge. Normally the Pitot tube on the right wing is con-
nected to the aircraft systems and the left one serves as the
b a c k ~ u p system.
Both systems consist of drains at their lowest points lo-
cated in the center section of each wing.
Static pressure consumers:
Altimeter
Vertical velocity indicator (VVI)
Mach and airspeed indicator
Cabin altitude pressure indicator
Cabin pressure regulator
Cabin over/under pressure sensor
Flaps air pressure switch
Sight altitude sensor
SDU altitude correction system
RSBN altitude transmitter
RSBN airspeed transmitter
Altitude transmitter to FDR
Airspeed transmitter to FDR
FDR automatic switch
Anti skid system
Total pressure consumers:
Mach and airspeed indicator
Flaps air pressure switch
Forward seat
Aft seat
RSBN airspeed transmitter
Airspeed transmitter to FDR
FDR automatic switch
1--"ih
Anti skid system
PITOT SELECTOR LEVERS. (Figure 1-28)
PITOT TUBE SELECTOR
The Pitot tube selector lever, located on the left console in
the forward cockpit, is labelled "PITOT TUBE" It is a
manually operated selector valve with positions marked
"MAIN" and "STBY". With the lever at the ''MAIN" posi-
tion, the system is fed by pressure from the RH Pitot tube.
''STBY" is the position to be selected for the backup (left)
system (except the static pressure to the cabin pressure reg-
ulator which is still supplied from the RH Pitot tube).
PITOT FAULT SIMULATOR SELECTORS
Two selectors, capable of isolating the forward cockpit Pi-
tot inputs, are located on the center pedestal in the aft cock-
pit. With these selectors the instructor, from the back seat
can simulate a Pitot failure to the front pilot. The selectors
can be switched over in any order immediately one by one.
"STAT. PRESS" Positioning the selector CW
to "FAILURE" cuts off the static
pressure to the instruments in the for
ward cockpit. After selecting
the selector to "FAILURE",
the selector shall be placed CW
for 30 sec. to the guarded
"RED. MIN 30" prior to positioning
it back to normal, to aviod a sudden
pressure surge on the instruments.
"TOTAL PRESS." Positioning the selector CW
to "FAILURE'' cuts off the total
pressure to the instruments in the
forward cockpit. After selecting
the selector to "FAILURE", the
selector shall be placed CW
for 30 sec. to the guarded
"RED. MIN 30" prior to positioning
it back to normal, to avoid a sudden
pressure surge on the instruments.
NOTE
At any time the pitot fault simulator is operating, the
instruments in the aft cockpit remain normal and
show the true readings.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
LV. 1 1 - 1 . . . ) ~ \ . . . . - 1
FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT
0 e
PITOT CONTROLS PITOT FAULT SIMULATOR PANEL
CD
AFT CB/SWITCH PANEL
AB-1-i28)
Figure 1-28. Pitot-statit: System -Controls and Indit:ators
l-:'i7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
PRESSURE INSTRUMENTS
MACH-IAS-TAS INDICATOR
The Mach-IAS-TAS indicator (figure 1-29), located on
the instrument panel in each cockpit, provides indications
for the indicated airspeed, true airspeed and Mach number.
Two pointers (the wider for lAS and the thinner for TAS),
indicate the airspeed on the fixed dial. The lAS pointer in-
dicates airspeed from 100 to 1,200 km/h while theTAS
pointer indicates . airspeed from 300 to 1,200 kmlh. The
corresponding Mach number is indicated by means of a
yellow pointer in a window from 0.5 to 0.9 M.
The Mach meter also incorporates the air speed sensor for au-
tomatic deployment of the speed brakes at 0.78 :::!:: 0.02 Mach
and illuminating of the "M MAX" warning light.
ALTIMETER
The altimeter (figure 1-29) located on the instrument pan-
el in each cockpit, indicates aircraft altitude in meters.
The two pointer altimeter has two concentrically mounted
pointers coded in length and shape. The short thick inner
pointer indicates the altitude from 0 to 20,000 meters in
1,000 meters increments and the long outer pointer indica-
tes increments of I 00 meters and pans of hundreds. The
smallest graduation is 10-meter increments.
The knob located in the left lower part of the instrument
provides a barometric pressure setting from . 670 to
790 mm of mercury column.
COMBINED VVIffURN AND SLIP INDICATOR
The combined vertical velocity/tum and slip indicator lo-
cated on the instrument panel in each (fig-
ure 1-29), indicates the rate of climb or descent in meters
per second. (The turn and slip indicator, even though dis-
playing on the same instrument face, is not part of the pres-
sure instruments.) The vertical velocity indicator scale is
graduated from 0 to 80 m/sec. From 0 to 20 m/sec it is gra-
duated in increments of 2 and from 20 to 80 m/sec in incre-
ments of 10 meters. The indicator has a 9-second delay.
The slip indicator is a mechanical instrument which con-
sists of a hall positioned in a tuhe full of liquid. acting as

a pendulum and will slide to one side whenever the aircraft
is flying an uncoordinated flight.
The turn indicator is a gyro instrument which provides a
quantitative display of the rate of tum being performed.
The display limits indicate a "rate 2" tum meaning 360°
turn per minute. The face of the instrument bears an exam-
ple of speed and bank angle which will produce the above
rate (45°at 350 kmlhr). The tum indicator gyro unit is pow-
ered by 36 V AC 400 Hz together with engine instru-
ments.
RV-SM RADIO ALTIMETER
The radio altimeter provides a read-out of absolute height
from 0 to 750 meters over terrain and water. It consists of
a transmitter-receiver, two antennas (one transmitting and
one receiving) and two height indicators, one in each cock-
pit.
1m: radio altimeter circuit is switched on by the "MRP
RV" switch located on the forward cockpit main
C/B switch panel and it is powered by 28 V DC and
115 V AC 400Hz from the inverter I (or inverter II).
HEIGHT INDICATOR
The height indicator display (figure 1-30) is unevenly
graduated; height from 0 to 20 meters are graduated in
2 meter increments, from 20 to 100 meters in 10 meter in-
crements and from 100 to 750 meters in 50 meter incre-
ments. hence providing a more detailed read-out when the
aircraft is at low heights.
A pointer moves along the scale from 0 (on the ground) to
over 750 m where it is hidden behind a black scale sector.
to be exposed as the A/C descends below 750 m. The red
flag appears when receiver does not have any signal or
whenever the radio altimeter does not operate.
DANGEROUS HEIGHT WARNING
·A decision height CDH) knob is located on the bottom RH
corner of each height indicator. By rotating the knob, a DH
pointer moves at the direction of the rotation, along the
scale. When the height pointer indicates a height which is
equal to or below the height at which the DH pointer is set
to, the "DANGEROUS ALTITUDE" light will illuminate
in the respective cockpit on the warning panel accompa-
nied by a time limited (7 sec approximately) audio war-
ning to the pilot's headset and a yellow dangerous height
warning light on each height indicator.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I
FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT
G
0
ALTIMETER
MACH-IAS-TAS INDICATOR

§ J1TUDE

I

AI.
[;]


:TOR



L
.
e
0
WARNING LIGHTS PANEL
VVIffURN & SLIP INDICATOR
AB-1-(29)
Figure 1-29. Airspeed. Altitude and VVI!furn and Slip Indicator
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
LO.
NOTE
The audio signal is audible only when the A/C passes
the DH from higher height to lower one (during de-
scent).
SYSTEM TEST
Pressing and holding the lower LH push button will cause
the pointer to indicate a height of 15 ± 1.5 meters. Should
the DH pointer is set to 15 meters or below. the. "DAN-
GEROUS ALTITUDE", yellow DH warning light and au-
dible warning will be activated. The test can be performed
both on the ground and during flight.
NOTE
The different visual warning <;an be generated in fwd
and aft cockpits because the different DH can be set
on respective indicators. The audio warning is gener-
ated according to fwd cockpit indicator DH setting
for both pilots.
FLIGHT-NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS
ATTITUDE DIRECTOR INDICATOR (ADI), TYPE
KPP
The ADI (figure 1-31 ), one in each cockpit is a servoed re-
peater indicator, which consists of an artificial horizon dis-
played in relation to an AJC symbol, with RSBN localizer
and glide slope indications, SOU remote command lan-
ding system pointers and a slip indicator.
The ADI receives and displays inputs from an AGO artifi-
cial horizon gyro unit. RSBN short-range radio navigation
and landing system and from the SOU remote command
landing system. ·
The ADI indicator is powered by 27 V DC and 36 V AC
400 Hz. The indicator is activated by the "AGD-GMK"
switch located on the forward cockpit main C/B switch
panel.
PITCH INDICATION CYLINDER
The pitch indication cylinder in relation to the miniature
aircraft symbol indicates the aircraft pitch angle. The max-
imal movement of the cylinder in pitch axis during climb
or descent of the aircraft is 85°.
1-60
BANK ANGLE INDICATOR
The bank angle indicator is by the miniatur:e air-
craft. symbol which leans in consideration to the instru-
ment fixed scale. The aircraft symbol movement is unlimi-
ted. When the aircraft pitch angle reaches 90° the
miniature aircraft symbol reverses by 180° to achieve the
position, corresponding the real aircraft attitude. The pitch
indication cylinder and bank angle indicator receive their
inputs from the AGO artificial horizon gyro unit.
PITCH TRIM KNOB
The pitch trim knob is mounted on the lower right hand
side of the face of the indicator and is intended for aligning
the pitch indication cylinder with the AJC symbol. The cy-
linder can be adjusted during ADI operation. The knob can
be turned in both and is limited by mechanical
stop.
ARRESTING BUTTON
The AGO gyro ring arresting cycle is activated by depres-
sing the arresting button. During the arresting cycle the red
"APPETMP" light illuminates in the arresting button for
at most 15 seconds. The light illuminates also if the AGO
power supply fails.
REMOTE COMMAND LANDING SYSTEM (SOU)
POINTERS
"Dte SOU pointers display the signal which is transmitted
by the RSBN ground based landing facility, received by
aboard RSBN system and generated by SOU system du-
ring the precision landing approach. The indicators repres-
ents extent of lateral and longitudinal movement of the air-
craft which is required to align the AIC with optimum
landing approach path. (The bank indicator swung to right
from center position - AIC is left from the runway localizer
radio beam, the right bank is required in such a rate to get
the bank indicator to the center position. The pitch indica-
tor swung under the center position - AJC is above the
glide-slope beam, the AIC nose down position is required
in such a rate to get the pitch indicator to the center posi-
tion.) During the SOU landing approach both pointers
should be kept in the center position by steering the AIC
to keep and follow the optimum approach path.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
5
T.O. lT-L39C-l
. .
FORWARD COCKPIT
AFT COCKPIT
2
3
4
e 0
HEIGHT INDICATOR. WARNING LIGHTS PANEL
I. Red Flag
2. Height Pointer
3. Dangerous Height Warning Light
(Yellow)/DH Knob
4. DH Pointer
5. Test Push Button
6. Black Scale S e c ~ o r
Figure 1-30. Radio Altimeter
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(30)
1-nl
T.O. 1T-L3YC-l
FORWARD COCKPIT AFrCOCKPIT
13 12 11
e
A'ITITUDE DIRECTOR INDICATOR, ADI
I. Arresting Button
2. Pitch Angle Scale
3. Glideslope Deviation Scale
4. Pitch Angle Indicator
5. SOU- Warning Flag- T
6. Localizer Deviation Scale
7. SOU Warning Flag - K
8. Bank Angle Scale
9. Miniature Aircraft Symbol
10. Bank Trim Knob
II. Slip Indicator
12. SOU Pitch Pointer
13. SOU Bank Pointer
Figure 1-31. Attitude Director Indicator (AD)). Type KPP
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-{31)
FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT
14
13
12
11
10
l. Upper Lubber Line
2. Relative Bearing Card
3. Compass Card
4. Localizer Deviation Scale
5. Warning Flag- GS
6. BOX Reference Markers
7. Course Knob
0
RADIO MAGNETIC INDICATOR, RMI
8. Bearing Pointer
9. Course Deviation Indicator
10. Glideslope Deviation Scale
II. Center Mark
12. Glideslope Deviation Indicator
13. Warning Flag - LOC
14. Localizer Deviation Indicator
Figure 1-32. Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I
AB-1-{32)
I.V. I 1-L...>':f\...-1
LOCALIZER AND GLIDE-SLOPE DEVIATION
POINTERS
Receiving inputs from the RSBN ground based landing
beacon. the localizer and glide-slope indicators represents
radio beams which are aligned with the runway center-line
(localizer) and a constructed approach angle (glide-
slope). When theA/Cis aligned with the beams the needles
will be centered. When the NC deviates from the center
of the beam the pointers will deflect to the direction of the
beam and show the pilot which way to steer (pointer.right
- NC is to the left, the desired path is to the right. Pointer
down - NC is above the glide-slope, the desired glide path
is below). The same function represents the HSI localizer
and glide-slope deviation pointers.
"T' AND "K" WARNING FLAGS
The "T' flag corresponds to pitch indicator and "K" flag
to bank indicator of the SOU system. Whenever the instru-
ment fades to a value reception below threshold, or looses
its power supply, the respective flag will be visible to warn
the pilot that the information provided by pointer is mean-
ingless. ·
SLIP INDICATOR
The slip indicator is a mechanical instrument that consist
of a ball positioned in a tube full of liquid, which acts as
a pendulum and will slide to one side whenever the aircraft
is flying an uncoordinated flight. (Identical to the one in
the combined VVI/turn and slip indicator.)
NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS
RADIO MAGNETIC INDICATOR (RMI),
TYPENPP
The RMI (figure 1-32), one in each cockpit, is a servoed
repeater indicator, which represents a bird view of the air- ·
craft in relation to the navigation facilities. It provides
magnetic heading indication. selected course deviation in-
dication, station bearing and relative bearing information,
glide-sloi>e and localizer deviation information, and BOX
landing pattern information.
The RMI receives its inputs from GMK directional gyro,
ADF and RSBN.
The RMI is powered by 27 V DC and 3 X 36 V AC at
-HlO Hz. Individual indications arc controlled hv ·'AGO-
. . .
GMK"" ... RSBN'" and .. INVERTOR'' CB/switchcs. located
on the aft Cl3/switch panel in the forward cockpit.
COMPASS CARD
The lubber line indicates the magnetic heading at the top
of the display. The compass card receives its inputs from
GMK directional gyro.
COURSE KNOB
The course knob is located on the lower RH side of the
instrument face and is labeled ··sc ... Turning the knob will
rotate the course deviation indicator.
NOTE
The course knob in the aft cockpit is not active.
COURSE DEVIATION INDICATOR
The course deviation indicator is controlled by the course
knob. The selected course indicates the.desired navigation
course to be flown. Once set, the course deviation indicator
rotates with the compass card.
RELATIVE BEARING CARD
The relative bearing card is a fixed scale about the compass
card. It indicates angles measured from the station relative
to the nose of the aircraft.
BEARING POINTER
The bearing pomtcr indicates both relative bearing on
fixed rcl:lll\ c hcarmg card and the station bearing on rotary
compass ..:anJ TI1e pomter receives its inputs from ADF.
LOCALIZER AND GLIDE-SLOPE DEVIATION
POINTERS
Receiving i n p u t ~ from the RSBN ground based landing fa-
cility, the lo..:alllcr and glide-slope indicators represents
radio beams which arc aligned with the runway center-line
(localizer) and a constructed approach angle (glide-
slope). When the NC is aligned with the beams the needles
will be centered. When the NC deviates from the center
of the beam the pointers will deflect to the direction of the
beam and show the pilot which way to steer (pointer right
- NC is to the left. the desired path is to the right. Pointer
down - AJC is ahove the glide-slope. the desired glide path
is he low). The same function represents the ADI localizer
and glide-slope deviation pointers.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT
G CD
ADF INDICATOR RSBN RANGE INDICATOR
AB-1-{33)
Figure 1-33. ADF and RSBN Range Indicators
1-6.5
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
"f'" AND "I<" WARNING FLAGS
The "f"'flag corresponds to glide-slope indicator and "I<"
flag to localizer indicator. Whenever the instrument fades
to a value reception below threshold, or looses its power
supply, the respective flag will be visible to warn the pilot
that the information provided by pointer is meaningless.
BOX REFERENCE MARKERS
The reference markers "2", "3" and "4" provides informa-
tion about standard BOX landing pattern.
ADF INDICATOR
The ADF indicator (figure 1-33), one in each cockpit, pro-
vides information about relative bearing to the tuned sta-
tion. The pointer rotates according signals from the ADF.
RSBN RANGE INDICATOR
The RSBN range indicator (figure 1-33) is located on
instrument panel in both cockpits. The three digits display
indicates the· slant range to/from the tuned RSBN station.
Whenever the instrument fades to a value reception below
threshold, or looses its power supply, the red flag will be
visible to warn the pilot that the information provided by
the indicator is meaningless.
MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS
ACCELEROMETER
Two independent accelerometers (figure 1-34) are instal-
led on the instrument panels, one in each cockpit. In addi-
tion to the instantaneous "g" pointer, there are two recor-
ding pointers, one for positive and one for negative "g"
loads, which follows the instantaneous pointer to its maxi-
mum attained travel. The recording indicating pointer,
thus providing a record of maximum "g" loads encounter-
ed. To reset the recording pointers to the normal I "g" posi-
1-66
tion, the button on the lower right side of the instrument
shall be pressed. The scale of the instrument is graduated
from - 5 to + 10 with the 0 "g" indication at the twelve o
For detailed information refer to Section VI, Operating
Limitations.
STANDBY COMPASS
A conventional standby magnetic compass is mounted on
the RH windshield frame in the forward cockpit only (fig-
ure 1-34).
CLOCK
A 12-hour clocks (figure 1-34) are installed on the instru-
ment panel in both cockpits. They are hand wound and
equipped with two control buttons located on the lower
side of the instrument. The total elapsed time available is
5 days. ·
The lower left knob is used when turned clockwise to wind
the clock and when pulled out, to set the clock. Pressing
this button against spring pressure will actuate the 12 hour
stop watch with minutes and hours (upper scale). A blue
flag in the window, situated within this scale, indicates the
stop watch is actuated. Pressing this button second time,
will stop the elapsed time, a fact which will be indicated
by a blue and white flag in the window. Pressing the button
third time will reset the watch to the starting position
which will be indicated by a white flag in the window.
The button on the lower right, when turned to the left, starts
the clock and bring the minutes stop watch (lower 30 min-
utes scale) into standby mode. Pressing the same button
will then actuate the seconds pointer of the clock together
with the minutes pointer (30 min) on the lower stop watch.
Pressing the button again, will then stop the hands (second
pointer of the clock and minutes pointer of the lower scale
stop watch). Pressing the button a third time, will reset the
both seconds and minutes pointers. Turning this knob to
the right, stops the clock and deactivates all its functions.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
G
ACCELEROMETER
. ,·
.
.
AFrCOCKPIT
0

e
CLOCK
Figure 1-34. Miscellaneous Instruments
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. 'LU. 1T-L39C-l
AB-1-(34)
l-67
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
GYRO FLIGHT/NAVIGATION
AGD GYRO UNIT
AGD consists of a· gyroscope with three degrees of free-
dom. It supplies sig,tals to the ADI's pitch and hank indica-
tors ro provide pilot with the aircraft attitude indication.
During AGD activation process the .gyro ring arresting
procedUre is performed taking IS seconds. All this time
the red advisory light in Ute arresting button illuminates.
The arresting procedure can be activated also manually by
pressing the ADI arresting bu.tton.
NOTE
If the arresting procedure is activated manually du-
ring flight, all the time the procedure is performed
the aircraft shall be steered in straight and level
flight.
CONlROLS
The AGD is powered by 27 V DC and 3 x 36 V AC at
400 Hz, and is switched on by the "AGD-GMK" switch,
located on the forward cockpit main CB/switchpanel.
FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCHES
Two fault simulator switches are located on the center pe-
destal in the aft cockpit. When switched on the switches
can simulate interruption of signal transmitted from the
AGD to forward cockpit's ADI. The "AGD INKLINAT.
· LONGITUD." switch disco.nnects the bank angle indicator
inputs and the "AGD INKLINAT. LATERAL" switch dis-
connects the pitch angle indicator cylinder inputs'. At any ·
time the navigation fault simulator is operating, the ADI
in the aft cockpit remains normal and show the true read-
ing.
GMK DIRECTIONAL GYRO. Figure l-35 and 1-36.
The GMK principle is based on that fact, that a gyroscope
can hold for a long time that position of its axes which. was
set at known bearing. The GMK gyroscope is installed in
the gyro unit. The GMK can transmit either a magnetic
bearing (MC mode) or orthodromical bearing (GC mode).
1-68
The· GMK..signals !lfe displayed on the RMI compass card,
The GMK consists of a gyro unit, an inductive transmitter,
an automatic synchronization unit, a correcting mechanis-
m and a control box.
Synchronization of RMI compass card with aircraft mag-
netic heading can be eiW.er automatically or .
manually. An automatic sync is active during GMK activa-
. tion process and during GMK operation in MC mode
(slave). The S¥nchronization can be· performed at two
rates: the high rate (6 degrees per second) lasts one miJ:tute
since GMK switching on (no matter on mode·switch posi-
tion), or during switching on the MCmode. After that the
. system will automatically over come to sync low rate or
fully disconnect the automatic synchronization unit, with
respect to operating mode set on the control The low
sync rate (i.e. correction of gyroscope position according
to magnetic heading). is executed.during GMK operation
in MC mode, and will be disconnected automatically only
during aircraft tum with rate higher than 0.3 degrees per
second. After terminating the maneuver the system aligns
again the compass card with aircraft
The GMK directional gyro is powered by 27 v DC and
3 x 36 V AC at 400 Hz: The instrument is switching on by
means of "AGD;..QMK" switch located on .the main CB/
switch panel in forward cockpit.
SLAVE MODE (MC)
The inductive transmitter, located in the aircraft wing,
scans the magnetic field of the earth. The inductive trans-
mitter output signal, trimmed by correcting mechanism, is
transmitted to the gyro unit, where it is stabilized and its
average value serves as the RMI compass card input con-
trol signal.
GMK mechanism
The GMK correcting mechanism is located on the aft
cockpit right console. Through the correcting mechanism,
the gyro unit fly-wheel is trimmed about the magnetic
. Two pointers are located on the COrreCting .me-
chanism face: the larger. one; triangular in shape, indicates
the aircraft magnetic heading, and the smaller one indica-
tes the magnetic variation. The smaller pointer is control-
led by means of a variation knob. Rotating this knob can
set the variation with respect to aircraft location. The range
of the variation scale is ± 18.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
. .
.RMI, fWD. COCKPIT RMI, AFf COGKPIT
CORRECriNG
MECHANISM
INDUCTIVE
TRANSMITIER
CONTROL BOX
MCMODE
GYRO UNIT
· GCMODE
·Figure 1-35. GMK Directional Gyro - Block Diagram
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
CORREcriON
·SWITCH
AB-t-(35)
1-69
T.O. IT-L39C-l
·NOTE
If the variation is not introduced the variation pointer
should be set afzero. ·· ·
FREE MODE (GC)
The RMI compass card is controlled only by GMK gyro
unit with no inputs from inductive transmitter and correc-
ting mechanism.
In the GC mode, some of the GMK misinformation can be
rectified. The gyro indication error due to earth rotation
can be corrected by means of setting the aircraft latitude
and hemisphere on the GMK control box. In the GC mode
the system does not provide· the magnetic heading and
variation correction.
CONTROL BOX
The GMK control box is installed in the forward cockpit
RH console only.
Hemisphere Switch
The "GA" switch can be set to either north "N'' or south
"S" position according to the earth hemisphere where the
navigation flight is to be flown. The position setting is due
to automatic correction of GMK gyroscope position in GC
mode.
Gyro Drift Indicator
The "3ABAJI fA" indicator provides pilot with the same
information as the gyro drift indicator on the directional
gyro· front control panel.
Mode Switch
The mode switch can select one of the GMK operation
modes: MC or GC.
Test Switch
The test switch verifies the correct operation of the GMK
system in the MC mode. The test can be executed after ter-
minating the GMK starting process, which lasts 3 minutes
in MC mode or 5 minutes in GC mode. When the· test
switch "CHECK" is moved to 0 (zero) position, the RMI
compass card shall rotate to position zero degrees, when in
300 degrees position the compass card shall indicate 300°
heading. The allowable indication tolerance is ± 10 de-
grees. The compass card repositioning shall be accompa-
nied by illumination of the gyro drift indicator on both the
GMK control box and front control panel. When the test
switch is released to its center neutral position, the HSI
compass card shall rotate back and indicate actual head-
ing.
1-70
LatituQe SeJector
The latitude of location where. the navigation flight is to be
· flown can be set by ·latitude selector. The. latitude setting
is required due to automatic ·correction of GMK gyfo posi-
. tion.in GC mode. The selected latitude can be read.on scale
above the selector. ·
Headin& Switch
If the GMK .operates in MC mode, moving the "HDG. SE-
LECI"' switch to either position will align the GMK gyro
with magnetic heading.
If the GMK operates inGC 111ode, moving the "HDG. SE-
LECI"' switch to either position will cause the gyro rota-
tion in the respective direction hence rotating RMI com-
pass .card. The gyro (compass card) rotation is
when the heading switch is released to its center neutral
position, and the· GMK-proceeds operation ·in GC mode
with new gyro setting.
FRONT CONTROL PANEL
The GMK front control panel is. located on the instrument
panel in each cockpit.
Gyro Drift Indicator
During aircraft evolution the. GMK gyro unit fly-wheel
ring can be leant from its working position and RMI com-
pass card can provide pilot with meaningless information.
This situation is advised by illuminating of the "ER-
ROR GA" gyro drift indicator.
Synchronization Button .
When the ''ERROR GA" light illuminates the
"MC SYNCHR." button can be depressed to align the
GMK gyro with aircraft magnetic heading. The process is.
performed at high synchronization rate.
NOTE
The synchronization of GMK gyro with magnetic
heading during flight shall executed at straight level
flight only.
FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH
The "A.H. FAILURE- GMK" fault simulator switch is lo-
cated on the center pedestal in the aft cockpit. When
switched on the switch can simulate interruption of signal
transmitted from the GMK gyro unit to forward cockpit
RMI. At any time the navigation fault simulator is operat-
ing, the RMI in the aft cockpit remains normal and show
the true reading.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
GYRO DRIFT
INOICATOR
G
SYNCHRONIZATION
. BUTION
l.U. 1 1 - L j ~ C - l
AFI' COCKPIT·
CD
FRONT CONTROL PANEL
MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL
AB-1-{36-1)
Figure 1-36. GMK Directional Gyro - Location and Indication (sheet 1 of 2)
l-71
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
i 2 3
7
6
e
GMK CONTROL BOX
8
A.H.FAl.liRE ~
9
..
- ~ ~
'
~
10
AGo
r--INICUNA;,----1
UIIIIII\ID. LAlBW..
~
.. @
~
- ~ · .
11
12
0
e
FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH
CORRECI'ING MECHANISM
1. Hemisphere Switch · 7. Test SWitch
2. Gyro Drift Indicator 8. Magnetic Variation Pointer
3. Mode Switch 9. Magnetic Heading Pointer
4. Latitude SCale 10. Compass Card
5. Latitude Selector 11. Magnetic Variation Knob
6. Heading Switch 12. Magnetic Variation Scale
Figure 1-36. GMK Directional Gyro - Location and Indication (sheet 2 of 2)
J.,.n
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
1. IFF, Band 3
2. RSBN, Front
3. IFF, Band 2
4. ADF, Omni-directio11alAntenna
5. UHFNHF
6. RSBN, Rear
8
7. IFF, Band 3
8." IFF, Band 2
9. Marker
10. Radio Altimeter
11. ADF, Directional Antenna
Figure 1-37. Antenna Locations
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.U.
AB-1-(37)
l-73
l.U.
RADIO-NAVIGATION
The radio navigation system is composed of a RSBN
short-range radio navigation and. landing system, RKL au-
tomatic direction finder, MRP marker beacon system,
ADis, HSis and antennas. For ADI and HSI indicators refer
to figures 1-31 and 1 ,....32, for antenna locations refer to fig-
ure 1-37. The system consists of NOB, L<X;:, GS and MKR .
receivers and RSBN which provide the pilot with homing
and navigation capability in line-of-sight range. In addi-
tion the system provides instrument landing capabilities.
RSBN-SS SHORT-RANGE RADIO NAVIGATION
AND LANDING SYSTEM. Figure 1-38.
The aboard RSBN radio navigation system receives sig-
nals from ground based RSBN navigation aids and PRMG
landing stations. It allows pilot to provide short range na-
vigation flights, and instrument landing at normal and ad-
verse weather conditions, day and night.
The RSBN system provides the following navigation tasks
capabilities:
continuous information about aircraft position (course
and distance) relative to tuned station
guidance of aircraft to/from the station or at the circuit
along the tuned station
guidance of aircraft to initial approach, descent
through clouds, guidance at the BOX landing pattern,
guidance of aircraft during missed approach
..,. instrument landing approach and measuring distance
to·landing
return of aircraft to destination according' to bearing
pointer on RMI when the compass fails
autonomous computing of aircraft location beyond the
radio signal range of station (in mode)
identification of the turied station (audio signal in the
pilot headset)
The air traffic controller has the following information on
a display:
location of all aircraft receiving signals from specific
station
The RSBN system operates at 40 predefined channels in
NAVIGATION mode and at 40 predefined channels at
LANDING mode. The aboard RSBN system transmits sig-
nals to RMI's and RSBN range indicators in each cockpit.
1-74
the system is powered, by 28. V DC, single phase.
115 V AC at 400Hz and triple phase· 3 X 36 V AC at
400 Hz, and is switched on by "RSBN'' ·switch locateq on
main CB/switch panel in the fwd cockpit.
NOTE
When the aircraft electric power supply is switched
from the main to stand-by generator, the RSBN sys-
tem automatically disconnects from the network. If
necessary it can be reconnected manually by means
of "EMERG. CONNEcriON RSBN" switch, loca-
ted on the fwd cockpit main CB/switch panel.
NAVIGATION (NAV) MODE
The RSBN system in NAV mode provides pilot with in-
formation about aircraft position with respect to ground
based station. These information are displayed on RMI and
RSBN range indicator. The lubber line indicates the
netic heading at the top of the display on the rotary com-
pass card, which receives its inputs from GMK directional
gyro. The bearing pointer, which receives signals from the
ADF, indicates on. the compass card the bearing to/from
the station or on the fixed scale the relative bearing to/from
the station. Using course deviation indicator the naviga-
tion tasks to/from the station and at circle along the station
can be performed. The range · indicator shows the actual
slant distance to/from the tuned station.
GLIDE PATH (GP) MODE
In GP mode the RSBN system generates the electronic gli-
de path which glide slope angle is. set about 4 to 5 degrees
to horizontal. The glide path is displayed on the RMI's and
ADI's glide slope and localizer deviation pointers by the
same manner as during aircraft landing. The GP mode is
typically used at aircraft arrival route to a destination from
the. enroute phase. The glide path is constructed to guide
the aircraft from the altitude 10,000 m and distance
132 ± 5 km from the station to altitude 600 m at distance
21 ± 3 km from the station. Reaching termination point is
indicated by illumination of the "END OF DESCENT"
light on the C&A lights panel in each cockpit. The RSBN
range indicator displays actual slant distance to· station.
LANDING (LOG) MODE
In· LOG mode the aboard RSBN system receives signals
from PRMG landing stations and displays them on the
RMI's and ADI's glide slope and localizer deviation poin-
ters. The RSBN range indicator displays actual slant dis-
tance to station.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
CONTROL BOX
The RSBN control box is located an·the forward cockpit
left console.
NAV Channel Selector
Turning the selector sets the NAV channel. The selected
channel number is displayed in "NAVIGATION" window.
LPG Channel Selector
Turning the selector sets the LDG channel. The selected
channel number is displayed in "LANDING" window.
Distance Switch
The "DISTANCE INITIAL SETTING" switch, once posi-
tioned to either side, deerease or increa5e the distance dis-
played on the RSBN range indicator. Releasing the distan-
ce switch, the new range is set ..
Course Switch
The "AZIMUTH INITIAL SETTING" switch, once posi-
tioned to either side, rotates the HSI's compass card. Rele-
asing the switch, the new course is set.
Distance Correction Li2ht
When the green "DISTANCE CORRECTION" light illu-
minates, the distance to the station is evaluated with a max-
imum accuracy, which the system .is capable in radio touch
with station. If the distance correction light does not shine,
the aircraft is beyond the station range and the distance is
computed by the system autonomously· with lower
cy.
Course Correction Li2ht
When the green "AZIMUTH CORRECTION" light illumi-
nates, the bearing to the station is evaluated with a maximum
accuracy, which the system is capable in radio touch with sta-
tion. If the course correction light does not shine, the aircraft
is beyond the station range and the bearing is computed by
the system autonomously with lower accuracy.
Volume Knob
The "VOLUME CONTROL" knob, when turned CW in-
crease the RSBN station audio signal to the pilot's headset.
Zero Course Button
When the "AZIMUTH 0 SETTING" button is depressed,
rotating the potentiometer will set the zero course. This
button is used for maintenance purposes only.
T.O. IT-L39C-I ·
OTHER CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS
. . .
Auxiliacy Switch Panel
. . . .
The auxiliary switch panel is installed in the forward cock-
pit RH console. The following contr-ols· belong the RSBN_·.
system:
• RSBN mode switch labeled "RSBN". The mode
switch has three positions: "LANDING", "NA-
VIG." and "GLIDE PATH". In the "lANDING"
position the aircraft is guided at the ap-
proach by the glide slope and localizer beams of
landing station; in the "NAVIG" position the air..:
craft location (course and distance to/from the sta-
tion) is displayed, and in the "GLIDE PATH" posi-
tion the aircraft is guided during descent at the
constructed electronic glide path.
• RSBN test button "TESTING". When the button
is depressed, the RSBN system should set distance
291.5 ± 3 km at the indicator and course
117° ± 2° at the RMI.
• Identification· button "IDENTIF". When the but-
ton is depressed the aircraft's symbol at the air traf-
fic controller's display is highlighted.
• RSBN control box lighting intensity knob "RSBN ·
LIGHTING" should be used to set suitable RSBN
control box lighting intensity.
RSBN Beacon Audio Button
The RSBN beacon audio button "RSBN TUNE",
on the left console in each cockpit, when depressed, provi-
de the pilot with the station audio signal in the bead set.
RSBN System Altitude
The altitude selector is located on the right console in the
forward cockpit only. Turning the knob in the middle of the
instrument face will set the altitude of destination for
RSBN mode "GLIDE PATH". The scale is graduated in
mm MC multiply by ten.
RSBN Aft Control Panel
The RSBN aft control panel is located on the right console
of the aft cockpit; the following controls are belong the
RSBN system:
• Bearing alignment button "AZIMUTH AC-
CORDANCE" aligns the RMI selected course
reading in the aft cockpit with reading of RMI se-
lected course in the forward cockpit.
• Landing emergency · engage switch "EMERG.
SWITCH ON FOR LANDING" ensures pilot to
switch on the LANDING mode of RSBN in emer-
gency cases.
1-75
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
· T.U. IT-L39C-1
FORWARD COCKPIT
G
RSBNBEACON
AUDIO BUTTON
I:--:: I =
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e
MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL
AFT COCKPIT
e
INV3diY
FM
J.P.T.
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"J.P.T.
7UifC
C & A LIGHTS PANEL
(FORWARD COCKPm
1
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AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL
1. RSBN Mode Switch
2. Identification Button
3. RSBN Test Button
4. RSBN Control Box Lighting Intensity Knob
Figure 1-3 8 ~ Rsim- Location and Indication (sheet l of 2)
1-76
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
2
AB-1-(31-1)
5
6 .. 7 8 .
NAVIGATlON
roo
12 11

RSBN CONTROL BOX
CD
C & A LIGHTS PANEL
(AFT COCKPin ..
5. Volume Knob
6. Course Correction Light
7. Distance Correction Light
8. Course Switch
9•
10
l.U. 11-UYC-l
G
ALTITUDE SELECTOR
LANDING MODE
EMERGENCY ENGAGE
COURSE ALIGNMENT SWITCH
BUTION
4D
AFT CONTROL PANEL
9. Distance Switch
10. LOG Channel Selector
11. NAV Channel Selector
12. Zero Course Button
AB-1-{38-2)
Figure 1-38. RSBN- Location and Indication (sheet 2 of 2)
1-77
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Caution !l"d Advisrny Li&btS Panel
The following.lights are located on the caution and adviso-
ry lights panel in the forward cockpit:
• "END OF DESCENT" green advisory light indica-
tes reaching the terminal point of GLIDE PATH
regime.·
• "CONFORM AZIMUTH" light illumination in-
forms the pilot in the forward cockpit that the aft
cockpit "AZIMUTH ACCORDANCE" bearing
alignment button is depressed.
NOTE
Bearing can be adjusted in the forward cockpit only.
The aft cockpit caution and advisory lights panel bears the
following lights:
• "END OF DESCENT" green advisory light indica-
. tes reaching the terminal point of GLIDE PATH
regime.
• CORRECf" provides the same in-
formation as the. course correction light in the for-
ward cockpit RSBN control box. ·
• "DISTANCE CORRECf" provides the same in-
formation as the distance correction light in the
forward cockpit RSBN control box.
SDU REMOTE COMMAND LANDING SYSTEM
The SOU system provides pilot with precision approach
capability to 60 m AGL at the runway threshold. The SOU
signals are on the AD Is in both cockpits.
The SOU system is powered by 28 V DC and 3 x 36 V AC
at 400Hz, and protected by the "SOli" circuit breaker on
the main CB/switch panel. The system can be switched on
by means of "SOU" switch located on the forward cockpit
auxiliary switch panel.
The pilot switches on the SOU system manually after
penetrating area of stable receiving the localizer signal,
which is indicated by disappearing of the "K" warning
flag. SOU activation is indicated by hidden "K" and "f"
warning flags on the RMI.
1-78
. NOTE
Before the SOU system activation, the bearing poin-
ter should be set at the runway course. ·
The aircraft can be-steered using SOU pointers only when
is clearly and unbrokenly receiving. the signal of glide slo-
pe and localizer.beams, which is indicated by both the "K"
and "f" warning flags disappearing.
RKL-41 AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER
The ADF system measures the relative bearing, i.e. the
angle measured between direction of the aircraft nose and
the station. Range of frequencies is from 150 to 1,800 kHz
at MV and LV bands.
The ADF signal range is determined by the station trans-
mitting power. With respect to the frequencies, its range
overcomes the radio line-of-sight.
The relative bearing is displayed in the ADF indicators in
each cockpit.
The ADF control box is located on the right console in both
cockpits.
The ADF is powered by 28 V DC and 115 V AC at 400Hz
from the inverter I or inverter II.
ADFCONfROLBOX
The ADF control box bears the following controls:
Tune Indicator
· The pointer indicates the accuracy of ADF tuning. Maxi-
mal deflection of the pointer should be set during ADF fine
tuning.
· Volume Knob
.. Turning this knob CW increases the volume of signal
· transferred to pilot headset.
ADF Control Switch
The control switch provides the possibility to "take" or
"hand over" the ADF control.
Mode Switch
Positioning the mode switch to "TLF', the ADF receives
signals from station with permanent or modulated standard
(A3) and allows its listening. In the "TLG" position the
beat frequency is generated to allow listening of identifica-
tion signal (Al, A2).
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
"1:0. ..
FORWARD COCKPIT
0 0 0
.


14f_
SOU SWITCH
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0 0 .0 0 0
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MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL
AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL
AB-1-{39)
Figure 1-39. SOU Remote Command Landing System- Controls
1-79
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
function Selector
Five-position switch can be switched to one of following
positions:
"OFF" - power supply disconnected, ADF does not
operate
"C AUT'' - ADF operates in fully automatic mode. As
the aircraft overpasses the outer beacon, the ADF is
automatically re-tuned to preset inner beacon fre-
quency. If the aircraft drifts from the apprQach entry
sector, i.e. ± 30° from the runway axis, the system is
automatically re-tuned back to outer beacon frequen-
cy to enable to initiate the missed approach procedure.
The ADF automatic re-tuning operates only in land-
ing gear down position.
"C MAN'' - ADF indicator needle automatically
points to tuned facility, however the switching bet-
ween outer and inner beacon should be executed man-
ually by means of outer-inner beacon switch located
on the instrument panel in .each cockpit.
"ANT'- ADF system receives omnidirectional anten-
na signals only. This mode is recommended for tuning
a specific beacon.
"LOOP" - If the automatic beacon tracking function
has failed, the direction to the beacon can be found
manually by rotating a goniometer. The goniometer is
controlled by means of "UR" thrCe position switch.
When the switch is moved from its center neutral posi-
tion to one of its end position, the goniometer starts to
rotate in the respective direction. Accurate beacon
direction finding is indicated either by means of less
audible beacon identification signal in the pilots head-
set, or by minimum deflection of the tune indicator
pointer.
"UR" Switch
Moving the switch to one of its end position causes
rotating of ADF indicator needle. If the function selector
is in either "C AUT'' or "C MAN'' position,-the ADF indi-
cator needle should move back to initial ·position (pointing
the tuned beacon) after "UR" switch releasing to neutral
position. This feature verifies the ADF operation ability.
The next function of this switch is described above (refer
to "LOOP" position of function selector).
Frequency Control Knobs
The ADF lrequencies can be set by means of tripie rotary
switches. The two identical knobs are marked "0" for out-
1-80
er beacon frequency tuning, and "f' for inner beacon. Tur-
ning the outer larger knob selects hundreds of kHz, center
toggle knob selects tens of kHz and inner small knob chan-
ges units of kHz. Units of kHz are indicated on outer scale
graduated from I to I 0, however this scale is not calibrated
and shows the units approximately only. The inner small
knob can be mainly used for fine tuning to achieve maxi-
mum deflection of the tune indicator pointer. The window
beside the control knob indicates the selected frequency in
kHz.
Intensity Knob
Rotating the knob increases or decreases the ADF control
box lighting intensity.
OUTER-INNER BEACON SWITCH
The outer-inner beacon switches are located on the LH
side of instrument panel in both cockpits. The switch has
two position marked "0" and "f'. When the ADF function
selector is in "C MAN'' position, the either outer or inner
beacon frequencies can be to be displayed on the
ADF indicator.
FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH
The "A.H. FAILURE -ARK" fault simulator switch is· lo-
cated on the center pedestal in the aft cockpiL When
switched on the switch can simulate interruption of signal
transmitted from the ADF system to forward cockpit ADF
indicator. At any time the navigation fault simulator is op-
erating, the ADF indicator in the aft cockpit remains nor-
mal and shows the true reading.
MRP-56P/S MARKER BEACON RECEIVER
Figure 1-41.
The VHF marker beacon receiver provides pilot with au-
dio and visual indication of marker beacon overpass. The
audio signal is sent to pilot's headset and the visual indica-
tion is provided on the caution lights panel in both cockpits
by illumination of "MARKER" green light.
The marker beacon receiver is powered by 28 V DC and
is switched on together with radio altimeter by the "MRP-
RV" switch located on the main CB/switch panel.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. 1 1 - L . ) ~ l . . - 1
FORWARD COCKPIT· AFT COCKPIT
1 2 3 4 5
~
••
OUTER- INNER
BEACON SWITCH
9 · s· ·7 6
·o
ADF CONTROL BOX
1. Thne Indicator
2. Volume Knob
3. Control Switch
4. Mode Switch
5. Function Selector
e
FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH
6. IJR Switch
7. Frequency Control Knob - 100kHz
8. Fine Tuning Knob
9. Frequency Control Knob :- 10kHz
AB-1-{40)
Figure 1-40. ADF Automatic Direction Finder- Controls
1-81
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. 11-L.lYl..-l
1-82
FORWARD COCKPIT ..
~ IFUELl ~ f"J;T.l
~ ~ ~ ~ ·
G
C & A LIGHTS PANEL-:-. TYPICAL
I:--: I =
0
MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL
Figure 1-41. Marker- Controls and Indication
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-{41)
I
. FORWARD COCKPIT

(QJ\\ULUE
reg
. @

srAND-BY NJF

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IS
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ICS CONTROL BOX
e
MISCELLANEOUS
CD/SWITCH PANEL
ICSPTT
I
Figure 1-42. Intercom - Controls
T.O.
AFrCOCKPIT
C)
THROTTLE (TYPICAL)
E)
CONTROL STICK
GRIP (TYPICAL)
ICS PTT
BUTTON
AB-1-(42)
l-83
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
The aircraft communication system consists of an inter-
com set and a VHF/UHF radio.
INTERCOM (ICS) Figure 1-42.
The intercom provides the following function:
Inter-cockpit and cockpit to ground staff communica-
tion
Connection and mixture of all audio signals to be ap-
plied to the headset
PTT, transmitters and receivers audio's distribution
The intercom system is powered by 28 V DC and is
switched on by "ROO" switch located on the main CB/
switch panel in the forward cockpit or by "INTERCOM
GROUND" C/B located on the miscellaneous CB/switch
panel in the aft cockpit.
ICS CONTROL BOX
The intercom control box is located in both cockpits on the
left console .
. Intercom are:
ICS Volume Knob
The "INTERCOM" volume knob controls the volume of
the intercom audio signal to the headset in the respective
cockpit. The volume increases by rotating the knob in the
arrow direction.
Radio Volume Knob
The knob is labeled "RADIO" and controls the volume of
radio audio signal to the headset in the respective cockpit.
The volume increases by rotating the knob in the arrow di-
rection.
Radio Control Switch
The "STAND-BY/MAIN'' radio control switch, when
switched to the "STAND-BY" position, connects paralle-
ly the headset to ICS amplifier in the next cockpit. The
switch function is to stand-by the ICS in case of the next
cockpit intercom amplifier malfunction. When in
"STAND-BY" position, all controls are deactivated.
ADF Audio Switch
The "ADF/OFF' audio switch, when switched to the
"ADF' position, enable to listen the ADF beacon signal in
the pilot's headset.
1-84
ICS PRESS-TO-TALK BUTIONS
To activate the ICS transmitting, one of the PTr buttons
located on the throttle grips in both cockpits shall be pres-
sed. In the aft cockpit, the PTr button is doubled with the
button located on the stick grip.
R-832M VHF/UHF RADIO
Two band VHF/UHF radio provides line-of-sight commu-
nications. The radio has not a provision to select individual
frequency, but one of 20 preset channels can be selected.
Frequency range is from 118 to 140 MHz at VHF band and
from 220 to 389.95 MHz at UHF band. The UHFNHF ra-
dio control boxes are located on the left console in each
cockpit. They operate in tandem connection being switch-
ed by "RADIO CONTROL" switch in each cockpit's au-
dio panel. The operating control box is determined by illu-
minating channel window. Transmissions are made by
pressing one of the · PTT buttons located on the throttle
grips in each cockpit. The radio is powered by 28 V DC
and 115 V AC at 400 Hz from the inverter I or inverter ll,
and is activated by "ROO" switch in the main CB/panel in
the forward cockpit.
UHFNHF RADIO CONTROL BOX
Preset Channel Selector
The preset channel selector permits the selection of o{le of
20 preset frequencies. The selected channel number can be
read in the channel window.
Memory Screw
Rotating the screw, the mechanical memory card can be re-
moved from the control box, and the new memory card
with different selection can be inserted.
AUDIO PANEL
Radio Control Switch
The switch is labeled "RADIO CONTROL" and permits
to change the radio controls. Each movement of the switch,
no matter in which cockpit, changes the existing box in
command to the other one, i.e. the control over the radio
can either be ''taken" or "handed over". The channel win-
dow will illuminate to indicate control of the radio box in
respective cockpits.
SQuelch Switch
The switch in on position enables squelch circuit which
helps to eliminate background noises during normal recep-
tion. In OFF position the squelch circuit is disabled to per-
mit unhampered use of a weak signal.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
~ r m ~
LIJm·e ~ ~
. CHANNB.
SB.ECTOR
G
CONTROL BOX
e
SQUELCH
SWITCH
THROTILE (TYPICAL)
Figure 1-43. VHF/UHF Radio- Controls
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.U. IT-L39C-l
- ~ .
AFfCOCKPIT
RADIO CONTROL
SWITCH
0
AUDIO PANEL
AB-1-(43)
. l-85
l.U. ll-LjYL-1
·sRO TRANSPONDER <IFF> SYSTEM
The SRO transponder system provides the mearis for iden-
. tifying to be friend-or-foe (IFF}. The transponder is a re-
ceiver-transmitter which transmits a coded response "I ain
allied aircraft - friend" to a coded interrogation transmit-
ted by the air traffic. control station. The IFF system con-
tains an antenna system and a control box. The IFF system
is power supplied by 28 V DC and 115 V AC at 400Hz.
When the main and standby generator fail during flight,
the IFF is automatically disconnected from the power sup-
ply. If needed, the IFF can be shortly connected by an"EM-
ERG. CONNECTION IFF'' switch, located on the main
CB/switch panel.
IFF CONTROL BOX
The IFF control box is located under the RH cabin frame
in the forward cockpit only.
Code Selector
The relevant identification code can be selected by the co-
de selector in a range from 1 to 12.
Power Switch
The doubled switch labeled "FEEDING" switches on the
IFF system.
PowerLi&ht
The red advisory light labeled "FEED. CHECK" illumina-
tes when the IFF system is power supplied.
Emergency Switch
The switch "EMERG" should be switched on whenever an
emergency conditions are detected. Switching on the em-
ergency switch will warn the air traffic controller about the
. emergency situation.
FDR-39TM-E FLIGHT DATA RECORDER <FDRl
Figure
The FOR, located on the LH side of the fuselage aft sec-
tion, records various A/C flight parameters. The recording
is done on a solid state EPROM PCB which has a capacity
of 1 MB, equivalent to approximatelly 8 data hours.
The 8 recording hours are divided to data blocks of 2 hours
each. Once a block is completed the next block is
employed. When the last block is completed the first is
erased to provide space for the next 2 hours of recording
(First In First Out).
The parameters recorded by the FOR are of two types:
1-86
- Continuous recording of flight data
EventS
THE FLIGHT DATA INCLUDE:
- Flight altitude
- Speed
- G forces
- Elevator movements
- Engine RPM
- Throttle movement
THE EVENTS INCLUDE:
- Ejection
Fuel shut off
- UG door open
THE FOLLOWING WARNINGS ARE INCLUDED:
- Fire
- Minimum fuel pressure behind boost pump
- Minimum pressure in the hydraulic system
- Cabin pressure
RAT not operating
- Minimum oil pressure
All data and events are recorded along a time basis for post
flight analysis by the ground evaluation equipment
GEE-39TM. The down loaded flight data may be present-
ed for evaluation in a graphical and/or a digital format.
FDR OPERATION
The recording system is switched on automatically once
the aircraft has exceeded 120 kmlb. It can also be switched
on at any time by the "FLT RECORDER" switch located
oil the forward cockpit LH console. A steady green light,
alongside the switch, indicates that the recording tape is
running. If the light flashes, the FOR is powered, but a fault
is detected in the system.
The FOR is power supplied by the battery bus and is pro-
tected by "BATTERY" switch located on the main CB/
switch panel and by "FLT
CIB located on the aft C/B switch panel. ·
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
0
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0 0
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MAIN CD/SWITCH PANEL
1. Transmission Indicator
2. Power light
3. Code Selection Indicator
4. Code Selector
S. Voltage Regulator
6. Circuit Breaker
7. Power Switches
,;. rest Sbcfet
9. Emergency Switch
FORWARD COCKPIT
· Figure 1-44. IFF - Controls and Indication
. 1 2 3
6
·CD
IFF CONTROL BOX
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
AB-1-(44)
1-87
1.U.
FORWARD COCKPIT
0
I A.T RECORDER
e
FOR SWITCH.
0
AFI' CB/SWITCH PANEL
AB-H45)
Figure 1-45. FOR- Controls and Indication
1-88
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
OXYGEN SYSTEM. Refer to f i ~ u r e s 1-46 through 1-48.
The aircraft is equipped with a gaseous oxygen system
which is divided into high and low pressure subsystems.
The system utilizes four four-liter cylinders and two
spherical two-liter bottles, installed in the nose compart-
ment and an emergency oxygen container located in the
seat pack of the parachute. In flight the emergency oxygel)
containers are located in the ejection seat frame.
Each pilot receives his oxygen supply through a separate
pressure line, delivered from two cylinders and one spheri-
cal bottle. However, when the pressure decreases, the lines
can be interconnected so that the oxygen may be used to
supply the other one. A pressure reducer in each circuit
provides reduced oxygen pressure to the diluter demand
regulator.
Both forward and aft pilots are equipped with an oxygen
mask; the oxygen system installation in the forward cock-
pit has a provisions to use an altitude compensating flight
suit with hermetized pressure helmet.
The pilot breathes ambient air up to flight altitude
2,000 m, from that altitude up to 8,000 m a mixture of air
and oxygen. The ratio between air and oxygen depends on
the cabin altitude. From flight altitude 8,000 m the pure
oxygen is supplied to the mask. The mixture or oxygen is
delivered to the mask either in dependence on pilot's brea-
thing or pressurized pure oxygen can be continuously sup-
plied if needed.
IDGH PRESSURE (HP) OXYGEN SUBSYSTEM
The HP oxygen sdbsystem consists mainly of the oxygen
cylinders, check valves, the pressUre reducer and the HP
oxygen indicators. Pressure in the HP oxygen subsystem
is 150 MPa.
OXYGEN CYLINDERS
Four oxygen cylinders containing four liters each and two
spherical bottles containing two liters each are located in
the nose. Each cylinders are replenished through one
ground central oxygen filler valve located on the aircraft
nose LH side.
OXYGEN SHUT-QFFVALVE
The oxygen shut-off valve, labeled "OXYGEN", is instal-
led in the aft part of left console in each cockpit. The valve
has two positions: CLOSED and OPEN. The valve, when
turned CCW, opens the oxygen supply system.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
CHECK VALVES
Several non-return valves are installed in the HP part of
the oxygen system to prevent back flow of the oxygen and
leakage from faulty oxygen circuit. .,.
OXYGEN PRESSURE INDICATOR
The oxygen pressure indicator consists of two independent
instruments in one body: oxygen pressure indicator and
flow indicator.
The oxygen pressure indicator is located on the forward
left console In each cockpit to indicate pressure of the HP
oxygen subsystem. The scale is graduated from 0 to
165 kp/cm
2
. ·
Normal system pressure is between 30 and 150 kp/cm2,
depending on oxygen consumption. The flow indicator
constitutes the lower part of the instrument. ·
LOW PRESSURE (LP) OXYGEN SUBSYSTEM
The LP oxygen subsystem consists of the diluter demand
regulator and the mixture regulator, which provides an ox-
ygen/air mixture in proportion to a given altitude ·and in-
corporates the following controls and indicators:
DILUTER DEMAND REGULATOR
The diluter demand regulator continuously supplies to the
mask an optimum volume of oxygen in dependence on
cabin altitude, controls helmet ventilation and provides
oxygen pressure control in the compensating suit, helmet
or mask.
The diluter demand regulator has following controls:
Diluter Demand Switch
The diluter demand switch is located on an oxygen control
panel and has two positions: "100% 02" and "NORM". In
the "NORM" position oxygen is supplied by the regulator
depending on cabin altitude and pilot's needs. In the
"100% 02" position pure oxygen is delivered continuous-
ly.
Emen:enc;y Oxy&en Switch
The red background switch "EMER" has two positions:
"OFF' and "ON''. For normal operation the switch is set
to "OFF'. When the pressure regulation in the diluter de-
mand regulator failures, the switch shall be moved to
"ON" position and the oxygen is delivered with positive
pressure to the oxygen mask, with no regulation.
MIXTURE REGULATOR
The mixture regulator is connected to the onboard oxygen
system with P.E.C.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
NOTE
If the oxygen mask is. not properly tightened on the
pilot.£s face, or the. helmet is Opened or unsealed,
and the cabin altitude is above 2,000 m, the oxygen
continuously flows through the oxygen mask ~ Q the
cabin att;nospbere. .
FLOW INDICATOR
· The flow indicator, located in the oxygen pressure indica-
tor, indicates oxygen flow. During nonnal operation the
blinker indicates a double butterfly white flags when there
is no· demand for oxygen and blank (open) when oxygen
flows. With the emergency switch at the. "ON'' position,
the blinker indicates no flag (blank).
OPERATION
At all stages, in order to allow oxygen supply, the shut-off
valve must be open.
During noimal operation the diluter demand switch should
be placed to "NORM" and the emergency switch to
"OFF''. Should the pilot feel any kind of dizziness , he can,
at any time, switch the diluter demand switch to "100%
02" for pure oxygen supply. If symptoms of hypoxia are
suspected the emergency switch should be placed to "ON''
to provide oxygen with pressure.
NOTE
. .
·up to the approximately 2;000 m, the blinker does
not indicate flow (white flags are shown) since no ox-
ygen is supplied (in "NORM") up to that altitude,·
AFf COCKPIT OXYGEN INTERCONNEC'f
VALVE
The aft cockpit is equipped with an interconnect valve pla-
carded "BOTTLES INTERCONNECI'", and located on
the left console behind the oxygen shut...:off valve. The in-
terconnect valve is kept shut (CW) during normal opera-
ting dual flights. For solo flights, or when the oxygen in
any cockpit is depleted; the interconnect valve is ·opened
(CCW), allowing both pilots to breath oxygen from the in-
terconnected system bottles through the interconnect
valve.
1-90
. . . .
COMPENSATING SUIT AND PRESSURIZED
HELMET
Only the forward cockpit bas provisions to use compensa-
ting suit and pressurized helmet for training purposes. . ·
The helmet ventilation system exhausts carbon dioxide
from the helmet space and blows on the pilot
The following pilot's equipment is released to be used in
.the forward cockpit:



oxygen mask and Anti-G s ~ t
oxygen mask and compensating suit
pressurized helmet and compensating suit
When the cabin is depressurized about maximal aircraft
. ceiling, the compensating suit will be automatically infla-
ted with oxygen and pure oxygen with positive pressure
will be delivered to tPe helmet ..
!!ELMET OXYGEN PRESSURE INDICATOR
The inixture or oxygen pressure in the helmet is indicated .
on the pressure indicator; located on the forward cockpit
LH console. The indicator reading is from 0 to 2,000 mm
of water column, the normal indication range is between
800 and 1,200 mm of water column.
HELMET VISOR HEATING CONI'ROL PANEL
When the helmet visor became fogged during· flight, it can·
be electrically heated. The helmet visor beating control
. panel is lOcated on the forward cockpit left console. The·
visor ·beating system is protected by "SEAT/HELMET''
CJB located on. the aft CB/switch.panel.
Helmet Visor Heatins Switch
When in "ON'', the visor is automatically defogged only
if required. The next position will switch off the automatic
heating. ·
Helmet Visor Quick Heatins Button
In case of sudden visor fogging, the ''QUICK" push-but-
ton should be depressed and hold, thus applying rnaXimum
intensive helmet visor heating.
Temperature Knob
Turning the knob, the current utilized by visor beating sys-
tem is increased or decreased.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
.I
l
1:.0. ·1 T -L39C-l
1 2
8
1. Oxygen Mask Connector - Normal Delivery 7. P.E.C. Quick Disconnect
2. Oxygen Mask Connector - E;mergency Delivery 8. Radio and Helmet Heating Connector
3. Ventilating Suit Connector 9. P.E.C. (Typical)
4. Mixture Regulator 10. Ventilating Connector
5. Oxygen Supply Hose - High Pressure 11. Anti-G Connector
6. Oxygen Supply Hose - Low Pressure 12. Emergency Oxygen Connection Hose
AB-1-{46)
Figure 1-46. Personal Equipment Connection and Mixture Regulator
"1-91
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
1-92
FORWARD COCKPIT
LHCONSOLE
e
HELMET OXYGEN
PRESSURE INDICATOR
jo OXYGEN ol
E)
OXYGEN SUPPLY
VALVE
.CD
OXYGEN PRESSURE
AND FLOW INDICATOR
BOrn.ES
INTERCONNECT
e
BOTTLES INTERCONNECT
VALVE
E
..
E
R.
AFT COCKPIT
LHCONSOLE
1 2
e
OXYGEN CONTROL PANEL
1. Emergency Oxygen Switch
2. Diluter Demand Switch
All-1-(47-1)
Figure 1-47. Oxygen System- Controls and Indication (sheet 1 of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
e
FORWARD COCKPIT
. LHCONSOLE

T.O. 1T-L39C-l
3
. 4
~
5
HELMET VENTn.ATION SWITCH
HELMET VISOR HEATING
CONTROL PANEL
3. Helmet Visor Heating Switch
4. Quick Heating Button
5. Temperature Controller
AB-1-(47-2)
Figure 1-47. Oxygen System- Controls and Indication (sheet 2 of 2)
1-93
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Refer to figl.J!C 1-48.
EMERGENCY OXYGEN SYSTEM
The emergency oxygen container is attached to the pilot's
parachute and during flight is located with a survival kit in
the seat bucket. The emergency oxygen·delivery is activa-
ted automatically upon seat ejection. It can also be activa-
Contents of "02" (%} Cabin
"MIXTURE" Altitude
2,175 1,885
Diluter Switch 100%
All
. 46.50
36.70
Altitudes
Mixture .24 6,000ft 181.70 174.00.
Mixture . 32 "12,000 ft 148.60 130.50
Mixture 43 18,000 ft 108.00 93.10
Mixture 60 24,000ft 77.30 65.00
I WARNING.
*
Descent to an altitude where oxygen is not
required. . · · .
** Do not fly with oxygen
ted manually in .the cockpit by of a red knob atta-
ched ·to the seat connector when the normal system fails.
The container is charged with 0.825 li-
ters. of oxygen at a pressure of ISO kglcm2. A built in pres-
. sure indicator pemiits checking of the pressure.
The container is connected directly to the lap belt radio/ox-
ygen connector and provides oxygen ·for approximately ·
10 minutes.
HP OXYGEN PRESSURE IN PSI
1,595 1,305 1,015 725 435
32.80 29.00 ·19.30 15.40 s.8o·
146.20 119.00 90.50 63.10 35.70
106.70 89.20 65.30 47.30 29.70
78.30 63.70 48.70 33.80 14.30
58.40 46.40 33.80 21.80 15.40
*
NOTE
4. The values of oxygen durations in the table are
valid for the· flights at the introduced altitudes.
5. During SOLO flights the indicated values are
approximately double
145
-
-
-
-
-
**
Figure 1-48. Oxygen Duration in Minutes for Two Crew Member
1-94
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
·-.l
I
_CANOPIES
PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
The pneumatic system provides air for. inflating the sealing
tubes ·of the windshield and canopies of both cockpits. The
air source is an air bottle with a volume of 2 liters and pres-
sure of 15 MPa. Two stage reduction valves located in the
fwd cockpit, · reduce gradually this pressure to
1.52:....1.59 kplcm
2
(22-23 psi) which is adequate for cano-
PY sealing. The pressure in bottles is indicated on the· pres-
sure gage located on the aircraft nose LH side together with
the filling port.
Sealing effect of the windshield and canopies is estab-
lished after closing and locking the canopies locks and mo-
ving the Cabin pressurization and ECS handle to the center
position. This can be.done from either cockpits.
When unlocking the canopy without de-pressurizing first
(and/or during ejection), the air in the sealing tubes is drai-
ned automatically. However during normal operation this
is highly unrecommended as the canopies can spring out
of their hinges.
The Cabin pressurization and ECS handle inay be placed
to center or forward position, only after both canopies are
locked.
CANOPY CONTROL (Figure 1-49)
The aircraft is equipped with individual canopies for the
forward and aft cockpits which are opened and closed in-
dependently. The canopies are hinged at the right and open
upward; from the LH side. ·
Make sure to lift the canopy from the. left otherwise it may
be released of its hinges on the right.·
The canopy controls consist of the internal locking levers,
the externals locking levers and the canopy jettison levers.
Securing rods are installed to hold the canopy at the open
position.
INTERNAL CANOPY LOCKING LEVER
The internal canopy locking levers are located on the left
cabin rail in each cockpit. It has a red mark in the forward
locked position. In the closed position, each canopy is held
by four locks. The locks in each canopy are opened or clo-
sed simultaneously by the canopy locking lever through a
mechanical linkage. To open the canopy, the internal cano-
PY lever is tilted inboard and then pulled backwards.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
EXTERNAL CANOPY (.oCKING LEVER
Locking and un.locking the ci,Uiopies from outside is esta-
blished by external canopy locking levers located below
the cabin _rail on the left side of the fuselage by each cockpit
canopy. The spring loaded lever is released by pushing the
cover. A spring forces lever to engage the me-
chanical linkage of the opening mechanism.
To store the handle, it must be pushed against the spring
pressure and secured by the locking cover. Turning the lev-
er clockwise opens the canopy locks.
CANOPY SECURING ROD
· In the open position, the canopy is held by a rod. The cano-
PY is secured in the tilted opened position when the rod is
extended and canopy tilted to its maximum position. The
securing element is then brought automatically to the
groove. When closing the canopy, it is necessary ftrst to lift
the securing element before the canopy can be moved from
open-secured position.
CANOPY UNLOCKED WARNING LIGHT
A red "CANOPY UNLOCKED" light located on the war-
ning panels in each cockpit, illuminates when one of the
canopy locking levers is not fully forward. Hence the re-
spective canopy is not properly locked.
CANOPY JETTISON SYSTEM (Figure 1-50)
Two identical independent canopy jettison systems, one
for each ·cockpit, consists. of a pyrotechnic cartridge, a cy.-
linder. for unlocking the canopy locks, two telescopic cy-
linders for canopy jettisoning, pressure lines, pull rods arid
the four canopy locks.
The canopies can be jettisoned in flight by means of the
emergency canopy jettison lever and by the levers for nor-
mal unlocking ofthe canopy locks. ·
When the ejection seat is operated, the canopy will be jetti-
soned as well, as part of the ejection sequence.
The red canopy jettison lever is located below the cabin
rail on the right side in each cockpit. Move the lever anti-
clockwise ftre a cartridge located on the bulkhead behind
the ejection seat. The gas discharged from the cartridge is
distributed through three lines. The first line is connected
to a mechanical linkage of the four locks opening mecha-
nism while the remaining two lines are connected to the ac-
tuator on the canopy rail which in turn jettisons the canopy.
1-95
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
1-96
PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
·ARRANGEMENT
G
CANOPY LOCK HANDLE
DEPRESSURIZED
e
CABIN PRESSURIZATION
AND ECS HANDLE
FORWARD COCKPIT
G)
WARNING PANEL
E)
AIR PRESSURE INDICATOR
Figure 1-49. Canopy- Controls and Indicators
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(41)
1
< .
,/\ \·
(.__.) __ \ ..
"---
. G.
3
·'
1. Emergency Canopy Jettison Lever
2. Canopy Jettison Telescopic Cylinder
3. Pyrotechnic Canopy Jettison Cartridge
4. Lock Release Cylinder ·
Figure 1-50. Canopy Jettison Mechanism
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
LU. 1T-L39C-l
2
4
AB-1-(50)
1-97
Jettisoning t h ~ canopy utilizing the normal canopy locking
levers is executed by simply opening the canopy locks,
which will cause the canopy to lift due to the pressurized
seals, and the air flow will then lift the ~ o p y untit"it is
separated from the.A/C.
Once the canopy is jettisoned, by what ever means, an ar-
ming ball which·is connected by cable· to the canopy is re-
moved from the top left section of the seat head. rest as-
sembly. This ball when placed, prevents unintentional.
ejection through the canopy.·
EJECTION SEAT
GENERAL
The ejection seat (VS-1 BRI) provides _support and essen-
tial · enviro.nmental equipment for crew members during
flight and a means of fast, fully automatic, safe seat-man
ejection extending from.ground level throughout-the entire
flight envelope.
THE SEAT
The ejection seat comprises the seat bucket, the head-rest
and frame.
The seat bucket contains the survival kit. The accelerating
rocket motor is positioned underneath the seat bucket. The
frame holds the ejection mechanism. Located on the for-
ward side of the frame is the main parachute which is in ef- ·
feet the back of the pilot seat and acts as the back support
during normal conditions.
The seat head-rest contains a stabilizing parachute. Its
purpose is to stabilize the seat motion during the initial
phases of the descent.
The pilot-to-seat fastening system comprises a carrying
harness of the pilot's parachute and the strap which con-
nect and fasten the pilot to the seat iri the area of waist and
shoulders. The shoulder straps may be kept lockedor re-
leased (spring loaded) to enable the pilot to bend forward
freely. During ejection the shoulder straps will lock and
hold the pilot's back firmly to the back of the seat. In addi-
tion, leg fastening straps which are connected to the cock-
1-98
pii floor and il)strument panel will fasten the legs to the seat
during ejection as the seat starts its motion.
SEAT CONTROLS (Figures l-51 through l-54)
The seat is equipped with various controls for initiating the
ejection sequence, overcoming ejection problems and op-
erating environmental equipment.
OPERATION CONTROLS
Seat Bucket Height Adjustment Switch
Enables adjustment of the seat height so that the pilot eye
will be at the desired eye point. The switch controls an
electrical motor which can lift or lower" the seat by i 8 em
(7 inches). The electrical motor of the forWard seat is pro-
tected by the "SEAT/HELMET' C/B located in the aft CB
switch panel in forward cockpit, and the electrical motor
of the aft seat is protected by the "SEAT' CB located on
the miscellaneous CB/switch panel in the aft cockpit. The
seat height adjustment ·and seat motion end positions ad-
justment is executed on the ground before flight. During
flight, the pilot. can adjust the seat height in a range of 40
mm.
Shoulder Harness Arrestment-Lever
Used for locking or releasing the shoulder harness.
Pilot Weight Setting
Controls the inclination angle of the rocket engine for opti-
mum thrust. vector resulting in best performance.
EJECTION CONTROLS
Ejection Handles
Primary control for ejection.
Ejection Through Cancipy Handle
Used in case the canopy, for some reason failed to jettison.
. Pilot/Seat Separator Handle
Used in case the seat failed to separate after bailing out or
the pilot has to separate from the seat due_ to an ejection fai-
lure or extreme emergency, on the ground.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
9
1. Seat Bucket Travel Limit Mechanism
2. Shoulder Harness Lock
3. Shoulder Belt
4. Parachute Manual Release Handle
5. Mixture Regulator
6. Shoulder Harness Arrestment Lever
7. Seat Bucket ·
8. Pilot Weight Setting Mechanism
9. Leg Fastening Strap
1Q. Survival Kit
11. Ejection Handles
12. Harness Fastening Clisp
13. Unlocking Hand-Rails
14. Central Lock
15. Pilote Parachute
16. Head Rest
Figure 1-51. Ejection Seat Forward View
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
AB-1-(51)
1-99
. l
1
2
8
7
1. Seat Ground Locking 5. P.E.C. Automatic Pisconnect·Lever
. 2. Seat Bucket 'Il:'avel Umit Mechanism 6. Personal Equipment Connection
3. LH Shoulder Harness Lock 7. LH Leg Strap Securing Lock Fastening
4. LH Belly Harness Lock 8. Seat Height Adjustment Switch
AB-1-{52)
Figure 1-52. Ejection Seat LH View
1-100
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
1
3
1. Seat Ground Locking 6. Rocket Motor NoZzles
2. LH Shoulder Harness Lock 7. RH Belly Harness Lock
3. RH Leg Strap Securing Lock 8. Survival Kit Manual Release
4. Ejection Through Canopy Handle 9. RH Shoulder Harness Lock
5. Pilot Parachute Cable Hinge 10. Seat Bucket Travel Limit Mechanism
AB-1-{53)
Figure 1-53. Ejection Seat RH View
1-101
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
J..V. 1 J.-.1....):::1\...-1
SEAT/AIRCRAFr INTERFACE
The seat/aircraft interface provides the seat and pilot with
the necessary connections for nonnal every day operation,
as well as for ejection requirements.
Combined oxygen/Anti-G/communication joint
(0RK-9AU).
Electrical connector which is the connection for the
electrical seat consumers such as the seat bucket
height setting, the ejection blocking and report signals
to the flight data recorder (FOR).
Snap hook of leg straps, which snap ·as the legs are fas-
tened to the seat during the initial seat motion.
Connecting hose of dynamic pressure supply to pilot-
seat separation mechanism.
System of actuating static cables, which consists of a
set of wire cables connected to the cabin floor at one
end, and at the other end connected to various seat me-
chanisms. Because of their different length, provide ti-
ming function during seat motion upward for follo-
wing events:
- Anning of automatic pilot-seat separation unit
- Quick disconnection ofthe Pitot-line
- Quick disconnection of the P.E.C.
- Quick disconnection of electrical connection
- Rocket motor ignition
- Seat stabilizing parachote ejection
EJECTION MECHANISM
COMBINED DRIVING MECHANISM
Purpose of the combined driving mechanism is to eject the
seat to required safe height above aircraft. The mechanism
consists of two stages: first stage comprises telescopic
ejection mechanism and the second stage rocket motor.
A telescopic ejection mechanism, installed at the back side
of the frame, comprises three cylinders, the outer attached
to the cockpit floor and the inner to the seat frame. The py-
rocartridge in the telescopic cylinders fonns the initial
thrust generating device continued at a later stage, by the
secondary driving device stage employed by the rocket
motor.
1-102
FIRING MECHANISM
The fuing mechanism is initiated by operating firing (ejec-
tion) handles. By pulling the handles a chain of firing
events is started which include fuing the canopy pyro-
mechanism, the forced fastening shoulder straps pyro-
mechanism, the seat telescopic ejection mechanism and
the seat rocket motor.
EJECTION BLOCKING
An electrical sequencing system is integrated in the ejec-
tion system to prevent the danger of collision between the
two canopies or the pilots during ejection. The electrical
sequencing ensures that the pilot who initiates the ejection
first whether the forward or aft, will complete his ejection
before the second pilot ejection commences. If both pilots
initiate the ejection at exactly the same time, the aft seat
will have priority. Should a malfunction occur in the first
pilot ejection sequence, which causes the sequence to be
interrupted and uncompleted, the second pilot ejection
will not be initiated since it is blocked in favour of the first
pilot. Therefore an ''UNLOCK EJECI"' switch is installed
in both cockpits to overcome such a situation and override
the blocking effect by disabling the sequencing.
EJECTION (Figure 1-55 through 1-59)
When a decision to eject has been taken, the pilot -4ihall
grasp the double fuing handled (ejection handles) with
both hands, squeeze the unlocking hand-rails and pull
them continuously upwards, until the seat is fired out of the
cockpit. The rest of the ejecting sequence operation, up to
the main chute deployment, is fully automatic.
EJEcnON SEQUENCE
Once the ejection handled have been squeezed and pulled,
the following sequence of events take place:
a. Canopy jettisoning lever and seat ejection in the other
cockpit are both blocked.
b. Firing the pyro-technic cartridge for shoulder harness
fastening.
c. Firing the pyro-technic cartridge for canopy jettison-
ing, opening the canopy locks and jettisoning the can-
opies.
d. Removing the restriction imposed upon the telescopic
ejection mechanism by the canopy being jettisoned
(ball locking element).
e. Unlocking the firing mechanism
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

· T.O. 1T-L39C-l
4
1. Pilot Weight Setting Switch 5. Unlocking Hand- Rails
2. ·Seat Bucket Height Adjustment Switch 6. Pilot/Seat Separation Handle
3. Shoulder Harness Arrestment Lever 7. Ejection Through Canopy Handle
4. Ejection Handles
AB-1-{54)
Figure 1-54. Seat Controls
1-103
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U.
f. Firing the telescopic ejection mechlulism.
As the seat starts its motion:
g. Disconnecting the Oxygen/Communication JOtnt
(P.E.C.) and switching the oxygen supply to the emer-
gency oxygen system.
h. Disconnecting the dynamic pressure hose and arming
the pilot/seat separation unit.
i. Disconnecting the electrical connector which con- ·
nects the seat to the A/C, thus lifting the restriction
(unblocking) imposed upon the other cockpit's canopy
jettisoning and seat operation.
j. The seat motion causes the pilot's legs to be drawn to-
wards the seat.
Once the seat is out of the cockpit:
k. Rocket motor is ignited.
L ·Stabilizing parachute is frred.
m. Pilot/seat separation occurs (speed in the moment of
ejection below 450 kmlh separation·. occurs after
0.4 sec; above 450 kmlh depending on actual speed as.
late as after 1.5 sec) by releasing the connections of
the shoulder and belt harness to the seat including rele-
ase of the legs straps and double firing handle.
n. Parachute deployment sequence is actuated by a static
line.
o. After 0.5 sec time delay; the stabilizing parachute of
the pilot is deployed.
p. After 1.5 sec- if the pilot is below 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
- the main parachute is deployed,
q. The pilot descends by means of the main
survival kit cover opens and release survival kit with
emergency beacon. The survival kit then hangs on a 12
meter strip, connected to pilot flight suit and emergen-
cy beacon is automatically activated:
NOTE
Pilot can manually fully disconnect the survival kit
from the suit in case of landing to an unsuitable ter-
rain (flat ground or water).
1-104
·1 WARNING •
On contact with the ground, disconnect the oxygen
mask hose from the oxygen device, prior to discon-
necting the main harness release.
PROBLEMS DURING E.JECI'ION
- If the pilot does nat receive any response when initia-
ting the ejection (squeezing and pulling the ejection ·
handles) the ejection is blocked by the other pilot ejec-
tion sequence. If the situation takes more that 2 sec-
onds, the "UNLOCK EJEcr' guarded switch must be
placed to OFF ·and the ejection handles squeezed and
pulled again. ·
- If the canopy fails to jettison the ·emergency canopy
jettison lever, located on the RH side of both cockpits,
should be employed. ·
- If the canopy still fails to jettison, the pilot must at-
tempt to open the canopy by operating the canopy
locking lever on the LH side.
- · Whatever method works, after the canopy is separated
from the A/C, the ejection handles must be squeezed
and pulled again.
Should the seat is blocked by the canopy which failed
to jettison (time permitting, after trying all methods),
the EJECTION THROUGH CANOPY handle, lo-
cated on the RH side of the seat, must be pulled, to re-
move the canopy blocking restriction, and then the
ejection handles be squeezed and pulled.
- . If trying alJ the above mentioned methods there
is still no response from the ejection system or the ca- .
nopy has jettisoned (by any means) but the seat will
not follow, the pilot must attempt a manual bail out.
After the seat has left the A/C, and the pilot realizes
that he has not been separated from the seat (altitude
below 4,000 m), he must operate the pilot/seat release
lever located on the seat bucket RH side.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
RHCONSOLE
"
AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL
Figure 1-55. Ejection Unlock Controls (sheet 1 of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
AFT COCKPIT
RHCONSOLE
UNLOCK
EJECT.
0
EJECTION UNLOCK
SWITCH
AB-1-(55-1)
1-105
l.U. 1 1 - L J ~ L - 1
..
ON OFF
FilE EXT
G
CONTACTOR BOX
AB-H55-2)
Figure 1-55. Ejection Unlock Controls (sheet 2 of 2)
1-106
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
I
I
I
I
L - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - ~
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
--------- - -==.::::-= ==== ==-----=--=-~ - = - =.!.
Figure 1-56. Ejection Seat Operation Sequence
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
TIME SEQUENCE
REASONABLE
DEPENDANCE .
AB-1-{56)
1-107
12
9
3
50m
0
1-108
200 300 400 450 600 700 800
AIRSPEED (kmlh lAS)
NOTE
• Up to height of 50 m it is prohibited to eject above airspeed of 450 krnlh due
to 1.5 sec delay of seat/pilot separation.
• Below the airspeed of 150 krnlh it is prohibited to eject since there is a chance
that the canopy will not be disconnected from the seat.
Figure 1-57. Ejection Envelope
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-{57)
:§:
~
~
jjj
:I:
T.O. IT-L39C-l
1500
I . I
TWO CREW MEMBERS
•.
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
,200
100
DIVE ANGLE
9=-90/
/
/
v - 6 ~
/ /
/
/ /
v
-45_;./"
/
~
v
/
v
·/
/
v
/:
,
/
/ / /
,
~
/ / /
I'"
/
/
v/
L
~
~
.,..,
/
,
//
~
/
~ /
./
-
/
,r
/ ,____-
--
/
----
/
,
~
~
--
---
-
..
oo
0
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
AIRSPEED (kmlh lAS)
NOTE
Calculated time span from the decision making ejection from the aircraft up to the moment of actual
ejection by the first pilot amounts two seconds, one second longer for the other pilot.
Minimum height for safe ejection at different dive angles is shown herein.
Figure 1-58. Aircraft Dive Angle Effect (sheet I of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(58)
1-109
·'i?
......
:I:
(!J
jjj
:I:
1-110
1200
-1 I
9=90°
ONE CREW MEMBER
1100
.J
DIVE ANGLE
v
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
./
/
v
-ey
v
/
v
/
/
v
/
/
v
v
/
v
/
v
/
/
v
/ ~ ~
V_
v
v
~
v
/
~
/
./
v
~ -15°-
/
v
/
v
~
/
-----
-----
. ..,.
/
-----
---
/
~
~
.-..-
~ 0
0
100
.200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
AIRSPEED (km/h lAS)
NOTE
Calculated time span from the decision making ejection from the aircraft up to the moment
of actual ejection by the first pilot amounts two seconds.
Minimum height for safe ejection at different dive angles is shown herein.
Figure 1-58. Aircraft Dive Angle Effect (sheet 2 of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-HSI-2)
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
EJECTION IN LEVEL PITCH ALTITUDE
1.50 • 910 law!>' 0.8 Mach
,
~
EJECTION IN DIVE (PITCH DOWN ALTITUDE)
AB-1-(511)
Figure 1-59. Ejection Sequence and Conditions
1-111
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
··-· .... _ _.,- ...
MANUAL BAIL OUT
a. Trim the NC for "nose down" but keep on holding the
control stick.
b. Operate the pilot/seat separation lever on the RH side
of the seat pan, by moving it out and forward.
c. Jettison or unlock and push the canopy away.
d. Roll the NC upside down or push the control stick for-
ward (to create a slight negative "g").
e. Bail out and deploy parachute. Next sequences are the
same as during normal ejection after pilot separating
from the seat.
EJECTION SEAT PARTICULAR
- Maximum pilot weight (including
outfit, without parachute) 108 kg (225lb)
Weight of outfitted ejection seat
including telescopic ·
ejection mechanism
- Maximum pilot sitting height
(crown-rump length)
- Vertical g factor during ejection
Launching height above aircraft
Seat pan adjustment range for pilot
79.5 kg (176lb)
980 mm (39 in)
17 g
86 m (282ft)
sitting height adjustment 180 mm (7 in)
Seat pan adjustment range when pilot
sitting height already adjusted 40 mm (l 2/3 in)
Seat height
(pan in lowest position) 1,200 mm (74.4 in)
Seat width (at maximum point) 570 mm (23.2 in)·
- Operational temperature range - 60°C to + 60°C ·
Area of seat stabilizing parachute . 0.5 m2 (5.4 sqft)
Area of pilot parachute canopy 50m
2
(538 sqft)
EJECTION SEAT PERFORMANCE PARTICULARS
Altitude
Oto50m
(0 to 164ft)
50 to 12,000 m
(164 to 40,000 ft)
1-112
Indicated air speed
150 to 450 km/h
(81 to 245 KIAS)
150 to 910 kmlh/0.8 Mach
(81 to 490 KIAS/0.8 Mach)
ANTI "G" SYSTEM
The anti-G system, employing the anti-G suit or anti-G
. part of compensating suit, is used for increasing the resis-
tance of the crew member against the influence of positive
G forces of different magnitudes.
Air pressure for the G suit is supplied by the NC engine
bleed. The air then passes through anti-G valve filters in
each cockpit to the.anti-G valves where the pressure is au•
tomatically regulated in proportion to the G load being per-
formed. Finally is the air supplied to the P.E.C.s of both
ejection seats and to anti.,..Q suit or anti.,..Q part of the com-
pensating suit.
The pressure regulator has two settings which can be selec-
ted on the ground only:
MIN: For the use of normal anti.,..Q suits.
MAX: For the use of altitude compensating suits.
When the pressure regulator is in "MIN" position, the pres-
sure air to the anti.,..(} suit is supplied for a G-load range
from 2.5 to 8 g, when in from 2 to 10 g.
LIGHTING SYSTEM
The aircraft lighting equipment is basically divided into
three essential subsystems: exterior and Interior lighting
subsystems and warning, caution and advisory indicator
subsystem.
EXTERIOR LIGHTING (Figure 1-60 and 1-61)
The aircraft exterior lighting equipment consists of the
lowing lights: ·
· two landing/taxi lights
one left-hand red position -light
one right-hand green position light
one tail, white position light
three white landing gear down lights, one on each
landing gear
LANDINGfl'AXI LIGHTS
A combined double filament landing/taxi light is mounted
to the tip of each wing tip tank. The difference between
these lights is that the landing light filament beam covers
a larger all-round pattern. ·
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. JT-L39C-l
WHITE POSmON UGHT
NOSEUGDOWN
INDICATING UGHT
GREEN POSITION UGHT
(RH)
(TAIL) .
MAIN UG INDICATING
UGHT (LEFT/RIGHT)
RED POSmON.LIGHT (UI)
RED POSmON UGHT (UI)
LANDINGtrAXI UGHT (RH) LANDINGtrAXI UGHT (LH)
AB-1-(10)
Figure 1-60. Lighting System - Exterior Lighting
f-113
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
A three position switch, labeled "SEARCH L,", with posi-
tions taxi middle- off position and landing-
"LAND.", is situated above the part of the left
console in both cockp.its. When set to "TAX.", a terminal
switch causes the taxi lights to go off automatically upon
landing gear retraction. When set to "LAND.", the landing
lights remain on irrespectively of the landing gear posi-
tion.
The landing and taxi lights are powered. by 28 V DC pro-
tected by two C/Bs labeled "SEARCHLIGHTS PORT"
and "SEARCHLIGHTS STARB." on the Aft CB/Switch
Panel in the forward cockpit.
NOTE
Using the LANDING lights on the ground or during
taxi is not recommended longer then 3 sec due to
lamp overheat. ·
POSmON LIGHTS (NAV LIGHTS)
The NAV lights are controlled by two three-position
switches, located on ·the right console auxiliary switch
panel in the forward cockpit (position lights control panel
"NAVIG. LIGHTS"):
- Mode control - can be selected to flash position
"FLICKER", middle OFF or steady "FIXED" posi-
tion.
Intensity control "BRIGHTNESS" - can be selected
to DIM (30%), BRT (60%) or MAX (100%). This
switch functions only if the mode control switch is out
of OFF position.
The NAV lights are powered by 28 V DC and protected by
the "NAV. LIGHTS/HAND LAMP" CJB on the Aft CB/
Swich Panel in the forward cockPit.
LANDING GEAR DOWN LIGHTS
A white "landing gear down" light is mounted on each
landing gear strut. The lights are automatically switched
on, by a terminal switch, when the landing gear is ex-
tended, provided that the navigation light switch is not in
OFF position. The circuit is protected by "NAV. LIGHTS/
HAND LAMP" CJB on the Aft CB/Switch Panel.
INTERIOR LIGHTING (Figure 1-62 and 1-63)
The interior lighting of the aircraft consists of two separate
circuits for each cockpit, main and auxiliary. The main cir-
1-114
cuit illuminates in red while the auxiliary one illuminates
in white.
In event of a failure in the main circuit, if main C/B
goes off the system automatically switches to the auxiliary
circuit, which may be switched on manually as well.
Cockpit Interior Li&htin& and Conttols
The cockpits consists of the following lighting compo-
nents:
Forward cockpit:
- Individual instrument lights
- Six console light bulbs
- One center pedestal light
- Stand-by compass light
- Pitch trim position indicator light
- Directional gyro control box
Aft cockpit
- Individual instrument lights
- Four console lights
- One center pedestal light
Individual Instrument Li&hts
Each instrument on the instrument panel, in both cockpits,
is equipped with red or white bulbs for indirect illumina-
tion. The instrument lights are controlled per cockpit, by
the switch and knob located on instrument lighting control
panel labeled "INSTRUM LIGHTS".
The instrument lighting switch has three position:
Center: OFF position
Forward: Main. Primary red lights set.
Backward: Auxiliary. Secondary white lights set.
The rheostat is situated in front of the instrument lighting
switch to regulate the intensity of the instrument lights.
Turning the rheostat CW increases the
The instrument lights are protected by two C/Bs on the Aft
CB/Switch Panel in the forward cockpit labeled "COCK-
PIT LIGHTING RED" for the red main circuit and
"COCKPIT LIGHTING WHITE" for the white auxiliary
circuit.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
FORWARD COCKPIT
G
6;·
"t"?. §)'
AFrCOCKPIT
LEFr CONSOLE
-
.-
t ~ -
1 ~ : .
i
--
e
T.O. 1T-:L39C-l
TAXI AND LANDING
LIGHTS CONTROL SWITCH AUXll.IARY SWITCH PANEL
e
AFr CJB SWITCH PANEL
AB-1-(61)
Figure 1-61. Exterior Lighting System- Controls
1-115
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Console Flood Li&hts
Two console flood lights are installed on the left and four
on the right side below the canopy rail in the forward cock-
pit. In the aft cockpit there are two on each side below the
canopy rail.
The console flood lights are controlled and protected by
the same manner as the individual instrument lights.
Center Pedestal Li&ht
The light is of a similar type as the console light and is
mounted on each control stick below the stick grip. The
light is controlled and protected as the instrument lights.
Stand-lzy Compass Li&ht
A light bulb illuminates the scale of the standby magnetic
compass in the forward cockpit. The intensity of the light
is not affected by the rheostat. The compass light is con-
trolled and protected as the instrument lights. The compass
light illuminates at both main or auxiliary circuits.
Directional BYfO control box ·
Indirect integrated white illumination is achieved by lights
integrated in the directional gyro control box. The direc-
tional gyro control box lights are switched on and pro-
tected as the instrument lights and illuminates at both main
or auxiliary circuits. The intensity of the light is not af-
fected by the instruments lights control panel knob.
Trim indicators
The white pitch trim indicator light, is controlled by the in-
strument light switch in the forward cockpit. The intensity
is controlled by the dimming rheostat on advisory and
warning lights intensity control panel.
W/C & A Li&hts IntensitY Control Panel
Dimming of the following items is accomplished by the
dimming rheostat, located on the RH console in each cock-
pit:
- Master Caution light
- All warning, caution and advisory lights
- Landing gear electrical indicator panel
- Flap electrical indicator panel
- Trim indicators
Armament indicator lights
Dimming through the full intensity range is provided in
five stages.
1-116
Dimming of FOR ON light is achieved by rotating of lamp
cap.
W/C & A Li&bts System Test
The test button is located next to the W/C & A dimming
rheostat. By pressing this button all W/C & A lights, except
of FOR ON, will illuminate for as long as the button is de-
pressed.
Ememencoy Interior Li&htin&
In the forward cockpit only there is a white instrument pan-
el emergency light located under the gyroscopic sight con-
sole. The light is activated by the instrument panel emer-
gency light switch labeled ''EMERG. LIGHT' and located
beside the sight. The emergency light circuit is protected
by the position light CIB, labeled "NA'\1G. LIGHTS/
HAND LAMP" and located on the aft CB/Switch Panel in
the forward cockpit.
WARNING, CAUTION AND ADVISORY
INDICATOR LIGHTS SYSTEM (Figure 1 ~ )
Each cockpit is equipped with an independent warning,
caution and advisory light system which is located under
the glare shield. The identical warning lights are located
on the left-hand side panel and the caution and advisory
(C&A) lights, on the right. The lights are of .white, red, yel-
low and green colors. They are rectangular in shape and
bear either an inscription or a symbol. ·•·
The warning lights are of red color, caution lights of yellow
and advisory lights of green and white color. The warning
lights flash.
NOTE
The UG indication system is an independent and
dedicated panel and light system which is not part of
the above. Flaps and speed brakes position indicating
system, trim and armament lights system is stated in
appropriate paragraphs.
In case of indicator lights power supply malfunction,
the light could be supplied by 28 V in the terminal
position of regulator switch.
The warning, caution and advisory light system is pro-
tected by two "SIGNAL." C/Bs, one in each cockpit. The
C/Bs are located in the respective Swich Panel protecting
the respective cockpit system.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. l.T-L39C-.l
e[:
e[:
I
CD
I
I
FORWARD COCKPIT AFI' COCKPIT
G CD e
FLOOD LIGHTS FLOODUGHTS FLOOD LIGHTS
E)
STAND-BY COMPASS
LIGHT
0
CENTER PEDESTAL
LIGHT
r --,
--
.. e
TRIM INDICATORS LIGHTS
e
EMERGENCY INTERIOR
UGIITING
Figure 1-62. Lighting System- Interior Lighting
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-H62)
1-117
l.U. 1 1 - L j ~ \ . . - 1
WARNING LIGHTS:
·"FIRE"
"150 KG FUEL"
"DON'T START'
"CANOPY
UNLOCKED"
"DANGEROUS
ALTITUDE"
"HYD.SYST.
FAIT.."
"ENGINE
VIBRATION"
"CABIN
PRESSURE"
"M "
MAX.
"GENERATOR"
"EMERGENCY
GENERATOR"
(flashing)
"INV. 115 V
FAIL"
1-118
Fire, over-heat, or testing of the
fire warning circuit.
Remaining useable fuel in the
fuselage tanks is 150 kg
(330 lbs) or below.
Fuel pressure is less than min
permissible value, or the EGT
limiter is not operating. The en-
gine must not be started.
One or both canopies are un-
locked.
Altitude is at or below the alti-
tude set against the radio alti-
tude bug.
Pressure in the main system has
dropped to below 60 kp/cm2
(870 psi). The light will go out
when the pressure builds up to
125 kp/cm2 (1,750 psi).
Engine vibration has exceeded
40mm/s.
Cabin pressure is beyond limits
(either too high or too low).
Mach number has reached
0.78 M (speed brakes extend
automatically).
The main generator has failed or
is not switched on.
The auxiliary generator (RAT)
is extended but fails to provide
electrical power (or in transit).
115 V, 400Hz inverter has
failed.
CAUTION AND ADVISORY (C&A) LIGHTS:
"AIRCONDIT
EMERG."
"*"(snow-flake)
"DE-ICING
ON"
"WINGTIP
TANKS"
"MARKER"
"AIRCONDIT
OFF"
"FUEL FILTER"
''END OF
DESCENT'
"CONFORM
AZIMUTH"
"TURBINE
STARTER"
"FUEL EMERG.
DELIVERY"
Failure of the temperature pick-
up down stream of ttie turbo
cooler, which will cause the
temperature of the air being sup-
plied, to change with ambient
temperature, within acceptable
limits. ECS emergency control.
Icing conditions have been de-
tected by the icing sensor, or the
system has been activated
manually.
Shut-off valves for engine and
AIC de-icing system are open.
Wing tip fuel tanks are empty or
fail to transfer fuel.
Passing over the marker beacon.
ECS system is off.
The differential pressure on
both sides of the fuel filter has
exceeded limit. The filter· is
clogged and fuel flow through
by-pass.
Aircraft descent terminated at
distance of 12 km (11.34 NM)
from destination and at altitude
600m.
In the aft cockpit the bearing
alignment button on the RSBN
aft control -panel is depressed
and holded.
APU has reached idle run.
Emergency fuel circuit is in use.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
FORWARD COCKPIT
e
INSTRUMENTS
LIGHTS CONTROL
PANEL
e
AFf C/B SWITCH PANEL
AFfCOCKPIT
0
INSTRUMENTS PANEL
EMERGENCY LIGHTS
SWITCH
WARNING-UGKT INTENSITY
~
DAY
@
CHECK
0
W/C & A LIGHTS INTENSITY
CONTROL PANEL (DIMMING RHEOSTAT)
Figure 1-63. Interior Lighting System- Controls
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-{63)
1-119
•. v .• .1. -a....>:t\...-1
I
1-120
FORWARD COCKPIT
EJ
E1 EJ
0 EJ
CD
UPPER ARMAMENT INDICATION
PANEL
[SJ



NT

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[ID ...



