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Introduction To Guy Pulse Tension Calculator

AUTHOR: Charlie Tomlinson, ctomlinson@getnoticedinternet.com

The principles of this spreadsheet are based on the Pulse Method of measuring guy wire
tensions as outlined in EIA/TIA-222-F. Range of wire sizes is 3/16” EHS to 1” BS.

Ideal tension is normally based on 10% of breaking strength at a specified temperature.


In situations where the original tower design was based on a different factor of breaking
strength the spreadsheet has been developed to allow for this adjustment .Only EHS &
BS wire parameters are currently available. All data for wires 5/8” and under is for EHS
and 11/16” and above is BS.

Calculations within the pulse method require knowing guy wire length, elevation and
horizontal distance to anchors along with other parameters. This spreadsheet currently
assumes an ideal flat terrain site with all anchor azimuths being symmetrical with
respect to horizontal distance ( and of course elevation). Guy wire length is self
calculating when guy attachment elevation and anchor horizontal distances are input.

SITES WITH NON SYMMETRICAL ANCHORS OR ELEVATION CHANGES


BETWEEN ANCHORS AND TOWER BASE WILL REQUIRE ADDITIONAL
CALCULATIONS THAT ARE NOT CURRENTLY BUILT INTO THIS
SPREADSHEET.

The first tab labeled “Pulse & Tension calculator” starts by generating temperature
compensated guy tensions. A range of +/- 10% of these tensions is also generated. Pulse
times are then calculated based on the ideal tension as well as the outside 10%
boundaries. This tab would be used for wire changes, new builds etc.

The tab labeled “Inspection Measurements” allows user to input existing guy wire pulse
measurements for an inspection or final recording after performing a retensioning of the
wires. The basic site data such as guy elevation, wire sizes, anchor distances etc are
carried over from the first tab “Pulse & tension Calculator” to simplify redundant data
entry and minimize errors. With the simple input of pulse measurements and recorded
temperature at time of measurement the calculated guy tensions will be generated (in
KIPS) and the deviation from ideal tensions are displayed. Each wire is given a pass/fail
based on recorded tensions being within a range of +/- 10% of the ideal tension at the
recorded temperature. Please note that plumb must be considered whenever guy
tensioning is performed and that this spreadsheet is not intended to assess tower plumb.

Important Note About Formulas & Calculations:

The formulas I used in this spreadsheet come from 2 sources. On the “Pulse &
tension” sheet I used formulas that I obtained many years ago from an engineering
source that allows for converting tensions in KIPS to a pulse time. On the
“Inspection Measurements” tab I used the formulas found in EIA/TIA 222-F for
converting pulse times to tensions. These do not compare exactly to each other
however they both are accurate except that they relate to tensions at different
locations within each guy wire. The EIA/TIA formulas refer to 2 different tensions
within each wire. Guy tensions are not the same at the top and bottom of a guy wire
due to weight and other factors. The EIA/TIA formulas refer to 2 different tensions:
Tm ( mid wire tension) &Ta ( anchor tension). The differences are not as significant
in small and short wires as they are in larger long wires however they are relatively
close in all cases. I have not figured out yet how to resolve this issue to make them
consistent and more importantly which measurement is best for field use.

This spreadsheet has been created for informational and educational purposes only.
The author takes no responsibility for it’s accuracy or unauthorized use on real towers
.