M1H1

00
:TER

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1=-1




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G
WARNING LIGHTS PANEL
DG
______ _.I
e
MASTER CAUTION LIGHT
IIN:sv I
I wHrrE I I GREEN I I GREEN I
EJ

ESS
EJ
I GREEN I I GREEN I


I wHrrE I
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IYaJ.cml
EJ

I GREEN I
8
IYaJ.cml
IYaJ.(1NI
I
0
CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL- FORWARD COCKPIT
AB-1---{64-1)
Figure 1-64. Warning, Caution & Advisory Indicator Light System (sheet 1 of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
AFfCOCKPff
0
LEFf ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL
~
1 ~ 1 [ ~ J
ESCENT
IIN:v I
EJ ~
ECT
[?iJ § ...
~
ECT
§ ...
1 ~ 1 1 ~ 1
CD
[!] [!]
~
LE
~
LE
e
STORES INDICATION PANEL
CD
RIGHT ARMAMENT INDICATION
PANEL
I WHITE I I GREEN I I GREEN I
8
I GREEN I I GREEN I
I WHITE I
8
I GREEN I
I GREEN I
8
IYB.Lowj
CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL- AFf COCKPIT
Figure 1-64. Warning, Caution & Advisory Indicator Light System (sheet 2 of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-(64-2)
1-121
J..U. J J,-L.J;t'\.,..-J.
"INV. 3x36 V
FAIL"
"ENG. MIN.
OIL PRESS"
"J.P.T. 730°C"
"J.P.T. 700°C"
"AZIMUTH
CORRECT'
"DISTANCE
CORRECT'
Inverter III (3 X 36 V, 400Hz)
has failed or is not switched on.
The inverter m supply the en-
gine instruments and turn indi-
cator.
Oil pressure is below limit or oil
temperature has reached upper
limit or oil impurities have
reached limit.
Exhaust gas temperature has
reached 730°C.
Exhaust gas temperature has
reached 700°C
When in touch with RSBN bea-
con, the heading is evaluated
with maximal accuracy
When in touch with RSBN bea-
con, the distance is evaluated
with maximal accuracy
CAUTION LIGHT PANEL
The Master Caution Light is located in both cockpits. The
light does not bear any label and is provided in red color.
The following lights are accompanied by flashing of the
MASTER CAUTION light:
FIRE
150 KG FUEL

FUEL FILTER
GENERATOR
HYD. SYST. FAIL
ENGINE VIBRATION
CANOPY UNLOCKED
ARMAMENT SYSTEM
The armament system provides the ale with the capability
to carry and deliver Air to Air and Air to Ground weapon
types. For list of approved stores, refer to Section V - Op-
erating Limitations. The aircraft is equipped with a gyro-
1-122
scopic sight to aim the weapons and with a gun camera to
shoot the weapon delivery. The system includes the capa-
bility to jettison the stores In emergency. The armament
system is protected and controlled by two "ARMS" C/Bs,
one in the forward cockpit center pedestal and one in the
aft cockpit miscellaneous CJB switch panel. Both C/Bs
have to be switched ON to enable· the system operation by
the trigger located on the forward cockpit stick grip (ex-
cept in emergency jettison operation). The stores releasing
by the trigger is blocked up the ale speed 310 ± 15 km/h.
The ale has two external armament stations, one on each
wing.
MAIN DELIVERY MODES AND CONTROLS.
Figures l-65 through l-66.
The weapon delivery system has the following main
modes: bombs delivery in A/G, rockets delivery for both
A/G and A/A targets, missile launching i!l A/A and gun
training mode in A/A (with gun camera).
To operate the armament system the following switches
have to be switched on:
Forward cockpit main C/B switch panel
- "BATTERY"
- "ENGINE"
Aft C/B switch panel
- "CONTR."
- "SIGNAL."
- "EMERG. DROP"
- "FIRE"
- "FLT RECOR/EKSR-46/KL-39"
Miscellaneous CIB switch panel
- "NETW."
- "SIGNAL."
The armament system controls are located on forward
cockpit center pedestal, on main and miscellaneous CB/
switch panel. Annament system status indication lights are
located in the forward cockpit on lower and upper arma-
ment indication panels and in the aft cockpit on left and
right armament indication panels.
Forward cockpit center pedestal
"ARMS" C/B - switches ON the weapons releasing
circuit, controlled by the trigger push button, located
on the forward cockpit stick grip.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. ·.
Rockets "UB-16" CIB - switches ON the rockets fir-
ing control circuit
Sight and camera gun "ASP-FKP" CIB- switches ON
the sight and camera gun electric circuits.
"HEAT SS" CIB - when ON, supplies the missile
seeker heating circuit
"GLOW SS" CIB - when ON, supplies the missile
seeker glowing circuit
"VOLUME SS" controller - it adjusts volume of the
missile seeker cage audio signal
Missile/bomb release selector - it enables to select an
order of bobs dropping or missile launching after
squeezing the trigger.
- "PORT' position - bomb from under the left pylon
will be dropped or LH missile will be launched
- "STARB.,..,BOTH" position - bombs from under the
both pylons will be dropped simultaneously, or RH
missile will be launched
Lower armament indication panels
- Store light (bomb symbol) - it indicates any store
suspended under the wing pylon (bomb, rocket
launcher, missile launcher).
- "EXPLOSIVE" light - indicates that the ann/safe
bombs emergency jettison switch is in ARM posi-
tion
"A-A MISSILE" light - indicates that the missile
is suspended under the appropriate missile launcher
"PUS-0" intervalometer end position light - indicates
that the automatic rockets firing system is in its zero
r ~ f e r e n c e position
"LIVE" ann/safe bombs emergency jettison switch:
- "LIVE" position - bombs will be jettisoned with
fuzes armed
- "BLANK" position -bombs will be jettisoned with
fuzes disarmed
"EMERG. JETTIS." emergency jettison switch -
when in ON unguarded position each store will be jet-
tisoned simultaneously from both pylons. The mis-
siles will be jettisoned together with their launchers.
Rockets firing mode selector
- "2 RS" position - two rockets will be fired when
trigger is squeezed. Firing sequence is left first,
symmetric right second.
T.O: lT-L39C-l
- "4 RS" position - four rockets will.be fired ~ h e n
trigger is squeezed. Firing sequence is left first,
synunetric right second, left third and symmetric
right last.
- "AUT." position - salvo position; the rockets are
fired as long as the trigger is squeezed. The firing
sequence is symmetric with an interval of approxi-
mately 1.2 second between two subsequent
launches. ·
Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel
"ARMS" CIB -switches ON the weapons control cir-
cuit. This C/B overrides function of the same one in
the forward cockpit.
"EMERG. JETTIS." emergency jettison switch -
when in ON unguarded position each store will be jet-
tisoned simultaneously from both pylons. The mis-
siles will be jettisoned together with their launchers.
"BOMBS" ann/safe bombs emergency jettison switch
- it overrides function of the "LIVE" switch, located
in the forward cockpit. When the switch in the aft
cockpit is stated and covered in the middle position,
the fwd switch functions.
"LIVE" position - bombs will be jettisoned with
fuzes armed
- "BLANK" position - bombs will be jettisoned with
fuzes disarmed .
Uttper Annament Indication Panel
"STAND ALERT' light - the armament system elec-
tric circuit is ready, all the relevant armament system
switches are turned on, all the selectors are in correct
position and the speed is higher than 310 ± 15 kmlh.
"NO LAUNCH" max. "G" load light- the "G" load
of the aircraft reaches. the limit +2 g.
Left Armament Indication Panel
"STAND ALERT' light - the armament system elec- .
tric circuit is ready, all the relevant armament system
switches are turned on, all the selectors are in correct
position and the speed is higher than 310 ± 15 kmlh.
"NO LAUNCH" max. "G" load light - the "G" load
of the aircraft reaches the limit +2 g.
"EXPLOSIVE" light - the ann/safe bombs emergen-
cy jettison switch is positioned in "LIVE" (ARM)
position.
Right Armament Indication Panel
"ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light- it illuminates
whenever the trigger is squeezed.
1-123
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
1-124
FORWARD COCKPIT
i i .. II
@ PUS-0 @ _@

0
ARMAMENT PANEL
e
UPPER ARMAMENT
INDICATION PANEL
TRIGGER COVER
e
CONTROL STICK
Figure 1-65. Armament System Locations and Controls- Forward Cockpit
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-1-{(65)
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
AFT COCKPIT
8
EJ
0
LEFT ARMAMENT
INDICATION PANEL
A-A A-A
MISSILE MISSILE
G
STORES INDICATION PANEL
I
e
~
E
~
N
ROCKETS
.HEATING
e
RIGHT ARMAMENT
INDICATION PANEL
MISCELLANEOUS C/B SWITCH
PANEL
I
Figure 1-66. Armament System Locations and Controls- Aft Cockpit
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AB-H&&I
1-125
.a..v • .a. .&.-a....J.:7\,..-t
"ROCKETS HEATING" advisory light - it illumi- ·
nates· whenever the missile seeker heating switch in
the fwd cockpit is turned on.
"GLOWING ON" advisory ·light - it illuminates
whenever the missile seeker glowing switch in the fwd
cockpit is turned on.
Stores Indication Panel
- Store light (bomb symbol) - it indicates any store
suspended under the wing pylon (bomb, rocket
launcher, missile launcher). ·
"A-A MISSILE" light - indicates that the missile
is suspended under the appropriate missile launcher
ASP-3NMU-39 GYROSCOPIC SIGHT
The sight (figure 1-67) is a gyroscopic unit of collimator
type. It automatically evaluates the lead angle, it means
that an aiming reticle is deflected on the optical combiner
thus providing the line of sight deflection from the weap- ·
ons fire line at the moment of fire by the correct angle and
ensures the highly probable target hit.
All sight displays are presented on the optical combiner
above the instrument panel. The optical combiner is an op-
tical reflecting surface that reflects sight symbols, project-
ed into the pilot's line of vision.
To aim the target, pilot shall perfonn the following:
to align the target with the pipper by maneuvering the
aircraft
to the A/A target with the stadiametric circle
by rotating the throttle grip
. The sight can be used also as the collimator sight, i.e. with
the fixed aiming reticle. In that case the gyro unit shall be·
arrested. The. aiming reticle can be tilted in a range from
0. to 20° and its brightness can be adjusted as required.
When the gyro unit or optical system failed, auxiliary fixed
mechanical sight can be used.
CONTROLS
The controls and indicators are located on the sight, on the
center pedestal and on the fwd throttle grip.
Gyro Unit Arrestment Lever
When the two position gyro unit arrestment lever is set to
"GYRO" position, the gyro unit free movement is estab-
lished and the aiming reticle can displace on the optical
1-126
combiner according to flight conditions. In "FIXED" posi-
tim1 the gyro unit is arrested and the aiming reticle is fixed.
Djmensjon Selector
Using the target dimension selector the ale target wingspan
or dimension can be preset in a range from 7 to 45 m. The
preset value can be read on the target dimension scale.
Grip
The target framing grip creates a part of the fwd cockpit
throttle grip. By rotating this grip the stadiametric circle on
the optical combiner changes its diameter finally encir-
cling the target wingspan thus estimating the target range
within a range from 180 to 800 m. Rotating the grip CW
the stadiametric circle enlarges and vice versa. When the
target dimension selector is set to 7 m the range can be ad-
justed from 180 to 385m and when selector is set to 45 m
the range can be adjusted from 360 to 800 m.
Selector
The aiming angle selector allows to set the aiming angle
during A/G mode with fixed aiming reticle. The range can
vary from 0 to 20° and can be read on the aiming angle
scale.
Brightness Knob
Rotating the brightness knob sets the brightness of the aim-
ing reticle displayed on the optical combiner. Rotating the
knob in the "BRIGIIT'' direction, the brightness increases.
Optical Filter Control Lever
It positions the filter across the optical combiner to reduce
brightness of background.
. .
Mechanical Control Lever
The lever positions the mechanical sight in case of gyro
unit or optical system malfunction: ·
"ASP-FKP" and Camera Gun C/B
The sight and camera gun C/B is located on the fwd cockpit
center pedestal and it protects and switches ON the sight
and camera gun power supply circuitry.
OPERATION
After switching on the "ARMS" C/Bs in both fwd and aft
cockpits and "ASP-FKP" C/B in the forward cockpit, the
sight circuit is armed and the aiming reticle illuminates.
According to planned mission the pilot shall set the gyro
unit arrestment lever into the respective position and shell
set the line of sight angle according the following table:
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
1
FORWARD COCKPIT
2
2
5
4
0
6
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
G
TIIROTILE QUADRANT
(FWD COCKPIT)
CAMERA GUN RELEASE
e
CONTROL STICK GRIP
GYROSCOPIC SIGHT CONSOLE
1. Gyroscopic Sight 5. Target Range Scale
2. Optical Combiner 6. Gun Camera
3. Mechanical Sight Control Lever 7. Target Dimension Selector
4. Arrestment Lever 8. Brightness Knob
AB-1-(67)
Figure 1-67. Gyroscopic Sight and Gun Camera- Controls and Indicators.
1-127
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
Mission Gyro Unit and Line-of-Si&ht An&le
~
Training gun "GYRO", 0°
camera AlA
Rockets firing "GYRO" or "FIXED", according to
ballistic tables
Missile AJ A "FIXED", 0°
Bombs "FIXED", according to ballistic
tables
CAUTION I
During take off, landing or taxiing, or when the sight
is not used, the gyro unit arrestment lever must be
placed in "FIXED" position.
NOTE
The "ARMS" C/Bs in both fwd and aft cockpits and
"ASP-FKP" C/B in the forward cockpit must be
turned on at least 10 minutes before using the sight
due to temperature stabilizing.
FKP-2-2 GUN CAMERA.
The gun camera (figure 1-67) is mounted on the top of the
sight. It records both the aiming reticle and the target si-
multaneously. The purpose of the gun camera is to verify
aiming procedure and to record results of weapons firing.
A design of the gun camera is based on the 35 mm camera
with discontinuous film movement. The rate of recording
is from 4 to 6 snaps per second. The camera includes
1. 7 meter of film which represents provisions for 60 snaps.
The duration of continuous recording is 12 seconds. Both
film feed and a shutter operation are electrically driven.
The gun camera is actuated either by pressing the gun cam-
era trigger or the trigger located on the forward cockpit
control stick grip. To improve the quality of snaps being
shot during flight, the diaphragm and filter can be set be-
fore flight.
CONTROLS
Gun Camera Iri&&er
The gun camera trigger placarded "GSAP" is located on
the control stick grip in the forward cockpit. Pressing this
button, only the gun camera starts to operate with activa-
tion of no other armament subsystems.
~
The main pre-selected function of the· armament system is
activated by depressing the trigger switch, followed secon-
darily by gun camera operation.
Film feedin& Indicator
Rotation of the black indicator with white spots, located on
the gun camera front panel, indicates the film feeding.
I WARNING •
When any stores are attached to the pylons, it is
strictly prohibited to use the trigger in terms of gun
AJ A training mission. Not to follow this warning can
cause unintentional releasing of weapons.
AIR TO AIR (AlA)
The ale can carry, operate and launch two IR missiles. One
missile can be suspended under each pylon.
CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS. (Figure 1-65 through
1-66)
• When "ARMS" C/Bs are in ON position and when the
speed is above 310 ± 15 km/h -the "STAND ALERT"
advisory light on the fwd cockpit lower armame!lt in-
dication panel and on the aft cockpit left armament in-
dication panel comes on.
• Armament panel (fwd cockpit center pedestal):
- Missile/bomb release selector to "PORT" or
"STARB-BOTH" position. The store light (bomb
symbol) and "A-A MISSILE" light will illuminate
on the fwd cockpit upper armament indication pan-
el and on the aft cockpit stores indication panel.
- "HEATING SS" missile seeker heating C/B and
"GLOWING SS" missile seeker glowing C/B to
ON position - "ROCKETS HEATING" and
"GLOWING ON" advisory lights will illuminate
on the right armament indication panel in the aft
cockpit. "NO LAUNCH" max. "G" load light must •
not illuminate on the fwd cockpit upper armament
indication panel and on the aft cockpit left arma-
ment indication panel. The respective missile seek-
er audio signal is audible in the headset. Its level
can be adjusted by the "VOLUME SS" controller.
As the aircraft by its maneuvering reaches proper position
relatively to the target, the missile seeker cage signal is audi-
ble. To launch the missile the trigger shall be squeezed bring-
ing the "ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light ON. After
launching the missile the "A-A MISSILE" advisory light of
1-128
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
the respective orissile will extinguish and "STANn. ALERT"
. light. will illuminate. . . ·
To launch the other missile' the missile/bomb release selec-
tor shall be switched to the next position:
I CAU'nON I
The missiles shall not be launched if the "NO
LAUNCH" max. "G" load light illuminates (maxi-
mum permissible "G" load for missile launching -
2 g - is exceeded).
Do not launch the missile in the flight altitude higher
than 14,500 m.
NOTE
The missile launching is blocked from the airspeed··
up to 310± 15 km/h.
AIR TO GROUND (A/G
The ale can carry and launch rockets and bombs suspended
under pylons.
CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS. (Figure 1-65 through
1-66)
. NOTE
• The bombs dropping is blocked from the air-
speed up to 310± 15 tmyh: .
• Bombs can be operationally. dropped only with
fuzes armed regardless on 8rmlsafe bombs
emergency jettison switch.
• When "ARMS" C/Bs are in ON position and when the
speed is above 310± 15 km/h;;.. the "STAND ALERT''
advisory light on the fwd cockpit upper armament in-
dication panel and on the aft cockpit left armament in-
dication panel comes on.
• Armament panel (fwd cockpit center pedestal):
- Missile/bomb release selector to "PORT'' position.
The store light (bomb symbol) light will illuminate
on the fwd cockpit lower armament indication pan-
el and on the aft cockpit stores indication panel.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
. -
To drop the LH bomb the trigger shall be squeezed bring-
ing the "ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light ON. After
dropping the bomb the "bomb symbol" advisory light of
the LH bomb will extinguish and "STAND ALERT'' light
will illuminate.
To drop the RH bomb the missile/bomb release selector
shall be switched to the "STARB-BOTH" position.
NOTE
When the "STARB-BOTII" position is selected as a
first, both LH and RH bombs will fall simultaneous-
ly.
Rockets.
• When "ARMS" and "UB-16" C/Bs are in ON posi-
tion, rockets firing mode selector in one of the operat-
ing · positions and when the speed is above
310 ± 15 knilh - the ''STAND ALERT'' advisory light
on the fwd cockpit upper armament indication panel
and oil the aft cockpit -left armament indication panel
comes on.
• "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light and "bomb
symbol" light .illuminate on the fwd cockpit center
pedestal.

NOTE
If . the "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light
does not illuminate, the "SIGNAL." circuit breaker
on the aft CB/switch panel shall be positioned to
OFF, and repeatedly squeezed the trigger switch un-
til the "PUS-0" light comes ON. Reset the "UB-16"
CIB.
Rockets firing mode selector in position:
- ''2 RS" position- two rockets (one per launcher)
will be fired · when trigger is squeezed. The
"PUS-0" intervalometer end position light will ex-
tinguish, Next two rockets will be fired after next
trigger squeezing;
"4 RS" position- four rockets (two per launcher) will
be frred when trigger is squeezed. Firing sequence is
left fli'St, symmetric right second, left third and sym-
metric right last. The "PUS-0" intervalometer end
position light will extinguish. Next four rockets will
be frred after next trigger squeezing.
- "AUT." position- salvo position; the rockets are
fired as long as the trigger is squeezed. The firing
sequence is symmetric with an interval from 1 to
1.5 second between two subsequent launches.
• Whenever the trigger is squeezed the "ARMAMENT
FIRE" indication light illuminates. After firing last
rocket, the "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light
will illuminate again.
1-129
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
1.U. 1
EMERGENCY JETTISON SYSTEM. (Figure 1-68)
The jettison system provides the pilot with the ability to
jettison the external weapon at any time and in whole air-
speed envelope. The jettison system is protected by "EM-
ERG. DROP" C/B in the aft CB/switch panel.
Jettison may be performed from either cockpits indepen-
dently. An automatic jettison control system ensures that
the stores can be jettisoned only simultaneously (except
bombs).
• Arm bombs emergency jettison - by the missile/bomb
release select the dropping mode and position
the arm/safe bombs emergency jettison switch to
"LIVE" ("LIVE" indication light in both cockpits will
illuminate). To release the bomb, position either the
forward or aft cockpit "EMERG. JEJ'TIS.'.' emergen-
cy jettison switch to ON. The "bomb symbol" light
will extinguish. ·
NOTE
The aft cockpit "BOMBS" arm/safe bombs emer-
gency jettison switch overrides the ''LIVE" switch in
the forward cockpit.
1-130
• Safe bombs emergency jettison ... position the arm/safe
bombs emergency jettison switch to "BLANK" ("EX-
PLOSIVE" indication light in both cockpits must not il-
luminate). To release the bomb, position either the for-
ward or aft cockpit "EMERG. JETI1S." emergency
jettison switch to ON. The bombs fall simultaneously
and the "bomb symbol" lights will extinguish.
• Rocket launchers emergency jettison - shall be per-
formed as safe bomb emergency jettison.
• Missile jettison - shall be performed as safe bomb
emergency jettison. The missiles are jettisoned with
their launchers.
SIGNAL FLARES SYSTEM (Figures l-69 and l-70)
The signal flares are provided to signal the airfield control
tower of communication failure and during the commu-
nication loss, of loss or failure in the landing gear, flight
controls etc.
Four signals with different colors are housed in a launching
box, located in the RH side of the aft fuselage section.
Launching the signal flares is carried· out by pressing the
push-button of the respective color in the forward cockpit
only. The aft cockpit is not provided with signal flares con-
trol. The system is protected by the "FLT RECORI
EKSR-46/KL-39" C/B on the aft CB/switch panel and
switched on by the "IDENT. FLARES" switch located on
the signal flares control panel.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. lT-L39C-l
FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT
G
rsTANol
~
CD
LEFf ARMAMENT
INDICATION PANEL
- ---
e
ARMAMENT PANEL MISCELLANEOUS CB/SWITCH PANEL
AB-H&I)
Figure 1-68. Emergency Jettison System
1-131
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. l
FORWARD COCKPIT
0
0
White
0 0
Red
0
0
Green
0
@ Yellow
ON

OFF
/o ':::
I'IM'
--· -
-
UL-. PilE
-
"
0
SIGNAL FLARES CONTROL PANEL AFf CIB SWITCH PANEL
AB-H&t)
Figure 1-69. Signal Flares- Controls
1-132
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
OG eo
@ o i o ~
e
FLARES LAUNCHER
AB-1-(70)
Figure 1-70. Signal Flares- System Components
1-133/(1-134 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. T.O. 1T-L39C-l
SECI10N II
NORMAL PROCEDURES
CONTENTS PAGE
PREPARATION FOR FLIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
PRE-FLIGHT CHECKS . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
BEFORE START CHECKS .............................................................. ·. . . . . . 2 ~
ENGINE START ................................ ·............................................. 2-7
AFTER START CHECKS
BEFORE TAXI CHECKS
2-7
2-8
TAXI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
BEFORETAKEOFFCHECKS .......... · ...................................................... 2-12
LINE-UP CHECKS ........................................................................... 2-12.
TAKE OFF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
CLIMB CRUISE DESCENT APPROACH AND LANDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
AFTER LANDING CHECKS .................................................................. 2-18
ENGINE SHUT DOWN ....................................................................... ~ . 2-18
SECURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
PREPARATION FOR FLIGHT
FLIGHT PLANNING
The performance data in Appendix A contains all informa-
tion about aircraft .performance vs flight stages and rnis-
s i ~ n s ,
.LIMITATIONS
Refer to Section V for all operating limitations concerning
the aircraft.
PROCEDURES
The procedures described in this section are given in detail,
where possible. The same procedures are given in an ab-
breviated form in the pilot's checklist. ·
CONTROL AVAILABILITY IN THE TWO
COCKPITS
The procedures given in this section refer to the pilot in the
forward cockpit. The aft cockpit controls are individually
punctuated. The following controls are accessible in the aft
cockpit only: ·
Electrical Power Supply Switches:
- "NETW."
- Instrument and Navigation Switches:
- Forward/aft cockpit EGT transfer switch "EGT
IND. AFT/FWD"
- RSBN aft control panel
- GMK directional gyro correcting mechanism
- Communication Switches:
- "INTERCOM GROUND"
- Escape system Switches:
- "SEAT'
- Aircraft Systems Switches:
- "AIRCOND"
- Oxygen bottles interconnect valve
- Pitot fault simulator panel
- Navigation fault simulator panel
2-1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AA-HSS)
Figure 2-1. External Checks
PRE-FLIGHT CHECKS
The exterior inspection procedures are based on the as-
sumption that maintenance personnel have completed all
pre-flight requirements specified in the appropriate techni-
. cal publications. The pilot need not, therefore, repeat the sa-
me inspection except for certain items require in the interest
ofsafety. · ·
EXTERIOR INSPECTION (figure 2-I)
1. Check the general surroundings of the aircraft:
- Chocks - In place
- Auid leakS - None
NOTE
Auid leakS must not be visible either on aircraft skin
or on the ground below the aircraft
- Fire extinguisher -In place
- Aircraft -No bank
All protected covers are removed, the aircraft shall stay with
no conspicuous bank, landing gear dampers and tires uni-
2-2
fonnly compressed. All access doors closed and secured,
skin with no damage.
2. Check aircraft for proper configuration.
Nose section (area I)
. .
I. Air pressure gage - I20 to ISO kglcm2
2. Side panels - Closed and secured
3. Nose wheel . - Check strut, tire and
microswitch
The tire shall not be extremely worn, red markS on tire and
wheel disk shall be aligned, no hydraulic seepage, doors
closed, UG position indicator extended and not damaged,
WOW switch free movement, no damage on shimmy dam-
per. The tire compression (fuselage and tip tankS refueled)
approximately 20 mm. All rods, cylinders and covers unda-
maged. All components and tubes in nose wheel well with
no evident damage or leakS.
4. Gear down light -Condition
Fuselage RH side (area 2)
1. Canopy -Condition
2. Air intake -Clear
Check the air intake with special attention to foreign ob-
jects. Inner skin without damage.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
3. Temperature probe -Condition
4. Speed brakes - Retracted and condition
5. IFF antenna -Condition
6. Right main gear - Check strut, tire,
brake assembly and
gear down light
The tire shall not be extremely worn, red marks on tire and
wheel disk shall be aligned, no hydraulic seepage, doors
closed, UG position indicator extended and not damaged.
The tire compression (fuselage and tip tanks refueled)
approximately 40 mm. All rods, cylinders and covers unda-
maged. All components and tubes in nose wheel well with
no evident damage or leaks. Anti skid cables not damaged,
mechanical brake wear indicator within lim1ts.
7. Access panels
W i n ~ : RH sjde (area 3)
1. Pitot probe and
static ports
-Closed
- Condition, cover
removed
NOTE
Pay higher attention to all static and total pressure
ports, they must not be plugged and damaged,
2. Landing/taxi light -Condition
3. Position light -Condition
4. Tip tank filler cap . - Closed and safety wired
The wing-tip tank mast be undamaged and intact and with
no fuel leaks. Position light unbroken.
5. Aileron
6. Flap
-Movement,
check trim tab
-Condition
7. Pylons, stores - Condition, attached
Wing skin intact, no dents, bulges arid cracks, rivets undam-
aged. ·
Tail section RH side (area 4)
1. Oil quantity - Check 4.5 to 7.5 liter
(within limits)
NOTE
Actual oil volume in the tank can be checked only up
to 15 minutes after engine shut down. After that time
only information value can be read because of oil gra-
vity flow down.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
2. Antennas under fuselage -Condition
3. Rudder -Condition
4. Radio antenna -Condition
5. Static discharges -Condition
NOTE
Every static discharge shall contain at least three un-
broken wires.
6. Elevator
7. Exhaust cone
-Movement,
check trim tab
- No cracks, dents or
fuel leaks
Engine compartment access doors properly closed, signal
flares launcher charged and closed, position light unbroken.
FuselaJ:e. w i n ~ : and tail LH sjde
1. (areas 5, 6 and 7) - Same as RH side
(repeat)
2. APU exhaust cone - No cracks,
no soot stains around
SOLO CHECK (AFT COCKPIT)
1. ·Cockpit - Clear, no foreign objects
2. Miscellaneous CB/Swjtch
panel: NETW., ARMS -On
3. Parachute harnesses -Secured
4. Solo cover -: In place
5. Seat safety pins -In place
6. Suit ventilation - Closed (CW}
7. Oxygen interconnect - Open(CCW)
8. Oxygen supply valve - Closed (CW)
9. Fuel shut-off lever - Forward and .
guarded position
..
10. 1brottle cut-off lock gate -Open
11. All guarded switches -Covered
12. Fwd/aft cockpit
EGT transfer -Forward
I cAunoN I
Failure to comply with the next step will prevent UG
retraction after takeoff.
13. Gear lever
14. Emergency
brake handle
15. Outer-inner
beacon switch
- Neutral position
- Forward, safety-wired
-Outer
2-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T,O. 1T-L39C-l
.16. Pitot fault
simulator levers
17. Navigation fault :
simulator switches
18. ADF control box
19. GMK correcting
mechanism
20. Emergency levers
21. Canopy
COCKPIT ENTRANCE
From Steps
l. Cockpit
- Canopy
2. Main CB/switch panel
3. Aft CB/switch panel
4. Ejection Seats
- Manual seat
separation lever
- Normal ejection
channel indicator
Spring hooks
of static lines
- Ejection restricting line
- Parachute timer
static line ring
-·Norm, left position
-Down, OFF
- C AUT, outer beacon
tuned ·
- Variation zero
- Forward position and
safety-wired
- Closed and locked
- Clear, no foreign objects
- Clear, no scratches
-All OFF
-All ON
- Inspect and carry out
the following checks:
- Wired in the aft position
- Aligned with red mark
- Fastened in the .rings
of central static lines
- Located in head rest and
spring hook is fastened
to the yoke of canopy
- Fastened to the hinge
ori the right side
of the seat
WARNING.
Make sure to make proper connection of the short and
long static lines to the hinge. Failure to comply may
cause problems in parachute operation.
5. Canopy and seat pins -In place
In place only following safety pins: head of telescopic ejec-
tion mechanism (TVM), left yoke of TVM control rod and
head of canopy jettison pyromechanism. Other safety pins
shall be already removed by maintenance personnel.
2-4
6. Pilot weight
7. Emergency
oxygen pressure
8. P.E.C. upper part
9. Anti-G valve
10. Signal flares switch
11. Canopy jettison lever
After cockpit entry
1. Harnesses and
personal equipment
-Set
- 130 to ISO kglcm2
- Attached to parachute
harness
- According flight suit
-OFF
- Basic position,
safety-wired
-Fasten·
- After seat entering, attach survival kit extension ca-
ble to the ring at the RH leg so that the cable shall
lead between leg and parachute leg strap ..
Put on shoulder straps of parachute harness; slide ra-
dio cable under the left shoulder strap and connect it
with helmet radio/visor heating cable.
Lock the RH shoulder strap to the central lock.
Slide the leg straps through lateral eyes and lock
them to the central lock. If pressurized helmet is
used, attach half-ring of.helmet stretching mecha-
nism to the RH strap buckle.
Tape of helmet stretching mechanism shall be slid
under the central lock. Spring the helmet stretching
mechanism wires by means of tape with ring. Deter-
mine tape clearance by means of buckle. .
Attach lock of oxygen mixture regulator to the left
leg strap after its tightening.
Connect anti-G hose to the P.E.C.
- Connect oxygen mask hoses to the mixture regula-
tor: first high pressure hose, second folded hose.
- Attach the oxygen mixture regulator to the LH leg
strap. When flight with pressurized helmet, connect
compensating suit with mixture regulator hose.
When flight with. oxygen mask only, that hose shall
be blinded by safety valve.
- Attach mask/helmet folded hose to the RH shoulder
strap clasp by means of a tape.
2. Seat bucket height· - Adjust
3. Shoulder harness
arrestment lever -Verify
4. Rudder pedals -Adjust
5. Flight controls - Free movement
INTERIOR INSPECTIONS
I. BATI'ERY switch - On
2. External power indicator - Illuminates
(when external power
source attached)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Left Console
1. Right suit ventilation
. 2. Oxygen supply ·
3. Oxygen controls
- Diluter demand switch
- Emergency switch
- As required
- Open(CCW)
-NORM
-OFF
Put the oxygen mask on and interrupt oxygen supply by
the supply hose: breathing must not be possible,
the mask is sealed. Get the mask off and position the emer-
gency switch to ON: pressure oxygen flows from the mask.
4. Helmet ventilation - As required
When flight is executed with oxygen mask. helmet ventila-
tion switch to OFF. When with pressurized helmet, ON
position.
When flight with pressurized helmet will performed, ·
check the helmet as follows: visor heating check, pressure
check, no pressure check, ventilation check, and oxygen
continuous check.
- Visor heating check- will be performed the
helmet pressure check. Helmet visor heating switch
to AUI'OM (provided the SEATIHEi.MET CJB on ·
the aft CB/switch panel is ON). When the visor is
closed and pressurized, no fogging should occurred.
If yes, push QUICK button. ·
- Pressure check - after putting the pressurized helmet
on, position the oxygen diluter demand switch to
100% <h and emergency switch to ON. With visor
closed, the pressure in the helmet shall not increase
within one to two minutes. Close a pressure hole on
the oxygen mixture regulator and push the button
under the regulator access door to increase
pressure in the helmet up to 1 ,800 mm of water co-
lumn. Perform several deep inspirations and expira-
tions. · ·
- ·No pressure check - wait until" ·releases
from helmet and suit, and twice deeply expire and in-
spire. Check whether the flow indicator blinker indi-
cates blank (open) when inspiration and white when
expiration. Diluter demand switch to. NORM and
spend remaining air from tubing- double butterfly
indicates white flag.
- Helmet ventilation check - helmet ventilation
switch to ON. Pressure oxygen shall flow into the
helmet. Switch OFF the helmet ventilation.
- Oxygen continuous check - disconnect the helmet
oxygen hose from the mixture regulator. Press and
hold the button located under the oxygen regulator
test access, within 4 to 8 seconds intensive oxygen
delivery shall start .. Connect the helmet hose back to
the mixture regulator.
5. Fuel shut-off lever - Forward and guarded
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
6. Pitot heat buttons ,.... Off
7. FDR switch - Off, green light
illuminates ·
Initial data record should be performed by switching on the
FDR switch for approximately lO seconds. If the light fla-
shes during this period, the FDR functionality is verified.
8. Radio set control box -Set
9. Audio panel -Set
10. ICS control box
-Set·
11. Throttle - Full and free movement.
12. Pitot tube selector
Adjust friction
-MAIN
13. Helmet visor heating panel- As required
14. Emergency/parking
brake lever -Forward (apply)
15. Instrument lights control -White
16. Landing/taxi light switch -Off
17. Oxygen pressure indicator - 150 kglcm
2
NOTE
When temperature is below zero degrees of Celsius,
the pressure can drop down to 130 kglcm
2
.
Instrument Panel
1. UG control lever -Down
NOTE
The UG lever in the aft cockpit shall be in neutral
(center) position.
2. Accelerometer
3. Gun sight
- Gyro unit
arrestment lever
4. Airspeed/mach indicator
5. Altimeter
6. Radar altimeter
7. ADI
8. RMI
9. Range indicator
10. Vertical velocity indicator
11. ADF indicator
12. Clock
13. Cabin pressure/altimeter
elevation
14. Voltammeter
15. Engine instruments
- Reset, check "+ 1 g"
-FIXED
-Check
-Set
- Check indication,
set dangerous height
- Check, illuminating red
-Check
-Check
-Zero
-Check
-Set
- Check field alt.,
difference zero
- External power voltage
-Check
2-5
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. lT -L39C-l
. 16. Diffuser and suit
temperature controls
17. Diffuser
Center peciestal
1. Signal flares buttons
2. Armament panel
3. Lower indication panel
to stores
- AUT., set temperature
- Set direction, close
- Check basic position
-All OFF
- Illuminating according
4. PUS:....O light · - Illuminating
5. Rockets mode selector -Center
6. Main brake pressure
indicator - Zero
7. Emergency brake pressure
indicator -:- Condition
8. Trim indicator -Condition
9. FIRE SIG TEST switch -I and II, FIRE light
illuminates
Right Console
1. Pressurization/ECS handle - Off, aft position
2. ADF control box -Set
3. Auxiliary switch panel
- Seat unblocking switch -Guarded
- CABIN HEATING -AUTOMATIC
ENGINE
. INDICAT. EMERG. -Off
- ANTI-ICING. -OFF
- NAVIG. LIGHTS , -As required
sou -Off
- RSBN - NAVIG.
4. RSBN control box ·-Set
5. Four hydraulic
emergency levers - Forward and
safety-wired
6. A& W lights intensity controls
-CHECK - Lights illuminating
- Brightness -Adjust
7. Hydraulic gauge -Condition
8. GMK control box
- Mode switch -MC
- Hemisphere switch -Set
- Latitude selector -Set
9. JPT-REG. TEST - I. and II., lights
illuminating
I 0. IFF control box -Set code
2-6
l\EFOBE START CHECKS
1. Radio switches - On
2. Seat and canopy pins - Remove
Remove and take out from the cockpit following safety
pins: head of telescopic ejection mechanism (TVM),. left
yoke of TVM control rod and head .of canopy jettison pyre-
mechanism.
3. Signallights:
- AIRCONDIT OFF - On
- CANOPY UNLOCKED- On
- HYD. SYST. FAIL - On
-GENERATOR -On
-EMERGENCY
GENERATOR -Flashing
- ENG. MIN. OIL.
PRESS -On
- DON'T START -On
- INV. 3 x 36 V FAIL -On
- WING TIP TANKS -On
4. Engine switch - On, DON'T START and
NOTE
INV. 3 x 36 V FAIL
lights out within
5 seconds.
The ENGINE switch activates an fuel boost pump. If
the boost pump fails to operate and DON'T START
light does not go off within 5 seconds do not start the
engine.
5. Fuel indicator -Check
The fuel indicator should indicate value according the flight
mission to be flown. Check engine vibration indicator by
means of CHECK VIBRATION button. .
6.
7.
8.
9.
ADI, RMI -Operative
Throttle -STOP
FOR switch ~ o n
Voltammeter - Check, 22 V minimum
NOTE
Do not attempt an engine battery start if battery volta-
ge is less than 22 V.
I WARNING'
Failure to comply the next step could result in damage
to equipment or injury to pilot in aft cockpit.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
lO. Aft canopy -Close
11. Aft cockpit CANOPY
UNLOCKED light -Comes off
12. Anti-ice sensor cover -Remove
13. Signal for stan -Obtain
14. Ground persomiel - Inform about starting
ENGINE START
I.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
I CAunoN I
The engine throttle finger-lift, for retarding the-thrott-
le from IDLE to STOP is available in the forward
cockpit only. It is therefore crucial that the forward pi-
lot be aware and prepared to retard the throttle to STO-
p in case of an engine hot start or at any other time the
engine must be shut down.
TURBO stan button,
stop watch - Depress for 2 seconds
and release, start stop
watch
TURBINE
STARTER light - On, by 25 sec. Max
Stop watch -Reset
ENGINE stan button,
stop watch - Depress for 2 seconds,
stan stop watch
Throttle - Idle, within 3 to 6 sec.
from step 4. ·
RPM, triple engine,
EGT indicators - Check values
I cAunON .,,
• If the APU starter is not disconnected within
45 sec., abort start and switch APU to STOP
(TURBO·STOP switch).
• If the EGT rises rapidly and approaches the
high limit, abort start immediately.
• Strong tail wind can cause an EGI' temperatu-
re increase and aggravate fire condition.
Observe the following:
T,o.rr-L39C-1
NOTE
If any of the following conditions is not met abOrt stan
sequence by retarding the throttle to STOP. ·
- HPC RPM rise. within 8 sec.
- Minimum 20% RPM within 15 sec.·
- EGT rise within 25 sec.
- When HPC RPM 30%, LPC RPM stan to increase
- Max EGT 685°C
- Continuous HPC RPM rising
- 41.5-44.5% TURBINE STARTER light goes out
- Idle RPM within 50 sec.
- Oil press at idle 2 kp/cm2 min
7. Engine at idle RPM - 56± 1.5%
8. Observe the following:
- Oil pressure - 2 kplcm2 minimum
- Caution and
warning lights - Out following: HYD.
AFI'ER START CHECKS
I. Canopy
2·. Pressurization/ECS
control lever
3. Main CB/switch
SYS. FAIL, ENG. MIN.
OIL PRESS
- Close and lock,
CANOPY UNLOCKED
light out
- Fully forward,
AIRCONDIT OFF
light out
- GENERATOR MAIN, .
GENERATOR EMERG. - On, EMERGENCY
GENERATOR and
GENERATOR.
lights out
- INVERTOR I,
INVERTOR II
- ROO, MRP-RV,
RSBN, DE-ICING
SIGNAL, SOU
- WINGTANKS
4. External power
-On
-On
- As required
- Disconnect,
check voltage
2-7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
CAUTION ,.
Should an icing sensor is not in the air stream on the
ground, it does not indicate icing conditions. If the en-
gine is started at icing conditions with ambient tem-
perature below 5°C, position the anti-ice mode switch
to MANUAL and leave it there the whole time the en-
gine is running on the ground.
5. Anti-ice mode switch
6. Air diffusor
-AUTOMATIC
or MANUAL
- As required
7. IFF -On
BEFORE TAXI CHECKS
l. Aileron trim - Neutral
2. Elevator trim - 2 marks aft
NOTE
When flight without external stores, elevator trim to
neutral.
3. Aight controls
4. Power
5. Oil temperature
2-8
- Check for free
movement and correct
response of elevators,
ailerons and rudders.
- 85% RPM, for I minute
- -soc minimum
NOTE
Before first flight of the day, perfonn following engi-
. ne warming-up arid engine run-up test:
• When oil temperature is less than - S°C after
one minute engine run at idle and one minute
at 8S%, increase RPM to 95% and terminate
engine warming-up when oil temperature
reaches -S°C minimum.
• Check engine surge bleed valves opening du-
ring engine warm-up: shift the throttle slowly;
when the valve behind fifth compressor stage
closes (LPC RPM sudden decreasing by 3 to
4% ), HPC RPM shall indicate 74 to 77%,
when the valve behind third compressor stage
closes (LPC RPM sudden decreasing by 1 to
2% ), HPC RPM shall be 86 to 89%.
• Acceleration and deceleration check. Record
the fuel pressure at engine idle and max. Shift
the throttle from IDLE to TAKE UP within 1
to 2 seconds, start stop watch simultaneously.
Stop the stop watch in that moment, when the
fuel pressure indicator shows a value of max.
engine rating minus 10%. Acceleration time
shall take from 9 to 12 seconds. Run the engine
at max from 1S to 20 seconds and reset the stop
watch. Retard the throttle from TAKE UP to
IDLE within 1 to 2 seconds, start stop watch si-
multaneously. Stop the stop watch in that mo-
ment, when the fuel pressure indicator shows
a value of idle engine rating measured in the
beginning of this check. Deceleration time
shall take not more than S seconds.
• During acceleration arid deceleration check-
out, observe fuel pressure, EGT and RPM
whether follow limits, refer to Section V, Op-
erating Limitation.
• After next 20 seconds, check the idle RPM.
I CAUTION ·I
When engine is running in ice conditions at RPM less
than 85%, increase HPC RPM every 5 minutes to
93% for one minute.·
NOTE
During engine run-up check, extend speed-brakes
every 5 minutes.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. 6. Aircraft systems -Check.
Intercom check: select radio channel, switch off squelch cir-
cuit on audio panel, and position ADF switch to OFF on ICS
control box. Adjust volume by rotating RADIO knob on I C ~
S control box. Depress the ICS transmission button and ad-.
just intercom volume by rotating the INTERCOM knob. Aft
cockpit transmission overrides the fwd one. Stand-by inter-
com check: positioning switch to STAND-BY should pro-
vide the ICS transmission.
ADF check: on ICS control box position the switch to ADF
Oeft), 011 beacon switch to 0 position (outer beacon). On
· ADF control box select ANT position, volume control to
maximum, mode switch to TLF, tune the station and fine tu-
ne to maximum indicator's deflection. The station signal
shall be audible and ADF indicator shall indicate relative
bearing to the station. Repeat the same procedure for inner
beacon. Select required ADF mode when checkout is termi-
nated.
Radio altimeter check: the height indicator pointer moves
to right position and back to zero withiri I to 2 minutes from
MRP-RV switching on. Push the TEST button on the height
indicator: warning light shall illuminate when DH pointer
is set to 15 meters or below.
Anti-G .system check: HPC RPM 70%, depress anti-G val-
ve button. The anti-G suit will replenish by the air, pilot
should not feel any pain. Releasing the button will discharge
air from the suit.
De-ice sensor heating check: ANTI-ICING switch to AU-
TOMATIC position and depress the de-ice sensor heating
test button. The light beside the button shall come on. After
. button releasing, reposition the switch to MANUAL. DE-
ICING ON light shall come on within 30 seconds. Finally
reposition the switch to AUTOMATIC.
CAUTION
When ANTI--ICING switch in MANUAL position,
and DE-ICING ON light will not illuminate, shut
down the engine.
RSBN check: tune RSBN station of known location, within
3 minutes the RMI shall indicate bearing and distance to
this station and AZIMUTH CORRECT light illuminates.
Verify the RSBN proper operation by means of TESTING
button on the auxiliary switch panel. When the button is de-
pressed, the RSBN system should set distance 291.5 ± 3 km
at the range indicator and course 177° ± 2° at the RMI.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
7. Vo1tammeter - 28.5 Volts ·
8. Hydraulic pressure - 135 to 150 kp/cm2
NOTE
If the HYDRAULIC EMER indicator reading is be-
low 150 kp/cm2, shut down the engine and terminate
the preflight inspection.
9. Speed-brakes
10. Aaps
11. Throttle
12. Brakes ·
13. Emergency/parking
brake lever
14. Taxi clearance
IAXI (figure 2-2)
- Check extended and
retracted positions,
check indication.
Confirm with crew chief
- Check LANDING and
UP positions and set to
TAKE--OFF.·
Check indicator and
confirm with crew chief.
-Idle
- Apply, check pressure
- Neutral (release)
-Request
CAUTION
• Taxi must be made with the canopies closed.
• Check that the area behind and to the sides of
the aircraft is dear of obstacles, personnel or
other aircraft
1. Wheel chocks - Order to remove
2. Power - 8o:.-ss%
CAUTION
• Taxi at the lowest practical RPM and moderate
speed
• To move away from chocks, avoid the use of ex-
cessive power. Once the aircraft has started
moving, retard the throttle to IDLE so as to
prevent blowing objects which may cause inju-
ry to ground crew or damage to ground equip-
ment.
2-9
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
NOTE
• Recommended minimum turning radius of
INBD MLG is 1.5 m. When the turning radius. ·
is less, the NLG tire will be excessively worn.
• Maximum permissible taxiing speed (the same
as for NC towing) is quoted as follows:
Taxiing Configuration
Straight all
Tum without stores
Tum with stores
I cAunoN I
After excessive full braking the taxi speed 30 bnlh
shall be maintained because of possible wheelbralces
overheating.
Speed limit (kmlh)
concrete runway
60
15 .
10
2-10
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Speed limit (kmlh)
grass strip
15.
s
5
T.O. IT-L39C-l
MINIMUM TI1RN RADIUS
2.00
2.40
GROUND CLEARANCES
NOTE
Dimension are given in meters.
AB-1-{71)
Figure 2-2. Minimum Tum Radius and Ground Clearance
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
2-11
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
BEFORE T ~ K E OFF CHECKS
l. Trims - Confirm positions
2. Speed-brakes -In
3. Flaps - TAKEOFF position
4. Fuel quantity and
WING TIP TANKS light -Check
5. Flight and
engine instruments -Check
6. Oxygen - Check quantity
7. Canopy - Closed and locked,
handle forward, light out.
NOTE
If an instrument flying hood is calrled, it must be kept
at the retracted position throughout the takeoff and
landing phases to ensure safe ejection.
8. Parachute harness - Tight and locked
9. Hydraulic pressure -Check
10. Caution and warning lights - Check, lights out
11. Flight controls · . - Check
12. Pressurization/ECS lever - Fully forward
13. Safety pins -Check removed
14. Runway entry - Request
LINE-UP CHECKS
l. Nose wheel
2. Compasses
3 .. ADF,RMI
4. GMK
5. Altimet!=r .
6. Pitot tube heating
7. Landing/taxi lights
TAKEOFF
- Aligned with
R/Wheading
· - Check heading
-Check
-Align
-Check.
-As required
- As required
Before starting the takeoff roll, mentally go through the
"AbOrt" procedure and relevant take off data.
1. Engine instruments - Check within limits:
RPM
EGT
Oil pressure
2. Caution and warning lights - Out
3. Take-off clearance -Request
4. Clock · - Start flight time counting
2-12
5. Throttle -TAKE UP
6. Wheel brakes -Release
7. Maintain directional" control initially by differential
braking and then by rudder. The rudder becomes effec-
tive at approximately 60 kmlh.
8. At ISO kmlh lAS, smoothly raise the nose wheel. An
aircraft in clean configuration will become airborne at
approximately 180 to 190 kmlh lAS.
I cAunoN I
Exceeding Max gear extended speed (330 kmlh lAS)
may cause damage to the landing gear doors and pre-
vent their subsequent operation.
9. With positive rate of climb at airspeed 220 kmlh lAS
and altitude 20 m AGL minimum:
- Landing gear. lever - Up
- Landing gear
indicator lights - Check sequence: Doors
out light illuminates,
three green extinguish,
three red come on, doors
out extinguishes
- Mechanical indicator - Check
10. Airspeed 250 kmlh lAS, altitude 50 m AGL minimum:
- Flaps -Up
- Electrical and
mechanical indicators - Check
11. Trim - As required
NOTE
Flaps are automatically retracted at airspeed
·310 kn)lh. Overcome this speed with flaps extended.
·can cause, an unexpected change of aircraft behavior
(unexpected flaps retraction).
CROSS WIND TAKEOFF
Use cross wind takeoff chart to obtain an improved control-
lability, refer to Appendix A.
During a cross wind take off, use the same procedures as for
normal takeoff. However, since during the takeoff roll, the
aircraft nose tends to crab into the wind, be prepared with
the opposite rudder. Also as the speed increases the up-
wind will tend to rise, be prepared with the ailerons into the
wind. When airborne, be aware of the cross controls situa-
tion and prepare to align controls to gain a coordinated
flight.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
GRAsS STRIP TAKEOFF
· During a grass strip take off, use the same procedures as for
normal takeoff. On wet or snow-covered surface, the air-
craft can stay on brakes up to 88 to 98% RPM maximum.
Aircraft acceleration is slower, ~ a i n t a i n directional control
initially by differential braking up to 100 km/h lAS. Ta-
keoff roll distance may be longer by 50%. To decrease fric-
tion of NLG wheel, perform takeoff roll with a control stick
pulled up. At 160 to 165 krnlh lAS, raise the nose wheel by
pulling the stick fully aft. An aircraft will become airborne
at approximately 190 to 200 km/h lAS.
I cAunoN I
• When takeoff is performed by several aircraft
at the sanie moment, distance between aircraft
should be kept sufficient not to intake dirt, rai-
sed by neighbor aircraft.
• Takeoff on runway fallen to soft through wet-
ness or on thawed snow is not .recommended.
CLIMB .CRUISE. DESCENT. APPROACH AND
LANQING
CLIMB
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
NOTE
Refer to the performance data section (appendix A)
for climb speeds, distances traveled in the climb, time
to reach top of climb and fuel consumption. After re-
tracting flaps, retard the throttle to NOM (1 03%) and
maintain a nose-up attitude until the initial climb
speed of 300 km/h lAS is. attained. The frrst tUm out.
of traffic pattern will be at a minimum of 300 krnlh
lAS and 100m AGL (if the airfield rules does not de-
termine otherwise). Maintain climb speed 350 krnlh
lAS. Trim as required.
Oxygen system - Above 2,000 m check
pressure and blinker
Flight and engine
instruments -Check
Fuel quantity -Check
Hydraulic pressure -Check
Cabin altimeter -Check
Altimeter -Set
T.O. IT-L39C-l
7. Landing/taxi lights .·.-Checkoff
CRUISE
As soon as practical after leveling off, accomplish the fol-
lowing:
I. Fuel quantity -Check
2. Oxygen -Check
3. Engine instruments -Check
For cruise data, refer to the performance data section (Ap-
pendix A)
DESCENT
Refer to the performance data section (appendix A) for re-
commended descent speeds, time require, fuel consumed
and distance traveled in the descent.
1. Fuel quantity
2. Flight and engine ·
instruments
3. Altimeter ·
4. De-icing
APPROACH CHECKS
1. Warning and
advisory/caution panels
2. Fuel quantity
3. Hydraulic pressure
4. Landing lights
s: Shoulder and lap straps
6. Visors
-Check
·-Check
- Set as required
- As required
-Check
-Check
- 135 to ISO kp/cm2
-As required
-Tightened
- Down as required
APPROACH AND LANDING (figure 2-3)
NOTE
During approach and landing, recommended view
from the cockpit is mainly left-ahead, supplemental
view is straight ahead.
I WARNING'
In flight phases where it is required to retard the thrott-
le to IDLE, be aware to throttle finger-lift is not lifted
and the IDLE position inadvertently exceeded.
2-13
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
INITIAL APPROACH PHASE
r. Speed - 450 kmlh lAS·
2. Power - As required
3. Altitude - Desceqt to 500 m AGL
4. Speed-brakes - As required
5. Gun sight gyro
arrestment lever -FIXED
6. Speed - Decrease to traffic patter
airspeed 350 kmlh lAS
DOWN-WIND
As speed decrease below kmlh lAS:
1. Landing gear lever
2. Airspeed
3. Trim
4. Speed-brakes
BASE LEG
- Down, check sequence
of lights: Doors out light
illuminates, three red
extinguish, three green
come on, doors out
extinguishes·
- 300 kmlh lAS·
- As required.
- Retract ifextended.
Check indicator.
As speed decreases below 280 kmlh lAS:
1. Flaps - "T/0". Check the
corresponding light
and the two mechanical
indicators for
confirmation. ·
NOTE
The flaps will not extend if speed is above the flaps li-
miting speed (310 kmlb·IAS). ·
2. Speed
3. Sink rate
4. Hydraulic system
5. Trim
2-14
- Maintain 280 kmlh lAS
(normally the required
power will be 95 to
100%RPM)
-4 to5mls
- Check 135 to 150 kplcm2
(0 pressure indication in
wheel brake system)
- As required
6. Altitude before
turning base
TURNING BASE
1. Altitude
2. Distance from
runway threshold
3. Flaps
4. Sink rate
5. Speed
6. Altitude
FINAL APPROACH
- 400 to 420 m AGL
- 320 to 330 m AGL
-5 to5.5 km
- "Land". Check
corresponding
indicators.
- 4to 5 mls
- Min 260 kmlh lAS
- 250m AGL minimum
NOTE
When established on final, it is recommended to
maintain a·minimum of 70% RPM in order to assure
optimum engine ilcceleration if t"Cquired.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
. 7.
8.
9.
I CAUTION I
At engine RPM about 75 and 85%, the surge bleed
valves open and close. When engine operation is not
stable, increase or decrease power to leave this RPM
range.
Landing- gear - Verify down and locked
Speed - 230 kmlh lAS minimum
Altitude - 120m AGL minimum
Landing_ligh_ts . - As required
Threshold speed - 200 kmlh lAS minimum
Flare altitude - 6 to 8 meters AGL
Throttle -IDLE
Float -Up to I mAGL
speed - 180 kmlh lAS
NORMAL LANDING
For landing speeds and ground run distances, refer to per-
formance data (Appendix A).
Throughout the final approach, use the airspeed indicator
and runway as primary references.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
NOTE
If runway length and conditions permit. an aerodyna-
mic braking may be carried out to conserve brakes
and tires. To perform an aerodynamic braking, in-
crease the aircraft pitch attitude after touchdown by
gradually pulling the control stick to the full aft posi-
tion. (Retraction of flaps enables longer aerodyna-
mic braking.) ·
1. Lower the nose and bring the nose-wheel in contact
with the runway before. the elevator becomes ineffec-
tive.
WARNING.
• The wheel brakes will operate ONLY when the
nose-wheel is firmly in contact with the
ground.
• ·Be prepared to use the emergency brake lever
if there is no response from the normal brakes.
NOTE
Push the stick forward when braking failure is experi-
enced, in order to increase the nose-wheel loading.
2. Start braking gently, increase the brakes application as
required and maintain directional control by use of rud-
der.
3. At speed below approximately 110 kmlh lAS, use dif-
ferential braking to maintain directional control.
CROSS-WIND LANDING ·
Cross-wind landing is performed by using normal landing
procedures. The aircraft is the most sensitive to tend. to bank
by the wind at airspeeds about 100 kmlh lAS. However,
while using normal approach speeds, counteract drift by
using the crab or the upwind wing down methods or by a
combination of both, to keep the aircraft ground track alig-
ned with the runway center line, leveling the wings just prior
to touchdown.
T.O. lT-:L39C-1
In case of strong cross-wind and/or gusts with a possibility
of wind-shear, it is recommended that the flaps be.maintai-
ned in TAKE-OFF position during landing, to improve air-
craft lateral control and to obtain, if required, a quicker ac-
celeration when applying power. · -"
After touchdown, keep the control stick into the wind and
lower the nose-wheel smoothly on the runway as soon as
practical, maintaining the center line track with rudder and,
if required, moderate use of differential braking. Crabbing
on touchdown must be avoided.
If heavy weight landing cannot be prevented, bear in mind
that the sink rate touchdown, is considerably higher with in-
creased weight than with normal landing weight due to the
increased landing speed. A straight-in approach should
therefore be flown maintaining airspeeds specified in the
performance data, using power to control the sink rate. Aare
should be gradual and touchdown smooth. A stall prior to
touchdown could result in an abrupt and uncontrollable in-
crease in sink rate with the possibility of exceeding permis-
sible limits.
CAUTION
The vertical velocity indicator readings are subject to
a remarkable lag. They are therefore reliable during
the approach but not in transient phases such as during
the flare and contact with the runway.
GRASS STRIP LANDING
Grass strip landing is performed by using normal landing
procedures. The aircraft tends to lower the nose-wheel at
higher speeds, so hold the stick fully aft after the touch-
down. Brake more gently than during· concrete runway
landing.
MINIMUM RUN LANDING
For minimum run landing, fly an accurate final approach
and speeds. After lower the
nose-wheel, retract the flaps and push the control stick fully
forward. These actions will introduce more weight on the
wheels thus reducing tire skidding. Apply brakes gently in
a single smooth application with constantly increasing pe-
dal pressure as the speed decreases.
2-15
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
NOTE
The anti-skid system regulates lhe hydraulic pressure
'delivered to the brakes in order to obtain at any time
the maximum coefficient of friction between the
wheels and the runway for any aircraft configuration:
To minimize brake wear, brakes should be used as
sparingly as possible. Care should be exercised to take
full advantage of the lenglh of lhe runway during lan-
ding or aboned take-off .. Although lhe anti-skid sys-
tem operates automatically during braking, thereby
minimizing the possibility of a locked wheel, heavy
wheel braking may lock the wheels more easily when
there is considerable lift on lhe wings, than when the
same pressure is applied wilh lhe full weight of lhe air-
craft on the wheels.
If lhe anti-skid system fails and a locked w!teel is sus-
pected, momentarily release lhe brakes and then c o n ~
tinuously re-apply. Rough braking, with lhe anti-skid
system un-serviceable may cause damage of the main
landing gear wheel tires. Therefore, in case of an anti-
skid failure it is crucial to brake gently.
MISSED APPROACH
I.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
NOTE
Make the decision to go-around as early as possible
and do not hesitate to use maximum power.
Throttle -Maximum
Speed-brake - In, if extended
Aaps -T/0
Speed - 210 kmlh lAS
Attitude - Take-off AOA
Speed - 230 to 250 kmlh lAS
With a positive rate of climb:
I. Gear -Up
Accelerating through 260 km/h lAS:
I. Aaps -Up
2. Landing lights - As required
2-16
3. Trim
4. Configuration
- As required
- Check landing gear,
NOTE
speed-brake and flaps
position indicators.
If a touchdown cannot be avoided, do not attempt to
keep the aircraft off the ground. Continue to fly the
aircraft to touchdown and when touchdown is made,
lower lhe nose slightly, avoiding nose-wheel contact
with lhe ground and accelerate to take-off speed, then
establish takeoff attitude and allow lhe aircraft to fly
off the ground. Once airborne, adopt normal missed
approach procedure.
TOUCH AND GO LANDING (figure 2-3)
The following procedure is to be adopted when a normal
landing has been attempted wilh the main wheels in contact
with the runway and another approach and landing is de-
sired.
WARNING .•
• Touch and go landings encompass all aspects
of landing and take -off characteristics in are-
latively short time. Be constantly alert for a
possible malfunction and execute the procedu-
res promptly and precisely, during this critical
phase of flight.
. • The instrument flying hood must be kept in the ·
retracted position throughout the take-off
and landing phases in order to ensure safe
ejection in case of emergency. ·
I. Throttle ·-Max
2. Speed-brakes - In, if extended
3. Aaps -T/0
4. Engine instruments - Check
Continue as per normal take-of[
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
DOWNWIND
SPEED
LANDING GEAR
SPEED BRAKE
FLAPS
~ B E L O W 300 kmlh
-DOWN
-IN
-T/0.
-BELOW 210 km/h
-T/0
- 95-IOO'l TO MAINTAIN
liOkm/h
ALT11UDE - oiOO 111
IO!!CHJ)QWN
SPEED
THilESHOl.!)
SPEED
fiNAl App!!QACH
<GJ mE SJ QPE!
AIRSPEED - 230 limlh MIN
lHROTil.£ - 70'it
Figure 2-3. Landing and Go-Around (Typical)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
NOTES ----...
e MAINTAIN APPROACH SPEED ON
FINAL UN11L LANDING IS ASSURED
e IN PRESENCE OF GUSTY WIND ADD
MALF mE VALUE OF mE MAX GUST
TO FINAL APPROACH SPEED
-4SOkm/h
-SOOm
-AS REQUIRED
AB-H72)
2-17
INSTRUMENT APPROA,CHES
RSBN/SDU APPROACH (figure 2-4)

1. Configuration -Cruise
2. Speed - 370 kmlb lAS
3. Power - As required to maintain
speed
tO Gljde Slcux;
1. Speed - Below 330 kmlb lAS
2. Landing gear - Down, check indicators
3. Speed-brakes - In, check indicators
4. Speed - Below 280 kmlh lAS
5. Flaps - T/0, check indicators
6. Trim - As required
7. Speed - 260 kmlh lAS
Maintain speed and configuration until glide-slope inter- ·
cept.
Glide-Slope· InterceptlfjnaJ Approacb
I. Flaps - Down
2. Landing gear - Verify down and locked
3. Speed - 230 kmlb lAS
4. Power
5. Landing lights
6. Threshold speed
7. Flare altitude
8. Throttle
9. Float
10. Touch-down speed
- As required to maintain
230 kmlh lAS minimum
- As required
- 200 kmlh lAS minimum
- 6 to 8 meters AGL
. -IDLE
-Up to 1m
- 180 kmlb lAS
RADAR APPROACH (figure 2-5)
Entry and Down-Wind
1. Configuration
2. Speed
3. Power
4. Speed-brakes
Base Lee
1. Speed
2. Landing gear
3. Speed
4. Flaps
5. Trim
6.. Speed
2-18
-Cruise
- 370 kmlb lAS
-As required
-In
- Below 330 kmlh lAS
- Down, check indicators
- Below 280 kmlh lAS
- T/0, check indicators
-As required
- 260 kmlh lAS
NOTE.
Maintain speed to final approach and continue as per
RSBN/SDU approach.
MISSED APPROACH (INSTRUMENT)
l. Power
2. Speed-brakes
3. Flaps
4. Attitude with positive
· rate of climb
5. Landing Gear
6. Flaps
7. Power
-Max.
-In
-T/0
- Approx. 8 degrees
nose up
-Up.
-Up
- Retard throttle to NOM
(103%) to attain
350 km/h lAS, then as
required to maintain
350 km/h lAS to missed
approach altitude.
AF[ER LANQING CH£CKS
NOTE
. Conduct the following steps when clear of the runway.
I. Landing/taxi lights
2. Flaps
3. Speed-brakes
4. Trims
5. De-icing
6. Pitot tube heating
ENGINE SHUT DOWN
- As required
-Up
-Iii
· -Neutral
-Off·
·-off
I CAUTION I
Avoid applying the parking brake if brakes are sus-
pended to be exceptionally hot. ·
l. Parking brake .
2. Throttle
-Apply
-Idle
3. Engine cooling - 2 minutes
4. Pressurization/ECS lever - Off
5. Ventilation suit controller - Close (CW)
6. Electrical switches - Off, except ENGINE,
7. Throttle
BATI'ERY, and
JPTREG
-To stop
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AfPRQAOJ TO GYPE SLOPE
AIRSPEED BELOW 330 kmlh
LANDING GEAR - DOWN
SPEED BRAKES - IN
FlAPS - T/0 BELOW 300 kmlh
AIRSPEED - 260 kmlb
TifROTTLE AS REQUIRED TO
MAINTAIN 260 kmlh
MISSEQ APPROAOJ
TifROTTLE MAX
SPEED BRAKES IN
ArnTUDE NOSE UP s•
FlAPS - T/0
LANDING GEAR - ·UP
FlAPS - UP, 260 kmlh MINIMUM
111ROTTLE RETARD TO 103% RPM TO ATIAIN
370 kmlh - TifEN AS REQUIRED TO
MAINTAIN TifiS SPEED TO REGAIN
TifE MISSED APPROACH ALTITUDE
'
FlAPS
AIRSPEED
CONFIGURATION - CRUISE
/
AIRSPEED - 370 kmlb
TifROTTLE - 91-95% RPM
g
~
Figure 2-4. RSBN/SDU Approach (Typical)- Straight-in Approach
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
LANDING
- . 230km/h
AB-1-(73)
2-19
l.U. 1 1 - L j ~ ~ - 1
8. Engine run down - Check (from idle to
0 ~ RPM: 20 sec. HPC,
25 sec. LPC)
9. ENGINE and JPT REG -Off
10. FOR -Off
11. Battery -Off
12. Canopy -Open
13. Seat pins - Insen
NOTE
Insen only following safety pins: head of telescopic
ejection mechanism (TVM), left yoke of TVM con-
trol rod and head of canopy jettison pyromechanism.
Other safety pins shall be installed by maintenance
personnel.
2-20
SECURE
l. Wheel chocks -In place
2. Parking brake -Release (when chocks
in place are confirmed)
3. Oxygen valve -Close
4. Disconnect all personal leads and lock the control stick
if desired
5. Leave the aircraft.
6. If required, close and lock the canopy.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
-260ianlh
B.ASE..L£a .
AIRSPEED
LANDING GEAR
SPEED BRAKES
FLAPS
AIRSPEED
-BELOW 330 kmlh
-DOWN
-IS
- T/0 BELOW 300 kmlh
-260kmlh
-90- 92'i RPM
00-AROUNQ
niROTil.E .
SPEED BRAKES
LAPS
LANDING GEAR
FLAPS
TIIROTJ'LE.'
-MAX
-IN
-T/0
-UP
-UP. 260 kmlh MINIMUM
-RETARD TO 103'i RPM TO ATTAIN
370 kmlh -'IHEN AS REQUIRED TO
MAINTAIN 1HIS SPEED TO REGAIN
THE MISSED APPROACH
-CRUISE
-370km/h
- 90 - 92'i RPM
El:iiBl:.
CONFIURATION
AIRSPEED
lHROTTI.E
-CRUISE
-370Janlh
-90-92\t RPM
figure 2-5. Radar Approach (Typical)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O . .lT -L39C-l
AB-1-(74)
2-21
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
-
RELATIVE
BEARING - 270" "3"
HEIGHT - SOOm
AIRSPEED - 300 lunih
BANK - 20"
2-22
FINAl TIJRN
RELATIVE
BEARING - 285' "4"
HEIGHT - SOOm
AIRSPEED - 300 lunih
BANK - 20'
FL\PS - 25'
SINK RA"IlO - 3-4 m/s
HEIGHT - 200m
AIRSPEED - 250 lunih
ABEAM OM POINT
RELA11VE
BEARING - 270"
UG -DOWN
AIRSPEED - 330 lunih
HEIGHT - SOOm
Figure 2-6. RSBN Landing Pattern- BOX
- '"2"
- 350 km;h
- 500m
- 20°
2 min. alter IM
AIRSPEED - 350 lunih
HEIGHT - 500 m
BANK - 20"
CONFIGURATION - CRUISE
AIRSPEED 350 lunih
HEIGHT 500m
SELECTED COURSE-RUNWAY
TUNED FACIUTY-OM
INNER MARKER
AIRSPEED - 220-2Ul'lunih
CONFIG-LANDING
HEIGHT - 60-80 m
BNAL APPROACH
AIRSPEED - 220-210 lunih
SINKRATE- i-3mls
FL\PS - LOG
AB-1-(75)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
-
AIRSPEED - 280 kmib
FLAPS - T/0
SINK RATE- 2-3m/s
Figure 2-7. RSBN Landing Pattern- Two-Turns
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. lT-L39C-l
2 min. after OM
AIRSPEED - 350 kmib
HEIGHT - SOOm
BANK - :ZOO
CONFIGURATION - CRUISE
AIRSPEED - 350 lunlb
HEIGHT - SOOm
TUNED -OM
h . , ~ ~ ~ ' - - - j INNER MARKER
CONFIG - LANDING
AIRSPEED - 220-210 kmib
HEIGHT - 60-80 m
FINAl APPROACH
AIRSPEED - 220-210 kmib
FLAPS - LOG
SINK RATE- 2-3mis
AB-1-{76)
2-23/(2-24 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
· T.O. 1T-L39C-1
SECTION III
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES.
CONTENTS PAGE
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
GROUND EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
TAKEOFF EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . • . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
TAKE-OFF ABNORMALI11ES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
IN-FLIGIIT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
LANDING EMERGENCIES
INTRODUCTION
Air-crews should be completely familiar with all emer-
gencies procedures contained in this section. Special em-
phasis should be placed on knowing those procedures or
steps of emergency.conditioJts that require immediate ac-
tion or where reference to the air-crew check list would be
impractical.
Verbal knowledge of those procedures is not necessary, how-
ever, it is MANDATORY that all air-crews commit to me-
mory the full intent of the action indicated and the proper se-
quence of steps. 'The nature of severity of the encountered
emergency, weather conditions and overail operating condi-
tions, may require modification of procedures, It is therefore,
essential that air-crews determine the best course of sec-
TION action on the recommended procedures, exis-
ting conditions, common sense and their own capability.
When an emergency occurs, three basic rules prevail. which
apply to ait:bome emergencies:
1. Maintain aircraft control
2. Analyze the situation and take proper action
3. Land as soon as possible/practicable
The meaning of "Land As Soon As Possible" (ASAP) and
"Land As Soon As Practicable" as use in this section is as
follows:
Land As Soon As Possible (ASAP)
a. Emergency conditions are urgent and require the mis-
sion to be aborted instantly and an immediate landing
at the nearest suitable airfield should be performed.
'.
3-14
Land As Soon As Practicable
b. Emergency conditions are less urgent and the degree of
emergency is such that the mission must be aborted and
the aircraft flown to a convenient base.
CONTROL AVAILABILITY IN THE TWO
COCKPITS
The procedures given in this section refer to the pilot in the
forward cockpit. The controls in the forward cockpit are not
fully duplicated and available in the aft cockpit. The pilot
occupying the aft cockpit must be therefore bear this mind
and instruct the crew member in the forward cockpit to actu-
ate, when necessary, the following controls accessible in the
aft cockpit only:
- Electrical Power Supply Switches:
- ... NETW."
- Instrument and Navigation Switches:
- Forw!lldlaft cockpit EGT· transfer switch "EGT
IND. AFTJFWD" . . .. .
:- RSBN aft control panel
- GMK directional gyro correcting mechanism
- Communication Switches:
- "INTERCOM GROUND"
- Escape system Switches:
- "SEAT"
- Aircraft Systems Switches:
- "AIRCOND"
- Oxygen bottles interconnect valve
- Pitot fault simulator panel
- Navigation fault simulator panel
3-1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc .
.. .. .. ., ., ., .,., .,., .,., ...,_ ..., .., . .., . .,_ .., .., ..
----
· T ~ O . IT-L39C-I
GROUND EMERGENCIES
ENGINE FIRE DURING START
CAUTION I
The latch preventing the movement of the throttle fro-
m IDLE to STOP is, in the forward cockpit a rotating
lever and in the aft cockpit a sprig-loaded push pin.
Indications:
Actions:
Fire warning light in warning panel.
Any other signs of fire (smoke,
ground crew report etc.)
Immediately perfonn the following:
I. TIIROTTLE · - To STOP
2. ENGINE SWITCH - OFF
3. FUEL SHUT-OFF lever -CLOSE
If fire persists:
4. FIRE
EXTINGUISHER button - DEPRESS
5. EMERGENCY
EVACUATION - PERFORM
EMERGENCY EVACUATION
In a situation where a rapid abandonment of the aircraft is
required, proceed as follows:
I. ECSIPRESS LEVER
2. CANOPY"LOCK
- .AFf position
- AFf position
WARNING •
On the ground, when the aircraft is stationary, cano-
pies must be jettisoned as they may fall back and inju-
re the crew.
3. PARACHUTE HARNESS - UNLOCK
4. P.E.C. quick
DISCONNECT
5. "BATTERY"
6. AIRCRAFf
-PULL
-OFF
-ABANDON
EMERGENCY BRAKING
Indication: Los.s of nonnal braking capability
Actions:
I. EMERGENCY
BRAKELEVER -PULLGRADUALLY
NOTE
• Use the emergency brake with care as the
anti-skid system is deactivated and a careless
use may result in a blown tire.
• Do not use the emergency brakes from both
cockpits simultaneously.
HOTBRAKES.
Indications:
Actions:
Perfonn the following after any event
which requires excessive braking
(e.g., aborted takeoff, landing at high
OW's or speed, etc.) or when hot
brakes are suspected (smoking
brakes, ground crew confinnation,
etc.)
I. Request firefighting equipment and proceed directly to
the designated hot brake area or nearest area clear of
other aircraft and personnel.
I WARNING.
Any leaking hydraulic fluid may be ignited by hot
wheel and brake surfaces. ·
When jn the hot bra!ce area:
2. Align aircraft with nose into wind ifpossible,
3. Use only chocks, if available, or minimum possible toe
brake pressure to hold aircraft stationary until engine is
shut down.
I WARNING.
Do not use the parking brake.
4. Delay engine shutdown until arrival of fire fighting
equipment.
3-2
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
I WARNING'
Hot wheels and brakes may ignite fuel drained over-
board during engine shutdown.
If a brake fire occurs:
5. Go to EMERGENCY EVACUATION, this section.
TAKEOFF EMERGENCIES
ABORTED TAKE-OFF
NOTE
Aborting take-off at high speeds should not be taken
lightly.
Once a decision to abort has been taken, accomplish
the following immediately.
I. THROTTI..E ;_STOP
2. BRAKE - NORMAL BRAKING
3. RADIO - Declare ABORT
4. "BARRIER" - As required
5. Asses the situation (consult with the control tower) and
decide on the course of action. (Emergency evacuation,
clearing the runway, taxiing back etc.).
ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKE-OFF
· Indication: Loss of power
Actions:
If possible:
I. ABORT TAKE-OFF - Follow abort take-off
procedure
If airborne:
l. THROTTI..E - MAX. Consider
controlling engine
by means of the
secondary circuit
T.Q.·lT-L39C-I
CAUTION
With the emergency fuel controller, a rapid move of
the throttle may result in a flame out or an excessive
EGT. Move the throttle with care while closely moni-
toring RPM and EGT.
2. SEC. REG. switch -ON
3. EXTERNAL STORES -JETTISON
If thrust is insufficient to maintain a safe climb:
4. Forced landing - Perform
If a safe forced landing cannot be performed
5. EJECT!
ENGINE FIRE DURING TAKE-OFF
Indications: "FIRE" light or an outside report from
the control tower or from another air-
craft.
Actions:
If possible:
I. ABORT TAKE-OFF - Follow abort take-off
procedure
2. FUEL SHUT OFF -CLOSE
3. FIRE EXTINGUISHER
button -DEPRESS
4. "BATTERY" -Off
5. EMERGENCY
EVACUATION -PERFORM
If airborne:
I. THROTTI..E -MAX .
2. LANDING GEAR -RETRACT
3. EXTERNAL STORES -JETTISON
At flame-out landing conditions, if fire persists:
4. THROTTI..E -STOP
5. FUEL SHUT-OFF lever -CLOSE
6. FIRE
EXTINGUISHER, button - DEPRESS
I WARNING'
Do not attempt to restart engine after fire has been ex-
tinguished.
3-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
- - ~ · ..., ..., ,., ,.., ,.., .., .., .., ..,. .., ~ - ..., .6/L_ ""'--""' ""' .., ~ ~ ""
T.O. IT-L39C-1
7. FORCED LANDING -PERFORM
If a safe landing can not be performed:
8. EJECT!
BLOWN TIRE DURING TAKE-OFF
Indications: Aircraft "pulls" to one side accompa-
nied by a rough run. ·
NOTE
At high s ~ . if directional control can be main-
tained, it is recommended to get the aircraft airborne
rather than risking a high speed aborted take-off.
Actions:
At low speed:
I. ABORT TAKE--OFF
2. Runway center line
When airborne:
- Follow abort take-off
procedure
- MAINTAIN with
available brakes, rudder
and by deflecting the
control stick towards
he "good" tire.
l. GEAR AND FLAPS - DO N.QI -RETRACf
~ - Airspeed - 300 kmlh lAS max.
3. Land (Refer to "Landing with a blown tire'')
EMERGENCY STORES-JETTISON
NOTE
Jettison i.s possible only. when aiibOnie.
I. "EMERG. JETTIS."
switch -On
TAKE-OFF ABNORMALITIES
GEAR RETRACTION FAILURE
Indications: One or more gear components do not
retract or lock in up position (confir-
med by electrical and mechanical in-
dicators).
. Actions:
1. Airspeed - Below 330 kmlh lAS
2. Check back seat
lever position - If"down" move
to neutral
3. Landing gear lever -Down
4. GearC/Bs -Check ON
5. Electrical and
mechanical indicators -Check
6. Land as soon as practicable
FLAPS RETRACTION FAILURE
Indications:
Actions:
The selected button does not pop out
and the respective light does not come
on, confirmed by the mechanical indi-
·cators.
l. Air speed ~ - Below 300 kmlh lAS
2. Flaps previous position - Select
3. Electrical and
mechanical indicators - Check
4. Land as soon as practicable
IN-fLIGHT EMERGENCIES
ENGINE FIRE
Indications:
Actions:
i. TIIROTTLE
Fire warning light, out side report,
smoke trail behind the aircraft, fumes
or heat in the cockpit, engine RPM
loss aecompanied by high EGT, un-
usual engine noise or vibration.
-IDLE
2. · Confirm existence of fire (a near-by aircraft may be of
assistance).
If fire warning light goes out:
3. Fire warning
CIRCUIT test switch - CHECK both circuits
I CAUTION I
If test shows the circuit to be defective, the wiring
could have been damaged by an existing fire.
If fire is not confirmed:
4. PRECAtmONARY
LANDING -PERFORM
3-4
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
-
If fire is confirmed:
I. Cockpit press lever -Off
2. OXYGEN -100%
3. Air shower -Close
If forced landing conditions:
I. THROTIT..E ~ STOP
2. FUEL SHUT -OFF lever ..:. CLOSE
3. FIRE
EXTINGUISHER button - DEPRESS
I WARNING'
Do not attempt to re-start the engine after the fire has
been extinguished. ·
If fire indication goes out:
4. Fire warning circuit· -Check
5. FORCED LANDING -PERFORM
I WARNING'
• Do not use arresting barrier.
• Do not land with fire aboard.
If fire persists or a safe forced landing cannot be accom-
plished:
6. EJECT!
ENGINE FLAME-OUT
Indications: Loss of power, EGT drop, RPM drop.
HOT START
CAUTION
Perform the engine hot start only if crucial lack of time
does not make possible to perform any recommended
engine start procedure. The hot start, if not successful,
can damage engine or aggravate the situation.
Recommended in-flight engine start procedure is
APU assisted or wind-milling, refer to IN-FLIGHT
START.
T.O. 1T-L39C-t·
Actions:
I. THROTIT..E -STOP
2. IfRPM<40%
TURBO START -DEPRESS
3. ENGINE START -DEPRESS
4. THROTIT..E -IDLE
5. SPEED - 260 km/h lAS
6. HEADING -To NEAREST
AIRFIELD
7. DRAG -REDUCE
If altitude is below 600·m AGL and a safe forced landing
cannot be assured:
8. EJECT!
WARNING '
It takes SO second up to IDLE (56± 1 %). It is prohibi-
ted to move the throttle before the RPM is set to IDLE.
If the loss of power was accompanied by abnormal in-
dications such as explosions, severe RPM fluctuation-
s or RPM stuck at 0, consider carefully whether to at-
tempt a restart as it might aggravate the situation and
result in engine fire.
If no mechanical failure is evident and the engine is wind
milling:
9. Air-start -Perform
If mechanical damage is suspected:
I 0. THROTIT..E - STOP
II. Forced landing -Perform
If a safe forced landing cannot be assured:
12. EJECT!
IN-FLIGHT START
NOTE
Attempt a restart only if no damage is evident.
IN-FLIGHT START ENVELOPE:
Flight level - Below altitude 6,000 m
AIRSPEED:
450 kmlh lAS - for Wind-milling start
(above 15% RPM)
3-5
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. . . .
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
260-350·krnlh lAS - for APU start (below 15% RPM)
APUSTART
I. THR011LE.
2. "TURBO" button
3. ''TURBINE STARTER"
4. "ENGINE" button
After 5 seconds: ·
5. THROTTLE
6. Stop watch
7. EGT and RPM
When engine stabilized:
8. Throttle
WIND MILLING START
-STOP
-DEPRESS
-Check on
-DEPRESS
-IDLE
-Start
- Check rising
- Open, check engine
. response and thrust
. NOTE
RPM is above 15%
I. THROTTLE - STOP
2. "ENGINE" START button - DEPRESS
After 5 seconds:
3. THROTTLE -IDLE
4. Stop watch -Start
5. EGT and RPM - Check rising
NOTE
The airspeed must be kept constant or slightly increa-
sing in order to avoid excessive rise of EGT.
When engine stabilized
6. Throttle
. UNSUCCESSFUL RESTART
- Open, check engine
response and thrust
· Stop the restart sequence if one of the following occurs:
- No ignition within 25 seconds
- EGT exceeds 685°C
RPM stagnating or dropping
I. THROTTLE - To STOP
----
2. "ENGINE STOP"
SWITCH -OFF and ON
NOTE
WAIT AT LEAST 45 SECONDS from the time the
throttle was placed to STOP before attempting ano-
ther restart, in order to assure no fuel is present in the
tail-pipe.
ALTERNATE AIR-START (secondary fuel circuit)
Flight conditions - Confirm: Altitude below
I.
2.
3.
4.
THROTTLE
''TURBO'.' button
"SEC REG" switch
6,000 m, Speed 260 to 350 kmlh
lAS, RPM below 15%
-STOP
- Depress
-On
''TURBINE STARTER''
light - Check on
5. "ENGINE" START button - Depress
6. Stop watch - Start
In I Oth second:
7. Throttle - Set at EFS triangle
8. EGT and RPM - Check rising
9. ''TURBO STOP" button - Depress when RPM
passes42%
I CAUTION I
With the secondary fuel circuit switched ON the auto-
matic fuel control is deactivated. The throttle has to be
moved with care to avoid a flame out, stall or excessi-
veEGT.
Accelerating the engine from idle to operating power
should take a minimum of 15 seconds or 2% per sec-
ond. RPM and EGT have to be kept within limits by
using the throttle manually .
RPM range56% to 103%
RPM range 60% to 99%
- Below 2,000 m
- Above 2,000 m
NOTE
If RPM drops below 54.5%, shut down the engine and
perform another airstart attempt after 45 seconds.
3-6
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
__,_ ....., ........ - ~ .....-...-- ~ - - - - .._.
I CAUTION I
Secondary fuel circuit has to be maintained till lan-
ding. After clearing the runway, shut down the engine.
Unsuccessful restart:
Stop the restart sequence if one of the following occurs:
- No ignition within 25 seconds
EGT exceeds 685°C
- RPM stagnating or dropping
10. Restart - Establish wind-milling
start flight conditions.
Attempt a windmilling
start with the secondary
fuel circuit ON.
PARTIAL POWER LOSS
lndjcatjons:
Actions:
1. THROTTLE
2. ALTITUDE
Loss of p<)wer, change of engine RPM
and EGT, not corresponding to thrott-
le movements. (The main fuel control
is probably at fault).
-IDLE
- Descent BELOW
7,soo·m.
CAUTION
With the secondary fuel circuit switched ON the auto-
matic fuel control is deactivated. The throttle has to be
moved with care to avoid a flame out, stall or exces-
sive EGT.
Accelerating the engine from idle to operating power
should take a minimum of 15 seconds or 2% per sec-
ond. RPM and EGT have to be kept within limits by
using the throttle manually.
RPM range 56% to 103% - Below 2,000 m
RPM range 60% to 99% Above 2,000 m
·T.O. IT-L39C-I
NOTE·
Switching to the secondary fuel circuit may be ac-
companied by an abnonlJil) noise, which is caused by
a change in fuel pressure and flow. The fuel filter light
may flicker and the caution light "FUEL EMERG.
DELIVERY" will illumiliate.
3. SEC. REG. SWITCH - ON
4. PRECAUTIONARY
LANDING - PERFORM
If RPM drops below 54.5%:
S. Throttle - STOP
I WARNING •
When an APU start is performed using the emergency
fuel circuit, the auto disconnect function is deacti-
vated, therefore, the "TURBO STOP" button ntust be
pushed when engine RPM reaches 42%.
I WARNING •.
Emergency fuel circuit must be maintained till land-
ing.
After clearing the runway, shut down the engine.
6. Engine restart - Perform an "Alternate
air-start"
If altitude is below 600 m AGL and a safe forced landing
cannot be assured:
7. Eject!
COMPRESSOR STALL
Indications: Decrease or drop in RPM with and
EGT higher than normal or rapidly ri-
sing. Abnormal noises ( ~ a n g s )
I cAunoN I
These abnormal noises may be erroneously interpre-
ted as engine mechanical failure.
I WARNING •
If an immediate action is not taken, the RPM may drop
quickly, the EGT will exceed the limits and turbine
damage may result.
3-7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
,. ,., ,., ~ ~ ~ ~ ... ., 611'. 611' ., .., .,_. ~ .., .., ~ ~ ~ .. .I
T.O. IT-L39C-l·
Actions: .
I. TIIROTTLE -IDLE
2. ANGLE OF ATTACK -RELEASE
3. EGT ·-Monitor
NOTE
Successful stall clearing is indicated by a decrease in
EGT to normal values and absence of abnormal
noises.
If stall clears:
4. Power
5. Precautionary landing
If stall persists or reoccurs:
6. TIIROTTLE
7. ENGINE
- Set to practicable
minimum
-Perform
-STOP
-RESTART
If altitude is below 600 m AGL and a safe forced landing
cannot be assured:
8. EJECT!
EXCESSIVE EGT (ABOVE LIMITS)
Indications: EGT rising or already high
NOTE
With the de-icing system in operation, maximum al-
lowable EGT is 700°C.
Actions·
The moment the pilot notices a rapid EGT rise with stea-
dy RPM:.
I. TIIROTTLE -IDLE
2. "OFF JPT REG."
SWITCH - FORWARD position
If the "J.P.T. 730°C" warning light illuminates be aware of
a possible fire hazard.
NOTE
A rapid increase in EGT indicates a malfunction in the
engine operation. EGT limiter starts its limiting func-
tion when EGT reaches 700°C (CAUflON light com-
es on). If the temperature increases above 700°C, the
EGT limiter is defective and must be switched OFF.
NOTE
Excessive EGT indication may indicate a compressor
stall (rumbling), caused by NA missile launch, enter-
ing another aircraft slipstream (vortex) or induction of
foreign object such as a bird. In this case-shut down
engine and re-start if altitude permits.
If EGT can be maintained within limits with practicable
power:
3. LAND -ASAP
If EGT continues to rise:
4. TIIROTTLE -TO STOP
5. FORCED LANDING -PERFORM
. If a safe forced landing cannot be assured:
6. EJECT!
ENGINE VmRATION
Indication:
Actions:
I. TIIROTTLE
2. SPEED
3. HEADING
4. DRAG
ENGINE VIDRATION warning
light, unusual engine noise, throttle
vibrations.
-MAX
- 320 km/h- CLIMB
- to NEAREST RWY
'
-REDUCE
At forced landing conditions:
5. TIIROTTLE -IDLE
If engine vibrations light goes out:
6. Engine vibration CIRCUIT- CHECK
If test shows the circuit to be defective:
7. Engine VIBRATION
· symptoms· · ..;;. CHECK frequently
If engine vibration light continues to illuminate:
8. TIIROTTLE - TO STOP
9. FORCED LANDING -PERFORM
If a safe forced landing cannot be assured:
10. EJECT!
OIL SYSTEM MALFUNCTION
Indication: Oil pressure on the triple engine indi-
cator drops below 2 kp/cm2 when be-
low 95% RPM or below 3 kplcm
2
when above 95% RPM.
3-8
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. ' .
Actions:
l. Engine switch.and
engine inst. CJB
2. Power
3. Land
..
- Reduce to minimum
practicable
-ASAP
The "ENG. MIN. OIL PRESS" warning light will start fla-
shing when:
- The oil pressure drops below 1.4±0.3 kp/cm2 or
- The oil temperature reaches 202°C, or
- The oil purities have the mass of 0.25 g.
NOTE
• Avoid zero or negative load· factors and abrupt
maneuvers. With oil pressure at 0, the engine will
continue to operate for._approximately 10 min-
utes.
• Be cautious of ftre.
EJECTION
IMMEDIATE EJECTION
l. WINGS -LEVEL
2. EJECTION HANDLES - SQUEFZE AND PULL
BEFORE EJECTION
. ,.
If time and permit:
l. Notify crew member of decision to eject
2. Brief for ejection
3. Inform ground controller/control tower/formation
member
4. Steer the aircraft away from populated
5. Helmet visors - Down
6. Aight conditions - Establish optimum
NOTE
attitude, speed and
altitude
When the forward crew member ejects ftrst, aircraft
longitudinal stability us reduced due to the aftward of
center of gravity.
7. Adopt ejection position:
- Feet Backward
T.O. IT-L39C-l
Head
- Elbows
Back
Press against head-rest - ·
Press against body
As. straight as possible
AFTER EJECTION
Durin& parachute descent:
I. PARACHUTE CANOPY
2. OXYGEN MASK
3. RADIO/OXYGEN
CONNECTOR
4. SURVIVAL KIT
-CHECK
-RELEASE
-DISCONNECT FROM .
LAP BELT
·-RELEASE
NOTE
There .is a 10 meters lowering line with survival kit.
5. LANDING POSmON ·-ASSUME
After Iandin&
6. PARACHUTE HARNESS - UNLOCK
EJECTION FAILURE
EJECTION SEAT BLOCKED
If the ejection handles remain blocked:
l. "UNLOCK EJECT"
Switch
2. Ejeetion handles
-Actuate
:..: Squeeze and puU·until
seat starts moving
CANOpy JETIJSON FAILURE
If ejection is ·unsuccessful (system unblocked, but canopy
fails to jettison):.
1. "CANOPY JE'ITISON''.
LEVER - ACTUATE
2. EJECTION HANDLES - PULL HOLD
until seat starts moving
NOTE
Hold the ejection handles with the left hand and opera-
te the canopy jettison lever the right hand.
If canopy jettison is unsuccessful:
3. ECS Handle - PULL aft
4. CANOPY - MANUALLY OPEN
AND PUSH away
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
3-9
T.O. JT:..L39C-l
5. EJECTION HANDLES -Squeeze and pull
EJECTION THROUGH CANOpy.
If canopy cannot be removed:
I. Canopy
2. Instrument HOOD
3. "EJECT THROUGH
CANOPY" HANDLES
4. EJECTION HANDLES
MANUAL BAIL OUT
- Ensure closed and
locked
- RETRACT (forward
cockpit only)
-PULL
- SQUEEZE AND PULL
If for any reason ejection is not possible, a manual bail
out has to be performed. Proceed as follows:
I. PILOT/SEAT
SEPARATION LEVER - FORWARD
2. Trim -Nose down
3. Canopy - Unlock manually and
push away.
4. Roll the aircraft and push the control stick for-
ward
5. Aircraft -Abandon
NOTE
Parachute operiing is accomplished by means af the
NO-DELAY lanyard (4 meters length), which is atta-
ched to the seat.
WARNING.
In case of a malfunction of the NO-DELAY lanyard
system or disconnection, the parachute must be open-
ed by use of the parachute D-ring (left side). Mini-
mum height for a manual bail out is 250 m.
PaOTfflEATSEPARATION
If after ejection, automatic separation does not occur:
I. PILOT/SEAT
SEPARATION LEVER - FORWARD
2. Push the seat backward using both hands.
FUEL SYSTEM MALFUNCTION
FUEL PRESSURE DROP
Indjcatjop: "DON'T START' warning light is
flashing
The following precautions have to observed:
- Normal engine operation is ensured only up to 6,000 m.
When applying power, throttle has to be moved slowly.
- Engine acceleration/deceleration is not limited by air-
craft speed.
If engine surge is experienced, reduce RPM.
CAUTION
Avoid zero or negative G conditions
Actions:
1. "PUMP" CIB and
"ENGINE" switch -Check ON
If conditions persists:
2. Altitude - Below 6,000 m.
3. Power - 103% RPM Max.
4. Land -ASAP
I •..
Avoid "go around" and make landing final. Failure to
comply may result in engine cut.
FUEL FaTER FAILURE
Indications: Illumination of the "FUEL fiLTER"
· warning light.
Fuel filter is becoming clogged.
·I CAUTION
Avoid zero or negative G conditions
NOTE
The "FUEL FILTER" warning light may flicker
shortly, when the emergency fuel circuit is switched
on.
3-10
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Actions:
l. Power
2. Reduce speed
3. Land
- Set to minimum
practicable
-ASAP
fUEL TRANSFER FAILURE
Wing tip tank fail to transfer fuel
Iridjcatjons:
Action:
l. LandASAP
Heavy wing. Transfer lamp is illumi-
nated earlier than excepted.
FUEL QUANTITY INDICATION FAILURE
1. Clock - Start Stopwatch
2. Recall last fuel reading and calculate remaining flight
time .
3. Land ASAP.
WARNING'
Low fuel light is unreliable.
ECS (AIR CONDITIONING) SYSTEM FAILURE
Indications:
. Actions:
l. Temperature
control switch
2. Temperature
control switch
A sudden increase 9r decrease m
cockpit air temperature .
- Manual cold/warm
(1 to 2 sec)
-Neutral
3. Invertor, air-conditioning
and de-icing C/Bs - Verify ON
If malfunction persists:
4. Air shower valve - Close
CAUTION
Before de-pressurizing the cockpit, preferably des-.
cend to below 3,000 m QNH (terrain permitting).
T.O. IT-L39C-l
NOTE
When the air-conditioning/pressurization lever is in
OFF position (aftward), the warning lights "AIR-.
CONDIT OFF' and "CABIN PRESSURE" will
flash/ illuminate.
5. Cockpit pressurization
lever - "Seal" and/or
depressurize, as
necessary to control
temperature.
SMOKFJFUMES IN THE COCKPIT OR
ELECTRICAL FIRE
Indications:
Actions:
I. OXYGEN
2. ALTITUDE
3. Emergency
Unidentified odors, smoke or fumes
in the cockpit.
- "EMER"
- DESCEND TO 3,000 m
-Declare
WARNING'
De-pressurization may be followed by rapid canopy
fogging.
4. COCKPIT - DEPRESSURIZE
If electrical fire is suspected:
I CAUTION
When shedding electrical consumers, consider whe-
ther to switch off the generator and the battery at this
will result in the automatic extension of the RAT.
5. Faulty equipment - Identify and switch off
If smoke persists or becomes sever:
6. CANOPY - JETTISON
7. Land -ASAP
LOSS OF PRESSURIZATION
Indications: Illumination of the "CABIN PRES-
SURE" warning light. Physical
sensations and increased noise in the
cockpit. Both (aircraft and cabin) alti-
meters read the same altitude even
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
3-11
T.O. IT-L39C-J
.. when· above 2,000 ·m: Cabin press
needle - on the red zone
Actions:
CAUTION
Rapid pressure build up may occur when actuating the
cabin pressurization lever during flight.
l. "COCKPIT PRESS" lever - Check on (forward)
2. Air shower valve . - Check open
Check the following:
"AIR COND." switch in the aft cockpit
"INVERTOR" switch
"AIR COND" CIB
If failure persists:
3. Descent
4. Cockpit
5. Air shower valve .
6. Land
- To below 3;000 m QNH
(terrain permitting) ·
- De-pressurize
-Close
-As soon as practicable
CANOPY OPEN/LOST/BROKEN INFLIGHT
l. Visor -Down
2. Airspeed - Reduce to 270 kmlh lAS
3. Descent - To below 3,000 m QNH
(terrain permitting)
4. Land - As soon as practicable
OXYGEN
If a sudden drop in oxygen pressure occurs, or difficulties
in a breathing are experienced, unusual odors are noticed in
the inhaled mixture, or the blinker does not operate above
2,000 m, proceed as follows:
I WARNING.
Whenever hypoxia is suspected, immediately activate
the parachute oxygen system, execute an emergency
·descent, declare emergency, and select emergency co-
de on IFF while checking the oxygen connections.
I. Oxygen s h u t ~ f f valve
2. Diluter lever
-Check ON
-100%
.3. Oxygen · · -Emergency
4. Connections - Check security
5. Descent - To below 3,000 m QNH
(terrain permitting)
If oxygen pressure is below 32 kp/cm2:
6. Oxygen interconnect - OPEN (backseat)
If not possible:
7. Seat oxygen -Active
NOTE
Emergency oxygen will last for approximately
tO minutes
8. ·Land -ASAP
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS
MAIN GENERATOR FAILURE
Indication: '!GENERATOR'; warning light
flashing.
NOTE
The RAT will extend automatically, "EMERGENCY
GENERATOR" light will flash momentarily and then
go out. A proper operation or the RAT is further indi-
cated by a voltage out put of 27 to 29 volts and as am-
meter reading of + 5 Amps.
Actions:
I. "GENERATOR
MAIN'' and "GENERATOR
EMERG."switches -Check on
i. · "EMERGENCY
GENERATOR" light out · - Confirm
I CAUTION I
Extension of the speed brakes will disturb the proper
airflow to the RAT.
3. Speed brakes -Do not use
NOTE
RAT will retract automatically, provided the RAT em-
ergency lever is in the retracted position, in the follo-
wing cases:
3-12
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
- Main generator ix>wer is restored
During -landing; when ·the touches the
·ground.
If"EMERGENCY GENERATOR" light remains ON:
4. "GENERATOR EMERG."
switch -Reset
5. RAT emergency lever -Backwards
Check RAT light - If illuminated, only battery supplies DC
power.
Actions:
1. Non-essential systems
2. Tower
IDTAL ELECTRIC FAILURE
Indications:
- Disconnect
- Advise of possibility to
land without
communication
- Voltmeter and ammeter indicate 0
- No radio and intercom
- No lights or electrical driven indication ·
The following are inoperative:
- Engine ignition system
- Warning or caution lights
- Low pressure fuel pump
- Normal and flaps extension .
- Speed brakes
- Anti-skid
Electrical indicators of gear and flaps
- Trim, electrical instruments, communication and
navigation· equipment are inoperative
- External stores release
The following instruments are available:
-RPM
- EGT
- Air speed
- Altimeter
- VVI
- Cabin altimeter
IT-L39C-I
- Accelerometer (G meter)
- Clock
- Stand by compass
Actions:
Since there is no way of restoring power, the pilot should ta-
ke time and assess the situation regarding distance to base,
flight conditions and last known indications (e.g. fuel quan-
tity). Plan your actions and be aware that other aircraft and/
or ground controller may not know of your problem.
1. Throttle - Move with care,. low
pressure fuel pump is
inoperative
2. Recall the last fuel quantity reading and calculate the
remaining flight time
3. Descent to the nearest VFR airfield
4. Traffic ciJ;Cuit - Join, watch other
S. Landing gear. and flaps
.6. Land
aircraft iil the circuit
- Emergency extend
- Seeking light signals
7. ·Brake - Apply gradually ·
INVERTER I OR II FAILURE
Indications: "INV. 115 V FAIL" light illuminates
NOTE
All consumers will automatically connect to that in-
verter, which is working without failure.
Actions:
1. Electrical system .:_ Check with higher
frequency
INVERTER I ANP rnyERTER II FAILURE
Indications:
Aclimk
"INV. liS V FAIL" light illuminates.
Warning flags on height indicator and
ADI, temperature changes in the ca- .
bin not corresponding selected value,
Joss of all consumers supplied by in-
verter I and inverter II.
I. Abort mission, fly smoothly
2. Land - ASAP
3-13
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. lT-L39C-I
INVERTER III FAILURE
Indications:
Action:
"INV. 3 x 36 V FAIL" light illumi-
nates. Loss of triple engine indica-
tor, turn indicator and elevator trim
indicator. ·
1. "ENGINE INDICAT.
EMERG." switch -On
2. Electrical system - Check with higher
frequency
INVERTER IV FAILURE
Indications: Loss of ADI, directional gyro, RSBN
andSDU.
Action:
Since there is no way of restoring power, the pilot should ta-
ke time and assess the situation regarding distance to base,
flight conditions and last known indications (e.g. fuel quan-
tity). Plan your actions and be aware that other aircraft and/
or ground controller may not know of your problem.
I. Abort mission, fly smoothly
2. Land - ASAP
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE LOW
Indication: "HYD. SYST. FAIL" warning light
Main hydraulic pressure
is below 55 kp/cm2.
WARNING'
Do not attempt to recharge the main hydraulic system
from the emergency system by operating the accumu-
lator interconnect lever. This will only result in deple-
ting the emergency system pressure, which will dis-
able emergency gear and flap extension.
The followinK systems are inoperative:
- Speed brakes
- Normal gear lowering
- Normal flap extending
- Normal brakes
- Anti skid
Refer to emergency gear and flap extension procedure.
Actions:
I. Do not activate speed brakes (even if extended). Keep
the remaining pressure for normal differential breaking
ground steering). · · ·
2. Extend landing gear and flaps by means of emergency
system.
3. After landing, use emergency braking to reduce speed
and differential braking for steering.
EMERGENCY HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE
LOW
Indications: Emergency hydraulic pressure indi-
cator indicates below 140 kp/cm2.
Actions:
I. Accumulator
interconnect lever
2. When pressure in the
emergency system equals
- Consider use
- (lever-backwards)
normal system's pressure - Lever forward
LANDING EMERGENCIES
MAXIMUM GLIDE
The flight characteristics of the aircraft, with an engine out,
are normal. Rapid trim changes are not recommended nei-
ther necessary. The recommended glide speed is 140 KIAS.
For maximum glide distance with engine out refer to Ap-
pendix A.
FORCED (Figure >-1)
I WARNING'
If, at any time during the forced landing, conditions to
not appear satisfactory for a successful :Completion of
the landing: EJECT!
ENROUTE TO HIGH KEY
l. External stores - Jettison, if necessary
2. Speed brakes,
gear and flaps -Retracted
3. Airspeed - 260 kmlh lAS
4. Throttle -Stop
5. Fuel shut off lever -Closed
3-14 Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
- -··--··-· -·- - - ----,..,.....,...,...,

• APPROAOI AT .360"
I WARNING .•
JFINFINALAT2SOm,REAOUNOTHERUNWAYIS
JUDGED IMPOSSIBLE: EJECT!
HJQH-KE)' JIQJNT - I Q(ll m
SPEED - 250 km1b
!..ANDING GEAR
40"BANK - UP
Figure 3-1. Forced Landing
T.O. IT.:...L39C-1
m REACH HIQH KEY poiNT
EX"ICRNAL STORES - DROPPED
SPEED BRAKES - IN
SPEED - 2511 kmlb
BASE LEG - 37!! m .
SPEED
FLAPS
- 2SOkmlb
- AS REQUIRED
!.OW-KEY POINT- fill! m
SPEED - kmlb
FLAPS - T/0, OR AS
REQUIRED
NOTE
Altitudes referred here are above ground
level.
UG may be extended if the NC will glide
safety to the runway with UG extended.
AB-1-{7'7)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
3-15
T.O. IT-L39C-I
NOTE
• Leave the "ENGINE" switch at ON position in
order to have VVI and tum and bank indicator
available.
• The RAT will provide electrical power throug-
hout the whole glide speed range.
NOTE
The hydraulic pump will still produce pressure, albeit
at a reduced rate, for the main hydraulic system, provi-
ded the engine has not seized due to a mechanical fail-
ure.
• For every l ,500 m of altitude lost, the ground dis-
tance gained is approximately 14 km.
• Below 3,000 m, the sink rate is approximately
9 m/sec.
HIGH KEY
l.
2.
3.
4.
Altitude - 1,000 m AGL Min
Landing gear -Down
Landing gear indicators -Check
Airspeed - 250 kmlh lAS
NOTE
If the main hydraulic system does not show e n ~ u g h
pressure, or the RAT has failed and the battery voltage
is less than 20 V, the landing gear and the flaps have
to be extended utilizing the emergency hydraulic sys-
tem.
LOW KEY
l. Altitude - 600 m AGL Min
2. Air-speed - 250 kmlh lAS
3. Flaps - As required
NOTE
If the flaps have to be lowered via the emergency hy-
draulic system, the TAKE-OFF position (25°) is not
available. The flaps, once selected down, will go dow-
n all the way to LAND position (44°). It is therefore
recommended that flaps should be lowered only when
a safe landing is assured.
250 m AGL is commit point! Decide whether to continue
the forced landing or to eject!
Final approach (safe landing assured):
l. Aim at the first third of the run-way
2. Air-speed - 250 kmlh lAS
(220 kmlh lAS Min)
3. Flaps - As required
4. Speed brakes - If overshoot - extend
·NOTE
Speed brakes may not be available due to insufficient
electrical or hydraulic power.
TOUCH-DOWN
1. Air-speed
2. Braking
- 185 to 200 kmlh lAS
- Gradually pull
emergency lever and use
normal braking for
~ u n d steering
CAUTION I
Normal brakes may not available due to insufficient
hydraulic pressure.
After the aircraft has to come to a stop:
3. Aircraft -Abandon
PRECAUTIONARY PATTERN
The precautionary pattern is flown similar to the forced
landing pattern with the following exceptions:
l. Power - 70% RPM
. 2. · Speed brakes .. - Out, until normal glide
path on final approach
has been attained.
3. Land - Normally
If the engine fails during the precautionary pattern, retract
the speed brakes immediately and continue with the forced
landing pattern.
LANDING GEAR MALFUNCTIONS
LANDING GEAR EXTENSION FAILURE
Indications: Gear fails to extend or to lock in the
down position when using the main
hydraulic system.
3-16
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Actions:
l. "U/C, BALANC." C/Bs - Check ON
2. Backseat handle - Check for middle
position
3. Air-speed - Below 330 km/h lAS
4. Emergency gear
extension lever - Move backward
I CAUTION I
Leave the emergency gear extension lever at the ex-
tended position until landing.
5. Electrical and
mechanical indicators - Check
If gear does not extend:
6. Perform 5-6 G maneuver.
If gear does not extend:
7. Emergency gear extension lever
Forward
8. Normal gear handle -Up
9. Belly landing -Perform
ASYMMETRIC GEAR CONDffiON
l. Electrical gear
position indicators
2. Mechanical gear
position indicators
3. "U/C, BALANC." C/Bs
4. Main hydraulic
system pressure
5. Normal gear
6. Normal gear extension
If unsuccessful:
7. Emergency system
pressure
-Test
-Check
-Check ON
-Check (Min 135 kp/cm2)
-Retract
-Repeat
- Ensure minimum
135 kp/cm2
8. Emergency gear extension - Perform
If asymmetric gear condition persists: .
9. Gear - Retract
T.O.lT-L39C.-.l
WARNING'
The aircraft must not be landed in gear asymmetric
condition.
l 0. Belly landing or:
11. EJECT!
-Attempt
NOSE GEAR EXTENSION FAILURE
Indications: Nose gear fails to extend or to lock in
t.he down position when using the
main hydraulic system.
Actions:
1. Emergency gear
extension
2. Electrical and
mechanical indicators
-Perform
-Check
If mechanical indicators indicates gear extended:
3. Land
If mechanical indicator shows unsafe condition:
4. Perform normal landing, holding the nose high for
aerodynamical braking
I WARNING'
Normal braking is not be possible.
BELLY LANDING
l.
2.
3.
4.
NOTE
If a paved runway is unavailable eject rather than at-
tempt a belly landing on an unpaved surface. If a gear
up landing is unavoidable, burn access fuel and rele-
ase all external stores except for empty external drop
tanks. Use normal approach procedures, avoid a nose
high touch-down attitude.
Runway - Request foaming
Fuel - Burn down to minimum
required
Shoulder harness -Locked
Final approach - Straight in, with full
flaps
3-17
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
Prior to touch down:
I cAunON
The latch preventing the movement of the throttle fro-
m IDLE to STOP is, in the forward cockpit a rotating
lever and in the aft cockpit a sprig-loaded push pin.
5. "GENERATOR EMERG."
switch -OFF
6. Throttle - To STOP
7. Fuel shut off lever -Close
8. ''ENGINE", "BATrERY"
and "GENERATOR MAIN"
switches - OFF
I cAunoN I
Do not use speedbrakes, if extended, it is not possible
to retract them in emergency.
9. Touch down speed - 180 km/h lAS
After the aircraft has come to stop:
I 0. Aircraft - Abandon
LANPING WfOI A BLOWN MAIN TIRE
If possible have the damaged tire inspected by another
aircraft or the control tower.
I. Fuel
2. Approach
3. Land
4. Control stick
5. Directional control
-Bum access fuel
-Normal pattern
- On the runway side
opposite to the
blown tire
- D e ~ e c t e d towards
. the gOod tire
- Maintain with rudder
and brakes for as long
as possible
NOTE
Do not retract the flaps as they may have sustained da-
mage by pieces of the blown tire.
FLAP EXTENSION FAILURE
FLAP EMERGENCY EXTENSION
I. Air-speed - Below 300 kmlh lAS
2. Emergency flap
extension lever - Move.backward
3. Electrical and
mechanical indicators -Check
4. Normal switch - Landing Position
WARNING.
For landing with flaps up, increase approach and lan-
ding speed by 30 kmlh lAS.
ASYMMETRIC FLAPS
When ever an asymmetry is experienced:
I. Aircraft - Control. Compensate
2. Flaps
with aileron and rudder.
lfnecessaryincrease
speed.
. - To previous position
I CAUTION I
After regaining control, do not attempt to reselect the
flaps.
If by selecting the previous position control is regained:
3. Land with the flap setting. Add 30 kmlh lAS for flaps
up landing.
If aircraft is un-controllable:
4. EJECT!
SPIN RECOVERY
I. CONTROLS
2. THROTILE
If in erect spin:
3. RUDDER
If in inverted spin:
4. STICK
- POSITIVE NEUTRAL
{STICK CENTER AND
FORWARD)
-IDLE
- FULL OPPOSITE TO
TURN NEEDLE
-FULL AFT
If spin persists and altitude is below 1,800 m AGL:
5. EJECT!
3-18
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. .
-.
- - - - - - ~ - - - .-- --- - - - - ~
-
. T.O.
SECTION IV
CREW DUTY
NOT APPLICABLE
4-11(4-2 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
SECTIONV
OPERATING· LIMITATIONS
CONTENTS PAGE
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-l
DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
INSTRUMENT MARKINGS ........................................ · .... ·............ . . . . . • . . . . . . 5-1
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS ........................................... : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
FLIGHT MANOEUEVERING LIMITATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
TIRE SPEED LIMITATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
WHEEL BRAKE LIMITATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
LANDING LIMITATIONS ..................... ·. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
INTRODUCTION
This section includes the limitations· that must be observed
during normal operation of the aircraft. The limitations are
derived from actual flight testing. Limitations related to '
particular operational procedures are given in other sections
of the manual. The flight and engine instrument markings
with their operating limitations are shown in figure 5-1.
DEFINITIONS
Cruise Conditions - LG and flaps up, speed-brakes
retracted.
Landing Conditions - LG and flaps down, speed-brakes
retracted.
Clean Configuration - Without external stores.
Symmetrical Flight Flight with no rolling tendency
or use of ailerons in the maneuver
INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
ENGINE LIMITATIONS
. In addition to the normal operating limitations shown in fig-
ure 5-2, the following limitations shall apply:
Duration of engine run shall not exceed the following:
- 40% of total engine time at the NOMINAL regime
- 10% of total engine time at the TAKE-OFF regime
Maximal flight altitude shall not exceed 12,000 m
(40,000 ft) at all engine rating except take-off rating
Switching on the de-icing system air bleed valves up to
max altitude 8,000 m (26,000 ft)
When emergency fuel control system is in operation. the fol-
lowing limitations apply:
Maximum and minimum HPC rpm are as follows:
- Below 2,000 m (6,500 ft): 103% Max; 56% Min.
- Above 2,000 m (6,500ft): 99% Max; 60% Min.
Maximum operating time: 40 minutes
Maximum altitude. at NOMINAL: 2,000 m (6,500 ft)
Maximum altitude at lower ratings than NOMINAL:
8,000 m (26,000 ft)
- Throttle operation should be slow so as to prevent fuel
starvation and possible engine flame out.
After engine shutdown, the engine run down time from
IDLE to 0% should not be less than:
High pressure compressor 20 sec.
Low pressure compressor 25 sec.
HPC RPMwithin the ranges 74%-77% and 86%-89% is
permitted for a short duration only due to the surge bleed
valve.
Take off power:
Max altitude I 0,000 m (32,8000 ft)
Max time 20 Min.
Max RPM in flight (over-speed) 107.8%
5-1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
OIL PRESSURE INDICATOR
- oil pressure 4.5 kp/cm2 max
- under 2 kptcm2 at zero loads
for short time only
-RED
c:::J YELLOW
..
FUEL PRESSURE INDICATOR
Fuel pressure 65 kp/cm2 max
RPM INDICATOR
- HPC RPM- 106.8 ± 1% max
- LPC RPM- 104% max
OIL TEMPERA11JRE INDICATOR
-. oil temperature from - 40°C min up
to90°Cmax
- from- S°C up to 90°C max operation
A B - t ~ l - t )
Figure 5-l. Operating Limitations (sheet 1 of 2)
5-2
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
. EGtiNDICATOR
EGT 645° max on the ground on TAKE UP regime
EGT 670° max. in flight without de-icing on
EGT 685° max. during engine start-up
EGT 690° max. in flight with de-icing on
EGT 700° max. in flight above 25,000 ft (8,000 m)
MACH-IAS-TAS INDICATOR
- 910 kmlh lAS max for configuration without
external stores
- 0.8 M (the speedbrakes extend automatically
at 0.78 ± 0.02 M)
- RED
c=J GREEN
.. T.O. 1T-L39C:-l
HYDRAULIC PRESSURE iNDICATOR
HYDRAULIC
MAIN!EMER
}lressure in main circuit 135-150 kplcm2
Pressure in emergency circuit after engine start
150kp/cm
2
NOTE
Due to decreasing pressure during high attitude
flight the pressure in emergency circuit can grad-
ually drop.to 120 kp/cm2 at aircraft maximu ceil-
ing. The pressure in the emergency circuit is re-
covered again when the aircraft descends.
ACCELEROMETER
- "+8" max for the ale weight up to 4,200 kg
- "-4g" max for the ale weight up to 4,200 kg
AB-1-{71-2)
Figure 5-1. Operating Limitations (sheet 2 of 2)
5-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
~ - - ---·--··- - ~ · · · - · · · · · - - · ~ · - - - ~ = = = - - - ~ - ----
LU. lT-L39C-l
In-flight engine relight envelope: ..
- Altitude up to 6,000 m (20,000 ft)
- APU assist when HPC rpm below
- Windmill when HPC rpm above
Eng Mode HPCRPM EGT (
0
C)
GRND FLT
START 20% min 685 685
within
15 sec.
IDLE 56± 1.5% 585 585
CRUISE 99.6± 1% 575 620
NOMINAL 103±1% 610 655
TAKEOFF 106.8± 1% 645 690
(MAX) 700*
* At altitude above 8,000 m (25,000 feet)
FUEL
PRESS
(kp/cm2fpsi)
below sn1
-
-
-
max. 65/925
. Engine operation with the fuel booster pump off is guaran-
teed up to approximately 6,000 m (20,000 ft).
Do not attempt an engine relight with RPM below 15%
without the use of APU.
OIL PRESS OIL TEMP OPERATION ENG
(kpfcm2fpsi)
(OC)
TIME THRUST
GRNDIFLT (lbf)
2128 min -40 to 90 50 sec -
2128 min -5 to 90 30 min/no limit -
3 - 4.5/42 - 63 -5 to 90 no limit 2,810
3 - 4.5/42 - 63 ..:.5 to 90 no limit
3,307.
3 - 4.5/42 - 63 -5 to90 20min 3,792
Engine Operating Limitations
NOTE
l. Abort start and shut down the engine when
• HPC rpm is less than 20% after 15 sec.
• There is no ignition (EGT does not rise after
25 sec.)
FH Altitude (Meter/Feet) HPCRPM (%)
Below 2,000/6,500 103% Max 56% Min
Above 2,000/6,500 99% Max 60% Min
(8,000/25,000 max)
• EGT rapidly approaches 685 °C
2. EGT in flight is higher by 20 °C when de-icing
system is on and can be as high as 690 °C below
8,000 m (25,000 ft). EGT in flight can be as high
as 700 °C above 8,000 m (ZS,OOO ft)·.
EGT (
0
C) Time of operation (min)·
655 40
620 40
AB-1-{79)
Figure 5-3. Engine Operating Limitations on Emergency Fuel Control
5-4
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
c::::J YELLOW
c::::J GREEN
• 40% (40 mrnlsec) niax.
Figure 5-4. Engine Vibrations Indicator
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
AB-1-(80)
5-5
l.U. ! ! - L . J ~ \ . . . - 1
. .
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS
For airspeed limitations refer to figure 5-5 and 5-6.
Conditions Speed Remarks
Clean 910kmlh Up to flight altitude
(490 KIAS) I ,300 m ( 4,250 ft),
ISA
Clean 0.8M Above flight alti-
tude 1,300 m
( 4,250 ft), ISA
With landing gear 340 kmlh
extended (180 KIAS)
With tlaps extended 325 kmlh Aaps will not ex-
to either T/0 or (175 KIAS) tend beyond
landing position
310± 15 km/h
(165 KIAS) imd if
extendeci, will re-
tract when exceed-
ing 165 KIAS
With canopy jetti- 350kmlh
soned (190 KIAS)
FLIGHT MANOEUVERING LIMITATIONS
INVERTED FLIGHT LIMITATIONS
Inverted flight or any manoeuvre resulting in negative ac-
celeration is permitted for not more then 20 sec, as fuel sup-
ply from the inverted flight reservoir will last only 20 sec
with full power. The minimum interval between consecu-
tive inverted flight is 20 sec. With full tip tanks, negative g ·
flight is not recommended. ·
ZERO G LIMITATION
Aight with zero G are permitted for not more than 5 sec due
to lack of lubrication to the engine.
STRUCTURAL LIMITATIONS
(CLEAN CONFIGURATION)
G Factor
+8 to-+
+7.5 to -3.75
+7 to -3.5
+6.5 to -3.5
5-6
~
4,200 kg (9,260 lbs)
4,300 kg (9,480 lbs)
4,500 kg (9,920 lbs)
4,700 kg (10,360 lbs)
CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITATIONS
The permissible range for center of gravity positions is 21
to 28% MAC. In an emergency, if the forward pilot ejects,
the C of G is approximately 29.01% MAC and the aircraft
may still be landed from the aft cockpit. In this case, do not
use flaps (speed-brakes may be used). Final approach speed
is 230 kmlh ( 125 KIAS).
WEIGHT LIMITATIONS
Minimum bearing power fqr aircraft operation is 6 kg/cm2
(870 psi).
Runway Max permissi- Max. permissi-
surface ble T/0 weight ble landing
kgllbs weight kgllbs
Paved 4,709/10,380 4,600/10,140
Unpaved 4,600/10,140 4,600/10,140
(p>7 kg/cm
2
116 psi)
Unpaved 4,400/9,700 4,400/9,700
(p>6 kg/cm2
87 psi)
NOTE
Only 5% of the total number of flights can be per-
formed with T/0 weight higher than 4,600 kg
(10,140 lbs).
CROSS WIND LIMITATIONS
The maximum permissible crosswind component during
takeoff and landing is 10 m/s (20 kt). Refer to Appendix A
for takeoff and landing crosswind limits chart.
PROHIBITED MANOEUVRES
1. Intentional inverted spins. If the aircraft falls into in-
verted spin only one turn is permitted.
2. More than two turns of upright spin.
NOTE
The spin should not be performed with engine setting
at range within 86 to 89% and 74 to 77% HPC rpm.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O; IT-L39C-I
BASED ON MAXIMUM DYNAMIC PRESSURE AND MACH NUMBER
14000
13000
12000
11000
10000
9000
8000
e
w
0
7000
:::>

5
<(
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
l\

\
-._\
1\\
'
'
'
'
\\ [\
'
' .
'
.'\
' '
"'
. .
. .
'
.
'
.
.
"'"
. .
'
.
..
M::0.8
.
'
CLEAN AIRCRAFT
..
.
.
· ..... 't v
I I I
.
. .
. .
'
.
... M::0.75 -, I
'
AIRCRAFT WITH EXTERNAL STORES
.
'
. · .. ""' '\
. .
l/
.
'
.
.
'
.
.
.
.
.
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M=O.S M=0.6
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. ..
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0
1000
EQUIVALENT AIRSPEED (kmlh)
AB-1-(81)
Figure 5-5. Airspeed Limitations. EAS
5-7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O .. lT-L39C-l
BASED ON MAXIMUM DYNAMIC PRESSURE AND MACH NUMBER
14000
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
13000
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
AIRCRAFT WITH EXTERNAL STORES -- :--._ CLEAN AIRCRAFT .
12000
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
11000
10000
9000
·8000
g
w
7000 0
=>
!::::
t:;
< 6000
5000
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
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. .
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. .
M--o.s M=0.6 M=0.7 - M=0.75 M=0.8
4000
3000
. . .
\ \
. . .
.
.
.
.
.
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. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
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2000
1000
0
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. . .

. .
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v
.
. . .
. . .
. . . .
. . . .
500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000
TRUE AIRSPEED (kmlh)
AB-1-(82)
Figure 5-6. Airspeed Limitations, TAS
5-8
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
TIRE SPEED LIMITATIONS .
The landing gear tires are marked 300 kmlh (162 kt) for
main LG .and 2S5 kmlh (154 kt) for nose LG.
WHEEL BRAKE LIMITATIONS
The maximum speed at which wheel brakes may be applied
with landing weight up to 4,600 kg {10,140 lbs) is 190 kmlh
(102 kts). In cases such as an aborted takeoff, when full
brakes . are applied at speed higher than 100 kmlh
(55 knots), the brakes must be allowed to cool before a sub-
sequent flight.
For an aircraft with an· initial takeoff weight of up to
4,400 kg (9,710 lbs), 10 landings and braking is permitted,
with a minimum of 7 minutes interval between landings.·
For an aircraft with initial takeoff weight of more than
4,400 kg (9,710 lbs), continuous circuits with braking is al-
lowed, but a minimum of 30 minutes interval between land-
ings.
STORE
Pylon
OFAB-100 General Purpose Bomb
OFAB-100-110 TU High Drag GP Bomb
FOTAB-1 00-80 Photo Flash Bomb
ZAB-100-105 Fuel-Air Explosive Bomb
P-50-75 Bomb, Dummy Unit
P-50Sh Bomb, Dummy Unit
UB-16-57U Rocket Launcher
UB-16-57UMP Rocket Launcher
16 x ~ 5 M I K Rockets
16 x S-5MO/K.O Rockets
APU-13MIMI Missile Launcher
R-3U Missile, Training
R-3S Missile
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
-NOTE
In an emergency, it is possible tQ commence· braking
at speeds higher than 190 kmlh (102 kts). However,
after such braking, the brakes must be allowed to cool
and be properly inspected prior to the next flight.
When braking at speeds higher than 190 kmlh
(102 kts) is perfonned, the ground run considerably
increases (refer to Appendix A).
LANDING LIMITATIONS
If landing must be made with a gross weight higher than
4,600 kg {10,140 lbs), the maximum pennissible rate of de-
scent and loading factor are 2.5 g respectively. If these lim-
its are exceeded, the wheelbrakes and tires must be changed
prior to next flight.
NOTE
Indications of the Vertical velocity indicator at touch-
down is not a valid indication of the actual rate of sid
as the instrument is subject to a considerable lag.
WEIGHT (KGILBS)
17 (38)
125 (276)
110 (243)
70 (154)
lOS (238)
75.5 (166)
46 (102)
54 (119)
52 (115)
62 (136)
77 (169)
21 (46)
53 (117)
. 75 (165)
AB-HI3)
Figure 5-7 .. List of Approved Stores
NOTE
All the above listed stores can be suspended symmet-
rically under both pylons only.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
5-9/(5-10 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
SECllONVI
FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS
CONTENTS PAGE
INTRODUCTION ........... ·. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
EFFECT OF FLIGHT CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
FLIGHT WITH EXTERNAL LOADS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
STALLS..................................................................................... 6-2
SPINS........................................................................................ 6-3
DIVES .......................... ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
SPEED PROFILES ....................... , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
INTRODUCTION
The aircr:llt is -longitudinally, laterally and directionally
stable at all approved center-of-gravity positions, through-
out the flight envelope. Control surfaces with direct me-
. chanicallinkage are not hydraulically boosted, stick forces
are directly proportional to aerodynamic loadings.
EFFECT OF FLIGHT.CQNTROLS
Handling qualities in all three axes are satisfactory within
flight envelope for the whole center-of-gravity range.
Longitudinal control forces reach acceptable limits for all
flight cases. Variation of stick force gradient, i.e. stick force
per g, is gradual-increasing with increasing speed, within
satisfactory. range.
Lateral/directional control forces and deflections are gradu-
. al with positive gradients even in sideslips. Roll perfor-
mance exceeding 100 degrees per second is sufficiently
high, with top values nearing 150 degrees per second.
TRIM
Trim tabs both on elevator and ailerons can manage the con-
trol forces within the whole speed range. Excessive control
forces can occur during dives close to the speed limits, ex-
ceeding trim capability but manageable.
FLAPS
Flaps extension has no significant effect to longitudinal
characteristics. Slight nose-up moment with extended flaps
is easily trimable.
SPEED BRAKES
Speedbrakes as an effective drag producing device can be
extended orretracted at any speed or any flight attitude.
. The speedbrakes are automatically e ~ t e n d e d at
M = 0. 78 ± 0.02 Mach to prevent airspeed limits overcom-
ing.
Extending of speedbrakes at high speeds or Mach results in
slight nose-up pitching moment, easily counteracted by the
pilot.
FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS
LOW AND HIGH ALTITUDE FLIGHTS
·Operation in extreme alti.tude levels of flight envelope
doesn't require any special technique with respect to han-
dling qualities. They are satisfactory throughout the whole
speed range.
APPROACH AND LANDING
During approach and on final the throttle should be main-
tained on no less than minimum of 70% RPM with respect
to acceleration time of powerplant. Aircraft touchdown is
stable without tendency to swinging or bouncing. The nose
can be lowered gently to runway at speed of 130 to
140 kmlh (70 to 75 KIAS) in normal landing, in short-field
landing can be lowered earlier with subsequent braking if
practical.
Landing with flaps retracted is possible with speeds higher
at about 30 kmlh (15 Kts).
FLIGHT WITH EXTERNAL LOADS
Varying aircraft configurations with the stores affect han-
dling qualities only slightly due to changes in center-of-
6-1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
----·----
1.U.lT-L39C-l
·gravity location and aerodynamic drag and lift degradation
effects. · ·
ASYMMETRIC LOADS
Aircraft handling with asymmetrical store configurations is
affected primarily by weight imbalance. These effects are
more noticeable at lower airspeeds. With the extreme per-
mitted asymmetry on underwing pylon the aileron control .
force is fully trimable above 350 ~ (1,0 kts).
Approach and landing shall be performed with the speed in-
creased by approximately 20 to 30 kmlh (10 to 15 kts) re-
lated to normal clean variant, with increased but undisturb-
ing aileron control force. When landing in asymmetric
configuration is necessary, the approach and landing should
be carefully planed and executed, considering the runway
length, crosswind and increased landing speed.
STALLS (Figures 6-1 and 6-2)
The stalling characteristics are satisfactory in both lg flight
and under load factor. Aircraft behavior is similar in all con-
figurations (flaps deflection, landing gear position, power
setting) with only airspeed differences. The stall (departure)
is characterized by slight airframe buffet following gradu-
Configuration
AIC Gross Weight
0°, retracted
..
Flaps deflection·
25°, extended
LGposition
44°, extended
·ate airspeed loss of 2 kmlh per second ( 1.1 kt per sec) and
consequent nose-down pit<;h motion. Full controllability
during stall is typical for· the aircraft. Possible wing drop is
easily corrected by ailerons, no rudder inputs are necessary.
Recovery is easy and almost immediate after stick releas- ·
ing, with the height loss up to 100m (330ft). Stall speeds
with respect of aircraft weight (gross weight) are depicted
in figure 6-1 and in figure 6-2. Clean aircraft means aircraft
with underwing pylons unloaded too. Aircraft with stores
lines can be used especially for forward extended stores
(ahead the leading edge). Engine thrust can affect these fig-
ures by approximately 10 kmlh (5 KTAS) in sense of lower-
ing the stall speed (when engine power is maximal). After
nose lowering the aircraft gradually regains the speed and
can be levelled without special effort.
Dynamic stall can be entered at the speeds about 20 to
40 kmlh (10-20 kt) higher then quoted stall speeds, with
rapid full aft stick, causing quicker deceleration.
High "g" stalls are accomplished d u r i n ~ descending tight-
ened turns when pulling with 2 to 8 g's and reaching the buf-
fet boundaries depending on weight, altitude and speed.
With full aft stick the tum rate temporary increases, fol-
lowed by full stall with leaving the tum. Aircraft tends to
level wings and behave as in·normal stall.
Without stores With stores
3,700 4,500 4,600 4,700
172 190 196 198
157 173 182 184
148 163 174 176
Figure 6-1. Table of Stall Speeds
6-2
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
The aircraft exhibits a high degree of resistance to spin .
entry. When stalled, it is not susceptible to spin without rud-
der deflection. Nonintentional spin entry can very excep-
tionally occur during maneuver flight in case of pilot mis-
handling.
UPRIGHT SPIN
Intentional upright spin must be initiated as follows:
Trim the aircraft in horizontal flight at the speed of approxi-
mately 300 kmlh (160 KIAS). At minimal altitude of
5,000 m (16,000 ft) set power to idle. Adjust climb angle of
10° with gradual speed loss to 200 kmlh (110 KIAS). At this
moment apply full rudder deflection into the spin sense and
simultaneously pull fully aft. Hold the deflections during
the spin, with ailerons in neutral.
NOTE
Spin character is stable during the first turn, with in-
creasing instabilities typical for jet aircraft in continu-
ing turning. Unregular longitudinal oscillations de-
velop with increasing amplitude and shudder. Rudder
bounces and increasing varying pedal forces must be
overcomed. Unadequate control inputs can lead to in-
verted spin development (especially with extreme
forward stick position), or to the change in turning
sense (ailerons against spin turning).
UPRiqHT SPIN RECOVERY
Recovery is initiated with rudder and elevator centering.
The aircraft stops turning and passes to steep dive with max-
imal one tum overturning. Ailerons remain held in neutral
position. More aggressive turning stop can. be initiated with
rudder deflected against turning first, with subsequent all
controls centering.
INVERTED SPIN
WARNING •
Intentional inverted spins are not permitted.
Unintentional inverted spin can be entered due to mishan-
dling mentioned earlier. During inverted spin development,
after nose oscillation around the horizon in first tum, heavy
oscillating pedal forces can build up. Excessive pedal forces
· T.O .• T.,..L39C-1
occur due to rudder extreme deflections caused by ttie ·dy-
namic pressure, especially with higher spin entry speed.
INVERTED SPIN RECOVERY ·
When in inverted spin, pilot must immediately initiate re-
covery: .
power set to idle
neutralize ailerons and rudder
fully aft stick must be applied and held
after turning 'is stopped and aircrat't position steeped,
neutralize the controls and initiate normal dive·recov-
ery
DIVES
DIVE RECOVERY
Dive recovery capability is given as altitude lost during
pullout and it is plotted as a function of pullout load factor,
dive angle, and true (figure Plots to convert
indicated airspeed or Mach number into true airspeed are
provided on the chart. A 2 g per second load factor increase
in initiating pullout is built into the chart. Dive recovery ca-
pability at constant load faetor is insensitive to gross weight
and drag, but high thrust settings may increase lost altitude
by a significant amount of around 20 percent.
REFER TO FIGURE
Enter the chart with initial equivalent airspeed (A). Proceed
to the right to initial altitude line (B), project vertically
down to temperature line (C). From this point proceeding
horizontally left, true airspeed can be read (D) or entered
with when necessary, as well as Maeh number when projec-
ted vertically down (E). From the temperature point (C) pro-
ceed further horizontally right to selected pullout load fac-
tor line (F) and project vertically up to initial dive angle
curve (G). Projected horizontaliy right altitude lost. during
dive recovery can be read (H).
I cAunoN
Selected pullout load factor shall meet Section Y
Operating Limitations.
EXAMPLE:
A. Equivalent airspeed .................. · 525 kmlh
B. Initial altitude ........................... 4 km

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
'l.U. lT-L39C-l
C. Temperature . ~ .. · ....... -ll°C (from figure Al-8)
D. True airspeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6:40 km/h
E. Mach number ............................ 0.55
F. Pullout load factor ......................... 3 g
G. Initial dive angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60°
H. Altitude lost during pullout .............. 1, l 00 m
6--4
SPEED PROFILES (Figure 6--4)
·The right-hand pari of the curves corresponds to maximal
thrust regime, the left-hand part of the curves is valid for
. maximum lift (minimal speed). The curves define the range
of horizontal speeds for clean aircraft (with gun and four un-
derwing pylons without stores) for normal weight and for
the variant with minimum fuel.
Thick vertical lines represent Mach number limitation for
aircraft with and without ~ t o r e s , horizontal line liniits the al-
titude for maximum power rating. Higher flight levels can
be reached for lower power settings or under dynamic con-
ditions.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
oE
E
.:.::
I
0
w
w
Q.
CJ)
=l
~
CJ)
0
w
tc(
(.)
25
~
Cl
.:.::
I
I-
::r:
<!:)
w
:i:
CJ)
CJ)
0
0:
<!:)
290
280
270
260
250
240
230
220
210
200
190
180
170
160
150
140
5000
4500
4000
3500
A
Estimated Conditions:
July 30, 1997
WITH STORES
NO FLAPS
TAKEOFF FLAPS
D c
LANDING FLAPS
I I II II I III I I I I I I I I I I I I I
IIIII UJ oo..,
~ 20°
r- 40° soc
_11111111 li
_ BANKANGLE
'
IJ
I IJ ~
I
"
B
~
~
~
II IJ II
Figure 6-2. Stall Speed
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Idle Power Setting
Standard Day
T.O. IT-L39C-1
WITHOUT STORES -
II I
soc
AB-1-{85)
6-5
LU. 11-LJYC-l
Data Basis:
Date:
Configuration:
Estimated
July 30, 1997
Clean
WARNING.
Maximum engine thrust increases altitude
required by up to 20%, especially at low
altitude and pullout load factor
900
850
oE
800 E
INITIAL ALTITUDE 1,000m

1/
.:;,:
I
750
0
w
700
w
c..
(J)
650
a:
< 600
1-
z
550
w
_.

500
5
450
0
w
400
_.
<(
i= 350

300
250
I)
J v
ll'e
.. II
II' y
if
I


8
lA'
I IJ
;-"_'f'

. . .
f/
·j
-J

/
.I
) / )'
J') j


. )




[/



750
:
I
0 600
w
550 +-HH-+

< 450 -t-1--1--
w
400
1-
6-6
350
300
250
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Mach Number
Figure 6-3.
Conditions: Idle Power
I I I I
Load factor gradient 2 g/sec
Automatic speedbrakes extending at
0.78M
75° If

r?
INITIAL DIVE ANGLE J
60°-
I
I
I
v
J
J
§.
(")
E
I v
'f
I J
I
1-

:::>
0
_.
N'
_.
:::>
c..
I
)

J
v
v .I
(!)
z


:::>
N 0
1-
(J)
1/
v
v
)
v v
0
_.

w
0
:::>
- !:::
!:i
v
2JI
.. -
-- v.
-.- -.
I
I
v
30"
I
I
/
I
I
.J'
<(

-
J
.,
/.

v

/

v
I


_;,.
15°
::..
""""'
i.-o-"

I
I
..:.
0
I I Ia

3 J
-/
v
PULLOUT LOAD ·,:-
/
FACTOR-G
';} J
.
1 7. / 7
I

:)
/
-. -..
"/"
7


/

.,.
I If/ 1/ v
/)
7
'/) 1/
II"

r/)
[7
llh r/ /

AB-1-{85)
Dive Recovery
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis: Estimated·
Date: July 30, 1997
12
11
10
9
8
6
5
4
3
2
0
0 0.1
T.O. IT-L39C-i
Conditions: Maximum Power Setting
Standard day
CLEAN AJC WITH MINIMUM FUEL
Ll
~ !"''I II
MAXIMUM LIFT
II
~
LIMITATION
I•
II II
MAXIMUM POWER ll l.J.
'I ~
SffiiNGLIMIT
,
L1
1- 1-1-
II z
1..1
0
1- t-t-
II
t-1-
i.i
1-1-1-
~ !
r-r- t::::: 1-1-1-
I
t-1-
~
1- r-r-
1-1-
Q
... .......
lj
~ t
r-r- w 1- 1-1-
I
I-f- ~
'- ..........
1- 1-
fl)
- -
.....
II
a:
••
1- 1- c ~ - ~
1- ~
fl)
~ ~ ~
II
It!
r
ii
r- 1- 1- 1- 1-
r- 1-
~
1- 1- 1-
1- 1-
!5
1- 1- 1-
~ t
t- 1- 1- 1- 1-
1-
1-
~ -
1- 1- 1-
~ I
1- 1- r- 1- 1-
1- 1-
1-1-
~
-
...... .....
~ ~
1-1-
- -
,....
1-~
---
1- 1-
:c - - 1-
:cj" r- r-
,....
1- 1:-
I•
l1
II
II
L!
~
I•
Ll
:I.
_I
II
I•
la
II
II Ll
~
..
II
L1
II L!
II!
0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
MACH NUMBER
AB-1-(8&)
Figure 6-4. Airspeed Envelope
6-7/(6-8 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
SECTION VII
ADVERSE WEATHER OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
This section contains only those procedures which differ
from or are in addition to the normal operating instructions
covered in Section II. Relevant equipment operation is cov-
ered in Section I.
INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES
Flying the aircraft in all weather conditions requires instru-
ment proficiency and conscientious pre-flight planning.
Standard procedures should be used during all phases of in-
strument flight. The aircraft flight and handling characteris-
tics under IMC are identical to those encountered in VMC/
over, airspeed and attitude changes should be performed
smoothly, and accurate trimming is essential. All airspeed
and flight limitations should be strictly adhered to. Turns
with more than 30-degree bank are not recommended dur-
ing IFR. operations.
PRE-FLIGHT AND TAXIING
Complete the normal pre-flight inspection (as described in
Section II). Particular attention should be paid to those
items essential to instrument flight.
Complete taxi checklist, watch out for slippery taxi-ways.
Taxi with caution and adjust taxi speed according to visibili-
ty.
INSTRUMENT TAKE-OFF
Align the aircraft visually with the runway center-line and
set the selected course needle on RMI in T/0 direction head-
ing, as it will assist in directional control.
Normal take-off procedure should be u5ed, correcting devi-
ations with differential braking and rudder. It is essential to
maintain run-way center-line as in poor visibility, once de-
parting from the center-line, the pilot may not be able to de-
termine how close he is to the run-way edge.
INSTRUMENT CLIMB
As the aircraft leaves the ground revert solely to instrument
flying making the attitude indicator the prime instrument
for controlling attitude and bank. Once established in the
climb, adopt normal climb procedures. Before entering
clouds, precipitations or visible moisture:
Pitot heat buttons - Push
De-icing switch -On
INSTRUMENT CRUISE
For cruise data use the applicable appendix.
DESCENT
Before descent, when expecting icing conditions make sure
that Pitot heat and de-icing systems are on.
When cruising at a high altitude, a steep descent to an initial
altitude prior to reaching the destination fvt may be made at
airspeed and power setting given in the descent charts in the
appendix. For continuous descent, reduce power to 85%
RPM, lower the nose to establish a descent attitude, estab-
lish and maintain an airspeed of 450 kmlh (250 KIAS). This
will provide a comfortable rate of descent.
HOLDING
The recommended holding airspeed is · 370 kmlh
(200 K.IAS). For maximum endurance while holding, refer
to the appendix for airspeeds, power settings and fuel con-
sumption. Descents to traffic pattern altitude should be exe-
cuted in accordance with published instrument procedures.
INSTRUMENT APPROACHES
The equipment provided is described in Section I.
Instrument approaches can be performed at any allowable
weight.
The initial approach from the fvt or holding pattern, should
be accomplished at 370 kmlh (200 KIAS). Pre-landing
cockpit check will be initiated when cleared for an approach
and should be completed after completion of the procedure
tum. The final approach is flown at 260 kmlh (140 KIAS)
with gear and flaps at T/0 and at 220 kmlh (120 KIAS)
minimum. with gear and full flaps before starting final de-
scent.
MISSED APPROACH
If visual contact is not established by the time the Decision
Height (DH) or Missed Approach Point (MAP) are reached,
or for any reason the pilot thinks a safe landing cannot be
7-1
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C.-l . · ..
assured, e-xecute a missed approach as published or as di- .·
rected by air traffic control. The recommended procedure .
for a missed approach is to simultaneously apply max pow-
er, check speed-brake to be in and retract flaps to T/0.
Once the right attitude has been established and positive rate
of climb is achieved, retract the landing gear and flaps in the
in the same manner and with the same restrictions as in an
instrument take-off. Power should be reduced as soon as a
safe altitude and an air-speed of 370 km/h (200 KIAS) have
been obtained.
NIGHT FLIGHT
Upon entering the cockpit, turn on the interior lighting and
adjust light rheostats to provide illumination of all neces-
sary controls and panels. For taxiing, take-off and landing
at night, use the taxi/landing and navigation lights as ap-
propriate.
NOTE
Instrument, consoles and warning lights should be
dimmed as necessary.
COLD WEATHER OPERATION
Icing conditions are present" whenever visible moisture ex-
ists and the outside temperature is 10 °C below .
On the ground, when the above conditions do mot exist but
the ramp and taxi-ways are covered with snow or ice, icing
conditions are considered to exist.
TAXIING
Before taxiing, select the de-icing switch to "AUTOMAT-
IC" any time icing conditions are suspected.
CLIMB AND CRUISE
When flying through clouds or encountering icing condi-
tions ensure the following:
Pi tot heat - On
De-icing system - On and functioning
7-2
NOTE
. Switching on the de-icing system is accompanied by
a small drop of engine RPM and by increased EGT (20 ·
to 30 degrees).
WARNING.
Aying through areas of possible ice formation condi-
tions is prohibited.
DESCENT
WARNING •
Descent at idle RPM may result in insufficient de-ic-
ing capability. Therefore it is essential to maintain am-
ple power (85%) for sufficient engine bleed.
LANDING
When landing. under icing conditions, extend flaps only
down to T/0 position and increase final approach speed by
40 kmlh (20 KTS) above normal approach speed.
HOT WEATHER OPERATION
INTERIOR INSPECTION
Care should be taken not to allow foreign objects to come
in contact with the canopy as this may damage the Plexi-
glass in extremely hot weather.
ENGINE START
Normal starting procedures are used. However, pay special ·
attention to EGT during engine start as it may reach the
maximum limit under extreme conditions.
TAXIING
Brakes should be used as little as possible to prevent over-
heating. Taxi carefully with minimum power to minimize
the blowing of dust and sand into other aircraft.
IURBULENCEANDTHVNDERSTORMS
A safe and comfortable penetration speed into zones of tur-
bulence air is 350 kmlh ( 190 KIAS). If the power setting
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
and attitude is maintained in the turbulent area, the airspeed
and altitude will remain fairly constant regardless of false
airspeed and altitude indications.
WARNING.
The best way of dealing with thunderstorms is, if pos-
sible, to avoid them.
Ifthe penetration or flight in the vicinity of a thunderstorm
is unavoidable, the following precautions should be taken:
Adjust power as necessary to obtain approximately
350 kmlh (190 KIAS).
Tum Pitot heat and all deicing equipment on.
· · T.O. lT -L39C....:t
Check the flight instruments for any alarming indica-
tion
Tighten harness ·
Adjust cockpit and instruments lights to full bright to
minimize blinding effects by lightning.
Do not extend gear or flaps
Use as little elevator and aileron inputs as possible to
maintain A/C attitude in order to minimize the stress
imposed on the aircraft.
CAUTION
Do not chase the speed. Fly attitude!
7-3/(7-4 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.Q. 1T-L39C.,..1
.APPENDIX A
PERFORMANCE DATA
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CONTENT
APPENDIX A- PERFORMANCE DATA ...................................................... .
Introduction .................... : .................................................... .
PART 1 -GENERAL ...................................................................... .
Drag Index ......................................................................... .
Position Error Correction ...................................... ~ ..................... .
Compressibility Correction Chart ...... ,. ............................................... .
Airspeed-Mach Number ConverSion Chart ............................................. .
Mach-True Airspeed Conversion Chart ................................................ .
Density Altitude Chart .. · ................................ ; ........... ; ................ .
PART 2 -TAKEOFF ...... · ..... · ................ · ............................................. .
Takeoff Data .............•.............•...............................................
Takeoff Plaiurlng .............. · ................. · ............... · ........ · ............... .
Takeoff and Obstacle Clearance Speed ................................................. .
Takeoff Factor ...................................................................... .
Takeoff Ground Run ............ ~ .................................................... .
Total Takeoff Distance to 50 Feet AGL ................................................. .
Accelerate - Stop Distance ........................................................... .
'Thkeoff and Landing Crosswind Umits ................................................. .
PART 3- CLIMB ......................................................................... .
Service Ceiling ...................................................................... .
Maximal Climb ...................................... .- ............................... .
PART 4- CRUISE ........................................................... ·· ............. .
Cruise Data .................................... · ..................................... .
Altitude Factor ...................................................................... .
Specific Range Conversion ........................................................... .
Fuel Flow Conversion ......... : ... · ................................ · ....... · .. ~ ......... .
Cruise.: ...... · ........................................ · ... : ......... · ................. .
PART 5- ENDURANCE ................................................................... .
Constant Altitude Endurance ......................................................... .
PART 6- DESCENT .......... · ............................................................. .
Maximum Range Descent ............................................................ .
Descent With Inoperative Engine ...................................................... .
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
PAGE
A-1
A-3
A-5
A-5
A-5
A-6
A-6
A-6
A-6
A-15
A-15
A-15
A-15
A-16
A-16
A-16
A-16
A-17
A-25
A-25
A-25
A-29
A-29
A-29
A-29
A.:....29
.A-30
A ~ 1
A-41
A ~ 3
A-43
A-43
A-i
TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONT.)
CONTENT
PART 7 -LANDING ....................................................................... .
Landing Data ...................................................................... .
Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed .............................................. .
Landing Factor ...................................................................... .
Landing Ground Roll ................................................................ .
PART 8- MANOEUVRE FLIGHT ........•....................................................
Turn Performance ................................................................... .
Combat Manoeuvres ................................................................ .
A-ii
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
PAGE
A-49
A-49
A-49
A-49
A-49
A-55
A-55
A-56
T.O .. 1T-L39C-l
FIGURE
Al-L
Al-2.
Al-3.
Al-4.
Al-5.
Al-6.
Al-7.
Al-8.
A2-l. .
A2-2.
-A2-3.
A2-4.
A2-5.
A2-6.
A3-l.
A3-2.
A4-l.
A4-2.
A4-3.
A4-4.
A4-5.
A4-6.
A4-7.
A4-8.
AS-1.
A6-l.
A6-2.
A7-l.
A7-2.
A7-3.
A7-4.
A8-l.
A8-2.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Drag Indices and Weights - Suspension Equipment .................................... .
Drag Indices and Weights - lndividal Stores ......................................... .
Position Error Correction Chart - Airspeed ....... , .................................. .
Position Error Correction - Altitude ................................................ .
Compressibility Correction Chart .................................................. .
Airspeed :-Mach Number Conversion Chart ......................................... .
Mach Number- True Airspeed Conversion Chart ..................................... .
Density Altitude Chart .......................................................... .
Takeoff and Obstacle Clearance Speed .............................................. .
Takeoff Factor .................... · .............................................. .
Takeoff Ground Run ....................... · ..................................... .
Total Takeoff Distance to 50 Feet AGL ............................................. .
Accelerate - Stop Distance ........................................................ .
Takeoff and Landing Crosswind Limits ............................................. .
Service Ceiling ................•................................................
Maximal Climb - Distance and Time .............................................. .
Altitude Factor ..........•.............................................. ; ....... .
Specific Range Conversion ....................................................... .
Fuel Flow Conversion ........................................................... .
Cruise - Drag Index = 0 to 59 ..........................................•...........
Cruise - Drag Index = 60 to 120 ........................................... · ........ .
Optimum Cruise ............................................................... .
C o n ~ t a n t Altitude Cruise - Optimum Mach, Speed, Time ......... : ..................... .
Constant Altitude Speed - Specific Range, Fuel Flow, Fuel Required ..................... .
Constant Altitude Endurance · ...................................................... .
Maximum Range Descent - Idle ................................................... .
Descent With Inoperative Engine .................................................. .
Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed .......................................... .
Landing ·Factor ................................................................ .
Landing Ground Roll ........................................................... .
Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed .......................................... .
Turn Performance . : ............................................................ .
Turn Performance .............................................................. .
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
---·- ------··----
PAGE
A-7
A-8
A-9
A-10
A-ll
A-12
A-13
A-14
A-18
A-19
A-20
A-21
A-22
A-23
A-26
A-27
A-32
A-33
A-34
A-35
A-36
A-37
A-38
A-39
A-42
A-44
A-47
A-51
A-52
A-53
A-54
A-57
A-61
A-iii
T.O. lT...;.L39C-l .
. INTRODUCTION .
ABBREVIATIONS
ALT
CAS
DI
EAS
ft
ft/min
KCAS
Altitude
calibrated airspeed (indicated airspeed cor-
rected for position error,
CAS = lAS + correction)
Drag index
Equivalent airspeed (calibrated airspeed
corrected for compressibility,
EAS = CAS - correction)
Feet
Feet per minute
..
Calibrated airspeed in knots
kg . Kilogram
kglh Kilogram per hour
KIAS Indicated airspeed in knots
KTAS True airspeed in knots
Kts Knots
lbs Pounds
M Mach number
NM Nautical miles
PA Pressure altitude
PSI Pounds per square inch
ROC Rate of climb
ROD Rate of descent
RPM Revolutions per minute
TAS True airspeed
Vso Stall speed on landing configuration
Vsl Stall in T/0 configuration
A-iv
DEFINITIONS
OBSTACLE CLEARANCE SPEED
Speed attained at 15m above the runway for takeoff or
speed at the beginning of landing, i.e. speed which must be
reached at the height of 15 m above the runway.
TAKEOFF FACTOR
A computed number whiCh is a function of aircraft config-
uration, temperature, and altitude. It is used as a control pa-
rameter for takeoff charts.
TAKE-OFF SPEED
The speed at which the A/C attains 1.1 Vsl; speed at which
the MLG leaves the ground.
TAKE-OFF GROUND RUN
The distance measured from brake release to the point
where the A/C reaches take offspeed.
TOTAL TAKE-OFF DISTANCE
The horizontal distance measured from brake release until
a height of 15m is attained.
CLIMB SPEED
The speed after completion of the take-off phase. This
speed provided J:Uaximum rate of climb.
RUNWAY SLOPE
Change in runway elevation divided by runway length
multiplied by 100. in percent uphill or down-
hill). . . .
. RUNWAYCONDmON FACTOR
A number expressing runway surface quality (related to
. landing gear friction).
SUSTAINED TURN
Level tum at constant speed. Condition of drag equal to
engine thrust is satisfied.
SPECIFIC EXCESS POWER
Available excess power which can be used to either climb
or accelerate to another speed.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

. .
A computed number which is a function of aircraft config-
uration, temperature, and altitude. It is· used as a control
parameter for Landing Ground Run chart.
APPROACH SPEED
The speed which must be maintained down to a height of
15m (over the threshold) and should be 1.3 Vso.
TOUCH-DOWN SPEED
Speed of 1.1 Vso; speed at which the MLG touches the
runway.
LANDING DISTANCE
The. horizontal distance from a 15m height above the land-
ing surface to the point where the A/C comes to a complete
stop.
LANDING GROUND RUN
The distance required from a complete stop
under the following conditions:
Dry hard runway, full braking applied after nose wheel
and after passing brake limiting speed.
MAXIMUM REFUSAL SPEED
The maximum speed at which an abort may be started and
the aircraft stopped within the remaining runway length.
ACCELERATE-STOP DISTANCE
The distance required to accelerate the A/C (in
configuration) to the maximum refusal speed and bring it
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
to a complete stop on the runway length remaining under
the following conditions:
·Dry hard runway
- Full braking 3 seconds after engine has filed
PERFORMANCE CHARTS
Performance charts enable planning a compete mission
from to landing in normal operating conditions.
The conditions and operating procedures on which the per-
. formance is based, are shown on the charts or in the text
which accompanies the chart. Following these procedures
will ensure the best performance.
The operating procedures laid out in this section adhere to
the normal procedures set out in section II and to the oper-
ating limitations in section V
PERFORMANCE DATA BASIS
Flight planning data shown in this appendix are derived
from the results of flight tests conducted by the manufac-
turer, and are identified as FLIGHT TEST. All data is
based on the thrust of an average engine. However, the ac-
tual thrust between engines varies and may cause variation
in performance. Unless specifically stated, the data is con-
sistent with the recommended operating procedure and
technique set forth elsewhere in the manual. The charts are
based on performance under standard atmospheric condi-
tions. However, corrections for nonstandard temperature
condition have been included wherever possible.
FUEL AND FUEL DENSITY
The. fuel density used . in the appendix is 6.44 lbs/gal
(0.78 kg/1). In case of variations in fuel density, gross
weight will change which will result in variation in perfor-
mance.
A-v/(A-vi blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
PARr r
GENERAL DATA
DRAG INDEX (Figure Al-l and Al-2)
The charts use a drag index system to define the effects of
external stores on aircraft performance. The drag index sys-
tem is used to produce the charts which provide accurate
corrections for external store's effect in the whole subsonic
speed range. The drag indices and weights of specific sus-
pension equipment items are given in Figure Al-l. The dra-
g indices and weights for the individual stores are given in
Figure Al-2. Two underwing pylons are available for vari-
ous stores.
Weights for the basic aircraft and usable fuel are given in Fi-
gure Al-l. The given aircraft weight is an approximate va-
lue and includes pilot. oxygen, oil and unusable fuel weight.
Usable fuel, stores, and suspension equipment weights must
be added to obtain total· airCraft weight for mission planning
purposes.
Refer to figures Al-l and Al-2: Assume drag index and
ramp weight of aircraft variant with two rocket
launchers on pylons. For this example, the drag index and
weight for above loading are computed as follows:
Drag Index (01):
Clean aircraft ....... : . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 0
. . . .
2 pylons .......................... , ......... 10
2 UB-16-57U ................ · ................ 30
. .
Drag index total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . 40
Ramp Weight (kg)
Basic aircraft empty weight ................... 3,465
2 pylons .................................... 34
2 UB-16-57U ......................•........ .228
Internal usable fuel . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 980
1 pilot ...................................... 80
Ramp weight total ................... · ....... 4, 787
Detailed instruction to empty and ramp weight calculation
see WEIGHT AND BALANCE MANUAL.
POSIDON ERROR CORRECTION (Figure Al-3 and
Al-4)
Two pitot-static probes supply static and total pressure in-
formation to direct airspeed and altitude indicators.
The altimeter continuously displays indicated (not correc-
ted for position error) altitude absolute or relative. ·
The airspeed indicator continuously displays indicated air-
speed and Mach number.
Refer to figures Al-3 and Al-4: Enter the chart with de-
sired indicated airspeed (A), project vertically to correction
curve (B), and .then proceed horizontally to read airspeed
correction (C). Add the correction to the airspeed indicator
reading to obtain calibrated airspeed.
EXAMPLE:
Figure Al-3 (above)
A. Airspeed indicator reading .............. 360 km/h
C. position correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 km/h
Calibrated airspeed . . . 360 + 8 = 368 km/h
Figure AI-3 (below)
Calibrated airspeed may be found in ·a similar manner di-
rectly as a function of indicated airspeed. Enter the conver-
sion lAS/CAS chart (position error included)with indicated
airspeed (A) project vertically to correction curve (B) and
horizontally to read .calibrated (C).. ·
EXAMPLE:
A. Airspeed indicator reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 km/h
C. Calibrated airspeed .. .. .. .. . . .. . .. .. .. 368 km/h
Figure Al-4
Enter the chart with desired indicated airspeed (A), project
vertically to flight altitude (B), and proceed horizontally to
read altitude correction (C). Add the value to the altimeter
reading to obtain actual pressure altitude.
Al-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
EXAMPLE:
A. Indicated airspeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 km/h
B. Altitude reading ....................... 6,000 m
C. Altitude correction ....................... 49 m
Pressure altitude ............... 6,000 + 49 = 6,049 m
COMPRESSffiiLITY CORRECTION CHART (Figure
A1-5) .
The chart is provided as an aid to converting calibrated air-
speed into equivalent airspeed.
Refer to figure A1-5: Enter the chart with calibrated air-
speed (A), project vertically upward to altitude (B), and pro-
ceed horizontally left to read compressibility correction
(C). Note that the chart can also be entered at (B) with Mach
and altitude. Suh•.-act the compressibility correction to the
calibrated airspeed to obtain equivalent airspeed.
EXAMPLE:
A. CAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 750 km/h
B. Altitude .............................. 4,000 m
C. Compressibility correction ............ -16.2 km/h
Equivalent airspeed ......... 750- 16.2 = 733.8 km/h
AIRSPEED- MACH NUMBER CONVERSION
CHART (Figure Al-6)
The chart is presented as an aid for between cali-
brated airspeed, true airspeed and Mach number.
Refer to figure Al-6: Enter the chart with calibrated air-
speed (A), project vertically to flight altitude (B), and pro-
ceed horizontally left to read Mach number (C). For conve-
nience, standard day true airspeed can be read at (D) by
interpolation between the true airspeed lines superimposed
on the altitude curves. For non-standard temperature condi-
tions project horizontally right to Sea Level line (E), project
vartically to actual temperature curve (F) and horizontally
proceed to read true airspeed (G).
A1-2
EXAMPLE:
A. CAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430 kmlh
B. Altitude .............................. 4,000 m
C. Mach number ........................... 0.445
D. Standard day TAS (4,000 m) ........... 521 kmlh
E. Standard day TAS (Sea level) . . . . . . . . . . 545 km/h
F. Temperature ..................... -20°C (-4°F)
G. TAS (-20°C/-4°F) 00 00 00 00. 00 .... , 00. 510 kmlh
MACH- TRUE AIRSPEED CONVERSION CHARI
(Figure Al-7)
The chart contains lines to be used in converting Mach num-
ber to true airspeed for a range of atmosphere temperatures.
Refer to figure Al-7: Enter the chart with Mach number
(A). Project horizontally to the temperature (B) and then
vertically down to read true airspeed (C).
EXAMPLE:
A. Mach number ............................ 0. 72
B. Temperature ............... , ... -4.6°C (23.7°F)
C. True airspeed ............. 853 km/h (460 KTAS)
DENSITY ALTITUDE CHART (Figure A1-8)
This chart is included for information.
Refer to figure A1-8: Enter the chart whh ambient tempera-
ture (A), project vertically upwards to appropriate pressure
altitude curve (B) and horizontally left to read density alti-
tude (C).
EXAMPLE:
A. Temperature ...................... l0°C (50°F)
B. Pressure altitude ....................... 4,000 m
C. Density altitude ....................... 4,700 m
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
Suspension Equipment · Total Weight (kg) Station Drag Index
Pylon 17 Wing 5
APU-l3M 21" Pylon 2
Clean Aircraft Drag Index 0
Basic Aircraft Empty Weight (kg) (oxygen, oil, unusable fuel) 3,465
Expandables Weight kg
Fuselage 824
Internal Usable Fuel
Wingtips 156
Figure A 1-1. Drag Indices and Weights -Clean Aircraft, Suspension Equipment, Internal Fuel
Store Weight (kg) Rack Drag Index
(each individual unit) (each individual unit)
P-50-75 75 pylon 10
P-SOSh 46 pylon 6
OFAB-100-IIOTU 110 pylon 17
OFAB-100-120 125 pylon 17
ZAB-1 00-l 05 108 pylon. 17
FOTAB-1 00-80 70 pylon 21
UB-l6-57U with rockets
116 .
pylon IS
UB-l6-57U without rockets 54 pylon 15
UB-l6-57UMP with rockets 129 pylon 15
UB-I6-57UMP without rockets 52 pylon 15
R-3U 53 APU-13M 5
R-3S 74 APU-13M 5
Figure Al-2. Drag Indices and Weights- Individual Stores
A1-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
-------------- -------- ------"'c_:::_ ____ _
l.U. 1 1 - L j ~ L - 1
Data Basis: F.light Test
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INDICATED AIRSPEED - km/h
B
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100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
INDICATED AIRSPEED - km/h
Figure Al-3. Position Error Correction Chart- Airspeed
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
900
900
Data Basis: Flight Test
Date: July 30, 1997
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Figure A 1-4. Position Error Correction - Altitude
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
·T.O. lT-L39C-l
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Figure A 1-5. Compressibility Correction Chart
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis: Calculated
Date: July 30, 1997
FLIGHT ALTITUDE- km
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Figure Al-6. Airspeed- Mach Number Conversion Chart
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
,
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Al-7
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Data Basis: Calculated
Date: July 30, 1997
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TRUE AIRSPEED - km/h
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TEMPERATURE
-we (-112"F)
-60'C (-76"F)
-«<"C(-«<"F)
-20'C (-4"F)
7

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Figure Al-7. Mach Number- True Airspeed Conversion Chart
Al-8
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:· Calculated
Date:· July 30, 1997
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TEMPERATURE - °F
Figure Al-8. Density Altitude Chart
Al-9/(Al-10 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
PART2
TAKEOFF
TAKEOFF DATA
All data needed for takeoff planning are presented in this
section. These data are based on ·maximum power setting
and flaps deflection of 25 degrees. Takeoff speed, obstacle
clearance speed, ground run distance, total distance to 15 m
AGL, accelerate - stop distance and crosswind data may be
determined from the charts. Effects of temperature, pressure
altitude, d..-ag index, wind, runway slope, and runway condi-
tion factor are included on appropriate charts.
TAKEOFF PLANNING
. , Careful.takeoff planning is essential from a· standpoint of
flight safety and mission success. Proper planning will per-
mit maximum use of the capacity of the aircraft to take off
with heavy payloads while maintaining adequate safety
margins. Takeoff planning comprises the following:
1. Determine aircraft configuration (total aircraft takeoff
gross weight and drag index). Normal takeoff may be
made using maximum power setting.
2. Obtain field conditions for expected takeoff. time .(pres-
sure altitude, temperature, wind, runway slope, etc.).
3. Compute the following data from the charts:
a. Takeoff and obstacle clearance speed.
b. Takeoff factor, which will be used to enter most
other charts in this section.
c. Takeoff ground run.
d. Total takeoff distance.
e. Accelerate -stop distance.·
f. Wind components.
This information will permit decisions to be made regarding
downloading or continuing or refusing takeoff in the event
of an emergency. Each chart is discussed in detail in the fol-
lowing paragraphs. An example takeoff planning problem
is worked in conjunction with the discussion. The following
typical aircraft and field information is normally obtained
before using the charts:
Takeoff gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,400 kg
Store loading ........... two UB-16-57U rocket pods
Drag index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 (see Part I)
Runway pressure altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 m
Temperature ...................... 17.5°C (63.5°F)
Runway slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 1.5% (uphill)
Wind ........................... 7.5 m/s (tailwind)
Runway condition factor ...... , ..... 2 (wet concrete)
NOTE
Rotation speed is not referred to in these charts. Rota-
tion speed is usually 18- 20 kmlh less than takeoff
speed .
TAKEOFF AND OBSTACLE CLEARANCE SPEED
(Figure A2-l)
Takeoff speed corresponds to approximately 5 percent in-
crease over power-off stall speed obtained for the aircraft
in takeoff configuration. Obstacle clearance speed is about
30 percent higher than power-off stall speed.
Refer to figure A2-l: Enter the chart with gross weight (A)
and proceed vertically up to appropriate takeoff speed curve
(B) and obstacle clearance speed curve (D). At each point
of intersection proceed horizontally left and read values of
takeoff (C) and obstacle clearance speed (E), respectively.
EXAMPLE:
A. Gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,400 kg
C. Takeoff speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187.0 km/h
· E. Obstacle clearance speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230.6 kmlh
TAKEOFF FACTOR (Figure A2-2)
The takeoff factor concept of presenting takeoff performan-
ce is used to simplify chart presentations. The takeoff factor
is a computed number and is common to all charts for a
given aircraft configuration, pressure altitude, and tempera-
ture.
Refer to figure A2-2: Enter the chart with runway tempera-
ture in terms of either degrees of Fahrenheit (A) or Celsius
(B). Project horizontally to pressure altitude (C) and then
A2-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. 11-Lj!/L-l
vertically down to read takeoff factor for aircraft without
stores (D) or with stores (E).
EXAMPLE:.
A. Runway temperature .................... 63.5°F
B. Runway temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . 17.5°C
C. Pressure altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 m
D. Takeoff factor- no stores ................... 6.32
·E. Takeoff factor- with stores ................. 6.88
TAKEOFF GROUND RUN (Figure A2-3)
Refer to figure A2-3: Enter the chart with takeoff factor (A).
Project horizontally to gross weight (B), then vertically
down to drag index baseline (C), and follow guidelines to
drag index ( E ) ~ Proceed downward to slope baseline (F) and
parallel guidelines to slope (H). Proceed vertically down
again to wind baseline (I) and parallel guidelines to wind
(K); continue downward to runway condition factor (L),
and finally project horizontally left to read takeoff ground
run (M).
EXAMPLE:
A. Takeoff factor ............................ 6.88
B. Gross weight ........ ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,400 kg
D. Drag index ............................... 40
G. Runway slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5% (uphill)
J. Wind ........................ 7.5 m/s (tailwind)
L. Runway condition factor ......... 2 (wet concrete)
M. Takeoff ground run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785 m
A2-2
Runway Condition
Runway Condition
Factor
10 Short Hard Grass
8 Wet Grass
4 Dry Concrete
2 Wet Concrete
TOTAL TAKEOFF DISTANCE TO 15 METERS AGL
(Figure A2-4)
The chart of total takeoff distance to 15 m AGL is based on
maintaining takeoff thrust and accelerating so that at the al-
titude of 15m AGL obstacle clearance speed is reached or
exceeded.
Refer to figure A2-4: Enter the chart with takeoff ground
run (A), project vertically up to the appropriate runway
condition line (B), and then project horizontally left to read
total distance to 15m AGL (C). Correct for runway slope
using the correction factor given in the NOTE on the chart.
EXAMPLE:
A. Takeoff ground run . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 785 m
B. Runway condition ................. wet concrete
C. Total distance to 15m AGL .............. 1,633 m
Slope correction is 4 percent of obtained total takeoff distan-
ce per I percent of uphill slope= 1.5 x .04 X I ,633 = 98 m.
Corrected total takeoff distance to 15 m AGL = 1,731 m.
ACCELERATE- STOP DISTANCE (Figure A2-5)
The accelerate - stop distance chart is based on maximum
· thrust acceleration to engine failure and continuous brake .
application during stopping phase. Engine failure is con-
sidered to occur at unstick speed. Distances presented in the·
chart include a time delay equivalent to 3 seconds at engine
failure speed; after that the aircraft is supposed to decelerate
with flaps deflected and speedbrakes closed. Braking speed
limits (see Section V) are not taken into account. Effects of
gross weight, wind and runway condition are shown in the
chart. Drag index and runway slope effects are negligible.
I CAUTION I
Using brakes at higher speeds than maximum permis-
sible braking speed (see braking speed limit, Sec-
tion V) may damage them. After every such case the
brakes must be inspected.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Refer to figure A2-5: Enter the chan with takeoff factor (A).
Project to the right to gross weight (B), then down to wind
baseline (C), follow guidelines to wind (D, E); proceed
down again to runway condition curve (F), and finally to the
left and read accelerate- stop distance (G).
EXAMPLE:
A. Takeoff factor ...•.. · .... ~ ...•... · .......... 6.88
B. Gross weight ......................... 4,400 kg
D. Wind ................... · ..... 7.5 m/s (tailwind)
F. Runway condition ...... ·. . . . . . . . . . . wet concrete
'
G. Accelerate -.stop distance ............... 1,908 m
T.O. IT-L39C-l
TAKEOFF AND LANDING CROSSWIND LIMIT
(Fig1,1re A2-6)
The chart is to be used to resolve reported wind velocity into
headwind and crosswind components. Crosswind compo-
nent limits for takeoff and landing are also shown.
Refer to figure A2-6: Enter the chart at the point where re-
ported windspeed intersects wind direction relative to run-
way (A). Project down to read crosswind (B) and project to
the left to read headwind (C).
EXAMPLE:
A. Windspeed 8.0 rnls
Wind direction relative to runway . . . . . . . . . . . . 30° ·
B. Crosswind ............................ 4.0 rnls
C. Headwind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.9 rnls
A2-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U. 1 1 - L j ~ l . - 1
Data Basis:
Date:
.r=
.......
E
.;:;e.
I
0
w
w
a..
(/J
a:
<
0
w
~
(.)
0
~
A2-4
Estimated
March 3, 1997
245
240
235
®
230
225
220
OBSTACLE CLEARANCE SPEED
215
210
205
200
195
190
@)
NO STORES
185
180
TAKEOFF SPEED
175
165
160
Conditions:
0
8
Maximum Rating
Flaps at Takeoff Position
All Temperatures
All Altitudes
WITH STORES
3,500 3,600 3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4,200 4,300 4,400 4,500 4,600 4,700 4,800
GROSS WEIGHT- kg
Figure A2-l. Takeoff and Obstacle Clearance Speed
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l.
Data Basis: Estimated Conditions: Maximum Rating
Date: March 3, 1997
Flaps at Takeoff Position
120
110
100
90
80
I
30
EE§§l§' m·
I II I
I II
I
25
mmmDIImmm
II II
70 I
50
I
w
a:
40

a:
w
a.. 30
::::iE
w
1-
20
10
0
-10
-20
20

I
I
-20
4 8 10 12 14 16 18
TAKEOFF FACTOR- NO STORES
4
6 ® 8
10 12 14 16 18 20
TAKEOFF FACTOR- WITH STORES
Figure A2-2. Takeoff Factor
A2-5
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis: Estimated
Date:
A2-6
a:

(.)
Lf
LL.
LL.
0
w

March 3, 1997
20
18
16
14
12
10


4
0 !
'#-
1
w
0
g@
1
2 C/)

I
c
z
§
0

15
E 3,000
I
z 2,500
::>
a:
c 2,000
0

it

Q

,1fl)l
Conditions: Maximum Rating
Raps at Takeoff Position
3!.600 3 4.:,.000 4, 4 4, 4,800
. GROSS Wt:l\:il't I • kg
BASELINE
BASELINE

IAC!CI lt.JI


:t.;.liiii
RUNWAY CONDITION FACTOR
Figure A2-3. Takeoff Ground Run
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
E
I
...I
CJ
<
~
It)
....
~
w
(.)
z
.,::
(/)
i5
u.
u.
0
w
!:1::::
.,::
...I
.,::
0
1-
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
Estimated Conditions: Maximum Rating
March 3, 1997
Aaps at Takeoff Position
6,000
w w
....
Iii w
a: a:
I
5,500
(.) (.) II
z z
8
0
L
(.)
.,
.... >-
5,000
w a:
I
;: 0
I
I
I
4,500
.,
I II
4,000
I
I
,
GRASS RUNWAY : I
I
3,500
I I
II ~
I
I I
3;000
I
Ill I
II
I 'if'
2,500
Ill
II II
'I
'I
,
2,000
I ~
II
@)
B ~ ~
II
. . . . . . • rrl
,.
, ..
I
1,500
1,000
500
0

!I•
I
,
r ~
.II .
0 500 ® 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000
TAKEOFF GROUND RUN- m
NOTE
Each I% downhill runway slope decreses total takeoff distance to 15m AGL by 5%.
Each I% uphill runway slope increses total takeoff distance to 15m AGL by 4%.
Figure A2-4. Total Takeoff Distance to 15 m AGL
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
A2-7
T.O. 1T4.3_9C-l
Data Basis:
Date: ·
A2-8
a:
§

LL
LL
0
w



I
c
z

E
I
w
(.)
z

en
c
Q..

en
I
w
t(
a:
w
...I
w
(.)
(.)
<C
·Estimated
March.3, 1997 ·
Conditions: Engine failure at unstick speed
Maximum Rating and takeoff flaps up to
engine failure
Start of braking 3 sec. after engine failure
Zero thrust and both flaps and speed-
brakes retracted after refusal
. 3,600 3,800 4,000 4,200 . 4,400 4,600 4,800
20
f=l- GROSS WEiGHT- kg
18
16
14
12
.10
B
:-@
4
0 "-
II'- I IJio,.. I .... I 1'-
. '
II '-1 "31 ...

'-
,
I
I
I'
II
,.,
'""
5
,
I I' II 1'-
1"- '-

II
®
y

,
.....
.,. .. .,.. .
¥" :lEI.I

11[ 1'-J
10!
I 'I ...
"'
II .I
,
I 1'-
,
I
'
_,..,
K.
15
I II II:
--
4,000
....

I
3,500
_,
1- ICY RUNWAY

. I
1-
1..1'

3,000
II I
I
II'
..
_,
2,500
II
!'-'
,
.I I
I
2,000
@
II

F ,. :.:;,
.....

II
l.olll""

1,500
II' ;.-
,

,.

1..1' ;.-
1,000
;.-
I
......


.I
......



I

;.-
- -
BASELINE
1'- .I 1'-.
_,
1'-.
_,
1'-.
..,
11'-..
,..,
11'-..
---
........

"'-
llio... .......
-
II ......
, ,,
"""'
.,
liiO:
I II ......
, ,,
......
'
.I
_,
Iii"" ........
""""' ,
!'Ill..
,. ,
,.;:
---
""""'
""'
,,
........
lA.
""''

IW"" .,
""''I
""""
'
.I w
"'

....... ......
"'"
I ....
,

'
......
---
II
..,
.......

-
, .,., ,

...::
"" :X: V" ""''I
---
.... 1""1110:. ""'ii l"'llo..
..,
.......
1'- .......
I
II"' GRASS RUNWAY

.,. ,
I
"""'
!jill'
II ......
.._
..... ;.-
Ill
WET CONCRETE
......
.._
-
;.-
II .!.-

.._
l:.oolll"'
.......,
L..oll'
.._
DRY CONCRETE

-
;.-
-
;.-
-


RUNWAY CONDmONS
Figure A2-5. Accelerate- Stop Distance
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data: Basis: Estimated
Date: March 3, 1997
7.5
.
r-o

"'-
I I
,.....
"
17.5
""""'-I I
I
)
I

If
15
I
'111/8 "'
-../..
1
""
r-
.....
..... J
o•
I
......
r---
15.0
1/
1/15°
!"
l'o-... J
'I
""
"-
If

)

2.5
r-o
IJ.. 12.5
'I

II
l"''iiiii
7
30°
r\
I'

J


! J
"''ii

10
r-
I-..
10.0
If f'
"""ii
-......
7
'
/
......
I
0
z

0
<
w
7.5
J
1/
f

1/
J
If

""


J: -
r-,
7.5
1[.
'
@

'"
..
1
..._!'-
]
l/
'
1/
If

[7
1\
r
I I"
ll i\
5.0
"
[)(

v
5
r1 to.....
1/ / 1\

\
1/
/ \
,.

(
/
1)
7
\
J
1/ '\
)7
\
1

II
/

2.5 1-
ll

1\
.,-.
t.-
j
[)(


1\


n
II / i.ooo"
io"""
o .. o..-..-
0 2.5 5 7.5
CROSSWIND - m/s
* 0°(360°) means runway direction
Figure A2-6. Takeoff and Landing Crosswind Limit
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
J
Ill
I
. (/)
.....
I E
I
I I
..... .....

...J
I o
• Z·

I
I
"
I\.
10

• a:

.u
"
17
"

"./
"
v.
'
1\
.
I
I
1\J

so•

I
),?
l)c""
v.
I
'

I
\
I
1
75°


l.......-


\I
,I
so·
10 12. 5
A2-9/(A2-l 0 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-1
PART3
CLIMB
SERVICE CEILING (Figure A3-l)
Refer to Figure A3-l: Enter the chart with GROSS
WEIGHT (A), project upward to drag index (B), and then
project to the left to read service ceiling (C). ·
The chart is quoted for maximal power setting.
EXAMPLE:
A. Gross Weight 3,770kg
B .. Drag index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
C. Service ceiling ..................... ~ .. 10,835 m
MAXIMAL C L I ~ B (Figure A3-2)
The charts contain MAX climb data (maximal power set-
ting).
Fuel consumed data are shown in Figure A3-2 sheet 1 and
time and distance data are shown in Figure A3-2 sheet 2.
The. data are for climbs starting at sea level, but perfor-
mance data for climbs from any altitude to a higher altitude
may also be determined. Climb speed schedule is tabulated
as a function of drag index. The climb airspeeds shown were
selected to maintain maximum fuel efficiency while still
providing near maximum rate of climb.
Refer to Figure A3-2: Enter Figure A3-2 sheet 1 at initial
gross weight (A); proceed horizontally to final altitude (B);
vertically to dt:ag index (C), and horizontally to read fuel
consumed (D). If initial altitude is above sea level, reenter
chart at initial gross weight (A), proceed horizontally to ini-
tial altitude (E), and continue as above to read fuel used (F).
The difference between fuel consumed to final altitude and
fuel used to initial altitude is the fuel used to climb from ini-
tial to final altitude. Climb time and distance are found in a
similar manner from Figure A3-2 sheet 2.
EXAMPLE:
Figure A3-2 sheet 1
A. Sea level gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,250 kg
B. Final altitude .......................... 7,000 m
C. Drag index .................. · ....... ·. . . . . . 30
D. Fuel consumed to final altitude .......... , . 111 kg
E. Initial altitude ......................... 2,000 m
F. Fuel consumed to initial altitude ............ 27 ·kg
Fuel consumed to climb . . . . . . . . . . 111 - 27 = 84 kg
Figure A3-2 sheet 2
G. Distance in climb to final altitude . . . . . . . . . . 70 km
H. Time in climb to final altitude ......... 9.2 minutes
I. Distance in climb to initial altitude ....... , . 12 km
J. Time in climb to initial altitude .... ; ... 1.7 minutes
Distance in climb . ." . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70- 12 =58 km
. . .
Time in climb ............. 9.2-1.7=7.5 minutes
Climb fuel, time and distance charts are baiie on a standard
day. ·
A3-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Data Basis:
Engine:
12,000
E 11,000
I
C!l
z
::::!
w
(.)
w
(.)
>
a:
w
(/)
10,000
9,000
A3-2
Estimated
AI-25TL
~
......
'
'
'
"""'
"
-
c
......
'
u-
-- - -
~
~ -
~
3,200 3,400
Conditions:
'
......
'
DRAG INDEX
r"-
0
"""
.......,.
"""'
'
1--.
'
~ " " '
B
.......,.
"""
- - - -
ltl.. 30 ~
I' I r"- I
""""'
"""'
......
'
I ~
'I
I
' 1'1'--
60
""""'
.....
I
........_"""'
'
I
~
I
i"-
I
'
I
""'-.
I
I
:
__:
I
I
I
~
..L
p
3,600 3,800 4,000
Maximum Power Setting
Standard Day
' """"' """'
'
I'
r"-
'
......._
"""'
'
'
'I"'
~
...... ,
' ...... ~
'
~
""'
4.200 4,400
AIRCRAFT GROSS WEIGHT - kg
Figure A3-l. Service Ceiling
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
4,600
· Data Basis:
Engine:
C)
~
I
~
4,80 0
(!) 4,40
w
~
0
(/)
(/)
~
0
a:
(!) 4,0 00
..J
<(
i=
~
C)
~
I
Cl
3,6 00
400
350
300
w 250
~
:::>
en
z
0 200
(.)
..J
w
:::>
u. 150
Estimated
AI-25TL
_I _I
f
~ 6 J
f-
I-
r-
2 4
r- - r- !- !--
r- I
VE1 f&\
1- ~
: .
--
-I F ~ ~
I
J
I
I J
I
!/ 1/
I
: IJ J J
I
I
.
.
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
J
I
I
I
t
Conditions:
I 1/ I
I
I I I I I I_
1
0 ~
ALTITUDE- km )tl"'
~
I
~ ~
'I Jr
I(
I
1/
J
'
1
I
I I
. I
II
I I I I 1
DRAG INDEX.
II
I
I
60
I
30
I
I
II .I
.I
I
II
L
,
, ,
,
I l.ol"'
,
I
,
,
~
,
I
"
Maximal Rating
Standard Day
~
-"
~
.I
.I
~
T,O. lT-L39C-l
,.
,
,
0
,_
,
,
"
,
~
,
OPTIMUM CLIMB SPEED- km/h
l.ol"'
(ol_
I , , ,
DRAG INDEX
. ol
1/ 1/
..,
l.ol"'
ALTITUDE [km) 0 ·30 .60
~
"(:

ri!!
0 430 392 368
.
2 415 380
359.
4 383 364 345
..
...
6 361 344 328
100
50
....
-p-
...,
8 337 329 315
®
..,.
0
,
10 310 304 291
Figure A3-2. Maximal Climb- Fuel Consumption (sheet 1 of 2)
A3-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
·"--"'-'-----· ·--- ··--·
Data Basis:
Engine:
E

I
w
()
z

(/J
0
en
w
1-
::>
z

I
w
:E
i=
A3-4
Estimated
AI-2STI..
400
300
I
I
I
200
I
"""
100
I
iii
I
-

- -

- -
....
I
-
"""""
.....
-
,....
CJ
taol .r ........
0
50
'
_I_
40
30
20
I
10
0
a
H'
!!5

- - -


0
Conditions:
I
I I I I
DRAG INDEX
-""

.....
-
-
-
-
-

. ,.
- -
=
Maximal Rating
Standard Day
r--- 60
,

-30
,.
""" 1.1'
"""
"""

0-
-
-
,....

--
-
I"""""

'I'
-60
..1
30
o:
_..
......
_,
* For optimum climb speed table refer to sheet l.
Figure A3-2. Maximal Climb- Distance and Time (sheet 2 of 2)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
-

f--

T.O. 1T-L39C-l
PART4
CRUISE.
CRUISE DATA
The cruise data shown in this part are presented in a fonnat
which enables the mission planner to calculate the optimum
cruise performance available for any combination of flight
conditions. Charts are supplied to cover the expected range
of drag indices. Three conversion charts are supplied as aids
in computing altitude factor, true aiispeed, kilometers per
kilogram of fuel, ·and fuel flow. The following considera-
tions will assist in selecting the combination of flight condi-
tions and techniques which will result in required mission
performance:
- Optimum . Mach/Optimum Altitude: A cruise-dimb
technique is required. Mach remains constant throug-
hout the cruise while altitude increases as fuel is consu-
med. Changes in optimum Mach due to changes in
gross weight are insignificant. Use of this technique
will result in maximum attainable range (including
maximum aircraft capability).
- Optimum Mach/Constant Altitude: Mach number is
decreased as fuel is consumed. This cruise technique
will yield maximum cruise performance at a given alti-
tude.
- Constant Mach/Constant Altitude: Cruise at a given
Mach and altitude condition. This technique does not
usually provide maximum performance but is often
used due to time and flightpath constraints.
Constant Mach/Optimum Altitude: Any given Mach
number is held constant and altitude is increased as fuel
is consumed. lbis technique will result.in maximum
range at a given Mach number.
ALTITUDE FACTOR (Figure A4-1)
The chart provides a quick means of computing altitude fac-
tor for known gross weight and altitude or converting altitu-
de factor back into altitude. Any two parameters can be used
to find the third.
Refer to figure A4-l: To obtain altitude factor for known
gross weight and altitude, enter chart with gross weight (A),
project vertically upward to altitude (B) and horizontally to
the. left to read altitude factor (C). To obtain altitude for
known gross weight and altitude factor, enter chart with
gross weight (D) and project vertically upward. Enter with
altitude factor (E) and project horizontally to the right until
the gross weight line is intersected. Read altitude at the in-
tersection of these two lines (F).
EXAMPLE:
A. Gross weight. ............... : . . . . . . . . 3,925 kg
B. Altitude . ; ............................ 2,000 m
..
C. Altitude factor : . .......................... 5.0
D. Gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . 3,925 kg
E. Altitude factor · ............................ 15
F. Altitude ...•...... · ........ ; ........... 10,000 m
SPECIFIC RANGE CQNVERSION (Figure A4-2)
the chart is used primarily to convert range factor into
kilometers per kilogram of fuel (specific range).
Refer to figure A4-2: To convert range factor into specific
range, enter chart with range factor (A), project vertically
up to gross weight (B) and horizontally to the left to read
specific range (C).
EXAMPLE:.
A. Range factor ........ ~ ............. ." ...... 4.22
B: Gross weight. ........................ 3,925 kg
C. • Specific range ................ · L08 kmlkg of fuel
FUEL FLQW CONVEKSION (Figure A4-3)
The chart is used to convert specific range and speed into
fuel flow.
Refer to figure A4-3: To convert specific range into fuel
flow, enter chart with Mach number (A); project to the right
to temperature (standard day temperature is shown on figu-
re Al-8) (B); Then project downward, reading true airspeed
(C); continue upward to specific range line (D); and finally
to the left to read fuel flow.(E).
A4-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
EXAMPLE:·
A. Mach number ........•.................. 0.42
B. Temperature . . . . . . . 2°C (Standard day temperatUre
is shown)
C. True airspeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S03 krnlh
D. Specific range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.08 kmlkg offuel
E. Fuel flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468 kglh
CRUISE (Figure A4-4)
The chart contains cruise data plotted as range factor versus
Mach number for lines of constant altitude factor.· A correc-
tion grid is supplied for interpolating drag index. Chart cov-
ers a range of drag indices. Use the chart to determine range
factor. FPur sets of usage instructions and sample problems
are given below to illustrate the four different cruise techni-
ques defined earlier in this section.
CONSTANT MACH/CONSTANT ALTITUDE
CRUISE
Refer to figure A4-4: Enter Figure A4-l with desired cruise
altitude and initial gross weight and compute altitude factor.
Enter Cruise chan (A4-4) at desired cruise Mach (A), pro-
ject upward to altitude factor (B), horizontally to the right
to the drag index baseline and parallel nearest guideline to
(C) drag index, and then horizontally to read range factor
(D). This entire process is repeated for a sufficient number
of gross weight to obtain required cruise range.
EXAMPLE:
Desired cruise altitude .................. 2,000 m
Initial cruise gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,925 kg
A. Desired cruise Mach ....................... 0.42
B. Altitude factor ............. S (from figure A4-l)
C. Drag index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
D. Range factor ............................. 4.22
Note that as weight and altitude factor decrease, range fac-
tor also decreases. Specific range and fuel flow may be ob-
tained as before for each gross weight.
A4-2
CONSTANT MACH/OmMUM ALTITUDE
CRUISE
Refer to Figure A4-4: Enter Cruise chart at desired cruise
Mach number (A) and project to the optimum
(highest) altitude factor line (E). Note value of altitude fac-
tor. Froin (E) project to the right and correct for drag index
(F); then continue to the right and read range factor (G). Al-
titude factor and range factor are constants for this type of
cruise, allowing cruise altitude, specific range, and fuel
flow to be computed for several gross weight using only the
· conversion charts.
EXAMPLE:
A. Desired cruise Mach number ................. 0.42
E. Altitude factor ............................ 12
F. Drag index ............. .......... , . . . . . . 30
G. Range factor . : ........................... 6.S8
Altitude and specific range· are found for any gross
by using the conversion charts.
OPTIMUM MACH/OPTIMUM ALTITUDE CRUISE
(Figure A4-S)
Cruise data are shown as specific range and optimum altitu-
de versus ·gross weight for lines of drag index. Optimum
cruise Mach numbers are tabulated on each drag index line.
Fuel flow may be computed from Figure A4-3.
Refer to Figure A4-S: Enter chart with cruise· gross weight
(A) and project vertically upward to drag index (B). In the
lower portion of the chart, project to the left from (B) to read
specific range (C). In the upper portion of the chart, project
. to the left from (D) to read the cruise altitude (E). Optimum
cniise Mach number is obtainect from the Mach ·numbers in-
dicated on the drag index lines in the lower portion of the
chart.
EXAMPLE:
A. Gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,92S kg
B. Drag index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30'
C. Specific range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.87 kmlkg of fuel
D. Optimum cruise altitude ................. 9,SSO m
Optimum cruise Mach ..................... O.SO
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
OPTIMUM MACH/CONSTANT ALTITUDE
CRUISE (Figure A ~ and A4-7)
Time required to cruise given distance and fuel required to
cruise given time are included in the charts. Optimum cruise
Mach number, true airspeed, ground speed and time requi-
red to cruise given distance are shown in Figure A ~ . Spe-
cific range at optimum Mach number, fuel flow and fuel re-
quired to cruise a specified time are shown in Figure A4-7.
Refer to Figure A4-6 and A4-7: Enter Figure A4-6 with av-
erage gross weight (A), proceed to the right to desired cruise
altitude (B), and then vertically down to drag index (C).
From (C), project to the left and read optimum cruise Mach
number (D). Return to (C) and proceed to the right to tem-
perature baseline and parallel guidelines to ambient temper-
ature (E) and then to the right to the appropriate wind line
(F) and the true airspeed (zero wind) line (G). From (G),
project downward to read true airspeed (H). From (F), pro-
ject upward, reading ground speed at (1), to desired range
(ground distance) (J) and finally project to the left to read
cruise time (K).
Enter Figure A4-7 with average gross weight (A), proceed
to the right to desired cruise altitude (B), and then vertically·
down to drag index (C). From (C), project to the left and
read specific range (D). Return to (C) and proceed to the
right to true airspeed (E) (obtained from sheet 1), then up to .
read fuel flow at (F), continue to time (G), and finally to the
left to read fuel required at (H).
EXAMPLE:
From Figure A ~
A. Average gross weight .................. 4,150 kg
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
B. Desired cruise altitude· .. ;.· ...... ; .. : ...... 6 km
C. Drag index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0
D. Optimum cruise Mach .................... 0.442
E. Ambient temperature ... -24°C (from figure Al-8)
. F. Wind ................. · .... 100 kmlh (headwind)
H. True airspeed 503 kmlh
I. Groundspeed 403 kmlh
J. Desired range (ground distance) . . . . . . . . . . 400 km
K. Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 minutes
From Figure A4-7
A. Average gross weight .................. 4,150 kg
B. Desired cruise altitude .................... 6 km
C. Drag index ............. ·. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0
D. Specific range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.58 kmlkg of fuel
E. True airspeed ............ 503 kmlh (from sheet 1)
F. Fuel flow ........ · ... : ............... 318 kg/h
G. Time to cruise 400 km
(includes wind correction) . . . 60 minutes (from sheet I)
H. Fuel required to cruise 400 km ... , ......... 318 kg
A4-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Data Basis: Estimated Conditions: . Standard Day ·
Date: July 30, 1997
20
19
~ 2 1 -
I I I ~ f I
~ 1 1
l,.;o
""'"
r- ALTITUDE - km
~
-T
--
1?._...
~
'-
""""
p
18
t..,...o
.....
~
I--" ~
""""
17
16
15
14
~
""""'
.-~
-
......
~
.....
~
""""
t..,...o ......
9
t:; ~
:(e)
il'i
-
......
......
1,...-o
"""""'
\..F.I
-""""'
~
.,
i.ooo'
.......
-
,.,.
,_.
~ ~
~
..... .
-
~
~
8
L-
~
.
-
~
i"""
--
~
,......
13
12
.
I--'
,_.
L- ~
Iii""
.
-
~
,.,.
"":'"
--
~
""""'
1,...-o
I""""
I--'
..... 7
-
~
-
.
~
-
P"'" .
1---
"""""'
~
--
.....
a: 11
~
(.)
10
Lf
w 9
c
::::>
._
8
5
u-
,_.
- ~
~
~
J
-
~
i""""
.
~ 1--'
i""" 6
L-
.
~
.
-
1---
-· -
--
.....,.
.
~
-- -
-
~ T
loooo-
"""'"
P"'"
5
=
.
P"'"'
.
......
-
T
._
. 4
-
-
-
-
.
.
<
7
.
-
.
2
.
6
5
~ c )
.
B
' I'--' 0
.
.4
3
.
I
'
.
+--
.
'
-
.
2
.
'
'
.
~
t-7-
~
~ 1'--1
0
3,600 3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4,200 4,300 4,400 4,500 4,600 4,700 4,800 4,900 5,000
GROSS WEIGHT- kg
Figure A4-l. Altitude Factor
A4-4
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
PataBasis:
Date:
2.5
2.0
...J
1.5
w
::>
u.
u.
0
C)

..:M:
I


w
(!) 1.0
z
<
a:
(.)
u:::
5
w
a.
en
0.5
1-1- f-
t-
0.0

0
Estimated .
July 30, 1997
Conditions: Stai:tciard Day
IJ.J 111
VYCIUM I
I
IJI
,
lJ
II'
If
1.1

IJI
ljl1ll
I.J
)'

!;"
II

II
II
II'
II
(Ill"
II
1..- !..-
If
II


II
"
"
!;iii
"
..-




,

(Ill"

1..11




,


,)1





If !I
(Ill"









I• I• ,.
I· I· . ·I· ' ... I.
I• iJ'
.....

.....

"..-








'

2 3 5 6 7
RANGE FACTOR
Figure A4-2. Specific Range Conversion
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.



II
II
II'

1..;



Ill"


Iii"



!;Iii

!....-
8

I
7



If'"
I ..oil"
"l.ii'
9
3,600
3,800
4,000
4,200
4,400
4,600
4,800
5,000
A4-5
1.U. 1
Data Basis: · Estimated
Date: July 30, 1997
0.8
0.7
a:
0.6
w
m

:::> 0.5
z
:::c
(.)
0.4
<


0.3
0.2
0.1

...,.. ..,.,..
:s

.-:. ..-:
T""' • 1
,...
-800 c (-112" F)
-600 c (-76° F)
-10" c (-10" F)
-200C (_..F)
00 c (32" F)
200 c (66" F)
400 c (104" F)
eo• c (140" F)
150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800
TRUE AIRSPEED- km/h
Figure A4-3. Fuel Aow Conversion
A4-6
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
Estimated ·
Conditions:
July 30, 1997
14
16
f- ALTITUDE FACTOR
Ill! 12
" I t..
E
10
. . ..

Ill
"
Ill Ill.
8
"" ""
I'
,
6
5
B
i"'
I
. . . . . ..
I
"
4 li;
lo-
ljj
3
""

po.
j,.-

Standard Day
w
z
:::i
w
en

• .
.....
I'
'
"""
r-o.
roo;
i""'joo.,

..
r""'
"""
·'""'
....
I...
-
'

ii"'F''f"o
• i};/
i""'ro..,
""'
roo""'
....
.
""'

1'-
I""'
roo""

"""
....
0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.50 0.55 0.10 0.65 0
20 40
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
!'iii;


1""1
.l"'o


"""
I...
,..o\
-.:.':J.
....
1-ol-o
""'""'
...
10
9
8
7
6
a:
0
5 b
Lf
w
(!)
z
4 <
a:
3
2
0
MACH NUMBER DRAG INDEX
Figure A4-4. Cruise
A4-7
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U.
Data Basis:
Date:
11,000
10,000·
E
I
w
c
9,000
::>
!::
!:i
<
w
en
8,000
5
a:
0
7,000
6,000
2.4
..J
2.2
w
::>
LL
LL
2.0
0
C)

1.8

I
w
(!)
1.6
z
<
a:
0
1.4
u:::
C3
w
a.. 1.2
en
1.0
1'-o...
Estimated
July 30, 1997
l"'ooo.
-@I
I' -..
ll"'o
1\:
.. . .. . ..
• ro""
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
.
I
"
I
I
.
I
I
I
;..
...
I
.
Conditions: Standard Day
-
DRAG INDEX
._
I
-
..... I I
-
._..,
0·60
r-loo...
._..,
-
-
.....
-
loo...
..
I
CR
1
UISE I I I I I
-


0.51 : MACH NUMBER
l"'ooo.

......
DRAG INDEX
,(C)
"
0.50.
._
._..,
r--
""""" I 8"
I' looo.. I

..

f"'
._ ._..,
I'
I
0,49 I
._..,

0
I'

r-
._..,

-
t:"r-- ...... looo..
i
-
._..,
._..,
-
t""- ......
loo... 30.
r-
......
I looo...
:
-
:-- ......
...... .....
I ......
60
I•
...... _
.
r-
-
I
I
.
I
.
I

-

-......
-
3,600 3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4,200 4,300 4,400 4,500 4,600 4,700 4,800 4,900 5,000
GROSS WEIGHT- kg
Figure A4-5. Optimum Cruise
A4-8
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis: Estimated
Date: July 30, 1997
5,000
t-'
.. ,,
II
. II
II
t- . .
0
2 4 6 8 10
C)
4,800
.li:
I
.....
4,600
J:
(!)
jjj

4,400
(/)
(/)
0
..
a:
4,200
(!)
w
A
8
(!)
<
4,000
a:
w

3,800
3,600
.
.
..
0.60
0.55
a:
w
m
0.50

:::>
z 0.45
J:
u
<.
0.40

w
0.35 (/)
5
a: 0 30 60
u
0.30
DRAG INDEX
0.25
w
z
..J
w

CD
E
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Conditions: Standard Day
(/)
w
.....
:::>


I
w
::1!
i=
240
210
GROUND
1\ 1\ 1\ 1\ 1\
DISTANCE
'
1\
' '
km
I\ I I
1 l \ \ 1600
180
\ 1\
'
"''
\ '

;\.1400
\ \
' 1200,
150
'
l
'
1\1
I{
\ I\ 1000 1"\
120
1\ 1\
·" 1"\
1\,.
'-
. '
'
'
800 1\,.
I'.
I\.. I
"'
"
I"
90
60
1\
'
' 600"
"
""
""''ii
\
1\J'
I"
l
'
"-!
"


1\.400 -l"
I" I....
.....
1'.

f""'ii

"
1'-200
I"
.........
I"

30
""""
.....
....
......
....
0

100 200 300 . 400 500 600 700 800
GROUND SPEED- km/h
I=
HEADWIND
t:: t:: 2001:1 100
0
G
F
100 lf200 l=
H)
'i. TAILWIND
50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 100 200 300 400 500 600 700. 800
AMBIENT TRUE AIRSPEED- KMIH
TEMPERATURE oc (READ FROM ZERO WIND LINE}
Figure A4-6. Constant Altitude Cruise -Optimum Mach Number, Speed, Time
A4-9
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis: Estimated
Conditions: Standard Day
Date: July 30, 1997
5,000
Ol
.:.::
I
4,800
....
J:
(!)
4,600
w
;:
C/)
C/)
4,400
0
a:
(!)
w
4,200
(!)
<(
a:
w
?(
4,000
3,800
3,600
ALThUDE
-
km
-
'--
\
1\
KA..I
lfe>
"'r"' 1\
.
! \
.
1\
or
2 t- 4
'I-
1\
r e 1-
8 10
_I 1-_L
t-
AI I l
1000
900
800
700
Ol
.:.::
I
600
0
w
500
a:
5
0
400
w
a:
...J
300
w
::::>
u.
200
100
0
I . ,[
'{_
leo II

,,
"-
II J J IJ II
1/
'I
II
J 'I
ll
')
'I IJ
II
I 'J II
l.J
'I
II 'J
'i
!I If II

J 'I 1/ !I
'IIJ II
1,1' I"

J
II I.J
'1.'/. I"
IIJI J IJ 1/ v
""
'1. II
.Jr' "'I"
IIIII'J


I j IIIIi..;.
I"' I·

TIME I
1

• MINUTES
,.... l•lF
_l_
0 200 400 600 800 100C
2.5
I
,
I
"""'
...J
w
::::>
2.0
u..
f- f- I DRAG INDEX
l.oo" 't'
.
l.oo" lol""
1-f-
,
. 1.11'
.
• 1\
u..
0
oE
1.5
E
.
1.11' l..ool'
l(o)
Lfc
I.,;'
""" I'
•I.,;'
....
,
.
.
E
.:.::

I .L.L llr l'-.
w
l.oo"
,,
"
(.!) 1.0
z
<(
a:
u
0.5
u::

"'
-

'\
o H30 Keo t-
800-
["0
"
"'
["0
,...
'400i;
.... r--
u
w
....
200-
a..
C/)
0.0
_Ll
_Ll
FUEL FLOW - kglh
Figure A4-7. Constant Altitude Cruise- Specific Range, Fuel Flow, Fuel Required
A4-IO
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
.PARTS
ENDURANCE
CONSTANT ALTITUDE EN»UBANCE (Figure AS-I)
The chart contains endurance fuel flow data based on use of
optimum endurance Mach. Changes in endurance Mach
due to drag index are insignificant. Effects of altitude and
drag index fuel flow are provided.
Refer to Figure AS-1: Enter left portion of chart with avera-
ge gross and desired altitude (A). Project downward
to read optimum endurance Mach number (B). Return to
(A) and project to the right to drag index baseline and follow
the nearest desired endurance altitude guideline to drag in-
dex (C), and then to the right and read fuel flow (D).
EXAMPLE:
A. Average gross weight ....... ; . . . . . . . . . . 4,200 kg
Desired endurance altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 km
B. Endurance Mach number ..................
C. Drag index .............. 30 (use 6 km guideline)
D. Fuel flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 kglh
AS-I
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc .
. ' ---
Data Basis: Estimated.
Conditions: Standard Day
Date: July 30, 1997
Ill t II
ALTITUDE- km I I' 2

450

II

; 0
"""'

0



.....

1-
lollll
8
lJ
6
400

" \.
I
l'f

r--
"
'
2
\.
r-:-1
'
'
\.
R'f


"
4


I'
5,000
ALTITUDE- km
1\ 1\..
8 r-
'
!J
'"
I'
8
' 4,800
[\
r\ I'
'I\.
r--

'I
J
,
,
I'"'

IJ
I
I'
\


4,400
.... ""'
J
10-
-
J 1'7



"
"
""· 4,200 ......
,..roe.
't
,
j_
"""
1"1\


-


1\
. . . . .

. .

A ,....
"""
....
v

. ,.-
i'o..
.
r7





..... I""
10 i
l.i

II 8


116

""
II""

I ..oil
:,..



i(C' (a
.
• J-
. ·_ f•
.I-
10 ,.,-

:..--""
II"'

"""'
350
.r::.
0,
..:.::
I

0
...J
u.
...J
w
300
::>
u.
"
'I
1 ..
I'
'#
n
.
t"'o l.ooo
"""
"""
.
If r"
.
II
I
"'

"""
I' I""



4
......
250
'
.
IJ 11
,.
:t-- ....
.
.
. 10
.
.
.

8

"""'

·'a
• t--1
I"" ... I""'
200
0.20 G.25 0.30 us 0.40 0.45 0.50 0 20 40
ENDURANCE MACH NUMBER
DRAG INDEX
Figure AS-I. Constant Altitude Endurance
AS-2
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O, IT-L39C-l
PART6
DESCENT
MAXIMUM RANGE DESCENT {Figure A6-l)
Maxiinim range descent perfonnance data are based on a
descent speed ~ h i c h results in maximum diStance (range)
being covered during descent Effects of gross weight ~ d
drag index are shown in the ctwt Descent speed is tabulated
on the chart.
Refer to figure A6-l: Enter chart on sheet l with initial alti-
tude {B) and project upward to intercept appropriate drag
index line (C). From (C); project to the right to the baseline. ·
Note this point on the baseline. Starting at the gross weight
(A) on the upper block project to the right to intercept the
appropriate drag index line {C). From (C), project down-
. ward to. intercept a line (D) which follows the guidelines and
intercepts the point previously noted on the baseline. Conti-
nue to the right to ~ range (E) . .Repeat this p ~ s on
sheet 2 in the same maimer to obtain time (F) and on sheet 3
to obtain the fuel consumed (G). H fiilal altitude is above sea
level, repeat the above process, using fmal altitude in place
of initial altitude. The differences between the resulting·va-
lues are then fuel, range, and time to deScend from initial to
final altitude. Obtain descent speed from die table on the
chart. ·
EXAMPLE:
A. Initial gross weight ................ , . . . 4,250 kg
B. Initial altitude ........ , ........•.....•. 3,000 m
C. Drag index . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
E. Range ... ·· ... : ..... : . .. ~ •..... ; ..•..... 47 km
F. Time ......... : ............ ~ ...... 8.8 minutes
G. Fuel consumed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30.25 kg
Descent speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . 185 lanlh
The above data are for a descent to sea level. If the descent
were stopped at 1,000 m:
Fuel consumed .............. 30.25- 10= 20.25 kg
Range ........................ 47-15=32 km
Time .................... 8.8- 3.0 = 5.8 minutes
DESCENT WITH INOPERATIVE .ENGINE (Figure
A6-2)
The chart contains time and distance data for a descent with
an inoperative engine. The data are presented as a function
of descent airspeed for descents from various initial altitu-
des to sea level. · ·
Refer to figure A6-2: Enter ihe chart with airspeed (A), pro-
ject upward to the appropriate altitude lines (B) and then to
the left to read time (C) and distance (D), respectively.
To determine time and distance available to descend to ano-
ther altitude, repeat the above steps for the final altitude and
take the difference between the sets of data.
EXAMPLE:
A. Deseent airspeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290 kmlh
B. Altitude ............. : ................. 6,000 m
C. Time (to sea level) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.4 minutes
D. Distance (to sea level) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 km
If the descerit·were stopped at 2,000 m:
Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.4-' 4S= 8.4 minutes
Distance .......•............ 70-23 .. 5=56.5 km
A6-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
l.U.
Data Basis:. Estimated
Date: July 30, 1997
Configurations: Speedbrakes retracted
I I I
5,000
I
·conditions:
I
ldte·Rating
Standard Day

DRAG INDEX> 0
(!J
iii 4,500
(!.
3:
rn
rn
0
a: 4,000
(!J
..J
<

3,500
,.
1-


1-
. "'
"
"
c
.,
,
I
I
I

1,111'

"


DRAG INDEX"" 0 -
DRAGINDEX -

r-w"
I


DESCENT SPEED
1-
DRAG INDEX lanlh II
lr'l
I-ii:
l-id"
''
J-(1)
""

!'- IIIIo.
t-'-
I'll..
"""
0 291


II
1---
30 285
A'

''

1""'1
"'
"'
"""' 60 279
II



1---
J
ll!o.
[""'''·

1"'111
, ..... ll!o.
II J""'''
II
.....
1"'1!.
II 1"'11 I"'
""" I I !""'i'i
I"""""'
II II II
.....
I II
......
.....
II 'I
......
"""' 'I I
[""'''
'Ill .....
Ill
......
.....
·I r1 I""' """'.
'I I""'
""" J
II
.... ...
I. r1.

1--
II
-
""" -
"'Fr
D
.I
,
5 10 15
0
I
INITIAL ALTITUDE- km
Figure A6-l. Maximum Range Descent- Idle (sheet l of 3)
A6-2
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
400
300
250
E
.:.:.
I
w
200
(.)
z

rn
a
150
100
50
0
Data.Basis: Estimated
Date: July 30, 1997
Configurations: Speedbrakes retracted
0)

I
I-
J:
5,000
(!)
jjj
~
4,500
C/)
C/)
0
a:
(!)
4,000
...J
<
i=
z 3,500
DAAG
1
1NDeX
~ · o
~
Conditions: Idle Rating
Standard Day
f.- ~
DRAG INDEX> 0
f.- ~
~ rL
{A
,..
-
...
II
~
-
::::! w
~
1-Z
..J
f.- w
-
...
c
If
~
I
I
I
,.,
~
DRAG INDEX= 0
DESCENT SPEED
f=
en
1-:i
DRAG INDEX kmlh
30 ;;;;
~
0 291
60 ;;z
30 285· 7
60 279
--
~
D F
0
~ 5 10
15
INITIAL ALTITUDE- km
Figure A&-1. Maximum Range Descent- Idle (sheet 2 of 3)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
60
55
50
45
40
(/)
w
1-
35 ::::>
z
~
30
I
w
:E
25
i=
20
15
10
5
0
A6-3
T.O.
Data Basis: Estimated
Date: July 30, 1997
Configurations: Speedbrakes retracted
Conditions: ' · · Idle Rating
Standard Day .
C)
5,000
.....
J:
(!)
jjj 4,500
3:
(A
I I I I I I ·
II
DRAG INDEX> 0
I--' toll'
r;,f'
I ....;..I,
c

C/)
C/)
-
..
-
...
••
rl'
DRAG INDEX= 0
ldll'

DESCENT SPEED
1.1
DRAG INDEX kmlh
I
0 291
I
I
30 285

I
-1
60 279
II
II
I
I II II
II
I
I

7 '7
il.4tl
'I
j
I '7
Ill
'II
,,
1.4

1-1
iiiiiiii

-
"'

...

"
.4
II
0
5 10
_,
,.

-
:.Ill'

-
0
a: 4,000
(!)
...J
<(
i=
3,500


30-

60-

1-
15
®
INITIAL ALTITUDE- km
"
"

1.1
'"'
I-
I-
z
idl
I-


....
f-
_CD
..
.
'

1\..
"""\;
w-
''-l
' '

I'\:
"
1\.
:"
"" I'\: -.....
1'1.:

"

h..


""'ii"'""
I....
-"""
I..
I
-
"'"' ""

Figure A6-l. Maximum Range Descent- Idle (sheet 3 of 3)
A6-4

....._


Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
N
llo..

"

ill..
I'
.......
!'-..
-

180
160
120
C)
..111::
I
0
100
w
::?i
::J
C/)
z
80
0
u

w
::J
60
u.
40
20
0
Data Basis:
Date:
·(/)
w
1-
:::>
z

I
...J
w
>
w
...J
<(
w
(/)
f2
1-
z
w
(.)
(/)
w
c
f2
w

i=
E
.::.!
I
...J
w
>
w
...J
<(
w
(/)

1-
z
w
(.)
(/)
w
c

w
(.)
z

(/)
0
Estimated·
July 30, 1997
25
I
"'--L
IJ'
12


20
1"'-
/
10

'
......
.....
.....
8
-
....._

15
._
......
........
c
i-:-
6
......

- o-·

-
1-
-
1-
-

10
4
-
5
2
0
200 250
160
140
..,.
12
-
,.
120
"'
I

I
--
100
II
"""
10 ..,.
I
L
-
-
·so
c
-
8
60
6
40
-
4
20
2
0
200 250
Configurations: ·
Conditions:.
1T-L39C-l
Drag Index= 0
Gross weight= 4,000 kg
Windmilling Engine or Locked Rotor
Standard Day ·
INITIAL ALTITUDE- km
"
.....

B
'-

...
'
....... f"""oo,

""
..... .....

....
-
.... r-..
-
.......
I""""-
-
..........
A
'-1
300 350 400 450
l""'!o.
INITIAL ALTITUDE- km
roo. I
.....

-
......
... .......
-
roo.
-
....
-
i'""''iil!
B
""""""
-
- -
;:-
- '
-
._
....
--
-
'IE
--
........

'
A
300 350 400 450
KEAS-kmlh
Figure A6-2. Descent With Inoperative Engine
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
A6-5/(A6-6 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O.
PART7
LANDING
LANDING DATA
Landing charts presented in this sectiondetermine clear-
ance obstacle speed, touchdown speed and ground run dis-
tance. All data are based on idle throttle setting and full flap
configuration. Speedbrakes are considered to be closed in
all charts. Effects of temperature, pressure altitude, wind,
runway slope, and runway quality are included on appropri-
ate charts. ·
NOTE
Refer to Part 2 of this Appendix for Crosswind Limit
chart.
OBSTACLE CLEARANCE AND TQUCHPOWN
SrEED (Figure A7-l)
Touchdown speed corresponds to approximately 5 percent
increase over power-off stall speed obtained for the aircraft
with full flaps. Obstacle clearance speed is about 30 percent
higher than power-off full-flap stall speed.
Refer to figure A 7-1: Enter the chart w.ith gross weight (A)
and project vertically up to appropriate touchdown speed
curve (B) and obstacle clearance speed curve (D). At each
intersection point proceed horizontally left and read values
of touchdown speed (C) and obstacle clearance speed (E),
respectively.
EXAMPLE:
A. Gross weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,200 kg
C. Touchdown speed ................... 174.0 kmlh
E. Obstacle clearance speed ............. 214.6 kmlh
LANDING FACIQR (Figure A7-2)
The landing factor is a computed number used to simplify
landing ground run presentation. It is a function of aircraft
configuration, pressure altitude, and temperature.
Refer to figure A7-2: Enter the chart with runway tempera-
ture in terms of either degrees of Fahrenheit (A) or Celsius
(B). Project horizontally to pressure altitude (C) and then
vertically down to read landing factor for iurcraft without
stores (D) or with stores (E).
EXAMPLE:
A. Runway temperature ..........•......... 63.5°F
B. Runway temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.5°C
C. Pressure altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500 m
D. Landing factor- no stores .................. 5.44
E. Landing factor..,. with stores ........ , ........ 6.05
LANDING GROUND ROLL (Figure A7-3)
Ground roll distance presented in the chart is based on idle
setting and full flap configuration. For touchdown
speed higher than maximum braking speed (refer to Sec-
tion V- Operating limitations, Braking speed limitations),
two-point aerodynamic braking is used and the nose is held
up to touchdown AOA. The nosewheel is lowered to the
runway at a moderate rotation rate such that it is on the run-
way at about the maximum braking speed. For touchdown
speed below ·the braking speed limit the nosewheel is low-
ered to the runway as soon as practical. Maximum antiskid
braking, and full elevator deflection (trailing edge down)
are applied as the nosewheel touches the runway. DO not al-
low the nosewheel to lift off the runway.
I CAUTION
Using brakes at higher speeds than maximum permis-
. sible braking speed (see braking speed limit, Sec-
tion V) may damage them. Therefore, it is permitted
in emergency cases only. After every such case the
brakes must be inspected.
A7-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
------
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Refer to figure A7-3: Enter the chart with landing factor
(A). Proj(:ct horizontally to gross weight (B), then vertically
down to drag index baseline (C), and follow guidelines to
drag index (0, E). Proceed downward to slope baseline (F)
and parallel guidelines to slope (G, H). Continue vertically
down again to wind baseline (I) and parallel guidelines to
wind (J, K); proceed downward to runway condition (L),
and finally project horizontally left tQ read landing ground
run (M).
EXAMPLE:
A. Landing factor ........................... 6.05
A7-2
B. Gross weight .. ~ . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,200 kg.
D. Drag index .... · ..... : ..................... 40
G. Runway slope .................. 1.5% (downhill)
J. Wind ..................... 7.5 m/sec (headwind)
L. Runway condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wet concrete
M. Landing ground roll . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 627 m ·
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:


I
0
w
w
a..
(/)
a:
;{
0
w

()
0

Estimated
Conditions:
March 3, 1997
OBSTACLES CLEARANCE SPEED
225
220
2 15
®
D
2 10
205 OBSTACLES CLEARANCE SPEED
200
195
190
185
180
.NO STORES
175

170
165
TOUCHDOWN SPEED
160
155
Idle Rating
Full Aaps
All Temperatures
All Altitudes
WITH STORES ·

T.O. IT-L39C-l
3,500 3,600 3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4,200 4,300 4,400 4,500 4,600
GROSS WEIGHT- kg
Figure A7-l. Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed
A7-3
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Data Basis:
Date:
u.
0
I
w
a:
::>

a:
w
a..

w
1-


z
::>
a:
A7-4
Estimated
March 3, 1997
120
45
110
(.)
0
I
W40
a:
100
:::::>

a:35
90
w
a..
:::::?:30
w
1-
80
>

z
70
:::>
0:20

·®
15
. . .
50 10
40
5
0
30
-5
20
·10
10
·15
0
·20
·10
·25
·20
SEAL EVEL
. .. . .

I
· Conditions: Idle Rating
500:11.000
c
,/II
.
.
.
.
• •
.
II I
II
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

_I
ISA-

t: 2,000
I
Full Aaps
Speedbrakes Retracted
1-
- 2,500 ,_
:--
1
'1-
PRESSURE ALTITUDE- m
5. ® 6 7 8 .9
LANDING FACTOR- NO STORES

4 5 6 7 8 9 10
LANDING FACTOR- WITH STORES
Figure A 7-2. Landing Factor
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
Estimated
March 3, 1997
a:
§
9
Lf
8
(!)
z 7
or;;:..
z 'C/6
:5
:i
0
a:
c
z
=>
0
a:
(!)
(!)
z
c
z
:5
15
2,000
1,500
1,000
®
500
0
BASELINE
K
f- f- ICY RUNWAY
II'" ·- ...
L
1-1"
~ f Q )SW yCI,r-UT- kC
Conditions:
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Idle Rating
Full Flaps
Speedbrakes Retracted
3,600 3,800 4,000 4,200 4,400 4,600
GRASS RUNWAY
WET CONCRETE
DRY CONCRETE
Figure A 7-3. Landing Ground Roll
A 7-5/(A 7-6 blank)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-I ·
.PARI'S
MANOEUVRE FLIGHT.
TURN PERFORMANCE (Figure AS-I)
TURN RATE, TURN RADIUS Am> LOAD FACTOR
CHARTS
The tum perfonnance -Tum Rate, Tum Radius and Load
Factor charts provide for ale GW 3,600, 4,000, 4,400 and
4,SOO kg, and for drag indices of 0, 30 and 60 with" MAXI-
MAL power rating at four altitude levels. ·
Refer to Figure AS-I, AS-2 and Figure AS-3: The charts
are of the multi-entry type. An explanation of chart ter-
minology and general use is as follows.
On each chart a line, identified as SUSTAINED, represent-
ing sustained tum flight conditions (level flight, constant
speed) shows the maximum tum rate attainable with maxi-
mum thrust as a function of Mach number. Additionally, a
background "fan" grid, consisting of load factor and tum ra-
dius parameters, is shown to provide supplementary infor-
mation. It can be seen that the speed for maximum tum rate
is considerably higher than that for minimum tum radius.
A second line on the chart, identified as MAXIMUM LIFr
LIMIT, shows the maximum instantaneous tum perfor-
mance obtainable by trading off altitude or airspeed to real-
ize the maximum lift capability of the aircraft. This lift ca-
pability is limited to "g" factor (see Section V - Operating
Limitations). At maximum lift, at a particular altitude, the
airspeed providing the maximum possible· instantaneous
tum perfonnance is called the "comer" speed. This comer
speed is shown on each chart in upper left area at the inter-
section of the maximum lift limit line with the G limit line
for aircraft.
Any point lying on the SUSTAINED line represents a con-
dition of drag equal to maximum thrust. All of the thrust
available is required to tum in level unaccelerated flight at
the particular TAS of interest. This is the condition of ZERO
Ps. or "specific power". Any point below the SUSTAINED
line represents a more shallow tum where excess thrust is
available for use in either accelerating to a higher airspeed
at constant altitude or for climbing to a higher altitude at the
same airspeed. This is called a region of POSITIVE Ps. Any
point lying between the SUSTAINED line and the MAXI-
MUM LIFr LIMIT line (or limit "g" line for aircraft) repre-
sents a tum condition of increased magnitude, where the
drag exceeds thrust and negative rate of climb (descent) or
a decreasing speed is developed during the tum. This is a re-
gion of NEGATIVE Ps.
Refer to Figure AS-I, AS-2 and Figure AS-3: Enter the
chart with TAS (A), project upward to SUSTAINED tum
curve (B) and proceed horizontally with tum rate r e ~ d i n g
(C). (B) point specifies also tum radius, interpolated in tum
radiuses radial lines system and sustained load factor, inter-
polated in load factor curves system.
When limit instantaneous tum parameters are needed, proj-
ect further upward to limit load factor line (D) or maximum
lift limit line (depending on TAS number). Instantaneous
tum radius can be interpolated and when proceeding left,
instantaneous tum rate (E) can be read.
EXAMPLE:
A. True aii'$peed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 625 kmlh
B. Gross weight ......................... 4,000 kg
Sustained tum radius ................... I ,050 m
Sustained load factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,1 g
C. Sustained tum rate .......... , ...... 9.46 deglsec
D. Minimum tum radius .... : . .......... ·. . . . 390 m
Maximum load factor ........... : ........... S g
E. Maximum tum rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25.69 deg/sec
COMBAT MANOEUVRES
Series of acrobatic manoeuvres can be perfonned without
special necessary technique within specified loads limita-
tion range.
A8-l
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O.
Recommended entry speeds and power settings are as fol-
lows:
Manoeuvre Power setting
Entry speed
(lAS, kmlh)
Loop nom 600
Immel mann nom 600
Aileron roll nom 350min
Barrel roll nom 520
AS-2
SplitS 0.85 norri· 220
Stalled turn nom 220
Chandelle nom 520
Lazy eight nom 520
I WARNING •
Staying in a stall-warning buffeting regime during
any part of a manoeuvre should be avoided.
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
T.O. IT-L39C-l
Estimated
Configurations:
March 3, 1997
Conditions:.
Drag Index= 0
Standard Day
Sea Level
Maximum Power Setting
250 300 400 500

111111
0•
100

400 500 600 ® 700 200 300 BOO 900 1,000
TRUE AIRSPEED - krn/h
Figure AS-I. Tum Performance- DI 0 (sheet I of 4)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
AS-3
l.U.
Data Basis:
Date:
A8-4
(.)
Q)

Q)
"C
I
w

a:
z
a:
::>
1-
Estimated
March 3, 1997
25
250 300
lliiJ II Jl W ).!,!,! IJ 1111
Ill
12 12.5 4
[5
11.75
20
1.5

0
,3,600
·[11r

I fliT

15
IIUf
SUSTAiN eo'
10
I lVI
11111111
5
WI
_Ill
. 0
Configurations:
Conditions:
400
[6 8
,.,;..;

VYE:I I

ll
Drag Index= 0
Standard Day
h=2,000m
Maximum Power Setting
500 600
IIIII N 1111111.! I 1.111111

'10
750
1,000
1,250
1,750
2,500

! ·:
..
5,000
I'
100 200 300
400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
TRUE AIRSPEED- km/h
Figure A8-l. Turn Performance- DI 0 (sheet 2 of 4)
/
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
20
18
16
14
()
CD

12
CD
"C
I
w
'<
10
a:
z
a:
::J
1-
8
6
4
2
0
Estimated

March 3, 1997
Conditions:
250 300 400 500 600
llllllllt_l
II
II TTl
LOAD FACTOR
II ·
II
.....,.
2.5 3 4 5 6
2
1.75
i
::J
!
GROSS WE IGHT-kg
••
!
1'-
3,600
t
I
IN.f
"
; 1.5 4,000
f1WI'
II
1.25
4

200 300

IIIIU
4,400
IA'IIKI
SUSTAiNED TURN
I
400 500 600 700
TRUE AIRSPEED- kmlh
Figure AS-I. Tum Performance- DI 0 (sheet 3 of 4)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
T.O. IT-L39C-l
· Drag Index= 0
.Standard Day
h=4,000m
Maximum Power Setting
750
,
r;;:
8
1,000
1,250 .
1,?50
2,500
5,000
800 900 1,000
A8-5
l.U. 1 1-L.)'::I\..-1
Data Basis: Estimated
Configurations: Drag Iridex = 0
Date: March 3, 1997
Conditions: Standard Day
h=6,000m
Maximum Power Setting
250 300 400 500 600 750
16 "'
1
LOAD FACTOR
Ill
ll
II
-IIHIII
Ill Ill ll
,000
'2 '2.'5 3 4
5 8 10
14
1.75
1,250
12
u
10
Q)
(/)
a,
Q)
"0
I
w

a:
8
z
a:
1.5

::i
!
GROSSW EIGHT-kg

l
3,600

1,750
:::>
1-
1.25
1:..
n 1'\.M

2,500
6
,,.,.
SUSTAINED TURN
4
5,000
LAI:\1
""

2
I
0
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
TRUE AIRSPEED - kmlh
Figure AS-I. Turn Performance- Dl 0 (sheet 4 of 4)
AS-6
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
g

Q)
"0
30
25
20
I
w

15
z
a:
:::>
1-
10
5
0
. T.O. 1T-L39C-1
Estimated
Configurations:
March 3, 1997
Conditions:
Drag Index = 30
Standard Day
Sea Level
Maximum Power Setting
250 300 400 500
1112.5 ta'lll N ·I IIN511
[6 8 10
'1111111
11\ 12·.5 ·111
• •

-L1Mi1
lA'
[1.75
!.:::r
....

',WEIGn ·k

/jJ r4.ooo"


111{1

[1.25
OM
r 'Ill. SUSTAINED TuRN
Ill/

It
I
I
1 00 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
TRUE AIRSPEED- km/h
Figure A8-2. Turn Performance- DI 30 (sheet 1 of 4)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
600
•r#\wJ_vn
750
1,000
1,250
1,750
2,500
-s=
:I
5,000

llll
II II
900 1,000
A8-7
LV.
Data Basis: Estimated
Configurations: Drag Index= 30
Date: March 3, 1997
Conditions: Standard Day
h=2,000 m
Maximum Power Setting
250 300 400 500 600
25

5
16 IB

2 I LOAD rl\w 1 vn
! I i
II Ill! LijliJW IJliJ 1
11.75
750
20
i.s
Wl
2,500
5,000
100 200 300
400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
TRUE AIRSPEED - kmlh
Figure A8-2. Turn Perfonnance- DI 30 (sheet 2 of 4)
A8-8
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:
20
18
16
Estimated
March 3, 1997
250
.
300 400
.5
Configurations:
Conditions:
500 600
Drag Index= 30
Standard Day
h=4,000 m
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Maximum Power Setting
750
16

. LOAD r"w 1\, 'R
·m
..
fl+IWifHirHI 2,500
. .;...
iiAINt:.U
5,000

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
TRUE AIRSPEED -kmlh
Figure A8-2. Turn Performance- DI 30 (sheet 3 of 4)
A8-9
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
•. v. ' • -L...>::I\...-1
Data Basis:
Date:
16
AS-10
Estimated
Configurations: Drag Index= 30
March 3, 1997
Conditions: Standard Day
h=6,000 m
Maximum Power Setting
250 300 400 500 600 750

:6 IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIL
t I I
. TURN RADIUS · m


1 ,000
200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000
TRUE AIRSPEED- kmlh
Figure AS-2. Turn Performance- DI 30 (sheet 4 of 4)
Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
Data Basis:
Date:


C)
CD
"C
I
w
Estimated
. March 3, 1997
30
__.
!2:'5' lf3llll4111 N 5; [6
1'.'!.'! !.! !_111_1_!1_1_1
lri\I,;IUH
12
25
1.75
20
':-"
11.5


Configurations:
Conditions:
250 300
8
'1()
;wt:ll::iHT

II
Drag Index = 60
Standard Day
Sea Level
T.O. 1T-L39C-l
Maximum Power Setting
400 500
llllllllli_ 12.511JJl
I TURN
1

600
F""\.IIVn
750
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. Data Basis:
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A8-12
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March 3, 1997
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Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
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FOLDOUT ILLUSTRATIONS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Figure
Fuel System- Schematic Diagram ........................................................ F0-1
DC Electrical System - Schematic Diagram ................................................. F0-2
AC Electrical System - Schematic Diagram ................................................. F0-3
Hydraulic System - Schematic Diagram .................................................... F0-4
ECS and Cabin Pressurization System - Schematic Diagram .................................... F0-5
Pitot Static System -Schematic Diagram ................................................... F ~
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Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O. IT-L39C-i

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Total number of pages in this manual is 286 consisting of the following:

*Change No Title ........................................ 0
A ........................................... 0

*Change N° 7-1-7-3 .................................... 7-4 Blank .................................... A-i-A-v .................................... A-vi Blank ................................... Al-l- Al-9 ................................. Al-10 Blank ................................. A2-l- A2-9 ................................ A2-10 Blank ................................. A3-l- A3-4 ................................. A4-l-A4-10 ................................ AS-I - AS-2 ................................. A6-l - A6-5 ................................. A6-6 Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A7-l- A7-5 ................................. A7-fJ Blank .................................. AS-I - AS-14 ................................ F0-1- F0-7 ................................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

B Blank ..................................... i-iv ......................................... I-III ........................................ IV Blank ..................................... l-1- 1-133 .................................. l-134 Blank .................................. 2-1-2-23 ................................... 2-24 Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1-3-18 ................................... 4-l ......................................... 4-2 Blank .................................... 5-1-5-9 .................................... 5-10 Blank ................................... 6-1-6-7 .................................... 6-8 Blank ....................................

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Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

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Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

ToOo 1T-L39C-

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION IN'TRODUCTION ooo
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OPERATING LIMITATION

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APPENDIX A · PERFORMANCE DATA

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Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

................... l-2............ General Arrangement .... Type KPP ...... ...................................... .... ..................... l-20..................................... l-31......Controls ............. ...Controls and Indicators ................................... ..... Aft Cockpit Layout ................... l-40........... Stick and Throttle Controls ........ Miscellaneous CIB Switch Panel .... .................................. SDU Remote Command Landing System .......... 1-18....LUSTRATIONS AGURE l-1.............................. l-9....... ... Altitude and VVIfrurn and Slip Indicator . . ............................................ .................. 1-21. l-37.......... Flight Control System... -Cross Section ......... GMK Directional Gyro ............ 1-29.............. Aft Cockpit LH Console .... ..................................... ECS and Cabin Pressurization System ................................... ........ Marker ..................... 1-8. ..........Control and Indicators . l-30.... ......... ......... 1-17. . ................. Aircraft Dimensions .. .............. Miscellaneous Instruments . 1-10................ Inc. ...... ....................Controls and Indicators ................. l-11. ................ l-24...................... ....................... Electrical Power Supply System -Location and Control ......... Aft Cockpit RH Console .. l-36...... Fuel Tanks Arrangements .............Schematic Diagram . l-32.................. Pitot-static System ... PAGE 1-3 1-4 l-5 l-6 1-7 l-8 1-9 1-10 1-11 1-13 1-14 1-19 l-23 1-25 1-29 1-30 l-32 1-34 1-36 1-37 1-41 l-43 1-46 1-48 1-49 1-53 l-55 1-57 1-59 1-61 1-62 l-63 1-65 l-67 1-69 1-72 1-73 1-77 1-79 l-81 1-82 11 Provided by Czech Jet........................... ADF Automatic Direction Finder ................. .....Controls and Indicators ........Controls and Indicators ................... ADF and RSBN Range Indicators .....................................Controls and Indication ......... ... l-22.......... l-12.................... l-41..................... .............................LIST OF ll. .......... 1-5.................................. l-4..................... Wheel Brakes_ System ....... Antenna Locations ............. Flaps System ............ Aft C/B Switch Panel ......... Engine Oil System .............................. Auxiliary Switch Panel .................... RSBN Short-Range Radio Navigation and Landing System ..... .......... ......................................... .................... 1-6........................... 1-19............. 1-16.............................................................. ........Controls .................. l-23...................... Forward Cockpit LH Console ............................. l-26............................... .............................. l-13................ Radio Altimeter ......... l-14.......... ...... Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI) ............... .......... .................................................................... Engine....................Controls and Indicators .............. ................. ·....... .... 1-34................................................... Ram Air Turbine (RAT) ..... ........... ...... Engine Instruments ....... AI-25TI........... 1-3.... 1-25..................... Forward Cockpit Layout .............. Anti-icing and De-icing System .. 1-7..... . Airspeed.... Forward Cockpit RH Console .............. ·.......... Main C/B Switch Panel .................... ...... ... GMK Directional Gyro.............Location and Indication .............................................. ...... Landing Gear System -Controls and Indicators ................... 1-35...Location and Indication ................................ ..... 1-15....Block Diagram ........ l-33.......... 1-28.. Fuel System -Controls and Indicators . Attitude Director Indicator (AD I)....... Speed Brakes System -Controls and Indicators............................... .. l-38...... 1-27............................. . l-39...........

.................. Warning.... .Controls ............... VHF/UHF Radio ............ 3-1....... EAS .......... Ejection Seat Forward View ............... ........ External Checks .....Interior Lighting ..................................................... ...... Radar Approach (Typical) .... Lighting System ............................................ ..... FDR.... Engine Operating Limitations ....... ... 2-4......... 5-1.................. 1-58.............Controls ... ............................... 1-51....................... 1-52............ Oxygen System.............. 1-54....... 1-66....... .... ................. ..... 1-61........... Signal Flares ......... 1-49. Ejection Envelope ..... Emergency Jettison System ............................. Exterior Lighting System..........T............... Canopy Jettison Mechanism .......... Caution & Advisory Indicator Light System .....Exterior Lighting ................................... 1-45.................................. 2-6.System Components ... .... Intercom . .. Engine Vibrations Indicator ............................................. Oxygen Duration in Minutes for Two Crew Member ...... 1-65......................... ......Straight-in Approach ............ Minimum Tum Radius and Ground Clearance ................................. 1-62. Interior Lighting System ...........Controls ...... ........................................... ........ ............ 2-5............ 1-44.................. ...................... 1-56........... . 1-57.............. IT-L39C-l LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Cont...................... Ejection Seat LH View ....................BOX .......................... ....................... · Seat Controls .... Canopy ........ 1-60.. ....... .................................. Personal Equipment Connection and Mixture Regulator ................ 5-3....... ........................................................... Landing and Go-Around (Typical) . Aircraft Dive Angle Effect ......... 1-47......... ........ 5-2......... ........... 1-46.... .............. Airspeed Limitations.. Operating Limitations ......................................Controls and Indicators .................................. 5-4....Controls and Indicators............... 1-67........................Controls and Indication ............ ................................................................ Ejection Seat Operation Sequence .......... 1-55..............................................O........ ..... Ejection Sequence and· Conditions ................................. PAGE 1-83 1-85 1-87 1-88 1-91 1-93 1-94 1-96 1-97 1-99 1-100 1-101 1-103 1-106 1-107 1-108 1-110 1-111 1-113 1-115 1-117 1-119 1-121 1-124 1-125 1-127 1-131 1-132 1-133 2-2 2-11 2-17 2-19 2-21 2-22 2-23 3-15 5-3 5-4 5-4 5-5 5-7 Ill Provided by Czech Jet.....................Controls .......... 1-50.................... RSBN Landing Pattern -Two-Turns .... Ejection Seat RH View ......... Ejection Unlock Controls .. 1-43.................. Signal Flares ............ 2-7... ............................. 1-64........ ....... 1-63..... Armament System Locations and Controls .......) FIGURE 1-42............. .... Armament System Locations and Controls ........... ....... ...... ................. 2-1.Aft Cockpit . .... ................................. ......... 5-5...........Controls ............................. IFF......Controls and Indication ................ Engine Operating Limitations on Emergency Fuel Control .... 1-53..................... 1-68..... ...............................Forward Cockpit ............... 1-48................. ......... RSBN Landing Pattern............... . RSBN/SDU Approach (Typical)..... Lighting System ..... 1-70.. ..................... 1-59.................................................................... ........................... Inc.................... ............................Controls and Indication ............................ ............................. Gyroscopic Sight and Gun Camera........... ......... ..... .. ....... 2-3.... 2-2.... .. 1-69.... Forced Landing ...................

... Airspeed Envelope ..... Inc...................... Table of Stall Speeds . ..........' 5-6....1 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS (Cont................l... ....... .......................................... . 5-8 5-9 6-2 6-5 6-6 6-7 iv Provided by Czech Jet...................U............... 11-L............... ............................ Dive Recovery .............. 5-7...............................) FIGURE PAGE Airspeed Limitations. TAS ..... .... 6-4...............-...........................................)..............\............... 6-2...... ....................... Stall Speed ........ List of Approved Stores .... 6-1............ 6-3....

Should. The word should is to be used to indicate a nonmandatory desire or preferred method of accomplishment. etc . Clearance must be obtained from the using command before any questionable operation is attempted which is not specifically covered in the flight manual. This manual provides the best possible operating instructions under most circumstances. etc. ~~ --------- -- . Change Symbol The change symbol. shading..FLIGHT MANUAL . The required quantities should be ordered before you need them to assure their prompt receipt. Operating procedures. Changes to illustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands. operational supplement and flight crew checklists. and May The words shall or will are to be used to indicate a mandatory requirement. Instructions in this manual are prepared to be understandable by the least experienced crew member that can be expected to operate the aircraft. I Pennissible Operations This flight manual takes a "positive approach" and normally tells you only what you can do. . etc. Will. "Cautions" and "Notes" found throughout the manual. Multiple emergencies. However it is not a substitute for sound judgment. These instructions provide you with a general knowledge of the aircraft and its characteristics and specific normal and emergency operating procedures. Checklists contain these procedures in abbreviated form and are issued as separate technical orders. I WARNING.. Use of Words Shall. technique. The remaining sections provide important information for safe and efficient mission accomplishment. Cautions and Nutes The following definitions apply to "Warnings". NOTE An operating procedure. How To Get Personal Copies Each flight crew member is entitled to personal copies of the flight manual. therefore. safety supplements. which is considered essential to emphasize. CAUnON Operating procedures. adverse weather. may require modification of the procedures. Standardization and Arran~ement Standardization ensures that the scope and arrangement of all flight manuals are identical. condition. or legend. Checklists The flight manual contains amplified normal and emergency procedures. which could result in damage to equipment if not carefully followed. The manual is divided into seven fairly independent sections to simplify reading it straight through or using it as a reference manual. techniques. Wamin~s. Any unusual operation or configuration is prohibited unless specifically covered in the flight manual. which could result in personal injury or loss of life if not carefully followed. teirain etc.. techniques. The word may is used to indicate an acceptable or suggested means of accomplishment. as illustrated by the black line in the margin of this paragraph. The first three sections must be read thoroughly and fully understood before attempting to fly the aircraft. Provided by Czech Jet. indicates text and tabular illustration changes made to the current issue. Your experience is recognized. basic flight principles are avoided. Inc. it is their job to fulfill your technical order request. Line items in the flight manual and checklists are identical with respect to the arrangement and item number. L-39 c INTRODUCTION ~ This manual contains the necessary information for safe and efficient operation of the aircraft L-39. Check with you supply personnel.

. it is essential that you do your part. corrections.. ale AC ADF ADI AGO AGL ALT AOA APP APU APU ARK ASAP ASP ATC ATT BATT BCN Ampere Advisore and Caution Aircraft Alternate Current Automatic Direction Finder Attitude Deviation Indicator Artificial Horizon Gyro Unit Above Ground Level Altitude Angle of Attack Approach Missile Launcher. l J.s IM IMC in ISA IV ·c C/B CAS J. LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS A A&C A/C. g GMK GND GS HDG HPC HPT Hz Unit for Load Factor Directional Gyro Ground Glide Slope Heading High Pressure Compressor High Pressure Thrbine Hertz (cycles) Initial Approach Fix Instrument Airspeed Intercommunication System Engine Inlet Directing Body Identification oFriend -or-Foeo Instrument Flight Rules Instrument Landing System Inner Marker Instrument .Equivalent Air Speed Kilogram Kilogram per Square Centimeter IAF lAS ICS IDB IFF IFR u.-1 YQyr R~512QD5ibili1): .J::t\.. Inc.LV. Auxiliary Power Unit Automatic Direction Finder As Soon As Possible Gun Sight Air Traffic Control Attitude Battery Beacon Degrees Centigrade/Celsius Circuit Breaker Calibrated Air Speed Counter Clockwise Center of Garvity Centimeter cw DC DH EAS ECS EGT Clockwise Direct Current Dangerous Height Equivalent Airspeed Environment Control System Exhaust Gas Temperature FOR Flight Data Recorder Camera Gun FKP Flight Level FL FOD Foreign Object Damage FOTAB Photo Flash Bomb ft Feet G. Review conferences with operating personnel and a constant review of accident and flight test reports assure inclusion of the latest data in the manual.Calibrated Air Speed Knots .. These should be forwarded to: Aero Vodochody 250 70 Odolena Voda Czech Republic PyblicatiQD Date The date appearing on the title page of the Flight manual represents currency of the material contained herein. Meteorological Conditions Inch International Standard Atmosphere Engine Vibration Indicator Exhaust Gas Temperature Knots .P.&..-. In this regard. KCAS ccw CG em KEAS kg kglcm2 II Provided by Czech Jet. and questions regarding this manual or any phase of the flight manual program are welcomed..T. Comments.lQ lel Y:i knQW Every effort is made to keep the flight manual current. We cannot correct an error unless we know of its existence.

POP PRMG psi PTT R/W RA RAT RH RKL RMI Personal Equipment Connection Canopy Jettison Pyrocartridge Ground Based Radio Landing System Pound square Inch Press-to-Talk Runway Radio Altimeter Ram Air Turbine Right Hand Automatick)l radiokompas Radio Magnetic Indicator Revolutions per Minute Unguided Rocket Short Range Radio Navigation and Landing System Radio Altimeter Remote Control Lnding System Second Sea Level Square Feet Transponder. IT-L39C-I kg!h kgls kHz Kilogram per Hour Kilogram per Second Kilohertz KIAS Knots .E. Landing Gear Ultra High Frequency Volt Volt Alternating Current Volt Direct Current Volt/Amperes Visual Flight Rules Very High Frequency Visual Meteorological Conditions Vertical Velocity Indicator Weight on Wheel Air Fuel Explosive Bomb UG Vmin lb LDG LH LOC LPC LPT RPM RS RSBN RV SDU sec SL sqft SRO m M Meter Mach Number m/s Meter per second MAC Mean Aerodynamic Chord max Maximum MHz Megahertz min Minimum/Minute MKR Marker MLG Main Landing Gear MM Midle Marker mm Hg Milimeter of Mercury MRP Marker MSL Mean Sea Level NAV NLG NM NOM NPP OFAB OM ORK Navigation Nose Landing Gear Nautical Miles Nominal Radio Magnetic Indicator Retarded Bomb Outer Marker Personal Equipment Connection ss T/0 TAS TVM VIC UHF v V AC V DC V/A VFR VHF VMC VVI WOW ZAB III/(IV blank) Provided by Czech Jet.Indicated Air Speed km Kilometer km/h Kilometer per Hour knot.T. Inc.C. . IFF Missile Takeoff True Air Speed Telescopic Ejection Mechanism Undercarriage.O. kt Knot KPP ADI KTAS Knots True Air Speed kW Kilowatt I Liter Landing Gear Liter per Minute Pound Landing Left Hand Localizer Low Pressure Compressor Low Pressure Turbine P.

Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. .

. . . . . . .. . . ... .. .... .. . . .. ... . . .. . . . .. . ... .. . . . .. . . .. . 1-50 ARMAMENT SYTEM . ... . ... . . . . .. . . ANTI-ICING AND DE-ICING SYSTEM.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. WHEEL BRAKES SYSTEM . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . ... . . .. . ... . .. .. .... . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . ... . ... . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . ... . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . ... . . . . . .. . ... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. PAGE 1-1 1-1 1-2 1-12 1-20 1-21 1-21 1-26 1-38 1-39 1-42 1-44 1-54 1-56 1-58 1--60 1--64 1--66 1--68 1-74 1-84 1-86 1-86 1-89 1-95 1-98 1-112 1-112 THE AIRCRAFT . . . . ..... ~ . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . .. . . ... .. . . .. . . . ... . FLIGHT DATA RECORDER (FDR) . . FLIGHT-NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS . . . .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . ENGINE. . . RADIO NAVIGATION . .. . . . . .. ... . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . ... . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .. .. . . . ~. . . . . .. . . . . . ... . .. ... . . . . . . . . ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . GYRO FLIGHT/NAVIGATION .. . ... . . . .. ... . . . . . . . . .. . . . MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ..... .. . .. . .. . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . .. Inc. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS . .. . .. . .. . .. . . . ... . . .. . . .. . .. . SRO TRANSPONDER (IFF) SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. ·.. .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . OXYGEN SYSTEM .. . .. . .. . . .. . . .... ... . .. . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . ... . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .... . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. . .. . . . .. . .. . . ... . .. GENERAL ARRANGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . .. .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . ... .. .. .. . .. . . ... : . ... . . . . . . . . . . . ...... FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM . . . . .. . . ... . .. . . . . . .. : . . ... . . ... . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM (ECS) AND PRESSURIZATION .. . FLIGHT CONTROLS .. . . . . . .. . . . ... . .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. ... . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. 1T-L39C-1 SECTION I DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION CONTENTS . . . .. . . . . . ... . .. . . . . . .. ... . . .. . . . .. . . .. .. .. .. . .. . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . .. ..... . .. .. . ... . . FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS .. ... . .. . .... . . . ... . .. .. . .. . . . . COMMUNICATION SYSTEM .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .. . .. . . .. . .. . . . ... . . . .. ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . ... .. .. . . . . .. . . .. . .... .. . . PITOT STATIC SYSTEM. .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . ANTI "G" SYSTEM . . ... .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . LIGHTING SYSTEM .. .. . . . . .T. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . LANDING GEAR SYSTEM . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . . FUEL SYSTEM.. . . . .O. .. . .... . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . ... . .. . CANOPIES . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . ... . . . . .. .. . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . . . . .. ... COCKPIT LAYOUT . . . . .. . .... . .. .. .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . ... . EJECTION SEAT . . .. . . 1-122 1-1 Provided by Czech Jet. . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . ... . . . . .. ... . . . .. ... . . ... . . . .. ... . . ... . . .. . .. . .. ..... . .. . .. . . . .. .. . . ·. . .. . . . . . .. . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . FIRE WARNING SYSTEM . . . ... . .... . . . . . .. .... . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. HYDRAULIC SYSTEM .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . ... . ... . . .. . . . .. . . ... ... .. . . . . . . . . . ... .. . . . .. . . .. . .. .. .. . .. ....... . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. .. . . . .. .... . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. ... . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . ... . .•. ... ... . . . .. ..

480 kg) (crew of two. two seater. Figure 1-9 applies to both cockpits. internal and wing-tip tanks) 10. T/0 weight Typical weights: Flight training Ferry mission (crew of two. usable engine oil and non-usable fuel). Refer to Appendix A for detailed information.042 ft (9. Two nondropable tip tanks are mounted at the wing tips. Two speed-brakes are located on the lower part of the wing and leading edge of each wing carries the pilot-static probe.493 ft (4. The pressurized section contains the cabin. The cabin contains the two pilot's cockpits with ejection seats. The empennage (tail unit) consist of vertical and horizontal stabilizers to which the rudder and elevator are attached respectively. The forward section further consists of three sections: nose section.360 lbs (4.920 lbs (4.485lbs (3. tiltable emergency generator with ram air turbine and fire extinguisher. . radio.mE AIRCRAFT The L-39 is a single engine.8 m2) 5. The wing contains wells for the retracted main landing gear.132 m) 15.2 These weights ate approximate and shall not be used for computing aircraft performance. internal fuel) 9. Inc. The NC is divided into three sections: fuselage. Behind the aft cockpit lies the fuel tank compartment and components of radio.640 lbs (3. hydraulic. The aircraft primary mission is basic and advanced training.72 m) 202.461 m) 39. pressurized section with pilot's cabin and center section.770 kg) Max ramp weight Max landing weight 9.395 kg) 7. wing and tail. carries the flaps and ailerons and is fitted with one hard points on each wing for two under-wing pylons of which designed to carry stores. hydraulic and ECS systems. The aft part of the center fuselage section to which the tail unit is attached contains the engine and APU installation and components of fire system. Under the cabin floor there are compartments for electrical. pneumatic and ECS installations.640 kg).700 kg) l-2 Provided by Czech Jet.600 kg) Max. shock absorber compression and tire inflation are as follows: Wing span Overall length Height Wing area Wing aspect ratio 31. as ·well as light attack missions. The nose section contains the nose landing gear and part of the radio and electric equipment and oxygen system components. The NC dimensions under normal conditions of weight. COCKPIT LAYOUT The cockpit layout is shown in figures 1-3 through 1-5 for the forward cockpit and figures l-6 through 1-8 for the aft cockpit. Each cockpit comprises the instrument panels and lateral consoles. which is enclosed by canopies attached by hinges and tiltable to the fuselage right side.230 lbs (4. subsonic aircraft manufactured by Aero Vodochody of the Czech Republic. AIRCRAFT OPERATING WEIGHTS Empty weight Basic weight 7. The fuselage consists of forward and aft section to permit engine removal.465 kg) (includes hydraulic fluid.805 ft (12.980 lbs (4. AIRCRAFT DIMENSIONS (figure 1-1). GENERAL ARRANGEMENT (figure 1-2). 10.381 ft2 (18.520 lbs (4. 10.

1T-L39C-l a )X( 0 AB-1-{1) Figure 1-1. Inc. . Aircraft Dimensions 1-3 Provided by Czech Jet.T.O.

Ejection Seat 5. Main Pitot Tube AB-1-{2) Figure 1-2. Fuselage Fuel Tanks 6. 11. 8. 9. Aileron 3. Inc. General Arrangement 1-4 Provided by Czech Jet. Wing-tip Tank 2. . Flap 4. Tail Unit 7.6 10 9 l. Engine APU Navigation Light Landing!I'axi Light Stand-by Pitot Tube 12. 10.

Height Indicator 37.U. Gun Camera 6. Radio Magnetic Indicator 39. Cabin Pressure Indicator Figure 1-3. . Automatic Direction Finder 7. Gyroscopic Sight 5. 11-Lj~L-1 2 3 4 9 10 11 12 13 14 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 17 31 30 29 28 27 24 25 26 1. Rudder Pedal 23. Short-Long Distance Beacon Switch 34. Armament Panel 26. Altitude Indicator 38. Accelerometer 41. ADI.l. Clock 25. RSBN Range Indicator 33. Diffuser (Air Shower) 19. Pitch and Roll Trim Indicator Panel 30. Control Stick 27. Voltammeter 17. Warning Lights Panel 2. Signal Aares Control Panel 32. Stand-by Compass 11. Master Caution Panel 9. EGT Indicator 15. ADF. UG Position Indication Panel 35. Triple Engine Indicator 14. LHIRH Wheel Brake Pressure Indicator 29. 22. Pedal Adjustment Controller 24. Inc. Upper Armament Indication Panel 3. RMI. Directional Gyro Front Control Panel 13. Attitude Director Indicator AB-1-{3) Forward Cockpit Layout 1-5 Provided by Czech Jet. RPM Indicator 12. Emergency Brake Pressure Indicator 28. UG Control Lever 36. Airspeed/Mach Indicator 40. Fire Detector Test Switch 31. Diffuser and Aight Suit Temperature Control Panel 18. Instrument Panel Emergency Lights Switch 4. Fuel Quantity/Flow Indicator 16. Caution & Advisory Lights Panel 10. Vertical Velocityffum & Slip Indicator 8. Engine Vibration Ground Test Socket 20. Engine Vibration Indicator 21.

Helmet Oxygen Pressure Indicator Oxygen Pressure Indicator and Flow Annunciator Emergency/Parking Brake Control Handle Instrument Lights Control Panel Flaps Control and Indicator Panel Throttle Quadrant Audio panel ICS Control Box Pitot Tube Heating Buttons Fuel Shut-off Valve Lever Oxygen Control Panel Oxygen Supply Valve Flight Suit Ventilation Controller Figure 1-4. 13. Anti-G Valve Filter Anti-G Valve Oxygen Regulator Test Access Helmet Ventilation Switch FOR Controls RSBN Beacon Audio Button Radio Set Control Box Helmet Visor Heating Control Panel Taxi and Landing Lights Control Switch Pitot Controls Canopy Lock Handle Engine Control Panel External Power Indicator Light AB-H4) Forward Cockpit LH Console 1-6 Provided by Czech Jet. 4. 26. 21. 19. 18.T. 1T-L39C-1 1 2 3 26 25 4 5 6 24 23 22 21 7 8 9 '20 19 18 17 10 16 15 14 11 12 13 1. Inc. 12. . 22. 15. 14. 2. 7. 25. II. 23. 17. 8.O. 24. 3. 16. 20. 10. 5. 9. 6.

NC. 10. Main C/B Switch Panel Canopy Emergency Jettison Handle ADF Control Box De.. Auxiliary Switch Panel 15.. Forward Cockpit RH Console 1-7 Provided by Czech Jet. 11. 5.T. Cabin Pressurization and ECS Handle AB-1-{5) Figure 1-5. 2. RSBN Control Box 14. RSBN System Altitude Selector Directional Gyro Control Box Advisory & Warning Lights Intensity Controls Emergency Extension and Interconnection Control Levers 13. 7. IT-L39C-l 1 o.Ice Sensor Heating Control Panel IFF Control Box Aft C/B Switch Panel Main & Emergency Hydraulic Pressure Indicator EGT Limiter Test Switch 9. 6.O. rJCio 2 15 3 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 1. 8. 12. . 3. Inc. 4.

14. 25. 7. 11. 10. 1T-L3~C-l 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 6 5 4 22 23 3 24 2 1 33 25 26 27 32 28 29 31 30 1. 16. Aft Cockpit Layout 1-8 Provided by Czech Jet. 9. 32.O. 24. 30. Radio Magnetic Indicator Stores Indication Panel Instrument Flight Hood Control Handle Airspeed/Machmeter Warning Lights Panel AD I. RPM Indicator Directional Gyro Front Control Panel Triple Engine Indicator EGT Indicator Fuel Quantity/Flow Indicator Cabin Pressure Indicator Diffuser (Air Shower) Clock Pedal Adjustment Controller Pi tot Fault Simulator Panel Navigation Fault Simulator Panel LH/RH Wheel Brake Pressure Indicator Control Stick Pitch and Roll Trim Indicator Panel Rudder Pedal RSBN Range Indicator AB-Hiil Figure 1-6. 2. 28. 12. 22. 8.T. 26. 31. 29. 33. 19. IS. 6. 21. . Short-Long Distance Beacon Switch UG Position Indicator UG Control Lever Height Indicator Altitude Indicator RMI. 3. Automatic Direction Finder Right Armament Indication Panel Vertical Velocitytrurn & Slip Indicator Caution & Advisory Lights Panel 18. Attitude Deviator Indicator Left Armament Indication Panel Master Caution Light ADF. 4. 5. 13. 27. 20. 23. Inc. 17.

8. 17. 18. 14. Inc. 3. Aft Cockpit LH Console 1-9 Provided by Czech Jet. 9. 10. 7. 20.O. 13. . 19.T.G Valve Filter Anti-G Valve Oxygen Control Panel Radio Set Control Box RSBN Beacon Audio Button Taxi and Landing Lights Control Switch Forward/Aft Cockpit EGT Transfer Switch Canopy Lock Handle Instrument Lights Control Panel AB-1-{7) Figure 1-7. 1T-L39C-1 15 14 t--8 i 9 10 13 12''I 11 ' '-' 1. 6. Flight Suit Ventilation Controller Anti. 16. Oxygen Pressure Indicator and Flow Annunciator Emergency Brake Control Handle Engine Control Panel Flaps Control and Indicator Panel Throttle Quadrant Audio panel ICS Control Box Fuel Shut-off Valve Lever Oxygen Bottles Interconnect Valve Oxygen Supply Valve 11. 4. 12. 2. 5. 15.

Cabin Pressurization and ECS Handle AB-1-{8) Figure 1-8. Emergency Extension and Interconnection Control Levers 8. Inc. Advisory & Warning Lights Intensity Controls 10. 1T-L39C-l 1. 5. Ejection Unlock Switch II. 6. . Gyro Unit Ground Checkout Access Panel 9. 3.T. · 4. Aft Cockpit RH Console 1-10 Provided by Czech Jet. Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel Canopy Emergency Jettison Handle ADF Control Box RSBN Aft Control Panel Directional Gyro Correcting Instrument Main & Emergency Hydraulic Pressure Indicator 7.O. 2.

FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT 5 lO 6 3 5 9 7 8 4 0 FWD THROTTLE GRIP G STICK GRIP (FWD COCKPIT) 0 STICK GRIP (AFT COCKPIT) t. 3. 5. Stick and Throttle Controls l-1 t Provided by Czech Jet. 9. 10. Wheel Brakes Lever 2. PTT Button Speed Brakes Switch Throttle Friction Pawl Finger-lift STOP Target Framing Grip e AFT THROTTLE GRIP AB-1-(9) · Figure 1-9. Trigger Cover Camera Gun Release Trim Switch Intercom Button 6. Inc. 4. 7. . 8.

These surge bleed valves are spring valves that open below 8fr89% RPM of the third compressor stage and 74-77% of the fifth stage. The engine is equipped with an annular combustion chamber containing 12 main fuel nozzles and two spark plugs are provide for engine starting. a low oil press "ENG.4::!: 0. Oil is routed from the oil tank to the oil pump and filter. Engine bleed air. engine which develops approximately 16. by-pass flow. Two surge bleed valves prevent the HP compressor from surging at low rotation speeds. diverges into two flow lines: The first line is directed to the compressors bearings. whenever oil pressure is below 1. OIL PRESS" warning light is incorporated which illuminates.3 kp/cm 2 (20 psi).800 lb) static thrust. The oil is then scavenged into a de-aerator. is employed for cabin ECS and pressurization.5-7. on a standard day at sea level. together with the master caution light. to dispose the air bubbles it may have accumulated. the central drive and the LP compressor RPM transmitter drive. thus maintaining its lubricating qualities. then through the fueu'oil heat exchanger. The engine is a twin shaft bypass turbofan with a three stage low pressure (LP) axial flow compressor and a nine stage high pressure (HP) axial flow compressor. which is directed to the by-pass exhaust through a mixer. When the aircraft passes from positive to negative g-loads and vice versa. The air flowing through the LP compressor diverges into two concentric flows: The primary inner hot flow. The LP compressor is driven by a two stage axial turbine. whi- 1-12 Provided by Czech Jet. ch occurs whenever fuel is ·approaching its freezing temperature. All other parts are lubricated by spraying. taken from the ninth stage of the HP compressor. where lubricates and cools straining components. In addition. An oil quantity indicator is mounted on the oil tank and is visible by opening an access door located on the aft right side of the fuselage. The HP compressor is driven by a single stage axial turbine. where the inherent energy of this flow is converted into kinetic energy. pressurizing anti-G suits.9 kN (3. . The same warning light illuminates also whenever the minimum oil temperature is indicated or whenever maximum volume of impurities in oil has been exceeded. cooling and distributing oil within the engine. The oil is circulated by the main pump through the fueUoil heat exchanger which is designed for cooling the oil circulating inside the engine oil system. It also has a magnetic plug for detecting iron particles in the scavenging area of the engine oil system. back to the oil tank. The secondary. Inc. where it is cooled..2 to 2. compressed by the HP compressor before reaching the combustion chamber. During normal flight the light shall extinguish. The oil is scavenged by the scavenge section of the oil pumping pack and flows through the magnetic plug to the gear box.ENGINE <figure 1-10} The aircraft is powered by an AI-2511. The oil system incorporates a selector valve which operates during inverted flight and alters the scavenging from the bottom part of the engine to the upper part.0 gal (4. MIN. The engine cross section is shown in figure 1-lO. fuel transfer from tip tanks and from inverted flight tank and for engine anti-icing. or when it flies at near zero loads. The second flow is directed to the turbines bearings. to cool and lubricate them. and for filtering and warming up the fuel in order to prevent deposits of paraffin on the fuel filter. Oil pressure and temperature indicators constitute part of the triple engine indicator. which is routed through variable inlet guide vanes. OIL SYSTEM DATA Quantity for dispatching: 1. deicing and demisting of transparent surfaces. the warning light may illuminates up to 6 seconds.5 1) Minimum oil pressure at idle power: 28 psi (2 kp/cm2) ENGINE OIL SYSTEM (figure 1-11) The engine oil system performs the basic function of lubricating. then through the diffuser gear box where upon extting.

:... Inlet Directing Body (IDB) LPC Rotor Fuel Pump Gear Box HPC Inlet Directing Body 6. 14. I 0.. 9 a: CD < ~ ::I 0 m . 5.l> (") N T N Ul I I n CD t=l I (") "'1 Vl 1 2 3 ' 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 :::T' c. 15. Fuel Regulator/Governor HPC Rotor Waste Tank Combustion Chamber HP Turbine Rotor II. 0 0 (/) c.~ :!1 .. 2.. 4.9 .r+ n = <r. 0 "'1 c:: ""C ~ 0 Q.J ~ ~ ... 12.· '< . LP Turbine Rotor Inner Core Inner Stream Jet Nozzle Extension Pipe Nozzle ' J. 3.· ::I ~ I... 9. 13... C" I . 7. CD .. 8.

12. 2. 35. 24.. 15. 32. 30.c::> c::::-. . 33. 10. 25. 18. 26. 36. 14. 3.O. 5. 28. 6. 4. Inc. 13.. 31. 19. 1T-L39C-1 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 7 6 5 4 3 2 36 35 _ 34 33 32 31 30 29 2827 26 25 24 23 1918 22 21 20 19 18 . 20. 22. 29. 1. II. 16. Oil Unit Filter FueVOil Exchanger Thermostatic Valve Drain Valve Centrifugal De-aerator Forward Turbine Bearings Housing Oil Offpumping Aft Turbine Bearings Housing Oil Offpumping Centrifugal Breather Reduction Valve By-pass Valve One way Valve Pressure Section Fine Filter Main Offpumping Section Oil Unit Magnetic Plug Offpumping Section Switch Valve Drain Valve AB-1-{11) Engine Oil System -Schematic Diagram 1-14 Provided by Czech Jet. 23. 27. _Oil Air-oil Mixture c:. 17.T. 34. 21. = c : : > = Air ammc::> amm Air-oil Emulsion azzuc::>azzu Fuel Electrical Wiring Oil Tank Drain Valve Oil Temperature Transmitter Transparent Glass Rotary Suction Tube Safety Valve Filter Minimum Oil Pressure Transmitter Oil Pressure Indicator (Triple Indicator) LPC Ball Bearing Upper Drive LPC Roller Bearing HPC Ball Bearing Central Drive Toothed Wheel LP Turbine Forward Roller Bearing HPT Roller Bearing LP Turbine Aft Roller Bearing Oil Pressure Temperature and Chips Indicator Figure 1 '-11. 7. 8. 9.

Maximal rating cruise f. Maintenance of constant RPM at idle power EMERGENCY FUEL CONTROL The emergency fuel control circuit provides an alternate method for controlling the engine by bypassing the normal HP fuel governor. limited by aft end of travel. Although the engine retains its control. In the first range of travel. l. which is 85% of Nom power and is also marked by a groove in the travel range.500 feet (2. Fuel supply for engine start TAKE UP NOM CRSPEED Maximuin power.000 m) 1-15 Provided by Czech Jet. altitude and temperature compensation. Maintenance of constant HP compressor speed with respect to throttle setting e. DELIVERY" advisory light.000 m) -Minimum 56% -Maximum 103% -Maximum EGT 655°C . d. This circuit is used whenever the engine cannot be controlled through the normal system.O. Fuel metering during start. EGT limiting.T. Fuel metering according to throttle setting. Along side the throttle travel. Inc. airspeed and altitude IDLE Emergency fuel system triangle STOP Engine shutdown. Manual and electrical shut down of engine k. gradient of RPM change should be 2% rpm per second. Limiting HP compressor RPM Continuous minimal fuel flow at all altitudes h. b. the following RPM limits shall be adhered to: Below 6. g. the emergency circuit lacks all the protection the no~al system enjoys such as maximum and minimum speed governing. The throttle has two ranges of travel: From stop to idle and from idle to max RPM. when lifted. 1T-L39C-l ENGINE FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM The engine fuel control system is a high pressure (HP) system which consists of a HP fuel pump and a wide range governor that automatically provides optimum fuel supply for any throttle setting and ensures: a. and automatic starter cut-out. Control of surge bleed valves from stages 3 and 5 of HP compressor i. significant power settings are marked to indicate the following (from forward to aft): Above 6. Hence the throttle must be operated with care while monitoring closely the RPM and EGT.500 feet (2. marked by a groove in the travel ranje. provides for the adjustment of throttle friction. acceleration and deceleration c. .Maximal rating nominal -Minimum 60% -Maximum 99% -Maximum EGT 620°C . Minimum power (idle). Cruise. Recommended time for throttle movement from idle to nominal is 15 seconds. Disconnection of air starter depending on HP compressor RPM j. A pawl. . A finger-lift. limited by aft end of travel. hinged on the throttle in the forward cockpit. Setting of HP compressor inlet guide vanes Fuel filtering ENGINE THROTI'LE The engine throttle is basically employed for setting the engine RPM. it operates the fuel cock. When operating the engine utilizing the emergency fuel control. limited by a stop. acceleration/deceleration control. Selecting the "SEC REG" switch on the engine control panel under the yellow quard activates the system and illuminates the "FUEL EMERG. sliding in a slot. enables the throttle to be retarded from idle to the stop (cut off) position. Nominal power. The aft cockpit has a throttle lock gate to prevent the forward cockpit pilot from retarding the throttle to stop position inadvertently.

covered by a red cover labeled "START REGIME". to indicate that the APU is ready to carry out an engine start. ignition system and a starting fuel solenoid. speed transmitter. The APU is used for in-flight start only when the RPM is less than 15%. must be stopped at 43±1.000 m). located on the left console in the forward cockpit only. fur inflight start. As the engine reaches 43 ± 1. located under the blue guard.the ·~ENGINE" push-button.5% HPC RPM till 45 second. the air starter and APU shut down. The air generator provides compressed air which is fed into the er. . 1T-L39C-l CAunON • When performing an APU assist start.5%. another three-attempts APU running cycle may be carry out after 20 min. which may be carried out after 30 seconds after HPC RPM indicator returns back to zero value. located on the ventral side of the fuselage. the APU accelerates to its maximum RPM and simultaneously. When the "ENGINE" button is depressed.000 feet {6. A total of three APU assisted start attempts on the ground may carried out for each APU running cycle. • • NOTE When switching on the emergency fuel circuit it may be accompanied by an abnormal noise caused by the change of fuel flow.5% HPC RPM by depressing the "TURBO STOP" When the emergency fuel circuit is used in flight.O. and the fuel filter light may flicker. APU SAPPHIRES Except for the fact that the APU receives its fuel from the main fuel system. with the emergency fuel circuit in use. or after 45 sec from initiating the start sequence. Another start may be attempted after 2 min. Should the APU fail to ignite. The air starter motors the engine to 22-24% HPC RPM and disconnects automatically when the engine reaches its self sustaining speed (43 ± 1. electric starter. both. When the engine does not run within 45 seconds the air starter disconnects and the APU reverts to idle RPM. The APU. compressor stall or excessive EGT. for normal operation and in the air. the autodisconnect function is deactivated. The APU allows motoring of the engine to the required RPM of about 24~. The engine is started by the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) through the air starter which is an engine component. The APU must be shut down after three attempts to start the engine. hte starting sequence is initiated. It consists of a housing containing a turbine engine. Before activation the emergency fuel delivery system. starting fuel nozzles. ENGINE STARTING SYSTEM The starting system provides. oil pump. by a solenoid valve. a "TURBINE STARTER" light illuminates in the advisory panel. The start sequence is terminated automatically. the throttle shall be moved to idle and pilot shall verify the HPC RPM are above 54. Inc. It can be used on the ground. APU OPERATION The APU start sequence begins when the ''TURBO" pushbutton is depressed for 1 to 2 seconds. therefore.gine air starter. by means of a three position switch. As the APU reaches idle RPM within 20 to 25 seconds. Not to follow these limitations can cause engine flame-out. ready for another engine start attempt. it is otherwise an independent system. the air relief valve closes to enable all available air to flow into the air starter intake. as described above. it will shut down automatically. it must be maintained throughout the entire flight until landing and the engine shall be shut down at the earliest suitable time after landing. During idle run of the APU excess air is dumped over-board through a relief valve. The air starter intake is then opened. gearbox. and the starter starts rotating the HP compressor to the required RPM of 24% (20% minimum). oil distributor and independent associated systems intended to drive an air generator. Upon initiating an engine start ("ENGINE" button is depressed). and another after 1 hour pause~ STARTING MODES The engine can be started utilizing one of three different modes. or at any time by pressing the "ENGINE STOP" push-button. 1-16 Provided by Czech Jet. The starting system is controlled by the "ENGINE" C/B and . ground and air starts and comprises basically of a starting fuel manifold.T.5% ). up to 20. Control of the APU is achieved by the ''TURBO" and the "TURBO STOP" guarded push-buttons in the forward cockpit and the ''TURBO" push-button in the aft cockpit.

the cycle can be prolonged up to 45 seconds by depressing and holding the start button. START SEQUENCE The "ENGINE" and "PUMP" C/Bs. Starting "STARTING": APU operates normally. The APU then accelerates to maximal speed and the engine starting sequence begins automatically upon APU reaching congenial speed.U. ROTAT': This mode is used when fuel has accumulated in the tail pipe. However. HPC RPM does not reach 56± 1. At engine idle speed the oil pressure shall be at least 2 kp/cm 2. .. Oil pressure at engine idle is less than 2 kp/cm2· NOTE When the throttle is moved to other than IDLE position the starting automatic process does not perform engine start.5% idle RPM within 50 second after starting process initiation. In the 25th sec the starting fuel supply is closed and only main fuel is delivered to combustion chamber. the engine stabilizes at idle RPM of 56:::!:: 1.000 m) by means of one of the following ways: APU assisted start HPC RPM less than 15% windmilling start HPC RPM above 15% The engine can be restarted by any of the above mentioned ways during both main and emergency fuel control. when selected to ON. EdT does not start to increase within 25 seconds since "ENGINE" button depression. NOTE The engine starting cycle can be hastened by synchronous pressing of ''TURBO" and "ENGINE" buttons already during the APU start. in the fifteenth second the main fuel delivery begins and both starting and main fuel supply is delivered to combustion chamber. fuel and ignition are introduced for engine start. EGT rapidly approaches 685°C · ''TURBINE STARTER" light does not extinguish within the interval 41.5%.5% HPC RPM within 45 seconds from beginning of engine starting. In the ninth second the solenoid valve opens the starting fuel delivery to ignitors. The throttle should be moved from STOP to IDLE after 3 to 6 seconds from moment of the "ENGINE" button pressing. it is necessary to windmill the engine before next engine starting attempt. the automatic starting cycle is termined after 35 sec. b. After starting. EGT rising shall be carefully observed not to reach 685°C and positive gradient of LPC and HPC RPM shall be assured. fuel is introduced but with no ignition.000 ft (6. The APU shut-down is indicated by extinguishing of "TIJRBINE STARTER" light. LPC RPM does not start to rise in 15-th second after "ENGINE" button depression. the automatic sequence commences: the air starter rotates the engine. l-l7 Provided by Czech Jet. When the "ENGINE" button is pressed for 2 seconds. Both APU and air starter are shut down automatically when the engine reaches 43:::!:: 1. NOTE If the engine starting process has been interrupted due to EGT rapidly approaching limit.5 second· after starting process initiation. c. Inc. If the engine fails tgo in-flight windmilling start. Preservation "PRESERV": APU motors the engine. This mode is used for maintenance purposes only.5 to 44. and the ignitors ignite without fuel delivery to test its function. connects power to the engine circuits and to the booster pump that develops pressure in the line leading to the engine driven pump ("DON'T START' warning light extinguished). The engine must be shut down immediately by shifting throttle to stop position and switching off the "TIJRBO STOP" switch if one of following occurs: HPC RPM does not rise within 8 seconds after depressing the "ENGINE" button. 11-LJ~L-l The starting modes are as follows: a. the solenoid shut off prevents fuel to supply to fuel nozzles.l. Windmill "COLD. IN FLIGHT STARTING The engine can be relighted in flight up to altitude 20. APU motors the engine but no ignition or fuel are introduced. HPC RPM are not at least 20% in 15-th second after "ENGINE" button depression.

Inc. The pointer with letter I indicates the HPC rpm and the pointer with letter II indicates the LPC rpm. In flight. one in each cockpit. It is permanently disconnected from the system. The fuel pressure indication is displayed on the top part of the triple engine indicator and its readings range from 0 to 100 kplcm2. The system is completely self contained and requires no source of electrical power. located on the main CB/switch panel. . The system consists of temperature transmitter located on the engine turbine ring and two indicators. The indicator contains two pointers. TRIPLE ENGINE INDICATOR The triple engine indicator contains three independent indicators: Oil pressure indicator Oil temperature indicator Fuel pressure indicator Ojl Pressure Indicator The oil pressure indicator system consists of a pressure transmitter and two indicators. the vibration level should be observed by the "ENGINE VIBRATION" warning light. The oil pressure indication is displayed on the LH side of the triple engine indicator and its readings range from 0 to 6 kp/cm 2 . NOTE The oil temperature indicator in the aft cockpit does not display the actual oil temperature. 1T-L39C-l ENGINE INSTRUMENTS (figure 1-12) RPM INDICATOR The rpm indicator provides an indication of engine HPC and LPC revolutions per minute in percent. an "ENGINE VIBRATION'' warning light will accompany the indication. The oil temperature indication is displayed on the RH side of the triple engine indicator and its readings range from . one in each cockpit. one in each cockpit. the readings and the warnings are reliable only during a straight and level flight and on the ground. one in each cockpit. located on the aft cockpit left console provides EGT indication to be displayed either in forward or aft indicator. 400 Hz voltage. The fuel pressure is measured in front of the fuel nozzle. Each system consists of a tachometer generator which upon rotation produces AC voltage output and two tachometer indicators. Pressing the button will move the indicator to over 40 mrn/sec and bring on the "ENGINE VIBRATION" warning light. An engine vibration test button "CHECK VIBRATION" is located in the forward cockpit on the LH console. Because of the nature of the vibration sensor and the indicator.O. Two separate. The readings of the engine vibration sensor and indicator become erroneous during aircraft evaluations and aerobatics and there fore should not be taken into consideration. Readings range from 0 to 900°C. The temperature transmitter output signal can be connected to only one indicator at the moment. The"EGT IND AFf!FWD" switch.T. at engine steady operation. NOTE The engine vibration speed on the ground should be monitored at engine vibration indicator. The oil pressure is measured behind the high pressure oil pump. one for each compressor. Oil Temperature Indicator The oil temperature indicator system consists of a temperature probe and two indicators. The oil temperature is measured in the oil tank. ENGINE VIBRATION INDICATOR Vibration is measured at the front suspension of the engine main ball-bearing and indicated on the engine vibration indicator. The engine vibration indicator is located on the instrument panel in the fwd cockpit only. Once exceeding the limits (40 mm/sec). identical systems. l-IS Provided by Czech Jet. The oil and fuel pressure indicator is power supplied from the inverter ill with 36 V. one for each compressor are utilized. EGT INDICATOR The EGT indicator proves an indication of the Exhaust Gas Temperature measured at the point where combusted gases exit the turbine unit. Fuel Pressure Indicator The fuel pressure indicator consists of a pressure transmitter and two indicators.50 to 150°C. The oil temperature indicator is supplied by the 28 V. Readings range from 0% to 110% for both pointers. The triple engine indicator is switched on by "ENGINE" switch. one in each cockpit.

O. 1T-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT G RPM INDICATOR 0 EGT INDICATOR e TRIPLE ENGINE INDICATOR CD ENGINE VIBRATION INDICATOR AB-1-{12) Figure 1-12.T. . Inc. Engine Instruments 1-19 Provided by Czech Jet.

The electronic block is supplied with 28 V and switched on by the "JPT REG" switch located on the forward cockpit aft CB/switch panel. the caution light will indicate the temperature of 685± 15"C and 715± 15"C. The system functions in three different modes: a. with no engine limiting or shutdown. or when vibrations exceed the value of 40 mmlsec (marked with a red marking) the safe engine tolerance has been jeopardized and the mission shall be aborted. the EGT limiting is inoperative.. However. As long as the pointer is between upper· and lower yellow marks the vibrations are within the normal zone. however. with either UG or flaps extended. While the "J.P. c.FIRE" in the warning panels.O. 700°C'' advisory lights will indicate the temperature of 685± 15"C with simultaneous operation of the limiting valve.P. In flight with UG and flaps retracted.T. I CAUTION I The EGT limiting system operates only at main fuel . Once the vibration measured on the ground at HPC RPM 100% exceed from the normal zone it is necessary to warn maintenance personnel.J. 730°C'' caution light will indicate the temperature of 715± 15"C. there will be rio engine shutdown. The engine vibration indicator is supplied by the 115 V.P. When fuel is supplied to the engine utilizing the emergency fuel control. When the starting fuel is delivered to combustion chamber.P. In flight.T 730"C" light comes on. b. 0 to 100%). the "J. 700"C" advisory light will indicate the temperature of 685 ± l5°C with a simultaneous operation of the limiting valve. On the ground. CAUTION If the engine is shut down automatically during starting due to the EGT limiting system operation and the "J. The system can be tested on the ground using the EGT limiter test switch "JPT-REG.J. Whenever either the tern- 1-20 Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. The switch is labeled "OFF JPT REG". The EGT limiting system is controlled by the electronic block.. which will reduce engine fuel supply in an attempt to keep the temperature within limits. the engine is automatically shut down after nose wheel touches down.T.T.P. 400 Hz AC voltage either from inverter I or inverter II. The system operates in conjunction with the . the "J. TEST' located on the fwd cockpit RH console. 700°C'' and the "J. 730°C'' light will come on.T.T. Positioning the switch to position I will cause the "J.P.P. The temperature transmitters (thermocouples) provide electronic block with electrical signal proportional with EGT. DRE WARNING SYSTEM The fire warning system consists of the fire detectors and the fire warning lights . FIRE DETECTORS Two blocks of three fire detectors. are installed in the engine nacelle for fire detection.P. Should that action prove to be insufficient and the temperature continues to rise.T. it does not extinguish after EGT drops below that value and remain lighting even after landing. '. Both functions alter their extend of intervention with engine operation according to the nose wheel position and its incorporated Weight On Wheels (WOW) switch. .T.. The normal tolerance zone is indicated by upper and lower yellow marking 10 mmlsec above and below the center mark.T.T. lT-L39C-l The indicator is marked with a yellow marking which indicate the normal specific engine tolerance zone after coming out of the work shop. Based on that signal the electronic block then controls both the limiting and the shutoff valves operation and signal lights illuminating. In that case. 730°C'' lights located on the caution and advisory panel. the nexct attempt of engine starting shall not be executed and the engine shall be handed over to maintenance personnel.T 730°C"light comes on during flight.P. The readings of the engine vibration indicator range from 0 to 100 mm/sec (i. If necessary the EGT limiting system can be manually switched off by guarded EGT limiting system disable switch located on the forward cockpit LH console. only indication is operative not the EGT limiting system. 730°C"light illuminates. 700"C" light comes on and in position II the "J. activation of the shutoff valve will occur at 715 ± 15 • C which will cause the engine to shut down and .P. EGTLIMITER The purpose of the system is to protect the engine against over temperature and comprises shutoff valve and limiting valve.e. the "J. supply to the engine. Should the temperature increase.

1-21 . a stop cock. Each control one of the pyrtoechnical charges which under normal circumstances will be fired simultaneously. (LP) supply system extends from the fuel tanks to the HP engine fuel control. located on the aft CB/switch panel. For system operation at least one pyrotechnical charges shall be fired. aLP fuel filter with a LP sensor and a fuel indicator complete the system. Fuel from the electrically-driven LP booster pump at a pressure of 90 to 110 kPa (13 to 16 psi) is supplied to the engine driven HP pump. FUEL SYSTEM (Figure FO. TEST' switch has a CHECK function on either sides to check each of the two blocks of fire detectors. and one inverted flight reservoir. and opens the fire extinguisher bottle. A fuel shut-off valve. Fire extinguisher buttons are installed on the forward part of the LH console in both cockptis. Provided by Czech Jet. lT-L39C-l perature in the engine nacelle increases at a rate of more then 4°C per second or the temperature reaches 200°C. 5 and the HP fuel pump. For fuel quantity information refer to fuel tanks description herein and in figure 1-13. located in he over-flow line. ll consists of. Fuel from other tanks passes to the tank No. The button is guarded by a red cover labeled "EXT'. The APU fuel system is also fed by the NC fuel system. 5 by self-flowing. Moving "ARE SIG. The fuel line incorporates a non-return valve. Pressing either one of these buttons. When the fire has extinguished or when the temperature in the engine nacelle decreases rapidly. 3 and 4 fill up the room between the air intake ducts and the fuselage contour. 2 and 5. labeled "ARE EXT" is located in the nose compartment. five interconnected fuselage fuel tanks. Inc. A venting manifold interconnects the upper sections of all tanks. This C/B is powered by 26 V DC. Tank No. The circuit is protected by two C/Bs. The valve is opened for transfer of fuel to tank No. In the bottom section of the tank. fuel quantity transmitter which includes the 150 kg (330 lbs) remaining warning and an over-flow line between tanks No. FIRE WARNING LIGHT A red warning light labeled "ARE" in the warning panels in both cockpits illuminates whenever the fire detectors sense fire or over heat.l") The NC fuel low pressure. two tip tanks. Tanks No. an inverted flight reservoir and a fuel shut-off valve which is controlled mechanically from either cockpits. 5 when the level is reduced to approximately 625 to 680 kg depending on the fuel density and temperature. FIRE WARNING CIRCUIT TEST SWITCH A fire warning circuit test switch is located in the forward cockpit pedestal. The second one is located in the aft CB/switch panel and labeled "FIRE". an electrically-driven booster pump is located and in the upper section there is the float valve for controlling fuel transfer from wing tip tanks. aLP fuel pump. The spring-loaded three-position "ARE SIG. electrically. the warning light extinguish and the warning circuit is rearmed. The booster pump is protected by the "PUMP" C/B. This C/B is powered by 24V directly from the battery bus. A check valve. FIRE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM The fire extinguishing system consists of the fire extinguisher and the distribution manifold on the forward part of the engine. The first one. thus releasing its contents to be distributed through the manifold.O. FUEL TANKS (Figure 1-13) FUSELAGE TANKS Five rubber fuselage tanks are located between the aft cockpit and the engine. prevents fuel back flow from the tank No. fires the pyrotechnical charge. TEST" switch to both positions will illuminate "ARE" warning light. Two pzrotechnical charges blow open the fire extinguisher valve. via the fuel line which runs between tank No. 5 is the collecting tank from all the other tanks including the wing tip tanks.T. and a drain valve used for maintenance purposes. Tank No. a realy cloese and the "ARE" warning light illuminate. 5. 2 is equipped with a combined venting and filler port.

located on the main CB/switch panel. All the above mentioned values are based on production specification or on standard. The aft cockpit indicator is controlled by the forward cockpit indicator. NOTE When the indicator reads zero. located on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit. or whenever the EGT limiter system is not operating. the electric signal is supplied to warning matrix to illuminate the "1SO KG FUEL" warning light. The wing tip tanks can be refueled by their own filler necks. 0. fuel is then supplied. TS-1 of first quality category 77S kgfm3. there is approximately 30 kg (70 lbs) of residual fuel in the fuselage tanks. the booster pump is re-covered and the pressure output overpowers the reservoir pressure. Warning light titled "ISO KG FUEL" that illuminates whenever useable fuel quantity in the fuselage tanks drops to below lSO kg (330 lbs). S is exposed. The valve is mechanically controlled and operated from either cockpits by a lever "FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE". The indication is however subject to change as a result of the various densities of the fuel used or a variation of the fuel temperature. The system is set to provide indications as a function to a sample fuel with approximately 777 kgtm3 (6. 400 Hz and is switched on by the "ENGINE" switch. The light can be manually switched off by "WING TANKS" switch.77 gai/IO. During inverted fight.g. RT of first category 77S kg/cm 3. The fuel indicator is powered by 36 V AC. With reservoir pressure of 6 to7 psi. The valve is in open position when the lever is fully pushed forward. In this position the lever should be safety wired and guarded by a red cover. Advisory light titled "WING TIP TANKS" that extinguishes whenever the fuel in the wing-tip tanks is used up or the air pressure in those tanks drops for any other reason (e. Inc.5 gal/100 liter) each. T-1 of first category 800 kg/cm3. INVERTED FLIGHT RESERVOIR An inverted or negative "g" reservoir with a capacity of l91bs (2. though under lower pressure than nonnal. S and the HP fuel pump. The range of indicator's reading is from 0 to 82S kg. and the density of PL-S from 77S to 79S kg/cm 3. Air pressure 40 to 4S kPa (6 to 7 psi) bled from the engine HP compressor is used for pressurizing the reservoir. S. OTHER FUEL INDICATORS AND WARNINGS (Figure l-14) The system comprises of four indicator lights: a. This design characteristic of the system offers the advantage of providing a value directly proportional to the amount of energy available on board (the fuel heat energy is directly proportional to the mass unit and not to the volume unit). FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE (Figure l-14) A fuel shut-off valve is installed in the fuel line. taking ?ver engine fuel supply immediately and replenishing the mverted fight reservoir within lO seconds. from the inverted flight reservoir to the HP pump and can keep the engine operating for 20 seconds at max rating power. The Jet A-1 fuel density of IS °C can vary from 77S to 840 kg/m3 (from 6. are connected to the wing main girder.3S psi). S. idle power).816lbs).060 liters !5. . leading to the HP pump.777 = 824 kg= l. Warning light titled "DON'T START' that illuminates when the fuel pressure down-stream the booster pump is below 30 kPa (4. Fuel is transferred by bleed air pressure 40 to 4S kPa (6 to 7 psi) into fuselage tank No. The air pressure probe is located in the air delivery line leading from the engine.011 lb/gal in accordance with production specifications) and the JP-4 fuel density of IS °C can vary from 7Sl to 802 kglm 3 (from 6. Caution light titled "FUEL FILTER" thet illuminates whenever the differential pressure between both sides of the filter exceeds a certain value which indicates of a possible clogged filter and beginning of fuel bypass function. Minimum density of 20 °C for fuel TS-1 of higher quality category is 780 kg/m 3. The minimum density for PL-6 fuel is 77S kg/cm 3.469 to 7. d. WING TIP TANKS Twl) nondropable wing tip tanks with a capacity of 17S lbs (26. b. 1-22 Provided by Czech Jet. 11-L-'~L-1 . at the outlet of the fuel tank No. The density of PL-4 fuel can vary from 77S to 790 kg/cm 3. causing its output pressure to drop to zero. Once the A/C resumes positive "g". c. the booster pump in tank No.Siiters) is located on the interconnecting fuel line between tank No.0106lb/gal). FUEL QUANTITY INDICATOR (Figure l-14) The fuel quantity indicator provides a reading of fuel quantity in the fuselage tanks expressed as a mass (kg or Ibs) and not as a volume (liter or gal). thus.U.l. When the fuel mass in the fuselage fuel tanks drops to lSO kg.48S lb/gal) density (1.468 to 7.

Inc.48 pounds per gallon and Jet A-1 fuel at 6. For usable fuel quantity deduct 15 pounds (7 kg) from fuselage tanks fuel quantity and/or from total fuel quantities.010±35 890±25 161 ± 10 1. temperatures. 3. Tolerances are due to indication errors with the variations in density resulting from production tolerances.051 ±35 Total Fuel NOTE I. etc. . I -~-' Provided by Czech Jet. AB-1-{13) Figure 1-13. Fuel Tanks Arrangements .T. lT-L39C-l 6 6 NOTE Numbers represent fuel tanks numbers Tank No.74 pounds per gallon (standard day only) 2.300 290 53 343 850±25 160± 10 1.100 200 1..O. These weights are based on JP-4 fuel at 6. Location Tank Volume Liter Gallon Fuel Quantity (kg) JP-4 A-I 1-5 6 Fuselage Wing Tip 1.

the "WING TIP TANKS" light illuminates. warning the pilot of the low fuel state. Quantity indication decreases. .5) Wing tip tanks (6) Remaining fuel from fuselage tanks • MEANS OF FUEL TRANSFER From tip tanks: bleed air pressure 40 to 45 kPa (6 to 7 psi) After completion of fuel delivery from wing tip tanks. In that case the fuel indicator reading can reasonably decrease during fuel transfer from wing-tip tanks. Fuel is then supplied both to the engine and the APU fuel system. The bleed air will still flow through the wingtip tanks into the fuselage tanks in order to maintain the fuselage tanks pressurized.indication remains steady NOTE When engine is running at higher ratings. FUEL TRANSFER SEQUENCE NOTE Initial transfer to fuel mass of 625 to 680 kg in fuselage tanks (I . End of transfer from wing-tip tanks .. an intermittent flashing of '"WING TIP TANKS" light may occur.5 starts operating and as soon as fuel pressure exceeds 30 kPa (4. when upon completion.gage indicates maximum (upon reference fuel density 777 kg/m 3 it is 850 kgJ Fuel quantity indication decreases to 625 to 680 kg according to fuel density and temperature. (provided that the "PUMP" C/B is on). the "150 KG FUEL" warning light illuminates. FUEL TRANSFER Air bleed from HP compressor is directed into wing tip tanks and pressurizes them. • During fuel delivery from wing tip tanks at rpm lower than 85% "WING TIP TANKS" light may illuminate due to insufficient bleed air pressure. Inc. I 1-L. When the wing-tip tanks are depleted.LV.>~\. With the engine running. From fuselage tanks: electrically-driven fuel booster pump. Refilling of the reservoir during normal flight: 10 sec. the air bled from the engine compressor is directed at a regulated pressure into the wing-tip tanks. When the total remaining usable fuel drops to below 150 kg (330 lbs). Fuel is then fed from the wingtip tanks until all fuel is transferred into the delivery tank. . 1-2-l Provided by Czech Jet. is accompanied by "150 KG FUEL" warning light. indication from then onwards.300 lbs) in the fuselage tanks.35 psi).Ifunction. INVERTED FLIGHT FUEL SYSTEM SUMMARY TANK CAPACITIES Limited to 20 sec at max engine power rating For fuel tank capacities refer to figure l-13. the "DON'T START' warning light is extinguished. making the wing-tip tanks the feeder source of the fuselage tank (the fuel quantity indicator remains steady as fuel quantity is measured in the fuselage tanks). and from the fuselage tanks the air streams-out to the atmosphere."WING TIP TANKS" light illuminates. the booster pump in tank No. fuel quantity in the fuselage tanks starts to decrease.--1 FUEL SYSTEM OPERATION When the '"ENGINE'' switch is switched on. output pressure from 90 to II 0 kPJ (13 to 16 psi) From inverted flight fuel reservoir: bleed Jir pressure 40 to 45 kPa (6 to 7 psi) FUEL QUANTITY INDICATIONS Tanks full. Once the level in the fuselage delivery tank drops by to approximately 625 to 680 kg a float valve enables fuel to be directed into the delivery tank. attempting to force fuel out of the respective tanks. Wing-tip transfer. with a fuel quantity of more than 600 kg (1. its fuel demand can be higher than rate of fuel transferred from wing-tip tanks. This is not a m:J. When quantity goes down to !50 kg (330 lbs).

T. .P. Inc. e MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL Fuel System. ENG.._ .U.P. I'M.T.l. OI.PRESS J. ~ EJ ~~ ~ ~ IM.Controls and Indicators CD AFf C/B SWITCH PANEL AB-1-(14) 1-25 Provided by Czech Jet. 'I3II'C J. 11111'1: e WARNING LIGHTS PANEL I 0 CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL (TYPICAL) e FUEL QUANTITY/ FLOW INDICATOR 0 FUEL PRESSURE INDICATOR Figure 1-14.IIII. LT-L39C-l POSITION OPENED SHUTDOWN·THROTTLE GRIP FORWARD COCKPIT G FUELSHUT~FFLEVER 0 THROTTLE I • • ~ § lu~l .:v I .

and two triple-phase 3 x 36 Y inveners. ice sensor. INVERTER II The invener II is of the same type as the invener I. located on the instrument panel in the forward cockpit indicates DC voltage only. 400Hz is obtained from two single-phase inveners and 3 X 36 V AC from two triple-phase inveners. must be switched on. ADF. current is not indicated in this case. RSBN and missile seeker heads. NOTE If necessary. Inc. "NE1W." switch in the aft cockpit). Individual circuits are protected by bimetal toggle C/Bs located on aft CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit. INVERTER I The static semiconductor single-phase 115 V. the IFF and RSBN systems are disconnected automatically. DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM (Figure F0-2) MAIN GENERATOR The main DC power supply system consists essentially of a 9 kW engine-driven generator. The generator to be connected to the power supply. If the voltage provided by the generator drops below the permissible value. a ram-air turbine driven stand-by generator and a battery. An external power receptacle for connecting an external power source. CONNECTION RSBN" switches." switch. . 400 Hz instrument. engine vibration transmitter and ECS valves and is connected to the circuit through the "INVERTOR I" switch located on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit.5 V and currency actually provided by the generator to the power supply. INVERTER III The invener III is small static semiconductor triple-phase 3 x 36 V. in the aft cockpit must be placed to the ON position. is located on the fuselage left side. the following conditions shall be met: "NETW. marker. It supplies current to IFF. The DC power supply is controlled by toggle switches located on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit LH console. Whatever the source is. It is connected to the circuit through the "ENGINE" switch located on the main CB/ switch panel in the forward cockpit and protected by "ENGINE INSTRUM. the "GENERATOR MAIN" switch. located on the main switchboard in the forward cockpit. 28 Ah battery located in the nose companment LH side. CONNECTION IFF' and "EMERG.&B." circuit breaker. both systems can be re-connected to the power supply by "EMERG. period of battery power supply to other systems is significantly shortened. It supplies alternating current to the following instruments: triple engine indicator (oil and fuel pressure indication) fuel indicator 1-26 Provided by Czech Jet. AC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM (Figure F0-3) Alternating current is provided by two single-phase 115 V inveners. 400Hz invener supplies alternating current to the UHFNHF radio. in order to have electric power supply on line./T. The voltammeter then indicates the generator output voltage 28. The inveners are powered by DC power supply. the generator is automatically disconnected from the power supply and the "GENERATOR" warining light comes on." switch in the aft cockpit in ON position generator voltage is higher than battery voltage external power source disconnected from the aircraft As the generator connects to the power supply the "GENERATOR" warning light extinguish in both cockpits.ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM (Figure 1-15 through 1-:20) The aircraft electrical power supply is obtained from a 28 V DC system by an engine-driven main generator. BATTERY An emergency DC power source is provided by a 24 V. located on the main CB/switch panel in the fwd cockpit. INDIC. Alternating current of 3 x 115 V. However when these systems are connected to the battery power supply. It is controlled by the ''BAITERY" switch located in the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit (and by the ·'NE1W. The invener is activated by switching "INVERTOR II" switch on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit. For the generator to be connected to the circuit. radio altimeter. A volt meter. When power is supplied by the battery only.

INVERTER I AND II If both inverter I and inverter II failure.ina- If inverter IV failures all navigation and flight instruments obtained power from the inverter IV will be out of operation. Inc.following instruments: ADI. the triple engine indicator (oil and pressure indicator). tum indicator and longitudinal trim indicator can be connected to the inverter IV by "ENGINE INDICAT. 400Hz inverter supplies alternating current to the gyro units of the." switch located on the auxiliary switch panel. 115 V FAIL" warning light illumination and appearance of warning flags on radio altimeter indicator and AD! with temperature changes in the cabin not corresponding to the preselected values. located on the aft CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit. Power of each inverter is sufficient for supplying all the above mentioned consumers. The inverter IV is protected by the "PT-500C" circuit breaker. The failure can be recognized by ''INV. SYSTEM FAILURES INVERTER I OR II The indication of the inverter I or II failure will be recognized by the "INV. switch panel in the fwd cockpit left console. INVERTER IV sou It is connected to the circuit through the "AGD-GMK" or "RSBN" switch located on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit. 115 V FAIL" warning light i::t' . . The failure is indicated by red light nn ADI. all their consumers will not be powered. To restore the power. EMERG. or by "ENGINE INDICAT.TO. fuel indicator. 3 x 36 V FAIL'' caution light illumination. Provided by Czech Jet. EMERG" switch. IT-L39C-i longitudinal trim indicator turn indi~:ator (part of the vertical n:locity/turn & slip indicator) INVERTER IV The rotary triple-phase 3 X 36 V. attitude director indicator KPP Directional gyro RSBN tion and all the electric consumers will connect to that inverter which has no failure. . INVERTER III The indication of the inverter III failure will be recognized by the "INV. located on auxiliary.

-·ij g g ~ ~ ...9~ e Figure 1-15. Inc.-. .~ ~ ~ ~ I~ ~~~ . ~ CD AFT C/B SWITCH PANEL AB-1-{1S-1) AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL Elct:tri~......-.:al Power Supply System .T.:ation and Control (sheet I of 2) Provided by Czech Jet.......Lo~..... IT-U~K-1 FORWARD COCKPIT 0 0 0 ~ ~y ij ~ I~ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .I:--: I = 0 0 0 ~ 0 0 e EXTERNAL POWER INDICATOR LIGHT I 0 VOLTAMMETER e MAIN C/B SWITCH PANEL I -. ~~. ~ E= ~ ---' ~: -·IOU ~ t ((§) v CFf """""" • • ~ ••• ..O.~~i ..-0 0 . -~ -.

. Elel:tril:al Power Supply System. ..Location and Control (sheet 2 of 2) J-2') Provided by Czech Jet.O. 1T-L39C-l AFfCOCKPIT 1.. Battery 2..:. External Power Plug 3. Auxiliary Power Supply (RAT) @ ON FIE EX! OFF @~ . Main Generator 4. @~ @~~ 0 MAIN C/B SWITCH PANEL ::.T. Inc.-z:= e CONTACfOR BOX AB-1-(15-2) Figure 1-15.

Inc. I :I 13 ~ 0 J I I 9 12 II 10 AB-H16-1) Figure l-16. '0 '' 14 SllU .U.-1 FORWARD COCKPIT 2 3 4 5 15 : i ! ~) ~ -.1.. Main C/B Switch Panel (sheet l zc 2) Provided by Czech Jet. 11-L.)':I\. ..

Connects icing signalization system. Connects and protects ICS and radio. Power from main generator is connected to DC BUS if generator is working. 3. 5. Inverter I is on. Protects SOU direct command landing system to network. Connects GMK directional gyro. Inc. 1. fuel indicator and inverter III to power supply. 13. . EMERG. GENERATOR MAIN GENERATOR EMERG. 15.T. 6. CONNECTION RSBN 11. Connects RSBN system and inverter I"V. IT-L39C-I Pos. Power from stand-by generator is connected to DC BUS if generator is working RAT retraction. 12. 8. RSBN manual connection when main power source failure.O. 14. 7. 10. SRO (IFF) manual connection when main and standby power source failure. Activates and protects engine starting system and connects engine instruments. AGO gyro unit. CONNECTION IFF INVERTOR II INVERTOR I Inverter II is on. AB-1-{16-2) Figure 1-16. Connects radio altimeter and marker. sou DE-ICING SIGNAL. ' Switch ' Function Provides battery ~r external power supply to aircraft. 4. Enabled function of tip tanks advisory. inverter I"V. ENGINE AGD-GMK ROO MRP-RV RSBN 2. Main C/B Switch Panel (sheet 2 ze 2) Provided by Czech Jet.. WING TANKS EMERG. 9. RMI and AD I. BATTERY .

.. --'"""'-" ..>2 Provided by Czech Jet..··-· . FORWARD COCKPIT • 5 6 7 8 2 3 4 9 10 ~----~---11 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 AB-1-(17-1) Figure 1-17. Aft C/B Switch Panel (sheet l zc 2) 1-. Inc..

Function 2. Aft C/B Switch panel (sheet 2 zc 2) 1-. ENGINE Protects inverter III circuit. IGNITION Protects engine ignition circuit. 16. JPTREG AIRCOND Connects ECS. 21.T. 19. 20. HAND LAMP Protects pitch and roll trim controls and indication. 11. EKSR-46 KL-39 EMERG Protects stores emergency jettison circuit. 3. SEAT Protects ejection seat height adjustment in the forward cockpit and helmet visor heatHELMET ing. warning. DROP FIRE Protects electric circuit of one fire-extinguisher pyrocartridge. diffusers (air showers) and ventilation suit shut-off valves. SEARCH LIGHTS Protects left and right landing/taxi light circuit. 6. LIGHTING WHITE FLTRECORD Protects flight data recorder and signal flares fire circuit. STAND-BY/MAIN PT-500C Protects inverter IV circuit. ARK Protects ADF circuit. LIGHTS Protection of NAV lights. STARTING Protects engine starting panel circuit. 15. 14. flaps and landing gear. 5. AB-H17-2) 1> There Figure 1-17. INDIC. Protects controls and indications of flaps. . PANEL NAVIG. Switch 1. instruments. speed brakes. COCKPIT Protects main instrument lighting circuit. T. L!G auxiliary lights and power supply of auxiliary hand lamps sockets l).&B. wheel brakes and ABS operation. 17. 10. controls and indication of flaps. 9. 7. 18. PORT/STARB. DE-ICING Controls de-ice system. and WOW switch. AIR SHOWER PITOTTUBE Protects pitot-static tubes heating circuit. U!C BALANCE are several sockets around the aircraft used by maintenance personnel to power portahle hand lamp. 13. LIGHTING RED COCKPIT Protects stand-by instrument lighting circuit. PUMP Protects LP delivery fuel pump circuit. Protects control and indication circuit of pitch and roll trim. 22.O. IFF Protects SRO (IFF) circuit. lT-L39C-l Pos. C&A lights in forward cockpit. 12. SIGNAL speed brakes. 4. speed brakes automatic extension at Mach max. CONTR.~~ Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. 8. circuits of pitch trim controls and indication and engine INSTRUM. Connects EGT limiting system.

IT-L39C-I AFT COCKPIT 4 ARMS ~ 0 LIVE 0 0 ON INTERCOM 0 0 EMERG.O. Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel (sheet I of 2) '' ·'·• Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. JETTIS.T. 5 8 7 6 AB-1-(1~1) Figure 1-18. .

1. ---~------ ----- - ---- . AB-H1~21 2. Protects ejection seat height adjustment in aft cockpit. BOMBS EMERG. it overrides fwd cockpit switch. JETTIS. Switch NETW. 8.T. 6. Figure 1-18.C?f any DC power source. Controls ECS shut-off valve. Function . Protection of armament system. 7. 4. Arm/safe bombs emergency jettison switch. 5.O. ARMS INTERCOM GROUND AIRCOND. 3. SEAT SIGNAL. ICS protection. Inc. Protects pitch and roll trim controls and indication. it overrides fwd cockpit C/B. controls and indications of flaps and warning.IT-L39C-l Pos. · Emergency jettison switch. C&A lights in the aft cockpit.Power supply on line . Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel (sheet 2 of 2) 1-35 Provided by Czech Jet.

Switch ENGINE INDICAT.)~L. connection of triple engine indicator. · FORWARD COCKPIT 2 I~ T ENGINE INDICAT. RS8H UGHT1NG AB-1-{19) Pos. EMERG. I 1-L.. turn indicator and pitch trim to inverter IV Switch SOU direct command landing system.. Inc. B UGHTS I G T N E H sou ~ R N G T @: 100'/o s s IDENTIF. CABIN HEATING HEAT MANUAl IIJTClloiATIC ~ COOL AUTO~~I MAliC OFF A N T NAVIG. EMERG. 2. Function Inverter IV on line. © TESTING © ~® ~ r.CONDIT. fuel indicator. when inverter III failure.J 0 c#.zs R....-1 . COCKPIT AIR. .Q~ AXED LIGHTING @ I (3\ I £0 ~ r::::::J . sou Provided by Czech Jet. Auxiliary Switch Panel 1. Figure l-19.ICKER .LV.

. Inc. Ram Air Turhinc (RAT) 1-37 Provided by Czech Jet.O.T. IT-L39C-l e RAT ASSEMBLY AB-1-{20) Figure 1-20.

Should the RAT extend due to an electrical failure and normal power is restored.). The pressure in the emergency circuit is recovered again when the aircraft descends. In case of emergency landing with RAT extended. ·. . A lever b. are tined with pressure indicators. The main hydraulic system provides the hydraulic pressure necessary for operating the landing gear. However the system can be manually reactivated by "EMERG. the RAT will automatically retract after nose landing gear touch down.RAT is retracted and not operating. The circuit next comprises of a filling check valve. "GENERATOR" light on and "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" light on -The RAT is needed. The three emergency circuit accumulators provide the hydraulic pressure which is sufficient for the extension of the landing gear. a relay will open and isolate the battery and the generator from the power bus. It consists of a reservoir. the green light illuminates together with the external power light on the starting panel in the forward cockpit ("NETW.) are connected to the main one. whenever the main power supply fails (generator fail. an engine-driven variable rate hydraulic pump. wheel brake. but fails to provide electrical power." switch located on the main CB/switch panel in the forward cockpit.. HYDRAULIC SYSTEM (Figure F0-4) The hydraulic power supply system operates at a nominal pressure range within 135 to 150 kglcm 2 (13.RAT is extended and operating. "GENERATOR" light off and "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" lights off. a relief valve and a · pressure accumulator.5 to 15 MPa) and consists of a main and an independent emergency circuit.T. "GENERATOR" light on and . When the connector is actually energized. NOTE Due to decreasing pressure during high altitude flight the pressure in emergency circuit can gradually drop to 120 kg/cm2 (12 MPa) at aircraft maximum ceiling. the RAT cannot be retracted using LG control lever. NOTE The RAT can be retracted using landing gear control lever only during landing gear retraction process when the LG control lever was just moved to UP position. The indicators are labeled "HYDRAULIC MAIN" and "HYDRAULIC EMER" and arc located on the aft RH console in hoth cockpits. engine fail etc.lT-L39C-1 AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM An auxiliary DC power source is provided by a 3 kW.. the switch . Both. flaps to landing position and the ram-air turbine in emergency and for the operation of the emergency brakes in the event of an hydraulic pump failure. Should the battery be activated or main generator operates at the time when external power is introduced." switch orthe "NETW" switch on the miscellaneous CB/switch panel. the main and emergency circuits. flaps. the RAT will retract automatically.'' and ''BATTERY" may be set to ON position to activate power. filters. The filling valve will open to equalize the pressure between the normal and emergency circuit. in case of an hydraulic failure. Provided by Czech Jet. BATTERY" switches must be on). CONTROLS AND INDICATORS The auxiliary generator is connected to the circuit through the "GENERATOR EMERG. Operation of the RAT generator is indicated by a combination of the "GENERATOR" and the "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" lights as follows: a. NETW. If the LG is in retracted and locked position. or not extended. etc. Individual circuits (landing gear. 28 V generator driven by a ram-air turbine (RAT) that extends automatically out of the fuselage into the airstream." and . It can be extended manually. RSBN is deactivated.. speed-brakes and extending the ram-air turbine (RAT). whenever the pressure in the main circuit is higher than 90 kg/cm 2 (9 MPa) and UG is extended. separating between the main (landing gear circuit) and emergency circuits. a switch and a green light. c. CONNECTION RSBN" switch located on the main CB/switch in the forward cockpit. wheel brakes. EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY The external power panel consists of a receptacle. and for speed brakes emergency retraction. When charging over between the main and the auxiliary generators. This way of RAT extension is used when engine flame-out occurs immediately after take off and emergency belly landing shall be executed. Power supply is obtained from the hattcry. Once the external power supply is connected. EMERGENCY GENERATOR" light off.O. by means of an emergency lever located on the right console in both cockpits. Inc. The RAT with the auxiliary generator can also be retracted manually by tilting the landing gear control lever to the right side (in retracted position) or by switching off the "GENERATOR EMERG.

actuators and wheel assembly equipPed with triple-disc brake sembly. SYST. it is possible and legitimate to return any emergency operated consumer. The main circuit pressure indicators in both cockpits are labeled "HYDRAULIC MAIN''. FAIL" warning light located on the warning lights panel in both cockpits. The hydraulic system reservoir is pressurized by air. EMERGENCY CONTROLS Control during emergency operation is by means of hand valves. The position returned to. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-21) The landing gear operation is executed by landing gear control lever. a NORMAL CONTROL During nonnal operation. to its initial position. Inc. The non-braked nose landing gear consists of a shock strut. a filling valve opens and pennits hydraulic fluid to flow from the main to the emergency circuit.) LANDING GEAR SYSTEM The aircraft is equipped with a tricycle type retractable landing gear. The main landing gear consists of a shock strut. The "pressure drop" signal is also sent to flight data recorder (FOR). safety and check valves to the main accumulator. The hydraulic line between the pump and main pressure accumulator comprises solenoid valves of independent operating circuits and pressure transmitters. The air pressure. Once the pressure value of 90 kglcm2 (9 MPa) is exceed. is indicated by the "HYD. HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OPERATION When·the engine is running. 1T-L39C-l.O. hydraulic fluid is pumped out of the pressurized reservoir into the main circuit. The nose gear is mounted on the forward fuselage section and retracts forward. . The gear is electrically controlled and hydraulically operated. At this stage. distribution of hydraulic pressure to the actuating cylinders is by mean of remote controlled solenoid valves with the aft cockpit controls overriding the forward cockpit controls. The gear is mounted on both sides of the fuselage and retracts inboard. The landing gear is held in the retracted position by mechanical locks. The same operating pressure is also maintained in the pressure accumulators of the main and emergency circuits creating a reserve of hydraulic pressure sufficient for operating vital consumers in the event of a hydraulic pump failure. These handles can be actuated from either cockpit with equal priority and in any order. actuated by emergency extension and interconnection control handles. coming out of the HPC is reduced to a value of between 0. will be the one selected by the nonnal controls. which dumps any pressure fluctuations an~ extends the pump's "arm" (compensates for pressure drop due to high pressure demand). The landing gear retraction on the ground is electrically blocked by means of WOW switch on the NLG. If the hydraulic pump output pressure is below 80 kglcm2 (8 MPa) hydraulic fluid delivery is at maximum and gradually drops to zero when the hydraulic pump output pressure reaches 150 kglcm2 (15 MPa). in the main system to 55 kg/cm2 (5. This value will be consistently restored whenever operating an hydraulic consumer which will tend to reduce the pressure.5 MPa).T. The hydraulic fluid passes from the hydraulic pump through a filter. An emergency handle operates the emergency extension of the landing gear. located on the LH side of instrument panels 1-39 Provided by Czech Jet. Used hydraulic fluid comes back to hydraulic reservoir through the filter. actuator and wheel assembly. In the extended position each landing gear strut is maintained in the locked position by hydraulic pressure and mechanical locks. on the right console in both cockpits pennits manual interconnection of the main and emergency circuits. Opening and closing of the doors is controlled by hydraulic actuators or by springs. A pressure drop. Main and emergency circuit accumulators are pressurized by nitrogen pressure 5 MPa. bled from the engine HP compressor. shimmy damper and centering mechanism.) as- The gear doors are always closed after either extension or retraction of the landing gear except for a subsequent emergency extension in which case the doors remain open. (In order to return to nonnal operation the respective emergency handle must be restored to nonnal in both cockpits. read the value which is the hydraulic pump output. both the "HYDRAULIC MAIN" and "HYDRAULIC EMER" pressure indicators. (The "balanced" situation between the two circuits will prevail only when the UG is extended or when the interconnect lever is operated. After an emergency operation has been executed.22 MPa maintaining a slight positive pressure on the hydraulic fluid. until the pressure in both systems stabilizes at 150 kglcm 2 (15 MPa). The control elements can be actuated from each cockpit in any order.11 to 0. should a hydraulic or electrical malfunction occur in the main system.

In the LG lever upper (retracted) position. · The green "GEAR DOWN AND LOCKED" lights. 1-40 Provided by Czech Jet. in the upper position of the lever the landing gear is retracted (up). The aft cockpit landing gear control lever has an additional middle neutral position. the landing gear can be extended by the UG emergency extension control lever. in case an electrical or hydraulic malfunction should prevent use of the main system. "U/C DOORS OUT'' light illuminates whenever one or more of the UG doors is unlocked. before the LG legs reach its locked up position. The landing gear can be retracted in emergency by means of main LG control lever. allowing to control landing gear position by fwd cockpit controllever. when illuminated. The red "GEAR UP AND LOCKED" lights. Retraction of the RAT by this way is used only when shortly after aircraft take-off the engine flames out. If the main hydraulic circuit failure or electrical system failure. the gear lever in the aft cockpit must be placed at the neutral position. illuminates whenever 44 degrees (landing position) flaps have been selected and the landing gear is not at the down locked position. indicate that the respective gear strut is at the down locked position. The UG position indicator panel comprises of three green lights. the doors remain open. it is necessary to retract both landing gear and RAT in very short sequence. "EXTEND U/C" indication light. When this lever is operated by moving backward. accompanied by an aural warning hom. In this case. three red lights and two advisory lights. when illuminated. LG is still extended and RAT will extend automatically. The landing gear system indications are identical in both cockpits and consist of the landing gear position indicator panel and mechanical indicators. a separate emergency LG extension circuit is fed by the emergency accumulator operates the landing gear" and door actuating cylinders until the landing gear is locked at the down position. indicate that the respective gear strut is at the up locked position. WARNING • In order to enable the gear lever in the forward cockpit to control the landing gear. In its lower position the landing gear is extended (down). the RAT can be retracted by tilting the LG control lever to the right.· cy means of extening the landing gear. however fll'St the main and emergency hydraulic circuits must be interconnected by moving the "MAIN AND EMER HYDRAULIC INTERCONNECT" lever backward. The mechanical indkators are located on the upper surface of each wing and in front of the windshield. both forward and aft cockpits emergency UG extension levers must be placed in the forward position. Inc. it means that during LG emergency retraction (gear in transit). the RAT can be emergency retracted by tilting the LG control lever to the right. To perform belly landing. EMERGENCY EXTENSION The landing gear emergency lever placarded "HYD EMER" followed by an extended LG symbol and located on the aft right console in each cockpit. Three mechanical external indicators provide visual confirmation that the landing gear is extended and locked. In this case. provides emergen. .in both cockpits. NOTE Retraction of the landing gear is possible only when the nose gear is off the ground.

qp UG STATE MECHANICAL INDICATORS ... UG UNSAFE ~lNG REl"RAcrED UG POSmON INDICATOR PANEL • 0 UG CONTROL LEVER (TYPICAL) C9 MAIN & EMERGENCY HYDRAULIC PRESSURE INDICATOR u 1\ I --..-. ··~· Q HY D EM .. I •I --- CD CONTROL LEVER - t-- . .. E R ~ . 11-W~C-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFrCOCKPIT UG EXTENDED .Controls and Indicators I-41 Provided by Czech Jet... .. •. Landing Gear System.. ..... ..U..l.... Inc...: I UG EMERGENCY EXTENSION Figure 1-21. .

emergency/ parking control levers and indicating system. BRAKE" lever. The wheel brakes will operate ONLY. since the hydraulic pressure acts simultaneously and equally on both brakes and the antiskid system will be by-passed. at any time. by means of the flywheel and its switches. If the main pressure falls bellow this value. control levers. 1-42 Provided by Czech Jet. The system is designed to modulate the hydraulic pressure delivered to the brakes in order to obtain. Whenever the MLG wheel ceases stops rotating. I WARNING.. located on the center pedestal in both cockpits. The indicator indicates pressure during normal and automatic braking of the left and right wheels. antiskid system is inoperative. the indicators will read 0. thus preventing the wheels from locking which may cause the tires to burst or hydroplaning if the speed of A/C is up to 260 kmlh. applies voltage to the brake release solenoid valve to release the respective wheel brake. The tum radius is directly proportional to the rudder pedal deflection. Inc.'LU. two control levers located on the control column in each cockpit. pressure reducing and safety valves and two sensitive selector valves. the brakes are not applied by means of the brake lever but by operation of the emergency brakes lever. GROUND STEERING EMERGENCY OPERATION If no pressure is available in the main circuit. The lever is placarded "EMERGENCY BRAKE" and located on the left console in either cockpit. The selector valves distribute the hydraulic pressure to the respective braking unit proportionally to rudder pedal deflection. Since the indicators indicate applied pressure. In this case. when the nose wheel is in the contact with the ground (WOW is on). by depressing the brake lever and deflection of the respective rudder pedal. no differential braking is possible.above 260± 15 km/h the . Steering the aircraft during taxiing is performed by means of differential braking of the right or left wheel. . the wheel brakes system is blocked. 1T-L3!JC-l WHEEL BRAKES SYSTEM (Figure 1-22) PARKING BRAKES The brakes system consist of two sets of disc brakes. however. in the forward cockpit only. when the brakes are not in use. to the forward position the parking brakes are set utilizing the emergency hydraulic circuit. ANTI-SKID SYSTEM WARNING • When the speed of A/C is. runway condition and force applied to the brake levers. The anti-skid is functioning in cycles 4 Hz pulses until the aircraft reaches a certain speed at which the MLG wheels rotate without interruptions. connected to the brake levers. When the UG is being retracted the brakes are automatically applied to prevent the wheels from spinning in the wheel-well. using the pressure stored in the emergency accumulator. The control lever applying the higher demand is the lever that will be controlling the brakes. the brakes can still be operated. In this case. By moving the "PARK. in the forward cockpit. Indication of emergency brake application is displayed on a separate pressure indicator. optimum coefficient of friction between the wheels and the runway surface for any configuration. The wheel brakes operate only when a minimum pressure of 50 kglcm2 is applied to the main circuit. When the nosewheel is lifted. The wheel brake system is normally fed by the main hydraulic circuit pressure from 2 to 33 kp!cm2. When applying emergency brakes (moving the lever backwards) the pressure 2 to 33 kptcm2 is derived form the emergency circuit. with a mechanical brake wear indicator. one on each main landing gear. one in each cockpit. anti-skid system. the wheel brakes can't be used normally and emergency braking is required. BRAKE PRESSURE INDICATOR Application of the normal wheel brakes is indicated by means of a double pressure indicator. It consists essentially of two disc braking units on the main landing gear wheels. the antiskid sensor.IEMERG. Nose wheel maximum deflection is 60 degrees to either sides. one for each wheel.

T. 1--P. Inc. 1T-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT WHEEL BRAKES LEVER AFfCOCKPIT CONTROL STICK (TYPICAL) e 0 EMERGENCY/ PARKING BRAKE CONTROL HANDLE e LH/RH WHEEL BRAKE PRESSURE INDICATOR II E E N R G E c y B R A K E 0 EMERGENCY BRAKE PRESSURE INDICATOR e HYDRAULIC PRESSURE INDICATOR Wheel Brakes System.Controls and Indicators 0 EMERGENCY BRAKE CONTROL HANDLE AB-1-(22) Figure 1-22. Provided by Czech Jet.O. .

INDIC. Longitudinal trimming is provided by trim tabs fitted to the left and right elevators. Provided by Czech Jet. In the forward cockpit. The longitudinal trim tab control and indicating system is powered and protected by the same manner as the lateral one. · CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-23) Both longitudinal and lateral trimming are controlled by a five-position spring loaded switch located on the top of the control stick grip.&B." and "SIGNAL" C/Bs. lateral trim position indicator is a "Neutral position" green light that illuminates when the aileron trim is at the neutral position. Aerodynamic balance of the ailerons and the elevator is obtained by balance tabs mounted on the trailing edge of the respective control surface. longitudinal trim position is indicated by an indicator consisting of a pointer and a top viewed miniature aircraft on a graduate scale. · In both cockpits. elevators and rudder) are activated by push-pull rods and levers while the secondary flight controls (trim tabs. located on the miscellaneous CB/switch panel in the aft cockpit. the pointer indi_cates a nose-up or nose-down attitude proportional to the amount of tab displacement. The lateral trim tabs control and indiCating system is powered by 28 V and protected by "U/C BALANC. furthermore by the "ENGINE INSTRUM T. The left trim tab is controlled by the flaps extension and will deflect automatically when the wing flaps are moved from to 44 degrees (landing) position. This bungee is activated by elevator deflection of approximately 13 degrees or more. placarded "LONGITUD". The aft cockpit indication consists of a trim tab neutral positi_on green indicating light. Inc. thus effectively introducing a ··nose up" trim for the flare. Consistent with the movement of the elevator tab. The right trim tab is operated by electrical actuator which deflects the tab up or down. The elevator system is provided with a bungee booster. ron and elevator control sys~ems con. speed brakes) are controlled by either electric or hydraulic actuators. The right trim tab is controlled by the trim switch located on the control stick in either cockpits. Lateral trimming is provided by combined trim/balance tab fitted to the left aileron and is operated by an electrical actuator which detlects the tab up or down. flaps. and by "SIGNAL.FLIGHT CONTROLS The primary flight controls (aileron. The flight controls can be locked on the ground by means of a locking device shifted under the instrument panel. . Right tab is the balance tab. The light in the forward cockpit is labeled "NEUTRAL POSITION" and in the aft cockpit "LATERAL". The indicator is located on the center pedestal. located on the aft C/B switch panel in the fwd cockpit." C/B. The rudder pedals can be adjusted according pilot needs by the pedal adjustment controller. to assist the pilot in overcoming the high stick forces at high speed and high "g" load. The aile." C/B on the aft C/Bswitch panel and "ENGINE"" C/B located on the main C/B switch panel. TRIM TABS The trim tabs provide aircraft trimming along the longitudinal and lateral axes. The rudder control system consists of two pairs of interconnected rudder pedals.sist of two interconnected control sticks (forward and aft cockpits).

0 CONTROL STICK AB-1-{2~1) Flight Control System.':IL-1 SPRING LOADED aOOSTER IN THE ELEVATOR .Control and Indicators (sheet I of 2) Provided by Czech Jet.:!3. .l. Inc..U. I 1-L. LATERAL e PITCH AND ROLL TRIM INDICATOR PANEL Figure 1.. CONTROL SYSTEM RUDDER PEDAL G PEDAL ADJUSTMENT CONTROLLER FORWARD COCKPIT LONGITUD.

.. Flight Control System. I a-&.LV. Inc.lf1 Provided by Czech Jet.-1 AFT COCKPIT e PEDAL ADJUSTMENT CONTROLLER 0 CONTROL STICK ..l::t\....ANCE Joo 20° 7•Jo' · 150 15• LEFT RUDDER RELIEF TAB AILERONS Joo 15° 16° Q) PITCH AND ROLL TRIM INDICATOR PANEL REL1EFTABS RIGHT LEFT*) UP-DOWN UP-DOWN 2°45' J•Jo' *)LEFT RELIEF TAB IS SIMULTANEOUSLY A TRIM TAB AB-1~23-2) Figun: 1-23. CONTROL SURFACE DEFLECTION ELEVATOR TRIM TABS RIGHT -UP -DOWN -UP -DOWN -TOTAL RIGHT-LEFT RIGHT-LEFT UP-DOWN BAI.Control and Indicators (sheet 2 of 2) ' . TABLE OF MAX..

The aft button. The mechanical indicators. Inc. IT-L3. represents the "Take Off' position (25 degrees).9C-l FLAPS SYSTEM The hydraulically operated and electrically controlled flaps are of the slotted fowler type.T. The flaps are automatically retracted to "Flight" position (zero degrees) at airspeed above 310± 15 kmlh. Forward Cockpit Control The fwd cockpit switch has three positions (functions): forward (speed brakes retracted). represents "Flight" position (zero degrees). Moving the lever back to the initial forward position will retract the flaps. Selecting the switch to its aft position will cause the speed brakes to extend." C/Bs. The center button. Synchronization of both LH and RH flaps is established mechanically. SPEED BRAKES SYSTEM The hydraulically operated and electrically controlled speed-brakes are mounted on the wing's lower side and consists of two hinged panels which. The two flaps are interconnected by a single actuating cylinder. located on upper surface of each wing. when opened. The speed brakes control and indicating system is powered by 28 V and protected by the "SIGNAL" and "CONTR. located on aft CB/switch panel in the fwd cockpit and by "SIGNAL" C/8. The aft switch has over-ride function (the speed brakes can be retracted/extended from the aft cockpit although the fwd switch is in the opposite position). Both forward and aft levers have the same priority. "SIGNAL" · and "CONTR. aft (speed brakes extended) and pressing inward (tactical use ." C/Bs. . located on miscellaneous CB/ switch panel. symbolized by a sharply bent line. EMERGENCY OPERATION Moving the emergency flaps lever in either cockpit to the emergency position. located on the aft CB/switch panel in the fwd cockpit and by "SIGNAL" C/B. The forward button. momentary aft (speed brakes are extended as long as the switch is held in the aft position). CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-24) The flaps may be set to one of the three positions corresponding to the appropriate control button located on the LH console. causes the flaps to extend all the way to landing (44°) position. the depressed button pops back to its initial position. After executing the hydraulic function. I--n Provided by Czech Jet. symbolized by a straight line.the speed brakes extend and remain extended as long as the . provide visual identification of flaps position. symbolized a slightly bent line. Buttons in the aft cockpit override function of aft cockpit buttons.S>. The moment the switch is released the speed brakes retract). Indication is identical in both cockpits and consists of a green "AIR BRAKE OUT' light in the landing gear position indicator panel. the speed brakes extend automatically and retract once the speed is reduced below this value. Flaps control and position indication is powered by 28 V and protected by the "U/C BALANC.". located on miscellaneous CB/switch panel. Selecting the switch to its forward position will retract the brakes. NOTE Flaps extension is blocked from the aircraft speed above 310± 15 kmlh. represents the "Landing" position (44 degrees). that illuminates when the flaps have reached the desired setting.02. extend 55 degrees into the airstream. Aft Cockpit Control The spring loaded to the center position aft cockpit switch has three positions (functions): momentary forward (speed brakes are retracted as long as the switch is held in fwd position). NOTE The speed brakes can be controlled from the forward cockpit. ONLY if the aft switch is at the neutral position. Opposite each button is an indicator light. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-25) Control from the both cockpits is by means of a switch located on the throttle grip.switch is depressed.78 ±0. Upon reaching the speed of M 0. while extended the "Mmax" light will be illuminated. Each button bears a symbol which represents a different flight situation. center (enables the forward co<·kpit to maintain control over the speed brakes). Controls and indication of the flaps system is identical in both cockpits. bearing the corresponding symbol.

Flaps System.Controls and Indicators I'-4X Provided by Czech Jet.O. Inc. 0 MAIN & EMERGENCY HYDRAULIC PRESSURE INDICATOR FLAPS POSmON MECHANICAL INDICATORS AB-1-(24) Figure l.24. .T. IT-L39C-I FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT 8 ~/ -oo 25° TAKE-OFF DEFLEcnON ~/ 44° LANDING (d/DEFLEcnoN ~ ~ 0 FLAPS CONTROL AND INDICATOR PANEL .

/G POSITION INDICATOR THROTTLE GRIP FWD COCKPIT · MOMENTARY RETRACTION NEUTRAL e PANEL e MAIN & EMERGENCY HYDRAULIC PRESSURE INDICATOR . lT-L39C-l FORWARD COKPIT AFT COCKPIT SPEED ~ 000 E]· BRAKES EXTENDED CD 1. Inc.O. . Speed Brakes System -Controls and Indicators. · Figure 1-25.T. E) THROTTLE GRIP AFfCOCKPIT AB-1-{25) Provided by Czech Jet.

(Excessive hot air with a max of 200° C (392° F) may be admitted into the cabin if the switch is held at the manual "HEAT' position for a longer period than necessary.. Down line of the turbo cooler. Cooled air then passes through a water separator where moisture is co. powered by 115 V AC.. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-26) The cabin temperature controls are located in the forward cockpit only. The system uses bleed air drawn from the ninth stage of the HP compressor and dcri\'cs its electrical supply from the inverter I.·. ENVIRON~.: llnw coming out of the vent can he controlled hv rotating the inner (large) ring for directional regulation .. flows via an electric shut-off valve throug!l an air filter to the heat exchanger and to the turbo cooler. I i-L31.:onJitioning control switch and temp controller. Pressurization and ECS Handle The pressurization handle. The temp controller functions only when the cabin air conditioning control switch is at the "AUTOMATIC" position and AC power is available. Inc. The handle is mechanically connected to the handle in the aft cockpit and provides three functions. Next the canopy seals are inflated when the handle passes middle position of its range. Th. the air flows to the ventilating flight suit and to the swivel-type air outlet diffuser (air shower) located on the right sub-panel in each cockpit.. NOTE The handle must he lllllved forward after start-up :tnd 11111\"l:d aft !ll~l rrior to shut-down. The Diffuser (Air Shower Temp Control) Temperature of the air coming out of the diffuser (and to th.t. Provided by Czech Jet.) Cabin Air Temperature Controller The C<tbin air temperature controller is located on the auxiliary switch panel on the RH console in the forward cockpit..U.:dlancous CB/switch panel. the automatic control svstem is deactivated and the temperature mixing valve r~mains fixed in the position at the time the switch was set to the off position. All others controls arc located in either cockpits. If the automatic control system fails or if the desired temperature cannot be obtained with the switch at the "AUTOMATIC" position.. . and ··summer·· (2°C). is an automatic temperature control selector with two values which are selected by the maintenance personnel: ''Winter'' (8°C). valve in the aft cockpit opens air delivery to both cockpits. The cooled air from the water separator is routed through two ducts. When the switch is at the center (neutral) position. Temperature control is maintained automatically according to set temperature when the switch {s at the "AUTOMATIC" position.:milation !light suit) is controlled from a panel located on the instrument right-hand forward console in the forward cockpit and is similar in functions and method of operating to the cabin air-. the switch may be held to the "HEAT' or "COOL" position temporarily and back to neutral.nJ the '1ut. any temperature between I0° and 25° C (50 and 77° F) can be selected by the pilot to be maintained automatically by the system. The ECS and pressurization system provides conditioned air and pressurization for the cabin.densed from the air." in the aft cockpit mis. the air enters the cabin at a preselected temperature to the air outlets on the glare shield and pilot legs. controls the air supply to the cockpit by positioning the shut-off valve.: . thus the temperature mixing valve is manually held in one of the two extreme positions and deliver either hot or cold air. CONTROL SYSTEM <ECS) High pressure and high temperature bleed air drawn from the engine.-IENT Cabin Air Conditioning Control Switch Temperature of the air admitted into the cabin is controlled by a four-position ''CABIN HEATING" control switch located on the RH console auxiliary switch panel in the forward cockpit.JL-I ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM <ECSl AND PRESSURIZATION. located at the right console in each cockpit. When the handle is in extreme fwd position. With the temp controller. Rdcr to figure F0-5.:r f ~mall) ring for volume regulati< >n. except for the fact that the temperature via the shower automatic temp controller can be raised up to 80° C ( 176° F). By moving the handle from aft to fwd position the microswitch mstalled on the aft handle actuates the electropowered valve on the NC engine. c~bin I WARNING • The manual "HEAT' or "COOL" position should be used while bearing in mind that it takes some time for the desired air temperature to actually enter the cockpit and therefore one should allow some time before a further manual adjustment takes place. Via the first duct. except for the compressor bleed air shut-off valve switch labelled "AIR COND. Via the second duct.

000 rn/23. A red advisory light "AIRCONDIT EMERG.000 m (6.500 ft) upward.000 m (23.28 kp/cm2 (3. Up to 2.000 m (6. has failed. The controller. differential pressure is maintained.000 ft) and thereafter will maintain that differential pressure. the engine running and ECS in operation. the cabin altitude will rise almost together with the NC altitude. the air· will ent~r the cockpit according to the last selection of the mixing valve.25 kp/cm 2 (0. even though selected to automatic. the cabin is automatically pressurized. i.500 ft). in case of malfunction in the pressure regulating valve." located on the advisory panel in the forward cockpit. placarded "SUIT VENTILATION". From 2. · A "CABIN PRESSURE" warning light illuminates in both cockpits. PRESSURIZATION SYSTEM With the canopies closed.T." switch is located on aft cockpit RH misc. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure l-26) A cabin pressure indicator. should the cabin differential pressure go beyond the 0.e. each sys- Provided by Czech Jet.O.. positive.14 psi) max.000 m (23. pressure limits. with the canopy locked ("CANOPY UNLOCKED" light. negative (during dive) allowable differential pressure.AUTOMATIC''.500 feet) a slight positive differential pressure is maintained.000 m (6. ECS OPERATION After engine start. if the system (air-conditioning and shower/ventilation suit) are at the "AUTOMATIC" position. A cabin pressure safety valve is utilized to prevent cabin differential from exceeding positive or negative. When the switch is set to OFF the ECS is shut off. the differential pressure will increase until it will reach approximately 0. located in the forward cockpit instrument panel.. control panel and guarded by a red cover." Emergency Switch The "AIR COND." switch should be placed at the ON position.03 kp/cm2 (0. while the differential pressure will indicate a low value of approximately 0. located down stream of the turbo cooler. The cabin pressure is maintained by a pressure regulating valve. IT-L39C-I. which controls the outflow of air from the cabin. . will change with variation of ambient air temperature as the system maintains the difference between the selected temperature and the temperature coming out of the turbo cooler. the air-conditioning system will supply modulated air according to the air-conditioning mode. For nonnal operation of the system.500 feet) and above.000 feet). is extinguished).4 psi). Inc. ECS Warning Li~hts tern will independently modulate the temperature to the one selected on the respective control panel. Rotating the controller CW increases the air flow.01 kp/cm 2 (-0. From 7. the differential pressure increases gradually to achieve a maximum differential pressure at 7. the "AIR COND." switch in the aft cockpit at the OFF position). and the ECS and pressurization handle fully forward ("AIRCONDIT OFF' light is extinguished).22 to 0. In this case the temperature in the cabin. Climbing from sea level to 2. or -0. Flight Suit Ventilation Controller The flight suit ventilation controller controls air flow passing to ventilation !light suit of both fwd and aft pilots.96 psi) max. A red advisory light "AIRCONDIT oFF·.000 feet) and above.000 m (6.33 psi) (at 7. max. is located on the left console in each cockpit. is activated when the temperature transmitter. If the svstcm is not selected to . indicates the cabin altitude and the differential pressure between the outside pressure and the cabin pressure. "AIR COND. From 2. which in this case cannot be measured. located on the advisory light panels in both cockpits is activated whenever the air conditioning is switched off (ECS and pressurization handle is not at the forward position and/or "AIR COND.

-· .=: . OFF 2. -~' I i ~ '-' ~ ~~ 0 ·e DIFFUSER 0 . ECS ON e DIFFUSER AND FLIGHT SUIT TEMPERATURE CONTROL PANEL FLOW DIRECTION REGULATOR 0 PRESSURIZATION LEVER .T. ~§ : MIWt I e CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL A A L N u WARNING LIGHTS PANEL FUNCTION: VOLUME REGULATION I.::. CANOPIES SEALED 3. -.ATION FORWARD COCKPIT G FLIGHT SUIT VENTILATION CONTROLLER VEH'IllATION SUIT . IT-L39C-I :®: I ' SUITVEHTI.ation System.O.·= •• ~ (g -.--i. •• 0 1'=1 IHYD:r·l EJ 00 1=-1 ~ ~ fM. ..ri ~ 10 e AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL Figure 1-26.:ators !Sheet I of 2 J Provided by Czech Jet.Q -~..Controls and Indi<. Inc. 4D CABIN PRESSURE INDICATOR AB-1-(26-1) ECS and Cahin Pressurit.'E.

1T-L39C-1 CU): SUIT VENTI. ECSON 4D CABIN PRESSURE INDICATOR VOLUME REGULATION ·o PRESSURIZATION LEVER FLOW DIRECfiON REGULATOR e DIFFUSER Figure 1-26. CANOPIES SEALED 3.Controls and Indicators (sheet 2 of 2) 1-)3 Provided by Czech Jet. MISCELLANEOUS CB/SWITCH PANEL • AB-H2&-2) ECS and Cahin Pressurization System. Inc.J I w:: I~ £SCENT 0 WARNING LIGIITS PANEL IIIV:v I [][] 1~1 • 0 EJ 1=1 ~ 00 1~1 FUNCTION: CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGIITS PANEL 1. AFT COCKPIT lilY IN. . OFF 2.T. I I e FLIGIITSUIT VENTILATION CONTROLLER [:s..ATION I V.O.

When icing conditions are detected by the sensor. are AUTOMATIC OPERATION With the switch set to the automatic position. The system is powered by 115 V AC and pro. A light in the "PITOT TUBE HEATING" button illuminates whenever. In normal condition the detector will detect the radiation all the time.Iocated on the aft CB/switch pane! in the forward cockpit. WINDSHIELD AND ENGINE ANTI-ICING SYSTEM The de-icing system uses bleed air drawn from the ninth stage of the high pressure compressor. The buttons are mechanically held at the ON position and are released by pressing the release buttons."CIB located on the main CB/switch panel and the two shut-off valves protected by "DE-ICING AIR SHOWER" CIB located on the aft CB/switch panel. to detect ice formation on the aircraft. to the deicing surfaces. located below the "PITOT TUBE HEATING" buttons. The ice formation sensor consists of radio-isotope emitter and detector with a narrow open space between thein. It is The system is disabled when the nose wheel is on the ground (WOW switch depressed). MANUAL OPERATION With the switch at the manual position. The sensor will transmit "ice condition" whenever the system is activated and no radiation is detected. the system utilizes the sensor located on the left side of the nose. If there is no other ice indication after heating of the sensor and 20 seconds break. The elements are powered by 27 V DC and protected by two C/Bs labeled '"PITOT TUBE MAIN" and "PITOT TUBE STAND-BY".). tected by ''DE-ICING SIGNAL. Once there is ice condition. a three position switch indicating OFF. the operation is not sensor dependent. ICING SENSOR HEAT TEST BUTTON Heating of the sensing system can be tested on the ground by positioning the de-icing switch to "AUTOMATIC" position and pressing the de-ice sensor heating "DE ICE CHECK" test push button. When pushed. a relay is energized that causes both shutoff valves to open. Than the ice formation sensor is heated until the open space between the emitter and detector is reestablished and the system is ready for next ice detection cycle after 20 seconds break. The "DE-ICING ON" light will illuminate in the caution/advisory panel.ANTI-ICING AND DE-ICING SYSTEM PITOT HEAT SYSTEM Each Pitot tube is equipped with a heating element to prevent ice accumulation. The switch in "MANUAL" position commands the shut-off valve to open and bleed air is directed to the de-icing surfaces. thereby directing the bleed air. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS The "ANTI-ICING" de-icing switch is located on the RH console auxiliary switch panel in the forward cockpit. Provided by Czech Jet. AUTOMATIC and· MANUAL. a signal is sent to activate the "icing/snow flakes" caution light on the caution and advisory panel in both cockpits. Inc. the nose wheel micro-switch will have no effect on the system operation. the space will be filled with ice and detection will be interrupted. In manual operation. Together with the actuation of the caution light. each button energizes the heating element in the respective Pitot tube (left button. The green light by the side of the push button will illuminate to indicate the system is operative. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Figure 1-27) · Heating of the Pitot booms is controlled by two "PITOT TUBE HEATING" pushbuttons located on the left console in the forward cockpit. Opening of the shut-off valves is indicated by "DE-ICING ON" light on the caution/advisory panel in both cockpits. The air is directed to the windshield. The de-ice sensor heating control panel is located on the right console in forward cockpit. LH tube etc. both shut-off valves will close. engine air intake ducts and the inlet guide vanes of the engine low pressure compressor (LPC). . The de-ice sensor heating control panel is located on the right console in forward cockpit. The air delivery to the airframe anti-icing system is controlled by one electric shut-off valve and to the engine anti-icing system by the second shut-off valve. the pushbutton is depressed (ON position).

. OFO y e AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL ~® n ~~ ~0 0 DE-ICE SENSOR HEATING CONTROL PANEL Figure 1-27. IT-L39C-l ICE DETECT PROBE FORWARD COCKPIT 0 PITOT TUBE HEATING BUTIONS 0 CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL COCKPIT AIR-CONDIT• MilO . • -~rI IIA1IC • . Inc. e AFT CB/SWITCH PANEL AB-1-(27) Anti-icing and De-icing System -Controls and Indicators 1-55 Provided by Czech Jet. • G.LU.

After selecting the selector to "FAILURE". to the guarded "RED. the selector shall be placed CW for 30 sec. located on the left console in the forward cockpit. Static pressure consumers: Altimeter Vertical velocity indicator (VVI) Mach and airspeed indicator Cabin altitude pressure indicator Cabin pressure regulator Cabin over/under pressure sensor Flaps air pressure switch Sight altitude sensor SDU altitude correction system RSBN altitude transmitter RSBN airspeed transmitter Altitude transmitter to FDR Airspeed transmitter to FDR FDR automatic switch Anti skid system Total pressure consumers: Mach and airspeed indicator Flaps air pressure switch Forward seat Aft seat RSBN airspeed transmitter Airspeed transmitter to FDR FDR automatic switch Anti skid system PITOT SELECTOR LEVERS. to the guarded "RED. 1--"ih Provided by Czech Jet. (Figure 1-28) PITOT TUBE SELECTOR The Pitot tube selector lever. IT-L31JC-l PITQT-STATIC SYSTEM. . The selectors can be switched over in any order immediately one by one. the instruments in the aft cockpit remain normal and show the true readings. the system is fed by pressure from the RH Pitot tube. MIN 30" prior to positioning it back to normal. to avoid a sudden pressure surge on the instruments." NOTE At any time the pitot fault simulator is operating. Normally the Pitot tube on the right wing is connected to the aircraft systems and the left one serves as the back~up system. "TOTAL PRESS. PITOT FAULT SIMULATOR SELECTORS Two selectors. (Figure F0-6) The Pitot-static system supplies static and total Pitot pressure to various flight instruments and to airspeed switches. Positioning the selector CW to "FAILURE'' cuts off the total pressure to the instruments in the forward cockpit. is labelled "PITOT TUBE" It is a manually operated selector valve with positions marked "MAIN" and "STBY". PRESS" Positioning the selector CW to "FAILURE" cuts off the static pressure to the instruments in the for ward cockpit. ''STBY" is the position to be selected for the backup (left) system (except the static pressure to the cabin pressure regulator which is still supplied from the RH Pitot tube). MIN 30" prior to positioning it back to normal. to aviod a sudden pressure surge on the instruments. After selecting the selector to "FAILURE". Both systems consist of drains at their lowest points located in the center section of each wing. are located on the center pedestal in the aft cockpit. With these selectors the instructor. the selector shall be placed CW for 30 sec. "STAT. The system comprises of two separate systems that receive inputs from the Pi tot tubes mounted on each wing leading edge. Inc. from the back seat can simulate a Pitot failure to the front pilot. capable of isolating the forward cockpit Pitot inputs.LU. With the lever at the ''MAIN" position.

.LV...-1 FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT 0 PITOT CONTROLS e PITOT FAULT SIMULATOR PANEL CD AFT CB/SWITCH PANEL Figure 1-28. Inc. Pitot-statit: System -Controls and Indit:ators AB-1-i28) l-:'i7 Provided by Czech Jet. 11-1...)~\. .

ALTIMETER The altimeter (figure 1-29) located on the instrument panel in each cockpit. The red flag appears when receiver does not have any signal or whenever the radio altimeter does not operate. It consists of a transmitter-receiver. from 20 to 100 meters in 10 meter increments and from 100 to 750 meters in 50 meter increments. From 0 to 20 m/sec it is graduated in increments of 2 and from 20 to 80 m/sec in increments of 10 meters. The indicator has a 9-second delay. even though displaying on the same instrument face.78 :::!:: 0.) The vertical velocity indicator scale is graduated from 0 to 80 m/sec. to be exposed as the A/C descends below 750 m. one in each cockpit. The corresponding Mach number is indicated by means of a yellow pointer in a window from 0. Inc. 670 to 790 mm of mercury column. the "DANGEROUS ALTITUDE" light will illuminate in the respective cockpit on the warning panel accompanied by a time limited (7 sec approximately) audio warning to the pilot's headset and a yellow dangerous height warning light on each height indicator. The slip indicator is a mechanical instrument which consists of a hall positioned in a tuhe full of liquid. 1-'>~ Provided by Czech Jet.200 km/h while theTAS pointer indicates . a DH pointer moves at the direction of the rotation.000 meters in 1.FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS PRESSURE INSTRUMENTS MACH-IAS-TAS INDICATOR The Mach-IAS-TAS indicator (figure 1-29). . The tum indicator gyro unit is powered by 36 V AC 400 Hz together with engine instruments. A pointer moves along the scale from 0 (on the ground) to over 750 m where it is hidden behind a black scale sector. The Mach meter also incorporates the air speed sensor for automatic deployment of the speed brakes at 0. When the height pointer indicates a height which is equal to or below the height at which the DH pointer is set to. (The turn and slip indicator.000 meters increments and the long outer pointer indicates increments of I 00 meters and pans of hundreds. two antennas (one transmitting and one receiving) and two height indicators. The lAS pointer indicates airspeed from 100 to 1.02 Mach and illuminating of the "M MAX" warning light. indicate the airspeed on the fixed dial. The knob located in the left lower part of the instrument provides a barometric pressure setting from . height from 0 to 20 meters are graduated in 2 meter increments. true airspeed and Mach number. indicates aircraft altitude in meters. The smallest graduation is 10-meter increments.9 M. DANGEROUS HEIGHT WARNING ·A decision height CDH) knob is located on the bottom RH corner of each height indicator. provides indications for the indicated airspeed. located on the instrument panel in each cockpit. The face of the instrument bears an example of speed and bank angle which will produce the above rate (45°at 350 kmlhr). The turn indicator is a gyro instrument which provides a quantitative display of the rate of tum being performed. The display limits indicate a "rate 2" tum meaning 360° turn per minute. 1m: radio altimeter circuit is switched on by the "MRP RV" switch located on the forward cockpit main C/B switch panel and it is powered by 28 V DC and 115 V AC 400Hz from the inverter I (or inverter II). HEIGHT INDICATOR The height indicator display (figure 1-30) is unevenly graduated. Two pointers (the wider for lAS and the thinner for TAS). indicates the rate of climb or descent in meters per second. hence providing a more detailed read-out when the aircraft is at low heights. RV-SM RADIO ALTIMETER The radio altimeter provides a read-out of absolute height from 0 to 750 meters over terrain and water. is not part of the pressure instruments. acting as a pendulum and will slide to one side whenever the aircraft is flying an uncoordinated flight. along the scale. The short thick inner pointer indicates the altitude from 0 to 20.airspeed from 300 to 1.5 to 0.200 kmlh. The two pointer altimeter has two concentrically mounted pointers coded in length and shape. By rotating the knob. COMBINED VVIffURN AND SLIP INDICATOR The combined vertical velocity/tum and slip indicator located on the instrument panel in each c~kpit (figure 1-29).

~§ I'~G I ~ IGENEMT~I [.] 1~1 ~ ~ 1~1 ~ J1TUDE AI. .T. Airspeed. • L :TOR e WARNING LIGHTS PANEL Figure 1-29.O. IT-L39C-I FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT G ALTIMETER 0 MACH-IAS-TAS INDICATOR . Inc. Altitude and VVI!furn and Slip Indicator 0 VVIffURN & SLIP INDICATOR AB-1-(29) Provided by Czech Jet.

ARRESTING BUTTON NOTE The different visual warning <.5 meters. which consists of an artificial horizon displayed in relation to an AJC symbol. The test can be performed both on the ground and during flight. PITCH INDICATION CYLINDER The pitch indication cylinder in relation to the miniature aircraft symbol indicates the aircraft pitch angle. symbol which leans in consideration to the instrument fixed scale. one in each cockpit is a servoed repeater indicator. The cylinder can be adjusted during ADI operation. Inc. SOU remote command landing system pointers and a slip indicator. The aircraft symbol movement is unlimited.LO. The pitch indication cylinder and bank angle indicator receive their inputs from the AGO artificial horizon gyro unit. corresponding the real aircraft attitude. When the aircraft pitch angle reaches 90° the miniature aircraft symbol reverses by 180° to achieve the position. During the arresting cycle the red "APPETMP" light illuminates in the arresting button for at most 15 seconds.an be generated in fwd and aft cockpits because the different DH can be set on respective indicators. The maximal movement of the cylinder in pitch axis during climb or descent of the aircraft is 85°. TYPE KPP The ADI (figure 1-31 ). PITCH TRIM KNOB The pitch trim knob is mounted on the lower right hand side of the face of the indicator and is intended for aligning the pitch indication cylinder with the AJC symbol. The ADI receives and displays inputs from an AGO artificial horizon gyro unit. the AIC nose down position is required in such a rate to get the pitch indicator to the center position. RSBN short-range radio navigation and landing system and from the SOU remote command · landing system. received by aboard RSBN system and generated by SOU system during the precision landing approach. The audio warning is generated according to fwd cockpit indicator DH setting for both pilots. SYSTEM TEST Pressing and holding the lower LH push button will cause the pointer to indicate a height of 15 ± 1. The knob can be turned in both dir~ctions and is limited by mechanical stop. The light illuminates also if the AGO power supply fails. with RSBN localizer and glide slope indications. "DANGEROUS ALTITUDE". 1-60 Provided by Czech Jet. The ADI indicator is powered by 27 V DC and 36 V AC 400 Hz. FLIGHT-NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS ATTITUDE DIRECTOR INDICATOR (ADI). the. The pitch indicator swung under the center position .) During the SOU landing approach both pointers should be kept in the center position by steering the AIC to keep and follow the optimum approach path. The indicators represents extent of lateral and longitudinal movement of the aircraft which is required to align the AIC with optimum landing approach path. The AGO gyro ring arresting cycle is activated by depressing the arresting button. yellow DH warning light and audible warning will be activated. the right bank is required in such a rate to get the bank indicator to the center position. IT-LJ~C-1 NOTE The audio signal is audible only when the A/C passes the DH from higher height to lower one (during descent). BANK ANGLE INDICATOR The bank angle indicator is cre~ted by the miniatur:e aircraft.AIC is left from the runway localizer radio beam. Should the DH pointer is set to 15 meters or below. REMOTE COMMAND LANDING SYSTEM (SOU) POINTERS "Dte SOU pointers display the signal which is transmitted by the RSBN ground based landing facility.AJC is above the glide-slope beam. The indicator is activated by the "AGD-GMK" switch located on the forward cockpit main C/B switch panel. . (The bank indicator swung to right from center position .

DH Pointer 5. lT-L39C-l . FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT 5 2 3 4 e HEIGHT INDICATOR. Radio Altimeter 1-nl Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. 3. . Black Scale Sec~or AB-1-(30) Figure 1-30. Red Flag Height Pointer Dangerous Height Warning Light (Yellow)/DH Knob 4.O. . 2. 0 WARNING LIGHTS PANEL I.T. Test Push Button 6.

12. Bank Angle Scale Miniature Aircraft Symbol Bank Trim Knob Slip Indicator SOU Pitch Pointer SOU Bank Pointer AB-1-{31) Figure 1-31. 10.T. 13. II.O. 3. Type KPP Provided by Czech Jet.K 8. 7.Warning Flag. 4. ADI I. 9.T Localizer Deviation Scale SOU Warning Flag . Attitude Director Indicator (AD)). 2. 1T-L3YC-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFrCOCKPIT 13 12 11 e A'ITITUDE DIRECTOR INDICATOR. Arresting Button Pitch Angle Scale Glideslope Deviation Scale Pitch Angle Indicator SOU. . Inc. 6. 5.

II. 9. 12. IT-L39C-I FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT 14 13 12 11 10 0 RADIO MAGNETIC INDICATOR.GS 6. . Inc. 13.LOC Localizer Deviation Indicator AB-1-{32) Figure 1-32. BOX Reference Markers 7. Localizer Deviation Scale 5. Upper Lubber Line 2. Warning Flag. 10. RMI l. Course Knob 8. Relative Bearing Card 3. 14. Compass Card 4. Bearing Pointer Course Deviation Indicator Glideslope Deviation Scale Center Mark Glideslope Deviation Indicator Warning Flag . Radio Magnetic Indicator (RMI) Provided by Czech Jet.T.O.

When the NC deviates from the center of the beam the pointers will deflect to the direction of the beam and show the pilot which way to steer (pointer right . which represents a bird view of the air... RSBN'" and .. The compass card receives its inputs from GMK directional gyro. "T' AND "K" WARNING FLAGS COURSE DEVIATION INDICATOR The "T' flag corresponds to pitch indicator and "K" flag to bank indicator of the SOU system. glide-sloi>e and localizer deviation information. When the NC is aligned with the beams the needles will be centered. GMK"" . . BEARING POINTER The bearing pomtcr indicates both relative bearing on fixed rcl:lll\ c hcarmg card and the station bearing on rotary compass . (Identical to the one in the combined VVI/turn and slip indicator.. When theA/Cis aligned with the beams the needles will be centered. Turning the knob will rotate the course deviation indicator.right . LOCALIZER AND GLIDE-SLOPE DEVIATION POINTERS Receiving input~ from the RSBN ground based landing facility. the respective flag will be visible to warn the pilot that the information provided by pointer is meaningless. The same function represents the HSI localizer and glide-slope deviation pointers. It provides magnetic heading indication. the desired glide path is below). The selected course indicates the. the localizer and glide-slope indicators represents radio beams which are aligned with the runway center-line (localizer) and a constructed approach angle (glideslope). The same function represents the ADI localizer and glide-slope deviation pointers. The course deviation indicator is controlled by the course knob. Pointer down . I 1-L. the course deviation indicator rotates with the compass card.· craft in relation to the navigation facilities.:anJ TI1e pomter receives its inputs from ADF. Once set.>':f\. The RMI receives its inputs from GMK directional gyro.-1 LOCALIZER AND GLIDE-SLOPE DEVIATION POINTERS Receiving inputs from the RSBN ground based landing beacon.NC is to the left. When the NC deviates from the center of the beam the pointers will deflect to the direction of the beam and show the pilot which way to steer (pointer..:alllcr and glide-slope indicators represents radio beams which arc aligned with the runway center-line (localizer) and a constructed approach angle (glideslope). the lo. · SLIP INDICATOR The slip indicator is a mechanical instrument that consist of a ball positioned in a tube full of liquid.desired navigation course to be flown. one in each cockpit. which acts as a pendulum and will slide to one side whenever the aircraft is flying an uncoordinated flight. or looses its power supply. and BOX landing pattern information. Whenever the instrument fades to a value reception below threshold.NC is to the left.... the desired glide path is he low). Provided by Czech Jet. COMPASS CARD The lubber line indicates the magnetic heading at the top of the display. the desired path is to the right. . the desired path is to the right. NOTE The course knob in the aft cockpit is not active. located on the aft Cl3/switch panel in the forward cockpit.. RELATIVE BEARING CARD The relative bearing card is a fixed scale about the compass card. It indicates angles measured from the station relative to the nose of the aircraft.. selected course deviation indication. INVERTOR'' CB/switchcs.) NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS RADIO MAGNETIC INDICATOR (RMI). ADF and RSBN. TYPENPP The RMI (figure 1-32). is a servoed repeater indicator..NC is above the glide-slope. Inc. Pointer down . Individual indications arc controlled hv ·'AGO. station bearing and relative bearing information.V. COURSE KNOB The course knob is located on the lower RH side of the instrument face and is labeled ··sc.I. The RMI is powered by 27 V DC and 3 X 36 V AC at -HlO Hz. .AJC is ahove the glide-slope.

O. ADF and RSBN Range Indicators 1-6.T. 1T-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT G ADF INDICATOR CD RSBN RANGE INDICATOR AB-1-{33) Figure 1-33.5 Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. .

Pressing the same button will then actuate the seconds pointer of the clock together with the minutes pointer (30 min) on the lower stop watch. stops the clock and deactivates all its functions. Whenever the instrument fades to a value reception below threshold. indicates the stop watch is actuated. A blue flag in the window. · The lower left knob is used when turned clockwise to wind the clock and when pulled out. STANDBY COMPASS A conventional standby magnetic compass is mounted on the RH windshield frame in the forward cockpit only (figure 1-34). Pressing the button a third time. starts the clock and bring the minutes stop watch (lower 30 minutes scale) into standby mode. Turning this knob to the right. Pressing the button again. the button on the lower right side of the instrument shall be pressed."f'" AND "I<" WARNING FLAGS The "f"'flag corresponds to glide-slope indicator and "I<" flag to localizer indicator. thus providing a record of maximum "g" loads encountered. The pointer rotates according signals from the ADF. provides information about relative bearing to the tuned station. The three digits display indicates the· slant range to/from the tuned RSBN station. "3" and "4" provides information about standard BOX landing pattern. In addition to the instantaneous "g" pointer. the red flag will be visible to warn the pilot that the information provided by the indicator is meaningless. To reset the recording pointers to the normal I "g" posi- tion. situated within this scale. will then stop the hands (second pointer of the clock and minutes pointer of the lower scale stop watch).5 to + 10 with the 0 "g" indication at the twelve o For detailed information refer to Section VI. Pressing the button third time will reset the watch to the starting position which will be indicated by a white flag in the window. will stop the elapsed time. Pressing this button second time. will reset the both seconds and minutes pointers. 1-66 Provided by Czech Jet. CLOCK A 12-hour clocks (figure 1-34) are installed on the instrument panel in both cockpits. the respective flag will be visible to warn the pilot that the information provided by pointer is meaningless. or looses its power supply. The scale of the instrument is graduated from . BOX REFERENCE MARKERS The reference markers "2". one in each cockpit. to set the clock. They are hand wound and equipped with two control buttons located on the lower side of the instrument. RSBN RANGE INDICATOR The RSBN range indicator (figure 1-33) is located on instrument panel in both cockpits. The total elapsed time available is 5 days. one in each cockpit. ADF INDICATOR The ADF indicator (figure 1-33). Operating Limitations. a fact which will be indicated by a blue and white flag in the window. or looses its power supply. . Pressing this button against spring pressure will actuate the 12 hour stop watch with minutes and hours (upper scale). when turned to the left. MISCELLANEOUS INSTRUMENTS ACCELEROMETER Two independent accelerometers (figure 1-34) are installed on the instrument panels. one for positive and one for negative "g" loads. there are two recording pointers. which follows the instantaneous pointer to its maximum attained travel. Whenever the instrument fades to a value reception below threshold. The recording indicating pointer. The button on the lower right. Inc.

.co~PASS ACCELEROMETER e CLOCK AB-1-(34) Figure 1-34. Inc. Miscellaneous Instruments l-67 Provided by Czech Jet. . 1T-L39C-l . 'LU. .· 0 S~ANDBY .. FORWARD COCKPIT AFrCOCKPIT G .

signals !lfe displayed on the RMI compass card. and the smaller one indicates the magnetic variation. LATERAL" switch disconnects the pitch angle indicator cylinder inputs'. all the time the procedure is performed the aircraft shall be steered in straight and level flight. indicates the aircraft magnetic heading. The GMK gyroscope is installed in the gyro unit. the gyro unit fly-wheel is trimmed about the magnetic . All this time the red advisory light in Ute arresting button illuminates. scans the magnetic field of the earth. was set at known bearing. NOTE If the arresting procedure is activated manually during flight. located on the forward cockpit main CB/switchpanel.the main CB/ switch panel in forward cockpit. . one. During AGD activation process the . 1T-L39C-l GYRO FLIGHT/NAVIGATION AGD GYRO UNIT AGD consists of a· gyroscope with three degrees of freedom.er automatically or . Through the correcting mechanism. After terminating the maneuver the system aligns again the compass card with aircraft ~eading~ The GMK directional gyro is powered by 27 v DC and The instrument is switching on by 3 x 36 V AC at 400 means of "AGD. correction of gyroscope position according to magnetic heading).nnects the bank angle indicator inputs and the "AGD INKLINAT. an inductive transmitter. the ADI in the aft cockpit remains normal and show the true reading.during GMK operation in MC mode. an automatic synchronization unit. and is switched on by the "AGD-GMK" switch. GMK DIRECTIONAL GYRO. The smaller pointer is controlled by means of a variation knob.tton. An automatic sync is active during GMK activa. The GMK consists of a gyro unit. The "AGD INKLINAT.gyro ring arresting procedUre is performed taking IS seconds. Inc. located in the aircraft wing.. The· GMK.orrectin~: mechanism The GMK correcting mechanism is located on the aft cockpit right console. tion process and during GMK operation in MC mode (slave). GMK «. manually. Synchronization of RMI compass card with aircraft magnetic heading can be ex~cuted eiW. The range of the variation scale is ± 18.O. The GMK principle is based on that fact. that a gyroscope can hold for a long time that position of its axes which. a correcting mechanismand a control box. The S¥nchronization can be· performed at two rates: the high rate (6 degrees per second) lasts one miJ:tute since GMK switching on (no matter on mode·switch position). Figure l-35 and 1-36.. is transmitted to the gyro unit.3 degrees per second. The GMK can transmit either a magnetic bearing (MC mode) or orthodromical bearing (GC mode). When switched on the switches can simulate interruption of signal transmitted from the AGD to forward cockpit's ADI. At any · time the navigation fault simulator is operating." switch disco. Rotating this knob can set the variation with respect to aircraft location.QMK" switch located on . · LONGITUD. The arresting procedure can be activated also manually by pressing the ADI arresting bu. and will be disconnected automatically only during aircraft tum with rate higher than 0. system will automatically over come to sync low rate or fully disconnect the automatic synchronization unit. It supplies sig.variation~ Two pointers located on the COrreCting . or during switching on the MCmode.mechanism face: the larger. The inductive transmitter output signal. with respect to operating mode set on the control b9x~ The low sync rate (i.. trimmed by correcting mechanism. is executed.e. triangular in shape.T. are 1-68 Provided by Czech Jet. FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCHES Two fault simulator switches are located on the center pedestal in the aft cockpit. where it is stabilized and its average value serves as the RMI compass card input control signal. CONlROLS The AGD is powered by 27 V DC and 3 x 36 V AC at 400 Hz. Hz: SLAVE MODE (MC) The inductive transmitter.tals to the ADI's pitch and hank indicators ro provide pilot with the aircraft attitude indication. After that the .

. AFf COGKPIT INDUCTIVE TRANSMITIER CORRECriNG MECHANISM MCMODE GYRO UNIT · GCMODE CORREcriON ·SWITCH CONTROL BOX AB-t-(35) ·Figure 1-35.Block Diagram 1-69 Provided by Czech Jet. .T.O. Inc.RMI. GMK Directional Gyro . . IT-L39C-l . COCKPIT RMI. fWD.

located on the instrument panel in each cockpit. the RMI compass card shall rotate to position zero degrees. GMK gyro unit fly-wheel ring can be leant from its working position and RMI compass card can provide pilot with meaningless information. IT-L39C-l ·NOTE If the variation is not introduced the variation pointer should be set afzero. · Headin& Switch If the GMK .operates in MC mode.on scale above the selector. latitude setting is required due to automatic ·correction of GMK gyfo posi. the navigation flight is to be · flown can be set by ·latitude selector. the HSI compass card shall rotate back and indicate actual heading. . SELECI"' switch to either position will cause the gyro rotation in the respective direction hence rotating RMI compass . tion. ·· · FREE MODE (GC) The RMI compass card is controlled only by GMK gyro unit with no inputs from inductive transmitter and correcting mechanism.O. In the GC mode. In the GC mode the system does not provide· the magnetic heading and variation correction. some of the GMK misinformation can be rectified. When the ''ERROR GA" light illuminates the "MC SYNCHR. When the test switch is released to its center neutral position. When the· test switch "CHECK" is moved to 0 (zero) position. Mode Switch The mode switch can select one of the GMK operation modes: MC or GC. The allowable indication tolerance is ± 10 degrees. The. SELECI"' switch to either position will align the GMK gyro with magnetic heading. which lasts 3 minutes in MC mode or 5 minutes in GC mode. The compass card repositioning shall be accompanied by illumination of the gyro drift indicator on both the GMK control box and front control panel.in GC mode. Gyro Drift Indicator During aircraft evolution the. CONTROL BOX The GMK control box is installed in the forward cockpit RH console only. FAILURE. Synchronization Button . The gyro (compass card) rotation is termin~ted when the heading switch is released to its center neutral position. This situation is advised by illuminating of the "ERROR GA" gyro drift indicator. The position setting is due to automatic correction of GMK gyroscope position in GC mode. NOTE The synchronization of GMK gyro with magnetic heading during flight shall executed at straight level flight only. Inc. performed at high synchronization rate. FRONT CONTROL PANEL The GMK front control panel is. the RMI in the aft cockpit remains normal and show the true reading. moving the "HDG." button can be depressed to align the GMK gyro with aircraft magnetic heading. LatituQe SeJector The latitude of location where. when in 300 degrees position the compass card shall indicate 300° heading. If the GMK operates inGC 111ode. and the· GMK-proceeds operation ·in GC mode with new gyro setting. The process is.GMK" fault simulator switch is located on the center pedestal in the aft cockpit. FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH The "A. The gyro indication error due to earth rotation can be corrected by means of setting the aircraft latitude and hemisphere on the GMK control box. Gyro Drift Indicator The "3ABAJI fA" indicator provides pilot with the same information as the gyro drift indicator on the directional gyro· front control panel. Test Switch The test switch verifies the correct operation of the GMK system in the MC mode. When switched on the switch can simulate interruption of signal transmitted from the GMK gyro unit to forward cockpit RMI. At any time the navigation fault simulator is operating.card. The selected latitude can be read.H. moving the "HDG.T. Hemisphere Switch The "GA" switch can be set to either north "N'' or south "S" position according to the earth hemisphere where the navigation flight is to be flown. The test can be executed after terminating the GMK starting process. 1-70 Provided by Czech Jet.

GMK Directional Gyro .Location and Indication (sheet 1 of 2) l-71 Provided by Czech Jet. . 11-Lj~C-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFI' COCKPIT· GYRO DRIFT INOICATOR SYNCHRONIZATION . BUTION G FRONT CONTROL PANEL CD MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL AB-1-{36-1) Figure 1-36. Inc.l.U.

Test SWitch Magnetic Variation Pointer Magnetic Heading Pointer Compass Card Magnetic Variation Knob Magnetic Variation Scale 1. 12.O.T. INICUNA. 11 12 FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH e CORRECI'ING MECHANISM 7. ~ 0 -~·. 6. 3... ' ~ .Location and Indication (sheet 2 of 2) J.H. A. .FAl. Gyro Drift Indicator Mode Switch Latitude SCale Latitude Selector Heading Switch Figure 1-36. 5...----1 UIIIIII\ID.n Provided by Czech Jet. 8.. 11.. GMK Directional Gyro . 1T-L39C-l i 2 3 7 6 e GMK CONTROL BOX 8 r-. 4. 9. 10. Inc.AGo LAlBW.liRE ~ 9 ~ ~ @ ~ 10 . Hemisphere Switch · 2.

" 9.U. RSBN. ADF. Omni-directio11alAntenna 5. Inc. IFF. Band 3 IFF. IFF.:S~L-1 8 1. Band 2 4. Front 3. Rear 7. Directional Antenna AB-1-(37) Figure 1-37. Antenna Locations l-73 Provided by Czech Jet.T. lT-L. Band 3 2. UHFNHF 6. IFF. 8. Band 2 Marker Radio Altimeter ADF. RSBN. . 10. 11.

. NAVIGATION (NAV) MODE The RSBN system in NAV mode provides pilot with information about aircraft position with respect to ground based station. If necessary it can be reconnected manually by means of "EMERG. which receives signals from the ADF. The glide path is constructed to guide the aircraft from the altitude 10. RKL automatic direction finder. enroute phase. the RSBN system automatically disconnects from the network.000 m and distance 132 ± 5 km from the station to altitude 600 m at distance 21 ± 3 km from the station. guidance of aircraft during missed approach . The range ·indicator shows the actual slant distance to/from the tuned station. In addition the system provides instrument landing capabilities. The system consists of NOB. 1-74 Provided by Czech Jet. These information are displayed on RMI and RSBN range indicator. Figure 1-38. the 1~.. which receives its inputs from GMK directional gyro.l. by 28. landing system. guidance at the BOX landing pattern. located on the fwd cockpit main CB/switch panel. LANDING (LOG) MODE In· LOG mode the aboard RSBN system receives signals from PRMG landing stations and displays them on the RMI's and ADI's glide slope and localizer deviation pointers. Reaching termination point is indicated by illumination of the "END OF DESCENT" light on the C&A lights panel in each cockpit. The RSBN system provides the following navigation tasks capabilities: continuous information about aircraft position (course and distance) relative to tuned station guidance of aircraft to/from the station or at the circuit along the tuned station guidance of aircraft to initial approach.. The RSBN range indicator displays actual slant distance to station.:l~L. The RSBN range indicator displays actual slant distance to· station. instrument landing approach and measuring distance to·landing return of aircraft to destination according' to bearing pointer on RMI when the compass fails autonomous computing of aircraft location beyond the radio signal range of station (in ~AV mode) identification of the turied station (audio signal in the pilot headset) The air traffic controller has the following information on a display: location of all aircraft receiving signals from specific station The RSBN system operates at 40 predefined channels in NAVIGATION mode and at 40 predefined channels at LANDING mode. RSBN-SS SHORT-RANGE RADIO NAVIGATION AND LANDING SYSTEM. NOTE When the aircraft electric power supply is switched from the main to stand-by generator. The aboard RSBN system transmits signals to RMI's and RSBN range indicators in each cockpit. for antenna locations refer to figure 1-37.32. The glide path is displayed on the RMI's and ADI's glide slope and localizer deviation pointers by the same manner as during aircraft landing. Inc. and is switched on by "RSBN'' ·switch locateq on main CB/switch panel in the fwd cockpit. It allows pilot to provide short range navigation flights. the compass card the bearing to/from the station or on the fixed scale the relative bearing to/from the station. GLIDE PATH (GP) MODE In GP mode the RSBN system generates the electronic glide path which glide slope angle is. L<X.. For ADI and HSI indicators refer to figures 1-31 and 1.. 115 V AC at 400Hz and triple phase· 3 X 36 V AC at 400 Hz.:. Using course deviation indicator the navigation tasks to/from the station and at circle along the station can be performed. receivers and RSBN which provide the pilot with homing and navigation capability in line-of-sight range.. ADis..-1 RADIO-NAVIGATION The radio navigation system is composed of a RSBN short-range radio navigation and. The bearing pointer. The lubber line indicates the mag~ netic heading at the top of the display on the rotary compass card.SBN system is powered. CONNEcriON RSBN" switch. V DC. descent through clouds.. single phase. and instrument landing at normal and adverse weather conditions. indicates on. The GP mode is typically used at aircraft arrival route to a destination from the. The aboard RSBN radio navigation system receives signals from ground based RSBN navigation aids and PRMG landing stations. set about 4 to 5 degrees to horizontal. a~ day and night.U. HSis and antennas.. GS and MKR . 11-L. MRP marker beacon system.

~ Auxiliacy Switch Panel . "NAVIG.ange indicator and course 117° ± 2° at the RMI. rotates the HSI's compass card. the bearing to the station is evaluated with a maximum accuracy. Volume Knob The "VOLUME CONTROL" knob. Zero Course Button When the "AZIMUTH 0 SETTING" button is depressed. system: • RSBN mode switch labeled "RSBN". The selected channel number is displayed in "NAVIGATION" window. When the button is depressed. The following contr-ols· belong the RSBN_·." and "GLIDE PATH". . The auxiliary switch panel is installed in the forward cockpit RH console. provide the pilot with the station audio signal in the bead set.is capable in radio touch with station. IT-L39C-I · CONTROL BOX The RSBN control box is located an·the forward cockpit left console. • 1-75 Provided by Czech Jet. Distance Correction Li2ht When the green "DISTANCE CORRECTION" light illuminates. once positioned to either side.T. in the "NAVIG" position the air. which the system . . the following controls are belong the RSBN system: • Bearing alignment button "AZIMUTH ACCORDANCE" aligns the RMI selected course reading in the aft cockpit with reading of RMI selected course in the forward cockpit. This button is used for maintenance purposes only. deerease or increa5e the distance displayed on the RSBN range indicator. once positioned to either side. locat~d on the left console in each cockpit. which the system is capable in radio touch with station. RSBN Aft Control Panel The RSBN aft control panel is located on the right console of the aft cockpit. RSBN System Altitude Se~ector The altitude selector is located on the right console in the forward cockpit only. NAV Channel Selector Turning the selector sets the NAV channel.5 ± 3 km at the ~..: craft location (course and distance to/from the station) is displayed. the aircraft is beyond the station range and the bearing is computed by the system autonomously with lower accuracy. rotating the potentiometer will set the zero course. • • RSBN Beacon Audio Button The RSBN beacon audio button "RSBN TUNE". When the button is depressed the aircraft's symbol at the air traffic controller's display is highlighted. when depressed.. . the aircraft is beyond the station range and the distance is computed by the system autonomously· with lower accura~ cy.. . RSBN control box lighting intensity knob "RSBN · LIGHTING" should be used to set suitable RSBN control box lighting intensity. SWITCH ON FOR LANDING" ensures pilot to switch on the LANDING mode of RSBN in emergency cases. the RSBN system should set distance 291. Identification· button "IDENTIF". . The selected channel number is displayed in "LANDING" window. the distance to the station is evaluated with a maximum accuracy. Releasing the distance switch. the new course is set. at • RSBN test button "TESTING". LPG Channel Selector Turning the selector sets the LDG channel. Turning the knob in the middle of the instrument face will set the altitude of destination for RSBN mode "GLIDE PATH". Inc. If the course correction light does not shine. and in the "GLIDE PATH" position the aircraft is guided during descent at the constructed electronic glide path. Releasing the switch. The scale is graduated in mm MC multiply by ten. The mode switch has three positions: "LANDING". the new range is set.O. when turned CW increase the RSBN station audio signal to the pilot's headset. Course Correction Li2ht When the green "AZIMUTH CORRECTION" light illuminates. Distance Switch The "DISTANCE INITIAL SETTING" switch. In the "lANDING" position the aircraft is guided the la~ding approach by the glide slope and localizer beams of landing station. OTHER CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS . Course Switch The "AZIMUTH INITIAL SETTING" switch. Landing emergency · engage switch "EMERG. If the distance correction light does not shine.

IIIHINI 0) I:--:: I = e AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL 0.P. MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL Figure 1.U.· T. 7UifC G RSBNBEACON AUDIO BUTTON e C & A LIGHTS PANEL (FORWARD COCKPm 1 2 -L. RSBN Mode Switch Identification Button RSBN Test Button RSBN Control Box Lighting Intensity Knob l of 2) AB-1-(31-1) Rsim.T.T. 3. .38~ 1.P.Location and Indication (sheet 1-76 Provided by Czech Jet. 1. 2. 4. IT-L39C-1 FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT INV3diY FM J. Inc.ID'C "J.

. Distance Switch LOG Channel Selector NAV Channel Selector Zero Course Button AB-1-{38-2) Figure 1-38.U. 9• 5 NAVIGATlON roo 12 11 10 e· RSBN CONTROL BOX G ALTITUDE SELECTOR COURSE ALIGNMENT BUTION LANDING MODE EMERGENCY ENGAGE SWITCH CD C & A LIGHTS PANEL (AFT COCKPin . 11. Course Switch 9.. RSBN. 10. 7 8 . Distance Correction Light 8.Location and Indication (sheet 2 of 2) 1-77 Provided by Czech Jet. Course Correction Light 7.. 11-UYC-l 6 . 4D AFT CONTROL PANEL 5. Inc.l. 12. Volume Knob 6.

The ADF signal range is determined by the station transmitting power. ADF Control Switch The control switch provides the possibility to "take" or "hand over" the ADF control. Inc. • NOTE Bearing can be adjusted in the forward cockpit only. Maximal deflection of the pointer should be set during ADF fine tuning. Mode Switch Positioning the mode switch to "TLF'. The aft cockpit caution and advisory lights panel bears the following lights: • "END OF DESCENT" green advisory light indica.800 kHz at MV and LV bands.beams. its range overcomes the radio line-of-sight. SOU activation is indicated by hidden "K" and "f" warning flags on the RMI. the ADF receives signals from station with permanent or modulated standard (A3) and allows its listening. Range of frequencies is from 150 to 1. the signal of glide slope and localizer. · "DISTANCE CORRECf" provides the same information as the distance correction light in the forward cockpit RSBN control box. The relative bearing is displayed in the ADF indicators in each cockpit. . CORRECf" provides the same information as the.e. which is indicated by both the "K" and "f" warning flags disappearing. The ADF is powered by 28 V DC and 115 V AC at 400Hz from the inverter I or inverter II. With respect to the frequencies. The aircraft can be-steered using SOU pointers only when is clearly and unbrokenly receiving. The SOU system is powered by 28 V DC and 3 x 36 V AC at 400Hz. tes reaching the terminal point of GLIDE PATH regime. A2). course correction light in the forward cockpit RSBN control box. In the "TLG" position the beat frequency is generated to allow listening of identification signal (Al. The SOU signals are displaye~ on the ADIs in both cockpits. · Volume Knob . the angle measured between direction of the aircraft nose and the station. NOTE Before the SOU system activation. '~IMUTH • • SDU REMOTE COMMAND LANDING SYSTEM The SOU system provides pilot with precision approach capability to 60 m AGL at the runway threshold.· "CONFORM AZIMUTH" light illumination informs the pilot in the forward cockpit that the aft cockpit "AZIMUTH ACCORDANCE" bearing alignment button is depressed. . The ADF control box is located on the right console in both cockpits. 1-78 Provided by Czech Jet.. ADFCONfROLBOX The ADF control box bears the following controls: Tune Indicator · The pointer indicates the accuracy of ADF tuning. RKL-41 AUTOMATIC DIRECTION FINDER The ADF system measures the relative bearing. i. and protected by the "SOli" circuit breaker on the main CB/switch panel.lights are located on the caution and advisory lights panel in the forward cockpit: • "END OF DESCENT" green advisory light indicates reaching the terminal point of GLIDE PATH regime.T.O. 1T-L39C-l Caution !l"d Advisrny Li&btS Panel The following. Turning this knob CW increases the volume of signal · transferred to pilot headset. The system can be switched on by means of "SOU" switch located on the forward cockpit auxiliary switch panel. the bearing poin· ter should be set at the runway course. The pilot switches on the SOU system manually after penetrating area of stable receiving the localizer signal. which is indicated by disappearing of the "K" warning flag.

1:--:1 = ~ 0 0 G· MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL 0 AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL AB-1-{39) Figure 1-39.··~=· ~ . SOU Remote Command Landing System. IT-L39~-l .."1:0. ·. Inc.0 -0 0 0 0 .-~ 0 -· -·0 0 -0 ··.Controls 1-79 Provided by Czech Jet. 0 · . . ij~ij~! 0 0.:: .: :.. : . FORWARD COCKPIT . 14f_ 0 ~ ~· ~ ~ 0 0 SOU SWITCH [8J ~~ ·~ ~ i -.•· -~.-..

1T-L39C-l function Selector Five-position switch can be switched to one of following positions: "OFF" . Accurate beacon direction finding is indicated either by means of less audible beacon identification signal in the pilots headset. Turning the outer larger knob selects hundreds of kHz.each cockpit. The window beside the control knob indicates the selected frequency in kHz. 1-80 Provided by Czech Jet. or by minimum deflection of the tune indicator pointer. er beacon frequency tuning. and "f' for inner beacon. The marker beacon receiver is powered by 28 V DC and is switched on together with radio altimeter by the "MRPRV" switch located on the main CB/switch panel. As the aircraft overpasses the outer beacon. The next function of this switch is described above (refer to "LOOP" position of function selector). The inner small knob can be mainly used for fine tuning to achieve maximum deflection of the tune indicator pointer.-the ADF indicator needle should move back to initial ·position (pointing the tuned beacon) after "UR" switch releasing to neutral position. ± 30° from the runway axis. the either outer or inner beacon frequencies can be sele~ted to be displayed on the ADF indicator.ADF operates in fully automatic mode. "UR" Switch Moving the ·~UR" switch to one of its end position causes rotating of ADF indicator needle. FAILURE -ARK" fault simulator switch is· located on the center pedestal in the aft cockpiL When switched on the switch can simulate interruption of signal transmitted from the ADF system to forward cockpit ADF indicator. If the aircraft drifts from the apprQach entry sector. i. however the switching between outer and inner beacon should be executed manually by means of outer-inner beacon switch located on the instrument panel in . OUTER-INNER BEACON SWITCH The outer-inner beacon switches are located on the LH side of instrument panel in both cockpits.If the automatic beacon tracking function has failed.O. ADF does not operate "C AUT'' . At any time the navigation fault simulator is operating. The switch has two position marked "0" and "f'. This mode is recommended for tuning a specific beacon. The two identical knobs are marked "0" for out- Figure 1-41.T.power supply disconnected. The goniometer is controlled by means of "UR" thrCe position switch. The ADF automatic re-tuning operates only in landing gear down position. however this scale is not calibrated and shows the units approximately only. Inc. If the function selector is in either "C AUT'' or "C MAN'' position. the ADF is automatically re-tuned to preset inner beacon frequency. Intensity Knob Rotating the knob increases or decreases the ADF control box lighting intensity. When the ADF function selector is in "C MAN'' position. the system is automatically re-tuned back to outer beacon frequency to enable to initiate the missed approach procedure. Units of kHz are indicated on outer scale graduated from I to I0. . the ADF indicator in the aft cockpit remains normal and shows the true reading. This feature verifies the ADF operation ability. When the switch is moved from its center neutral position to one of its end position.ADF system receives omnidirectional antenna signals only.H. The VHF marker beacon receiver provides pilot with audio and visual indication of marker beacon overpass. the direction to the beacon can be found manually by rotating a goniometer. FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH The "A. the goniometer starts to rotate in the respective direction.e. The audio signal is sent to pilot's headset and the visual indication is provided on the caution lights panel in both cockpits by illumination of "MARKER" green light. Frequency Control Knobs The ADF lrequencies can be set by means of tripie rotary switches. "C MAN'' . center toggle knob selects tens of kHz and inner small knob changes units of kHz. "ANT'.ADF indicator needle automatically points to tuned facility. MRP-56P/S MARKER BEACON RECEIVER "LOOP" .

INNER BEACON SWITCH 9 · s· ·7 6 ·o ADF CONTROL BOX e FAULT SIMULATOR SWITCH 1. ADF Automatic Direction Finder. 2. .-1 FORWARD COCKPIT· AFT COCKPIT ~ •• 1 2 3 4 5 OUTER.U.100kHz Fine Tuning Knob Frequency Control Knob :. 7.. 6. 8. 3.l.)~l. 5. 11-L.Controls 1-81 Provided by Czech Jet. 9. 4. Inc.10kHz AB-1-{40) Figure 1-40. Thne Indicator Volume Knob Control Switch Mode Switch Function Selector IJR Switch Frequency Control Knob .

.T.l. . 11-L.-l FORWARD COCKPIT .l G C & A LIGHTS PANEL-:-. ~ ~~~~· IFUELl ~ f"J. Marker. TYPICAL I:--: I = 0 MAIN CB/SWITCH PANEL AB-1-{41) Figure 1-41. Inc.U.Controls and Indication 1-82 Provided by Czech Jet..lYl.

Controls l-83 Provided by Czech Jet. 1T-L~9C-1 . .T. @ reg NJF ~~ ~ ICS CONTROL BOX ' ' e IS I C) THROTTLE (TYPICAL) ICS PTT BUTTON e MISCELLANEOUS CD/SWITCH PANEL E) CONTROL STICK GRIP (TYPICAL) AB-1-(42) Figure 1-42.O. Inc. FORWARD COCKPIT AFrCOCKPIT ICSPTT ~l~Hm~:ou (QJ\\ULUE srAND-BY ~)" ~ I . Intercom .

the mechanical memory card can be removed from the control box. The volume increases by rotating the knob in the arrow direction. Each movement of the switch. . . connects parallely the headset to ICS amplifier in the next cockpit. one of the PTr buttons located on the throttle grips in both cockpits shall be pressed. the PTr button is doubled with the button located on the stick grip. the control over the radio can either be ''taken" or "handed over".95 MHz at UHF band. They operate in tandem connection being switched by "RADIO CONTROL" switch in each cockpit's audio panel. Frequency range is from 118 to 140 MHz at VHF band and from 220 to 389. INTERCOM (ICS) Figure 1-42. Radio Volume Knob The knob is labeled "RADIO" and controls the volume of radio audio signal to the headset in the respective cockpit. AUDIO PANEL Radio Control Switch The switch is labeled "RADIO CONTROL" and permits to change the radio controls. and the new memory card with different selection can be inserted. and is activated by "ROO" switch in the main CB/panel in the forward cockpit. but one of 20 preset channels can be selected. The UHFNHF radio control boxes are located on the left console in each cockpit. R-832M VHF/UHF RADIO Two band VHF/UHF radio provides line-of-sight communications.e. all controls are deactivated. Radio Control Switch The "STAND-BY/MAIN'' radio control switch. UHFNHF RADIO CONTROL BOX Preset Channel Selector The preset channel selector permits the selection of o{le of 20 preset frequencies. The intercom provides the following function: Inter-cockpit and cockpit to ground staff communication Connection and mixture of all audio signals to be applied to the headset PTT. no matter in which cockpit.COMMUNICATION SYSTEM The aircraft communication system consists of an intercom set and a VHF/UHF radio. The channel window will illuminate to indicate control of the radio box in respective cockpits. enable to listen the ADF beacon signal in the pilot's headset. i. when switched to the "ADF' position. Memory Screw Rotating the screw. The switch function is to stand-by the ICS in case of the next cockpit intercom amplifier malfunction. transmitters and receivers audio's distribution The intercom system is powered by 28 V DC and is switched on by "ROO" switch located on the main CB/ switch panel in the forward cockpit or by "INTERCOM GROUND" C/B located on the miscellaneous CB/switch panel in the aft cockpit. when switched to the "STAND-BY" position. The operating control box is determined by illuminating channel window. changes the existing box in command to the other one. The radio has not a provision to select individual frequency. The volume increases by rotating the knob in the arrow direction. SQuelch Switch The switch in on position enables squelch circuit which helps to eliminate background noises during normal reception. Inc. The radio is powered by 28 V DC and 115 V AC at 400 Hz from the inverter I or inverter ll. ICS PRESS-TO-TALK BUTIONS To activate the ICS transmitting. The selected channel number can be read in the channel window. Transmissions are made by pressing one of the ·PTT buttons located on the throttle grips in each cockpit. Intercom c~ntrols are: ICS Volume Knob The "INTERCOM" volume knob controls the volume of the intercom audio signal to the headset in the respective cockpit. When in "STAND-BY" position. In the aft cockpit. ICS CONTROL BOX The intercom control box is located in both cockpits on the left console . In OFF position the squelch circuit is disabled to permit unhampered use of a weak signal. 1-84 Provided by Czech Jet. ADF Audio Switch The "ADF/OFF' audio switch.

SB. l-85 Provided by Czech Jet. VHF/UHF Radio. IT-L39C-l -~. Inc.ECTOR ~rm~ SQUELCH SWITCH RADIO CONTROL SWITCH G CONTROL BOX 0 AUDIO PANEL e THROTILE (TYPICAL) AB-1-(43) Figure 1-43.Controls . FORWARD COCKPIT AFfCOCKPIT LIJm·e ~ ~ . . CHANNB.U.T.

Code Selector The relevant identification code can be selected by the code selector in a range from 1 to 12. FDR OPERATION The recording system is switched on automatically once the aircraft has exceeded 120 kmlb.U. records various A/C flight parameters. emergency situation. A steady green light. but a fault is detected in the system. CHECK" illuminates when the IFF system is power supplied.friend" to a coded interrogation transmitted by the air traffic.l. The IFF system contains an antenna system and a control box. Emergency Switch The switch "EMERG" should be switched on whenever an emergency conditions are detected. Power Switch The doubled switch labeled "FEEDING" switches on the IFF system. The transponder is a receiver-transmitter which transmits a coded response "I ain allied aircraft . equivalent to approximatelly 8 data hours. CONNECTION IFF'' switch. indicates that the recording tape is running. PowerLi&ht The red advisory light labeled "FEED. Switching on the emergency switch will warn the air traffic controller about the . If needed. located on the main CB/switch panel. Inc. · The FOR. . The IFF system is power supplied by 28 V DC and 115 V AC at 400Hz. When the last block is completed the first is erased to provide space for the next 2 hours of recording (First In First Out). IFF CONTROL BOX The IFF control box is located under the RH cabin frame in the forward cockpit only. alongside the switch. When the main and standby generator fail during flight. the IFF can be shortly connected by an"EMERG. the IFF is automatically disconnected from the power supply. The parameters recorded by the FOR are of two types: 1-86 Provided by Czech Jet. It can also be switched on at any time by the "FLT RECORDER" switch located oil the forward cockpit LH console. the FOR is powered. The down loaded flight data may be presented for evaluation in a graphical and/or a digital format. The recording is done on a solid state EPROM PCB which has a capacity of 1 MB. The 8 recording hours are divided to data blocks of 2 hours each. Once a block is completed the next block is employed. - Continuous recording of flight data EventS THE FLIGHT DATA INCLUDE: Flight altitude Speed G forces Elevator movements Engine RPM Throttle movement THE EVENTS INCLUDE: Ejection Fuel shut off - UG door open THE FOLLOWING WARNINGS ARE INCLUDED: Fire Minimum fuel pressure behind boost pump Minimum pressure in the hydraulic system Cabin pressure RAT not operating Minimum oil pressure All data and events are recorded along a time basis for post flight analysis by the ground evaluation equipment GEE-39TM. located on the LH side of the fuselage aft section. If the light flashes. ll-LjYL-1 ·sRO TRANSPONDER <IFF> SYSTEM The SRO transponder system provides the mearis for iden. control station. tifying to be friend-or-foe (IFF}. The FOR is power supplied by the battery bus and is protected by "BATTERY" switch located on the main CB/ switch panel and by "FLT RECOR/EKSR~/KL-39" CIB located on the aft C/B switch panel. FDR-39TM-E FLIGHT DATA RECORDER <FDRl Figure 1~5.

Controls and Indication 1-87 Provided by Czech Jet. 1 2 3 ·~ fill. ~ ~· ~ lfBJ -· -· .~ i~ ~ ~ ---J 0 0 . Transmission Indicator • 6 ·CD IFF CONTROL BOX 2. 4. Inc. Power light Code Selection Indicator Code Selector Voltage Regulator Circuit Breaker Power Switches rest Sbcfet AB-1-(44) 9.~ ~ 1:--:1. IFF . 7. Emergency Switch · Figure 1-44. -· 0. .T. 1T-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT ·~ 0 I~ ~ 0 . S. 3... 6.. 0 0 0 MAIN CD/SWITCH PANEL 1. .0 0 -0 0 0 0 0 ~ 0 I Q~ .O.

0 AFI' CB/SWITCH PANEL AB-H45) Figure 1-45. .i!IC--~ FORWARD COCKPIT 0 I A. Inc.1. 11-L.T RECORDER e FOR SWITCH.U.Controls and Indication 1-88 Provided by Czech Jet. FOR.

the switch shall be moved to "ON" position and the oxygen is delivered with positive pressure to the oxygen mask. from that altitude up to 8. · Normal system pressure is between 30 and 150 kp/cm2. The valve has two positions: CLOSED and OPEN. In the "100% 02" position pure oxygen is delivered continuously. OXYGEN CYLINDERS Four oxygen cylinders containing four liters each and two spherical bottles containing two liters each are located in the nose. OXYGEN PRESSURE INDICATOR The oxygen pressure indicator consists of two independent instruments in one body: oxygen pressure indicator and flow indicator. Both forward and aft pilots are equipped with an oxygen mask.. The valve. For normal operation the switch is set to "OFF'. the lines can be interconnected so that the oxygen may be used to supply the other one. Provided by Czech Jet. when turned CCW. Emen:enc. The mixture or oxygen is delivered to the mask either in dependence on pilot's breathing or pressurized pure oxygen can be continuously supplied if needed. installed in the nose compartment and an emergency oxygen container located in the seat pack of the parachute. LOW PRESSURE (LP) OXYGEN SUBSYSTEM The LP oxygen subsystem consists of the diluter demand regulator and the mixture regulator. However. labeled "OXYGEN". The aircraft is equipped with a gaseous oxygen system which is divided into high and low pressure subsystems. leakage from faulty oxygen circuit. The oxygen pressure indicator is located on the forward left console In each cockpit to indicate pressure of the HP oxygen subsystem. is installed in the aft part of left console in each cockpit. IDGH PRESSURE (HP) OXYGEN SUBSYSTEM The HP oxygen sdbsystem consists mainly of the oxygen cylinders. CHECK VALVES Several non-return valves are installed in the HP part of the oxygen system to prevent back flow of the oxygen and . Each cylinders are replenished through one ground central oxygen filler valve located on the aircraft nose LH side. which provides an oxygen/air mixture in proportion to a given altitude ·and incorporates the following controls and indicators: DILUTER DEMAND REGULATOR The diluter demand regulator continuously supplies to the mask an optimum volume of oxygen in dependence on cabin altitude. OXYGEN SHUT-QFFVALVE The oxygen shut-off valve. delivered from two cylinders and one spherical bottle. The ratio between air and oxygen depends on the cabin altitude.. MIXTURE REGULATOR The mixture regulator is connected to the onboard oxygen system with P. The scale is graduated from 0 to 165 kp/cm2. The pilot breathes ambient air up to flight altitude 2. From flight altitude 8. Each pilot receives his oxygen supply through a separate pressure line. with no regulation. controls helmet ventilation and provides oxygen pressure control in the compensating suit.C.O. The flow indicator · constitutes the lower part of the instrument.T. . The diluter demand regulator has following controls: Diluter Demand Switch The diluter demand switch is located on an oxygen control panel and has two positions: "100% 02" and "NORM".000 m the pure oxygen is supplied to the mask. The system utilizes four four-liter cylinders and two spherical two-liter bottles. Refer to fi~ures 1-46 through 1-48. In the "NORM" position oxygen is supplied by the regulator depending on cabin altitude and pilot's needs. When the pressure regulation in the diluter demand regulator failures. In flight the emergency oxygel) containers are located in the ejection seat frame. depending on oxygen consumption. helmet or mask.000 m a mixture of air and oxygen. check valves.y Oxy&en Switch The red background switch "EMER" has two positions: "OFF' and "ON''.000 m. Inc. the pressUre reducer and the HP oxygen indicators. Pressure in the HP oxygen subsystem is 150 MPa.E. 1T-L39C-l OXYGEN SYSTEM. the oxygen system installation in the forward cockpit has a provisions to use an altitude compensating flight suit with hermetized pressure helmet. A pressure reducer in each circuit provides reduced oxygen pressure to the diluter demand regulator. opens the oxygen supply system. when the pressure decreases.

The indicator reading is from 0 to 2. it can· be electrically heated. Should the pilot feel any kind of dizziness . at any time. HELMET VISOR HEATING CONI'ROL PANEL When the helmet visor became fogged during· flight. the blinker does not indicate flow (white flags are shown) since no oxygen is supplied (in "NORM") up to that altitude. and located on the left console behind the oxygen shut. the oxygen continuously flows through the oxygen mask ~Q the cabin att. the ''QUICK" push-button should be depressed and hold. the interconnect valve is ·opened (CCW).000 mm of water column. .the forward cockpit: .. . · Helmet Visor Quick Heatins Button In case of sudden visor fogging.I l FLOW INDICATOR · The flow indicator. "ON'' position. the shut-off valve must be open.:off valve.· AFf COCKPIT OXYGEN INTERCONNEC'f VALVE The aft cockpit is equipped with an interconnect valve placarded "BOTTLES INTERCONNECI'". switch the diluter demand switch to "100% 02" for pure oxygen supply. The interconnect valve is kept shut (CW) during normal operating dual flights. the aft CB/switch. During nonnal operation the blinker indicates a double butterfly white flags when there is no· demand for oxygen and blank (open) when oxygen flows. OPERATION At all stages. · The helmet ventilation system exhausts carbon dioxide from the helmet space and blows on the pilot The following pilot's equipment is released to be used in . on the pressure indicator. or the.. With the emergency switch at the. or when the oxygen in any cockpit is depleted. The· visor ·beating system is protected by "SEAT/HELMET'' CJB located on. located on the forward cockpit LH console. the blinker indicates no flag (blank). in order to allow oxygen supply. NOTE . .panel.. If symptoms of hypoxia are suspected the emergency switch should be placed to "ON'' to provide oxygen with pressure. he can. Helmet Visor Heatins Switch When in "ON''. located in the oxygen pressure indicator.£s face. !!ELMET OXYGEN PRESSURE INDICATOR The inixture or oxygen pressure in the helmet is indicated . . the normal indication range is between 800 and 1. . • oxygen mask and Anti-G s~t • oxygen mask and compensating suit • pressurized helmet and compensating suit When the cabin is depressurized about maximal aircraft . The next position will switch off the automatic heating. . allowing both pilots to breath oxygen from the interconnected system bottles through the interconnect valve.000 m. the current utilized by visor beating system is increased or decreased. the visor is automatically defogged only if required. indicates oxygen flow. thus applying rnaXimum intensive helmet visor heating. 1-90 Provided by Czech Jet. ·up to the approximately 2. If the oxygen mask is. the compensating suit will be automatically inflated with oxygen and pure oxygen with positive pressure will be delivered to tPe helmet. ceiling. The helmet visor beating control . not properly tightened on the pilot. COMPENSATING SUIT AND PRESSURIZED HELMET Only the forward cockpit bas provisions to use compensating suit and pressurized helmet for training purposes. Temperature Knob Turning the knob.200 mm of water column. and the cabin altitude is above 2. For solo flights.. Inc.nospbere.000 m. During noimal operation the diluter demand switch should be placed to "NORM" and the emergency switch to "OFF''. helmet is Opened or unsealed. NOTE . panel is lOcated on the forward cockpit left console.

0. 8. Quick Disconnect Radio and Helmet Heating Connector P.C. Inc. 12.E. 5. Personal Equipment Connection and Mixture Regulator "1-91 Provided by Czech Jet.mergency Delivery Ventilating Suit Connector Mixture Regulator Oxygen Supply Hose .High Pressure Oxygen Supply Hose .Normal Delivery Oxygen Mask Connector . 2.C.E. .E. 11. ·1 T-L39C-l 1 2 8 1. (Typical) Ventilating Connector Anti-G Connector Emergency Oxygen Connection Hose AB-1-{46) Figure 1-46. 6.Low Pressure 7. 9. 4. 3.1:. P. Oxygen Mask Connector . 10.

IT-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT LHCONSOLE AFT COCKPIT LHCONSOLE 1 2 .Controls and Indication (sheet 1 of 2) 1-92 Provided by Czech Jet. . E e . Inc.O. Emergency Oxygen Switch 2.T. HELMET OXYGEN PRESSURE INDICATOR E R.ES INTERCONNECT E) OXYGEN SUPPLY VALVE e BOTTLES INTERCONNECT VALVE All-1-(47-1) Figure 1-47. Oxygen System. Diluter Demand Switch jo OXYGEN ol BOrn.CD OXYGEN PRESSURE AND FLOW INDICATOR e OXYGEN CONTROL PANEL 1.

Inc. LHCONSOLE 3 ~ 5 .T. 4 HELMET VENTn. Temperature Controller AB-1-(47-2) Figure 1-47. 1T-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT .O. . Helmet Visor Heating Switch 4. Oxygen System. Quick Heating Button 5.Controls and Indication (sheet 2 of 2) 1-93 Provided by Czech Jet.ATION SWITCH e e· HELMET VISOR HEATING CONTROL PANEL 3.

825 liters.lI HP OXYGEN PRESSURE IN PSI Contents of "02" (%} "MIXTURE" Cabin Altitude 2.305 1.30 15.015 725 435 145 Diluter Switch 100% .20 63. It can also be activa- ted manually in .000 ft 24.the cockpit by ~ean~ of a red knob attached ·to the seat connector when the normal system fails. .000ft 1.595 1. ·-.sure indicator pemiits checking of the pressure. The emerge~cy oxyg~n container is charged with 0.000ft "12.10 47. The emergency oxygen·delivery is activated automatically upon seat ejection.8o· - Mixture Mixture Mixture Mixture .70 33.OXYGEN_DURATION~ Refer to figl.00 77.40 119. 32 43 60 181. .175 All Altitudes 6. The container is connected directly to the lap belt radio/oxygen connector and provides oxygen ·for approximately · 10 minutes.30 33.00.00 106.70 29. 46.40 90.J!C 1-48.70 32.60 108. EMERGENCY OXYGEN SYSTEM The emergency oxygen container is attached to the pilot's parachute and during flight is located with a survival kit in the seat bucket.885 1. During SOLO flights the indicated values are approximately double Figure 1-48.50 65.70 148.70 14.80 63. 5.80 29.20 130. 146. Inc. * ** Descent to an altitude where oxygen is not required.40 ** * I WARNING.70 46.80 35. The values of oxygen durations in the table are valid for the· flights at the introduced altitudes.24 .000 ft 18.30 15.40 s.50 93. Oxygen Duration in Minutes for Two Crew Member 1-94 Provided by Czech Jet.70 78.50 36. Do not fly with oxygen NOTE 4.30 174. · · .10 65.00 89. of oxygen at a pressure of ISO kglcm2. A built in pres.30 58.30 48.00 ·19.80 21.

left otherwise it may be released of its hinges on the right. the internal canoPY lever is tilted inboard and then pulled backwards. CANOPY SECURING ROD · In the open position.· The canopy controls consist of the internal locking levers.T.52:. This can be.locking the ci. for unlocking the canopy locks. inflating the sealing tubes ·of the windshield and canopies of both cockpits. · When the ejection seat is operated. CANOPY UNLOCKED WARNING LIGHT A red "CANOPY UNLOCKED" light located on the warning panels in each cockpit. INTERNAL CANOPY LOCKING LEVER The internal canopy locking levers are located on the left cabin rail in each cockpit. of a pyrotechnic cartridge. the canopy will be jettisoned as well. it must be pushed against the spring pressure and secured by the locking cover. · Make sure to lift the canopy from the. The spring loaded lever is released by pushing the l~king cover. Two stage reduction valves located in the fwd cockpit. The air source is an air bottle with a volume of 2 liters and pressure of 15 MPa.59 kplcm2 (22-23 psi) which is adequate for canoPY sealing. one for each ·cockpit. The gas discharged from the cartridge is distributed through three lines. Securing rods are installed to hold the canopy at the open position. The securing element is then brought automatically to the groove. 1T-L39C-1 _CANOPIES PNEUMATIC SYSTEM The pneumatic system provides air for. The canopies can be jettisoned in flight by means of the emergency canopy jettison lever and by the levers for normal unlocking ofthe canopy locks. the externals locking levers and the canopy jettison levers. However during normal operation this is highly unrecommended as the canopies can spring out of their hinges. It has a red mark in the forward locked position. When closing the canopy. In the closed position. · reduce gradually this pressure to 1. consists. The locks in each canopy are opened or closed simultaneously by the canopy locking lever through a mechanical linkage.O. the canopy is held by a rod.linder. pull rods arid the four canopy locks. The pressure in bottles is indicated on the· pressure gage located on the aircraft nose LH side together with the filling port.. CANOPY CONTROL (Figure 1-49) The aircraft is equipped with individual canopies for the forward and aft cockpits which are opened and closed independently.1. The canoPY is secured in the tilted opened position when the rod is extended and canopy tilted to its maximum position... 1-95 Provided by Czech Jet. Turning the lever clockwise opens the canopy locks. When unlocking the canopy without de-pressurizing first (and/or during ejection). only after both canopies are locked. The Cabin pressurization and ECS handle inay be placed to center or forward position. Sealing effect of the windshield and canopies is established after closing and locking the canopies locks and moving the Cabin pressurization and ECS handle to the center position. Hence the respective canopy is not properly locked. To open the canopy. The canopies are hinged at the right and open upward. Inc. CANOPY JETTISON SYSTEM (Figure 1-50) Two identical independent canopy jettison systems. as part of the ejection sequence. The red canopy jettison lever is located below the cabin rail on the right side in each cockpit. two telescopic cylinders for canopy jettisoning. a cy.oCKING LEVER Locking and un. the air in the sealing tubes is drained automatically. it is necessary ftrst to lift the securing element before the canopy can be moved from open-secured position. A spring forces th~ lever to engage the mechanical linkage of the opening mechanism. pressure lines. from the LH side. The first line is connected to a mechanical linkage of the four locks opening mechanism while the remaining two lines are connected to the actuator on the canopy rail which in turn jettisons the canopy. each canopy is held by four locks. . illuminates when one of the canopy locking levers is not fully forward.Uiopies from outside is established by external canopy locking levers located below the cabin _rail on the left side of the fuselage by each cockpit canopy. EXTERNAL CANOPY (. To store the handle.done from either cockpits. Move the lever anticlockwise ftre a cartridge located on the bulkhead behind the ejection seat.

PNEUMATIC SYSTEM ·ARRANGEMENT FORWARD COCKPIT G CANOPY LOCK HANDLE G) WARNING PANEL DEPRESSURIZED CABIN PRESSURIZATION AND ECS HANDLE e E) AIR PRESSURE INDICATOR AB-1-(41) Figure 1-49. Inc. . Canopy.Controls and Indicators 1-96 Provided by Czech Jet.

./\ <. "--__ . Pyrotechnic Canopy Jettison Cartridge 4. G. Inc.LU. Lock Release Cylinder · Figure 1-50. 3 ·' 4 1.. Canopy Jettison Telescopic Cylinder 3. 1T-L39C-l (. Canopy Jettison Mechanism AB-1-(50) 1-97 Provided by Czech Jet.__. Emergency Canopy Jettison Lever 2. \· 1 2 .) \ .

by what ever means. The accelerating rocket motor is positioned underneath the seat bucket. THE SEAT The ejection seat comprises the seat bucket. The switch controls an electrical motor which can lift or lower" the seat by i 8 em (7 inches). rest assembly. Pilot/Seat Separator Handle Used in case the seat failed to separate after bailing out or the pilot has to separate from the seat due_ to an ejection failure or extreme emergency. the head-rest and frame. fully automatic.· EJECTION SEAT GENERAL The ejection seat (VS-1 BRI) provides _support and essential ·enviro. During ejection the shoulder straps will lock and hold the pilot's back firmly to the back of the seat.ground level throughout-the entire flight envelope. safe seat-man ejection extending from. This ball when placed. for some reason failed to jettison. Pilot Weight Setting Controls the inclination angle of the rocket engine for optimum thrust. the pilot. The shoulder straps may be kept lockedor released (spring loaded) to enable the pilot to bend forward freely. OPERATION CONTROLS Seat Bucket Height Adjustment Switch Enables adjustment of the seat height so that the pilot eye will be at the desired eye point. Its purpose is to stabilize the seat motion during the initial phases of the descent. .A/C. EJECTION CONTROLS Ejection Handles Primary control for ejection. The seat height adjustment ·and seat motion end positions adjustment is executed on the ground before flight. as SEAT CONTROLS (Figures l-51 through l-54) The seat is equipped with various controls for initiating the ejection sequence. In addition. Once the canopy is jettisoned. The pilot-to-seat fastening system comprises a carrying harness of the pilot's parachute and the strap which connect and fasten the pilot to the seat iri the area of waist and shoulders.Jettisoning th~ canopy utilizing the normal canopy locking levers is executed by simply opening the canopy locks. Shoulder Harness Arrestment-Lever Used for locking or releasing the shoulder harness. can adjust the seat height in a range of 40 mm. The seat bucket contains the survival kit. and the electrical motor of the aft seat is protected by the "SEAT' CB located on the miscellaneous CB/switch panel in the aft cockpit. leg fastening straps which are connected to the cock- pii floor and il)strument panel will fasten the legs to the seat during ejection the seat starts its motion. The frame holds the ejection mechanism. ejection through the canopy. and the air flow will then lift the ~opy untit"it is separated from the. . on the ground. During flight. The electrical motor of the forWard seat is protected by the "SEAT/HELMET' C/B located in the aft CB switch panel in forward cockpit. an arming ball which·is connected by cable· to the canopy is removed from the top left section of the seat head. vector resulting in best performance. Ejection Through Cancipy Handle Used in case the canopy. The seat head-rest contains a stabilizing parachute. overcoming ejection problems and operating environmental equipment.· feet the back of the pilot seat and acts as the back support during normal conditions.nmental equipment for crew members during flight and a means of fast. which will cause the canopy to lift due to the pressurized seals. Located on the forward side of the frame is the main parachute which is in ef. Inc. 1-98 Provided by Czech Jet. prevents unintentional.

. Ejection Seat Forward View 1-99 Provided by Czech Jet. Inc.O. Shoulder Harness Arrestment Lever 7.Rails Central Lock Pilote Parachute Head Rest AB-1-(51) Figure 1-51. Pilot Weight Setting Mechanism 9. 11. Shoulder Belt 4. 15. Parachute Manual Release Handle 5. 16. Shoulder Harness Lock 3. Seat Bucket Travel Limit Mechanism 2. Mixture Regulator 6. Seat Bucket · 8. 1Q. 14. 1T-L39C-l 9 1. 12.T. 13. Leg Fastening Strap Survival Kit Ejection Handles Harness Fastening Clisp Unlocking Hand.

Ejection Seat LH View 1-100 Provided by Czech Jet. Automatic Pisconnect·Lever Personal Equipment Connection LH Leg Strap Securing Lock Fastening Seat Height Adjustment Switch Seat Ground Locking Seat Bucket 'Il:'avel Umit Mechanism LH Shoulder Harness Lock LH Belly Harness Lock AB-1-{52) Figure 1-52. P.C. 8. . 6. Inc.E. 3. 7 5. 7. .l 1 2 8 1.. 4. 2.

Inc. Rocket Motor NoZzles RH Belly Harness Lock Survival Kit Manual Release RH Shoulder Harness Lock Seat Bucket Travel Limit Mechanism AB-1-{53) Figure 1-53. . 8. 1T-L39C-l 1 3 1.T. 10.O. 2. Ejection Seat RH View 1-101 Provided by Czech Jet. 9. 3. 5. 4. Seat Ground Locking LH Shoulder Harness Lock RH Leg Strap Securing Lock Ejection Through Canopy Handle Pilot Parachute Cable Hinge 6. 7.

c. Snap hook of leg straps. EJECTION (Figure 1-55 through 1-59) When a decision to eject has been taken. is fully automatic. By pulling the handles a chain of firing events is started which include fuing the canopy pyromechanism. EJECTION MECHANISM COMBINED DRIVING MECHANISM Purpose of the combined driving mechanism is to eject the seat to required safe height above aircraft.E. A telescopic ejection mechanism. opening the canopy locks and jettisoning the canopies.):::1\. comprises three cylinders. Unlocking the firing mechanism d. EJEcnON SEQUENCE Once the ejection handled have been squeezed and pulled. Because of their different length.-1 SEAT/AIRCRAFr INTERFACE The seat/aircraft interface provides the seat and pilot with the necessary connections for nonnal every day operation.Seat stabilizing parachote ejection EJECTION BLOCKING An electrical sequencing system is integrated in the ejection system to prevent the danger of collision between the two canopies or the pilots during ejection. installed at the back side of the frame. The pyrocartridge in the telescopic cylinders fonns the initial thrust generating device continued at a later stage. Inc. joint FIRING MECHANISM The fuing mechanism is initiated by operating firing (ejection) handles. and at the other end connected to various seat mechanisms.. Firing the pyro-technic cartridge for canopy jettisoning. the pilot -4ihall grasp the double fuing handled (ejection handles) with both hands. 1-102 Provided by Czech Jet. provide timing function during seat motion upward for following events: .. Combined oxygen/Anti-G/communication (0RK-9AU). . by the secondary driving device stage employed by the rocket motor. as well as for ejection requirements. "· Electrical connector which is the connection for the electrical seat consumers such as the seat bucket height setting. the ejection blocking and report signals to the flight data recorder (FOR). e. the seat telescopic ejection mechanism and the seat rocket motor. The mechanism consists of two stages: first stage comprises telescopic ejection mechanism and the second stage rocket motor. squeeze the unlocking hand-rails and pull them continuously upwards. 1 J. which snap ·as the legs are fastened to the seat during the initial seat motion.C. until the seat is fired out of the cockpit. which consists of a set of wire cables connected to the cabin floor at one end.1.. System of actuating static cables. Firing the pyro-technic cartridge for shoulder harness fastening.. which causes the sequence to be interrupted and uncompleted.Quick disconnection ofthe Pitot-line . the outer attached to the cockpit floor and the inner to the seat frame.Anning of automatic pilot-seat separation unit .J. If both pilots initiate the ejection at exactly the same time.-. will complete his ejection before the second pilot ejection commences. b. The electrical sequencing ensures that the pilot who initiates the ejection first whether the forward or aft. the forced fastening shoulder straps pyromechanism.Quick disconnection of the P. the second pilot ejection will not be initiated since it is blocked in favour of the first pilot.Rocket motor ignition . the following sequence of events take place: a. . Should a malfunction occur in the first pilot ejection sequence. The rest of the ejecting sequence operation..V. Connecting hose of dynamic pressure supply to pilotseat separation mechanism.Quick disconnection of electrical connection . Therefore an ''UNLOCK EJECI"' switch is installed in both cockpits to overcome such a situation and override the blocking effect by disabling the sequencing. the aft seat will have priority. Removing the restriction imposed upon the telescopic ejection mechanism by the canopy being jettisoned (ball locking element). up to the main chute deployment.. Canopy jettisoning lever and seat ejection in the other cockpit are both blocked.

· T. 3.Rails 6. 2. 4. Pilot Weight Setting Switch ·Seat Bucket Height Adjustment Switch Shoulder Harness Arrestment Lever Ejection Handles Figure 1-54. 1T-L39C-l 4 1. Pilot/Seat Separation Handle 7. Inc. . Unlocking Hand.O. 5. Ejection Through Canopy Handle AB-1-{54) Seat Controls 1-103 Provided by Czech Jet.

nopy has jettisoned (by any means) but the seat will not follow.JECI'ION If the pilot does nat receive any response when initiating the ejection (squeezing and pulling the ejection · handles) the ejection is blocked by the other pilot ejection sequence. The seat motion causes the pilot's legs to be drawn towards the seat. Inc.5 sec time delay. the stabilizing parachute of the pilot is deployed. the EJECTION THROUGH CANOPY handle. and then the ejection handles m~st be squeezed and pulled. must be pulled. p.· nects the seat to the A/C. Pilot/seat separation occurs (speed in the moment of ejection below 450 kmlh separation·. After 0.000 ft) . occurs after 0. · If the canopy still fails to jettison. ·Stabilizing parachute is frred. the pilot must attempt a manual bail out. PROBLEMS DURING E. Disconnecting the electrical connector which con. after trying all methods). Firing the telescopic ejection mechlulism. the ejection handles must be squeezed and pulled again. located on the RH side of the seat. Parachute deployment sequence is actuated by a static line. · i. o. h. Should the seat is blocked by the canopy which failed to jettison (time permitting. disconnect the oxygen mask hose from the oxygen device. late as after 1. Disconnecting the dynamic pressure hose and arming the pilot/seat separation unit. after the canopy is separated from the A/C. The survival kit then hangs on a 12 meter strip. .if the pilot is below 4. he must operate the pilot/seat release lever located on the seat bucket RH side.E.l. connected to pilot flight suit and emergency beacon is automatically activated: If the canopy fails to jettison the ·emergency canopy jettison lever. The pilot descends by means of the main parachute~ survival kit cover opens and release survival kit with emergency beacon. If ~ter trying alJ the above mentioned methods there is still no response from the ejection system or the ca.U.000 m (13. n.5 sec. 11-L3~C-l. After 1. Disconnecting the Oxygen/Communication JOtnt (P. should be employed. Once the seat is out of the cockpit: k. After the seat has left the A/C. Rocket motor is ignited. the "UNLOCK EJEcr' guarded switch must be placed to OFF ·and the ejection handles squeezed and pulled again.4 sec.) and switching the oxygen supply to the emergency oxygen system. above 450 kmlh depending on actual speed as.000 m). to remove the canopy blocking restriction. thus lifting the restriction (unblocking) imposed upon the other cockpit's canopy jettisoning and seat operation.. If the situation takes more that 2 seconds. 1-104 Provided by Czech Jet. L - m. j. - . NOTE Pilot can manually fully disconnect the survival kit from the suit in case of landing to an unsuitable terrain (flat ground or water).the main parachute is deployed.5 sec) by releasing the connections of the shoulder and belt harness to the seat including release of the legs straps and double firing handle.C. f. the pilot must attempt to open the canopy by operating the canopy locking lever on the LH side. prior to disconnecting the main harness release. - - · Whatever method works. q. located on the RH side of both cockpits. and the pilot realizes that he has not been separated from the seat (altitude below 4. ·1 WARNING • On contact with the ground. As the seat starts its motion: g.

T.O. Inc. Ejection Unlock Controls (sheet 1 of 2) 1-105 Provided by Czech Jet. AUXILIARY SWITCH PANEL " 0 EJECTION UNLOCK SWITCH AB-1-(55-1) Figure 1-55. 1T-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT RHCONSOLE AFT COCKPIT RHCONSOLE UNLOCK EJECT. .

Ejection Unlock Controls (sheet 2 of 2) 1-106 Provided by Czech Jet.U. ON FilE EXT OFF G CONTACTOR BOX AB-H55-2) Figure 1-55. . Inc. 11-LJ~L-1 .l.

O.::::-= ==== ==-----=--=-~-=- =. Inc.!. 1T-L39C-1 L--------~------~ I I I I --------.-==.T.. TIME SEQUENCE REASONABLE DEPENDANCE . AB-1-{56) Figure 1-56. . Ejection Seat Operation Sequence 1-107 Provided by Czech Jet.

Below the airspeed of 150 krnlh it is prohibited to eject since there is a chance that the canopy will not be disconnected from the seat.12 9 3 50m 0 200 300 400 450 600 700 800 AIRSPEED (kmlh lAS) NOTE • Up to height of 50 m it is prohibited to eject above airspeed of 450 krnlh due to 1. Inc. • AB-1-{57) Figure 1-57.5 sec delay of seat/pilot separation. . Ejection Envelope 1-108 Provided by Czech Jet.

9=-90/ :§: ~ jjj :I: ~ 800 700 600 / / ~ / ~ / / ·/ v / / / -6~ 500 400 300 ..200 ./ / / v/ L // / ~ / / / / / ./ / / / v -45_. /: / ~ ~ 100 0 . Aircraft Dive Angle Effect (sheet I of 2) 1-109 Provided by Czech Jet..---./" / . Minimum height for safe ejection at different dive angles is shown herein. / . one second longer for the other pilot. . IT-L39C-l 1500 1400 1300 1200 1100 1000 900 TWO CREW MEMBERS DIVE ANGLE I . Inc.____600 -~ oo 800 900 100 200 300 400 500 700 AIRSPEED (kmlh lAS) NOTE Calculated time span from the decision making ejection from the aircraft up to the moment of actual ejection by the first pilot amounts two seconds. v ./ .r / ~ ~ ----. AB-1-(58) Figure 1-58.O... I •./ v I'" v ...T.

/ / ~ vv v . AB-HSI-2) Figure 1-58.../ / v / / v / / v / ... (!J 600 :I: jjj :I: 500 400 300 200 100 0 v/ / v v V_v v / v ~/ v . / ----. Minimum height for safe ejection at different dive angles is shown herein.-. Inc.200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 AIRSPEED (km/h lAS) NOTE Calculated time span from the decision making ejection from the aircraft up to the moment of actual ejection by the first pilot amounts two seconds.. Aircraft Dive Angle Effect (sheet 2 of 2) 1-110 Provided by Czech Jet.J -ey v / ~ ~ ~ / ~ -15°- / ../ v v 9=90° ...-----------. . / / ~ ~ ~0 100 ..1200 -1 I ONE CREW MEMBER 1100 DIVE ANGLE 1000 900 800 700 ·'i? .

EJECTION IN DIVE (PITCH DOWN ALTITUDE) AB-1-(511) Figure 1-59. Inc.50 • 910 law!>' 0. 1T-L39C-l EJECTION IN LEVEL PITCH ALTITUDE 1.T. Ejection Sequence and Conditions 1-111 Provided by Czech Jet.8 Mach ~ .O. .

.. LIGHTING SYSTEM The aircraft lighting equipment is basically divided into three essential subsystems: exterior and Interior lighting subsystems and warning.s of both ejection seats and to anti. Roll the NC upside down or push the control stick forward (to create a slight negative "g"). employing the anti-G suit or anti-G .200 mm (74.. white position light three white landing gear down lights. caution and advisory indicator subsystem. without parachute) Weight of outfitted ejection seat including telescopic · ejection mechanism Maximum pilot sitting height (crown-rump length) Vertical g factor during ejection Launching height above aircraft MIN: MAX: For the use of normal anti. ... c.4 in) 570 mm (23. is used for increasing the resistance of the crew member against the influence of positive G forces of different magnitudes. from 2 to 10 g..Q part of the compensating suit..4 sqft) 50m2 (538 sqft) EJECTION SEAT PERFORMANCE PARTICULARS Altitude Oto50m (0 to 164ft) 50 to 12.. Next sequences are the same as during normal ejection after pilot separating from the seat. Trim the NC for "nose down" but keep on holding the control stick. fol~ Seat pan adjustment range for pilot sitting height adjustment 180 mm (7 in) Seat pan adjustment range when pilot 40 mm (l 2/3 in) sitting height already adjusted Seat height (pan in lowest position) Seat width (at maximum point) Operational temperature range 1.. The pressure regulator has two settings which can be selected on the ground only: b. part of compensating suit.5 m2 (5.. Bail out and deploy parachute. 0. Jettison or unlock and push the canopy away. The difference between these lights is that the landing light filament beam covers · a larger all-round pattern. Operate the pilot/seat separation lever on the RH side EJECTION SEAT PARTICULAR Maximum pilot weight (including 108 kg (225lb) outfit.60°C to + 60°C Area of seat stabilizing parachute Area of pilot parachute canopy . d.. one on each landing gear LANDINGfl'AXI LIGHTS A combined double filament landing/taxi light is mounted to the tip of each wing tip tank.5 to 8 g.E.000 m (164 to 40. of the seat pan.(} suit is supplied for a G-load range from 2. e..000 ft) Indicated air speed 150 to 450 km/h (81 to 245 KIAS) 150 to 910 kmlh/0. Inc. For the use of altitude compensating suits.5 kg (176lb) 980 mm (39 in) 17 g 86 m (282ft) When the pressure regulator is in "MIN" position..Q suits..8 Mach) 1-112 Provided by Czech Jet.··-· .C.anti-G valves where the pressure is au• tomatically regulated in proportion to the G load being performed.. by moving it out and forward. the pressure air to the anti... Finally is the air supplied to the P. when in ·~MA.8 Mach (81 to 490 KIAS/0. The air then passes through anti-G valve filters in each cockpit to the. MANUAL BAIL OUT a.. 79.Q suit or anti.2 in)· . _ _... Air pressure for the G suit is supplied by the NC engine bleed.X''. EXTERIOR LIGHTING (Figure 1-60 and 1-61) The aircraft exterior lighting equipment consists of the lowing lights: · · two landing/taxi lights · one left-hand red position -light one right-hand green position light one tail. ANTI "G" SYSTEM The anti-G system.

LIGHT (UI) GREEN POSITION UGHT (RH) RED POSmON UGHT (UI) LANDINGtrAXI UGHT (RH) LANDINGtrAXI UGHT (LH) AB-1-(10) Figure 1-60.O.T. Inc.Exterior Lighting f-113 Provided by Czech Jet. NOSEUGDOWN INDICATING UGHT MAIN UG INDICATING UGHT (LEFT/RIGHT) RED POSmON. . Lighting System . JT-L39C-l WHITE POSmON UGHT (TAIL) .

The instrument lights are controlled per cockpit. The rheostat is situated in front of the instrument lighting switch to regulate the intensity of the instrument lights. LIGHTS/ HAND LAMP" CJB on the Aft CB/Switch Panel. LIGHTS"): Mode control . The landing and taxi lights are powered. The circuit is protected by "NAV.". by 28 V DC protected by two C/Bs labeled "SEARCHLIGHTS PORT" and "SEARCHLIGHTS STARB. This switch functions only if the mode control switch is out of OFF position. in both cockpits. When set to "LAND. LIGHTS/HAND LAMP" CJB on the Aft CB/ Swich Panel in the forward cockPit." on the Aft CB/Switch Panel in the forward cockpit.One center pedestal light . labeled "SEARCH L. BRT (60%) or MAX (100%). The lights are automatically switched on.Directional gyro control box Aft cockpit . Auxiliary.Pitch trim position indicator light .". Intensity control "BRIGHTNESS" . INTERIOR LIGHTING (Figure 1-62 and 1-63) The interior lighting of the aircraft consists of two separate circuits for each cockpit. The main cir- 1-114 Provided by Czech Jet. Primary red lights set. When set to "TAX.its. middle. is equipped with red or white bulbs for indirect illumination. provided that the navigation light switch is not in OFF position. Turning the rheostat CW increases the intensity~ The instrument lights are protected by two C/Bs on the Aft CB/Switch Panel in the forward cockpit labeled "COCKPIT LIGHTING RED" for the red main circuit and "COCKPIT LIGHTING WHITE" for the white auxiliary circuit. when the landing gear is extended.One center pedestal light Individual Instrument Li&hts Each instrument on the instrument panel. The instrument lighting switch has three position: Center: Forward: Backward: OFF position Main. Secondary white lights set. the landing lights remain on irrespectively of the landing gear position. located on ·the right console auxiliary switch panel in the forward cockpit (position lights control panel "NAVIG. a terminal switch causes the taxi lights to go off automatically upon landing gear retraction. is situated above the fo~ard· part of the left console in both cockp. .Individual instrument lights .". Cockpit Interior Li&htin& and Conttols The cockpits consists of the following lighting components: Forward cockpit: . by the switch and knob located on instrument lighting control panel labeled "INSTRUM LIGHTS". if main C/B goes off the system automatically switches to the auxiliary circuit.". middle OFF or steady "FIXED" position.off position and landing"LAND.Athree position switch. · POSmON LIGHTS (NAV LIGHTS) The NAV lights are controlled by two three-position switches. In ~e event of a failure in the main circuit. which may be switched on manually as well. LANDING GEAR DOWN LIGHTS A white "landing gear down" light is mounted on each landing gear strut. by a terminal switch. with positions taxi -·~TAX.Individual instrument lights NOTE Using the LANDING lights on the ground or during taxi is not recommended longer then 3 sec due to lamp overheat. main and auxiliary. Inc.Four console lights . .can be selected to DIM (30%).Six console light bulbs .Stand-by compass light .". cuit illuminates in red while the auxiliary one illuminates in white. The NAV lights are powered by 28 V DC and protected by the "NAV.can be selected to flash position "FLICKER".

Controls 1-115 Provided by Czech Jet.· "t"?. .O. Exterior Lighting System.IARY SWITCH PANEL e AFr CJB SWITCH PANEL AB-1-(61) Figure 1-61.T. 6. 1T-:L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFrCOCKPIT LEFr CONSOLE 1~:.t i ~- G TAXI AND LANDING LIGHTS CONTROL SWITCH e -- AUXll. Inc. §)' .

will illuminate for as long as the button is depressed. except of FOR ON. caution lights of yellow and advisory lights of green and white color. 1-116 Provided by Czech Jet. They are rectangular in shape and ·•· bear either an inscription or a symbol. The intensity of the light is not affected by the rheostat. The intensity is controlled by the dimming rheostat on advisory and warning lights intensity control panel. labeled "NA'\1G. The light is activated by the instrument panel emergency light switch labeled ''EMERG. The compass light is controlled and protected as the instrument lights. CAUTION AND ADVISORY INDICATOR LIGHTS SYSTEM (Figure 1~) Each cockpit is equipped with an independent warning. In the aft cockpit there are two on each side below the canopy rail. LIGHT' and located beside the sight. The console flood lights are controlled and protected by the same manner as the individual instrument lights. NOTE The UG indication system is an independent and dedicated panel and light system which is not part of the above. The directional gyro control box lights are switched on and protected as the instrument lights and illuminates at both main or auxiliary circuits. Dimming of FOR ON light is achieved by rotating of lamp cap. caution and advisory light system is protected by two "SIGNAL. The warning. caution and advisory lights Landing gear electrical indicator panel Flap electrical indicator panel Trim indicators Armament indicator lights Dimming through the full intensity range is provided in five stages. The identical warning lights are located on the left-hand side panel and the caution and advisory (C&A) lights. W/C & A Li&hts IntensitY Control Panel Dimming of the following items is accomplished by the dimming rheostat. W/C & A Li&bts System Test The test button is located next to the W/C & A dimming rheostat. In case of indicator lights power supply malfunction. The warning lights are of red color. Directional BYfO control box · Indirect integrated white illumination is achieved by lights integrated in the directional gyro control box. The C/Bs are located in the respective Swich Panel protecting the respective cockpit system.white. is controlled by the instrument light switch in the forward cockpit. Inc. LIGHTS/ HAND LAMP" and located on the aft CB/Switch Panel in the forward cockpit. yellow and green colors. Ememencoy Interior Li&htin& In the forward cockpit only there is a white instrument panel emergency light located under the gyroscopic sight console. on the right. The emergency light circuit is protected by the position light CIB. The light is controlled and protected as the instrument lights. the light could be supplied by 28 V in the terminal position of regulator switch. Trim indicators The white pitch trim indicator light. The warning lights flash. caution and advisory light system which is located under the glare shield." C/Bs. trim and armament lights system is stated in appropriate paragraphs. By pressing this button all W/C & A lights. located on the RH console in each cockpit: Master Caution light All warning. one in each cockpit. The compass light illuminates at both main or auxiliary circuits. Center Pedestal Li&ht The light is of a similar type as the console light and is mounted on each control stick below the stick grip. The intensity of the light is not affected by the instruments lights control panel knob.Console Flood Li&hts Two console flood lights are installed on the left and four on the right side below the canopy rail in the forward cockpit. . Stand-lzy Compass Li&ht A light bulb illuminates the scale of the standby magnetic compass in the forward cockpit. WARNING. The lights are of . Flaps and speed brakes position indicating system. red.

E) STAND-BY COMPASS LIGHT TRIM INDICATORS LIGHTS .O.Interior Lighting AB-H62) 1-117 Provided by Czech Jet.e CENTER PEDESTAL LIGHT Figure 1-62. 0 e EMERGENCY INTERIOR UGIITING Lighting System.T-L39C-.l e[: FORWARD COCKPIT I I I CD e[: AFI' COCKPIT G FLOOD LIGHTS CD FLOODUGHTS e FLOOD LIGHTS -r --. Inc..T. . l.

. The engine must not be started. which will cause the temperature of the air being supplied.. over-heat. "CONFORM AZIMUTH" In the aft cockpit the bearing alignment button on the RSBN aft control -panel is depressed and holded. DELIVERY" "INV. One or both canopies are unlocked. to change with ambient temperature. Mach number has reached 0.l. Altitude is at or below the altitude set against the radio altitude bug.U. Shut-off valves for engine and AIC de-icing system are open. 115 V. . The filter· is clogged and fuel flow through by-pass. ECS system is off. 400Hz inverter has "150 KG FUEL" "DON'T START' "*"(snow-flake) "CANOPY UNLOCKED" "DANGEROUS ALTITUDE" "DE-ICING ON" "WINGTIP TANKS" "MARKER" "HYD. within acceptable limits. The auxiliary generator (RAT) is extended but fails to provide electrical power (or in transit). or testing of the fire warning circuit. Icing conditions have been detected by the icing sensor. ·"FIRE" Fire. ECS emergency control.34 NM) from destination and at altitude ''END OF DESCENT' "M MAX.SYST. Remaining useable fuel in the 150 kg fuselage tanks is (330 lbs) or below. Passing over the marker beacon. Fuel pressure is less than min permissible value. APU has reached idle run. Inc.750 psi).-1 WARNING LIGHTS: CAUTION AND ADVISORY (C&A) LIGHTS: "AIRCONDIT EMERG. Cabin pressure is beyond limits (either too high or too low). 11-Lj~\. or the EGT limiter is not operating." "AIRCONDIT OFF" "FUEL FILTER" "ENGINE VIBRATION" "CABIN PRESSURE" The differential pressure on both sides of the fuel filter has exceeded limit. The main generator has failed or is not switched on. "GENERATOR" "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" (flashing) "TURBINE STARTER" "FUEL EMERG. failed. FAIT. The light will go out when the pressure builds up to 125 kp/cm2 (1. or the system has been activated manually. Pressure in the main system has dropped to below 60 kp/cm2 (870 psi)." Failure of the temperature pickup down stream of ttie turbo cooler. " 600m. Aircraft descent terminated at distance of 12 km (11. Engine vibration has exceeded 40mm/s. Wing tip fuel tanks are empty or fail to transfer fuel. 115 V FAIL" Emergency fuel circuit is in use.78 M (speed brakes extend automatically). 1-118 Provided by Czech Jet.

T.O. IT-L39C-l

FORWARD COCKPIT

AFfCOCKPIT

INSTRUMENTS LIGHTS CONTROL PANEL

e

0
INSTRUMENTS PANEL EMERGENCY LIGHTS SWITCH

WARNING-UGKT INTENSITY

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AFf C/B SWITCH PANEL
Figure 1-63. Interior Lighting System- Controls

0
W/C & A LIGHTS INTENSITY
CONTROL PANEL (DIMMING RHEOSTAT)
AB-1-{63)

1-119

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

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FORWARD COCKPIT

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WARNING LIGHTS PANEL

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UPPER ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL

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MASTER CAUTION LIGHT

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CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL- FORWARD COCKPIT
AB-1---{64-1)

Figure 1-64.

Warning, Caution & Advisory Indicator Light System (sheet 1 of 2)

1-120

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O. IT-L39C-l

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LE LE ~~

AFfCOCKPff

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STORES INDICATION PANEL

0
LEFf ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL

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RIGHT ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL

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CAUTION & ADVISORY LIGHTS PANEL- AFf COCKPIT
AB-1-(64-2)

Figure 1-64.

Warning, Caution & Advisory Indicator Light System (sheet 2 of 2)

1-121

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

J..U. J J,-L.J;t'\.,..-J.

"INV. 3x36 V FAIL"

Inverter III (3 X 36 V, 400Hz) has failed or is not switched on. The inverter supply the engine instruments and turn indicator.

m

"ENG. MIN. OIL PRESS"

Oil pressure is below limit or oil temperature has reached upper limit or oil impurities have reached limit. Exhaust gas temperature has reached 730°C. Exhaust gas temperature has reached 700°C When in touch with RSBN beacon, the heading is evaluated with maximal accuracy When in touch with RSBN beacon, the distance is evaluated with maximal accuracy

scopic sight to aim the weapons and with a gun camera to shoot the weapon delivery. The system includes the capability to jettison the stores In emergency. The armament system is protected and controlled by two "ARMS" C/Bs, one in the forward cockpit center pedestal and one in the aft cockpit miscellaneous CJB switch panel. Both C/Bs have to be switched ON to enable· the system operation by the trigger located on the forward cockpit stick grip (except in emergency jettison operation). The stores releasing by the trigger is blocked up the ale speed 310 ± 15 km/h. The ale has two external armament stations, one on each wing. MAIN DELIVERY MODES AND CONTROLS. Figures l-65 through l-66. The weapon delivery system has the following main modes: bombs delivery in A/G, rockets delivery for both A/G and A/A targets, missile launching i!l A/A and gun training mode in A/A (with gun camera). To operate the armament system the following switches have to be switched on: Forward cockpit main C/B switch panel

"J.P.T. 730°C"

"J.P.T. 700°C"

"AZIMUTH CORRECT'

"DISTANCE CORRECT'

CAUTION LIGHT PANEL The Master Caution Light is located in both cockpits. The light does not bear any label and is provided in red color. The following lights are accompanied by flashing of the MASTER CAUTION light: FIRE 150 KG FUEL
DON'T~TART

- "BATTERY" - "ENGINE" Aft C/B switch panel - "CONTR." - "SIGNAL." - "EMERG. DROP" - "FIRE" - "FLT RECOR/EKSR-46/KL-39" Miscellaneous CIB switch panel - "NETW." - "SIGNAL."

FUEL FILTER GENERATOR HYD. SYST. FAIL ENGINE VIBRATION CANOPY UNLOCKED ARMAMENT SYSTEM The armament system provides the ale with the capability to carry and deliver Air to Air and Air to Ground weapon types. For list of approved stores, refer to Section V - Operating Limitations. The aircraft is equipped with a gyro-

The armament system controls are located on forward cockpit center pedestal, on main and miscellaneous CB/ switch panel. Annament system status indication lights are located in the forward cockpit on lower and upper armament indication panels and in the aft cockpit on left and right armament indication panels. Forward cockpit center pedestal "ARMS" C/B - switches ON the weapons releasing circuit, controlled by the trigger push button, located on the forward cockpit stick grip.

1-122

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O: lT-L39C-l

.

·.

Rockets "UB-16" CIB - switches ON the rockets firing control circuit Sight and camera gun "ASP-FKP" CIB- switches ON the sight and camera gun electric circuits. "HEAT SS" CIB - when ON, supplies the missile seeker heating circuit "GLOW SS" CIB - when ON, supplies the missile seeker glowing circuit "VOLUME SS" controller - it adjusts volume of the missile seeker cage audio signal Missile/bomb release selector - it enables to select an order of bobs dropping or missile launching after squeezing the trigger. - "PORT' position - bomb from under the left pylon will be dropped or LH missile will be launched - "STARB.,..,BOTH" position - bombs from under the both pylons will be dropped simultaneously, or RH missile will be launched Lower armament indication panels - Store light (bomb symbol) - it indicates any store suspended under the wing pylon (bomb, rocket launcher, missile launcher). - "EXPLOSIVE" light - indicates that the ann/safe bombs emergency jettison switch is in ARM position "A-A MISSILE" light - indicates that the missile is suspended under the appropriate missile launcher "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light - indicates that the automatic rockets firing system is in its zero r~ference position "LIVE" ann/safe bombs emergency jettison switch: - "LIVE" position - bombs will be jettisoned with fuzes armed - "BLANK" position -bombs will be jettisoned with fuzes disarmed "EMERG. JETTIS." emergency jettison switch when in ON unguarded position each store will be jettisoned simultaneously from both pylons. The missiles will be jettisoned together with their launchers. Rockets firing mode selector - "2 RS" position - two rockets will be fired when trigger is squeezed. Firing sequence is left first, symmetric right second.

- "4 RS" position - four rockets will.be fired ~hen trigger is squeezed. Firing sequence is left first, synunetric right second, left third and symmetric right last. - "AUT." position - salvo position; the rockets are fired as long as the trigger is squeezed. The firing sequence is symmetric with an interval of approximately 1.2 second between two subsequent launches. · Miscellaneous C/B Switch Panel "ARMS" CIB -switches ON the weapons control circuit. This C/B overrides function of the same one in the forward cockpit. "EMERG. JETTIS." emergency jettison switch when in ON unguarded position each store will be jettisoned simultaneously from both pylons. The missiles will be jettisoned together with their launchers. "BOMBS" ann/safe bombs emergency jettison switch - it overrides function of the "LIVE" switch, located in the forward cockpit. When the switch in the aft cockpit is stated and covered in the middle position, the fwd switch functions. "LIVE" position - bombs will be jettisoned with fuzes armed - "BLANK" position - bombs will be jettisoned with fuzes disarmed . Uttper Annament Indication Panel "STAND ALERT' light - the armament system electric circuit is ready, all the relevant armament system switches are turned on, all the selectors are in correct position and the speed is higher than 310 ± 15 kmlh. "NO LAUNCH" max. "G" load light- the "G" load of the aircraft reaches. the limit +2 g. Left Armament Indication Panel "STAND ALERT' light - the armament system elec- . tric circuit is ready, all the relevant armament system switches are turned on, all the selectors are in correct position and the speed is higher than 310 ± 15 kmlh. "NO LAUNCH" max. "G" load light - the "G" load of the aircraft reaches the limit +2 g. "EXPLOSIVE" light - the ann/safe bombs emergency jettison switch is positioned in "LIVE" (ARM) position. Right Armament Indication Panel "ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light- it illuminates whenever the trigger is squeezed.

1-123

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

0 ARMAMENT PANEL e CONTROL STICK AB-1-{(65) Figure 1-65. . ~ h~ II @ PUS-0 @ _@ :~~RA.Forward Cockpit 1-124 Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. Armament System Locations and Controls.FORWARD COCKPIT e UPPER ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL TRIGGER COVER ~ i ~I i 111~1~ .

HEATING I e RIGHT ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL I LEFT ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL e MISCELLANEOUS C/B SWITCH PANEL Figure 1-66.T. Inc.O. . 1T-L39C-l A-A A-A MISSILE MISSILE G STORES INDICATION PANEL AFT COCKPIT 8 EJ 0 ~ ~ E N ROCKETS . Armament System Locations and Controls.Aft Cockpit AB-H&&I 1-125 Provided by Czech Jet.

the sight circuit is armed and the aiming reticle illuminates. Inc. Tar~et Eramin~ Brightness Knob Rotating the brightness knob sets the brightness of the aiming reticle displayed on the optical combiner.indicates that the missile is suspended under the appropriate missile launcher ASP-3NMU-39 GYROSCOPIC SIGHT The sight (figure 1-67) is a gyroscopic unit of collimator type.a. it means that an aiming reticle is deflected on the optical combiner thus providing the line of sight deflection from the weap. Rotating the grip CW the stadiametric circle enlarges and vice versa. the gyro unit free movement is established and the aiming reticle can displace on the optical After switching on the "ARMS" C/Bs in both fwd and aft cockpits and "ASP-FKP" C/B in the forward cockpit. To aim the target. Mechanical Si~ht Control Lever The lever positions the mechanical sight in case of gyro unit or optical system malfunction: · "ASP-FKP" Sj~ht and Camera Gun C/B The sight and camera gun C/B is located on the fwd cockpit center pedestal and it protects and switches ON the sight and camera gun power supply circuitry. OPERATION . By rotating this grip the stadiametric circle on the optical combiner changes its diameter finally encircling the target wingspan thus estimating the target range within a range from 180 to 800 m.e. . . The preset value can be read on the target dimension scale.a... The optical combiner is an optical reflecting surface that reflects sight symbols. aiming reticle can be tilted in a range from 0. It automatically evaluates the lead angle.-a.J.it illumi.Store light (bomb symbol) . Aimjn~ An~le Selector The aiming angle selector allows to set the aiming angle during A/G mode with fixed aiming reticle.v • . i. In "FIXED" positim1 the gyro unit is arrested and the aiming reticle is fixed. pilot shall perfonn the following: to align the target with the pipper by maneuvering the aircraft to encircl~ the A/A target with the stadiametric circle by rotating the throttle grip . Tar~et Djmensjon Selector Using the target dimension selector the ale target wingspan or dimension can be preset in a range from 7 to 45 m. the brightness increases. Grip The target framing grip creates a part of the fwd cockpit throttle grip. The sight can be used also as the collimator sight. Rotating the knob in the "BRIGIIT'' direction.. All sight displays are presented on the optical combiner above the instrument panel. Optical Filter Control Lever It positions the filter across the optical combiner to reduce brightness of background... auxiliary fixed mechanical sight can be used. projected into the pilot's line of vision. The range can vary from 0 to 20° and can be read on the aiming angle scale. The. The controls and indicators are located on the sight. When the target dimension selector is set to 7 m the range can be adjusted from 180 to 385m and when selector is set to 45 m the range can be adjusted from 360 to 800 m.:7\.&. on the center pedestal and on the fwd throttle grip. to 20° and its brightness can be adjusted as required. In that case the gyro unit shall be· arrested. When the gyro unit or optical system failed. "A-A MISSILE" light . rocket · launcher.-t "ROCKETS HEATING" advisory light . According to planned mission the pilot shall set the gyro unit arrestment lever into the respective position and shell set the line of sight angle according the following table: 1-126 Provided by Czech Jet.it illuminates whenever the missile seeker glowing switch in the fwd cockpit is turned on.it indicates any store suspended under the wing pylon (bomb.· nates· whenever the missile seeker heating switch in the fwd cockpit is turned on.· ons fire line at the moment of fire by the correct angle and ensures the highly probable target hit. Stores Indication Panel . missile launcher). CONTROLS combiner according to flight conditions. with the fixed aiming reticle.. Gyro Unit Arrestment Lever When the two position gyro unit arrestment lever is set to "GYRO" position. .. "GLOWING ON" advisory ·light .

Inc.T. .Controls and Indicators. Optical Combiner 3. 1-127 Provided by Czech Jet. Mechanical Sight Control Lever 4. Target Dimension Selector 8. Target Range Scale 6. Arrestment Lever Figure 1-67. 1T-L39C-1 FORWARD COCKPIT 2 2 6 G TIIROTILE QUADRANT (FWD COCKPIT) CAMERA GUN RELEASE 5 1 4 e CONTROL STICK GRIP 0 GYROSCOPIC SIGHT CONSOLE 1. 5. Gyroscopic Sight 2.O. Gun Camera 7. Brightness Knob AB-1-(67) Gyroscopic Sight and Gun Camera.

according to ballistic tables "FIXED". .O. The camera includes 1. Film feedin& Indicator Rotation of the black indicator with white spots. It records both the aiming reticle and the target simultaneously. As the aircraft by its maneuvering reaches proper position relatively to the target. To improve the quality of snaps being shot during flight. FKP-2-2 GUN CAMERA."HEATING SS" missile seeker heating C/B and "GLOWING SS" missile seeker glowing C/B to ON position . After launching the missile the "A-A MISSILE" advisory light of During take off. "NO LAUNCH" max. 1T-L39C-1 Mission Training gun camera AlA Rockets firing Missile AJA Bombs Gyro Unit and Line-of-Si&ht An&le ~ "GYRO". CONTROLS Gun Camera Iri&&er The gun camera trigger placarded "GSAP" is located on the control stick grip in the forward cockpit. located on the gun camera front panel. The store light (bomb symbol) and "A-A MISSILE" light will illuminate on the fwd cockpit upper armament indication panel and on the aft cockpit stores indication panel. 0° "GYRO" or "FIXED". Armament panel (fwd cockpit center pedestal): . Both film feed and a shutter operation are electrically driven. 0° "FIXED". One missile can be suspended under each pylon. CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS. The respective missile seeker audio signal is audible in the headset. Its level can be adjusted by the "VOLUME SS" controller. Pressing this button. according to tables ballistic ~ The main pre-selected function of the· armament system is activated by depressing the trigger switch. To launch the missile the trigger shall be squeezed bringing the "ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light ON. the gyro unit arrestment lever must be placed in "FIXED" position. The rate of recording is from 4 to 6 snaps per second. only the gun camera starts to operate with activation of no other armament subsystems. The purpose of the gun camera is to verify aiming procedure and to record results of weapons firing."ROCKETS HEATING" and "GLOWING ON" advisory lights will illuminate on the right armament indication panel in the aft cockpit.Missile/bomb release selector to "PORT" or "STARB-BOTH" position. Inc. (Figure 1-65 through 1-66) • When "ARMS" C/Bs are in ON position and when the speed is above 310 ± 15 km/h -the "STAND ALERT" advisory light on the fwd cockpit lower armame!lt indication panel and on the aft cockpit left armament indication panel comes on.7 meter of film which represents provisions for 60 snaps. The duration of continuous recording is 12 seconds. The gun camera is actuated either by pressing the gun camera trigger or the trigger located on the forward cockpit control stick grip. landing or taxiing. • • 1-128 Provided by Czech Jet. . followed secondarily by gun camera operation. NOTE The "ARMS" C/Bs in both fwd and aft cockpits and "ASP-FKP" C/B in the forward cockpit must be turned on at least 10 minutes before using the sight due to temperature stabilizing. the diaphragm and filter can be set before flight. "G" load light must not illuminate on the fwd cockpit upper armament indication panel and on the aft cockpit left armament indication panel.T. the missile seeker cage signal is audible. I WARNING • CAUTION I When any stores are attached to the pylons. AIR TO AIR (AlA) The ale can carry. indicates the film feeding. operate and launch two IR missiles. it is strictly prohibited to use the trigger in terms of gun AJA training mission. The gun camera (figure 1-67) is mounted on the top of the sight. Not to follow this warning can cause unintentional releasing of weapons. or when the sight is not used. A design of the gun camera is based on the 35 mm camera with discontinuous film movement.

the "SIGNAL."AUT." position.four rockets (two per launcher) will be frred when trigger is squeezed.is exceeded). Bombs can be operationally. • When "ARMS" and "UB-16" C/Bs are in ON position. When "ARMS" C/Bs are in ON position and when the speed is above 310± 15 km/h. To drop the LH bomb the trigger shall be squeezed bringing the "ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light ON. The "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light will extinguish.O.. After firing last rocket.NOTE • The bombs dropping is blocked from the airspeed up to 310± 15 tmyh: . 1T-L39C-l the respective orissile will extinguish and "STANn. will illuminate.salvo position. . Reset the "UB-16" CIB.two rockets (one per launcher) will be fired · when trigger is squeezed. rockets firing mode selector in one of the operating · positions and when the speed is above 310 ± 15 knilh . To drop the RH bomb the missile/bomb release selector shall be switched to the "STARB-BOTH" position. Next two rockets will be fired after next trigger squeezing. left third and symmetric right last. • • • Whenever the trigger is squeezed the "ARMAMENT FIRE" indication light illuminates. • • Rockets firing mode selector in position: .500 m. both LH and RH bombs will fall simultaneously. dropped only with fuzes armed regardless on 8rmlsafe bombs emergency jettison switch. Rockets. NOTE The missile launching is blocked from the airspeed·· up to 310± 15 km/h. the rockets are fired as long as the trigger is squeezed. · To launch the other missile' the missile/bomb release selector shall be switched to the next position: . Next four rockets will be frred after next trigger squeezing. Inc. . the "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light will illuminate again. . symmetric right second.Missile/bomb release selector to "PORT'' position. NOTE When the "STARB-BOTII" position is selected as a first. Firing sequence is left fli'St. AIR TO GROUND (A/G The ale can carry and launch rockets and bombs suspended under pylons. "4 RS" position. (Figure 1-65 through 1-66) NOTE If .T. . After dropping the bomb the "bomb symbol" advisory light of the LH bomb will extinguish and "STAND ALERT'' light will illuminate.5 second between two subsequent launches. light. Armament panel (fwd cockpit center pedestal): . • "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light and "bomb symbol" light .the "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light does not illuminate.illuminate on the fwd cockpit center pedestal. ALERT" . CONTROLS AND INDICATIONS..''2 RS" position." circuit breaker on the aft CB/switch panel shall be positioned to OFF. Do not launch the missile in the flight altitude higher than 14.. "G" load light illuminates (maximum permissible "G" load for missile launching 2 g . the "STAND ALERT'' advisory light on the fwd cockpit upper armament indication panel and on the aft cockpit left armament indication panel comes on. 1-129 Provided by Czech Jet. The store light (bomb symbol) light will illuminate on the fwd cockpit lower armament indication panel and on the aft cockpit stores indication panel. The "PUS-0" intervalometer end position light will extinguish.the ''STAND ALERT'' advisory light on the fwd cockpit upper armament indication panel and oil the aft cockpit -left armament indication panel comes on. The firing sequence is symmetric with an interval from 1 to 1. - I CAU'nON I The missiles shall not be launched if the "NO LAUNCH" max. and repeatedly squeezed the trigger switch until the "PUS-0" light comes ON. .

. The jettison system is protected by "EMERG.by the missile/bomb release sel~ctor select the dropping mode and position the arm/safe bombs emergency jettison switch to "LIVE" ("LIVE" indication light in both cockpits will illuminate). The aft cockpit is not provided with signal flares control.shall be performed as safe bomb emergency jettison. The missiles are jettisoned with their launchers. JETI1S. located in the RH side of the aft fuselage section.1. The "bomb symbol" light will extinguish.-1 EMERGENCY JETTISON SYSTEM. JEJ'TIS. of loss or failure in the landing gear. FLARES" switch located on the signal flares control panel." emergency jettison switch to ON. position either the forward or aft cockpit "EMERG. flight controls etc. Inc.U.. position the arm/safe bombs emergency jettison switch to "BLANK" ("EXPLOSIVE" indication light in both cockpits must not illuminate).. Rocket launchers emergency jettison .' emergency jettison switch to ON. position either the forward or aft cockpit "EMERG.'. To release the bomb. • Arm bombs emergency jettison .shall be performed as safe bomb emergency jettison. 1-130 Provided by Czech Jet. DROP" C/B in the aft CB/switch panel.. 1 1-t. (Figure 1-68) • The jettison system provides the pilot with the ability to jettison the external weapon at any time and in whole airspeed envelope.. The bombs fall simultaneously and the "bomb symbol" lights will extinguish. Missile jettison . An automatic jettison control system ensures that the stores can be jettisoned only simultaneously (except bombs). Four signals with different colors are housed in a launching box.)~l. . • SIGNAL FLARES SYSTEM (Figures l-69 and l-70) The signal flares are provided to signal the airfield control tower of communication failure and during the communication loss. The system is protected by the "FLT RECORI EKSR-46/KL-39" C/B on the aft CB/switch panel and switched on by the "IDENT. · Safe bombs emergency jettison . • Jettison may be performed from either cockpits independently. To release the bomb. Launching the signal flares is carried· out by pressing the push-button of the respective color in the forward cockpit only. NOTE The aft cockpit "BOMBS" arm/safe bombs emergency jettison switch overrides the ''LIVE" switch in the forward cockpit.

T. Inc.O. lT-L39C-l FORWARD COCKPIT AFT COCKPIT rsTANol ~ CD LEFf ARMAMENT INDICATION PANEL - --- G ARMAMENT PANEL Figure 1-68. Emergency Jettison System e MISCELLANEOUS CB/SWITCH PANEL AB-H&I) 1-131 Provided by Czech Jet. .

. PilE SIGNAL FLARES CONTROL PANEL " AFf CIB SWITCH PANEL AB-H&t) Figure 1-69.-1 FORWARD COCKPIT 0 0 0 0 ON 0 White Red Green Yellow 0 0 @ ~~ OFF /o '::: I'IM' 0 --· UL-. Signal Flares. l 1-L.j~l.U. . Inc.Controls 1-132 Provided by Czech Jet.l.

1T-L39C-l OG eo @oio~ e FLARES LAUNCHER AB-1-(70) Figure 1-70. Signal Flares.T.O.System Components 1-133/(1-134 blank) Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. .

Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. .

. . . .. . . . . .. ... . .. . . .... ... . .. ..... .... .. .. ... . .. .. . . . .. . . . ..O.. ....... TAKE OFF . .... .. . .. ..... .... ... .. . . . . . ..... . . . . .. . . . .. . . ..... . . .. . . .. ... ... .... · CONTROL AVAILABILITY IN THE TWO COCKPITS The procedures given in this section refer to the pilot in the forward cockpit. . ... . . . .... .. .......LIMITATIONS Refer to Section V for all operating limitations concerning the aircraft. .. ...... . . ..... ... ·. .."NETW.. ... . .. . . . ..."AIRCOND" . 2-12...... . . . . . ... .... ..... . . . .. .. .... . .. . .. . ... - . where possible... . ... .... .. . .. .. . ·. punctuated.. ..... . • . . . .. .. . . .... .. . ...... . . .. . . . .. ... .. . . . The following controls are accessible in the aft · cockpit only: Electrical Power Supply Switches: . ... . . 2-18 SECURE . .. ..... .... . . ..performance vs flight stages and rnissi~ns. .. . .. . . . . .... . . .. ... .... . . .... . . . .. . . . .... ..Oxygen bottles interconnect valve . . .... .. ........ . . .. . .... . .. . . .. .. . ... .. .. . . . ... ... . .. . ... . .. .. . .. . . ... .... . ... ... .. . . 2-7 2-7 2-8 2-9 BEFORETAKEOFFCHECKS . ... . ... ... .. . . . . . .. . The aft cockpit controls are individually 2-1 Provided by Czech Jet. . . .... . .. . . T... .. . . . . .. .. .... ... .... .. . ~ .. . . . . . BEFORE START CHECKS .... ....... ....... .. . ... . . . .. . .. ·.. .. 1T-L39C-l SECI10N II NORMAL PROCEDURES CONTENTS PAGE 2-1 2-2 2~ PREPARATION FOR FLIGHT .... . .Pitot fault simulator panel . The same procedures are given in an abbreviated form in the pilot's checklist.. .. . . ... .... . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 2-13 AFTER LANDING CHECKS ..." Instrument and Navigation Switches: . . .. . . .. .. . .. .. . .. ..... . .. .... . . ... ... .. . .. .. AFT/FWD" . . .. . . . AFTER START CHECKS BEFORE TAXI CHECKS TAXI ..... ... .... . ."SEAT' Aircraft Systems Switches: . ........ .. 2-18 ENGINE SHUT DOWN ..... ... . .. .. . . . . .. . . .. ... .. . .. ... . ."INTERCOM GROUND" Escape system Switches: . .. ... ... . ... .. ........ . 2-20 PREPARATION FOR FLIGHT FLIGHT PLANNING The performance data in Appendix A contains all information about aircraft ..RSBN aft control panel . . .. . . Inc... . .. .... .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . ...... . . . . .Forward/aft cockpit EGT transfer switch "EGT IND. . . .Navigation fault simulator panel PROCEDURES The procedures described in this section are given in detail. .. . . . .GMK directional gyro correcting mechanism Communication Switches: . ... ... 2-12 LINE-UP CHECKS .... . . . .. . ... ... ..... . . .... . . . PRE-FLIGHT CHECKS . 2-12 CLIMB CRUISE DESCENT APPROACH AND LANDING . . . .. . . . .. . . ... .. .. . ENGINE START .. .... .. .. .. ...

Air pressure gage 2. 2-2 Provided by Czech Jet. Canopy -Clear 2. the aircraft shall stay with no conspicuous bank. Inc.Closed and secured .AA-HSS) Figure 2-1. PRE-FLIGHT CHECKS External Checks fonnly compressed. red markS on tire and wheel disk shall be aligned. Nose wheel NOTE Auid leakS must not be visible either on aircraft skin or on the ground below the aircraft . The tire compression (fuselage and tip tankS refueled) approximately 20 mm.I20 to ISO kglcm2 .None .Check strut. therefore. Check the general surroundings of the aircraft: . UG position indicator extended and not damaged. All components and tubes in nose wheel well with no evident damage or leakS.Aircraft -In place -No bank . landing gear dampers and tires uni- Fuselage RH side (area 2) -Condition 1. Air intake Check the air intake with special attention to foreign objects. WOW switch free movement. . The pilot need not. Side panels 3. Gear down light -Condition All protected covers are removed. tire and microswitch The tire shall not be extremely worn. Inner skin without damage. All access doors closed and secured.Fire extinguisher . cylinders and covers undamaged. All rods.In place . cal publications. no hydraulic seepage. The exterior inspection procedures are based on the assumption that maintenance personnel have completed all pre-flight requirements specified in the appropriate techni.Auid leakS Nose section (area I) ..Chocks . doors closed. skin with no damage. 2. Check aircraft for proper configuration. no damage on shimmy damper. . I. · · EXTERIOR INSPECTION (figure 2-I) 1. 4. repeat the same inspection except for certain items require in the interest ofsafety.

brake assembly and gear down light 2.O.No cracks.Forward and . Outer-inner beacon switch . All components and tubes in nose wheel well with no evident damage or leaks. (areas 5. 2. no hydraulic seepage. cover removed NOTE SOLO CHECK (AFT COCKPIT) 1. Pylons. Fwd/aft cockpit -Forward EGT transfer I cAunoN I Failure to comply with the next step will prevent UG retraction after takeoff. red marks on tire and wheel disk shall be aligned. All guarded switches 12. -Closed -Movement. Seat safety pins 6. Suit ventilation 7. The tire compression (fuselage and tip tanks refueled) approximately 40 mm.Closed (CW) .Closed (CW} . · Tail section RH side (area 4) 1. stores Wing skin intact.Condition.Check strut. Landing/taxi light 3. . rivets undamaged.Same as RH side (repeat) 2. 1T-L39C-1 3. check trim tab -Condition . Static discharges 3. ARMS 3. 7.5 liter (within limits) NOTE -On -Secured -: In place -In place . APU exhaust cone . Pitot probe and static ports . Oil quantity . After that time only information value can be read because of oil gravity flow down. Antennas under fuselage Rudder 4. they must not be plugged and damaged.T. 6 and 7) . All rods. Fuel shut-off lever Pay higher attention to all static and total pressure ports. position light unbroken.Forward. doors closed. no soot stains around RH sjde (area 3) 1. Access panels Win~: Every static discharge shall contain at least three unbroken wires.Check 4. Miscellaneous CB/Swjtch panel: NETW. Tip tank filler cap -Condition -Condition . Temperature probe Speed brakes IFF antenna Right main gear -Condition .Clear. check trim tab . 5. Anti skid cables not damaged. Radio antenna 5. no dents. 5. Oxygen interconnect 8. Position light 4.. Parachute harnesses 4. safety-wired -Outer Actual oil volume in the tank can be checked only up to 15 minutes after engine shut down. Exhaust cone fuel leaks Engine compartment access doors properly closed.. ·Cockpit 2. Aileron -Movement.Condition.Open(CCW) . UG position indicator extended and not damaged. win~: and tail LH sjde 1. . signal flares launcher charged and closed.No cracks.Neutral position . no foreign objects The wing-tip tank mast be undamaged and intact and with no fuel leaks. bulges arid cracks. Inc.Retracted and condition -Condition . Elevator FuselaJ:e.5 to 7. 6. Position light unbroken. 2-3 Provided by Czech Jet. Solo cover 5. mechanical brake wear indicator within lim1ts. 10. cylinders and covers undamaged. 1brottle cut-off lock gate -Open -Covered 11.Closed and safety wired . Emergency brake handle 15. Flap 7. Gear lever 14. -Condition -Condition -Condition -Condition NOTE The tire shall not be extremely worn. Oxygen supply valve 9. attached 6. 4. tire. 6. dents or 7. 13. guarded position .

2. Make sure to make proper connection of the short and long static lines to the hinge. . Emergency levers 9.Attach the oxygen mixture regulator to the LH leg strap.Fastened in the .Clear. attach survival kit extension cable to the ring at the RH leg so that the cable shall lead between leg and parachute leg strap . 5.Inspect and carry out the following checks: . Pitot fault simulator levers 17. upper part -Set . INTERIOR INSPECTIONS 5. Other safety pins shall be already removed by maintenance personnel. When flight with pressurized helmet. outer beacon tuned · .Canopy 2. connect compensating suit with mixture regulator hose. .C.Located in head rest and spring hook is fastened to the yoke of canopy . left yoke of TVM control rod and head of canopy jettison pyromechanism.Fastened to the hinge ori the right side of the seat WARNING.T. Spring the helmet stretching mechanism wires by means of tape with ring. Attach lock of oxygen mixture regulator to the left leg strap after its tightening.Normal ejection channel indicator Spring hooks of static lines l.Clear. ..Closed and locked 6. Signal flares switch 11.Basic position. 4. ADF control box 19. Aft CB/switch panel 4. Anti-G valve 10. oxygen mask only.Attach mask/helmet folded hose to the RH shoulder strap clasp by means of a tape. BATI'ERY switch External power indicator .Parachute timer static line ring . When flight with. Canopy jettison lever 21.C.After seat entering. Seat bucket height· . 2-4 Provided by Czech Jet. Main CB/switch panel 3. 7. Connect anti-G hose to the P.C AUT.Adjust Shoulder harness -Verify arrestment lever Rudder pedals -Adjust Flight controls . 8.Ejection restricting line .Connect oxygen mask hoses to the mixture regulator: first high pressure hose. Tape of helmet stretching mechanism shall be slid under the central lock. slide radio cable under the left shoulder strap and connect it with helmet radio/visor heating cable. Canopy COCKPIT ENTRANCE After cockpit entry 1.Attached to parachute harness . safety-wired 18. In place only following safety pins: head of telescopic ejection mechanism (TVM). Ejection Seats . Lock the RH shoulder strap to the central lock. .Wired in the aft position .16.helmet stretching mechanism to the RH strap buckle.Illuminates (when external power source attached) 2. no scratches -All OFF -All ON . . Put on shoulder straps of parachute harness. second folded hose.E. Slide the leg straps through lateral eyes and lock them to the central lock.E. . 1T-L39C-l .On .Manual seat separation lever . Determine tape clearance by means of buckle.Forward position and safety-wired .Aligned with red mark . Harnesses and -Fasten· personal equipment . Navigation fault : simulator switches -·Norm.130 to ISO kglcm2 .O. OFF . Failure to comply may cause problems in parachute operation.rings of central static lines . attach half-ring of. that hose shall be blinded by safety valve.Free movement From Steps Cockpit . Inc. no foreign objects . GMK correcting mechanism 20. Canopy and seat pins -In place I.According flight suit -OFF . 3. If pressurized helmet is used. Pilot weight Emergency oxygen pressure P.Variation zero . left position -Down.

With visor closed. Vertical velocity indicator -Zero -Check 11.Forward and guarded 6. 5. Fuel shut-off lever . push QUICK button. . · · . 4. pressure check.O.As required When flight is executed with oxygen mask. ADF indicator -Set 12.disconnect the helmet oxygen hose from the mixture regulator.Off.Pressure check . 16.150 kglcm2 NOTE When temperature is below zero degrees of Celsius. Voltammeter -Check 15.MET CJB on · the aft CB/switch panel is ON). Check whether the flow indicator blinker indicates blank (open) when inspiration and white when expiration. 11. Adjust friction -MAIN Pitot tube selector Helmet visor heating panel. Helmet visor heating switch to AUI'OM (provided the SEATIHEi. Cabin pressure/altimeter . Close a pressure hole on the oxygen mixture regulator and push the button under the o~ygen regulator access door to increase pressure in the helmet up to 1. When flight with pressurized helmet will ~ performed..Check indication. Altimeter 6.·No pressure check . 14. ON position. 2.Visor heating check.T.. FDR switch . · . Pressure oxygen shall flow into the helmet. Diluter demand switch to. When with pressurized helmet. and twice deeply expire and inspire. If yes. the mask is sealed. within 4 to 8 seconds intensive oxygen delivery shall start. Switch OFF the helmet ventilation. If the light flashes during this period. 2. 10. Instrument Panel 1. . illuminating red 7. Range indicator 10. NORM and spend remaining air from tubing. Get the mask off and position the emergency switch to ON: pressure oxygen flows from the mask. When the visor is closed and pressurized. ventilation check. Engine instruments 2-5 Provided by Czech Jet. Perform several deep inspirations and expirations. no fogging should occurred. helmet ventilation switch to OFF.. Pitot heat buttons 7.800 mm of water column. no pressure check.Helmet ventilation check . Connect the helmet hose back to the mixture regulator.. the pressure can drop down to 130 kglcm2.Oxygen continuous check . and oxygen continuous check.Diluter demand switch -NORM . .As required .wait until" pres~ilre ·releases from helmet and suit. 1T-L39C-1 Left Console 1. Accelerometer 3. 13.will be performed ~uring the helmet pressure check.Check. Off . Inc. Clock 13. · check the helmet as follows: visor heating check. .External power voltage 14. Radar altimeter .Open(CCW) 3. set dangerous height . green light illuminates · Initial data record should be performed by switching on the FDR switch for approximately lO seconds.Gyro unit arrestment lever 4. ADI -Check 8. 17. Airspeed/mach indicator 5.As required Emergency/parking -Forward (apply) brake lever Instrument lights control -White Landing/taxi light switch -Off Oxygen pressure indicator ..Emergency switch -OFF Put the oxygen mask on and interrupt oxygen supply by squ~ezing the supply hose: breathing must not be possible. 12. check "+ 1 g" -FIXED -Check -Set .helmet ventilation switch to ON.Full and free movement. 9. Press and hold the button located under the oxygen regulator test access. elevation difference zero . Right suit ventilation . 15. Oxygen controls .double butterfly indicates white flag. 8. UG control lever -Down NOTE The UG lever in the aft cockpit shall be in neutral (center) position. position the oxygen diluter demand switch to 100% <h and emergency switch to ON. Oxygen supply · .Check field alt. the pressure in the helmet shall not increase within one to two minutes.after putting the pressurized helmet on. Gun sight .Reset. the FDR functionality is verified.. Helmet ventilation . RMI -Check 9. Radio set control box Audio panel ICS control box Throttle -Set -Set -Set· .

AIRCONDIT OFF . ·-Set .. 5..Remove Center peciestal 1.On . NOTE Do not attempt an engine battery start if battery voltage is less than 22 V.ANTI-ICING. 6. and II.O light · Rockets mode selector .On . 2. 7. Fuel indicator The fuel indicator should indicate value according the flight mission to be flown. RMI Throttle FOR switch Voltammeter -Operative -STOP ~on sou . 7. SYST. 2. 3 x 36 V FAIL -On -On .CANOPY UNLOCKED. RSBN control box 5.. 3 x 36 V FAIL lights out within 5 seconds.Set direction. 9. Auxiliary switch panel . Signal flares buttons Armament panel Lower indication panel to stores PUS:.Zero Emergency brake pressure indicator -:. .ENG. I WARNING' Failure to comply the next step could result in damage to equipment or injury to pilot in aft cockpit.Mode switch . left yoke of TVM control rod and head . Main brake pressure indicator . 3. 22 V minimum 7. Inc. close 1. 9. LIGHTS -Set -Guarded -AUTOMATIC -Off -OFF .NAVIG. Four hydraulic emergency levers 6. -Check 5.. TEST 8. -As required -Off .T. aft position 2. ADI.RSBN 4.AUT.On.Lights illuminating -CHECK . 8.Hemisphere switch .Illuminating -Center Remove and take out from the cockpit following safety pins: head of telescopic ejection mechanism (TVM).Condition FIRE SIG TEST switch -Condition -I and II.On . . MIN. -On PRESS . IFF control box .On -On -GENERATOR -EMERGENCY -Flashing GENERATOR . lights illuminating -Set code 2-6 Provided by Czech Jet.Latitude selector JPT-REG.I. FAIL .DON'T START -On . EMERG.NAVIG. lT-L39C-l .. DON'T START and 4.Illuminating according . 16. Signallights: .CABIN HEATING ENGINE .HYD. ADF control box 3. A&W lights intensity controls .Forward and safety-wired NOTE The ENGINE switch activates an fuel boost pump. Trim indicator 9. .. I 0. Radio switches Seat and canopy pins .INV. 4. If the boost pump fails to operate and DON'T START light does not go off within 5 seconds do not start the engine. Pressurization/ECS handle .Check. 6. . 3.Brightness -Adjust -Condition -MC -Set -Set Hydraulic gauge GMK control box .WING TIP TANKS .Check basic position -All OFF .Off.of canopy jettison pyremechanism. INDICAT. Right Console 1. Diffuser l\EFOBE START CHECKS . Diffuser and suit temperature controls 17.Seat unblocking switch .O. set temperature . FIRE light illuminates 8. OIL. Engine switch INV. Check engine vibration indicator by means of CHECK VIBRATION button. .

Oil pressure . lights out . Stop watch 4. Anti-ice sensor cover 13. 2. Pressurization/ECS control lever I • • 3.On.Check values . FAIL. Signal for stan 14. Aft cockpit CANOPY UNLOCKED light 12..· .When HPC RPM 30%.Depress for 2 seconds.o. ENGINE stan button. SOU . DE-ICING -On SIGNAL.T. .HPC RPM rise. .WINGTANKS . SYS. within 3 to 6 sec. . MRP-RV. INVERTOR II -On . AIRCONDIT OFF light out 2·. MIN.Fully forward.INVERTOR I.Disconnect. If the EGT rises rapidly and approaches the high limit. TURBO stan button. stan stop watch .. start stop watch .On.Minimum 20% RPM within 15 sec.5% TURBINE STARTER light goes out . abort start immediately.Close and lock.Inform about starting NOTE If any of the following conditions is not met abOrt stan · sequence by retarding the throttle to STOP. External power check voltage 2-7 Provided by Czech Jet. EMERGENCY GENERATOR and GENERATOR. . ENG. I. RSBN. OIL PRESS AFI'ER START CHECKS I.Idle. Inc. CANOPY UNLOCKED light out . by 25 sec. Engine at idle RPM . stop watch 5. . LPC RPM stan to increase .ROO. for retarding the-throttle from IDLE to STOP is available in the forward cockpit only. It is therefore crucial that the forward pilot be aware and prepared to retard the throttle to STOp in case of an engine hot start or at any other time the engine must be shut down.As required .Caution and warning lights .Idle RPM within 50 sec.Out following: HYD. .rr-L39C-1 lO. EGT indicators Canopy .Depress for 2 seconds and release. triple engine.5% 8. TURBINE STARTER light 3.Oil press at idle 2 kp/cm2 min 7. Aft canopy 11.5-44. within 8 sec.2 kplcm2 minimum . Throttle 6. abort start and switch APU to STOP (TURBO·STOP switch).41. RPM. Ground persomiel ENGINE START -Close -Comes off -Remove -Obtain . stop watch . GENERATOR EMERG. from step 4. Max -Reset . • Observe the following: . If the APU starter is not disconnected within 45 sec.56± 1. Main CB/switch cAunON .Max EGT 685°C . 4.Continuous HPC RPM rising .EGT rise within 25 sec. Observe the following: .GENERATOR MAIN. · . I CAunoN I The engine throttle finger-lift. Strong tail wind can cause an EGI' temperature increase and aggravate fire condition..

Check for free movement and correct response of elevators. Deceleration time shall take not more than S seconds. During acceleration arid deceleration checkout.2 marks aft 2.85% RPM. Shift the throttle from IDLE to TAKE UP within 1 to 2 seconds. check the idle RPM. Oil temperature . Aight controls . perfonn following engi. 5.As required -On • Air diffusor 7. Run the engine at max from 1S to 20 seconds and reset the stop watch. it does not indicate icing conditions. for I minute When engine is running in ice conditions at RPM less than 85%. . IFF BEFORE TAXI CHECKS l. refer to Section V.T. • When oil temperature is less than . • 5. • • I CAUTION ·I 3. EGT and RPM whether follow limits. extend speed-brakes every 5 minutes. when the fuel pressure indicator shows a value of max. engine rating minus 10%. Power NOTE During engine run-up check. observe fuel pressure. HPC RPM shall be 86 to 89%.-soc minimum 2-8 Provided by Czech Jet. If the engine is started at icing conditions with ambient temperature below 5°C. After next 20 seconds. Stop the stop watch in that moment. when the fuel pressure indicator shows a value of idle engine rating measured in the beginning of this check. Inc. Retard the throttle from TAKE UP to IDLE within 1 to 2 seconds.S°C after one minute engine run at idle and one minute at 8S%. IT-L39C-l CAUTION . . Check engine surge bleed valves opening during engine warm-up: shift the throttle slowly. start stop watch simultaneously. Stop the stop watch in that moment. when the valve behind third compressor stage closes (LPC RPM sudden decreasing by 1 to 2% ).. Aileron trim . increase HPC RPM every 5 minutes to 93% for one minute. position the anti-ice mode switch to MANUAL and leave it there the whole time the engine is running on the ground. ne warming-up arid engine run-up test: Should an icing sensor is not in the air stream on the ground. elevator trim to neutral. Anti-ice mode switch 6. Elevator trim NOTE When flight without external stores. ailerons and rudders. Record the fuel pressure at engine idle and max. Acceleration time shall take from 9 to 12 seconds. NOTE Before first flight of the day. HPC RPM shall indicate 74 to 77%. Operating Limitation.O.· 4. increase RPM to 95% and terminate engine warming-up when oil temperature reaches -S°C minimum. -AUTOMATIC or MANUAL . start stop watch simultaneously. when the valve behind fifth compressor stage closes (LPC RPM sudden decreasing by 3 to 4% ). Acceleration and deceleration check.Neutral .

Select required ADF mode when checkout is terminated. When the button is depressed. Speed-brakes . button releasing. 011 beacon switch to 0 position (outer beacon). After . . Inc.O. reposition the switch to MANUAL.5 Volts · . volume control to maximum. Vo1tammeter Hydraulic pressure . Adjust volume by rotating RADIO knob on IC~ S control box. within 3 minutes the RMI shall indicate bearing and distance to this station and AZIMUTH CORRECT light illuminates. Aircraft systems -Check. Taxi clearance IAXI (figure 2-2) CAUTION • • Taxi must be made with the canopies closed. Releasing the button will discharge air from the suit. Push the TEST button on the height indicator: warning light shall illuminate when DH pointer is set to 15 meters or below. .Check extended and retracted positions. shut down the engine. switch off squelch circuit on audio panel.· Check indicator and confirm with crew chief.Check LANDING and UP positions and set to TAKE--OFF. The station signal shall be audible and ADF indicator shall indicate relative bearing to the station. Aaps 11. personnel or other aircraft Wheel chocks .5 ± 3 km at the range indicator and course 177° ± 2° at the RMI. The light beside the button shall come on. Emergency/parking brake lever 14. pilot should not feel any pain. and DE-ICING ON light will not illuminate. 7. Repeat the same procedure for inner beacon. Finally reposition the switch to AUTOMATIC.Neutral (release) -Request 10. Throttle 12. tune the station and fine tune to maximum indicator's deflection. Once the aircraft has started moving. depress anti-G valve button.135 to 150 kp/cm2 NOTE If the HYDRAULIC EMER indicator reading is below 150 kp/cm2. 8. The anti-G suit will replenish by the air. Anti-G . Confirm with crew chief . shut down the engine and terminate the preflight inspection. RSBN check: tune RSBN station of known location.-ss% CAUTION • Taxi at the lowest practical RPM and moderate speed To move away from chocks. Aft cockpit transmission overrides the fwd one. mode switch to TLF. ADF check: on ICS control box position the switch to ADF Oeft). the RSBN system should set distance 291. Verify the RSBN proper operation by means of TESTING button on the auxiliary switch panel. check indication. just intercom volume by rotating the INTERCOM knob. check pressure . 1T-L39C-1 .6.Apply.system check: HPC RPM 70%. Brakes · 13. and position ADF switch to OFF on ICS control box.Order to remove 1. Intercom check: select radio channel. Radio altimeter check: the height indicator pointer moves to right position and back to zero withiri I to 2 minutes from MRP-RV switching on. -Idle . 2. Depress the ICS transmission button and ad-. Stand-by intercom check: positioning switch to STAND-BY should provide the ICS transmission.28. DEICING ON light shall come on within 30 seconds. 9.T.8o:. On ·ADF control box select ANT position. • 2-9 Provided by Czech Jet. avoid the use of excessive power. Check that the area behind and to the sides of the aircraft is dear of obstacles. De-ice sensor heating check: ANTI-ICING switch to AUTOMATIC position and depress the de-ice sensor heating test button. Power CAUTION When ANTI--ICING switch in MANUAL position. retard the throttle to IDLE so as to prevent blowing objects which may cause injury to ground crew or damage to ground equipment.

10 s 5 I cAunoN I After excessive full braking the taxi speed 30 bnlh shall be maintained because of possible wheelbralces overheating.5 m. 1T-L39C-1 NOTE • Recommended minimum turning radius of INBD MLG is 1. Inc.O. When the turning radius. Maximum permissible taxiing speed (the same as for NC towing) is quoted as follows: Taxiing Straight Tum Tum Configuration all without stores with stores Speed limit (kmlh) concrete runway Speed limit (kmlh) grass strip 15. the NLG tire will be excessively worn.T. . • 60 15 . · is less. 2-10 Provided by Czech Jet.

IT-L39C-l MINIMUM TI1RN RADIUS 2.00 2.40 GROUND CLEARANCES NOTE Dimension are given in meters.T. Inc. 2-11 .O. Minimum Tum Radius and Ground Clearance Provided by Czech Jet. AB-1-{71) Figure 2-2.

Pitot tube heating Landing/taxi lights 2. Wheel brakes -Release 7. ·can cause. altitude 50 m AGL minimum: . . At ISO kmlh lAS. Throttle -TAKE UP 6. be prepared with the ailerons into the wind.Check. Fuel quantity and WING TIP TANKS light 5. Overcome this speed with flaps extended. . 9. 1T-L39C-l BEFORE T~KE OFF CHECKS l. 12.Check 11.Check quantity . When airborne. Clock · .TAKEOFF position -Check -Check . However. I cAunoN I Exceeding Max gear extended speed (330 kmlh lAS) may cause damage to the landing gear doors and prevent their subsequent operation.Up .Check Pressurization/ECS lever . light out. 13.Check sequence: Doors out light illuminates. the aircraft nose tends to crab into the wind. Nose wheel Compasses ADF. be aware of the cross controls situation and prepare to align controls to gain a coordinated flight. be prepared with the opposite rudder.Closed and locked. 8. Caution and warning lights . Inc. use the same procedures as for normal takeoff.Start flight time counting 1. During a cross wind take off. Trims 2.As required NOTE NOTE If an instrument flying hood is calrled. three green extinguish. handle forward.O. three red come on. 9. 10.Mechanical indicator .Electrical and mechanical indicators .Tight and locked Hydraulic pressure -Check Caution and warning lights . lights out Flight controls · .Check heading -Check -Align -Check.Request LINE-UP CHECKS l. 11. 8. 14. mentally go through the "AbOrt" procedure and relevant take off data. Trim .Landing gear indicator lights . refer to Appendix A. Airspeed 250 kmlh lAS. 5. Canopy .Fully forward Safety pins -Check removed Runway entry . Take-off clearance -Request 4. Also as the speed increases the upwind will tend to rise. 2-12 Provided by Czech Jet. TAKEOFF Before starting the takeoff roll. an unexpected change of aircraft behavior (unexpected flaps retraction). Speed-brakes 3.Aligned with R/Wheading · .Check within limits: RPM EGT Oil pressure 2. 4.T.Confirm positions -In . since during the takeoff roll. An aircraft in clean configuration will become airborne at approximately 180 to 190 kmlh lAS. smoothly raise the nose wheel. Flaps 4. 6. Flight and engine instruments 6.As required Flaps are automatically retracted at airspeed ·310 kn)lh. . The rudder becomes effective at approximately 60 kmlh. Maintain directional" control initially by differential braking and then by rudder.Landing gear.Check 10. 5. lever . 7. Parachute harness .RMI GMK Altimet!=r . it must be kept at the retracted position throughout the takeoff and landing phases to ensure safe ejection. Engine instruments CROSS WIND TAKEOFF Use cross wind takeoff chart to obtain an improved controllability. Oxygen 7. . 3. -As required . doors out extinguishes . With positive rate of climb at airspeed 220 kmlh lAS and altitude 20 m AGL minimum: ..Flaps -Up .Out 3.

~aintain directional control initially by differential braking up to 100 km/h lAS. To decrease friction of NLG wheel.recommended.Above 2. time to reach top of climb and fuel consumption.000 m check pressure and blinker -Check -Check -Check -Check -Set APPROACH CHECKS 1. 2. -Check -Check . Fuel quantity 2.Set as required . Altimeter · 4. recommended view from the cockpit is mainly left-ahead.Down as required APPROACH AND LANDING (figure 2-3) NOTE During approach and landing. At 160 to 165 krnlh lAS. After retracting flaps. IT-L39C-l GRAsS STRIP TAKEOFF · During a grass strip take off. Aircraft acceleration is slower. An aircraft will become airborne at approximately 190 to 200 km/h lAS. . 2-13 Provided by Czech Jet. 6. distances traveled in the climb. 2. raised by neighbor aircraft. refer to the performance data section (Appendix A) DESCENT Refer to the performance data section (appendix A) for recommended descent speeds. 7. I • • cAunoN I When takeoff is performed by several aircraft at the sanie moment.CRUISE.O. supplemental view is straight ahead. accomplish the fol- lowing: I. of traffic pattern will be at a minimum of 300 krnlh lAS and 100m AGL (if the airfield rules does not determine otherwise). Warning and advisory/caution panels Fuel quantity Hydraulic pressure Landing lights Shoulder and lap straps Visors 4. Trim as required. Oxygen 3. retard the throttle to NOM (1 03%) and maintain a nose-up attitude until the initial climb speed of 300 km/h lAS is. 1. raise the nose wheel by pulling the stick fully aft. perform takeoff roll with a control stick pulled up. Takeoff on runway fallen to soft through wetness or on thawed snow is not . 3. s: 6. fuel consumed and distance traveled in the descent. be aware to throttle finger-lift is not lifted and the IDLE position inadvertently exceeded. DESCENT. 2. Takeoff roll distance may be longer by 50%. distance between aircraft should be kept sufficient not to intake dirt.-Checkoff CRUISE As soon as practical after leveling off.135 to ISO kp/cm2 -As required -Tightened .T. On wet or snow-covered surface.As required CLIMB . Engine instruments -Check -Check -Check For cruise data. Oxygen system Flight and engine instruments Fuel quantity Hydraulic pressure Cabin altimeter Altimeter . -Check ·-Check . attained. The frrst tUm out. Landing/taxi lights . 5. Inc. use the same procedures as for normal takeoff. I WARNING' In flight phases where it is required to retard the throttle to IDLE. 3. APPROACH AND LANQING CLIMB NOTE Refer to the performance data section (appendix A) for climb speeds. De-icing 1. Fuel quantity Flight and engine · instruments 3. time require. the aircraft can stay on brakes up to 88 to 98% RPM maximum. 4. Maintain climb speed 350 krnlh lAS.·.

Airspeed 3. 6. Trim 2-14 Provided by Czech Jet.O. Hydraulic system 5.T. 2.200 kmlh lAS minimum . . Sink rate 4.. Speed-brakes I CAUTION I At engine RPM about 75 and 85%. 2.As required 6.Decrease to traffic patter airspeed 350 kmlh lAS DOWN-WIND As speed decrease below ~30 kmlh lAS: 1. Landing gear lever . . Check indicator.300 kmlh lAS· .Min 260 kmlh lAS . Trim 4. 3. 5.Verify down and locked BASE LEG As speed decreases below 280 kmlh lAS: 1. check sequence of lights: Doors out light illuminates.180 kmlh lAS NORMAL LANDING For landing speeds and ground run distances. 9. three green come on. 4.6 to 8 meters AGL -IDLE -Up to I mAGL . · NOTE The flaps will not extend if speed is above the flaps limiting speed (310 kmlb·IAS). 3. 1T-L39C-l INITIAL APPROACH PHASE 6.5 km . Check corresponding indicators. Check the corresponding light and the two mechanical indicators for confirmation. .250m AGL minimum -FIXED . Inc.230 kmlh lAS minimum . Landing.As required . Altitude 2. Speed Power Altitude Speed-brakes Gun sight gyro arrestment lever Speed - . Altitude before turning base 450 kmlh lAS· As required Desceqt to 500 m AGL As required TURNING BASE 1.gear Speed Altitude Landing_ligh_ts Threshold speed Flare altitude Throttle Float Touch~own speed . When engine operation is not stable.As required.120m AGL minimum . 7. the surge bleed valves open and close. 5. · 2. Throughout the final approach."Land".Maintain 280 kmlh lAS (normally the required power will be 95 to 100%RPM) -4 to5mls . 1. use the airspeed indicator and runway as primary references. increase or decrease power to leave this RPM range.4to 5 mls .400 to 420 m AGL r. Altitude FINAL APPROACH NOTE When established on final. Flaps . . 3. 4. Speed . three red extinguish. Flaps . . 4. doors out extinguishes· . it is recommended to maintain a·minimum of 70% RPM in order to assure optimum engine ilcceleration if t"Cquired. Distance from runway threshold 3.Check 135 to 150 kplcm2 (0 pressure indication in wheel brake system) .Retract ifextended. Speed 6. 8. Sink rate 5."T/0".320 to 330 m AGL -5 to5.Down. 2. refer to performance data (Appendix A).

3. They therefore reliable during the approach but not in transient phases such as during the flare and contact with the runway. Lower the nose and bring the nose-wheel in contact with the runway before. • The wheel brakes will operate ONLY when the nose-wheel is firmly in contact with the ground. A stall prior to touchdown could result in an abrupt and uncontrollable increase in sink rate with the possibility of exceeding permissible limits. In case of strong cross-wind and/or gusts with a possibility of wind-shear. · After touchdown. WARNING. A straight-in approach should therefore be flown maintaining airspeeds specified in the performance data. For minimum run landing. If heavy weight landing cannot be prevented. Start braking gently. After touch~own. Aare should be gradual and touchdown smooth.) 1. counteract drift by using the crab or the upwind wing down methods or by a combination of both. an aerodynamic braking may be carried out to conserve brakes and tires. Inc. increase the brakes application as required and maintain directional control by use of rudder. CROSS-WIND LANDING · are GRASS STRIP LANDING Grass strip landing is performed by using normal landing procedures. 2-15 Provided by Czech Jet. to keep the aircraft ground track aligned with the runway center line. MINIMUM RUN LANDING Cross-wind landing is performed by using normal landing procedures. to bank by the wind at airspeeds about 100 kmlh lAS. lower the nose-wheel. lT-:L39C-1 NOTE If runway length and conditions permit. increase the aircraft pitch attitude after touchdown by gradually pulling the control stick to the full aft position. However. These actions will introduce more weight on the wheels thus reducing tire skidding. The aircraft is the most sensitive to tend. leveling the wings just prior to touchdown. if required. . bear in mind that the sink rate touchdown. Crabbing on touchdown must be avoided. so hold the stick fully aft after the touchdown. a quicker ac-" celeration when applying power. to improve aircraft lateral control and to obtain. ·Be prepared to use the emergency brake lever if there is no response from the normal brakes.T. keep the control stick into the wind and lower the nose-wheel smoothly on the runway as soon as practical. maintaining the center line track with rudder and. use differential braking to maintain directional control. 2. moderate use of differential braking. while using normal approach speeds. if required. Apply brakes gently in a single smooth application with constantly increasing pedal pressure as the speed decreases.O. • CAUTION The vertical velocity indicator readings are subject to a remarkable lag. At speed below approximately 110 kmlh lAS. Brake more gently than during· concrete runway landing. is considerably higher with increased weight than with normal landing weight due to the increased landing speed. retract the flaps and push the control stick fully forward. (Retraction of flaps enables longer aerodyna· mic braking. in order to increase the nose-wheel loading. To perform an aerodynamic braking.maintained in TAKE-OFF position during landing. fly an accurate final approach and touch~own speeds. NOTE Push the stick forward when braking failure is experienced. it is recommended that the flaps be. using power to control the sink rate. The aircraft tends to lower the nose-wheel at higher speeds. the elevator becomes ineffective.

with lhe anti-skid system un-serviceable may cause damage of the main landing gear wheel tires. Landing lights . Trim 4. Continue to fly the aircraft to touchdown and when touchdown is made. . Gear -Up Accelerating through 260 km/h lAS: I. TOUCH AND GO LANDING (figure 2-3) The following procedure is to be adopted when a normal landing has been attempted wilh the main wheels in contact with the runway and another approach and landing is desired. Aaps 4. Speed -Maximum . then establish takeoff attitude and allow lhe aircraft to fly off the ground.As required .• With a positive rate of climb: I. Attitude 6.T. Rough braking. Speed-brakes 3.In. Therefore.As required I. during this critical phase of flight. if extended -T/0 . Once airborne. Speed-brake 3.Check landing gear. Engine instruments Continue as per normal take-of[ 2-16 Provided by Czech Jet. than when the same pressure is applied wilh lhe full weight of lhe aircraft on the wheels. Be constantly alert for a possible malfunction and execute the procedures promptly and precisely.Take-off AOA . heavy wheel braking may lock the wheels more easily when there is considerable lift on lhe wings.210 kmlh lAS .O. lower lhe nose slightly. do not attempt to keep the aircraft off the ground. If lhe anti-skid system fails and a locked w!teel is suspected. Inc. NOTE If a touchdown cannot be avoided. Configuration . Although lhe anti-skid system operates automatically during braking. 3. in case of an antiskid failure it is crucial to brake gently. Throttle 2. if extended -T/0 . brakes should be used as sparingly as possible. Aaps 4. adopt normal missed approach procedure. I. The instrument flying hood must be kept in the · retracted position throughout the take-off and landing phases in order to ensure safe ejection in case of emergency. speed-brake and flaps position indicators.230 to 250 kmlh lAS . Care should be exercised to take full advantage of the lenglh of lhe runway during landing or aboned take-off. avoiding nose-wheel contact with lhe ground and accelerate to take-off speed. Aaps -Up 2. · ·-Max ..In. Throttle 2. MISSED APPROACH WARNING . Speed 5.• NOTE • Touch and go landings encompass all aspects of landing and take -off characteristics in arelatively short time.Check Make the decision to go-around as early as possible and do not hesitate to use maximum power. 1T-L39C-l NOTE The anti-skid system regulates lhe hydraulic pressure 'delivered to the brakes in order to obtain at any time the maximum coefficient of friction between the wheels and the runway for any aircraft configuration: To minimize brake wear. thereby minimizing the possibility of a locked wheel. momentarily release lhe brakes and then con~ tinuously re-apply.

oiOO 111 AB-H72) Figure 2-3.230 limlh MIN lHROTil. MAINTAIN APPROACH SPEED ON FINAL UN11L LANDING IS ASSURED IN PRESENCE OF GUSTY WIND ADD MALF mE VALUE OF mE MAX GUST TO FINAL APPROACH SPEED -4SOkm/h -SOOm -AS REQUIRED IO!!CHJ)QWN SPEED THilESHOl. ... 1T-L39C-l DOWNWIND SPEED LANDING GEAR SPEED BRAKE FLAPS ~BELOW 300 kmlh -DOWN -IN -T/0. e e NOTES ----.70'it -BELOW 210 km/h -T/0 .O. Inc.T.!) SPEED fiNAl App!!QACH <GJ mE SJ QPE! AIRSPEED . Landing and Go-Around (Typical) 2-17 Provided by Czech Jet.£ .95-IOO'l TO MAINTAIN ALT11UDE liOkm/h .

Retard throttle to NOM (103%) to attain 350 km/h lAS. I. Speed-brakes 4. Power . check indicators 3. Flaps . Float -Up to 1m 10. .CHES RSBN/SDU APPROACH (figure 2-4) ~ 1.In. Landing lights . Throttle Engine cooling Pressurization/ECS lever Ventilation suit controller Electrical switches -Apply -Idle .. Speed-brakes Base Lee 1. BATI'ERY. 5.Close (CW) .Below 280 kmlh lAS 5. Power Speed-brakes Flaps Attitude with positive · rate of climb -Max. Maintain speed to final approach and continue as per RSBN/SDU approach. Speed 3. 8 degrees nose up -Up.As required -Up -Iii · -Neutral -Off· ·-off ENGINE SHUT DOWN I l. Speed 2. -Cruise . Touch-down speed . Flare altitude .Below 330 kmlh lAS . · Parking brake . Landing gear . 1. Flaps 3. Speed . . 7. 5. -IDLE 9.6 to 8 meters AGL 8. Speed 4.As required 7. Trim 6. 3. CAUTION I -Cruise .T/0. Trims 5.T/0. Throttle . Trim .Off . Landing Gear 6.Down 2.Down. check indicators . Flaps 5.370 kmlb lAS -As required -In Avoid applying the parking brake if brakes are suspended to be exceptionally hot. Speed AF[ER LANQING CH£CKS NOTE . De-icing 6. 6.230 kmlb lAS 4. -In -T/0 .· cept. Power A~proach tO Gljde Slcux. MISSED APPROACH (INSTRUMENT) 2. 2. check indicators 6. check indicators -As required .180 kmlb lAS RADAR APPROACH (figure 2-5) Entry and Down-Wind 1. Threshold speed .As required to maintain 230 kmlh lAS minimum 5. Landing gear 3. Speed . Conduct the following steps when clear of the runway.2 minutes . Speed 3.As required 6. Landing gear . Speed . and JPTREG -To stop 2.Down. Configuration NOTE. Throttle 2-18 Provided by Czech Jet.Below 280 kmlh lAS . Landing/taxi lights 2.Verify down and locked 3.Approx. then as required to maintain 350 km/h lAS to missed approach altitude. Configuration 2.200 kmlh lAS minimum 7. Flaps . Inc. Pitot tube heating . 4. -Up . Speed-brakes .260 kmlh lAS 4. Power 4. except ENGINE.As required to maintain speed l. Power Glide-Slope· InterceptlfjnaJ Approacb I.INSTRUMENT APPROA. Speed .370 kmlb lAS . Flaps 7.260 kmlh lAS Maintain speed and configuration until glide-slope inter.Below 330 kmlb lAS 2. 3.Off. check indicators 4.

T. Inc. 1T-L39C-l MISSEQ APPROAOJ TifROTTLE SPEED BRAKES ArnTUDE FlAPS LANDING GEAR FlAPS 111ROTTLE MAX IN NOSE UP s• T/0 ·UP UP. RSBN/SDU Approach (Typical). 260 kmlh MINIMUM RETARD TO 103% RPM TO ATIAIN 370 kmlh . ..Straight-in Approach 2-19 Provided by Czech Jet. 230km/h CONFIGURATION AIRSPEED TifROTTLE - CRUISE 370 kmlb 91-95% RPM g / ' ~ AB-1-(73) Figure 2-4.TifEN AS REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN TifiS SPEED TO REGAIN TifE MISSED APPROACH ALTITUDE - AfPRQAOJ TO GYPE SLOPE AIRSPEED LANDING GEAR SPEED BRAKES FlAPS AIRSPEED TifROTTLE BELOW 330 kmlh DOWN IN T/0 BELOW 300 kmlh 260 kmlb AS REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN 260 kmlh FlAPS AIRSPEED LANDING .O.

12. 2-20 Provided by Czech Jet. 5. Other safety pins shall be installed by maintenance personnel.l. 9. 25 sec. Parking brake NOTE 3. 10.Check (from idle to 0~ RPM: 20 sec. LPC) -Off -Off -Off SECURE l. If required. 13. close and lock the canopy. . Inc. Disconnect all personal leads and lock the control stick if desired Leave the aircraft.U. 11. Oxygen valve 4. HPC. Engine run down ENGINE and JPT REG FOR Battery Canopy Seat pins . Insen only following safety pins: head of telescopic ejection mechanism (TVM). Wheel chocks -In place -Release (when chocks in place are confirmed) -Close -Open . 6. 11-Lj~~-1 8.Insen 2. left yoke of TVM control rod and head of canopy jettison pyromechanism.

' -UP -UP.ASE.T.. Inc. AIRSPEED LANDING GEAR SPEED BRAKES FLAPS AIRSPEED -BELOW 330 kmlh -DOWN -IS .lT-L39C-l B.E .T/0 BELOW 300 kmlh -260kmlh -260ianlh -90.L£a . SPEED BRAKES LAPS LANDING GEAR -MAX -IN -T/0 FLAPS TIIROTJ'LE.92'i RPM -CRUISE -370km/h . 260 kmlh MINIMUM -RETARD TO 103'i RPM TO ATTAIN 370 kmlh -'IHEN AS REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN 1HIS SPEED TO REGAIN THE MISSED APPROACH El:iiBl:.92'i RPM 00-AROUNQ niROTil.E -90-92\t RPM AB-1-(74) figure 2-5.O . CONFIURATION -CRUISE -370Janlh AIRSPEED lHROTTI. . Radar Approach (Typical) 2-21 Provided by Czech Jet.90 . .

330 lunih CONFIGURATION AIRSPEED CRUISE 350 lunih HEIGHT RELATIVE BEARING HEIGHT AIRSPEED BANK . 1T-L39C-l - ~.350 lunih HEIGHT BANK ABEAM OM POINT .20° 2 min. alter IM AIRSPEED .O.BOX 2-22 Provided by Czech Jet.250 lunih AB-1-(75) Figure 2-6.SOOm .25' SINK RA"IlO .h .270" UG -DOWN AIRSPEED .T. .500 m .SOOm HEIGHT 500m SELECTED COURSE-RUNWAY TUNED FACIUTY-OM .20" FINAl TIJRN RELATIVE BEARING HEIGHT AIRSPEED BANK - lllllllli4~-~~~'--j AIRSPEED .300 lunih .20" RELA11VE BEARING .LOG FL\PS . Inc.60-80 m 20' BNAL APPROACH AIRSPEED .500m .220-2Ul'lunih 285' "4" SOOm 300 lunih INNER MARKER CONFIG-LANDING HEIGHT .3-4 m/s HEIGHT .220-210 lunih SINKRATE.270" "3" .We '"2" .i-3mls FL\PS . RSBN Landing Pattern.350 km.200m AIRSPEED .

SOOm -OM h.LOG SINK RATE.350 lunlb .60-80 m FINAl APPROACH AIRSPEED .. after OM AIRSPEED .350 kmib HEIGHT .~~~'---j INNER MARKER CONFIG .LANDING AIRSPEED .SOOm BANK .220-210 kmib HEIGHT .Two-Turns 2-23/(2-24 blank) Provided by Czech Jet. . Inc.T.2-3mis AIRSPEED .2-3m/s AB-1-{76) Figure 2-7. RSBN Landing Pattern. lT-L39C-l 2 min.280 kmib FLAPS .:ZOO CONFIGURATION AIRSPEED HEIGHT TUNED .O.T/0 SINK RATE.220-210 kmib FLAPS .CRUISE .

Provided by Czech Jet. Inc. .

. . . . .. . . . . . IN-FLIGIIT EMERGENC~ . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . TAKE-OFF ABNORMALI11ES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CONTROL AVAILABILITY IN THE TWO COCKPITS Air-crews should be completely familiar with all emergencies procedures contained in this section.. . . . ... . .. . . . • . . . . ... . .. ._ . . . the following controls accessible in the aft cockpit only: Electrical Power Supply Switches: . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The controls in the forward cockpit are not fully duplicated and available in the aft cockpit. . . . .RSBN aft control panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . '. . . Inc . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . When an emergency occurs. . .._ . . . . .Pitot fault simulator panel . . .. . . . . . . Maintain aircraft control 2. existing conditions. . . CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION . :. TAKEOFF EMERGENCIES . . . . . common sense and their own capability. . . .."SEAT" Aircraft Systems Switches: . . .. . . . . . . . Land as soon as possible/practicable The meaning of "Land As Soon As Possible" (ASAP) and "Land As Soon As Practicable" as use in this section is as follows: Land As Soon As Possible (ASAP) a. . . .. . . . . . . .O. . . . . . when necessary. . . . . • . . . . . 3-1 -~ Provided by Czech Jet. . . . three basic rules prevail. . .. . . . . . . . . . • . . .conditioJts that require immediate action or where reference to the air-crew check list would be impractical. weather conditions and overail operating conditions. . . .Forw!lldlaft cockpit EGT· transfer switch "EGT IND. . Special emphasis should be placed on knowing those procedures or steps of emergency. . . AFTJFWD" . . ... . . . . . 'The nature of severity of the encountered emergency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . .· T. . . . . . ."INTERCOM GROUND" Escape system Switches: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . ..GMK directional gyro correcting mechanism Communication Switches: . . . . .. • . . . . . . . . .. Emergency conditions are urgent and require the mission to be aborted instantly and an immediate landing at the nearest suitable airfield should be performed. . . . . . . . . essential that air-crews determine the best course of secTION action b~ on the recommended procedures. . . . . .NETW. . . . . . The procedures given in this section refer to the pilot in the forward cockpit.. .. . .Navigation fault simulator panel ---- ."AIRCOND" . . . . . .. . . . . . . Verbal knowledge of those procedures is not necessary. ." Instrument and Navigation Switches: . . . The pilot occupying the aft cockpit must be therefore bear this mind and instruct the crew member in the forward cockpit to actuate. Analyze the situation and take proper action 3.. .Oxygen bottles interconnect valve . . . . .which apply to ait:bome emergencies: 1. . It is therefore. ~ ~ ~ . .. . . . . .. however. . . Emergency conditions are less urgent and the degree of emergency is such that the mission must be aborted and the aircraft flown to a convenient base. .. . . . . it is MANDATORY that all air-crews commit to memory the full intent of the action indicated and the proper sequence of steps. ... . GROUND EMERGENCIES . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . LANDING EMERGENCIES INTRODUCTION 3-1 3-2 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-14 Land As Soon As Practicable b. . 1T-L39C-1 SECTION III EMERGENCY PROCEDURES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . may require modification of procedures.. .

·

T~O.

IT-L39C-I

GROUND EMERGENCIES ENGINE FIRE DURING START

EMERGENCY BRAKING
Indication: Los.s of nonnal braking capability

CAUTION

I

Actions: I. EMERGENCY BRAKELEVER

-PULLGRADUALLY

The latch preventing the movement of the throttle from IDLE to STOP is, in the forward cockpit a rotating lever and in the aft cockpit a sprig-loaded push pin. Indications: Fire warning light in warning panel. Any other signs of fire (smoke, ground crew report etc.)

NOTE
• Use the emergency brake with care as the anti- skid system is deactivated and a careless use may result in a blown tire. Do not use the emergency brakes from both cockpits simultaneously.

Actions: Immediately perfonn the following: I. TIIROTTLE · 2. ENGINE SWITCH 3. FUEL SHUT-OFF lever If fire persists:

HOTBRAKES. - To STOP - OFF -CLOSE
Indications: Perfonn the following after any event which requires excessive braking (e.g., aborted takeoff, landing at high OW's or speed, etc.) or when hot brakes are suspected (smoking brakes, ground crew confinnation, etc.)

4. FIRE EXTINGUISHER button - DEPRESS 5. EMERGENCY EVACUATION - PERFORM EMERGENCY EVACUATION
In a situation where a rapid abandonment of the aircraft is required, proceed as follows:
I.

Actions:
I.

Request firefighting equipment and proceed directly to the designated hot brake area or nearest area clear of other aircraft and personnel.

I WARNING.
Any leaking hydraulic fluid may be ignited by hot wheel and brake surfaces. · When jn the hot bra!ce area: 2. Align aircraft with nose into wind ifpossible, 3. Use only chocks, if available, or minimum possible toe brake pressure to hold aircraft stationary until engine is shut down.

ECSIPRESS LEVER

2. CANOPY"LOCK

- .AFf position - AFf position

WARNING •
On the ground, when the aircraft is stationary, canopies must be jettisoned as they may fall back and injure the crew.

I WARNING.
Do not use the parking brake. 4. Delay engine shutdown until arrival of fire fighting equipment.

3. 4.
5. 6.

PARACHUTE HARNESS P.E.C. quick DISCONNECT "BATTERY" AIRCRAFf

- UNLOCK -PULL -OFF -ABANDON

3-2

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.Q.·lT-L39C-I

I WARNING'
Hot wheels and brakes may ignite fuel drained overboard during engine shutdown.

CAUTION
With the emergency fuel controller, a rapid move of the throttle may result in a flame out or an excessive EGT. Move the throttle with care while closely monitoring RPM and EGT. 2. 3. SEC. REG. switch EXTERNAL STORES -ON -JETTISON

If a brake fire occurs:
5. Go to EMERGENCY EVACUATION, this section.

TAKEOFF EMERGENCIES ABORTED TAKE-OFF

If thrust is insufficient to maintain a safe climb:

4. Forced landing

- Perform

If a safe forced landing cannot be performed
5. EJECT!

NOTE
Aborting take-off at high speeds should not be taken lightly.

ENGINE FIRE DURING TAKE-OFF
Indications: "FIRE" light or an outside report from the control tower or from another aircraft.

Once a decision to abort has been taken, accomplish the following immediately. I. 2. 3. 4. 5. ;_STOP THROTTI..E BRAKE - NORMAL BRAKING RADIO - Declare ABORT "BARRIER" - As required Asses the situation (consult with the control tower) and decide on the course of action. (Emergency evacuation, clearing the runway, taxiing back etc.).

Actions:

If possible: I. ABORT TAKE-OFF

2. FUEL SHUT OFF
3. FIRE EXTINGUISHER

- Follow abort take-off procedure -CLOSE -DEPRESS -Off -PERFORM

4. 5.

button "BATTERY" EMERGENCY EVACUATION

ENGINE FAILURE DURING TAKE-OFF
· Indication: Actions: Loss of power

If airborne: I. THROTTI..E 2. LANDING GEAR 3. EXTERNAL STORES

-MAX . -RETRACT -JETTISON

At flame-out landing conditions, if fire persists: 4. THROTTI..E -STOP 5. FUEL SHUT-OFF lever -CLOSE 6. FIRE EXTINGUISHER, button - DEPRESS

If possible:
I. ABORT TAKE-OFF - Follow abort take-off procedure

If airborne:
l. THROTTI..E - MAX. Consider controlling engine by means of the secondary circuit

I WARNING'
Do not attempt to restart engine after fire has been extinguished.

3-3

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

--~· ..., ..., , . , ,.., ,.., . . , . . , . . , ..,. . . , ~- ..., .6/L_ ""'--""' ""' . . , ~ ~ " "

T.O. IT-L39C-1

7. FORCED LANDING

-PERFORM

If a safe landing can not be performed:

8. EJECT!
BLOWN TIRE DURING TAKE-OFF

. Actions: 1. Airspeed 2. Check back seat lever position 3. Landing gear lever

- Below 330 kmlh lAS - If"down" move to neutral -Down -Check ON

Indications:

Aircraft "pulls" to one side accompanied by a rough run. ·
NOTE

4. GearC/Bs 5. Electrical and

-Check mechanical indicators 6. Land as soon as practicable
FLAPS RETRACTION FAILURE

At high s~. if directional control can be maintained, it is recommended to get the aircraft airborne rather than risking a high speed aborted take-off. Actions: At low speed: I. ABORT TAKE--OFF 2. Runway center line

Indications:

The selected button does not pop out and the respective light does not come on, confirmed by the mechanical indi·cators.

- Follow abort take-off procedure - MAINTAIN with available brakes, rudder and by deflecting the control stick towards he "good" tire.

Actions: l. Air speed ~ - Below 300 kmlh lAS 2. Flaps previous position - Select 3. Electrical and mechanical indicators - Check 4. Land as soon as practicable
IN-fLIGHT EMERGENCIES ENGINE FIRE

When airborne: l. GEAR AND FLAPS - DO N.QI -RETRACf ~- Airspeed - 300 kmlh lAS max. 3. Land (Refer to "Landing with a blown tire'')
EMERGENCY STORES-JETTISON
NOTE

Indications:

Fire warning light, out side report, smoke trail behind the aircraft, fumes or heat in the cockpit, engine RPM loss aecompanied by high EGT, unusual engine noise or vibration.

Jettison i.s possible only. when aiibOnie. I. "EMERG. JETTIS." switch

Actions: -IDLE i. TIIROTTLE 2. · Confirm existence of fire (a near-by aircraft may be of assistance). If fire warning light goes out: 3. Fire warning CIRCUIT test switch - CHECK both circuits

-On

TAKE-OFF ABNORMALITIES GEAR RETRACTION FAILURE

I

CAUTION

I

If test shows the circuit to be defective, the wiring

could have been damaged by an existing fire. Indications: One or more gear components do not retract or lock in up position (confirmed by electrical and mechanical indicators). If fire is not confirmed: 4. PRECAtmONARY LANDING

-PERFORM

3-4

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O. 1T-L39C-t·

If fire is confirmed: I. 2. 3. Cockpit press lever OXYGEN Air shower -Off -100% -Close

Actions: I. THROTIT..E 2. IfRPM<40% TURBO START 3. ENGINE START 4. THROTIT..E 5. SPEED 6. HEADING -STOP -DEPRESS -DEPRESS -IDLE - 260 km/h lAS -To NEAREST AIRFIELD -REDUCE

If forced landing conditions: I. 3. THROTIT..E

2. FUEL SHUT-OFF lever

~ STOP ..:. CLOSE

FIRE EXTINGUISHER button - DEPRESS

7.

DRAG

I WARNING'
Do not attempt to re-start the engine after the fire has been extinguished. · If fire indication goes out: 4. 5. Fire warning circuit· FORCED LANDING -Check -PERFORM

If altitude is below 600·m AGL and a safe forced landing cannot be assured: 8. EJECT!

WARNING '
It takes SO second up to IDLE (56± 1%). It is prohibited to move the throttle before the RPM is set to IDLE. If the loss of power was accompanied by abnormal indications such as explosions, severe RPM fluctuations or RPM stuck at 0, consider carefully whether to attempt a restart as it might aggravate the situation and result in engine fire. If no mechanical failure is evident and the engine is wind milling: -Perform 9. Air-start If mechanical damage is suspected:
I 0. THROTIT..E II. Forced landing

I WARNING'
• • Do not use arresting barrier. Do not land with fire aboard.

If fire persists or a safe forced landing cannot be accomplished:

6.

EJECT!

- STOP -Perform

ENGINE FLAME-OUT
Indications: HOT START Loss of power, EGT drop, RPM drop.

If a safe forced landing cannot be assured:

12. EJECT! IN-FLIGHT START

NOTE CAUTION
Perform the engine hot start only if crucial lack of time does not make possible to perform any recommended engine start procedure. The hot start, if not successful, can damage engine or aggravate the situation. Recommended in-flight engine start procedure is APU assisted or wind-milling, refer to IN-FLIGHT START. Attempt a restart only if no damage is evident. IN-FLIGHT START ENVELOPE: Flight level AIRSPEED: 450 kmlh lAS for Wind-milling start (above 15% RPM) Below altitude 6,000 m

3-5

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

.

.. .

---for APU start (below 15% RPM) 2. "ENGINE STOP" SWITCH -OFF and ON
NOTE

T.O. 1T-L39C-1

260-350·krnlh lAS APUSTART I. 2. 3. 4.

THR011LE. "TURBO" button ''TURBINE STARTER" "ENGINE" button

-STOP -DEPRESS -Check on -DEPRESS

WAIT AT LEAST 45 SECONDS from the time the throttle was placed to STOP before attempting another restart, in order to assure no fuel is present in the tail-pipe. ALTERNATE AIR-START (secondary fuel circuit) Flight conditions Confirm: Altitude below 6,000 m, Speed 260 to 350 kmlh lAS, RPM below 15% -STOP - Depress -On - Check on - Depress - Start

After 5 seconds: · 5. THROTTLE 6. Stop watch 7. EGT and RPM When engine stabilized: 8. Throttle -IDLE -Start - Check rising

- Open, check engine . response and thrust

WIND MILLING START
. NOTE

RPM is above 15% I. THROTTLE - STOP 2. "ENGINE" START button - DEPRESS After 5 seconds: 3. THROTTLE 4. Stop watch 5. EGT and RPM

I. THROTTLE 2. ''TURBO'.' button 3. "SEC REG" switch 4. ''TURBINE STARTER'' light 5. "ENGINE" START button 6. Stop watch In 7. 8. 9.
I Oth second:

Throttle EGT and RPM ''TURBO STOP" button

-IDLE -Start - Check rising
NOTE

- Set at EFS triangle - Check rising - Depress when RPM passes42%

I

CAUTION

I

The airspeed must be kept constant or slightly increasing in order to avoid excessive rise of EGT. When engine stabilized 6. Throttle

With the secondary fuel circuit switched ON the automatic fuel control is deactivated. The throttle has to be moved with care to avoid a flame out, stall or excessiveEGT. Accelerating the engine from idle to operating power should take a minimum of 15 seconds or 2% per second. RPM and EGT have to be kept within limits by using the throttle manually. RPM range56% to 103% NOTE

- Open, check engine response and thrust

. UNSUCCESSFUL RESTART Below 2,000 m Above 2,000 m · Stop the restart sequence if one of the following occurs: No ignition within 25 seconds EGT exceeds 685°C RPM stagnating or dropping
I.

RPM range 60% to 99%

THROTTLE

- To STOP

If RPM drops below 54.5%, shut down the engine and perform another airstart attempt after 45 seconds.

3-6

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.
__,_ .....,

........

-~

.....-...--

~----

.._.

. which is caused by a change in fuel pressure and flow. . shut down the engine. Inc. RPM and EGT have to be kept within limits by using the throttle manually. 10. the RPM may drop quickly. ~ . .STOP • Stop the restart sequence if one of the following occurs: . . . Accelerating the engine from idle to operating power should take a minimum of 15 seconds or 2% per second. the "TURBO STOP" button ntust be pushed when engine RPM reaches 42%..I .000 m Decrease or drop in RPM with and EGT higher than normal or rapidly rising. 611'. Abnormal noises (~angs) I cAunoN I • These abnormal noises may be erroneously interpreted as engine mechanical failure._. therefore. 3-7 Provided by Czech Jet. ~ ~ ~ . Emergency fuel circuit must be maintained till landing.O.soo·m.·T. . 3. . Restart I WARNING When an APU start is performed using the emergency fuel circuit.ON . I WARNING If an immediate action is not taken. Switching to the secondary fuel circuit may be accompanied by an abnonlJil) noise. SWITCH 4. Throttle . the auto disconnect function is deactivated. THROTTLE 2. . stall or excessive EGT. ALTITUDE -IDLE . . IT-L39C-I I Unsuccessful restart: CAUTION I NOTE· Secondary fuel circuit has to be maintained till landing. ~ ~ ~ ~ . lndjcatjons: Loss of p<)wer. . . . REG. PRECAUTIONARY LANDING If RPM drops below 54.Perform an "Alternate 6. . SEC.PERFORM . . Engine restart air-start" If altitude is below 600 m AGL and a safe forced landing Actions: 1. shut down the engine.. PARTIAL POWER LOSS I WARNING •. The throttle has to be moved with care to avoid a flame out.No ignition within 25 seconds EGT exceeds 685°C RPM stagnating or dropping . Attempt a windmilling start with the secondary fuel circuit ON. RPM range 56% to 103% RPM range 60% to 99% Below 2. The fuel filter light may flicker and the caution light "FUEL EMERG. DELIVERY" will illumiliate. .Establish wind-milling start flight conditions. . Eject! COMPRESSOR STALL CAUTION Indications: With the secondary fuel circuit switched ON the automatic fuel control is deactivated. not corresponding to throttle movements. . After clearing the runway. .5%: S. . 611' . change of engine RPM and EGT.000 m Above 2. . cannot be assured: 7. . the EGT will exceed the limits and turbine damage may result.. (The main fuel control is probably at fault). . .Descent BELOW 7. After clearing the runway.

the EGT limiter is defective and must be switched OFF.Set to practicable minimum -Perform -TO STOP -PERFORM . If a safe forced landing cannot be assured: 10. TIIROTTLE 2. EJECT! EXCESSIVE EGT (ABOVE LIMITS) Indications: EGT rising or already high Actions: I. I. FORCED LANDING -ASAP 4. TIIROTTLE 7. HEADING 4. LAND If EGT continues to rise: 4. FORCED LANDING . DRAG -MAX .. . 3-8 Provided by Czech Jet. EJECT! NOTE A rapid increase in EGT indicates a malfunction in the engine operation. TIIROTTLE 9. unusual engine noise. ANGLE OF ATTACK 3.. I. EGT limiter starts its limiting function when EGT reaches 700°C (CAUflON light comes on). TIIROTTLE 5. Power 5. If a safe forced landing cannot be assured: 6. Inc.CHECK If test shows the circuit to be defective: The moment the pilot notices a rapid EGT rise with steady RPM:. caused by NA missile launch. In this case-shut down engine and re-start if altitude permits. Precautionary landing If stall persists or reoccurs: .T. If the temperature increases above 700°C. SPEED 3. ENGINE If altitude is below 600 m AGL and a safe forced landing cannot be assured: 8. IT-L39C-l· Actions: . CHECK frequently -IDLE .FORWARD position If engine vibration light continues to illuminate: 8. OIL SYSTEM MALFUNCTION Indication: Oil pressure on the triple engine indicator drops below 2 kp/cm2 when below 95% RPM or below 3 kplcm2 when above 95% RPM. If stall clears: Excessive EGT indication may indicate a compressor stall (rumbling). EJECT! -STOP -RESTART ENGINE VmRATION Indication: ENGINE VIDRATION warning light. throttle vibrations. maximum allowable EGT is 700°C. TIIROTTLE 2. 730°C" warning light illuminates be aware of a possible fire hazard. EGT NOTE -IDLE -RELEASE ·-Monitor NOTE Successful stall clearing is indicated by a decrease in EGT to normal values and absence of abnormal noises. Actions· At forced landing conditions: ' 5. Engine vibration CIRCUIT.CLIMB .. Engine VIBRATION · symptoms· · . "OFF JPT REG.T.." SWITCH 7.O.TO STOP -PERFORM If the "J. 6.P.320 km/h. If EGT can be maintained within limits with practicable power: 3.to NEAREST RWY -REDUCE NOTE With the de-icing system in operation. TIIROTTLE 2. entering another aircraft slipstream (vortex) or induction of foreign object such as a bird. TIIROTTLE -IDLE If engine vibrations light goes out: 6.

T.O. IT-L39C-l
. '

.

Actions:

Head
-Ch~kon· ..

Press against head-rest - · Press against body As. straight as possible

l.
2.

Engine switch.and engine inst. CJB Power

- Elbows Back

3.

Land

- Reduce to minimum practicable -ASAP

AFTER EJECTION
Durin& parachute descent:

The "ENG. MIN. OIL PRESS" warning light will start flashing when: The oil pressure drops below 1.4±0.3 kp/cm2 or The oil temperature reaches 202°C, or The oil purities have the mass of 0.25 g.

I. PARACHUTE CANOPY -CHECK -RELEASE 2. OXYGEN MASK 3. RADIO/OXYGEN -DISCONNECT FROM . CONNECTOR LAP BELT ·-RELEASE 4. SURVIVAL KIT

NOTE
• Avoid zero or negative load· factors and abrupt maneuvers. With oil pressure at 0, the engine will continue to operate for._approximately 10 minutes. Be cautious of ftre.

NOTE
There .is a 10 meters lowering line with survival kit.

5. LANDING POSmON
After Iandin&

·-ASSUME

6. PARACHUTE HARNESS - UNLOCK EJECTION EJECTION FAILURE
IMMEDIATE EJECTION EJECTION SEAT BLOCKED

l. 2.

WINGS EJECTION HANDLES

-LEVEL - SQUEFZE AND PULL

BEFORE EJECTION . ,.

If time and co~ditio~s permit: l. Notify crew member of decision to eject 2. Brief for ejection 3. Inform ground controller/control tower/formation member 4. Steer the aircraft away from populated ~ 5. Helmet visors - Down 6. Aight conditions - Establish optimum attitude, speed and altitude

If the ejection handles remain blocked: l. "UNLOCK EJECT" -Actuate Switch :..: Squeeze and puU·until 2. Ejeetion handles seat starts moving CANOpy JETIJSON FAILURE

If ejection is ·unsuccessful (system unblocked, but canopy fails to jettison):. 1. "CANOPY JE'ITISON''. LEVER - ACTUATE 2. EJECTION HANDLES - PULL ~D HOLD until seat starts moving

NOTE NOTE
When the forward crew member ejects ftrst, aircraft longitudinal stability us reduced due to the aftward of center of gravity. 7. Adopt ejection position: - Feet Backward Hold the ejection handles with the left hand and operate the canopy jettison lever the right hand.

If canopy jettison is unsuccessful: 3. ECS Handle - PULL aft 4. CANOPY - MANUALLY OPEN AND PUSH away

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

3-9

T.O. JT:..L39C-l

5. EJECTION HANDLES

-Squeeze and pull

FUEL SYSTEM MALFUNCTION

EJECTION THROUGH CANOpy. If canopy cannot be removed:
I.

FUEL PRESSURE DROP
Indjcatjop: "DON'T START' warning light is flashing

Canopy Instrument HOOD

2.

- Ensure closed and locked - RETRACT (forward cockpit only) -PULL

The following precautions have to observed: - Normal engine operation is ensured only up to 6,000 m. When applying power, throttle has to be moved slowly. Engine acceleration/deceleration is not limited by aircraft speed.
If engine surge is experienced, reduce RPM.

3. "EJECT THROUGH CANOPY" HANDLES 4. EJECTION HANDLES MANUAL BAIL OUT

- SQUEEZE AND PULL

CAUTION
If for any reason ejection is not possible, a manual bail

out has to be performed. Proceed as follows: I. PILOT/SEAT SEPARATION LEVER - FORWARD -Nose down 2. Trim 3. Canopy - Unlock manually and push away. 4. Roll the aircraft invert~ and push the control stick forward -Abandon 5. Aircraft

Avoid zero or negative G conditions Actions: 1. "PUMP" CIB and "ENGINE" switch
If conditions persists:

-Check ON

2. Altitude 3. Power 4. Land

- Below 6,000 m. - 103% RPM Max. -ASAP

NOTE

I WARN~N.G

•..

Parachute operiing is accomplished by means af the NO-DELAY lanyard (4 meters length), which is attached to the seat.

Avoid "go around" and make landing final. Failure to comply may result in engine cut. FUEL FaTER FAILURE

WARNING.

Indications:

Illumination of the "FUEL fiLTER" · warning light.

In case of a malfunction of the NO-DELAY lanyard system or disconnection, the parachute must be opened by use of the parachute D-ring (left side). Minimum height for a manual bail out is 250 m. PaOTfflEATSEPARATION
If after ejection, automatic separation does not occur:

Fuel filter is becoming clogged.

·I

CAUTION

Avoid zero or negative G conditions
NOTE

PILOT/SEAT SEPARATION LEVER - FORWARD 2. Push the seat backward using both hands.
I.

The "FUEL FILTER" warning light may flicker shortly, when the emergency fuel circuit is switched on.

3-10

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O. IT-L39C-l

Actions: l. Power Reduce speed Land - Set to minimum practicable -ASAP 5.

NOTE
When the air-conditioning/pressurization lever is in OFF position (aftward), the warning lights "AIR-. CONDIT OFF' and "CABIN PRESSURE" will flash/ illuminate. Cockpit pressurization lever

2. 3.

fUEL TRANSFER FAILURE Wing tip tank fail to transfer fuel Iridjcatjons: Heavy wing. Transfer lamp is illuminated earlier than excepted.

- "Seal" and/or depressurize, as necessary to control temperature.

Action: l. LandASAP

SMOKFJFUMES IN THE COCKPIT OR ELECTRICAL FIRE Indications: Unidentified odors, smoke or fumes in the cockpit.

FUEL QUANTITY INDICATION FAILURE Actions: 1. Clock time . Land ASAP. - Start Stopwatch
I. 2. 3.

2. Recall last fuel reading and calculate remaining flight
3.

OXYGEN ALTITUDE Emergency

- "EMER" - DESCEND TO 3,000 m -Declare

WARNING' WARNING'
Low fuel light is unreliable. 4. ECS (AIR CONDITIONING) SYSTEM FAILURE If electrical fire is suspected: Indications: A sudden increase 9r decrease m cockpit air temperature . De-pressurization may be followed by rapid canopy fogging. COCKPIT - DEPRESSURIZE

I CAUTION
When shedding electrical consumers, consider whether to switch off the generator and the battery at this will result in the automatic extension of the RAT. 5. Faulty equipment - Identify and switch off

. Actions: l. Temperature control switch - Manual cold/warm (1 to 2 sec)

2. 3.

Temperature control switch -Neutral Invertor, air-conditioning and de-icing C/Bs - Verify ON

If smoke persists or becomes sever: 6. 7. CANOPY Land - JETTISON -ASAP

If malfunction persists: 4. Air shower valve - Close

LOSS OF PRESSURIZATION Indications: Illumination of the "CABIN PRESSURE" warning light. Physical sensations and increased noise in the cockpit. Both (aircraft and cabin) altimeters read the same altitude even

CAUTION
Before de-pressurizing the cockpit, preferably des-. cend to below 3,000 m QNH (terrain permitting).

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

3-11

T.O. IT-L39C-J

.. when· above 2,000 ·m: Cabin press needle - on the red zone Actions:

I. 2. .3. 4. 5.

Oxygen shut~ff valve Diluter lever Oxygen · · Connections Descent

-Check ON -100% -Emergency - Check security - To below 3,000 m QNH (terrain permitting)

CAUTION

Rapid pressure build up may occur when actuating the cabin pressurization lever during flight. l. "COCKPIT PRESS" lever - Check on (forward) 2. Air shower valve . - Check open Check the following: "AIR COND." switch in the aft cockpit "INVERTOR" switch
"AIR COND" CIB
If failure persists: 3. Descent

If oxygen pressure is below 32 kp/cm2: 6. Oxygen interconnect - OPEN (backseat) If not possible: 7. Seat oxygen

-Active
NOTE

Emergency oxygen will last for approximately tO minutes
8. ·Land

-ASAP

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM MALFUNCTIONS MAIN GENERATOR FAILURE - To below 3;000 m QNH (terrain permitting) · - De-pressurize -Close -As soon as practicable Indication: '!GENERATOR'; warning light flashing.
NOTE

4. Cockpit 5. Air shower valve . 6. Land

CANOPY OPEN/LOST/BROKEN INFLIGHT l. Visor 2. Airspeed 3. Descent 4. Land -Down - Reduce to 270 kmlh lAS - To below 3,000 m QNH (terrain permitting) - As soon as practicable

The RAT will extend automatically, "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" light will flash momentarily and then go out. A proper operation or the RAT is further indicated by a voltage out put of 27 to 29 volts and as ammeter reading of + 5 Amps. Actions: I. "GENERATOR MAIN'' and "GENERATOR -Check on EMERG."switches i. · "EMERGENCY GENERATOR" light out · - Confirm

OXYGEN
If a sudden drop in oxygen pressure occurs, or difficulties in a breathing are experienced, unusual odors are noticed in the inhaled mixture, or the blinker does not operate above 2,000 m, proceed as follows:

I
3. Speed brakes

CAUTION

I

Extension of the speed brakes will disturb the proper airflow to the RAT. -Do not use
NOTE

I WARNING.
Whenever hypoxia is suspected, immediately activate the parachute oxygen system, execute an emergency ·descent, declare emergency, and select emergency code on IFF while checking the oxygen connections.

RAT will retract automatically, provided the RAT emergency lever is in the retracted position, in the following cases:

3-12

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T~O.

IT-L39C-I

-

Main generator ix>wer is restored During -landing; when ·the ·ground.
n~e wh~l

- Accelerometer (G meter) touches the - Clock - Stand by compass Actions: Since there is no way of restoring power, the pilot should take time and assess the situation regarding distance to base, flight conditions and last known indications (e.g. fuel quantity). Plan your actions and be aware that other aircraft and/ or ground controller may not know of your problem.
1. Throttle

If"EMERGENCY GENERATOR" light remains ON: 4. "GENERATOR EMERG." switch -Reset 5. RAT emergency lever -Backwards Check RAT light - If illuminated, only battery supplies DC power. Actions: 1. Non-essential systems 2. Tower

- Disconnect - Advise of possibility to land without communication

2. 3. 4.
S. .6. 7.

IDTAL ELECTRIC FAILURE Indications: - Voltmeter and ammeter indicate 0 No radio and intercom No lights or electrical driven indication ·

- Move with care,. low pressure fuel pump is inoperative Recall the last fuel quantity reading and calculate the remaining flight time Descent to the nearest VFR airfield Traffic ciJ;Cuit - Join, watch other aircraft iil the circuit Landing gear. and flaps - Emergency extend Land - Seeking light signals ·Brake - Apply gradually ·

INVERTER I OR II FAILURE Indications:
"INV. 115 V FAIL" light illuminates

The following are inoperative: - Engine ignition system - Warning or caution lights - Low pressure fuel pump - Normal ge~ and flaps extension . - Speed brakes - Anti-skid Electrical indicators of gear and flaps - Trim, electrical instruments, communication and navigation· equipment are inoperative - External stores release The following instruments are available: -RPM - EGT - Air speed - Altimeter - VVI - Cabin altimeter

NOTE
All consumers will automatically connect to that inverter, which is working without failure. Actions: 1. Electrical system

.:_ Check with higher frequency

INVERTER I ANP rnyERTER II FAILURE Indications:
"INV. liS V FAIL" light illuminates.

Warning flags on height indicator and ADI, temperature changes in the ca- . bin not corresponding selected value, Joss of all consumers supplied by inverter I and inverter II.

Aclimk
I. Abort mission, fly smoothly 2. Land - ASAP

3-13

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

Lever forward LANDING EMERGENCIES MAXIMUM GLIDE The flight characteristics of the aircraft. -On . Speed brakes.Check with higher frequency INVERTER IV FAILURE Indications: Loss of ADI. RSBN andSDU. Action: Since there is no way of restoring power. Plan your actions and be aware that other aircraft and/ or ground controller may not know of your problem. which will disable emergency gear and flap extension. External stores 2. use emergency braking to reduce speed and differential braking for steering. Extend landing gear and flaps by means of emergency system. EMERGENCY HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE LOW Indications: Emergency hydraulic pressure indicator indicates below 140 kp/cm2. For maximum glide distance with engine out refer to Appendix A. Rapid trim changes are not recommended neither necessary." switch 2. The followinK systems are inoperative: .Anti skid Refer to emergency gear and flap extension procedure. Fuel shut off lever . conditions to not appear satisfactory for a successful :Completion of the landing: EJECT! ENROUTE TO HIGH KEY l.Consider use . Land . WARNING' Do not attempt to recharge the main hydraulic system from the emergency system by operating the accumulator interconnect lever.O. if necessary -Retracted . SYST. .Normal flap extending . Actions: I. Keep the remaining pressure for normal differential breaking ground steering). The recommended glide speed is 140 KIAS. FORCED LAND~G HYDRAULIC SYSTEM PRESSURE LOW Indication: "HYD. the pilot should take time and assess the situation regarding distance to base. FAIL" warning light illu~nates.Normal brakes . (Figure >-1) I WARNING' If. Accumulator interconnect lever . 3 x 36 V FAIL" light illuminates. · · · 2.T.Normal gear lowering . Electrical system Actions: I. Do not activate speed brakes (even if extended). turn indicator and elevator trim · indicator.Speed brakes . flight conditions and last known indications (e.g. "ENGINE INDICAT. Inc. After landing.(lever-backwards) 2. Main hydraulic pressure is below 55 kp/cm2. Throttle 5. Loss of triple engine indicator. fly smoothly 2. are normal. 3.260 kmlh lAS -Stop -Closed 3-14 Provided by Czech Jet. EMERG.ASAP I. directional gyro. at any time during the forced landing. fuel quantity). Abort mission.Jettison. Airspeed 4. lT-L39C-I INVERTER III FAILURE Indications: "INV. gear and flaps 3. This will only result in depleting the emergency system pressure. Action: 1. with an engine out. When pressure in the emergency system equals normal system's pressure .

AS REQUIRED SPEED .O.~ kmlb . 3-15 . Inc. OR AS REQUIRED NOTE Altitudes referred here are above ground level. UG may be extended if the NC will glide safety to the runway with UG extended.T.. IT.250 km1b !. AB-1-{7'7) Figure 3-1.:.DROPPED .IN .T/0..ANDING GEAR 40"BANK UP !.I Q(ll m . SPEED FLAPS HJQH-KE)' JIQJNT .fill! m SPEED FLAPS .REAOUNOTHERUNWAYIS EX"ICRNAL STORES SPEED BRAKES SPEED .2511 kmlb JUDGED IMPOSSIBLE: EJECT! BASE LEG - 37!! m .360" m REACH HIQH KEY poiNT I WARNING .• JFINFINALAT2SOm.2SOkmlb .L39C-1 • • ~O~ORWffiDMWUNOEro~ APPROAOI AT . Forced Landing Provided by Czech Jet.OW-KEY POINT..

Landing gear indicators 4. Flaps 4.500 m of altitude lost. TOUCH-DOWN 1.Out. Air-speed 3. Airspeed l.250 kmlh lAS . the ground distance gained is approximately 14 km. LOW KEY Altitude 2. LANDING GEAR EXTENSION FAILURE Indications: Gear fails to extend or to lock in the down position when using the main hydraulic system. Air-speed Braking • .250 kmlh lAS (220 kmlh lAS Min) . Below 3. 2.extend NOTE The hydraulic pump will still produce pressure.O. . IT-L39C-I NOTE • Leave the "ENGINE" switch at ON position in order to have VVI and tum and bank indicator available. the landing gear and the flaps have to be extended utilizing the emergency hydraulic system. Land .000 m.Gradually pull emergency lever and use normal braking for ~und steering HIGH KEY CAUTION . once selected down. Flaps l. The flaps. retract the speed brakes immediately and continue with the forced landing pattern.70% RPM . . The RAT will provide electrical power throughout the whole glide speed range. 3-16 Provided by Czech Jet. provided the engine has not seized due to a mechanical failure. Power . 3. .000 m AGL Min I Altitude 2. -Down -Check . ·NOTE Speed brakes may not be available due to insufficient electrical or hydraulic power. 250 m AGL is commit point! Decide whether to continue the forced landing or to eject! • Final approach (safe landing assured): l. After the aircraft has to come to a stop: 3.Normally If the engine fails during the precautionary pattern. albeit at a reduced rate.As required The precautionary pattern is flown similar to the forced landing pattern with the following exceptions: l.185 to 200 kmlh lAS . Inc. the sink rate is approximately 9 m/sec.As required 3. Air-speed . for the main hydraulic system. · Speed brakes .T. Aim at the first third of the run-way 2.250 kmlh lAS Normal brakes may not available due to insufficient hydraulic pressure.. LANDING GEAR MALFUNCTIONS NOTE If the flaps have to be lowered via the emergency hy- draulic system. Landing gear 3.If overshoot . or the RAT has failed and the battery voltage is less than 20 V. 2. the TAKE-OFF position (25°) is not available.600 m AGL Min . Speed brakes . • For every l . Aircraft -Abandon PRECAUTIONARY PATTERN NOTE If the main hydraulic system does not show en~ugh pressure.1. It is therefore recommended that flaps should be lowered only when a safe landing is assured. will go down all the way to LAND position (44°). until normal glide path on final approach has been attained.

Electrical and mechanical indicators . Emergency gear extension lever Forward 8. 5.lT-L39C. Air-speed 4. Perform 5-6 G maneuver. Normal gear handle -Up 9. Belly landing or: 11. If a gear If unsuccessful: 7.Retract .Check for middle position . avoid a nose high touch-down attitude. Emergency gear extension lever -Attempt I 5.l Actions: "U/C. WARNING' ." C/Bs 2. Gear . Backseat handle l.Check If gear does not extend: 6. Inc. l 0. Fuel . holding the nose high for aerodynamical braking I WARNING' Normal braking is not be possible.O. Use normal approach procedures. Shoulder harness Final approach 9. Runway 2. 4.Straight in. BELLY LANDING 2.Move backward The aircraft must not be landed in gear asymmetric condition.Ensure minimum 135 kp/cm2 8.Burn down to minimum required -Locked . . CAUTION I NOSE GEAR EXTENSION FAILURE Indications: Nose gear fails to extend or to lock in t. BALANC.Check ON . Belly landing -Perform ASYMMETRIC GEAR CONDffiON l. Perform normal landing. with full flaps 3-17 Provided by Czech Jet." C/Bs Main hydraulic system pressure Normal gear Normal gear extension -Test -Check -Check ON -Check (Min 135 kp/cm2) -Retract -Repeat NOTE If a paved runway is unavailable eject rather than attempt a belly landing on an unpaved surface. Emergency gear extension .Request foaming . burn access fuel and release all external stores except for empty external drop tanks.T. 6.he down position when using the main hydraulic system. Electrical and mechanical indicators Land -Perform -Check If mechanical indicators indicates gear extended: 3. 4. BALANC. Emergency gear extension 2. 3. Leave the emergency gear extension lever at the extended position until landing. 7. If gear does not extend: Actions: 1. If mechanical indicator shows unsafe condition: 4. Emergency system pressure up landing is unavoidable. Electrical gear position indicators Mechanical gear position indicators "U/C.Below 330 km/h lAS . l. 3.-. EJECT! 3.Perform If asymmetric gear condition persists: .

Fuel -Bum access fuel 2.On the runway side opposite to the blown tire 4.- . Air-speed .To previous position 5. Directional control .. increase approach and landing speed by 30 kmlh lAS. EJECT! 3-18 Provided by Czech Jet. "GENERATOR EMERG. the gOod tire 5. Touch down speed .De~ected towards . If aircraft is un-controllable: 4. THROTILE . IT-L39C-l Prior to touch down: 2.backward -Check . Normal switch . it is not possible to retract them in emergency.. Electrical and mechanical indicators 4. Control stick . in the forward cockpit a rotating lever and in the aft cockpit a sprig-loaded push pin. T. ''ENGINE". ASYMMETRIC FLAPS When ever an asymmetry is experienced: I.Move.FULL OPPOSITE TO TURN NEEDLE FLAP EXTENSION FAILURE FLAP EMERGENCY EXTENSION -FULL AFT If spin persists and altitude is below 1. RUDDER If in inverted spin: 4. Add 30 kmlh lAS for flaps up landing. 9. If by selecting the previous position control is regained: If possible have the damaged tire inspected by another aircraft or the control tower. CONTROLS 2. if extended.. Compensate with aileron and rudder. 2. Inc. Approach -Normal pattern 3.Landing Position I cAunON The latch preventing the movement of the throttle from IDLE to STOP is. Throttle . I.Maintain with rudder and brakes for as long as possible 3. do not attempt to reselect the flaps.To STOP 7. - - . Aircraft LANPING WfOI A BLOWN MAIN TIRE I CAUTION I After regaining control. Emergency flap extension lever 3. STICK .- ~ . EJECT! SPIN RECOVERY I. WARNING. lfnecessaryincrease speed." switch -OFF 6.-. Fuel shut off lever -Close 8.Below 300 kmlh lAS 5. For landing with flaps up.-- --- .- ~ -.. If in erect spin: 3.Control.800 m AGL: I.OFF I cAunoN I Do not use speedbrakes. . Flaps .POSITIVE NEUTRAL {STICK CENTER AND FORWARD) -IDLE NOTE Do not retract the flaps as they may have sustained damage by pieces of the blown tire.Abandon I0. . Land with the flap setting. Land .180 km/h lAS After the aircraft has come to stop: . . "BATrERY" and "GENERATOR MAIN" switches .O. Aircraft .

Inc. 1T~L39C-l SECTION IV CREW DUTY NOT APPLICABLE 4-11(4-2 blank) Provided by Czech Jet..O. . T.

.Provided by Czech Jet. Inc.

. . . . . HPC RPMwithin the ranges 74%-77% and 86%-89% is permitted for a short duration only due to the surge bleed valve. . . . .. . .T.. . INSTRUMENT MARKINGS . Switching on the de-icing system air bleed valves up to max altitude 8. .. . . .000 m (6. . TIRE SPEED LIMITATIONS . Without external stores.000 m (32. .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . The limitations are derived from actual flight testing.. . . . . ..Below 2. . . . . . . . . .. . . In addition to the normal operating limitations shown in figure 5-2. .. . . .. . ... . . .. . . . .. .. .. AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS .000 m (26. . . . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . ..000 ft) at all engine rating except take-off rating 5-1 Provided by Czech Jet. . . .. .. . . . . Landing Conditions Clean Configuration Symmetrical Flight After engine shutdown. . . . . . . .000 ft) When emergency fuel control system is in operation. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . ... .. . . IT-L39C-l SECTIONV OPERATING· LIMITATIONS CONTENTS INTRODUCTION . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . DEFINITIONS . Flight with no rolling tendency or use of ailerons in the maneuver Maximum operating time: 40 minutes Maximum altitude. . . . .O. LANDING LIMITATIONS .. . . . . . . . .. ... . .... . . .. .. . . . .. . . . .. . Take off power: Max altitude I 0. . . . the following limitations shall apply: Duration of engine run shall not exceed the following: . the following limitations apply: Maximum and minimum HPC rpm are as follows: . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. .. . FLIGHT MANOEUEVERING LIMITATIONS . . ... .. . . . . . . .40% of total engine time at the NOMINAL regime . Limitations related to ' particular operational procedures are given in other sections of the manual... . . .. .. .... . .. . . . . .500 ft): 103% Max. .. . .. . . . .10% of total engine time at the TAKE-OFF regime Maximal flight altitude shall not exceed 12. . . ... . .. . . . . . . ·. . . . the engine run down time from IDLE to 0% should not be less than: High pressure compressor 20 sec.000 ft) Throttle operation should be slow so as to prevent fuel starvation and possible engine flame out. ... . . . . .. • . . . . . Max RPM in flight (over-speed) 107. .. . . . ..... . Low pressure compressor 25 sec. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . 60% Min. . .. . WHEEL BRAKE LIMITATIONS .. . . .. . . . . . . .000 m (6. . . . at NOMINAL: 2...·.. . . . LG and flaps down. . . . . . . . . speed-brakes retracted. . .. .. . . . : . . . .. . . . ... .. . ..500 ft) Maximum altitude at lower ratings than NOMINAL: 8.. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ·. .. . .. .. . . . .. .. . The flight and engine instrument markings with their operating limitations are shown in figure 5-1.. . . . . . . . .000 m (6. . . . .. .8000 ft) Max time 20 Min.8% INSTRUMENT MARKINGS ENGINE LIMITATIONS . .Above 2. .. . .. . . . . . ...000 m (26. speed-brakes retracted. . .000 m (40. . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . .. .. ... . . . .. . . . . PAGE 5-l 5-1 5-1 5-6 5-6 5-9 5-9 5-9 INTRODUCTION This section includes the limitations· that must be observed during normal operation of the aircraft. . ... . . DEFINITIONS Cruise Conditions LG and flaps up. ..500ft): 99% Max.. . . 56% Min. .. . .

T.5 kp/cm2 max under 2 kptcm2 at zero loads for short time only OIL TEMPERA11JRE INDICATOR -.106. . FUEL PRESSURE INDICATOR Fuel pressure 65 kp/cm2 max OIL PRESSURE INDICATOR oil pressure 4.8 ± 1% max LPC RPM104% max -RED c:::J YELLOW AB-t~l-t) Figure 5-l.O.S°C up to 90°C max operation RPM INDICATOR - HPC RPM. Inc. 1T-L39C-1 . Operating Limitations (sheet 1 of 2) 5-2 Provided by Czech Jet. oil temperature from ..40°C min up to90°Cmax from.

200 kg - c=J RED GREEN AB-1-{71-2) Figure 5-1. Inc.000 ft (8. during engine start-up EGT 690° max.8 M (the speedbrakes extend automatically at 0. . in flight with de-icing on EGT 700° max. 1T-L39C:-l HYDRAULIC PRESSURE iNDICATOR . Operating Limitations (sheet 2 of 2) 5-3 Provided by Czech Jet. EGtiNDICATOR HYDRAULIC MAIN!EMER EGT 645° max on the ground on TAKE UP regime EGT 670° max.02 M) - "+8" max for the ale weight up to 4. ACCELEROMETER - 910 kmlh lAS max for configuration without external stores 0.000 m) }lressure in main circuit 135-150 kplcm2 Pressure in emergency circuit after engine start 150kp/cm2 NOTE MACH-IAS-TAS INDICATOR Due to decreasing pressure during high attitude flight the pressure in emergency circuit can gradually drop.O.78 ± 0.200 kg "-4g" max for the ale weight up to 4. The pressure in the emergency circuit is recovered again when the aircraft descends.. in flight without de-icing on EGT 685° max. T. in flight above 25.to 120 kp/cm2 at aircraft maximu ceiling..

63 -5 to 90 -5 to 90 . . EGT in flight can be as high as 700 °C above 8.:.OOO ft)·.5/42 .5 to 90 -5 to90 30 min/no limit no limit no limit 20min max. 56± 1..000 m (25.000 m (20.500 Above 2.000/6. Altitude up to 6. • • Abort start and shut down the engine when HPC rpm is less than 20% after 15 sec.6± 1% 103±1% 106.000 max) HPCRPM (%) 103% Max 99% Max 56% Min 60% Min EGT (0C) 655 620 Time of operation (min)· 40 40 AB-1-{79) Figure 5-3. 65/925 * At altitude above 8.4.5% 99. lT-L39C-l In-flight engine relight envelope: .000 m (25.792 IDLE CRUISE NOMINAL TAKEOFF (MAX) 585 575 610 645 585 620 655 690 700* - 2128 min 3 .307. EGT in flight is higher by 20 °C when de-icing system is on and can be as high as 690 °C below 8.63 3 . There is no ignition (EGT does not rise after 25 sec. FH Altitude (Meter/Feet) Below 2.5/42 . 3.000 m (ZS.8± 1% 685 FLT 685 below sn1 2128 min -40 to 90 50 sec 2.810 3.4.000 ft) APU assist when HPC rpm below Windmill when HPC rpm above 15~ .000/25.000 feet) Figur~S-2.) • EGT rapidly approaches 685 °C 2. Engine Operating Limitations NOTE l. Inc.500 (8. Engine operation with the fuel booster pump off is guaranteed up to approximately 6.000 m (20.000/6. Do not attempt an engine relight with RPM below 15% without the use of APU.63 3 . Engine Operating Limitations on Emergency Fuel Control 5-4 Provided by Czech Jet..000 ft).4. 15~ Eng Mode HPCRPM EGT (0C) FUEL PRESS (kp/cm2fpsi) OIL PRESS (kpfcm2fpsi) OIL TEMP (OC) OPERATION TIME GRNDIFLT ENG THRUST (lbf) GRND START 20% min within 15 sec.5/42 .000 ft).LU.

T. c::::J c::::J YELLOW GREEN AB-1-(80) Figure 5-4. Inc.O. IT-L39C-l • 40% (40 mrnlsec) niax. . Engine Vibrations Indicator 5-5 Provided by Czech Jet.

Intentional inverted spins.5 to -3.200 kg (9. .U. The minimum interval between consecutive inverted flight is 20 sec.8M Remarks Up to flight altitude I . do not use flaps (speed-brakes may be used).480 lbs) 4. In an emergency. More than two turns of upright spin.600/10. CENTER OF GRAVITY LIMITATIONS The permissible range for center of gravity positions is 21 to 28% MAC. CROSS WIND LIMITATIONS The maximum permissible crosswind component during takeoff and landing is 10 m/s (20 kt). Clean With landing gear 340 kmlh extended (180 KIAS) With tlaps extended 325 kmlh to either T/0 or (175 KIAS) landing position Aaps will not extend beyond 310± 15 km/h (165 KIAS) imd if extendeci.75 +7 to -3.250 ft).300 m (4.l.5 to -3. as fuel supply from the inverted flight reservoir will last only 20 sec with full power. If the aircraft falls into inverted spin only one turn is permitted. if the forward pilot ejects. With full tip tanks.600 kg (10. will retract when exceeding 165 KIAS Runway surface Paved Unpaved (p>7 kg/cm2 116 psi) Unpaved (p>6 kg/cm2 87 psi) Max permissible T/0 weight kgllbs 4. Inc. Final approach speed is 230 kmlh ( 125 KIAS).350kmlh (190 KIAS) soned 4.300 m (4. In this case.600/10. Conditions Clean Speed 910kmlh (490 KIAS) 0.140 With canopy jetti.-1 .260 lbs) 4.300 kg (9.400/9.709/10.360 lbs) NOTE The spin should not be performed with engine setting at range within 86 to 89% and 74 to 77% HPC rpm.700 kg (10.. ! ! -L. AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS For airspeed limitations refer to figure 5-5 and 5-6. ISA Above flight altitude 1. 5-6 Provided by Czech Jet.700 FLIGHT MANOEUVERING LIMITATIONS INVERTED FLIGHT LIMITATIONS Inverted flight or any manoeuvre resulting in negative acceleration is permitted for not more then 20 sec. PROHIBITED MANOEUVRES 1.920 lbs) 4.140 Max.140 lbs). permissible landing weight kgllbs 4.01% MAC and the aircraft may still be landed from the aft cockpit.500 kg (9. Refer to Appendix A for takeoff and landing crosswind limits chart.250 ft). .. the C of G is approximately 29. 2.700 4. ZERO G LIMITATION Aight with zero G are permitted for not more than 5 sec due to lack of lubrication to the engine. negative g · flight is not recommended.140 4.380 4.5 +6.400/9. ISA WEIGHT LIMITATIONS Minimum bearing power fqr aircraft operation is 6 kg/cm2 (870 psi).600/10. STRUCTURAL LIMITATIONS (CLEAN CONFIGURATION) G Factor +8 to-+ +7.5 ~ 4. · NOTE Only 5% of the total number of flights can be performed with T/0 weight higher than 4.J~\.

EAS 5-7 Provided by Czech Jet... 1'\.' ' e ~ :::> <( 0 w 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 .. ..~"' ~~ .... .... ' ' ... ....... ' "'" "' . . ' ... Airspeed Limitations. .0. . ' ~\ \ -. ' M::0. . .. ~ ~ ~ ~-~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ EQUIVALENT AIRSPEED (kmlh) "' "' . ' .6 M:. . ' .O. ... ' 5 .. Inc. ~ '.. .. .T... ... '... ' . . ~ ~ . . 1000 ~ ~ AB-1-(81) Figure 5-5....8 ·. .. ·. "' 1\. . ~ ..._\ '' ' '' 1\\ ' ' \\[\ ' . M::0. . ..75 -.. M=0.S . . ·•.. .. v I I CLEAN AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT WITH EXTERNAL STORES I I .•.. . ...~ ""''\l/ "< .... M=O. .. .' ..'\ . ... ' . . IT-L39C-I BASED ON MAXIMUM DYNAMIC PRESSURE AND MACH NUMBER 14000 13000 12000 11000 10000 9000 8000 l\ .... . . . .. ... . . '. 't ~ .

. . . . • . . . . . :--.. . . . . ... .. . . . • . ... .8 \ M--o. \ . . ..M=0. . . . .O . \ . . • . • . . .. • . . .. . . . ~ \ . . . . . .. . .6 M=0. .. \ ·\ . . • \ ). • .. ..._ CLEAN AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT WITH EXTERNAL STORES . . . • . . \ • . . lT-L39C-l BASED ON MAXIMUM DYNAMIC PRESSURE AND MACH NUMBER 14000 13000 12000 11000 10000 . . \ . .. . .. .... . . : 1\ M=0. . .. . . . TAS 5-8 Provided by Czech Jet. ... . • .. . . • .. . . \ v 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 TRUE AIRSPEED (kmlh) AB-1-(82) Figure 5-6. . . .'·. . ... .... . . . • . ... \ \ . . Inc. . . . 0 7000 < 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 500 . Airspeed Limitations. . . . . 9000 ·8000 g w !:::: => t:. . . ... ... .. . \ . ... ~ • . .. \ \ .. .s M=0..T. • • . .7 .. 1 . . ... . .75 . .

710 lbs).400 kg (9. continuous circuits with braking is allowed. the brakes must be allowed to cool and be properly inspected prior to the next flight.T. If landing must be made with a gross weight higher than 4. the brakes must be allowed to cool before a subsequent flight..O. If these limits are exceeded. it is possible tQ commence· braking at speeds higher than 190 kmlh (102 kts). -NOTE In an emergency. 75 (165) AB-HI3) NOTE All the above listed stores can be suspended symmetrically under both pylons only. the wheelbrakes and tires must be changed prior to next flight. .400 kg (9. the ground run considerably increases (refer to Appendix A). For an aircraft with an· initial takeoff weight of up to 4.5 (166) 46 (102) 54 (119) 52 (115) 62 (136) 77 (169) 21 (46) 53 (117) .5 g respectively. List of Approved Stores 75. are applied at speed higher than 100 kmlh (55 knots). Inc.O Rockets APU-13MIMI Missile Launcher R-3U Missile. with a minimum of 7 minutes interval between landings.600 kg {10.710 lbs). when full brakes . WHEEL BRAKE LIMITATIONS The maximum speed at which wheel brakes may be applied with landing weight up to 4.140 lbs) is 190 kmlh (102 kts). after such braking. Dummy Unit P-50Sh Bomb. NOTE Indications of the Vertical velocity indicator at touchdown is not avalid indication of the actual rate of sid as the instrument is subject to a considerable lag.600 kg {10.· For an aircraft with initial takeoff weight of more than 4. STORE WEIGHT (KGILBS) 17 (38) 125 (276) 110 (243) 70 (154) lOS (238) Pylon OFAB-100 General Purpose Bomb OFAB-100-110 TU High Drag GP Bomb FOTAB-1 00-80 Photo Flash Bomb ZAB-100-105 Fuel-Air Explosive Bomb P-50-75 Bomb. the maximum pennissible rate of descent and loading factor are 2. 10 landings and braking is permitted. However. Training R-3S Missile Figure 5-7. 5-9/(5-10 blank) Provided by Czech Jet. In cases such as an aborted takeoff. LANDING LIMITATIONS The landing gear tires are marked 300 kmlh (162 kt) for main LG .and 2S5 kmlh (154 kt) for nose LG.140 lbs). Dummy Unit UB-16-57U Rocket Launcher UB-16-57UMP Rocket Launcher 16 x ~5MIK Rockets 16 x S-5MO/K. but a minimum of 30 minutes interval between landings. When braking at speeds higher than 190 kmlh (102 kts) is perfonned. 1T-L39C-l TIRE SPEED LIMITATIONS .

.Provided by Czech Jet. Inc.

. . .. . Roll performance exceeding 100 degrees per second is sufficiently high.. .. . .. .. TRIM Trim tabs both on elevator and ailerons can manage the control forces within the whole speed range. . ... .. . . .. . . .. ... . . . ... .. . ... . .. .. . . . ... Lateral/directional control forces and deflections are gradu. . . . . .... ..... . . APPROACH AND LANDING During approach and on final the throttle should be maintained on no less than minimum of 70% RPM with respect to acceleration time of powerplant. . .. 78 ± 0. . .... .. .. . . EFFECT OF FLIGHT. . . .. .. ... . Slight nose-up moment with extended flaps is easily trimable... . .. . . . . . .. .e. . . . .. . . . . . . . ..... . .. . . .. . .. . ... . . . . .. . . .. . . .... . .T. .. ...... . . .. .. . Inc. . .. FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS LOW AND HIGH ALTITUDE FLIGHTS ·Operation in extreme alti... . . . ... . . . . . .. .tude levels of flight envelope doesn't require any special technique with respect to handling qualities.. SPINS... . .. ... .. .. ... . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . ... .. .. . .02 Mach to prevent airspeed limits overcoming. . .. .... within satisfactory. . .... The speedbrakes are automatically e~tended at M 0. DIVES . . . . ... ... FLIGHT WITH EXTERNAL LOADS .. SPEED PROFILES . . . . . . i. throughout the flight envelope.chanicallinkage are not hydraulically boosted. . .. . . .. .. ... ...... . . = Extending of speedbrakes at high speeds or Mach results in slight nose-up pitching moment. laterally and directionally stable at all approved center-of-gravity positions. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. INTRODUCTION The aircr:llt is -longitudinally. . .. . . . . al with positive gradients even in sideslips.. . stick forces are directly proportional to aerodynamic loadings. .. .. Control surfaces with direct me... . . .. . . . .. . . FLIGHT WITH EXTERNAL LOADS Varying aircraft configurations with the stores affect handling qualities only slightly due to changes in center-of- 6-1 Provided by Czech Jet. . ... . easily counteracted by the pilot. . . FLAPS Flaps extension has no significant effect to longitudinal characteristics. .. with top values nearing 150 degrees per second. .. Aircraft touchdown is stable without tendency to swinging or bouncing.. . . . ..... .. . . . .. ... . .. . . . .... . ... .. . .. . . . . .. . ..... . . . . ..... .. . . ... Excessive control forces can occur during dives close to the speed limits..... . ... IT-L39C-l SECllONVI FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS CONTENTS PAGE 6-1 6-1 6-1 6-1 6-2 6-3 6-3 INTRODUCTION . .. ... . .. . . ·.. . FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .... . . . . .... in short-field landing can be lowered earlier with subsequent braking if practical. . . . .. . . . is gradual-increasing with increasing speed. . . .. ..... . .. . . . ... . .. ... . .. . . .. EFFECT OF FLIGHT CONTROLS . . . . . . .. . range.. . . .. .O. . . . . ... . exceeding trim capability but manageable. . .. . . Landing with flaps retracted is possible with speeds higher at about 30 kmlh (15 Kts). .... . Longitudinal control forces reach acceptable limits for all flight cases... The nose can be lowered gently to runway at speed of 130 to 140 kmlh (70 to 75 KIAS) in normal landing. . . . . stick force per g.. . . . . . . . .. .. They are satisfactory throughout the whole speed range. .... .. .. .. . . . . . . . ----·---- . . SPEEDBRAKES 6-4 Speedbrakes as an effective drag producing device can be extended orretracted at any speed or any flight attitude...... . .. ... Variation of stick force gradient. . . . . .. . .CQNTROLS Handling qualities in all three axes are satisfactory within flight envelope for the whole center-of-gravity range. .. . STALLS. .... . . . . ... .... . .. ..

power setting) with only airspeed differences.0 kts). . Aircraft tends to level wings and behave as in·normal stall. Aircraft with stores lines can be used especially for forward extended stores (ahead the leading edge). Full controllability during stall is typical for· the aircraft.700 0°. no rudder inputs are necessary.lT-L39C-l ·gravity location and aerodynamic drag and lift degradation effects. the approach and landing should be carefully planed and executed. High "g" stalls are accomplished durin~ descending tightened turns when pulling with 2 to 8 g's and reaching the buffet boundaries depending on weight. Stall speeds with respect of aircraft weight (gross weight) are depicted in figure 6-1 and in figure 6-2. Clean aircraft means aircraft with underwing pylons unloaded too. Engine thrust can affect these figures by approximately 10 kmlh (5 KTAS) in sense of lowering the stall speed (when engine power is maximal). Aircraft behavior is similar in all configurations (flaps deflection. extended 157 173 182 184 44°. · · ASYMMETRIC LOADS ·ate airspeed loss of 2 kmlh per second ( 1. The stalling characteristics are satisfactory in both lg flight and under load factor.· ing. Flaps deflection· LGposition 25°. crosswind and increased landing speed. with the height loss up to 100m (330ft). considering the runway length. retracted 172 190 196 198 . Table of Stall Speeds 6-2 Provided by Czech Jet. With the extreme permitted asymmetry on underwing pylon the aileron control . altitude and speed.600 4. force is fully trimable above 350 ~ (1. The stall (departure) is characterized by slight airframe buffet following gradu- Configuration Without stores With stores AIC Gross Weight 3.700 4. Possible wing drop is easily corrected by ailerons.500 4. After nose lowering the aircraft gradually regains the speed and can be levelled without special effort. When landing in asymmetric configuration is necessary. With full aft stick the tum rate temporary increases. followed by full stall with leaving the tum. with increased but undisturbing aileron control force. Recovery is easy and almost immediate after stick releas. These effects are more noticeable at lower airspeeds. landing gear position. causing quicker deceleration.. with Aircraft handling with asymmetrical store configurations is affected primarily by weight imbalance. STALLS (Figures 6-1 and 6-2) rapid full aft stick. Inc.1 kt per sec) and consequent nose-down pit<.U. extended 148 163 174 176 Figure 6-1.1.h motion. Approach and landing shall be performed with the speed increased by approximately 20 to 30 kmlh (10 to 15 kts) related to normal clean variant. Dynamic stall can be entered at the speeds about 20 to 40 kmlh (10-20 kt) higher then quoted stall speeds.

... be initiated with rudder deflected against turning first.. Nonintentional spin entry can very exceptionally occur during maneuver flight in case of pilot mishandling.. it is not susceptible to spin without rudder deflection. Plots to convert indicated airspeed or Mach number into true airspeed are provided on the chart. pilot must immediately initiate recovery: . true airspeed can be read (D) or entered with when necessary.. The aircraft stops turning and passes to steep dive with maximal one tum overturning.... Projected horizontaliy right altitude lost. DIVES DIVE RECOVERY Dive recovery capability is given as altitude lost during pullout and it is plotted as a function of pullout load factor. Ailerons remain held in neutral position. Proceed to the right to initial altitude line (B).· T. during dive recovery can be read (H). Inc.. Unadequate control inputs can lead to inverted spin development (especially with extreme forward stick position). neutralize the controls and initiate normal dive·recovery UPRIGHT SPIN Intentional upright spin must be initiated as follows: Trim the aircraft in horizontal flight at the speed of approximately 300 kmlh (160 KIAS). From the temperature point (C) proceed further horizontally right to selected pullout load factor line (F) and project vertically up to initial dive angle curve (G). heavy oscillating pedal forces can build up. dive angle..O .. The aircraft exhibits a high degree of resistance to spin . EXAMPLE: A. Excessive pedal forces ~3 Provided by Czech Jet. At minimal altitude of 5. or to the change in turning sense (ailerons against spin turning).000 m (16. especially with higher spin entry speed. Unregular longitudinal oscillations develop with increasing amplitude and shudder. NOTE Spin character is stable during the first turn... INVERTED SPIN I cAunoN WARNING • Selected pullout load factor shall meet Section Y Operating Limitations. Dive recovery capability at constant load faetor is insensitive to gross weight and drag. Rudder bounces and increasing varying pedal forces must be overcomed. Adjust climb angle of 10° with gradual speed loss to 200 kmlh (110 KIAS).... with ailerons in neutral.... · 525 kmlh B.. .... Initial altitude . More aggressive turning stop can. At this moment apply full rudder deflection into the spin sense and simultaneously pull fully aft. 4 km Intentional inverted spins are not permitted. INVERTED SPIN RECOVERY · When in inverted spin. From this point proceeding horizontally left..000 ft) set power to idle. entry... with subsequent all controls centering. project vertically down to temperature line (C)........ UPRiqHT SPIN RECOVERY Recovery is initiated with rudder and elevator centering. with increasing instabilities typical for jet aircraft in continuing turning.. after nose oscillation around the horizon in first tum.. During inverted spin development.• T. but high thrust settings may increase lost altitude by a significant amount of around 20 percent... REFER TO FIGURE ~3: Enter the chart with initial equivalent airspeed (A).. Unintentional inverted spin can be entered due to mishandling mentioned earlier... power set to idle neutralize ailerons and rudder fully aft stick must be applied and held after turning 'is stopped and aircrat't position steeped. Hold the deflections during the spin. Equivalent airspeed . A 2 g per second load factor increase in initiating pullout is built into the chart..L39C-1 occur due to rudder extreme deflections caused by ttie ·dynamic pressure... as well as Maeh number when projected vertically down (E)... and true ~rspeed (figure ~3). When stalled.

'l.U. lT-L39C-l

C. Temperature . ~ .. ·....... -ll°C (from figure Al-8)
D. True airspeed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SPEED PROFILES (Figure 6--4) ·The right-hand pari of the curves corresponds to maximal thrust regime, the left-hand part of the curves is valid for . maximum lift (minimal speed). The curves define the range of horizontal speeds for clean aircraft (with gun and four underwing pylons without stores) for normal weight and for the variant with minimum fuel. Thick vertical lines represent Mach number limitation for aircraft with and without ~tores, horizontal line liniits the altitude for maximum power rating. Higher flight levels can be reached for lower power settings or under dynamic conditions.

6:40 km/h

E. Mach number ............................ 0.55

F. Pullout load factor ......................... 3 g
G. Initial dive angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60° H. Altitude lost during pullout .............. 1, l 00 m

6--4

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O. IT-L39C-1

Data Basis: Date:

Estimated July 30, 1997

Conditions:

Idle Power Setting Standard Day

290

280 270
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6-5

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

LU. 11-LJYC-l

Data Basis: Date: Configuration:

Estimated July 30, 1997 Clean

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0.78M

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Figure 6-3.

Dive Recovery

6-6

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

T.O. IT-L39C-i

Data Basis: Date:

Estimated· July 30, 1997

Conditions:

Maximum Power Setting Standard day

CLEAN AJC WITH MINIMUM FUEL 12 Ll
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Airspeed Envelope

6-7/(6-8 blank)

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

Provided by Czech Jet, Inc.

Turns with more than 30-degree bank are not recommended during IFR. reduce power to 85% RPM. and accurate trimming is essential. . Normal take-off procedure should be u5ed. Relevant equipment operation is covered in Section I. The aircraft flight and handling characteristics under IMC are identical to those encountered in VMC/ over. correcting deviations with differential braking and rudder. All airspeed and flight limitations should be strictly adhered to. The final approach is flown at 260 kmlh (140 KIAS) with gear and flaps at T/0 and at 220 kmlh (120 KIAS) minimum. adopt normal climb procedures. HOLDING Complete the normal pre-flight inspection (as described in Section II). IT-L39C-l SECTION VII ADVERSE WEATHER OPERATION INTRODUCTION Pitot heat buttons . watch out for slippery taxi-ways. operations.Push De-icing switch -On INSTRUMENT CRUISE This section contains only those procedures which differ from or are in addition to the normal operating instructions covered in Section II. INSTRUMENT FLIGHT PROCEDURES For cruise data use the applicable appendix. once departing from the center-line. DESCENT Flying the aircraft in all weather conditions requires instrument proficiency and conscientious pre-flight planning. a steep descent to an initial altitude prior to reaching the destination fvt may be made at airspeed and power setting given in the descent charts in the appendix. when expecting icing conditions make sure that Pitot heat and de-icing systems are on. Complete taxi checklist. When cruising at a high altitude. PRE-FLIGHT AND TAXIING Before descent. or for any reason the pilot thinks a safe landing cannot be 7-1 Provided by Czech Jet. lower the nose to establish a descent attitude. precipitations or visible moisture: Height (DH) or Missed Approach Point (MAP) are reached. should be accomplished at 370 kmlh (200 KIAS). Taxi with caution and adjust taxi speed according to visibility. This will provide a comfortable rate of descent. MISSED APPROACH If visual contact is not established by the time the Decision Align the aircraft visually with the runway center-line and set the selected course needle on RMI in T/0 direction heading. Descents to traffic pattern altitude should be executed in accordance with published instrument procedures. INSTRUMENT CLIMB As the aircraft leaves the ground revert solely to instrument flying making the attitude indicator the prime instrument for controlling attitude and bank. Particular attention should be paid to those items essential to instrument flight. refer to the appendix for airspeeds. airspeed and attitude changes should be performed smoothly. Inc. Once established in the climb. the pilot may not be able to determine how close he is to the run-way edge. The recommended holding airspeed is ·370 kmlh (200 K. Instrument approaches can be performed at any allowable weight. as it will assist in directional control. It is essential to maintain run-way center-line as in poor visibility. power settings and fuel consumption. with gear and full flaps before starting final descent. For continuous descent. Standard procedures should be used during all phases of instrument flight. INSTRUMENT APPROACHES INSTRUMENT TAKE-OFF The equipment provided is described in Section I.IAS). establish and maintain an airspeed of 450 kmlh (250 KIAS). Pre-landing cockpit check will be initiated when cleared for an approach and should be completed after completion of the procedure tum.T. For maximum endurance while holding. The initial approach from the fvt or holding pattern. Before entering clouds.O.

pay special · attention to EGT during engine start as it may reach the maximum limit under extreme conditions.O. If the power setting 7-2 Provided by Czech Jet.. turn on the interior lighting and adjust light rheostats to provide illumination of all necessary controls and panels. TAXIING When flying through clouds or encountering icing conditions ensure the following: Pi tot heat . check speed-brake to be in and retract flaps to T/0. Once the right attitude has been established and positive rate of climb is achieved. WARNING. · . Aying through areas of possible ice formation conditions is prohibited. IURBULENCEANDTHVNDERSTORMS A safe and comfortable penetration speed into zones of turbulence air is 350 kmlh ( 190 KIAS). The recommended procedure . when the above conditions do mot exist but the ramp and taxi-ways are covered with snow or ice. COLD WEATHER OPERATION When landing. Taxi carefully with minimum power to minimize the blowing of dust and sand into other aircraft. icing conditions are considered to exist. Power should be reduced as soon as a safe altitude and an air-speed of 370 km/h (200 KIAS) have been obtained. NIGHT FLIGHT NOTE . IT-L39C.On De-icing system . Therefore it is essential to maintain ample power (85%) for sufficient engine bleed. However. assured.. TAXIING Care should be taken not to allow foreign objects to come in contact with the canopy as this may damage the Plexiglass in extremely hot weather. e-xecute a missed approach as published or as di. take-off and landing at night. Inc.-l . On the ground. under icing conditions.Switching on the de-icing system is accompanied by a small drop of engine RPM and by increased EGT (20 · to 30 degrees). for a missed approach is to simultaneously apply max power. consoles and warning lights should be dimmed as necessary. . retract the landing gear and flaps in the in the same manner and with the same restrictions as in an instrument take-off. HOT WEATHER OPERATION INTERIOR INSPECTION Icing conditions are present" whenever visible moisture exists and the outside temperature is 10 °C below . LANDING NOTE Instrument.· rected by air traffic control. select the de-icing switch to "AUTOMATIC" any time icing conditions are suspected.T. DESCENT Upon entering the cockpit. extend flaps only down to T/0 position and increase final approach speed by 40 kmlh (20 KTS) above normal approach speed. ENGINE START Before taxiing. use the taxi/landing and navigation lights as appropriate. WARNING • Descent at idle RPM may result in insufficient de-icing capability. For taxiing. CLIMB AND CRUISE Normal starting procedures are used.On and functioning Brakes should be used as little as possible to prevent overheating.

Ifthe penetration or flight in the vicinity of a thunderstorm is unavoidable. CAUTION Do not chase the speed. Fly attitude! 7-3/(7-4 blank) Provided by Czech Jet. the airspeed and altitude will remain fairly constant regardless of false airspeed and altitude indications. Do not extend gear or flaps Use as little elevator and aileron inputs as possible to maintain A/C attitude in order to minimize the stress imposed on the aircraft.. The best way of dealing with thunderstorms is..· · T.O. Inc. WARNING.:t and attitude is maintained in the turbulent area. Check the flight instruments for any alarming indication Tighten harness · Adjust cockpit and instruments lights to full bright to minimize blinding effects by lightning. Tum Pitot heat and all deicing equipment on. the following precautions should be taken: Adjust power as necessary to obtain approximately 350 kmlh (190 KIAS). . lT-L39C. to avoid them.. if possible.

.Provided by Czech Jet. Inc.

...................................... ................................ Takeoff Ground Run .............................................. .................................................1 ......................... ·...... A-41 A~3 Maximum Range Descent ................................. ............................. ................... Position Error Correction ................................................... PART 2 -TAKEOFF ................. A-25 A-29 A-29 Cruise Data ............................. ·....... 1T-L39C........Stop Distance ..... Altitude Factor ..A-30 A~1 Constant Altitude Endurance .......· ...................... PART 3............................. A-5 A-5 A-6 A-6 A-6 A-6 A-15 Takeoff Data .......... : ........ .................. Density Altitude Chart ............................ Cruise......... Takeoff and Obstacle Clearance Speed .. ·... A-43 A-43 A-i Provided by Czech Jet.........ENDURANCE ....... ....................... .......... · ............................................... ~ ............................................................................ ........ .............APPENDIX A PERFORMANCE DATA TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENT APPENDIX A.......................................................................... Inc...... ................................... .......· ........ .............................................. ...................................................................................CLIMB ............ ·............. ............................. Drag Index ....................... PART 5......... PART 4... ................... A-15 A-15 A-15 A-16 A-16 A-16 A-16 A-17 A-25 A-25 Service Ceiling ...................................DESCENT ... ........ ........ Accelerate ...........................................................................· .... ........ PART 6........... ·........... ·.............. ........ .... ................... Mach-True Airspeed Conversion Chart ..... .................................. ................. ................................ Descent With Inoperative Engine .. ~ ....... ..............................T. ·... .. ...................................... .................................................................... Takeoff Factor . 'Thkeoff and Landing Crosswind Umits ............•.................. ................... · .... ... Takeoff Plaiurlng ............Q.......... ~ .. ...... ........... PART 1 -GENERAL ...... Total Takeoff Distance to 50 Feet AGL .. PAGE A-1 A-3 A-5 Introduction ................. ..... ................. ·....... .:...................... ...................................................... ..... Airspeed-Mach Number ConverSion Chart ......: ...................... A-29 A-29 A............... .. ·· ................ ......................... ·......PERFORMANCE DATA .....29 ............ Compressibility Correction Chart ............ ·. ·........................................ Specific Range Conversion .......•........................ Fuel Flow Conversion ...............CRUISE ......................... : ................... Maximal Climb ....................... : .................................

.......................MANOEUVRE FLIGHT ............ Combat Manoeuvres .......................................... Inc............. Turn Performance ................................................................................................................... ............................ Landing Ground Roll .................. . ...... .........................TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONT.................................. ...... Landing Factor .........................) CONTENT PART 7 -LANDING ......... PART 8.......•................................ ......... Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed ................................... PAGE A-49 A-49 A-49 A-49 A-49 A-55 A-55 A-56 A-ii Provided by Czech Jet............ ........................................ ........ Landing Data ........................

.......................... Takeoff Factor ............... .....lndividal Stores ... Landing Ground Roll .. A-51 A-52 A-53 A-54 A-57 A-61 A-iii Provided by Czech Jet....................Suspension Equipment ...... ............. ............... .... Accelerate ............................. Al-5................... A7-2.......... Takeoff and Obstacle Clearance Speed ................... ............. Cruise ....... Optimum Cruise .... .............. A4-l..... Al-6..........Idle . Al-7.... Drag Indices and Weights .........Altitude .... Compressibility Correction Chart . ........................ ......... Landing ·Factor ............................. Total Takeoff Distance to 50 Feet AGL . Maximum Range Descent .. Constant Altitude Speed ............ .. Turn Performance .................. · . A8-l.......................... A7-3.. Density Altitude Chart . ...•............... A4-5................................................. A2-2..... Speed....................... Position Error Correction ..................... ·............ Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed ......................... .... ....True Airspeed Conversion Chart ..O ..... A7-4............................... Cruise .................... Constant Altitude Endurance · ...........................................................Drag Index 0 to 59 .... Service Ceiling ................................... Mach Number................. A4-4.... PAGE A-7 A-8 A-9 A-10 A-ll A-12 A-13 A-14 A-18 A-19 A-20 A-21 A-22 A-23 A-26 A-27 A-32 A-33 A-34 A-35 A-36 A-37 A-38 A-39 A-42 A-44 A-47 = AS-1. A2-l............... Specific Range Conversion .... .........•................... A4-3.......... .............Drag Index = 60 to 120 ................... ........... ................ Position Error Correction Chart ......................................... .. Maximal Climb . -A2-3..... ........................................... ... Altitude Factor ................... A3-l..... Al-4.............................. Fuel Flow Conversion ..... A4-8..... 1T-L39C-l LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS FIGURE Al-L Al-2.......................... .................................. ............ .. ............. A7-l.Optimum Mach...... ....................................... ...... ...... Airspeed :-Mach Number Conversion Chart ........................ ·.Airspeed ........ A8-2...... Descent With Inoperative Engine ........... Takeoff Ground Run . A2-5........... Obstacle Clearance and Touchdown Speed ....... A4-7.......Distance and Time ..... A2-6... ....................•............... Al-8.... ..Stop Distance ....................... A6-2.... Takeoff and Landing Crosswind Limits .... ........................ A3-2............................................................. Fuel Required ................ Inc.......................................T............................... .... Time . Drag Indices and Weights .. A2-4............... ............. Con~tant Altitude Cruise .............................................. A6-l.... Fuel Flow. A4-6................................ ............ Al-3.................Specific Range..................... : ....... ...................... : . .. . .............. A4-2................. ................... Turn Performance ..........................

Inc. TAKE-OFF GROUND RUN The distance measured from brake release to the point where the A/C reaches take offspeed. Change in runway elevation divided by runway length multiplied by 100. NM PA PSI ROC ROD RPM TAS Vso Vsl A-iv Provided by Czech Jet.T.1 Vsl. (expres~ed in percent uphill or down. speed which must be reached at the height of 15 m above the runway. DEFINITIONS OBSTACLE CLEARANCE SPEED Speed attained at 15m above the runway for takeoff or speed at the beginning of landing.e. hill).L39C-l .correction) Feet Feet per minute . ABBREVIATIONS ALT CAS Altitude calibrated airspeed (indicated airspeed corrected for position error. Kilogram Kilogram per hour Indicated airspeed in knots True airspeed in knots Knots Pounds The horizontal distance measured from brake release until a height of 15m is attained. RUNWAYCONDmON FACTOR Pounds per square inch Rate of climb Rate of descent Revolutions per minute True airspeed SPECIFIC EXCESS POWER Stall speed on landing configuration Stall in T/0 configuration Available excess power which can be used to either climb or accelerate to another speed. INTRODUCTION . CLIMB SPEED The speed after completion of the take-off phase. lT.. landing gear friction). TOTAL TAKE-OFF DISTANCE DI EAS ft ft/min KCAS kg kglh KIAS KTAS Kts lbs Calibrated airspeed in knots . CAS = lAS + correction) Drag index Equivalent airspeed (calibrated airspeed corrected for compressibility. and altitude. TAKE-OFF SPEED The speed at which the A/C attains 1. i.. Condition of drag equal to engine thrust is satisfied. EAS = CAS .. A number expressing runway surface quality (related to . . speed at which the MLG leaves the ground. RUNWAY SLOPE M Mach number Nautical miles Pressure altitude . temperature. . It is used as a control parameter for takeoff charts. This speed provided J:Uaximum rate of climb. SUSTAINED TURN Level tum at constant speed.O. . TAKEOFF FACTOR A computed number whiCh is a function of aircraft configuration. ...

.78 kg/1).3 Vso. temperature. A-v/(A-vi blank) Provided by Czech Jet. the actual thrust between engines varies and may cause variation in performance. It is· used as a control parameter for Landing Ground Run chart.O. gross weight will change which will result in variation in performance. APPROACH SPEED The speed which must be maintained down to a height of 15m (over the threshold) and should be 1. and are identified as FLIGHT TEST. In case of variations in fuel density. The charts are based on performance under standard atmospheric conditions. All data is based on the thrust of an average engine. Following these procedures will ensure the best performance.44 lbs/gal (0. However. Unless specifically stated. full braking applied after nose wheel touch~own and after passing brake limiting speed. However. . speed at which the MLG touches the runway. Inc. TOUCH-DOWN SPEED Speed of 1. LANDING DISTANCE The. 1T-L39C-l ~INGFACfOR . The operating procedures laid out in this section adhere to the normal procedures set out in section II and to the operating limitations in section V PERFORMANCE DATA BASIS Flight planning data shown in this appendix are derived from the results of flight tests conducted by the manufacturer. the data is consistent with the recommended operating procedure and technique set forth elsewhere in the manual. formance is based. fuel density used . MAXIMUM REFUSAL SPEED The maximum speed at which an abort may be started and the aircraft stopped within the remaining runway length. in the appendix is 6.1 Vso. corrections for nonstandard temperature condition have been included wherever possible. The conditions and operating procedures on which the per.T. ACCELERATE-STOP DISTANCE The distance required to accelerate the A/C (in take~ff configuration) to the maximum refusal speed and bring it PERFORMANCE CHARTS Performance charts enable planning a compete mission from take~ff to landing in normal operating conditions. FUEL AND FUEL DENSITY The. horizontal distance from a 15m height above the landing surface to the point where the A/C comes to a complete stop.to a complete stop under the following conditions: Dry hard runway. LANDING GROUND RUN The distance required from touch~own. to a complete stop on the runway length remaining under the following conditions: ·Dry hard runway Full braking 3 seconds after engine has filed A computed number which is a function of aircraft configuration. are shown on the charts or in the text which accompanies the chart. and altitude.

Provided by Czech Jet. . Inc.

. . . . ... . .. ... Add the correction to the airspeed indicator reading to obtain calibrated airspeed..... ... . . . ..then proceed horizontally to read airspeed correction (C). .... .. 1T-L39C-l PARr r GENERAL DATA DRAG INDEX (Figure Al-l and Al-2) The charts use a drag index system to define the effects of external stores on aircraft performance... ...... .. . ..... .. . 4...... ·. 0 ... Al-l Provided by Czech Jet. The drag indices and weights of specific suspension equipment items are given in Figure Al-l. and proceed horizontally to read altitude correction (C). . Add the value to the altimeter reading to obtain actual pressure altitude. .... . Weights for the basic aircraft and usable fuel are given in Figure Al-l. 368 km/h Figure Al-4 .. .. ........ . .. . .. .. ....O. ...... ... . ... stores. . . . .. . ......... 787 Detailed instruction to empty and ramp weight calculation see WEIGHT AND BALANCE MANUAL. . .. . .. . ..... .. 2 pylons ... 30 . 80 Ramp weight total ... and ........... . . . oxygen....... 8 km/h Calibrated airspeed . oil and unusable fuel weight. EXAMPLE: Figure Al-3 (above) A.. .. ..... ...... and suspension equipment weights must be added to obtain total· airCraft weight for mission planning purposes... . . The airspeed indicator continuously displays indicated airspeed and Mach number.465 2 pylons . ...... Refer to figures Al-3 and Al-4: Enter the chart with desired indicated airspeed (A).... ... 360 km/h C... Inc.. . Calibrated airspeed . 360 + 8 =368 km/h Figure AI-3 (below) Calibrated airspeed may be found in ·a similar manner directly as a function of indicated airspeed. . .. . 40 Ramp Weight (kg) Basic aircraft empty weight . ..... .... . 360 km/h C.. Enter the conversion lAS/CAS chart (position error included)with indicated airspeed (A) project vertically to correction curve (B) and horizontally to read . 3. : ... · EXAMPLE: A. The drag index system is used to produce the charts which provide accurate corrections for external store's effect in the whole subsonic speed range.. Usable fuel. .. .228 Internal usable fuel . Airs~ed position correction . .... .... ......... .. The altimeter continuously displays indicated (not correc· ted for position error) altitude absolute or relative.. .. The given aircraft weight is an approximate value and includes pilot.. ... • ..... . .. . Airspeed indicator reading . Two underwing pylons are available for various stores. . project vertically to correction curve (B). POSIDON ERROR CORRECTION (Figure Al-3 and Al-4) Two pitot-static probes supply static and total pressure information to direct airspeed and altitude indicators... Drag index total ... .. .. . ... ... 10 2 UB-16-57U ..... . ... ... . project vertically to flight altitude (B)..... .. . . ..... Refer to figures Al-l and Al-2: Assume drag index and ramp weight of aircraft variant with two UB~l6-57U rocket launchers on pylons. 34 2 UB-16-57U .......... 980 1 pilot . The drag indices and weights for the individual stores are given in Figure Al-2..... .. .. ·.. . For this example.. •.. .. ... Enter the chart with desired indicated airspeed (A). . . .. . . Airspeed indicator reading . . . ... . . . ..T. ..•... ... .. the drag index and weight for above loading are computed as follows: Drag Index (01): Clean aircraft .... ......calibrated airs~ed (C)... ........ ..

. .. 6. ... . Altitude reading . ......T... EXAMPLE: A.. .. l0°C (50°F) B.. and proceed horizontally left to read Mach number (C). . . -20°C (-4°F) G.. project vertically to flight altitude (B). .. 750...8 km/h DENSITY ALTITUDE CHART (Figure A1-8) AIRSPEED... project vartically to actual temperature curve (F) and horizontally proceed to read true airspeed (G).... Pressure altitude ...... .-act the compressibility correction to the calibrated airspeed to obtain equivalent airspeed......000 m C. ... 49 m B..000 + 49 = 6. Refer to figure A1-5: Enter the chart with calibrated airspeed (A).... .... Temperature . .. .... ..... .. .TRUE AIRSPEED CONVERSION CHARI (Figure Al-7) The chart contains lines to be used in converting Mach number to true airspeed for a range of atmosphere temperatures....... Density altitude ...2 = 733... Inc... . .... .... . .. Refer to figure Al-6: Enter the chart with calibrated airspeed (A). .. Project horizontally to the temperature (B) and then vertically down to read true airspeed (C)........ ... ....000 m C.... .. .. .. ..... .. 6... Temperature . ... ... The chart is provided as an aid to converting calibrated airspeed into equivalent airspeed..... .. .. .........2 km/h EXAMPLE: A..... . . IT-L39C-l EXAMPLE: EXAMPLE: A. 430 kmlh A... .... Compressibility correction .. . . ... Note that the chart can also be entered at (B) with Mach and altitude.... ... Altitude .. .... 521 kmlh Pressure altitude . .... ...... Mach number . .. . true airspeed and Mach number..... and proceed horizontally left to read compressibility correction (C). Refer to figure Al-7: Enter the chart with Mach number (A). Altitude ..000 m C... ... True airspeed .. ....... 360 km/h B. Standard day TAS (4.. . .7°F) C...... ..... ..... . -4.. . Suh•.049 m COMPRESSffiiLITY CORRECTION CHART (Figure A1-5) .... . ...000 m) ...... This chart is included for information. . 4. . For non-standard temperature conditions project horizontally right to Sea Level line (E)...... ...... 750 km/h B.. Refer to figure A1-8: Enter the chart whh ambient temperature (A).... . . .. Mach number .... Standard day TAS (Sea level) .445 D. . .. ... ..... 4. . ...O.. 4..... .....700 m A1-2 Provided by Czech Jet.. 00 ... project vertically upward to altitude (B).. . For convenience.. . -16.......... Indicated airspeed .. .... . 853 km/h (460 KTAS) Equivalent airspeed .. ... 510 kmlh MACH.16. . .... CAS .. 4... ........ ... 545 km/h F.000 m C.. ..... . . TAS (-20°C/-4°F) 00 00 00 00.... ... Temperature . ..... 0... .. ... .... 00.... Altitude correction .6°C (23.. CAS .. .... EXAMPLE: A... 72 E...... standard day true airspeed can be read at (D) by interpolation between the true airspeed lines superimposed on the altitude curves.MACH NUMBER CONVERSION CHART (Figure Al-6) The chart is presented as an aid for ~onversion between calibrated airspeed.... ..... ...... . B. 0......... project vertically upwards to appropriate pressure altitude curve (B) and horizontally left to read density altitude (C).

IT-L39C-l Suspension Equipment Pylon APU-l3M · Total Weight (kg) 17 Station Wing Pylon Drag Index 5 2 21" Clean Aircraft Drag Index Basic Aircraft Empty Weight (kg) (oxygen.T. Inc. 54 129 52 53 74 Rack pylon pylon pylon pylon pylon. Drag Indices and Weights -Clean Aircraft.Individual Stores A1-3 Provided by Czech Jet. Weight (kg) (each individual unit) 75 46 110 125 108 70 116 . oil. unusable fuel) 0 3. Suspension Equipment. . pylon pylon pylon pylon pylon APU-13M APU-13M Drag Index (each individual unit) 10 6 17 17 17 21 IS 15 15 15 5 5 Drag Indices and Weights.465 Expandables Weight Fuselage Internal Usable Fuel Wingtips Figure A 1-1.O. Internal Fuel kg 824 156 Store P-50-75 P-SOSh OFAB-100-IIOTU OFAB-100-120 ZAB-1 00-l 05 FOTAB-1 00-80 UB-l6-57U with rockets UB-l6-57U without rockets UB-l6-57UMP with rockets UB-I6-57UMP without rockets R-3U R-3S Figure Al-2.

l.km/h Figure Al-3. 11-Lj~L-1 Data Basis: F.lll:: <i:l O.) 100 0 0 A 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 INDICATED AIRSPEED .Airspeed Al-4 Provided by Czech Jet.light Test CAS = lAS + t:N COR c 20 w w w E a:.U. w